Although the development of semen cryopreservation in the African elephants (Loxodonta africana) has been accomplished, effective procedures for cryopreservation of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) spermatozoa have not been established. In the present study, we investigate the freezing methods for conservation of Asian elephant spermatozoa under field conditions and identify the most suitable freezing protocols which provide acceptable post-thaw semen quality. Semen was collected from two Asian elephant bulls (EM1 and EM2, 10 ejaculates from each bull) by manual manipulation and were assessed for volume, pH, sperm cell concentration, and progressive motility. Eight out of 20 ejaculates were of acceptable quality (progressive motility≥60%), and were used for cryopreservation studies. Semen were frozen in TEST+glycerol, TEST+DMSO, HEPT+glycerol, or HEPT+DMSO. The post-thaw progressive sperm motilities were assessed, and sperm cells were stained with PI and FITC-PNA for membrane and acrosomal ...
In recent years, an alarming number of cases of lethal acute hemorrhagic disease have occurred in Asian elephant calves raised in logging camps in Myanmar. To determine whether these deaths were associated with infection by elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV), we conducted diagnostic PCR subtype DNA sequencing analysis on necropsy tissue samples collected from 3 locations. We found that EEHV DNA from 7 PCR loci was present at high levels in all 3 calves and was the same EEHV1A virus type that has been described in North America, Europe, and other parts of Asia. However, when analyzed over 5,610 bp, the strains showed major differences from each other and from all previously characterized EEHV1A strains. We conclude that these 3 elephant calves in Myanmar died from the same herpesvirus disease that has afflicted young Asian elephants in other countries over the past 20 years.
12302016 As well as being major features of zoos and circuses elephants are seen in films novels and works of art as major figures in African and Asian religions and folklore and are used as transportation labor and in the past as war-animals throughout Southern Asian. 12172010 The African Elephant Loxodonta africana lives in some 37 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. On the other hand. - EleaidCharity On the other hand the state of the art ImageNet classification model can detect 1000 classes of objects at an accuracy of 827 including those two types of elephants. Alicia WirzIUCN Theres another thing sets them apart. African elephants have much larger ears that look sort of like the continent of Africa while Asian elephants have smaller round ears. There are at least 10 physical characteristics that differentiate the Asian elephant vs African elephant. Asian elephants have finer skin than African elephants and it is sometimes colourless except for some white spots around the ears and forehead. ...
African Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa. They are the largest living terrestrial animals, male African elephants can reach a height of 4 m and weigh 7,000 kg. These animals have several distinctive features, including a long proboscis or trunk used for many purposes, particularly for grasping objects. Their incisors grow into tusks, which serve as tools for moving objects and digging and as weapons for fighting. The elephants large ear flaps help to control the temperature of its body. African elephants have larger ears and concave backs while Asian elephants have smaller ears and convex or level backs. Elephants are herbivorous and can be found in different habitat...
Adipose tissue (AT) is a dynamic and flexible organ with regulatory roles in physiological functions including metabolism, reproduction and inflammation; secreted adipokines, including leptin, and fatty acids facilitate many of these roles. The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is experiencing serious challenges to optimal reproduction in captivity. The physiological and molecular basis of this impaired fertility remains unknown. AT production of leptin is a crucial molecular link between nutritional status, adiposity and fertility in many species. We propose that leptin has a similar function in the African elephant. African elephant visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) was obtained from both sexes and a range of ages including females with known pregnancy status. RNA was extracted and histological sections created and analyzed by microarray, PCR and immunohistochemistry respectively. Gas-chromatography was used to determine the fatty acid composition of AT. Microarray expression ...
Only male Asian Elephants have tusks, so in areas where poaching for ivory is high, it can lead to highly skewed sex ratios among the surviving population. Elephants are also poached for leather or for their meat.. Another threat peculiar to Asian Elephants is that of trafficking of live animals: elephants are in demand, particularly in the forestry industry and work within the toruism industry. To meet the demand, particularly for young animals for the latter, elephants are seized from the wildin Myanmar and smuggled across the border into Thailand. TRAFFIC first drew attention to this illegal trade in live Asian Elephants in 2008, and followed this up with an in-depth study. The Thai authorities have taken action, with seizures of unregistered and illegally registered elephants from elephant camps and regulations introduced for the compulsory registration of domesticated elephants.. ...
