###### On the statistical assessment of classifiers using DNA microarray data | BMC Bioinformatics | Full Text

In this paper we present a method for the statistical assessment of cancer predictors which make use of gene expression profiles. The methodology is applied to a new data set of microarray gene expression data collected in Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Hospital, Foggia - Italy. The data set is made up of normal (22) and tumor (25) specimens extracted from 25 patients affected by colon cancer. We propose to give answers to some questions which are relevant for the automatic diagnosis of cancer such as: Is the size of the available data set sufficient to build accurate classifiers? What is the statistical significance of the associated error rates? In what ways can accuracy be considered dependant on the adopted classification scheme? How many genes are correlated with the pathology and how many are sufficient for an accurate colon cancer classification? The method we propose answers these questions whilst avoiding the potential pitfalls hidden in the analysis and interpretation of microarray data. We

###### Identifying Unusual Observations in Ridge Regression Linear Model Using Box-Cox Power Transformation Technique

The use of [1] Box-Cox power transformation in regression analysis is now common; in the last two decades there has been emphasis on diagnostics methods for Box-Cox power transformation, much of which has involved deletion of influential data cases. The pioneer work of [2] studied local influence on constant variance perturbation in the Box-Cox unbiased regression linear mode. Tsai and Wu [3] analyzed local influence method of [2] to assess the effect of the case-weights perturbation on the transformation-power estimator in the Box-Cox unbiased regression linear model. Many authors noted that the influential observations on the biased estimators are different from the unbiased estimators. In this paper I describe a diagnostic method for assessing the local influence on the constant variance perturbation on the transformation in the Box-Cox biased ridge regression linear model. Two real macroeconomic data sets are used to illustrate the methodologies.

###### A posteriori error estimates for viscous flow problems with rotation<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - A posteriori error estimates for viscous flow problems with rotation. AU - Gorshkova, E.. AU - Mahalov, Alex. AU - Neittaanmäki, P.. AU - Repin, S.. PY - 2007/4/1. Y1 - 2007/4/1. N2 - A new functional type a posteriori error estimates for the Stokes problem with rotating term are presented. The estimates give guaranteed upper bounds for the energy norm of the error and provide reliable error indication. Computational properties of the estimates are demonstrated by a number of numerical examples. Bibliography: 37 titles.. AB - A new functional type a posteriori error estimates for the Stokes problem with rotating term are presented. The estimates give guaranteed upper bounds for the energy norm of the error and provide reliable error indication. Computational properties of the estimates are demonstrated by a number of numerical examples. Bibliography: 37 titles.. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33846975805&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - ...

###### Statistical Estimation - An Introduction - Statistical Estimation | Coursera

Video created by University of London for the course Statistics for International Business. For statistical analysis to work properly, its essential to have a proper sample, drawn from a population of items of interest that have measured ...

###### Estimating the distribution of times from HIV seroconversion to aids using multiple imputation<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Estimating the distribution of times from HIV seroconversion to aids using multiple imputation. AU - Taylor, Jeremy M.G.. AU - Muñoz, Alvaro. AU - Bass, Sue M.. AU - Saah, Alfred J.. AU - Chmiel, Joan S.. AU - Kingsley, Lawrence A.. PY - 1990/5. Y1 - 1990/5. N2 - Multiple imputation is a model based technique for handling missing data problems. In this application we use the technique to estimate the distribution of times from HIV seroconversion to AIDS diagnosis with data from a cohort study of 4954 homosexual men with 4 years of follow‐up. In this example the missing data are the dates of diagnosis with AIDS. The imputation procedure is performed in two stages. In the first stage, we estimate the residual AIDS‐free time distribution as a function of covariates measured on the study participants with data provided by the participants who were seropositive at study entry, Specifically, we assume the residual AIDS‐free times follow a log‐normal regression model that ...

###### Statistical analysis and handling of missing data in cluster randomized trials: A systematic review<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Statistical analysis and handling of missing data in cluster randomized trials. T2 - A systematic review. AU - Fiero, Mallorie H.. AU - Huang, Shuang. AU - Oren, Eyal -. AU - Bell, Melanie L. PY - 2016/2/9. Y1 - 2016/2/9. N2 - Background: Cluster randomized trials (CRTs) randomize participants in groups, rather than as individuals and are key tools used to assess interventions in health research where treatment contamination is likely or if individual randomization is not feasible. Two potential major pitfalls exist regarding CRTs, namely handling missing data and not accounting for clustering in the primary analysis. The aim of this review was to evaluate approaches for handling missing data and statistical analysis with respect to the primary outcome in CRTs. Methods: We systematically searched for CRTs published between August 2013 and July 2014 using PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO. For each trial, two independent reviewers assessed the extent of the missing data and ...

###### Data interpretation Jobs - Data interpretation Job Vacancy - Monstergulf.com

Apply to 34 Data interpretation Jobs on Monstergulf.com, UAEs Best Online Job Portal. Find Latest Data interpretation Job vacancies for Freshers & Experienced across Top Companies.

###### Uncategorized | Statistical Horizons

I thought I knew what it meant for data to be missing at random. After all, Ive written a book titled Missing Data, and Ive been teaching courses on missing data for more than 15 years. I really ought to know what missing at random means.. But now that Im in the process of revising that book, Ive come to the conclusion that missing at random (MAR) is more complicated than I thought. In fact, the MAR assumption has some peculiar features that make me wonder if it can ever be truly satisfied in common situations when more than one variable has missing data. First, a little background. There are two modern methods for handling missing data that have achieved widespread popularity: maximum likelihood and multiple imputation. As implemented in most software packages, both of these methods depend on the assumption that the data are missing at random.. Heres how I described the MAR assumption in my book:. Data on Y are said to be missing at random if the probability of missing data on Y is ...

###### A Posteriori Error Estimate for Streamline Diffusion Method in Soving a Hyperbolic Equation

In this article, we use streamline diffusion method for the linear second order hyperbolic initial-boundary value problem. More specifically, we prove a posteriori error estimates for this method for the linear wave equation. We observe that this error estimates make finite element method increasingly powerful rather than other methods.

