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PRC Sanctions on a Former U.S. Official. STATEMENT BY SECRETARY ANTONY J. BLINKEN. May 27, 2021. The United States condemns the Peoples Republic of Chinas (PRC) sanctions on a former U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) commissioner. These sanctions follow the PRCs March retaliatory sanctions against two USCIRF commissioners as well as Canadian, UK, and European officials, academics, and organizations. Those were implemented immediately after parallel sanctions announcements from the United States, Canada, UK, and the EU in response to serious human rights abuses against members of ethnic and religious minority groups in Xinjiang.. Beijings attempts to intimidate and silence those speaking out for human rights and fundamental freedoms, including freedom of religion or belief, only draw additional international attention and scrutiny to its egregious abuses. This includes the ongoing crimes against humanity and genocide in Xinjiang, as well as its repression of ...
This chapter works out the total value added in primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors based largely on the estimates already set out in the book. The result is an estimate of GDP for c. 1595 at 25,058.51 million dāms, with the primary sector accounting for 52.4 per cent, secondary 18.2 per cent, and tertiary 29.4 per cent. The per capita income in terms of wheat works out as 14.69 maunds, compared to 14.51 maunds in 1901-10. The significant feature of GDP in c. 1595 was the large secondary sector (18.18 per cent against 11.20 per cent in 1901-10), which suggests that de-industrialization during the nineteenth century was indeed a significant phenomenon.
The haute-couture fashion era started in October 1773, when Rose Bertin (1747 - 1813), an unmarried twenty-four-year-old woman from Picardy, set up a little shop exotically named Le Grand Mogol on Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré in Paris. In the large shop windows she displayed her one-of-a-kind ensembles, covered from neckline to hemline in luscious frippery. However, her calling card to the French court was the innovate headdress called the pouf, that she invented. Soon, Rose was introduced to the Queen Marie Antoinette and eventually became her couturière, confidante and friend - Minister of Fashion as her detractors used to call her. The Queens mourning dress, after the execution of the Louis XVI, would also be tailored by Bertin.. Bertins creations became a great success and haute couture orders started to arrive from London, Sankt Petersburg, Vienna, Venice and Constantinople. Thus, France made its first step towards turning into a centre of the fashion industry.. ...
Examples of simple economic theory models are analyzed as restrictions on the Cointegrated VAR (CVAR). This establishes a correspondence between basic economic concepts and the econometric concepts of the CVAR: The economic relations correspond to cointegrating vectors and exogeneity in the economic model is related to econometric concepts of exogeneity. The economic equilibrium corresponds to the so-called long-run value (Johansen 2005), the long-run impact matrix, C; captures the comparative statics and the exogenous variables are the common trends. The adjustment parameters of the CVAR are related to expectations formation, market clearing, nominal rigidities, etc. Finally, the general-partial equilibrium distinction is analyzed. ...
First published in 1904, this important economic work explores some of the leading principles underlining the development of international trade. Hobson offered a departure from the conventional treatment of international trade in economic theory,…
My title is intended to suggest that the community of scientists is organized in a way which resembles certain features of a body politic and works according to economic principles similar to those by which the production of material goods is regulated. Much of what I will have to say will be common knowledge among scientists, but I believe that it will recast the subject from a novel point of view which can both profit from and have a lesson for political and economic theory. For in the free cooperation of independent scientists we shall find a highly simplified model of a free society, which presents in isolation certain basic features of it that are more difficult to identify within the comprehensive functions of a national body.. The first thing to make clear is that scientists, freely making their own choice of problems and pursuing them in the light of their own personal judgment, are in fact co-operating as members of a closely knit organization. The point can be settled by considering ...
Information about Stefan Stykolt Scholarship in Economic Theory. You can also locate similiar scholarships, awards, prizes and bursaries in Canada.
Our organizations mission statement and core values were developed from the ground-up.. In 2015, employees were asked for their feedback on working for the City of Courtenay - including their level of job satisfaction, what they thought our organization did well, and where they thought we could improve.. An organization-wide employee survey, plus individual interviews and a focus group helped identify the City of Courtenays employee culture and priorities.. This information was used to develop the five core values you see above. These core values were unveiled at a launch event in March 2016 for all staff. A second, smaller launch was held in June 2016 for employees that werent able to attend the first one, including new and seasonal staff.. Following the first launch, team meetings were held with every City of Courtenay department. Staff from each department volunteered as champions to represent their team and coordinate suggestions on how the core values can be embedded throughout our ...
