Abstract : The objective of the study was to assess the growth contributing characters of biofield treated bottle gourd(Lagenaria siceraria) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) seeds. The seeds of both crops were divided into two groups, one waskept aside and denoted as untreated, while the other group was subjected biofield energy treatment. The variabilities in growthcontributing parameters were studied and compared with their control. Further the level of glutathione (GSH) in okra leaves,along with DNA fingerprinting in bottle gourd were analyzed using RAPD method. After germination, the plants of bottle gourdwere reported to be strong and erect with better canopy as compared with the control. The vegetative growth of okra plants afterbiofield energy treatment was found to be stout with small canopy, strong steam, and more fruits per nodes, that contributed highyield as compared with the control. However, endogenous level of GSH in the leaves of okra was increased by 47.65% ascompared to the ...
Luo Han Kuo fruit (Siraitia grosvenori Swingle), a fruit native to China, has been used as a natural sweetening agent for centuries and has been reported to be beneficial for diabetic population. However, limited research has been conducted to elucidate the relationship between the sweetening action and biological parameters that may be related to potential health benefits of LHK fruit (Luo Han Kuo fruit). The present study examined the effect of LHK fruit and its chemical components on insulin secretion using an in vitro cell model system. Mogroside V is the most abundant and the sweetest chemical component among the mogrosides in LHK fruit. The experimental data demonstrated that the crude LHK extract stimulated the secretion of insulin in pancreatic beta cells; furthermore, pure mogroside V isolated from LHK fruit also exhibited a significant activity in stimulating insulin secretion by the beta cells, which could partially be responsible for the insulin secretion activity of LHK fruit and fruit
Lagenaria contains six species, all of which are indigenous to tropical Africa. The best-known species, the bottle gourd, Lagennaria siceraria, has been domesticated by humans, and has spread beyond Africa. The other species are not cultivated. The gourds of the various species may be harvested young and used as a vegetable. More commonly, the gourds are harvested mature, then dried, and used in making utensils (including musical instruments and containers). Gourds of Lagennaria siceraria have been used to store water and other liquids since ancient times. The generic name lagenaria comes from classical Latin lagena meaning bottle or flask, plus Latin suffix -aria ...
The first report in England on the herb was found in an unpublished manuscript written in 1938 by G. Weidman Groff and Hoh Hin Cheung.[3] The report stated the fruits were often used as the main ingredients of "cooling drinks" as remedies for hot weather, fever, or other dysfunctions traditionally associated with warmth or heat (i.e., inflammation).[3]. The fruit was taken to the United States in the early 20th century. Groff mentioned that, during a visit to the American ministry of agriculture in 1917, the botanist Frederick Coville showed him a luo han guo fruit bought in a Chinese shop in Washington, DC. Seeds of the fruit, which had been bought in a Chinese shop in San Francisco, were entered into the botanic description of the species in 1941.[3]. The first research into the sweet component of luo han guo is attributed to C. H. Lee, who wrote an English report on it in 1975, and also to Tsunematsu Takemoto, who worked on it the early 1980s in Japan (later Takemoto decided to concentrate on ...
Archives issue of International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences which aims to cover the latest outstanding developments in the field of pharmaceutical and biological sciences
Objective To establish a method for the analysis of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane (DDT) by matrix solid phase dispersion-gas chromatography (MSPD-GC). Methods The samples were pretreated by matrix solid phase dispersion, and then qualitatively and quantitatively determined byGC. Results The recoveries range from 75.1% to 112.4%, with the RSD of 2.1%~12.4%. The matrix solid phase dispersion can make extracting, filtering and cleaning in one step which made the sample preparations become rapid. Conclusion The new method as the rapid analysis of organochlorine pesticide BHC and DDT in Siraitia grosvenori. fruits can basically meet the requirements of pesticide residue analysis standard in the domestic and international.
Looking for Cucurbitales? Find out information about Cucurbitales. The ordinal name assigned to the Curcurbitaceae in some systems of classification Explanation of Cucurbitales
11-Deoxymogroside IIE is a cucurbitane glycoside, isolated from Siraitia grosvenorii fruits. 11-Deoxymogroside IIE has inhibitory effect against Epstein Barr virus (EBV-EA) activation induced by TPA, shows weak inhibitory effect on (+/-)-(E)-methyl1-2-[E-hydroxyimino]-5-nitro-6-methoxy-3-hexemide (NOR1), a NO donor. - Mechanism of Action & Protocol.
