The 4th Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum will assist participants from all levels of government, in business and society become more effective in addressing the challenges of development in a changing climate through critical reflection on the roles of actors involved and how new partnerships for resilient development can be secured.. The Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forums are among the biggest climate adaptation events in the region. Three previous Adaptation Forums have been co-organised by the Asia Pacific Adaptation Network (APAN) since 2010.. A focus on adaptation actors. The 4th Forum will focus on adaptation actors and how they collaborate to form partnerships and networks. Actors are individuals, organisations or networks that participate in decision-making and action-taking related to adaptation to climate change. Actors in adaptation can influence agendas and activities in many ways all the way from lobbying or advising through to creating and following rules, ...
Guidance Note 1: 12 reasons why climate change adaptation M&E is challenging Guidance Note 2: Selecting indicators for climate change adaptation programming Excerpt ToCs can and are tailored to various levels of analysis and intervention. ToCs are not solely reserved for long-term and large-scale planning. They can also be very effective for mapping out community-based and
Guidance Note 1: 12 reasons why climate change adaptation M&E is challenging Guidance Note 2: Selecting indicators for climate change adaptation programming Excerpt ToCs can and are tailored to various levels of analysis and intervention. ToCs are not solely reserved for long-term and large-scale planning. They can also be very effective for mapping out community-based and
Climate change adaptation is the ability of a society or a natural system to adjust to the (changing) conditions that support life in a certain climate region, including weather extremes in that region. The current discussion on climate change adaptation began in the 1990s, with the publication of the Assessment Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Since the beginning of the 21st century, most countries, and many regions and municipalities have started to develop and implement climate change adaptation strategies and plans. But since the implementation of adaptation measures must be planned and conducted at the local level, a major challenge is to actually implement adaptation to climate change in practice. One challenge is that scientific results are mainly published on international or national levels, and political guidelines are written at transnational (e.g., European Union), national, or regional levels-these scientific results must be downscaled, interpreted, ...
The 2012 report entitled BC Agriculture: Climate Change Adaptation, Risk + Opportunity Assessment provides a high level overview of the implications of climate chang for the BC agriculture sector, including the key areas of risk and opportunity and the factors that will influence the industrys ability to adapte and thrive. It will provide a baseline assessment of the potential impacts of climate change across the province for the agriculture sector.
Representatives from across the Bay of Plenty gathered in Te Puke yesterday [subs 19 October 2020], to start work on developing a plan for climate change adaptation and building climate resilience in our Bay of Plenty communities.
The Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum, the flagship event of the Asia Pacific Adaptation Network (APAN), is the primary regional platform for adaptation practitioners to meet, share their learning and experiences, and work together towards the pertinent outcomes and practical solutions that are needed to address the challenges of climate change.. Gaining from the momentum since the first event in 2010 and more recently with the previous 2014 edition in Kuala Lumpur, the 5th APAN Forum will bring together policymakers, scientists, donors, youth, and representatives from over 50 countries. For 2016, the theme Adapting and Living below 2°C: Bridging the Gaps in Policy & Practice will explore platforms and concrete pathways for even greater partnerships by governments, civil society and business. With the growing interest and with the recognition of adaptation not only as a development imperative but as an existential one as well, we are looking forward to welcoming more than 800 ...
June 13, 2014) US government action can curb the risks climate change poses to global food security, says a new report (PDF) released by The Chicago Council on Global Affairs.. Building on the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change report and National Climate Assessment, The Chicago Councils study explains how higher temperatures, changes in rainfall and natural disasters caused by climate change could undermine food production and put food supplies at risk. In total, climate change could reduce food production growth by 2 percent each decade for the rest of this century.. The report calls on the US government to integrate climate change adaptation into its global food security strategy. Recommendations include:. -Passing legislation for a long-term global food and nutrition security strategy.. -Increasing funding for agricultural research on climate change adaptation. Research priorities should include improving crop and livestock tolerance to higher temperatures and volatile ...
In late June of this year, a major milestone was reached in the National Adaptation Plan process. An inception workshop was held for the Strengthening the integration of climate change adaptation into development planning in Côte dIvoire project on 25 and 26 June. It is financed to the tune of USD 2.4 million by the Green Climate Fund and supported by the United Nations Development Programme. The workshop was chaired by His Excellency Joseph Séka Séka - the Minister of Environment - and welcomed 68 participants representing a range of stakeholders. These included sectoral ministries, research and development institutions, universities, the private sector, technical and financial partners, NGOs, local community organizations, as well as women organizations ...
This report provides information about potential climate change impacts in central New Mexico and their possible implications for the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Rio Puerco Field Office (RPFO) transportation network. The report considers existing global and regional climate change projections and analyzes the results of locally downscaled climate change projections corresponding to different RPFO ecoregions; identifies BLMs options for adapting the transportation system to climate change impacts, as well as how RPFO can incorporate climate change adaptation and resilience into its TTMP; and considers opportunities for greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction, or climate change mitigation, at Rio Puerco ...
Eventbrite - Melbourne School of Design presents MSD Deans Lecture - Increasing Urban Resilience: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Planning and Governance - Tuesday, 10 October 2017 at B117 Theatre, Basement, University of Melbourne, VIC. Find event and ticket information.
Cyclone SIDR hit the coastal districts of Bangladesh on November 15, 2007 in the evening when it started crossing the country from northern Bay of Bengal with high tidal surges and strong winds of up to 260 km/hr. This study has been undertaken to assess the severity of the damage caused by SIDR, and identify causes of such cyclonic storms in recent years in order to suggest possible adaptive measures for the coastal people to cope with such situations in the future. The study reveals that both natural and human induced factors are responsible for such devastating catastrophes. The study suggests a number climate change adaptation andmitigation options that can be taken to reduce the severity of damages caused by cyclones in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. These include: developing an early warning system; constructing adequate cyclone shelters and tree plantations in the remote coastal areas; constructing structured and fortified houses and livestock shelters; livelihood diversification; and ...
Tribal Climate Change Adaptation Planning Toolkit: The Northern Arizona University Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals (ITEP) established its Tribal Climate Change (TCC) Program in 2009 to provide support and be responsive to the needs of tribes that are preparing for and currently contending with climate change impacts. This program offers training, technical assistance, educational resources, and tools to build the capacity of tribes to address climate change impacts. Tribal Climate Change Adaptation Planning Toolkit collection of templates and other resources assists tribes in their climate change adaptation planning process. The Bureau of Indian Affairs Climate Change Program provides annual travel support grants to permit tribes to attend this and other climate trainings and helps fund the TCC program ...