This article describes the treatment of clinical elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) infection in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus; approximately 3 yr old), the dynamics of viral load during the active infection, and genetic analysis of the virus. Treatment included injectable acyclovir (12 mg/kg iv, bid), antibiotic, vitamin, and fluids. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the viral levels in blood, which decreased continuously after initiation of intravenous acyclovir. Low levels of virus were detected in the blood for 2 wk, and the virus was undetectable after 1 mo. No complication was observed during the treatment period. This case report suggests that acyclovir, given parenterally, could potentially enhance survival of clinical EEHV-infected individuals.. ...
2016 Elsevier B.V. Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus (EEHV) is emerging as a new threat for elephant conservation, since being identified as the cause of seve re, often fatal, haemorrhagic disease in young Asian elephants. To describe positive cases and the molecular relatedness of virus detected in elephants in Thailand, we re-examined all available of EEHV samples occurring in young elephants in Thailand between 2006 and 2014 (n = 24). Results indicated 75% (18/24) of suspected cases were positive for EEHV by semi-nested PCR. Further gene analysis identified these positive cases as EEHV1A (72%, 13/18 cases), EEHV1B (11%, 2/18) and EEHV4 (17%, 3/18). This study is the first to phylogenetically analyse and provide an overview of most of the known EEHV cases that have occurred in Thailand. Positive individuals ranged in age from one to nine years, with no sex association detected, and occurred across geographical locations throughout the country. All individuals, except one, were ...
Based on vegetation types that provide suitable habitat for African elephants, it was estimated that in the early 19th century a maximum of 26,913,000 African elephants might have been present from the Sahel in the north to the Highveld in the south. Decrease of suitable habitat was the major cause for the decline of elephant populations until the 1950s. Hunting African elephants for the ivory trade accelerated the decline from the 1970s onwards. The carrying capacity of remaining suitable habitats was estimated at 8,985,000 elephants at most by 1987.[54] In the 1970s and 1980s, the price for ivory rose, and poaching for ivory increased in particular in Central African range countries where access to elephant habitats was facilitated by logging and petroleum mining industries.[30] Between 1976 and 1980, about 830 t (820 long tons; 910 short tons) raw ivory was exported from Africa to Hong Kong and Japan, equivalent to tusks of about 222,000 African elephants.[55]. The first continental elephant ...
G- and C-banded karyotypes of the two extant species of the mammalian order Proboscidea are presented for the first time. Chromosome complements were 2n = 56 in both |i|Loxodonta africana |/i
Earlier this month, LAN Airlines transported an orphaned herd of nine African elephants between the ages of four and nine years old from Namibia to Mexico, where the animals will find their new home at the African Safari Zoo in Puebla.A statement from the airline says each elephant traveled with ample space and was under the constant care of veterinarians. Just like human passengers, the elephants traveled while awake during their trip on the Boeing 777 freighter, which has the capacity to transport up to 104 tons. Full-grown male African elephants weigh between 10,000 and 13,300 pounds, making them the largest living terrestrial animals on Earth.. ...
Elephants understand humans in a way most other animals don t, according to the latest research from the University of St Andrews. The new study, published October 10, 2013 by Current Biology, found that elephants are the only wild animals to understand human pointing without any training to do so. The researchers, Anna Smet and Professor Richard Byrne from the University s School of Psychology and Neuroscience, set out to test whether African elephants could learn to follow pointing and were surprised to find them responding successfully from the first trial. They said, In our study we found that African elephants spontaneously understand human pointing, without any training to do so. This has shown that the ability to understand pointing is not uniquely human but has also evolved in a lineage of animal very remote from the primates. Elephants are part of an ancient African radiation of animals, including the hyrax, golden mole, aardvark and manatee. Elephants share with humans an elaborate and ...
Elephants understand humans in a way most other animals don t, according to the latest research from the University of St Andrews. The new study, published October 10, 2013 by Current Biology, found that elephants are the only wild animals to understand human pointing without any training to do so. The researchers, Anna Smet and Professor Richard Byrne from the University s School of Psychology and Neuroscience, set out to test whether African elephants could learn to follow pointing and were surprised to find them responding successfully from the first trial. They said, In our study we found that African elephants spontaneously understand human pointing, without any training to do so. This has shown that the ability to understand pointing is not uniquely human but has also evolved in a lineage of animal very remote from the primates. Elephants are part of an ancient African radiation of animals, including the hyrax, golden mole, aardvark and manatee. Elephants share with humans an elaborate and ...
