TY - JOUR. T1 - Impact of estradiol valerate/dienogest on work productivity and activities of daily living in women with heavy menstrual bleeding. AU - Wasiak, Radoslaw. AU - Filonenko, Anna. AU - Vanness, David J.. AU - Law, Amy. AU - Jeddi, Mark. AU - Wittrup-Jensen, Kim U.. AU - Stull, Donald E.. AU - Siak, Steven. AU - Jensen, Jeffrey T.. PY - 2013/4/1. Y1 - 2013/4/1. N2 - Objectives: To quantify the change in work productivity and activities of daily living in North American women with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) treated with estradiol valerate/dienogest (E2V/DNG; Qlaira ®/Natazia®) compared to placebo. Methods: Women in the United States and Canada, aged 20-53 years with an objective diagnosis of HMB and no recognizable anatomical pathology, were treated with E 2V/DNG or placebo for seven cycles (196 days). Main outcome measures included work productivity (i.e., productivity while at work) and activities of daily living measured using a modified Work Productivity and Activity ...
WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms Fatigue, Hunger and Reduced productivity at work and including Depression (Adult), Sleep deprivation and Acute stress reaction.
WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms Decreased appetite, Fatigue, Reduced productivity at work and Tires quickly and including Depression (Adult), Emphysema and Mononucleosis.
In this paper, a micro theoretic model of the simultaneous determination of labor productivity and union density is developed and estimated using British establishment-level data from the 1990 Workplace Employee Relations Survey. The main empirical finding is that higher union bargaining power does not necessarily lower labor productivity in union firms, ceteris paribus. Separate bargaining by multiple unions has a negative effect but productivity is higher if management recommends union membership. There is also evidence that, if unions can more effectively provide services to their members and secure management support for union membership, union density may recover. Copyright 1999 by Royal Economic Society.
Many chronic illnesses that affect the working population can cause losses in productivity. The extent to which these productivity losses can be reduced by pharmacological treatment is of particular interest to employers, who bear the productivity costs and subsidize the cost of employees health care. In the past several years, the effects of pharmaceuticals on productivity losses have been tested in numerous studies, including randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials. In this article, we summarize and critically review these studies and, where appropriate, provide quantitative overviews. The evidence is very good for about a dozen drug classes that pharmaceuticals reduce productivity losses caused by respiratory illnesses (ie, asthma, allergic disorders, bronchitis, upper respiratory infections, and influenza) diabetes, depression, dysmenorrhea, and migraine. We also discuss the calculation of productivity costs, reductions in which may partially or completely offset the costs of treatment.
Downloadable! The latest crisis has exacerbated two negative macroeconomic phenomena, particularly in Southern Europe. The size and persistence of youth unemployment has become unacceptable after 2010. Stagnation in labour productivity instead goes back to the 90s, but it has not improved since then and even worsen with the crisis. In this paper we analysed these two macroeconomic features, using aggregate data, in relation to labour market characteristics. Reforms of regulation, in many countries over the past twenty years, introduced a set of newly designed job contracts that allowed the use of temporary work. At the same time, Employment Protection Regulation encompassed temporary workers too. The availability of new contracts and EPLT changed the incentives of firms to vary their labour needs, and to invest in new technology. Eventually, this should have an impact on labour productivity and unemployment. We distinguished between temporary young and adult workers and, conditional to the level of
[email protected]® is an employer-based training program. The ultimate aim of the program is to improve the organizational health of participating employers and certified trainers, with an emphasis on strategies to reduce chronic disease and injury risk to employees and an eye to improving overall worker productivity.
Data Availability StatementEli Lilly provides usage of all data on person participants collected through the trial after anonymization, apart from genetic or pharmacokinetic data. will be provided inside a secure data-sharing environment for to 2 up?years per proposal. For information on submitting a demand, see the guidelines offered at www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com. Abstract Intro The Work Efficiency and Activity Impairment Specific Health Problem Questionnaire (WPAI:SHP) is used to assess the impact of an intervention on work productivity in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Unfortunately, studies reporting changes or improvements in domains of WPAI:SHP by patients with PsA have a limited threshold of meaning due to the absence of published minimal clinically important differences (MCIDs). Our objective was to determine the MCIDs for improvement in WPAI:SHP in patients with active PsA. Methods MCIDs for WPAI:SHP domains (presenteeism, work productivity loss, and activity impairment) ...
The recession and modest economic recovery have reduced employee productivity and shifted employers benefits objectives, according to MetLifes 8th annual Employee Benefits Trends Study, based on a survey conducted during the fourth quarter of 2009.. Controlling costs is now the top benefits objective for U.S. employers, edging out employee retention for the first time since 2006, while improving employee productivity remains the third most important benefits objective.. At the same time, economic pressures have impacted workers. According to the study, released in April 2010, 68 percent of employees said that over the previous 12 months they were affected by increased feelings of job insecurity, a decrease in the quality of their work, an increase in their workload or being distracted at work because of financial worries.. In a still-fragile economy, organizations are searching for ways to maximize their benefits programs to improve employee productivity and control costs. Programs that help ...