The Institute of Risk Management and Imperial College London team up to deliver the go-to practical training course on Climate Change Risk Management. Building on world-leading expertise in the science of climate change, business management and enterprise risk management, this practical course not only allows learners to explore why managing climate change risk is important to their organisation but also how to do it. No matter what sort of organisation you work in, you will be impacted in some way by both the physical effects of our changing climate and the wealth of regulations and targets we are increasingly required to meet. Be it the meeting of requirements outlined in TCFD or the opportunities posed by COP26, now is the time to ensure you not only understand what your climate change risks are, but also how to manage them. ...
The Global Climate Change Specialist will provide technical support and advice to USAID field missions and bureaus with strategy development, design, performance monitoring and evaluation of USAID-sponsored climate change programs, particularly those related to climate change adaptation and integration. S/he will be responsible for improving indicators, tools, and guidance related to monitoring the results of USAID climate change programs, in particular climate change adaptation and integration programs. The Specialist will provide quality control on performance reporting, help maintain a system of consolidating performance data, and analyze data for management and communications purposes. S/he will coordinate the collection of contextual data relevant to USAID climate change programs. The Specialist will interact regularly with field missions, provide regular updates on performance monitoring guidance to the field, coordinate with other donor agencies, and help improve and deliver training on ...
Dnva.no. This study arises from the concern that changes in weather patterns will be one of the principal effects of climate change and with these will come extreme weather. This is of considerable consequence in Europe as it impacts on the vulnerability of communities across the continent and exposes them to environmental risks. It is now widely recognised that failures in international efforts to agree on the action necessary to limit global climate change mean that adaptation to its consequences is necessary and unavoidable (Solomon et al., 2007).. The changes anticipated in the occurrence and character of extreme weather events are, in many cases, the dominant factor in designing adaptation measures.. Policy communities within the EU have begun to consider appropriate responses to these changes and an EU adaptation strategy is under active development and implementation. There are also sectoral EU initiatives, for example on water shortages and heat waves, and, at a regional level, on ...
International trade enables us to exploit regional differences in climate change impacts and is increasingly regarded as a potential adaptation mechanism. Here, we focus on hunger reduction through international trade under alternative trade scenarios for a wide range of climate futures. Under the current level of trade integration, climate change would lead to up to 55 million people who are undernourished in 2050. Without adaptation through trade, the impacts of global climate change would increase to 73 million people who are undernourished (+33%). Reduction in tariffs as well as institutional and infrastructural barriers would decrease the negative impact to 20 million (−64%) people. We assess the adaptation effect of trade and climate-induced specialization patterns. The adaptation effect is strongest for hunger-affected import-dependent regions. However, in hunger-affected export-oriented regions, partial trade integration can lead to increased exports at the expense of domestic food
PARIS, Dec. 3, 2015 - Jean Lebel, President of Canadas International Development Research Centre (IDRC), along with Aron Cramer, President and CEO of Business for Social Responsibility (BSR), today announced a joint initiative to help companies protect their businesses and assets from the impacts of climate change.. The two-year research initiative, entitled Mobilizing Private Sector Investment in Adaptation to Climate Change, will outline key gaps in the understanding of longer term adaptation by companies. This includes identifying risks, barriers, and opportunities, and helping to build the business case for taking action on climate change.. Todays announcement took place at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), as part of an official side event titled: The private finance gap: Challenges and opportunities in funding adaptation. This new initiative complements existing work between IDRC and CTI PFAN (Climate ...
Map of the observed surface temperature change from 1901 to 2012 derived from temperature trends determined by linear regression from one dataset (orange line in panel a). Trends have been calculated where data availability permits a robust estimate (i.e., only for grid boxes with greater than 70% complete records and more than 20% data availability in the first and last 10% of the time period). Other areas are white. Grid boxes where the trend is significant at the 10% level are indicated by a + sign. (Graphic from the The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) less ...
Photo from UNITAR Project Report This project aims to develop a community-driven adaptation plan of action, as well as to facilitate the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into the sustainable development planning process. Primary beneficiaries will include poor and marginalized farmers, agricultural laborers, landless women, indigenous people, small traders and students.. Through the identification of livelihood vulnerabilities to climate change, climate variability and other natural hazards, this project will develop strategies to reduce such vulnerabilities identified in the risk assessment process. The project will adhere to the standard community risk assessment procedures of the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management of Bangladesh and its ongoing Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme.. Risk communication strategies, materials and means will be developed to facilitate government and development agencies involvement and the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into ...
In the past twenty years, disasters cost more than US$2 trillion, killed over 1.3 million and affected more than 4.4 billion people, including a disproportionately high number of women, children and other vulnerable groups. Climate-related hazards, such as cyclones, droughts and floods, are becoming increasingly frequent and severe as a result of changing climate. In this new context of volatility, communities and nations are facing increasing, multiple and interconnected risks that can reverse years - and sometimes decades - of development progress.. Specific categories of the population may face a higher risk of disasters or climate change, related to the place they are living (flood prone parts of the community, for example), crops they are growing (i.e. low cost, low yield seeds, not resilient to climate change, for example); may have lower preparedness and coping capacity because they lack capitals to invest in adaptation and the decision making powers to affect public decisions on ...
The Climate Change Risk Perception Model (CCRPM, Van der Linden, 2015) has been used to characterize public risk perceptions; however, little is known about the models explanatory power in other (online) contexts. In this study, we extend the model and investigate the risk perceptions of a unique audience: The polarized climate change blogosphere. In total, our model explained 84% of the variance in risk perceptions by integrating socio-demographic characteristics, cognitive factors, experiential processes, socio-cultural influences, and an additional dimension: Trust in scientists and blogs. Although trust and the scientific consensus are useful additions to the model, affect remains the most important predictor of climate change risk perceptions. Surprisingly, the relative importance of social norms and value orientations is minimal. Implications for risk and science communication are discussed.. ...
Downloadable! Adaptation to the consequences of climate change can depend on efficient use of ecosystem services (ES), i.e. a better use of natural services through management of the way in which they are delivered to society. While much discussion focuses on reducing consumption and increasing production of services, a lack of scientific instruments has so far prevented other mechanisms to improve ecosystem services efficiency from being addressed systematically as an adaptation strategy. This paper describes new methodologies for assessing ecosystem services and quantifying their values to humans, highlighting the role of ecosystem service flow analysis in optimizing the efficiency of ES provision.
By Lawrence Flint - ENDA TM, 2007. ENDA is one of the few truly international African NGOs whose constituency comprises African populations in urban and rural Africa, many of which have suffered the effects of unequal development since absorption into the European world economy which became global from around 1900. ENDA focuses on a development first agenda, building capacity and resilience among communities and their representative leaders, institutions and decision makers across the continent from its base in Dakar.. Climate change and variability represent serious threats in much of Africa due to the immediacy of their impacts on local communities whose survival, socio-economic and cultural well-being is premised primarily on the natural environment. Nevertheless, climate change is not a new phenomenon and African communities have, over time and space, developed coping strategies, successfully managing livelihood resources from a gradually expanding indigenous knowledge base.. However, the ...
