Senior Project Advisor, Guinea Worm Eradication Program Dr. James A. Zingeser is an epidemiologist who has worked at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and The Carter Center since 1989. Zingeser trained in clinical veterinary medicine at Michigan State University and public health epidemiology at the University of Michigan. He began his career at CDC in 1989 as an Epidemic Intelligence Service officer and subsequently worked throughout Africa, Europe, and Asia on projects ranging from Guinea worm and polio eradication to trachoma and meningococcal meningitis control. In the course of his career, Zingeser has been posted to one ministry of agriculture, two African ministries of health, and the World Health Organization. He participated in the first Guinea Worm Eradication Program mission to Togo in 1989 and joined the Centers Guinea worm efforts full time in 1995, as the resident technical advisor in the Republic of Niger. He then returned to Carter Center headquarters as a ...
Media interested in covering the meeting or interviewing experts are asked to contact Emily Staub. Copy of the meeting schedule is available upon request.. GUINEA WORM DISEASE. With less than a fraction of 1 percent of the disease remaining, Guinea worm is poised to be the next disease eradicated in human history. The disease is contracted when people consume stagnant water, contaminated with microscopic water fleas carrying infective larvae. Inside a humans abdomen, the larvae mature and grow, with some reaching 3 feet in length. After a year, the worm slowly emerges through a painful blister in the skin, usually on the lower limbs. In highly endemic areas, infected people usually have mor than one Guinea worm, in some cases dozens, emerging at once.. ...
In the 1980s, the Carter Center initiated a program to eradicate guinea worm.[23] The campaign began in 1980 at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 1984, the CDC was appointed as the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for research, training, and eradication of D. medinensis. Twenty countries in 1986 were affected by guinea worms. That year, WHO started the eradication program and the Carter Center took the lead on the effort.[24] The program included education of people in affected areas that the disease was caused by larvae in drinking water, isolation and support for sufferers, and - crucially - widespread distribution of net filters and pipe filters for drinking water, and education about the importance of using them. As of 2015[update], the species has been reported to be near eradication.[23] The International Commission for the Certification of Dracunculus Eradication has certified 198 countries, territories, and other WHO represented areas. In January 2015, ...
Synonyms for Guinea worms in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Guinea worms. 3 synonyms for Guinea worm: dracunculiasis, Guinea worm disease, Dracunculus medinensis. What are synonyms for Guinea worms?
Abstract. We describe 11 cases of suspected Dracunculus medinensis infection in which the worm recovered was identified as Onchocerca volvulus. Identification was based on morphology of the examined specimen.
Sudan reduces cases by -62% in January-August 2004 : At the annual Program Review that was convened for the Sudan guinea Worm Eradication Program (SGWEP) in Entebbe, Uganda on November 1-2, representatives of the SGWEP announced that only 5,199 cas ...
Drs. Wilcox and Whitham (1) might like to know an alternative explanation as to why the Asklepian evolved as the symbol of our profession. While I was studying parasitology as an undergraduate, my professor referenced treatment for guinea worm disease, otherwise known as dracunculiasis, as the source for the single serpent entwined around a staff. The adult female Dracunculus medinensis can reach 2 to 3 feet in length. Approximately 10 to 14 months after an infection, larvae are released within the intestine and the adults enter the skin and cause painful papules, usually on the lower extremities but also on the upper extremities, trunk, genitalia, or buttocks. As the mature female attempts to exit the skin, a painful blister may form and the worm then begins to emerge from the skin. Because of the length of the worm and its rather tight burrow within the epidermis, it cannot be pulled out at once. Rather, the worm is typically wound around a stick; practitioners apply gentle traction and loop ...
G]uinea worm is a parasitic infection caused by the nematode roundworm Dracunculus medinensis. It is the only disease transmitted solely by drinking water, and humans are its only reservoir, says James Hughes, professor of medicine and public health at Emory University. The disease spreads when villagers consume water containing fleas that harbor guinea worm larvae. The larvae grow to maturity inside the human body and emerge after a year as a fully grown two- to three-foot-long worm that often exits through the leg or foot. It is an excruciatingly painful process, and individuals often immerse the limb in water to cool the burning sensation, which starts the cycle all over again ...
