TY - JOUR. T1 - Specific Caries Index. T2 - A new system for describing untreated dental caries experience in developing countries. AU - Acharya, Shashidhar. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - Objectives: To develop a reproducible surface-specific caries index that provided qualitative and quantitative information about untreated dental caries, that could be used in conjunction with the DMFS index and would provide information on not only the caries prevalence but also the location and type of caries lesion in an individual based on clinical examination. Methods: Untreated carious lesions were divided into six types based on the location of the lesions.339 rural school children in the age group of 12-15 years were examined for dental caries using both the DMFS index and the Specific Caries Index. Results: Type 1 and 2 were found to be the most common type of caries lesions. The reproducibility of the Specific Caries Index was also found to be good. Conclusions: Encouraging indications about the ...
Details: rank: #1,591,408 price: $35.99 bound: publisher: Wiley-Blackwell (April 28, 2003) lang: English asin: isbn: 1405107189, 978-1405107181, weight: 3.4 pounds filesize: Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management this book good epub download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management ebook beginners free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management book pdf e-books free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management free download book 2013 pdf hindi Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management other epub downloaden Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management pdf ebook free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management control ebook free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management notebook free downloadgolkes Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management de de de Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management students book edition download Dental Caries: The ...
The objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) in 3-year-old Lithuanian children. The impact of selected behavioral risk factors on the development of S-ECC was investigated. Material and methods. A total of 950 children were examined in kindergartens. Diagnosis of dental caries followed the WHO criteria. Questionnaires were delivered to mothers of the children with S-ECC and caries-free children. The questions were related to the childrens dietary habits, temperament, oral hygiene, and the use of fluoride toothpaste. Results. The prevalence of ECC was 50.6% with a mean dmft of 2.1 (SD, 0.1) and a mean dmfs of 3.4 (SD, 0.2). The prevalence of S-ECC was 6.5% with a mean dmft of 7.8 (SD, 0.1) and dmfs of 18.1 (SD, 0.6). A significantly higher percentage of children developed S-ECC when they were breast-fed for a period longer than one year, were sleeping with a bottle containing carbohydrates
There are no randomized controlled trials to assess the impact of treating dental caries on various aspects of childrens health. This study was conducted to assess the impact of dental treatment of severe dental caries on childrens weight, height and subjective health related outcomes, namely dental pain, satisfaction with teeth and smile, dental sepsis and childs appetite. The study was a community-based, randomized, controlled trial in schoolchildren aged 6-7 years with untreated dental caries. Participants were randomly assigned to early (test) or regular (control) dental treatment. The primary outcome was Weight-for-age Z-score. Secondary outcomes were Height-for-age and BMI-for-age Z-scores, dental pain, dental sepsis, satisfaction with teeth and childs appetite. 86 children were randomly assigned to test (42 children) and control (44) groups. Mean duration of follow-up was 34.8 (±1.1) weeks. There were insignificant improvements in anthropometric outcomes between the groups after treatment of
PREVENTION OF DENTAL CARIES THROUGH THE EFFECTIVE USE OF FLUORIDE - THE PUBLIC HEALTH APPROACH. Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) emphasizes that dental caries is a severe public health problem across the world. The current global and regional patterns of dental caries reflect distinct risk profiles of countries which relate to the structure of the society, living conditions, lifestyles, and the existence of preventive oral health programmes. Research conducted in high income countries documents that systematic use of fluoride reduces the burden of dental caries; such research is scarce in low and middle income countries.. Objectives: This article reviews the evidence on effective use of fluoride, highlights the public health approach to fluoridation, and clarifies how automatic fluoridation contributes to breaking social inequities in dental caries.. Data collection: Scientific publications on fluoride administration stored in PubMed/Medline and caries data from the WHO ...
Lower dental caries experience has been observed in children and teenagers with the presence of black stains on dental structures. However, none of the previous investigations were population-based studies or adjusted the analysis for potential confounders. This study assessed the prevalence of black stains at the age of 5 in a population-based birth cohort from Pelotas, Brazil and investigated the association between black stains and dental caries. A total of 1,129 children from the 2004 Pelotas birth cohort were examined at age 5, and their mothers were interviewed at their households. Dental examinations included a search for black stains and dental caries on the primary dentition through the dmf-s index. The mothers questionnaire comprised data on demographic, social, and behavior aspects. Prevalence of black stains was 3.5% (95% CI 2.5-4.7) and the prevalence of dental caries was 48.4% (95% CI 45.4-51.4). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association ...
