Get this from a library! Climatic effects on pavement and geotechnical infrastructure : proceedings of the International Symposium on Climatic Effects on Pavement and Geotechnical Infrastructure 2013, August 4-7, 2013, Fairbanks, Alaska. [Jenny Liu, (Civil engineer); Construction Institute.;]
Temperate Climate" refers to climates between Polar and Tropical. However, there is a gradual change from polar to tropical climates across the middle latitude temperate zones. Normally, in the northern hemisphere, the northern portions of the temperate zone feature Boreal, Continental, and Oceanic climates, while the southern portions of the temperate zone are often Mediterranean and humid subtropical climates. These different climates all fall within the temperate zone which has a basic definition as being any climate with a mean temperature above −3 °C (26.6 °F) but below 18 °C (64.4 °F) in the coldest month. Obviously winter temperatures will be more mild in southerly portions and colder in the more northerly portions of the northern temperate zone and vice-versa in the southern temperate zone. From a floristic standpoint, each of these climate zones have generally temperate vegetation. There is however, an obvious change in flora from the far northern portions of the temperate zone ...
Areas with subpolar oceanic climates feature an oceanic climate but are usually located closer to polar regions. As a result of their location, these regions tend to be on the cool end of oceanic climates. Snowfall tends to be more common here than in other oceanic climates. Subpolar oceanic climates are less prone to temperature extremes than subarctic climates or continental climates, featuring milder winters than these climates. Subpolar oceanic climates feature only one to three months of average monthly temperatures that are at least 10 °C (50 °F). As with oceanic climates, none of its average monthly temperatures fall below -3.0 °C (26.6 °F) or 0 °C depending on the isotherm used. Typically, these areas in the warmest month experience daytime maximum temperatures below 17 °C (63 °F), while the coldest month features highs near or slightly above freezing and lows just below freezing. It typically carries a Cfc designation, though very small areas in Yunnan, Sichuan and parts of ...
Cold semi-arid climates (type "BSk") tend to be located in elevated portions of temperate zones, typically bordering a humid continental climate or a Mediterranean climate. They are typically found in continental interiors some distance from large bodies of water. Cold semi-arid climates usually feature warm to hot dry summers, though their summers are typically not quite as hot as those of hot semi-arid climates. Unlike hot semi-arid climates, areas with cold semi-arid climates tend to have cold winters. These areas usually see some snowfall during the winter, though snowfall is much lower than at locations at similar latitudes with more humid climates. Areas featuring cold semi-arid climates tend to have higher elevations than areas with hot semi-arid climates, and tend to feature major temperature swings between day and night, sometimes by as much as 20 °C (36 °F) or more in that time frame. These large diurnal temperature variations are seldom seen in hot semi-arid climates. Cold semi-arid ...
Climate Science Literacy is an understanding of your influence on climate and climates influence on you and society. People who are climate science literate know that climate science can inform our decisions that improve quality of life. They have a basic understanding of the climate system, including the natural and human-caused factors that affect it. Climate science literate individuals understand how climate observations and records as well as computer modeling contribute to scientific knowledge about climate.
Hosted by Metro on August 21st, 2013, the Climate Adaptation Planning for Transit and Fleet Operators webinar was the final outreach component of the FTA Climate Adaptation Pilot. The goal was to build upon the roundtable event, and to provide resources on both mitigation and adaptation strategies ...
Cold semi-arid climates (type "BSk") tend to be located in temperate zones or elevated portions in subtropical zones, typically bordering a humid continental climate or a Mediterranean climate. They are typically found in continental interiors some distance from large bodies of water. Cold semi-arid climates usually feature warm to hot dry summers, though their summers are typically not quite as hot as those of hot semi-arid climates. Unlike hot semi-arid climates, areas with cold semi-arid climates tend to have cold winters. These areas usually see some snowfall during the winter, though snowfall is much lower than at locations at similar latitudes with more humid climates. Areas featuring cold semi-arid climates tend to have higher elevations than areas with hot semi-arid climates, and tend to feature major temperature swings between day and night, sometimes by as much as 20 °C (36 °F) or more in that time frame. These large diurnal temperature variations are seldom seen in hot semi-arid ...
Solar Influences on Holocene Climate: A review of what is known about the potential climatic effects of solar variability and observed climate variability throughout the Holocene suggests that the former may have been responsible for the latter, and that solar variability may have played a greater role in the warming of the past century than the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change would like people to believe. Jet Aircraft Contrails Reduce the Diurnal Amplitude of Earths Surface Air Temperature: A model study of the climatic effects of jet aircraft contrails suggests that they tend to cool the earths surface during the day and warm it at night.. Ship Emissions Perturb Radiation Balance Over the Sea: A data-plus-model approach to evaluating the climatic consequences of ship emissions suggests that they have a modest cooling effect on the planet.. Solar Forcing of Climate Change: In reviewing what is known about relationships between the abundance of cosmogenic isotopes (14C and 10Be) and ...
Before interpreting the temporal variability in any climate proxy record we first need to study the reproducibility of the measured signal. One way of doing this is to compare variations in nearby records that were subject to the same history of the target climate variable, such as local temperatures. In simple terms, features that appear only in individual records most likely represent non-climate variability, whereas those that reproduce across multiple proxy records potentially represent variations in climate. Such a comparison provides an upper limit on the climate information contained in the record.. Reproducibility is a necessary but not sufficient condition for a reconstructed signal to be inferred as climatic in origin. Spatially coherent variability can also be caused by environmental changes independent of the variable of interest. For example, changes in ocean circulation might cause large-scale changes in water masses that affect the preservation of marine climate proxies and thus ...
(Phys.org)-A team of researchers with affiliations to several universities in the U.S. has helped uncover the frequency of El Niño events during the Medieval Climate Anomaly and the Little Ice Age by obtaining Eastern ...
Large-scale shifting of the weight of the atmosphere between mid- and high latitudes creates climate patterns known as the Arctic and North Atlantic Oscillations. These patterns have a big influence on winter weather in the Eastern U.S.
The idea of a National Climate Service has circulated at NOAA since the late 1970s, but data-gathering efforts remain spread over many programmes and agencies. NOAA draws on a host of different observing systems, including satellites, instruments that measure atmospheric carbon dioxide, and ocean buoys that monitor water temperature and salinity. NOAAs National Climatic Data Center in Asheville, NC, keeps archives of long-term climate records, and regional NOAA centres work on climate research problems specific to their geographical area. Outside NOAA, the US Geological Survey collects stream flow data, and the US Department of Agriculture monitors snowpack melt. "There is so much information floating around on climate change that it is difficult to separate the wheat from the chaff," says Larry Larson, executive director of the Association of State Floodplain Managers in Madison, Wisconsin. Forest and shoreline managers, utility companies, insurance companies and policy-makers are all looking ...
