TY - JOUR. T1 - Specific Caries Index. T2 - A new system for describing untreated dental caries experience in developing countries. AU - Acharya, Shashidhar. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - Objectives: To develop a reproducible surface-specific caries index that provided qualitative and quantitative information about untreated dental caries, that could be used in conjunction with the DMFS index and would provide information on not only the caries prevalence but also the location and type of caries lesion in an individual based on clinical examination. Methods: Untreated carious lesions were divided into six types based on the location of the lesions.339 rural school children in the age group of 12-15 years were examined for dental caries using both the DMFS index and the Specific Caries Index. Results: Type 1 and 2 were found to be the most common type of caries lesions. The reproducibility of the Specific Caries Index was also found to be good. Conclusions: Encouraging indications about the ...
Details: rank: #1,591,408 price: $35.99 bound: publisher: Wiley-Blackwell (April 28, 2003) lang: English asin: isbn: 1405107189, 978-1405107181, weight: 3.4 pounds filesize: Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management this book good epub download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management ebook beginners free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management book pdf e-books free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management free download book 2013 pdf hindi Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management other epub downloaden Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management pdf ebook free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management control ebook free download Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management notebook free downloadgolkes Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management de de de Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management students book edition download Dental Caries: The ...
Obesity and dental caries are global public health problems which can impact in childhood and throughout the life course. In simple terms, childhood dental caries and body weight are linked via the common risk factor of diet. An association between dental caries and obesity has been described in a number of studies and reviews. However, similarly, a relationship has also been noted between low body weight and caries experience in children. This protocol will provide the framework for an umbrella review to address the following question: Does the available evidence support a relationship between dental caries experience and body weight in the child population? This review protocol outlines the process to carry out an umbrella systematic review which will synthesise previous reviews of childhood dental caries experience and body weight. An umbrella review methodology will be used to examine the methodological and reporting quality of existing reviews. The final umbrella review aims to aggregate the
The objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) in 3-year-old Lithuanian children. The impact of selected behavioral risk factors on the development of S-ECC was investigated. Material and methods. A total of 950 children were examined in kindergartens. Diagnosis of dental caries followed the WHO criteria. Questionnaires were delivered to mothers of the children with S-ECC and caries-free children. The questions were related to the childrens dietary habits, temperament, oral hygiene, and the use of fluoride toothpaste. Results. The prevalence of ECC was 50.6% with a mean dmft of 2.1 (SD, 0.1) and a mean dmfs of 3.4 (SD, 0.2). The prevalence of S-ECC was 6.5% with a mean dmft of 7.8 (SD, 0.1) and dmfs of 18.1 (SD, 0.6). A significantly higher percentage of children developed S-ECC when they were breast-fed for a period longer than one year, were sleeping with a bottle containing carbohydrates
A PubMed/Medline search was performed using the terms ADHD medications and dental caries to discover a connection between the two. Additional sources were located using the search terms attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, dental caries, xerostomia and dental caries and saliva and dental caries. Further information on pertinent articles was retrieved from the reference sections of these articles. Early studies were included that tested for a correlation between ADHD and dental caries.2-6,8. Studies were reviewed for data relevant to a connection between xerogenic medications used to treat symptoms of ADHD and the risk of dental caries. Only studies that either identified or examined the prevalence of dental caries in children with ADHD and/or those who discussed and/or used xerogenic medication as a variable were included in this review.. Studies Conducted to Establish a Relationship Between ADHD and Dental Caries. Most of the early research concerning dental caries and children ...
There are no randomized controlled trials to assess the impact of treating dental caries on various aspects of childrens health. This study was conducted to assess the impact of dental treatment of severe dental caries on childrens weight, height and subjective health related outcomes, namely dental pain, satisfaction with teeth and smile, dental sepsis and childs appetite. The study was a community-based, randomized, controlled trial in schoolchildren aged 6-7 years with untreated dental caries. Participants were randomly assigned to early (test) or regular (control) dental treatment. The primary outcome was Weight-for-age Z-score. Secondary outcomes were Height-for-age and BMI-for-age Z-scores, dental pain, dental sepsis, satisfaction with teeth and childs appetite. 86 children were randomly assigned to test (42 children) and control (44) groups. Mean duration of follow-up was 34.8 (±1.1) weeks. There were insignificant improvements in anthropometric outcomes between the groups after treatment of
Dental caries are a significant public health problem. It is a disease with multifactorial causes. In Sub-Sahara Africa, Ethiopia is one of the countries with a high record of dental caries. This study was to determine the risk factors affecting dental caries using both Bayesian and classical approaches. The study design was a retrospective cohort study in the period of March 2009 to March 2013 dental caries patients Hawassa Haik Poly Higher Clinic. The Bayesian logistic regression procedure was adapted to make inference about the parameters of a logistic regression model. The purpose of this method was generating the posterior distribution of the unknown parameters given both the data and some prior density for the unknown parameters. From this study the prevalence of natural dental caries was 87% and non-natural dental caries were 13%. The age group of 18-25 was higher prevalence of dental caries than the other age groups. From Bayesian logistic regression, we found out that rural patients, do not
Tags: Question 3 . Medical Entrance Preparation MCQs # Digestive System and Nutrition MCQs ... *** Dental Caries *** Pulp and Periapical Pathology *** Pulp and Periapical Infections *** … Dental Caries Mcqs for Preparation of Fpsc, Nts, Kppsc, Ppsc, and other test. 30 seconds . MCQ QUESTION BANK 2012 IV BDS - IMPLANTOLOGY BD4J Multiple choice questions 30x1= 30 marks 1. The Cause Of Dental Caries, Or Cavities, Has Been Under Investigation For Decades. saliva. Given below are some statements: A. (a) Dental caries in children (b) Fluorosis (c) Polymyelitis (d) Methemoglobinemia. SURVEY . Which of the following is not a method for water conservation? The three factors necessary for the formation of dental caries are bacteria, fermentable carbohydrates and _____. (a) Rainwater harvesting (b) Groundwater extraction (c) Improving irrigation efficiency (d) Avoiding water wastage. Average DMFT not more than 3 is the WHO oral health goal for the age A. B. As wise people believe Perfect Practice … ...
PREVENTION OF DENTAL CARIES THROUGH THE EFFECTIVE USE OF FLUORIDE - THE PUBLIC HEALTH APPROACH. Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) emphasizes that dental caries is a severe public health problem across the world. The current global and regional patterns of dental caries reflect distinct risk profiles of countries which relate to the structure of the society, living conditions, lifestyles, and the existence of preventive oral health programmes. Research conducted in high income countries documents that systematic use of fluoride reduces the burden of dental caries; such research is scarce in low and middle income countries.. Objectives: This article reviews the evidence on effective use of fluoride, highlights the public health approach to fluoridation, and clarifies how automatic fluoridation contributes to breaking social inequities in dental caries.. Data collection: Scientific publications on fluoride administration stored in PubMed/Medline and caries data from the WHO ...
Lower dental caries experience has been observed in children and teenagers with the presence of black stains on dental structures. However, none of the previous investigations were population-based studies or adjusted the analysis for potential confounders. This study assessed the prevalence of black stains at the age of 5 in a population-based birth cohort from Pelotas, Brazil and investigated the association between black stains and dental caries. A total of 1,129 children from the 2004 Pelotas birth cohort were examined at age 5, and their mothers were interviewed at their households. Dental examinations included a search for black stains and dental caries on the primary dentition through the dmf-s index. The mothers questionnaire comprised data on demographic, social, and behavior aspects. Prevalence of black stains was 3.5% (95% CI 2.5-4.7) and the prevalence of dental caries was 48.4% (95% CI 45.4-51.4). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association ...
