The 2012 report entitled BC Agriculture: Climate Change Adaptation, Risk + Opportunity Assessment provides a high level overview of the implications of climate chang for the BC agriculture sector, including the key areas of risk and opportunity and the factors that will influence the industrys ability to adapte and thrive. It will provide a baseline assessment of the potential impacts of climate change across the province for the agriculture sector.
June 13, 2014) US government action can curb the risks climate change poses to global food security, says a new report (PDF) released by The Chicago Council on Global Affairs.. Building on the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change report and National Climate Assessment, The Chicago Councils study explains how higher temperatures, changes in rainfall and natural disasters caused by climate change could undermine food production and put food supplies at risk. In total, climate change could reduce food production growth by 2 percent each decade for the rest of this century.. The report calls on the US government to integrate climate change adaptation into its global food security strategy. Recommendations include:. -Passing legislation for a long-term global food and nutrition security strategy.. -Increasing funding for agricultural research on climate change adaptation. Research priorities should include improving crop and livestock tolerance to higher temperatures and volatile ...
In late June of this year, a major milestone was reached in the National Adaptation Plan process. An inception workshop was held for the "Strengthening the integration of climate change adaptation into development planning in Côte dIvoire" project on 25 and 26 June. It is financed to the tune of USD 2.4 million by the Green Climate Fund and supported by the United Nations Development Programme. The workshop was chaired by His Excellency Joseph Séka Séka - the Minister of Environment - and welcomed 68 participants representing a range of stakeholders. These included sectoral ministries, research and development institutions, universities, the private sector, technical and financial partners, NGOs, local community organizations, as well as women organizations ...
Eventbrite - Melbourne School of Design presents MSD Deans Lecture - Increasing Urban Resilience: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Planning and Governance - Tuesday, 10 October 2017 at B117 Theatre, Basement, University of Melbourne, VIC. Find event and ticket information.
Cyclone SIDR hit the coastal districts of Bangladesh on November 15, 2007 in the evening when it started crossing the country from northern Bay of Bengal with high tidal surges and strong winds of up to 260 km/hr. This study has been undertaken to assess the severity of the damage caused by SIDR, and identify causes of such cyclonic storms in recent years in order to suggest possible adaptive measures for the coastal people to cope with such situations in the future. The study reveals that both natural and human induced factors are responsible for such devastating catastrophes. The study suggests a number climate change adaptation andmitigation options that can be taken to reduce the severity of damages caused by cyclones in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. These include: developing an early warning system; constructing adequate cyclone shelters and tree plantations in the remote coastal areas; constructing structured and fortified houses and livestock shelters; livelihood diversification; and ...
Tribal Climate Change Adaptation Planning Toolkit: The Northern Arizona University Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals (ITEP) established its Tribal Climate Change (TCC) Program in 2009 to provide support and be responsive to the needs of tribes that are preparing for and currently contending with climate change impacts. This program offers training, technical assistance, educational resources, and tools to build the capacity of tribes to address climate change impacts. Tribal Climate Change Adaptation Planning Toolkit collection of templates and other resources assists tribes in their climate change adaptation planning process. The Bureau of Indian Affairs Climate Change Program provides annual travel support grants to permit tribes to attend this and other climate trainings and helps fund the TCC program ...
The Global Climate Change Specialist will provide technical support and advice to USAID field missions and bureaus with strategy development, design, performance monitoring and evaluation of USAID-sponsored climate change programs, particularly those related to climate change adaptation and integration. S/he will be responsible for improving indicators, tools, and guidance related to monitoring the results of USAID climate change programs, in particular climate change adaptation and integration programs. The Specialist will provide quality control on performance reporting, help maintain a system of consolidating performance data, and analyze data for management and communications purposes. S/he will coordinate the collection of contextual data relevant to USAID climate change programs. The Specialist will interact regularly with field missions, provide regular updates on performance monitoring guidance to the field, coordinate with other donor agencies, and help improve and deliver training on ...
Dnva.no. This study arises from the concern that changes in weather patterns will be one of the principal effects of climate change and with these will come extreme weather. This is of considerable consequence in Europe as it impacts on the vulnerability of communities across the continent and exposes them to environmental risks. It is now widely recognised that failures in international efforts to agree on the action necessary to limit global climate change mean that adaptation to its consequences is necessary and unavoidable (Solomon et al., 2007).. The changes anticipated in the occurrence and character of extreme weather events are, in many cases, the dominant factor in designing adaptation measures.. Policy communities within the EU have begun to consider appropriate responses to these changes and an EU adaptation strategy is under active development and implementation. There are also sectoral EU initiatives, for example on water shortages and heat waves, and, at a regional level, on ...
Map of the observed surface temperature change from 1901 to 2012 derived from temperature trends determined by linear regression from one dataset (orange line in panel a). Trends have been calculated where data availability permits a robust estimate (i.e., only for grid boxes with greater than 70% complete records and more than 20% data availability in the first and last 10% of the time period). Other areas are white. Grid boxes where the trend is significant at the 10% level are indicated by a + sign. (Graphic from the The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) less ...
Downloadable! Adaptation to the consequences of climate change can depend on efficient use of ecosystem services (ES), i.e. a better use of natural services through management of the way in which they are delivered to society. While much discussion focuses on reducing consumption and increasing production of services, a lack of scientific instruments has so far prevented other mechanisms to improve ecosystem services efficiency from being addressed systematically as an adaptation strategy. This paper describes new methodologies for assessing ecosystem services and quantifying their values to humans, highlighting the role of ecosystem service flow analysis in optimizing the efficiency of ES provision.
Our project will draw on a comprehensive literature review (using WISE), expert/stakeholder workshops, available hydrological and climate models, and ecological and socio-economic databases developed by the organisations collaborating for this proposal (UNSW, CSIRO and Sydney University). This would result in a significant report for Work Package 4: the Macquarie Marshes. Our objectives are to:. • Identify the likely risks, impacts of climate change, adaptation strategies and limits for the ecological and social communities of the Macquarie Marshes through a comprehensive literature review. The ecological community will include waterbirds, vegetation, fish, invertebrates, carbon cycling, woodland birds and frogs. The socio-economic dimension will identify wetland values (ecosystem goods and services), indigenous values, grazing, irrigation and recreation. Adaptation strategies include; migration, environmental flow allocations, water savings, restoration of deep pools, protection of core ...
The impacts of climate change-such as increased droughts or more erratic storms- threaten to undermine decades of development gains and future development trajectories. Many of the main drivers of poverty in developing countries are intertwined with climate change impacts. Thus, supporting countries to adapt to these impacts and prepare for future expected impacts will be essential for advancing sustainable and equitable development.. UNDPs support in climate change adaptation includes integrating information on climate change risks and adaptation options into national and sub-national planning processes and budgets; and promoting and implementing integrated investments on the ground that safeguard livelihoods and protect development from possible impacts.. For example, through UNDP, nearly 10,000 households in Cambodia have been directly supported to strengthen livelihoods resilience against climate change. This has been done by strengthening practices around water harvesting, soil ...
