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Generations of readers have learned social psychology from this book-it provides balanced, up-to-date, and accurate coverage of basic topics, research, and theories. Balancing cutting-edge findings and classic work in the field, the user-friendly Social Psychology shows how its methods and theories can be applied to everyday experiences and current social issues. Interesting and easy to read and understand, the topics covered are broad in scope but not overwhelming; these include: perception of people and events; attitudes and influence; social interactions and relationships; helping and hurting others; social psychology and health; and social psychology and the law. Teachers, health professionals, lawyers, business leaders, and people in many different professions will find Social Psychology to be a valuable reference and handbook.
The theory has often been extended to a critical period for second-language acquisition (SLA), although this is much less widely accepted. Certainly, older learners of a second language rarely achieve the native-like fluency that younger learners display, despite often progressing faster than children in the initial stages. David Singleton states that in learning a second language, "younger = better in the long run", but points out that there are many exceptions, noting that five percent of adult bilinguals master a second language even though they begin learning it when they are well into adulthood-long after any critical period has presumably come to a close.[12] While the window for learning a second language never completely closes, certain linguistic aspects appear to be more affected by the age of the learner than others. For example, adult second-language learners nearly always retain an immediately identifiable foreign accent, including some who display perfect grammar.[13] A possible ...
The CPIP uniquely integrates complementary training experiences at the Psychiatry Departments Vermont Center for Children, Youth, and Families (VCCYF) and the Psychology Departments Behavior Therapy and Psychotherapy Center (BTPC). At the VCCYF, interns receive advanced training in the application of evidence-based interventions from the family perspective, directly addressing both child and parent emotional and behavioral strengths and difficulties. In the framework of the Vermont Family Based Approach, interns apply health promotion, prevention, and intervention to help the well families remain well, prevent at-risk children from developing emotional and behavioral problems, and intervene comprehensively with children and families challenged by psychopathology. At the VCCYF, interns collaborate with professionals in psychiatry, psychology, social work, nursing, and genetics. At the BTPC, interns receive advanced training in culturally competent, evidence-based treatment of torture survivors ...
The shift in ocular dominance induced by monocular deprivation is a sensitive index of the synaptic plasticity available in the binocular visual cortex. In juveniles, brief (≤3 d) monocular deprivation induces a rapid depression in the response to stimulation of the deprived eye, followed by a slowly emerging potentiation of the response to stimulation of the nondeprived eye (Frenkel and Bear, 2004). In adults, brief monocular deprivation is ineffective. However, a longer period of monocular deprivation (≥5 d) can induce a shift in ocular dominance, attributable entirely to potentiation of the response to stimulation of the nondeprived eye (Sawtell et al., 2003). Here, we show that persistent, juvenile-like ocular dominance plasticity can be restored in the adult visual cortex by visual deprivation. In visually deprived adults, brief monocular deprivation induces a rapid depression in the response to stimulation of the deprived eye, previously only reported in juveniles, and an acceleration ...
Loc 2) HIGHLANDS POOLS in AVON PARK (Loc 2). Float Epson salt oxygenated Epson salt sensory deprivation chamber http://www. Spa - San Juan Hydro Therapy.deprivation n noun: Refers to person, place,. privación de ciudadanía loc nom f locución nominal femenina:. sensory deprivation.Coma Stimulation PHTH. (LOC) assessed before and. there is a condition of environmental deprivation that could lead to widespread impairment of intellectual and.. not only because there are a lot of loc. Float Center Float Spa Sensory Deprivation Spa Therapy Spa Rooms Gravity. Experience sensory deprivation at your.Turns Out Floatation Therapy Is Less Relaxation And More Dropped 10. Theres scientific research to suggest that floating around in a Sensory Deprivation Tank.. The Rehabilitation Centre Leijpark in the Netherlands provides an Early Intensive Neurorehabilitation Programme. effects of sensory deprivation. therapy and oro.Table of contents for Children with hearing loss: developing listening and talking ...
