In urban areas, people often have to stand or move in close proximity to others. The egocentric distance to stimuli is a powerful determinant of defensive behavior in animals. Yet, little is known about how spatial proximity to others alters defensive responses in humans. We hypothesized that the valence of social cues scales with egocentric distance, such that proximal social stimuli have more positive or negative valence than distal stimuli. This would predict enhanced defensive responses to proximal threat and reduced defensive responses to proximal reward. We tested this hypothesis across four experiments using 3-D virtual reality simulations. Results from Experiment 1 confirmed that proximal social stimuli facilitate defensive responses, as indexed by fear-potentiated startle, relative to distal stimuli. Experiment 2 revealed that interpersonal defensive boundaries flexibly increase with aversive learning. Experiment 3 examined whether spatial proximity enhances memory for aversive ...
We demonstrate a compact transform spectrometer based on measuring the periodicity of Talbot self-images. The system has no moving parts; it contains only a tilted absorption grating that is imaged onto a CCD camera. The linear architecture of the system makes it possible to use this design in imaging arrays of spectrometers. Unlike other transform spectrometers, its resolution is independent of wavelength.. © 2001 Optical Society of America. Full Article , PDF Article ...
There are a variety of reasons children may have an adverse reaction to items in their environment. Those with especially sensitive skin may find it even more difficult to interact with the world around them. Some of the most common issues sensory processing issues, allergies, and eczema.. Sensory Processing Disorders. There are many different types of sensory processing disorders. They can involve any of the senses, including vision, hearing, taste, and touch. Children with a sensory processing disorder related to their sense of touch may find the way things feel to be extremely aversive. When this happens, it is called tactile defensiveness.. Children with tactile defensiveness will often avoid touching specific materials and if forced to do so may become fearful. Situations which can trigger this include textured materials, specific clothing textures, seams on socks, tags on shirts, the feeling of grass or sand, vibrating toys, and even wind blowing on their skin.. Exposing a child to the ...
Image by cobalt123 via Flickr If you have a minute, check out this Autism Sensory Overload Simulation video to get a feel for the perceptual difficulties experienced by people with autism spectrum disorders. A recent article, Critical Period Plasticity Is Disrupted in the Barrel Cortex of Fmr1 Knockout Mice [doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2010.01.024] provides some clues to…
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Our daughter is 7 and has always complained about clothing and in particular ,seams in socks. Her tantrums in the mornings to get ready for school have
In her youth Dusty was very territorial; she would defend what she knew to be hers with the speed and dexterity enjoyed mainly by the young. How intense her defense depended greatly on the importance of what was at stake: her food, her water, her favorite spot to sleep were at the very top of her list. Her territory, the boundaries of what she knew to be her world, always came behind immediate needs. Birds outside the windows, stray animals, even the postman were concern enough to illicit a response, but rarely enough to trigger a defensive reaction. Shed become excited, and vocal, but rarely physical. As long as she felt safe, shed remain alert but not terribly reactive; if any of those intrusions ventured into the safety of her world--coming through the front door--she would react with immediate defensive strategies, depending on the size of the threat. Sometimes that meant the baring of claws and teeth, sometimes that meant hiding under the bed ...
In her youth Dusty was very territorial; she would defend what she knew to be hers with the speed and dexterity enjoyed mainly by the young. How intense her defense depended greatly on the importance of what was at stake: her food, her water, her favorite spot to sleep were at the very top of her list. Her territory, the boundaries of what she knew to be her world, always came behind immediate needs. Birds outside the windows, stray animals, even the postman were concern enough to illicit a response, but rarely enough to trigger a defensive reaction. Shed become excited, and vocal, but rarely physical. As long as she felt safe, shed remain alert but not terribly reactive; if any of those intrusions ventured into the safety of her world--coming through the front door--she would react with immediate defensive strategies, depending on the size of the threat. Sometimes that meant the baring of claws and teeth, sometimes that meant hiding under the bed ...
