we can estimate that about 120 unselected SNPs or 20 highly selected SNPs can distinguish group CA from NA, AA from AS and AA from NA. A few hundred random SNPs are required to separate CA from AA, CA from AS and AS from NA, or about 40 highly selected loci. STRP loci are more powerful and have higher effective δ values because they have multiple alleles. Table 3 reveals that fewer than 100 random STRPs, or about 30 highly selected loci, can distinguish the major racial groups. As expected, differentiating Caucasians and Hispanic Americans, who are admixed but mostly of Caucasian ancestry, is more difficult and requires a few hundred random STRPs or about 50 highly selected loci. These results also indicate that many hundreds of markers or more would be required to accurately differentiate more closely related groups, for example populations within the same racial category.. the paper is from 2002. i think we can go lower than 20 since we know some more ancestrally informative loci, such as ...
2450 words The New York Times published an article on December the 8th titled What Doctors Should Ignore: Science has revealed how arbitrary racial categories are. Perhaps medicine will abandon them, too. It is an interesting article and while I do not agree with all of it, I do agree with some. It starts off by talking about…
OMB requests comments on proposals it has received from the Federal Interagency Working Group for Research on Race and Ethnicity (Working Group) for revisions to OMBs Standards for Maintaining, Collecting, and Presenting Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity ...
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The definition and use of racial categories in health data were largely unquestioned until recently because of the tacitly accepted role of genetically transmitted physical characteristics in defining racial groups (such as skin colors), as well as the role of genetically transmitted physical characteristics in health status differences (such as skin cancers). When race is used in health data, there is a tendency to assume that a genetic reason may explain differences. But often there is no known potential genetic explanation for differences that are documented. Until recently, there has been little research dedicated to how well or how poorly the racial categories of health data used for public policy actually meet scientific criteria of mutually exhaustive and exclusive groupings of people by any definable characteristics. A recent multiracial Public Health Service workshop concluded, "Current concepts of race and ethnicity in public health surveillance data lack clarity, precision and ...
In support of the Stanford University School of Medicine mission, DISCOVeR Lab, led by Dr. Latha Palaniappan, a physician scientist, conducts research that seeks to investigate racial/ethnic health disparities in cardiometabolic disease risk, burden, screening, treatment and outcomes in multiethnic populations. She along with collaborators at Stanford and other world-renown institutions, take what they learn from patient care back to their labs to guide their research projects into new diagnostics and treatments for various illnesses.. DISCOVeR research projects seek to address the gap in knowledge of health and health-related patient centered outcomes, specifically exploring gender and racial/ethnic disparities in obesity, diabetes, and coronary heart disease. Learn more about the STRONG-D Study here and the IMPACT Study here.. ...
Social interpretations of race regard the common categorizations of people into different races, often with biologist tagging of particular "racial" attributes beyond mere anatomy, as more socially and culturally determined than based upon biology. Some interpretations are often deconstructionist and poststructuralist in that they critically analyze the historical construction and development of racial categories. Marks (1995) argued that even as the idea of "race" was becoming a powerful organizing principle in many societies, the shortcomings of the concept were apparent. In the Old World, the gradual transition in appearances from one racial group to adjacent racial groups emphasized that "one variety of mankind does so sensibly pass into the other, that you cannot mark out the limits between them," as Blumenbach observed in his writings on human variation. In parts of the Americas, the situation was somewhat different. The immigrants to the New World came largely from widely separated ...
The study, published in the February issue of the American Journal of Human Genetics, involved 3,636 people enrolled in a large trial on the genetics of hypertension. To see whether genetic markers correspond to the standard racial categories, the scientists first analyzed the volunteers DNA, identifying which genetic markers they carried. They then used a computer program to cluster people based on genetic similarities; those who shared genetic markers were grouped together. Finally, the scientists compared those groupings with the volunteers self-identified race. The result: people who considered themselves white had been grouped by the computer, based on their genetic markers, in one cluster, while people who consider themselves African-American had been grouped in a second, different cluster ...
n these glossy, lightweight days of an election year, it seems, they cant build metaphorical tents big or fast enough for every politician who wants to pitch one up and invite the multicultural folds to "Come on under!" The feel-good message that both parties seek to convey is: regardless of race or creed, we really ARE all kin beneath the skin. Yet whatever the calculated quality of this new politics of inclusion, its sentiment accords firmly with scientists growing knowledge of the profound genetic fraternity that binds together human beings of the most seemingly disparate origins. Scientists have long suspected that the racial categories recognized by society are not reflected on the genetic level. But the more closely that researchers examine the human genome -- the complement of genetic material encased in the heart of almost every cell of the body -- the more most of them are convinced that the standard labels used to distinguish people by "race" have little or no biological meaning. ...
