APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superasterids • Cladus: asterids • Cladus: euasterids I • Ordo: Lamiales • Familia: Lamiaceae • Subfamilia: Teucrioideae • Genus: Clerodendrum • Species: Clerodendrum blancoi Náves ex Fern.-Vill. ...
Type 2 diabetes has been recognized as the most prominent of all diabetes types, contributing to global morbidity and mortality. Availability and cost of treatment with little or no side effect especially in developing countries remains a huge burden. This has led to the search of affordable alternative therapies especially from natural products from medicinal plants. In this study, the antidiabetic effect of the methanolic extract, dichloromethane (DCM), butanol (BuOH) and aqueous fractions of Clerodendrum volubile leaves were investigated in type 2 diabetic rats for their effect on glucose homeostasis, serum insulin level and hepatic biomarkers, lipid profile, pancreatic redox balance and Ca2+ levels, and β-cell distribution and function. The DCM was further fractionated to isolate the active compounds, biochanin and 5,7,4-Trimethoxykaempferol. They were investigated for their toxicity and ADMET properties, α-glucosidase and angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities in silico.
14. Clerodendrum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 637. 1753. 大青属 da qing shu Shrubs or small trees, rarely subshrubs or herbs, erect or rarely climbing, deciduous or evergreen. Branchlets usually 4-angled when young. Leaves simple, opposite or rarely whorled. Inflorescences loosely cymose or capitate, in terminal or rarely axillary paniculate thyrses. Calyx campanulate or cup-shaped, ca. 5-dentate or deeply 5-lobed. Corolla with a slender tube; lobes 5, spreading. Stamens 4, ± exserted. Ovary 4-locular; ovules pendulous or laterally attached. Style with 2 acute stigmatic lobes. Fruiting calyx ± inflated. Fruit a drupe with 4 1-seeded pyrenes, sometimes separating into 2 2-loculed or 4 1-locular mericarps.. About 400 species: mostly tropical and subtropical, few in temperate Asia, Africa, and America; 34 species in China.. ...
PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND EVALUATION OF ANTI-DIARRHOEAL ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF CLERODENDRUM INFORTUNATUM
We call the non-variegated form Clerodendrum macrosiphon, but after going through the web, it is also known as C. incisum, C. incisum var. macrosiphon. So please dont ask me the correct scientific name. Anyway, the common names are Musical Notes, Do-Re-Mi Plant. ...
OPTIMIZATION OF LOZENGES FORMULA OF SENGGUGU ROOT BARK (Clerodendrum serratum L. Moon) EXTRACTS FOR MUCUS DILUENT (MUCOLITIC) IN COMBINATION WITH MANNITOL-LACTOSE-SUCROSE FILLERS
Abutilon x hybridum (double pink bell flower). Double pink, almost peonie form flower on standard Abutilon shrub. Garden hybrid 1A.1885 (Abutilon Chinese Lantern (20 different species and varieties). Abutilon x hybridum variegatum Souvenir de Bonn (variegated leaf bell blower). Pretty variegated foliage, an unspectacular dull orange/pink flower.Garden hybrid. Abutilon megapotamicum variegatum. Small pendulous yelloy/red flowers with black stamens, on low growing untidy shrub with variegated leaves. Very reliable in dry shade. Garden hybrid. Abutilon magapotamicam var Red Goblin and standard orange varieties. Fairly tall, lax shrub, evergreen, flowers continually in dry shade. Sun tolerant garden hybrid.. Abutilon megapotamicum Variegatum (Variegated Brazilian Bell Flower) soft yellow spotting on green leaf background, open light orange flower. garden hybrid . Near back stairs. Acalypha wilkesiana var."firestorm" Always reliable in subtropical conditions as a colourful variegated foliage ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Quantity sufficient for external application - may be associated with gentle massage.. Mahamasha thailam Ingredients:. Each 10 ml. of Niramisha Maha masha Taila is prepared from -. Moorchita tila taila (Processed sesame oil) 10 ml.,. Chaturthavashesha Kashaya prepared from -. Bilva (Aegle marmelos),. Agnimantha (Clerodendrum phlomidis). Patala (Stereospermum suaveolens),. Brihati (Solanum indicum). Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris). Shyonaka (Oroxylum indicum). Gambhari (Gmelina arborea). Shaliparni (Desmodium gangeticum). Prishniparni (Uraria picta). Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum). Masha (Phaseolus mungo). Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera). Bala (Sida cordifolia). Devadaru (Cedrus deodara). Yasti (Glycerriza glabra). Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata). Vidari (Puraria tuberosa). Bharangi (Clerodendrum serratum). Shatapushpa (Anethem sowa). Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa). Kusta (Inula racemosa). Mashaparni (Teramnum labialis). Mudgaparni (Phaseolus trilobus). Saindhava (Rock salt),. Haridra (Curcuma ...