Background Alcohol use is a global health issue and may influence activity performance in a variety of domains, including the occupational and domestic spheres. The aim of the study was to examine the influence of annual drinking frequency and binge drinking (≥6 units at one occasion) on activity impairments both at work (sickness presenteeism) and outside the workplace. Methods Employees (n = 3278), recruited from 14 Norwegian private and public companies, responded to a questionnaire containing questions from the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and the Workplace Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire (WPAI). Results Multiple hierarchical regression analyses revealed that binge drinking was associated with both sickness presenteeism and impaired daily activities, even after controlling for gender, age, educational level, living status and employment sector. Annual drinking frequency was associated with impaired daily activities, but not sickness presenteeism.
N05-I14 Assessing the Historical Salmon Presence and Productivity at Transboundary Sockeye Nursery Lakes Using Stable Isotopes Within the Paleolimnologic Sediment ...
Behrenfeld, Michael J; Falkowski, Paul G (2003): Ocean Primary Productivity at OPPWG_0065. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.108618
in Indian Manufacturing M Upender With a view to generate empirical information, an attempt is made in this paper to estimate the elasticity of labour productivity so as to find the substitution possibilities of labour for capital in the Indian manufacturing sector covering the period 1973-74 to 1989-90. The results of this exercise show that Indian manufacturing (factory)
Between 1997 and 2014, multifactor productivity gains in air transportation were the second highest among 63 industries and represented a considerable share of the nations total multifactor productivity growth.
Empower your organization to digitize and automate workflows with powerful workplace productivity tools. Explore our workflow automation solutions today.
Empower your organization to digitize and automate workflows with powerful workplace productivity tools. Explore our workflow automation solutions today.
Can Improved Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis Improve Workplace Productivity? The Role of Intranasal Formulation of Azelastine Hydrochloride and Fluticasone Propionate (Dymista)
A common view in economic theory is that cleaning up air pollution - along with other environmental protections - creates a burden or tax on consumers as well as on those producing the pollution or environmental damage. But a new study by the National Bureau of Economic Research, The Impact of Air Pollution on Worker Productivity, flips that idea on its ear. Since they found that pollution significantly reduces worker productivity, they argue that cleaning up pollution would benefit the economy by improving labor conditions and investing in human capital.. The study is timely because the US Environmental Protection Agency has proposed setting a tougher standard for ground-level ozone, which is presently at 75 ppb (parts per billion) over an 8-hour period.. Joshua Graff Zivin and Matthew Neidell assessed how changes in ozone exposure affected the productivity of agricultural workers from Californias Central Valley, and the study provides the first rigorous assessment of this issue. The ...
TY - CONF. T1 - Causality Between Trade and Productivity in Rapidly Developing Asian Countries: A Multivariate VAR Analysis. AU - Rajaguru, Gulasekaran. AU - Thangavelu, Shandre M. N1 - Conference code: 7. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. N2 - The paper investigates the causal relationship between trade and labour productivity for 10 rapidly developing Asian countries using a Vector Error-Correction Model. In particular, exports and imports are used jointly as trade variables to examine the relationship between trade and productivity. The study found evidence of import-led rather than export-led productivity growth for some of the Asian countries. The long-run result shows that there is no effect from exports to labour productivity growth for Indonesia, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan; thus suggesting that there is no export-led productivity growth in these countries. However, we do find significant effects from imports on productivity growth, suggesting import-led productivity growth in Korea and Japan. The ...
Author(s): Fisk, William J.; Price, Phillip; Faulkner, David; Sullivan, Douglas; Dibartolomeo, Dennis; Federspiel, Cliff; Liu, Gang; Lahiff, Maureen
Its a popular work-place computer program which help handle employees operation, monitor worker rewards, and track worker productivity. Square worker direction gets the Subsequent functionalities:. Square employee Direction Stipulates These Functions:. Employee productivity. It gives a monitoring technique to assist you boost employee productivity. The computer software exhibits the operation of each and every employee at distinct work preferences. This permits you to see that employees work properly, and also which ones are not doing.. Employee rewards. This gives you the opportunity to ascertain which personnel do very well, which employees have much less access to advantages. You can even track worker benefits such as health, dental, vision, and injury insurancecoverage.. Square employee direction helps manage payroll, and produce reports that enable you to boost the performance of every and every employee. It shows you the range of worker days, the range of staff members per day, the ...
UCB today announced data which showed that Cimzia®, the only approved PEGylated anti-TNF for the treatment of moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA), plus methotrexate (MTX), versus placebo plus MTX provided a significant improvement in patient physical function, fatigue and pain. A clear association between clinically meaningful improvements in these outcomes and increased work productivity were observed both within and outside the home.. The data (taken from two large multinational Phase III, multi-centre, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies [RAPID 1 and 2]) published in Rheumatology, showed that a clinically meaningful reduction in RA symptoms was associated with improved productivity at work outside and within the home, as achieved in patients treated with certolizumab pegol plus MTX. Five times as many patients treated with certolizumab pegol plus MTX versus placebo plus MTX reported clinically meaningful improvements in RA-associated pain, and two-to-three times as many ...
Did you know that visiting the dentist can actually improve employee productivity? Tracking the link between oral health and overall health can in turn help businesses improve productivity and the bottom line.