Race categories are consistent with the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Multiple race data were reported by 25 states and the District of Columbia in 2006. The multiple-race data for these reporting areas were bridged to the single race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other reporting areas. ...
Rachel Dolezals assertion that she identifies as a black woman, despite being born into a white family, has some questioning whether a person can be
An age-old dream of the human race may have finally been realized. Painstaking research conducted by brilliant researchers at the Cambridge Laboratory of Molecular Biology proved that the bodys own immune system has the ability to destroy the c.....
GULFSTREAM- DICK POWELL RACE 1 RACE 2 RACE 3 RACE 4 RACE 5 RACE 6 RACE 7 RACE 8 RACE 9 RACE 10 RACE 11 RACE 12 3-8-5 9-3-2 9-7-2 3-8-9 11-7-5 10-2-5 5-6-10 12-5-1 5-6-12 12-13-1 8-7-3 12-7-1 Play of the Day: Race 7, #5 held well after opening up a big lead on the turf when blinkers were…. Read More. ...
UPDATE: We will discontinue using quotation marks to identify parts of an article, but retain the capitalization; eg, This is discussed in the Methods section (not the
UPDATE: We will discontinue using quotation marks to identify parts of an article, but retain the capitalization; eg, This is discussed in the Methods section (not the
We asked our readers to share what its like to adopt a child of a different race. Here, they tell their stories: the challenges and the successes.
... You MUST understand that statement, because your lack of knowledge allows it to hide in plain sight.
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Maternal and paternal race/ethnicity are both associated with gestational diabetes. AU - Caughey, Aaron B.. AU - Cheng, Yvonne W.. AU - Stotland, Naomi E.. AU - Washington, A. Eugene. AU - Escobar, Gabriel J.. PY - 2010/6. Y1 - 2010/6. N2 - Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the rates of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) associated with both maternal and paternal race/ethnicity. Study Design: This was a retrospective cohort study of all women delivered within a managed care network. Rates of GDM were calculated for maternal, paternal, and combined race/ethnicity. Results: Among the 139,848 women with identified race/ethnicity, Asians had the highest rate (P , .001) of GDM (6.8%) as compared with whites (3.4%), African Americans (3.2%), and Hispanics (4.9%). When examining race/ethnicity controlling for potential confounders, we found that the rates of GDM were higher among Asian (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4-1.6) and ...
Description of disease Race-based drug. Treatment Race-based drug. Symptoms and causes Race-based drug Prophylaxis Race-based drug
There are clearly age differences. As we age, the gut is less able to absorb, yet the liver clears things more slowly, so giving psychotropic drugs to the elderly is a real guessing game. Sex differences have been ignored, much to the detriment of women. The fiction was that men and women are of the same species. Obviously an error. Lynn shovland at mindspring.com wrote: ,There are also sex differences and possibly age differences. , ,The medicine of the future will be custom medicine, tailored ,to the individual on the basis of careful testing, rather than ,the shotgun approach we use now. , , , ,-----Original Message----- ,From: Lynn D. Johnson, Ph.D. ,ljohnson at solution-consulting.com, ,Sent: Jul 23, 2005 6:34 PM ,To: The new improved paleopsych list ,paleopsych at paleopsych.org, ,Subject: Re: [Paleopsych] Kenan Malik: Is this the future we really want? Different drugs for different races , ,It seems like a good future to me. I am not going to do a complete ,exegesis on this, but offer ...
Transcript STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: It's MORNING EDITION, from NPR News. Good morning. I'm Steve Inskeep. DAVID GREENE, HOST: And I'm David
Contemporary examples of cultural exclusion based on race may seem small until we study the larger patterns they create and reinforce.
PITTSFIELD -- Barrington Stage Companys cast, crew and administrators are coming together to tackle community issues, with this weeks theme focusing on race and …
Originally Posted by rsw American culture is an extension of European culture. We speak a European language (English) and we have a European style of
For many, footraces are the only athletic competition they will ever enter. Those who dont think of themselves as athletes simply revel in feeling fit. Runners high hardly describes the
The race-day use of an anti-bleeding drug is expected to come up for another round of discussion when the Kentucky Horse Racing Commission meets on Wednesday.