In 2017, Italian researchers inspected a painting of Saint Roch. The 14th-century Frenchman was said to have cured people of the plague and then contracted it himself. He is often portrayed with a bubo, a swelling on the upper leg of plague victims.. The medieval painting was different. Saint Rochs leg shows a wound dripping with a long white goo. In the past, the strange filament was thought to be pus, but the recent study authors are convinced that it was a worm.. The unknown painter did not use his imagination, either. This is possibly the earliest representation of a graphic parasite called Dracunculus medinensis. Also known as the Guinea worm, its larvae are ingested via infected water.. After a years incubation, things get horrifying. The persons leg blisters, and a worm up to 1-meter-long (3 ft) erupts through the skin. Though not fatal, it is an excruciating experience.[10]. No cases are known from Italy, but its likely that the artist saw it firsthand. Many travelers from infected ...
Looking for dracunculosis? Find out information about dracunculosis. helminthiasis caused by the roundworm Dracunculus medinensis , a nematode that parasitizes mainly subcutaneous tissue. It attacks man and some animals . Explanation of dracunculosis
Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and Carter Center Guinea worm experts Drs. Donald Hopkins and Ernesto Ruiz-Tiben hosted a media roundtable via Google+ Hangou on Air to announce the provisional Guinea worm case totals for 2012 and discuss significant progress in the international Guinea worm eradication campaign led by The Carter Center ...
Im not often surprised by what ornamentals people grow here, but frequently am surprised by what they dont grow. Some plants that are popular in the west but "AWOL" here can be explained by the fact that they are wild here and seen as weeds, in the same way that the English love goldenrods but its a rare American gardener that would let one into the border! We (well...some of us) love Dracunculus despite its foul odor but in Turkey its considered not only useless but even a bringer of misfortune by some. In a country where gardening tends to focus on food production and ornamentals are a pleasant "extra," the absence of esoteric plants like Arisaemas, or things that dont provide a good punch of color in the limited growing space available, is no mystery. But other "almost-unknowns" are a bit harder to explain. Why, for example, does nobody know about Nicotianas here? They seem to be so well suited for local taste - a variety of colors, free blooming, troublefree and fragrant to boot. Yet ...
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Also known as Guinea Worm Disease, commonly abbreviated as GWD, Dracunculiasis is an infectious disease that is caused by the parasite known as Dracunculus medinensis. Dracunculiasis is prevalent in impoverished rural areas of Africa that lack clean water sources.. In 1986, it was approximated that there were nearly four million people infected per year by the disease in Africa. Since then, several institutions have been hard at work to resolve the severe problem of Dracunculiasis in over twelve countries of Africa. Such organizations include UNICEF, the World Health Organization, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.. As a result of scientific advancements, there were approximately 30,000 cases of Dracunculiasis reported in the year 2003. A little over 60% of the reported cases actually came from the country of Sudan during a civil war crisis that made intervention from medical organizations difficult. All other countries impacted by GWD have been cooperating with global ...
guinea worm disease: Infection in humans caused by a parasite known as the guinea worm (Dracunculus medinensis). The diseases alternate name, dracunculiasis, is Latin for
Dracunculiasis (i.e., Guinea worm disease) is a parasitic infection acquired by drinking water from ponds contaminated by copepods (water fleas) that contain immature forms of the parasite. A year after the initial infection, the 30-inch (1 meter) worm(s) emerge through the skin, usually on the lower leg. Re-infection can occur; each infection lasts approximately 1 year. The peak transmission season in Sudan is May--September. No effective treatment exists; however, several measures can prevent transmission: boiling drinking water or filtering it through a finely woven cloth, preventing persons with an emerging worm from entering water, providing clean water from bore-hole wells, and treating unsafe water sources with the larvicide Abate®¶ (temephos). Ideally, health-care workers contain the disease by detecting the infected person before or within 24 hours of worm emergence and apply control measures immediately. Since Sudans Guinea Worm Eradication Program began during the nationwide ...