In this prospective study in Japan, we found that higher maternal intake of cheese during pregnancy was associated with a decreased risk of dental caries in children. Higher maternal intake of total dairy products, yogurt, and calcium during pregnancy tended to be associated with a reduced risk of dental caries in children, although there was no evident association between maternal milk intake and the risk of childhood dental caries. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the possible inverse association between maternal dietary calcium intake during pregnancy and dental caries in children. Our results are in partial agreement with previous findings showing an inverse relationship between maternal calcium intake by supplement during pregnancy and dental caries in children [9, 10].. The potential protective effects of maternal intake of total dairy products and yogurt during pregnancy on caries in children were attenuated when we additionally controlled for maternal calcium intake ...
Dental caries. Dental caries, often called cavities, are erosions of the surface of the tooth caused by the combined effects of bacteria, acids, plaque and tartar. Dental caries are common in both children and adults, and they occur most often as a result of poor dental hygiene. Dental caries are usually painless at first, but they may become painful if they spread to the nerve or root of a tooth. If left untreated, dental caries can progress to a tooth abscess, which is a more painful and potentially serious condition. Dental caries are common, but they can often be prevented by practicing good dental hygiene, including regular brushing and flossing.. Tooth Cavity. Tooth Cavity is a permanently damaged area in the hard surface of the teeth that develop into tiny openings or holes. Cavities, also called tooth decay or caries, are caused by a combination of factors, including bacteria in the mouth, frequent snacking, sipping sugary drinks and not cleaning the teeth well. Cavities and tooth decay ...
Fluoridated community drinking water and fluoride toothpaste are the most common sources of fluoride in the United States and are largely responsible for the low risk for dental caries for most persons in this country. Persons at high risk for dental caries might require more frequent or more concentrated exposure to fluoride and might benefit from use of other fluoride modalities (e.g., mouthrinse, dietary supplements, and topical gel, foam, or varnish). The effects of each of these fluoride sources on dental caries and enamel fluorosis are described. Fluoridated Drinking Water and Processed Beverages and Food Fluoridated drinking water contains a fluoride concentration effective for preventing dental caries; this concentration can occur naturally or be reached through water fluoridation, which is the controlled addition of fluoride to a public water supply. When fluoridated water is the main source of drinking water, a low concentration of fluoride is routinely introduced into the mouth. Some ...
Introduction: High caries prevalence in children is a major oral health issue. Few studies about dental caries have been conducted on children with mixed dentitions (presence of both primary and permanent teeth). Specific information is needed validating the correlation between caries in primary and permanent teeth in the same child. Methods: Dental caries patterns were assessed for children 7 to 10 years old from two different elementary schools. Linear regression analysis was used to determine whether the presence of caries in the primary teeth significantly correlated with caries in the permanent teeth. Results: The study found significant correlations between caries in primary and permanent dentitions (p < 0.05). The highest correlation was found among 7 year old children at one elementary school (r=.805, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Decay on primary teeth should be a risk indicator for caries in permanent teeth ...
WHO Oral Health Programme. (‏2000)‏. Global data on dental caries prevalence (‏DMFT)‏ in adults aged 35-44 years / Global Oral Data Bank, Oral Health/Area Profile Programme. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/66521 ...
This is the first descriptive epidemiological study to provide national prevalence estimates of dental caries and periodontal disease among pregnant women and nonpregnant women of reproductive age (15-44 years), and the first to compare the differences in estimates between the two groups by sociodemographic characteristics. In general, there were no statistically significant differences between pregnant women and nonpregnant women in the prevalence estimates of dental caries and periodontal disease. Nonetheless, some exceptions included higher prevalence among pregnant women for dental caries (DFS,0) in the highest FPL level and untreated dental caries (DS,0) in the youngest age group (15-24 years). Regarding the prevalence of periodontal diseases, the only significant difference was among non-Hispanic blacks where the estimate of periodontal disease was higher among nonpregnant women.. We estimated a mean DFS of 12.1 among pregnant women and 13.1 among nonpregnant women of 15-44 years of age. ...
... , Changing levels of dental caries experience pdf, 7kb; In 1981, WHO and the FDI World Dental Federation jointly formulated goals for oral health to be achieved by the year 2000 as follows: 1. 50% of 5-6 year-olds to be free of dental caries. 2. The global average to be no more than 3 DMFT at 12 years of age.