Ihad such a lovely time at the Listowel Races recently when my colleague Marietta Doran and I judged Ladies Day. It was certainly one of the most glamorous race...
50. U.S. Population The population of the United States by race in 2000 and the projected population by race for the year 2025 are given below (in thousands).* Race 2000 2025 White.
Before we can discuss the minutiae of the genetics of the human race, we need to ask whether our race is indeed human or simply highly evolved primates.. ...
Before we can discuss the minutiae of the genetics of the human race, we need to ask whether our race is indeed human or simply highly evolved primates.. ...
A Darwin Award is recognition for people who have contributed positively to the human race by removing themselves from the gene-pool through...
SILVER SPRING, Md., Oct. 23 - The music was blaring, the hair dryers humming and the hair stylists laughing in the beauty salon as one of them, Kathia Mendez, loosened her curlers and let her black hair tumble to her shoulders. To many Americans, the vivacious young woman smiling into the gilded mirror might seem easily recognizable as a black woman. But like many Hispanics here, Ms. Mendez views race through a decidedly different lens. In her home country, the Dominican Republic, she is known as "india," or Indian, a term often used for people of mixed race who do not have indigenous roots. If she was asked to describe herself in the United States census, she says, she would choose the racial category selected by nearly 15 million Hispanics in 2000: "some other race.". "Im not black and Im not white; we dont define ourselves that way," said Ms. Mendez, a 25-year-old hair stylist who has lived in the United States for nine years. "So I would choose some other race. But now census ...
AMY GOODMAN: Joining us on the phone from St. Paul, Minnesota, is Jonathan Kahn. He is a law professor at Hamline University. His article, "How a Drug Becomes Ethnic: Law, Commerce, and the Production of Racial Categories in Medicine," was published in the Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics last year. We are also joined on the telephone by Dr. Paul Underwood, President of the Association of Black Cardiologists. The organization was a co-sponsor of the clinical trials for BiDil. Well, lets begin with Dr. Underwood. Can you talk about what BiDil is and why it has been approved just for African Americans?. DR. PAUL UNDERWOOD: Okay, well, thank you very, very much. BiDil is a drug that is used for treating heart failure patients, people who have moderate to moderate-severe heart failure. Its an adjunctive therapy thats added on top of the standard therapy thats used, which would include the ACE-Inhibitors and Beta-Blockers as well as usually diuretics. And its a combination ...
What is "race"? We can now take for granted that from a scientific viewpoint the idea of human races does not make sense. But that does not help when we want to understand how race and racializations ended up shaping social and political realities across the Atlantic, and how they could remain virulent to this day.In this seminar we will take a circuitously comparative approach to the question of race in the Iberian Atlantic. Proceeding by way of historical example, we will discuss how various forms of racialization operated in Spain, its colonies, and the states that emerged after the desintegration of the Spanish empire. Topics will include the expulsion of the Moors and Jews in late medieval Spain, the expansion of black slavery in the Spanish colonies, the emergence of "castas" and the figure of the "mestizo" in the colonies, the emergence of racial categories in the 1810 constitutional convention in Cádiz, and the racialized language that was endemic during the Cuban Wars of Independence. ...
Objective. Prevalence and severity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in adults is suggested to be distinctly different between ethnic groups. The impact of ethnicity is not as well delineated in pediatric SLE (pSLE). We compared prevalence and extent of major organ involvement, disease activity, and damage in pSLE between different ethnic groups.. Methods. Ethnic demographic profiles of an inception cohort of 265 patients with pSLE followed at Sick Kids Hospital in Toronto were determined and compared to the Metropolitan Toronto at-risk population. Patients were categorized into ethnic subsets based on self-designated ethnic origins. Disease characteristics including major organ involvement, disease activity, and damage measures were longitudinally determined and compared among ethnic groups.. Results. Ethnicity data were available on 259/265 pSLE patients (99.6%); the majority were non-Caucasian (60%) compared to the Metropolitan Toronto at-risk population (40%) (p , 0.0001). Non-Caucasian ...