Still present in 6 African countries, dracunculiasis or Guinea worm disease could soon be eradicated. According to the WHO, Ethiopia, Ghana and Mali are on the point of winning the battle against the disease. Niger, Nigeria and Sudan are also making good progress.
A number of studies have been undertaken into the bioactive properties of the volatile oil from Artemisia dracunculus (). In two studies into insect responses to the volatile oil and its constituents, Papilio spp. evoked different reactions to the oil. Using GC coupled electroantennograms, they were able to demonstrate which components from the oil were active in determining oviposition preference and larval performance, areas where plant extracts could be used in insect control. In a further study, the attractiveness or repulsiveness of Artemisia dracunculus volatile oil towards insects infected with tick-borne encephalitis virus allowed not only those infected to be distinguished from those uninfected, but to identify individuals with varying degrees of virus replication.. The antimicrobial properties of various species of Artemisia are well recorded where a number of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria were inhibited in their growth. The test bacteria are all capable of infection, and ...
Dracunculiasis is an infection caused by the nematode Dracunculus medinensis, also known as the guinea worm. D medinensis is in the order Spirurida, an order of parasites that includes the filariae Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Loa loa.
Syn: Guinea worm disease. Infection with a nematode worm, Dracunculus medinensis, that has a life cycle in which the larval stage is passed in minute freshwater Crustacea (Copepoda, or water fleas). These infect humans when they drink water containing the water fleas. The disease was formerly common in West Africa, Yemen, and India. It is yielding to efforts to eradicate it but is still endemic in about a dozen countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. ...
Abstract The transformation of dracunculiasis from an obscure and neglected rural disease to the highly visible target of a national eradication campaign in Nigeria is described in this report. This process progressed through four overlapping stages: documentation of the extent and nature of the disease as a national problem, demonstration in Nigeria that dracunculiasis could be effectively prevented by targeted provision and use of protected rural water supplies, mobilization for community participation in, and political support of, the eradication effort, and implementation of interventions nationwide. The conduct of the first national village-by-village search for cases and documentation of the adverse socioeconomic impact of the disease (e.g., on rice production) in Nigeria were the key elements used to solicit greater attention to the problem and mobilize support for its eradication. The critical role of the mass media in this effort and other benefits of this mobilization strategy are also
Other countries followed the example of Pakistan, and by 2004, Guinea worm was eradicated in Asia. In December 2008, The Carter Center announced new financial support totaling $55 million from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the United Kingdom Department for International Development.[23] The funds will help address the higher cost of identifying and reporting the last cases of Guinea worm disease. Since the worm has a one-year incubation period, there is a very high cost of maintaining a broad and sensitive monitoring system and providing a rapid response when necessary.[23] One of the most significant challenges facing Guinea worm eradication has been the civil war in Southern Sudan, which was largely inaccessible to health workers due to violence.[9][24] To address some of the humanitarian needs in Southern Sudan, in 1995, the longest ceasefire in the history of the war, and the longest humanitarian cease-fire in history,[25] was achieved through negotiations by Jimmy Carter.[9][24] ...
Dracunculiasis, also known as guinea-worm disease, is caused by a parasitic worm, Dracunculus medinensis, which enters the body through drinking water and emerges through the skin, having grown to a considerable size.
Dracunculiasis. The first parasitic disease targeted for eradication, dracunculiasis (guinea worm) is caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis following ingestion of water contaminated with larvae-harbouring copepods. Worms up to 1 m long begin to emerge from infected people a year after drinking contaminated water. The number of cases fell from 3.5 million in 1986 to 542 in 2012 [11] without the use of a vaccine or medical treatment-control efforts focus on providing non-contaminated drinking water, vector control, community education and involvement supplemented by active surveillance [12]. Political instability in the areas of Mali and South Sudan presents the biggest endgame challenge for eradication. The estimated cost for the programme over three decades is $350 million [13].. Foot-and-mouth disease. FMD is a highly transmissible viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals, particularly cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and deer, and is associated with tremendous economic losses. It is caused by ...
