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Leandro X. et, al, Quantitative Proteomics of Enriched Esophageal and Gut Tissues from the Human Blood Fluke Schistosoma mansoni Pinpoints Secreted Proteins for Vaccine Development, https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.9b00531 Nov. 15, 2019.. Schistosomes are blood-dwelling helminth parasites that cause schistosomiasis, a debilitating disease resulting in inflammation and, in extreme cases, multiple organ damage. Major challenges to control the transmission persist, and the discovery of protective antigens remains of critical importance for vaccine development. Rhesus macaques can self-cure following schistosome infection, generating antibodies that target proteins from the tegument, gut, and esophagus, the last of which is the least investigated. We developed a dissection technique that permitted increased sensitivity in a comparative proteomics profiling of schistosome esophagus and gut. Proteome analysis of the male schistosome esophagus identified 13 proteins encoded by microexon genes ...
An apparatus for killing insects in produce, which comprises an outer container; means for dividing a space enclosed by the outer container into first and second internal chambers; means for supporting a plurality of bulk produce bins in the first internal chamber; first and second air passage means for selectively allowing passage of air between the first internal chamber and the second internal chamber; means for circulating air in the second internal chamber successively through one of the air passage means, the first internal chamber, the other of the air passage means, and back into the second internal chamber; and means for heating the circulating air.
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Report of the second internal workshop on human chromosome 5 mapping. AU - Westbrook, C. A.. AU - Neuman, W. L.. AU - Mcpherson, John Douglas. AU - Camper, S.. AU - Wasmuth, J.. AU - Plaetke, R.. AU - Williamson, R.. PY - 1992. Y1 - 1992. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026677059&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026677059&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. C2 - 1362532. AN - SCOPUS:0026677059. VL - 61. SP - 226. EP - 231. JO - Cytogenetic and Genome Research. JF - Cytogenetic and Genome Research. SN - 1424-8581. IS - 4. ER - ...
Meaning and definition of the name Bandit. Learn the meaning of Bandit, learn about the origin of the name Bandit and find other information about the name Bandit.
36 playing cards to target compare and contrast. Print and laminate cards...stack and have students take turns drawing. Player/team with the most cards at the end is the winner. Also contains a visual cue for similarities and differences as well as a compare and contrast worksheet.
Perkara itu diumumkan oleh timbalan ketua pesuruhjaya SPRM (pengurusan dan profesionalisme), Datuk Zakaria Jaafar dalam satu sidang akhbar di ibupejabat suruhanjaya itu di Putrajaya hari ini ...
Septins are guanosine-5-triphosphate-binding proteins involved in wide-ranging cellular processes including cytokinesis, vesicle trafficking, membrane remodelling and scaffolds, and with diverse binding partners. Precise roles for these structural proteins in most processes often remain elusive. Identification of small molecules that inhibit septins could aid in elucidating the functions of septins and has become increasingly important, including the description of roles for septins in pathogenic phenomena such as tumorigenesis. The plant growth regulator forchlorfenuron, a synthetic cytokinin known to inhibit septin dynamics, likely represents an informative probe for septin function. This report deals with septins of the human blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni and their interactions with forchlorfenuron. Recombinant forms of three schistosome septins, SmSEPT5, SmSEPT7.2 and SmSEPT10, interacted with forchlorfenuron, leading to rapid polymerization of filaments. Culturing developmental stages ...
Effect of Sorghum-Sudangrass and Velvetbean Cover Crops on Plant-Parasitic Nematodes Associated with Potato Production in Florida
C57BL/6J mice were fed under four different experimental conditions for 17 weeks: normal diet (ND), high fat diet (HFD), HFD with 5% RJ, and HFD with 5% honey bee larva powder (BL). Spontaneous locomotor activity, hepatic triglyceride (TG) content, and blood parameters were examined. Gene and protein expressions of thermogenic uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) and mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV (COX-IV) in BAT and WAT were investigated by qPCR and Western blotting analysis, respectively ...