1EMY: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF ASIAN ELEPHANT (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) CYANO-MET MYOGLOBIN AT 1.78 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION. PHE 29 (B10) ACCOUNTS FOR ITS UNUSUAL LIGAND BINDING PROPERTIES
Elephants owned by State Forest Departments (SFDs) are used for patrols by field staff in National Parks and Sanctuaries. They are also used for carrying tourists inside forests for viewing wildlife. During floods and other natural calamities, SFD elephants are sometimes requisitioned by the civil authorities for arranging relief works. In the Andamans and Nicobar Islands, Maharashtra, Kerala and Tamilnadu, SFD elephants are occasionally used for logging operations. Karnataka Forest Department provides elephants for the Dusshera festival in Mysore. West Bengal Forest Department uses its elephants for driving away herds of wild elephants from croplands. SFD elephants in Karnataka and Tamilnadu are also often utilized for capturing and training wild elephants. The use of domesticated elephants in many states is disproportionate to the populations of wild elephants in the states. For example, SFDs in Orissa, Bihar (including Jharkhand) and Meghalaya possess only two captive elephants each despite ...
PARIS (AFP) -- African elephants have an excellent ear for imitation, say biologists who have recorded tuskers copying the roar of passing trucks and the chirpy sounds of zoo stablemates. Mlaika, a 10-year-old adolescent female elephant living among semi-captive orphaned elephants in Tsavo, Kenya, imitated trucks as they passed her stockade, even though it is three kilometers (1.8 miles) from the nearest road, the researchers report in Nature, the British science weekly. Calimero, a 23-year-old male African elephant who spent 18 years with two female Asian elephants in an enclosure in Switzerlands Basel Zoo, proved to be a dab hand at imitating their characteristic chirping calls. Spectrogram analysis shows that the audio frequency of the two elephants imitations are spot-on. Various other animal species, such as birds, bats and dolphins, have long been known to be able to learn new vocalisations. With this discovery, elephants have the honour of becoming the first terrestrial mammal after ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Clinico-pathologic features of fatal disease attributed to new variants of endotheliotropic herpesviruses in two Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). AU - Garner, M. M.. AU - Helmick, K.. AU - Ochsenreiter, J.. AU - Richman, L. K.. AU - Latimer, E.. AU - Wise, A. G.. AU - Maes, R. K.. AU - Kiupel, M.. AU - Nordhausen, R. W.. AU - Zong, J. C.. AU - Hayward, G. S.. PY - 2009/1/1. Y1 - 2009/1/1. N2 - The first herpesviruses described in association with serious elephant disease were referred to as endotheliotropic herpesviruses (EEHV) because of their ability to infect capillary endothelial cells and cause potentially fatal disease. Two related viruses, EEHV1 and EEHV2, have been described based on genetic composition. This report describes the similarities and differences in clinicopathologic features of 2 cases of fatal endotheliotropic herpesvirus infections in Asian elephants caused by a previously unrecognized virus within the betaherpesvirus subfamily. EEHV3 is markedly ...
Many social animals live in stable groups. In contrast, African savannah elephants (Loxodonta africana) live in unusually fluid, fission-fusion societies. That is, core social groups are composed of predictable sets of individuals; however, over the course of hours or days, these groups may tempor …
African elephants have traditionally been classified as a single species comprising two distinct subspecies, namely the savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana africana) and the forest elephant (Loxodonta africana cyclotis), but recent DNA analysis suggests that these may actually constitute distinct species (Roca 2001). This split is not universally accepted by experts (AESG 2002) and a third species of African elephant has also been proposed (Eggert et al. 2002).. This reclassification has important implications for conservation, because it means that where previously it was assumed that a single and endangered species comprised two small populations, if in reality these are two separate species, then as a consequence, both could be more gravely endangered than a more numerous and wide-ranging single species might have been. There is also a potential danger in that, if the forest elephant is not explicitly listed as an endangered species, poachers and smugglers might be able to evade the law ...