As a widely used tool of foreign policy, economic sanctions take many forms. They include mandating trade restrictions (for example, limiting imports from or exports to a sanctioned nation), freezing bank accounts, limiting international travel to and from an area, imposing additional tariffs, and exerting other pressures that are intended to slow key economic activities. Since the end of the Cold War, as the global market has expanded, many countries and the United Nations have increasingly used economic sanctions instead of military intervention to compel nations to end civil or extraterritorial war or to reduce abuse of human rights. Similarly, the United States has attempted to influence international governments domestic policies by using other economic means, such as relating most favored nation trading status to a countrys human rights record or prohibiting the import of goods from countries in which illegal child labor is widespread. ...
In interview with The Weekend Australian, the prime minister says Iran, for the first time, is beginning to bend under sanctions and under threat of sanctions on central bank.
The U.S. Department of the Treasury expanded the sanction for the export of medical devices on Thursday to ensure the longstanding sanctions on Iran do not hinder the import of humanitarian aid.
Contrary to popular beliefs across the world, poverty in Africa is not a product of laziness, inferior mind, genetic inferiority or curse from the Gods. Africans are among the most hardworking, industrious, intelligent and productive in the world. Evidence from documentaries on IMF and World Bank operations and lessons from the current publicly announced sanctions on Russia over Crimea, have led me to believe strongly that:. 1. There is a conspiracy within the corridors of power of America and Europe to keep Africa permanently dependent on them in return for cheap supply of commodities to fuel their economic growth, prosperity and world dominance. The conspiracy has left Africa consistently debt trapped and led by corrupt regimes; poverty continues to affect the lives of millions despite abundant resources; and multinationals continue to operate unchecked as they rain havoc on the environment and peoples rights.. 2. The goal of the conspiracy is executed and sustained from three angles:. o ...
Some unemployed youths have said they are unmoved by threats of sanctions on unvaccinated people saying they have no access to formal spaces even before the imp
White House said that the move included the expulsion of 10 Russian diplomats from the US and sanctions on several organisations and individuals...reports Asian Lite News https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u0no1oPM640 The US has launched diplomatic and financial offensives against Russian officials and businesses in retaliation for election-meddling and Moscow-linked hacking that compromised major federal agencies.The move included the...
Attached is the text of a letter from the President to the Chairmen and Ranking Members of the House and Senate Committees on Armed Services and the Judiciary, the Chairman and Ranking Member of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Chairman and Ranking Member of the House Committee on Ways and Means, the Chairman and Ranking Member of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Chairmen and Ranking Members of the Senate Committees on Foreign Relations and Finance, and the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence regarding sanctions on foreign narcotics kingpins.. ...
The UN Security Council has unanimously approved tough new sanctions on North Korea in response to the latest launch of a ballistic missile that Pyongyang says is capable of reaching anywhere on the US mainland.
The U.S. Treasury Department has slapped sanctions on Irans main intelligence organization, accusing it of supporting terrorist groups, committing human rights abuses, and backing the Syrian governments lethal crackdown on its citizens.
Gordon Brown was last night fighting to salvage Britains policy on Zimbabwe after moves to impose sanctions on Robert Mugabes regime collapsed.