Local resource for applied behavior analysis therapists in Glendale. Includes detailed information on local businesses that provide access to applied behavior analysis therapy, applied behavior analysis clinics, applied behavior analysis specialists, autism therapy, autism treatments, autism clinics, and applied behavior analysis support, as well as advice and content on autism support groups and autism societies.
Dr. Hess is a clinical pediatric psychologist, working in the areas of Child, Adolescent & Family Therapy/Development Delays. An expert in her field, Dr. Hess has over 24 years of experience. The practice is divided into two categories.
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Behavior analysts provide services to individuals, families, group homes, schools, mental health agencies, hospitals, industrial and business settings, and other agencies working with individuals who require intensive behavioral training and/or consultation. Special populations such as individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and other developmental disabilities have been shown to benefit greatly from Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) services. Applied Behavior Analysis is also frequently used in the field of education for both neuro-typical students and students with disabilities. Behavior analyst professionals are strongly encouraged by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) to pursue Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) or Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst (BCaBA) certification. BCBA and BCaBA certifications are considered the industry standard in this field and are nationally and internationally recognized. The Applied Behavior Analysis Certificate of Advanced Study ...
About the Author:. Dr. David Stein is a pediatric psychologist specializing in neuropsychological testing, assessment of neurodevelopmental disorders, and behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. Dr. Stein is the founder of New England Neurodevelopment, LLC, in Concord, MA. He was on the faculty of Boston Childrens Hospital and an Instructor at Harvard Medical School from 2010 to 2016. Dr. Stein has spoken nationally and internationally regarding neurodevelopment and related disorders. He is the author of several scholarly articles, chapters, and this book.. Dr. Stein is a graduate of Tufts University and William James College. He completed his APA Internship in Child Psychology at Harvard Medical School/The Cambridge Hospital and his post-doctoral fellowship in Pediatric Psychology at Boston Childrens Hospital & Harvard Medical School.. ...
As of January 2018, the Applied Behavior Analysis program is not accepting applicants.**. The Department of Psychology at Central Washington University is excited to offer a Masters degree in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). The Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc.® (BACB) has approved our course sequence as meeting the coursework requirements for eligibility to take the Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) Examination®. Applicants have to meet additional requirements to fully qualify for certification. These requirements are outlined on the BACB website.. In addition to the formal coursework, the CWU ABA program arranges one academic year of supervised internship. Most students are hired by local agencies during their internship and remain with these agencies following graduation in order to complete the remaining fieldwork hours required for certification. Most students finish their fieldwork hours within 6-9 months of graduation and receive promotions as BCBAs within their ...
Background: It is reported that 0.2 to 5.3% of children suffer from amblyopia. The traditional treatment for amblyopia has been to correct the refractive error and occlude the non-amblyopic eye. Compliance, however, with patching is a significant problem. The aim of this study was to investigate the parental knowledge of amblyopia and its treatment. We also wanted to explore the demographic and psychosocial impact of occlusion therapy on children with amblyopia and their parents.. Methods: Fifty-two parents and their children ages 2 to 13, undergoing occlusion therapy for amblyopia, participated in this study. Visual acuity at the initiation of occlusion therapy and the prescribed occlusion regimen were obtained from patient files. The compliance with occlusion therapy was based on self report of the parents. The emotional impact of occlusion therapy was determined by an emotional impact questionnaire. The experiences and the difficulties expressed by parents and children were noted in their own ...
Through the Loyola Clinical Centers (LCC), psychology students in the masters and doctoral program are able to hone their skills while providing services to those who couldnt typically afford it.
The professional practice of behavior analysis is one domain of behavior analysis: the others being radical behaviorism, experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. The professional practice of behavior analysis is the delivery of interventions to consumers that are guided by the principles of behaviorism and the research of both the experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. Professional practice seeks maximum precision to change behavior most effectively in specific instances. Behavior analysts are mental health professionals and, in some states, may hold a license, certificate or registration as a behavior analyst. In other states, there are no laws governing their practice and, as such, the practice may be prohibited as falling under the practice definition of other mental health professionals. This is rapidly changing as Behavior Analysts are becoming more and more common. The professional practice of behavior analysis is a hybrid discipline with ...
