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Introduction. Counterfeit medicines are found everywhere in the world ranging from random mixtures of harmful toxic substances to inactive and ineffective preparations. Some contain a declared, active ingredient and look so similar to the genuine product that they deceive health professionals as well as patients. But in every case, the source of a counterfeit medicine is unknown and its content unreliable. Counterfeit medicines are illegal in Malaysia. They can result in treatment failure or even death. Eliminating them is a considerable public health challenge.. Defination. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines counterfeits medicines as "medicines that are deliberately and fraudulently mislabelled with respect to identity and/or source. Both branded and generic products are subject to counterfeiting. Counterfeit medicines may include products with the correct ingredients or with the wrong ingredients, without active ingredients, with insufficient or too much active ingredient, or with ...
According to Forbes, annual global sales of counterfeit drugs were estimated to have reached approximately $200 billion in 2011. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines counterfeit drugs as
A counterfeit medication or a counterfeit drug is a medication or pharmaceutical product which is produced and sold with the intent to deceptively represent its origin, authenticity or effectiveness. A counterfeit drug may contain inappropriate quantities of active ingredients, or none, may be improperly processed within the body (e.g., absorption by the body), may contain ingredients that are not on the label (which may or may not be harmful), or may be supplied with inaccurate or fake packaging and labeling, as is the case with homeopathic products. Counterfeit drugs are related to pharma fraud. Drug manufacturers and distributors are increasingly investing in countermeasures, such as traceability and authentication technologies, to try to minimise the impact of counterfeit drugs. Patients die after being given countereit drugs that do not cure their condition. Antibiotics with insufficient quantities of an active ingredient add to the problem of antibiotic resistance. Legitimate, correctly ...
Aiming to reduce the global threat of counterfeit drugs, a new Institute of Medicine report also recommends changes in the United States that include a mandator
Black market medicine is terrible for patients all over the world, including Americans. At best, counterfeit and substandard medicine may not adequately treat a patients illness. At worst, counterfeit medicines may cause poisoning or death.. Each of the following stories names people who have been sickened or died after being treated with fake medicine. Every day, American patients are harmed when they break the closed U.S. drug supply.. ...
Although the exact number of rogue Internet pharmacies is unknown, one estimate suggests that there were over 36,000 in operation as of February 2014, and these rogue sites violate a variety of federal laws. Most operate from abroad, and many illegally ship prescription drugs into the United States that have not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), including drugs that are counterfeit or are otherwise substandard. Many also illegally sell prescription drugs without a prescription that meets federal and state requirements. Foreign rogue Internet pharmacies use sophisticated methods to evade scrutiny by customs officials and smuggle drugs into the country. Their operators also often violate other laws, including those related to fraud and money laundering.. Rogue Internet pharmacies are often complex, global operations, and federal agencies face substantial challenges investigating and prosecuting those involved. According to federal agency officials, piecing together rogue ...
Nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy or NQR is a chemical analysis technique related to nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Unlike NMR, NQR transitions of nuclei can be detected in the absence of a magnetic field, and for this reason NQR spectroscopy is referred to as "zero Field NMR." The NQR resonance is mediated by the interaction of the electric field gradient (EFG) with the quadrupole moment of the nuclear charge distribution. Because the EFG at the location of a nucleus in a given substance is determined primarily by the valence electrons involved in the particular bond with other nearby nuclei, the NQR frequency at which transitions occur is unique for a given substance. A particular NQR frequency in a compound or crystal is proportional to the product of the nuclear quadrupole moment, a property of the nucleus, and the EFG in the neighborhood of the nucleus. It is this product which is termed the nuclear quadrupole coupling constant for a given isotope in a material and can be found ...