Indoor environmental quality (IEQ) plays a key role in determining occupants productivity at work; however, the analyses in the interconnected factors among building physical, attitudinal, social and demographic components in one study are lacking. To link this research gap, this study investigates these interconnected factors influence on occupants IEQ-productivity belief, defined as personal subjective evaluation on the linkage between the impacts of five IEQ aspects (the qualities of indoor temperature, air, natural and electric lighting and acoustics) and productivity. A cross-sectional survey data is collected in university offices from six countries (Brazil, Italy, Poland, Switzerland, Taiwan and the U.S.). Results of multiple linear regression model indicate that IEQ satisfaction is the strongest positive predictor of the IEQ-productivity belief; this relationship is stronger in private offices. Country of residence is the second primary predictor. Several attitudinal-behavioral ...
World Health Organization classified fine dust as the group 1 carcinogenic substance which causes a serious health risk along with direct impact on work productivity, academic performance and work efficiency. The inconvenience and the anxiety of the people due to the fine dust has been increasing, on the other hand the utilization/accumulation of the data on the air pollution regarding the fine dust and its countermeasures against the fine dust are not properly performed. The real-time measurement data about air quality is the big data of new field which should be complemented with the national meteorological data in order to meet the demands for public people and relevant industry.. The changes in the frequency of dust generation, changes in power usage patterns, outbreaks of the disease, and the movement pattern of people can be provided valuable information not only to the private sectors such as energy companies, electronics companies, medical institutions, and insurance companies, but also ...
Once you take the time to think about it, it is easy to make the connection to how better health and fitness increases productivity and happiness at work. According to Chron.com stress impacts everything in your life, including memory and processing new information towards analytical situations. These stressors not only impact concentration, but can also result in costly mistakes in any career field. Furthermore, energy around an office is contagious and employees with low energy and high stress will negatively impact the office atmosphere as a whole. In addition, when we dont feel well we are more likely to call in sick, thus getting further behind on our work and, in turn, creating more stress. It is a vicious cycle. Encouraging employees to work out with specific goals of increased functionality and mobility will help them to alleviate stress and increase focus and productivity at work.. This is just one example of how working out with Function First changed a life.. Before I found Function ...
INTRODUCTION. Chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCD) are the leading cause of mortality and burden of disease in most countries in the world.1 In the United States of America, estimates of the total cost of cardiovascular diseases, including heart disease and strokes, totaled US$ 444 billion in 2010.2 For medium/high income countries such as Brazil, the estimated annual cost is 4% of the GDP, i.e. approximately US$ 139 per capita per year.3 Estimates for Brazil suggest that the loss of productivity at work and decreased family income resulting from merely three CNCD (diabetes, heart disease and stroke) will lead to a loss in the Brazilian economy of US$ 4.18 billion between 2006 and 2015.4 Faced with the exponential growth of health costs, many employers are implementing evidence-based health promotion programs, including individual risk reduction programs, connected to environmental support for healthy behaviors, coordinated and integrated into other activities related to wellbeing, which has ...
Little is known about the economic benefits of providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV infected patients in sub-Saharan Africa and other resource-limited areas. In South Africa, an increasing number of private sector firms are providing access to ART for their employees. One of the barriers to such action, however, is the lack of available information on the success of ART in restoring workers to full productivity, retaining skilled employees in the workforce, and reducing the costs of medical care and death and disability benefits. HIV infected employees on ART may be absent from work less often than untreated HIV infected employees, but more often than HIV uninfected employees. This study will collect data from an independent HIV/AIDS disease treatment program and a large private sector employer in Johannesburg, South Africa to estimate the benefits and costs for businesses to provide ART to eligible employees.. The study will combine individual-level medical outcome and treatment cost ...
Volume 19: Maize-Soybean Intercropping System: Effects on |i|Striga|/i| Control, Grain Yields and Economic Productivity at Tarka, Benue State, Nigeria
OBJECTIVES: The impact of coronary heart disease (CHD) and its effect on work productivity at a population level remains unknown in Indonesia. This study estimates the health and productivity lost to CHD in terms of years of life, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and productivity-adjusted life years (PALYs). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A life-table model was constructed to simulate the experiences of Indonesians currently aged 15-54 years (working age) with CHD, followed-up to 55 years (retirement age). The life-table analysis was then repeated assuming that the cohort did not have CHD. Differences in the results reflected the impact of CHD. Demographical, prevalence and mortality data were based on the 2017 Global Burden of Disease study and 2018 Indonesian National Health Survey. Costs, productivity indices and utilities were derived from published sources. The cost of each PALY was assumed to be equivalent to gross domestic product per equivalent full-time worker (US$11 765). Future costs ...
Objective: To ascertain the impact of advanced access and productivity-based pay on physician productivity and compensation, patient satisfaction, and medical group cost of delivering care. Study Design: Longitudinal case study. Methods: Study subjects were 105 primary care physicians (PCPs) continuously employed at a Minnesota medical group that implemented major changes in access to primary care appointments and to PCP compensation arrangements in 2000. We tracked physician productivity, physician compensation, patient satisfaction, and cost to the medical group per relative value unit (RVU) of patient care from 1998 through 2002. Results: In 1998, 105 PCPs (99.6 full-time equivalents [FTEs]) generated 275 000 work RVUs (WRVUs), and PCP pay averaged $123 500 per FTE. In 2002, the same 105 PCPs (now 98.1 FTEs) generated 374 000 WRVUs and $148 000 pay per FTE. From 1998 through 2002, WRVUs per FTE rose 38%, PCP compensation increased 20%, cost of PCP compensation per WRVU produced fell by 13%, ...