Two recent examples are Alex Rines and Vinnie Christiano. Food was not withheld prior to drug administration, and the elephants had ad libitum access to hay and water. 1998. Separating Asian and African elephants could prevent more deaths, he added. The calf is the result of artificial insemination with sperm from three donors. But any happiness that this family unit would know was short-lived. The Saint Louis Zoo cares about elephants in zoos and in the wild.. Phylogenetic (or family tree) analysis of this data has revealed a great deal of genetic variability amongst and within the many EEHV types that infect Asian and African elephants. Proc American Associaton of Zoo Veterinarians and Assoc of Reptile and Amphibian Veterinarians. Dr. K. Director of Veterinary Care. Dr. Pearsons interest in elephants was fueled nearly half a century ago when she became involved in elephant conservation through Save the Elephants.. Low levels of multiples types of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV-6, ...
Now, you might think that this lengthy process (almost 14 hours) would result in dung that has just about every nutritional particle sucked out of it. In fact, just about the opposite is true. Elephants digest barely one half of the nutritional value of their food, which means that their dung is nutrient rich. This inefficiency in digestion is one of the reasons that elephants are an integral part of their ecosystem. Just about anybody whos anybody uses this dung: baby elephants eat it, frogs live under it, mushrooms grow from it, and some plant species will only sprout once their seeds have been processed and deposited in elephant dung! Elephants are an amazing and essential seed disperser, ensuring that trees and plant species are evenly and widely distributed throughout their habitat. One survey of elephant dispersion refers to elephants as megagardeners, so important are they to the ecosystem ...
Figure S1. Predictions of monthly probability of birth inferred from climatic data in Asian elephants from Myanmar. Here, in contrast to the model in Figure , this model does not explicitly include birth month, but only considered the climatic data at birth (in addition to birth order and sex). The association with birth month was performed a posteriori: For each calf we calculated the predicted probability of birth based on climatic conditions at birth, and then computed the average probability of birth across all calves born in each month. The dashed line indicates the probability of birth if births were distributed equally across months.. Figure S2. Predictions of the probability that calves die between 1 and 5 years of age by birth months, in Asian elephants from Myanmar. Predictions were calculated for each calf individually and then averaged across birth months. As such, predictions captured the effect of sex, birth order, relatedness, location, and cohort effects.. Table S1. Summary table ...
A strain of SAT 2 foot-and-mouth disease virus which was experimentally inoculated into the epidermis of the tongues of captive African elephants produced vesicular lesions at the site of inoculation. After a short period of viraemia, secondary lesions developed in the mouth and on the feet giving rise to extensive tissue damage and the separation of the soles. In spite of close contact there was no spread of the disease to other elephants and by conventional sampling techniques no carrier virus could be demonstrated. The neutralizing antibody response was of a low order and this finding together with the observations made during the course of the experimental disease are discussed in relation to the possible role of the elephant in the epizootiology of foot-and-mouth disease in Africa ...
Elephant endotheliotropic herpes virus (EEHV) is a potentially deadly disease that not only affects elephants in human care, but also those living in the wild. Populations of wild Asian elephants are impacted by this disease in addition to threats like habitat fragmentation and poaching. To understand and combat this disease, veterinarians, researchers, conservationists, and elephant caretakers formed a collaborative team, called the EEHV Asia Working Group. The 3rd EEHV Asia Working Group meeting was hosted by Kasetsart University in Hua-Hin, Thailand. As part of the Houston Zoos on-going commitment to investigating EEHV and to save Asian Elephants in the wild, I was able to participate in this group.. Traveling to Hua-Hin is a long process. After more than 24 hours in flight from Houston, Texas to Tokyo, Japan to Bangkok, Thailand and 3-hour van ride, I finally made it to Hua-Hin. A total of 70 attendees from 12 countries made similar journeys to be at the meeting.. The two-day conference ...