Our project will draw on a comprehensive literature review (using WISE), expert/stakeholder workshops, available hydrological and climate models, and ecological and socio-economic databases developed by the organisations collaborating for this proposal (UNSW, CSIRO and Sydney University). This would result in a significant report for Work Package 4: the Macquarie Marshes. Our objectives are to:. • Identify the likely risks, impacts of climate change, adaptation strategies and limits for the ecological and social communities of the Macquarie Marshes through a comprehensive literature review. The ecological community will include waterbirds, vegetation, fish, invertebrates, carbon cycling, woodland birds and frogs. The socio-economic dimension will identify wetland values (ecosystem goods and services), indigenous values, grazing, irrigation and recreation. Adaptation strategies include; migration, environmental flow allocations, water savings, restoration of deep pools, protection of core ...
climate change (80) SPREP (70) AOSIS (43) Rio+20 (32) Cancun Climate Change Meeting (25) Pacific Climate Change Science Program (21) Fiji (20) Solomon Islands (19) greenhouse 2011 (19) Kyoto Protocol (16) Pacific islands (16) Tuvalu (16) Cook Islands (15) pacific (15) samoa (15) Cancun (13) Kiribati (12) Pacific Climate Change Roundtable (12) SIDS (12) UNFCCC (12) COP 16 (11) Nauru (11) Niue (11) Vanuatu (10) COP15 (9) Copenhagen Accord (9) Pacific Meteorological Council (9) UNFCCC COP 17 (9) Climate Change adaptation (8) Small Island Developing States (8) COP 18 (6) Durban (6) Federated States of Micronesia (6) Marshall Islands (6) Ambassador Colin Beck (5) Australia Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency AusAid (5) Climat change (5) Espen Ronneberg (5) Oceans Day (5) Palau (5) Panama (5) Tokelau (5) WWF (5) gender (5) Adaptation Fund (4) Ambassador Williams (4) Australian Minister for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (4) CSIRO (4) European Union (4) Greg Combet (4) ...
climate change (80) SPREP (70) AOSIS (43) Rio+20 (32) Cancun Climate Change Meeting (25) Pacific Climate Change Science Program (21) Fiji (20) Solomon Islands (19) greenhouse 2011 (19) Kyoto Protocol (16) Pacific islands (16) Tuvalu (16) Cook Islands (15) pacific (15) samoa (15) Cancun (13) Kiribati (12) Pacific Climate Change Roundtable (12) SIDS (12) UNFCCC (12) COP 16 (11) Nauru (11) Niue (11) Vanuatu (10) COP15 (9) Copenhagen Accord (9) Pacific Meteorological Council (9) UNFCCC COP 17 (9) Climate Change adaptation (8) Small Island Developing States (8) COP 18 (6) Durban (6) Federated States of Micronesia (6) Marshall Islands (6) Ambassador Colin Beck (5) Australia Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency AusAid (5) Climat change (5) Espen Ronneberg (5) Oceans Day (5) Palau (5) Panama (5) Tokelau (5) WWF (5) gender (5) Adaptation Fund (4) Ambassador Williams (4) Australian Minister for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (4) CSIRO (4) European Union (4) Greg Combet (4) ...
The impacts of climate change-such as increased droughts or more erratic storms- threaten to undermine decades of development gains and future development trajectories. Many of the main drivers of poverty in developing countries are intertwined with climate change impacts. Thus, supporting countries to adapt to these impacts and prepare for future expected impacts will be essential for advancing sustainable and equitable development.. UNDPs support in climate change adaptation includes integrating information on climate change risks and adaptation options into national and sub-national planning processes and budgets; and promoting and implementing integrated investments on the ground that safeguard livelihoods and protect development from possible impacts.. For example, through UNDP, nearly 10,000 households in Cambodia have been directly supported to strengthen livelihoods resilience against climate change. This has been done by strengthening practices around water harvesting, soil ...
Cities are facing increasing risks caused by extreme climate events, making housing, infrastructure, traffic, health, ecosystems and cultural and historical heritage vulnerable. Continuous climate change is expected to further increase this risk, and thus the need for adequate and timely response of decision makers at all administrative levels. Accordingly, planning adaptation measures has become a high priority for local government authorities and property owners in cities. However, the cost-effective planning of adaptation strategies is very complicated. The integrated assessment of climate events, associated flooding, damage costs and adaptation measures requires multidisciplinary work and close interaction between professionals and decision-makers. Damage cost assessments and adaptation planning also require context-specific data and modelling, which, all together, can be very demanding in the development of solid local adaptation plans for decision-making.. ...
Speakers: Megan Linkin (Swiss Re), Gary Yohe (Wesleyan University), and Christopher Zeppie (The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey)How will cities manage the risks associated with climate change? Join us to learn how experts are developing risk management tools for identifying, assessing, and managing risks posed by climate change.
It has become apparent that the effects of climate change will be especially important for Southwestern US water users. The NSF-funded EPSCoR project Climate Change Impacts on New Mexicos Mountain Sources of Water focuses on improving hydrometeorological measurements, developing basin-wide and sub-basin snow cover mapping methods, generating snowmelt runoff simulations and long-term climate change assessments, and informing the public of the results through outreach and educational activities. Five new and 12 upgraded SNOTEL sites, four SCAN stations and about 30 new automated weather stations are being added to New Mexico measurement networks. 25 sub-basins of the Rio Grande have been identified as important snowmelt basins where development and testing of snow cover mapping methods will be conducted. High spatial resolution Landsat TM data (30 m) are being used to evaluate estimates of snow cover from Terra MODIS moderate spatial resolution data (250m and 500 m). We aim to identify the best ...
There has been a remarkable scientific output on the topic of how climate change is likely to affect plant diseases in the coming decades. This review addresses the need for review of this burgeoning literature by summarizing opinions of previous reviews and trends in recent studies on the impacts of climate change on plant health. Sudden Oak Death is used as an introductory case study: Californian forests could become even more susceptible to this emerging plant disease, if spring precipitations will be accompanied by warmer temperatures, although climate shifts may also affect the current synchronicity between host cambium activity and pathogen colonization rate. A summary of observed and predicted climate changes, as well as of direct effects of climate change on pathosystems, is provided. Prediction and management of climate change effects on plant health are complicated by indirect effects and the interactions with global change drivers. Uncertainty in models of plant disease development ...
