TY - JOUR. T1 - Phosphoric acid doped imidazolium polysulfone membranes for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells. AU - Yang,Jingshuai. AU - Li,Qingfeng. AU - Jensen,Jens Oluf. AU - Pan,Chao. AU - Cleemann,Lars Nilausen. AU - Bjerrum,Niels J.. AU - He,Ronghuan. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - A novel acid-base polymer membrane is prepared by doping of imidazolium polysulfone with phosphoric acid for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Polysulfone is first chloromethylated, followed by functionalization of the chloromethylated polysulfone with alkyl imidazoles i.e. methyl (MePSU), ethyl (EtPSU) and butyl (BuPSU) imidazoliums, as revealed by 1H NMR spectra. The imidazolium polysulfone membranes are then doped with phosphoric acid and used as a proton exchange membrane electrolyte in fuel cells. An acid doping level of about 10-11mol H3PO4 per mole of the imidazolium group is achieved in 85wt% H3PO4 at room temperature. The membranes exhibit a proton conductivity of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Liquid water flooding in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell cathode with an interdigitated design. AU - Kang, Simo. AU - Zhou, Biao. AU - Cheng, Chin-Hsiang. AU - Shiu, Huan Ruei. AU - Lee, Chun I.. PY - 2011/12/1. Y1 - 2011/12/1. N2 - In this paper, we studied the liquid water flooding process in the flow field of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell with an interdigitated design by using a multi-phase three-dimensional fuel cell cathode side model with a porous layer. The commercial CFD software package fluent (ANSYS Canonsburg, PA, USA) was used with a user-defined function. The results indicate that the general liquid water flooding process inside of this type of cathode design can be classified into three phases (the porous layer phase, the channel phase, and the drainage phase), and the details of liquid water behavior during this flooding process can be well understood and explained using the air-liquid interaction. Also, a liquid water avalanche phenomenon was ...
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are electrochemical devices that show the highest power densities compared to the other type of fuel cell. In this work, nanocomposite membranes used for proton exchange membrane fuel cells as poly(vinyl alcohol)/La2Ce2O7 (PVA-LC) with the aim of increasing the water uptake and proton conductivity. Glutaraldehyde (GA) was used as cross linking agent of PVA matrix. PVA-LC nanocomposite membranes have been prepared with solutions casting method. The significant improvement has been achieved via the synergetic combination of organic and inorganic phases. Nanocomposite membranes were structurally, morphologically and electrochemically considered by FTIR, SEM and ELS, respectively. The results exhibited that the proton conductivity and the water uptake of the nanocomposite membranes were higher than that of the PVA membrane. PVA-LC nanocomposite membranes containing 4 wt.% of La2Ce2O7 nanoparticles displayed a high proton conductivity (0.019 S/cm). The highest
An alignment structure for a proton exchange membrane fuel cell is disclosed, which is used to accurately position a proton exchange membrane fuel cell onto a fuel cell manufacturing tool. The proton
TY - JOUR. T1 - An analytical model for solid oxide fuel cells with bi-layer electrolyte. AU - Shen, Shuanglin. AU - Guo, Liejin. AU - Liu, Hongtan. PY - 2013/2/12. Y1 - 2013/2/12. N2 - A theoretical model for a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) with a bi-layer electrolyte is developed and analytical solutions of various important relationships, such as I-V relationship, distribution of oxygen partial pressure in the bi-layer electrolyte, leakage current density etc. are obtained. Based on the assumptions of constant ionic conductivity and reversible electrodes, the model takes into considerations of transports of both ions and electrons in the electrolyte. The modeling results are compared with both experimental data and results from other models in the literature and very good agreements are obtained.. AB - A theoretical model for a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) with a bi-layer electrolyte is developed and analytical solutions of various important relationships, such as I-V relationship, ...
Latest Strategic Study Released on Global Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Market forecast to 2027, the report comprises of historical data and estimation of the Global Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Market. The Industry is showing continuous progress with a noteworthy rise in the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) during the forecast period owing to various factors driving the market. Some of the main players included in this research study are Bloom Energy, Siemens Energy, Aisin Seiki, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Delphi Corp, GE, Convion, FuelCell Energy, Atrex Energy, Inc, SOLIDpower, ZTEK Corporation, Redox Power Systems, Ceres & Elcogen, etc.. Browse TOC, Charts and Tables of Global Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Market Research Report available at: https://www.htfmarketreport.com/reports/1628140-global-solid-oxide-fuel-cell-26. Company ProfilesBloom Energy, Siemens Energy, Aisin Seiki, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Delphi Corp, GE, Convion, FuelCell Energy, Atrex Energy, Inc, SOLIDpower, ZTEK ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Impedance characterization of high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack under the influence of carbon monoxide and methanol vapor. AU - Jeppesen, Christian. AU - Polverino, Pierpaolo. AU - Andreasen, Søren Juhl. AU - Araya, Samuel Simon. AU - Sahlin, Simon Lennart. AU - Pianese, Cesare. AU - Kær, Søren Knudsen. PY - 2017/8. Y1 - 2017/8. N2 - This work presents a comprehensive mapping of electrochemical impedance measurements under the influence of CO and methanol vapor contamination of the anode gas in a high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell, at varying load current. Electrical equivalent circuit model parameters based on experimental evaluation of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements were used to quantify the changes caused by different contamination levels. The changes are generally in good agreement with what is found in the literature. It is shown that an increased level of CO contamination resulted in an increase in the high ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Optimal design of baffles locations with interdigitated flow channels of a centimeter-scale proton exchange membrane fuel cell. AU - Jang, Jiin Yuh. AU - Cheng, Chin Hsiang. AU - Huang, Yu Xian. PY - 2010/1/1. Y1 - 2010/1/1. N2 - In the present study, the simplified conjugate-gradient method (SCGM) is combined with commercial CFD code to build an optimizer for designing the baffles locations with interdigitated channels of a centimeter-scale proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). Using the optimizer, the locations of the baffles are adjusted toward the maximization of the average current density of the flow field. The approach is developed by using the commercial CFD code as the direct problem solver, which is able to provide the numerical solutions for the three-dimensional mass, momentum and species transport equations as well as to predict the electron conduction and proton migration taking place in a PEMFC. Results show that the optimal design process of the locations of ...