Dracunculiasis or guinea-worm disease is an infection caused by drinking contaminated water infested with parasite. Read symptoms & treatment at Apollo Hospitals.
Artemisia dracunculus, collected specimen, photo Danielle Walkup, Bill Norris, Kelly Kindscher, & Russ Kleinman, Mogollon Mtns., Bursum Road, Aug. 5, ...
Tarragon, Dragon Wormwood (Artemisia dracunculus) for sale for 0.99! Buy all kinds of Herb Seeds with discounts up to 50%. Ordered today = deliverd tomorrow.
Also known asArtemisia dracunculus, French Tarragon, German Tarragon, Dragon Wormwood, Dragonwort, Dragon Mugwort and sometimes called both Mugwort an
What do Artemisia dracunculus, Lixisenatide, calcium and baking soda have in common? They all may have a place in "anti-diabetes" treatments - some in natural ones, ohters, like the GLP-1 analogue as an insulin alternative in pharmacological treatments.
A 60-year-old female from rural area came to pulmonary out patient department with a history of cough and breathlessness since five months. She denied for fever, chest pain and hemoptysis. Her routine blood investigations were normal except total eosinophil count of 850/mm3. Her chest X-ray showed increased bronchovascular marking with curvilinear, coiled and serpentine calcification in the left upper zone suspecting calcified guinea worms (Figure 1). On examination a hard, crackling feeling present over left supra and infraclavicular region. Overlying skin was normal in color and texture. Past history suggestive of guinea worm infection with multiple times thread like worms had been taken out from her lower limbs. She was consuming unsafe drinking water from an open pond. Pulmonary function test revealed mild obstructive pattern. She advised for excisional biopsy of calcified guinea worm but did not give consent, later managed with bronchodilator and symptomatic treatment.
Since 1980, one disease has been erased from the face of the Earth: smallpox. Health officials believe Guinea worm disease will soon be next.
Just saw this story that the WHO announced this week that it could eradicate guinea worm from the globe in two years. Pretty incredible feat, eliminating disease altogether. And this one in particular will be nice to see disappear: More specifically known as dracunculiasis, guinea worm infections are particularly nasty. Heres how it works: Worm larvae live in water, and wait for a host-human to drink - then the larvae make their way from the intestines towards the lower extremities (usually the feet). In a nefarious bit of evolution, the worm festers just below the skin, causing a blister which is characterized by a burning sensation. The burning causes the host to, often enough, soak their foot in water - which is just what the worm has been waiting for. Once in contact with water, the worm releases thousands of larvae and the cycle starts all over again. The treatment is usually to draw the worm out of the body by twisting it around a stick - a grusome method thats been
Humans are the only known reservoir of D. medinensis. They become infected by drinking unfiltered water containing copepods (plankton) that are infected with larva of D medinensis. Once ingested, the copepods die, and the infected larva are set free, penetrating the hosts stomach and intestinal wall and entering the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space. Maturation into adults takes 60 to 90 days, when copulation occurs, after which male worms die. It takes 8 to 12 months for the female worms to mature and migrate from the deep connective tissue to the subcutaneous tissue and then to the skin surface. The average size of the female worm is 1 m in length by 1 to 2 mm in diameter. More than 90% of the worms emerge from the lower extremities, usually below the knees. There, the female worm induces a painful blister on the skin, generally on the distal lower extremity, which ruptures and ulcerates. When this lesion comes into contact with water, which occurs frequently because infected ...
In an interview with BBC News on February 3, former U.S. president Jimmy Carter set a goal of eradicating guinea worm disease (dracunculiasis) within the next two to three years. Guinea worm is a painful and potentially fatal parasitic disease transmitted through drinking water contaminated with the roundworm. Carter noted in the interview that his organization, The Carter Center, has struggled at times to provide preventive and treatment technologies to some of the most-affected regions because of logistical challenges facing NGOs in zones of conflict.. ...