Growing food could become harder which could lead to a food crisis says the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The apex body on climate change science released its report on March 31, 2014 in Yokohama Japan. It paints a very disturbing picture for the years to come. This report-Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability-has been prepared by the Working Group II of the IPCC and details the impacts of climate change that have already occurred, the future risks from a changing climate, and scope of reducing these risks ...
This framework provides the approach to be used in completing the National Climate Change Risk Assessment (NCCRA). It includes the framing and templates, along with guidance materials that will be used to assess climate change risks at a national level.
Assigning numbers to the consequences or impacts of climate change might be used in a variety of ways. First, the public might then realize that climate change impacts are happening now, and be more supportive of comprehensive climate change legislation. Second, lawsuits based on climate change and pollution are already being filed in the courts. Third, an analysis of specific events and their causes will help governments and people try to be prepared for the climate change impacts with adaptation and mitigation. And, a United Nations fund to assist developing countries with adapting to climate change might be able to use the numbers to help determine which regions are suffering the most from climate change impacts ...
Climate change has become a major challenge globally. Human activities have several direct and indirect impacts on health. In Nigeria, the impacts of climate change are more devastating due to their vulnerability and low coping capability. Studies on the impacts of climate change on health risks in Nigeria are scare. With this rationale, this study investigates the effects of climate change on health risks in Nigeria. Evidence abounds that climate change impacts in Nigeria arise from climate change-related causes such as increase in temperature, rainfall, sea level rise, extreme weather events and, especially, increased health risks. Health risks such as cerebra-spinal meningitis, cardiovascular respiratory disorder of elderly, skin cancer, malaria, high blood pressure and morbidity were identified as the direct consequences of climate change. The study concluded that government should raise awareness on adverse effects of climate change which is common among vulnerable groups, like women, children and
Climate change is affecting the worlds natural ecosystems, according to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In Latin America, researchers have observed substantial changes in precipitation, temperature, climate variability, and the number and severity of extreme events. This project aims to assess population vulnerability and climate change impacts on waterborne and water-related diseases in Bolivia and Colombia. It will use a participatory, multistakeholder, and transdisciplinary research approach in two Andean Region watersheds, the Lauca River Basin in Bolivia and the Cauca River Basin in Colombia, to develop ecosystem and human health policy adaptation strategies. These river basins are home to indigenous communities and large urban centres, such as Cali. Although on different development paths, communities in both regions are dealing with changes in water availability and quality due to climate change. This affects commercial and subsistence ...
Those of us who have hoped for a magical, Big Bang, or global agreement on Climate Change, may feel disappointed at Christiana Figueress (Executive Secretary, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) conclusion that we cannot have one. Certainly, the past attempts at Climate Change negotiations among the world powers have been dismal. So much so that were happy countries are still talking to each other about Climate Change at all-regardless of what they say. Progress on Climate Change, according to Figueres, will be incremental. (From Global Meltdown: Christiana Figueres, Climate One.) Incremental progress, a rate comfortable to nations around the world, sounds comforting, until you realize the intractability of this issue. That once-in-a-thousand-year heat wave that hit France in 2003 and killed 15,000 people is predicted by climate models to occur every other year by the 2040s. (Read The Weather of the Future: Heat Waves, Extreme Storms, and Other Scenes from a ...
Regional Gateway for Technology Transfer and Climate Change Action in Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC UNEP) Characterizing and addressing SLOW ONSET EVENTS climate change impacts on BIODIVERSITY
UK - Adaptation measures to help us cope with climate change have the potential to generate further threats for both local and global ecosystems, according to a new study from the University of East Anglia.
Climate change prevents us from being able to predict how and where droughts and floods will occur. Development of alternative water sources can help us adapt.
This Policy Guidance is intended to provide policy makers and practitioners in development co-operation agencies with information and advice on how to mainstream climate change into development.
In Québec, like elsewhere in the world, diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans (zoonoses), which account for about 60% of diseases communicable to humans, are currently emerging. The complex dynamics of zoonoses can be affected by climate change. In response to this complexity, the Observatoire initiated a zoonosis prioritization approach in 2015 in the
The Climate Ready Estuaries program works with the National Estuary Programs (NEP) and the coastal management community to: (1) assess climate change vulnerabilities, (2) develop and implement adaptation strategies, and (3) engage and educate stakeholders. CRE shares NEP examples to help other coastal managers, and provides technical guidance and assistance about climate change adaptation. Estuaries and coastal areas are particularly vulnerable to climate variability and change. CRE seeks to help coastal managers protect ecosystems from projected impacts of sea level rise, increasing temperatures, and other effects. The Climate Ready Estuaries website offers information on climate change impacts to different estuary regions, access to tools and resources to monitor changes, and information to help managers develop adaptation plans for estuaries and coastal communities.. ...
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Search and download thousands of Swedish university dissertations (essays). Full text. Free. Dissertation: Disaster risk management and climate change adaptation in urban contexts: Integration and challenges.
This project examined genetic divergence and phenotypic plasticity in two widespread Eucalyptus species (E. tricarpa in South-Eastern Australia, E. salubris in South-Western Australia), to determine the nature of adaptation to climate in these species, and whether genomic screening might be a useful tool to assess climate adaptation. Evidence of both plastic response and genetic specialisation for climate was found in both species, indicating that widespread eucalypts utilise a combination of both mechanisms for adaptation to spatial variation in climate. Widespread eucalypts are likely to possess a capacity to respond plastically to a changing climate to some extent, but selection of seed sources to match projected climate changes may confer even greater climate resilience. The assessment characterised responses in functional traits relevant to climate adaptation, including leaf size, thickness, tissue density, and carbon isotope ratio. Genetic variation was assessed with genome scans using ...
Acclimation, a form of physiological plasticity, is the capacity for organisms to physiologically adjust to temperature variation. Such changes can potentially reduce climate change impacts on animal populations. Research synthesizing the current state of knowledge about physiological plasticity in ectotherms shows that freshwater and marine animals seem to have a greater capacity for acclimation than terrestrial ones. Understanding how climate change affects natural populations remains one of the greatest challenges for ecology and management of natural resources. Animals can remodel their physiology to compensate for the effects of temperature variation, and this physiological plasticity, or acclimation, can confer resilience to climate change1,2. The current lack of a comprehensive analysis of the capacity for physiological plasticity across taxonomic groups and geographic regions, however, constrains predictions of the impacts of climate change. Here, we assembled the largest database to date to
TY - JOUR. T1 - An economic analysis of agricultural adaptation to climate change impacts in Sri Lanka. T2 - An endogenous switching regression analysis. AU - Suresh, Kanesh. AU - Khanal, Uttam. AU - Wilson, Clevo. AU - Managi, Shunsuke. AU - Quayle, Annette. AU - Santhirakumar, Samithamby. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. PY - 2021/10. Y1 - 2021/10. N2 - Climate change and its impact on the agricultural sector in developing economies is a matter of considerable academic and political debate. This paper examines the impact of climate change and variability on Sri Lankan agriculture and identifies the potential adaptation practices and their impacts on rice productivity. More specifically, this study investigates how farming households decisions to adapt to climate change affects agricultural productivity in the Batticaloa district of Sri Lanka. The data were collected through a primary survey of 238 farming households. We employ a simultaneous equations model with endogenous ...
