I am proud that Governor Christine Gregoire has recognized September as African Immigrant Health and Heritage Month, highlighting the tremendous contributions millions of African immigrants have made to our nation. As the Ranking Member of the House Armed Services Committee, I have had the opportunity to see firsthand the contributions that African immigrants make to our national security. Their commitment, courage and honor are commendable, and we should take this month to remember and appreciate all that these fine men and women have done for our nation ...
Objectives: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is common in immigrant children with increased skin pigmentation living in higher latitudes. We assessed the pattern of and risk factors for VDD in immigrant East African children living in Melbourne (latitude 37°49′ South).. Study design: A prospective survey of 232 East African children attending a clinic in Melbourne. Data were collected by questionnaire, medical assessment and laboratory tests.. Results: Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) levels (,50 nmol/l) occurred in 87% of children, and VDD (25-OHD ,25 nmol/l) in 44%. Risk factors included age ,5 years, female gender, increased time in Australia, decreased daylight exposure and winter/spring season. Anaemia (20%), vitamin A deficiency (20%) and iron deficiency (19%) were also identified.. Conclusions: Asymptomatic VDD is common in East African immigrant children residing at a temperate latitude. Risk factors for VDD limit endogenous vitamin D production. Screening of immigrant children with ...
1 Only a few nonimmigrant classifications allow you to obtain permission work in this country without an employer having first filed a petition on your behalf. Such classifications include the nonimmigrant E-1, E-2, E-3 and TN classifications, as well as, in certain instances, the F-1 and M-1 student and J-1 exchange visitor classifications.. 2 The H-1C nonimmigrant classification expired on December 20, 2009.. 3 E and L dependent spouses may apply for employment authorization.. 4 Though the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) does not provide a specific nonimmigrant classification for dependents of Q-1 nonimmigrants, this does not preclude the spouse or child of a Q-1 from entering the U.S. in another nonimmigrant classification.. ...
Children of immigrants can benefit from attending prekindergarten, though they enroll less, on average, than children with US-born parents. This detailed report draws on interviews conducted with over 40 prekindergarten directors and staff, directors of early childhood education programs, and other specialists to present strategies for improving prekindergarten enrollment among immigrant families and English Language Learners. This includes strategies for outreach to support prekindergarten enrollment; helping immigrant families overcome language, documentation, and other logistical barriers when enrolling their children in prekindergarten programs; and building trust and good relationships with immigrant parents and designing immigrant- and ELL-friendly programs ...
Abstract: This dissertation explores how immigrant status, neighborhoods, child care, and parenting contribute to young childrens behavioral functioning and pre-literacy skills. Taking a relational developmental systems theories perspective, neighborhoods are considered as a primary setting through which differences arise between immigrant and non-immigrant children in the U.S. Four studies exami... read morene different aspects of the role of neighborhoods for immigrant families. The first study draws on data from the ethnographic component of Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three City Study to document child care perceptions among immigrant mothers, as well as the processes through which neighborhoods shape child care decisions. The remaining three studies use data from the three-year-old cohort (N = 999) of the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, a neighborhood-based, longitudinal study. With these data, the second study compares immigrant and non-immigrant families ...
The residual method is widely used to estimate the illegal immigrant population of the US. With this method, the known number of legally documented immigrants to the United States is subtracted from the reported U.S. Census number of self-proclaimed foreign-born people (based on immigration records and adjusted by projections of deaths and out-migration) to obtain the total, illegal immigrant (residual) population.[11] This methodology is used by the US Department of Homeland Security,[12] the Pew Hispanic Center, the Center for Immigration Studies,[13] and the U.S. Census Bureau. Since illegal immigrants have many reasons for not answering the U.S. Census correctly and since penalties for answering the U.S. Census incorrectly are rarely enforced, it is accepted that it under-counts the number of illegal immigrants. The users of this methodology assume that 10% of illegal immigrants are not counted by census takers.[13] The 10% assumption is based on a 2001 University of California survey ...
Abstract: Objectives: Researchers speculate that depression tends to be more prevalent among immigrant elders due to their lack of resources, acculturation stress, language problems, and social isolation. However, other characteristics of elderly immigrants, such as the healthy immigrant effect, may counteract these potential risk factors. This study examined whether depressive symptoms differed between Chinese immigrant elders and their counterparts in China and whether health conditions were similarly associated with depressive symptoms in these two samples. Methods: Depression and health information was collected from 177 Chinese immigrant elders in Boston, the US in 2000 and from 428 education and gender-matched elders in Shanghai, China in 2003. Results: Chinese immigrants had a significantly lower score on the modified Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and its subscales: somatic symptoms and depressive affect. The association remained for the subscale depressive ...
Abstract We conducted cross-country comparisons of Canada and the U.S., and assessed the extent to which access to care varies by nativity status overall, as well as in conjunction with race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Data came from the Joint Canada-U.S. Survey of Health (n.6,620 non-elderly adults). Access measures included having a regular medical doctor, consultation with a health professional in the past year, dentist visit in the past year, Pap test in the past three years, and any unmet health care needs in the past year. Logistic regression was employed to estimate the relative odds of access to care, adjusting for potential confounders. Disparities in access to care based on nativity status overall, as well as nativity-by-race joint effects, were found in both countries. There was also a dose-response effect of education on access to care among the native-born but not among the foreign-born; there were few nativity-by-income joint effects.. ...
Objectives: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death globally with increasing burden in South Asians in the US. Specific genetic variants that influence CAD have not been fully assessed in South Asian Immigrants. The goal is to ident
Background and purpose: Our purpose was to study the association between country of birth and incident epilepsy in second-generation immigrants in Sweden. Methods: The study population included all children (n = 4 023 149) aged up to 18 years in Sweden. Epilepsy was defined as at least one registered diagnosis of epilepsy in the National Patient Register. The incidence of epilepsy, using individuals with Swedish-born parents as referents, was assessed by Cox regression, expressed in hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). All models were stratified by sex and adjusted for age, geographical residence in Sweden, educational level, marital status, neighbourhood socioeconomic status and comorbid conditions, also using data from the Total Population Register. Results: A total of 26 310 individuals had a registered epilepsy event, i.e. 6.5/1000 (6.6/1000 amongst boys and 6.3/1000 amongst girls). After adjustment, the risk of epilepsy was lower than in children of Swedish-born ...
Downloadable! The utilization and reward of the human capital of immigrants in the labor market of the host country has been studied extensively. In the Swedish context this question is of great policy relevance due to the high levels of refugee migration and inflow of tied movers. Using Swedish register data covering the period 2001-2008, we analyze the incidence and wage effects of overeducation among non-Western immigrants. We also analyze whether there is state-dependence in overeducation and extend the immigrant educational mismatch literature by investigating whether this is a more severe problem among immigrants than among natives. In line with previous research we find that the incidence of overeducation is higher among immigrants and the return to overeducation is lower indicating that immigrants lose more from being overeducated. We find a high degree of state-dependence in overeducation both among natives and immigrants, but to a higher extent among immigrants.