Background. During the past decades, the prevalence of caries disease in the population of Western industrialized countries has decreased markedly. In children also, a reduction of dental caries experience has been reported by many authors. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the trend of dental caries prevalence in 12-year-old children living in the city of Sassari, (Italy), by five cross-sectional studies conducted in 1989, 1992, 1995, 1998 and 2004. Methods. In all cohorts, dental caries (DMFT and SiC Index according to WHO indications), was measured. For each variable measured (DMFT and sub-indices, SiC Index), differences in proportions among the five cohorts during the fifteen years were tested using χ2-square test. Results. The mean DMFT index decreased from 4.3 ± 3.1 in 1989 to 0.8 ± 1.5 in 2004. The prevalence of untreated caries (DT) had a notable decrease between 1992 and 1995, increased slightly between 1995 and 1998 and had the greatest decrease in 2004. The number of filled ...
Dental caries (decay) is one of the most prevalent chronic childhood diseases worldwide and is a major problem both from a population health perspective and for individual families who have to deal with a young child suffering from toothache [1-3]. In 1996, 39 percent of Australian 6 year-old children had dental caries [4, 5], and since that time caries experience in Australian children in all States and Territories has increased [5, 6]. The 2002 Child Dental Health Survey of Australia reported that 45 percent of 5-year-olds had one or more decayed or missing teeth and 10 percent of those children examined were found to have more than seven decayed teeth [7]. Local data from the Centre for Oral Health Strategy (NSW Health) indicates that despite water fluoridation, dental caries is a major public health problem particularly in disadvantaged areas. For example, 40 percent of the 5-6-year-olds [8] surveyed in the Sydney South West Area Health Service (SSWAHS) had up to 5 missing or decayed teeth- ...
Objective: To determine the knowledge, perceptions and effects of eating habits on dental caries among 11 to 14 year olds in an urban school in Nairobi, Kenya. Oesign:This was a descriptive cross sectional study Setting: The study was conducted at Hospital Hill primary school. It is a co-ed public school run by the Nairobi City Council in Westlands division of Nairobi province. Materials and methods: A self administered questionnaire was filled by 198 pupils attending Hospital Hill Primary School, and in classes 5-8 and a clinical examination ofthe first permanent molar in each quadrant using a periodontal probe or explorer was done in a fluorescent lit room. A tooth was noted as carious if it had a color change, wedging and catching of an explorer tip. Proximal surfaces were not examined and no radiographs were taken. Teeth with white spots were not considered as decayed. Results: The results showed that knowledge of the effect of dietary habits on the incidence of dental caries was high, 99% ...
Book Descriptions: Are you looking for eBook 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries PDF? You will be glad to know that right now 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries PDF is available on our online library. With our online resources, you can find 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries or just about any type of ebooks, for any type of product. Best of all, they are entirely free to find, use and download, so there is no cost or stress at all. We have made it easy for you to find a PDF Ebooks without any digging. And by having access to our ebooks online or by storing it on your computer, you have convenient answers with 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries PDF.. Book Details: ...
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite different strategies for improving behavioral factors, dental caries (tooth decay) remains to be one of the most prevalent oral diseases and a challenging public health problem far from being controlled. In addition to environmental factors, recent studies have provided convincing evidence that genetics also plays an important role in the etiology of dental caries. However, to date, genetic studies on caries are still in an early stage compared to numerous efforts that have been made in other complex diseases or traits. In this proposal, to complement the traditional single marker/gene, we will develop innovative strategies to identify groups of functional related genes with enriched associations with dental caries in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) dataset. Our Specific Aims are as follows. (1) To develop a novel statistical method based on mixed effects models to identify genes and gene sets that have enriched association signals in GWAS. We ...
Caries in children under 6 years old (Early Childhood Caries) is still a major oral health problems in many countries. The high prevalence of ECC should be prevented immediately based on the cause of caries. Saliva is one of the factors that play role in dental caries process, also play a role as caries prevention. This article describes the relationship...