Above: A nematode seen under a microscope. UF/IFAS photo by Tyler Jones.. A parasite is an organism that lives on or inside of another organism, weakening its host but usually not killing it. This feature distinguishes it from a parasitoid, which typically does kill its host.. Words related to parasite include parasitic (adjective), parasitism (noun) and parasitize (verb). Obligate parasitism occurs when an organism can only survive by its parasitic relationships with another organism.. Plant-parasitic nematodes are one example of a parasitic bug. These nematodes are very small and may only be visible with a microscope. Like other nematodes, plant-parasitic nematodes live in the soil, where they feed on plants.. Many of these parasitic nematodes attack plants from the outside with a spear-like body part called a stylet. Because of this behavior we call them ectoparasites, parasites that live on the outside of their host.. Other nematodes live inside a plant, making them endoparasites. Root-knot ...
Platyhelminthes tutorial all along with the key concepts of Characteristics of Platyhelminthes, Triploblastic Condition of Platyhelminthes, Acoelomate Condition, Classification of Flatworms, Structure Adults, Life Cycle of Tape Worm and Life cycle of Taenia
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Foreword. Foreword to the first edition. Preface. Preface to the first edition. 1 Introduction or Exploration. Exercises. 2 Main Ideas: Gittins Index. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Decision processes. 2.3 Simple families of alternative bandit processes. 2.4 Dynamic programming. 2.5 Gittins index theorem. 2.6 Gittins index. 2.7 Proof of the index theorem by interchanging bandit portions. 2.8 Continuous-time bandit processes. 2.9 Proof of the index theorem by induction and interchange argument. 2.10 Calculation of Gittins indices. 2.11 Monotonicity conditions. 2.12 History of the index theorem. 2.13 Some decision process theory. Exercises. 3 Necessary Assumptions for Indices. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Jobs. 3.3 Continuous-time jobs. 3.4 Necessary assumptions. 3.5 Beyond the necessary assumptions. Exercises. 4 Superprocesses, Precedence Constraints and Arrivals. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Bandit superprocesses. 4.3 The index theorem for superprocesses. 4.4 Stoppable bandit processes. 4.5 Proof of the index theorem ...
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Two species-specific PCR primer pairs were developed for identifying the two nematode species, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and B. mucronatus. The primer pairs were developed from the sequence of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) repeats to produce DNA fragments of different lengths by PCR amplification. The DNA fragments for B. mucronatus and B. xylophilus were 210 bp and 557 bp, respectively. When mixed, neither primer pair inhibited the PCR amplification of the other. Five isolates of B. xylophilus and four isolates of B. mucronatus showed different band profiles of PCR products between the two species, but identical profiles among isolates of the same species.
Pine wilt disease (PWD) is a complex disease integrating three major agents: the pathogenic agent, the pinewood nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus; the insect-vector Monochamus spp.; and the host pine tree, Pinus sp. Since the early 80s, the notion that another pathogenic agent, namely bacteria, may play a role in PWD has been gaining traction, however the role of bacteria in PWD is still unknown. The present work supports the possibility that some B. xylophilus-associated bacteria may play a significant role in the development of this disease. This is inferred as a consequence of: (i) the phenotypic characterization of a collection of 35 isolates of B. xylophilus-associated bacteria, in different tests broadly used to test plant pathogenic and plant growth promoting bacteria, and (ii) greenhouse experiments that infer the pathogenicity of these bacteria in maritime pine, Pinus pinaster. The results illustrate the presence of a heterogeneous microbial community associated with B. xylophilus and the
Molecular Phylogeny of Geographical Isolates of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus Implications on the Origin and Spread of this Species in China and Worldwide
Bursaphelenchus luxuriosae n. sp. is described and figured. Specimens were collected from a 2-week-old culture on Botrytis cinerea. The new species is characterised by a body length of 897 (710-1159) μm in the female and 745 (621-887) μm in the male, relatively robust body (a = 33-39 in the female and 27-30 in the male), stylet ca 14 (11-16) μm long, four lines in the lateral field, the large (27-30 μm) arcuate spicule with a terminal cucullus, seven (2 + 1 + 2 + 2) male caudal papillae, the long, well developed vulval flap and the shape of the female tail which is long, tapered, and ventrally bent when killed by heat with an irregular or roughened dorsal contour near the tip and an irregular terminus. The new species is considered to belong to the Bursaphelenchus xylophilus group of the genus Bursaphelenchus and is most closely related to B. conicaudatus and B. fraudulentus in spicule shape, vulval flap and 'a' values of males and females. It is easily distinguished from these two species
...AMES Iowa -- There are numerous plant-parasitic nematodes in the worl...Now Iowa State University researchers have contributed to the release...Sequencing the genome is a critical step toward comprehensively unders... This is considered to be one of if not the most important plant-para...,ISU,researchers,help,map,first,plant-parasitic,nematode,genome,sequence,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
The blood flukes Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma japonicum inflict immense suffering as agents of human schistosomiasis. Previous investigations have found the nervous systems of these worms contain abundant immunoreactivity ...
