Croton antisyphiliticus is a medicinal plant widely used in the treatment of microbial infections, especially those affecting the genital tract. Crude extract, fractions and pure compound isolated from roots of this species were investigated to validate their antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The compound ent-kaur-16-en-18-oic acid was isolated as a major component (0.7% of crude extract), and its MIC value determined against S. aureus (ATCC 6538) was 250 μg/mL. This is the first phytochemical work on the species monitored with antimicrobial assay.
Phenolics from the American cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) were fractionated into a series of proanthocyanidins and other flavonoid compounds by vacuum chromatography on a hydrophilic, porous polyvinylic gel permeation polymer. Antioxidant activity was not restricted to a particular class of components in the extract but was found in a wide range of the fractions. Significant chemopreventive activity, as indicated by an ornithine decarboxylase assay, was localized in one particular proanthocyanidin-rich fraction from the initial fractionation procedure. Further fractionation of the active anticarcinogenic fraction revealed the following components: seven flavonoids, mainly quercetin, myricetin, the corresponding 3-O-glycosides, (-)-epicatechin, (+)-catechin, and dimers of both gallocatechin and epigallocatechin types, and a series of oligomeric proanthocyanidins.. ...
The most common class of compounds of Croton is represented by diterpenoids. Apparently, clerodane is the widest spread class of diterpenoids in Croton, which has been found in species from America (e.g. C. cajucara), Africa (e.g. C. macrostachys) and Asia (e.g. C. oblongifolius). Phorbol esters (such as 11) seem also to be widespread in Croton, having been found in species from Asia (e.g. C. tiglium), Africa (e.g. C. macrostachys) and America (e.g. C. californicus). Thus, the common possession of clerodanes and phorbol esters by groups of species should be viewed as retention of an ancient characteristic, rather than a mark of natural affinity.. Instead, kauranes, labdanes and trachylobanes seem to be more restricted in their distribution. C. draco, C. kongensis, C. sublyratus and C. tonkinensis are chemically akin due to the possession of kauranes. Labdanes occur in C. joufra, C. oblongifolius and C. zambesicus. Trachylobanes have been found in C. insularis, C. macrostachys, C. robustus and C. ...
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Looking for Crotons? Find out information about Crotons. Italy: see Crotona Crotona , Croton, or Kroton , ancient city, S Italy, on the east coast of Bruttium , a colony of Magna Graecia founded c.708 B.C. Explanation of Crotons
Who doesn?t love the bright colors of croton plants? But sometimes the bright colors on a croton fade, leaving them with ordinary looking green leaves. It can be disappointing to notice a croton losing color. Learn how to remedy this in the article that follows.
Cortex Copalche vel Copalchi.). Croton Pseudo-China, Schlectendal, Berlin, Jahrb. f. d. Pharmacie, 1829, p. 1 (with a figure); Linnaea, Bd. v. S. 84, 1830; and Bd. vi. S. 359, 1831.-Croton Cascarilla, Don, Ed. New Phil. Journ. vol. xvi. p. 368.. This species of Croton was discovered by Schiede (Linnaea, Bd. iv. S. 211, and 579, 1829) between Plan del Rio and Puente in Mexico. A small variety (C. Pseudo-China var. minor) was found between Laguna Verde and Actopan. Both plants yield a bark very similar to that of cascarilla, and which is called in the apothecaries shops of Jalapa quina blanca or copalche.. According to v. Bergen and v. Santen four serons of this bark were imported in 1817 into Hamburgh from Cuba under the name of cascarilla de Trinidad. In 1827, more than 30,000 lbs. of it came along with cinchona bark from Peru to Hamburgh, by way of Liverpool. Of this, 32 serons were shipped at Payta and 300 serons at Guayaquil. It was said to be a cinchona called copalchi (quina dit copalchi). ...
From millions of real job salary data. 9 salary data for Croton On Hudson, NY. Average salary in Croton On Hudson is $74,464 Detailed starting salary, median salary, pay scale, bonus data report
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1) Chordia P, MacArthur RD: Crofelemer, a novel agent for treatment of non-infectious diarrhea in HIV-infected persons. Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Sep;7(7):591-600. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24070150. (2) Alonso-Castro AJ, Domínguez F, García-Carrancá A: Rutin exerts antitumor effects on nude mice bearing SW480 tumor. Arch Med Res. 2013 Jul;44(5):346-51. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23867787. (3) Frampton JE: Crofelemer: a review of its use in the management of non-infectious diarrhoea in adult patients with HIV/AIDS on antiretroviral therapy. Drugs. 2013 Jul;73(10):1121-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23807722. (4) Rossi D, Guerrini A, Paganetto G et al: Croton lechleri Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae) stem bark essential oil as possible mutagen-protective food ingredient against heterocyclic amines from cooked food. Food Chem. 2013 Aug 15;139(1-4):439-47. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23561129. (5) Montopoli M, Bertin R, Chen Z et al: Croton lechleri sap and ...