The December 2004 issue of BAMS contains an article warning of the threats of abrupt climate change (Epstein and McCarthy 2004, hereafter EM04). The article seeks to raise awareness of the risks of an abrupt change in climate related to human influences on the climate system, but, in doing so it repeats a common factual error. Specifically, it identifies the recent growth in economic damages associated with weather and climate events, such as Hurricanes Mitch and Jeanne and tornadoes in the United States, as evidence of trends in extreme events, arguing "the rising costs associated with weather volatility provide another derived indicator of the state of the climate system . . . the economic costs related to more severe and volatile weather deserves mention as an integral indicator of volatility." Although the attribution of increasing damages to climate changes is but one of many assertions made by EM04, the repetition of this erroneous claim is worth correcting because it is not consistent ...
Use the Climate-,Local link (on the left sidebar of most of our web pages) to view current climate products. Those products include the Daily Climate Report (CLI), Preliminary Climatology Data (CF6), Record Event Report (RER), Monthly Weather Summary (CLM) and the Regional Summary (RTP). Archived climate products from 2002 to the present are available on this page ...
Welcome to the Bureaus online home of the Australian Climate and Weather Extremes Monitoring System. This website provides comprehensive and timely information about climate and weather extremes of temperature and rainfall. Weather and climate extremes can have significant social, environmental and economic costs, with heat waves and floods prime examples. One of the greatest impacts of climate variability and climate change occurs through changes in the frequency and severity of extreme events. This system has been designed to provide a better basis for monitoring such changes, so that we will be better able to understand, prepare for and adapt to future changes in extreme events. ...
Fire is an intrinsic element of many forest ecosystems; it shapes their ecological processes, determines species composition and influences landscape structure. However, wildfires may: have undesirable effects on biodiversity and vegetation coverage; produce carbon emissions to the atmosphere; release smoke affecting human health; and cause loss of lives and property. There have been increasing concerns about the potential impacts of climate variability and change on forest fires. Climate change can alter factors that influence the occurrence of fire ignitions, fuel availability and fuel flammability. This review paper aims to identify tools and methods used for gathering information about the impacts of climate variability and change on forest fires, forest fuels and the probability of fires. Tools to assess the impacts of climate variability and change on forest fires include: remote sensing, dynamic global vegetation and landscape models, integrated fire-vegetation models, fire danger rating systems,
Identifying the effect of climate on societies is central to understanding historical economic development, designing modern policies that react to climatic events, and managing future global climate change. Here, I review, synthesize, and interpret recent advances in methods used to measure effects of climate on social and economic outcomes. Because weather variation plays a large role in recent progress, I formalize the relationship between climate and weather from an econometric perspective and discuss their use as identifying variation, highlighting tradeoffs between key assumptions in different research designs and deriving conditions when weather variation exactly identifies the effects of climate. I then describe advances in recent years, such as parameterization of climate variables from a social perspective, nonlinear models with spatial and temporal displacement, characterizing uncertainty, measurement of adaptation, cross-study comparison, and use of empirical estimates to project the ...
The identification of properties that contribute to the persistence and resilience of ecosystems despite climate change constitutes a research priority of global relevance. Here we present a novel, empirical approach to assess the relative sensitivity of ecosystems to climate variability, one property of resilience that builds on theoretical modelling work recognizing that systems closer to critical thresholds respond more sensitively to external perturbations. We develop a new metric, the vegetation sensitivity index, that identifies areas sensitive to climate variability over the past 14 years. The metric uses time series data derived from the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) enhanced vegetation index, and three climatic variables that drive vegetation productivity (air temperature, water availability and cloud cover). Underlying the analysis is an autoregressive modelling approach used to identify climate drivers of vegetation productivity on monthly timescales, in addition to
Scientists use very fast supercomputers to run Global Climate Models (GCMs). GCMs are a good tool to use to better understand Earths climate. We know that climate is not the same everywhere in the world. In some parts of the world it is pretty easy to model the climate. In other places, it is much more tricky to model the climate. It turns out that theSoutheast Pacific, near the west coast of South America, is one of those tricky places ...
Many people hold the mistaken belief that reconstructions of past climate are the sole evidence for current and future climate change. They are not. However, they are very interesting and useful for all sorts of reasons: for modellers to test out theories of climate change, for geographers, archaeologists and historians to examine the impact of climate on past civilizations and ecosystems, and for everyone to get a sense of what climate is capable of doing, how fast it does it and why. As a small part of that enterprise, the climate of the medieval period has received a very high (and sometimes disproportionate) profile in the public discourse - due in no small part to the mistaken notion that it is an important factor for the attribution of current climate change. Its existence as a period of generally warmer temperatures (at least in the Northern hemisphere) than the centuries that followed is generally accepted. But the timing, magnitude and spatial extent are much more uncertain. All ...
Page 0 The Mobilization for Climate Justice is a North America-based network of organizations and activists who have joined together to build a North American climate justice movement that emphasizes non-violent direct action and public education to mobilize for effective and just solutions to the climate crisis. The Mobilization for Climate Justice invites communities, organizations and activists across North America to join us in organizing mass action on climate change on November 30, 2009 (N30). N30 is significant because it both immediately precedes the upcoming UN Climate Conference in Copenhagen (COP-15) and is the ten-year anniversary of the successful shut down of the WTO in Seattle, when activists worldwide came together to demonstrate the power of collective action. The Copenhagen climate meetings will be a major focus for international mass actions this November and December, and the MCJ is linked to these efforts as well.
The second issue of the WHS newsletter is now available here. (http://www.worldhealthsummit.org/) Online registration has began and profiles of some of the keynote speakers. The Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina will host a panel on Climate Change and Health.. With reference to the impact of climatic change on parasitic diseases the Colombian Academy of Medicine informs us that a symposium is being organized at the XX Congress of the Latin American Federation of Parasitology in Bogotá, Colombia from 27 September to 1 October 2011. Topics covered will include: Climatic and non-climatic factors affecting tick borne diseases emergence and spread in Europe, Impact of climatic change on transmisssion of Ascaris lumbricoides and Distribution of Leishmaniasis. More information is available here. www.saludtropicalcolombia.org. An IAMP sponsored workshop on Scientific Writing will be held next week in Paris at the Académie des Sciences & Académie Nationale de Médecine. The aim is to ...