Downloadable! The utilization and reward of the human capital of immigrants in the labor market of the host country has been studied extensively. In the Swedish context this question is of great policy relevance due to the high levels of refugee migration and inflow of tied movers. Using Swedish register data covering the period 2001-2008, we analyze the incidence and wage effects of overeducation among non-Western immigrants. We also analyze whether there is state-dependence in overeducation and extend the immigrant educational mismatch literature by investigating whether this is a more severe problem among immigrants than among natives. In line with previous research we find that the incidence of overeducation is higher among immigrants and the return to overeducation is lower indicating that immigrants lose more from being overeducated. We find a high degree of state-dependence in overeducation both among natives and immigrants, but to a higher extent among immigrants.
Immigrants are disproportionally impacted by HIV infection in Europe and in Spain. Immigrants are also identified as a vulnerable population during economic crises. Various socioeconomic barriers hinder HIV-positive immigrants from accessing healthcare services in the host country. As a result of the 2008 financial crisis, Spain has implemented multiple austerity measures, one of which was the enactments of Royal Decree Law (RDL) 16/2012 and Royal Decree (RD) 1192/2012 which abolished universal healthcare coverage. In this context, this study examined: 1) Participants mixed experiences in accessing health care after the enactment of 2012 RDL and RD, and 2) Distress felt by the participants and their experiences as HIV-positive immigrants living in Spain. Participants were recruited through a nongovernmental organization (NGO) during routine visits at the center. A total of 12 participants were interviewed to reach data saturation. Participants were HIV-positive immigrants living in Spain for 1 or more
Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (CILS) was designed to study the adaptation process of the immigrant second generation which is defined broadly as United States-born children with at least one foreign-born parent or children born abroad but brought at an early age to the United States. The original survey was conducted with large samples of second-generation immigrant children attending the 8th and 9th grades in public and private schools in the metropolitan areas of Miami/Ft. Lauderdale in Florida and San Diego, California. Conducted in 1992, the first survey had the purpose of ascertaining baseline information on immigrant families, childrens demographic characteristics, language use, self-identities, and academic attainment. The total sample size was 5,262. Respondents came from 77 different nationalities, although the sample reflects the most sizable immigrant nationalities in each area. Three years later, corresponding to the time in which respondents were about to graduate from ...
Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (CILS) was designed to study the adaptation process of the immigrant second generation which is defined broadly as United States-born children with at least one foreign-born parent or children born abroad but brought at an early age to the United States. The original survey was conducted with large samples of second-generation immigrant children attending the 8th and 9th grades in public and private schools in the metropolitan areas of Miami/Ft. Lauderdale in Florida and San Diego, California. Conducted in 1992, the first survey had the purpose of ascertaining baseline information on immigrant families, childrens demographic characteristics, language use, self-identities, and academic attainment. The total sample size was 5,262. Respondents came from 77 different nationalities, although the sample reflects the most sizable immigrant nationalities in each area. Three years later, corresponding to the time in which respondents were about to graduate from ...
Session presented on Thursday, July 21, 2016: Purpose: This study examined the nature of health status disparities between immigrant and non-immigrant adolescents and the influence of gender. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at several public health high schools where surveys were collected on 10th grade students (n=612). Comparisons between immigrant and non-immigrants adolescents, as well as comparisons by gender were made to examine the dependent variable health status. Analyses included cluster analysis and logistic regression models. Significance was declared at p,0.05. SAS version 9.3 was used. Results: Bivariate results indicate that of the four adolescent groups (male immigrants, female immigrants, male non-immigrants and female non-immigrants), excellent health status was reported least by male adolescent immigrants (p,0.05). Patterns of health behaviors varied among the four groups. Female immigrants compared to three other groups of adolescents (i.e., male immigrants, ...
Background-Immigrants from ethnic minority groups represent an increasing proportion of the population in many high-income countries but little is known about the causes and amount of variation between various immigrant groups in the incidence of major cardiovascular events. Methods and Results-We conducted the Cardiovascular Health in Ambulatory Care Research Team (CANHEART) Immigrant study, a big data initiative, linking information from Citizenship and Immigration Canadas Permanent Resident database to nine population-based health databases. A cohort of 824 662 first-generation immigrants aged 30 to 74 as of January 2002 from eight major ethnic groups and 201 countries of birth who immigrated to Ontario, Canada between 1985 and 2000 were compared to a reference group of 5.2 million long-term residents. The overall 10-year age-standardized incidence of major cardiovascular events was 30% lower among immigrants compared with long-term residents. East Asian immigrants (predominantly ethnic ...
South Asian populations are the largest visible minority group in Canada; however, there is very little information on the mental health of these populations. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of mental health outcomes for South Asian first-generation immigrant and second-generation Canadian-born populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2011 was used to calculate the estimated prevalence rates of the following mental health outcomes: mood disorders, anxiety disorders, fair-poor self-perceived mental health status, and extremely stressful life stress. The characteristics associated with these four mental health outcomes were determined through multivariate logistic regression analysis of merged CCHS 2007-2011 data. South Asian Canadian-born (3.5%, 95% CI 3.4-3.6%) and South Asian immigrant populations (3.5%, 95% CI 3.5-3.5%) did not vary significantly in estimated prevalence rates of mood disorders. However, South Asian immigrants
Major findings indicate that both illegal and legal female immigrants often avoid CAs health care system due to fear of retribution in terms of immigration status and naturalization process SAN FRANCISCO, April 18, 2001 ---A sampling of health care providers across California shows that many low-income pregnant immigrant women in the state are still reluctant to seek free medical care despite government assurances their immigration status will not be affected. There is almost a climate of fear and suspicion among immigrants, Grace J. Yoo, assistant professor of Asian American Studies at S.F. State. They dont seek preventative care and pregnant women dont get prenatal care. Many times they seek medical care only when it is an emergency. Added Yoo: There seems to be a sense among many immigrants that the political system is decidedly anti-immigrant. Due to the complex nature of immigration laws, many immigrants have long-standing fears that they or family members will be deported if they ...
Background: The diversity of the Swedish population has increased substantially over the past three decades. The aim of this study was to assess whether living in an ethnic enclave is associated with risk of diabetes mellitus (DM) among first and second-generation immigrants and native Swedes. Methods: Cumulative incidence of DM in three urban municipalities was assessed from 2006-2010 by linking records from the national census, multi-generational family register, and prescription drug register. Immigrant enclaves were identified using Morans Index. Multi-level logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between enclave residence and risk of DM for three groups: Iraqi immigrants, non-Iraqi immigrants, and native Swedes (N=887,603). Results: The cumulative incidence of DM was greater in Iraqi enclaves compared to other neighborhoods (4.7% vs. 2.3%). Among Iraqi immigrants, enclave residence was not associated with odds of DM (Odds ratio (OR): 1.03, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Breastfeeding and Health Outcomes among Citizen Infants of Immigrant Mothers. AU - Neault, Nicole B.. AU - Frank, Deborah A.. AU - Merewood, Anne. AU - Philipp, Barbara. AU - Levenson, Suzette. AU - Cook, John T.. AU - Meyers, Alan F.. AU - Casey, Patrick H.. AU - Cutts, Diana B.. AU - Black, Maureen M.. AU - Heeren, Timothy. AU - Berkowitz, Carol. PY - 2007/12/1. Y1 - 2007/12/1. N2 - Objective: To examine the associations between breastfeeding and child health outcomes among citizen infants of mothers immigrant to the United States. Design/methods: From September 1998 through June 2004, as part of the Childrens Sentinel Nutrition Assessment Program, a sentinel sample of 3,592 immigrant mothers with infants aged 0 to 12 months were interviewed in emergency departments or pediatric clinics in six sites. Mothers reported breastfeeding history, child health history, household demographics, government assistance program participation, and household food security. Infants weight and ...
