Our findings show that FSWs who reported high collectivisation are significantly more likely than those who reported low levels of collectivisation to access STI treatment from government health facilities. These associations are not just a consequence of the presence of partnerships with government facilities for STI treatment, or of socio-demographic vulnerabilities, as the data suggest that FSWs from areas without partnerships with government health facilities also reported high attendance in government centres for STI treatment. Research is needed to explore why STI service utilisation from government health facilities is higher among FSWs who report or perceive higher levels of collectivisation than others. Previous evidence that a high degree of collectivisation and collective identity among FSWs lead to increased condom use and HIV risk reduction12 ,13 ,15 ,22-24 ,26 may be interpreted to suggest that FSWs have the ability and confidence to exercise their rights as citizens within the ...
We mainly study the initiation and management of small-scale irrigation facilities collective action in Northwest China. First, socio-economic heterogeneity imposes obstacles for initiating collective action in the form of attitude-behaviour paradox. We explore how to overcome this in order to make collective action successful. Social capital has been recognized as a key factor in the realisation of collective action. Then, we study the relationship between social capital components and farmers participative behaviour. Furthermore, economic heterogeneity would influence farmers motivation to participate in collective action. We examine whether relationships between social capital components and farmers willingness to cooperate in collective action is moderated by farmers income levels. Finally, we also study how contrasting effects of the group size exerts on trust and control mechanisms in achieving farmers participation degree and cooperative performance in commons governance. ...
ISLAMABAD, Jun 27 (APP): Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif expressing dissatisfaction over the state of government health facilities and abysmal quality of
Union leaders have called on their members to fight “with everything we’ve got” to bring down Theresa May’s government, as fears grow of a rise in “unofficial” industrial action aimed at damaging public services.
GPs will be canvassed on their willingness to sign undated resignations and take industrial action following a passionate debate at the LMCs conference this morning.
GPs will be canvassed on their willingness to sign undated resignations and take industrial action following a passionate debate at the LMCs conference this morning.
GPs look set to be balloted on their willingness to take industrial action and to hand in undated resignations within three months, after the LMC conference 2016 condemned the GP Forward View as an inadequate response to the crisis facing the profession.
Unite national officer for health Rachael Maskell said: "The government is picking the pockets of health workers by an average of £30-a-month in order to pay for pension changes which will see people having to work longer to get less.. "This disgraceful attack comes against a backdrop of pay freezes and the threat of regional pay in the public sector. In the face of continued attacks, health workers will be stepping up their campaign and looking to join other public sector workers in taking action on 10 May.". PCS national executive members this afternoon voted unanimously to strike.. It means the union will be involved in national industrial action across the civil service, health and education sectors; co-ordinated, targeted industrial action in employer groups and sectors; national and regional protests; and political lobbying.. PCS general secretary Mark Serwotka said: "The ongoing programme of industrial action with other unions we have agreed sends a clear message to government ministers ...
Advice for NTEU members taking protected industrial action. If you plan to take industrial action and are scheduled to teach from 27 June 2013 for the duration of the protected action, please make arrangements either directly or indirectly or through your Head of School to notify students in advance that the class will not take place.. Individual researchers should make their own arrangements either directly or indirectly to deal with possible absences that may affect their research work.. Any staff who do not perform their usual duties, including staff who cancel classes, will be considered to be taking industrial action, unless absent from duty on approved leave. Any staff member who engages in a stoppage of all work must notify the University to ensure payment is not made for the total duration of the work stoppage.. Adverse action. The Fair Work Act 2009 prohibits a person from taking adverse action against a person because that person takes part in, or proposed to take part in, an ...