Rapid eye movement sleep is maximal during early life, but its function in the developing brain is unknown. We investigated the role of rapid eye movement sleep in a canonical model of developmental plasticity in vivo (ocular dominance plasticity in the cat) induced by monocular deprivation. Preventing rapid eye movement sleep after monocular deprivation reduced ocular dominance plasticity and inhibited activation of a kinase critical for this plasticity (extracellular signal-regulated kinase). Chronic single-neuron recording in freely behaving cats further revealed that cortical activity during rapid eye movement sleep resembled activity present during monocular deprivation. This corresponded to times of maximal extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation. These findings indicate that rapid eye movement sleep promotes molecular and network adaptations that consolidate waking experience in the developing brain.. ...
Patients at the NJ Craniofacial Center of Morristown benefit from the multidisciplinary expertise of surgical and medical pediatric specialists who share a commitment to using new technology and medical advances for patients and education and support for their families. We offer specialized programs in patients with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders and also mild craniofacial disorders, plagiocephaly and/ or torticollis.. At our Comprehensive Team Meeting, all members of the craniofacial team meet to evaluate a child with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders. We are proud to have a Pediatric Psychologist as part of our team. The craniofacial teams psychologist will assess your childs development and will offer support and treatment to both you and your child. As your child ages, craniofacial disorders will have a varying impact on his or her life as well as the life of your family. For younger children, our psychologist will assess your childs developmental level, refer you for ...
Find Positive Psychology Therapists, Psychologists and Positive Psychology Counseling in Alaska, get help for Positive Psychology in Alaska.
NEW YORK - Children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety or tic disorders are being treated in a new specialized outpatient clinic at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center - one of the only programs of its kind in the New York metro area.. In addition to a clinic in Manhattan, the Pediatric OCD, Anxiety and Tic Disorders (POCAT) program will offer a unique, day camp-style intensive summer treatment program situated in White Plains, N.Y., at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Westchester Division. The POCAT program is co-led by pediatric psychologist Dr. Shannon M. Bennett and psychiatrist Dr. Justin Mohatt.. "Anxiety is a normal part of growing up, but when it interferes with school, friendships or family life, we recommend parents seek treatment for their child. If a family is going to extreme measures to accommodate their childs anxiety, or if their child has a problem with involuntary movements or vocalizations, we can offer help," says Dr. ...
The distribution of local preferred directions and motion sensitivities within the receptive fields of so-called tangential neurons in the fly visual system was previously found to match optic flow fields as induced by certain self-motions. The complex receptive-field organization of the tangential neurons and the recent evidence showing that the orderly development of the flys peripheral visual system depends on visual experience led us to investigate whether or not early visual input is required to establish the functional receptive field properties of such tangential neurons. In electrophysiological investigations of two identified tangential neurons, it turned out that dark-hatched flies which were kept in complete darkness for 2 days develop basically the same receptive-field organization as flies which were raised under seasonal light/dark conditions and were free to move in their cages. We did not find any evidence that the development of the sophisticated receptive-field organization of ...