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) is an international peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of complementary and alternative medicine.
A gardener was trimming these plants that were growing on the perimeter of a rain shelter in the Singapore Botanic Gardens. I moved closer to look at these flowers and was pleasantly surprised by the mild fragrance in the air around them. A colourful butterfly, disturbed by my presence, fluttered away. I thought of photographing it. Too slow, too late, too small. I missed the chance. So it was back to these lovely blooms and amongst them I found this sphere-shaped cluster. A reward for letting the butterfly go on its way ...
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.. AUTHORS WHO PUBLISH WITH THIS JOURNAL AGREE TO THE FOLLOWING TERMS:. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Unported License. that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the works authorship and initial publication in this journal.. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journals published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Clerodendrum buchananii (Roxb.) Walp. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Bharngi (Clerodendrum serratum) is woody medicinal shrub which is native to tropical and warm temperate regions and found throughout India up to an altitude of 1500m. In Sanskrit meaning of Bharangee is glorious. Its tree has height of about 2 to 8 feet. Its root, stem and leaves are use for medicinal purpose. Bharangee plant has anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-asthmatic, anti-tumour activities. It Pacifies vata and kapha, promotes pitta.. In Ayurveda Bharangee is indicated for respiratory problems and used in preparation of various Ayurvedic drugs for curing the same. It has pungent, astringent in taste and hot in potency. It is useful in cough, breathlessness, wound, swelling, liver problems and neurological disorders. The decoction prepared from its leaves has bronchodilator activities.. Bharangi is not a toxic plant. Its leaves and flowers can be eaten in form of vegetable. These leaves improve appetite and has expectorant activity. Its roots have liver protecting, antipyretic and ...
Ayurveda, Sanskrit for "The Science of Life," is one of the worlds oldest recorded systems of natural health preserved through the ages on scrolls and manuscripts. The Ayurvedic view of physical and mental well-being - a healthy way of living, has experienced a renewed interest as people take a proactive approach to their personal health. Natures Sunshine authentic formula, developed with herbs direct from India, is true to the Ayurvedic philosophy of restoring balance to the body. The respiratory system regularly encounters airborne particles such as microorganisms, pollutants, pollens and dust, and it protects delicate body tissues. As a result, the functions of the lungs and bronchi can be affected. This Ayurvedic formula uses herbs traditionally used for respiratory system support ...
Ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) was used to extract flavonoid-enriched antioxidants from alfalfa aerial part. Response surface methodology (RSM), based on a four-factor, five-level central composite design (CCD), was employed to obtain the optimal extraction parameters, in which the flavonoid content was maximum and the antioxidant activity of the extracts was strongest. Radical scavenging capacity of the extracts, which represents the amounts of antioxidants in alfalfa, was determined by using 2,2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonicacid) (ABTS) and 2,2′-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) methods. The results showed good fit with the proposed models for the total flavonoid extraction (R2 = 0.9849), for the antioxidant extraction assayed by ABTS method (R2 = 0.9764), and by DPPH method (R2 = 0.9806). Optimized extraction conditions for total flavonoids was a ratio of liquid to solid of 57.16 mL/g, 62.33 °C, 57.08 min, and 52.14% ethanol. The optimal extraction parameters of extracts
Jionoside A1 isolated from Radix Rehmanniae Praeparata displays dose dependent immune-enhancement activity and possesses moderate protective activities on H2O2-treated SH-SY5Y cells. - Mechanism of Action & Protocol.