This study aimed to evaluate the gastroprotective mechanism of action of the essential oil of Croton cajucara Benth. (Euphorbiaceae) stem bark in ethanol-induced gastric ulcers and its in vitro anti-Helicobacter pylori activity. The involvement of heat-shock protein-70, vasoactive intestinal peptide, glutathione, nitric oxide, and nonprotein sulfhydryl compounds in the gastroprotective effect was determined in male Wistar rats. The minimum inhibitory concentration against H. pylori was determined in vitro. The results were analyzed by analysis of variance followed by the Dunnett test, and a P value less than 0.05 was considered to represent a statistically significant difference. C. cajucara decreased ethanol-induced ulcer area in 100% of ulcers and decreased the histologic lesions. In the C. cajucara group, the area marked by heat-shock protein-70 was significantly higher than the area in the control group; this finding was not seen for vasoactive intestinal peptide. C. cajucara could not ...
You may have seen the croton plant in passing, but how much do you know about this colorful, tropical plant? The experts at Ambius have compiled a list of common croton plant care questions and we answer them for you here.
BY SPECIAL REQUEST: A LOOK BACK AT CROTON COLONIAL DINER AND OWNER PETE TSAGARAKIS. Courtesy of the outstanding archives maintained by the volunteers of THE CROTON HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Click on the images below. ...
Were proud to offer our two locations in the New Castle area -- Union Self Storage on Harbor Road off Route 422, and Croton Self Storage at 720 Croton Avenue in New Castle. We have a computerized security gate, our units are fenced-in and lighted, and monitored with security cameras. Indoor and outdoor storage is available, along with climate controlled units also. Youll have your own lock ...
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By special request and for the duration of 2014--a new year--THIS MONTH IN CROTON 1979: DECEMBER 1979 - PART 2. Click on the images below. Stay tuned for more. Courtesy of the outstanding archives maintained by the volunteers of The Croton Historical Society. ...
A component of Napos new market access program intended to help remove access barriers for people living with HIV to start and stay on Mytesi®. SAN FRANCISCO, CA / ACCESSWIRE / May 20, 2020 / Jaguar Health, Inc. (NASDAQ:JAGX) today announced that the companys wholly owned subsidiary, Napo Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Napo) is launching a program to educate insurance companies about the benefits of Napos plant-based Mytesi (crofelemer) prescription drug and negotiate better access to Mytesi for commercially insured patients.. A non-opiate antidiarrheal indicated for the symptomatic relief of noninfectious diarrhea in adult patients with HIV/AIDS on antiretroviral therapy, Mytesi is the first and only natural, oral drug approved under U.S. Food and Drug Administration Botanical Guidance. Crofelemer, the active ingredient in Mytesi, is a non-opioid botanical (plant-based), drug extracted and purified from the red bark sap of the medicinal Croton lechleri tree in the Amazon Rainforest.. Were ...
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Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Croton billbergianus, leaf bottom stem image
This easy-care Croton plant, with bright, multicolored leaves, is just perfect to celebrate a new job or promotion! Needing only low-light, its ideal f…
Not your typical houseplant! With its bright tropical foliage, exotic appearance and Asian-inspired square planter, this potted croton plant is an eye-catching natural addition to any room.
Digitized images of microscopic slices of Croton liniaris (F14) plant structures that were stained and permanently mounted to a glass slide ...
Originally hailing from Indonesia, the croton plant is a colorful shrub that can be raised in USDA hardiness zones 10A through 11. The shrubs profusion of red, orange, yellow and green leaves makes it a popular accent piece in a landscape. Though insect pests rarely afflict this hardy plant, it can occasionally ...
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with Sidney Horenstein The Citys earliest quests for clean and reliable water started in Lower Manhattan. Come walk that history and see how the Citys rapid expansion eventually spurred building the much-needed Croton System. We begin our walking tour at the City Hall Park fountain where we will learn about the New York Citys initial efforts to provide pure, reliable water
Find out about 14th Annual Anti-Valentines Day Party at Croton Lounge, a New York event in the exclusive Guest of a Guest calendar
Start Preamble Notice is hereby given that on February 23, 2004, a proposed Consent Decree in United States v. Buckeye Egg Farm, L.P. et al., Civil Action No. 3:03 CV 7681, was lodged with the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio, which will resolve claims asserted against defendants Buckeye Egg Farm L.P. ("Buckeye"), its general partner Croton Farm, LLC ("Croton Farm"), and Anton Pohlmann, the sole member of Croton Farm and the 99% interest limited partner of Buckeye, in an Amended Complaint also filed on February 23, 2004. Buckeye is the nations fourth largest egg producer.. In this action the United States seeks final penalties and injunctive relief against Defendants for their failure to comply with an EPA request for information and administrative order under sections 114 and 113 of the Clean Air Act, as well for violations of PSD regulations and the Ohio SIP at three Buckeye facilities in Croton, Marseilles, and Mount Victory, Ohio. The claims pertain to ...