1852210087 Strategy for Dental Caries Prevention in European Countries According to their Laws and Regulations,books, textbooks, text book
People refer to dental caries in different ways (caries, cavities, tooth decay) but note that they refer to the same thing, the wearing out of teeth as a result of bacterial activity. If you snack frequently or habitually sip sugary drinks, but fail to clean your teeth well, you are a candidate for dental caries.. How do you know if you have dental caries?. You will often notice a cavity. It becomes difficult, sometimes downright painful, to eat. If you do not address the problem, the tissue surrounding the decaying tooth may become inflamed. The area may become infected. An abscess may form. You may eventually lose the affected tooth.. Symptoms of the disease may not always be apparent at first. Tooth decay may manifest itself on the onset as a chalk-white spot (also called a lesion or a micro cavity) on your tooth, indicating that the enamel is going through demineralization. As the lesion becomes increasingly demineralized, it can become brownish, and ultimately become a cavity. You can ...
This book aims to define the etiological factors in dental caries and to guide the clinician towards methods of caries prevention that are evidence based. The coverage includes discussion of the active role of the biofilm and the oral environment and emphasizes the multifactorial etiology of dental caries. The opening chapters describe the early detection and diagnosis of dental caries, highlight the value of caries risk assessment to the patient, and explain the dynamic process of the demineralization-remineralization cycle. Information is presented on the action of fluoride, and the evidence relating to the use and effectiveness of remineralization agents and biomimetic materials is reviewed. Additionally, the effects of antimicrobials such as chlorhexidine and ozone are summarized. Further chapters focus on dietary counseling (with information on sweeteners and probiotics), the effectiveness of sealants in caries prevention, and resin infiltration. The philosophy of prophylaxis and ways to ...
Dental caries or tooth decay is a common chronic disorder among children. According to National Oral Health Survey for Preschool Children (2005) and School Children (2006), about three fourth of the 5 to 6 year-old children have caries. The notorious impacts of dental caries are well-documented- from acute effects, such as pain, to long-term consequences like eating difficulty and reduced quality of life.
A survey was conducted to determine dental caries prevalence and treatment among 1,095 25-to 44-year-old permanent force Israeli military personnel. Caries experience, by decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth DMFT, was 11.66, with an average of 1.37 untreated caries, 2.40 extracted teeth, and 7.90 treated teeth. Caries was positively...
Cheryl E. Fryer, DDS, MS, MA; Ronald S. Brown, DDS, MS; and Sandra D. Osborne, RDH, MS; present a case of uncontrolled dental caries in a 24-year-old adult and discuss diagnosis, etiology, and management of the high-risk caries patient. This article is peer-reviewed and available for 2 hours of CE credit. Learning Objectives: After participating in this CE activity, the individual will learn: Factors involved in the etiology and diagnosis of uncontrolled dental caries. How to manage the patient with uncontrolled dental caries. ...
22. Hong L, Ahmed A, McCunniff M, et al. Obesity and dental caries in children aged 2-6 years in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002. J Public Health Dent. 2008;68:227-33.-2323. Alm A. On dental caries and caries-related factors in children and teenagers. Swed Dent J Suppl. 2008;195:7-63.,2626. Hayden C, Bowler JO, Chambers S, et al. Obesity and dental caries in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2013;41:289-308.,3131. Cinar AB, Murtomaa H. Interrelation between obesity, oral health and lifestyle factors among Turkish school children. Clin Oral Investig. 2011;15: 177-84.,3232. Norberg C, Hallström Stalin U, Matsson L, et al. Body mass index (BMI) and dental caries in 5-year-old children from southern Sweden. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2012;40:315-22. The factors that contribute to the two problems of caries and child obesity are both psychosocial and nutritional.99. Spiegel KA, Palmer CA. Childhood dental ...
Despite their shared origins, medicine and dentistry are not always two sides of the same coin. There is a long history in medical philosophy of defining disease and various medical models have come into existence. Hitherto, little philosophical and phenomenological work has been done considering dental caries and periodontitis as examples of disease and illness. A philosophical methodology is employed to explore how we might define dental caries and periodontitis using classical medical models of disease - the naturalistic and normativist. We identify shared threads and highlight how the features of these highly prevalent dental diseases prevent them fitting in either definition. The article describes phenomenology and the current thought around the phenomenology of illness, exploring how and why these dental illnesses might integrate into a phenomenological model. We discover that there are some features particular to dental caries and periodontitis: ubiquity, preventability and hyper-monitorablility.