This new volume comprises modern treatments for the families and genera of the eudicot orders Sapindales and Cucurbitales. The circumscription of the orders, families and genera conforms to the most recent systematic studies. The family treatments include descriptions of the families and the genera, genera classification keys, discussions of relationships and data on their morphology, reproductive biology, distribution, ecology and economic importance. Sapindales and Cucurbitales, as understood in this volume, comprise 16 families with 637 genera and roughly 9,240 species. Sapindales include large tropical and southern temperate tree families such as the Anacardiaceae, Sapindaceae (these in the modern circumscription, which includes Aceraceae and Hippocastanaceae), Meliaceae and Rutaceae, which have long been considered to be closely related. Cucurbitales represent a relatively new ordinal concept; apart from some small woody groups, the order contains two large families, Cucurbitaceae and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Systematic reappraisal of species in Phoma section Paraphoma, Pyrenochaeta and Pleurophoma. AU - de Gruyter, J.. AU - Woudenberg, J.H.C.. AU - Aveskamp, M.M.. AU - Verkley, G.J.M.. AU - Groenewald, J.Z.. AU - Crous, P.W.. N1 - Reporting year: 2010. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - Sequence data from the 18S nrDNA (SSU) and 28S nrDNA (LSU) regions of isolates of Phoma section. Paraphoma were compared with those of representative isolates of the morphologically similar an am orph genera Pleurophoma and Pyrenochaeta and of the type species of Phoma sections Phonza, Pilosa and Plenodomus. Phoma section. Paraphoma was found to be highly polyphyletic within the Pleosporales and only distantly related to Phoma section Phoma. The genus Paraphonza, which is based on Paraphoma radicina, is reintroduced in the Phaeosphaeriaceae with two additional taxa. The new genera Setophoma and Neosetophoma, type species Setophoma terrestris comb. nov. and Neosetophoma samarorum comb. nov., are introduced and ...
In the trials, Cassava mill Effluent was used for fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis) cultivation in order to verify the influence of the effluent on the growth and some soil chemical properties. In this regard, a completely randomized and randomized complete block designs were used in the greenhouse and field trials respectively with 6 treatments replicated 3 times. In the greenhouse, the following rates of 0, 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 ml per 5 kg topsoil were used while in the field trial, 0, 40000, 80000, 120000, 160000 and 200000 litres/ha were utilized. The rates used in the field were equivalent to those of greenhouse. In both trials, the cassava mill effluent was applied 2 weeks prior to transplanting the seedlings. Results indicated that the cassava mill effluent significantly (P , 0.05) increased soil pH, organic carbon, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, Fe, Cu and Zn whereas the exchangeable acidity decreased significantly (P , 0.05) with corresponding increase in cassava mill effluent ...
The benefits of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia Occidentalis) cant be overemphasized. Presently, there has been an increasing awareness on its use
... cultivated crops worldwide. have resulted from the absence of recent whole-genome duplication event in these two Cucurbitaceae crops. Numerous stress- and hormone-responsive L., negatively or positively respond to salt, drought, and cold stresses (Tran et al., 2007, 2010; Wohlbach et al., 2008; Pham et al., 2012; Jeon and Kim, 2013; Kumar et al., 2013). genes are markedly downregulated by heat stress (Miyata et al., 1998). All type-A ARRs participate in the osmosis-related stresses by interacting with abscisic acid (ABA) with positive or unfavorable response. Many RR genes are also induced by drought, high salinity, and low heat (Wohlbach et al., 2008; Jeon et al., 2010). Additionally, a set of TCS elements in other crops have been proved to participate in abiotic stresses. Rice silencing seedlings oppositely respond to salt treatment and drought stress (Sun et al., 2014). OsHK3 is usually involved in ...
Coccinia palmata (Cogn.) and Lagenaha sphaerica (Sond.) Naud. are indigenous Cucurbitaceae species widely distributed in pantropical to tropical regions of Southern Africa. They are widely used for food and medicinal purposes, in nature these species exist as diploids, with their basic haploid (n) chromosome numbers being 12 and 11 for C. palmata and L sphaerica respectively. However, in higher plants nuclear DNA endoreduplication often occurs during their growth and differentiation which causes polysomaty in their tissues. For both C. palmata and L sphaerica, the optimum germination conditions were 25°C under light. Growth was either in the nursery (in pots/bags) or in the field (with and without bags). Colchicine treatment of seeds before and after incubation for germination was used to induce polyploidy in both of these Cucurbitaceae species. The effectiveness of colchicine in inducing polyploidy (genetic improvement) in the roots and shoots of both species was established. In both species ...