###### Some benefits of dichotomization in psychiatric and criminological research - PDF

100 Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 10, Whurr Publishers Ltd Some benefits of dichotomization in psychiatric and criminological research DAVID P. FARRINGTON 1 and ROLF LOEBER 2 1 Institute

###### CiteSeerX - Citation Query A Bilinear Approach to the Parameter Estimation of a general Heteroscedastic Linear System with...

CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: A Bilinear Approach to the Parameter Estimation of a general Heteroscedastic Linear System with Application to Conic Fitting

###### SLE clinical trials: Impact of missing data on estimating treatment effects<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - SLE clinical trials. T2 - Impact of missing data on estimating treatment effects. AU - Kim, Mimi. AU - Merrill, Joan T.. AU - Wang, Cuiling. AU - Viswanathan, Shankar. AU - Kalunian, Ken. AU - Hanrahan, Leslie. AU - Izmirly, Peter. PY - 2019/10/1. Y1 - 2019/10/1. N2 - Objective A common problem in clinical trials is missing data due to participant dropout and loss to follow-up, an issue which continues to receive considerable attention in the clinical research community. Our objective was to examine and compare current and alternative methods for handling missing data in SLE trials with a particular focus on multiple imputation, a flexible technique that has been applied in different disease settings but not to address missing data in the primary outcome of an SLE trial. Methods Data on 279 patients with SLE randomised to standard of care (SoC) and also receiving mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), azathioprine or methotrexate were obtained from the Lupus Foundation of ...

###### Data Interpretation, Statistical | Harvard Catalyst Profiles | Harvard Catalyst

This graph shows the total number of publications written about Data Interpretation, Statistical by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether Data Interpretation, Statistical was a major or minor topic of these publication ...

###### Is Multiple Imputation Possible in the Context of Survival Analysis? - The Analysis Factor

Sure. One of the big advantages of multiple imputation is that you can use it for any analysis.. Its one of the reasons big data libraries use it-no matter how researchers are using the data, the missing data is handled the same, and handled well.. I say this with two caveats.. 1. One of the steps of multiple imputation is to combine the analysis results from the multiple data sets. This is very easy for parameter estimates, but its a big ugly formula for standard errors. Any software that does multiple imputation should do this combination for you. So, even if its theoretically possible, not all software will combine the results easily for you for all analyses.. 2. Censoring, which is related to missing data, but not the same, is common in survival analysis. You wouldnt want to multiply impute the censored data that occurs naturally in the survival analysis. Survival analysis has already come up with very good solutions to ...

###### Simulation Study for Non-Bayesian Multiple Imputation.

Rubin (1987)s combination formula for variance estimation in multiple imputation (MI) requires a imputation method to be Bayesian-proper. However, many census bureau have heavily relied on non-Bayesian imputations. Bjørnstad (2007) suggested an inflated factor (k1) in Rubin (1987)s combination formula for non-Bayesian imputations. This paper aimed to verify the theoretical derivation of Bjørnstad (2007) in computer simulation. Within Bjørnstad (2007)s pre-assumed environment, the inflated factor, k1, closely approached the simulated true value, E(k), irrespective of sample size and missing rate. With California schools data, confidence intervals using k1 also achieved a desired coverage, (1-a)%, across varying sample size and missing rate, except in case of MNAR because of biased imputation ...

###### Multiple imputation for missing data in epidemiological and clinical research: potential and pitfalls | The BMJ

A variety of ad hoc approaches are commonly used to deal with missing data. These include replacing missing values with values imputed from the observed data (for example, the mean of the observed values), using a missing category indicator,7 and replacing missing values with the last measured value (last value carried forward).8 None of these approaches is statistically valid in general, and they can lead to serious bias. Single imputation of missing values usually causes standard errors to be too small, since it fails to account for the fact that we are uncertain about the missing values.. When there are missing outcome data in a randomised controlled trial, a common sensitivity analysis is to explore best and worst case scenarios by replacing missing values with good outcomes in one group and bad outcomes in the other group. This can be useful if there are only a few missing values of a binary outcome, but because imputing all missing values to good or bad is a strong assumption the ...

###### Multiple imputation for missing data in epidemiological and clinical research: potential and pitfalls | The BMJ

A variety of ad hoc approaches are commonly used to deal with missing data. These include replacing missing values with values imputed from the observed data (for example, the mean of the observed values), using a missing category indicator,7 and replacing missing values with the last measured value (last value carried forward).8 None of these approaches is statistically valid in general, and they can lead to serious bias. Single imputation of missing values usually causes standard errors to be too small, since it fails to account for the fact that we are uncertain about the missing values.. When there are missing outcome data in a randomised controlled trial, a common sensitivity analysis is to explore best and worst case scenarios by replacing missing values with good outcomes in one group and bad outcomes in the other group. This can be useful if there are only a few missing values of a binary outcome, but because imputing all missing values to good or bad is a strong assumption the ...

###### Learning From Data: Semiparametric Models Versus Faith-based... : Epidemiology

We appreciate the thoughtful comments by Subramanian and OMalley1 to our paper2 on comparing mixed models and population average models, and the opportunity this response affords us to make a stronger and more general case regarding prevalent misconceptions surrounding statistical estimation. There are several technical points made in the paper that can be debated, but we will focus on what we believe is the crux of their critique-an issue that is widely shared (either explicitly or implicitly) by analyses of a majority of researchers using statistical inference from data to support scientific hypotheses.. We start with what we hope is an accurate summary of their argument: nonparametric identifiability of a parameter of interest from the observed data, considering knowledge available on the data-generating distribution, should not be a major concern in deciding on the choice of parameter of interest within a chosen data-generating model. Instead, the scientific question should guide the types ...

###### Find Others Other Banks Bank Specialist Officer Recruitment Data Interpretation Practice Tests 2017: Complete Study Material

Others Other Banks Bank Specialist Officer Recruitment Data Interpretation Practice Tests 2017: Find on Jagran Josh Bank Exam Test Prep Center. Get Free Study Material for All Bank Exams.

###### Solas - Statistical Software for Missing Values

Solas is a user-friendly application for missing value imputation. Solas provides a large pool of imputation methods for missing values.