Content: Regional Activities: RADOST: Baltic Sea Coast 2100; Close Cooperation with Tourism Experts in the Future; The Bay of Kiel Climate Alliance takes a new Direction; National Activities: Second Regional Conference on Climate Adaptation Communities in Climate Change; International Activities: National Adaptation Strategies in the Baltic States; Exchange of Experiences with Practitioners in the USA; Chinese Delegation Shows Interest in Coastal Research in Kiel; RADOST and Baltadapt at Green Week and the UN Climate Conference; RADOST at the Baltic Sea Days Publications: Perceptions and Activities regarding Climate Change on the German Baltic Sea Coast; Handbook „Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in the Baltic Sea Region; New Edition of Meer & Küste; Assessment of the Influence of Climate Change on Development Potential for Near-surface Geothermal ...
Content: Regional Activities: RADOST: Baltic Sea Coast 2100; Close Cooperation with Tourism Experts in the Future; The Bay of Kiel Climate Alliance takes a new Direction; National Activities: Second Regional Conference on Climate Adaptation Communities in Climate Change; International Activities: National Adaptation Strategies in the Baltic States; Exchange of Experiences with Practitioners in the USA; Chinese Delegation Shows Interest in Coastal Research in Kiel; RADOST and Baltadapt at Green Week and the UN Climate Conference; RADOST at the Baltic Sea Days Publications: Perceptions and Activities regarding Climate Change on the German Baltic Sea Coast; Handbook „Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in the Baltic Sea Region; New Edition of Meer & Küste; Assessment of the Influence of Climate Change on Development Potential for Near-surface Geothermal ...
Abstract. East Africa is highly affected by neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), which are projected to be exacerbated by climate change. Consequently, understanding what research has been conducted and what knowledge gaps remain regarding NTDs and climate change is crucial to informing public health interventions and climate change adaptation. We conducted a systematic scoping review to describe the extent, range, and nature of publications examining relationships between NTDs and climatic factors in East Africa. We collated all relevant English and French publications indexed in PubMed®, Web of Science™ Core Collection, and CAB Direct© databases published prior to 2019. Ninety-six publications were included for review. Kenya, Tanzania, and Ethiopia had high rates of publication, whereas countries in the Western Indian Ocean region were underrepresented. Most publications focused on schistosomiasis (n = 28, 29.2%), soil-transmitted helminthiases (n = 16, 16.7%), or human African trypanosomiasis (n =
Literature Review. Scientists claim with a high degree of confidence that the Earths climate is changing and will continue to change throughout the 21st century and beyond, but that the actual cause and the net consequences of these changes, including finding solutions, are not fully understood (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2014; National Research Council, 2011). The difficulty in understanding global climate change arises from the fact that the processes and driving forces inducing changes in the global climate occur slowly and are sometimes too trivial to be gauged quantitatively. Over time these creeping processes and forces become titanic in causes and consequences, to the extent that anyone seeking to analyse them might be astounded by the multiple ecological and social issues linked to them, none of which can be comprehended fully through normal scientific procedures (Moser & Dilling, 2004; Van der Sluijs, 2012).. Climate change science is a human attempt to explain ...
Bonn, Germany Background The Conference of the Parties (COP), by its decision 5/CP.7, requested the secretariat to organize a workshop on insurance and risk assessment in the context of climate change and extreme weather events. Discussions and the exchange of information at the workshop covered the following main issues: Overview of insurance and risk assessment in the context of climate change and extreme weather events; the perspectives on risk assessment methodologies provided by the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC; Insurance industry perspectives; National and international approaches to managing and insuring against natural disaster risks; Public-private partnerships; and insurance and adaptation/maladaptation to climate change. Report of the workshop Background paper ...
WASHINGTON (AP) - In a season of daunting wildfires and flooding, the Biden administration is taking an initial step to assess how climate change could harm financial markets - planning to launch on Tuesday a 75-day comment period on how the impacts could reshape the insurance sector.. Insurers face payouts from wildfires and flooding risks that could cause premiums to rise for many Americans, but theyre also among the largest investors in U.S. financial markets, with $4.7 trillion in assets as of the end of last year, according to the Treasury Department notice being posted in the Federal Register.. A senior Treasury official said the information gathered would help to more fully understand how climate change could potentially destabilize the stock, bond, commodities and housing markets and how to protect markets as a result. The official, insisting on anonymity to discuss the notice, said the goal would be to make any data usable for consumers, companies, states and regulators. The request ...
Guest Opinion by Dr. Tim Ball. Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.. George Santayana (Original quote from his book The Life of Reason, much paraphrased.). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and its supporters urge action because the planet and humans are threatened by global warming. We must modify our behavior, mitigate the warming, or die by the millions. In the centuries prior to the First World War (WWI) these reactions were classified as climatic determinism, the idea that human behavior is dictated by climate. As one research group explains.. Climatic determinism has a very long and checkered history. It gave a framework for thinking about the relationship between the human and natural environments by making the climate a demiurge of social universe.. Later, they explain why they are discussing the concept.. While most of such thinking has been discredited, in recent years, the omnipresence of anthropogenic climate change has caused a resurgence ...
The third assessment report (TAR) prominently featured[124] a graph labeled Millennial Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction based on a 1999 paper by Michael E. Mann, Raymond S. Bradley and Malcolm K. Hughes (MBH99), which has been referred to as the hockey stick graph. This graph extended the similar graph in Figure 3.20 from the IPCC Second Assessment Report of 1995, and differed from a schematic in the first assessment report that lacked temperature units, but appeared to depict larger global temperature variations over the past 1000 years, and higher temperatures during the Medieval Warm Period than the mid 20th century. The schematic was not an actual plot of data, and was based on a diagram of temperatures in central England, with temperatures increased on the basis of documentary evidence of Medieval vineyards in England. Even with this increase, the maximum it showed for the Medieval Warm Period did not reach temperatures recorded in central England in 2007.[123] The MBH99 ...