In this prospective study in Japan, we found that higher maternal intake of cheese during pregnancy was associated with a decreased risk of dental caries in children. Higher maternal intake of total dairy products, yogurt, and calcium during pregnancy tended to be associated with a reduced risk of dental caries in children, although there was no evident association between maternal milk intake and the risk of childhood dental caries. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the possible inverse association between maternal dietary calcium intake during pregnancy and dental caries in children. Our results are in partial agreement with previous findings showing an inverse relationship between maternal calcium intake by supplement during pregnancy and dental caries in children [9, 10].. The potential protective effects of maternal intake of total dairy products and yogurt during pregnancy on caries in children were attenuated when we additionally controlled for maternal calcium intake ...
Dental caries. Dental caries, often called cavities, are erosions of the surface of the tooth caused by the combined effects of bacteria, acids, plaque and tartar. Dental caries are common in both children and adults, and they occur most often as a result of poor dental hygiene. Dental caries are usually painless at first, but they may become painful if they spread to the nerve or root of a tooth. If left untreated, dental caries can progress to a tooth abscess, which is a more painful and potentially serious condition. Dental caries are common, but they can often be prevented by practicing good dental hygiene, including regular brushing and flossing.. Tooth Cavity. Tooth Cavity is a permanently damaged area in the hard surface of the teeth that develop into tiny openings or holes. Cavities, also called tooth decay or caries, are caused by a combination of factors, including bacteria in the mouth, frequent snacking, sipping sugary drinks and not cleaning the teeth well. Cavities and tooth decay ...
Dental caries is a multifactorial disease caused by host, agent, and environmental factors. Mutans streptococci (MS) is the primary etiologic agent of dental caries. Through adhesion, MS attaches to the dental pellicle and breaks down sugars for energy to produce lactic acid, causing an acidic environment around the tooth. As a result, demineralization of the enamel and, subsequently, the dentin occurs. Factors involved in the dental caries process include the tooth, bacteria in the form of a dental plaque, and a diet containing sugar. The quantity, quality, and frequency of sugar intake have a definitive influence on the incidence and prevalence of caries.. Dental caries can affect the human in various ways i.e. presence of tooth pain, infection or dysfunction of the stomatognathic system can limit the necessary ingestion of energetic foods, affecting the growth in children and adults as well as their learning, communication skills and recreational activities. Moreover, oral and pharyngeal ...
Fluoridated community drinking water and fluoride toothpaste are the most common sources of fluoride in the United States and are largely responsible for the low risk for dental caries for most persons in this country. Persons at high risk for dental caries might require more frequent or more concentrated exposure to fluoride and might benefit from use of other fluoride modalities (e.g., mouthrinse, dietary supplements, and topical gel, foam, or varnish). The effects of each of these fluoride sources on dental caries and enamel fluorosis are described. Fluoridated Drinking Water and Processed Beverages and Food Fluoridated drinking water contains a fluoride concentration effective for preventing dental caries; this concentration can occur naturally or be reached through water fluoridation, which is the controlled addition of fluoride to a public water supply. When fluoridated water is the main source of drinking water, a low concentration of fluoride is routinely introduced into the mouth. Some ...
Introduction: High caries prevalence in children is a major oral health issue. Few studies about dental caries have been conducted on children with mixed dentitions (presence of both primary and permanent teeth). Specific information is needed validating the correlation between caries in primary and permanent teeth in the same child. Methods: Dental caries patterns were assessed for children 7 to 10 years old from two different elementary schools. Linear regression analysis was used to determine whether the presence of caries in the primary teeth significantly correlated with caries in the permanent teeth. Results: The study found significant correlations between caries in primary and permanent dentitions (p < 0.05). The highest correlation was found among 7 year old children at one elementary school (r=.805, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Decay on primary teeth should be a risk indicator for caries in permanent teeth ...
Dental caries continues to be the most prevalent bacteria-mediated non-contagious disease of humankind.. Dental professionals assert the disease can be explained by poor oral hygiene and a diet rich in sugars but this does not account for caries free individuals exposed to the same risk factors. In order to test the hypothesis that amount of amelogenin during enamel development can influence caries susceptibility, we generated multiple strains of mice with varying levels of available amelogenin during dental development.. Dental caries is a leading cause of tooth loss in both developed and developing countries. The disease affects billions of people and occasionally leads to lethality in both children and adults or important sequela, such as blindness. To treat dental caries in the permanent dentition of children from developing countries by traditional amalgam restorative dentistry would require financial resources beyond the total health budget of these countries. Children with poorer oral ...
Dental caries is a multifactorial infectious disease and a major public health problem estimated to affect 60-90% of school children as well as a vast number of adults. The aim of this work was to define patterns of progression of the disease based on longitudinal data in contrast to using a cross-sectional assessment. dmft/DMFT scores were collected at ages 5, 12, 14, 16, 17, and 18 from 876 individuals. We tested our newly defined phenotypes for association with genetic variants in genes shown to be associated with caries. We generated genotyping data using Taqman chemistry in markers of genes involved in processes such as enamel formation and salivary contributions. Kallikrein 4 (KLK4) was found to show a significant association with the created phenotypes (p = 0.0008 in a recessive model for low caries experience in the primary dentition vs. high caries experience in the primary dentition, and p = 0.0004 in a recessive model for caries free primary dentition vs. high caries experience in the ...
WHO Oral Health Programme. (‏2000)‏. Global data on dental caries prevalence (‏DMFT)‏ in adults aged 35-44 years / Global Oral Data Bank, Oral Health/Area Profile Programme. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/66521 ...
This is the first descriptive epidemiological study to provide national prevalence estimates of dental caries and periodontal disease among pregnant women and nonpregnant women of reproductive age (15-44 years), and the first to compare the differences in estimates between the two groups by sociodemographic characteristics. In general, there were no statistically significant differences between pregnant women and nonpregnant women in the prevalence estimates of dental caries and periodontal disease. Nonetheless, some exceptions included higher prevalence among pregnant women for dental caries (DFS,0) in the highest FPL level and untreated dental caries (DS,0) in the youngest age group (15-24 years). Regarding the prevalence of periodontal diseases, the only significant difference was among non-Hispanic blacks where the estimate of periodontal disease was higher among nonpregnant women.. We estimated a mean DFS of 12.1 among pregnant women and 13.1 among nonpregnant women of 15-44 years of age. ...
dmft score dental caries, Changing levels of dental caries experience pdf, 7kb; In 1981, WHO and the FDI World Dental Federation jointly formulated goals for oral health to be achieved by the year 2000 as follows: 1. 50% of 5-6 year-olds to be free of dental caries. 2. The global average to be no more than 3 DMFT at 12 years of age.
Background. During the past decades, the prevalence of caries disease in the population of Western industrialized countries has decreased markedly. In children also, a reduction of dental caries experience has been reported by many authors. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the trend of dental caries prevalence in 12-year-old children living in the city of Sassari, (Italy), by five cross-sectional studies conducted in 1989, 1992, 1995, 1998 and 2004. Methods. In all cohorts, dental caries (DMFT and SiC Index according to WHO indications), was measured. For each variable measured (DMFT and sub-indices, SiC Index), differences in proportions among the five cohorts during the fifteen years were tested using χ2-square test. Results. The mean DMFT index decreased from 4.3 ± 3.1 in 1989 to 0.8 ± 1.5 in 2004. The prevalence of untreated caries (DT) had a notable decrease between 1992 and 1995, increased slightly between 1995 and 1998 and had the greatest decrease in 2004. The number of filled ...