In these population based data from central and eastern Europe, we found that all indicators of alcohol intake and problematic drinking were associated with effort-reward imbalance but not with job control. The association with effort-reward imbalance was independent of deprivation and education but some of it was related to depressive symptoms.. Alcohol accounts for a substantial burden of ill health in the region, especially in the former Soviet Union.20,35 The social and health impact of alcohol in the region is at least partly related to the pattern of binge drinking.21,36 It is therefore important to understand the distribution of drinking and alcohol related problems in the population. Alcohol intake has previously been found to be associated with education and marital status in Russia37 and with education in the Czech Republic38 and Poland (unpublished data). Psychosocial factors are often thought to be at least partly responsible for the association between socioeconomic position and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Accumulation of stress-related proteins within the glomeruli of the rat olfactory bulb following damage to olfactory receptor neurons. AU - Hirata, Kazuho. AU - Kanemaru, Takaaki. AU - Minohara, Motozumi. AU - Togo, Akinobu. AU - Kira, Jun Ichi. PY - 2008/12/1. Y1 - 2008/12/1. N2 - The expression of stress-responsive proteins, such as nestin and a 27-kDa heat-shock protein (HSP27), was immunohistochemically examined in order to demonstrate glial responses in the rat olfactory bulb following sensory deprivation. At 3 days to 1 week after sensory deprivation, numerous nestin-expressing cells appeared within the glomerulus of the olfactory bulb. These cells were regarded as reactive astrocytes since they were immunoreactive for glial fibrillary acidic protein and showed hypertrophic features. The glomeruli, in which nestin-immunoreactive astrocytes were localized, were filled with degenerating terminals of olfactory receptor neurons and migrated microglia. A small population of ...
The aim of this module is to provide the student with tangible experience of applying psychology theory to practice. Rather than focus on psychopathology, the module focuses on utilising established positive psychology approaches in supporting psychological growth, well-being and resilience. During the first half of the module, students will study the theoretical underpinnings of positive psychology and will work in small groups to design a positive psychology well-being intervention. During the final half of the module, the well-being intervention will be delivered to fellow undergraduate student across all years. Skills gained in this module will support future applications for assistant psychology posts in addition to other support roles with the aim of pursuing a career as a psychologist. Skills gained in this module are also applicable to other established careers such as social work, nursing, occupational therapy or further academic study (e.g. PhD). The module is a unique opportunity to ...
Our research looks at what studying strategies undergraduate students with disabilities use to learn, why they use some strategies over others, and what metacognitive awareness is involved in these decisions. Previous research has shown that, while practicing information retrieval through self-testing is extremely beneficial to learning, many students tend to use the strategy of repeated reading, which does little in the way of learning more after the initial reading, and the importance of engaging in metacognitive awareness becomes apparent (Karpicke, Butler, & Roediger, 2009).We are looking for a deeper understanding of the connections between metacognitive awareness of learning, working memory, and learning for undergraduate students with disabilities, and how metacognitive strategies can possibly be applied. The participants are undergraduate students at the University of North Florida who are registered with the campus Disability Resource Center (N=400), with students who are a part of the Access
Dr. Derek Reed is a Licensed Behavior Analyst in the State of Kansas and an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Behavioral Science at the University of Kansas where he directs the Applied Behavioral Economics Laboratory. Derek received his Bachelors degree in Psychology from Illinois State University and his Masters and Ph.D. in School Psychology from Syracuse University. He has served as Associate Editor for Behavior Analysis in Practice and The Psychological Record, and guest Associate Editor for The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Behavioral Education, and Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. He serves as a reviewer on the editorial boards of The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, and Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Derek has published over 90 peer reviewed papers and book chapters, coauthored three edited books, and was the 2016 recipient of the American Psychological Association Division 25 B. F. Skinner Foundation New Applied Researcher ...
A. All the time, and a lot of them get relief from it. The one I send them to most often happens to be a doctor who got into acupuncture later. Theres a large Asian population in the Berkeley area, so there are many acupuncturists to choose from. But the results are variable. Some people get really good results from acupuncture or acupressure, and others find its a waste of time. So its something to have in your therapeutic armamentarium. Particularly if nothing else is working, give it a try!. Q. What about the "psychosocial factors" involved in low back pain?. A. Thats a tough one, because as soon as doctors say "psychosocial factors," patients wonder, "do you think this is all in my head, doc?" But it is nonetheless true that pain and psychosocial factors are hard to uncouple. For example, I see a lot of patients who have repetitive strain injuries, and any time you have a chronic injury, theres the possibility that it will be linked with either depression or stress. And what caused what ...