###### Example 44.5 GEE for Binary Data with Logit Link Function :: SAS/STAT(R) 14.1 Users Guide

0 would be modeled by default. Information about the GEE model is displayed in Output 44.5.2. The results of GEE model fitting are displayed in Output 44.5.3. Model goodness-of-fit criteria are displayed in Output 44.5.4. If you specify no other options, the standard errors, confidence intervals, Z scores, and p-values are based on empirical standard error estimates. You can specify the MODELSE option in the REPEATED statement to create a table based on model-based standard error estimates. ...

###### Advanced Data Transformation Solutions | Informatica US

Advanced Data Transformation is a comprehensive, enterprise-class data transformation solution for any data type, regardless of format or complexity.

###### Bootstrap Methods: A Guide for Practitioners and Researchers, 2nd Edition | Applied Probability & Statistics | General &...

A practical and accessible introduction to the bootstrap method--newly revised and updated Over the past decade, the application of bootstrap methods to new areas of study has expanded, resulting in theoretical and applied advances across various fields. Bootstrap Methods, Second Edition is a highly approachable guide to the multidisciplinary, real-world uses of bootstrapping and is ideal for readers who have a professional interest in its methods, but are without an advanced background in mathematics.. Updated to reflect current techniques and the most up-to-date work on the topic, the Second Edition features:. ...

###### Example 63.15 Creating Control-Based Pattern Imputation in Sensitivity Analysis :: SAS/STAT(R) 13.2 Users Guide

values in the treatment group is similar to the corresponding distribution of individuals in the control group. Ratitch and OKelly (2011) describe an implementation of the pattern-mixture model approach that uses a control-based pattern imputation. That is, an imputation model for the missing observations in the treatment group is constructed not from the observed data in the treatment group but rather from the observed data in the control group. This model is also the imputation model that is used to impute missing observations in the control group. Table 63.10 shows the variables in the data set. For the control-based pattern imputation, all missing ...

###### Elon University - STS256

This course focuses on data-oriented approaches to statistical estimation and inference using techniques that do not depend on the distribution of the variable(s) being assessed. Topics include classical rank-based methods, as well as modern tools such as permutation tests and bootstrap methods. Advanced statistical software such as SAS or SPlus may be used, and written reports will link statistical theory and practice with communication of results.. ...

###### RNA-seqlopedia

As with any experiment that is intended to test a null hypothesis of no difference between or among groups of individuals, differential expression studies using RNA-seq data need to be replicated in order to estimate within- and among-group variation. We understand that constraints in some study systems make replication very difficult, but it really is important. Statistical hypothesis tests are prone to two types of error. Failure to reject the null hypothesis of no difference when there actually is a difference (a false negative) is known as type II error, and β is used to symbolize the probability of its occurrence. The number of replicates per group in an experiment directly affects type II error, and therefore statistical power (which is 1-β). Power also depends on the magnitude of the effect of one condition relative to another on the variable of interest, which is in part determined by the degree of variation among individuals. Thirdly, power depends on the acceptable maximum ...

###### CRAN - Package SurrogateTest

Provides functions to test for a treatment effect in terms of the difference in survival between a treatment group and a control group using surrogate marker information obtained at some early time point in a time-to-event outcome setting. Nonparametric kernel estimation is used to estimate the test statistic and perturbation resampling is used for variance estimation. More details will be available in the future in: Parast L, Cai T, Tian L (2017) Using a Surrogate Marker for Early Testing of a Treatment Effect (under review).. ...

###### The Multilevel Approach to Repeated Measures for Complete and Incomplete Data, Quality & Quantity | 10.1023/A:1022545930672 |...

Read The Multilevel Approach to Repeated Measures for Complete and Incomplete Data, Quality & Quantity on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.

###### Difference between revisions of Probability Seminar - UW-Math Wiki

Title: Quantitative CLTs for random walks in random environments Abstract:The classical central limit theorem (CLT) states that for sums of a large number of i.i.d. random variables with finite variance, the distribution of the rescaled sum is approximately Gaussian. However, the statement of the central limit theorem doesnt give any quantitative error estimates for this approximation. Under slightly stronger moment assumptions, quantitative bounds for the CLT are given by the Berry-Esseen estimates. In this talk we will consider similar questions for CLTs for random walks in random environments (RWRE). That is, for certain models of RWRE it is known that the position of the random walk has a Gaussian limiting distribution, and we obtain quantitative error estimates on the rate of convergence to the Gaussian distribution for such RWRE. This talk is based on joint works with Sungwon Ahn and Xiaoqin Guo. ...

###### Difference between revisions of Probability Seminar - UW-Math Wiki

Title: Quantitative CLTs for random walks in random environments Abstract:The classical central limit theorem (CLT) states that for sums of a large number of i.i.d. random variables with finite variance, the distribution of the rescaled sum is approximately Gaussian. However, the statement of the central limit theorem doesnt give any quantitative error estimates for this approximation. Under slightly stronger moment assumptions, quantitative bounds for the CLT are given by the Berry-Esseen estimates. In this talk we will consider similar questions for CLTs for random walks in random environments (RWRE). That is, for certain models of RWRE it is known that the position of the random walk has a Gaussian limiting distribution, and we obtain quantitative error estimates on the rate of convergence to the Gaussian distribution for such RWRE. This talk is based on joint works with Sungwon Ahn and Xiaoqin Guo. ...

###### Uncategorized - Statistical Data

Statistics is data collection in order to later organize, analyse, interpret and also present them in a specific manner that gives inside look in the problem and probable solutions in the area that is being studied. It can be used in many spheres from science to social and industrial fields. One of the most prominent hypotheses that is used very often in statistics in the null hypothesis, because in this discipline in many cases the null hypothesis is assumed true until evidence proves otherwise.. The null hypothesis in general is a statement or default positions that suggests that between two specific measures phenomena there is no relationships. Therefore with the help of statistics researcher need to determine that there is a relationship between two phenomena in order to disprove the null hypothesis.. The null hypothesis also know as ad denoted as H0 is used in two very different statistical approaches. In the first approach called significant testing that was patented by Roland Fisher the ...