Severe early childhood caries (ECC), while strongly associated with Streptococcus mutans using selective detection (culture, PCR), has also been associated with a widely diverse microbiota using molecular cloning approaches. The aim of this study was to evaluate the microbiota of severe ECC using anaerobic culture. The microbial composition of dental plaque from 42 severe ECC children was compared with that of 40 caries-free children. Bacterial samples were cultured anaerobically on blood and acid (pH 5) agars. Isolates were purified, and partial sequences for the 16S rRNA gene were obtained from 5,608 isolates. Sequence-based analysis of the 16S rRNA isolate libraries from blood and acid agars of severe ECC and caries-free children had ,90% population coverage, with greater diversity occurring in the blood isolate library. Isolate sequences were compared with taxon sequences in the Human Oral Microbiome Database (HOMD), and 198 HOMD taxa were identified, including 45 previously uncultivated ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence of dental caries among school children of Moodbidri.. AU - Rao, A.. AU - Sequeira, S. P.. AU - Peter, S.. PY - 1999/6/1. Y1 - 1999/6/1. N2 - This survey was carried out among 2902 children aged between 5 and 12 years attending 13 primary schools in various areas of Moodbidri, in Udupi district. The oral health status was assessed using the simplified WHO Oral Health Assessment Form. The caries prevalence was found to be 76.9%. The mean DMFT was 0.78 and the mean deft was 3.48. Although the mean DMFT score between males and females did not show any significant difference, the mean deft was found to be higher among males compared to females. It was also found that the mean DMFT score increased with age whereas the mean deft score decreased with age.. AB - This survey was carried out among 2902 children aged between 5 and 12 years attending 13 primary schools in various areas of Moodbidri, in Udupi district. The oral health status was assessed using the simplified WHO ...
Background: Recent studies have shown a substantial decline in caries experience in Australian Army recruits between 1996 and 2002-2003, and in Australian adults between 1987-1988 and 2004-2006. However, studies in children have reported an increasing trend in caries experience between 1998 and 2002. The aim of this study was to investigate caries experience in Australian Army recruits in 2008 ...
Background The composition of the salivary microbiota has been reported to differentiate between patients with periodontitis, dental caries and orally healthy individuals. To identify characteristics of diseased and healthy saliva we thus wanted to compare saliva metaproteomes from patients with periodontitis and dental caries to healthy individuals. Methods Stimulated saliva samples were collected from 10 patients with periodontitis, 10 patients with dental caries and 10 orally healthy individuals. The proteins in the saliva samples were subjected to denaturing buffer and digested enzymatically with LysC and trypsin. The resulting peptide mixtures were cleaned up by solid-phase extraction and separated online with 2 h gradients by nano-scale C18 reversed-phase chromatography connected to a mass spectrometer through an electrospray source. The eluting peptides were analyzed on a tandem mass spectrometer operated in data-dependent acquisition mode. Results We identified a total of 35,664 unique peptides
The objective of the study was to develop regression models to describe the epidemiological profile of dental caries in 12-year-old children in an area of low prevalence of caries. Two distinct random probabilistic samples of schoolchildren (n=1,763) attending public and private schools in Piracicaba, Southeastern Brazil, were studied. Regression models were estimated as a function of the most affected teeth using data collected in 2005 and were validated using a 2001 database. The mean (SD) DMFT index was 1.7 (2.08) in 2001 and the regression equations estimated a DMFT index of 1.67 (1.98), which corresponds to 98.2% of the DMFT index in 2001. The study provided detailed data on the caries profile in 12-year-old children by using an updated analytical approach. Regression models can be an accurate and feasible method that can provide valuable information for the planning and evaluation of oral health services ...
Looking for Dental decay? Find out information about Dental decay. caries an affection of the solid tissues of the teeth manifested by their gradual destruction and the formation of cavities.The causes of dental caries are... Explanation of Dental decay
Our laboratory has been extensively involved in establishing the role S. mutans fimbriae play in adherence to and colonization of the tooth surface by this bacterium and testing if antibodies against S. mutans fimbria components reduce the adherence of S. mutans to the tooth surface, thereby inhibiting the development of primary dental caries (6,23, 24). Caries-free (CF) adult individuals have higher levels of salivary IgA antibodies to fimbria-enriched preparation ofS. mutans than do caries-active (CA) individuals (7). These results suggest that CF subjects may be protected immunologically from dental caries in part by salivary IgA antibody against S. mutans fimbrial antigens. Perrone et al. (23) demonstrated, with immunoblot analyses and ELISA techniques with antibody to fimbria-enriched preparations, GTF, and P1 antigen, that the levels of fimbria components, GTF, and P1 antigen were higher in fimbria-enriched preparations fromS. mutans isolates from CA subjects than in preparations from CF ...