Cities are facing increasing risks caused by extreme climate events, making housing, infrastructure, traffic, health, ecosystems and cultural and historical heritage vulnerable. Continuous climate change is expected to further increase this risk, and thus the need for adequate and timely response of decision makers at all administrative levels. Accordingly, planning adaptation measures has become a high priority for local government authorities and property owners in cities. However, the cost-effective planning of adaptation strategies is very complicated. The integrated assessment of climate events, associated flooding, damage costs and adaptation measures requires multidisciplinary work and close interaction between professionals and decision-makers. Damage cost assessments and adaptation planning also require context-specific data and modelling, which, all together, can be very demanding in the development of solid local adaptation plans for decision-making.. ...
Speakers: Megan Linkin (Swiss Re), Gary Yohe (Wesleyan University), and Christopher Zeppie (The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey)How will cities manage the risks associated with climate change? Join us to learn how experts are developing risk management tools for identifying, assessing, and managing risks posed by climate change.
Growing food could become harder which could lead to a food crisis says the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The apex body on climate change science released its report on March 31, 2014 in Yokohama Japan. It paints a very disturbing picture for the years to come. This report-Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability-has been prepared by the Working Group II of the IPCC and details the impacts of climate change that have already occurred, the future risks from a changing climate, and scope of reducing these risks ...
Climate change is affecting the worlds natural ecosystems, according to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In Latin America, researchers have observed substantial changes in precipitation, temperature, climate variability, and the number and severity of extreme events. This project aims to assess population vulnerability and climate change impacts on waterborne and water-related diseases in Bolivia and Colombia. It will use a participatory, multistakeholder, and transdisciplinary research approach in two Andean Region watersheds, the Lauca River Basin in Bolivia and the Cauca River Basin in Colombia, to develop ecosystem and human health policy adaptation strategies. These river basins are home to indigenous communities and large urban centres, such as Cali. Although on different development paths, communities in both regions are dealing with changes in water availability and quality due to climate change. This affects commercial and subsistence ...
The CaDD software system provides services to generate metrics on organisational and stakeholder capacities across any climate change relevant activity/activities, and at any scale.
Those of us who have hoped for a magical, Big Bang, or global agreement on Climate Change, may feel disappointed at Christiana Figueress (Executive Secretary, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) conclusion that we cannot have one. Certainly, the past attempts at Climate Change negotiations among the world powers have been dismal. So much so that were happy countries are still talking to each other about Climate Change at all-regardless of what they say. Progress on Climate Change, according to Figueres, will be incremental. (From Global Meltdown: Christiana Figueres, Climate One.) Incremental progress, a rate comfortable to nations around the world, sounds comforting, until you realize the intractability of this issue. That once-in-a-thousand-year heat wave that hit France in 2003 and killed 15,000 people is predicted by climate models to occur every other year by the 2040s. (Read "The Weather of the Future: Heat Waves, Extreme Storms, and Other Scenes from a ...
Regional Gateway for Technology Transfer and Climate Change Action in Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC UNEP) Characterizing and addressing SLOW ONSET EVENTS climate change impacts on BIODIVERSITY
UK - Adaptation measures to help us cope with climate change have the potential to generate further threats for both local and global ecosystems, according to a new study from the University of East Anglia.
Climate change prevents us from being able to predict how and where droughts and floods will occur. Development of alternative water sources can help us adapt.
This Policy Guidance is intended to provide policy makers and practitioners in development co-operation agencies with information and advice on how to mainstream climate change into development.
In Québec, like elsewhere in the world, diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans (zoonoses), which account for about 60% of diseases communicable to humans, are currently emerging. The complex dynamics of zoonoses can be affected by climate change. In response to this complexity, the Observatoire initiated a zoonosis prioritization approach in 2015 in the
The Climate Ready Estuaries program works with the National Estuary Programs (NEP) and the coastal management community to: (1) assess climate change vulnerabilities, (2) develop and implement adaptation strategies, and (3) engage and educate stakeholders. CRE shares NEP examples to help other coastal managers, and provides technical guidance and assistance about climate change adaptation. Estuaries and coastal areas are particularly vulnerable to climate variability and change. CRE seeks to help coastal managers protect ecosystems from projected impacts of sea level rise, increasing temperatures, and other effects. The Climate Ready Estuaries website offers information on climate change impacts to different estuary regions, access to tools and resources to monitor changes, and information to help managers develop adaptation plans for estuaries and coastal communities.. ...
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How does climate change affect seed and pollen dispersal, an essential process for plant reproduction? To gain an in-depth understanding, Dr. Céline Born traveled to Marion Island in the sub-Antarctic Indian Ocean to study Azorella selago, a "keystone" plant species due to its critical importance to ecosystem function. Using the genotyped specimens found on the island, she is studying the impact of wind patterns on pollen dispersal of Azorella. "Our research will be used for the development of a conservation plan for the sub-Antarctic region, which is particularly affected by climate change," she explained. This data will be used to predict colonization of the plant based on various global warming scenarios.. To add or modify information on this page, please contact us at the following address: [email protected] ...
Climate variability and change has been considered to be posing the greatest threat to agriculture and food security in many of the poor, agriculture - based countries in Africa. In recognition of t his, an assessment of climate change impacts on small - scale farmers was conducted in Nyandarua South District to assess the impacts of climate variability and change on the small - scale farmers in the area. The area is nationally known as a high agricultura l potential area producing all year round horticulture produce. Data was obtained through administration of questionnaires, observation and focused group discussions. Through systematic random sampling the researcher administered 375 households questionna ires representing 10% of the total households in the study area. Descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, percentages) and inferential statistics (chi square) were used to produce associations between variables assessed. The results indicate that small - sca le farmers in North Kinangop ...
UNECE is a driving force in combating climate change in the region. UNECE contributes to define a legal and regulatory framework that facilitates climate change mitigation: from the inclusion of black carbon and particulate matter in the Air Convention to the various regulations and standards reducing emissions and resource use. Extensive work has been carried out on climate change adaptation strategies for water management under the Water Convention. Infrastructure will play a major role in adaptation and UNECE has been engaged in assessing and offering solutions in transport.. ...
Future food production is highly vulnerable to both climate change and air pollution with implications for global food security1, 2, 3, 4. Climate change adaptation and ozone regulation have been identified as important strategies to safeguard food production5, 6, but little is known about how climate and ozone pollution interact to affect agriculture, nor the relative effectiveness of these two strategies for different crops and regions. Here we present an integrated analysis of the individual and combined effects of 2000-2050 climate change and ozone trends on the production of four major crops (wheat, rice, maize and soybean) worldwide based on historical observations and model projections, specifically accounting for ozone-temperature co-variation. The projections exclude the effect of rising CO2, which has complex and potentially offsetting impacts on global food supply7, 8, 9, 10. We show that warming reduces global crop production by ,10% by 2050 with a potential to substantially worsen ...
