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Background The Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 activated large tsunami waves, which flooded broad regions of property along the Pacific coast of eastern Japan and transformed the soil environment drastically. as the current presence of pathogenic and marine-living genes and genera linked to salt-tolerance. Conclusions Collectively, todays outcomes would offer an exemplory case of microbial features 14461-91-7 IC50 of dirt disturbed from the tsunami, which might give an understanding into microbial version to extreme environmental adjustments. Further analyses on microbial ecology after a tsunami are envisioned to build up a deeper knowledge 14461-91-7 IC50 of the recovery procedures of terrestrial microbial ecosystems. Electronic supplementary materials The 14461-91-7 IC50 online edition of this content (doi:10.1186/s12864-016-2380-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. strains isolated from the tsunami-affected soil sample revealed that ...
Like most earthquakes, the recent earthquake is expected to be followed by numerous aftershocks. Aftershocks are most common immediately after the mainshock; their average number per day decreases rapidly as time passes.. Aftershocks are most likely to be felt in the first few days after the mainshock, but may be felt weeks, months, or even years afterwards. In general, the larger the mainshock, the longer its aftershocks will be felt.. Aftershocks tend to occur near the mainshock, but the exact geographic pattern of the aftershocks varies from earthquake to earthquake and is not predictable. The larger the mainshock, the larger the area of aftershocks. While there is no hard cutoff distance beyond which an earthquake is totally incapable of triggering an aftershock, the vast majority of aftershocks are located close to the mainshock.. As time goes on, the aftershocks will subside. As they do, we will revise the table below to reflect the diminishing chances of large aftershocks.. ...
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Latest Earthquakes in the world. World earthquake list. Earthquake information. earthquakes today - recent and latest earthquakes, earthquake map and earthquake information. Earthquake information for europe. EMSC (European Mediterranean Seismological Centre) provides real time earthquake information for seismic events with magnitude larger than 5 in the European Mediterranean area and larger than 7 in the rest of the world.
Alteration of neuroendocrine systems has been demonstrated to be involved in the pathology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Three months after an earthquake in Northern China, cortisol, growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) levels were assessed in 34 earthquake survivors with PTSD (according to DSM-IV criteria), 30 earthquake survivors with subclinical PTSD and 34 normal controls. Only earthquake survivors diagnosed with PTSD had significantly higher serum GH levels. Also, we found that earthquake survivors (either with PTSD or subclinical PTSD) had significantly higher serum cortisol levels. We concluded that PTSD might be associated with an increased level of serum GH and traumatic survivors might be associated with a higher level of serum cortisol. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. ...
... Europe earthquake list. Earthquake information. earthquakes today - recent and latest earthquakes, earthquake map and earthquake information. Earthquake information for europe. EMSC (European Mediterranean Seismological Centre) provides real time earthquake information for seismic events with magnitude larger than 5 in the European Mediterranean area and larger than 7 in the rest of the world.
Showing at 3331 Arts Chiyoda. One year on from the earthquake we take this opportunity to reflect upon the support efforts, examining...
Functional disability is a significant problem after natural disasters. Musculoskeletal pain is reported to increase after disasters, which can cause functional disability among survivors. However, the effects of musculoskeletal pain on functional decline after natural disasters are unclear. The present study aimed to examine the association between musculoskeletal pain and new-onset poor physical function among elderly survivors after the Great East Japan Earthquake. A longitudinal study was conducted on survivors aged ≥65 years at three and 4 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake. A total of 747 persons were included in this study. Physical function was assessed using the Kihon Checklist. New-onset poor physical function was defined as low physical function not present at 3 years but present at 4 years after the disaster. Knee, hand or foot, low back, shoulder, and neck pain was assessed using a self-reported questionnaire and was defined as musculoskeletal pain. Musculoskeletal pain at 3
As youre all aware, on March 11 we marked the two-year anniversary of The Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. We deeply regret the terrible loss of so many noble lives. Furthermore, we express our sympathy for the many who suffered through the disaster, and even now continue to face severe living conditions. The University of Tokyo is doing what it can as an academic organization to contribute to the reconstruction of the disaster zone as well as the support of those hit by the earthquake. Our institute also is conducting a support project for scientists who suffered from the Great East Japan Earthquake by accepting joint research with them. No matter how little, through biomedical research, teaching and medical care, we too are participating continuously in this recovery; united as an institute, we plan to continue contributing both directly and indirectly. Confronted with this sort of historical national ordeal, these times demand that the Japanese people, one-by-one, come up with ...