Purpose of the article is based on the economic theory of price, value - application of the price as an economic tool for its fuller application in the criteria for evaluation of tenders in public procurement and not the application of these criteria only the lowest price category and its application to other criteria to evaluate offers. Methodology / methods the methodology of the paper processing is based on the goal of the paper, its main reason, economic theory, valid legislation, public procurement. The contribution structure is created in accordance with the requirements for scientific requirements (introduction, goal, results, discussion and conclusion). As part of the processing of this paper we used commonly available scientific methods, e.g. analysis, synthesis, comparison as well as standard statistical methods. Scientific aim the scientific contribution of the paper is based on the economic theory of the price category, the value of applying the price as an economic tool for its fuller
This study contains data on the political, social, economic, religious, ecological, and demographic characteristics of 32 Black African nations in the late 1950s and 1960s. Data are provided on political regime characteristics, such as the existence and nature of political parties, elections, the nature of the judicial system, the extent of government influence, and the occurrence of riots, civil violence, terrorist activities, civil wars, irredentist movements, and coup detats. Economic variables provide information on government revenues, government expenditures, gross domestic capital formation, public investment as a percentage of the gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP), defense budgets, energy, investment, labor, number of wage earners as a percentage of active population, industrial production, electricity production, per capita energy consumption, educational expenditures, economic welfare, consumer price index, international economic aid, total international ...
This study contains data on the political, social, economic, religious, ecological, and demographic characteristics of 32 Black African nations in the late 1950s and 1960s. Data are provided on political regime characteristics, such as the existence and nature of political parties, elections, the nature of the judicial system, the extent of government influence, and the occurrence of riots, civil violence, terrorist activities, civil wars, irredentist movements, and coup detats. Economic variables provide information on government revenues, government expenditures, gross domestic capital formation, public investment as a percentage of the gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP), defense budgets, energy, investment, labor, number of wage earners as a percentage of active population, industrial production, electricity production, per capita energy consumption, educational expenditures, economic welfare, consumer price index, international economic aid, total international ...
The Economics minor provides students with a foundation in economic theory and analysis with courses in Macroeconomics and Microeconomics. Students build on that foundation by learning to apply concepts, techniques and analysis in courses such as Environmental Economics, Ecological Economics, Economic Development of the United States, Health Economics, Money Credit and Banking, International Trade and Finance, Evolution of Modern Economic Theory, and International Political Economy.. ...
With the aim of raising awareness of the mechanisms for preferring local content, the authority held more than 120 workshops with the public and private sectors, and communicated with 400 government agencies to ensure that local content requirements are included in its competitions, and dealt with more than 6,000 inquiries and answers from the public and private sectors. Achieving these gains comes through 4 local content mechanisms that the authority has included in the new competition system, one of which is the mandatory list of national products that government contractors must purchase as national products.. 3 Mandatory lists in construction, medicine and medical preparations. The authority issued 3 mandatory lists of national products in the sectors of building and construction, medicine and medical preparations, and medical supplies. The first list included 114 products in the building and construction sector, the second 100 products in the pharmaceutical and medical preparations sector, ...
Seminal papers of Solow (1957) and Swan (1956) stimulated debate among economists on the role of technical change in productivity improvements and for that matter economic growth. The consensus is that technological change accounts for a significant proportion of gross national product (GNP) growth in industrialised economies. In the case of Australia, the aggregate productivity performance was poor in the 1970s and 1980s, but picked up very strongly by the 1990s, and was above the OECD average growth level for the first time in its productivity growth history. However, this high productivity growth rate could not be sustained and Australia started to experience a slowdown in productivity growth since 2000. This study empirically measures the performance of productivity in Australias economy for the period 1950-2005, using an econometric approach. Time-series data are used to develop econometric models that capture the dynamic interactions between GDP, fixed capital, labour units, human ...
Three Core Values of Development Economics Three core values serve as standards of development. Sustenance. This refers to the capacity to meet basic necessities such as food, clothing, and shelter. Lack of even one of these means that a...
Information for calculation of Producer price indices in industry is received on the bases of monthly surveys on producer prices of industrial products, sold on the domestic market and on industrial products sold on non-domestic market. The aim of Producer price surveys is: (1) To be compared prices of specific products with equal quality in the two surveyed time periods; (2) In the case of quality change of the surveyed specific products this quality change to be taken into account.. Data collection is based on a representative sample of products (specifications).. Producer price indexes on domestic market: According to the methodology the sampling method used for domestic producer price index compilation involves a three stage sampling process: first PRODCOM groups are selected, as a second step - reporting units are selected and then specific products (specifications) are selected. The sample method used is probability proportional to size.. On the base of the annual survey on production and ...