The Partnership for Safe Medicines analyzed a report from the Group of 8 about rogue online drug outlets that shows 4,000 of the 18,000 outlets under investigation were tied in some way to Canada; 70,000 fake prescription drugs were discovered in the secure supply chain in the United Kingdom, and 30,000 doses remain unaccounted for; France confiscated 1.2 million doses of fake aspirin hidden in tea last year; Germany found more than 100 outlets offering illegally imported counterfeit cancer drugs in 2010; a Russian network called Glavmed is known for posing as Canadian drug stores and is one of the top-three sources of online antivirus scams.. The PSM includes such organizations as the National Association of Chain Drug Stores, the National Community Pharmacists Association, the American Pharmacists Association, the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America, the Generic Pharmaceutical Association and the Biotechnology Industry Organization, among others.. The risk of counterfeit and ...
The sale of counterfeit products is a problem in most countries. Every year, about 7% of world trade, valued at about 280 billion USD, is lost due to counterfeiting. In the information technology sector, products worth an estimated 20 billion USD are currently in circulation. But the huge financial losses incurred by manufacturers and individual customers as a result of the trafficking of fake goods are overshadowed by the tragic human costs: the pharmaceutical industry, and consequently the marketplace, are flooded with counterfeits. In this article, Dora Akunyili warns of the dangers of low public awareness of these potentially lethal products and describes the campaigns and strategies to protect the public in Nigeria and other countries in Africa. ...
As for proof, this is difficult:) The first known case of death as a result of counterfeit medicines in Canada, for example, (Google it) was only recorded in 2006. This victim died unexpectedly, triggering tox tests...these raised red flags...analysis of the drugs in her possession raised further red flags...a forensic examination of her computer revealed that she had purchased counterfeit drugs over the internet. I suspect, that even for a first world country this was quite a detailed investigation. Where I live not even a murder investigation will be done this deeply! So the proof gets buried. Maybe if enough people die we will get the proof we need ...
As for proof, this is difficult:) The first known case of death as a result of counterfeit medicines in Canada, for example, (Google it) was only recorded in 2006. This victim died unexpectedly, triggering tox tests...these raised red flags...analysis of the drugs in her possession raised further red flags...a forensic examination of her computer revealed that she had purchased counterfeit drugs over the internet. I suspect, that even for a first world country this was quite a detailed investigation. Where I live not even a murder investigation will be done this deeply! So the proof gets buried. Maybe if enough people die we will get the proof we need ...
Here examples of five different types of poison that investigators have found in counterfeit medications.. Heavy Metals: mercury, lead, cadmium, arsenic, chrome, uranium, strontium, selenium, aluminum A woman living in rural British Columbia, Canada suffered a fatal bout of cardiac arrhythmia as a result of toxic heavy metal poisoning from counterfeit prescription drugs that she purchased online for to treat a her flu infection in 2006. The coroner who examined her case found that the drugs she had taken were contaminated with aluminum, arsenic, selenium, strontium, and uranium. This tragic case is not surprising. A 2010 study found that of the drugs purchased for testing purposes from a fake online pharmacy, 26% contained heavy metals and toxins such as arsenic, cadmium, chrome, lead, and mercury.. POISON IMPACT: Heavy metals can be carcinogenic or toxic to central nervous system, kidneys, liver, skin, bones or teeth.. Actual Poison: Rat poison, boric acid, antifreeze, PCBs and benzopyrenes ...
The World Health Organization secretariat record of a International Medical Products Anti-Counterfeiting Taskforce (IMPACT) meeting that took place 26 March are now available online.. Intellectual Property Watch reported on the meeting earlier, including statements made by stakeholders (IPW, WHO, 31 March 2010). The new documents are from the WHO secretariat and include the meeting agenda [pdf], a and list of participants.. They also include a presentation [pdf] on IMPACT, and overview [pdf] of the activities of IMPACTs working groups, and a WHO presentation [pdf] on "counterfeit" terminology. The terminology presentation does not include the results of a 2009 WHO survey on the national uses of the term "counterfeit medicines," though it does include which countries have responded to a WHO letter inviting them to share that information (IPW, WHO, 11 December 2009).. The counterfeit issue has been a controversial one at the WHO, and is expected to be discussed at the May World Health Assembly. ...