The surprisingly large Mw9.0 Tohoku earthquake ruptured the interface of the subducting Pacific Plate over an approximately 400-km-long and 200-km-wide area and produced a devastating tsunami, on March 11th, 2011. Land GPS stations have recorded up to more than one meter postseismic displacements in two years since the earthquake (Figure 1). Viscoelastic relaxation in the upper mantle of the shear stresses induced by the earthquake and aseismic afterslip of the megathrust both contribute to the very rapid crustal deformation observed since the earthquake. In this research, we integrate the wealth of geodetic data from NE Japan and modeling experiences developed at other margins to investigate the effects of mantle rheology on ollowing the 2011 earthquake. ...
The Mw = 8.0 Wenchuan earthquake of May 12, 2008, caused destruction over a wide area. The earthquake cost more than 69,000 lives and the damage is reported to have left more than 5 million people hom
The 1854 Nankai earthquake occurred at about 16:00 local time on 24 December. It had a magnitude of 8.4 and caused a damaging tsunami. More than 30,000 buildings were completely destroyed and there were at least 3,000 casualties. It was the second of the three Ansei great earthquakes; the 1854 Tōkai earthquake of similar size had hit the area the previous morning. The southern coast of Honshu runs parallel to the Nankai Trough, which marks the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the Eurasian Plate. Movement on this convergent plate boundary leads to many earthquakes, some of them of megathrust type. The Nankai megathrust has five distinct segments (A-E) that can rupture independently, the segments have ruptured either singly or together repeatedly over the last 1300 years. Megathrust earthquakes on this structure tend to occur in pairs, with a relatively short time gap between them. In addition to the two events in 1854, there were similar earthquakes in 1944 and 1946. In each case ...
Japans recent magnitude 9.0 earthquake, which triggered a devastating tsunami, relieved stress along part of the quake fault but also has contributed to the buildup of stress in other areas, putting some of the country at risk for up to years of sizeable aftershocks and perhaps new main shocks, scientists say.. After studying data from Japans extensive seismic network, researchers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), Kyoto University and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) have identified several areas at risk from the quake, Japans largest ever, which already has triggered a large number of aftershocks.. Data from the magnitude 9.0 Tohoku earthquake on March 11 has brought scientists a small but perceptible step closer to a better assessment of future seismic risk in specific regions, said Shinji Toda of Kyoto University, a lead author of the study. "Even though we cannot forecast precisely, we can explain the mechanisms involved in such quakes to the public," he said. Still, ...
By simulating earthquakes in a lab, engineers at Caltech have documented the evolution of friction during an earthquake-measuring what could once only be inferred, and shedding light on one of the biggest unknowns in earthquake modeling.. Before an earthquake, static friction helps hold the two sides of a fault immobile and pressed against each other. During the passage of an earthquake rupture, that friction becomes dynamic as the two sides of the fault grind past one another. Dynamic friction evolves throughout an earthquake, affecting how much and how fast the ground will shake and thus, most importantly, the destructiveness of the earthquake.. "Friction plays a key role in how ruptures unzip faults in the earths crust," says Vito Rubino, research scientist at Caltechs Division of Engineering and Applied Science (EAS). "Assumptions about dynamic friction affect a wide range of earthquake science predictions, including how fast ruptures will occur, the nature of ground shaking, and residual ...
A broad spectrum of topics from earthquake physics to earthquake damage mitigation strategies are offered with the purpose of establishing a graduate program to those who need to specialise in earthquakes and earthquake risk mitigation due to their professional employment (in insurance sector, disaster affair departments, engineers and architects in municipalities, earthquake rescue teams, etc.) and thus to increase the number of educated and trained people in earthquake risk mitigation in related sectors.. The program requires three semesters to complete a minimum of 35 credits of course work with a minimum of 12 courses and a graduate project. It is required to take a minimum of 14 credit from the required courses and a minimum of 6 elective courses. A maximum of 3 courses may be selected from the undergraduate programs if the student did not take these courses during his or her undergraduate education.. The students who have successfully completed the requirements of the Earthquake Risk ...