###### Multiple Imputation: 5 Recent Findings that Change How to Use It

Missing Data, and multiple imputation specifically, is one area of statistics that is changing rapidly. Research is still ongoing, and each year new findings on best practices and new techniques in software appear. The downside for researchers is that some

###### A Peek into our Holistic Data Transformation Journey

To help other businesses become relevant through innovative practices, we embarked on a data transformation journey that would shape the way we operate.

###### Meeting the challenge of the Psychonomic Societys 2012 Guidelines on Statistical Issues: Some success and some room for...

The Psychonomic Society (PS) ado pted New Statistical Guidelines for Journals of the Psychonomic Society in November 2012. To evaluate changes in statistical re porting within and outside PS journals,

###### Meeting the challenge of the Psychonomic Societys 2012 Guidelines on Statistical Issues: Some success and some room for...

The Psychonomic Society (PS) ado pted New Statistical Guidelines for Journals of the Psychonomic Society in November 2012. To evaluate changes in statistical re porting within and outside PS journals,

###### Statistical Procedures

Describe the correct statistical procedures for analysis for this question: How satisfied are users of the XYZ program with the service they have received? Include reference and page.

###### Recent Articles | Data Interpretation, Cell & Molecular Biology And Culture | The Scientist Magazine®

In chapter 3, The Sense of Sensibility, author Wendy Jones uses scenes from one of Jane Austens most celebrated novels to illustrate the functioning of the bodys stress response system.. 0 Comments. ...

###### Expected Data Interpretation Set For SBI PO - Part 3 - BankExamsToday

Study the following Table and Answers carefully :
Total number of college seats : 1400
College
No.of Graduates
No.of Post Graduates
W
360
30
X
210
72
Y
420
92
Z
120
96
Total
1110
290

###### PSY K300 25006 Statistical Techniques

Introduction to statistics; nature of statistical data; ordering and manipulation of data; measures of central tendency and dispersion; elementary probability. Concepts of statistical inference and decision: estimation and hypothesis testing. Special topics include regression and correlation, and analysis of variance ...

###### New Statistical Methods for Demographic Data Analysis - Grace Wahba

This research is for the development of new approaches to the analysis of data from large cohort studies, either epidemiologic or clinical trials, with many qua...

###### NHANES Tutorials - Software Tips

The degrees of freedom associated with an estimated statistic is needed to perform hypothesis tests and to compute confidence intervals. For analyses on a subgroup of the NHANES population, the degrees of freedom should be based on the number of strata and PSUs containing the observations of interest. Stata procedures generally calculate the degrees of freedom based on the number of strata and PSUs represented in the overall dataset. Estimates for some subgroups of interest will have fewer degrees of freedom than are available in the overall analytic dataset. (See Module 4: Variance Estimation for more information.). In particular, although the ...

###### Basic descriptive and inferrential statistical data analysis using Stata

The main objective of this workshop is to equip students, researchers and staff involved in carrying out and supervising quantitative research, with the necessary skills to perform basic analysis of categorical and continuous quantitiatve data using Stata. This will be achieved by providing practical instruction and facilitated exercises in ...

###### Department of Psychology

Ng, V. K. & Cribbie, R.A. (in press). The gamma generalized linear model, log transformation, and the robust Yuen-Welch test for analyzing group means with skewed and heteroscedastic data. Communications in Statistics: Simulation and Computation. ...

###### Analyzing Quantitative Data: An Introduction for Social Researchers | Quality Productivity & Reliability | General &...

Preface xiii Part I. Summarizing Data 1. 1. Data Organization 3. 1.1 Introduction 3. 1.2 Consideration of Variables 4. 1.3 Coding 15. 1.4 Data Manipulations 18. 1.5 Conclusion 20. 2. Descriptive Statistics for Categorical Data 33. 2.1 Introduction 33. 2.2 Frequency Tables 35. 2.3 Crosstabulations 37. 2.4 Graphs and Charts 45. 2.5 Conclusion 50. 3. Descriptive Statistics for Continuous Data 63. 3.1 Introduction 63. 3.2 Frequencies 64. 3.3 Measures of Central Tendency 70. 3.4 Measures of Dispersion 73. 3.5 Standardized Scores 79. 3.6 Conclusion 88. Part II. Statistical Tests 101. 4. Evaluating Statistical Significance 103. 4.1 Introduction 103. 4.2 Central Limit Theorem 104. 4.3 Statistical Significance 107. 4.4 The Roles of Hypotheses 115. 4.5 Conclusion 119. 5. The Chi-Square Test: Comparing Category Frequencies 125. 5.1 Introduction 125. 5.2 The Chi-Square Distribution 126. 5.3 Performing Chi-Square Tests 130. 5.4 Post Hoc Testing 143. 5.5 Confidence Intervals 146. 5.6 Explaining Results of the ...

###### CRAN - Package meteorits

Provides a unified mixture-of-experts (ME) modeling and estimation framework with several original and flexible ME models to model, cluster and classify heterogeneous data in many complex situations where the data are distributed according to non-normal, possibly skewed distributions, and when they might be corrupted by atypical observations. Mixtures-of-Experts models for complex and non-normal distributions (meteorits) are originally introduced and written in Matlab by Faicel Chamroukhi. The references are mainly the following ones. The references are mainly the following ones. Chamroukhi F., Same A., Govaert, G. and Aknin P. (2009) ,doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2009.06.040,. Chamroukhi F. (2010) ,https://chamroukhi.com/FChamroukhi-PhD.pdf,. Chamroukhi F. (2015) ,arXiv:1506.06707,. Chamroukhi F. (2015) ,https://chamroukhi.com/FChamroukhi-HDR.pdf,. Chamroukhi F. (2016) ,doi:10.1109/IJCNN.2016.7727580,. Chamroukhi F. (2016) ,doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2016.03.002,. Chamroukhi F. (2017) ...

###### P-Value: A Complete Guide - Research Prospect

P-value in statistics is the probability of getting outcomes at least as extreme as the outcomes of a statistical hypothesis test, assuming the null hypothesis to be correct.