During 2011-2014, 13.3% of children and adolescents aged 6-19 years had untreated dental caries in their permanent teeth. The percentage of children and adolescents with untreated dental caries increased with age: 6.1% among those aged 6-11 years, 14.5% among those aged 12-15 years, and 22.6% among those aged 16-19 years ...
Dental caries (decay) is one of the most prevalent chronic childhood diseases worldwide and is a major problem both from a population health perspective and for individual families who have to deal with a young child suffering from toothache [1-3]. In 1996, 39 percent of Australian 6 year-old children had dental caries [4, 5], and since that time caries experience in Australian children in all States and Territories has increased [5, 6]. The 2002 Child Dental Health Survey of Australia reported that 45 percent of 5-year-olds had one or more decayed or missing teeth and 10 percent of those children examined were found to have more than seven decayed teeth [7]. Local data from the Centre for Oral Health Strategy (NSW Health) indicates that despite water fluoridation, dental caries is a major public health problem particularly in disadvantaged areas. For example, 40 percent of the 5-6-year-olds [8] surveyed in the Sydney South West Area Health Service (SSWAHS) had up to 5 missing or decayed teeth- ...
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a type of dental caries in the teeth of infants and children that is represented as one of the most prevalent dental problems in this period. Various studies have reported different types of prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth in children worldwide. However, there has been no comprehensive study to summarize the results of these studies in general, so this study aimed to determine the prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth in children in different continents of the world during a systematic review and meta-analysis. In this review study, articles were extracted by searching in the national and international databases of SID, MagIran, IranMedex, IranDoc, Cochrane, Embase, ScienceDirect, Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science (ISI) between 1995 and December 2019. Random effects model was used for analysis and heterogeneity of studies was evaluated by using the I2 index. Data were analyzed by using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis
Objective: To determine the knowledge, perceptions and effects of eating habits on dental caries among 11 to 14 year olds in an urban school in Nairobi, Kenya. Oesign:This was a descriptive cross sectional study Setting: The study was conducted at Hospital Hill primary school. It is a co-ed public school run by the Nairobi City Council in Westlands division of Nairobi province. Materials and methods: A self administered questionnaire was filled by 198 pupils attending Hospital Hill Primary School, and in classes 5-8 and a clinical examination ofthe first permanent molar in each quadrant using a periodontal probe or explorer was done in a fluorescent lit room. A tooth was noted as carious if it had a color change, wedging and catching of an explorer tip. Proximal surfaces were not examined and no radiographs were taken. Teeth with white spots were not considered as decayed. Results: The results showed that knowledge of the effect of dietary habits on the incidence of dental caries was high, 99% ...
Book Descriptions: Are you looking for eBook 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries PDF? You will be glad to know that right now 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries PDF is available on our online library. With our online resources, you can find 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries or just about any type of ebooks, for any type of product. Best of all, they are entirely free to find, use and download, so there is no cost or stress at all. We have made it easy for you to find a PDF Ebooks without any digging. And by having access to our ebooks online or by storing it on your computer, you have convenient answers with 3b27e5 Mechanism Of Dental Caries PDF.. Book Details: ...
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite different strategies for improving behavioral factors, dental caries (tooth decay) remains to be one of the most prevalent oral diseases and a challenging public health problem far from being controlled. In addition to environmental factors, recent studies have provided convincing evidence that genetics also plays an important role in the etiology of dental caries. However, to date, genetic studies on caries are still in an early stage compared to numerous efforts that have been made in other complex diseases or traits. In this proposal, to complement the traditional single marker/gene, we will develop innovative strategies to identify groups of functional related genes with enriched associations with dental caries in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) dataset. Our Specific Aims are as follows. (1) To develop a novel statistical method based on mixed effects models to identify genes and gene sets that have enriched association signals in GWAS. We ...
Caries in children under 6 years old (Early Childhood Caries) is still a major oral health problems in many countries. The high prevalence of ECC should be prevented immediately based on the cause of caries. Saliva is one of the factors that play role in dental caries process, also play a role as caries prevention. This article describes the relationship...
1852210087 Strategy for Dental Caries Prevention in European Countries According to their Laws and Regulations,books, textbooks, text book
Data on oral health among the elderly in Norway is sparse. The aim of the present study was to describe the distribution of enamel-, dentin-, root- and secondary caries within an elderly population in Northern-Norway. A study population (n=1 173) was divided into four age groups: 65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and 80-94. Seven calibrated examiners registered presence, location and severity of caries lesions on x-rays and intra-oral photos. Severity of approximal and occlusal primary and secondary, as well as root caries was graded (D1-2: in enamel; D3- 5: into dentin, Sec1-2 og Sec3-5, Root D3-5). DMFS/DMFT were calculated. The seniors had more primary caries (DS1-5) compared to the oldest age groups, while the old elderly had significantly more secondary caries than the other groups (p,0.05). Among the oldest age population (80-94 yrs), 21 % were registered with root caries. About 48 % of the old elderly had one or more surfaces with untreated caries lesions into dentin, while for the other groups the ...
People refer to dental caries in different ways (caries, cavities, tooth decay) but note that they refer to the same thing, the wearing out of teeth as a result of bacterial activity. If you snack frequently or habitually sip sugary drinks, but fail to clean your teeth well, you are a candidate for dental caries.. How do you know if you have dental caries?. You will often notice a cavity. It becomes difficult, sometimes downright painful, to eat. If you do not address the problem, the tissue surrounding the decaying tooth may become inflamed. The area may become infected. An abscess may form. You may eventually lose the affected tooth.. Symptoms of the disease may not always be apparent at first. Tooth decay may manifest itself on the onset as a chalk-white spot (also called a lesion or a micro cavity) on your tooth, indicating that the enamel is going through demineralization. As the lesion becomes increasingly demineralized, it can become brownish, and ultimately become a cavity. You can ...
This book aims to define the etiological factors in dental caries and to guide the clinician towards methods of caries prevention that are evidence based. The coverage includes discussion of the active role of the biofilm and the oral environment and emphasizes the multifactorial etiology of dental caries. The opening chapters describe the early detection and diagnosis of dental caries, highlight the value of caries risk assessment to the patient, and explain the dynamic process of the demineralization-remineralization cycle. Information is presented on the action of fluoride, and the evidence relating to the use and effectiveness of remineralization agents and biomimetic materials is reviewed. Additionally, the effects of antimicrobials such as chlorhexidine and ozone are summarized. Further chapters focus on dietary counseling (with information on sweeteners and probiotics), the effectiveness of sealants in caries prevention, and resin infiltration. The philosophy of prophylaxis and ways to ...
Arrested caries on primary molars - the caries is dark and feels hard The Hall Technique Guide Edition 3: 11.11.10 7 8 Figure 6. Review and clinical application in primary teeth M. Ganesh and Dhaval Parikh* Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Ahmedabad Dental College and Hospital, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. ... primary/permanent teeth was 0.5 to 4.4 (2.25) teeth. Longer-term consequences of dental caries in primary teeth include an increased probability of caries in the permanent dentition17,18 and possible loss of arch space. 12 Ever Had Caries in Primary or Permanent Teeth: Children 6-8 Years of Age. Thinner enamel and dentin Evaluation of pits and fissure for caries-susceptible primary. PPT - Prevention of Dental Caries PowerPoint presentation , free to view - id: 4d4fb5-OTU2Y. and permanent teeth (molars, premolars, and anterior. Lack of treatment for caries in primary teeth will often result in the premature loss of the primary teeth, especially molars, which are at risk ...
