Dr. Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley was a Yupiaq scholar who served 25 Years as faculty with the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Along with Dr. Ray Barnhardt, he helped to create the Center Cross-Cultural Studies at UAF. In so doing he introduced the construct of Native Ways of Knowing and contributed greatly to the academic field of Indigenous knowledge and broader cross-cultural sharing.. The Indigenous Studies Program located within the Center for Cross-Cultural Studies and College of Liberal Arts at UAF offers a collaborative interdiscriplinary PhD program that is a direct result of Dr. Kawagleys lifetime of work.. It is our honor each year to present the Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley award to a person or group that exempliefies the values Angayuqaq worked so hard to celebrate. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cross-cultural comparison of fundamental motor skills in children from Belgium and the United States. AU - Brian, Ali. AU - Bardid, Farid. AU - Barnett, Lisa M.. AU - Deconinck, Frederik J.A.. AU - Lenoir, Matthieu. AU - Goodway, Jacqueline D.. PY - 2016/6/30. Y1 - 2016/6/30. N2 - Fundamental motor skills (FMS) play a crucial role in the physical activity (PA) levels of children. Yet, many children across the globe demonstrate below average skill levels. Cross-cultural research on FMS is limited due to the adoption of different motor assessments. The aim of this study was to investigate the actual FMS as well as the association between FMS and skill perceptions of children from Belgium and the United States (US). The study sample consisted of 197 (57.4% boys) Belgian and 171 (44.4% boys) US children, aged 3 to 5 years. Childrens FMS were assessed with the Test of Gross Motor Development-2nd edition and their skill perceptions (PMC) were assessed with the Pictorial Scale of ...
Cross-cultural comparison of growth, maturation and adiposity indices of two contrasting adolescent populations in rural Senegal (West Africa) and Martinique (Caribbean) - Volume 7 Issue 4 - Eric Bénéfice, Nathalie Caïus, Denis Garnier
Dr. Sean Asiqłuq Topkok is an Assistant Professor in the School of Education at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. His family comes from the Seward Peninsula in Igloo and Teller, Alaska, and is I upiaq, S mi, Irish, and Norwegian. He began his career in Alaska Native education since 1987, working in Anchorage and Fairbanks. Dr. Topkok is the leader of the Pavva I upiaq Dancers of Fairbanks founded in 1999, a local community dance group inviting Native and non-Native people interested I upiaq dance, cultural heritage, and cultural values. He received his B.A. in Humanities, M.A. in Cross-Cultural Studies, and Ph.D. in Indigenous Studies - all from the University of Alaska Fairbanks. His dissertation was entitled: I upiat Ilitqusiat: Inner Views of Our I upiaq Values. He has authored numerous peer-reviewed academic articles and chapters focusing on Indigenous values, methodologies, and well-being. Dr. Topkok presents worldwide about his academic research and has given a Tedx Talk about I upiaq ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cross-cultural studies in Alzheimers disease.. AU - Osuntokun, B. O.. AU - Hendrie, H. C.. AU - Ogunniyi, A. O.. AU - Hall, K. S.. AU - Lekwauwa, U. G.. AU - Brittain, H. M.. AU - Norton, J. A.. AU - Oyediran, A. B.. AU - Pillay, N.. AU - Rodgers, D. D.. PY - 1992/9/1. Y1 - 1992/9/1. N2 - The search for risk factors for Alzheimers disease would be greatly enhanced by identification of populations with significantly different prevalence rates, particularly if these populations consisted of ethnic groups now living in different environments and cultures. Evidence is presented that two such groups are worthy of further study: subjects of African origin living in Africa and in the West and Native Americans living on and off reserves.. AB - The search for risk factors for Alzheimers disease would be greatly enhanced by identification of populations with significantly different prevalence rates, particularly if these populations consisted of ethnic groups now living in different ...
Krothe, J. S. and Clendon, J. M. (2006), Perceptions of Effectiveness of Nurse-Managed Clinics: A Cross-Cultural Study. Public Health Nursing, 23: 242-249. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2006.230305.x ...
Article discussing a cross-cultural study designed to analyze how young people, operationalized in this study as people of Latino descent between the ages of 18-25, are using their mobile phone for various applications and what particular gratifications they derive from using the phone.
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Crossing Boundaries: A Cross-cultural Study of the Architecture in Shamian, Guangzhou, China page in the Environments and Design Students site.