Two major types of fuel cells vie for vehicle designers attention: PEM, or proton exchange membrane types, and solid oxide fuels cells (SOFCs). PEMs (also known as polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells) require an expensive catalyst such as platinum, and hydrogen as fuel. Hydrogen itself is costly to produce and runs up the operating cost for such a fuel cell. Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. timed things to coincide with the 2016 Olympics opening in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for the introduction of their solid oxide fuel cell vehicle, a van that runs on bio-ethanol electric power. Nissans Carlos Ghosn claims this to be a first, with benefits for potential users. The e-Bio Fuel-Cell offers eco-friendly transportation and creates opportunities for … ...
SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS OFFER MANY ADVANTAGES OVER STANDARD POWER PRODUCTION SYSTEMS, INCLUDING FULL CYCLE EFFICIENCIES OF 60%, A WIDE RANGE OF USABLE FUELS, AND ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND COMBUSTION WITH VERY LOW NOX EMISSIONS. HOWEVER, PROBLEMS SUCH AS COST AND LOW PERFORMANCE MUST BE RESOLVED. THIS PHASE I PROJECT CONCERNS THE DEVELOPMENT A PLANAR, SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL WITH A UNITIZED BIOPOLAR DESIGN USING LOW RESISTIVITY, THIN, SOLID OXIDE FILMS PRODUCED BY REACTIVE MAGNETRON SPUTTERING. THE CELLS UTILIZE LOW COST FLOW FIELD MATERIALS AND ARE CAPABLE OF OPERATING DIRECTLY ON NATURAL GAS AND AIR AS REACTANTS. THESE FEATURES REDUCE PRODUCTION COSTS AND SYSTEM COMPLEXITY AS WELL AS ALLOW OPERATION AT TEMPERATURES OF ABOUT 700 DEGREES CENTIGRADE. THE PHASE I PROGRAM TESTS TWO DIFFERENT LOW COST FLOW FIELDS: GRAPHITE PAPER AND NICKEL FELT. THE PROGRAM COMPARES PERFORMANCE OF THESE CELLS TO PERFORMANCE DATA OBTAINED UNDER A NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION (NSF) SOFC GRANT CURRENTLY UNDER WAY. THIS NSF ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Trends for Methane Oxidation at Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Conditions. AU - Kleis, Jesper. AU - Jones, Glenn. AU - Abild-Pedersen, Frank. AU - Tripkovic, Vladimir. AU - Bligaard, Thomas. AU - Rossmeisl, Jan. N1 - Copyright The Electrochemical Society, Inc. [2009]. All rights reserved. Except as provided under U.S. copyright law, this work may not be reproduced, resold, distributed, or modified without the express permission of The Electrochemical Society (ECS).. PY - 2009. Y1 - 2009. N2 - First-principles calculations are used to predict a plausible reaction pathway for the methane oxidation reaction. In turn, this pathway is used to obtain trends in methane oxidation activity at solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode materials. Reaction energetics and barriers for the elementary reaction steps on both the close-packed Ni{111} and stepped Ni{211} surfaces are presented. Quantum-mechanical calculations augmented with thermodynamic corrections allow appropriate treatment of the elevated ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Doped Perovskite Oxide, PrMnO3, as a New Cathode for Solid‐Oxide Fuel Cells that Decreases the Operating Temperature. AU - Ishiham, Tatsumi. AU - Kudo, Takanari. AU - Matsuda, Hideaki. AU - Takita, Yusaku. PY - 1994/1/1. Y1 - 1994/1/1. N2 - Cathodic overpotentials of Ln0.6Sr0.4MnO3 (Ln is La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Yb, and Y) were studied for a new cathode for solid‐oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with low overpotentials in a relatively‐low‐temperature region. Cathodic overpotentials strongly depended on the rare‐earth cations in the A sites of the perovskite oxide. In particular, overpotentials of a Sr‐doped PrMnO3 cathode maintained low values despite decreased operating temperature. Consequently, almost the same power density of a SOFC with Ln0.6Sr0.4MnO3 cathode was obtained at about 100 K lower operating temperature by using Sr‐doped PrMnO3 as the cathode.. AB - Cathodic overpotentials of Ln0.6Sr0.4MnO3 (Ln is La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Yb, and Y) were studied for a new cathode for ...
The development of intermediate temperatures solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFC) with YSZ electrolytes imposes a double requirement in their manufacturing. First, the electrolyte has to be kept as thin as possible to minimize ohmic polarization losses. Second, the cathode compositions used must exhibit an adequate catalytic activity at the operating temperature (600 - 800 ºC). Current methods to manufacture thin YSZ electrolytes require complex processes, and sometimes costly equipment. Cathode compositions traditionally used for high temperature solid oxide fuel cells, such as (La,Sr)MnO3 do not exhibit good catalytic properties at intermediate temperatures. These challenges present areas of opportunity in the development of original manufacturing techniques and new cathode compositions. This study presents a low-cost fabrication procedure for IT-SOFC using tape casting, co-firing and screen printing. The electrochemical performance of the cells is evaluated using a known cathode composition for ...
A solid oxide fuel cell fuel electrode is produced by a sintering process. An underlayer is applied to the electrolyte of a solid oxide fuel cell in the form of a slurry, which is then dried. An overlayer is applied to the underlayer and then dried. The dried underlayer and overlayer are then sintered to form a fuel electrode. Both the underlayer and the overlayer comprise a combination of electrode metal such as nickel, and stabilized zirconia such as yttria-stabilized zirconia, with the overlayer comprising a greater percentage of electrode metal. The use of more stabilized zirconia in the underlayer provides good adhesion to the electrolyte of the fuel cell, while the use of more electrode metal in the overlayer provides good electrical conductivity. The sintered fuel electrode is less expensive to produce compared with conventional electrodes made by electrochemical vapor deposition processes. The sintered electrodes exhibit favorable performance characteristics, including good porosity, adhesion,
Rural Alaska currently uses diesel generator sets to produce much of its power. The high energy content of diesel (i.e. ~140,000 BTU per gallon) makes it the fuel of choice because this reduces the volume of fuel that must be transported, stored, and consumed in generating the power. There is an existing investment in infrastructure for the distribution and use of diesel fuel. Problems do exist, however, in that diesel generators are not very efficient in their use of diesel, maintenance levels can be rather high as systems age, and the environmental issues related to present diesel generators are of concern. The Arctic Energy Technology Development Laboratory at the University of Alaska -- Fairbanks is sponsoring a project to address the issues mentioned above. The project takes two successful systems, a diesel reformer and a tubular solid oxide fuel cell unit, and jointly tests those systems with the objective of producing a for-purpose diesel fueled solid oxide fuel cell system that can be deployed
The Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) will award up to $15 million for projects to improve the reliability of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) (DE-FOA-0001058). The purpose of the FOA is to advance the reliability, robustness and endurance of low-cost solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology...