Fresh off the Press: How Climate Change Impacts Water Supply | A new report by the consulting firm Tetra Tech reveals the impact climate change will have on…
Robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) frameworks that measure the impact of resilience programs can help by providing clear, systematic steps and processes to gather and analyze evidence. But new research [4] from WRI conducted while developing the Assessing Climate Change Adaptation Framework (ACCAF), an M&E framework for LoCAL, reveals challenges that are characteristic of the broader thorny bundle of obstacles [5] associated with climate change adaptation, such as the contextual nature of resilience and a lack of standard indicators to measure adaptation progress. This new WRI working paper, Assessing the Effectiveness of Climate Resilience Grants to Local Governments in Least Developed Countries [4], [4] outlines practical approaches to some of these methodological challenges. It identifies three broader lessons learned from creating an M&E framework for resilience:. 1. M&E systems for adaptation must also be adaptable. LoCALs existing assessment system exemplified good practice for ...
The extent of tropical wetlands, the magnitude of loss, and the related socioeconomic ramifications of the destruction of Indonesian wetlands are of global significance. The carbon density and rates of land-cover change in these ecosystems are amongst the highest of any forest type on Earth. Therefo
This summary of a climate change risk assessment includes climate change projections for the Ipswich, Lockyer Valley, Toowoomba and Somerset local government areas of South East Queensland for 2030, 2050 and 2070. During this study three specific risk were identified as being extreme (using the NZ/AS 4360 methodology): increased maintenance and repair costs for roads and drainage assets; Reduced social interaction and physical activity due to reduced use of outdoor areas, or changed patterns and costs of use; and changed demand patterns for sporting facilities ...
India is in the midst of its second drought in four years, with rainfall roughly 20 percent below average nationwide. In the nations agricultural areas of the west and north -- the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and Maharashtra, for example -- the situation is far worse. In Punjab -- Indias food basket -- rainfall is 70 percent below average.
The months of January and February are dry in Anseba, but one will not help notice an oasis in Fiza village around the banks of River Anseba. Here, the people are busy in their farms, some preparing the farms for planting, others transferring tomato seedlings from the nursery to the farms, while others are weeding and spraying the almost mature crops. The citrus trees are heavy with fruit, while the mango trees are flowering. At the edge of the farms, Holstein Friesian cattle are grazing, while their calves moo in a distance. A young girl is singing as she tends to a clutch of chicks. Everybody seems to be excited and preoccupied about one activity or another ...
Anthropogenic climate change results from economic activities increasing the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane, which increase the heat-trapping capacity of the lower atmosphere, resulting in global warming with surface temperatures and the annual number of dry days and hot nights increasing over time. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),1 a scientific intergovernmental body established in 1988 and tasked with evaluating the risks of anthropogenic climate change, predicts increased frequency and intensity of extreme events (extreme heat, severe storms, droughts, and floods). The global average sea level rose by 1.8±0.5 mm per year between 1961 and 1990 and 3.1±0.7 mm per year from 1993 to 2003 as a result of thermal expansion of ocean water and melting land-based glaciers and icesheets. Precipitation has increased in some regions while decreasing in others.. Mitigation or primary prevention focuses on reduction of GHG emissions and ...
This study analysed biomass cookstove business models from Asia and Africa to better understand how to build business cases to reach scale.. ...
The results of the work by Ko et al,1 combined with past such studies, also have potentially critical relevance to the challenge of climate change that faces all nations of the world. The most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report5 has concluded, in the most definitive terms yet, that global climate change is occurring, stating that: "Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea level". The fact that the "man-made" contribution to the climate change pollutants is largely caused by the same activity that causes the air pollution discussed by Ko et al indicates that, if a city, state, or nation acts to reduce the combustion of fossil fuels and the air pollution caused by them, it will reap not only the climate change benefits but also the localised health benefits associated with that reduction in air pollution. ...
5. "Caring for our environment is caring for people." Finally, Hayhoe thinks it is crucial to emphasize to evangelicals that saving the planet is about saving people...not just saving animals. "I think theres this perception," says Hayhoe, "that if an environmentalist were driving down the road…and they saw a baby seal on one side and they saw a human on the other side, they would veer out of the way to avoid the baby seal and run down the human." Thats why its so important, in her mind, to emphasize how climate change affects people (a logic once again affirming the perception that the polar bear was a terrible symbol for global warming). And theres bountiful evidence of this: The just-released Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changes "Working Group II" report on climate impacts emphasizes threats to our food supply, a risk of worsening violence in a warming world, and the potential displacement of vulnerable populations. ...
Buy Climate Change Impacts on Tropical Forests in Central America (9781138506862) (9780415720809): An Ecosystem Service Perspective: NHBS - Aline Chiabai, Earthscan
To study the sensitivity of Earths ecological systems to climate change, the scientists used a computer model that predicts the type of plant community that is uniquely adapted to any climate on Earth. This model was used to simulate the future state of Earths natural vegetation in harmony with climate projections from 10 different global climate simulations. These simulations are based on the intermediate greenhouse gas scenario in the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report. That scenario assumes greenhouse gas levels will double by 2100 and then level off. The U.N. reports climate simulations predict a warmer and wetter Earth, with global temperature increases of 3.6 to 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit (2 to 4 degrees Celsius) by 2100, about the same warming that occurred following the Last Glacial Maximum almost 20,000 years ago, except about 100 times faster. Under the scenario, some regions become wetter because of enhanced evaporation, while others ...
How will the current risk areas be affected by climate change? This depends on the underlying assumptions regarding the future course of global climate change on which ones calculations are based. The researchers in Bayreuth and Stockholm used two different climate change scenarios. One of the two scenarios assumes that climate change will progress moderately and that the IPCC target of 2 degrees Celsius per year will only be slightly missed. The average global temperature would increase by 2.6 degrees Celsius by the year 2100 compared to pre-industrial times. On this assumption, the calculations point to a general trend that will make the climate conditions around the world more favourable for Chikungunya infections.. By contrast, the second scenario assumes that climate change will be left unchecked to a large extent. Here the average global temperature would increase by around 4.6 degrees Celsius by the year 2100 compared to pre-industrial times. In this case, the regions at high risk of ...
At a workshop discussing what the take homes for Asian countries might be from the latest assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - AR5 - it was pointed out that there wasnt enough science coming out of developing countries to feed the database on emissions or warming in the larger climate change debate. Local scientists need to conduct more climate change related experiments, write more scientific papers and bolster regional science in order to make a case for these developing countries in the international discourse on climate change.. "We also need more authors from the developing world to participate in writing the chapters for the IPCC reports," says Jonathan Lynn, Head of Communication at the IPCC. Lynn says though there is substantial science emanating from India now, some other small Asian countries such as Indonesia lag far behind. The IPCC collates scientific data from across the world to make predictions for future scenarios with the help of ...
Accurate cost benefit analysis of climate change adaptation actions is not only critical in designing effective local-level adaptation strategies, but also for generating information that feeds into national and global climate policy agreements. One of the main challenges of this type of CBA is accommodating the wide-ranging impacts of climate change on diverse individuals and groups. While some adaptations provide public benefits, such as protecting coastal areas from rising sea levels, many others generate more private gains for individuals, firms or a consortia of these actors.. In addition, the process of identifying and calculating the future impacts of climate change is primarily driven by climate projections. Scientifically drawn climate projections are inherently uncertain as they are based ...