###### P-values of 308 gene sets in the p53 data analysis: p-v | Open-i

P-values of 308 gene sets in the p53 data analysis: p-values of Global Test and ANCOVA Global Test after standardization vs. SAM-GS p-values before the standard

###### Statistical analysis plan (SAP)

According to ICH guidelines a Statistical Analysis Plan should be prepared prior to unblinding the clinical study. The aim of the Statistical Analysis Plan is to minimise bias by clearly stating the proposed methods of dealing with protocol deviators, early withdrawals, missing data, and the way(s) in which anticipated analysis problems will be handled as well as many other possible issues.. The Statistical Analysis Plan will usually include sample layouts for tables and listings to be produced. Therefore preparation of a Statistical Analysis Plan is a key component in the conduct of a rigorous clinical trial and requires a statistician with both formal statistical training and significant experience in the pharmaceutical industry.. At Statistical Revelations we have experienced statisticians who have been involved in the preparation of Statistical Analysis Plans in most therapeutic areas and all phases of clinical research.. ...

###### ASPPH | Arizona Reviews Statistical Analysis and Handling of Missing Data in Cluster Randomized Trials

Cluster randomized trials (CRTs) randomize participants in groups, rather than as individuals and are key tools used to assess interventions in health research where treatment contamination is likely or if individual randomization is not feasible. Two potential major pitfalls exist regarding CRTs, namely handling missing data and not accounting for clustering in the primary analysis.. Ms. Mallorie Fiero, a doctoral student in biostatistics at the University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health and colleagues reviewed approaches for handling missing data and statistical analysis with respect to the primary outcome in CRTs. The study was published in the journal Trials.. The investigators systematically searched for CRTs published between August 2013 and July 2014 using PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO. For each trial, two independent reviewers assessed the extent of the missing data and method(s) used for handling missing data in the primary and sensitivity analyses. ...

###### Nonparametric lack-of-fit tests in presence of heteroscedastic variances

It is essential to test the adequacy of a speciﬁed regression model in order to have cor- rect statistical inferences. In addition, ignoring the presence of heteroscedastic errors of regression models will lead to unreliable and misleading inferences. In this dissertation, we consider nonparametric lack-of-ﬁt tests in presence of heteroscedastic variances. First, we consider testing the constant regression null hypothesis based on a test statistic constructed using a k-nearest neighbor augmentation. Then a lack-of-ﬁt test of nonlinear regression null hypothesis is proposed. For both cases, the asymptotic distribution of the test statistic is derived under the null and local alternatives for the case of using ﬁxed number of nearest neighbors. Numerical studies and real data analyses are presented to evaluate the perfor- mance of the proposed tests. Advantages of our tests compared to classical methods include: (1) The response variable can be discrete or continuous and can have variations ...

###### A posteriori error estimates for sequential laminates in shape optimization

A posteriori error estimates are derived in the context of two-dimensional structural elastic shape optimization under the compliance objective.
It is known that the optimal shape features are microstructures that can be constructed using sequential lamination.
The descriptive parameters explicitly depend on the stress.
To derive error estimates the dual weighted residual approach for control problems in PDE constrained optimization is employed,
involving the elastic solution and the microstructure parameters.
Rigorous estimation of interpolation errors ensures robustness of the estimates while local approximations are used to obtain
fully practical error indicators. Numerical results show sharply resolved interfaces between regions of full and intermediate material density.

###### SP0188 Multiple Imputation: A Possible Solution To The Problem of Missing Data | Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

Multiple imputation (MI) is a statistical technique that can be used to handle the problem of missing data. MI enables the use of all the available data without throwing any away and can avoid the bias and unrealistic estimates of uncertainty associated with other methods for handling missing data. In MI, the missing values in the data are filled in or imputed by sampling from distributions observed in the available data. This sampling is done multiple times, resulting in multiple datasets. Each of the multiple datasets is analysed and the results are combined to give overall results which reflect the uncertainty about the values of the missing data. This talk will explore what MI is, when it can be used and how to use it. The content will be accessible to a wide audience and illustrated with clear examples. ...

###### Handling oxygenation targets in ICU patients with COVID-19-Protocol and statistical analysis plan in the HOT-COVID trial

The HOT-COVID trial will provide patient-important data on the effect of two oxygenation targets in ICU patients with COVID-19 and hypoxia. This protocol paper describes the background, design and statistical analysis plan for the trial.

###### The Effect of Data Transformation on Common Cycle, Cointegration and Unit Root Tests: Monte Carlo Results and a Simple Test

Downloadable! In the conduct of empirical macroeconomic research, unit root, cointegration, common cycle, and related test statistics are often constructed using logged data, even though there is often no clear reason, at least from an empirical perspective, why logs should be used rather than levels. Unfortunately, it is also the case that standard data transformation tests, such as those based on Box-Cox transformation, cannot be shown to be consistent unless the assumption is made concerning whether the series being examined is I(0) or I(1), so that a sort of circular testing problem exists. In this paper, we discuss two quite different but related issues that arise in the context of data transformation. First, we address the circular testing problem that arises when choosing data transformation and order of integratedness. In particular, we propose a simple randomized procedure, coupled with simple conditioning, for choosing between levels and log-levels specifications in the presence of

###### EconPapers: Heteroscedastic hedonic price model for cattle in the rural markets of central Ethiopia

By Girma Kassie, Awudu Abdulai and Clemens Wollny; Abstract: This study employs a heteroscedastic hedonic price model to examine the factors that influence cattle prices in the

###### Intensive Care Medicine hospitals in United Kingdom

Intensive Care Medicine hospitals in United Kingdom. You can find all the Intensive Care Medicine hospitals in with user ratings on Doctuo.

###### Robust linear static panel data models using ε-contamination | Centre de recherche sur les risques, les enjeux économiques et...

The paper develops a general Bayesian framework for robust linear static panel data models using ε-contamination. A two-step approach is employed to derive the conditional type-II maximum likelihood (ML-II) posterior distribution of the coeffcients and individual effects. The ML-II posterior densities are weighted averages of the Bayes estimator under a base prior and the data-dependent empirical Bayes estimator. Two-stage and three stage hierarchy estimators are developed and their finite sample performance is investigated through a series of Monte Carlo experiments. These include standard random effects as well as Mundlak-type, Chamberlain-type and Hausman-Taylor-type models. The simulation results underscore the relatively good performance of the three-stage hierarchy estimator. Within a single theoretical framework, our Bayesian approach encompasses a variety of specifications while conventional methods require separate estimators for each case.. ...