1. Introduction. Climate from geological epoch has been changing with time and it is reasonable to assume that it will change. Recently, the severe drought conditions have disrupted human societies in Bundelkhand region of central India and got the attention of India on reality of climate variability and its significance. The information on annual and seasonal rainfall of a region is useful to design water harvesting structure for agricultural operations, field preparation, seeding, irrigation, fertilizer application and overall in field of crop planning [1] [2] . Climatic variability, particularly rainfall is the major factor influencing the agricultural productivity and sustainability in the tropics [3] . Around 60% of the Indian agriculture is rain-dependent, distress-prone and vulnerable to climate. Constant increase in green house gas concentrations, since pre-industrial times, has led to positive radiative forcing of the climate, tending to warm the surface. The fourth assessment report of ...
Dow Jones Industrial Average, which is based on the stock prices of 30 companies, is used to represent the fluctuations in the stock market as a whole, climate indices are used to represent the essential elements of climate. Climate indices are generally identified or devised with the twin objectives of simplicity and completeness, and each typically represents the status and timing of the climate factor it represents. By their very nature, indices are simple, and combine many details into a generalized, overall description of the atmosphere or ocean which can be used to characterize the factors which impact the global climate system. Because the climate indices are generally determined from measurements made in a localized area, they can have impacts in other areas around the globe, through processes sometimes called teleconnections.. References: ...
Abstract. Accelerated release of carbon from soils is one of the most important feedbacks related to anthropogenically induced climate change. Studies addressing the mechanisms for soil carbon release through organic matter decomposition have focused on the effect of changes in the average temperature, with little attention to changes in temperature variability. Anthropogenic activities are likely to modify both the average state and the variability of the climatic system; therefore, the effects of future warming on decomposition should not only focus on trends in the average temperature, but also variability expressed as a change of the probability distribution of temperature. Using analytical and numerical analyses we tested common relationships between temperature and respiration and found that the variability of temperature plays an important role determining respiration rates of soil organic matter. Changes in temperature variability, without changes in the average temperature, can affect ...
Temperature variability in the Southwest US is investigated using skew-normal probability distribution functions (SN PDFs) fitted to observed wintertime daily maximum temperature records. These PDFs vary significantly between years, with important geographical differences in the relationship between the central tendency and tails, revealing differing linkages between weather and climate. The warmest and coldest extremes do not necessarily follow the distribution center. In some regions one tail of the distribution shows more variability than does the other. For example, in California the cold tail is more variable while the warm tail remains relatively stable, so warm years are associated with fewer cold extremes but not necessarily more warm extremes. The opposite relationship is seen in the Great Plains. Changes in temperature PDFs are conditioned by different phases of El Nino-La Nina (ENSO) and the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO). In the Southern Great Plains, La Nina and/or negative PDO ...
The failure of the Madrid climate negotiations, the Cop25, was not really unexpected. Even today, very few people, be they politicians or citizens, understand the risks of whats happening, and those who do are accused of "alarmism". But how long can we carry on as if nothing is happening? What do we risk if we do nothing?. The answer is that we risk much more than we can afford. Many studies tell us this, among others also a recent article published in Nature titled "Climate tipping points - too risky to bet against." Even without going into the details, the title is clear enough to understand that the matter is becoming dramatic. But why so much concern among scientists?. We can summarize the problem in one short sentence: the Earths climate is unstable. It is something that is emerging with ever greater force from all studies in climate science. Of course, the fact that the climate always changes is a favorite argument of those who deny climate science. Their reasoning is: "the climate has ...
Our climate is changing because of distinctive variables affecting earth at large. The need of measuring stations in numerous remote regions and particularly over the endless sea zones implies that satellites are the only way to assemble information on Essential Climate Variables - ECVs. By utilizing Earth observation strategies from space, we can screen global natural change not possible with other procedures. , monitoring, prediction, and related administrations depend on exact perceptions of the climate, land, and sea, adequately tested universally and over adequately long time periods. Satellite estimations have given coordinate observational proves that later increases in greenhouse gas concentrations have created the anticipated changes to the active energy transmitted by the Earth. However, while they play a basic part in assessing and improving the models used to make future climate projections required by policymakers they are not however of sufficient exactness to absolutely set up ...
Guest post by Bart Verheggen, Department of Air Quality and Climate Change , Energy research Institute of the Netherlands (ECN). The impacts of aerosols on climate are significant, but also very uncertain. There are several reasons for this, one of which is the uncertainty in how and how fast they are formed in the atmosphere by nucleation. Here, in part I, Ill review some of the basic processes that are important in determining the climate effects of aerosols, focusing in particular on their formation. This is also relevant in order to better understand -and hopefully quantify- the hypothetical climate effects of galactic cosmic rays which Ill discuss in a follow-up post.. Background. Aerosols are liquid or solid particles suspended in the atmosphere (but not including water droplets or ice crystals). They can either be directly emitted into the atmosphere (primary aerosols like dust), or they can be formed in the atmosphere by condensation (secondary aerosol like sulfates). Almost all of ...
This article appeared in the Daily Gleaner, Friday, January 24, 2020. How long before climate emergency gains traction?. Fredericton is under pressure to join the many hundreds of Canadian municipalities and federal government that have declared a climate emergency.. A Climate Emergency declaration is "a piece of legislation or directive putting a government or organization on record in support of emergency action to restore a safe climate." (Climate Mobilization 2020). With few indications of leadership at the provincial level in this province, local governments are being pushed to take the strongest possible action towards mobilization. So far Bathurst, Saint John, Moncton and Edmundston have done this. Are the declarations of climate emergency symbolic, without teeth? That depends on how much people hold Council members to account to living up to their words.. Declaring a climate emergency is the first step towards shifting governments into emergency mode to address this global crisis. The ...
The tropics are a critical part of climate system, modulating global temperature and precipitation patterns on a variety of timescales. Yet, natural climate variability across much of the tropics remains poorly characterized due to the dearth of instrumental observations prior to 1970s. Massive corals are now routinely used to reconstruct past tropical climate variability, however the accuracy of these records have been questioned as corals growing on the same reef can produce very different geochemical signals. Diagenetic alteration, prevalent in both modern and fossil corals, is another factor that significantly compromises the accuracy of coral records. To quantify intercolony reproducibility at Palmyra Atoll (6˚N,162˚W), we compare oxygen isotope (δ18O) and Sr/Ca records across in five overlapping modern corals. Our results demonstrate that Palmyra corals reconstruct similar monthly to interannual climate variability, however absolute δ18O and Sr/Ca are systematically offset among ...
