Highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) is the current HIV/AIDS treatment modality. Despite the fact that HAART is very effective in suppressing HIV-1 replication and reducing the mortality of HIV/AIDS patients, it has become increasingly clear that HAART does not offer an ultimate cure to HIV/AIDS. The high cost of the HAART regimen has impeded its delivery to over 90% of the HIV/AIDS population in the world. This reality has urgently called for the need to develop inexpensive alternative anti-HIV/AIDS therapy. This need has further manifested by recent clinical trial failures in anti-HIV-1 vaccines and microbicides. In the current study, we characterized a panel of extracts of traditional Chinese medicinal herbal plants for their activities against HIV-1 replication. Crude and fractionated extracts were prepared from various parts of nine traditional Chinese medicinal herbal plants in Hainan Island, China. These extracts were first screened for their anti-HIV activity and cytotoxicity in human
Synonyms for dipterocarps in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for dipterocarps. 6 words related to dipterocarp: Dipterocarpaceae, family Dipterocarpaceae, red lauan tree, Shorea teysmanniana, red lauan, tree. What are synonyms for dipterocarps?
Revised received June 22, 2011. Abstract. Shorea robusta Gaertn.f. oleoresin (gum) extracts are used against the skin allergies, diarrhea, dysentery, astringency and is wide spread in different parts of Eastern Ghats of Southern Peninsular India. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the antimicrobial and phytochemical activity of resin extract against pathogenic microorganisms. Successive petroleum ether, methanol, benzene and aqueous extracts of Shorea robusta resin were tested for their phytochemical constituents, antibacterial and antifungal activity. The aqueous and methanolic extracts were found to be most effective against most of the tested organisms. The results confirmed the potential of this plant in the indigenous systems of medicine.. Key words: Shorea robusta; phytochemical screening; biological activity.. Resumen. Los extractos de oleoresina (goma) de Shorea robusta Gaertn.f son empleados para el tratamiento de alergias cutáneas, diarrea, disentería y como ...
17 ജനുസുകളിലായി 500 -ഓളം സ്പീഷിസുകൾ ഉള്ള ഒരു സസ്യകുടുംബമാണ് ഡിപ്റ്ററോകാർപേസീ (Dipterocarpaceae). മിക്ക സ്പീഷിസുകളും ഉഷ്നമേഖലാപ്രദേശങ്ങളിലെ അധികം ഉയരത്തിലല്ലാത്ത മഴക്കാടുകളിലാണ് കാണപ്പെടുന്നത്. ഈ കുടുംബത്തിന് പേരു ലഭിച്ചത് അതിലെ ഒരു ജനുസായ ഡിപ്റ്റോകാർപസിൽ നിന്നാണ്. ഗ്രീക്കുഭാഷയിൽ ഡി=രണ്ട്, റ്റെറോൺ=ചിറക്, കാർപോസ് =കായ എന്നാണ് അർത്ഥങ്ങൾ, അതായത് രണ്ടു ചിറകുള്ള കായകൾ. ഷൂറിയ (196 സ്പീഷിസുകൾ), ...
Dipterocarpus humeratus is a species of tree in the family Dipterocarpaceae. The species name humeratus is derived from Latin (humerus = shoulder) and refers to the articulated petiole. D. humeratus is an emergent tree, up to 50 m tall, found in mixed dipterocarp forests on well-drained clay soils. The species is found scattered or semi-gregarious on undulating land and clay ridges below 700 m altitude. It is found in Sumatra and Borneo (Brunei, Sabah, Sarawak and Kalimantan) and occurs in at least three protected areas (Sepilok Forest Reserve, Ulu Temburong and Gunung Mulu National Parks). Ashton, P. S. (September 2004). "Dipterocarpus humeratus Slooten" (PDF). In Soepadmo, E.; Saw, L. G.; Chung, R. C. K. Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. (free online from the publisher, lesser resolution scan PDF versions). 5. Forest Research Institute Malaysia. pp. 110-111. ISBN 983-2181-59-3. Retrieved 21 November 2007 ...