That guys defensive reaction to the "arsenalist" label is exactly what Im after.. Trying to respect and reason with mass collectors within the 35 percent of gun-owning households has gotten us absolutely nowhere. Nowhere. Thats because arsenalists and "tactical" fetishists do not respect the rest of us. And the gun hustler industry thrives on this disrespect. This isnt about defense; its about dominance. And people like your reader have done absolutely nothing to clean up the culture they perpetuate.. I grew up in a house with 5 hunting rifles and some sort semi-automatic weapon (a mini 14, I believe) mounted on the wall above my dads chair. [JF note: This is the time to point out that I got the old Marksmanship merit badge as a Boy Scout, now called something else, and that my father was part of the local auxiliary-police force and carried a pistol with him when he went on nighttime house calls as a local doctor.]. We had a handgun stored somewhere. Not quite an arsenal, but a collection. ...
Allergies are the undesired and sometimes violent defensive reactions of the human (or animal) immune system to substances in the environment (allergens).
Teens entering residential care are often impulsive, angry, guarded and anxious. Of course when they arrive they are now living among other teens with similar feelings and at varying stages of development. Verbalizing their fears in healthy ways is often beyond their ability for at least a few weeks. Any questions regarding their behaviors early on in treatment seems to only intensify feelings of guilt and shame and initiate defensiveness. It often feels like any attempts at therapeutic interventions at this stage will be inadequate and even counterproductive. Earlier on, teens tend to be highly resistant to developing relationships with staff and peers and are hyper vigilant in blocking any type of approach.. The only way to break through the tough veneer is to demonstrate a deep level of integrity. If properly demonstrated, integrity is able to exhibit reliability and honesty. The very presence of staff creates an impression that the main focus is on helping the teen, not on benefitting the ...
I have so much to be thankful for these days. Even in the midst of all that is going on with me health-wise, there is never a moment that I am not thankful for all that I have. On two separate occasions now, my neurologist as taken the time to ask me how I am doing mentally. Its an odd moment when a doctor gets quiet and asks you if you ever think about harming yourself, if you are ready to "give up". A moment packed full of emotion - alarm, embarrassment, defensiveness, worry, confusion.. But even with all of that going on, there is a clear and very focused "me" that says, "No, its simply not an option." Im thankful for that. Im thankful that even in my darkest moments I long for life. I long for my family and my friends. I long to live my days, my moments with the man that I love with all of my heart. These things keep me moving forward. These are the things I take rest in ...
Didnt have well being beliefs that had been far more constant with wellness recommendations, and did not pay extra attention to health details. These information recommend that becoming an "information maven" might have to do with sociality rather than expertise. As such, well being details mavenism may very well be a helpful indicator of prosociality. With respect towards the item regarding possessing heard about engagement in healthcare analysis, this might be an indicator of more active responding at an early stage of becoming involved in healthcare investigation. The association of SSA with having heard about healthcare investigation could possibly be a result of paying a lot more consideration to well being data, which may be triggered by decreased defensiveness to overall health data, but not necessarily a outcome of actively in search of out overall health information (ancillary analyses showed that the association remained substantial when controlling for wellness information and facts ...
I think Schwartz and Fedak are decent guys who despite Joshs defensiveness didnt write a good episode last night for a whole host of reasons. I appreciate them taking the time to talk about it. My only issue with their answers is Joshs comment about giving fans what they want and what they need. He always take that approach in interviews that the fans dont really know what it is they NEED and we wouldnt be satisfied with a different trajectory for Chuck and Sarah. I dont agree and its kind of an offensive thing to say to fans. He may or may not have meant to come across that way. He also talked about C/S regressing after progressing and it sounds like he is a fan of that process. I think most of the fans arent a fan of such drastic regression and they mean it, really they do. Its not simply that they dont know what it is they really want or need. Theyre right though. The fans stuck with them through Intersect 2.0 and lots of plot holes and even sighed and said ok, bring on 2 more ...
Imagine if we started recognizing trauma, pain, grief, and fear without defensiveness or denial. What would a society like that look like?