Chagas disease is endemic to the Americas, infecting between 16-18 million individuals. In immigrant populations in the United States from endemic areas, it is estimated up to 4.9% may be asymptomatic carriers of Trypanosoma cruzi, the organism which causes Chagas disease. Between 10-20% of these patients progress to development of end-stage cardiomyopathy with a high associated morbidity. Following acute disease, patients enter into an indeterminate phase which can last 10-20 years. The earliest sign of cardiac involvement usually is electrocardiogram abnormalities. The most common abnormality is right bundle branch block (RBBB), followed by left anterior fascicular block (LAFB), and left bundle branch block (LBBB). Recent studies have shown that treatment of patients at this stage with antiparasitics may delay the progression of overt cardiomyopathy.. At the University of California, Los Angeles, there is a large population of immigrant patients from countries endemic to Chagas disease. The ...
Background: Asthma prevalence among Chinese immigrant children is poorly understood and attempts to screen these children have produced varied outcomes. We sought to learn how to improve screening for asthma in Chinese immigrant children.. ...
Based on the preliminary research I conducted, I have been able to identify two key topic areas that are of interest to me and these include: immigrant women attaining jobs in Ontario and violence experienced by women in Canada. In regard to immigrant women attaining jobs, there are significantly higher unemployment rates and lower wages that they are faced with, in comparison to other immigrant men and Canadian-born men and women. The debate circulating around this issue seeks to answer whether gender, immigrant class, age, ethnicity and sexuality all play a role in an immigrant womans ability to be employed (TIEDI, 2010, p.1). Some key questions that have arisen focus on workplace policies and programs that create further disparity within the gender gap, rather than aiding immigrant women who have differing needs in the labour market. Questions posed, seek to find the contributing factors to lower wages and what can be changed in the regulations to create equity (TIEDI, 2010, p.6). As well, a ...
Results were less consistent when we compared the two populations in terms of their excessive or deficient consumption of meat and excessive intake of eggs. Thus, Models 1 and 2 revealed slight differences in the likelihood of eating too much or too little meat between the Spanish and immigrant adolescents (OR increased from 1.41 to 1.52, p , 0.05) but these differences vanished when the model was adjusted for co-variables related to diet (Model 3). Table IV reveals a higher likelihood of including too many eggs in the diet of immigrants across all regression models (OR increased from 1.70 to 1.81; p , 0.01) but in this case an effect of length of residence was detected. This meant that this heightened likelihood was lost in the immigrants who had lived for at least 6 years in Spain while it persisted in those who had spent less time in this country (OR increased from 1.91 to 2.16, p , 0.01).. Discussion. The findings of this study reveal that the adolescent immigrants in Spain examined here ...
Background: The Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishery (AgFF) Sector workforce in the US is comprised primarily of Latino immigrants. Health care access for these workers is limited and increases health disparities. Methods: This article addresses health care access for immigrant workers in the AgFF Sector, and the workforce providing care to these workers. Contents: Immigrant workers bear a dispropor
One in four U.S. children - about 18 million children under age 18 - live with at least one immigrant parent. About 5 million children live with an unauthorized immigrant parent, and nearly 80 percent of these children are U.S. citizens; the other 13 million live with a parent who is foreign born but either a legal resident or a U.S. citizen.
This article develops a model of immigrants attitudes towards immigration. We focus on two competing motivations to explain these attitudes: while kinship, solidarity, and shared experiences with other immigrants should lead to more favorable attitudes towards immigration, formal integration into a new society may create a new allegiance to the host country that produces more critical views toward immigration. Using the European Social Survey (ESS) 1-5 data collected 2002-11 in 18 West European democracies, coarsened exact matching (CEM), and multilevel estimation techniques, our analyses reveal that foreigners support immigration more than natives. However, newcomers who have acquired citizenship in their host countries are more skeptical about the consequences of immigration and admitting new arrivals than noncitizen immigrants. This negative relationship between citizenship and support for immigration is particularly pronounced among those who are dissatisfied with their host countrys ...
Despite extensive research into the toll of persistent psychosocial stress on individual physiology and health, little is known about the effects of chronic biosocial stress for immigrant populations. In the present paper, the authors review challenges encountered when integrating minimally-invasive stress-related biomarkers (e.g., blood pressure, Epstein-Barr Virus [EBV] antibodies, C-reactive protein [CRP], and salivary cortisol), as well as anthropometric (e.g., height, weight, waist circumference) and metabolic measures (e.g., glucose, cholesterol), into research with Latino immigrant adults and families in Oregon, USA. Finally, the authors present lessons learned and discuss strategies to support the full engagement of Latino immigrants as participants in studies that rely on the collection of biological data as a central component of research into psychosocial stress and its effects.
There are several reasons why high-immigrant communities didnt perform as well. Immigrant households tend to have lower income and wealth, and in Texas, about 37 percent of immigrants have no health insurance.[11] About 1.6 million Texans, or one-third of immigrants, were undocumented in 2017.[12]. During the pandemic, many immigrants were ineligible for stimulus checks and the enhanced unemployment benefits. The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act-a $2.2 trillion measure that took effect in March 2020-also excluded households from stimulus if a member used an individual taxpayer identification number in place of a Social Security number when filing a joint tax return. Because many immigrants live in mixed-status families, an estimated 879,000 citizens and legal immigrants in Texans were excluded under those CARES Act provisions.[13]. Thus, nearly half of Texas immigrants could not collect the initial stimulus if they otherwise qualified. While the subsequent relief ...
It is well known that Hispanic immigrants exhibit better physical and mental health than their U.S.-born counterparts. Scholars theorize that stronger orientations toward the family, also known as familism, could contribute to this immigrant advantage. Yet, little work directly tests whether familial attitudes may be responsible for the favorable health of foreign-born
Le-Scherban, Felice; Albrecht, Sandra S.; Bertoni, Alain; Kandula, Namratha; Mehta, Neil; & Diez-Roux, Ana V. (2016). Immigrant Status and Cardiovascular Risk over Time: Results from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Annals of Epidemiology, 26(6), 429-35.e1. PMCID: PMC4903922
Dealberto, M.-J. (2011), Prevalence of autism according to maternal immigrant status and ethnic origin. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 123: 339-348. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2010.01662.x ...