This large tree can grow between 27 m (Singh et al. 2014) and 40 m (Raju et al. 2011) in height. The species is predominantly found within dry, evergreen or semi-evergreen dipterocarp forest. It can also occur within lowland dipterocarp forests, Schima-bamboo forest and on limestone (Chua et al. 2010). This species is highly tolerant of dry conditions, heavy drought and small fires (Nakamura 2006). The species is considered self-incompatible (Raju et al. 2011). Within India flowering occurs between December and April and fruiting follows between March and May (Singh et al. 2014). Unlike other dipterocarp species, Shorea roxburghii fruits, flowers, sheds and gains leaves annually (Raju et al. 2011). It is an insect pollinated tree, mostly by bees and less frequently by wasps and butterflies. It is a food source for these insects. The species exhibits low seed germination; one experimental plot within India showed only 8% germination. This is often due to fruit and seed infestation or predation by ...
The Sarcolaenaceae are a family of flowering plants endemic to Madagascar. The family includes 40 species of mostly evergreen trees and shrubs in ten genera.. Recent DNA studies indicate that the Sarcolaenaceae are a sibling taxon to the family Dipterocarpaceae of Africa, South America, India, Southeast Asia and Malesia.. References. * M. Ducousso, G. Béna, C. Bourgeois, B. Buyck, G. Eyssartier, M. Vincelette, R. Rabevohitra, L. Randrihasipara, B. Dreyfus & Y. Prin (2004). The last common ancestor of Sarcolaenaceae and Asian dipterocarp trees was ectomycorrhizal before the India-Madagascar separation, about 88 million years ago. Molecular Ecology 13 (1): 231-236. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294X.2003.02032.x. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1365-294X.2003.02032.x.. ...
Anisoptera is a genus of plants in the Dipterocarpaceae family. The name Anisoptera is derived from Greek (anisos = "unequal" and pteron = "wing") and describes the unequal fruit calyx lobes. It contains ten species distributed from Chittagong (Bangladesh) to New Guinea.[1] Eight out of the ten species are currently listed on the IUCN redlist. Of these, four species are listed as critically endangered and the other four as endangered. The main threat is habitat loss. The timber is a light hardwood.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evaluation of the combined effects of stilbenoid from Shorea gibbosa and vancomycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). AU - Basri, Dayang Fredalina. AU - Luoi, Chan Kin. AU - Azmi, Abdul Muin. AU - Latip, Jalifah. PY - 2012/7/20. Y1 - 2012/7/20. N2 - The aim of this study is to determine the combined effects of stilbenoids from Shorea gibbosa and vancomycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). A total of nine pure compounds, five stilbenoid dimers ε-viniferin, ampelopsin A, balanocarpol, laevifonol and diptoindonesin G and four stilbenoid trimers α-viniferin, johorenol A, ampelopsin E and vaticanol G were evaluated for their antibacterial activities against ATCC 33591 and a HUKM clinical isolate. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) for each active compound were determined using the serial microdilution and plate-streak techniques. The combined effect of stilbenoids with vancomycin ...
Buy Manuals of Larger and More Important Non Dipterocarp Trees of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia: NHBS - Edited By: G Argent, A Saridan, EJF Campbell and P Wilkie, Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh
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Behaviour of N-(1-azolecarbonyl)-L-phenylalanine (Azc-Phe-OH, 1a-d) and L-phenylalanine N-carboxy anhydride (L-Phe-NCA, 6) in the presence of triethylamine (TEA) or cyclohexylamine was followed by IR spectroscopy. IR spectra were recorded in acetonitrile solutions. Attention was focused on characteristic absorptions of CO2 (2340 cm-1) and Azc, COOH or the anhydride group (1850-1600 cm-1). The obtained results corroborate N-carboxy anhydride as an intermediate in amidation reactions of Azc-amino acids ...