Starfish Ventures is an experienced venture capital manager that understands the challenges of building and managing high growth technology businesses from an Australian base. Our investment focus includes high growth information technology, life sciences, and clean technology companies.
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a workplace-based weight loss program (Workplace POWER [Preventing Obesity Without Eating like a Rabbit]) for male shift workers on a number of work-related outcomes. Methods: A total of 110 overweight/obese (body mass index = 25-40) (mean [SD] age = 44.3 [8.6] years; body mass index = 30.5 [3.6]) male employees at Tomago Aluminium (New South Wales, Australia) were randomized to either (i) Workplace POWER program (n = 65) or (ii) a 14-week wait-list control group (n = 45). Men were assessed at baseline and 14-week follow-up for weight, quality of life, sleepiness, productivity at work (presenteeism), absenteeism, and workplace injuries. Results: Retention was 81%. Intention-to-treat analysis using linear mixed models revealed a significant intervention effect for weight, quality of life (mental), presenteeism, absenteeism, and injuries. Conclusions: The Workplace POWER weight loss program improved a number of important work-related ...
Such chronic diseases as asthma, diabetes, high blood pressure and elevated cholesterol impact nearly 70% of working-age adults in the United States. While research has demonstrated the impact of medication adherence on reducing overall healthcare costs, there has been less evidence available to date on whether adherence improves employee productivity. However, the new research, published on Monday in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, found that employees with chronic conditions who were adherent to their prescribed medications had up to seven fewer days away from work annually (including absenteeism and short-term disability days) than those who were not adherent. This translated into estimated annual savings of up to nearly $1,700 per adherent employee.. These research findings clearly show that employees who receive appropriate medical care and follow their doctors directions about taking their medication are healthier and more productive, stated Troyen Brennan, EVP ...
Results A total of 381 AxSpA patients (279 AS) were analyzed. Nr-axSpA group, were younger (39.4 vs 43.1, p=0.007), more likely to be female (54% vs 33%, p,0.001), had a shorter disease duration (10.1 vs 16.0 years, p,0.001) and lower CRP (5.9 vs 13.2, p,0.001) and less common use of biologics (41.2% vs 26.5, p=0.008) despite higher BASDAI scores (Table). Broadly similar results were found for the other clinical outcome measures. Of all the axSpA patients, 58% were employed, with non-manual (25%), mixed (19%) and manual works (14%). Only 1.1% of the patients could not work due to arthritis. Patients with nr-axSpA reported more work productivity loss at workplace and at home over the last month, but the difference was significant only for household activities. Subgroup analysis showed that this difference was only found in females. ...
Paid sick leave gives workers an opportunity to regain their health, return to full productivity at work, and avoid spreading disease to their co-workers, all of which reduces employers overall absence expense. When used to care for sick children, it helps them get well faster and reduces job turnover of working parents. Workers who care for adult relatives, including the elderly, need paid sick leave to take care of their loved ones chronic and acute medical problems. However, new analysis of data collected by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reveals the inadequacy of paid sick leave coverage: more than 59 million workers have no such leave. Even more -- nearly 86 million -- do not have paid sick leave to care for sick children. Full-time workers, those in the public sector, and union members have the best sick leave coverage, while part-timers and low-wage workers have very low coverage rates. Expansion of paid sick leave and integration of family caregiving activities into authorized uses of
During the 2010-2013 period, in the experimental field of Crop Science Department at the Agricultural University - Plovdiv a field experiment was conducted. Randomized complete block design was displayed with three replications and size of the experimental plot 10 m2.Eight new Bulgarian wintering oat lines and two varieties (Dunav 1 and Resor 1), as a standards for yield and quality in Bulgaria, were researched. Yield structural elements formation in different oat genotypes, depending on the agro-meteorological features over the years was traced. The statistical processing of the experimental data was made by SPSS V.9.0 for Microsoft Windows. The highest number of tillers in all studied wintering oat genotypes formed line №1 (4,2) and line M-K (3,6). These two genotypes formed and highest number productive tillers. From all structural elements of panicle with highest number of spikeletts per panicle proven stands line 08/Z 2 (59,3), followed by 07 / Z 1 (27,3). Line 08 / Z2 formed and the ...
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is associated with decreased learning, performance and productivity at work and school, as well as a reduced quality of life. With a staggering annual economic impact between $6 billion and $8 billion, AR affects 20% of the adult population and up to 40% of children. Effective therapy for allergic rhinitis requires understanding the pathophysiology of the disease, as well as the role of various inflammatory mechanisms. As such, various classes of medication are at the physicians disposal to treat patients with allergic rhinitis. Among these are second-generation antihistamines and anticholinergic agents, intranasal corticosteroids, and mast cell stabilizers. Recently, montelukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, has been added to the modes of therapy approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for allergic rhinitis. For patients refractive to standard pharmacologic intervention, immunotherapy has shown some promising results. As newer strategies emerge, treatment ...