Political marches are one of the most public and vocal means of engaging in collective action and can potentially build social movements by increasing the likelihood that bystanders become engaged with the social movement. Here, we conduct a trend study to test the impacts of two back-to-back highly visible large-scale climate change related marches on bystanders, targeting psychological drivers of collective action: efficacy beliefs, perceptions of others climate change activism and concerns, impressions of marchers, and behavioral intentions. Participants either completed a survey the day before the March for Science (n = 302) or several days after the Peoples Climate March, which occurred a week after the first march (n = 285). Results suggest that the marches were at least partially effective: bystanders (a) collective efficacy beliefs and (b) impressions of marchers improved after the march. In contrast, marches were ineffective in increasing perceptions of others engagement with concern about
Downloadable! Policies of devolving management of resources from the state to user groups are premised upon the assumption that users will organize and take on the necessary management tasks. While experience has shown that in many places users do so and are very capable, expansion of co-management programs beyond initial pilot sites often shows that this does not happen everywhere. Yet, much is at stake in this, with more widespread adoption of irrigation management transfers and other forms of community-based resource management. It is therefore important to move beyond isolated case studies to comparative analysis of the conditions for collective action. This paper identifies factors affecting organization of water users associations, and collective action by farmers in major canal irrigation systems in India, based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of a stratified sample of 48 minors in four irrigation systems (two each in Rajasthan and Karnataka). Using key variables suggested by the
Graham, Wendy J., Jacqueline S. Bell, and Colin H.W. Bullough. 2001. "Can skilled attendance at delivery reduce maternal mortality in developing countries?" In Safe Motherhood Strategies: A Review of the Evidence. Eds. VincentDe Brouwere and WimVan Lerberghe. Antwerp : ITG Press. Pp. 97-129 ...
Cancellations include all Bus Éireann buses in Cork, Galway, Limerick, Clare, Kerry and in the greater Dublin area, as well as several intercity routes. Services in Drogheda, Dundalk, Monaghan and Cavan were also expected to be disrupted, as well as cross-border coach services. It is the first major strike by public employees in several years, and follows a lengthy tussle over the pay of the companys workers as part of the coalition governments austerity program. Members of the National Bus and Rail Union (NBRU) today picketed depots, including the main bus terminal in Dublin, Busáras. Other staff, including members of other unions, were encouraged to refuse to pass picket lines, adding to disruptions. The strike centres on a row over new measures intended to implement savings of €5m. The company says it faces potential annual losses of €16m, and told unions earlier this week it is seeking annual cost savings of €20m, with €9m coming from payroll savings. Both sides had maintained ...
Thatcher was committed to reducing the power of the trade unions but, unlike the Heath government, adopted a strategy of incremental change rather than a single Act. Several unions launched strikes in response, but these actions eventually collapsed. Gradually, Thatchers reforms reduced the power and influence of the unions. The changes were chiefly focused upon preventing the recurrence of the large-scale industrial actions of the 1970s, but were also intended to ensure that the consequences for the participants would be severe if any future action was taken. The reforms were also aimed, Thatcher claimed, to democratise the unions, and return power to the members. The most significant measures were to make secondary industrial action illegal, to force union leadership to first win a ballot of the union membership before calling a strike, and to abolish the closed shop. Further laws banned workplace ballots and imposed postal ballots. Coal miners were highly organised and had defeated Prime ...
The Trade Union Reform and Employment Rights Act 1993 inserted s 235 A, into the Trade Union and Labor Relations. Act 1992, wherein it now provides a right to any individual who is deprived of goods and services because of unlawful industrial action to initiate court proceedings. … A strike (or industrial action less than a full stoppage of work) will be in ...
Members of the Irish Nurses and Midwives Organisation, (INMO) on the Oncology/Radiotherapy Ward at Cork University Hospital will commence industrial action in the form of a work to rule at 8.00a.m. on Wednesday, October 5, 2016. The dispute is in relation to on-going inadequate and unsafe nurse staffing levels on the ward. During the work to rule members will withdraw from clerical and support duties to focus on, and prioritise, direct nursing care.. The decision by INMO members to commence industrial action is based on their expert clinical knowledge and their concerns in relation to patient safety and their ability to provide safe care. The INMO has engaged with management on this issue on an on-going basis since December 2015 and highlighted members concerns which, to date, have not been adequately addressed. Management have reneged on commitments given at the Workplace Relations Commission in May and June, 2016.. Speaking today INMO Industrial Relations Officer, Mary Rose Carroll said: "Our ...
