Apply for National Institutes for communicable diseases (NICD) Training Programme 2020-2021. The South African Field Epidemiology Training Programme (SAFETP) is
3rd ed. "This course covers basic epidemiology principles, concepts, and procedures useful in the surveillance and investigation of health-related states or events. It is designed for federal, state, and local government health professionals and private sector health professionals who are responsible for disease surveillance or investigation. A basic understanding of the practices of public health and biostatistics is recommended. " - p. viii Second edition published 1992 as Principles of epidemiology : an introduction to applied epidemiology and biostatistics (Self-study course ; 3030-G ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Outcomes following surgical treatment compared to radiation for stage I NSCLC. T2 - A SEER database analysis. AU - Monirul Islam, K. M.. AU - Shostrom, Valerie. AU - Kessinger, Anne. AU - Ganti, Apar Kishor P. PY - 2013/10/1. Y1 - 2013/10/1. N2 - Introduction: Outcomes following surgery are better than following radiation therapy (RT), for stage I NSCLC. Whether this is due to selection of healthier patients for surgery is unclear. This study was undertaken to compare outcomes between surgical patients and patients who were surgical candidates but did not receive surgery. Methods: Data of patients with stage I NSCLC between 1988 and 2007, included in the SEER database were analyzed. Overall survival (OS) was examined by treatment type (surgery only, radiation only, surgery and radiation, and no treatment). OS was compared between RT patients who refused surgery and those not fit for surgery. Cox proportional hazards model was used to compare outcomes by treatment type. Results: ...
Data & statistics on Indiana Lung Cancer Average Incidence and Mortality Rates ALL RACES: Indiana Lung Cancer Average Incidence and Mortality Rates, 1996-2000, Average Indiana Cancer Incidence and Mortality, 1996-2000, Average Indiana Cancer Incidence and Mortality, 1996-2000...
This trial assessed the efficacy and safety of sorafenib in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma patients in SEER-Medicare Database. The study determined the
Prevalence Over Time and Risk Factors for Sexually Transmissible Infections Among Newly Arrived Female Sex Workers in Timika, Indonesia, at TheBody.com, the complete HIV/AIDS resource.
Foreword by Professor Sir Michael Marmot. To date, much of the empirical work in social epidemiology has demonstrated the existence of health inequalities along a number of axes of social differentiation. However, this research, in isolation, will not inform effective solutions to health inequalities. Rethinking Social Epidemiology provides an expanded vision of social epidemiology as a science of change, one that seeks to better address key questions related to both the causes of social inequalities in health (problem-focused research) as well as the implementation of interventions to alleviate conditions of marginalization and poverty (solution-focused research). This book is ideally suited for emerging and practicing social epidemiologists as well as graduate students and health professionals in related disciplines.. ...
How is Center of Social Epidemiology and Population Health abbreviated? CSEPH stands for Center of Social Epidemiology and Population Health. CSEPH is defined as Center of Social Epidemiology and Population Health very rarely.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Validation of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale among women in a high HIV prevalence area in urban Zimbabwe. AU - Chibanda, Dixon. AU - Mangezi, Walter. AU - Tshimanga, Mustaf. AU - Woelk, Godfrey. AU - Rusakaniko, Peter. AU - Stranix-Chibanda, Lynda. AU - Midzi, Stanley. AU - Maldonado, Yvonne. AU - Shetty, Avinash K.. PY - 2010/6/1. Y1 - 2010/6/1. N2 - Despite the significant burden of common mental disorders (CMD) among women in sub Saharan Africa, data on postnatal depression (PND) is very limited, especially in settings with a high HIV prevalence. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), a widely used screening test for PND has been validated in many countries, but not in Zimbabwe. We assessed the validity of the EPDS scale among postpartum women compared with Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria for major depression. Six trained community counselors administered the Shona version of the EPDS to a random sample of 210 postpartum HIV-infected ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Increasing hip fracture incidence in California Hispanics, 1983 to 2000. AU - Zingmond, David S.. AU - Melton, L. Joseph. AU - Silverman, Stuart L.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2004/8. Y1 - 2004/8. N2 - Background: Hip fracture incidence in non-Hispanic whites (NHW) has decreased nationwide for the past 20 years. Little is known regarding hip fracture incidence among Hispanics, the largest, fastest growing minority in the United States. Objective: To assess the change in standardized hip fracture incidence from 1983 through 2000 in California Hispanics relative to other racial groups. Design: Hospitalizations for individuals older than 55 years with hip fracture requiring repair in acute care hospitals. Annual population estimates based on US Census Bureau estimates. Incidence standardized to national gender-age strata. Change in annual incidence calculated by weighted linear regression with robust variance estimates. Results: 372,078 ...