Barker, K.R., G.A. Pederson, and G.L. Windham. 1998. Plant and Nematode Interactions. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI.. Bird, A.F. and J. Bird. 1991. The Structure of Nematodes, Second edition.Academic Press Inc. London.. Blaxter, M.L., P. De Ley, J.R. Garey, L.X. Liu, P. Scheldeman, A. Vierstraete, J.R. Vanfleteren, L.Y. Mackey, M. Dorris, L.M. Frisse, J.T. Vida, K.W. Thomas, K.W. 1998. A molecular evolutionary framework for the phylum nematoda. Nature 392:71-75.. Campbell, J.F. and H.K. Kaya. 1999. How and why a parasitic nematode jumps. Nature 397: 485-486.. Chen, Z.X., and D.W. Dickson. 2004. Nematology: Advances and Perspectives Vol. 1: Nematode Morphology, Physiology and Ecology. CABI:Walllingford.. Chen, Z.X., S.Y. Chen, and D.W. Dickson. 2004. Nematology: Advances and Perspectives Vol. II: Nematode Management and Utilization. CABI:Wallingford.. Fisher, J.M. and D.J. Raski. 1967. Feeding of Xiphinema index and X. diversicaudatum. Proceeding of the Helminthological Society of Washington ...
... Habit and habitat: Members of this phylum are mainly ectoparasite or endoparasite of other organisms but a few species are free livi
Hey all, Im on the verge of getting a new Macbook Pro and among the annoyances I know of (no DVD = no replacing it with a second internal HD) Im wondering about the ones I dont? I know there was talk about switching Izzy fully over to AV Foundation but...
Increasing attacks by groups of bandits along the main routes through Nigers northern Agadez region threaten the security of travellers and jeopardize safe transport and commerce.
Bandit, the worlds heaviest raccoon, died Saturday at his owners house in Palmerton, ending an eventful 10-year life that included international attention and listings as a Guinness World Record
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1. Baldwin, J.G., Nadler, S.A., and Wall, D.H. 1997. Nematodes: Pervading the Earth and Linking all Life. Pp. 176-191. In: Raven, P.H. (ed.). National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 625 pp.. 2. Bargmann, C. I. 1998. Neurobiology of the Caenorhabditis elegans genome. Science 282:2028-2033.. 3. Bargmann, C. I. And Mori, I. 1997. Chemotaxis and Thermotaxis. Pp. 717-737. In: Riddle, D.L., Blumenthal, T., Meyer, B.J. and Priess, J.R. (eds). C. elegans II. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Plainview, NY 1222 pp.. 4. Bird, D.M. and Opperman, C. H. 1998. Caenorhabditis elegans. J. Nematol. 30:299-308.. 5. Bird, D.M., Opperman, C.H., Jones S.J.M., and Baillie, D.L. 1999. The Caenorhabditis elegans gemome: a guide in the post genomics age. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 37:247-265.. 6. Blaxter, M. 1998. Caenorhabditis elegans is a nematode. Science 282:2041-2046.. 7. Blaxter, M. and Bird, D. 1997. Parasitic nematodes. Pp. 851-878. In: Riddle, D.L., Blumenthal, T., Meyer, B.J. and Priess, J.R. (eds). C. ...