Noted hacker Eric S. Raymond (ESR) recently posted on his blog about a development that he thinks is forthcoming from genetics: the fact that intelligence is largely determined by genetics, and that different racial groups have significant differences in average intelligence. Hes dismissive of the secular piety that has kept this idea down, but hes…
Most counseling involves the occurrence of a particular disease in a child and the concern of the parents as to whether their future children might be similarly affected. Parents may also want to know about the risk for the affected childs children or the children of unaffected sibs. Other situations ... May involve, for instance, a person contemplating marriage who is concerned about some aspect of the future spouses family history. There may be a specific disease in a near relative, ancestors from a different racial group, or the future spouse may be a relative ... Recently the advent of screening programs for certain diseases in high-risk populations has introduced prospective counseling--where the counselees have been identified as high-risk couples before the disease has ever occurred in the family ... In many cases the family doctor is the most appropriate person to do the counseling since he knows the family, its attitudes, and the socioeconomic background better than a consultant. ...
Ontario plans to revamp Grade 9 - with an eye to ending streaming in the first, "critical" year of high school - as part of its new equity plan that will also compel school boards to collect detailed data on everything from staff hires to student suspensions… The provinces three-year equity plan will, for the first time, have school boards collect data on race, ethnicity and other factors to determine if certain groups are disproportionately represented in areas such as suspensions or expulsions and work to address them.. ...
Gardiner P, Whelan J, White LF, Filippelli AC, Bharmal N, Kaptchuk TJ. A systematic review of the prevalence of herb usage among racial/ethnic minorities in the United States.. J Immigr Minor Health. Aug 1, 2013; 15: 4: 817-28: PubMed PMID22723252; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4401997 ...
Closer, more meaningful contact with those of other races may help assuage the underlying anxiety. Some years back, Dr. Gaither of Duke ran an intriguing study in which incoming white college students were paired with either same-race or different-race roommates. After four months, roommates who lived with different races had a more diverse group of friends and considered diversity more important, compared with those with same-race roommates. After six months, they were less anxious and more pleasant in interracial interactions. (It was the Republican-Democrat pairings that proved problematic, Dr. Gaither told me. Apparently they couldnt stand each other.). Some corners of the world seem to naturally foster this mellower view of race - particularly Hawaii, Mr. Obamas home state. Dr. Pauker has found that by age 7, children in Massachusetts begin to stereotype about racial out-groups, whereas children in Hawaii do not. Shes not sure why, but she suspects that the states unique racial makeup ...
Daily lessons for teaching When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America that focus on specific objectives and offer multiple teaching strategies.
This webinar addresses what standardized race and ethnicity data is and why it is important to collect. It also provides the strategies and tools to help staff successfully collect patients and race and ethnicity data and respond to patient questions and concerns.. Learning Objectives:. ...
Statistics for NPR Topics- Race, NPR stories on race and ethnicity. Commentary on races effects on politics, culture, society. Subscribe to NPR podcasts and RSS feeds on race and ethnicity issues., By: Feedage Forager, ID: 236965, Grade: 93, Type: RSS20
By Sven Longshanks. You would think that informing people about the negative consequences of race mixing would be gratefully received and seen as similar to giving warnings about the dangers of smoking or eating "fast food," but when the subject is brought up and you try to warn people about it, they dont appreciate it and instead accuse you of "hating" people of mixed race such as mulattoes. If common people knew the facts about the differences among the different races they would then realize that it is actually the parents of mixed race people who hate them by forcing on them their genetic status in the first place.. Herein it is hoped to give common people -in particular Whites- an understanding of real life negative consequences of race mixing resulting mainly from psychological conditioning, mostly acquired in the Jewish controlled mass media for specific purposes related to their quest for world control. There is very little or nothing around devoted to this subject and most people seem ...
Our study is based on a large population registry data, which produces statistically stable results and allows an examination of the effects of parental race on
We were calling the front runners the Kenyans out of definition, and then I checked the race results. They were Kenyans, with a couple of others tucked in. They were a whole different race, they just happened to be on the same course, these guys were F.A.S.T. The world record, from 2008 (according to Wiki) is 2:03:59. The winner here today ran in 2:07:something fast. These boys were MOVING ...
... is a group whose membership is exclusively for one race. It is an organization which exists to promote special rights and privileges for the people of that race. If such an organization existed for the benefit of whites, it would be called a racist group, yet somehow the NAACP is applauded for its race-based discrimination.
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