Men who have sex with men (MSM) represent the fastest growing key population for incident HIV cases in China. We examined five consecutive years of HIV and syphilis prevalence and risk factors data among MSM in Guangxi Province with the second highest estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) in China in 2011. Methods: We collected demographic and behavioral data from national sentinel surveillance and HIV/syphilis blood samples in five annual cross-sectional surveys from 2008 to 2012.. We analyzed HIV and syphilis prevalence trends stratified by social/behavioral characteristics. Results: HIV prevalence climbed steadily from 1.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.0 to 3.0) in 2008 to 3.7% (95% CI: 3.0 to 5.0) in 2012. Syphilis prevalence increased steadily from 5.1% (95% CI: 4.0 to 6.0) in 2008 to 8.4% (95% CI: 7.0 to 10.0) in 2012.. HIV prevalence rose notably among MSM who were ,=25 years of age, never married, did not engage in sexual intercourse with women in the past six ...
Colon cancers are thought to be an inevitable result of aging, while testicular cancers are thought to develop in only a small fraction of men, beginning in utero. These models of carcinogenesis are, in part, based upon age-specific incidence data. The specific incidence for colon cancer appears to monotonically increase with age, while that of testicular cancer increases to a maximum value at about 35 years of age, then declines to nearly zero by the age of 80. We hypothesized that the age-specific incidence for these two cancers is similar; the apparent difference is caused by a longer development time for colon cancer and the lack of age-specific incidence data for people over 84 years of age. Here we show that a single distribution can describe the age-specific incidence of both colon carcinoma and testicular cancer. Furthermore, this distribution predicts that the specific incidence of colon cancer should reach a maximum at about age 90 and then decrease. Data on the incidence of colon carcinoma
Clinical and Molecular Epidemiology of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia Coli Infections in Metro Detroit: Early Dominance of the ST-131 Clone
The article examines the convergences and contrasts between social epidemiology, social medicine, and human rights approaches toward advancing global health and health equity. The first section describes the goals and work of the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health. The second section discusses the role of human rights in the Commission's work. The third section evaluates, from the perspective of social epidemiology, two rights-based approaches to advancing health and health equity as compared to a view that focuses more broadly on social justice. The concluding section identifies four areas where social epidemiologists, practitioners of social medicine, and health and human rights advocates can and must work together in order to make progress on health and health equity.. ...
A Molecular Epidemiological Analysis Of Programmed Cell Death Ligand-1 (PD-L1) Protein Expression, Mutations And Survival In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
TY - JOUR. T1 - Population-based community prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the urban poor of San Francisco. AU - Charlebois, Edwin D.. AU - Bangsberg, David R.. AU - Moss, Nicholas J.. AU - Moore, Matthew R.. AU - Moss, Andrew R.. AU - Chambers, Henry F.. AU - Perdreau-Remington, Françoise. N1 - Funding Information: Financial support: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Atlanta), California Emerging Infections Program, the University of California, San Francisco AIDS Clinical Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland (grant R01-MH54907), and an unrestricted grant from Pharmacia & Upjohn, Peapack, New Jersey. E.D.C. and D.R.B. were supported in part by the Doris Duke Foundation, New York City. H.F.C. was supported in part by the USPHS and NIH/NIAID (grants AI43959 and AI46610).. PY - 2002/2/15. Y1 - 2002/2/15. N2 - The study objective was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for nasal colonization with Staphylococcus ...
Abstract - Objective: The purpose of this paper is to describe the extent of the public health problem presented by palatine tonsillar cancer in the United States by analyzing recent incidence and mortality rate trends.. Methods: Using the National Cancer Institutes' Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program database, age-adjusted incidence rates (1973-2001) for five histological types of palatine tonsillar cancer by race and sex were calculated. For total palatine tonsillar cancer age-specific incidence (1973-2001) and mortality (1969-2001) rates by race and sex were calculated. Mortality and population data were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and the U.S. Census Bureau. The Joinpoint Regression Model was employed to establish the statistical significance of incidence and mortality rate trends.. Results: The majority of palatine tonsillar cases diagnosed in SEER-9 registries from 1973 to 2001 occurred among white males, age 40-64 years, with ...