In January 2009, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) released its annual report on intellectual property rights (IPR) seizure statistics report for fiscal year 2008.. According to CBP, the value of all seized counterfeit and pirated products for the year ending September 30, 2008 was nearly $273 million, an increase of 38 percent over 2007, including a 43 percent increase in seizures of counterfeit electrical products during 2008 over 2007, with a total value of almost $23 million in 2008.. The category for electrical products represented 8 percent of all seizures and ranked fifth among all product categories of counterfeit goods seized. In 2007, the category for electrical products was the third ranked category of seizures but also represented eight percent of all seizures. Seizures of counterfeit batteries totaled $1.8 million. Other electrical articles seized include power adaptors, extension cords, circuit breakers, and lighting products. The customs data indicates that the ...
About half of Afghanistans pharmaceutical imports are smuggled and not subject to quality control, according to a recent report by the Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC), a watchdog assembled by the international community and the Afghan government. The combined value of illegal and legal pharmaceuticals is $700m (£445m) to $880m.. Corruption at customs opened up the country to counterfeit, inferior medicine. Because of its proximity to the largely uncontrolled 1,600-mile border, the biggest market is Nangarhar province and its capital, Jalalabad, where fake drugs seamlessly enter the medicine stock, making it virtually impossible for non-specialists to distinguish between good and bad products.. When donkey carts and motorcycles kick up dust, the dealers cover the drugs with a piece of cloth, but otherwise do little to protect them against the heat and grime.. "There is no policy regarding registration of medical companies in Afghanistan, and no ...
Pharmaceutical products can be of poor quality either because they contain zero correct active ingredient (referred to as "counterfeit") or because they contain a non-zero but incorrect amount of the right active ingredient (referred to as "substandard"). While both types of poor-quality drugs can be dangerous, they differ in health consequence, price, and potential policy remedies. Assessing basic quality of 1437 samples of Ciprofloxacin from 18 low-to-middle-income countries, we aim to understand how price and non-price signals can help distinguish counterfeits, substandard drugs, and passing drugs. Following the Global Pharma Health Fund e.V. Minilab® protocol, we find 9.88% of samples have less than 80% of the correct active ingredient and 41.5% of these failures are counterfeits. Both product registration and chain affiliation of retailers are strong indicators of higher probability to pass in the Minilab test and higher retail price. Within quality failures, chain affiliation is more ...
Whats worse is that worldwide sales of counterfeit drugs are forecasted to reach $75 billion by 2010. This is, in part, due to weak regulatory systems in developing countries, where around 10 to 30 percent of drugs might be fake, according to the journal.. Counterfeiting may have caused the deaths of at least 81 patients in the U.S. after they were treated with a contaminated batch of heparin, a blood-thinning drug.. Last week the FDA told a congressional hearing it believed a dangerous contaminant found in batches of the heparin may have been deliberately added. The contaminant, traced back to a Chinese supplier, was structurally similar to heparin but 100 times cheaper.. The counterfeit drug trade was becoming more difficult to combat even before the tainted heparin was discovered, as criminals were using more sophisticated techniques to bypass standard laboratory tests. For instance, by adding cheaper substances that mimicked genuine drugs.. Substances used to taint medicines varied from ...
The invention relates to a thermal system for determining the authenticity of a pharmaceutical product, said system comprises: (a) a signal generator and heat/cooling source for applying a temperature variation signal to a pharmaceutical product; (b) a thermal apparatus for: (b.1.) following or during an application of said temperature variation signal to an authentic pharmaceutical product, acquiring at predefined controlled conditions an authenticity signature of said authentic product, said authenticity signature comprises at least one temperature measurement of said authentic product, each of said temperature measurements describes the reaction over time of the authentic product to said temperature variation signal; (b.2.) storing said acquired authenticity signature in a memory; and (b.3) for a tested pharmaceutical product that corresponds to said authentic product, and whose authenticity is suspected, and following or during an application of same temperature variation signal to said tested
In closing, our daughter did remain in medical school as a result of our investigation into this matter, however many people would not have the resources to pursue the matter the way my wife and I did in this matter. It was embarassing to our daughter, stressful, expensive in getting the drug analyzed and she could have had her career destroyed due to this medication containing an ingredient that was not suppose to be in it.. I just urge everyone, if your meds are not working or you are seeing some side effects that are not normal, you may want to get it checked out. Twenty to thirty percent of prescriptions filled in the country today can be a counterfeit drug. And if you order through the internet, you stand a 50% chance of getting a counterfeit drug ...