Daves explanation begs the question, for example, of why should it be that "product-driven" sectoral changes have not themselves been a cause of militancy? Furthermore, why have "new" industrial sectors such as call centres, information technology products and services, financial services, etc. not typically seen many strikes, even after having been in existence for many decades and in some cases, having seen successful unionisation drives (particularly following the 2000 Employment Relations Act)? It also gives us no way of explaining the behaviour of trade union leaderships which will restrain the actions of their members well within and very far from the limits of the law, even to the point of walking away from what should have been easy victories. The great example of this in recent years (in my opinion) was the slow and grim debacle that followed the 2011 pensions revolt. Another example is provided by the February-March 2018 UCU strikes over pensions, when the national leadership of that ...
In the Netherlands, it is possible for a representative entity to bring a "collective action" on an "opt-out basis" under article 3:305a of the Dutch…
In Malaysia, the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (3rd NHMS) in 2006 showed that the prevalence of T2DM for adults aged 30 years old and above had risen by almost 80% in the last decade to 14.9%1. In this population survey of those with diabetes, 73.5% attended government health facilities and 20% received treatment from private health facilities ...
By July 2008, the intervention contacted 83% of the estimated HR-MSM/TG population monthly and 16% were attending the STI clinic monthly. HR-MSM/TG exposed to the intervention were significantly more likely to use condom consistently with a regular male partner (adjusted OR 4.62, 95% CI 1.40 to 15.22). Consistent condom use with all types of male partners increased significantly in survey Round 2 compared with Round 1. The proportion of HR-MSM/TG who tested positive for HIV-1 antibodies was similar in both rounds (15.5% in Round 1 vs 17.3% in Round 2, p=0.52).. CONCLUSION ...
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Was there a social revolution in Spain in 1936-39? In key industrial regions, and in Madrid, there was a resolute workers and popular resistance to Francos alzamiento during and immediately after 19 July 1936. Suddenly a mass movement was unleashed, of factory takeovers by workers and land collectivizations by agricultural workers and poor peasants. However, this elemental class movement coexisted with the hulk of the Republican Government, and supported it. Anarchists of the CNT-FAI, UGT trade unionists and the Marxists of the POUM (Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista) rushed to support (albeit critically) and even join the Popular Front coalition and the Generalitat in Catalonia. The Spanish Communist Party, until then relatively small, was extremely active in reviving the moribund Republic. The autonomous interests of the workers were subordinated to the needs of the democratic state. These needs momentarily coincided with the USSRs strategic needs. Just like the Italian and German ...
When Helen was four years old, the NKVD (fore-runners of the KGB) knocked on their door at three oclock in the morning and demanded they pack their bags within an hour and board a train headed for a labor camp (the Gulag). The government would confiscate their home and property as part of their collectivization program. The family was loaded into a boxcar along with other internally exiled families and sent to the Ural Mountains to work in a gold mine. Helen remembered the long trek from the train and through the snow to the labor camp. There, the family was assigned a small corner of a warehouse as their home, separated from others by a blanket hanging from the ceiling. Helens father appealed to the authorities to, at least, have them sent to an encampment where other extended family members were being exiled (their crimes being landowners and being associated, however minimally, with the Czar), to no avail. Later, the family escaped from the labor camp and made their way back to Rzhev and ...
Theres a famous story about the technical problems encountered by Soviet director Aleksandr Dovzhenko while shooting his 1930 film Earth, an admiring account of the effect of collectivization on the Russian peasantry. Working with non-professional actors, he was shooting a scene one day that showed the arrival of a tractor on a farm on the Russian steppe. Not getting the reaction shot of excitement he had hoped for from the peasants - the poor folk must have had less of a labour fetish than the party apparatchiks - he called in a clown from a local circus, whom the peasants were a great deal more taken with. Dovzhenko recorded their smiles and general pleasure and then spliced it with the shot of the tractor that had been left standing alone and forlorn far from the clowns showboating, forgotten by all. Left-wing cinema has changed greatly since the day of the early Soviet directors and, following 1989, is rarely subject to the strictures of the party or state line, a rare example these days ...