The Cucurbitales is primarily a tropical order of pants[1] and contains fewer than a dozen species known to grow in the wild in New York. All of these species are in the family Cucurbitaceae, and only two of them are considered native to New York State. The remainder have been known to escape from cultivation in the state, but none of them appear to persist for long.[2]. ...
This is what I get for applying all this fancy book learnin to real life. Now I have to address a food that Ive been dreading…Those foods found in the Cucurbitaceae family. This would include those items which fall into the "gourd" family. I, as a rule of thumb, have not made a habit out of eating anything which could also be used as a musical instrument.. This, undoubtedly, makes me a bad person.. Sure, sure, there are cucumbers I can look forward to, even if they are now at the tail end of their growing season. I have nothing against the majority of melons either, although the name "muskmelon" has been known to make me all wobbly. Luckily for me, muskmelons (also known as cantaloupe) werent domesticated until roughly 2400 BC. Since Im still roughly at 5000 BC in my exploration of various food stuffs, theres still plenty to explore between then and now.. No, its the squash that has me all atwitter. Theres the summer squashes, with its zucchini. I can handle that. I suppose its the ...
Cucurbitaceae are easily recognised. They are vines or lianes with often rather roughly hairy exstipulate leaves that have palmate venation. In the leaf axil there is a usually lateral and branched tendril, a vegetative bud, a flower, or a yet more complex organisation. The plants are dioecious or monoecious, and the flowers have a hypanthium or joint calyx/corolla tube, an often complex androecium made up of twisted, monothecal anthers borne in the centre of the flower, and an inferior ovary with parietal placentation. The corolla is often more or less yellow, sometimes red. The seeds are more or less flattened. Evolution: Divergence & Distribution. For numerous dates within the family, see Schaefer et al. (2009).. The current world-wide range of Cucurbitaceae is in large part the result of extensive dispersal, Madagascar being colonized an estimated thirteen times and Australia twelve times - and the latter currently has only twelve genera and thirty species of Cucurbitaceae (Schaefer et al. ...
The administration of the extract together with and after the administration of gentamycin reverses renal damage caused by gentamycin.
Winter melon benefits include its ability to improve digestion, strengthen the immune system, boost vision, prevent chronic disease, and increase energy levels.
International Journal of Peptides is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of peptide research.
Color Curcurbitaceae (Can you pronounce Curcurbitaceae? I cant!) A melon is any of various plants of the family Cucurbitaceae with edible, fleshy fruit. One Word Photo Challenge - Melon
Cucurbitaceae is a plant family, sometimes called the gourd family, consisting of over a 100 genera. The plants in this family are grown around the...
Chayote (Sechium edule), also known as: chocho, choko, chouchoute, chuchu, christophine, Madeira marrow, mirliton and vegetable pear, is a member of the cucurbitaceae family. The pear shaped fruit has light green skin and deep indentation along the blossom end. There is a single soft flat seed in the middle of the fruit. A tropical perennial vine, the tubers of the…
The activity was more pronounced on gram-positive organisms with Staphylococcus aureus being more susceptible and Salmonella paratyphi A being more resistant.. Anti- inflammatory and analgesic action: This study was aimed to evaluate both post- and pre-treatment anti-inflammatory activities of the aqueous extract of fresh leaves of Coccinia indica in rats using the carrageenan-induced paw oedema method at various dose levels. Analgesic and antipyretic properties were evaluated using tail flick model and yeast-induced hyperpyrexia, respectively. The extract produced marked analgesic activity comparable to morphine at 300 mg/kg, which suggests the involvement of central mechanisms.. Reno protective action: In the present study, the effect of Coccinia indica consumption on diabetes-mediated kidney damage was determined. Various parameters, such as fasting blood glucose, urine sugar, albumin excretion, kidney index, and glomerular filtration rate, were ameliorated to various extents by the ...
Recent work on luohanguo includes investigation of the antioxidant activity of the mogrosides (13) and their potential use as cancer prevention compounds (14). This suggested effect is based on the understanding that antioxidants can produce significant reversal or suppression of the early stage of cancer development, which has been an area of particular interest for tea drinking (15). Further, luohanguo and its sweetening component are often mentioned in relation to diabetes and obesity, because it can substitute for caloric sugars normally consumed in the diet.. ...
Flavonoid patterns of pollens of 5 plants of the family Cucurbitaceae are different from those of the corresponding stigmas. The major flavonoid of pollens has been identified as kaempferol...