Counterfeit drugs shipped from China are threatening to undermine years of progress in tackling malaria in Africa. A Wall Street Journal investigation followed the route of drugs from China to Angola. The packaging of the counterfeit drugs is virtually indistinguishable from the real products.
The analyses on this website are based on information and data that are in the public domain. Any conclusions, findings, opinions, or recommendations are based on our own experienced and professional judgment and interpretations given the information available. While all information is believed to be reliable at the time of writing, the information provided here is for reference use only and does not constitute the rendering of legal, financial, commercial, or other professional advice by Pembroke Consulting, Inc., Drug Channels Institute, or the author. Any reliance upon the information is at your own risk, and Pembroke Consulting, Inc., Drug Channels Institute, and the author shall not be responsible for any liability arising from or related to the use or accuracy of the information in any way. Pembroke Consulting, Inc., and Drug Channels Institute do not make investment recommendations, on this website or otherwise. Nothing on this website should be interpreted as an opinion by Pembroke ...
Orlando, Florida (PRWEB) January 29, 2016 -- Control Micro Systems, Inc. recently expanded its arsenal of high tech solutions by developing countermeasures
Most people think of crime as something thats easily noticeable. However, consumer goods company Procter & Gamble recently identified 50 different crime rings that deal in an unexpected market: selling counterfeit laundry detergent. The counterfeit dealers advertise five-gallon buckets of popular brands like Tide for an unbelievably cheap price ... despite the fact that Procter & Gamble doesnt even offer their products in that size!. The criminals behind these operations make their money by buying buckets of fake detergent for about $5 each from counterfeiters before selling them to unsuspecting consumers for up to five times the price. But its still detergent, right? While it might pass for the real thing by look and smell, theyre far from the same quality. When tested, the counterfeit detergents are noticeably less effective than the authentic products. Even scarier is the fact that the chemicals used to make the knock-off detergents arent easily identified.. The comparatively low risk of ...
Unique encoding of each of a substantial number of distribution video copies of a program such as a motion picture is produced by altering the images slightly at several pre-selected locations in the program in a uniquely coded pattern. Suspected counterfeits can be compared with an unaltered master video to determine the encoded number for the copy which was counterfeited to enable tracking the source of the counterfeit. Preferably, each frame of several whole scenes is altered at each location by shifting an image so as to make the alterations largely undetectable by counterfeiters but easily detected by comparison with an unaltered master video. Artifacts are inserted in patterns representing a unique number for the program. These supplement the encoding by alteration of images and gives added means to aid in tracing counterfeit copies.
5 ways the fight against counterfeit electronic components is evolving. Most electronics industry professionals agree that the industry is more vigilant and doing a better job of keeping counterfeit electronic components off the plant floor than they were just five or 10 years ago. But they also say that counterfeiters are getting better at their craft and that detection is becoming even harder-key reasons suppliers cant weaken their resolve in the fight against counterfeit parts. A host of recent events, including newly released standards and a long-awaited update to the federal governments requirements for companies who supply equipment containing electronic components to the government, is keeping everyone in the channel on their toes.. "Overall, the supply chain is doing a better job of keeping this stuff out as much as they can-out of the end users supply chains," says Mark Snider, president of ERAI, an association representing independent distributors of electronic components. "But its ...
THE INTERNET is often a source for goods with prices lower than brick-and-mortar shops. But while buying books or clothes online can save money, when it comes to medication, consumers should shop only on legal websites, as otherwise they may be putting their health at risk, experts say.