Part of this mass killing was genocide, as in the wholesale murder of hundreds of thousands of Don Cossacks in 1919, the intentional starving of about 5,000,000 Ukrainian peasants to death in 1932-33,2 or the deportation to mass death of 50,000 to 60,000 Estonians in 1949.. Part was mass murder, as of the wholesale extermination of perhaps 6,500,000 kulaks (in effect, the better off peasants and those resisting collectivization) from 1930 to 1937, the execution of perhaps a million Party members in the Great Terror of 1937-38, and the massacre of all Trotskyites in the forced labor camps.. ...
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There are growing fears of a strike by hundreds of thousands of public sector workers as three unions prepare to announce the results of ballots for industrial action.
Table 6. AICc multimodel selection results. Akaike weights and coefficients for five logistic regression models predicting CHANNEL distribution. The last two columns on the right provide model weighted average coefficients and relative variable importance measures for each variable (Burnham and Anderson 2002). The inequality model captured the largest Aikaike weight, and best explains the distribution of irrigation channels.. ...
Members of the Irish Nurses and Midwives Organisation (INMO) and SIPTU Nursing are to commence a ballot for industrial action next week.
Commuters are facing further disruption in the New Year after it emerged that Bus Eireann staff are to be balloted over potential industrial action.
Air France was forced to cancel around 20 per cent of its flights on Monday as pilots protested over plans to reform industrial action laws. The
Unite, Unison and GMB have suspended further industrial action, having threatened to stage a third one-day strike this week.. The unions welcomed the concessions by Cosla, announced after a meeting described by the local government employers body as "fruitful and productive".. The 3% offer would be backdated from 1 April this year. From next April, pay would rise by a further 2.5%. Disrupted services. Workers angered by the original offer of 2.5% over three years have already disrupted council services with two one-day strikes - one in July, which included an estimated 20,000 social care staff, and another in September. Union leaders said each walkout was supported by 150,000 members.. A spokesperson for Unison Scotland, which represents more than 100,000 council staff in the dispute, said branch representatives would discuss the latest offer at a local government conference on 10 October.. He refused to speculate on the outcome of the consultation. However, Alex McLuckie, senior organiser for ...
We have enormous enterprises in our country. Often they monopolize their regions, and so a strike or simply a large industrial action could freeze an entire industry. And if you organize such an action, you risk running into a brutal response. From the owners and from the authorities. But it happens that milder measures dont work. Then you need to choose: take a risk or keep your mouth shut.
Today the results of ballots on industrial action by campus unions will be known. Given the mood in higher education, agreement to action must be likely. Staff and students are profoundly disenchanted. Year after year the squeeze has continued. Students have seen their debts mounting as a deliberate result of Government policy to reduce the proportion of support provided by grants. Academics have seen their pay rates barely rising in line with inflation and this year it looks as if they will dip back to 1981s level in real terms. The employers offer at 1.5 per cent is below any expected level of inflation and real wages across the economy are up 3.5 per cent this year. Other comparable groups have not been similarly pegged back. Staff anger is fuelled by their being badly paid and the feeling that they are falling behind. But it is made worse by a developing fat cat phenomenon. Not, to be sure, very fat compared to other areas of public life but fattish and secretive with it, which always ...
It takes twice as long on average - over 28 hours - for Hyundai Motor Co to make a car in South Korea than in the United States, even though its domestic plants have far more workers for each production line. Add in high wages, frequent industrial action and outdated facilities, and Hyundais hourly
Dear Colleagues. JCU received advice last night, from Mr Michael McNally, NTEU Industrial Officer advising that the NTEU have suspended their ban on the recording and transmission of student results, effective immediately.. Any staff members, who engaged in this protected industrial action, are to transmit these results as soon as possible.. Staff members who anticipate delays in regards to the transmission of results should discuss this with their Head of School.. If you have any queries about this matter please contact Belinda Pope, Associate Director, Workplace Relations on 4781 4129 or at [email protected] ...