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Every day for two weeks, participants at four sites (2 in the US, 1 in Canada, and 1 in Japan) described their self-esteem and affect and they described the events that occurred each day. Multilevel random coefficient modeling analyses found that the self_esteem of Japanese participants changed more in reaction to daily social events (both positive and negative) than it did for North American participants. For positive social events, the Japanese were more reactive in terms of positive affect than North Americans. For negative social events, the Japanese were more reactive in terms of depressed mood (ND) and deactive positive affect (PD) than North Americans. In contrast, the Japanese were less reactive to negative achievement events than North Americans in terms of PA and anxious mood. The Japanese were more reactive than North Americans to positive achievement events in terms of PA and ND. The results highlight the greater sensitivity of the Japanese to social concerns compared to North Americans, and
Cross-national comparisons of socioeconomic differences in the prevalence of leisure-time and occupational physical activity, and active commuting in six Asia-Pacific countries ...
This study is an exploratory examination of cultural differences in accounting educators epistemological beliefs of accounting ethics education. It is motivated by a renewed global interest in accounting ethics in recent years following the reported breaches of ethical conducts by individuals from different cultures. In Pratts model, conceptions of teaching should be an interdependent and internally consistent trilogy of beliefs, intentions and actions. The purpose of this empirical study is to sketch an outline of how accounting ethics education is broadly understood by accounting educators from three different cultural backgrounds, the Anglo-influenced Australian, the Chinese and the Moslem-dominated Malaysian. It explores the cross-cultural variations in their epistemological beliefs of what to teach, objectives to achieve, the ethics educator, and the learning process. Results suggest that Australian and Malaysian accounting educators differed significantly in their epistemological beliefs on the
Voluntary participation is connected to cultural, political, religious and social contexts. Social and societal factors can provide opportunities, expectations and requirements for voluntary activity, as well as influence the values and norms promoting this. These contexts are especially central in the case of voluntary participation among students as they are often responding to the societal demands for building a career and qualifying for future assignments and/or government requirements for completing community service. This article questions how cultural values affect attitudes towards volunteerism, using data from an empirical research project on student volunteering activity in 13 countries in NorthAmerica, Europe, the Middle East, and the Asia Pacific region. The findings indicate that there are differences in motivation between countries which represent different cultural values. This article sets these findings in context by comparing structural and cultural factors which may influence ...
The importance of customer experience in the banking sector is steadily increasing due to product similarity, competition and the global expansion. Additionally, in the twenty-first century, the focus has shifted from a service-based to an experience-based economy where senses, feelings, impressions, perceptions and emotional connections have become central.. The global expansion in the banking sector has created a need for cross-cultural studies of customer experience, because of the increase of success when the service delivery is in tune with the cultural differences of customers. Despite the scarcity of cross-cultural studies, the few existing studies have shown significant results.. The purpose of this study is hence to compare the perceived customer experience in the banking sector in Sweden and the United States. These two countries are culturally different on the masculinity versus femininity dimension explained by Hofstede in the universally acknowledged study on cross-cultural ...
Perception of charisma, the ability to infuence others by virtue of ones personal qualities, appears to be infuenced to some extent by cultural factors. We compare results of five studies of charisma speech in which American, Palestinian, and Swedish subjects rated Standard American English political speech and Americans and Palestinians rated Palestinian Arabic speech. We identify acoustic-prosodic and lexical features correlated with charisma ratings of both languages for native and non-native speakers and find that 1) some acoustic-prosodic features correlated with charisma ratings appear similar across all five experiments; 2) other acoustic-prosodic and lexical features correlated with charisma appear specific to the language rated, whatever the native language of the rater; and 3) still other acoustic-prosodic cues appear specific to both rater native language and to language rated. We also find that, while the absolute ratings non-native raters assign tend to be lower than those of ...
OBJECTIVES To determine patterns of symptoms across age groups, identify symptom groups associated with ovarian hormonal depletion or other variables, and develop a prediction model for each symptom. DESIGN This was a cross-sectional survey of 4,517 women ages 20 to 70 years recruited from market research panels in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Italy using a self-report questionnaire that included general health information and a checklist of 36 symptoms. Stepwise regression was used to determine for each symptom how prevalence varied with age, indicators of menopausal hormonal changes, and the effects of other explanatory variables, including body mass index, morbidity, and country. Hierarchical clustering was used to group symptoms. RESULTS Six groups of symptoms were found, of which two groups, with seven symptoms in total, were related to markers of menopausal hormonal change: a group consisting of hot flashes and night sweats and a second group including poor memory;
Conviction subtype Taijin-Kyofu (c-TK) is a subgroup of mental disorder characterized by conviction and strong fear of offending others in social situations. Although the concept of c-TK overlaps with that of social anxiety disorder (SAD), patients with c-TK often may not be diagnosed as such within the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV criteria. We propose the Nagoya-Osaka criteria to amend this situation. This study examined the cross-cultural interrater reliability of the proposed criteria. Eighteen case vignettes of patients with a variety of complaints focused around social anxieties were collected from 6 different countries, and diagnosed by 13 independent raters from various nationalities according to the original DSM-IV and the expanded criteria. The average agreement ratio for the most frequent diagnostic category in each case was 61.5% with DSM-IV and 87.6% with the modified DSM-IV with Nagoya-Osaka criteria (p , 0.001). These findings indicate that ...