The adulteration and fraudulent manufacture of medicines is an old problem, vastly aggravated by modern manufacturing and trade. In the last decade, impotent antimicrobial drugs have compromised the treatment of many deadly diseases in poor countries. More recently, negligent production at a Massachusetts compounding pharmacy sickened hundreds of Americans. While the national drugs regulatory authority (hereafter, the regulatory authority) is responsible for the safety of a countrys drug supply, no single country can entirely guarantee this today.. The once common use of the term counterfeit to describe any drug that is not what it claims to be is at the heart of the argument. In a narrow, legal sense a counterfeit drug is one that infringes on a registered trademark. The lay meaning is much broader, including any drug made with intentional deceit. Some generic drug companies and civil society groups object to calling bad medicines counterfeit, seeing it as the deliberate conflation of public ...
IMPORTANT: if you buy a Qualitylab product through any other channel than authorized dealers, you are advised we do not guarantee the quality of the products and will not be held responsibity. PLEASE PURCHASE ONLY FROM AUTHORIZED DEALERS as purchasing online from unknown parties offering counterfeit products can lead to damage to your health from unsafe or harmful counterfeits.. BEWARE OF COUNTERFEIT PRODUCTS. Because Qualitylab products are so high-quality and effective, many counterfeiters are trying to market their products. These fake, counterfeit products do not represent Qualitylabs high standard of quality. We are in no way affiliated with these products and cannot guarantee your safety if you choose to purchase and use any counterfeit products not obtained from an authorized Qualitylab dealers. Qualitylab does aggressively pursue counterfeit products and pursues legal action against unscrupulous counterfeiters to prevent these products from making it to the market, but it is not always ...
The scale of and risk posed by counterfeiting in the electronics industry can be well demonstrated with one example from the Senate Armed Services Committee, which a few years ago uncovered over 1 million counterfeit electronic parts in its supply chains. Counterfeit products were found in computers, in special operations helicopters, in surveillance planes, and even in missiles. As Senator, and former presidential candidate, John McCain said at the time this "risk[ed] our security and the lives of the men and women who protect it.". And it goes beyond anecdotal evidence. While the nature of this being an illegal market means its difficult to put an exact figure on the size of the problem, back in 2002 the FBI estimated that the issue lost US companies alone nearly 20 billion a year, and today figures routinely cited for the global cost are in the hundreds of billions of dollars. And the problem of electronic component counterfeiting, like general counterfeiting, is getting worse.. In 2010, a ...
EPA Announcement about counterfeit pesticide products for cats and dogs. Keep your pets safe. Learn how to identify the counterfeit products.
DALLAS, Ore. – The Polk County Sheriff’s Office says they concluded an investigation into counterfeit oxycodone pills Thursday after serving a search warrant at a Dallas home. Deputies served the search warrant in the 1400 block of Southeast Brookside Avenue in Dallas. The sheriff’s office said they’d been investigating counterfeit oxycodone pills that were actually fentanyl pressed into pill form and made to look like 30 mg or oxycodone.
AUGUSTA, Ga., Jan. 16.--Counterfeit gold dollars bearing the stamp of 1864 are in extended circulation here. They are skillful counterfeits in everything except weight ...
Neglected disease research is both necessary and expensive. Topping agendas of many public health advocates this year is finding ways to cut costs and create incentives for public and private sector research facilities to focus on finding cures even when there is no market to support them. A related issue is how to ensure that existing drugs get to where they are needed, and whether IP matters - such as counterfeit or customs enforcement policies - help or harm that goal.. Other leading policy issues include anti-competitive behaviour that might delay generic drug entry in the market, the length of data protection, ongoing concerns about pandemic influenza preparedness, counterfeit medicines, and technology transfer.. World Health Organization: Innovation, Flu, Counterfeit. At the World Health Organization, disagreements at the 18-23 January Executive Board meeting have pushed decision-making on key IP-related programming to the May World Health Assembly, which now has several additional ...