He who learns teaches. ~ Ethiopian proverb Workshop Overview. An African Immigrant, Refugee and Undocumented school students experience of complex trauma (e.g. physical, sexual, and/or emotional abuse, serious neglect, violence, etc.) can have a serious impact on school attendance, behaviors, engagement and learning experiences which can negatively impact their educational and life outcomes. Worrying behaviors can also have a significant impact on the well-being, efficacy, and retention of teachers and other educators. Consequently, it is highly imperative to understand the role of trauma in behavioral, social, and cognitive problems and in creating a school environment where African Immigrants, Refugees, and Undocumented Students affected by trauma can succeed.. This workshop is designed to help teachers, school social workers, counselors, school librarians, school nurses, volunteers, agencies and service providers working with immigrants, refugees, and undocumented students in the school ...
Illegal status and Social Citizenship: Thoughts on Mexican Immigrants in a Postnational World. Adelaida R. Del Castillo. Adelaida R. Del Castillos Illegal Status and Social Citizenship, social citizenship is defined by the practices of survival and of creating a community outside the realm of legal citizenship (i.e. birthplace, voting). As Castillo writes, the practice of creating a community and the utilization of social rights…consists mostly of informal, sometimes makeshift activities at the local level that suggest a civic identity and social citizenship made possible by the benefits and government largess of the welfare state (93). In this way, social citizenship, practiced by those outside of the nation, is created through the use of established cultural norms, resources, and institutions as well as through informal networks (93) and puts pressure on the often assumed connection between legal rights and access to social services. Therefore, while Rosaldos cultural citizenship is ...
The growing number of immigrants living and working in America has become a controversial topic from classrooms to corporations and from kitchen tables to Capitol Hill. Many native-born Americans fear that competition from new arrivals will undermine the economic standing of low-skilled American workers, and that immigrants may not successfully integrate into the U.S. economy. In Color Lines, Country Lines, sociologist Lingxin Hao argues that the current influx of immigrants is changing Americas class structure, but not in the ways commonly believed. Drawing on 20 years of national survey data, Color Lines, Country Lines investigates how immigrants are faring as they try to accumulate enough wealth to join the American middle class, and how, in the process, they are transforming historic links between race and socioeconomic status. Hao finds that disparities in wealth among immigrants are large and growing, including disparities among immigrants of the same race or ethnicity. Cuban immigrants ...
The findings of our study provide important information on the public health services knowledge and utilization among immigrants in Greece. We found that 56.5% of participants had health insurance coverage, a proportion relatively small compared to the natives [13]. This may be explained by the fact that immigrants either are unemployed, informally employed or undocumented (but were reluctant to state so) and therefore not able to apply for health insurance. Other studies in different immigrant populations also showed that they themselves as well as their children had less frequently health insurance coverage in comparison to native populations [14-16]. Private insurance coverage is also rarer among immigrants than natives [17, 18]. Sixty-nine percent of immigrants reported good/very good health status, a proportion considered as satisfactory and explained by their young age. Previous studies conducted in Madrid [19], New York [20] and Amsterdam [21] confirm this finding. One possible ...
A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Associationfound that obesity rates among immigrants to the United States increase 11% after living in this country for 15 years. Study data were based on a 2000 national health survey of 32,374 participants, of whom 14% were immigrants. Although researchers made allowances for age-related weight gain, they found that the increases were higher than what could be expected from natural aging. Study authors point to advances in technology that make people more sedentary?remote controls, drivethrough fast food restaurants, as well as an increased availability of high-calorie foods. They were also able to find a link between obesity and the number of years spent in the United States among white, Hispanic, and Asian immigrant groups. The numbers of black immigrants were not high enough to be included in the study. The results pose a problem for immigrants who may experience language and cultural barriers to obtaining good health care. Physicians ...
Between 2003 and 2013, the US government deported 3.7 million immigrants to their home countries, over 90 percent of whom were unauthorized immigrants from Mexico or Central America. According to the most reliable estimates, parents of US-born children made up between one-fifth and one-quarter of this total. Prior research suggests that families and children experience significant emotional and financial hardship when a parent is deported ...
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRA) and the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigration Responsibility Act of 1996 significantly reduced access to federal public benefits for most immigrants. However, these laws also expanded access to public benefits for some battered immigrants who had been ineligible for assistance. Some immigrants, including some battered immigrants, remain eligible for certain public benefits, and the PRA grants access to some federal benefits to qualified aliens. With certain provisos, current law makes battered immigrants eligible for public benefits.. Download this article ...
A majority of U.S. Hispanics say the growing focus on illegal immigration has made their lives tougher.. The report, released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center, also found Hispanics tend to believe illegal immigration helps the United States more than it hurts. This belief is more common among immigrants, but more than half of U.S.-born Hispanics agree.. {snip}. Hispanics generally oppose measures used to find and deport illegal immigrants. Three-quarters oppose workplace raids and 79 percent local police identifying illegal immigrants, while just over half say states should not check for illegal immigrants applying for drivers licenses.. {snip}. Original Article. Topics: Hispanic Immigrants. ...
Free Online Library: Invisible immigrants: one in five U.S. children is a child of an immigrant, but often immigrant student needs are overlooked. Open your eyes to their world--what affects their achievement and what your schools can do to ensure they get the education they desperately want and deserve. (Helping At-Risk Students). by District Administration; Education Community and school Social aspects English (Second language) Curricula English as a second language Teenage immigrants
TY - JOUR. T1 - Chagas disease awareness among Latin American immigrants living in Los Angeles, California. AU - Sanchez, Daniel R.. AU - Traina, Mahmoud I.. AU - Hernandez, Salvador. AU - Smer, Aiman M.. AU - Khamag, Haneen. AU - Meymandi, Sheba K.. PY - 2014/11/1. Y1 - 2014/11/1. N2 - Approximately 300,000 persons have Chagas disease in the United States, although almost all persons acquired the disease in Latin America. We examined awareness of Chagas disease among Latin American immigrants living in Los Angeles, California. We surveyed 2,677 persons (age range = 18-60 years) in Los Angeles who resided in Latin America for at least six months. A total of 62% of the participants recalled seeing triatomines in Latin America, and 27% of the participants reported triatomine bites at least once per year while living abroad. A total of 86% of the participants had never heard of Chagas disease. Of persons who had heard of Chagas disease, 81% believed that it was not serious. More than 95% of those ...
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program provides nutrition assistance to low-income individuals and families across the United States. Since 2002, legal noncitizens have also been fully eligible for benefits. Dietary studies suggest that SNAP participants consume less nutritious diets than non-participants, and that native-born individuals and immigrants who have been in the U.S. for many years consume less healthy diets than more recent immigrants. Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data from 2007-2008 and 2009-2010, my research helps to identify how SNAP participation and immigrant status are associated with the nutritional attitudes and behaviors that determine diet quality. The results of multiple ordered probit regression models suggest that SNAP participation has little effect on these behaviors, but that immigrant status is significantly associated with positive nutrition behaviors. Though not conclusive, the results also suggest that the magnitude of ...