However, the question that started the ruckus was totally reasonable: "Why on earth should we vaccinate our newborn baby against hepatitis B virus that is contracted mostly through intravenous drug use and sexual contact?" Pediatricians and family practitioners, as well as hospital nurses, run into this frequently and should be prepared for it.. Apparently, nobody could give this mom a satisfactory answer. Her objections were met with defensiveness. She felt threatened: "Get the vaccines or get out of our practice." But, she won the contest - and taught a lesson to those loser doctors and their nasty nurses - by refusing her baby the vaccine. (Of course, if the kid ends up with hepatitis B, I am sure she will sue somebody.). What happened here? The mother felt pushed, and she is obviously a person who pushes back. But her providers should have been able to give a better answer than, "Because!" Of course, who knows what either party really said? Still, Im going to take the mothers side for the ...
However, the question that started the ruckus was totally reasonable: "Why on earth should we vaccinate our newborn baby against hepatitis B virus that is contracted mostly through intravenous drug use and sexual contact?" Pediatricians and family practitioners, as well as hospital nurses, run into this frequently and should be prepared for it.. Apparently, nobody could give this mom a satisfactory answer. Her objections were met with defensiveness. She felt threatened: "Get the vaccines or get out of our practice." But, she won the contest - and taught a lesson to those loser doctors and their nasty nurses - by refusing her baby the vaccine. (Of course, if the kid ends up with hepatitis B, I am sure she will sue somebody.). What happened here? The mother felt pushed, and she is obviously a person who pushes back. But her providers should have been able to give a better answer than, "Because!" Of course, who knows what either party really said? Still, Im going to take the mothers side for the ...
Even the good guys - leaders like Nelson Mandela and Frene Ginwala - have had their role to play in building a culture of defensiveness, deflection and lack of transparency in the ANC. Zuma is not the ANCs problem; he is its creation. It has been a long walk to this dark place called Nkandla and the ANC has spurred Zuma on, every step of the way.
Okay, its Defensiveness Week here at Click Opera, whatever. But my honour is at stake. I want to pick up something an anon commenter said yesterday:
Okay, its Defensiveness Week here at Click Opera, whatever. But my honour is at stake. I want to pick up something an anon commenter said yesterday:
10.Mental disengagement: think about something else -Direct coping -Defensive coping facing a problem directly avoiding a problem Stress and Personality Type A Type A people are... Type B people are... Type B 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Casual about apointments Never Late 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Not competitive Very Competitive 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Good Listener Anticipates what others are going to say 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Never feel rushed (even under pressure) Always rushed 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Can wait patiently Impatient while waiting 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Takes things one at a time Tries to do many things at once 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Slow deliberate talker Emphatic in speech fast and forceful 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Cares about satisfying him/ herself no matter what others think Wants good job recognized by others 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Slow doing things Fast (eating, walking, etc.) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Easy going Hard driving 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Expresses feelings Hides ...
Babies born prematurely are at increased risk of episodes of bacterial infection, which can lead to longer hospital stay, long-term complications, and may be fatal. This is largely because preterm babies have immature defences against infection. An important way in which the body is protected is through the friendly bacteria that normally thrive in our gut and promote its health. At birth there are few organisms in the gut and healthy babies who are nursed with their mothers quickly become colonised with their friendly bacteria. Preterm babies who are separated from their mother at birth are more likely to become colonised with bacteria in the environment of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit that may cause disease. We think that if we begin to give babies a few drops of liquid containing friendly bacteria (probiotic) daily starting soon after birth that these bacteria will multiply in the intestine, improve the general health of the intestine and reduce the chance of potentially pathogenic ...
Over the years you have built an idealized self-image that you defend as "me." In this image are packed all the things you want to see as true about yourself; banished from it are all the shameful, guilty, and fear-provoking aspects that would threaten your self-confidence.. But the very aspects you try to push away return as the most insistent, demanding voices in your head. The act of banishment creates the chaos of your internal dialogue, and thus your ideal erodes even while you are doing everything to look good and feel good about yourself.. To really feel good about yourself, renounce your self-image. Immediately you will find yourself being more open, undefended, and relaxed.. Much time is spent in self-help trying to turn a bad self-image into a good one. As reasonable as that sounds, all self-images have the same pitfall: They keep reminding you of who you were, not who you are. The whole idea of I, me, and mine was erected on memories, and these memories are not really you. If you ...