Dental caries or tooth decay is a common chronic disorder among children. According to National Oral Health Survey for Preschool Children (2005) and School Children (2006), about three fourth of the 5 to 6 year-old children have caries. The notorious impacts of dental caries are well-documented- from acute effects, such as pain, to long-term consequences like eating difficulty and reduced quality of life.
Prior studies suggest dental caries traits in children and adolescents are partially heritable, but there has been no large-scale consortium genome-wide association study (GWAS) to date. We therefore performed GWAS for caries in participants aged 2.5-18.0 years from nine contributing centres. Phenotype definitions were created for the presence or absence of treated or untreated caries, stratified by primary and permanent dentition. All studies tested for association between caries and genotype dosage and the results were combined using fixed-effects meta-analysis. Analysis included up to 19 003 individuals (7530 affected) for primary teeth and 13 353 individuals (5875 affected) for permanent teeth. Evidence for association with caries status was observed at rs1594318-C for primary teeth [intronic within ALLC, odds ratio (OR) 0.85, effect allele frequency (EAF) 0.60, P 4.13e-8] and rs7738851-A (intronic within NEDD9, OR 1.28, EAF 0.85, P 1.63e-8) for permanent teeth. Consortium-wide estimated ...
Early childhood caries (ECC) are a significant health concern for Indigenous Maaori children in Aotearoa New Zealand. In an effort to address the significant impact of ECC on the health of Indigenous children, the Health Research Council (HRC) funded a randomised control trial (RCT) Reducing disease burden and health inequalities arising from chronic dental disease among Indigenous children: an early childhood caries intervention. The study reported here, was a unique oral health collaborative Indigenous study in Australia, Canada, and Aotearoa New Zealand. A qualitative study was carried out to explore the experiences of waahine Maaori (Maaori women) of a randomised control trial to improve the oral health of their peepi (baby, babies). In addition, this study sought to understand the knowledge of, attitude toward, and practice of waahine Maaori for the oral health for their peepi (baby, babies); and to see if waahine Maaori were able to express their experiences and understandings within ...
A survey was conducted to determine dental caries prevalence and treatment among 1,095 25-to 44-year-old permanent force Israeli military personnel. Caries experience, by decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth DMFT, was 11.66, with an average of 1.37 untreated caries, 2.40 extracted teeth, and 7.90 treated teeth. Caries was positively...
Cheryl E. Fryer, DDS, MS, MA; Ronald S. Brown, DDS, MS; and Sandra D. Osborne, RDH, MS; present a case of uncontrolled dental caries in a 24-year-old adult and discuss diagnosis, etiology, and management of the high-risk caries patient. This article is peer-reviewed and available for 2 hours of CE credit. Learning Objectives: After participating in this CE activity, the individual will learn: Factors involved in the etiology and diagnosis of uncontrolled dental caries. How to manage the patient with uncontrolled dental caries. ...
22. Hong L, Ahmed A, McCunniff M, et al. Obesity and dental caries in children aged 2-6 years in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002. J Public Health Dent. 2008;68:227-33.-2323. Alm A. On dental caries and caries-related factors in children and teenagers. Swed Dent J Suppl. 2008;195:7-63.,2626. Hayden C, Bowler JO, Chambers S, et al. Obesity and dental caries in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2013;41:289-308.,3131. Cinar AB, Murtomaa H. Interrelation between obesity, oral health and lifestyle factors among Turkish school children. Clin Oral Investig. 2011;15: 177-84.,3232. Norberg C, Hallström Stalin U, Matsson L, et al. Body mass index (BMI) and dental caries in 5-year-old children from southern Sweden. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2012;40:315-22. The factors that contribute to the two problems of caries and child obesity are both psychosocial and nutritional.99. Spiegel KA, Palmer CA. Childhood dental ...
Despite their shared origins, medicine and dentistry are not always two sides of the same coin. There is a long history in medical philosophy of defining disease and various medical models have come into existence. Hitherto, little philosophical and phenomenological work has been done considering dental caries and periodontitis as examples of disease and illness. A philosophical methodology is employed to explore how we might define dental caries and periodontitis using classical medical models of disease - the naturalistic and normativist. We identify shared threads and highlight how the features of these highly prevalent dental diseases prevent them fitting in either definition. The article describes phenomenology and the current thought around the phenomenology of illness, exploring how and why these dental illnesses might integrate into a phenomenological model. We discover that there are some features particular to dental caries and periodontitis: ubiquity, preventability and hyper-monitorablility.
Severe early childhood caries (ECC), while strongly associated with Streptococcus mutans using selective detection (culture, PCR), has also been associated with a widely diverse microbiota using molecular cloning approaches. The aim of this study was to evaluate the microbiota of severe ECC using anaerobic culture. The microbial composition of dental plaque from 42 severe ECC children was compared with that of 40 caries-free children. Bacterial samples were cultured anaerobically on blood and acid (pH 5) agars. Isolates were purified, and partial sequences for the 16S rRNA gene were obtained from 5,608 isolates. Sequence-based analysis of the 16S rRNA isolate libraries from blood and acid agars of severe ECC and caries-free children had ,90% population coverage, with greater diversity occurring in the blood isolate library. Isolate sequences were compared with taxon sequences in the Human Oral Microbiome Database (HOMD), and 198 HOMD taxa were identified, including 45 previously uncultivated ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence of dental caries among school children of Moodbidri.. AU - Rao, A.. AU - Sequeira, S. P.. AU - Peter, S.. PY - 1999/6/1. Y1 - 1999/6/1. N2 - This survey was carried out among 2902 children aged between 5 and 12 years attending 13 primary schools in various areas of Moodbidri, in Udupi district. The oral health status was assessed using the simplified WHO Oral Health Assessment Form. The caries prevalence was found to be 76.9%. The mean DMFT was 0.78 and the mean deft was 3.48. Although the mean DMFT score between males and females did not show any significant difference, the mean deft was found to be higher among males compared to females. It was also found that the mean DMFT score increased with age whereas the mean deft score decreased with age.. AB - This survey was carried out among 2902 children aged between 5 and 12 years attending 13 primary schools in various areas of Moodbidri, in Udupi district. The oral health status was assessed using the simplified WHO ...
Background: Recent studies have shown a substantial decline in caries experience in Australian Army recruits between 1996 and 2002-2003, and in Australian adults between 1987-1988 and 2004-2006. However, studies in children have reported an increasing trend in caries experience between 1998 and 2002. The aim of this study was to investigate caries experience in Australian Army recruits in 2008 ...
Fig. 5: Map of surfaces with highest simulated rates of probability of dental caries.. DISCUSSION. The spatial analysis of the distribution of dental caries among preschool children in the city of Canoas indicated the occurrence of intra-urban differentials, with the highest concentration of cases in the western portion of the city. This is the first study to investigate the spatial distribution of dental caries among a large sample of preschool children in a developing country. The findings demonstrate the importance of spatial analysis in understanding the polarization process of adverse health conditions and identifying more vulnerable groups.. Identifying spatial inequalities and visualizing them on maps enables health services to be qualified and organized. In addition to optimizing the allocation of financial and human resources based on the characteristics of each geographic area, this process is essential for guiding interventions aimed at reducing inequalities11,13,24,25.. Certain ...