Earthquakes induced by subsurface industrial activities are a globally emotive issue, with a growing catalog of induced earthquake sequences. However, attempts at discriminating between natural and induced causes, particularly for anomalously shallow seismicity, can be challenging. An earthquake swarm during 2018-2019 in southeast England with a maximum magnitude of ML 3.2 received great public and media attention because of its proximity to operating oilfields. It is therefore vital and timely to provide a detailed characterization of the earthquake sequence at present, and to decide based on current evidence, whether the earthquakes were likely natural or induced. We detected 168 low-magnitude earthquakes and computed detailed source parameters of these events. Most earthquakes occurred at a shallow depth of 2.3 km, ,1 km deeper than the geological formations targeted by the oilfields, and laterally ,3 km away from the drill sites. We combine the east-west-trending cluster of the seismicity ...
Circumstantial and physical evidence indicates that the 1997 MW 4.9 earthquake in southern Alabama may have been related to hydrocarbon recovery. Epicenters of this earthquake and its aftershocks were located within a few kilometers of active oil and gas extraction wells and two pressurized injection wells. Main shock and aftershock focal depths (2-6 km) are within a few kilometers of the injection and withdrawal depths. Strain accumulation at geologic rates sufficient to cause rupture at these shallow focal depths is not likely. A paucity of prior seismicity is difficult to reconcile with the occurrence of an earthquake of MW 4.9 and a magnitude-frequency relationship usually assumed for natural earthquakes. The normal-fault main-shock mechanism is consistent with reactivation of preexisting faults in the regional tectonic stress field. If the earthquake were purely tectonic, however, the question arises as to why it occurred on only the small fraction of a large, regional...
The study was carried out to understand the risks posed by earthquakes in Karonga based on roles and perception of stakeholders. Information was collected from several stakeholders who were found responding to earthquakes impacts in Karonga Town. The study found that several stakeholders, governmental and non-governmental department and organisation operate in Karonga District to respond to hazards and disasters that occur in the district however most of these stakeholders concentrate their activities in rural areas than the town despite having the town experiencing greater impacts from earthquake hazards. The study also found that people of Karonga are aware of earthquakes and how they can avoid their  impacts however their economic status fail them from developing infrastructure that can help them to avoid or recover quickly from the impacts of earthquake disasters. It is therefore concluded that the people of Karonga town are vulnerable to earthquake hazards due to limited capacity to develop
Local redistribution of active zones as the precursor of large earthquakes in Lesser Antillean arc. P. N. Shebalin, I. M. Rotwain, and V. I. Keilis-Borok. N. Girardin, and J. Dubois. Abstract. We continue to study the phenomenon of short-term activation of locally less active seismic zones on the background of relative quiescence in locally more active zones. This phenomenon is observed in the epicentral area of a large earthquake for several months prior to its occurrence. A prediction algorithm based on this pattern was introduced previously and tested retrospectively using data from southern California and the Lesser Antilles. This algorithm identified areas of approximate size 100 km $\times$ 100 km in which the probability for occurrence of large earthquakes was increased for one-year periods. We propose a modification of this algorithm that offers a possibility to increase the number of large earthquakes through expanding the study territory. The retrospective prediction in the Lesser ...
Introduction. Turkey Earthquake, Izmit It is possible to suggest that a major earthquake is one of the most sudden, unpredictable and certainly terrifying events on earth. Earthquakes evidently shatter our assumption that we live on solid ground, and are lethal because they happen without warning. When looking in particular at the Izmit Earthquake in Turkey in 1999 and observing the causes, the material damage, the effects and the human costs, one may suggest that it is little wonder that such disasters have been recorded for centuries. The Causes A major earthquake is one of the most sudden, unpredictable and terrifying events on earth. Earthquakes are lethal because they happen without warning and while long term forecasts can be made, accurate short terms predictions are extremely difficult. ...read more. Middle. (The Courier Mail, August 1999, Pg 4) The Effects People and man-made structures are the most vulnerable to earth-quakes whereas wide open spaces are much less vulnerable. The ...
Newman and Bilek analyzed the distribution of aftershocks that occurred in the two weeks following the July 17 event. Most of them occurred at shallow depths and close to the trench - the area where the Australian and Sunda plates collided. "The nature of these aftershocks was a dead giveaway that this event was a classic tsunami earthquake," Newman explained. "Only tsunami earthquakes rupture in the shallowest portion of the trench - only a few kilometers below the sea floor." The July 2006 tsunami earthquake was the second such event to occur on the Java trench in the past 40 years; the previous one happened in 1994. "There may be something going on in this particular trench - some regional characteristic - that is increasing the potential for tsunami earthquakes in this area," Newman noted. His previous study of global data from 1970 to 2000 showed no indication of any seismic characteristics that made tsunami earthquakes occur more frequently in certain regions, but the Java event has ...