We present an easy, simple, and inexpensive technique for checking the quality of the collimation of optical beams using the Lau effect combined with moiré readout. The experimental arrangement consists of a modified Lau-based interferometer in which a white-light incoherent source illuminates a set of two gratings. A collimating lens is placed between the two gratings such that the self-images of the second grating are formed. The third grating is positioned at one of the self-imaging planes forming moiré fringes. The type of the moiré fringe demonstrates the quality of collimation of the optical beam. The necessary theoretical background is presented and the results of our experimental investigation are reported. The technique can also be used for accurate determination of the focal length of a collimating lens using low-cost components.. © 2006 Optical Society of America. Full Article , PDF Article ...
Whitney catches Sara being shady and loses her cool. Romi and Kelsey get hammered and become a Haute mess, Corcy goes to Plan B, and Sajdah marches in a parade.
Describe the various defense mechanisms your body has to fight pathogens, nonspecific and specific. How does not washing your hands properly affect t...
Released: November 12, 2017. Romi Rain is an intense fitness coach who always pushes her clients to the ultimate limit. Dillion Harper has been one of her favorite customers for a while, but with a recent breakup shes extra feisty in todays session. Punching at the boxing mitts with all her rage unleashed, its clear that things have gotten a bit unhinged. Romi asks whats up, inquiring whether she still sees her (in her opinion toxic) boyfriend. Dillion is a bit shy but then breaks the news that she is no longer seeing her man. Romi was never one to miss an opportunity.. As Dillion slowly confesses how she never really felt good when she was with that boyfriend, Romi moves in, warming up to her nimble body and expressing shock that a man would not be grateful to be so fortunate having a girl like her. Bringing the boxing wraps around her supple back, Romi tells her how trainers learn skills to really help their clients. Empowerment training can often involve surrendering to anothers will ...
We all have people in our lives who just cant handle criticism. They become instantly defensive at even the smallest constructive criticism, using excuses, blaming, or even attacking when they feel like their flaws are being pointed out. Friends and family have to tiptoe around them to avoid having their words negatively interpreted. For some of you reading this, that description might hit a little too close to home; maybe you are the one in your family that is "overly sensitive" and cant handle having your mistakes or shortcomings pointed out. Either way, I think its important to pay attention to this dynamic and understand it better. Why does it happen? How can some people handle criticism with grace and dignity while others crumble to pieces or provoke fights? I believe the answer, in many cases, is shame.. In this context shame is defined as the belief that you are broken, unlovable, or of less value than other human beings. Unlike guilt, which is based on regret over bad behaviors, shame ...
Problems in some cases are completely absent, and can range from very mild to extremely painful and unpleasant, accompanied by mild fever. Symptoms of bladder infections usually begin with sudden pain and a feeling of heaviness in the bladder. Frequent urination usually occurs, which is actually a defensive reaction of the organism which wants to get rid of bacteria, as well as a burning sensation when urinating. What scares the patients is the presence of blood in the urine, then whitish or cloudy urine. The fever can be a sign that the infection has spread to the kidneys, and in this case, is often accompanied by pain in the lumbar part of your back, vomiting and nausea ...
Treatment of alcoholism with apomorphine is not less than 7 days, in some cases, the period may be extended before the appearance of intolerance to alcohol.. Gag reflex when drinking alcohol appear as a defensive reaction of the human body, which aims to eliminate toxic substances. The metabolites of ethanol in the liver lead to a General poisoning of the body. In these cases, prescribe medication to clear the stomach and prevent intoxication.. ...
Four emotionally arousing stimuli were used to probe the behavior of monkeys with bilateral ablations of the entorhinal and perirhinal cortex. The animals behavioral changes were then contrasted with those observed earlier (Meunier et al., 1999) in monkeys with either neurotoxic or aspiration lesions of the neighboring amygdala. Rhinal cortex ablations yielded several subtle behavioral changes, but none of them resembled any of the disorders typically seen after amygdalectomies. The changes produced by rhinal damage took mainly the form of heightened defensiveness, and attenuated submission and approach responses, that is, just the opposite of some of the most distinctive symptoms following amygdala damage. These findings raise the possibility that the rhinal cortex and amygdala have distinct, interactive, functions in normal behavioral adaptation to affective stimuli. ...