Shoulder pain is a common secondary condition in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) that often results in loss of function and of independence and imposes limitations on self-care, work, and leisure activities, and leads to decreased quality of life. More than 40% of individuals with SCI report shoulder pain at the beginning of inpatient rehabilitation; this number increases to 50% at hospital discharge. The onset of shoulder pain within the first year after injury may lead to lifelong chronic shoulder pain. Although information is known about shoulder pain in patients with long-term SCI, little is known about the beginning of shoulder problems and how they progress early after the injury. In addition to physical problems, psychosocial factors are also associated with chronic pain.. This study will investigate the progression of musculoskeletal (shoulder muscle flexibility, muscle strength, movement coordination, and rotator cuff health) and psychosocial (fear of movement, pain ...
Image by cobalt123 via Flickr If you have a minute, check out this Autism Sensory Overload Simulation video to get a feel for the perceptual difficulties experienced by people with autism spectrum disorders. A recent article, Critical Period Plasticity Is Disrupted in the Barrel Cortex of Fmr1 Knockout Mice [doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2010.01.024] provides some clues to…
Victoria Clarke is a senior lecturer in social psychology at the University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. She has published a number of papers on lesbian and gay parenting, same-sex relationships, the history of LGBTQ psychologies, and qualitative methods in journals such as Sexualities, British Journal of Social Psychology, Qualitative Research in Psychology and Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review. She has edited (with Sara-Jane Finlay and Sue Wilkinson) two special issues of Feminism & Psychology on marriage, and edited (with Elizabeth Peel) special issues of Feminism & Psychology, Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review and Psychology of Women Section Review on LGBTQ psychologies. She is also the editor with Elizabeth Peel and Jack Drescher of British LGB Psychologies: Theory, research and practice (Haworth Press, 2007). She is a member of the British Psychological Societys Lesbian & Gay Psychology Section and Qualitative Methods in Psychology Section. She ...
The molecular mechanisms governing normal refractive development or underlying the development of refractive errors are poorly understood. Genetic factors have been implicated in both myopia 1 and hyperopia. 2 It has been long maintained that myopia in particular arises from complex interactions of both environmental and genetic influences, but the relative roles of environment versus genes remain to be fully defined. 3 -5 Contemporary laboratory and clinical research indicates that the visual image modulates refractive development because image blur or defocus alters eye growth; the retina in large part governs these processes. 6 -9 Much laboratory research in this area has used one of two experimental approaches: (1) form-deprivation myopia, in which wearing an image-diffusing goggle or lid suturing blurs the retinal image and induces ipsilateral myopia; and (2) wearing defocusing spectacle lenses to shift the image plane in front of or behind the retina, inducing compensating changes in eye ...
AIMS--The study aimed to assess the effect of initial visual acuity and type of amblyopia on the long term results of successfully treated amblyopia. METHODS--The visual acuity of 94 patients, who had been successfully treated for unilateral amblyopia by occlusion of the good eye and followed up to the age of 9 years, was examined 6.4 years, on average, after cessation of treatment. Patients were divided into two groups according to the depth of amblyopia before occlusion therapy was started: those with visual acuity between 20/60 and 20/100 and those with visual acuity of 20/100 or worse. RESULTS--Deterioration of visual acuity was observed in 42% of patients in the first group and in 63% of patients in the second group. Their average deterioration, as measured by the Snellen chart, was 0.58 and 1.54 lines, respectively. The results were also assessed by the division of patients into three groups according to the type of amblyopia: strabismic, strabismic anisometropic, and anisometropic. ...
The growth and refractive state of the eye can be manipulated by controlling imposed retinal defocus. Changes in eye growth that lead to compensatory refractive changes occur after imposing hyperopic defocus with negative power lenses or myopic defocus with positive power lenses in several animal models, including primates, and result in larger and more myopic eyes, or shorter and more hyperopic eyes, respectively.1-6 From other studies with animal models we also know that when hyperopic and myopic defocus is presented simultaneously using spectacles or contact lenses, or when hyperopic defocus is interrupted and replaced by myopic defocus, the eye compensates for the myopic defocus.7-13 These findings provide a general proof of concept for an optical approach to control refractive error development, and support the possibility of slowing down myopia progression with optical treatments that correct distance vision, while providing simultaneous myopic defocus.14-17 The use of positive addition ...