Oh, poor nutmeg! It has been way under looked for its ability to scavenge free radicals which are associated with cellular damage.. In a menthol extract, nutmeg had a lot of antioxidant power. Nutmeg demonstrated activity as a free radical scavenger, an antioxidant capacity for peroxyl and hydroxyl radical, and some phenolic activity. (Phenols have immune modulating properties.) One drawback in this study was that the extraction method could have altered the active constituents activity.. Black peppercorn, nutmeg, rosehip, cinnamon and oregano leaf were extracted with 50% acetone and 80% methanol, and evaluated for their radical-scavenging activities against cation (ABTS+), DPPH, peroxyl (ORAC) and hydroxyl (HO) radicals. For each extract, total phenolic content (TPC) and chelating activity were also determined. The extracts of all botanical samples showed significant radical-scavenging capacities, TPC and chelating abilities. The 50% acetone extract of cinnamon had the highest ABTS+-scavenging ...
Definition: A group of species that exploit the same food resources, and/or use the same feeding or foraging methods. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guild_(ecology ...
Proper validation of traditional medical knowledge using current scientific techniques and reasoning is vital before complementary and alternative medicinal products are integrated..
Genetic testing usually happens late in the first trimester, so around 11 to 13 weeks We offer a few different tests. One of them is called the first look Its based on the idea that babies that have Down syndrome have a thickened fold behind their neck The first thing we do is an ultrasound and the purpose of that ultrasound is to look for that fold behind the babys neck The second thing is that babies who have Downs tend to have moms with certain chemical markers that are higher or lower than in moms that dont carry a baby with Downs The second part of this is testing those chemical markers. We put the ultrasound results along with those markers into an algorithm and come back and say your risk of Downs We may say the risk of Downs is 1 in 10,000 Thats really low and theres probably nothing else to do or we might say the risk of Downs is 1 and 3 If thats so, then we need to do additional testing because this is just a screen The other form of genetic testing that you may be offered is ...
Like a stealth jet, new nanoparticles evade the bodys defenses while delivering chemical markers and lethal toxins to cancer tumors
Like a stealth jet, new nanoparticles evade the bodys defenses while delivering chemical markers and lethal toxins to cancer tumors
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Sugarcane tops were extracted with 50% ethanol and fractionated by petroleum ether, ethyl acetate (EtOAc), and n-butyl alcohol successively. Eight phenolic compounds in EtOAc extracts were purified through silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies, and then identified by nuclear magnetic resonance and electrospray ionization mass spectra. The results showed that eight phenolic compounds from EtOAc extracts were identified as caffeic acid, cis-p-hydroxycinnamic acid, quercetin, apigenin, albanin A, australone A, moracin M, and 5-geranyl-5,7,2,4-tetrahydroxyflavone. The antioxidant and nitrite-scavenging capacities of different solvent extracts correlated positively with their total phenolic (TP) contents. Amongst various extracts, EtOAc extracts possessed the highest TP content and presented the strongest oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging capacity, 2,2-azobis-3-ethylbenthiaazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical-scavenging
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4 5; stamens 4 5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style ...
Brachythecium acuminatum var. rupincola (Hedw.) Rau & Herv., more, Brachythecium acuminatum var. setosum (Hedw.) Rau & Herv., Brachythecium cyrtophyllum Kindb., Brachythecium oxycladon (Hedw.) Austin, Chamberlainia acuminata (Hedw.) Grout, Chamberlainia acuminata var. rupincola (Hedw.) Grout, Chamberlainia cyrtophylla (Kindb.) Grout, Leskea acuminata , Leskea setosa ...