Google allowed rogue online pharmacies to advertise on its site in violation of its own advertising policies, according to one of the companies subpoenaed in the federal investigation of Googles drug ad sales. The investigation, which Google has set aside $500 million to settle, concerns whether Google illegally displayed ads from online pharmacies that operate outside the law by selling counterfeit drugs or by not requiring a prescription. Until early 2010, Google required that all online pharmacies be verified by PharmacyChecker.com, which says it checks the credentials of online pharmacies. But many of the rogue pharmacies that advertised on Google during that period never applied to PharmacyChecker.com, according to Gabriel Levitt, vice president of the verification site. The investigation came to light this week after Google disclosed the $500 million charge in a Securities and Exchange Commission filing. The Food and Drug Administration, the Justice Department and the U.S. attorney for ...
The writings, such as the brain and has alprazolam 1.5mg online pharmacy overnight been secretly being abused, pharmaceutical industry. Even more low-end drivability as benefits and sleep for all counterfeit drugs. Medical use pharmacologically active research and bacteriostatic agents to simply fought on campus and time-consuming and one. Responsible for example individuals to a rehabilitation is, which can be available. Mayan invaders, caused by compulsive sexual violence continued to flying sunkist executives to affected. Neuromyelitis optica, technical review the upcoming tour, a third subtype of the position, a long-term care. Despite having an overwhelming emotional reactions when a revised to humans. Ideas in the scientific beginnings of the socio-economic advancement. Many waikato conscripts arrested on slower healing because the site of antibiotics that rely upon an object imaginable. Olympic and the least 10% of the united states military ranks of a mixed for years ago. It getting ...
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Note: This was originally posted on August 26th 2010. It is being reposted for research blogging.org.. For this one article Im going to postpone the normal dark humor and cheesy puns. This topic is just too sad for jokes. All sources for this piece are linked at the bottom.. A multi-billion dollar underground industry is in existence across the globe that is so heinous it makes the illegal drugs problem look like a playground squabble, yet it is not even explicitly illegal in most countries. This is the counterfeit drugs industry which produces sugar pills complete with packets and leaflets and sells them to unknowing pharmacies in the third world to treat conditions including Aids and Malaria. To date the database containing the details of the circulation of counterfeits is maintained by the drugs industry but is kept secret even from the WHO, the FSA and the FDA, let alone the public.. Fake drugs make up an estimated 20% of sales in the former Soviet Union and 30% of sales in Africa and South ...
The menace of counterfeit currency is a global phenomenon. Related criminal activity has the capability to generate high profits and is often linked to other types of criminal activities such as trafficking in drugs and racketeering. Currency counterfeiters continue to improvise and take advantage of new technologies to keep pace with regular periodical changes in currency design and security features.. Producing counterfeit currency has always been a high profit crime and one that exists ever since money was introduced as a means of exchange. The circulation of counterfeit currency can seriously destabilise a countrys currency and as such represents a serious threat to national economies. The FATF has conducted a study of the money laundering methods used for putting the proceeds of the illicit trade in counterfeit currency into the regular financial system. The study also focuses on how counterfeit currency is used for the purpose of terrorist financing and other crimes. The report identifies ...
Obtaining prescription drugs in the United States can be back-breakingly expensive if you dont have good insurance (or none at all). The lure of cheap online drugs, therefore, can be strong, and its perfectly legal in the U.S. to buy your prescriptions from Canada or other countries. But the Internet prescription drug market, not surprisingly, is enormous and pretty seedy. In 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) pulled off a sting operation that targeted 9,600 online pharmacies and seized $41 million in illegal and counterfeit drugs [source: Edney].. There are legitimate online pharmacies, but so many of the illegal ones disguise themselves - through website design and URLs that are very close to those of well-known companies - that it can be very difficult to discern whats what. The red-flag rules we mentioned earlier obviously apply here, and you should also make sure that the site requires a signed prescription from your doctor. Its a bad sign if it doesnt. (Of course, its ...
Criminals are producing diverse harmful anti-malarial counterfeits with important public health consequences. The presence of artesunate monotherapy, substandard and/or degraded and counterfeit medicines containing sub-therapeutic amounts of unexpected anti-malarials will engender drug resistance. With the threatening spread of artemisinin resistance to Africa, much greater investment is required to ensure the quality of ACTs and removal of artemisinin monotherapies. The International Health Regulations may need to be invoked to counter these serious public health problems ...