I attended a very good lecture last week on contemporary views of countertransference. It inspired me to write a brief overview of the concept here, with more to follow.. To understand countertransference, it helps to tackle transference first. Transference was a word coined by Sigmund Freud to label the way patients "transfer" feelings from important persons in their early lives, onto the psychoanalyst or therapist. Psychoanalysis was specifically designed to encourage transference. Intentional opacity and non-disclosure by the therapist promotes transference; the patient naturally makes assumptions about the therapists likes and dislikes, attitude toward the patient, life outside the office, and so forth. These assumptions are based on the patients experiences with, and assumptions regarding, other important relationships, such as childhood relations with parents. In this way the patients formative dynamics are re-created in the therapy office for both participants to observe. Patients ...
Introduction. Behaviourism originated with the work of John B. Watson from 1913. Behaviourism is based on the following sets of claims: (1) Psychology is the study of behaviour. Psychology is not the science of mind. This statement also forms a type of behaviourism: Methodological behaviourism claims that psychology should concern itself with the behaviour of organisms (human and non-human). Psychology should not concern itself with mental states or events or with constructing internal information processing accounts of behaviour. In its historical foundations, methodological behaviourism shares with analytical behaviourism the influence of positivism. One of the goals of positivism was to unify psychology with natural science. Methodological behaviourism is a dominant theme in the writings of John Watson. John Broadus Watson was one of the most prominent psychologist scientists of his era, writing on applied psychology for academic journals, business publications, and popular magazines and is ...
Expert: Dr. Brian Iwata received his Ph.D. in psychology from Florida State University and subsequently held positions at Western Michigan University and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is Distinguished Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Florida, where he also has directed the Florida Center on Self-Injury and the Prader-Willi Syndrome Program. Brian is the former chief editor of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and former president of the Association for Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Division 33 of the American Psychological Association, and the Florida Association for Behavior Analysis. His primary areas of interest are disorders of learning and behavior and research methodology. He has published over 240 articles and chapters on these topics, and he has received $7 million in research grants to support that work. Much of Dr. Iwatas research ...
This study investigated the psychological wellbeing and body perception among young Italian people. Drinking, eating, and sexual behaviors have been examined in relation to body mass index (BMI) and psychological well-being by EPOCH framework. This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted on Italian adolescent and young adult population through an online survey. Qualitative and quantitative data on lifestyle, BMI classes, and psychological characteristics of wellness in youth were obtained from a sample of 1221 Italian participants using a self-report questionnaire on body perception and habits, a socio-demographics inventory, and the EPOCH measure. Findings suggest that being underweight or overweight is associated with various factors, including gender, self-control regarding food, perception of ones body, and the happiness domain. EPOCH framework revealed the psychological wellness of girls and young women did not seem strongly affected by BMI, though Perseverance and Happiness ...
The Four Critical Periods: Period Two by Michele Forto I offer breed referrals to my clients at Denver Dog Works and I am breeder of Siberian Huskies and German Shepherds. I am also a certified obedience instructor, an AKC Canine Good Citizen Evaluator, and a certified Service Dog Evaluator and trainer. Over the years I…
Thanks to the ever larger penetration of the Internet and especially with the advent of Web 2.0 and social media, hoaxes, rumours and urban legends have become an almost everyday occurrence. While social psychology research contends that rumors can negatively impact on the public by generating distress, intense fear, anxiety, possibly resulting in herd behaviour and violence [1], there is evidence that disease-related rumours may alter health-related behaviors and interfere with medical decision-making [2]. Medical misinformation is most frequently associated with collective emergency situations (e.g., Ebola infected patients refused to be hospitalized because of rumours that international health care workers intentionally brought the virus with them [3]; people from around Kenema, Sierra Leone attacked the hospital after hearing rumours of conspiracy [4]; during the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan, rumours that ingestion of iodized salt could prevent radiation damage lead to a shortage ...