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Five new stilbenoids, vatalbinosides A-E (1-5), and 13 known compounds (6-18) were isolated from the stem of Vatica albiramis… Expand ...
Despite frequent laughs shared by attendees at the annual Wood Products Safety Summit held in Prince George, B.C., yesterday, it was clear safety is
Jul 7, 2010. S. 1660 (111th). A bill to amend the Toxic Substances Control Act to reduce the emissions of formaldehyde from composite wood products, and for other purposes. In GovTrack.us, a database of bills in the U.S. Congress.
Selective logging systems have been used to prevent the rapid decline of forest resources in Southeast Asia, but little is known about the impacts of selective logging on the genetic diversity of Southeast Asian rainforests. We evaluated the effects of silvicultural systems with differing cutting rotations and enrichment planting regimes on the genetic diversity of Shorea parvifolia, an abundant a ...
Third, its key to understand that on-site drug checking, what we might call "field testing", can span a wide range of different methods. The most common are reagent tests like Marquis, Mecke, Simons, etc. These are simple "rule-in / rule-out" tests. Liquids are dropped onto scrapings or dust from a sample and may or may not change color. To a person experienced in the use of reagents tests, the color and timing can tell a lot about a sample. What reagents tests cant do is positively identify anything.. They rule chemicals in and rule them out. If a pill shaving has Marquis reagent applied to it and there is no color change, then it is almost guaranteed that the sample contains, at most, a tiny trace of MDMA. MDMA is ruled out. If the sample + Marquis changes to a dark purple-then-brown color, then MDMA is "ruled in". This means simply that the reagent reaction is consistent with MDMA and not, as some believe (including some law enforcement personnel trained to use these field tests), that the ...
When CARB first launched the ATCM standards in 2009, it was the most stringent formaldehyde emissions standards in the US. At the time, there were no national standards in place for formaldehyde in composite wood products. However, in 2010 the Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act, or Title VI of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) was signed into law. The EPA is currently finalizing rules that will set limits on formaldehyde emissions from composite wood products, both domestic and imported, that are sold or supplied to customers in the United States. The current proposed rules would mirror the limits already in place under CARB ATCM regulations.[v] The most recent update from the EPA indicates final rules is projected to be published in The Federal Register in September, 2015.[vi]. Sources. http://www.arb.ca.gov/toxics/compwood/factsheet.pdf (chart and content). [ii] www.arb.ca.gov. [iii] http://www.arb.ca.gov/regact/2007/compwood07/fro-final.pdf. [iv] Ibid (chart and ...
Definition: one of three metabolic pathways for carbon fixation in photosynthesis, along with C4 and CAM. This process converts carbon dioxide and ribulose bisphosphate (RuBP, a 5-carbon sugar) into 3-phosphoglycerate through the following reaction: CO2 + H2O + RuBP → (2) 3-phosphoglycerate This reaction occurs in all plants as the first step of the Calvin-Benson cycle ...
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A high-performance rejuvenating eye cream Contains marine collagen to fill in wrinkles & hydrate skin Blended with light reflectors that brighten skin Infused with cactus pear extract to remove dead cells & revive dull, tired looking cells Loaded with hydrating shorea butter to soften & comfort skin Plus Indian chestnut extract to promote microcirculation & banish dark circles Reveals a smoother, more vibrant & younger looking eye zone To use: Apply day & night with upward dabbing motions around eye contours using fingertips
This is the default operator. It will be used if there is no Boolean operator between two terms. For example: default document is the same as default AND document. In this case both terms need to exist within a listing to find a match on that listing.The + character is synonymous with using AND. OR ...