VALIDATION OF HEPATOPROTECTIVE AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF FOLK LORE KNOWLEDGE OF PURIFIED ANTHOCYANIN FROM CELL SUSPENSION CULTURE OF CLERODENDRON INFORTUNATUM L.: A SEARCH
When assayed alone against CQ-torelant P. berghei NK65, 38% of the 29 methanolic extracts, representing 53% of all the 15 plant species screened, showed significant parasitaemia suppression (P,0.05) on day 4 p.i. ranging from 31.7-59.3%, which may partially validate the ethnomedical use of the herbs in management of malaria. The plants with considerable in vivo chemo-suppression including V. lasiopus, F. sur, C. myricoides, R. prinoides and R. staddo had shown moderate to significant in vitro antiplasmodial activities against both CQ-sensitive and -resistant P. falciparum isolates in their water and/or organic fractions in a previous study of some Kenyan medicinal plants (Muregi et al., 2003; 2004). The organic leaf extract of V. lasiopus had shown the highest in vitro inhibition of parasite growth, with IC50 values as low as 1.0 μg/ml, which is consistent with the findings of the present study, in which the methanolic extract showed a remarkable in vivo parasitaemia suppression of 59.3%, ...
Si prosegue con lanalisi della discografia dei Mallory: dopo aver recensito 2 e Sonora R.F. Part I, non potevo farmi mancare anche lultima fatica della band francese, Sonora R.F. Part II. Come già detto, il quartetto parigino ha uninnata capacità di fondere blues, grunge e atmosfere eteree che rapiscono lascoltatore e lo fanno accomodare su una vecchia poltrona di pelle, ormai distrutta dal tempo, ma che conosci in ogni sua imperfezione. Lalbum contiene dieci brani in un digipack con la stessa grafica del Part I, ma a colori invertiti. Allinterno sono riportati i testi, sia in inglese che in francese, come i Mallory ci hanno già abituato in passato. "Riot" è il brano che ha la responsabilità di aprire il nuovo album e lo fa con tanta energia, con il tutto che ricorda i vecchi Pearl Jam, con riff aggressivi che si abbattono con energia come una tempesta su un paesaggio quieto ed inerme. La ritmica è sostenuta, batteria e basso si spellano mani e dita per scaricare più rabbia ...
If you want an actual, non-snarky answer, its probably because your breath doesnt smell right. The reason mosquitoes hover around peoples faces before feeding is that theyre checking out the breath for chemical markers which indicate palatibility. If your blood isnt palatable to your local breed of mosquitoes, youd not get bitten much. On the other hand, if you go to another part of the country, youre likely to encounter mosquitoes which are of different strains and they likely wont find your breath unacceptable, so theyll bite you.. ReplyDelete ...
Evergreen shrub from southern China a charming witch hazel relative with tiny fringed ruby red witchhazel flowers in early spring nestled among the blue-green leaves. To 3-4 ft tall with layered branches are held in graceful arching sweeps. Happy in full to part sun with regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals, including the Consortium of California Herbaria. [web application]. 2020. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available: https://www.calflora.org/ (Accessed: Aug 15, 2020). ...
The use of Mimosa tenuiflora([Willd.] Poir.) dates back to pre-colonial American civilizations. This plant has been used for a variety of purposes, such as magic-religious rituals; as a medicinal...
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Shaw, R. B. & R. B. Webster. 1987. The genus Eriochloa (Poaceae: Paniceae) in North and Central America. Sida 12(1): 165-207. ...
Professor Anne Dell from Imperial College Londons Department of Life Sciences, one of the studys lead authors, said: "Normal human cells carry chemical markers made of proteins which tell the immune system not to attack them. In the case of organ transplants, for example, doctors try to match these markers in both the donor and the recipient to prevent rejection. However, in the case of sperm cells, their sugar-based markers are different: they are recognised by everyones immune system, meaning that no immune response is triggered during reproduction between any two people ...