Palmer drought severity index. Figure 4. Monthly statewide average values of the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) for the state of Wisconsin, 1895-2007 (data from the National Climate Data Center, www.ncdc.noaa.gov). Paleodrought: The role of natural climate variability is even more on display when we investigate the very long-term moisture records for the state. We find that the droughts experienced during the past century in Wisconsin pale in comparison to the long lasting and severe dry conditions that have occurred there in the more distant past.. The character of past climates can be judged from analysis of climate-sensitive proxies such as tree-rings. Using precipitation information about past precipitation contained in tree rings, Dr. Edward Cook and colleagues have been able to reconstruct a summertime moisture record for Wisconisn that extends back in time more than 700 years.. Interestingly, while there has been a slight trend towards generally wetter conditions across the past ...
This study investigates the effects of service climate on (1) psychological antecedents of frontline employees (FLEs) work engagement-i.e., psychological meaningfulness and psychological safety, (2) work engagement itself, (3) a performance outcome of work engagement-i.e., FLEs service performance quality, and (4) the relationships between FLEs psychological meaningfulness, psychological safety, work engagement, and service performance quality. It also examines the mediating roles of work engagement in the relationships between its psychological antecedents and its performance outcome. An emphasis is placed on respecting the levels of analysis of the constructs. Service climate represents a groups work environment. It is, therefore, a collective-level variable. Psychological meaningfulness, psychological safety, work engagement and FLEs service performance quality are mental and behavioural phenomena. They are individual-level variables. In this study, service climate is operationalised as ...
Governments in the Caribbean recognise climate variability and change to be the most significant threat to sustainable development in the region. Policies and strategies, such as the regional framework for achieving development resilient to climate change and its implementation plan, acknowledge the scale of the threat and provide a plan that aspires to safeguard regional prosperity and meet development goals. To do this, decision-makers need effective tools and methods to help integrate climate change considerations into their planning and investment processes. To build resilience, decision-makers can benefit from access to appropriate climate change data that are specific to their geographical location and relevant to their planning horizons ...
Investment Climate Factors with Reference to Firm Performance in Bangladesh: A Prospective Cohort Study: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1008-6.ch019: A productive investment climate is key to the growth of any developing country. Given the limited literature and importance of economic zone in attracting
... WHAT: Can America really cope with inevitable climate change... WHO: Keynote speakers include Lockheed Martin retired CEO No... WHERE: University of Maryland Inn and Conference Center Col... WHEN: Monday and Tuesday October 22 and 23 2007 ...,Meeting,real-world,climate,information,needs,of,business,,government,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Aim: It is widely acknowledged that species distributions result from a variety of biotic and abiotic factors operating at different spatial scales. Here, we aimed to (1) determine the extent to which global climate niche models (CNMs) can be improved by the addition of fine-scale regional data; (2) examine climatic and environmental factors influencing the range of 15 invasive aquatic plant species; and (3) provide a case study for the use of such models in invasion management on an island. Location: Global, with a case study of species invasions in Ireland. Methods: Climate niche models of global extent (including climate only) and regional environmental niche models (with additional factors such as human influence, land use and soil characteristics) were generated using maxent for 15 invasive aquatic plants. The performance of these models within the invaded range of the study species in Ireland was assessed, and potential hotspots of invasion suitability were determined. Models were ...
Many of Global Exchanges friends and allies are already working on the first two steps, but we believe that more effort needs to be made to build political support here in the United States for a fair climate deal. Thats what we have chosen to work on and thats why Global Exchange is launching our Campaign for Climate Equity. Global Exchange has been driven by social and economic justice for 20 years now. This is a comfortable niche for us.. In order to maintain a human-friendly climate on earth, all the major GHG-emitting countries must accept emission limits, but that simply will not happen unless they are all bound to an agreement that all consider fair. The major roadblock to a fair international climate agreement is the peculiar belief held by most of our political and economic leaders that we actually deserve to be more wealthy than the vast majority of people in the world.. The most inconvenient truth we must confront in order to reverse climate change is the fact that the wealth of ...
Major Emitters Failed People at the UN Climate Action Summit in New York, Civil Society said.. The Climate Action Network calls out rich major emitters that failed to commit to ambitious climate action at the UN Climate Action Summit. Monday 23 September 2019. New York- The UN Climate Action Summit in New York opened with anger. "Nature is angry," said. Antonio Guterres. Youth activist Greta Thunberg told leaders "How dare you gamble with our future and continue talking about fairytales of eternal economic growth?". Although keynote speakers reaffirmed that our house is on fire with impacts becoming more intense and frequent across the world, country speeches which ensued showed that governments are still fueling the fire. They continue to ignore the science and fail to present ambitious climate commitments. In the end, the urgency and the emergency did not transpire in leaders speeches.. The world did not hear many announcements on enhanced targets or phase out of polluting fossil fuels such ...
This is a challenging project and will appeal to students keen to make a contribution in the areas of scientific databases and geoinformatics.. The NCAR Command Language (NCL) is an interpreted language for scientific data analysis and visualisation ( http://www.ncl.ucar.edu/). NCL is widely-used for the processing of climate data which are held in arrays, generally in a netCDF format ( http://www.unidata.ucar.edu/software/netcdf/index.html). rasdaman is an array database system that uses an SQL-style query language to retrieve and maintain unlimited size multi-dimensional arrays stored in standard relational databases ( http://rasdaman.eecs.jacobs-university.de/trac/rasdaman).. This project will load NetCDF climate data into a rasdaman database, and develop an interface to allow its use from NCL commands. It will explore the technical issues that arise, and the benefits and limitations of the rasdaman system and its associated query languages and APIs.. The student will have an opportunity to ...
It is a signal of large climate variability in the high latitudes," Hakkinen said. "If this trend continues, it could indicate reorganization of the ocean climate system, perhaps with changes in the whole climate system, but we need another good five to 10 years to say something like that is happening." Rhines said, "The subpolar zone of the Earth is a key site for studying the climate. Its like Grand Central Station there, as many of the major ocean water masses pass through from the Arctic and from warmer latitudes. They are modified in this basin. Computer models have shown the slowing and speeding up of the subpolar gyre can influence the entire ocean circulation system ...
Several decades of scientific research have yielded significant advances in understanding the oceans role in regulating Earths climate. This summary covers some of the major points about abrupt climate change that are often misunderstood.
29] We have shown that our model has skill in simulating a large number of observational data sets from the past 50 years and that it is mostly consistent (within the error bars) with those observations that provide error estimates. However, this does not guarantee reliability of simulations of a climate that is very different from the one of today. Comparisons with proxy data of paleoclimates offer the opportunity to evaluate the fidelity of the model to reproduce climates much different from todays and/or more drastic climatic changes than those observed during the observations period (last 150 years). The physical model has been successfully applied earlier to simulations of the last glacial maximum [Weaver et al., 1998; Schmittner et al., 2002a; Meissner et al., 2003] and rapid climate changes during the last ice age [Schmittner et al., 2002b, 2003; Clark et al., 2007]. These studies together with recent paleostudies using the ocean biogeochemical model [Schmittner, 2005; Schmittner et al., ...