This is a post that I was trying to avoid doing. It is something that makes me rage beyond belief and we all know how my posts get when Im a-ragin. I was bullied from grade Prep, right through to Year 12. I copped it in employment. It seems I am unable to escape the…
A dry chemistry reagent matrix composition is provided containing a matrix material and a reagent composition containing 3-methyl-6-(sulfonate salt)-benzothiazolinone-(2)-hydrazone (MBTH-S), N-ethyl-N-(3-sulfopropyl)aniline, and an oxidase enzyme or a peroxidase enzyme or a mixture thereof. The dry chemistry reagent matrix composition is useful in reagent test strips for determining the presence or concentration of an analyte in a fluid sample, such as blood.
RESTOCKING DUE TO THE DEMAND OF ORDERS FROM COVID19. WILL SHIP 6/12Even if you Dont have herpes this is very good to strengthen your immune system to kill any bacteria. Like diseases coronavirus, the flu and so on. 100% Natural Herbal Ingredi...
Methods and devices are provided for use in the determination of the concentration of an analyte in a sample. In the subject methods, a sample is introduced to a reagent test strip, where the sample is either a test fluid or a control fluid, where the control fluid is free of a mediator dissolution slowing component and an oxidizing agent when used with an electrochemical analyte concentration determination assay. The concentration of analyte in the sample is determined and the sample is identified as a control fluid or a test fluid. Also provided are devices for determining the concentration of an analyte in a sample, where the devices have a sample identification element for identifying whether a sample is a control or a test fluid. The subject methods and devices find use in a variety of different applications, particularly in the determination of blood glucose concentrations.
Duratec Gray Surfacing Primer prepares composite plugs and patterns, as well as many wood products, with rapid coat build-up and easy sanding.
Monday, December 11, 2017 - LAMBTON DOORS enthusiastically announces its participation in the NSERC/CANLAK Industrial Research Chair in Finishes for Interior Wood Products. Launched on Tuesday, March 28 at Université Laval in Quebec, this Research Chair consists of a unique industrial consortium led by CANLAK as the principal partner. LAMBTON DOORS joins Boa-Franc of Saint-Georges de Beauce, Inortech EMCO of Terrebonne and Canadel of Louiseville as supporting partners. From left to right: ...
Calculate the sample size (number of events) required in each group to detect a significant difference in median survival times (time since the last event ...
Whats Sienna thinking under those dark glassesSienna Miller has finally spoken out about last week?s revelations that her fianc? Jude Law?s infidelities. After hearing of Jude?s cheating confessions, she missed one performance in her West End production of As You Like It, saying, "I decided I didnt want to run the gauntlet, and everyone agreed. Now the theatre has extra security and I just want to keep my mind focused on my career. I am back hard at work. I am determined not to think of anything else." The poor 23-year-old admits the ordeal has been tough on her. "Ive had a pretty dreadful week, but Im bearing up. Im enjoying myself today and trying to get a bit of peace and quiet." Apart from her one night off, her performances continued as usual and she even seemed to flaunt her ringless finger to reporters. ?It was quite odd," an eyewitness tells the UK Daily Mail. "She looked as if she was thrusting her hand forward demonstratively to get the message across." She was also seen over the ...
Intact dipterocarp forests in Asia act as crucial carbon (C) reservoirs, and it is therefore important to investigate the C dynamics in these forests. We estimated C dynamics, together with net ecosystem production (NEP), in an intact tropical dipterocarp forest of Brunei Darussalam. Fifty-four simulation units (plots; 20 m × 20 m) were established and initial C stocks were determined via direct field measurement. The C dynamics were annually simulated with a regression model and the Forest Biomass and Dead organic matter Carbon (FBDC) model. The initial C stock (Mg C·ha−1) of biomass, litter, dead wood and mineral soil were 213.1 ± 104.8, 2.0 ± 0.8, 31.3 ± 38.8, and 80.7 ± 15.5, respectively. Their annual changes (Mg C·ha−1·year−1) were 3.2 ± 1.1, 0.2 ± 0.2, −3.7 ± 6.1, and −0.3 ± 1.1, respectively. NEP was −0.6 ± 6.1 Mg C·ha−1·year−1, showing large heterogeneity among the plots. The initial C stocks of biomass and dead wood, biomass turnover rates and dead wood decay
A wood enhancement agent treated engineered wood product. The wood enhancement agent typically includes at least one of a preservative, a water repellant, a fungicide, an insecticide, a stabilizing agent, wax, an ultra-violet light inhibitor, and combinations thereof, and may also include an antioxidant. The wood enhancement agent is incorporated into the engineered wood product during a billet making process or after forming the billet. The wood enhancement agent may be applied simultaneously with a bonding agent or at a later time, for example applied to a scrim log mat during a pre-press process or inside a steam press chamber. Alternatively, the wood enhancement agent may be applied to a warm billet after steam press, or to a reheated billet, by dipping, spraying, or flood coating the billet, or by diffusion, vacuum impregnation, pressure, or a combination thereof.