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Silver Spring, MD (June 8, 2012) – Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) accredited zoos are leaders in elephant conservation education and science, and invite the public to celebrate and support elephants by visiting them this summer. “Experiencing an elephant close-up is an unforgettable experience,” said AZA President and CEO Jim Maddy.  “Elephants in AZA-accredited zoos are wildlife ambassadors who educate the public, create life-long conservationists, and raise money to support vital conservation efforts.” Status of Elephants in the Wild  Elephants are in trouble.  Elephant populations in Africa and Asia are under threat from human-elephant conflict (HEC), intense poaching, disease, and dramatic loss of habitat. Elephants maximus – Over the last 75 years, the population of Asian elephants is estimated to have declined by 50 percent or more, maintaining their endangered status according to the International Union for
Seminal plasma aids in sperm maturation and transport in many species. The current method of collecting Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) semen for use in artificial insemination results an incomplete ejaculate (without dilution by accessory sex gland fluids). Evaluation of collected elephant semen shows a high percentage of bulls providing samples with less than 60% motility, with many being non-motile. Equine seminal plasma was tested as a replacement for the seminal fluids deficient in collected elephant semen. Fourteen semen samples from six bulls were collected; washed and neat aliquots of each sample treated with equine seminal plasma, TEST yolk buffer (IrvineScientific, Santa Ana, CA, U.S.A.), or a combination of both. Each treatment was assessed for total and progressive motility, viability and acrosome integrity at 0,20,40 minutes, 2, 4, and 6 hours from time of treatment. There were significant differences between treatments (P|0.010) and times (P|0.012) for all dependant variables in analyses
Elephants living in zoos have shorter lives than their wild counterparts, according to a new study that will most certainly stir debate about their captive situations. Researchers compared the life spans of elephants in European zoos with those living in Amboseli National Park in Kenya and others working on a timber enterprise in Myanmar. Animals in the wild or in natural working conditions had life spans twice that or more of their relatives in zoos.. The new findings were published in the journal Science where researchers wrote obesity is a leading cause of death in adult zoo elephants, and stress is a killer of young animals moved between zoos.. In recent years, animal care activists have campaigned to discourage keeping elephants in zoos due to the lack of space and small numbers of animals that can be kept in a group. The median life span for African elephants in European zoos was 16.9 years, compared with 56 years for elephants who died of natural causes in Kenyas Amboseli Park. For the ...
Disclamer about the data used: I have collected the data for this post from different sources online, some discrepancies are possible but the message and the story of this data remains.. Today is Earth Day and while I try to focus on positive data I know we are facing challenges related to climate change, wildlife population, plastic usage, etc. I worked with data to show the human impact over other species we share this planet with. Some years ago I watched an interview with two people, a husband and wife, who live in the wilderness of Botswana and have dedicated their life to saving the wild animals. In this interview I was surprised to learn that we are loosing African elephants at the rate of five per hour due to poaching and illigal ivory trade.. African elephants are now classified as endangered species. And for good reason. For the last 100 years we have lost around 90% of the elephant population. Sadly, there are other animlas whose population numbers have significantly decline since the ...
Elephant attacks kill more than 500 people a year, according to National Geographic, and some experts believe that number will continue to rise.. I do think that elephants are becoming more aggressive towards humans in very compressed areas where they are being shot at and harassed, Stanford University biologist Caitlin OConnell-Rodwell told the news outlet. The elephant population will continued to feel the effects of compressions, says Dr. OConnell-Rodwell, as the human population continues to rise and push local farmers into preserve land.. Elephants are the largest land mammal, and the planets largest herbivore - a single herd can consume an entire field of in one night.. The animals are not attacking humans out of hunger, but do seem to be intentionally killing them, according to National Geographic. As these activities exceed aggression levels usually observed in the animals among themselves, some researchers are wondering if the attacks are a specific reaction due to their experience ...
TA Nankumba The organisation is currently overseeing the transportation of all the elephants from their home in the Phirilongwe forest near Mangochi by Lake Malawi, 250 kilometres away to the Majete game-park close to Malawis border with Mozambique. Most of the elephants have already been transported, leaving only remnants of the herd which by the time this article appears may have all gone. I have no doubt that the IFAW believes that it is acting in the best interests of the Phirilongwe elephants by removing them from their established habitat to the game-park. Indeed, in doing so, it insists that this is the only way to save the elephants and that Majete remains the most secure haven for the Phirilongwe elephants. The IFAW insists that most residents in the area support the removal of the elephants. Yet it is using its resources to ignore long-established hopes locally of establishing a wildlife sanctuary in Mangochi that would save not only the elephants from danger but also local ...