As to Dead_ and Cmonkey, since Ive been a vegetarian my whole life (which is why there might be a certain curtness to my tone, after having this argument for years), Ive largely gotten used to telling people that Im just not eating meat. The only time its gotten weird is when Im dealing with other cultures, who often see the vegetarianism as representative of imperialist American views (Id largely put down the defensiveness of omnivores, to a cultural disjunction too- and I put omnivore in quotes because Ive had far more people tell me, with pride, that theyre carnivores than omnivores). I used to go round and round with my uncle, who was a sheep farmer (and felt personally slighted by the thought that Id never eat lamb) until he got cancer and turned all beatific toward accepting others. But I also find it hard to believe that anyone whos ever spent significant time on a livestock farm wouldnt understand that there is needless suffering there, especially on a smaller, family ...
In 2007, I went to the Chopra Center in California to take part in an Ayurvedic detox program called Panchakarma. Then I was dealing with excess weight. Stress. Defensiveness. Clutter in mind, body and spirit and house!. That week led me to an entirely new way of life, a new body, a new mind and a new career. The new career, as an Ayurvedic consultant and cooking teacher, became so important to me, that at the end of 2014 I closed breathe books after 10 years. Opening breathe was one of the best choices I ever made, and closing breathe was another best choice. And now I find myself even more enthusiastic, excited and convinced that Ayurveda is such an important science, way of life, the path to perfect health. Over these past eight and a half years, I have studied Ayurveda all over the US and in India. From health counseling to teaching cooking and meditation, it really has become my primary focus in life. And now I see the benefits of Ayurveda even more clearly as I enter another stage in life ...
In 2007, I went to the Chopra Center in California to take part in an Ayurvedic detox program called Panchakarma. Then I was dealing with excess weight. Stress. Defensiveness. Clutter in mind, body and spirit and house!. That week led me to an entirely new way of life, a new body, a new mind and a new career. The new career, as an Ayurvedic consultant and cooking teacher, became so important to me, that at the end of 2014 I closed breathe books after 10 years. Opening breathe was one of the best choices I ever made, and closing breathe was another best choice. And now I find myself even more enthusiastic, excited and convinced that Ayurveda is such an important science, way of life, the path to perfect health. Over these past eight and a half years, I have studied Ayurveda all over the US and in India. From health counseling to teaching cooking and meditation, it really has become my primary focus in life. And now I see the benefits of Ayurveda even more clearly as I enter another stage in life ...
Father, random, pointless violence is increasing at an alarming rate here in Memphis, Tennessee. Bring cleansing & healing at the root of this violence so people have no desire to attack strangers with no provocation just for entertainment.. We need you in this city. We have a history of bondage, oppression & violence. Heal wounded, bitter hearts. Cleanse the generational sense of arrogance, defensiveness, anger & hopelessness that keeps our people & our city from achieving harmony & fruitfulness.. Deliver us from evil and tune our hearts to sing your praise together, in vibrant harmony.. ...
Thank you for this thoughtful and reasoned exploration of the extreme obsession with meat and the ferocious defensiveness of meat consumption that outspoken ex-vegans like Tasha so universally demonstrate. I have yet to see a case where all the veracious, desperate explanations dont really just boil down to a simple "but I waaaaaannnnttt it!" rationale, and the and accompanying tantrums take the form of attacking people who have the maturity and self-discipline to follow their principles over their taste-buds, and desperately seeking to justify their behavior in every possible way they can, regardless of science, fact or reality.. First of all the number of people who came to veganism purely for health reasons and found that their health was vastly imrpoved (and in many cases, that veganism literally saved their lives) is infinitely greater than the small number of vegans who claim that veganism made them ill and start ravenously stuffing their face full of as many dead carcasses as they can ...