The Canadian Heat Treated Wood Products Certification Program (CHTWPCP) is an official certification system for the export of wood products to countries requiring heat treatment prior to entry.
Resveratrol exhibits anti-tumor properties against different types of cancer. In this study, several polyhydroxylated resveratrol derivatives were prepared with the aim of discovering new leading compounds with clinical potential for human colon cancer chemotherapy. Among these compounds, 3,3,4,5,5-pentahydroxy-. trans-stilbene (PHS) displayed the most potent cytotoxicity and triggered apoptosis in HT-29 cells as evidenced by increased poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage, elevated levels of cytoplasmic nucleosomes and DNA fragmentation. Further mechanistic analysis revealed that PHS-induced apoptosis was caspase-dependent and mediated by its pro-oxidative action through up-regulation of reactive oxidative species generation and depletion of intracellular glutathione. © 2010 Elsevier B.V ...
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys final amended formaldehyde rules are now official. Structural plywood, oriented strand board (OSB) and other structural engineered wood products remain exempt from the EPA TSCA Title VI rules on formaldehyde emissions from composite wood products. The exemption includes all structural wood products manufactured with moisture resistant adhesives for construction and industrial applications, such as structural plywood, OSB, wood I-joists, laminated veneer lumber and glued-laminated timber. These products are manufactured using low emitting, moisture-resistant adhesives, per the applicable product standards and building codes that govern them.. Products marked with the APA Mark of Quality are exempt from the regulation because the APA trademark is used only on structural engineered wood products and not on particleboard, medium density fiberboard (MDF) or decorative hardwood plywood regulated by the EPA rules. In instances where unmarked structural ...
Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. , Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Apparel , 315 , .49 , 73.4 75.1 74.3 74.0 72.8 72.7 , 73.6 74.5 71.8 73.4 73.2 74.4 , , , , Leather and allied product , 316 , .09 , 101.4 104.3 103.7 101.7 101.9 103.4 , 102.5 106.6 102.0 100.2 103.2 104.3 , , , , Wood product , 321 , 1.19 , 94.2 94.3 92.3 91.1 89.5 89.5 , 91.8 88.9 88.2 88.7 88.3 90.9 Sawmills and wood preservation , 3211 , .25 , 97.7 96.2 91.2 89.5 , 92.4 84.3 89.7 92.5 Plywood and misc. wood products , 3212,9 , .93 , 93.2 93.7 92.5 91.5 89.7 88.7 , 91.6 90.1 87.8 87.7 88.1 88.8 Veneer, plywood, and engineered , , , , wood product , 3212 , .26 , 88.1 85.9 82.1 78.7 76.5 76.1 , 81.0 76.7 77.8 77.8 77.2 78.9 Veneer and plywood , 321211,2 , .08 , 89.5 87.7 87.5 , 83.9 77.7 82.3 Reconstituted wood product , 321219 , .09 , 99.8 100.1 91.2 86.2 ...