This study makes a unique contribution to the extant body of materialism research. It provides insight of materialism in modern China by applying the MGB and developing cognitive schemas. Two waves of survey were conducted. The first was conducted in both China and US in 1998. Respondents answered a qualitative motive elicitation part in the questionnaire and provided motives for choosing between a materialistic vs. a non-materialist lifestyle. 330 complete questionnaires were obtained in China and 362 in US. The second wave of survey was conducted in China in 2008 with 322 complete questionnaires collected. Respondents responded to an identical qualitative part for eliciting motives for lifestyle choice and a quantitative inventory of closed-ended questions measuring variable in the MGB. The findings showed that subjective norms, anticipated positive emotions and perceived behavioral control are significant predictors of desire and intentions to pursue a materialistic lifestyle for Chinese ...
This chapter summarizes the logic of comparative studies, and the work on Italian immigration to Buenos Aires and New York City from 1870 to 1914, and proposes what may be a coming agenda for immigration studies: a comparative typology of immigrant adjustment. It points out the need for more synthetic treatments that would historicize the experiences of all immigrating peoples. ...
Driving demands significant psychomotor attention and requires even more when drivers are engaged in secondary tasks that increase cognitive workload and divert attention. It is well established that age influences driving risk. Less is known about how culture impacts changes in attention. We conducted parallel driving simulations in the US and Korea to measure the extent to which age and culture influence dual-task performance. There were 135 participants divided into two groups: a younger group aged 20~29, and an older group aged 60~69. Whereas some differences by culture appeared in absolute control measures, the younger participants showed similar mean velocity and compensatory patterns associated with increased cognitive load in the urban setting; however, the results from the older samples were less similar. © 2010 The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
A cross-cultural analysis of mortality patterns is of interest to biological anthropologists and genetic epidemiologists. In this paper, we examine four agricultural populations from Costa Rica, Hungary, and the United States in order to determine if they suffered from a cyclical distribution of epidemics. When possible, we look at the mortality time series of adults and children separately. Of the12 series, only 2 show significant epidemic cycles. Both are in the Hungarian groups and both affect subadults. Otherwise, the Costa Rica, U.S., and adult series of the Hungarian groups do not show any periodicity of mortality peaks. Our results indicate that epidemic cycles are not as ubiquitous in small agricultural groups as the literature would suggest.
This project investigated how potential entrepreneurs evaluate opportunities in the pre-startup phase of a new venture creation process. Based on Busenitz and Laus (1997) cross-cultural cognitive model of new venture ...
© The Author(s) 2019. Introduction: The shoulder is the leading site of musculoskeletal pain. Patient-reported outcomes, such as the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), allow us to assess shoulder pain in a clinical setting. Since the SPADI was developed in English, many cultures have cross-culturally adapted the SPADI for clinical use. The purpose of this review was to assess the translation and cross-cultural adaptation procedures and measurement properties of the adapted SPADI. Methods: A systematic review was performed on cultural adaptations of the SPADI accessible through MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and/or Google Scholar. Included were prospective cohort studies that used an adapted version of the SPADI. All studies were evaluated according to the guidelines for cross-cultural adaptations and the guidelines for measurement properties. Results: The search retrieved 19 studies that met the inclusion criteria. According to the recommended guidelines for cross-cultural adaptations, 16 studies
Visual object identification is modulated by perceptual experience. In a cross-cultural ERP study we investigated whether cultural expertise determines how buildings that vary in their ranking between high and low according to the Western architectural decorum are perceived. Two groups of German and Chinese participants performed an object classification task in which high- and low-ranking Western buildings had to be discriminated from everyday life objects. ERP results indicate that an early stage of visual object identification (i.e., object model selection) is facilitated for high-ranking buildings for the German participants, only. At a later stage of object identification, in which object knowledge is complemented by information from semantic and episodic long-term memory, no ERP evidence for cultural differences was obtained. These results suggest that the identification of architectural ranking is modulated by culturally specific expertise with Western-style architecture already at an ...