Thank you for this thoughtful and reasoned exploration of the extreme obsession with meat and the ferocious defensiveness of meat consumption that outspoken ex-vegans like Tasha so universally demonstrate. I have yet to see a case where all the veracious, desperate explanations dont really just boil down to a simple "but I waaaaaannnnttt it!" rationale, and the and accompanying tantrums take the form of attacking people who have the maturity and self-discipline to follow their principles over their taste-buds, and desperately seeking to justify their behavior in every possible way they can, regardless of science, fact or reality.. First of all the number of people who came to veganism purely for health reasons and found that their health was vastly imrpoved (and in many cases, that veganism literally saved their lives) is infinitely greater than the small number of vegans who claim that veganism made them ill and start ravenously stuffing their face full of as many dead carcasses as they can ...
Ill be honest: I am loathe to enter the Lyme "rabbit hole." Ive spent the last 4 and a half years researching and treating ME/CFS. The Lyme community of patients always had a significant overlap with the ME/CFS community on message boards and blogs. We were these two groups with seemingly about 95 to 100% overlap in symptoms and about 70% overlap in treatments. Basically, we all speak the same language. Yet in some ways the two communities seem worlds apart. The Lyme community often appears closed and esoteric, and many Lyme patients disavow any connection with ME/CFS despite strong evidence that theres a similar chain of neuro-immune dysfunction in both diseases. Nonetheless, both communities are bound by the connection that their diseases are understood by virtually nobody. Weve all been forced to adopt a sort of "us versus the world" defensiveness ...
Facilitators must have a variety of skills and techniques to be effective. Strong verbal and analytical skills are essential. Facilitators must know what questions to ask, when to ask them, and how questions should be structured to get good answers without defensiveness. Facilitators must know how to probe for more information when the initial answers are not sufficient. They must also know how to rephrase or "reframe" statements to enhance understanding, and to highlight areas of agreement and disagreement as they develop. Other skills include redirecting questions and comments, giving positive reinforcement, encouraging contrasting views, including quieter members of the group, and dealing with domineering or hostile participants. Nonverbal techniques include things such as eye contact, attentiveness, facial expressions, body language, enthusiasm, and maintaining a positive outlook. A facilitator must also develop the ability to read and analyze group dynamics on the spot in order to guide the ...
Criticism, Contempt, Defensiveness, & StonewallingThe Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse is a metaphor depicting the end of times in the New Testament. They describe conquest, war, hunger, and death respectively. Dr.
http://www.spiked-online.com/articles/0000000CB025.htm 20 April 2006 It is the scientific establishments own self-doubt that lies at the root of the furore over creationism. by David Perks It seems that a new spectre is haunting Europe - the spectre of creationism. During the past week Britains National Union of Teachers (NUT) put forward a motion at its national conference to end state funding of religious schools. Meanwhile, the arrival of John Mackay, an Australian creationist, on British shores prompted a full-page article in the Guardian (1). Despite the current furore, the real problem is not the strength of creationism but the defensiveness of the science establishment. This is well illustrated by the recent Royal Society statement on the issue. The Royal Society has condemned the rise of creationism in our schools and universities. As Professor David Read, vice president, put it: We felt that it would be timely to publish a clear statement on evolution, creationism and intelligent ...
The survival of a baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy depends more upon the weight of the baby than the actual number of weeks of pregnancy. Babies under 500g have only a 40% chance of survival, under 1000g a 65% chance, and over 1500g a nearly 100% chance of survival. These figures are for the best hospitals in developed countries, but babies born prematurely in remote areas will have a far lower survival rate.. The problems that very premature babies face include liver failure and jaundice, inability to maintain body temperature, immature lungs, inability to maintain the correct balance of chemicals in the blood, patent ductus arteriosus, increased risk of infection due to an immature defence system, bleeding excessively, and eye problems including blindness. The smaller the baby, the greater the problems, and the more intensive the care required from specialised units in major hospitals.. The activity and processes of immature babies must be monitored carefully. Tubes and leads to and from ...
Our research seeks to discover best practices for using avatars to enhance performance, engagement, and STEM identity development for diverse public middle and high school computer science students. As sites of our research we run workshops in which students learn computer science in fun, relevant ways, and develop self-images as computer scientists ...