The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: A Portuguese version of the adults test. O Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: Uma versão portuguesa do teste para adultos. José Pestana*1, Sofia Menéres*2, Maria João Gouveia2, Rui Filipe Oliveira3. 1ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal. 2ISPA - Instituto Universitário, APPsyCI-Applied Psychology Research Center Capabilities & Inclusion, Lisboa, Portugal. 3Departamento de Biociências, ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal / Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Lisboa, Portugal / Champalimaud Center for the Unknown, Neurosciences, Lisboa, Portugal. Correspondência. ABSTRACT. The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) is a Theory of Mind task that assesses the ability to understand others mental states in both healthy and clinical populations. The goal of the present study was to translate the revised version of the adults RMET to the Portuguese (European) language, investigate item validity for this version and differences ...
Below is a translation into common language of a technical paper that reviewed literature on Amblyopia, commonly known as lazy eye, and then a review by Dr. Susan Barry, PhD, who is both a researcher, college professor, and an individual who had several surgeries as a young child to address her eye turn and lazy eye. As an adult, she had Vision Therapy and was then able to gain the ability to use her two eyes as a team and resolve both the amblyopia and the strabismus.. Amblyopia (lazy eye) is a neuro-developmental disorder of the visual cortex that arises from abnormal visual experience early in life. Amblyopia is clinically important because it is a major cause of vision loss in infants and young children.. Amblyopia is not a problem of the eye, but rather a brain based problem that is caused when someone does not have normal visual development. Yes, VISION DEVELOPS.. Undestanding Amblyopia and how it is fixed also helps us understand how changable the brain is, and how it can recover, for ...
Experimental psychology emerged as a modern academic discipline in the 19th century when Wilhelm Wundt introduced a mathematical and experimental approach to the field.Introduction to Experimental Psychology Consciousness (Chapter 3 in Myers) Consciousness as a process: The study of consciousness has a frustratingly long history in.Introduction to Educational Psychology What is Educational Psychology.Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental.. The birth of experimental psychology as a discipline in its own right is often dated from the appearance of Wilhelm Wundts great handbook, the Grundzüge der...Introduction to the basic topics of psychology, including learning, motivation, cognition, development, abnormal, physiological, social, and personality ...
The effect of early experiences on the brain during a sensitive period exerts a long-lasting influence on the mature individual. Despite behavioral and neural plasticity caused by early experiences having been reported in the honeybee Apis mellifera, the presence of a sensitive period in which associative experiences lead to pronounced modifications in the adult nervous system is still unclear. Laboratory-reared bees were fed with scented food within specific temporal windows and were assessed for memory retention, in the regulation of gene expression related to the synaptic formation and in the olfactory perception of their antennae at 17 days of age. Bees were able to retain a food-odor association acquired 5-8 days after emergence, but not before, and showed better retention than those exposed to an odor at 9-12 days. In the brain, the odor-rewarded experiences that occurred at 5-8 days of age boosted the expression levels of the cell adhesion proteins Nrx1 and Nlg2 involved in synaptic strength. At
The team wanted to see if the transplanted cells would affect the visual systems response to the visual deprivation after the critical period. They studied the cells effects after allowing them to mature for varying lengths of time. When the cells were as young as 17 days old or as old as 43 days old, they had little impact on the neural circuitry of the region. However, when they were 33-39 days old, their impact was significant. During that time, monocular visual deprivation shifted the neural responses away from the deprived eye and toward the non-deprived eye, revealing the state of ocular dominance plasticity. ...
Charles G. Morris: Charles G. Morris received his B.A. from Yale University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Illinois. He joined the University of Michigan in 1965 as Assistant Professor of Psychology and was promoted to Associate Professor in 1971 and Professor in 1987. He served as Associate Dean in the College of Literature, Science and the Arts and as Associate Chair of the Department of Psychology. Upon his retirement in 2002, he was appointed Emeritus Professor. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society. He is the author of more than two dozen books, more than a dozen articles, and more than thirty papers and presentations. His books include "Psychology: An Introduction," "Understanding Psychology," "Basic Psychology," "Psychology: Concepts and Applications," and "Contemporary Psychology and Effective Behavior," His early research centered on leadership, group interaction, and group problem solving. More ...