Lower back pain is a serious issue faced by many individuals in the United States. Low back pain is the fifth most common reason for all physician visits, and is the second most common symptomatic reason (upper respiratory symptoms are first). As these patients are attempting to find a solution for their low back pain they are likely to have to pay medical bills and have decreased productivity at work. The estimated annual national bill for the care of low back problems is $38 to $50 billion. Low back pain can be a symptom of a wide array of mechanical and nonmechanical conditions. The mechanical conditions typically include muscular or ligament strains/sprains as well as degenerative disk disease, spondylolysis, spondylolisthesis, or osteoporosis. Radiculopathy is another large contributor to low back pain and is often identifiable as a sciatica, herniated intervertebral disk, as well as fractures, tumors, infection, or a vascular compromise. Nonmechanical spine disorders are less common but ...
We estimated that in 2015 there were 201, 857, 463 and 515 million people globally with myopia that would cause mild VI (≤-0.75D but ,-1.00D), moderate VI (≤-1.00D but ,-2.50D), severe VI (≤-2.50D but ,-4.00D) or blindness (≤-4.00D) respectively if uncorrected. Published country-level spectacle coverage rates were best modelled using the natural log of health expenditure per capita and adult literacy rates, and varied between urban and rural and across age groups. We estimated that in 2015 there were 82, 344, 187 and 211 million people globally with uncorrected myopia causing mild VI, moderate VI, severe VI and blindness respectively, and that there were 5.5 and 4.8 million people globally with moderate-severe VI and blindness respectively caused by MMD. The global economic productivity loss associated with the burden of VI from uncorrected myopia was estimated at US$389.5 billion (95% confidence interval US$142.0 billion - US$960.9 billion), including US$27.2 billion (US$10.0 - 66.0 ...
NB: this is the subject of a news briefing by Dr. Kelechi Nnoaham at 11.45hrs (CEST) on Monday 28 June [Hall 10, Room A]. Rome, Italy: The first worldwide study of the societal impact of endometriosis has found a significant loss of work productivity among those women who suffer from the condition, a researcher told the 26th annual meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology today (Monday). Dr. Kelechi Nnoaham, from the Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, UK, said that the results of this multi-centre study would help highlight the previously unrecognised plight of an estimated 176 million women around the world whose lives are affected by endometriosis.. Endometriosis is a painful inflammatory disease that, for many women, is chronic during their reproductive years. The inflammation occurs in cells similar to the endometrial cells of the uterus, which are found primarily in the pelvic cavity, on pelvic organs, and also on the bowel, bladder and (rarely) ...
Depressive disorders such as major depressive disorder (MDD), dysthymia, and subsyndromal depression (including minor depression) may be serious disabling illnesses. MDD is the most prevalent, affecting more than 16 percent (lifetime) of U.S. adults. It was recently reported that in the US workforce, MDD has a monthly depression-related worker productivity losses that resulted in human capital costs of almost $2 billion (Birnbaum 2009). In 2000, the U.S. economic burden of depressive disorders was estimated to be $83.1 billion. More than 30 percent of these costs are attributable to direct medical expenses.. Pharmacotherapy dominates the medical management of depressive disorders and may include first-generation antidepressants (tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors) and more recently developed second-generation antidepressants. These second-generation treatments include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors ...
This systematic review was conducted using best practice methods as recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration6 13; important decisions on study selection, analyses, and data synthesis were made in advance of the searches being conducted. Risk of bias assessments were conducted independently by two raters and were incorporated into interpretation of the quality of the evidence. These factors, along with the relatively large number of studies and participants, provide confidence in the reported effect estimates. Although the methodological quality of the studies was mixed, sensitivity analyses suggest that effect estimates were not unduly influenced by studies at high risk of bias.. As with any systematic review, a degree of clinical heterogeneity was present among the studies contributing to the pooled estimates. A further weakness is in the measurement and reporting of work outcomes. Work productivity losses account for a large proportion of the indirect costs of chronic low back pain and should ...
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(Prevalence of Employee Drug Testing) The majority of human resource professionals surveyed in this brief study report that their organizations have a drug testing program; furthermore a majority of those respondents report some perceived benefits in reduced absenteeism and workers compensation claims, and increased worker productivity/performance. More than half of
[email protected]® is an employer-based training program. The ultimate aim of the program is to improve the organizational health of participating employers and certified trainers, with an emphasis on strategies to reduce chronic disease and injury risk to employees and an eye to improving overall worker productivity.
ERGONOMICS at WSU-TC Completion of this unit fulfills required WSU-TC safety training for: Ergonomics Lifting Slips, trips and falls Lezlie Couch EH&S- WSU-TC What is “Ergonomics”? Ergonomics is the scientific study of human work. Ergonomic principals adapt work to a specific person by designing tasks & tools or equipment to fit the individual to prevent injuries to the musculoskeletal system. What are the benefits of ergonomics? •Reduction of work-related injuries •Increased worker productivity •Increased work quality YOU JUST •Reduced absenteeism FEEL BETTER! •Increased morale Ergonomics provides a win-win situation…..on and off the job What are the risks of ignoring ergonomic principles?  An “MSD” is an illness or injury that affects one or more parts of the musculoskeletal system         Bones Muscles Tendons Ligaments Cartilage Nerves Blood vessels MSD Other common terms for ...