And they simulate that as coming entirely from CO2 weve added to the atmosphere. But the world has warmed similarly many times in the past. That makes it pretty likely that at least some of the warming weve seen came from natural causes, not our CO2 emissions.. Whats more, the models estimate "climate sensitivity"-how much warmer the atmosphere will be after the whole climate system adjusts to a doubling of atmospheric CO2-at 1.5-4.5˚ C with a 3˚ "best estimate." But more empirically driven estimates put "climate sensitivity" at about 0.5-1.5˚ C.. So the models are wrong. Almost unanimously wrong. Hopelessly wrong.. (Take a look at that first graph again. The closest to right is a Russian model. Collusion, anyone?). And if the models are wrong, they provide no rational basis for predicting future temperature. Hence no rational basis for any policy.. But dont sweat the small stuff. "Climate math," you know? That solves everything.. So dont even bother to ask about the math for global ...
Nic Lewis (a co-author of ODonnell et al 2010) is a very sharp analyst whos recently taken an interest in climate sensitivity estimates and has an interesting guest post at Judy Currys today. In his studies, he noticed that the IPCCs representation in AR4 Figure 9.20 of the probability distribution for climate sensitivity arising from…
Nic Lewis (a co-author of ODonnell et al 2010) is a very sharp analyst whos recently taken an interest in climate sensitivity estimates and has an interesting guest post at Judy Currys today. In his studies, he noticed that the IPCCs representation in AR4 Figure 9.20 of the probability distribution for climate sensitivity arising from…
With Amira Gad (Serpentine Galleries) reflecting on Shezad Dawoods Leviathan in her keynote lecture How does it end when it starts at the end?, geologist Dr. Martin Ziegler (NICO Expedition/University of Utrecht) speaking about the cause and impact of climate variability on a range of geologic timescales, the primary focus of his research being the reconstruction of past climate variability using in particular the carbonate clumped isotope thermometer, and Jeff M. Diamanti (University of Amsterdam) sharing his view on medium-specific heliotropisms, as Diamanti refers to them, that offer unique and plural forms of critical perception that help accelerate the process of letting climate change theory, each using distinct mood, materiality, and temporality. According to Diamanti, recent aesthetic interventions by Shezad Dawood, Chris McCaw, and Olafur Eliasson help focalize the present through the figure of the beach-that originary landscape where sea and land mix matter, distributing solar and ...
During the past two and a half million years, the Earths climate has been dominated by large fluctuations between glacial and interglacial conditions. Although average global surface temperatures during glacial periods were only about 4 to 6 °C colder than during the warm interglacial periods, these changes were enough to alter Canadas landscape from one almost entirely covered with thick ice sheets to the hospitable biome of today. The last global deglaciation began about 20 000 years ago, and full interglacial conditions have dominated the Earths climate for the past 10 000 years. The best analogue for the current interglacial, in terms of both climate forcing and the pattern of paleogeographic changes, may be the interglacial that took place some 400 000 years ago (European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica community members, 2004). A comparison of the two periods suggests that the Earths present climate, if allowed to evolve naturally, might last an additional 20 000 years or so ...
By: Rob Bushway - Climate DepotJuly 24, 2017 2:57 PM The Climate Alarmists Gross Perversion of the Word Clean. http://www.carlineconomics.com/archives/3740. Climate alarmists have gone to endless efforts to gain public acceptance of their doomsday premise that the world must greatly reduce its use of fossil fuels to avoid catastrophic anthropogenic global warming. They have fudged the surface temperature data, used meaningless climate models, argued that human emissions of carbon dioxide will warm the planet despite the strong evidence to the contrary, and so on, but their greatest perversion is of the English language. They have branded CO2 as a pollutant and claimed that reducing it is necessary to make the world "clean." All the alarmists from Gore to McKibben to Obama are guilty of this; in fact, the use of this terminology is so uniform that one suspects that they all have been coached to say it at every opportunity. Unfortunately, their efforts have even been supported by the Supreme ...
By: Rob Bushway - Climate DepotJuly 24, 2017 2:57 PM The Climate Alarmists Gross Perversion of the Word Clean. http://www.carlineconomics.com/archives/3740. Climate alarmists have gone to endless efforts to gain public acceptance of their doomsday premise that the world must greatly reduce its use of fossil fuels to avoid catastrophic anthropogenic global warming. They have fudged the surface temperature data, used meaningless climate models, argued that human emissions of carbon dioxide will warm the planet despite the strong evidence to the contrary, and so on, but their greatest perversion is of the English language. They have branded CO2 as a pollutant and claimed that reducing it is necessary to make the world "clean." All the alarmists from Gore to McKibben to Obama are guilty of this; in fact, the use of this terminology is so uniform that one suspects that they all have been coached to say it at every opportunity. Unfortunately, their efforts have even been supported by the Supreme ...
I have posted on this a zillion times over here, and most of you are up to speed on this, but I posted this for my Coyote Blog readers and thought it would be good to repost over here.. Take all the psuedo-quasi-scientific stuff you read in the media about global warming. Of all that mess, it turns out there is really only one scientific question that really matters on the topic of man-made global warming: Feedback.. While the climate models are complex, and the actual climate even, err, complexer, we can shortcut the reaction of global temperatures to CO2 to a single figure called climate sensitivity. How many degrees of warming should the world expect for each doubling of CO2 concentrations (the relationship is logarithmic, so that is why sensitivity is based on doublings, rather than absolute increases - an increase of CO2 from 280 to 290 ppm should have a higher impact on temperatures than the increase from, say, 380 to 390 ppm).. The IPCC reached a climate sensitivity to CO2 of about 3C per ...
Albeit that I am trying to use it on a very hot CPU and in a very hot climate but it is not up to the task and a faster fan just makes more noise without any major extra cooling with a lower power CPU or a cooler climate it is definitely a good cooler but in a hot climate it has not got the overhead that a True has . Admittedly the OP has not got a 140 watt CPU but I hesitate to recommend a Cooler that has ( and is ) giving me grief on very hot days . And before you jump in and state that it is not seated properly - Yes it is and it has been lapped and works fine until the room temp hit high 30s and the case temp gets into the high 40s and low 50s at which point the CPU Temps start to climb and when it hits mid to high 60s I shut it down - After which I swapped coolers between two machines - I put the Hro1 on a dual core and the true on the quad , problem pretty much solved - but I do not trust it - The issue is only for two or three hours on some summer days the rest of the year it is fine - ...