Notes: Benth. & Hook. f. iii. 1107 CHAUVINIA, Steud. Syn. Pl. Gram. 362 (1855).LIMNETIS, Pers. Syn. i. 72 (1805). PONCELETIA, Thou. Fl. Trist. Acugn. 36(1811). SOLENACHNE, Steud. Syn. Pl. Gram. 12 (1854). TRACHYNOTIA, Michx. Fl.Bor. Am. i. 63 (1803). TRISTANIA, Poir. Encyc. Suppl. iv. 526, in obs. (1816). Id: 19036-1 Version: 1.3 View Record history. View this record in TCS-RDF format. ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Paspalum molle Poir. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Izithelo ezomile ziyasiza kakhulu emzimbeni wesifazane. Umphumela wezinto zemvelo kanye ne-glucose yezithelo ezomile nakho kunomphumela omuhle ekusebenzeni kwamathumbu nezinye izitho ezibalulekile. Ukuze uhlale uphilile, sebenzisa izithelo omisiwe okungenani izikhathi eziningana ngesonto. Lokhu ngeke nje kulungise futhi kuzinze izitho zangaphakathi zakho: izinso, isibindi, inhliziyo, indlela yokugaya ukudla, kodwa futhi nokuthuthukisa ukubukeka kwakho. Phela, izithelo ezomile azizona izithelo, lapho ushukela wanezelwa khona, ezitshalweni ezomile uqukethe i-glucose yemvelo futhi ewusizo kakhulu, okubangela ukuba impilo yakho ibe nobuhle. Yidla okungaphezulu kokubaluleka okunjalo, futhi kungekudala uzobona ukuthi uqale uzizwa kangcono kakhulu. Yidla izithelo zemvelo ezomisiwe kuphela: bukela ukudla kwakho kwansuku zonke futhi udle izinto eziluhlaza okwedlulele kanye neminye imifino nezithelo enempilo: kungekudala uzozwa umehluko phakathi kokudla okusheshayo nokudla okunempilo nokunomsoco. ...
In this study, the concentration of alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs) and brominated flame retardants (BFRs) were determined in fish samples, Labeo umbratus and Carp, collected from the Vaal River in South Africa. Ultrasonic-assisted extraction technique was used to extract the organic contaminants from fish samples, and the resulting extract was purified by sulphuric acid lipid removal followed by Strata X-cartridge SPE clean-up. The APEs and BFRs were derivatized using heptafluorobutyric anhydride before analysis with GC-MS. In both types of fish samples, lower oligomers of APEs were more abundant than the higher oligomers, while HBCD, BDE99 and PBB101 were the dominant BFRs. The concentrations of these pollutants ranged from 1.061 ng/g lipids (t-BP) in Labeo umbratus to 11.860 ng/g lipids (HBCD) in Carp.
All 13 plant extracts had some degree of activity against the 3 fungal pathogens used. Many authors consider activity of a plant extract with MIC higher than 0.1 mg/mL as not significant [16, 23]. Extracts from 8 of the 13 species with the exception of H. trifoliata, S. mitis, M. lanceolata, M. azedarach and C. dregei extracts had MIC values lower than 0.1 mg/mL. It may be interesting to correlate the anthelmintic activity of the extracts with their antifungal activity.. Clausena anisata extracts had the best activity with an MIC of 0.02 mg/mL. C. anisata extracts also had the best antifungal activity when plant extracts of Tanzanian plant species were examined with an MIC value of 1 mg/mL against C. albicans[24] compared to 0.63 mg/mL against the same pathogen in the current study. It is satisfying that the results are close despite the use of different extractants, different origins of the plants and different C. albicans isolates. The MIC activity of C. anisata found here 0.04 mg/mL ...