The devastating tsunami triggered by the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011 inundated the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) resulting in a loss of cooling and a series of explosions releasing the largest quantity of radioactive material into the atmosphere since the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Although 80% of the radionuclides from this accidental release were transported over the Pacific Ocean, 20% were deposited over Japanese coastal catchments that are subject to frequent typhoons. Among the radioisotopes released during the FDNPP accident, radiocesium (134Cs and137Cs) is considered the most serious current and future health risk for the local population. ...
We present a new method for estimating earthquake detection probabilities that avoids assumptions about earthquake occurrence and uses only empirical data: phase data, station information, and network specific attenuation relations. First, we determine the detection probability for each station as a function of magnitude and epicentral distance, using data from past earthquakes. Second, we combine the detection probabilities of stations using a basic combinatoric procedure to determine the probability that a hypothetical earthquake with a given size and location could escape detection. Finally, we synthesize detection probability maps for earthquakes of particular magnitudes and probability-based completeness maps. Because the method relies only on detection probabilities of stations, it can also be used to evaluate hypothetical additions or deletions of stations as well as scenario computations of network crises. The new approach has several advantages: completeness is analyzed as a function of ...
Carbon Capture and Storage Can Cause Earthquakes, Making It A Risky And Likely Unsuccessful Strategy - New research suggests that carbon capture and storage (CCS) may be a far more limited climate solution than previously thought because it can induce earthquakes, which can cause CO2 leakage. Weve known for a long time that underground injection of massive quantities of liquids or high-pressure gases can induce earthquakes. Indeed, recent research finds that fracking wastewater reinjection has caused "a rise in small to mid-sized earthquakes in the United States." As Stanford researchers made clear in 2012: We argue here that there is a high probability that earthquakes will be triggered by injection of large volumes of CO2 into the brittle rocks commonly found in continental interiors. Because even small- to moderate-sized earthquakes threaten the seal integrity of CO2 repositories, in this context, large-scale CCS is a risky, and likely unsuccessful, strategy for significantly reducing ...
The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population.[251][252][253][254][255][256] Research following the Christchurch earthquakes has shown that increasing exposure to the damage and trauma of a natural disaster is correlated with an increase in depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).[251][253][254][255] Those with the most exposure suffer the most from mental health deficits, compared with those that are relatively unaffected.[251][253][254][255] Increases in trauma exposure are related to increased dependence on alcohol and nicotine, as well as prescribed psychiatric medication.[251][252] This information is important to consider when reacting to future earthquakes and other natural disasters. There is evidence that suggests that the mental health effects of natural disasters can be debilitating and detrimental to the community affected.[251][252][253][254][255][256][257]. Evidence from research on the Christchurch earthquakes ...
We investigate seismicity rate changes in Southern Sumatra using the standard Beta-statistic approach (e.g. Reasenburg & Simpson, 1992). Beta will be positive when the postseismic rate is higher than the background seismicity rate, and negative when it is lower. Our earthquake catalog consists of the preferred events from IRIS SeismiQuery (http://www.iris.washington.edu/SeismiQuery/sq-events.htm). The magnitude of completeness for this catalog, which starts in 1980, is 4.7. In order to reduce the effect of aftershocks, we use ZMAP (Wiemer, 2001) to decluster our catalog. The number of annual earthquakes increased greatly for the time period following the 2000 earthquake and before the 2004 earthquake. When calculating an average value of beta for the 2007 high-slip region, approximated by longitude 99° - 102.5° and latitude 1° - 5° S, the largest two spikes in beta occur after the 2000 and 2005 earthquakes (Figure 1). Figure 2 shows beta calculated for 1 year time intervals and spatially ...