The book Climate Change Denial: Heads in the Sand, by Haydn Washington and John Cook and published by UK publisher Earthscan, is now available for sale. You can order from Earthscan, Amazon or NewSouth Books (for Australians).The book examines the phenomenon of climate change denial. It looks at the many techniques of literal denial, where skeptics deny the evidence for man-made global warming. It exposes denial within governments, who make a lot of noise about climate change but fail to back it up with action. And it examines the denial within most of us, when we let denial prosper. This book explains the climate science and the social science behind denial.Climate change can be solved - but only when we cease to deny that it exists. This book shows how we can break through denial, accept reality, and thus solve the climate crisis. It will engage scientists, university students, climate change activists as well as the general public seeking to roll back denial and act.
Today, President Obama signed a Presidential Memorandum on Climate Change and National Security, a historic measure in addressing the national security implications of our changing climate. The memorandum establishes a policy to consider the impacts of climate change in the development of national security-related doctrine, policies, and plans and provides practical guidance to ensure these climate risks are considered. This includes the establishment of a Federal Climate and National Security Working Group (consisting of more than 20 federal agencies and offices), which will identify priorities related to climate change and national security; facilitate the exchange of climate data and information with the intelligence community and identify gaps; recommend research guidelines concerning the federal governments ability to detect climate intervention activities; identify the most current information on regional, country, and geographic areas most vulnerable to current and projected impacts of ...
The Pacific Climate Change Science Program is part of the Australians International Clilmate Change Adaptation Initiative which was launched in 2008 to meet high priority adaptation needs of vulnerable countries in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly Pacific island nations and East Timor. There are 15 partner countries involved in the Pacific Climate Change Science Program. The PCCSP is supported by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) in collaboration with the Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE). It is delivered by the Bureau of Meteorology and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CRISRO), through their research partnership in the Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research (CAWCR). The program also works in close cooperation with regional Pacific organisations and other research institutions including Secretariat of the Pacifc Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Secretariat of the Pacific ...
Due to Southern Africas dependency on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture and coastal zones, the increased frequency of extreme climate events in the region has contributed to its vulnerability. In order to emphasise the importance of adaptation to this changing climate, the SADC Experts Group prepared the Southern Africa Sub-Regional Framework of Climate Change Programmes in 2010.. The Framework provides an overview of Southern Africas climate situation and programmes aimed at climate change adaptation, mitigation, or capacity building. It collates and analyses existing regional initiatives as a means of facilitating greater synergies between the SADC Secretariat, coordinating body, and national governments. Along with projections for regional climate change, the Framework identifies gaps in current initiatives and suggests steps for further progress toward a comprehensive programme of adaptation and mitigation actions, including training, policy review, and funding mechanism for ...
To the editor: Stanford political scientist Jon A. Krosnick is puzzled that legislators ignore popular opinion on climate change. Years of polling data, he says, show a majority of people acknowledge climate change and that government needs to control greenhouse gas emissions. Krosnick wishes that polls played a more prominent role in governance. (Stanfords Jon Krosnick: On climate change, most Americans want action, op-ed, May 5). ...
Description: .This Asian Development Bank (ADB) study examined the economic costs associated with the impacts of climate change and the cost and benefits of adaptation in Bangladesh,Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. The study aimed to (i) assess the biophysical impacts of climate change in the region, including individual country impacts, and (ii) estimate the total economic loss to the countries in the region by 2100, taking into account the different scenarios and impacts projected across vulnerable sectors, and then to estimate the magnitude of funding for adaptation measures required to avert such potential losses. Results of the study will aid development of future policies and programs for climate change adaptation in the region, including initiatives for regional cooperation and capacity building in climate change management. The study covered the following sectors: agriculture, terrestrial ecosystems, water, marine and coastal resources (except Bhutan and Nepal), health, ...
As part of its most comprehensive study of climate change to date, the National Research Council today issued three reports emphasizing why the U.S. should act now to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and develop a national strategy to adapt to the inevitable impacts of climate change. The reports by the Research Council, the operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering, are part of a congressionally requested suite of five studies known as AMERICAS CLIMATE CHOICES.. These reports show that the state of climate change science is strong, said Ralph J. Cicerone, president of the National Academy of Sciences. But the nation also needs the scientific community to expand upon its understanding of why climate change is happening, and focus also on when and where the most severe impacts will occur and what we can do to respond.. POSES SIGNIFICANT RISKS. The compelling case that climate change is occurring and is caused in large part by human activities is ...
Senior Climate Policy Analyst. Climate Change has now created a public health emergency, according to the medical and public health community at large in an urgent call to action. Climate change is one of the greatest threats to health America has ever faced-it is a true public health emergency, a letter issued this week to policymakers warns. The American Medical Association, the American Heart Association, the American Lung Association, and the American Academy of Pediatrics are among the 75 signatory organizations. Earlier this year, the World Health Organization declared climate change to be the greatest health challenge of the 21st century. Health professionals are deeply concerned that scores of people are getting sick and dying - from heat stroke, cardiovascular disease, asthma, respiratory allergies, malaria, encephalitis, dysentery, dehydration, malnutrition, and other life-threatening maladies - as the result of human-caused global warming and associated climate change impacts. ...
Examining environmental and management effects on crop quality draws on plant-defense theories of chemical ecology as well as the related area of secondary metabolite chemistry. According to plant-defense theories, plants are continuously exposed to a plethora of abiotic and biotic stresses in their environment such as pathogens, herbivores, and ultraviolet radiation. As sessile organisms, plants can not protect themselves from these stress factors through movement and have evolved secondary metabolites as defense compounds to protect themselves from various abiotic and biotic stresses (Fraenkel, 1959; Feeny, 1976; Coley et al., 1985; Harborne, 1993) such as mediating interactions with pathogens and other organisms (Piasecka et al., 2015). Some secondary metabolites also serve as signal compounds to attract pollinating and seed-dispersing animals (Wink, 2015). Unlike primary metabolites (e.g. carbohydrates, lipids, proteins) that are ubiquitous across the plant kingdom for their crucial role in ...
This volume deals with the consequences of climate change and issues of international climate policy relating to Africa from a social science perspective. The contributions by international authors question dominant political approaches and key concepts of the climate debate. They explain how the effects of climate change are linked to existing social, economic and political-institutional structures and action by the State. The authors show how social movements in Africa shape climate policy «from below». The volume serves as an introduction into climate change in Africa. It wants to stimulate a critical debate on dominant strategies and points out that there can be no simple answers to the complex socio-ecological and political challenges linked to climate change in Africa.. ...