Background The composition of the salivary microbiota has been reported to differentiate between patients with periodontitis, dental caries and orally healthy individuals. To identify characteristics of diseased and healthy saliva we thus wanted to compare saliva metaproteomes from patients with periodontitis and dental caries to healthy individuals. Methods Stimulated saliva samples were collected from 10 patients with periodontitis, 10 patients with dental caries and 10 orally healthy individuals. The proteins in the saliva samples were subjected to denaturing buffer and digested enzymatically with LysC and trypsin. The resulting peptide mixtures were cleaned up by solid-phase extraction and separated online with 2 h gradients by nano-scale C18 reversed-phase chromatography connected to a mass spectrometer through an electrospray source. The eluting peptides were analyzed on a tandem mass spectrometer operated in data-dependent acquisition mode. Results We identified a total of 35,664 unique peptides
Background: In the last few decades, industrialization, urbanization, economic development and market globalization have had a significant impact on changes in lifestyle and diet. Thus, food choices and nutritional intake greatly affect oral health and body weight. This has a significant impact on health and nutrition, particularly through higher carbohydrate intake and lower physical activity, particularly among younger members of the population. High sugar intake, such as sugar-containing snacks and soft drinks, was reported it is more common in children/adolescents who are overweight and obesity than those of normal weight. Frequent sugar intake is also a risk factor for dental caries. Given this, there is strong evidence that supports the relationship between dental caries and dietary intake has been associated with the development of obesity at a young age. Thus, it is possible to conclude that there is a biological relationship between dental caries and body weight. Objective: To see the
Dental caries, also known as tooth decay, cavities, or caries, is a breakdown of teeth due to activities of bacteria. The cavities may be a number of different colors from yellow to black. Symptoms may include pain and difficulty with eating. Complications may include inflammation of the tissue around the tooth, tooth loss, and infection or abscess formation. ...
The objective of the study was to develop regression models to describe the epidemiological profile of dental caries in 12-year-old children in an area of low prevalence of caries. Two distinct random probabilistic samples of schoolchildren (n=1,763) attending public and private schools in Piracicaba, Southeastern Brazil, were studied. Regression models were estimated as a function of the most affected teeth using data collected in 2005 and were validated using a 2001 database. The mean (SD) DMFT index was 1.7 (2.08) in 2001 and the regression equations estimated a DMFT index of 1.67 (1.98), which corresponds to 98.2% of the DMFT index in 2001. The study provided detailed data on the caries profile in 12-year-old children by using an updated analytical approach. Regression models can be an accurate and feasible method that can provide valuable information for the planning and evaluation of oral health services ...
Looking for Dental decay? Find out information about Dental decay. caries an affection of the solid tissues of the teeth manifested by their gradual destruction and the formation of cavities.The causes of dental caries are... Explanation of Dental decay
Complications of dental caries. Common complications: periapical disease, pulpitis and osteitis. Complications of dental caries. Mild dental caries affects masticatory function. Serious dental caries, or dental caries without treatment, can cause complications such as pulp disease, periapical disease, jaw inflammation, and even become oral lesions, affecting the whole body health. Dental caries is the main cause of tooth loss in children. Early loss of childrens teeth not only hinders digestive function, but also affects the normal development of maxillofacial region.. ...
Looking for online definition of residual dental caries in the Medical Dictionary? residual dental caries explanation free. What is residual dental caries? Meaning of residual dental caries medical term. What does residual dental caries mean?
An exploration of early childhood caries prevalence, malnutrition and the associated risk factors in rural and urban Nepal.. Under the menorship of Dr. Karen Sokal Gutierrez. Untreated tooth decay, also known as caries, is the most prevalent disease condition in the world, and it is the fourth most expensive disease to treat. Severe early childhood caries (s-ECC) is any sign of smooth-surface caries in children younger than three years of age or a DMFT score greater than four, five, or six in children aged three, four, or five respectively, on primary maxillary anterior teeth and these diagnoses occurs disproportionately in young children from low-income families who may either have an economic disadvantage, or a geographic inability to access dental care. Little published scientific data exists on oral health in Nepalese children; The first and only national oral health survey was conducted in 2014, and concluded that 58% of five to six year olds suffer from dental caries, making it the most ...
Related Policies. APHA Policy Statement 97-06: Evidence-Based Dental Care1 APHA Policy Statement 2008-7: Community Water Fluoridation in the United States2. In addition to promoting fluoridated water and fluoridated toothpaste, fluoride varnish programs should be established or expanded to reach underserved populations at high-risk of tooth decay. Dental caries, commonly known as tooth decay (the process, as distinguished from the cavity, the final phase of the process), affect people of all ages. Although tooth decay can be prevented or controlled, 28% of all US children ages 2 to 5 years have dental caries in primary teeth (20% of all children in this age group have untreated caries); 54% of children ages 2 to 11 years living at less than 100% of the Federal Poverty Level have dental caries in primary teeth (33% of all children in this age group have untreated caries)3; 23% of 6 to 11year olds living at less than 100% of the Federal Poverty Level have untreated permanent tooth caries.3 In ...
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Dental caries is a sugar-dependent disease that damages tooth structure and, due to loss of mineral components, may eventually lead to cavitation. Dental caries is the most prevalent disease worldwide and is considered the most important burden of oral health. Conventional treatment methods (drill and fill) involve the use of rotary burs under local anaesthesia. The need for an electricity supply, expensive handpieces and highly trained dental health personnel may limit access to dental treatment, especially in underdeveloped regions.To overcome the limitations of conventional restorative treatment, the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) was developed, mainly for treating caries in children living in under-served areas of the world where resources and facilities such as electricity and trained manpower are limited. ART is a minimally invasive approach which involves removal of decayed tissue using hand instruments alone, usually without use of anaesthesia and electrically driven equipment, ...
Looking for online definition of def caries index in the Medical Dictionary? def caries index explanation free. What is def caries index? Meaning of def caries index medical term. What does def caries index mean?
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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess Maryland dental hygienists knowledge, practices and opinions regarding dental caries prevention and early detection.. Methods: A 30 item survey was mailed to 1,258 Maryland dental hygienists. Two follow-up mailings and email reminders were sent.. Results: The response rate was 43% (n=540). Nearly all respondents were female (98%), and 58% practiced in solo settings. Knowledge and certainty of knowledge were moderate: sealants are needed regardless of topical fluoride use (55% certain, 40% less certain), newly erupted permanent molars are the best candidates for sealants (54%, 36%) and professionally applied fluorides are desirable in areas without fluoridated water (55%, 36%). Fewer were certain that incipient lesions can be remineralized before cavitation (23%, 69%), and dilute, frequently administered fluorides are more effective in caries prevention than concentrated, less frequently administered fluorides (6%, 24%). Opinions regarding ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Clinical practice guidelines for oral management of Sjögren disease. T2 - Dental caries prevention. AU - Zero, Domenick T.. AU - Brennan, Michael T.. AU - Daniels, Troy E.. AU - Papas, Athena. AU - Stewart, Carol. AU - Pinto, Andres. AU - Al-Hashimi, Ibtisam. AU - Navazesh, Mahvash. AU - Rhodus, Nelson. AU - Sciubba, James. AU - Singh, Mabi. AU - Wu, Ava J.. AU - Frantsve-Hawley, Julie. AU - Tracy, Sharon. AU - Fox, Philip C.. AU - Ford, Theresa Lawrence. AU - Cohen, Stephen. AU - Vivino, Frederick B.. AU - Hammitt, Katherine M.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2016 American Dental Association. All rights reserved. Copyright: Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2016/4/1. Y1 - 2016/4/1. N2 - Background Salivary dysfunction in Sjögren disease can lead to serious and costly oral health complications. Clinical practice guidelines for caries prevention in Sjögren disease were developed to improve quality and consistency of care. Methods A national panel of experts ...