In short-term earthquake risk forecasting, the avoidance of false alarms is of utmost importance to preclude the possibility of unnecessary panic among populations in seismic hazard areas. Unusual animal behaviour prior to earthquakes has been reported for millennia but has rarely been scientifically documented. Recently large migrations or unusual behaviour of amphibians have been linked to large earthquakes, and media reports of large frog and toad migrations in areas of high seismic risk such as Greece and China have led to fears of a subsequent large earthquake. However, at certain times of year large migrations are part of the normal behavioural repertoire of amphibians. News reports of
Historical documents indicate that great earthquakes ruptured at least a 500-kilometer-long segment of the plate boundary near the Alaska Peninsula in 1788 and 1847. At least half of a major seismic gap in the Shumagin Islands ruptured during those shocks but has not experienced a great earthquake for at least 77 years. Large shocks along this and other plate boundaries occur in bursts followed by several decades during which there is very little energy release.
Update 10:49 UTC : The first reports we are getting from Tangliao City report no serious damage but only cracks in some walls BUT Tangliao City is not relevant as main damage potential area as this city is approx. 70 km from the epicenter. Earthquake-Report.com has called an area of 15 to 30 km radius which will have the most shaking risk.. Update 10:33 UTC : It would really surprise us if this earthquake would be harmless. We expect that the max. shaking in a radius of 15 km around the epicenter will be MMI V to MMVI (moderate to strong shaking). Older non earthquake resistant houses maybe suffering from todays earthquake.. Update 10:17 UTC : Chinese authorities have send 12 rescue and assessment teams to the epicenter area.. Update 10:05 UTC : We have to report a similar Magnitude earthquake which happened in 2003 with grim records. 4 people killed, 1000 injured and 7900 houses destroyed. These are the international data for a quake with an epicenter in this location. The epicenter is luckily ...
A future network of satellites orbiting the earth may be able to detect an impending earthquake by monitoring our planets ionosphere.. The project is based on a controversial theory that may have gained support in light of new findings relating to last months Sichuan province earthquake. The researchers hope to create a global network of roughly 20 satellites that would scan for telltale activity that some scientists say precedes large earthquakes. The goal is to create an early warning system that would give up to two weeks notice before a major earthquake occurs.. Current detection systems can give a maximum of one minutes notice and are prone to false alarms. "Right now were in the business of disaster monitoring," says Dr Stuart Eves, a researcher at Surrey Satellite Technology Limited, the company behind the proposed satellite network. "We hope to be in the business of disaster avoidance," says Eves. The proposed dishwasher-sized satellites could be deployed in two years time, and ...
A future network of satellites orbiting the earth may be able to detect an impending earthquake by monitoring our planets ionosphere.. The project is based on a controversial theory that may have gained support in light of new findings relating to last months Sichuan province earthquake. The researchers hope to create a global network of roughly 20 satellites that would scan for telltale activity that some scientists say precedes large earthquakes. The goal is to create an early warning system that would give up to two weeks notice before a major earthquake occurs.. Current detection systems can give a maximum of one minutes notice and are prone to false alarms. "Right now were in the business of disaster monitoring," says Dr Stuart Eves, a researcher at Surrey Satellite Technology Limited, the company behind the proposed satellite network. "We hope to be in the business of disaster avoidance," says Eves. The proposed dishwasher-sized satellites could be deployed in two years time, and ...
This study conducts coupled simulation of strong motion and tsunami using stochastically generated earthquake source models. It is focused upon the 2011 Tohoku, Japan earthquake. The ground motion...
Despite numerous warnings, only 12 percent of Californians own earthquake insurance, down from 30 percent in 1996 - when the state was still recovering from the devastating 1994 Northridge earthquake, which at an estimated $20 billion in property damage was the most-costly quake in U.S. history.. Homeowners and business owners have limited or no protection provided by their existing insurance coverage for damages resulting from earthquakes. Some damages caused by specific conditions subsequent to the shaking and cracking - such as fire due to broken gas lines or water damage due to burst water pipes - may be covered by home and business insurance policies, according to the Insurance Information Institute. However, property owners should be aware that property insurance does not cover the damage or destruction of buildings or personal property caused by the shaking and cracking of an earthquake.. It is specialized earthquake insurance that provides financial protection for property owners at risk ...
The earthquake that struck Japan last week launched tsunamis, wrecked nuclear reactors, and killed thousands in one of the greatest disasters in Japanese history. The effects have been devastating, but the science of the quake is simple.