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Hello ! My name is Susanne and this is my first time posting to this group, usually I just read it. But I need some help. There is some plants that I never seem to find them. For example Tetrastigma voinieranum, Sparrmannia africana, Ampelopsis brevipedunculata, Clerodendron thomsonae and different kinds of philodendron. I hope that I have got the names correct. So if anyone now where to find seeds or cuttings I´ll be grateful. Susanne ...
Lowry, D. B., T. L. Logan, L. Santuari, C. S. Hardtke, J. H. Richards, L. J. DeRose-Wilson, J. K. McKay, S. Sen, T. E. Juenger. The genomic architecture of transcriptional response to soil water availability in the Tsu x Kas mapping population of Arabidopsis thaliana. Submitted Lowry D. B., K. D. Behrman, P. Grabowski, G. P. Morris, J. R. Kiniry, T. E. Juenger. Local and climatic adaptations across the Panicum virgatum species complex. Submitted Sexton J. P., M. B. Hufford, A. Bateman, D. B. Lowry, H. Meimberg, S. Y. Strauss, K. J. Rice. Mechanisms generating species range limits: Inference from patterns of gene flow and abundance across a species range. Submitted Aspinwall M. J., D. B. Lowry, S. H. Taylor, T. E. Juenger, C. V. Hawkes, M. V. Johnson, J. R. Kiniry, P. A. Fay. Evidence of a genetically-based leaf functional trait syndrome linked to climate and aboveground productivity in a widespread C4 grass. Submitted Wright, K. M., D. Lloyd, D. B. Lowry, M. R. Macnair, J. H. Willis. (2013) ...
Stamens 8-10, about equalling or slightly exceeding the corolla; filaments densely pubescent, c. 6·5 mm. long; anthers versatile, c. 3 mm. long, opening by pores at the tips of two horns, glabrous, without appendages ...
Removal of Pet Odours and Stains. Non-toxic enzymatic cleaners can be used to remove stains and odours caused by cat urine. Natures Miracle not only removes odours and stains, but also the chemical markers in the urine that encourage a cat to urinate in the same place over and over again. Other popular enzymatic cleaners include Zero Odor and X-O.. Elimination of Household and Garden Pests. Most pesticides are extremely toxic, and there are far safer ways to deal with indoor and outdoor pests. You can spray pure vinegar or a vinegar and water solution around areas where pests are likely to enter the house, such as baseboards. For more environmentally friendly ways to prevent and eliminate pests, see Natural Flea Control and Natural Garden Pest Control.. Pests on houseplants can be removed by washing leaves and stems with a solution of lukewarm water and non-toxic insecticidal soap or dish soap that does not contain degreasers, which may damage leaf cuticles. A soft cloth can be used to apply ...
Abstract Oxidized or degraded oil sands can exhibit poor processability, which is often not correlated with the fines or clay contents in the ore. Chemical markers (such as low pH and high soluble iron and calcium) for oil sands oxidation are someti
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To investigate the cytotoxic effect of some Bangladeshi medicinal plant extracts, sixteen Bangladeshi medicinal plants were successively extracted with n-hexane, dichloromethane, methanol and water. The methanolic and aqueous extracts were screened for cytotoxic activity against healthy mouse fibroblasts (NIH3T3) and three human cancer cell lines (gastric: AGS; colon: HT-29; and breast: MDA-MB-435S) using the MTT assay. Two methanolic extracts (Hygrophila auriculata and Hibiscus tiliaceous) and one aqueous extract (Limnophila indica) showed no toxicity against healthy mouse fibroblasts, but selective cytotoxicity against breast cancer cells (IC50 1.1-1.6 mg/mL). Seven methanolic extracts from Limnophila indica, Clerodendron inerme, Cynometra ramiflora, Xylocarpus moluccensis, Argemone mexicana, Ammannia baccifera and Acrostichum aureum and four aqueous extracts from Hygrophila auriculata, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Xylocarpus moluccensis and Aegiceras corniculatum showed low toxicity (IC50 ,2.5 ...