The deadly Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa also took its toll socially on one of the fastest growing populations in the United States, African immigrants.. Image of Guy-Lucien Whembolua, a University of Cincinnati assistant professor of Africana studies. Guy-Lucien Whembolua. Guy-Lucien Whembolua, a University of Cincinnati assistant professor of Africana studies, leads an analysis of national news coverage of the Ebola scare in a poster presentation on Nov. 2, at the 143rd American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting and Expo, in Chicago.. The examination reviewed reports in mainstream U.S. media related to African immigrants and the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). The search turned up 21 news articles that matched the criteria for the study - articles focusing on African immigrants in the U.S. and the Ebola virus.. The researchers found that these African immigrants experienced stigma similar to communities stigmatized by the AIDS epidemic in the 80s. There was strong ...
The proposed project is part of a program of research to improve management of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) through a community-academic partnership that addresses cultural factors in disease management. Specific aims are to: 1. Strengthen a community-academic partnership with the immigrant Chinese community in San Francisco to improve diabetes management; 2. Adapt and test a behavioral diabetes intervention, Coping Skills Training, to addresses family and cultural issues in immigrant Chinese patients with T2DM; and 3. Disseminate the adapted Coping Skills Training Program findings via the community-academic partnership to the immigrant Chinese American community through service programs, ethnic media, and professional/scientific publications. A mixed-methods CBPR approach will be used to interpretively adapt a behavioral intervention to be culturally appropriate, and test its efficacy using a repeated measures design. Two historically significant social service and health agencies serving immigrant ...
The emergency department utilisation rate among foreign-born residents, once adjusted by age and sex, was 38% lower than that among Spanish-born residents. Moreover, across all age groups, the crude utilisation rates were lower in foreign-born than in Spanish-born residents. This result is consistent with previous reports of healthcare utilisation by the immigrant population and was probably due to the healthy immigrant effect [16, 25], according to which recently arrived immigrants have better health status than native-born residents because of a previous natural selection procedure in each country of origin. This fact has also been proven in our country: the percentages of good and excellent self-perceived health were higher, and chronic morbidity was 40% less frequent among economic immigrants than among the rest of the population living in the city of Madrid, after adjusting for age, sex and educational level [26]. To our knowledge, the only study that has analysed utilisation rates by ...
The emergency department utilisation rate among foreign-born residents, once adjusted by age and sex, was 38% lower than that among Spanish-born residents. Moreover, across all age groups, the crude utilisation rates were lower in foreign-born than in Spanish-born residents. This result is consistent with previous reports of healthcare utilisation by the immigrant population and was probably due to the healthy immigrant effect [16, 25], according to which recently arrived immigrants have better health status than native-born residents because of a previous natural selection procedure in each country of origin. This fact has also been proven in our country: the percentages of good and excellent self-perceived health were higher, and chronic morbidity was 40% less frequent among economic immigrants than among the rest of the population living in the city of Madrid, after adjusting for age, sex and educational level [26]. To our knowledge, the only study that has analysed utilisation rates by ...
BACKGROUND: Migration, for various reasons, continues to increase the immigrant population of Norway. Few studies compare adolescent ethnic Norwegians (EN) with adolescent immigrants for their health status and health behavior. This study describes differences in health status and health behavior between adolescent EN and immigrant groups from Pakistan, Somalia and Vietnam (PSV) seen as one group, and also between EN and each of the three immigrant groups. It also examines whether age at arrival in Norway and parental education impact health status and health behavior for each of the three immigrant groups. METHODS: In 2006, the Norwegian Social Research (NOVA), in cooperation with the city of Oslo (Drug Competence Center), carried out a questionnaire survey in Oslo schools for 11,500 pupils aged 14-17. 10,880 individuals answered the questionnaire (response rate of 93%). Health status in terms of self-assessed health, mental health status and chronic physical illness and health behavior in ...
The purpose of this study was to examine print literacy, acculturation, and acculturative stress among one-hundred and six Mexican immigrant women participating in a family literacy program. The two hypotheses were: (1.) There is a relationship between (a) print literacy as measured by the Print Literacy Questionnaire and (b) acculturation as measured by the Multidimensional Acculturation Scale, and (2.) There is a relationship between (a) print literacy as measured by the Print Literacy Questionnaire and (b) acculturative stress as measured by the Multidimensional Acculturative Stress Inventory. This study applied canonical correlation and multiple regression analyses. Statistically significant (p|0.05) findings supported the first hypothesis. The findings for the second hypothesis were not significant (p=0.725). Two additional findings for the first hypothesis were: (1.) that adult reading and writing in English related to American acculturation; and (2.) that parents reading
TY - JOUR. T1 - Ethnicity and postmigration health trajectory in new immigrants to Canada. AU - Kim, Il Ho. AU - Carrasco, Christine. AU - Muntaner, Carles. AU - McKenzie, Kwame. AU - Noh, Samuel. PY - 2013/4. Y1 - 2013/4. N2 - Objectives: In this prospective cohort study, we examined the trajectory of general health during the first 4 years after new immigrants arrival in Canada. We focused on the change in self-rated health trajectories and their gender and ethnic disparities. Methods: Data were derived from the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada and were collected between April 2001 and November 2005 by Statistics Canada. We used weighted samples of 3309 men and 3351 women aged between 20 and 59 years. Results: At arrival, only 3.5% of new immigrants rated their general health as poor. Significant and steady increases in poor health were revealed during the following 4 years, especially among ethnic minorities and women. Specifically, we found a higher risk of poor health among West ...
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a harmful traditional practice. It is estimated that between 100 and 140 million girls and women have been subjected to the practice worldwide. Most of them live in Africa, but there is also a considerable number of women concerned among immigrant populations in Europe. Little attention has been given so far to the perceptions of African immigrants in relation to FGM/C. Campaigns and activities are mostly based on anecdotal evidence and are often carried out without the implication of main stakeholders of the African immigrant communities. The purpose of the current project was to listen to the opinions, perceptions and propositions of immigrants from Sub-Saharan Africa regarding the practice of FGM/C.. ...
Background. Despite massive immigration towards Southern Europe in the last two decades, data on mortality by cause among immigrants in Italy are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate mortality from all and from specific causes of death among immigrants residing in the Veneto Region (Northeastern Italy).Methods. Mortality records for the period 2008-2013 were extracted from the regional archive of causes of death, whereas population data were obtained from the 2011 Italian census. Immigrants were grouped by area of provenience based on the information on country of citizenship available both in mortality and census data. Standardized Mortality Ratios (SMR) with 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) were computed for the period 2008-2013 in subjects aged 20-59 years, with rates of Italian citizens as a reference.Results. Overall mortality was reduced both in male (SMR 0.86, CI [0.80-0.92]) and female immigrants (SMR 0.72, CI [0.65-0.78]), although an increased risk was observed for subjects from Sub
WASHINGTON, D.C. - The recent account, by a licensed practical nurse-turned-whistleblower, regarding the treatment of detained immigrant women at Irwin County Detention Center in Georgia is beyond horrific - it is unconscionable and inhumane. According to the complaint, a number of immigrant women reported being recommended hysterectomies, with so many taking place, the whistleblower compared it to an experimental concentration camp. Many of these women underwent procedures, despite not being fully informed about the impacts - including the inability to later become pregnant. On top of this, the complaint further detailed the mishandling of the pandemic health threats at the facility, which is operated by a private prison company. Those who dared to speak out against these conditions were put into solitary confinement. NOW renews the urgent call of our Unlock the Future for Immigrant Women and Girls campaign for real reform to the abusive immigration practices, ending the current detention ...