A number that characterizes the relative size of an earthquake. Magnitude is based on measurement of the maximum motion recorded by a seismograph(sometimes for earthquake waves of a particular frequency), corrected for attenuation to a standardized distance. Several scales have been defined, but the most commonly used are (1) local magnitude (ML), commonly referred to as œRichter magnitude, (2) surface-wave magnitude (Ms), (3) body-wave magnitude (Mb), and (4) moment magnitude (Mw). ML, Ms and Mb have limited range and applicability and do not satisfactorily measure the size of the largest earthquakes. The moment magnitude (Mw) scale, based on the concept of seismic moment, is uniformly applicable to all sizes of earthquakes but is more difficult to compute than the other types. In principal, all magnitude scales could be cross calibrated to yield the same value for any given earthquake, but this expectation has proven to be only approximately true, thus the need to specify the magnitude type ...
usgs earthquake map united states - 28 images - usgs increases earthquake risk for western colorado, feals u s fault lines graphic earthquake hazard map, information by region oklahoma, the usgs earthquake hazards program in nehrp investing in, monitoring earthquake shaking in buildings to reduce loss
After private Property and Casualty reinsurance companies got whacked on Friday on broad yet unquantified concerns about imminent losses, it is time for a deeper dive into the structure of how prepared Japan is to handle what are sure to be tens of billions in earthquake insurance claims. Using information from the Non-Life Insurance Rating Organization of Japan, we find that there is a clean distinction between the liabilities borne out by the private P&C sector and where reinsurance companies step in to fund losses on residential earthquake losses. A more nuanced breakdown comes from JPMorgans Siddharth Parameswaran: In Japan there is coverage provided for earthquake, through two distinct forms: 1) Coverage for losses of residences (governed by Earthquake Insurance Law, It is covered by the domestic insurance industry and the Japanese Earthquake Reinsurance (JER) Commission); and 2) Coverage for commercial losses internally insured and externally reinsured without involvement of the government.
The earth in action; geography of earthquakes and volcanoes and catastrophic events in historic times; size and frequency of occurrence of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions; the products of volcanism, volcanic rocks, and volcanic and geologic activity through geologic time; volcanic exhalations and the evolution of the earths atmosphere and oceans; the relationship of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics and the internal dynamics of the earth; and volcanism and geothermal energy, man-made earthquakes, and earthquake prediction and control. ...
DEE FINNEYS BLOG. START DATE JULY 20, 2011. TODAYS DATE APRIL 11, 2012. updated September 4, 2012 PAGE 197. TOPIC: EARTHQUAKES: INDONEIA 8.6 AND 8.2. Indonesia quake a record, risks for Aceh grow. Reuters) - The powerful undersea earthquake off the Indonesian island of Sumatra this week was a once in 2,000 years event, and although it resulted in only a few deaths, it increases the risks of a killer quake in the region, a leading seismologist said.. Wednesdays 8.6 magnitude quake and a powerful aftershock were strike-slip quakes and the largest of that type recorded, Kerry Sieh, director of the Earth Observatory of Singapore, told Reuters.. Its a really an exceptionally large and rare event, he said.. Besides it being the biggest strike-slip earthquake ever recorded, the aftershock is the second biggest as far as we can tell, said Sieh, who has studied the seismically active, and deadly, fault zones around Sumatra for years.. Strike-slip quakes involve the horizontal movement of ...
Two years after Japan earthquake, tsunami - A police officer searches for remains in a wrecked vehicle at a beach in Namie, Japan, near the stricken Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant, on Monday, March 11, the second anniversary of the tsunami. Two years ago, a magnitude-9.0 earthquake unleashed a wall of water that killed nearly 16,000 people in northeast Japan and sparked the worlds worst nuclear crisis in 25 years. ...
ISLAMABAD - A major 7.4-magnitude earthquake hit southwest Pakistan on Wednesday, the US Geological Survey said.. The quake struck at around 1:20 am local time (2023 Tuesday GMT) at a depth of 10 kilometres (six miles) with its epicentre around 50 kilometres west of the town of Dalbandin, close to the border with Afghanistan.. The epicentre was around 300 kilometres (200 miles) east of the Iranian city of Zahedan, USGS said.. Pakistani-administered Kashmir, in the countrys northeast, was hit by a major earthquake in 2005.. ...
On the outskirts of Tokyo, at a former U.S. Air Force base, a back-up capital has been set up as a command center in the event of a major earthquake. The rooms are sparsely furnished and contain computers and wall-mounted viewing screens. The basement is filled with food and a large kerosene generator. There is a well for water. After the Kobe earthquake many people could not be rescued from the debris because of a lack of tools. As a result, some places have placed easily-acessible tools such a saws, crowbars, and axes in warehouses in schools and parks and have set up a system for service stations to lend their tools. But as the Kobe earthquake showed: no matter how much preparation is made it still often isnt enough. If a major earthquake occurs in Tokyo on a work day one of the biggest logical problem will be what to do with all the stranded commuters and other people too far from their homes to return by foot in the event the train system is crippled. Virtually all schools and factories ...