Can solid oxide fuel cells change transportation? Keep reading to learn about solid oxide fuel cells and how they can change transportation.
Individual homes and entire neighborhoods could be powered with a new, small-scale solid oxide fuel cell system that achieves up to 57 percent efficiency, significantly higher than the 30 to 50 percent efficiencies previously reported for other solid oxide fuel cell systems of its size.
The present teachings relate to solid oxide fuel cell systems featuring a novel design that provides improved thermal management of the system. The solid oxide fuel cell systems disclosed include gas channeling features that regulate the temperature of local areas of the system and protect thermal-sensitive current collection elements.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pre-oxidized and nitrided stainless steel alloy foil for proton exchange membrane fuel cell bipolar plates. Part 2. T2 - Single-cell fuel cell evaluation of stamped plates. AU - Toops, Todd J.. AU - Brady, Michael P.. AU - Tortorelli, Peter F.. AU - Pihl, Josh A.. AU - Estevez, Francisco. AU - Connors, Daniel. AU - Garzon, Fernando. AU - Rockward, Tommy. AU - Gervasio, Don. AU - Mylan, William. AU - Kosaraju, Sree Harsha. PY - 2010/9/1. Y1 - 2010/9/1. N2 - Thermal (gas) nitridation of stainless steel alloys can yield low interfacial contact resistance (ICR), electrically conductive and corrosion-resistant nitride containing surface layers (Cr2N, CrN, TiN, V2N, VN, etc.) of interest for fuel cells, batteries, and sensors. This paper presents results of proton exchange membrane (PEM) single-cell fuel cell studies of stamped and pre-oxidized/nitrided developmental Fe-20Cr-4V weight percent (wt.%) and commercial type 2205 stainless steel alloy foils. The single-cell fuel cell ...
Fuel cells are a promising technology to deal with energy sustainability, especially for mobility purposes the Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell and hydrogen produced from biomass could be coupled to overcome the amount of CO2 emissions. In order to improve fuel cells performances the search for new electrocatalysts has a great importance in this technology the challenge for a fuel cell catalyst that is less poisoned by CO is one of the most important field in low temperature fuel cell developments that use alcohol and hydrocarbons as primary fuels. In this work PtSm, PtTb, PtDy, PtU, PtRuMo and PtRuDy systems have been synthesized by the colloid method, investigated by the following techniques: X-rays fluorescence analysis (XFA), X-rays powder diffraction (XRD), X-rays photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and polarization curves (Exi). The results obtained in this work shows that ...
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells suffer from reversible performance loss during operation caused by the oxidation of the Pt catalyst which in turn reduces the electrochemically active surface area. Many fuel cell manufacturers recommend using short circuiting during the operation of the fuel cell to improve the performance of the cells over time. However, there is lack of understanding on how it improves the performance as well as on how to optimise the short circuiting strategy for different fuel cell systems. We present a simple procedure to develop an optimised short circuiting strategy by maximising the cumulative average power density gain and minimising the time required to recover the energy loss during short circuiting. We obtained average voltage improvement from 10 to 12% at different current densities for a commercial H-100 system and our short circuiting strategy showed ∼2% voltage improvement in comparison to a commercial strategy. We also demonstrated that the minimum short ...
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) uses hydrogen and oxygen for fuel, the whole energy conversion process almost has no negative impact on the environment. The PEM fuel cell stack with the advantages of low-operating temperature, high current density and fast start-up ability is considered to be the next generation of new electric vehicle power. However, due to the limited current output, it is difficult for a single cell to meet the practical application requirements. The actual fuel cell stack is formed by many single cells assembled together. The assembly process is often related to load transfer, material transfer, energy exchange, multi-phase flow, electrochemical reaction and other factors. The performance of MEA (Membrane Electrode Assembly), sealing gaskets and other components will change during the assembly process, which makes the fuel cell stack assembly process more complex. The assembly load of large stack and the inside interface pressure homogeneity significantly affect ...
This paper deals with the state-of-the-art of air management in proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), which is a challenge because commercial compressors and humidification systems are not suitable for automotive applications. Major tasks and requirements for compression and humidification subsystems have been introduced, showing that compression and humidification subsystems cannot be decoupled. A higher working pressure around 2.5 bar is recommended because it permits the PEMFC to have a higher efficiency, as well as a lighter stack and a lower volume than an equivalent PEMFC working at a lower pressure; moreover, the water necessary for humidifying the membrane decreases, resulting in a simple management. For high pressure fuel cells, centrifugal compressors or positive displacement compressors with internal compression have to be preferred than those with external compression because they offer a better efficiency. The built-in compression ratio has to be as close as possible to the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - ZIF derived PtNiCo/NC cathode catalyst for proton exchange membrane fuel cell. AU - Hanif, Saadia. AU - Shi, Xuan. AU - Iqbal, Naseem. AU - Noor, Tayyaba. AU - Anwar, Rehan. AU - Kannan, A. M.. PY - 2019/12/5. Y1 - 2019/12/5. N2 - High performance cathode catalysts with minimum platinum amount for the electrocatalyzed oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in PEMFCs remain as a significant challenge for commercial application. Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework (ZIF) based catalyst can provide void 3D framework of N-doped nano-porous carbon for promising ORR activity. Here we report a bimetallic pyrolyzed NiCo-ZIF supported fine Pt/Pt alloy electrocatalyst for ORR. After pyrolysis, nano-porous carbon is obtained with well dispersed Pt/Pt alloy nanoparticles (˜ 3 nm). This catalyst shows superior performance and stability in acidic medium against the commercial catalyst comprising of Pt/C. In a single cell PEMFC, high peak power density value of 1067 mW. cm−2 is attained at 70 °C by ...