Prints of Shadow of trained Indian elephant (Elephas maximus) carrying wildlife watchers, in green pool of water... ♥ Framed Photos, Premium Framing, Photographic Prints, Jigsaw Puzzles, Poster Prints, Canvas Prints, Fine Art Prints, Mounted Photos
SURIN, 21 July 2012 - Mr. Suwit Rattanamani, Director-General of the Royal Forest Department, Mr. Niran Kalayanamit, Governor of Surin, and Mr. Sanchai Julamont, director of the Zoological Park Organization, yesterday met with civil servants, mahouts, and other agencies and organizations involved with the care of elephants in Surin. The meetings objective was to determine methods to solve the problems of mahouts difficulties and elephants roaming city streets for money. At present there are 150 elephants at Surins elephant center which gives each mahout a monthly salary of 8,000 THB. Nationwide, there are 316 elephants working at various elephant centers, 136 elephants roaming on streets with mahouts, and 76 elephants being raised at mahouts houses.. The Provincial Administration Organization of Surin has been asking a budget of 126 million THB to address elephant problems in a concrete manner. The proposal will be presented to the Cabinet at a mobile meeting to be held on July 29 and 30 in ...
Loxodonta (es); Африка пілдері (kk-kz); Gajah Afrika (ms); افرىيكا پىلدەرى (kk-cn); Африкански слонове (bg); Elefantul african (ro); افریقی ہاتھی (ur); Loxodonta (sk); Слон африканський (uk); 非洲象 (zh-hant); 非洲象 (zh-cn); 아프리카코끼리속 (ko); Африка пілдері (kk); Африкански слон (mk); Afrički slon (bs); আফ্রিকান হাতি (bn); éléphant dAfrique (fr); Afrički slon (hr); Voi châu Phi (vi); افرىيكا پىلدەرى (kk-arab); Afrïka pilderi (kk-latn); Afrika-olifant (af); Inzovu (rn); Elefante-africano (pt-br); 非洲象 (zh-sg); Африка пілдері (kk-cyrl); Afrikanske elefanter (nb); Afrika fili (az); Loxodonta (en); فيل أفريقي (ar); Loxodonta (br); 非洲象 (yue); Африка пилдери (ky); Loxodonta (eu); Loxodonta (ast); Африканские слоны (ru); Eliffant Affricanaidd (cy); Eilifint na hAfraice (ga); فیل ...
Having children is one of the most important, life-changing decisions a mother will ever make -- and one endangered tortoise in particular certainly didnt rush it. Weve also got new research showing elephants are a lot like humans, a bird with a spect
ID G3UKG4_LOXAF Unreviewed; 638 AA. AC G3UKG4; DT 16-NOV-2011, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 16-NOV-2011, sequence version 1. DT 30-AUG-2017, entry version 44. DE SubName: Full=Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 2 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323}; GN Name=PCSK2 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323}; OS Loxodonta africana (African elephant). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Afrotheria; Proboscidea; Elephantidae; Loxodonta. OX NCBI_TaxID=9785 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=Isolate ISIS603380 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323}; RA Di Palma F., Heiman D., Young S., Johnson J., Lander E.S., RA Lindblad-Toh K.; RT The Genome Sequence of Loxodonta africana (African elephant).; RL Submitted (JUN-2009) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RN [2] {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323} RP ...
~~September 4, 2014~~ ELEPHANTS WALKING THE TRAIL Elephants walking along the trails Are holding hands by holding tails Trunks and tails are handy things When elephants walk in circus rings Elephants work and elephants play And elephants walk and feel so gay. And when they walk, it never fails, Theyre holding hands by holding tails.…
This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Thailand. There are 264 mammal species in Thailand, of which 3 are critically endangered, 11 are endangered, 24 are vulnerable, and 2 are near-threatened. 1 of the species listed for Thailand is considered to be extinct. The following tags are used to highlight each species conservation status as assessed by the IUCN: Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of near threatened and least concern categories: The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals. Family: Elephantidae (elephants) Genus: Elephas Species: Asian elephant Elephas maximus EN Indian elephant Elephas maximus indicus EN Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered. Family: Dugongidae Genus: Dugong Dugong Dugong dugon VU The treeshrews are ...
Wow!!!!! What a biased, misleading, self serving statement this is!!!!! Mistake, or carefully worded to avoid using the word zoo? Lets point all the fingers in one direction,shall we. Lets suck up to the animal rights activist faction, without putting our zoo industry in focus. When was the last time an elephant was abandoned in a circus? How many elephants are currently kept as pets? What Water for Elephants are you talking about in the movie industry? We want to be able to take in elephants that come from not-as-good situations, like the circus, pets, the movie industry, but not the zoos, because everything is cool there, and you dont need to look in that direction. Now please endorse us, okay. I dont think Pat Derby died, or Carol Buckley moved to another country. I think they teamed up, and moved operations to Florida.............. ...