###### st: Placebo Multiple Imputation...

Id like to run a special sort of conditional multiple imputation algorithm whereby the imputation model/algorithm is based purely on the data from the placebo arm of a trial and then using this created algorithm impute missing values not just for the placebo group but also for the treated group as well. It does not look like this is possible with conditional multiple imputation routine in Stata 12. Can anyone please suggest a way of doing this - fancy code, existing ado or maybe possible in Stata 13? Many thanks, Steve STEVE KAY , DIRECTOR OF STATISTICS & HEOR MODELLING , McCANN COMPLETE MEDICAL This email may contain confidential or legally privileged information, intended only for the addressee. If you have received this email in error, you are hereby notified that any disclosure, copying, distribution or reliance upon the contents of this email is strictly prohibited. Please contact the sender to arrange for correct delivery, and then delete this email. Any views or opinions presented in ...

###### Chapter 12. Variance Estimation - Design and Methodology: American Community Survey - Survey ACS 2010 (5-Year Estimates) -...

Data Documentation - Survey ACS 2010 (5-Year Estimates); Design and Methodology: American Community Survey; Chapter 12. Variance Estimation

###### Multivariate Stochastic Volatility with Co-Heteroscedasticity

Downloadable! This paper develops a new methodology that decomposes shocks into homoscedastic and heteroscedastic components. This specification implies there exist linear combinations of heteroscedastic variables that eliminate heteroscedasticity. That is, these linear combinations are homoscedastic; a property we call co-heteroscedasticity. The heteroscedastic part of the model uses a multivariate stochastic volatility inverse Wishart process. The resulting model is invariant to the ordering of the variables, which we show is important for impulse response analysis but is generally important for, e.g., volatility estimation and variance decompositions. The specification allows estimation in moderately high-dimensions. The computational strategy uses a novel particle filter algorithm, a reparameterization that substantially improves algorithmic convergence and an alternating-order particle Gibbs that reduces the amount of particles needed for accurate estimation. We provide two empirical applications;

###### saph440b sn cburve - SEEATP Steel Grades

The bolometric light curve of SN 1987A up to 450 days after the outburst has been derived from broadband photometric data obtained at SAAO. The overall behaviour of the photometric light curves from U to L and for M and the color evolution of the light curves are illustrated. The bolometric light curves are compared to predicted light curves and the characteristic stages of the curves saph440b sn cburve(plate)saph440b sn curve.Do you want results only for saph440b sn cburve?(PDF) Statistical Estimation of S-N Curves for Structural saph440b sn cburve(steel) A statistical estimation method of S-N curve for structural carbon steels using their static mechanical properties was proposed. Firstly, S-N data series for pure iron and structural carbon steels saph440b sn cburve. ...

###### The Dantzig selector: Statistical estimation when p is much larger than n | Whats new

I dont think you should jump from X is colinear to estimation of β is essentially hopeless. It depends on the loss function.. Consider the changepoint problem. A piecewise constant vector Y is equal to Lβ, where L is a lower triangular matrix of 1s and β is sparse. In the presence of noise you cant find an estimate β* which will perfectly recover β. But you consider it a job well-done if the non-zero entries of β* are near the non-zero entries of β.. This suggests a loss function something like. $$\sum_{i=1}^p (\beta^*_i - a_i)^2 + \,\beta\,_0$$. where. $$a_i = \frac{1}{11}\sum_{k=i-5}^{i+5} \beta_i$$. This problem has a sequential structure, and there are similar problems with more complex structures. For example, heres a similar problem with a tree structure. You are given a phylogenetic tree of $n$ species, and for each species $i$, you are given $y_i$, the copy number of a certain gene in the genome of that species. Where, on the phylogenetic tree, did this gene undergo ...

###### Stata Bookstore: Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis for Epidemiology: A Practical Guide, Second Edition

Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis for Epidemiology: A Practical Guide, Second Edition, by Jos W. R. Twisk provides a practical introduction to the estimation techniques used by epidemiologists for longitudinal data.

###### Robust regression analysis for non-normal situations under symmetric distributions arising in medical research<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Robust regression analysis for non-normal situations under symmetric distributions arising in medical research. AU - Ganguly, S. S.. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - In medical research, while carrying out regression analysis, it is usually assumed that the independent (covariates) and dependent (response) variables follow a multivariate normal distribution. In some situations, the covariates may not have normal distribution and instead may have some symmetric distribution. In such a situation, the estimation of the regression parameters using Tikus Modified Maximum Likelihood (MML) method may be more appropriate. The method of estimating the parameters is discussed and the applications of the method are illustrated using real sets of data from the field of public health.. AB - In medical research, while carrying out regression analysis, it is usually assumed that the independent (covariates) and dependent (response) variables follow a multivariate normal distribution. In some ...

###### Confidence Intervals Following Box-Cox Transformation by P. M. Hooper and Zhenlin YANG

What is the interpretation of a confidence interval following estimation of a Box-Cox transformation parameter ?? Several authors have argued that confidence intervals for linear model parameters ? can be constructed as if ? were known in advance, rather than estimated, provided the estimand is interpreted conditionally given ??. If the estimand is defined as ? (??), a function of the estimated transformation, can the nominal confidence level be regarded as a conditional coverage probability given ??, where the interval is random and the estimand is fixed? Or should it be regarded as an unconditional probability, where both the interval and the estimand are random? This article investigates these questions via large-n approximations, small-? approximations, and simulations. It is shown that, when model assumptions are satisfied and n is large, the nominal confidence level closely approximates the conditional coverage probability. When n is small, this conditional approximation is still good for

###### Contest Underway to Clarify Best Practices for Genomic Data Interpretation | GenomeWeb

NEW YORK (GenomeWeb News) - An array of contestants are participating in a contest to decode the DNA sequences of three children with rare diseases in order to establish best practices for genomic data interpretation, the contests organizers announced this week.