High blood cholesterol is a leading risk factor in the development of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease (CHD) (1,2). The risks associated with high blood cholesterol can be reduced by screening and early intervention (3). Current clinical practice guidelines provide evidenced-based standards for detection, treatment, and control of high blood cholesterol (4). Healthy People 2020 monitors national progress related to screening and controlling high blood cholesterol through the National Health Interview Survey and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). State-level estimates of self-reported cholesterol screening and high blood cholesterol prevalence are available using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data. To assess recent trends in the percentage of adults aged ≥18 years who had been screened for high blood cholesterol during the preceding 5 years, and the percentage among those who had been screened within the previous 5 years and who were ...
CALL FOR PAPERS Workshop on Computational Advances in Molecular Epidemiology (CAME 2011) held in conjunction with the 5th IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine (BIBM 2011) Atlanta, GA, November 12-15, 2011 http://alan.cs.gsu.edu/CAME11/ Molecular epidemiology is an integrative scientific discipline that considers molecular biological processes in specific epidemiological settings. It relates molecular biological events to etiology, distribution and prevention of disease in human populations. Over years, molecular epidemiology has became extensively fused with mathematical and computational science and immensely benefitted from this tight association. The CAME workshop aims to bring together field practitioners of molecular epidemiology, molecular evolutionists, population geneticists, medical researchers, bioinformaticians, statisticians and computer scientists interested in the latest developments in algorithms, mining, visualization, modeling, simulation and other ...
The International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) Hip Fracture Incidence Map displays country-specific incidence of hip fracture per population of 100 000. The country-specific risk of hip fractures has been determined on a worldwide basis from a systematic review of literature.. The Hip Fracture Incidence Map was developed by J. A. Kanis et al. on behalf of International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) Epidemiology/Quality of Life Working Group. "A systematic review of hip fracture incidence and probability of fracture worldwide" Osteoporosis International 2012.. CLOSE. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Completion of therapy by medicare patients with stage III colon cancer. AU - Dobie, Sharon A.. AU - Baldwin, Laura Mae. AU - Dominitz, Jason A.. AU - Matthews, Barbara. AU - Billingsley, Kevin. AU - Barlow, William. PY - 2006/5/3. Y1 - 2006/5/3. N2 - Background: Certain factors, such as race or age, are known to be associated with variation in initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage III colon cancer, but little is known about what factors are associated with completion of adjuvant therapy. To determine whether predictors of initiation also predict completion, we analyzed Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program data linked to Medicare claims. We investigated mortality as a means to testing the validity of the completion measure that we created. Methods: We studied 3193 stage III colon cancer patients whose diagnosis was recorded in 1992-1996 SEER program data linked to 1991-1998 Medicare claims and who initiated adjuvant chemotherapy after colon cancer ...
prevalence of high blood pressure, prevalence of high blood pressure by age, prevalence of high blood pressure in nigeria, prevalence of high blood pressure in canada, prevalence of high blood pressure in australia, prevalence of high blood pressure in the uk, prevalence of high blood pressure in india, prevalence of high blood pressure in the world, prevalence of high blood pressure in south africa, prevalence of high blood pressure in society today
TY - JOUR. T1 - Childhood neglect and suicidal behavior. T2 - Findings from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. AU - Stickley, Andrew. AU - Waldman, Kyle. AU - Ueda, Michiko. AU - Koyanagi, Ai. AU - Sumiyoshi, Tomiki. AU - Narita, Zui. AU - Inoue, Yosuke. AU - DeVylder, Jordan E.. AU - Oh, Hans. PY - 2020/5. Y1 - 2020/5. N2 - Background: Although child neglect is common, there has been comparatively little research on it or its specific forms and their effects on mental health in adulthood. Objective: This study aimed to examine the association between exposure to different forms of childhood neglect and lifetime suicidal behavior among a nationally representative sample of adults in the U.S. general population. Methods: Data were analyzed from 5665 adults that were drawn from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Information was obtained on 'care', 'supervisory' and 'medical' neglect in childhood and lifetime suicidal behavior (ideation, plan, attempt). Lifetime ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Bone metastasis in extremity soft tissue sarcomas. T2 - risk factors and survival analysis using the SEER registry. AU - Younis, M. H.. AU - Summers, S.. AU - Pretell-Mazzini, J.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2020, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2020. Y1 - 2020. N2 - Introduction: While lung is the most common site of metastasis, bone metastasis of soft tissue sarcoma is a part of the natural history affecting the prognosis of these patients. To date, no studies have analyzed the histologic subtypes more likely to metastasize to bone, the risk factors for bone metastasis at initial presentation, or the effect that bone metastasis has on the survival of these patients. Material/methods: Patients were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database with primary extremity STS between 2010 and 2015. Risk factors for early bone metastasis, survival based on different sites of metastasis, and ...