The Effect of Glucose and of Uncooked Wheat and Maize Starch Alone and Mixed in Equal Quantity With Sucrose on Dental Caries and Recovery of Implanted Streptococcus Mutans in Albino Rats
Nevertheless, in practice there are several readily determinable indicators that together provide helpful guidance when dealing with otherwise healthy persons and some well-validated medical or disability conditions that place individuals at heightened caries risk.. Thus far, the most consistent predictor of caries risk in children is past caries experience. In addition, there is evidence of matrilineal transmission of mutans streptococci in early childhood. Hence, the presence of caries in the mother and siblings increases risks for the child.. Regular brushing of tooth surfaces using a fluoride-containing dentifrice, reduces caries risk. Conversely, inadequate exposure to fluoride confers increased risk. Conditions that compromise the long-term maintenance of good oral hygiene are also positively associated with caries risk. These include certain illnesses, physical and mental disabilities, and the presence of existing restorations or oral appliances.. Fermentable carbohydrate consumption ...
Validation of Self-Reported Information on Dental Caries in a Birth Cohort at 18 Years of Age. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common congenital anomalies with an incidence of approximately 8-10 cases per 1000 live births. Technical development and continuing improvement in surgical methods have led to early interventions and an increased survival and consequently also a new group of patients in dentistry. The general aim of this thesis was to study the caries prevalence and some possible background factors in children with complex CHD.Paper I examined the caries prevalence in 41 children with complex CHD and 41 healthy age- and gender-matched controls. CHD children had higher dmfs-values 5.2 ± 7.0 vs. 2.2 ± 3.5 in the controls (p , 0.05). CHD children on digoxin medication had higher dmfs values 10.1 ± 8.5 vs. 3.7 ± 5.3 in the other CHD children (p , 0.05). CHD children had received more fluoride varnish treatments and fluoride tablets (p , 0.01).Paper II investigated attitudes and experiences of dental health information and advice, dental care, and service in 33 ...
Seoul, Republic of Korea - Today at the 94th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, researcher Angus Walls, Edinburgh Dental Institute, Scotland, UK, will give a Keynote Address titled "What is the Role of Diet in Caries Prevention?" The IADR General Session is being held in conjunction with the 3rd Meeting of the IADR Asia Pacific Region and the 35th Annual Meeting of the IADR Korean Division.. Dental caries are caused by bacterial fermentation of dietary sugars that result in the production of acids just below the critical pH for demineralization of enamel and dentine. This process is dynamic because saliva is an efficient remineralizing solution that can repair acid-mediated demineralization. However, there are limits to the extent of demineralization that can be repaired by the action of saliva, and this ability is impaired in people with xerostomia. Strategies for caries prevention can have two approaches, prevention of demineralization and ...
Yu, Y. [余楊]. (2009). Dental caries status of children and the related services in Shenzhen, China. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_ ...
OK, those arent exactly the lyrics of that overwrought Kansas song from the 70s, but they would work if they were singing about your tooth filled with decay.. Caries.. Its the most common form of oral disease known to man, dental caries. The process of getting caries is called tooth decay.. You may know them as "cavities." But caries arent cavities, theyre decayed tooth tissue. Dr. Miller has to remove the decayed portion of the tooth, leaving an empty cavity. Thats probably where the term originated. Now, once created, that cavity cant be left open, as food debris and bacteria would become lodged in there. It needs to be filled.. Ah, the origin of the word "filling.". Dr. Miller and his team deal with dental caries every day. The question is what do you want to use for your filling?. Types of fillings. Everyone is familiar with silver fillings. Surprise, theyre not really silver, theyre actually mostly mercury! Holy toxic waste, Batman! Yes, that is disconcerting to many people. Silver ...
Purposes: The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of caries in a sample of Brazilian schoolchildren, test associations between caries, sociodemographics, and erosion, and investigate potential dietary factors common to both conditions. Methods: Brazilian schoolchildren (13-14 years old) completed a questionnaire to provide dietary information and underwent dental examination. Sociodemographic characteristics were collected using a questionnaire completed by parents/guardians. Caries was assessed using decayed, missing, filled teeth/surfaces (DMFT/DMFS) indices. Erosion was assessed using a previously validated index. Results: Of 458 schoolchildren, 78% had caries experience. A statistically significantly lower prevalence of caries was observed in children from a higher economic class and whose parents had higher educational levels. Thirty-five percent of children with caries also had erosion, while 32% with a DMFT of 0 had erosion (P=.72). The frequency of consumption of ...