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Anthropogenic aerosols have been identified as an important driver of global and regional climate. Globally, aerosols are estimated to have offset much of the positive forcing due to greenhouse gases; regionally, their effect can be dominating, and can potentially drive climate anomalies far from the emission sources due to changes in the atmospheric circulation. Aerosols emitted from North America (NA) and Europe (EU) dominated the global aerosol loading until the late twentieth century. Despite recent progress, our knowledge of the climate imprint of NA and EU aerosols is still incomplete, especially regarding the decades before the mid-twentieth century, in which emissions were still lower and did not yet change as rapidly as later, but might have been more effective due to non-linearities in the aerosol-cloud interactions. The overarching goal of this work is thus to determine robust features of the impact of NA and EU aerosols on regional and large-scale climate and to advance current ...
When discussing global warming, the public eye is mostly directed to global average surface air temperatures, but thats just one slice of the climate pie. If you havent noticed, the ocean is awfully big, and it holds a great deal more heat energy than the atmosphere. In fact, about 90 percent of the energy thats been added to the climate system by human activities has gone into the ocean.. Unfortunately, its hard to monitor that. There are a multitude of measuring stations for surface air temperatures, but our presence in the ocean is limited. With the advent of the ...
For a copy of the official data for these stations, you can contact NWS-Shreveport at (318) 631-3669 (Monday-Friday, 7am-4pm) or the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) at (828) 371-4800. ...
Within ESAs Climate Change Initiative, expert Frank Paul of the University of Zürich, Switzerland, explains the importance of glaciers as an Essential Climate Variable to understand our changing world.. ...
Climate resiliency is an important strategy in sustainability planning. However, todays buildings are designed to operate in the future using weather data from the past. Research suggests that predicted energy savings from green buildings may be significantly different than actual building performance in coming years due to the changing climate.. Douglas Ahl, director of research at Seventhwave, will provide case studies and research findings on the impact of climate on efficient technology choices and building energy use. He will also share feedback from a wide variety of stakeholders on their understanding and opinons about climate and clean energy.. ...
Within ESAs Climate Change Initiative Project, expert Rainer Hollman of DWD in Germany explains the importance of clouds as an Essential Climate Variable to understand our changing world.. Read more. .. ...
Definition of climate classes in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is climate classes? Meaning of climate classes as a legal term. What does climate classes mean in law?
The earths climate system is constantly changing," said Dr. Peter Dailey, assistant vice president and director of atmospheric science at AIR Worldwide. "Not only does a change to any component of the system influence the risk from natural catastrophes, but the interactions between components bring about an inherent uncertainty surrounding how climate will evolve in the future. By conditioning our models on future climate scenarios developed by leading climate researchers at the Met Office, the study we have conducted on behalf of the ABI advances our understanding of the relationship between these complex climate relationships and insured risk.". The research brings together unique climate model projections with state-of-the-art catastrophe models. And as weve recently seen with Typhoon Ketsana, which demolished parts of China, the Philippines, Cambodia, Vietnam and Laos and killed almost 700 and caused more than $1 billion in damage - research in this area is greatly needed. Nothing can stop ...
General circulation models frequently suffer from a substantial cold bias in equatorial Pacific sea surface temperatures (SSTs). For instance, the majority of the climate models participating in the C
Perhaps the most hotly debated topic among climate scientists, when they are not facing off with the ignorance of underhanded climate change deniers, is the potential rate of Earth Systems response to human caused climate change. In general, the low hanging fruit of climate research is a more easy to puzzle out pace of likely warming due to the direct forcing of human greenhouse gas and CO2 emissions and the more rapid climate feedback coming from increasing water vapor due to increased evaporation. But higher up the tree hang the critical fruits of pace of albedo change and pace of carbon response as the Earth System warms. Understanding these two will provide a much greater clarity to the question of a long term rate of warming given a doubling of atmospheric CO2.. Paleoclimate, Paleoclimate, and Paleoclimate. Perhaps the best way to test the accuracy of our long-term Earth Systems global…. ...
First unified reference textbook in seasonal to interannual climate predictions and their practical uses Embraces prediction of El Niño and management
Writings on climate change, sea level rise, ocean acidification, biodiversity loss, climate adaptation & protests from a Melbourne Citizen Journalist.
Writings on climate change, sea level rise, ocean acidification, biodiversity loss, climate adaptation & protests from a Melbourne Citizen Journalist.
Writings on climate change, sea level rise, ocean acidification, biodiversity loss, climate adaptation & protests from a Melbourne Citizen Journalist.
BERKELEY - Computer users who want to devote their machines spare time to worthy public computing projects no longer have to choose only one, like [email protected], and forget the rest. A new computing platform developed at the University of California, Berkeley, called BOINC (Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing), now lets users participate in many Internet computing projects and tell their computers how much time to devote to each. The latest project to move to BOINC was announced last month at UC Berkeley. Climateprediction.net, which runs models of global climate change, joins [email protected], which searches for radio signals indicative of extraterrestrial intelligence, and [email protected], which predicts how proteins fold. Climateprediction.net was launched a year ago and now boasts 75,000 participants in 130 countries.. "With BOINC, you can participate in many different public computing projects and control the amount of time each gets," said David Anderson, the director of both BOINC and ...
When the fourth IPCC report comes out next year look for a change in the climate sensitivity prediction interval. The climate sensitivity is the increase in global mean temperature for a doubling of co2 concentration. IPCC has reported the same interval, 1.5 C -- 4.5 C, three times since 1990. The reason we have an interval is model uncertainty. The climate modelers dont know which model (if any) is correct so they run a suite of models (each with its own uncertainty span) and report an interval of predictions. If you dont see this interval shrink it means we have made little or no progress towards understanding the link between increased co2 and temperature increase. One of the biggest contributors to the uncertainty is the physics of water-vapor feedback. Without this feedback to amplify the co2 effect the temperature increase falls to about 1 C with almost no uncertainty. This amount of warming is too small to be significant. Getting the feedback right means understanding cloud physics ...
Lakoff did his usual thing on framing, YMMV. I think the idea of framing is correct although Im less sure that the frames he says categorize the political spectrum are accurate. Both he and Espen Stoknes had some useful things to say on ways to communicate (emphasize climate health, risk management as opposed to uncertainty, etc.). Espen Stoknes has a book on climate communication, and I think it looks worthwhile - he may be further down the road of Dan Kahan/cultural cognition stuff then I like, but its not completely off-base. Lakoff was very negative towards climate scientists for failing to teach "systemic causation", that the inability to attribute a particular weather event with 95% certainty to climate change doesnt eliminate a systemic level of causation of bad things ...