CDC COVID-NET Surveillance Team.. CDC COVID-NET Team.. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.). Epidemic Intelligence Service.. Eagle Global Scientific (Atlanta, Georgia). California Emerging Infections Program.. Colorado. Department of Public Health and Environment.. Yale School of Public Health. Connecticut Emerging Infections Program.. Emory University School of Medicine. Departments of Pediatrics and Medicine.. Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Emerging Infections Program.. Foundation for Atlanta Veterans Education and Research.. Maryland. Department of Health.. Michigan. Department of Health and Human Services.. Minnesota. Department of Health.. New Mexico Emerging Infections Program, Albuquerque, New Mexico. New Mexico. Department of Health.. New York (State). Department of Health.. University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry.. Ohio.Department of Health.. Oregon Health Authority.. Vanderbilt University Medical Center.. Salt Lake County (Utah). Health ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Molecular epidemiology of extraintestinal pathogenic (uropathogenic) Escherichia coli. AU - Johnson, James R.. AU - Russo, Thomas A.. N1 - Funding Information: This material is based upon work supported by Office of Research and Development, Medical Research Service, Department of Veterans Affairs (J.R. Johnson, T.A. Russo). Ann Emery and Dave Prentiss (both, Minneapolis VA Medical Center) helped prepare the manuscript and figures, respectively. Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2005/10/5. Y1 - 2005/10/5. N2 - Molecular epidemiological analyses of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC), which are also called "uropathogenic E. coli" since they are the principle pathogens in urinary tract infection, involve structured observations of E. coli as they occur in the wild. Careful selection of subjects and use of appropriate methods for genotyping and statistical analysis are required for optimal results. Molecular epidemiological studies ...
The incidence of molar pregnancy has demonstrated marked geographic and ethnic differences. The reported data in Nepal is inconsistent with minimal published literature. Thus, we designed a study to determine prevalence of molar pregnancies and demonstrate clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the patients attending a tertiary care center in eastern Nepal. A retrospective review of medical records was conducted to determine the prevalence of molar pregnancies at the B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS) from the year 2008 to 2012. Secondary data from the medical records were analyzed. Annual and 5-year prevalence of molar pregnancy per 1000 live births was calculated. Demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, management methods and complications of molar pregnancy were studied. The 5- year prevalence of molar pregnancy at BPKIHS is 4.17 per 1000 live births with annual prevalence ranging 3.8-4.5 per 1000 live births. More than one third of the patients were in the age
Rationale: Xpert MTB/RIF is a novel automated molecular diagnostic recently endorsed by the World Health Organization. However, performance-related data from high HIV prevalence settings are limited. Objectives: The impact of sample-related factors on performance and the significance of Xpert MTB/RIF-positive culture-negative discordance remain unclear. Methods: Xpert MTB/RIF was evaluated using single archived spot-sputum samples from 496 South African patients with suspected TB. Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture positivity and phenotypic resistance to rifampicin served as reference standards. Measurements and Main Results: Overall, Xpert MTB/RIF detected 95% (95% confidence interval [CI], 88-98%; 89 of 94) of smear-positive culture-positive cases and the specificity was 94% (91-96%; 320 of 339). The sensitivity in smear-negative cases was 55% (35-73%; 12 of 22) when the analysis was restricted to 1 ml of unprocessed sputum and culture time-to-positivity of less than or equal to 28 days. ...
Data & statistics on Georgia Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality: Georgia Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates by Geography, Breast Cancer Mortality7 (Graph 19) Breast cancer mortality rates declined slightly for all women during 1997 to 2005. In 2005, at the local and state level, African American women followed by white women had the highest rates of breast cancer mortality.10, Age specific incidence of the breast cancer, rates per 100000 women, Georgia, 2007...