Muslim immigrant children fare poorly in almost all aspects of schooling and well-being. Even those who came to the West as volunteer immigrants, still face the same hurdles due to their immigration status. The differences in the school system such as curriculum, teaching approach, and assessment, as well as the kind of school are all important factors contributing to discrimination, harassment, and racism in schools. These new experiences often create confusion and frustration as the children struggle to understand the new situation. As a result, some children feel depressed and uninterested in school, which may lead them to be at risk for academic disengagement. The cultural-ecological theory of minority schooling posits that some educators position these students by placing them in low-stream tracks (Ogbu, 2003). Ogbu further asserts that current educational discourse continues to attribute Muslim immigrant students underachievement primarily to school and societal factors (e.g., tracking, ...
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According to a San Jose Mercury News report on October 3 Gov. Jerry Brown Thursday signed legislation that restores the privilege of obtaining drivers licenses by illegal immigrants and the reason why Governor Brown passed this legislation, according to Mercury News, is because this bill will make Californias roadways safer by requiring that newly licensed motorists obtain insurance and take roadway safety courses.. Now, that may be the case and the case may be that California is looking to create even more revenue from those road tests illegal immigrants will have to take, more revenue from all of those licensing fee illegal immigrants will have to pay and quite possibly even more revenue from the sale of all of the vehicles by said illegal immigrants can now buy without scrunity, but could be there also be another reason?. Quite possibly, especially if one happens to read the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the signature bill by President Obama.. On page 66 of the ACA it clearly states that ...
This is the accessible text file for GAO report number GAO-07-278 entitled Homeland Security: Planned Expenditures for U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Program Need to Be Adequately Defined and Justified which was released on February 14, 2007. This text file was formatted by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) to be accessible to users with visual impairments, as part of a longer term project to improve GAO products accessibility. Every attempt has been made to maintain the structural and data integrity of the original printed product. Accessibility features, such as text descriptions of tables, consecutively numbered footnotes placed at the end of the file, and the text of agency comment letters, are provided but may not exactly duplicate the presentation or format of the printed version. The portable document format (PDF) file is an exact electronic replica of the printed version. We welcome your feedback. Please E-mail your comments regarding the contents or accessibility ...
The ACLU and four other immigrants rights groups issued a complaint, Tuesday, detailing reports of what they call systemic abuse against unaccompanied immigrant children by Customs and Border Protection Officials and called on the Department of Homeland Security to put a stop to it.
05) compared to other Latinos. The multilinear regression showed that both age and gender (p
TY - JOUR. T1 - Autism from a religious perspective. T2 - A study of parental beliefs in South Asian Muslim immigrant families. AU - Jegatheesan, Brinda. AU - Miller, Peggy J.. AU - Fowler, Susan A. PY - 2010/6/1. Y1 - 2010/6/1. N2 - Three multilingual immigrant South Asian Muslim families who have children with autism were interviewed to ascertain their beliefs about autism. Data were drawn from interviews and conversations recorded during 17 months of ethnographic fieldwork in homes and community. Results indicate that families understood the task of raising a child with autism in religious terms. In keeping with the precepts of Islam, their overarching goal was to raise their children as normally as possible, incorporating them into ordinary social, linguistic, and religious practices at home and in the community. Parents strongly contested experts understandings of autism, which they believed undermined rather than promoted their childrens development. Findings have implications for ...
Eligible immigration status is an immigration status thats considered eligible for getting health coverage through the Marketplace. This means if the person does not have legal immigrant status they cannot buy insurance through the Marketplace. However, they can purchase off-exchange.
Just a small fraction of Americas health care spending is used to provide publicly supported care to the nations undocumented immigrants, according to a RAND Corporation study issued today. Overall, immigrants to the United States use relatively few health services, primarily because they are generally healthier than their American-born counterparts, according to the study by the nonprofit research organization.
Tea Party local chapter president John Coleman said, We dont want Temple to be a city that harbors illegal immigrants. We are making sure that the mayor and city council pass resolutions to prevent it.. After gathering around the Temple Municipal Building, the group marched carrying signs sharing their sentiments. One sign referred to the illegal immigrants as Undocumented Democrats. As previously reported by The Inquisitr, the Somos Independent or Tequila Party amnesty advocates want the Justice Department to prosecute Murrieta, California, illegal immigrant Tea Party protesters as domestic terrorists for blocking buses of illegal aliens from coming into their town.. After the Temple, Texas, illegal immigrants protest, the Tea Party members presented a resolution draft to Mayor Danny Dunn and city council members. The same resolution was also given to the Bell Country Commissioners.. An excerpt from the illegal immigrants resolution reads: ...
Canadian Sikhs number roughly 468,670 people and account for roughly 1.4% of Canadas population. Canadian Sikhs are often credited for paving the path to Canada for all South Asian immigrants as well as for inadvertently creating the presence of Sikhism in the United States. Sikhism is a world religion with over 35 million followers worldwide, with majority of their population in Punjab, India. The Legislative Assembly of Ontario celebrates the month of April as Sikh Heritage Month. According to the 2011 National Household Survey the number of Sikhs living in each of the Canadian provinces and territories is as shown in the following table. Unlike in India, Sikhs form the main religious group among South Asian immigrants in Canada. In India, Sikhs comprise 1.72% of the population, while Hindus make up the largest religious group at close to 79.8%. Among the Indo-Canadian population, the religious views are more evenly divided with Sikhs representing 35% and Hindus 28%. Kesur Singh, a Risaldar ...
MISSION, TX - JULY 24: Honduran undocumented immigrant Laura Fabio, 2 waits for her mother after they crossed the Rio Grande illegally into the United States on July 24, 2014 in Mission, Texas. Like most of the recent surge of Central American immigrant women and children, they brought documents, often birth certificates, to prove their nationality to U.S. Border officials. Tens of thousands of immigrant families and unaccompanied minors have crossed illegally into the United States this year and presented themselves to federal agents, causing a humanitarian crisis on the U.S.-Mexico border. Texas Rio Grande Valley has become the epicenter of the latest immigrant crisis, as more immigrants, especially Central Americans, cross illegally from Mexico into that sector than any other stretch of the Americas 1,933 mile border with Mexico. less ...
Undocumented immigrants, health care system facecrisis situation over dialysis treatment for kidney patients Harris Countys public health system is overwhelmed treating 200 to 300 undocumented patients like Delgadillo who need dialysis at least several times a month to stay alive. In 2008, Harris County opened a farsighted dialysis clinic for undocumented patients as a means of cutting the cost of emergency services. The clinic provides 50 percent more dialysis treatment per patient at a cost of about $77,000 a year, but it is full, and Harris Health, facing a $70 million deficit, now finds it hard to invest in expanding such alternatives. Even better care and greater savings could be realized, Harris Health physicians say, by performing kidney transplants on undocumented individuals in the Houston area whose relatives could serve as donors. Some of them spend most of their life in the emergency department waiting to qualify for dialysis, said Dr. David Sheikh-Hamad, chief of renal services at
[cnn-photo-caption image= http://i2.cdn.turner.com/cnn/2010/images/05/20/art.paul.cnn.jpg caption=Rand Paul said he opposes citizenship for U.S. born children of undocumented immigrants.