Have you recently been diagnosed with sleep apnea? Did you know that your local Croton on Huson dentist Dr. Bard Levey can help effectively and discreetly treat your sleep apnea? Dr. Levey is a credentialed dentist with American Sleep Dentistry (ASD) and offers custom-designed oral sleep appliances for the treatment of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is … Read more. ...
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First, some observations... 1. For three years I stopped fertilizing the garden. Everyone around me had Croton scale; I had none. This year, I threw...
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Yesterday I visited the East Branch of Croton again. Two weeks ago when I was there, I had a good time catching a carp, a bass and several trouts. Because that carp was rather large for my tenkara rod to be handled, it gave me a ...
Croton nepetaefolius Baill., is an aromatic plant native to the northeast of Brazil where it is extensively used in folk medicine as a sedative, orexigen and antispasmodic agent. In the present study the antinociceptive effects of the essential oil of C. nepetaefolius (EOCn), administered orally, were evaluated in male Swiss mice (20-25 g). In the acetic acid-induced writhing test, EOCn (100 and 300 mg/kg; N = 14 and N = 12, respectively) was effective at the highest dose. In the hot-plate test, EOCn at 30 and 300 mg/kg, but not at 3 mg/kg, significantly increased the latency at all observation times up to the 180th min (N = 12 for each dose). In the formalin test, EOCn significantly reduced paw licking in the second phase of the test at 100 mg/kg (N ...
Fulyzaq is intended to be used in HIV/AIDS patients whose diarrhea is not caused by an infection from a virus, bacteria or parasite. Patients take Fulyzaq two times a day to manage watery diarrhea due to the secretion of electrolytes and water in the gastrointestinal tract. Derived from the red sap of the Croton lechleri plant, Fulyzaq is the second botanical prescription drug approved by FDA. A botanical drug product is often a complex mixture derived from one or more plant materials with varying degrees of purification.. The safety and efficacy of Fulyzaq were established in a clinical trial of 374 HIV-positive patients on stable antiretroviral therapy with a history of diarrhea lasting one month or longer. The median number of daily watery bowel movements was 2.5 per day. Results showed that 17.6% of patients taking Fulyzaq experienced clinical response, compared with 8% taking placebo. In some patients, a persistent anti-diarrheal effect was seen for 20 weeks.. Fulyzaq is distributed by ...
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49. Habenaria tonkinensis Seidenfaden, Dansk Bot. Ark. 31(3): 114. 1977. 丛叶玉凤花 cong ye yu feng hua Plants 24-40 cm tall. Tubers oblong, 3-4 × 1-1.5 cm, fleshy. Stem erect, terete, stout, glabrous, with 10-13 ± clustered leaves at base and 5-13 bractlike leaves above. Leaf blade linear to linear-lanceolate, 7-13 × 0.8-1.5 cm, base contracted, apex acuminate or acute. Raceme many flowered, 11-21 cm; floral bracts lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 13-17 mm, apex long acuminate; ovary twisted, cylindric-fusiform, including pedicel 13-15 mm. Flowers fragrant, white. Dorsal sepal forming a hood with petals, erect, elliptic, concave, ca. 5 × 3-3.5 mm, 3-veined, apex obtuse; lateral sepals reflexed, obliquely elliptic, ca. 6 × 2.5-3 mm, 3-veined, apex obtuse. Petals linear, slightly oblique, ca. 5 × 1 mm, 1-veined, apex acute; lip deeply 3-lobed from base; lobes linear, base ca. 0.5 mm wide; lateral lobes spreading nearly at right angles to mid-lobe, 10-11 mm; mid-lobe 7-8 mm, apex obtuse; ...
NameThatPlant.net currently features 3580 plants and 21,355 images. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia in which the plant has been documented.
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We also fished a little upstream from the Bath Tub Pool. This high water level has created all kinds of currents both in the Pool and a little upstream: rapids, deep and small plunge pools, fast and slow channels. Each of them holds fish ...
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Constipation due to accumulation of cold; milk and food stagnancy; hydroperitoneum and tympanites; throat obstruction and phlegm stagnation; abscess before diabrosis; scabies, tinea and malignant ulcer.. ...
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