Geographic expansion of dengue incidence has drawn a global interest to identify the influential factors that instigate the spread of this disease. The objective of this study was to find the environmental factors linked to dengue incidence in a dengue epidemic area of Nepal by negative binomial models using climatic factors from 2010 to 2017. Minimum temperature at lag 2 months, maximum temperature and relative humidity without lag period significantly affected dengue incidence. Rainfall was not associated with dengue incidence in Chitwan district of Nepal. The incident rate ratio (IRR) of dengue case rise by more than 1% for every unit increase in minimum temperature at lag 2 months, maximum temperature and relative humidity, but decrease by .759% for maximum temperature at lag 3 months. Considering the effect of minimum temperature of previous months on dengue incidence, the vector control and dengue management program should be implemented at least 2 months ahead of dengue outbreak season.
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Molecular epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of Enterobacter spp. from three distinct populations in Grampian, UK. AU - Wagenlehner, F. M.. AU - MacKenzie, Fiona. AU - Forbes, Kenneth James. AU - Gould, Ian M. PY - 2002. Y1 - 2002. N2 - The distribution of Enterobacter spp. within the population of Aberdeen Royal Infirmary was compared with the outpatient population with regard to molecular epidemiology and antibiotic resistance. Enterobacter spp. from 60 patients and one environmental site were characterised as ITU, non ITU and outpatients' isolates. Thirty-five percent were blood culture isolates. Cefotaxime resistant strains in the hospital were frequent. Cefotaxime (64%) sensitive isolates were inducible for hyperproduction of Bush group I P-lactamase. Isolates were further investigated by PFGE. Isolates (27%) were clonally related and typed in four clusters. Consecutive isolates were studied in selected patients showing minor genomic changes. One environmental isolate ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Progression of coronary calcium and incident coronary heart disease events. T2 - MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). AU - Budoff, Matthew J.. AU - Young, Rebekah. AU - Lopez, Victor A.. AU - A. Kronmal, Richard. AU - Nasir, Khurram. AU - Blumenthal, Roger S.. AU - Detrano, Robert C.. AU - Bild, Diane E.. AU - Guerci, Alan D.. AU - Liu, Kiang. AU - Shea, Steven. AU - Szklo, Moyses. AU - Post, Wendy. AU - Lima, Joao. AU - Bertoni, Alain. AU - Wong, Nathan D.. PY - 2013/3/26. Y1 - 2013/3/26. N2 - Objectives: The study examined whether progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC) is a predictor of future coronary heart disease (CHD) events. Background: CAC predicts CHD events and serial measurement of CAC has been proposed to evaluate atherosclerosis progression. Methods: We studied 6,778 persons (52.8% female) aged 45 to 84 years from the MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) study. A total of 5,682 persons had baseline and follow-up CAC scans approximately 2.5 ± ...
NNDSS is a multifaceted public health surveillance system that gives public health officials powerful capabilities to monitor the occurrence and spread of diseases. NNDSS encompasses everything that supports the activity of collecting and monitoring disease data, including policies, laws, people, partners, information systems, processes, and resources at the local, state, and national levels. ...
Abstract:. Background: Hemoglobinopathies comprising of thalassemias and various hemoglobin (Hb) variants continue to plague the health system of India. Aims: To find out the prevalence of various hemoglobinopathies in the study population and to identify any association with the various ethnic groups residing in rural community of Darjeeling district, West Bengal. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Naxalbari block of Darjeeling district, West Bengal from June 2011 to August 2011, involving hemoglobin variant screening by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method of 188 antenatal women, selected through multistage random sampling technique. Results: 26.6% of mothers had abnormal hemoglobin, the commonest being the Hemoglobin E (Hb E) trait (15.42%). The prevalence of homozygous HbE, HbE thalassemia, -thalassemia trait and hemoglobin S-trait in the studied population was 6.91%, 0.53%, 2.12% and 1.06% respectively. There was a single ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Efficacy of laryngectomy alone for treatment of locally advanced laryngeal cancer. T2 - A stage- and subsite-specific survival analysis. AU - Cervenka, B. P.. AU - Rao, Shyam. AU - Farwell, D Gregory. AU - Bewley, Arnaud. PY - 2017/1/1. Y1 - 2017/1/1. N2 - Objective: Total laryngectomy is a well-established treatment for locally advanced laryngeal cancer. Evidence for the benefit of post-operative radiotherapy after laryngectomy in patients with locally advanced primaries and N0 or N1 nodal disease is limited. This study aimed to determine whether total laryngectomy alone is adequate therapy for certain patient subgroups with locally advanced laryngeal cancer. Design: We performed a retrospective survival analysis of patients in the surveillance epidemiology and end results (SEER) database with locally advanced laryngeal cancer between 2004 and 2012. Outcome Measures: Primary outcome measure was overall survival. Results: For all patients with T3-4aN0-1 tumours, overall survival ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Lymph node ratio as a prognostic factor in elderly patients with pathological N1 non-small cell lung cancer. AU - Wisnivesky, Juan P.. AU - Arciniega, Jacqueline. AU - Mhango, Grace. AU - Mandeli, John. AU - Halm, Ethan A.. PY - 2011/4. Y1 - 2011/4. N2 - Background: Lymph node (LN) metastasis is an important predictor of survival for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the prognostic significance of the extent of LN involvement among patients with N1 disease remains unknown. A study was undertaken to evaluate whether involvement of a higher number of N1 LNs is associated with worse survival independent of known prognostic factors. Methods: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare database, 1682 resected patients with N1 NSCLC diagnosed between 1992 and 2005 were identified. As the number of positive LNs is confounded by the total number of LNs sampled, the cases were classified into three groups according to the ratio of positive to ...