Jane Lee received her PhD in 2017 from New York University Silver School of Social Work. She earned a Masters of Science in Social Work from Columbia University in 2011.. Lee studies the unique role of migration in shaping the health and wellbeing of immigrant populations. Her research moves beyond static descriptions of immigrants contextual influences and examines patterns of important health-related behaviors, taking into account current political and socioeconomic shifts. She seeks to understand the specific mechanisms through which migration impacts behaviors and to identify novel approaches to reach and engage immigrant groups.. Her current work aims to reduce HIV-related disparities among immigrant populations with specific attention to increasing HIV testing and linkage to care. From 2016-2017, she was principal investigator on a research project to study HIV testing among Latino immigrants, funded by the National Institute of Mental Healths Division of AIDS Research. From 2011-2016, ...
Some of these changes are good - many Mexicans in the United States eat more fruits and vegetables, low-fat meat and fish, high-fiber bread and low-fat milk, according to researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health.. But overall, as Mexicans in the United States eat more saturated fat, sugar, dessert and salty snacks, pizza and french fries, their diet is less healthy than what they ate in Mexico. That could lead to higher rates of obesity and overweight, heart disease and certain cancers compared to people in Mexico, nutrition researchers cautioned.. Two other factors make the findings notable. Traditionally, overall mortality rates and death rates from cardiovascular disease and cancer are lower among Hispanic immigrants than non-Hispanic whites, but diet changes are increasing the immigrants risks; and the rising proportion of Hispanics in the U.S. population (expected to grow from 1-in-6 in 2010 to 1-in-4 by 2050) means more people ...
Although the media is slowly picking up on this threat, there has been little analysis or insight into the motivation of these recruits, aside from attributing some mystical marketing skills to ISIS. In fact, research suggests that there is a significant push factor providing a conducive context for ISIS recruitment in Europe. ISIS has been able to capitalize on the lack of social integration of young people of Muslim immigrant descent in Europe, who are often victims of discrimination and stymied from full participation in European labor markets and societies. The elephant in the room is in fact Europes inability to welcome fully and integrate its immigrant populations. The irony is that many recruits are Westernized second-generation immigrants, who grow up having a non-Western, immigrant other status thrust upon them. This may arise by virtue of physical characteristics such as skin color or ethnic background, or by having a name such as Mohammed or Abdoulaye, or because they practice ...
Service Resources. If you are one of the almost half a million older immigrants living in New York City, the Mayors Office of Immigrant Affairs can help you with information and resources. A directory of community-based organizations staffed by people who speak your native language and are able to address your specific needs is available on its website. You can also get information about benefits and entitlements you might be eligible for regardless of your status, find links to educational and housing resources and check the status of your pending application to the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (formerly the INS). Call 311 to be connected. Visit the Mayors Office of Immigrant Affairs. Educational Resources. The Mayors Office of Adult Education offers a directory of free classes in English for non-native speakers, basic reading and writing, GED test preparation and career and technical education at locations throughout the City. These classes are open to everyone, and you do not ...
Factors influencing immigrant labour market outcomes have received increased scholarly atten- tion lately. A recent research focus has been the effects of residential setting on labour market outcomes. This study brings a new dimension to this emerging body of research, introducing the role played by workplace composition, in addition to place of residence, in immigrant earnings. Based on Swedish longitudinal register data, OLS regression is used to examine effects of previous exposure to natives on earnings in three immigrant cohorts (1990, 1995 and 2000) five years after arrival. Besides controlling for individual characteristics and various labour market attributes, a two-step Heckman correction procedure is applied to take into account the selectivity of entering the Swedish labour market. The main finding of the study is that exposure to the native population at the workplace is more important than residential exposure for predicting immigrant earnings.. ...
You know, words mean things, right? That having been said, the Washington Post today employed a subtle wording in a headline that turns people who stand against illegal immigration into people who hate the immigrants themselves. In their February 23rd piece, the Post headlined a report on illegal immigration in Maryland with a grave Anti-Immigrant Effort Takes Hold in Md. With that headline, youd expect the story to be revealing Marylanders who are against a certain block of people. But, as you read the story, youll find that no one interviewed is saying they hate the immigrants. They are however, saying they are upset with untrammeled illegal entrance into this country. So, in the end, the story is about being pro-lawful immigration, and not about any hate for the immigrants themselves. Even the subhead makes it seem as if the efforts of folks in Maryland to stop illegal immigration is directed at the immigrants themselves. Grass-Roots Movement Expands Beyond Montgomery in Targeting the ...
A portion of the above class reserved for majors Above class open to undergraduates and Education MA s only The story of America is, in large part, the story of immigrants trying to make new lives for themselves here. In order to understand America today, then, we must explore the history of immigration to the United States. In this course we will look at several groups of immigrants, including: the first immigrants both voluntary and involuntary to colonial America; the experiences of immigrants in Indiana before the Civil War; the new immigrants from southern and eastern Europe at the turn of the twentieth century; Japanese- American experiences during World War II; and Mexican immigration in the late twentieth century. By the end of the class, we will have a sense of the forms anti- foreignism has taken in American history and the impact it has had on immigrants lives, how each new group of immigrants to America has rekindled the debate over what it means to be American, and how the ...
Undocumented immigrants applying for permission to remain in the United States under President Obamas new deportation policy should beware of scammers.
The jury has reached a verdict in the trial of Jose Ines Garcia Zarate, a Mexican citizen and undocumented immigrant charged in the 2015 killing of Kate Steinle in San Francisco.
Ms. Locklear uploaded her video. Based on the information that she had, combined with the facts that people are coming across the southern border of the U.S. in record numbers, and the government is transporting some of them by buses and planes to locations all over the country, it wasnt a stretch to assume that these were illegal immigrants, part of the growing crisis facing the nation.. However, a group called Americans for Legal Immigration PAC (ALIPAC) reports that a local North Carolina Tea Party group was able to track down the facts. This particular group of immigrants is not part of Obamas illegal immigrant surge being bused in from the border right now. The Tea Party group made contact with a local farmer and found out these are supposed to be H2A migrant workers, who are in the country legally.. Still unanswered is the question of why these immigrants were using EBT cards to make their purchases on the taxpayer dime.. A number of media outlets have picked up on the story of the ...
We investigated the influence of maternal race/ethnicity and nativity on AD diagnosis in LA County, a racially diverse area with a high percentage of recent immigrants. We found compelling evidence that, compared with children born to white US-born mothers, children of foreign-born black, Filipino, and Vietnamese mothers had higher risks of developing or being diagnosed with AD, specifically with MR and impaired expressive language. Previously, immigration status was reported to not be associated with high risk of AD in California,5 possibly due to the lower risks we observed among offspring of foreign-born Mexican women, who make up the majority of the foreign-born population in California (53%).19 However, we found foreign-born black mothers to be at highest risk of having a child with AD and AD-MR and impaired language abilities, consistent with findings of a higher autism risk among children born to refugee mothers from Africa and the Caribbean living in the United Kingdom and Sweden.29-32 ...