The decisions we make every day, such as how we live and move around, (mitigation) have an impact on emissions that contribute to poor air quality and climate change. The effects of climate change, such as significantly more intense storms and flooding will also impact our everyday lives (adaptation). Initiatives to reduce air emissions can also help reduce the greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change, and vice versa. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change stated that human influence on the climate system is clear. The atmospheric concentration of key greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide) is unprecedented in the last 800,000 years, with our fossil fuel driven economies and the increase in population to blame.. ...
Feared Trout Drop-off Signals Climate Shift in Montana Warmer temperatures and a longer summer drought season in Montana are expected to have significant impacts on the states trout fishing industry and ecosystem. In a special report, Heidi Cullen of Climate Central examines how climate-related changes are affecting Montana.. ...
Climate change and ecosystem degradation place new demands on disaster risk reduction approaches. Integrated Risk Management (IRM) is an enhanced, holistic approach to increase community resilience by integrating disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and ecosystem management and restoration first used by the Partners for Resilience program. In this document, we set out CAREs approach to IRM, explain our current thinking and the key characteristics of the approach, CAREs Theory of Change, and how IRM links to international frameworks such as the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework. This report focuses primarily on natural hazards, climate change and ecosystem degradation as drivers of risk, to explain the basic IRM approach. The CARE International 2020 Program Strategy focuses on increasing resilience from a wider range of shocks and stresses, as described in the Increasing Resilience Guidance Note. This document can be used to develop IRM specific programmes, as well as ...
Climate change is one of the most significant challenges to the Caribbeans future prosperity. The impacts of climate change on economically important sectors such as tourism, agriculture and fishing threaten Caribbean nations ability to achieve their economic and social development goals. By 2050, the costs to the region are expected to reach US$22 bn each year; this represents 10% of regional gross domestic product, based on 2004 figures. Paying for recovery efforts after natural disasters causes significant budgetary pressures and diverts funds from other pressing development issues such as health and education. However, responding to climate challenges is highly complex. Climate change has cross-cutting impacts that span sectors and spatial scales, and involves multiple stakeholders. Delivering effective climate change adaptation is therefore a question of governance.. Bottom-up, community-level approaches are important in meeting the challenges that climate change poses, but in isolation ...
The predicted climate change causes deep concerns on the effects of increasing temperatures and changing precipitation patterns on species viability and, in turn, on biodiversity. Models of Population Viability Analysis (PVA) provide a powerful tool to assess the risk of species extinction. However, most PVA models do not take into account the potential effects of behavioural adaptations. Organisms might adapt to new environmental situations and thereby mitigate negative effects of climate change. To demonstrate such mitigation effects, we use an existing PVA model describing a population of the tawny eagle (Aquila rapax) in the southern Kalahari. This model does not include behavioural adaptations. We develop a new model by assuming that the birds enlarge their average territory size to compensate for lower amounts of precipitation. Here, we found the predicted increase in risk of extinction due to climate change to be much lower than in the original model. However, this "buffering" of climate ...
Climate change affects all living organisms; it has done so in the past and will do so in the future. However, current climate change is exceptional both in terms of the rate of change and the impact of multiple types of global change on individuals, populations, species, and ecosystems. Effects of Climate Change on Birds provides an exhaustive and up-to-date synthesis of the science of climate change as it relates to birds.
Posted on 03/22/2014 9:47:13 AM PDT by Oldeconomybuyer. Junk Science: Climate change deniers, as global warm-mongers call those who think empirical evidence is more reliable than computer models, may soon count among their number a 50,000-strong body of physicists. At the risk of being accused of embracing what alarmists call the flat-earth view of climate change, the American Physical Society has appointed a balanced, six-person committee to review its stance on so-called climate change that includes three distinguished skeptics: Judith Curry, John Christy and Richard Lindzen. Their credentials are impressive. Christy is director of the Earth System Science Center at the University of Alabama, Huntsville, and was a lead author of the 2001 report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Curry is a professor and chairwoman of the School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Lindzen, an Alfred P. Sloan professor of meteorology at MIT from 1983 to 2013, ...
Posted on 07/14/2012 7:40:59 AM PDT by Oldeconomybuyer. Rising temperatures caused by climate change may lead to reduced milk production among cows in the southern United States, a new study suggests. University of Washington researchers analyzed climate and dairy industry data and concluded that the effects of climate change on milk production by Holstein cows through 2080 will vary across the United States due to major regional differences in humidity and swings between day and night temperatures. The study concluded that regions that are currently experiencing the greatest losses [in milk production] are also the most susceptible: They are projected to be impacted the most by climate change. Study author Yoram Wanker summed up the findings this way: Cows are happy in parts of Northern California and not in Florida. The study was scheduled for presentation Thursday at the Conference on Climate Change at the University of Washington, in Seattle. The data and conclusions of research ...
This post comes from Chantal Bilodeaus Artists and Climate Change Blog. When someone asked me recently what kind of photography I do, my response "climate change photography" elicited this comment: "Oh, you mean chasing glaciers?" He was referring, of course, to the documentary film Chasing Ice about still photographer James Balogs Extreme Ice Survey, which provides hauntingly beautiful visual proof of one of the (many) impacts of climate change.. I found myself explaining to this dinner party acquaintance that climate change photography is not limited to melting glaciers or stranded polar bears. Ideally, climate change photography should focus on all aspects of climate change - causes, impacts, mitigation and adaptation. Then he asked me what mitigation was…. Thats when I realized I had some homework to do. I needed a simple definition of climate change photography, one that would resonate with the masses. In short, I needed to develop a 30-second elevator pitch to describe what I do and ...
Agder, Norway. In May 2009, a scientific commission declared that climate change is "the biggest global health threat of the 21st century." In June 2015, a second scientific commission concluded that "tackling climate change could be the greatest global health opportunity of the 21st century.". Both commissions were organized from London, by University College London and one of the top medical journals, The Lancet. This work now continues through a new collaboration launched in November to develop indicators for health and climate change and then to track them until 2030: The Lancet Countdown: Tracking Progress on Health and Climate Change.. Norway, as one of the healthiest countries in the world with a long-standing interest in climate change, could have a strong role in global health and climate change research. Yet the topic remains a gap to be filled.. The Lancet Countdown project comprises five groups, the first of which is the health impacts of climate change. These impacts are frequently ...
The Paris Agreement of December 2015 heralds a greater global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the effects of climate change, yet farmers around the world are already dealing with the consequences of a warming atmosphere. While more frequent droughts and floods are causing widespread crop damage, the greatest threat to farmers from…
Many studies have documented the gender imbalance in science and have explored the reasons that women are not included or represented, especially at more senior levels of research (8⇓⇓⇓⇓-13). A 2013 special report in the journal Nature concludes that, despite some improvements, female scientists continue to face discrimination, unequal pay, and funding disparities and notes that, internationally, 70% of men and women view science as a male pursuit (14). Women face barriers associated with their family responsibilities and are poorly represented in journals and citations (15⇓⇓-18). Including women in research teams enhances innovation and discovery (19⇓-21). Claims about data and explanations of womens underrepresentation in science can be controversial with some suggesting women choose to not pursue a career in science and others recognizing more structural causes (17, 22⇓-24). In our own discipline of geography, several studies have identified barriers facing women in physical ...