Ticks exist on all continents and carry more zoonotic pathogens than any other type of vector. Ticks spend most of their lives in the external environment away from the host and are thus expected to be affected by changes in climate. Most empirical and theoretical studies demonstrate or predict range shifts or increases in ticks and tick-borne diseases, but there can be a lot of heterogeneity in such predictions. Tick-borne disease systems are complex, and determining whether changes are due to climate change or other drivers can be difficult. Modeling studies can help tease apart and understand the roles of different drivers of change. Predictive models can also be invaluable in projecting changes according to different climate change scenarios. However, validating these models remains challenging, and estimating uncertainty in predictions is essential. Another focus for future research should be assessing the resilience of ticks and tick-borne pathogens to climate change. ...
Data and research on agriculture and fisheries including food supply, sustainability, biological resources, and seed, tractor, forest, fruit and vegetable standards., Climate change is becoming more evident and, as it increases, will alter the productivity of fisheries and the distribution of fish stocks. From an economic point of view, the changes will have impacts on fisheries and coastal communities in different ways. These expected changes require adaptable and flexible fisheries and aquaculture management policies and governance frameworks. However, the forms of future climate change and the extent of its impact remain uncertain. Fisheries policy makers therefore need to develop strategies and decision-making models in order to adapt to climate change under such uncertainty while taking into account social and economic consequences. While most work on climate change in the fisheries sector has focused on fisheries science, this book highlights the economic and policy aspects of adapting
WASHINGTON (AP) - In a season of daunting wildfires and flooding, the Biden administration is taking an initial step to assess how climate change could harm financial markets - planning to launch on Tuesday a 75-day comment period on how the impacts could reshape the insurance sector. Insurers face payouts from wildfires and flooding risks […]
Public opinion on climate change is the aggregate of attitudes or beliefs held by the adult population concerning the science, economics, and politics of global warming. It is affected by media coverage of climate change. A 2007-2008 Gallup Poll surveyed individuals in 128 countries. This poll queried whether the respondent knew of global warming. For those individuals who were aware of the issue, they thought it was human-induced. Over a third of the worlds population were unaware of global warming. Developing countries have less awareness than developed, and Africa the least aware. Of those aware, residents of Latin America and developed countries in Asia led the belief that climate change is a result of human activities while Africa, parts of Asia and the Middle East, and a few countries from the former Soviet Union led in the opposite. Opinion within the United Kingdom was divided. Opinions in the United States vary intensely enough to be considered a culture war. A Gallup poll in 2014 ...
This study explores shallow lake numerical hydrodynamic processes that support model development and validation, extreme events and effects of water circulation in Lake Victoria. Lake Victoria is the second largest freshwater lake in the world, and the largest in East Africa. It is the major freshwater reservoir and source for domestic, agriculture, industrial, fishery, and transport. The resources support livelihoods and ecosystem services for over 40 million people. The lake is severely affected by water quality degradation by pollution. This thesis aims at improving the understanding by following recommendation of the Lake Victoria Environment Management Project, Lake Victoria Basin Commission climate change adaptation strategy and action plan 2018-2023, Lake Victoria Basin Commission operational plan 2015-2020, and Lake Victoria Basin Commission report. These reports suggested detailed lake bathymetry survey, modelling of lake flow, study of lake hydrometeorological processes by modelling ...
Using a regionally calibrated model, Sinervo et al. (Reports, 14 May 2010, p. 894) predicted potential climate change impacts on lizard populations and estimated that many extinctions are under way. We argue that this model is not sufficient for predicting global losses in lizard species in response to anthropogenic climate change.. ...
Many studies have found associations between climatic conditions and dengue transmission. However, there is a debate about the future impacts of climate change on dengue transmission. This paper reviewed epidemiological evidence on the relationship between climate and dengue with a focus on quantitative methods for assessing the potential impacts of climate change on global dengue transmission. A literature search was conducted in October 2012, using the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, and Web of Science. The search focused on peer-reviewed journal articles published in English from January 1991 through October 2012. Sixteen studies met the inclusion criteria and most studies showed that the transmission of dengue is highly sensitive to climatic conditions, especially temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. Studies on the potential impacts of climate change on dengue indicate increased climatic suitability for transmission and an expansion of the geographic regions at
by Judith Curry A novel method for causal inference has been motivated by . . . sardines. Scripps has a press release entitled Predictions of climate impacts on fisheries can be a mirage, with subtitle New mathematical tool developed by a Scripps scientist can help avoid misleading conclusions for species management. Cause and effect This press…
Into the 21st century, a new problem is recognized as a threat to the international fishing industry: climate change. There are many known impacts on fisheries and aquaculture as a result of climate change and many known solutions to keep them at bay, but these issues need to be taken more seriously by fishing industries. The broad affect of climate change on the fisheries is the warming of the oceans; this in turn ruins the natural habitats of fish. One issue from this broader issue that has recently received fair treatment in the Canadian media is the study of decreasing fish size as a result of climate change. An assistant professor at the University of British Columbia, William Cheung stated, Our study shows a substantial reduction in the maximum body size of fish. Cheung claims that the heating of the ocean waters causes the body temperature of the fish to heat up which in turn gives the fish a higher metabolism. With a higher metabolism the fish require more oxygen, but with climate ...
Climate Change Has National Security Implications, DOD Official SaysUnderstanding and dealing with climate change is important to national security and, therefore, to the Defense Department, the senior climate advisor to the defense secretary said.Climate change effects are real and they are significant, he said. Climate change is going to cost us in resources and readiness; […]
Coral reefs are delicate ecosystems that are particularly sensitive to human influences such as climate change and environmental pollution. Even if the warming of the earth does not exceed 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius - a limit set by the International Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) - more than 70 percent of coral reef ecosystems are likely to be lost, resulting in an economic and ecological catastrophe.. How do corals adapt to changing environmental conditions? How can we protect corals? Christian Voolstra, Professor of Genetics of Adaptation in Aquatic Systems at the University of Konstanz, assigns great importance to bacteria and other microorganisms. He emphasizes that no animal or plant lives alone - they are constantly interacting with bacteria and other microbes. Researchers call this a metaorganism - a tribute to the notion that all animal and plant hosts interact closely with their associated microbes. Corals are particular illustrative examples of metaorganisms, given that their ...
Viticulture is exposed and vulnerable to extreme weather and climate change. In Europe, owing to the high socio-economic value of the winemaking sector, the development of adaptation strategies to mitigate climate change impacts will be of foremost relevance for its future sustainability and competitiveness. Some guidelines on feasible short-term adaptation strategies are provided here (Figure 1), collected by the Clim4Vitis action (https://clim4vitis.eu/). Long-term adapation startegies are described in an accompanying technical review.. ...