The Report Global PEMFC (Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells) Market 2015-2019 provides information on pricing, market analysis, shares, forecast, and company profiles for key industry participants. - MarketResearchReports.biz. About PEMFC. PEMFC are devices that generate electricity through an electrochemical process involving oxidation of electrolytes placed between the anode and the cathode. Fuel cells are generally categorized based on the type of electrolyte used. PEMFC use an acidic water-based polymer membrane with platinum-based electrodes. It operates at low temperatures and caters effectively to dynamic power requirements. The chemical source of PEMFC, which is hydrogen, needs to be extremely pure because of its operating temperature and use of precious metal-based electrodes. PEMFC is a fuel-cell technology that is used extensively in light duty and material handling vehicles.. View Full Report at http://www.marketresearchreports.biz/analysis/280607. Technavios analysts forecast the ...
The Report Global PEMFC (Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells) Market 2015-2019 provides information on pricing, market analysis, shares, forecast, and company profiles for key industry participants. - MarketResearchReports.biz About PEMFC PEMFC are devices that generate electricity through an electrochemical process involving oxidation of electrolytes placed between the anode and the cathode. Fuel cells are generally categorized based on the type of electrolyte used. PEMFC use an acidic water-based polymer membrane with platinum-based electrodes. It operates at low temperatures and caters effectively to dynamic power requirements. The chemical source of PEMFC,…. Read More ...
In this article, one-phase and three dimensional computational fluid dynamics analysis was utilized to investigate the effect of annular field pattern of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) with different geometry on the performances and species distribution. This computational fluid dynamics code is used for solving the equation in single domain namely the flow field, the mass conservation, the energy conservation, the species transport, and the electric/ionic fields under the assumptions of steady state and non-isothermal. The introduced cell consist of different novelties, such as the way in which reactant gases are supplied to the flow field, the design of the flow field geometry for both anode and cathode and the membrane electrode assembly design and the length and occupied volume decreases up to 40%. Obtained results showed that generation of fuel cells with annular shaped geometry with the same active area and inlet area gave intensively higher current density compared with conventional
Gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs) prepared by a novel automatic catalyst spraying under irradiation (ACSUI) technique are investigated for improving the performance of phosphoric acid (PA)-doped polybenzimidazole (PBI) high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). The physical properties of the GDEs are characterized by pore size distribution and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The electrochemical properties of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) with the GDEs are evaluated and analyzed by polarization curve, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemistry impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Effects of PTFE binder content, PA impregnation and heat treatment on the GDEs are investigated to determine the optimum performance of the single cell. At ambient pressure and 160 o C, the maximum power density can reach 0.61 W cm-2, and the current density at 0.6 V is up to 0.38 A cm-2, with H /air and a platinum loading of 0.5 mg cm-2 on both electrodes. The MEA with the GDEs shows good ...
Publishers Accepted Manuscript: Study of acetylene poisoning of Pt cathode on proton exchange membrane fuel cell spatial performance using a segmented cell system ...
Sustained potential oscillations are experimentally observed in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell with PtRu as anode catalyst and with H2/108ppm CO as the anode feed when operating under a constant current density mode. These oscillations appear at fuel-cell temperatures below 70°C. A threshold value exists for both the current density and the anode flow rate at a given fuel-cell temperature for their onset. The temperature dependence of the oscillation period shows an apparent activation energy around 60 kJ/mol. The potential oscillations are believed to be due to the coupling of anode electro-oxidation of H2 and CO on the PtRu catalyst surface, on which OHad is formed more readily, i.e., at lower overpotentials. A simple kinetic model is provided that can reproduce the observed oscillatory phenomenon both qualitatively and quantitatively.
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) are promising energy converters, but still suffer from a short life duration. Applying Prognostics and Health M
This work highlights the gains of an innovative model-based control approach applied to a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) system, included in a stand-alone hybrid generator. This approach proposes a multivariable setpoint tracking of the PEMFC output power and temperature. The freshness of this approach is based on the combination of a nonlinear model-based predictive control strategy (NMPC) and a global linearizing control (GLC) algorithm. The performance of the proposed control strategy is confirmed thanks to simulations of varying control scenarios. Results show good performance in setpoint tracking, disturbances rejection and robustness against plant/model mismatch in presence of noisy signals. Moreover, for similar setpoint point tracking accuracy, the proposed control strategy appears to be four times faster than a classical multivariable NMPC strategy. According to real-time application objectives, this control strategy appears as a promising option to be implanted in the overall
Changes that carbon-supported platinum electrocatalysts undergo in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell environment were simulated by ex situ heat treatment of catalyst powder samples at 150 C and 100% relative humidity. In order to study modifications that are introduced to chemistry, morphology, and performance of electrocatalysts, XPS, HREELS and three-electrode rotating disk electrode experiments were performed. Before heat treatment, graphitic content varied by 20% among samples with different types of carbon supports, with distinct differences between bulk and surface compositions within each sample. Following the aging protocol, the bulk and surface chemistry of the samples were similar, with graphite content increasing or remaining constant and Pt-carbide decreasing for all samples. From the correlation of changes in chemical composition and losses in performance of the electrocatalysts, we conclude that relative distribution of Pt particles on graphitic and amorphous carbon is as important for
The Global Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Industry 2015 Market Research Report is a professional - Market Research Reports and Industry Analysis
Electrochemical properties of the Pr2-xLaxCuO4 (x = 0.05; 0.1; 0.3) (PLCO) oxides in oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) were examined towards their applicability as cathode materials for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). Pr1.95La0.05CuO4 (PLCO0.05) was defined as a favorable basis for the composite cathode material due to its conducting, thermomechanical
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Yang, C., Yang, Z., Jin, C., Xiao, G., Chen, F. and Han, M. (2012), Sulfur-Tolerant Redox-Reversible Anode Material for Direct Hydrocarbon Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Adv. Mater., 24: 1439-1443. doi: 10.1002/adma.201104852 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Experimental analysis of a dimensionless number in the cathode channels of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell with different head losses. AU - Han, S. H.. AU - Kim, K. R.. AU - Ahn, D. K.. AU - Choi, Y. D.. PY - 2010/1/1. Y1 - 2010/1/1. N2 - This study investigates the effects of stoichiometry, humidity, cell temperature, and pressure on the performance and the flooding of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell. Values of stoichiometry are 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 at cell temperatures of 50, 55, and 60°C, respectively. This study shows that the dimensionless flooding value (FV) is a function of the stoichiometry, humidity, temperature, and pressure. The FV is calculated by using the measured values of temperature, humidity, pressure, and flowrate of the cathode. The effect of the dimensionless number on the flooding of the cathode in the proton exchange membrane fuel cell is analysed in this study. The effects of air stoichiometry, cell temperature, and air humidity are also ...