This is the first three-way assessment of different screening methods for LTBI in recent immigrants which provides comparative estimates of test performance and positivity stratified by demographic factors and risk factors for LTBI. Consequently we have been able to evaluate, using a decision-analysis model, the cost effectiveness of screening with port-of-arrival CXRs and for LTBI. Our analysis reveals that UK policy could be modified by removing the current requirement for CXR on arrival and concentrating on LTBI testing using single-step IGRA testing targeted at adult immigrants arriving from countries with moderate TB incidence (rather than from countries with TB incidence ,40/100 000 as recommended currently).10 In this cohort the proportion positive by TST (30.3%; 36.7% with 10 mm cut-off) was significantly higher than with QFN-GIT (16.6%) or T-SPOT.TB (22.5%). Previous studies have assessed LTBI prevalence in immigrants with TST and found that positivity varies from 26% to 72% depending ...
Backers, who gained permission to begin collecting signatures Wednesday, have until Dec. 21 to get the required 365,880 signatures from registered California voters to put the initiative on the 2016 ballot. Immigrants who take part in the program would not have to show proof of immunizations until they apply for permanent residence cards, which would be made available only after five years of living in the state. The permits would establish an official arrival date in the country and give immigrants a tax identification number to allow them to attend school or apply for jobs.. If you come forward, register, pay state income taxes and get your immunizations, California will allow you to stay in California and you will be here legally, at least as far as California is concerned, Louis J. Marinelli, president of Sovereign California, Inc., the group behind the initiative, said in a statement.. Read more ...
25(OH)D was very prevalent in recently settled immigrants from Middle East, South Sahara Africa and South Asia, and female adolescents from these regions had the lowest levels of 25(OH)D. Country-specific median 25(OH)D levels were low in immigrants from Somalia, Eritrea, Afghanistan and Iraq. 25(OH)D as a routine test upon arrivel seems indicated for most immigrant groups from Africa and Asia ...
A new report released yesterday by the New York State of Health (NYSOH) highlights successes and challenges in enrolling racial and ethnic minority and immigrant communities in health coverage through the Official Health Plan Marketplace.. The report highlights important progress in enrolling individuals who report being Black/African American, Asian/Pacific Islander, and Hispanic. This data suggests that efforts to reach racial and ethnic minorities through in-person assistance has yielded important progress in insuring health access for New Yorks diverse populations. But the lack of more detailed information leaves open the possibility that certain emerging immigrant communities within Asian/Pacific Islander and Hispanic populations remain underserved and are not getting the access that they need.. The report also provides data on the preferred language of enrollees, with English, Spanish, Chinese and Russian the most frequently reported preferred languages. The absence of enrollees with ...
It gets down to safety and what is best for Missouri, Kraus said. The federal government is failing to do the job, and I want to pass that cost along to the federal government. No hearing has been scheduled for the bill, and immigrant advocates are gearing up to stop it before it can build momentum. They plan to have a news conference this week to highlight their opposition and are hoping problems with similar laws in Alabama and Arizona will help them fight Kraus bill. This bill is an attack on immigrant children and their families, said Vanessa Crawford, executive director of Missouri Immigration and Refugee Advocates. Kraus bill would require public schools to determine whether children enrolled in language classes for non-English speakers are here legally. Once the data are compiled, the bill would compel the state Board of Education to issue a report to identify the effects upon the standard or quality of education provided to students who are here legally of sharing their school ...
2:30-3:45P MW BH208 Topic: Immigrant Experiences from El Paso to Plymouth Rock A portion of the above section reserved for majors Above section open to undergraduates only As we watch the Coast Guard pluck boatloads of Haitian immigrants from dangerously crowded rafts, witness waves of Mexican immigrants pouring nightly over our southwest border in search of work, listen to debates about English-only school curriculums and arguments over deportations, and try to reconcile the promise of the American dream with the reality of an American society that cannot seem to absorb all the immigrants it attracts, it is clear that the story of America is, in large part, the history of immigrants trying to make new lives for themselves here. In order to understand America today, then, we must explore the individual experiences of its immigrants. In this course we will look at several groups of immigrants, but our central focus will be on Mexican immigration in the late twentieth century, Japanese-American ...
A Double-Edged Sword: Side Effects of the Model Minority Stereotype on Asian Immigrants in the U.S.: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7467-7.ch009: The model minority stereotype of Asian Americans creates a multitude of identity crises for Asian minorities. Asians who cannot meet the incredibly high
The couples who immigrate to Canada are generally at lower risk of having a pre-term birth than Canadian-born couples, reveals a new study.
The United States is a nation of immigrants and, with the exception of Native Americans, all of us are in this country as the result of voluntary or involuntary immigration, including slavery. The reasons that immigrants continue to come to the U.S. for are manifold - to reunite with family, escape persecution in their country of origin, or to find better employment opportunities. Immigration has built the political, economic, and cultural strength of this country from colonial days to the present. Yet, virtually every group of newcomers has faced discrimination, hostility, and stereotyping from those already here. Particularly in times of economic difficulty or fear about homeland security, immigrants are blamed for the problems of our society and are viewed with anger, suspicion, and/or fear. Racial, religious, and cultural prejudices have fueled hostility toward each wave of new immigrants. This ignores the fact that U.S. corporations, policies, and military aggression have devastated the ...
Abstract: Immigrants experience a myriad of pressures in accessing resources and negotiating culture that other city populations typically do not experience. At the same time, immigrants report use of unique protective factors, or behaviors and conditions that shelter them from prejudice, aggression, and discrimination even though these factors may have other less desirable consequences. Specifically, in terms of major protective strategies, two general theses that can be seen as complementary or even contradictory suggest that: a) ethnic enclaves or ethnically homogenous social groups who live near one another protect immigrants from a measure of discrimination by virtue of their proximity to one another (Perez, Fortuna, and Alegria, 2008; Zhou and Logan, 1989); and, b) greater intergroup interactions may reduce prejudice and discrimination experiences in part by providing people with the skills, relationships, and resources to avoid or effectively deal with prejudice and discrimination (Mesch ...
Looking across major cities, differential immigrant inflows are strongly correlated with the relative supply of high school dropouts. Nevertheless, data from the 2000 Census shows that relative wages of native dropouts are uncorrelated with the relative supply of less-educated workers, as they were in earlier years. At the aggregate level, the wage gap between dropouts and high school graduates has remained nearly constant since 1980, despite supply pressure from immigration and the rise of other education-related wage gaps. Overall, evidence that immigrants have harmed the opportunities of less educated natives is scant. On the question of assimilation, the success of the U.S.-born children of immigrants is a key yardstick. By this metric, post-1965 immigrants are doing reasonably well: second generation sons and daughters have higher education and wages than the children of natives. Even children of the least educated immigrant origin groups have closed most of the education gap with the ...