Maryland has experienced changes in its climate over the last century and on the whole, the State is experiencing warmer winters and summers, wetter autumns and springs, and drier summers. In the future, it is expected that climate change will affect Maryland in a variety of ways. More obvious impacts could include an increased risk for extreme events such as drought, storms, flooding, and forest fires; more heat-related stress; the spread of existing or new vector-born disease; and increased erosion and inundation of low-lying areas along the States shoreline and coast. Adaptation, together with mitigation, is necessary to address climate change. Climate change adaptation is an extremely complex process and there is no single means of response. That said, the State is already taking steps to enhance the resilience of a broad spectrum of natural and human-based systems to the consequences of climate change.. ...
There is a risk that increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas levels could trigger abrupt changes in the climate system - that is, changes so abrupt that they could seriously challenge the ability of humans, plants and animals to adapt. Ice core records can help us better understand this risk: they notably show that, during the last glacial period (around 100 000 to 20 000 years ago), temperature over the Greenland ice sheet could change by up to 16°C within a few decades.. With his INTERCLIMA (Inter-hemispheric Coupling of Abrupt Climate Change) project, Dr Joel Pedro of the University of Copenhagen has been trying to advance understanding of the governing mechanisms and inter-hemispheric coupling involved in abrupt climate change. By doing so, he hopes to help scientists trying to understand the extent and nature of the anthropogenic climate change we are witnessing to improve their climate predictions.. How can past climate change events inform us on future risks?. The Ice Age temperature ...
Dear colleagues The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has just released a new report about climate changes Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation IPCCs WGII report. The report finds that climate change has detrimental effects on every continent, it warns about food and water shortages, rising sea levels, and serious impacts on human health and shows that current emission trends mean that the world will start exceeding limits to adaptation in both natural and human systems. For the first time the IPCC health chapter has a dedicated section to gender and covers the co-benefits of mitigating against climate change and improving health. These co-benefits include reducing local pollution and emissions of climate altering pollutants from energy production through shifting to renewables, better combustion and energy efficiency, shifting diets in rich countries to less animal products, redesigning communities to promote active transport and providing access to reproductive health ...
Higher temperatures. More extreme weather events. These are some of the expected impacts of climate change. Along with these changes, we will see wide-ranging and mostly negative consequences for human health. Climate change has been linked to many public health problems-everything from increased waterborne diseases due to warmer waters and more flooding - to a rise in asthma cases. In a recent podcast on Climate Changes Effect on Public Health, the World Health Organization (WHO) says climate change is the defining public health threat of the 21st century and estimates that 150,000 people die annually due to climate change. The San Francisco Department of Public Health, City and County of San Francisco created the diagram above that illustrates the health impact of climate change.. Health Impacts of Climate Change. The George Mason Program on Climate and Health, in partnership with the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI), recently released a report titled Views of ...
Trump warming to reality of climate change, says senior Chinese official. Beijings chief climate negotiator, Xie Zhenhua, talks down fears that joint leadership shown by China and the US will be reversed under new president.. Chinas chief climate negotiator has attempted to calm fears that Donald Trumps arrival in the White House will spell disaster for the fight against climate change.. Trump, who has dismissed climate change as "bullshit" and a Chinese hoax, will become the first climate sceptic to occupy the highest office in the US when he is sworn in on Friday.. Climate scientists and campaigners have expressed alarm at the impact the presence of so many climate deniers and environmental enemies in Trumps cabinet could have on efforts to prevent catastrophic and irreversible global warming.. But speaking to the government-run China Daily newspaper, Chinas special representative for climate change, Xie Zhenhua, played down such concerns.. Xie reaffirmed Beijings "firm attitude" towards ...
BANGKOK, 14 November 2011 - According to a UNICEF report, Childrens Vulnerabilities to Climate Change and Disaster Impacts in East Asia and the Pacific, children will be among those most affected by climate change. Millions of children across East Asia and the Pacific already suffer from a lack of access to clean water and proper sanitation, and are vulnerable to food shocks and risks of disease. Climate change is expected to worsen this situation.. The leading killers of children worldwide are highly sensitive to climate change.. UNICEF Pacific Representative, Dr. Isiye Ndombi said "higher temperatures have been linked to increased rates of malnutrition, cholera, diarrhoeal disease and vector-borne diseases like dengue and malaria, while childrens underdeveloped immune systems put them at far greater risk of contracting these diseases and succumbing to their complications.". The UNICEF report released today presents an analysis of the climate change trends and potential impacts on children in ...
The potential withdrawal of the United States from the Paris climate agreement has broad implications for society and the environment. While much attention has concentrated upon melting glaciers, rising sea levels and conflicts over scarce resources, another area represents a major cause for concern: human health. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global climate change has direct health impacts tied to changes in the frequency of extreme weather events including heat, drought and intense rain. Additionally, increasing temperatures alter ecosystem dynamics, making it easier for mosquitoes and other organisms to come into contact with human populations and spread infectious disease (Smith et al. 2014).
Global climate models developed by the UNs Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predict glacial retreat, rises in sea level, and other impacts on human and natural activity, from agriculture to migratory patterns. RAND researchers have studied and are continuing to examine the effects of climate change, particularly how governments and businesses respond to both observed changes and projected scenarios.
Find helpful learner reviews, feedback, and ratings for Climate Change Mitigation in Developing Countries from University of Cape Town. Read stories and highlights from Coursera learners who completed Climate Change Mitigation in Developing Countries and wanted to share their experience. Super-awesome course that taught me about the super-wicked problem of our time and how to effectivel...
The panel will consistently keep up with implementation of the eight national missions along with any other climate change issues and advise the PMs council on strategies and the way forward. The Environment secretary will be the member-secretary of the committee. Other officers or experts in the field of climate change will also be invited to the meetings as and when required.. The PMs Council on Climate Change was established in 2007 in a bid to evaluate and alleviate the effects of climate change. The PM released the National Action Plan of Climate Change (NAPCC) in June 2008 which outlined the eight national missions which formed the core of the National Action Plan representing a long term and integrated strategy to combat climate change. ...
Peatlands have an important role in global climate change through sequestration of atmospheric CO2. Climate change is already affecting these ecosystems, including both above- and below- ground communities and their functions. Fungi play a central role in these communities. As a result, there is concern that altered fungal community function may turn peatlands from carbon sinks to carbon sources, greatly exacerbating the impacts of climate change. In order to gain a better insight into effects of climate change on the structure and function of these carbon sequestrating ecosystems, this thesis focuses on diversity and structure of fungal communities in natural environment in boreal peatlands and in mesocosm experiments to better understand the main and interactive effects of multiple drivers of climate change (increased temperature, elevated CO2, lowered water table) on fungal communities, and their function. The results of these studies suggest that moisture content of peat is probably one of the key
A recent study showing climate change is unlikely to cause an increase in the spread of malaria has been criticised by one of Australias leading tropical disease experts.. Appearing in the latest issue of Nature, the study casts doubt on the widely held view that climate change will see a surge in the tropical disease around the world, including northern parts of Australia.. The researchers from the University of Oxford-led Malaria Atlas Project (MAP) found that since 1900, the incidence of malaria has been on the decline, despite a warming of the planet during that time.. Lead author Dr Pete Gething, from the Department of Zoology at the University of Oxford, says the recession in malaria since 1900 is of little comfort to the billions of people still at risk, but it is important when thinking about the effects of climate on the future of the disease. "We know that warming can boost malaria transmission, but the major declines weve measured have happened during a century of rising ...