ICDAS (the International Caries Detection and Assessment System) is a new approach to the detection and classification of dental caries, starting with the stage showing the earliest visual changes. Methodology: This article describes the implementation of the ICDAS at the School of Dentistry, International Medical University, and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in a step-by-step systematically planned process. Beginning with the setting up of a Task Force in 2011 for the evaluation and preparation of the training resources and the running of exploratory training exercises, it finally culminated in carrying out training workshops for the entire staff and students. After the internal processes had been completed, an international expert (KE) was invited to evaluate the process and conduct another workshop using the resources developed within the University, including a reference set of carious teeth. The overall time taken was one and a half years. Conclusions: The implementation of the ICDAS has been
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether salivary mutans streptococci (MS) counts in Chinese children had any value in the prediction of new caries in the permanent dentition in the age interval of 6.5-8.5 years. METHODS: Four hundred and thirty-three 6-7-year-old children participated in this 2-year longitudinal study. Salivary MS counts were obtained at baseline with the spatula method. Dentin and enamel caries was recorded at baseline and at the follow-up, 2 years later. Spearmans correlation coefficients were computed. Past caries experience variables at baseline were entered into a multiple regression model with caries increment of the permanent dentition as dependent variable. MS counts were subsequently entered into the model to assess the additional caries predictive value. RESULTS: Spearmans correlation coefficient for MS counts and caries experience of the primary dentition at baseline was 0.48 and for MS counts and caries increment in the permanent dentition 0.12. In the ...
Objective To examine trends in dental caries among indigenous and non-indigenous children in an Australian territory. Basic Research Design Routinely-collected data from a random selection of 6- and 12-year-old indigenous and non-indigenous children enrolled in the Northern Territory School Dental Service from 1989-2000 were obtained. The association of indigenous status with caries prevalence (percent dmft or DMFT,0 and percent dmft,3 or DMFT,1), caries severity (mean dmft or DMFT) and treatment need (percent d/dmft or D/DMFT) was examined. Results Results were obtained for 10,687 6- and 12-year old indigenous children and 21,777 6- and 12year-old non-indigenous children from 1989-2000. Across all years, indigenous 6-year-olds had higher caries prevalence in the deciduous dentition, greater mean dmft and percent d/dmft, and indigenous 12-year-olds had greater percent D/DMFT than their non-indigenous counterparts (p,0.05). From 1996-2000 the mean dmft and percent d/dmft for indigenous ...
The study was conducted to assess caries and developmental defects of enamel in relation to fluoride levels in drinking water and the association between caries experience and the severity of diffuse opacities in children living in Uda Walawe, an area with varying concentrations of fluoride in drinking water in Sri Lanka. A total of 518 14-year-old children who were lifelong residents in this area were examined for dental caries and developmental defects of enamel. But the present analysis is confined to 486 children from whom drinking water samples were collected. The prevalence of enamel defects and diffuse opacities ranged from 27 to 57% while the prevalence of caries ranged from 18 to 29% in the different fluoride exposure groups. The prevalence of enamel defects increased significantly with the increase in the fluoride level in drinking water. Both the caries prevalence and the mean caries experience were significantly higher in children with diffuse opacities than in those without in the ...
Strömberg, E., Hagman-Gustafsson, M.-L., Holmén, A., Wårdh, I. and Gabre, P. (2012), Oral status, oral hygiene habits and caries risk factors in home-dwelling elderly dependent on moderate or substantial supportive care for daily living. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 40: 221-229. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2011.00653.x ...
Severe caries may necessitate rehabilitative dental surgery. In Manitoba, demand for pediatric dental surgery increased from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s. These data may help in identifying regions where oral health promotion is needed.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalencia de caries dental en escolares de 6-12 años de edad de León, Nicaragua.. AU - Herrera, Míriam del Socorro. AU - Medina-Solis, Carlo Eduardo. AU - Maupome, Gerardo. PY - 2005/7. Y1 - 2005/7. N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of caries, deft and DMFT indices (sum of decay, messing, and filling tooth in primary and permanent dentition), and the Significant Caries Index (SiC) in scholars from Leon, Nicaragua. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Dental data from a representative sample of 1,400 children were collected and analyzed in a cross-sectional study (year 2002). All subjects were clinically evaluated by one of two calibrated and standardized examiners. RESULTS: 28.6% children were caries free in both dentitions. Caries prevalence in primary teeth in 6-years-old children was 72.6% and 45.0% in permanent teeth in 12-years-old children. Mean deft and DMFT were 2.98 +/- 2.93 (n = 1,125) and 0.65 +/- 1.43 (n = 1,379), respectively. The SiC at 12 years of age was 4.12. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - How to intervene in the caries process in adults. T2 - proximal and secondary caries? An EFCD-ORCA-DGZ expert Delphi consensus statement. AU - Schwendicke, Falk. AU - Splieth, Christian H.. AU - Bottenberg, Peter. AU - Breschi, Lorenzo. AU - Campus, Guglielmo. AU - Doméjean, Sophie. AU - Ekstrand, Kim. AU - Giacaman, Rodrigo A.. AU - Haak, Rainer. AU - Hannig, Matthias. AU - Hickel, Reinhard. AU - Juric, Hrvoje. AU - Lussi, Adrian. AU - Machiulskiene, Vita. AU - Manton, David. AU - Jablonski-Momeni, Anahita. AU - Opdam, Niek. AU - Paris, Sebastian. AU - Santamaria, Ruth. AU - Tassery, Hervé. AU - Zandona, Andrea. AU - Zero, Domenick. AU - Zimmer, Stefan. AU - Banerjee, Avijit. PY - 2020/9/1. Y1 - 2020/9/1. N2 - Objectives: To provide consensus recommendations on how to intervene in the caries process in adults, specifically proximal and secondary carious lesions. Methods: Based on two systematic reviews, a consensus conference and followed by an e-Delphi consensus process were ...
Caries in the pit and fissures of occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent dentition is a significant dental health problem. Since pit and fissures lead to the retention of food on the occlusal surfaces of teeth which in turn cause dental caries. Dental sealants are cost effective treatment modalities when placed on teeth of children at high risk for dental caries. The cariostatic properties of sealants are attributed to the physical obstruction of the pits and fissures. Sealants are still underused despite their documented efficacy and the availability of clinical practice guidelines. If the proper recommendations are followed, sealants would be very beneficial in reducing the dental caries at an early stage.. ...
The development and progression of carious lesions were monitored clinically and radiographically for 1 year in caries-free and high-caries children resident in non-fluoridated (NF) and fluoridated (F) areas. The dmfs/DMFS increment score and the transition score systems were used to monitor caries activity. Ninety-nine variables including exposure to fluoride, nutritional, dietary, salivary, oral hygiene, socioeconomic, and demographic factors were examined longitudinally. The transition score system was found to be a more sensitive method of monitoring caries activity than the dmfs/DMFS increment score system. Bivariate and multivariate analyses showed that the absence of water fluoridation, past caries experience, lower levels of fluoride intake from diet and toothpaste, frequent use of syrup medications, lower socio-economic class, intake of cariogenic foods at bedtime, increased intake of niacin derived from fast foods, increased intake of fat derived from bakery products, fast foods, and ...