Headline: Bitcoin & Blockchain Searches Exceed Trump! Blockchain Stocks Are Next!. Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Material Industry Report is a tool to assist novice as well as seeded players in gaining astute business intelligence and make apt decisions based on it.. This Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Material Industry report also takes into account the past price of and future price as per the supply-demand relation along with perspectives and Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Material Industry forecasts. Additionally, the Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Material Industry report also discusses the data on deals (distributors) and buyers, providing a holistic insight into the supply chain and sales details of Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Material Industry.. Major Key Players are Analyzed in the Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Material Industry Report such as:. · Hunan Shanshan Advanced Materials. · Hunan Reshine New Material. · Pulead Technology Industry. · Beijing Easpring Material Technology. · Tianjin B&M ...
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with proton conducting electrolyte (H-SOFCs) are promising power sources for stationary applications. Compared with other types of fuel cells, one distinct feature of SOFC is their fuel flexibility. In this study, a 2D model is developed to investigate the transport and reaction in an H-SOFC fueled with syngas, which can be produced from conventional natural gas or renewable biomass. The model fully considers the fluid flow, mass transfer, heat transfer and reactions in the H-SOFC. Parametric studies are conducted to examine the physical and chemical processes in H-SOFC with a focus on how the operating parameters affect the H-SOFC performance. It is found that the presence of CO dilutes the concentration of H2, thus decreasing the H-SOFC performance. With typical syngas fuel, adding H2O cannot enhance the performance of the H-SOFC, although water gas shift reaction can facilitate H2 production.
Marquez, A., Ohrn, T., Trembly, J., Ingram, D., & Bayless, D. (2007). Effects of coal syngas and H2S on the performance of solid oxide fuel cells. Part 2: stack tests. Journal of Power Sources, 164(2), 659 - 667 ...
Topsoe Fuel Cell is expanding its solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stack production facilities in Denmark. The company needs the extra production capacity because it expects demand to exceed its current capacity in 2013.
A nanocomposite Zr/Sm-codoped ceria electrolyte coated with K2CO3/Na2CO3 was synthesized by a coprecipitation method. The electrochemical study of the two-phase nanocomposite electrolytes with carbonate coated on the doped ceria shows high oxygen ion mobility at low temperatures (300-600 degrees C). The interface between the two constituent phases was studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Ionic conductivities were also measured with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The morphology and structure of composite electrolyte were characterized using field-emission scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The fuel cell power density is 700 mW cm(-2), and an open-circuit voltage of 1.00 V is achieved at low temperatures (400-550 degrees C). This codoped approach with a second phase provides a good indication regarding overcoming the challenges of solid oxide fuel cell technology.. ...
A solid oxide fuel cell comprises a plurality of tubes, each having an anode, electrolyte and cathode. Anode and cathode current collectors are mounted on the tubes. The anode current collector electrically connects to the anode and can have a contact with the anode. The cathode current collector electrically connects to the cathode and can have a contact with the cathode. An electrically conductive sealant may be positioned between the anode of one tube and the cathode current collector of another tube.
Reversible operation of a microtubular solid oxide fuel cell SOFC with high electrochemical efficiency is reported. These devices can ideally produce hydrogen from electricity and steam solid oxide electrolyser SOE and then use the stored hydrogen to generate electricity and heat SOFC, acting as a storage device for the electrical energy. A fuel-electrode-supported Ni-yttriastabilized zirconia YSZ/YSZ/La0.8Sr0.2 0.98MnO3 cell, 2.4 mm in diameter and 20m of electrolyte thickness, was evaluated in an electrolysis mode as a function of the steam concentration supplied to the Ni/YSZ electrode. A good cell performance was obtained at temperatures as high as 950°C for the electrolysis operation. At 850°C, the cell withstood current densities of −1 A/cm2 at 1.3 V with steam utilization of 16.5%. The production of hydrogen in the electrolyzer was tested by mass spectrometry. Their performance, especially in the SOE mode, is very promising for high temperature electrolysis applications. ...
An object of the present invention is to provide a dye-sensitized solar cell comprising a solid electrolyte and having excellent thermostability, which has the excellent feature of retaining liquid so as to prevent an electrolyte solution from being exuded even under high temperature or pressurized conditions, and a dye-sensitized solar cell module using the same. Such dye-sensitized solar cell comprises: an electrode base material 10; a porous semiconductor layer 20 formed on the electrode base material 10 having a porous surface carrying a sensitized dye; a counter electrode 40, which is disposed so as to face the porous semiconductor layer 20; and an electrolyte layer 30 comprising a redox pair and cationic cellulose or a derivative thereof, which is formed between the electrode base material 10 and the counter electrode 40.
Traditionally, Pt prepared by hydrolysis was used as the counter electrode of dye-sensitized solar cells. But the hydrolysis requires a high-temperature process, so that it is not suitable for flexible substrates like plastics. In addition, noble Pt remarkably increases the cost of dye-sensitized solar cells. Here, we report three types of nanostuctured materials as the counter electrode of dye-sensitized solar cells, including nanostrutured Pt by polyol reduction of Pt precursors, nanocomposites and nanotube films.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Liquid electrolyte based on lithium bis-fluorosulfonyl imide salt. T2 - Aluminum corrosion studies and lithium ion battery investigations. AU - Abouimrane, Ali. AU - Ding, J.. AU - Davidson, I. J.. PY - 2009/4/1. Y1 - 2009/4/1. N2 - The performance of a liquid electrolyte composed of lithium bis-fluorosulfonyl imide (LiSFI) in a 1:1 volume of ethylene carbonate and dimethyl carbonate is evaluated for use in lithium ion batteries. Imide salts offer the benefits of higher thermal stability and could provide a safer alternative to LiPF6 which is prone to the formation of HF. However, the most studied lithium imide salt, lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imide, is well known to have a problem with corrosion of aluminum which is commonly used as the cathode current collector. Consequently, the corrosion properties of liquid electrolytes based on lithium bis-fluorosulfonyl imide are also investigated. Crown. AB - The performance of a liquid electrolyte composed of lithium ...