Results of the EU ArcRisk project on human health impacts in the Arctic owing to climate-induced changes in contaminant cycling are summarized in the context of their policy application. The question on how will climate change affect the transport of selected persistent organic pollutants (POPS) and mercury, both to and within the Arctic has been addressed, as well as the issue of human health impacts of these pollutants in the Arctic in relation to exposed local populations. It was concluded that better characterization of primary and secondary sources of POPs and more accurate quantification of current and future releases of POPs from these sources are needed for better prediction of environmental exposure to these contaminants and interpretation of monitoring data. Further improvement of fate and transport modeling in the physical environment is necessary in order to consider in the models not only the relatively well studied direct effects of climate change (e.g., changes in temperature, ice ...
Human civilization is failing in the fight to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and limit the impact of anthropogenic climate change. Whilst there are likely numerous reasons for this inertia, societal risk perception plays a fundamental role in influencing the speed and effectiveness of political and social action to address climate change. This study presents the psychological, sociological and cultural reasons for variations in the perceptions of risk amongst a group of climate change sceptics in Sweden. Highlighting cognitive barriers and characteristics associated with different ideological biases and worldviews. The paper concludes that people become more or less sceptical to climate change based on a variety of potentially intersectional issues. Whilst gender, age and wisdom all play a role, the social groups with which people identify, as well as individuals values and ideas of what constitutes an ideal society ultimately shape ones perception of risk in relation to climate change. The ...
The Workshop on Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Atlantic Salmon Stock Dynamics (WKCCISAL) will take place 27-28 March at ICES Secretariat in Copenhagen. The main aim is to provide the scientific basis to respond to a request for advice from the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO). With changing climatic and oceanic conditions, there is potential for effects to be reflected in salmon feeding, growth, and migratory routes. WKCCISAL aims to review predicted climatic changes over the distributional range of wild Atlantic salmon as well as literature and research on the biological and environmental drivers that affect stock dynamics. The workshop will also identify and describe potential impacts upon characteristics that may affect stock productivity, different habitats, interactions between salmon and other species, migration, and interpopulation genetic diversity. The group is seeking participation from experts working on all aspects of north Atlantic salmon, marine ...
The researchers say that in the near future more bird species may be imperiled by deforestation than by the change of their habitat due to climate change. But together these two factors will be devastating for bird populations.. "This is akin to killing two birds with one stone," says Wilcove of Princeton. "Deforestation drives tropical species to extinction and also contributes to global climate change. Climate change, in turn, drives temperate species to extinction. The good news is that by halting deforestation we can protect both tropical and temperate birds.". The researchers say a vastly expanded network of wildlife reserves in the tropics, coupled with more ambitious goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and monitor the biodiversity impacts of climate change, will be needed to minimize global extinctions.. "The tragic irony here is that the protection of tropical forests is also one of the strongest buffers against future climate change," says Andrew Dobson, the third author of the ...
Projecting the distribution of malaria vectors under climate change is essential for planning integrated vector control activities for sustaining elimination and preventing reintroduction of malaria. In China, however, little knowledge exists on the possible effects of climate change on malaria vectors. Here we assess the potential impact of climate change on four dominant malaria vectors (An. dirus, An. minimus, An. lesteri and An. sinensis) using species distribution models for two future decades: the 2030 s and the 2050 s. Simulation-based estimates suggest that the environmentally suitable area (ESA) for An. dirus and An. minimus would increase by an average of 49% and 16%, respectively, under all three scenarios for the 2030 s, but decrease by 11% and 16%, respectively in the 2050 s. By contrast, an increase of 36% and 11%, respectively, in ESA of An. lesteri and An. sinensis, was estimated under medium stabilizing (RCP4.5) and very heavy (RCP8.5) emission scenarios. in the 2050 s. In ...
800) 877 8339. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In cooperation with NOAA and other Federal, State, and tribal partners, we are soliciting public comments on the draft National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy (Strategy). The adverse impacts of climate change transcend political and administrative boundaries. No single entity or level of government can safeguard wildlife and society against the effects of climate change. When finalized, this draft Strategy will present a unified approach reflecting shared principles and science-based practices for reducing the negative impacts of climate change on fish, wildlife, plants, habitats, and our natural resource heritage. The Strategy will provide a basis for sensible actions that can be taken now, in spite of the uncertainties that exist about precise impacts of climate change. It also will provide guidance about what further actions are most likely to promote natural resource adaptation to climate change, and will describe mechanisms ...
Phosphorus inputs to agriculture and their fate in the environment contribute to poor water quality and degradation of linked ecosystem services at great cost to society. Climate change is likely to alter the forms and timings of P fluxes from land to water and their ecological impact, the effects of which are uncertain and need to be considered to inform future catchment management for eutrophication control. The P transfer continuum is an established conceptual model that we propose as a suitable framework to consider the potential effects of climate change on catchment P transfer. Consideration of this continuum suggests that predicted changes in temperature and precipitation will likely increase P transfer and associated eutrophication costs in some regions. Further research should examine climate change effects on each tier of the continuum to inform the necessary land management adaptations and transformations to ensure future food system P efficiency and resilience.. ...
Climate change has become a great challenge to our generation and its impact is felt in almost every society in the world. Nigeria, as a developing country with a population of about 180 million, has been adversely impacted by climate change due to its vulnerability and low coping capability. Evidences have shown that climate change impacts on Nigeria arise from various climate change-related causes such as increase in temperature, rainfall, sea level rise, impact on fresh water resources, extreme weather
The Global Population Projection Grids Based on Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs), 2010-2100 consists of global spatial population projections at a resolution of one-eighth degree (7.5 arc-minutes) for urban, rural, and total population, consistent both quantitatively and qualitatively, with the SSPs at ten-year intervals for 2010-2100. Spatial demographic projections are key inputs for the analysis of land use, energy use, and emissions, as well as for the assessment of climate change vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation. The SSPs are developed to support future climate and global change research and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). This data set is produced based on a clear need for plausible alternative projections of spatial distribution of the population that can represent patterns of development consistent with the SSPs ...
The UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has today released the final synthesis report for its Fifth Assessment Report on the current scientific knowledge around our changing climate.
Tipping points occur when a small change can lead to significant - potentially irreversible - shifts in the system as a whole. These changes can be positive, like when generating power from renewables becomes cheaper than using coal, or negative, like the feedback loops from melting permafrost.. At the European Climate Change Adaptation conference in Lisbon last month, I listened to researchers and practitioners from different disciplines discussing tipping points around climate change. Just a few weeks later, others were gathered in Bonn discussing transformational change for climate finance. This left me wondering, when is it useful to think about tipping points in social systems? What does it add to our understanding and our ability to work towards faster and more transformative climate action?. In the world of climate science, the concept of tipping points and tipping cascades are well established. The concept of tipping cascades, described as a Hothouse or Uninhabitable Earth, have ...