Pine wilt disease (PWD) caused by pine wood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, is the most destructive diseases of pine and poses a threat of serious economic losses worldwide. Although several of the mechanisms involved in disease progression have been discovered, the molecular response of Pinus massoniana to PWN infection has not been explored. We constructed four subtractive suppression hybridization cDNA libraries by taking time-course samples from PWN-inoculated Masson pine trees. One-hundred forty-four significantly differentially expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were identified, and 124 high-quality sequences with transcriptional features were selected for gene ontology (GO) and individual gene analyses. There were marked differences in the types of transcripts, as well as in the timing and levels of transcript expression in the pine trees following PWN inoculation. Genes involved in signal transduction, transcription and translation and secondary metabolism were highly expressed after 24
Supplementary MaterialsTable S1: Gene Ontology mappings for clusters. expansin proteins. Introduction Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) have proven to be one of the most rapid routes to gene discovery of any organism for which a cDNA library is available [1]. In addition, large-scale EST analysis can be used to estimate gene expression levels in specific life stages or tissues and are useful tools for annotation of genome sequences [1], [2]. EST analysis has been widely applied to study the biology of nematodes. Over 1.5 million ESTs from more than 63 species, including free-living nematodes, animal-parasitic and plant-parasitic species are available in dbEST (GenBank, 1 October 2012). To date, over 125,000 EST sequences from twenty different plant-parasitic nematodes are in dbEST. This information is of great significance for studying nematode biology, especially for the identification of effectors. Plant-parasitic nematode effectors, defined Maraviroc distributor here as proteins secreted by the ...
272 common core vocabulary cards for grades K-5. (Specific grade is included on each card). Have students use the word in a sentence, give a synonym, define the word in their own words or complete a vocabulary map (included in the packet). Great for
Is a sexy masked bandit/cat burglar too much to ask for? Really, Universe? REALLY? Just one of these, just ONE in the rats nest of banditry that is My Neighborhood? Guess not, eh? Well, let me tell you about the cat burglar/bandit who broke into my apartment recently. S/he/it looked nothing like any of the…
Flatworm: Flatworm, any of the phylum Platyhelminthes, a group of soft-bodied, usually much flattened invertebrates. A number of flatworm species are free-living, but about 80 percent of all flatworms are parasitic-i.e., living on or in another organism and securing nourishment from it. They are bilaterally
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans may hold the key to brain-like computational architectures: Si elegans will provide the scientific community with a reconfigurable, scalable and modular neuromimetic open-access computational platform to explore neural principles that give rise to complex behaviour and to derive a neuro-inspired technological blueprint for a new era of brain-like computational architectures.The Si elegans project started on April 1st 2013. ...
The distinguishing characteristics of this method are well-developed metacorpus from J2 to adult, a short stylet 11-15 μm in adults, typically 1mm in length. Females have the vulva located two-thirds body length and have a vulval flap. Females have a long post uterine sac and a rounded tail. Males have seven papillae in the tail region, distinct spicules, and bursa shaped as a spade. [3]. ...
Written By Jenny Pavlovic. We lost Bandit to multiple myeloma in March, and our little pack continues to find its way. When Bandits body was failing and I realized he was in pain, it became apparent that he was ready to go. But I could tell he was concerned about how we would manage without him. So we spent time with him doing things he wanted to do for one last time, and cherished our last hours together. I reassured him that we didnt want him to be in pain any longer, and that somehow we would get along without him. Bandit wanted us to be happy and celebrate life.. Australian Cattle Dogs usually live longer than ten years, so whenever I begin to wish that wed had more time, I remember that a miracle brought us together in the first place. One step this way or that and our life together would not have happened at all. Im grateful we had that chance meeting.. Over the past ten years, I think Bandit has influenced my life more than any other being. We lived together day in and day out. He ...
Since 1999, Bandits Goalie School has prided itself on training, educating and mentoring some of the best goalies in North America. The relationships that ha...