This study is one of the first studies to approach workplace bullying cross-culturally. It sought to compare employees understanding of workplace bullying in two different world regions: Central America and Southern Europe, regarding three aspects of workplace bullying: psychological vs. physical harassment, hierarchical vs. horizontal bullying, and direct vs. indirect aggression. A convenience sample of 246 workers provided their own definition of workplace bullying through a single, open-ended question. The results showed that employees from Central America emphasized the physical component of workplace bullying more than the Southern European employees. However, similarities in the conceptualization of workplace bullying across both cultures were found as well. Both Southern European and Central American employees defined workplace bullying mainly as a hierarchical phenomenon, where the aggression took the form of direct strategies. Such differences and similarities bring to the field some ...
During occupational therapy for children with autism, it is often necessary to elicit and maintain engagement for the children to benefit from the session. Recently, social robots have been used for this; however, existing robots lack the ability to autonomously recognize the childrens level of engagement, which is necessary when choosing an optimal interaction strategy. Progress in automated engagement reading has been impeded in part due to a lack of studies on child-robot engagement in autism therapy. While there are large individual differences within the autistic population, little is known about variation across cultures. We analyzed the engagement of children (age 3-13) from two different cultural backgrounds: Asia (Japan, n=17) and Eastern Europe (Serbia, n=19). The children participated in a 25 minute therapy session during which we studied the relationship between the childrens behavioural engagement (task-driven) and different facets of affective engagement (valence and arousal). Although
The Chinese government has announced the 2013 Guidelines for developing a national system for early detection of disability among children under 6 years of age. However, given limited resources, challenges exist with developmental measures required in the 2013 Guidelines. In order to meet the needs for a more accurate and cost-efficient measure for developmental assessment, the Ages & Stages Questionnaires:INVENTORY was translated into Simplified Chinese, and validated on a regional sample of 812 Chinese children ages from 1-25 months. Psychometric properties were examined; data from previous studies on the ASQ:INVENTORY in the U.S. were compared to identify differences between the two countries. Results indicated that the Chinese ASQ:INVENTORY was an instrument with sufficient internal consistency, reliability and validity. It was well accepted by parents and professionals in China. Findings suggested that the Chinese ASQ:INVENTORY provides a promising alternative measure for screening and ...
The most neglected sections of the newer communities; men learned English at work, children at school, but housebound women were apparently not being reached. 4. The classes would teach everyday functional English to enable the women to make use of the amenities available in their neighbourhood, and to give them the means of relating to daily life in this country. (Grant, 1993, in NATECLA News 41:7) It was their (volunteers, mostly middle-class women like Ruth Hayman) concern for these largely rural, non-English speaking and often illiterate in their own mother tongue, immigrants and their determination to do something to help them which completely transformed the entire ethos of ESOL teachingfrom being provided by a bureaucracy indifferent to the immigrants lot. This rise of English and English consciousness among the Anglo-Saxons and their supporters also signalled the subordination of the indigenous Celtic mother tongues. Once English became the court language, and language teachers began to ...
On the afternoon of 18th February 2016, Australia China Economics Trade & Culture Association (ACETCA) donated scholarship to Western Sydeny University. Ms. Deborah Carr, Mr. Serhat Abdurazak, Directors, Office of Advancement & Alumni, Stella Wang and student representatives from Western Sydney University attended the donation ceremony. Dr. Ven Tan, Standing Deputy Chairman of ACETCA hosted the ceremony on behalf of the association. Dr. Ven Tan firstly provided all a brief introduction of the association to the attendees and highlighted the cultural exchange and youth nurturing programs run by ACETCA. He said that it was one of the most important missions for ACETCA to enhance cultural exchange ...
Children and adults speaking English, Hungarian, and Italian were asked to describe sets of pictures which manipulated the pragmatic category of givenness. The working hypothesis was that there exist rule-governed relations between the perception of certain categorical aspects of the communicative situation and the use of certain conventional linguistic devices. A set of predictions regarding the use of eight linguistic devices was derived from Prague School functionalist theory. The results indicated: (1) very early learning of the pragmatic function of the devices, (2) differentiation with age in the absolute level of use of the devices, (3) differences in the relations of the various devices to the manipulation of givenness, and (4) baseline effects in the use of the devices. (Author/CLK)
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