Arum cyrenaicum. Le nom de lespèce "cirenaicum" est une erreure dépellation. La bonne épellation est "cyrenaicum" ce qui fait référence à son lieu dorigine: la Cyrénaïque, ce qui est la partie nord-est de la Libye. Ce taxon a été ajouté à la flore de la Grèce et de la Crète dernièrement. Il est vendu sur le marché des plantes à bulbe.. Arum dracunculus est illustré sur un timbre du Eynhallow. Ce nom est un synonyme de Dracunculus (voir ce genre) vulgaris.. ...
This is a spreadsheet of everything I have tried or continue to work with to heal my body from the horrors of Rat Lung Worm Disease. I am 2.5 years out from infection and am finally seeing some improvements with the lessening of intensity of my chronic nerve pain in both legs, right foot and…
3 April 2014, JUBA, South Sudan - The Government of Japan has contributed US$ 4.4 million to UNICEF to support life-saving humanitarian interventions throughout South Sudan, with a focus on conflict-affected states. Mr. Takeshi Akamatsu, Ambassador of Japan stated "UNICEF is a trusted partner of the Government of Japan and we know that the funds we provided will make a crucial difference for conflict affected children and women after the crisis that broke out in mid-December 2013. I am very proud of giving this assistance.". Since 2009, the Government of Japan has been UNICEF South Sudans largest government donor in the area of humanitarian assistance, with contributions so far totalling more than US$51 million to support emergency responses that include health, nutrition, education and child protection services and the provision of clean water and sanitation facilities to communities throughout South Sudan.. "UNICEF South Sudan is grateful to the people of Japan for their continuous support to ...
Last week, The Carter Center announced that only 22 cases of Guinea Worm occurred in 2015 [1]. This signals a significant drop from the 146 cases of... ...
1.0 1.1 Hopkins DR, Ruiz-Tiben E, Eberhard ML, Roy SL; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Progress toward global eradication of dracunculiasis--January 2013-June 2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014 Nov 21;63(46):1050-4. ...
This animation by Hadley Witt, a student in my invertebrate zoology course in 2013, describes the life cycle of Dracunculus. This parasitic worm is endemic to Africa, and is also known as guinea worm and the fiery serpent. While in the human host, this worm can grow up to one meter long, leading to extreme suffering. However, because it is easily preventable by filtering contaminated drinking water, this worm may be the next human pathogen to be eradicated.. Music: "Sonata in C minor for Harp" by Jan Ladislav Dussek (1760-1812), played by Hadley Witt. ...
Ricinus communis, native to Africa, is perhaps best known for castor oil and the poison ricin, both made from the beans. Today, the plant is grown all over the world. ​ Siqqiqui and colleagues mention the use of leaf poultices for boils and swellings, and for removing the Guinea worm. They also describe the use of various parts of the plant to treat chest diseases such as asthma and bronchitis, to relieve gas, rheumatism, back problems, and digestive issues, and to make hair grow. ​ While much research into the antihelminthic (anti-worm) properties of R. communis has investigated its usefulness only in animals, there is evidence that it is toxic to filarial worms of humans. Thus, it may be somewhat effective against D. medinensis as well ...
Ricinus communis, native to Africa, is perhaps best known for castor oil and the poison ricin, both made from the beans. Today, the plant is grown all over the world. ​ Siqqiqui and colleagues mention the use of leaf poultices for boils and swellings, and for removing the Guinea worm. They also describe the use of various parts of the plant to treat chest diseases such as asthma and bronchitis, to relieve gas, rheumatism, back problems, and digestive issues, and to make hair grow. ​ While much research into the antihelminthic (anti-worm) properties of R. communis has investigated its usefulness only in animals, there is evidence that it is toxic to filarial worms of humans. Thus, it may be somewhat effective against D. medinensis as well ...