Lower back pains and hand problems are the main symptoms of a poorly designed office. A typist spends most of the day using a keyboard and therefore will experience hand problems in their lifetime. Loss of hand function is the number one reason that a person enters a nursing home (Materials Handling Engineering, Jun 1996). Experts say that people that spend more than four hours at a keyboard each day are most likely to suffer from some kind of repetitive strain injury, (Managing Office Technology, Jul 1996). A natural straight posture during keying with the wrist laying horizontal is the best way to avoid such RSIs. The mouse has to be kept as close to the keyboard as possible and can be rotated to each side of the keyboard to minimise dominant hand overuse.. The introduction of computers into the workplace has reduced the need to move constantly and often leads to a more sedentary employee. This in turn produces higher levels of discomfort and reduces worker productivity. Sun Microsystems has ...
Ergonomics Definition: Fitting the job to the worker. Goals: APHIS Ergonomics Program creating healthy workspaces through healthy work habits Ergonomics Definition: Fitting the job to the worker. Goals: Fit you to your car so you can drive in a way that maximizes the natural ability of your body to move and respond to physical stress. Decrease risk of injury/illness. Enhance worker productivity.
Banners LED light bar is a better solution for industrial lighting compared to traditional fluorescent lighting. The LED light bars provide a directional lighting effect, providing even, concentrated illumination where it is needed. Increased lighting can also help improve worker productivity while minimizing eye strain. ...
Summary. Single-pass tangential flow filtration (SPTFF) followed by multi-column chromatography (MCC) was used to continuously process a cell culture supernatant containing a monoclonal antibody (MAb) via Protein A affinity chromatography. This study demonstrates the benefit of such a combination in term of process robustness, productivity and economics of continuous processing. The SPTFF technique can readily be implemented for continuous processing via automated skids, and the flexibility of the technique allows for better control of the purification steps by normalizing the protein concentration from cell culture to chromatography. Moreover, while continuous multi-column operation results in high productivity at high protein titer, combining SPTFF and MCC when a low protein titer is used maintains this process productivity and economical gain compared to conventional batch chromatography. Perfusion cell culture, seen as the method of choice for continuous upstream processing, currently ...
The companies in question had on-site exercise facilities, which facilitated the workout days for the employees. However, this doesnt mean that companies need to have on-site gyms to reap the benefits. Offering gym memberships and allowances to employees as a benefit is a good start, as is motivating them and keeping them on track to ensure they utilize the opportunity.. Another method to easily start an exercise program is to schedule it within work hours. Japanese companies have long discovered the effectiveness of beginning the workday with a quick exercise session. This method came from their kaizen philosophy of continual improvement; in this case, investing in the employees themselves and making them the best they can be.. Companies like Honda took it one step further: instead of standard on-the-job training, Honda would put new assembly line workers through a two-week exercise program with classes that simulated the movements they needed to perform doing their job. If your company deals ...
Paper: Talc is used in both uncoated and coated rotogravure papers where it improves printability as well as reducing surface friction, giving substantial improvements in productivity at the paper mill and print house. It also improves mattness and reduce ink scuff in offset papers. Used as pitch control agents, talc cleans the paper making process by adsorbing any sticky resinous particles in the pulp onto their platy surfaces, thereby preventing the agglomeration and deposition of these on the felts and calenders. As opposed to chemical pitch-control products that pollute the process water, talc is removed together with the pulp, enabling the papermaker to operate more easily in closed-circuit. In specialty papers such as colored papers or labels, talc helps to improve quality and productivity ...
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Date Published: June 1, 2018 Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Author(s): Alexandra Hofer, Christoph Herwig, Oliver Spadiut. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13568-018-0625-0 Abstract Complex raw materials are widely used as supplements in biopharmaceutical production processes due to their positive effect on biomass growth and productivity at low cost. However, their use negatively impacts process reproducibility due to high lot-to-lot variability…
The Alaskan Tundra is in between the latitude lines 60-75° N and is not very biologically diverse. The temperatures are too cold and the winds too strong for trees to grow, and there are only a few dozen animals adapted to living there. The land is very similar to that of a dessert and most of the living organisms there are shrubs, mosses, grasses, and flowers.. Compared to the other biomes, the Tundra receives much less rainfall, has extremely little growing season, and has the second lowest net primary productivity at 600 kilocalories/square meter/year, but makes up the most percent of earths land surface. While the tropical rain forest, estuary, swamps and marshes receive more than 60 inches of rainfall, temperate grassland receive 10-30 inches, deciduous temperate forest receives 30-60 inches, and boreal forest receives 12-33 inches, the tundra and desert only receive less than 10 inches of rainfall each year. While the majority of the biomes have 365 days of growing season, the boreal ...
As tall seamounts may be stepping stones for dispersion and migration of deep open ocean fauna, an improved understanding of the productivity at and food supply to such systems needs to be formed. Here, the 234Th/238U approach for tracing settling particulate matter was applied to Senghor Seamount a tall sub-marine mountain near the tropical Cape Verde archipelago in order to elucidate the effects of topographically-influenced physical flow regimes on the export flux of particulate organic carbon (POC) from the near-surface (topmost ⩽ 100 m) into deeper waters. The comparison of a suitable reference site and the seamount sites revealed that POC export at the seamount sites was ∼2 4 times higher than at the reference site. For three out of five seamount sites, the calculated POC export fluxes are likely to be underestimates. If this is taken into account, it can be concluded that POC export fluxes increase while the passing waters are advected around and over the seamount, with the highest ...