This paper reports on the childs perception of parental involvement and the effect it has on grades in mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts. The study specifically involved the relationship between the value the children perceive the parents place on education and the value the children themselves place on education, the relationship between the childs perception of parents helping the child with homework in the elementary and middle school years and the amount of time the child spends on homework in high school, and the relationship between the childrens perception of expectations the parents have for him/her and the expectations the children place on themselves. Questionnaires were given to 102 9th graders. The data was analyzed using correlation analyses and a one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Implications for parents and educators are also noted ...
Russ noted that African American and Native American communities have been especially hard-hit by menthol cigarettes.. On Friday, Courtney Clark, a public health and psychology student at the University of Minnesota Duluth, took part in an American Lung Association press conference designed to draw public attention to the issue.. In a statement, Clark said: "Menthol has been marketed to the African-American community for over 50 years, and as a result, nearly 90 percent of African-American smokers use menthol products. We can sit idly by and hope this malicious targeting by Big Tobacco ends, or we can take initiative to make sure that kids dont have easy access to these deadly products.". Russ said she shares the concern that minority populations have been subjected to targeted menthol cigarette marketing campaigns, but she stressed the proposed ordinance is not intended to be a paternalistic measure. Russ noted that both the Duluth Human Rights Commission and the Indigenous Commission have ...
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Sensory experience has a profound influence in shaping the functional organization of the cerebral cortex. Over 30 years ago, Hubel and Wiesel described a critical period of postnatal development for the formation of binocular connections in cat visual cortex. They demonstrated that thisconnectivity can be dramatically altered by simple forms of sensory deprivation, such as the temporary closure of one eyelid (monoculardeprivation). Besides the obvious relevance of this neural plasticity to the development of visual capabilities in humans and animals, it seems likely hat similar processes form the basis for some forms of learning and memory in the adult brain. Indeed, visual cortical plasticity, like learning andmemory formation decreases with age and depend on the internal state of the animal. The research in this lab is directed toward elucidating thebasic mechanisms by which visual experience can modify cortical connections in the visual cortex, and how those mechanisms are regulated.. We ...
The molecular basis for the decline in experience-dependent neural plasticity over age remains poorly understood. In visual cortex, the robust plasticity induced in juvenile mice by brief monocular deprivation during the critical period is abrogated by genetic deletion of Arc, an activity-dependent regulator of excitatory synaptic modification. Here, we report that augmenting Arc expression in adult mice prolongs juvenile-like plasticity in visual cortex, as assessed by recordings of ocular dominance (OD) plasticity in vivo. A distinguishing characteristic of juvenile OD plasticity is the weakening of deprived-eye responses, believed to be accounted for by the mechanisms of homosynaptic long-term depression (LTD). Accordingly, we also found increased LTD in visual cortex of adult mice with augmented Arc expression and impaired LTD in visual cortex of juvenile mice that lack Arc or have been treated in vivo with a protein synthesis inhibitor. Further, we found that although activity-dependent ...
Language acquisition has been studied from the perspective of developmental psychology and neuroscience,[57] which looks at learning to use and understand language parallel to a childs brain development. It has been determined, through empirical research on developmentally normal children, as well as through some extreme cases of language deprivation, that there is a "sensitive period" of language acquisition in which human infants have the ability to learn any language. Several findings have observed that from birth until the age of six months, infants can discriminate the phonetic contrasts of all languages. Researchers believe that this gives infants the ability to acquire the language spoken around them. After such an age, the child is able to perceive only the phonemes specific to the language learned. The reduced phonemic sensitivity enables children to build phonemic categories and recognize stress patterns and sound combinations specific to the language they are acquiring.[58] As Wilder ...