Dracunculiasis is diagnosed clinically by the effect of the gravid female worm (blister, then skin ulcer) or by an abscess induced by a dying worm). The adult worm may be seen protruding from the skin lesion ...
Fighting that started Dec. 15 has left thousands of people dead and forced at least 860,000 more to flee their homes, according to the United Nations. Tuesdays clashes probably wont derail peace talks that resumed last week, U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan Donald Booth said in a interview.. "Theres been continued fighting so I wouldnt characterize this as one event that could tip things," he said. "This needs to be brought to a halt to facilitate not only the delivery of humanitarian assistance but to getting on to addressing the root causes of the problem.". Clashes started in South Sudan after President Salva Kiir accused former Vice President Riek Machar, whom he fired in July, of leading a failed coup. The ensuing violence pitted members of Kiirs ethnic Dinka community against Machars Nuer group.. South Sudanese army spokesman PhilipAguer demanded that regional mediators working to help end the conflict in South Sudan deal with rebels violation of the cease-fire.. "Theyve ...
Jul 2014 Dr. Sue Lautze, FAO Representative in South Sudan and the UNs Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator explains the four types of emergency livelihood kit that FAO is distributing to communities affected by the crisis in South Sudan that begun with the outbreak of conflict in December 2013.. The kits contain portable, essential inputs for the four different livelihood systems in the conflict affected states and include vegetable seeds, crop seeds and tools, animal health equipment and fishing inputs. The kits have been reaching affected communities by truck, airlift and airdrop, and will enable farmers to plant and harvest staple crops and nutritious vegetables, fisherfolk to catch fish and feed their families and herders to protect the health of their livestock as they migrate between grazing areas.. As part of the UNs Crisis Response Plan for 2014, FAO is appealing for USD 108 million to support 3.3 million people in South Sudan. If adequately funded, FAOs support will help mitigate the ...
The dispute in South Sudan has been noted by rights violations and attacks on civilians PHOTO: AFP GENEVA: South Sudan lets fighters rape women as payment, a UN rights bureau pronounced Friday, describing a nation as "one of a many horrible tellurian rights situations in a world.". "The comment group perceived information that a armed militias… who lift out attacks together with a SPLA (South Sudanese army) dedicate violations underneath an agreement of do what we can and take what we can," a rights bureau pronounced in a new report.. Women hold as sex slaves in South Sudan rape camps. "Most of a girl therefore also raided cattle, stole personal property, raped and abducted women and girls as a form of payment," a news added.. In a report, a UN tellurian rights bureau embellished a harrowing design of civilians suspected of ancillary a opposition, including children, being burnt alive, suffocated in shipping containers, hanged from trees and cut to pieces.. UN tellurian rights arch Zeid ...
BUNJ, South Sudan, 5 October 2012 - You can hear the heavy rains outside the hospital in Bunj, in Maban County, South Sudan. Inside, Dr. Evan Atar treats 2-year-old Mustapha for severe malnutrition.
Microbiome Support 3 supplies a proprietary blend of herbs and herbal extracts, which function to support healthy GI function. Artemisia dracunculus Tarragon has long been used as a digestive tonic because it aids in the production of bile by the liver. Not only can it improve natural digestion, but it has also been
So, is there any way South Sudan can survive?. To be very honest, the best way forward would be to rid South Sudan of these incompetent puppets, and head towards a merger with Sudan.. South Sudan is nothing more than a blunder, and the longer this joke of a country stays in existence, the worse things will get for its inhabitants. At the end of the day, in any civil war and social unrest, the civilians are the ones that suffer the most, and South Sudans case is no exception. As such, efforts should be made to reconcile and merge South Sudan with Sudan.. Just in case ego prevails over sanity and a merger is not acceptable, the next best route would be to initiate the peace process with Sudan as a mediator. Like it or not: Sudan knows South Sudan better than anyone else, be it UK, USA, Russia, China, or even its own African neighbors. As such, any body that is created to sort out the crisis in South Sudan should include Sudan as a member.. That said, the time to act is now. In the past four ...
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