Information for calculation of Producer price indices in industry is received on the bases of monthly surveys on producer prices of industrial products, sold on the domestic market and on industrial products sold on non-domestic market. The aim of Producer price surveys is: (1) To be compared prices of specific products with equal quality in the two surveyed time periods; (2) In the case of quality change of the surveyed specific products this quality change to be taken into account.. Data collection is based on a representative sample of products (specifications).. Producer price indexes on domestic market: According to the methodology the sampling method used for domestic producer price index compilation involves a three stage sampling process: first PRODCOM groups are selected, as a second step - reporting units are selected and then specific products (specifications) are selected. The sample method used is probability proportional to size.. On the base of the annual survey on production and ...
Agriculture, farming, and fishing form the primary sector of industry of the Japanese economy, together with the Japanese mining industry, but together they account for only 1.3% of gross national product. Only 20% of Japans land is suitable for cultivation, and the agricultural economy is highly subsidized.. Agriculture, forestry, and fishing dominated the Japanese economy until the 1940s, but thereafter declined into relative unimportance. In the late 19th century (Meiji period), these sectors had accounted for more than 80% of employment. Employment in agriculture declined in the prewar period, but the sector was still the largest employer (about 50% of the work force) by the end of World War II. It was further declined to 23.5% in 1965, 11.9% in 1977, and to 7.2% in 1988. The importance of agriculture in the national economy later continued its rapid decline, with the share of net agricultural production in GNP finally reduced between 1975 and 1989 from 4.1% to 3% In the late 1980s, 85.5% ...
If national economic improvements lead to greater expenditure on tobacco but not on food, then the benefit of the economic growth will be erased. Increased spending power is not sufficient to guarantee improvements in well being, particularly where tobacco companies advertise their products freely to an uneducated public. In Bangladesh, where tobacco prices remained low and advertising proliferated, the most significant spending change over the years was in more money going to cigarettes, rather than food. In that situation, reducing taxes on tobacco products may be regressive, as it provides an incentive for more poor people to use tobacco and to spend more of their income on tobacco.12 13 As others have also observed, since the poor are more responsive to price and thus more likely to reduce usage or quit when prices increase, they may actually save money when taxes increase.14-16 UNICEF estimates that Bangladesh loses the equivalent of more than 5% of its gross national product in lost lives, ...
Let me say this about that. Oh, Tiger, Tiger, Tiger. You have really shat-in-your-hat this time. Word has it that your D-I-V-O-R-C-E is final and, as part of the settlement, you have agreed to pay your ex-wife a whopping $700,000,000 dollars!! Im no economist, but I believe that amount exceeds the gross national product of Bolivia. That dollar […]. ...
The second and third ancillary value judgments do not spring directly from the world view. Instead, they make the paradigm based thereon operational. The separation of means and ends is not strictly required by the world view itself, but is an operational requirement, without which the paradigm could generate no meaningful research or study. If means and ends were not mutually exclusive, then neo-classical economics would be nothing more than a simple statement that humans do what they do because they wish to do it. There could be, for example, no inquiry into how satisfaction is maximized by choosing among various alternatives. If some activity (e.g., production or consumption) could be both means and end then one could not determine which part is which. This results in the value judgment that consumption is the end or `good to be achieved. In so doing, any good inherent in the process or means for obtaining higher consumption is ignored. For example, if the production activity of human labor ...
This is the latest in a string of blunders, mishaps and falsehoods that have evidently crept into IPCC AR4, touted as THE most well-researched and vetted scientific publication in human history. Just yesterday it came out that the IPCC AR4 report used exaggerated and actually completely unfounded numbers, when describing the Netherlands as being susceptible to both sea-level rise and river flooding because 55% of its territory is below sea level where 60% of its population lives and 65% of its Gross National Product (GNP) is produced. In actual fact, only 20% of our damp corner lies below sea level, which represents 19% GNP ...