The dye-sensitized solar cell, developed in the 1990s, is a non-conventional solar technology that has attracted much attention owing to its stability, low cost, and device efficiency. Power-conversion efficiencies of over 11 % have been achieved for devices that contain liquid electrolytes, whereas solid-state devices that do not require a liquid electrolyte display an overall efficiency of 5 %. Improvement of the efficiency of solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells requires optimization of their various components, such as the hole-transport material, sensitizer, mesoporous TiO2 film, and the blocking layer. This Minireview highlights the current state of the art and future directions of solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell technology. ...
Dye-sensitized solar cells based on iodide/triiodide (I−/I3−) electrolytes are viable low-cost alternatives to conventional silicon solar cells. However, as well as providing record efficiencies of up to 12.0%, the use of I−/I3− in such solar cells also brings about certain limitations that stem from its corrosive nature and complex two-electron redox chemistry. Alternative redox mediators have been investigated, but these generally fall well short of matching the performance of conventional I−/I3− electrolytes. Here, we report energy conversion efficiencies of 7.5% (simulated sunlight, AM1.5, 1,000 W m−2) for dye-sensitized solar cells combining the archetypal ferrocene/ferrocenium (Fc/Fc+) single-electron redox couple with a novel metal-free organic donor-acceptor sensitizer (Carbz-PAHTDTT). These Fc/Fc+-based devices exceed the efficiency achieved for devices prepared using I−/I3− electrolytes under comparable conditions, revealing the great potential of ferrocene-based electrolytes
Poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) nanoporous layers were prepared with electro-oxidative polymerization using room temperature hydrophobic ionic liquids as a medium. The synthesized highly porous PEDOT films exhibit room temperature conductivity value of 195 S cm(-1) along with reproducible high cycling life. These films were used as counter electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells yielding similar to 8% power conversion efficiency, which is close to the classical platinum coated counter electrode (8.7%). The photovoltaic performance increases as we lower the PEDOT film thickness as the thin films has reasonably high catalytic properties. Ahmad, Shahzada; Yum, Jun-Ho; Zhang, Xianxi; Graetzel, Michael; Butt, Hans-Juergen; Nazeeruddin, Mohammad K.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Polymer electrolytes based on grafted inorganic nanoparticles for dye-sensitized solar cells. AU - Park, Jung Tae. AU - Roh, Dong Kyu. AU - Ahn, Sung Hoon. AU - Kim, Jong Hak. PY - 2011/2. Y1 - 2011/2. N2 - Inorganic nanoparticles such as TiO 2 and SiO 2 were grafted with poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (POEM) and blended with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), 1-methyl-3-propylimidazolium iodide (MPII) and iodine (I 2O) to prepare polymer electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). The effects of the grafted nanoparticles on the coordination interactions and structures of electrolytes were investigated using FT-IR spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The energy conversion efficiencies were obtained as 3.3 and 2.9% for TiO 2 and SiO 2 based electrolytes, respectively. Good interfacial contact between the electrolyte and the electrodes was also confirmed by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM).. AB - Inorganic nanoparticles such as TiO 2 and ...
Panchromatic response is essential to increase the light-harvesting efficiency in solar conversion systems. Herein we show increased light harvesting from using multiple energy relay dyes inside dye-sensitized solar cells. Additional photoresponse from 400-590 nm matching the optical window of the zinc phthalocyanine sensitizer was observed due to Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) from the two energy relay dyes to the sensitizing dye. The complementary absorption spectra of the energy relay dyes and high excitation transfer efficiencies result in a 35% increase in photovoltaic performance.. Keywords: dyes/pigments ; dye-sensitized solar cells ; Fret ; photochemistry ; photovoltaics ; Restricted Geometries ; Rhodamine-B ; Efficiency ; Dcm. ...
For the first time, nonstoichiometric WO2.72 was used as a counter electrode (CE) in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Oxygen-vacancy-rich WO2.72 nanorod bundles with notable catalytic activity for triiodide and thiolate reduction were prepared in this study. The photovoltaic parameters of dye-sensitized s
A detailed study of the D (a divinyl kenzene polymer substituted with sulfonic acid) and R (D membrane where a teflon polymer is substituted for the divinylbenzene) type ion exchange membranes for manpack fuel cells is presented. The critical current-voltage characteristics of both R and D type of ion exchange membrane electrolyte systems are examined for their capability of meeting the requirements for Army field use. Evaluation of the experimental results shows two main causes for fuel cell break down: (1) the presence of tetra hydrofuran in the fuel causing poisoning of the anode catalyst and eventual cell decay, and (2) ion exchange membrane dry-out due to low current loading and extended periods on open circuit voltage. (Author)(*FUEL CELLS
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In this review, we dissect nanotube growth under a systematic changing of electrode configurations and analyze relevant solar cell constructions as well as performances, in an attempt to explore efficient approaches to harvest solar energy. It is divided into two parts for discussion: planar and nonplanar electrodes, as a conformal coating of anodic nanotubes can be formed on an electrode regardless of its geometric shape. The first part is presented in this paper. To date, the most efficient dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) based on anodic nanotubes exhibit a power conversion efficiency of 7~8%, whereas those based on nanoparticles show a higher efficiency of 11~12%. This is due to a lower surface area per photoanode volume for nanotubes with respect to nanoparticles. It is calculated that, for a given photoanode volume, it requires the nanotube diameter to go down to ~30 nm to generate a comparable surface area with nanoparticles of ~20 nm. For single-sided tube growth, three dominant ...