Synonyms for dental caries at Thesaurus.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Dictionary and Word of the Day.
... is defined as the presence of one or more decayed (non-cavitated or cavitated lesions), missing. (due to caries) or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a preschool-age child between birth and 71 months of age.. ...
Treatment: evaluate two interventions for treating severe dental caries in primary molared of preschool children.. SAMPLE: preschool children aged 3 to 5 years with severe dental caries (SDC) in primary molars. SDC will be indicated by the Pufa index. The Pufa index records the presence of severely decayed teeth with visible pulp involvement (p), ulceration of the oral mucosa owing to root fragments (u), fistula (f) and abscess (a). Children with pufa-score , 0 in primary molars will be included in the study. All children aged 3 to 5 years, who sought dental screening at the Dental School, University of São Paulo (USP) in August to October 2013 can be initially eligible.. CLINICAL GROUPS RANDOMLY ASSIGNED:. ...
1. Buzalaf MAR. Fluoride and the oral environment. Monographs in Oral Science Series. Basel, Switzerland: Karger Publishers; 2011;22:97-114.. 2. Featherstone JD. Dental caries: a dynamic disease process. Aust Dent J. 2008;53(3):286-291.. 3. Anderson P, Hector MP, Rampersad MA. Critical pH in resting and simulated whole saliva in groups of children and adults. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2001;11(4):266-273.. 4. Featherstone JD. Prevention and reversal of dental caries: role of low level fluoride. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1999;27(1):31-40.. 5. ten Cate JM, Feathersone JD. Mechanistic aspects of the interactions between fluoride and dental enamel. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 1991;2(3):283-296.. 6. Van Louveren C. The antimicrobial action of fluoride and its role in caries inhibition. J Dent Res. 1990;69 Spec No:676-681.. 7. Pessan JP, Alves KM, Ramires I, et al. Effects of regular and low-fluoride dentifrices on plaque fluoride. J Dent Res. 2010;89(10):1106-1110.. 8. Walsh LJ. Evidence that demands a ...
First Published In 2003 Dental Caries The Disease And Its Clinical Management Has Become The Leading Resource On Cariology In This Highly Anticipated New Edition The Editors Maintain The Same Focus On High Level Coverage Of The Disease Etiology And Process Clinical Management Best Practice And Wider Public Health Issues Connected With Dental Caries Management Including An Enhanced Focus
TY - JOUR. T1 - Will modern caries management reduce restorations in dental practice?. AU - Benn, Douglas. AU - Meltzer, M. I.. PY - 1996/9. Y1 - 1996/9. N2 - Dentists have difficulty diagnosing caries presence and activity. Modern caries management suggests that lesions in low risk patients should not be restored until the radiolucency extends into the outer third of interproximal dentin. Even stained fissures need not be restored in the absence of occlusal dentin radiolucency. If this standard were adopted, what affect would it have on the amount of operative treatment delivered? This report created a model to forecast the change in work volume caused by new caries management strategies. The model considered two identical groups of 1,000 adult teeth with a normal distribution of 1,000 radiographic lesions in each group. Group I would have all lesions restored at baseline, but Group II would have only lesions in the dentin restored. Each year for ten years the model forecasts the number of ...
This model, composed of 7 parts, is 4X life size. It consists of three teeth, seated in their sockets, that shows the progressive deterioration of tooth structure by dental caries. The first tooth shows the caries in the enamel. In the second tooth, the caries invades the dentine. In the third tooth, the pathology affects the pulp, jeopardizing the vitality of the tooth.. 12 x 6 x 6cm. Weight ...
To report the use of spectroscopic analysis of dental fluorescence excited with a blue InGaN laser diode operating at 405 nm. Method The spectra resulting from three classifications of smooth surface non-cavitated caries lesions (dull, shiny, brown) with 20 samples in each group were examined using the ratio of integrated fluorescence intensity in two spectral bands. Results All lesions demonstrated spectra which were significantly different from sound tooth structure. As expected, the brown lesions demonstrated a significantly different spectral profile from the two white spot lesion classifications. Dull and shiny lesions had significantly different spectral measurements when examining the ratio of the integrated fluorescence in spectral bands between 480-500 and 620-640 nm. Conclusion This method has application for detection of dental caries as well as demonstrating potential application to evaluate lesions which may represent different degrees of caries activity.. ...