How Per Capita Income is calculated? The Numerator (Gross National Product) is divided by Denominator (Population) to calculate this figure. You must be wondering why am I trying to teach you basic mathematics? I have no such intention. The reference to the above came up when I was having a discussion with a friend few months ago. The topic turned to Indian history and he suddenly retorted that the per capita income of India during Akbars regime, around year 1600 AD, was far larger than France, Germany, America and Japan. In the same year the British established East India Company which later plundered India. I told him that I have no doubt about the fact that British looted our wealth but just tell me how the GDP was arrived at? How the GNP was calculated and how did they people decide the denominator (population) ? He had no clue and hence I had to tell him that the first ever census of India was conducted in 1901 and there is no way to know what was the population in 1556 to 1605 when Akbar ...
1.1 BACKGROUND. Even though a country may be naturally endowed with diverse kinds of resources, the gestures of such country lies in her ability to manage her resources properly. Public sector, in a nutshell, is the sector that manages the resources of the government in other to ensure effective and efficient allocation of these resources for satisfaction of the citizenry concerned. The sector is used in implementing government policies. It is the tool for accelerating development in the entire economy. For instance, it accounts for approximately two-third of gross national products (GNPs) in Nigeria. Pubic sector includes all government ministries and departments, extra-ministerial department, parastatals agencies, commissions and public enterprises. Being a service-oriented sector, it is usually budget financed.. Essentially, funds, in the public sector, refers to the sum of money or other resources segregated for the purpose of carrying out specific activities in accordance with special ...
Make things for your home. Invest in tools. Make your yard beautiful. If you have done those things, weatherize your home. Invest in deeper attic insulation. Replace all your light bulbs with energy efficient ones. Buy a good bicycle and use it. You will cut your transportation costs and regain physical fitness, while reducing your health care costs as well. And if you have done all those things, pay down debt. You will be expected to use your windfall to jack up oil company profits. But with some care and planning you can crank your own life up to a higher level of comfort, security, and personal satisfaction. The consequence whether intended or not will be that you will live in greater harmony with family, community and the environment. If you listen to the Bush line and Bush fears, you might feel guilty about failing to sustain the growth of our Gross National Product. That might make sense if our GNP werent so gross in the first place. Our transition from helpless consumers to hands-on ...
The optimism of the first decade was accompanied by a growing sense of inequality, and concern that the benefits of growth were not being shared by the urban poor. Combined with the effects of a slowdown in the global economy in 1970, the electorate was moved to change government, electing the PNP (Peoples National Party) in 1972. Despite efforts to create more socially equitable policies in education and health, Jamaica continued to lag economically. By 1980, its gross national product had declined to some 25% below the 1972 level. Due to rising foreign and local debt, accompanied by large fiscal deficits, the government sought International Monetary Fund (IMF) financing from the United States and others. The international bankers imposed IMF austerity measures (with a greater than 25% interest rate per year). ...
The Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) is a measure developed by sociologist Morris David Morris in the 1970s, based on basic literacy, infant mortality, and life expectancy. Although not as complex as other measures, and now essentially replaced by the Human Development Index, the PQLI is notable for Morriss attempt to show a less fatalistic pessimistic picture by focusing on three areas where global quality of life was generally improving at the time and ignoring gross national product and other possible indicators that were not improving.[14] The Happy Planet Index, introduced in 2006, is unique among quality of life measures in that, in addition to standard determinants of well-being, it uses each countrys ecological footprint as an indicator. As a result, European and North American nations do not dominate this measure. The 2012 list is instead topped by Costa Rica, Vietnam and Colombia.[15] Gallup researchers trying to find the worlds happiest countries found Denmark to be at the ...
According to the most recent evidence, the United States has 313 billionaires now. The total wealth of these people would be enough to buy the gross national products of many, many countries. To be quite honest, I think that there is something extremely distasteful in one person owning so much that a whole struggling nation could be lifted up from poverty with the same amount of money. Any argument that relies on the deserved fruits from the effort of the single individual leaves me cold as for it to apply Id need to assume that one person could actually be worthier than a whole nation. I also cant see what kind of pleasure one could get from earning another billion on top of a big pile of them: we can only eat and drink and wear so much, and its not possible to live in more houses than one at the same time. In short, successive dollars are worth less to you the richer you are ...