South Korea's National Intelligence Service (NIS) said Monday that North Korea has completed preparations for another nuclear test at its Punggye-ri test site, adding that Pyongyang was likely to launch a ballistic missile during the ongoing US-South Korean Ulchi Freedom Guardian (UFG) military drills or on September 9 to commemorate the anniversary of its state's foundation.. "Preparations for the nuclear test have been completed at the second and third tunnels [of Punggye-ri]," the intelligence service's representative told a parliamentary briefing, as quoted by the Yonhap news agency.. The NIS also suggested that North Korea would carry out another missile launch in the coming days either during the UFG drill, or around September 9, marking the Day of the Foundation of the Republic.. "There is the possibility that the North will launch a ballistic missile on the Foundation Anniversary [September 9], and we are preparing for that," the NIS said.. When briefing the parliament on Pyongyang's ...
BOSTON (WHDH) - The Massachusetts Department of Public Health announced Thursday that the West Nile virus has been detected in mosquitoes in Massachusetts for the first time this year.. The presence of WNV was confirmed by the Massachusetts State Public Health Laboratory in a mosquito sample that was collected July 3 in Boston in Suffolk County, according to DPH.. No human or animal cases of WNV or Eastern Equine Encephalitis have been detected so far this year. There is no elevated risk level or risk-level change associated with this finding.. "The first WNV positive mosquito sample is often identified in Massachusetts sometime during the last week of June or the first week in July," DPH State Epidemiologist Dr. Catherine Brown said in a statement. "Risk for human infection generally builds through the season with peak risk occurring in August.". WNV is usually transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito.. In 2018, there were 49 human cases of WNV infection acquired in ...
BACKGROUND: The advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 1996 led to a decrease in the incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), but not of other cancers, among people with HIV or AIDS (PWHA). It also led to marked increases in their life expectancy. METHODS: We conducted a record-linkage study between the Swiss HIV Cohort Study and nine Swiss cantonal cancer registries. In total, 9429 PWHA provided 20,615, 17,690, and 15,410 person-years in the pre-, early-, and late-HAART periods, respectively. Standardised incidence ratios in PWHA vs the general population, as well as age-standardised, and age-specific incidence rates were computed for different periods. RESULTS: Incidence of KS and NHL decreased by several fold between the pre- and early-HAART periods, and additionally declined from the early- to the late-HAART period. Incidence of cancers of the anus, liver, non-melanomatous skin, and Hodgkin's lymphoma increased in the early- compared with the ...
We talk about Lyme disease and the serious threat here in Massachusetts all the time, but it's not the only tick-borne illness we should be aware of. Black-legged ticks are very prevalent in South Shore and Fall River, and they can carry several other diseases as well: Anaplasmosis, Babesiosis, Powassan, and now the newest tick disease recognized in this area Borellia miyamotoi, are all transmitted by the deer tick. In an article published by the Herald News, deputy state epidemiologist Dr. Catherine Brown warns of the concerns of these illnesses. Not only from deer ticks but also the Lone Star tick that is "moving this way". Lone Star ticks carry STARI, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever which is rare in Massachusetts but expected to grow. Dr. Brown believes that humans moving out of the cities into the suburbs can be causing the introduction of newer disease. Powassan and B. Miyamotoi are the latest of these diseases and while still rare, a recognized threat. ...