This uncovered version is the original tummy tucker that started the craze! Engineered with unique, medical-grade elastic, our powerful, latex-free, post-pregnancy secret can be adjusted to fit around the belly, waist and hips to create the ultimate slimming result. Our unique and powerful Stretch and Compress™ technology creates a garment that can help you shrink down to your pre-pregnancy size. ...
The bandits were banished from the farm. We released them in fields far, far away from our ducks.. Much more happened this week that I hope to eventually get the opportunity to share. My weekly blogging schedule has been a bit derailed by the 500 preschoolers I have 45 days to meet, a rapidly approaching deadline for an article, the start of a new semester, and the contemplation of how I wind up in these situations.. ...
The main focus of our research is the study of neuronal function and dysfunction, using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as a model organism. Among...
What happens when you cross post-apocalyptic vehicular combat, dualing armies of biker clones, a surf rock soundtrack that sounds right out of Six String Samurai, and more explosions than Michael Bays wet dreams?
RM400 juta untuk mengendalikan pilihan raya untuk 222 kerusi Parlimen bermaksud purata kos untuk pengendalian sebuah kawasan Parlimen ialah RM1.8 juta! Ini merupakan satu angka yang besar memandangkan had perbelanjaan untuk seseorang calon yang bertanding di peringkat Parlimen hanyalah RM200 ribu," kata Loke dalam sidang media di lobi Parlimen pagi ini. ...
Abstract. The pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, is an invasive plant parasitic nematode and a worldwide quarantine pest. An indigenous species in North America and the causal agent of pine wilt disease, B. xylophilus has devastated pine production in Southeastern Asia including Japan, China, and Korea since its initial introduction in the early 1900s. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) is the first line of defense utilized by host plants against parasites, while nematodes, counteractively, employ antioxidants to facilitate their infection. Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a large class of antioxidants recently found in a wide variety of organisms. In this report, a gene encoding a novel 2-cysteine peroxiredoxin protein in B. xylophilus was cloned and characterized. The 2-cysteine peroxiredoxin in B. xylophilus (herein refers to as "BxPrx") is highly conserved in comparison to 2-cysteine peroxiredoxins (Prx2s) in other nematodes, which have two conserved cysteine amino acids (Cp and Cr), a ...
Anderson et al. [51,52] reported that the presence of localized bacterial food source (Escherichia coli) acting as a chemo-attractant caused the movements of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans on a homogeneous layer of nutrient agar in a Petri dish to become straighter and more directed. These movements approximate to a straight line, which is, of course, the shortest possible route to the source of the chemo-attractant. The results of our numerical simulations build upon the study of Anderson et al. [51,52] and provide a provocative answer to the question of how plant-parasitic nematodes locate distant sources of chemo-attractant. They indicate that chemotaxis can take a nematode to the source of a pure chemo-attractant by the shortest, most direct route through the labyrinth of air-filled or water-filled channels within a soil through which the attractant diffuses. Previously, this remarkable consequence of chemotaxis had gone unnoticed. Searching strategies and maze-solving algorithms are ...
Nucleotide variation in a portion of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit1 (cox1) gene from asexual stages of bucephalids of southern Australian scallops (Chlamys asperrima, Chlamys bifrons and Pecten fumatus) was investigated using a mutation scanning-sequencing approach. Single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis revealed three main profile types (A, B and C) for parasites isolated from scallops. Sequence analysis revealed that samples represented by profiles B and C had a high degree (97.3%) of sequence similarity, whereas they were ~21% different in sequence from those represented by profile A. These findings suggested that at least two types or species (represented by profile A, or profile B or C) of bucephalid infect scallops, of which both were detected in South Australia, while only one was found in Victoria. The prevalence of bucephalids (and their SSCP haplotypes) appeared to differ among the three species of scallop in South Australia as well as between the two ...
What is the difference between Coelenterates and Platyhelminthes? Coelenterates are diploblastic invertebrates; Platyhelminthes are triploblastic invertebrates
With the Caenorhabditis briggsae genome now in hand, C. elegans biologists have a powerful new research tool to refine their knowledge of gene function in C. elegans and to study the path of genome evolution.
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