Dipterocarpus alatus Roxb. ex G.Don is a medicinal plant in Asia. In Thailand, this plant was used for skin, rheumatism and liver diseases. This study was determined to assess the anticancer and antifungal activities of the extracts from leaves, bark and twig of D. alatus as well as to identify the phenolic compounds in these extracts using HPLC analysis. The results suggest that all of extracts exhibited the highest cytotoxicity against Jurkat cancer cell line followed by HeLa and HepG2 cancer cell lines but do not show cytotoxicity against the non-cancerous cells (Vero cell line). Regarding its antifungal activity, extracts of the leaves and bark inhibited only T. mentagrophytes but have no capacity against other tested fungal stains. The HPLC analysis revealed the presence of, gallic acid in all extracts. Protocatechuic acid was found only in bark, while, p-coumaric acid and ferulic acid were found in twig. The result obtained suggested that D. alatus might be further explored for its ...
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ElectraTherm commissioned its second Power+ at an integrated wood products mill in Wallowa, Oregon. Together, the two machines operate off the waste heat of a biomass boiler to generate emission-free electricity.. Integrated Biomass Resources (IBR) processes small-diameter timber into various wood products, such as firewood and fence posts. Wallowa Resources Community Solutions, Inc. (WRCSI) purchased and installed the first Power+ at the Wallowa mill in December 2012. The site uses residuals from its wood products to fuel a Uniconfort dual stage gasification boiler, creating hot water for process heat used for drying. The excess heat in the form of hot water is used to fuel the two Power+ Generators for onsite power generation. Since the commissioning of the second machine in July, both Power+ Generators now operate in tandem with the biomass boiler. The boiler sends hot water to the Power+ Generators at 205°F, which generates a combined output of more than 65 kWe net for the site. The added ...
Mar.[r] Apr.[r] May[r] June[r] July[r] Aug.[p] , Mar.[r] Apr.[r] May[r] June[r] July[r] Aug.[p] ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Apparel , 315 , .49 , 72.3 71.7 70.3 71.3 71.6 71.1 , 72.6 73.4 70.8 73.1 71.0 71.4 , , , , Leather and allied product , 316 , .09 , 102.9 103.9 105.0 108.8 106.5 104.3 , 103.8 104.9 106.8 109.9 102.2 102.4 , , , , Wood product , 321 , 1.19 , 91.4 90.1 89.8 89.9 87.8 88.2 , 90.1 91.4 90.6 93.9 88.4 90.7 Sawmills and wood preservation , 3211 , .25 , 93.7 91.3 91.0 , 93.9 97.9 90.9 Plywood and misc. wood products , 3212,9 , .93 , 90.7 89.6 89.4 88.9 87.6 86.5 , 89.1 89.7 90.5 93.0 88.2 89.5 Veneer, plywood, and engineered , , , , wood product , 3212 , .26 , 80.4 76.5 76.1 76.9 76.0 75.4 , 81.0 79.4 78.6 83.0 78.2 76.7 Veneer and plywood , 321211,2 , .08 , 90.1 82.0 83.2 84.0 , 96.7 81.0 88.8 91.9 ...
The time period spanned in Figure 1 is also contemporaneous with the initial radiation of the angiosperms. Insofar as Madagascar began to separate from Africa during the late Jurassic (165 MYA), it is probable that angiosperms were not present on the island during most of its slow rafting to its current position. Paleobotanical data from Madagascar at this critical time period are scant. Palynomorphs from mid-Cretaceous (middle Albian to late Cenomanian) samples near Antsiranana belong to the Gondwana microfloral Province, dominated by bisaccate gymnosperms and ferns, but are lacking angiosperms (Herngreen et al. 1982). Another Cenomanian assemblage from Ankanotra is dominated by the conifer Classopollis; however, six different angiosperm pollen types are present. Despite the lack of late Cretaceous data, it is reasonable to assume that by the close of the Mesozoic, numerous angiosperm lines had established themselves in Madagascar via either direct land routes through India from the south, or ...