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An SKF power transmission chain drive transmits mechanical power from one shaft to another efficiently. Our transmission chains are manufactured to the highest standards.
This study addresses the epidemiologic relatedness of a collection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from cystic fibrosis patients attending the Pediatric Clinic, Catania, Sicily. Genome macrorestriction analysis after pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used to characterise all strains. Furthermore, a rapid typing procedure, developed in this study, based on polymerase chain reaction amplified ribosomal DNA spacer polymorphisms (PCR-ribotyping), straight from bacterial cultures, was used. On the basis of macrorestriction analysis after PFGE, persistence of infection was shown in all patients; two cross-transmission episodes were identified in the nosocomial as well as in the familiar environment. PCR-ribotyping proved to be useful for a DNA-based identification test, suitable for screening purposes. The rapid amplification protocol here tested is proposed to evaluate the discriminatory power of other specific target sequences in PCR-based typing assays, for epidemiologic purposes.
The field of travel medicine is concerned primarily with ways to maintain the health of international travelers. Remaining current in this area requires up-to-date knowledge of global infectious diseases, patterns of drug resistance, advances in preventive measures, and public health regulations pertaining to the crossing of international borders. This review of off-line commercial databases and Internet sources will assist infectious disease consultants in accessing current reliable travel health information. Of the North American pretravel off-line databases, TRAVAX (United States) and The Medical Letter are the most comprehensive, whereas the Global Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Network is extraordinary in its provision of global infectious disease epidemiology for posttravel assessment. A total of 65 Web sites are listed within 9 categories, covering such areas as authoritative government travel health recommendations, commercially-oriented sites, and travel medicine listserv ...
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have demonstrated that women who receive adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) after mastectomy for breast carcinoma have an increased risk of a second primary lung carcinoma after 10 years, but, to the authors' knowledge, the risk associated with adjuvant RT after breast-conserving surgery (lumpectomy) has yet to be determined. The purpose of the current study was to confirm and extend earlier findings of the effects of postmastectomy RT on second primary lung carcinoma and to investigate the impact of postlumpectomy RT on second primary lung carcinoma in the same population and to compare the results.. METHODS: The authors used data from the population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program of the U.S. National Cancer Institute, encompassing approximately 10% of the U.S. population, from 1973 to 1998. Of the women with nonmetastatic invasive breast carcinoma, 194,981 had been treated with mastectomy and 65,560 were treated with lumpectomy. Cox ...
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Previous reports have suggested an increasing incidence of highly fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli causing bacteremia among cancer patients on prophylactic therapy. We used genotyping by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of chromosomal DNA digests and random amplified polymorphic DNA fingerprinting to study clonal relationships among such isolates obtained at 10 cancer centers located across Europe and the Middle East. Analysis by both methods indicated that isolates from different centers were genotypically unrelated to each other. There were five centers from which more than one individual patient isolate was available, and most demonstrated significant within-center genetic diversity of strains. Strains shared among patients could be identified at two centers. At the center with the largest number of bloodstream isolates from cancer patients available, fluoroquinolone-resistant control isolates from surgical patients and fluoroquinolone-susceptible control isolates from patients ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - How many lymph nodes properly stage a periampullary malignancy?. AU - Gutierrez, Juan C.. AU - Franceschi, Dido. AU - Koniaris, Leonidas G.. PY - 2008/1/1. Y1 - 2008/1/1. N2 - The impact of lymphadenectomy in prognosis and staging in periampullary malignancies remains largely undefined. We examined all pancreaticoduodenectomies for periampullary carcinomas in the SEER cancer registry from 1993 through 2003. Overall, 5465 pancreaticoduodenectomies for nonmetastatic periampullary carcinomas were identified. The cohort was comprised of 62.5% pancreatic, 18.9% ampullary, 11.6% distal bile duct, and 7.0% duodenal cancers. A linear association between the number of lymph nodes (LNs) examined and overall survival was observed overall and for pancreas and ampullary cancers for node-negative (N0) disease. Median survival for all patients with localized, N0 disease improved from 24 to 31 months, with sampling of a minimum of 10 LNs, whereas 2 and 5-year survival improved from 52 and 29%, ...
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