Irrigation and plasticulture equipment for growing Cucurbitaceae; drip irrigation, Bio360 biodegradable mulch film, black plastic mulch film, low tunnel film
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Bottle Gourd is also called Dudhi. It is very easy to make bengal gram gourd lentils, just before you make it, soak the lentils in water for a while.
Around the Table: Great, Grand Gourds - Its Autumn! I see a wide variety of gourds displayed in stores to grace our tables as both food, and as ornamentation during this autumn. While I enjoy decorating our home for the change of seasons, I enjoy the flavors of fall even more! Gourds are technically fruit and are in the Cucurbitaceae family. The edible forms of gourds include melons and squashes. In particular, winter squashes are high in … [Read more] about Around the Table: Great, Grand Gourds - Its Autumn! ...
Butternut Squash: With a rich history on all five continents, butternut squashs true origin remains a bit of a mystery, although its versatility is appreciated by many cultures and cuisines to this day.. As a staple ingredient for the Incas in South and Central America, it was commonly found in authentic Peruvian dishes to add body, vitamins and sustenance to meals before migrating to Asia, Africa and Europe. High in fibre and a rich source of vitamins (A, C & E), magnesium and potassium, it is a brilliant addition to stews, risottos, soups and curries.. From the Cucurbitaceae family along with pumpkin and courgette, butternut squash is a winter vegetable harvested after developing a tough exterior. However, as one of the easiest squashes to peel and prepare, butternut has become a staple in many British kitchens and allotments.. Seasonal period: September to January. Flavour friends: This slightly nutty, creamy, sweet winter squashs flavour is intensified through roasting. Enhanced by the ...
Combine ingredients in bowl, toss to coat cucumber, and store in refrigerator at least 4 hours (It will keep several days). To serve, drain cucumbers and place in bowl ...
Drain the juice off the onions into the bowl with the dressing ingredients. Mix well. Add the onions to the bowl with the cucumbers and tomatoes. Pour the dressing over the top and toss to coat. Serve ...
Cucurbitaceae is a plant family commonly known as gourds, marrows or cucurbits, and includes crops like cucumbers, squashes (including pumpkins), luffas, melons and watermelons. The Spanish call them Calabazas (Carabassa in Mallorquín) and they come in all shapes, forms and sizes, oblong, round, flat or compressed, crook-necked, large and small. All gourds and pumpkins grown…
Pumpkins belong to the Cucurbitaceae family and got its name from the Greek word "pepon" or "large melon." The humble fruit originated in Central America and has become an integral part of the modern American culture. Recent research proves that the pumpkin, in all its forms, flesh, seeds, and oil has the power to alter the disease processes in the body.. With just 26 calories per 100 gram, the pumpkin is low in calories, has no saturated fat or cholesterol and is rich in dietary fiber. Dieticians recommend the pumpkin for those in a weight loss diet and for those trying to control their cholesterol intake. The high fiber content is effective in treating gastrointestinal disorders like constipation and indigestion. The fiber helps in lowering LDL cholesterol levels in the blood and also regulates the blood sugar levels, which, in turn, helps those with diabetes.. The bright orange of the pumpkin is due to the high level of carotenoids present in them. Carotenoids are scavengers of free radicals ...
  This study was aimed at determining the effects of the ethanolic extract of the whole fruit of Lagenaria breviflora Robert on male fertility by evaluating some andrological parameters of the Wistar rat such as morphology of spermatozoa, sperm count, motility, liveability and volume of the semen. Histopathology of the testis was carried out. 20 adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups. The rats in group A (Control) were administered with 0.9% physiological saline, while rats in groups B, C, D, and E were administered with the extract of 1000, 2000, 4000 and 8000 mg per Kg body weight, respectively, once daily for 14 days. The extract caused morphological alterations of sperm cells in this study, predominantly of secondary abnormality. These include bent mid-piece, curved mid-piece, bent tail, curved tail, normal tail without head, normal head without tail, looped tail, and coiled tail, which are indications of interference with maturation stage of spermatogenesis
It might not be winter, but its winter squash season in Oklahoma. Squash are part of the Cucurbitaceae family that includes everything from cucumbers and cantaloupes to gourds and pumpkins. Winter squash are distinguishable from summer squash varieties-such as zucchini and patty pan-by their hard rinds, which make them storable in a cool, dry location well into the winter months (hence the name). Their slightly sweet flesh works in both sweet and savory preparations, and - with the exception of spaghetti squash- winter squash varieties can be used interchangeably in most recipes.. ...