Baby bottle tooth decay is caused by the frequent and long-term exposure of a childs teeth to liquids containing sugars. Among these liquids are milk, formula, fruit juice, fizzy sweetened drinks, and other sweetened drinks. The sugars in these liquids pool around the infants teeth and gums, feeding the bacteria that cause plaque. Every time your child consumes a sugary liquid, acid attacks his/her teeth. After numerous attacks, tooth decay can occur, resulting in baby bottle tooth decay. Parents and carers should be especially concerned with giving an infant a sugary drink at nap or night time. During sleep, the flow of saliva decreases, allowing the sugary liquids to pool around the childs teeth for an extended period of time.. How to prevent baby bottle tooth decay ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Majority of new onset of dental caries occurred from caries-free students. T2 - A longitudinal study in primary school students. AU - Kusama, Taro. AU - Todoriki, Hidemi. AU - Osaka, Ken. AU - Aida, Jun. N1 - Funding Information: Funding: This work was supported by a grant-in-aid for scientific research (Grant Number: 25282023) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. Publisher Copyright: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.. PY - 2020/11/2. Y1 - 2020/11/2. N2 - We examined Roses axiom that a large number of people exposed to a small risk may generate more cases than a small number exposed to a high risk, using data on caries incidence. This longitudinal study was based on the records of annual dental checks conducted in primary schools in Okinawa, Japan. Participants were students aged 6-11 years at baseline in 2014, and a follow-up survey was conducted after one-year. The outcome variable was the increased number of decayed, missing, and ...
Sucrose is cariogenic, causing dental decay and eventual cavitation. There are many sugar substitutes which are equally sweet as sucrose but have fewer calories and are non-cariogenic or even anti-cariogenic. Xylitol and sorbitol are two common sugar substitutes that can be used to improve dental health. Xylitol, like other polyols, is a non-cariogenic non-sugar sweetener. Regular consumption of xylitol causes a shift in oral bacteria populations favoring less cariogenic bacteria. The main side effect of polyols is osmotic diarrhea although 4-5 times the amount needed to prevent dental caries would need to be ingested for this to occur. It has been concluded that polyols including xylitol are non-cariogenic. Unlike other sugar alcohols, xylitol has been shown to protect and reduce tooth decay by reducing Mutans streptococcus levels in plaque and saliva and lactic acid production of Mutans streptococcus. One study showed that groups consuming 100% xylitol had greater reduction in caries and S. ...
INTRODUCTION. Dental plaque left undisturbed over teeth is implicated in dental caries development, and, in the presence of frequent exposure to sucrose, white spots are clinically detected after 14-21 days7,22. Using sensitive laboratory methods to assess enamel demineralization it was demonstrated that even shorter periods were enough to cause enamel alterations2,16. However, the relationship between salivary factors, period of dental plaque accumulation, and dental caries deserves further research.. It has been assumed that plaque cariogenicity is influenced by a dynamic interaction of dietary and salivary, microbiological and biochemical factors. Salivary flow rate, buffer capacity and mutans streptococci counts were significantly related to caries occurrence in some studies9,19, and the evaluation of these factors has been proposed as a tool for caries risk assessment; but the associations with caries are normally weak. Also, mutans streptococci counts in plaque are considered to be ...
Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuus millions of monthly readers. Title: Histopathology of dental caries sangay/ dental implant courses by Indian dental academy , Author: indiandentalacademy, Name: Histopathology of dental caries sangay/ dental implant courses by Indian dental academy , Length: 19 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2014-04-30
Dental caries and the severity (depth) and area of erosions of tooth substance were studied in 11 bulimic subjects and 22 matched controls. Erosions were seen in 69% of the bulimics teeth and in only 7% of the controls (p less than 0.001). Depth of penetration was greater in the bulimics, extending even into the pulp, and the area of erosion was also larger. Scores for dental caries were higher in bulimics (mean DMFS 27.9, median 36) than in controls (mean DMFS 19.1, median 13.5), although the difference was not statistically significant. This study suggests that when erosions are present on the lingual surfaces of maxillary anterior teeth, as well as on the buccal surfaces of maxillary canines, premolars, and maxillary incisors, a diagnosis of bulimia is likely. Patients with these signs should be referred for medical help ...
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
Objective: The aim of this in-vivo study was to evaluate the long-term clinical survival of different deep dentin caries treatment options. Materials and Methods: In total, 391 patients with at least one permanent tooth with clinically diagnosed deep dentin caries were inspected. Two hundred and fourteen patients were examined at recall visits. Inclusion criteria were teeth with deep caries lesions with pulp vitality but absence of spontaneous pain and periapical alterations. The subjects received either stepwise removal (SWR), complete caries removal (CCR), or direct pulp capping (DPC). The radiological and clinical exams were performed after a mean observation time of 62 months. Success was defined as pulp sensitivity to vitality test and absence of periapical lesions as well as a clinical symptom. Data were statistically analyzed using KaplanuMeier and log-rank (ManteluCox) tests (a = 0.05). Results: Of the total 214 patients evaluated, 126 received SWR, 88 received CCR, and 67 received DPC ...
Forest Smiles - The Best Dentist in Lynchburg, VA Early childhood caries or baby bottle tooth decay is a term used to describe a type of caries that occurs
Our teeth appear to be the strongest part of the body. Dentists proved this as the last part to deteriorate and get affected from local irritants. Of course, you can do this with the help of dental care.. Dental care is a basic preventive measure that aims to protect your teeth and your overall health. Its most essential part is right oral hygiene. Good oral hygiene involves a series of dental strategies, including daily brushing of teeth, flossing and regular dental visits. Apparently, very few people practice dental care. This resulted to different dental illnesses, including tooth decay or cavities.. Cavities or dental caries are the most rampant issues of oral health. This infection highly affects the chewing area which is why those who have affected molars use dental sealants.. Dental sealants are thin, plastic material made to protect your teeth from local irritants. Our Emergency dentist in LA usually placed this at the chewing surface. Therefore, you can find this material on your ...
Start Over You searched for: Languages English ✖Remove constraint Languages: English Copyright Copyright may apply ✖Remove constraint Copyright: Copyright may apply Subjects Dental Caries -- etiology ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Dental Caries -- etiology Subjects Diabetes Mellitus -- etiology ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Diabetes Mellitus -- etiology Publication Year 1900 ✖Remove constraint Publication Year: 1900 Dates by Range 1950-1999 ✖Remove constraint Dates by Range: 1950-1999 ...
Baby bottle caries (cavities) can happen to your babys or toddlers teeth. You may be thinking, Its just their baby teeth, they are going to lose them anyway, but your babys first set of teeth are very important. Primary teeth help set the path for permanent teeth to come through. If you take out a primary tooth too early, the permanent tooth can come in off track and may not come out in its proper position. Alternatively, if you choose to leave an infected baby tooth as it is, the infection can travel up the tooth and affect the development of permanent teeth.. The most common cause of baby bottle caries is right in the name: from their bottle. Say you have a little one who only goes down to sleep if you give them a bottle of milk. The sugar in the milk is now sitting on your babys teeth for a prolonged period of time. Sugar mixes with bacteria and creates an acid that creates decay until the babys teeth are cleaned.. Avoiding baby bottle caries:. ...