Although not as significant numerically, final heights of European men who reached maturity have also been increasing over the past two centuries, as shown in Table 2.2. In some countries, average heights increased by as much as 10 cm per century. Body weight has also increased. Figure 2.1 shows that for some age groups, the body mass index (BMI), a measure of weight adjusted for height (equal to kg/m increased by about 10-15% within the past 100 years. This chapter aims to elucidate the long-run relationship between labor productivity and body size. In particular, it will be shown that improvements in the nutritional status of a number of societies in Western Europe since the early eighteenth century may have initiated a virtuous circle of technophysio evolution. The theory of technophysio evolution posits the existence of a synergism between technological and physiological improvements that has produced a form of human evolution that is biological but not genetic, rapid, culturally ...
The aim of the paper is to evaluate the effect of firm size to the economic performance of firm belonging to the raising of swine sector (CZ-NACE 01.460). The economic performance is assessed using multiple- criteria evaluation of alternatives methods where the selected coefficients of the profitability ratios, labour productivity and operating ratio are used as the indicator of economic performance. To assess the relationship between firm size and firm performance, the linear regression model is used. The study uses data collected from the database Albertina CZ Gold Edition for the year 2013 that are provided by Bisnode company and from Business Register. The results showed that the larger firms reached higher economic performance compared with smaller ones. These finding indicates that economies of scale are likely to play an important role in sector of raising swine. Kuncová, M.; Hedija, V.; Fiala, R.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Educational attainment and work disability in cancer survivors. T2 - Do diagnosis and comorbidity affect this association?. AU - Stapelfeldt, Christina M.. AU - Duijts, Saskia F. A.. AU - Horsboel, Trine A.. AU - Momsen, Anne-Mette H.. AU - Andersen, Niels T.. AU - Larsen, Finn B.. AU - Friis, Karina. AU - Nielsen, Claus. PY - 2020/7. Y1 - 2020/7. N2 - Objectives To study whether educational attainment had less impact on work disability in cancer survivors than in individuals without cancer. To study whether comorbidity had a higher impact on work disability in low-educated cancer survivors than in high-educated and whether this impact differed when compared with individuals without cancer. Methods Linkage of population-based public health survey data and the Danish Cancer Registry formed two groups: cancer survivors (n = 3,514) and cancer-free individuals (n = 171,262). In logistic regression models, the risk of experiencing an 8-week sick leave spell and the granting of ...
Raising labour productivity and enhancing competitiveness will be a priority during the next years as Viet Nam looks to move up in regional and global production networks. In order to meet this goal, the ILO, through its various programmes and projects as well as employment-related researches and analyses, is helping Viet Nam to develop national employment strategies, job-centred development policies, promote skills and enterprise development, youth employment and better job creation ...
Cedefops forecasts and their assumptions are regularly discussed with national experts. Hanne Shapiro, director of the Danish Technological Institute considers the forecasts underlying assumptions and results plausible.. She adds that cash benefit reform targeting young people not in employment, education or training and reform to early retirement reform are beginning to show positive effects. Reform to ensure university students complete their studies in less time period is contributing to the increase of highly-qualified people. Reform to increase the attractiveness of VET includes a double qualification pathway and qualifications offered at higher levels.. The European commissions macroeconomic forecast is broadly in line with national forecasts. She also remarked that the decline of the employment in manufacturing between 2008 and 2013 helped increase labour productivity by 30 %. This may explain the large fall in employment during the crisis, but could indicate that Danish manufacturing ...
Nearly every country in the world regulates air pollution. But how much pollution control is enough? Answering that question requires considerable information about the costs as well as the benefits of regulation. Historically, efforts to measure benefits have focused on averting major health insults, such as respiratory or cardiovascular events that result in hospitalizations or death, which typically only afflict the most vulnerable segments of the population. These health episodes are clearly consequential-e.g., the U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 avert an estimated 160,000 deaths and 86,000 hospitalizations annually (1)-but may only represent the tip of the proverbial iceberg, compared to the number of cases of respiratory impairment and other health insults that affect many healthy people every day but do not require hospitalizations or even formal health care encounters. The ubiquity of these less lethal impacts, revealed by emerging economic research on labor productivity and human ...
The incidence of corporate taxation is a key issue in tax policy debates. According to surveys, most people think that capital owners bear the burden of corporate taxation. Since capital owners usually have high incomes, this suggests that the corporate tax is highly progressive. Business lobbyists challenge this view and argue that the tax reduces investment so that labour productivity and wages decline, which means that workers bear the tax burden.
The incidence of corporate taxation is a key issue in tax policy debates. According to surveys, most people think that capital owners bear the burden of corporate taxation. Since capital owners usually have high incomes, this suggests that the corporate tax is highly progressive. Business lobbyists challenge this view and argue that the tax reduces investment so that labour productivity and wages decline, which means that workers bear the tax burden.