In Western Canada we know that winters can be long and harsh. Just as birds head south for warmer climates before winter settles in, many of us feel the urge to escape to warmer areas when winter is most intense. Some go south so often in the winter that they are known as
Background The world is experiencing a high climatic variability and has its impact on all ecosystems, regions and sectors, but the nature and extent of vulnerability to climate change differs with...
POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF CLIMATIC CHANGES ON INDOXACARB PERSISTENCE AND ITS PRE-HARVEST INTERVAL IN TOMATO FRUITS. EL DIN, ALI M. SHAMS; AZAB, MOHAMED M.; ALMAZ, MONIR M.; GAABOUB, IBRAHIM A.; SOUMAN, HANIM M. // Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research;2015, Vol. 93 Issue 1(B), p767 It is real and significant that climatic changes affect the pesticide behaviour, but there are no data available on their effect on the pesticide persistence and its preharvest interval (PHI). Therefore, to estimate the potential effect of climatic changes on the fate of indoxacarb in tomato... ...
The report holds out hope that disastrous warming could still be avoided, but not without major effort. Global emissions would need to be reduced by 40 percent, to 70 percent below 2010 levels, by 2050 and essentially cease by the year 2100 in order to have a shot at holding the increase in the global mean temperature to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Thats the benchmark scientists and international negotiators have long regarded as the highest level that could be tolerated before dire consequences set in.. ...
Primates are facing an impending extinction crisis, driven by extensive habitat loss, land use change, and hunting. Climate change is an additional threat, which alone or in combination with other drivers, may severely impact those taxa unable to track suitable environmental conditions. Here, we investigate the extent of climate and land use/cover (LUC) change‐related risks for primates. We employed an analytical approach to objectively select a subset of climate scenarios, for which we then calculated changes in climatic and LUC conditions for 2050 across primate ranges (N=426 species) under a best‐ and a worst‐case scenario. Generalised linear models were used to examine whether these changes varied according to region, conservation status, range extent, and dominant habitat. Finally, we reclassified primate ranges based on different magnitudes of maximum temperature change, and quantified the proportion of ranges overall and of primate hotspots in particular that are likely to be ...
NASA scientists say 2013 tied with 2009 and 2006 for the seventh warmest year since 1880, continuing a long-term trend of rising global temperatures. With the exception of 1998, the 10 warmest years in the 134-year record ...
Synopsis: ENSO-neutral conditions are expected to continue through the end of 2008. ENSO-neutral conditions continued during August 2008, as recent increases in sea surface temperatures (SSTs) abated across the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Above-average SSTs in the east-central and eastern Pacific diminished, while below-average SSTs in the central Pacific strengthened slightly (Fig. 1). From west to east, the latest weekly SST index values range from -0.4 C in the Ni o-4 region to +0.7 C in the Ni o 1+2 region (Fig. 2). The subsurface oceanic heat content (average temperatures in the upper 300m of the ocean, Fig. 3) also decreased in response to the emergence of negative temperature anomalies at thermocline depth in the east-central Pacific (Fig. 4). Although ENSO-neutral conditions have been in place since June 2008, the atmospheric circulation over the western and central tropical Pacific continues to reflect lingering aspects of La Ni a. Enhanced low-level easterly winds and upper-level ...
In the past year, climate change activism has surged to unprecedented levels. Three growing climate movements - Fridays for Future (led by Greta Thunberg), the Sunrise Movement, and Extinction Rebellion - continue to make news headlines. The recent September 20th and 27th global climate strikes involved approximately 6.6 million participants in more than 150 different
Observed Equatorial Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Ocean Interannual Flow Using Theory and High Resolution ECCO2 Model Results". Fundamental to an understanding of El Ni o/Southern Oscillation climate fluctuations is an understanding of the anomalous equatorial Pacific surface flows which move the surface waters and change the sea surface temperature. Through the advent of accurate satellite altimeter measurements from late 1992 to the present, they now have an unprecedented opportunity to examine these flows not just in the Pacific, but also in the Indian and Atlantic Oceans. The main goal of this project will be to describe the anomalous equatorial surface flows in all three ocean basins and understand major aspects of them using theory and the dynamically consistent high resolution ECCO2 global numerical model. The scientific community is beginning to take advantage of the ECCO2 global ocean model, and a secondary benefit of the analysis will be the evaluation of the accuracy of this model and ...
Tropical Pacific climate variations and their global weather impacts may be predicted much further in advance than previously thought, according to research by an international team of climate scientists from the USA, Australia, and Japan. The source of this predictability lies in the tight interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere and among the Atlantic, the Pacific and the Indian Oceans. Such long-term tropical climate forecasts are useful to the public and policy makers.
(SAN FRANCISCO, US) 14 September 2018 - At this weeks Global Climate Action Summit, leaders from business, local governments and civil society committed to more than 500 actions and detailed new plans to work together to reduce global emissions. The Summit concluded with a call to national governments to increase climate ambition to secure a climate-safe future for all.
Palaeomagnetic studies of the Chinese loess provided the first firm chronology for these sediments and revealed that their depositional history reaches back over 2.5 Ma. Magnetic susceptibility records can provide an even more detialed chronology through correlation with d18O deep-sea stratigraphy. The susceptibility fluctuations have been used also, either alone or in combination with 10Be measurements, to reconstruct palaeoclimate. However, there is still debate as to the origin of the 10Be and magnetic minerals in the Chinese loess and hence their palaeoclimatic significance. Here, we analyse magnetic data from six sites across the Loess Plateau, and reinterpret the 10Be data from Luochuan as largely reflecting primary 10Be dust loading rather than as a palaeorainfall indicator. We discount previous ideas of both constancy of the flux of magnetically susceptible minerals (i.e. susceptibility flux) or constancy of the ratio of the flux of 10Be and susceptibility. We explain the susceptibility ...
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Global climate models did not account for a drop in global temperatures since 2006, but climate scientists believe the lower temperatures are temporary.