Domain architecture and assignment details (superfamily, family, region, evalue) for ENSLAFP00000009545 from Loxodonta africana 76_3. Plus protein sequence and external database links.
Domain combinations containing the Serine protease inhibitors superfamily in Loxodonta africana 76_3. Domain architectures illustrate each occurrence of the Serine protease inhibitors superfamily.
Asian elephant populations in Laos, which are under a process of commodification, have dropped by half in the last 30 years. According to researchers from CNRS and Beauval Nature, the dynamics of elephant populations depend heavily on the socioeconomic practices of the country and elephant owners. The setting-up of a maternity leave system to compensate owners for their losses of income during breeding period would contribute to the species long-term survival.
Some time ago, Care2 reported elephants are afraid of bees, and that fear might be used to protect crops from elephants. Now research has shown elephants are
Proboscideans (a relative of the modern elephant) nhave been a part of the Afro-Arabian landscape since at least the early Eocene, ~55 Mya. Proboscidea is a Greek word that means having a nose. Over 350 Proboscidea have been identified as having existed over the last 50 million years. Elephantidae is the only surviving family of the order Proboscidea; other, now extinct, members of the order include deinotheres, gomphotheres, mammoths, and mastodons. The only areas that Proboscidea were not found to have been home at least some of these species are Antarctica and Australia. Majority of these species are extinct leaving only the Asian Elephant, African Savanna Elephant (the worlds largest land mammal) and African Forest Elephant.. The evolutionary tree of proboscidea, a taxonomic group that unites all elephantid lineages as well as mammoth and mastodon species, can now be constructed with higher certainty than ever before. Two distinct clades seem to have formed 6 million years ago. The ...
Key states along the illegal ivory value chain have committed to urgent measures to halt the illegal trade and secure elephant populations across Africa....
Key states along the illegal ivory value chain have committed to urgent measures to halt the illegal trade and secure elephant populations across Africa....
The project was predicated on the need to focus conservation action on the Asian Elephant and its habitat, which currently face a number of threats. The main threats included: a) Reduction and fragmentation of habitat and consequent isolation of populations into small and genetically unviable units; b) Conflicts between wild elephants and human populations, leading to loss of human life and property and retaliatory killing of wild elephants; c) Poaching of elephants for ivory and, in some parts of the country, for meat; d) Elephant mortality due to other causes, such as from transmission lines, rail lines, highways etc., passing through the elephant habitat and other natural causes such as floods; e) Inadequate finance, infra-structure and human resources for proper implementation of management priorities at the field level. Project Elephant differs from other wildlife conservation projects such as Project Tiger in that it covers not only the protected areas (national parks and sanctuaries) but ...
The project was predicated on the need to focus conservation action on the Asian Elephant and its habitat, which currently face a number of threats. The main threats included: a) Reduction and fragmentation of habitat and consequent isolation of populations into small and genetically unviable units; b) Conflicts between wild elephants and human populations, leading to loss of human life and property and retaliatory killing of wild elephants; c) Poaching of elephants for ivory and, in some parts of the country, for meat; d) Elephant mortality due to other causes, such as from transmission lines, rail lines, highways etc., passing through the elephant habitat and other natural causes such as floods; e) Inadequate finance, infra-structure and human resources for proper implementation of management priorities at the field level. Project Elephant differs from other wildlife conservation projects such as Project Tiger in that it covers not only the protected areas (national parks and sanctuaries) but ...
This years winner, Dr Lucy King.. An innovative project developed from the behavioural discovery that honey bees can be used as a natural deterrent to crop raiding elephants has won this years St Andrews Prize for the Environment.. In Kenya, elephants are not confined to national parks and reserves and can pose serious social, political, economic and conservation problems.. Elephants run away from bee sounds and also emit a low frequency rumble, which warns other elephants. This has led to the development and testing of protective beehive fences positioned around farmers fields. If an elephant touches a hive, the bees are released. The beehives also provide honey for the farmers.. At a ceremony in the University of St Andrews today (Friday 3 May 2013), Dr Lucy King was presented with the winning prize of US$100,000. Lucy said: I am delighted with this win. The recognition and financial support will enable us to expand our vital research work and protect many more rural farming families from ...