Our research seeks to discover best practices for using avatars to enhance performance, engagement, and STEM identity development for diverse public middle and high school computer science students. As sites of our research we run workshops in which students learn computer science in fun, relevant ways, and develop self-images as computer scientists ...
I made a list, a simple list back then, and decided I would do just that. Many of the things on the list I already was inherently. But some I had to work at. I did. I do. And I continue to revisit this list throughout my life and compare it to who I am at the time. It has become my own measuring stick of success.. I equate success with intangible things like being most of the things on my list, or positively affecting another persons life. I measure success in quality of love and of laughter and listening. And I think this helps put things in perspective for me. It is only when I start to look to other measuring sticks to gauge my own success that I struggle with distorted self-images.. And I have to admit, that has been my problem for awhile. I have been trying to measure myself against a different standard, a standard I can never reach. So, I am revisiting the list and the girl I once was…who was so very intelligent and wonderful so many years ago, the girl who started the list. And I am ...
This book traces a long-standing concern with issues of authorship throughout the work of Günter Grass, Germanys best-known contemporary writer and public intellectual. Through detailed close-readings of all of his major literary works from 1970 onwards and careful analysis of his political writings from 1965 to 2005, it argues that Grasss tendency to insert clearly recognizable self-images into his literary texts represents a coherent and calculated reaction to his constant exposure in the media-led public sphere. It underlines the degree of play which has characterized Grasss relationship to this sphere and his identity as part of it and explains how a concern with the very concept of authorship has conditioned the way his work as a whole has developed on both thematic and structural levels. The major achievement of this study is to develop a new interpretative paradigm for Grasss work. It explains for the first time how his playful tendency to manipulate his own authorial image conditions all
Our results are the first documentation of defense-like behaviors evoked by activation of DLSC in the non-human primate. Activation of DLSC by the focal blockade of GABAergic inhibition evoked cowering, escape-like responses, high-pitch vocalizations, and attack of objects. These findings were unexpected in the context of the theoretical perspective presented by Dean et al. (1989) that emphasized a preferential role of primate DLSC for approach responses rather than defensive responses. Our findings indicate that the function of DLSC as a substrate for responding to threats is conserved across species.. Activation of DLSC produced defense-like responses that were both passive (i.e., cowering) and active (i.e., escape-like behavior, attack of objects), as well as an increase in defensive vocalization. For a given animal, the behavioral responses evoked from different sites within DLSC were consistent across infusions, suggesting that the various defense-like behaviors do not have independent site ...
Immediate and sustained metabolic alterations modulate host defensive responses during infection and malnutrition through metabolic regulations governing by nutrient-sensing machineries. These regulatory mechanisms in both adaptive and innate immune cells are known as immunometabolic regulations. In the past two decades, the explosive progresses in this field uncover the underlying molecular mechanisms and metabolic regulators and, further, reveal how these regulations fine-tune host immunity during vaccination, infection, and disease initiation and progression. In addition, metabolites generated by gut microbiota and metabolic tissues instruct immune responses in periphery and systemic metabolic alterations accompanied with aging could also contribute to insensitivity of immune system. Thus, the interplay between immune cells and metabolic homeostasis in circulation and periphery lead to effective and detrimental immune responses. Moreover, new studies suggest harnessing immunometabolic regulations is
Steven Cole, Ph.D., summarizes what research has been finding out about how to live so as to refrain from summoning chronic defensive responses implicated in many chronic diseases. Part of his online lecture on Social Regulation of Human Gene Expression. From NIHs National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health.
Historically, the defining features of inflammation include: rubor (redness), calor (warmth), tumor (swelling), and dolor (pain), and there is a distinction between acute and chronic inflammation. Acute inflammation compromises the early response to an injurious agent and is a defensive response that fosters repair of the damaged site. Chronic inflammation results from stimuli that are persistently damaging to tissues. Inflammation is a way that the body reacts to infection, irritation, or other injury and is considered a nonspecific immune response. The inflammatory response directs immune cells to the site of injury or infection and is manifested by an increased blood supply coupled with vascular permeability. Microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, viruses, fungi) are then engulfed by neutrophils and macrophages (types of white blood cell) in an attempt to contain the infection to a smaller tissue space ...