###### CiteSeerX - Citation Query Adjusting for Nonignorable Drop-Out Using Semiparametric Nonresponse Models (with discussion

CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: Adjusting for Nonignorable Drop-Out Using Semiparametric Nonresponse Models (with discussion

###### Matillion ETL for Azure Synapse to Enable Data Transformations - Database Trends and Applications

Matillion, a provider of data transformation software for cloud data warehouses (CDWs), is releasing Matillion ETL for Azure Synapse to enable data transformations in complex IT environments, at scale. Empowering enterprises to achieve faster time to insights by loading, transforming, and joining together data, the release extends Matillions product portfolio to further serve Microsoft Azure customers.

###### Analysis of Testing-Based Forward Model Selection | The Econometric Society

p. 2147-2173. Damian Kozbur This paper analyzes a procedure called Testing‐Based Forward Model Selection (TBFMS) in linear regression problems. This procedure inductively selects covariates that add predictive power into a working statistical model before estimating a final regression. The criterion for deciding which covariate to include next and when to stop including covariates is derived from a profile of traditional statistical hypothesis tests. This paper proves probabilistic bounds, which depend on the quality of the tests, for prediction error and the number of selected covariates. As an example, the bounds are then specialized to a case with heteroscedastic data, with tests constructed with the help of Huber-Eicker-White standard errors. Under the assumed regularity conditions, these tests lead to estimation convergence rates matching other common high‐dimensional estimators including Lasso.. ...

###### CDA1 - Categorical Data Analysis Independent(Explanatory Variable is Categorical(Nominal or Ordinal Dependent(Response Variable...

View Notes - CDA1 from STA 6934 at University of Florida. Categorical Data Analysis Independent (Explanatory) Variable is Categorical (Nominal or Ordinal) Dependent (Response) Variable

###### Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP) | The Parker Institute

The Parker Institute · Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg og Frederiksberg · Nordre Fasanvej 57 · Road 8, entrance 19 · DK-2000 Frederiksberg ...

###### Significance analysis of microarrays applied to the ionizing radiation response | PNAS

SAM is a method for identifying genes on a microarray with statistically significant changes in expression, developed in the context of an actual biological experiment. SAM was successful in analyzing this experiment as well as several other experiments with oligonucleotide and cDNA microarrays (data not shown).. In the statistics of multiple testing (28-30), the family-wise error rate (FWER) is the probability of at least one false positive over the collection of tests. The Bonferroni method, the most basic method for bounding the FWER, assumes independence of the different tests. An acceptable FWER could be achieved for our microarray data only if the corresponding threshold was set so high that no genes were identified. The step-down correction method of Westfall and Young (29), adapted for microarrays by Dudoit et al. (http://www.stat.berkeley.edu/users/terry/zarray/Html/matt.html), allows for dependent tests but still remains too stringent, yielding no genes from our data.. Westfall and ...

###### Data Interpretation Shortcuts : Techniques to Solve Quickly | Bank Exams Today

1. With D.I section, one can test the aspirant ability to solve statistical data.
2. In Banking Industry, there is demand of those who are highly proficient in calculation. This is because bank employees need to work on statistical data on daily basis.

###### IASRI Library catalog › Details for: Methods for statistical data analysis of multivariate observations

BookSeries: Wiley Series in Probability and Mathematical Statistics. Publisher: New York John Wiley and sons 1977Description: 311p.ISBN: 9780471308454.Subject(s): Mathematics , Multivariate Analysis , Statistical Methods , Statistical data analysis ...

###### The AstroStat Slog » Blog Archive » From Quantile Probability and Statistical Data Modeling

I teach that statistics (done the quantile way) can be simultaneously frequentist and Bayesian, confidence intervals and credible intervals, parametric and nonparametric, continuous and discrete data. My first step in data modeling is identification of parametric models; if they do not fit, we provide nonparametric models for fitting and simulating the data. The practice of statistics, and the modeling (mining) of data, can be elegant and provide intellectual and sensual pleasure. Fitting distributions to data is an important industry in which statisticians are not yet vendors. We believe that unifications of statistical methods can enable us to advertise, What is your question? Statisticians have answers! ...

###### Biases in comparative analyses of extinction risk: mind the gap - González-Suárez - 2012 - Journal of Animal Ecology - Wiley...

We have identified important data biases in the mammalian life-history literature, which appear to reflect a pattern of data not missing at random. That is, the probability of not having information for a trait depends on the unobserved values of that trait (Little & Rubin 2002). This presents a great challenge for analysing these data because as we have seen here deleting species with missing data greatly reduces the available sample size and introduces biases in model estimates. However, conventional techniques to fill gaps (such as multiple imputation) generally assume that data are missing at random or completely at random (Little & Rubin 2002; Nakagawa & Freckleton 2008). For data not missing at random, it is possible to use imputation but a clear understanding of the mechanism causing the missing data is generally necessary. However, missing data in PanTHERIA are likely missing as a result of multiple mechanisms. For example, some species may be harder to study because of their life ...

###### BigData: Probabilistic Methods for Efficient Search and Statistical Learning in Extremely High-Dimensional Data | Texas ECE

This talk will present a series of work on probabilistic hashing methods which typically transform a challenging (or infeasible) massive data computational problem into a probability and statistical estimation problem. For example, fitting a logistic regression (or SVM) model on a dataset with billion observations and billion (or billion square) variables would be difficult. Searching for similar documents (or images) in a repository of billion web pages (or images) is another challenging example.

###### lect04 - Categorical Data Analysis Lei Sun 1 CHL 5210 Statistical Analysis of Qualitative Data Topic Logistic Regression...

View Notes - lect04 from CHL 5210H at University of Toronto. Categorical Data Analysis - Lei Sun 1 CHL 5210 - Statistical Analysis of Qualitative Data Topic: Logistic Regression Outline • Single

###### Journal of Data Science: Volume 7, Number 2, April 2009

Simultaneous tests of a huge number of hypotheses is a core issue in high flow experimental methods such as microarray for transcriptomic data. In the central debate about the type I error rate, Benjamini and Hochberg (1995) have proposed a procedure that is shown to control the now popular False Discovery Rate (FDR) under assumption of independence between the test statistics. These results have been extended to a larger class of dependency by Benjamini and Yekutieli (2001) and improvements have emerged in recent years, among which step-up procedures have shown desirable properties. The present paper focuses on the type II error rate. The proposed method improves the power by means of double-sampling test statistics integrating external information available both on the sample for which the outcomes are measured and also on additional items. The small sample distribution of the test statistics is provided and simulation studies are used to show the beneficial impact of introducing relevant ...