Orthodontic treatment is the main treatment procedure to achieve a well-aligned dental arch and an esthetic smile. For this purpose, various types of removable or fixed orthodontic appliances are designed. However, each has their specific disadvantages. The most important one is that orthodontic appliances especially the brackets and the ligation mode create new retention areas in addition to blocking plaque-removing shear forces arising from fluid flow and masticatory loads with a resultant undesired effect of accumulation of dental plaque. Increased amount of dental plaque containing cariogenic bacteria is the main etiologic factor in decalcification of enamel during orthodontic treatment. This demineralization of the tooth surfaces results in appearance of white spots or even caries. However, in the literature, there are conflicting results in the relationship between orthodontic treatment and development of dental caries. Many preventive methods such as topical fluoride application, using bonding
Fissure sealant retention and caries development after resealing on first permanent molars of children with low, moderate and high caries risk.
Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Baby Bottle Tooth Decay, Baby Bottle Syndrome, and Nursing Bottle Mouth are all terms used to describe a dental condition which involves the rapid decay of many or all of the baby teeth of an infant or child. The teeth most likely to be damaged are the upper front teeth. They are some of the first teeth to erupt and thus have the longest exposure to sugars from bottle feeding. The lower front teeth tend to be protected by the tongue as the child sucks on the nipple of the bottle or the breast. Baby Bottle Tooth Decay is caused by frequent exposure to liquid containing sugars for extended periods of time. When your baby falls asleep with a bottle containing formula, milk or juice; a pacifier dipped in honey; or while breast feeding, liquids pool around the front teeth. During sleep, the bacteria present in all babies mouths turns the milk sugar or other sugars to acids which cause decay. Parents may not know there is a problem until serious damage has been done. Oral checks
BACKGROUND: Dental decay is the most common childhood disease worldwide and most of the decay remains untreated. In the Philippines caries levels are among the highest in the South East Asian region. Elementary school children suffer from high prevalence of stunting and underweight.The present study aimed to investigate the association between untreated dental decay and Body Mass Index (BMI) among 12-year-old Filipino children. METHODS: Data collection was part of the National Oral Health Survey, a representative cross-sectional study of 1951 11-13-year-old school children using a modified, stratified cluster sampling design based on population classifications of the Philippine National Statistics Office. Caries was scored according to WHO criteria (1997) and odontogenic infections using the PUFA index. Anthropometric measures were performed by trained nurses. Some socio-economic determinants were included as potential confounding factors. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of caries (DMFT + dmft , ...
Tooth decay has become increasingly prevalent in preschoolers. Not only is tooth decay unpleasant and painful, it can also lead to more serious problems like premature tooth loss and childhood periodontal disease.. Dental sealants are an important tool in preventing childhood caries (cavities) and tooth decay. Especially when used in combination with other preventative measures, like biannual checkups and an excellent daily home care routine, sealants can bolster the mouths natural defenses, and keep smiles healthy.. How do sealants protect childrens teeth?. In general, dental sealants are used to protect molars from oral bacteria and harmful oral acids. These larger, flatter teeth reside toward the back of the mouth and can be difficult to clean. Molars mark the site of four out of five instances of tooth decay. Decay-causing bacteria often inhabit the nooks and crannies (pits and fissures) found on the chewing surfaces of the molars. These areas are extremely difficult to access with a ...
Dental sealants (also termed pit and fissure sealants, or simply fissure sealants) are a dental treatment intended to prevent tooth decay. Teeth have recesses on their biting surfaces; the back teeth have fissures (grooves) and some front teeth have cingulum pits. It is these pits and fissures which are most vulnerable to tooth decay, partly because food sticks in them and they are hard-to-clean areas. Dental sealants are materials placed in these pits and fissures to fill them in, creating a smooth surface that is easy to clean. Dental sealants are mainly used in children who are at higher risk of tooth decay, and typically they are placed as soon as the adult molar teeth come through. Dental caries is an upset of the balance between loss and gain of minerals from a tooth surface. The loss of minerals from our teeth occurs from the bacteria within our mouths fermenting foods and producing acids, whereas the tooth gains minerals from our saliva and fluoride that is present within our mouths. ...
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Plastic Bottles. Region-Wise Baby Bottles Market Analysis Can Be Represented As Follows:. - North America includes USA, Canada, Mexico. - Europe includes Germany, France, UK, Italy, Russia. - South America includes Eqypt, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Brazil, South Africa. - Asia-Pacific includes Japan, China, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia. Buy A complete Report at https://market.biz/report/global-baby-bottles-market-gir/87253/. The Baby Bottles report cover following datapoints:. Part 1: This part enlists the global Baby Bottles market overview, covering the basic market introduction, market analysis by type, applications, regions. The major Baby Bottles producing regions include North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle-East, and Africa. Baby Bottles industry states and outlook(2012-2022) is presented in this part. In addition, Baby Bottles market dynamics stating the opportunities, market risk, key driving forces are studied.. Part 2: This part covers Baby Bottles manufacturers profile based on ...
Tooth decay (caries) remains a major health issue in the United States and worldwide with a prevalence of more than 50% in young children that increases to about 85% in the adult population. The consequences of this disease range from a significant number missed days at school or work to malnutrition and effects on overall health, and result in about $80B in treatment costs. Caries disease-progression studies and resulting treatment regimen have not yielded significant oral-health improvements in several years. This four-year project funded through the NIH National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) propose to revisit the processes involved in caries development by combining carefully chosen and highly complementary new analytical and molecular biology tools. Current tooth decay (dental caries) prevention methods include enamel hardening with fluoride and bacterial removal via mechanical and general antimicrobial approaches. These methods are based on the knowledge that oral ...
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Parents/carers of infants should be particularly educated about the dangers of putting fruit juices and sugar-sweetened drinks into feeding bottles or reservoir feeders …
Purpose: To investigate the thresholds of restorative intervention in dental caries treatment, based upon the lesion depth seen in radiographs, among Brazilian dentists working in small cities. In addition, the threshold of restorative intervention was compared with demographic and work-related characteristics. Material and Methods: The studied population comprised dentists (n = 89) who were working in 2000 in 20 small cities of the Midwest region of the Southern Brazilian State of Santa Catarina. Four different radiographs were shown of extracted premolars fixed upon a plaster base. The criteria for the radiograph analyses were proposed by Nuttall et al (1993). Results: Of investigated dentists, 16.7% would restore a carious lesion confined to the outer half of the enamel and 33.3% would restore a carious lesion in the outer and inner half of the enamel, but without involving the enamel-dentine junction. The percentage that would restore lesions in the outer half of dentine was 91.7%. Dentists ...
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of orthodontic malocclusion with periodontal status, dental caries, and sociodemographic status. Our study population consisted of a sample of 836 school children (384 male and 452 female, aged 11–14 years). Four experienced orthodontists and two experienced periodontists performed the clinical examinations. The Treatment Priority Index (TPI), Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN), decayed, missing, filled teeth (DMFT) scores, and a questionnaire that surveyed socio-demographic status of students were used. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients were used to measure the association between variables. TPI scores showed that 36.4% of the students had normal occlusion, while 41.2% had slight, 15.7% had definite, 4% had severe, and 2.7% had very severe malocclusion. TPI values did not show any significant differences between pupils in different age, gender, socioeconomic status groups, and CPITN
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Various doses are suggested for cavity prevention in children who are 5 years and above. Just like above, the dosage is 7-20 grams per day for kids. Children should chew Xylitol gum for 10-20 minutes post meals. Even they can suck the candies as it provides 5-8 grams of xylitol. This is beneficial to reduce tooth decay. However, still, it is not clear whether xylitol can reduce dental caries in children less than 5 years old. Xylitol is safe in the form of medicine for children up to 20 grams per day. Apart from that, it is suggested by Caledone dentist to keep flossing and brushing. One should not depend upon sugarless gums for preventing tooth decay.. ...