Nowadays PEMFC with hydrogen fuel has developed to commercialize to replace the conventional machine. Several limitations in PEMFC commercialization are its low efficiency, viability of hydrogen fuel supply and problem of controlling fuel and water as reaction products. Effective effort to increase efficiency and water management include elevating temperature of PEMFC operation near water boiling point to increase energy produced, prevent water flooding, enhanced cooling efficiency and also the possibility to use hydrogen and air under lower humidity in order to make simples PEMFC design. But at elevated temperature and low relative humidity, Nafion membrane that during the time still used as electrolyte will shrink and at high humidity and high temperature above 80oC membrane will swell and irreversibility decay occur. Membrane shrinking and swelling will reduce PEMFC performance. The objective of this study is to investigate the usage of Nafion-SiO2-PWA nanocomposite membrane NS10W, NS15W and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Dye stability and performances of Dye-sensitized solar cells with different nitrogen additives at elevated temperatures - Can sterically hindered pyridines prevent dye degradation?. AU - Phuong, Nguyen Tuyet. AU - Andersen, Anders Rand. AU - Skou, Eivind Morten. AU - Lund, Torben. PY - 2010/4/23. Y1 - 2010/4/23. U2 - 10.1016/j.solmat.2010.04.076. DO - 10.1016/j.solmat.2010.04.076. M3 - Journal article. VL - 94. SP - 1582. EP - 1590. JO - Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells. JF - Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells. SN - 0927-0248. IS - 10. ER - ...
Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are super thin, cheap solar cells that can operate indoors. Created by G24 Innovations, the first batch of the new solar cells have found a home in fashion, heading to Hong Kong-based consumer
By coating electrodes made of silicon with a conducting polymer hydrogel, researchers developed a new technique to significantly improve the charge storage capacity of lithium-ion batteries.. Stanford University scientists have dramatically improved the performance of lithium-ion batteries by creating novel electrodes made of silicon and conducting polymer hydrogel, a spongy substance similar to the material used in soft contact lenses and other household products.. Writing in the June 4 edition of the journal Nature Communications, the scientists describe a new technique for producing low-cost, silicon-based batteries with potential applications for a wide range of electrical devices.. Developing rechargeable lithium-ion batteries with high energy density and long cycle life is of critical importance to address the ever-increasing energy storage needs for portable electronics, electric vehicles and other technologies, said study co-author Zhenan Bao, professor of chemical engineering at ...
Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) are promising to be the next-generation solar cells arising from their high light-to-electricity conversion efficiency and low fabrication cost.
High Pt loading on functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes as a highly efficient cathode electrocatalyst for proton exchange membrane fuel cells
A photogated transistor is established based on the dye-sensitized solar cell using nanocrystalline TiO2 films. Voltage-current curves are characterized with three types of transport behaviors: linear increase, saturated plateau, and breakdownlike increase, which are actually of the typical performances for a phototransistor. Moreover, an asymmetric behavior is observed in the voltage-current loops, which is believed to be due to the difference in the effective photoconducting areas rather than the cross-section areas. The photovoltaic voltage between the common counter electrode and drain (VCE-D) is examined as well during the loop measurements, clarifying that the predominant dark process in source and the predominant photovoltaic process in drain are series connected, modifying the electric potential levels, and thus resulting in the characteristic phototransistor behaviors ...
Compared to traditional silicon based solar cells, dye-sensitized solar cells, or Graetzel cells, have significantly lower production costs, even though the former still show higher efficiency.
Nanoporous, p-type NiO films were sensitized with coumarin 343 (C343), and the photoinduced electron transfer dynamics was studied in the presence of different concentrations of electrolyte (I-3(-)/I- in propylene carbonate). Electron transfer from the valence band of NiO to the excited C343 is very fast, occurring on time scales from hundreds of femtoseconds to a few picoseconds, but also the subsequent recombination is quite rapid, on the time scale of tens of picoseconds. Nevertheless, formation of an intermediate, attributed to I2-I NiO(+), was observed on the picosecond time scale. Simultaneously the reduced dye was converted back to the C343 ground state, indicating that recombination could be intercepted by 13 reduction. Consistent with that interpretation, we observed oxidized NiO and depletion Of 13 persisting on the millisecond time scale. Complete dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with these films as photocathode gave up to 10-11% incident photon to current conversion efficiency at ...
Natural-chlorophyll-related porphyrins, including (2H, Zn, Cu)-protoporphyrin IX (Por-1) and Zn-mesoporphyrin IX (Por-2), and chlorins, including chlorin e6 (Chl-1), chlorin e4 (Chl-2), and rhodin G7 (Chl-3), have been used in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). For porphyrin sensitizers that have vinyl groups at the β-positions, zinc coordinated Por-1 gives the highest solar-energy-to-electricity conversion efficiency (h) of up to 2.9%. Replacing the vinyl groups of ZnPor-1 with ethyl groups increases the open-circuit voltage (Voc) from 0.61 V to 0.66 V, but decreases the short-circuit current (Jsc) from 7.0 mA·cm−2 to 6.1 mA·cm−2 and the value of h to 2.8%. Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) calculations suggest that the higher Jsc values of Zn-based porphyrin sensitizers result from the favorable electron injection from the LUMO at higher energy levels. In the case of the chlorin sensitizers, the number of carboxyl protons has a large effect on the photovoltaic
New hemicyanine dyes (CM101, CM102, CM103, and CM104) in which tetrahydroquinoline derivatives are used as electron donors and N-(carboxymethyl)-pyridinium is used as an electron acceptor and anchoring group were designed and synthesized for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Compared with corresponding dyes that have cyanoacetic acid as the acceptor, N-(carboxymethyl)-pyridinium has a stronger electron-withdrawing ability, which causes the absorption maximum of dyes to be redshifted. The photovoltaic performance of the DSSCs based on dyes CM101CM104 markedly depends on the molecular structures of the dyes in terms of the n-hexyl chains and methoxyl. The device sensitized by dye CM104 achieved the best conversion efficiency of 7.0?% (Jsc=13.4 mA?cm-2, Voc=704 mV, FF=74.8?%) under AM 1.5 irradiation (100 mW?cm-2). In contrast, the device sensitized by reference dye CMR104 with the same donor but the cyanoacetic acid as the acceptor gave an efficiency of 3.4?% (Jsc=6.2 mA?cm-2, Voc=730 mV, ...