MINISTERS were faced with the prospect of angry emergency personnel taking industrial action as thousands turned out for a rally in Dublin against pay cuts.
Having only worked in large city trusts, my aim was to see how radiology services are adapted to suit the particular challenges and opportunities of a small population and a remote and island-based topography. Some of the differences in terrain were obvious from the outset: on my first day, a combination of sea fog and industrial action by ferry drivers prevented one of the sonography team from getting to work! Other differences became clearer as my placement progressed: for example, the highly efficient and well-thought-through communication system. Being so remote, NHS Orkney relies on good communication links with the outer Orkney islands and mainland Scotland, from regular teleconferences with remote island general practitioners and consultants in Aberdeen to the Scotland-wide picture archiving and communications system (PACS), by which radiologists in Aberdeen can report images from Orkney within a day ...
Striking South African platinum miners delivered much higher pay demands on Thursday and threatened to spread industrial action further, deepening a crisis that is becoming the biggest threat to the ruling ANC since the end of apartheid.
So - a bit about me. Im living in Sydney at the moment, having returned from some time overseas just under 2 years ago. Im a mature, single female, Im easy going and respectful of others privacy and have great rental and professional/personal references. I am an Australian Citizen of UK birth. I am sociable, happy to share a glass of wine, and the occasional meal, but Im not looking for a party house. If I do share (Im also looking for a granny flat style accommodation) then I prefer to only share with one or two others at the most. I love living near nature, so a city house is not what Im looking for.. I have two very well behaved pets - a cat called Kitwe (who is a very lazy neutered boy, sleeping most of the day and night away) and a beautiful (small) border collie called Mr Finn. Both are rescues and I actually brought Mr Finn back with me from South Africa (my cat is Australian and went with me to SA and came home again). They are both neutered and I keep them well groomed and clean. ...
The emergence of illiberal states within the European Union and NATO presents a challenge to Western collective action in an era of great power competition. This report analyzes the illiberal toolkit-a set of tools, tactics, and practices used by forces in power to roll back checks and balances.
New York Mayor Michael Bloombergs recent soda ban clearly stems from a longstanding nannying impulse. But as The Washington Examiners
TOPEKA, Kan., Aug. 31, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Collective Brands Reports 2012 Second Quarter Financial Results. Same Store Sales Up 2.9%; Earnings Per Share...
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La Fondazione Bonotto nasce per promuovere la Collezione Luigi Bonotto che dai primi anni Settanta ad oggi ha raccolto numerosissime testimonianze tra opere, documentazioni audio, video, manifesti, libri, riviste ed edizioni di artisti Fluxus e...
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As governments seek to expand access to quality health care services, policy makers in many countries are confronting the problem of informal payments to medical personnel. The aim of this study was to help health planners in Albania understand informal payments occurring in government health facilities. Researchers used in-depth interviews and focus groups with 131 general public and provider informants in three districts. The results suggest that factors promoting informal payments in Albania include perceived low salaries of health staff; a belief that good health is worth any price; the desire to get better service; the fear of being denied treatment; and the tradition of giving a gift to express gratitude. Members of the general public also believe informal payments create uncertainties and anxiety during the care-seeking process, while providers perceive that informal payments harm their professional reputation, induce unnecessary medical interventions, and create discontinuity of care. ...
Joint Society of Occupational Medicine (SOM) and Royal Society of Medicine (RSM) meeting. Venue: 1 Wimpole Street, Marylebone, London W1G 0AE. This meeting presents a unique opportunity to hear from a range of experts from academia, clinical practice and policy makers providing a greater understanding of occupational respiratory disease.. In a recent report by Health and Safety Executive, occupational respiratory disease in the UK is currently estimated to result in approximately 12,000 deaths each year in the UK. Additionally, there are an estimated 14,000 new cases of breathing or lung problems caused or made worse by work in the UK each year. Worldwide, particularly in low and middle income countries, the population is much greater. The pathology, detection and prevention of occupational respiratory disease continues to evolve. Join us as we examine the recent developments and future directions on topics ranging from occupational asthma to construction workers health and the Australian ...