...Scientists are reporting significant changes in the distribution of co...CSIROs Climate Adaptation and Wealth from Oceans Flagships have ident...These include warm temperate surf-zone species such as Silver Drummer ... Furthermore up to 19 species or 5 per cent of Tasmanian coastal fi...,Climate,change,hits,southeast,Australia,fish,species,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
NASA Documents Reveal Mission of Military and Federal Agencies to Modify the Climate Video Script (PDF): AGW, Artificial Global Warming and the Climate Industrial Complex __________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ Its unacceptable that the UN/IPCC continue to push CO2 as the cause for climate change but refuse to acknowledge the military has been actively engaged in Climate…
Synopsis: The chance of El Niño is 70% during the Northern Hemisphere summer and reaches 80% during the fall and winter. Above-average sea surface temperatures (SST) expanded over the equatorial Pacific Ocean during May 2014 (Fig. 1), though the collective atmospheric and oceanic state continued to reflect ENSO-neutral. All of the Niño indices increased during the month, with the latest weekly values between 0.6oC and 1.6oC (Fig. 2). In contrast, subsurface temperature anomalies decreased over the last two months (Fig. 3), but still reflect a large pool of above-average temperatures at depth (Fig. 4). The low-level winds over the tropical Pacific remain near average, except for westerly anomalies over the eastern Pacific. At upper-levels, anomalous easterly winds have predominated over most of the equatorial Pacific. Unlike the previous month, convection was near average across most of the tropics (Fig. 5). The lack of a clear atmospheric response to the positive SSTs indicates ENSO-neutral, ...
Summary. ISC seeks a highly motivated Senior Program Officer for our International Climate programs (SPOIC) with 10 + years of international experience working with multi-disciplinary climate mitigation and adaptation projects in urban environments. Experience in South/Southeast Asia is strongly preferred. The initial primary responsibility of the SPOIC is to manage ISCs support to the Low Emissions Asia Development (LEAD) program. In addition, the SPOIC will play a major role in shaping and supporting ISCs long-term strategy and vision for working on subnational climate mitigation and adaptation in Asia, and will build relationships and pursue business development opportunities toward that purpose. The ideal candidate is a forward-thinking, experienced, capable manager that is creative in finding solutions to global urban challenges. The position will report to the Senior Manager for International Climate Programs ...
Sixty million dollars are being invested by the federal government on three major studies on the effects of climate change on crops and forests in hopes of ensuring farmers and foresters can continue producing food and timber while limiting the impact of a shifting environment, the Associated Press (AP) reports.. Midwestern corn will be the subject of one study, wheat will be the focus in the Northwest and a third study will determine the effects on Southern pine forests. The studies will attempt to combine crop and climate researchers from a wide variety of fields and encourage them to find solutions appropriate to specific geographic areas. "Shifting weather patterns already have had a big effect on US agriculture, and the country needs to prepare for even greater changes, explained Roger Beachy, director of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, to APs Steve Karnowski. Some areas may gain longer growing seasons or suffer more frequent floods, while others may experience more ...
A re-evaluation of the palaeoclimatic significance of phosphorus variability in speleothems revealed by high-resolution synchrotron micro XRF mapping
Environmentalists slam climate summit | NDTV.com Video | The Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate held its first meeting at Sydney. The extremes in climate, hurricanes, heat waves and harsh winter have forced the partnership of six countries. Representatives of Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and the US are participating in the meet to look at ways to develop new technologies to bring down global emissions.
Managing Climate Change Refugia for Climate Adaptation, Morelli, T. L., Daly Christopher, Dobrowski Solomon Z., Dulen Deanna M., Ebersole Joseph L., Jackson Stephen T., Lundquist Jessica D., Millar Constance I., Maher Sean P., Monahan William B., et al. , PLOS ONE, Aug-10-2016, Volume 11, Issue 8, p.e0159909, (2016) ...
Managing Climate Change Refugia for Climate Adaptation, Morelli, T. L., Daly Christopher, Dobrowski Solomon Z., Dulen Deanna M., Ebersole Joseph L., Jackson Stephen T., Lundquist Jessica D., Millar Constance I., Maher Sean P., Monahan William B., et al. , PLOS ONE, Aug-10-2016, Volume 11, Issue 8, p.e0159909, (2016) ...
The EPAs political agenda focused on WOTUS and the endangered species act. The long-term goal was control over both land and water areas - both public and private. This was the driving force for the "sustainability" meme, including federal control of most of the USAs natural resources. These are the areas where they should be cut way back, if not eliminated. Private land rights remain the fundament of a free and capitalistic society. Both were under siege.. On the climate side of EPA there is need to re-evaluate the CO2 pollutant designation and remove it from the list. Climate science will be carried forward by the entrenched university cadre of alarmists regardless of what EPA does. Accordingly, the climate research function of EPA can be cut completely. All climate research funding can be cut drastically as much is unnecessarily redundant. How many government and university-based super computers running models with the same basic assumptions and data bases are really needed. Funding also ...
Pagano, T. & Garen, D., 2005. Integration of Climate Information and Forecasts Into Western US Water Supply Forecasts. In J. Garbrecht & Piechota, T. Climate Variations, Climate Change, and Water Resources Engineering. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, p. 198 ...
Pagano, T. & Garen, D., 2005. Integration of Climate Information and Forecasts Into Western US Water Supply Forecasts. In J. Garbrecht & Piechota, T. Climate Variations, Climate Change, and Water Resources Engineering. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, p. 198 ...
A climate skeptic in the White House? Yes, thats what we have. While there are several ways in which the climate debate can move, as a skeptic, observer, and occasional participant, I wanted to outline some key points. Representation Who does the climate issue belong to? Here is one of the darkest, damnedest of secrets…
We often get comments on Climate Resistance that ask us what qualifications to speak about climate change I and my colleague, Stuart Blackman, have.. Neither of us are climate scientists.. To take issue with the moral and political arguments that emerge from the climate debate, is seen as equivalent to taking issue - to denying - climate science.. What I think this speaks most loudly about is the weight of expectations that climate science has to bear.. What makes climate sciences relationship with the social political sphere special and unusual, compared to other forms of science is that there is so much moral and political capital invested in the idea of a climate catastrophe.. It seems to me that that something like Climategate was bound to happen, and will continue to happen in the form of things like as Glaciergates and Africagates for instance as people start to see what climate science is and isnt capable of producing for their moral and political arguments.. George Monbiot is one of my ...
Climate models are tools that have been developed to understand and to predict specific features of the real climate system of our Earth. In order to be useful for this purpose, it is necessary to evaluate the capability of the models to realistically represent these features. Such model evaluation is most commonly based on the direct comparison between simulation results and measurements of individual observables. Related studies often imply that such a comparison can result in absolute statements regarding model quality, which is reflected, for example, in rankings of model simulations based on their agreement with a specific observable, in the misleading use of terms such as verification or validation [1], or in generic calls that models need to be improved that fail to match a specific observable.. However, such assessments ignore the fact that models are tools that are in practice used to answer specific questions, be it to project the global temperature at the end of this century or to ...
Article Bridging the divide in global climate policy - Strategies for enhanced participation and integration. 15 years after the climate conference in Rio de Janeiro, an international climate regime with clear structures has emerged.1 For several yea...