Konarka Technologies, Inc. (KTI), a developer of flexible, polymer and nanoparticle-based photovoltaic (PV) technology, has been granted licensee rights to dye-sensitized solar cell technology from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL).
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Maximizing Solar Energy Absorption in DSSC. Through the following key select activities, students will learn to fabricate an artificial photosynthetic device using nanotechnology and plant pigments to capture suns energy and convert it to electricity. Each Activity prepares students for the Design Project, in which they are challenged to create the most efficient dye-sensitized solar cell, using vegetable and/or fruit dyes, that is capable of powering an electronic device.. MWM will give students an opportunity to understand the world around them in a way they have never experienced before. The modules promote an awareness of the roles science and technology play in society and guide students to take increased control of their work.. ...
Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have been intensely researched for more than two decades. Electrolyte formulations are one of the bottlenecks to their successful commercialization, since these result in trade-offs between the photovoltaic performance and long-term performance stability. The corrosive nature of the redox shuttles in the electrolytes is an additional limitation for industrial-scale production of DSSCs, especially with low cost metallic electrodes. Numerous electrolyte formulations have been developed and tested in various DSSC configurations to address the aforementioned challenges. Here, we comprehensively review the progress on the development and application of electrolytes for DSSCs. We particularly focus on the improvements that have been made in different types of electrolytes, which result in enhanced photovoltaic performance and long-term device stability of DSSCs. Several recently introduced electrolyte materials are reviewed, and the role of electrolytes in different ...
Inverse opal (IO) films with mesoporous structures hold promise as high-performance electrodes for various photoelectrochemical devices because of their high specific area as well as their fully connected pore structure. A great challenge to their use is obtaining an intact film of mesoscale colloidal crystals as a template. Here, using the plate-sliding coating method coupled with hot air flow, we successfully deposited mesoscale colloidal crystals onto the substrate. A TiO2 mesoscale IO (meso-IO) with 70 nm pores was then successfully fabricated via atomic layer deposition of TiO2 and subsequent removal of the template. As a photoelectrochemical electrode, the meso-IO structure exhibits enhanced charge transport properties as well as a high specific area. Moreover, dye-sensitized solar cells fabricated using the meso-IO electrode exhibit a higher photocurrent and cell efficiency than a cell constructed using a conventional TiO2 nanoparticle electrode. This meso-IO film provides a new platform for
Herein, we report the impact of single- and co-doping of nanoparticle TiO2 films with carbon and nitrogen on the photovoltaic characteristics of their corresponding dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) devices. Different DSCs with various compositions of the photoanode electrodes are fabricated to study their str
Daeneke, T., Uemura, Y., Duffy, N. W., Mozer, A. J., Koumura, N., Bach, U. & Spiccia, L. (2012). Aqueous dye-sensitized solar cell electrolytes based on the ferricyanide-ferrocyanide redox couple. Advanced Materials, 24 (9), 1222-1225 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Design and characterization of highly efficient porphyrin sensitizers for green see-through dye-sensitized solar cells. AU - Lu, Hsueh Pei. AU - Mai, Chi Lun. AU - Tsia, Chen Yuan. AU - Hsu, Shun Ju. AU - Hsieh, Chou Pou. AU - Chiu, Chien Lan. AU - Yeh, Chen Yu. AU - Diau, Wei-Guang. PY - 2009/11/19. Y1 - 2009/11/19. N2 - YD12 (η = 6.7%) is a green sensitizer remarkable for its outstanding cell performance beyond that of N719 (η = 6.1%) with no added scattering layer; the additional scattering layer assists N719 in promoting the efficiency in the red shoulder of the spectrum, but has only a small effect on the improvement of the cell performance for porphyrins.. AB - YD12 (η = 6.7%) is a green sensitizer remarkable for its outstanding cell performance beyond that of N719 (η = 6.1%) with no added scattering layer; the additional scattering layer assists N719 in promoting the efficiency in the red shoulder of the spectrum, but has only a small effect on the improvement of the ...
We present an investigation into incorporating core-shell Au-SiO(2) nanoparticles into dye-sensitized solar cells. We demonstrate plasmon-enhanced light absorption, photocurrent, and efficiency for both iodide/triiodide electrolyte based and solid-st
Three new sensitizers 2-{4-[2-(4-Nitrobenzylidene)hydrazino)]phenyl} ethylene-1,1,2-tricarbonitrile (NBHPET), 2-{4-[2-p-Chlorobenzylidenehydrazino] phenyl}- ethylene-1,1,2-tri carbonitrile (CBHPET) and 2-{4-[2-p- Bromobenzylidenehydrazino] phenyl}ethylene-1,1,2-tricarbonitrile (BBHPET) have been synthesized. The dyes showed pronounced solvatochromic effects as the polarity of the solvents increased. The structures have been optimized at B3LYP/6-31G(d) level of theory. The torsion in E-isomer is smaller than Z-isomer and azo isomers. The highest occupied molecular orbitals are delocalized on whole molecule while lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals are distributed on the tricarbonitrile. The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energies are above the conduction band of titanium dioxide, highest occupied molecular orbitals of the dyes are below the redox couple of new synthesized dyes and small energy gap revealed these dyes would be better sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells. © 2012 ...
The Global Dye-sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC) Industry 2017 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the...
Read A new study on solid-state cyanine dye-sensitized solar cells, Research on Chemical Intermediates on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Page contains details about dye-sensitized solar cells . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Page contains details about dye-sensitized solar cell . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
What do you research and why?. My research concentrates on renewable energy systems. The focus is on the development of catalytic reactors and processes. In recent years I have led research projects on photo catalytic water splitting, lignin de-polymerization, solid oxide fuel cell with non-hydrogen fuels, direct carbon fuel cell, selective catalytic reduction of NOx with ammonia, hydrogen production with membrane reactors and non-aqueous flow batteries.. My research group at the Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering focuses on renewable energy resources, such as biomass and solar energy, as we know that the fossil energy resources are limited and the overconsumption of the fossil resources creates great environmental challenges. Renewable energy will not run out. Developing the renewable energy processes is crucial both for ourselves and the generations to follow.. What brought you into the field of research?. When I was young, China was very poor, and I thought that research on ...