This photo shows my daughters favorite kind from our Sweden trip this summer - Mother Annas thinly sliced pickles (Mor Annas tunnskivad gurka). [Question to Swedes, shouldnt it be Mor Annas tunnskivadE gurka in proper Swedish?]. Gurka means cucumber, and must be from the same root word as gherkin, the English word for tiny little pickled cucumbers. The word cucumber comes from the old Latin or Greek since the genus name is Cucumis. Cucumbers are a kind of berries with a leathery skin, and are placed together with pumpkins, squashes, and melons in the Cucurbitaceae family ...
Pumpkin Teeth are long white plastic teeth that you can embed into your pumpkin (or gourd, melon, whatever you want!) They come in 3 sizes and can be re-used, making every Halloween just a little bit spookier! Decorating your pumpkin has never been so creepy! ...
Looking for Gourds? Find out information about Gourds. common name for some members of the Cucurbitaceae, a family of plants whose range includes all tropical and subtropical areas and extends into the temperate... Explanation of Gourds
Pumpkin was an affectionate nickname in my family, so I chose it as the name for my 1st Border Collie. I love the word Pumpkin-how it fills my mouth and suggests the shape of the fruit. Yes, a pumpkin is a fruit- actually a berry. It is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family, along with melons…
Some of the starts got transplanted around the fence of our garden, and I was rewarded with all kinds of interesting-shaped gourds which looked totally different from what I threw in the compost bin last year! Thats because those were hybrids and the next generation looks nothing like their parents! But I was delighted to find a few white pumpkins growing as well.. The funny thing is that when I pull these starts out of the compost bin, I never really know what Im transplanting. Thats because pumpkins, gourds, squash, melons, and cucumbers all belong to the family Cucurbitaceae and they all look alike in the beginning. Its only when their true leaves develop that you can tell them apart.. ...
Wildflowers Dicots Cucurbitales Cucurbitaceae Marah The California man-root, or, the California wild cucumber is a creeping vine that thrives in the chaparral. It has small white flowers and an odd spiny fruit. It seems to start blooming in November, shortly after the first rains and it continues until May (sometimes June). It was one of…
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Thats a common fallacy in many text books and taught in schools. Many of the most primitive flowering plant that are not monocotyledons have floral parts in whorls of three. Also, the number of locules (carpels) in the fruit of many genera of dicots do not correspond to the number of floral parts (or lobes in sympetalous genera) in a whorl. HesperAloe ,hesperaloe at aol.com, wrote in message news:20010215001708.20895.00001241 at ng-fn1.aol.com... , I just bought a loofah sponge (Cucurbitaceae family) and noticed it had 3 , compartments (carpels). I thought dicots always had floral parts in multiples , of 4s and 5s...Does this also apply to the carpel visible when the fruit is , sliced transversely? , Peter ...
Though cucurbits such as watermelons, cucumbers, squash, and pumpkins can be some of the most troublesome and challenging plants to grow, they can be the most rewarding. Cucurbits flourish in the summer when the days and nights are routinely warm, which explains why they taste horrible in the winter, if you can find them, that…
Nimmakayala P., T. Saminathan,V. L. Abburi, L. K. Yadav, Y. Tomason, A. Levi, Y. Weng, U. K. Reddy (2017) Comparative Genomics of the Cucurbitaceae. In: Grumet R., Katzir N., Garcia-Mas J. (eds) Genetics and Genomics of Cucurbitaceae. Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models, vol 20. Springer, Cham DOI: 10.1007/7397_2016_ ...
CLIMBERS: Censusing Lianas in Mesic Biomes of Eastern Regions - An initiative to increase knowledge of and monitor changes in species of temperate climbing plants.
So why a fynbos blog? We have always been fascinated by the remarkable flora of the Cape. From a distance it looks like dull grey-green stuff, but get up close and you will find that it is teeming with life, is full of fascinating stories and has many uses. Enjoy ...
Coinciding with its newly achieved GRAS status, Layn is processing a bumper crop of Luo Han Guo from its GAP compliant farming operations. Luo Han Guos sweetness comes from Mogroside V and it is up to 300 times sweeter than sucrose yet contains virtually no calories. It is rich in vitamin c, protein and 18 basic amino acids. Its intense sweetness requires only small amounts yet provides great taste and nutrition and all the health benefits of reduced calories and sugar intake. Luo Han Guos flavor profile and clean tasting sweetness allows for a wide variety of food and beverage applications.