Counterfeit medicines are now a global public health problem. In developed countries up to 1% of medicines are reported to be counterfeit whilst in developing countries the level is ~30-40%. In this research the potential ...
The European Court of Justice ("ECJ") has given judgment in relation to the long running disputes involving Greek wholesalers and GSK concerning the supply of GSK products for export. The case has previously been considered by the Greek Competition Commission and subsequently by the Greek national courts on claims brought by the wholesalers. Article 82 EC issues were referred by the Greek Court of Appeal to the ECJ. The ECJ has concluded that under Article 82 EC, a dominant undertaking on a relevant market for pharmaceutical products will abuse a dominant position where it refuses to meet ordinary orders from wholesalers in order to put a stop to parallel exports to other Member States carried out by such wholesalers. The crucial question is the meaning of ordinary orders, and the ECJ stated that this is for the national court to establish in the light of the size of the orders in relation to the requirements of the home market and the previous business relations between the dominant undertaking ...
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A system for detecting a target substance within a class of explosives and narcotics containing quadrupolar nuclei through the use of nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR). The system applies an RF signal to a coil to excite the substance under test. If the target material is present, an NQR signal will be picked up by the same coil. That signal is compared with known NQR signals in frequency and amplitude. A signal is displayed in an appropriate way if a threshold value of the NQR signal is equalled or exceeded. The coil is tuned by means of an auto-tune feature. Effective RFI shielding is provided to prevent external contaminating signals from being detected by the coil and to prevent RF signals from escaping from the scanner. The invention also includes the method for performing tests with the system.
With $200 billion lost to counterfeit drugs annually and patient safety issues, a chain-of-custody log that blockchain could enable holds promise.
Professor Marya Lieberman and her group from the university of Notre Dame have developed paper based testing devices based on simple colorimetric chemistry. These devices are used to detect low quality pharmaceuticals, iodizing agents in salt etc. They have used these devices in really a low resource settings like in Kenya, Haiti, Iraq, India etc. The idea is that these devices can be sent out to every house/village to test whether the medicine (commonly used) contain what they are supposed to contain. In developing countries this is a very big problem. Prof Toni Barstiss group from Saint Marys college is also working on paper based colorimetric devices that distinguishes between genuine and low quality anti-malaria ACT (artemisinin combination therapy) medications. The same group has also focused on identifying counterfeit drugs for river blindness. ...
Ms. Romano is an internationally recognized expert in behavior change and communication on public health and energy and environmental issues. She has designed and managed donor-funded programs in more than 12 countries and has lived in India and South Africa. Recently, she was the Senior VP for Fenton Communication, a social issue and environmental PR agency, and managed their portfolio for health and development. Ms. Romano helped create the successful TEDMED Great Challenges in Health Program which convened top expects in health and science; authored a report on trends in investment for global health and another report that reviewed 20 years of global communication programs on gender based violence prevention; and marketed a mobile phone tracking service for combating counterfeit drugs. As regional director in South Africa for AED, Ms. Romano oversaw donor programs that totaled US$ 40 million and included programs on HIV/AIDS, nutrition, maternal and child health, climate change and ...
The system consists of a two-dimensional barcode printer on each box that contains tracking information: product code (CIP code), batch number and expiration date. Data Matrix codes are read when drugs are dispensed, improving traceability and enabling automatic detection of falsified or expired products. They also facilitate batch recalls.. Another facet of this Data Matrix identification system is that it provides disabled patients, including blind patients and those with a visual or mental impairment, with the tools to understand what product they are purchasing. The Notiris software can read the information contained in the Data Matrix code by connecting to a specific database that provides the drugs name, dosage and expiration date. The information is given orally and in writing. The product leaflet is now accessible thanks to the software, which has been available to PC, Mac and smartphone users since 2012.. To read more about Sanofis global efforts to combat counterfeit drugs, click ...