Yesterday, the world commemorated the 10th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks on the United States, but Sunday had another significance for Japan. It marked six months since the massive earthquake and tsunami on March 11, a date now seared in the countrys national consciousness. At 2:46 that afternoon, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake struck Japan offshore, triggering a tsunami wave of up to 10 meters (33 ft) that engulfed large parts of northeastern Japan and also damaged the Fukushima nuclear plant, causing the worst nuclear crisis in decades. The current number of dead and missing is estimated to be 22,900. Gathered here are some recent images from the region, including 12 before-and-after photo pairs (starting with photo number two) that you can click to see the difference six months can make.. ...
...MELVILLE N.Y. March 21 2011 /- Henry Schein Inc. (Nas... Along with the rest of the world we are deeply saddened by the loss ...The Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Relief Fund established through the ...To aid in the immediate response to emergencies around the world Henr...,Henry,Schein,Establishes,Matching,Humanitarian,Relief,Fund,in,Response,to,Japan,Earthquake,and,Tsunami,medicine,advanced medical technology,medical laboratory technology,medical device technology,latest medical technology,Health
A 7.1-magnitude earthquake struck Alaska on Sunday near the Chigmit Mountains followed quickly by two aftershocks measuring magnitudes of 4.0 and 3.2.
In response to the Sichuan earthquake, Greenpeace has dispatched a research team to the disaster zone to examine the potential environmental problems triggered by the earthquake.
The Albany, New York area experienced 24 small, deep earthquakes between Monday, August 22 and Sunday, August 28. These minor earthquakes occurred below the Helderberg plateau in the Town of Knox, approximately 12 miles west of Albany. The earthquakes had magnitudes of 1.6 to 2.9, and occurred at depths of 17.6 to 24.0 kilometers (10.9 to 14.9 miles).. Earthquake ("seismic") records for the region, available beginning in the late 1970s, indicate an unusual number of small, deep earthquakes occur in the Helderbergs. Between 1980 and 2007, 30 earthquakes were recorded beneath the Town of Berne, immediately south of Knox. Between February 2009 and March 2010, 37 additional earthquakes occurred below Berne. The Berne earthquakes had magnitudes between 1.1 to 3.1, and occurred at depths of 4-22 kilometers (2.5 to 13.7 miles).. The latest series of 24 earthquakes represent the first recorded earthquakes in Knox.. Earthquakes generally occur when there is sudden movement along a break in rocks, called ...
The workforce shortage is one of the major issues associated with the recovery of Minamisoma City in Fukushima Prefecture, after the Great East Japan Earthquake and the subsequent accidents at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants in March 2011. While the radiation risks are often discussed as a major factor of evacuation, little is known about the actual reasons why the residents chose to evacuate, and what enables them to return. This study aims to find the essential factors for rebuilding the workforce in a post-disaster setting by analysing the residents decisions about evacuation and the return to Minamisoma. In particular, we focus on the experiences of nurses as an example of healthcare workers, who play an important role in the disaster recovery. The data were obtained through qualitative interviews in a semi-structured form with 25 nurses from four hospitals in Minamisoma City. The interview questions focused on the reasons of their decisions on evacuation and return. The data were
Within the SCEC Collaboratory for Interseismic Simulation and Modeling (CISM), we are developing physics-based forecasting models for earthquake ruptures in California. We employ the 3D boundary element code RSQSim (Rate-State Earthquake Simulator of Dieterich & Richards-Dinger, 2010) to generate synthetic catalogs with tens of millions of events that span up to a million years each. This code models rupture nucleation by rate- and state-dependent friction and Coulomb stress transfer in complex, fully interacting fault systems. The Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast Version 3 (UCERF3) fault and deformation models are used to specify the fault geometry and long-term slip rates. We have employed the Blue Waters supercomputer to generate long catalogs of simulated California seismicity from which we calculate the forecasting statistics for large events. We have performed probabilistic seismic hazard analysis with RSQSim catalogs that were calibrated with system-wide parameters and found ...