As part of this climate change package, Kenya became the first African country to receive funding as bilateral support from Denmark and DKK 10 million was set aside for pilot projects. In addition a further DKK 50 million has been allocated to Kenya for the design and implementation of a fast start climate change programme. The programme emphasises the role of the private sector and communities in facilitating the use of innovative technology to reduce climate change vulnerability and contribute to a low carbon development path. In late 2010, several potential pilot projects were screened, out of which five projects were shortlisted for implementation in 2010- 2011. The screening criteria used to select the five pilot projects asked the following questions: · Will the projects directly benefit people in terms of climate resilience? · Do the projects provide value for money in terms of direct cost benefit for the people? · Can the projects bring new approaches and innovation to the climate ...
The effects of global climate change from greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) are diverse and potentially very large, and probably constitute the most serious long-term environmental issue currently facing the world. This paper is prepared as task 1 of the project Modelling support for Future Actions - Benefits and Cost of Climate Change Policies and Measures, ENV.C.2/2004/0088, led by K.U.Leuven, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. The paper provides a rapid review and analysis of the impacts and economic costs from climate change. The objective is to provide estimates of the benefits of climate change policy, i.e. from avoided impacts, for support to the Commission in considering the benefits and costs of mitigation efforts, and to support DG Environment in its report to the Spring Council 2005 and in future international negotiations on climate change.
Description: This booklet highlights key findings of Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States, a state of knowledge report about the observed and projected consequences of climate change for our nation and people. It is an authoritative scientific report written in plain language, with the goal of better informing public and private decision making at all levels. The report draws from a large body of scientific information including the set of 21 synthesis and assessment products from the U.S. Global Change Research Program, the assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and much more. It also includes new information published since these assessments were released. While the primary focus of the report is on the impacts of climate change in the United States, it also discusses some of the actions society is already taking or can take to respond to the climate challenge. These include limiting climate change by, for example, reducing emissions of heat-trapping gases ...
To the editor:. RE: Tom Fletchers Oct. 2 column "Fanning fear of fire and flood". As a millennial, I find it particularly insulting to see Mr. Fletcher dismiss the importance of climate change. My generation knows the urgency that is needed to act on climate change. It is our future that is being risked. The struggles millennials will face with climate change, and the real uncertainty of our future, go unacknowledged by Mr. Fletcher.. I find it upsetting that Black Press papers across the province give Mr. Fletcher a mouthpiece for such inaccurate messaging. Millennials like myself will be the largest age cohort in the 2019 election according to a recent Abacus report. To stay relevant to this generation, editorials need to focus on solutions to our climate crisis, rather than denying human-caused climate change.. Mr. Fletcher questions connections between climate change and the unusually damaging and deadly hurricane season. Scientists tell us that warmer ocean and air temperatures contribute ...
All of this said, a storm like Harvey could have happened even if there was no climate change. Planning experts have long fretted over the possibility of a major hurricane striking Houston. Harvey is also a powerful hurricane forming in one of the most hurricane-friendly regions of the world at the peak of hurricane season. Storms similar to it would form in any climate.. But Trenberth says that the extra heat could make the storm more costly and more powerful, overpowering and eventually breaking local drainage systems.. "The human contribution can be up to 30 percent or so of the total rainfall coming out of the storm," he said. "It may have been a strong storm, and it may have caused a lot of problems anyway-but [human-caused climate change] amplifies the damage considerably.". More generally, its still unclear what effect climate change is having on hurricane formation across the greater Atlantic Ocean. A draft version of a major U.S. government review of climate science due out later this ...
For decades, estimates of the equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS) to doubling of CO2 simulated by global climate models (GCMs) have had a large intermodel spread, with a 5th-95th percentile range of approximately 2-4.5 K [1,2]. Global cloud feedbacks are the largest contributor to this spread [2,3]. Fig. 7.10 from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) [2] showed global cloud feedbacks diagnosed from over 20 GCMs participating in recent rounds of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3 and CMIP5) and Cloud Feedbacks Model Intercomparison Project (CFMIP2). These have an interquartile range of 0.5-0.9 W m−2 K−1, and an overall intermodel spread of 0.2-1.4 W m−2 K−1, including the effects both of warming and of rapid adjustments to increased CO2. Given the CMIP3/5 multi-model mean Planck feedback (−3.2 W m−2 K−1), water vapour/lapse rate feedback (1.0 W m−2 K−1) and snow/ice albedo feedback (0.3 W m−2 K−1), together with ...
Jimmi Jones and wife Sandra Lees fish farm in Belize City is unique. His fish tanks supply water and nutrients for his vegetable garden needs and the plants filter the water that is recycled back to the tanks. Jones has been showing off the "JimSan Aquaponics" style of organic farming in meetings across the Caribbean to support efforts by the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) in promoting aquaculture as a food security option in combatting global climate change. As global warming increases sea temperatures, wild catch fishery could decline by as much as 50 per cent, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has warned. Warming seas are expected to devastate regional fisheries by shifting the travel routes of pelagic fish and the distribution of high-value species while causing die offs of many other popular marine species. A Sept 2015 study from the University of British Columbia noted that warmer seas could alter the distribution of many marine species and worsen the ...
References and examples of good practice in responding to the challenge of climate change mitigation and adaptation are outlined below.. C40 Cities A group of the worlds largest cities committed to tackling climate change. The website contains news and updates on current C40 programmes, information about each of the cities involved, and links to useful documents.. Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) An initiative designed to support developing countries in tackling the challenges posed by climate change, launched in March 2010 by the UK government.. Climate Investment Funds (CIFs) Launched at the G8 Summit in Hokkaido in 2008 and supported by DFID and DECC, this $6bn set of funds and programmes is aimed at driving global action to tackle the harmful effects of climate change in the worlds developing countries. The money is helping to promote clean technology, tackle unsustainable deforestation, and help developing countries to become more resilient to the impacts of climate ...
Societies around the world are facing the task to rapidly decarbonise their economies to limit the adverse impacts of unabated climate change. As they embark on this transformation, they will continue to face choices on the costs and opportunities of climate-change mitigation and the risks of climate impacts increasing with global warming. Research Department 3 aims to inform these choices, providing an integrated perspective on climate-change mitigation and climate-change impacts. We research the requirements, costs, and opportunities of climate change mitigation pathways, as well as the physical and societal risks of climate change impacts including risks from unabated climate change. We particularly focus on the combined effects of the impacts of climate change and mitigation measures on key areas of society:. ...
Regional temperature change projections for the twenty-first century are generated using a multimodel ensemble of atmosphere - ocean general circulation models. The models are assigned coefficients jointly, using a Bayesian linear model fitted to regional observations and simulations of the climate of the twentieth century. Probability models with varying degrees of complexity are explored, and a selection is made based on Bayesian deviance statistics, coefficient properties, and a classical cross-validation measure utilizing temporally averaged data. The model selected is shown to be superior in predictive skill to a naive model consisting of the unweighted mean of the underlying atmosphere - ocean GCM (AOGCM) simulations, although the skill differential varies regionally. Temperature projections for the A2 and B1 scenarios from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Emissions Scenarios are presented.. ...