###### Methods for Statistical and Visual Comparison of Imputation Methods for Missing Data in Software Cost Estimation: Computer...

###### Protecting against nonrandomly missing data in longitudinal studies<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Protecting against nonrandomly missing data in longitudinal studies. AU - Brown, C. H.. PY - 1990/7/25. Y1 - 1990/7/25. N2 - Nonrandomly missing data can pose serious problems in longitudinal studies. We generally have little knowledge about how missingness is related to the data values, and longitudinal studies are often far from complete. Two approaches that have been used to handle missing data-use of maximum likelihood with an ignorable mechanism and direct modeling of the missing data mechanism-have the disadvantage of not giving consistent estimates under important classes of nonrandom mechanisms. We introduce two protective estimators, that is, estimators that retain their consistency over a wide range of nonrandom mechanisms. We compare these protective estimators using longitudinal data from a mental health panel study. We also investigate their robustness to certain departures from normality.. AB - Nonrandomly missing data can pose serious problems in longitudinal ...

###### Lecture: Heteroskedasticity, Weighted Least Squares, and Variance Estimation (Advanced Data Analysis from an Elementary Point...

Weighted least squares estimates, to give more emphasis to particular data points. Heteroskedasticity and the problems it causes for inference. How weighted least squares gets around the problems of heteroskedasticity, if we know the variance function. Estimating the variance function from regression residuals. An iterative method for estimating the regression function and the variance function together. Locally constant and locally linear modeling. Lowess. Reading: Notes, chapter 7 ...

###### Univariate Analysis and Normality Test Using SAS, Stata, and SPSS

Descriptive statistics provide important information about variables to be analyzed. Mean, median, and mode measure central tendency of a variable. Measures of dispersion include variance, standard deviation, range, and interquantile range (IQR). Researchers may draw a histogram, stem-and-leaf plot, or box plot to see how a variable is distributed. Statistical methods are based on various underlying assumptions. One common assumption is that a random variable is normally distributed. In many statistical analyses, normality is often conveniently assumed without any empirical evidence or test. But normality is critical in many statistical methods. When this assumption is violated, interpretation and inference may not be reliable or valid. The t-test and ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) compare group means, assuming a variable of interest follows a normal probability distribution. Otherwise, these methods do not make much sense. Figure 1 illustrates the standard normal probability distribution and a ...

###### sem - Regression analysis with factor scores as explanatory variable - Cross Validated

Structural equation modeling may be the appropriate method. It tends to be most useful and valid when you have multiple links that you want to identify in a causal chain; when multivariate normality is present; when any missing data are missing completely at random; when N is fairly large; and (I think) when variables are measured without much error. Absent such conditions, exploratory factor analysis scores may be quite useful as regression predictors, assuming the EFA (as well as the regression) is done in a sound, thoughtful way. A lot of people make the mistake of treating EFA as a routinized procedure, as you can read about in the wonderful article Repairing Tom Swifts Electric Factor Analysis Machine. EFA involves many decision points and few iron-clad guidelines for them. 42.2% of all EFA solutions that I run across smack of what I believe to be significant errors in choice of extraction method, number of factors to extract, inclusion/exclusion of variables, or others.. ...

###### Analyzing categorical data | Statistics and probability | Khan Academy

This unit covers methods for dealing with data that falls into categories. Learn how to use bar graphs, Venn diagrams, and two-way tables to see patterns and relationships in categorical data.

###### Initialize the centers of categorical data cluster using genetic approach: A Method - IJERT

Initialize the centers of categorical data cluster using genetic approach: A Method - written by Kusha Bhatt, Pankaj Dalal published on 2018/07/30 download full article with reference data and citations

###### Analysis of Randomly Incomplete Data Wi... | WHSmith Books

Buy Analysis of Randomly Incomplete Data Without Imputation (SpringerBriefs in Statistics 2012) by Tejas Desai From WHSmith today! FREE delivery to stor...

###### Sample Size Calculator - Calculate power & sample size for one-sample, two-sample and k-sample experiments

Advanced power and sample size calculator online: calculate sample size for a single group, or for differences between two groups (more than two groups supported for binomial data). ➤ Sample size calculation for trials for superiority, non-inferiority, and equivalence. Binomial and continuous outcomes supported. Calculate the power given sample size, alpha and MDE.

###### Statistical & Data Analysis Software Package | Minitab

Unlock the value of your data with Minitab Statistical Software. Drive cost containment, improve quality & increase effectiveness through data analysis.

###### Big Data and Spurious Correlations - Practical Statistical Inference | Coursera

Video created by University of Washington for the course Practical Predictive Analytics: Models and Methods. Learn the basics of statistical inference, comparing classical methods with resampling methods that allow you to use a simple program ...

###### 9780521573917: Bootstrap Methods and their Application (Cambridge Series in Statistical and Probabilistic Mathematics) -...

Bootstrap Methods and their Application (Cambridge Series in Statistical and Probabilistic Mathematics) de A. C. Davison; D. V. Hinkley en Iberlibro.com - ISBN 10: 0521573912 - ISBN 13: 9780521573917 - Cambridge University Press - 1997 - Tapa dura

###### The two-stage design in a non-stringent test situation. | Open-i

The two-stage design in a non-stringent test situation. (A) Data simulation experiment: empirical density functions of the DE genes (solid curve), noisy non-DE

###### Lecture 5C Part 1 Time to Event Data: Graphical Summarization: Kapalan-Meier Approach - Module 2C: Summarization and...

Video created by Johns Hopkins University for the course Statistical Reasoning for Public Health 1: Estimation, Inference, & Interpretation. This module consists of a single lecture set on time-to-event outcomes. Time-to-event data comes ...

###### Statistical Methodology

After 33 volumes, Statistical Methodology will be discontinued as of 31st December 2016. At this point the possibility to submit manuscripts has been...