Besides the graphical and mathematical representation of who eats whom and at what rate, ENA performs calculus focusing both on single-compartment and whole-system levels.. TST and AMI are basal indices advocating a systemic approach.. The total amount of flows occurring in the system is called TST, and for Cone Spring is equal to 42 445 kcalm _2yr_1:. TST defines ecosystem activity (size) and it conceptually corresponds to what in economy is known as gross national product (GDP), an indicator of economic community size.. Ecosystem development is connected to flow organization and it increases when uncertainty is diminishing. Mathematically, uncertainty (H), related to a distribution of probability over n categories (with scalar constant K), is equivalent to. System flow disorganization is measured by uncertainty and its amount can be distinguished into output H(a) and input H(b) contributions:. With completely independent events, total system uncertainty becomes H(a) + H(b). However, inputs ...
Interactive Design Process, Collaborative Design Approach, Integrated Project Delivery, BIM, 3P, and Lean production process … so many new terms in the world of design and construction. What does it all mean? How will it affect and change my business that Ive been practicing for the past too many years to mention? I recently discussed these changes with an expert in the field of transition and innovation. We started our discussion talking about change that happens over the course of 100 years-from farming to the industrial age-then talked about change that happens over the course of a generation-from horses to trains to automobiles-then talking about change that occurs over the course of modern innovation-from the first cell phone shaped like a brick to my new smart phone that only a 13-year-old can program! Stop and consider how our own industry is changing. The influences of healthcare reform; cost of healthcare at 18-19% of our gross national product; interactive and BIM software; and ...
Affordable Health Care Policies in the United States, exhibits that about 17.1% of its gross national product is spent on offering health care companies. Great
Taipei, June 7 (CNA) Taiwans current financial situation would make it difficult to reach the governments target of allocating 3 percent of the gross national product (GDP) to national defense, Premier Lin Chuan (林全) said Tuesday.
Welding, the simple and excellent process joining of two similar and dissimilar metals of plates and other structure.50% of gross national product of the country is related to welding .Almost everything is made of metal is welded. Welding process includes arc welding, gas welding, and resistance welding (40 total process of welding exist).The most important factor of welding operation is tensile strength of welding joint under variable environmental and working conditions. .So by the experimental and analytical testing is done by the study of overlap length size and gap size are to be selected to evaluate the welded joint of tensile strength. The range of parameters is selected from the literature. For greater accuracy and test of specimen by making of holding device which will the specimen by UTM machine.The result is obtained by experimentation compare with result is evaluated by simulation. By the simulation and experimental observation to fix the length of overlap size is 25mm for 5mm thick ...
Sometime soon, its entirely possible that Pfizer will buy AstraZeneca for a price that would exceed the gross national product of all but about 50 countri
One serious attempt to remedy the shortcomings of using gross national product to address the quality of life was made by Japanese scholars who in the late
Stress represents a significant problem for Western societies inducing costs as high as 3-4 % of the European gross national products, a burden that is continually increasing (WHO Briefing, EUR/04/5047810/B6). The classical stress response system is the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis which acts to restore homeostasis after disturbances. Two major components within the HPA axis system are the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR). Cortisol, released from the adrenal glands at the end of the HPA axis, binds to MRs and with a 10 fold lower affinity to GRs. Both, impairment of the HPA axis and an imbalance in the MR/GR ratio enhances the risk for infection, inflammation and stress related psychiatric disorders. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterised by a variety of symptoms, however, one of the most consistent findings is the hyperactivity of the HPA axis. This may be the result of lower numbers or reduced activity of GRs and MRs. The GR gene ...
Mar Racionero is Associate Professor, ANU Research School of Economics, and Associate Dean (HDR), ANU College of Business and Economics. She is a member of the association of Spanish Researchers in Australia-Pacific. Dr. Racionero obtained the First National Prize, awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Education, upon completion of her undergraduate studies. She pursued her doctoral studies at the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, within the IDEA program (International Doctorate in Economic Analysis), where she obtained both a Master and a Ph D degrees in Economics. From 1997 she benefited from a TMR European Community grant to conduct research at CORE (Universite Catholique de Louvain, Belgium). Her main field of research is public economic theory, with particular interest in optimal taxation theory, and her work has been published in refereed international journals (Canadian Journal of Economics, European Economic Review, European Journal of Political Economy, Journal of Public Economic Theory, ...