Climate change activists have launched a campaign, dubbed Forecast the Facts, that outs television meteorologists who are deniers of mainstream climate change science. Led by several groups, including 350.org, the League of Conservation Voters, and the Citizen Engagement Lab, the campaign was spurred by recent surveys finding that half or more of TV forecasters hold contrarian climate change views. TV meteorologists have as much, if not more, opportunity to talk to the American public about climate change than anyone, said Daniel Souweine, director of the Forecast the Facts drive. None of Houstons television forecasters made the campaigns list of deniers, but it has nevertheless turned up the volume on the issue of climate change and tele-vision meteorology. The first survey found that 63 percent of tele-vision forecasters attributed global warming to natural causes, while just 31 percent believed it was mostly brought about by human activity.
Communities across the country are face challenges from climate change. However, changes in municipal regulations take years to significantly change the buildings and infrastructure that make up our cities and towns. As a result, it is essential that communities begin now to adapt their built form regulations so that as climate impacts worsen, harm is minimized. Outside of the major cities, it is not clear how many communities have taken steps toward climate change adaptation. There are a range of ways that communities could progress local adaptation policy, including preparing adaptation plans, including climate projections into other policy, or increasing resilience to current hazards and hoping that will help with intensified future risks. To explore these issues, this project will pilot a web-trawler that can identify adaptation actions at the local level in the New England region, and compare these to the situations of the communities. We will also survey Regional Planning Agencies and a ...
Katharina Rall, Brooke Guven, and Joseph J. Amon. As delegates converge on Paris in November for the UN Climate Change Conference, the urgency of the need to address the human rights impacts of climate change is clear: the worlds marginalized communities-populations that are already vulnerable to human rights abuses-face the biggest challenges in adapting to climate change. The consequences of climate change for health, housing, livelihood and security will disproportionately impact individuals and communities living in already-fragile ecosystems or with tenuous land title, and especially indigenous communities, women, elderly individuals, those with disabilities, and the poor.1 To better appreciate how drastically climate change will, and currently is, affecting the worlds most marginalized people, it is helpful to look at a specific context.. Turkana County, Kenya, near the border with Ethiopia, is known as the cradle of humankind: in and around this area, archeologists have found the oldest ...
Exploring the Environment - Global Climate Change (ETE-GCC) Modules developed by the Center for Educational Technologies at Wheeling Jesuit University includes six new global climate change problem-based learning modules funded through a cooperative agreement with NASA. The ETE-GCC modules are comprehensive educational activities designed to increase student knowledge of climate change science and the issues surrounding the complex interactions of Earths physical and biological spheres. The modules are a perfect fit for integrated biology courses, environmental science classes, and related courses, such as ecology and social studies that address the sociopolitical issues of climate change.
The findings of the climate change adaptation report released today confirm Local Government New Zealands longstanding policy and advocacy position that there is an urgent need for strong joint action to minimise the risks to the natural and built ...
The scientific basis for this potentially cataclysmic warming of the Earth s climate is confirmed by reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, an international body of over 1,000 climate scientists from 100 countries that is considered the world s most authoritative source of information on global warming. Emission of greenhouse gases caused by human consumption of fossil fuels, it believes, may lead to a peak in the Earth s temperature to the same level of global warming that it had 35 million years ago, before the appearance of ice sheets in Antarctica.. A recent climate change study commissioned by the U.S. Department of Defense concludes that abrupt climate change and ensuing environmental and social emergencies may accelerate on Earth as soon as the period 2015 to 2020. The collapse of the ocean conveyer climate system is predicted to accelerate abrupt climate change, resulting in food and water shortage, and massive population dislocations.. Unless a global strategy for ...
PEA chairman, Eng . Majdi Alsaleh, in an interview with the Palestine News Network, described the conference as a national duty of the association, since it is the largest professional association in Palestine.. Alsaleh also stressed that the issue of climate change is very important to the Palestinian people and their future generations, especially since the Palestinian leadership is moving towards signing the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, as a member of the UNFCC.. Alsaleh explained that the Israeli occupation played a major role in restricting Palestinian adaptive capacities and ability for implementing mitigation plans. Financial support, technology transfer and capacity building, in addition, are vital issues for achieving the mentioned goals in tackling, mitigating and adapting to climate change. Therefore, obtaining this will include political guidelines as well, since the occupation not only restricts lives of people but also the environment.. The chairman finally called on all ...
Recently, EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt and Energy Secretary Rick Perry have called for the establishment of an adversarial "Red Team/Blue Team" (RT/BT) process to assess the credibility of key findings of climate science. These highly publicized requests echo earlier calls for an RT/BT process by New York University physicist Steven Koonin. The underlying premise is that previous assessments of climate science are untrustworthy, self-serving, underestimate key uncertainties, and lack participation from critical voices. The implicit message in RT/BT requests is simple: only the current administration can conduct a fair and unbiased assessment of climate science.. Both the underlying premise and the implicit message are wrong. Climate science has been reviewed for decades, by the national academies of dozens of countries, relevant professional societies, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and many other entities with real domain expertise. Review processes are arduous. They typically ...
Summary of the speech. Climate Change is being referred to as the biggest threat humanity has ever faced, with unimaginable consequences being predicted in years, not decades or centuries. Fortunately, new data from around the world have lead to new understandings in the causes of climate change and to potential solutions. We now know that climate change is not caused by the burning of fossil fuel, per se, but by how we have interrupted the earths carbon cycle. This is primarily due to the practices of industrial agriculture and our mistreatment of the planets soil, the earths second largest carbon sink. But new studies have shown that through the introduction of regenerative agriculture we can restore the carbon cycle and reverse climate change itself. This presentation will focus on the science and possible plans to get the world to scale carbon drawdown quick enough to avert the worst of climate change and begin the process toward a healthier climate, healthier planet, and healthier ...
Adams, R. M., Rosenzweig, c., Peart, R. M., Ritchie, J. T., McCarl, B. A., Glyer, J. D., Curry, R. B., Jones, J. W., Boote, K. J., and Allen, L. H., Jr., 1990, Global climate change and U.S. agriculture: Nature, v. 345, May 17, 1990, p. 219-224 Allen-Diaz, B., 1996, Rangelands in a changing climateImpacts, adaptations, and mitigation; in, Climate Change 1995--Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation of Climate Change, Scientific-Technical Analysis, R. T. Watson, M. C. Zinyowera, R. H. Moses, and D. J. Dokken, eds.: Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, p. 131-158 Arnell, N., Bates, B., Lang, H., Magnuson, J. J., and Mulholland, P., 1996, Hydrology and freshwater ecology; in, Climate Change 1995--Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation of Climate Change, Scientific-Technical Analysis, R. T. Watson, M. C. Zinyowera, R. H. Moses, and D. J. Dokken, eds.: Cambridge, Cambridge University, p. 325-363 Berner, E. K., and Berner, R. A., 1996, Global environmentWater, air, and geochemical cycles: Upper Saddle ...
Using Biological Monitoring to Detect Climate Change Effects: A Classification of Bioindicators. Britta Bierwagen, Susan Julius Global Change Research Program, NCEA/ORD/EPA Michael Barbour, Jeroen Gerritsen, Anna Hamilton, Mike Paul Tetra Tech, Inc. Slideshow 525256 by kaz