Today is Blog Action Day 2009. This is an annual event, held every October 15, with a goal of encouraging an outpouring of simultaneous comment on an important issue calling for global action. This year, the designated subject is climate change. Back in January, I wrote a blog post summarizing my position on climate change. Entitled Pascals Wager and Climate Change, the post makes the argument that even if youre a skeptic about climate change or humanitys role in causing it, the risks of ignoring the issue are great, and the benefits from addressing it are significant even if scientists are completely wrong about the causes.
This research explored the consequences of climate change and climate variability in the Niger River Basin for human security and the risk of conflict. The research examined the linkages between climate, conflict, human security, adaptation and resilience in a multi-scale study that included three case studies of water management and climate impacts on the River Niger. Two of the case studies are in Mali and one is in Nigeria.. The River Niger traverses a region of the Sahel that has experienced significant reductions in rainfall and river flow since the late 1960s as well as extreme rainfall events and significant flooding impacts in recent years. The impacts of future climate change in the region are highly uncertain. This research assessed the tensions and risks of conflict associated with water resources and climate stresses, as well as the impacts on the livelihoods and human security of vulnerable populations. The significance of climate stresses is carefully assessed in the context of ...
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This website, produced by Natural Resources Canada, provides an explanation of climate change in general and in terms of its affect on health and safety, communities, land resources, water resources and coastal regions. It also discusses the effect on each province. It is linked to the Natural Resources Canada Climate Change website, http://www.ec.gc.ca/climate/resources-e.html, which offers an electronic newsletter, links to relevant newspaper articles, publications, speeches, other relevant sites, a teachers guide, and a series of posters depicting the regional impacts of climate change in Canada.. ...
By Nic Maclellan. Marshall Islands was always a climate leader. The responsibility to raise awareness about the impact of climate change on our islands and our livelihoods is a responsibility we own. We have to be part of the solution and show other countries that if we can do it, so can they.. Thats Hilda C. Heine, the former President of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI).. Dr. Heine detailed RMIs diverse responses to the climate emergency during a recent webinar hosted by He Pou a Rangi, the NZ Climate Change Commission. She was joined on the webinar by her daughter Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner, a performance poet, educator and community activist, who also serves as a Climate Envoy for Marshall Islands. This dynamic duo has become international campaigners alongside other Marshallese concerned about the long-term, adverse effects of global warming.. As the latest assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is released in the lead up to the next UNFCCC Conference of ...
Dr. Pierre Fogal, eMERGE Climate Change Hero. A 6,000 kilometer commute is not what comes to mind when we think of fighting climate change. But thats exactly what Dr. Pierre Fogal does when he travels from Guelph to his office in Eureka, Nunavut. Situated on Ellesmere Island, he leads a team of researchers at the Polar Environment Atmospheric Research Laboratory (PEARL).. Dr. Fogal is the eMERGE Climate Change Hero of 2021.. While Pierres work might be invisible to many people in Guelph, his research in the high arctic has been crucial to the science of climate change for scientists around the world. Most years, he spends at least three months at his laboratory. COVID has made it difficult for him over the last year. But rest assured that massive volumes of climate data are being uploaded to the internet regularly. However, the remoteness of Eureka means that the PEARL team also has to find sufficient funding to keep the centre running. Its no surprise that transportation and energy costs can ...
Insurance Journal: ... 2007 marked a turning point on climate change. In February, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change issued the first of three reports. It confirmed: 1) the temperature in the atmosphere and the oceans has grown warmer and can be expected to continue to do so. 2) The amount of greenhouse gasses, mainly CO2 and some methane, has increased markedly since 1750. 3) These gasses are the most significant cause for the temperature increase. 4) Human activity is primarily responsible for their production. Examinations of the likely impact and the remedial steps needed to slow or reverse it followed. Al Gore also played a major role in this debate, going from politician to Oscar winning filmmaker - for An Inconvenient Truth - to Nobel Peace Prize winner (shared with the IPCC). But his political stances have alienated a lot of people, particularly in the United States. The insurance industry, however, has taken a leading role in documenting climate change and in attempting to ...
1990-26. Climate change is of key importance. We are committed to undertake common efforts to limit emissions of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide. We strongly support the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and look forward to the release of its full report in August.. 1990-27. We reiterate our support for the negotiation of a framework convention on climate change, under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).. 1990-28. The convention should be completed by 1992.. 1990-29. Work on appropriate implementing protocols should be undertaken as expeditiously as possible and should consider all sources and sinks.. 1990-30. We welcome the amendment of the Montreal Protocol to phase out the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the year 2000 and to extend coverage of the Protocol to other ozone-depleting substances.. 1990-31. We acknowledge that enhanced levels of cooperation will be necessary with ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Coal and Climate Change. AU - Edwards, Gareth A S. PY - 2019/9. Y1 - 2019/9. N2 - This overview adopts a critical social science perspective to examine the state of play and potential futures for coal in the context of climate change. It introduces key trends in coal consumption, production and trade, before appraising the relevant literature. Finding surprisingly little literature directly focussed on coal and climate change compared with related fields, it appraises existing work and highlights key areas for future work. In addition to established bodies of work on the situated politics of coal and the political economy of coal, new work calling for demand side policies to be supplemented with supply side policies highlights the increasing importance of how normative contestations drive debates over coal, suggesting that future work needs to engage not only much more directly with climate change as an issue, but particularly with the place of coal in a just transition. Because ...
To raise awareness and promote better understanding of the countrys climate change issues and potential strategies of adaptation a five-day SERVIR Himalaya Youth Forum on Empowering Youth for Climate Research in Bhutan is in progress at Sherubtse College, Trashigang which concludes today.. The event is conducted in line with the present global concerns on climate change and to engage youth in addressing the issue in Bhutan. It is also steered forward for the youth to actively engage in areas of preparedness, risk reduction, adaptation and mitigation to undertake local actions as youth can play an agent for change and act as effective communicators in their communities.. Assistant Professor at Sherubtse College, Pankaj Thapa said that the forum will encourage and communicate to the youth on the technology know-how to research on climate change such as geo-spatial technology (remote sensing and GPS) and to bring out influencing policies, and also build a strong network in Bhutan on the ...
OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Oct. 9, 2009 - For the first time, climate scientists from across the country have successfully incorporated the nitrogen cycle into global simulations for climate change, questioning previous assumptions regarding carbon feedback and potentially helping to refine model forecasts about global warming. The results of the experiment at the Department of Energys Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) are published in the current issue of Biogeosciences. They illustrate the complexity of climate modeling by demonstrating how natural processes still have a strong effect on the carbon cycle and climate simulations. In this case, scientists found that the rate of climate change over the next century could be higher than previously anticipated when the requirement of plant nutrients are included in the climate model ...