These figures imply that between 1948 and 1994 US agricultural output per hour rose at an average rate of 4.6% per annum, a more than nine fold increase over the span of fifty years. This surge in agricultural labor productivity is attributable to steadily improving yields and an increase in the acreage cultivated per hour. For instance, the introduction of pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizer, combined with higher-yielding crop varieties raised the amount of potatoes per harvested acre by a factor of almost 2.5 between 1948 and 1994 (US Department of Agriculture, 2000). Similarly, the number of acres cultivated per hour has been raised dramatically by the mechanization of agriculture, at an average annual rate of about 3%. As agricultural labor became more productive, the numbers of annual hours per worker as well as the number of workers were cut without curtailing agricultural output. Although annual hours per agricultural worker declined by 1% per year, the number of agricultural workers ...
Hong Kong is among the richest cities in the world. Yet over the past 15 years, living conditions for the average family have deteriorated despite a robust economy, ample budget surpluses and record labour productivity. Successive governments have been reluctant to invest in services for the elderly, the disabled, the long-term sick, and the poor, while education has become more elitist. The political system has helped to entrench a mistaken consensus that social spending is a threat to financial stability and economic prosperity. In this trenchant attack on government mismanagement, Leo Goodstadt traces how officials have created a new poverty in Hong Kong and argues that their misguided policies are both a legacy of the colonial era and a deliberate choice by modern governments, and not the result of economic crises. This provocative book will be essential reading for anyone wishing to understand why poverty returned to Hong Kong in this century ...
Using computer simulations of a model by US Nobel Laureate William Nordhaus, they weight climate damages from, for instance, increasing weather extremes or decreasing labor productivity against the costs of cutting greenhouse gas emission by phasing out coal and oil. Interestingly, the economically most cost-efficient level of global warming turns out to be the one more than 190 nations signed as the Paris Climate Agreement. So far however, CO2 reductions promised by nations worldwide are insufficient to reach this goal.
Going for Growth 2008 takes stock of recent progress in implementing policy reforms to improve labour productivity and utilisation that were identified as priorities in the 2007 edition.
Free Online Library: UK economic growth since 2010: is it as bad as it seems? by National Institute Economic Review; Business Economics Economic growth Economic aspects Forecasts and trends Growth Harmonics (Music) Labor productivity
We have seen a 50+ page RoNS communication strategy from the NZTA that specifies statements about economic growth and productivity as key messages. However, no amount of OIA requests or oral questions has found any underlying analysis or evidence that significant economic productivity will be created by the RoNS.. While National MPs and business lobby groups may ardently believe that a few higher standard highways are worth $12 billion (75% of the spending on new infrastructure over the next decade), the international evidence from transport planning suggests that new motorways are the least effective way (PDF) to achieve the critical aim of moving more people and freight at lower cost. There are steeply diminishing returns from duplicating or replacing an existing link in a road network.. The RoNS are being rushed ahead over this decade to prove that this Government is getting on with it. But this decade is likely to be the least opportune to throw billions at a few big motorway projects. ...
Budget cuts and hiring freezes are likely to affect employee morale and overall workplace productivity. So are social and personal tensions. How are you responding?. ...
By: Rex Bowden. Alcohol and other drugs are a major and costly problem in the United States. They affect both children and adults, whether it is the person taking the substance or the family and friends who are affected by it. When it comes to alcohol, 15 percent of adults in the United States are binge drinkers. This type of drinking involves consuming four or more drinks, depending on ones gender, within approximately two hours. Binge drinking is often associated with alcohol abuse. It is more common in Caucasians, people who earn $75,000 or more annually, and people who are between the ages of 18 and 34. It costs the United States $223.5 billion a year in workplace productivity, healthcare expenses, criminal justice, and alcohol-related car accidents. It also has a large effect on youth as well. In a 2009 study, it was shown that 42 percent of teens drank alcohol, with 24 percent engaging in binge drinking, and 10 percent driving after consuming alcohol. Other studies showed that as high as ...
Snoring and Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) are part of a spectrum of Sleep Disordered Breathing. Snoring is very common especially as one gets older and has been shown to affect about 40% of general population. Obstructive sleep apnoea affects about 10% of general population. With up to 93% moderate to severe cases going undiagnosed (that translates to about 250000 Kiwis), it is a huge problem requiring attention.. Why it is a problem:. OSA has been shown to increase risks of hypertension, heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cognitive problems. Untreated OSA is three to six times more likely to cause deaths than after treatment. It affects workplace productivity. Studies in the US have found approximately 50% of children being treated for ADHD to have undiagnosed OSA. That is a huge number of sleepy people who are struggling to cope with daily activities and who are vulnerable to chronic illnesses!. Simple snoring and mild OSA do not have as high health risks associated with them. However, the ...
Read chapter Front Matter: Every year workers low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nations economic productivity....
The report details evidence on trends in health inequalities and flowing from this is a set of recommendations, based on the root causes of such inequalities.. It has sought to bring a fresh perspective to the issue. It looks at ways to build on the norths assets to target inequalities while also outlining what central government needs to do, both to support action at the regional level and re-orientate national policies to reduce inequalities, including a fairer allocation of resources to the poorest.. Ill health is not just a social problem but an issue for economic productivity. Its holding back efforts to reduce demand on public services. For this reason its absolutely vital that we link economic development and public health to a much greater extent than seen to date.. On a practical level, this means better connections between local enterprise partnerships and health and wellbeing boards and a more explicit recognition of the connections. The cycle will not be broken unless we link ...