Clausena excavata (Lour.), locally known as Kemantu hitam, is a common plant in Malaysian folklore medicine. This study evaluated the antioxidant properties of the solvent extracts of C. excavata leaves and determined the acute toxicity of methanolic extract C. excavata (MECE) leaves in Sprague-Dawley rats. Harvested leaves were dried and subjected to solvent extraction using petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol in succession. The antioxidant activity of each extract was determined using the ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl dihydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity. The total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoids content (TFC) were estimated by Folin-Ciocalteu and ethanolic aluminium chloride method, respectively. The chloroform extract was found to be highest in flavonoid content, while the methanolic extract showed the highest TPC and antioxidant activity. There was no mortality in rats treated with MECE leaves even at a high ...
Gastric ulcers are common problems among individuals of all ages. Here we explored the potential anti-ulcer activity of a natural plant (C. excavata) against the development of gastric ulcer as well as progression of the condition in model rats. The methanolic extract of the plant showed promising preventive effects against ulcer development and resolution.
Shihan, T. R. (2016). Butterflies of Bangladesh- Site of Natural Histories of Bangladeshi Butterflies. https://butterfliesofbangladesh.blogspot.com/ Accessed on DD-MM- ...
All 13 plant extracts had some degree of activity against the 3 fungal pathogens used. Many authors consider activity of a plant extract with MIC higher than 0.1 mg/mL as not significant [16, 23]. Extracts from 8 of the 13 species with the exception of H. trifoliata, S. mitis, M. lanceolata, M. azedarach and C. dregei extracts had MIC values lower than 0.1 mg/mL. It may be interesting to correlate the anthelmintic activity of the extracts with their antifungal activity.. Clausena anisata extracts had the best activity with an MIC of 0.02 mg/mL. C. anisata extracts also had the best antifungal activity when plant extracts of Tanzanian plant species were examined with an MIC value of 1 mg/mL against C. albicans[24] compared to 0.63 mg/mL against the same pathogen in the current study. It is satisfying that the results are close despite the use of different extractants, different origins of the plants and different C. albicans isolates. The MIC activity of C. anisata found here 0.04 mg/mL ...
Clausena excavata (C. excavata) has been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of abdominal pain, enteritis, dysentery, and malaria. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of a 50% ethanol extract of C. excavata (ECE) on weight loss, adipocyte size, and obesity-related biochemical parameters in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. After 6 weeks of HFD + ECE administration, HFD-induced total fat, subcutaneous fat, and visceral fat were evaluated by micro-computed tomography. The serum levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TCH), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol were evaluated with a biochemical analyzer, and leptin and adiponectin levels in the serum were assessed via enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA ...
H(070) rabies, bark of Clausena anisata, leaves of Sida rhombifolia, root of Cucumis ficifolius, bark root of Brucea antidysentrica powdered together and mixed in milk then drunk a cup of tea for three days in order to get cured from rabies disease ...
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The extensive biodiversity of plants in Southeast Asia and inadequate research hitherto warrant a continued investigation into medicinal plants. On the basis of a careful review of fresh medicinal plant usage to treat cancer from previous ethnobotanical interviews in Singapore and from the traditional uses of the indigenous plants, fresh leaves of seven locally grown medicinal plant species were evaluated for anti-proliferative activity. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the anti-proliferative activity of local medicinal plant species Clausena lansium Skeels, Clinacanthus nutans (Burm. f.) Lindau, Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr., Pereskia bleo (Kunth) DC., Strobilanthes crispus (L.) Blume, Vernonia amygdalina Delile and Vitex trifolia L. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Fresh, healthy and mature leaves of the seven medicinal plants were harvested from various locations in Singapore and Malaysia for Soxhlet, ultrasonication and maceration extractions in three different solvents ...
Invasive Exotic Species and Control Workshop (pdf link), 9 am to 3 pm, UF/IFAS Marion County Extension Auditorium, Ocala, FL. Join us to learn about identifying and controlling some of the most troublesome invasive exotic plants like cogongrass, Japanese climbing fern, Old World climbing fern, Chinese tallowtree and others. Well also address exotic animals, such as feral hogs, that are causing big headaches for forestry and agricultural producers. Earn pesticide applicator CEUs and forestry CFEs and connect with partnership and assistance opportunities! Presented by the Big Scrub Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area and Florida Forest Stewardship Program. $10 fee includes lunch and materials. Register at https://fsp-workshop042117.eventbrite.com/ or call Marion County Extension at (352) 671-8400 to reserve a space ...
problem plants, exotic plants, invasive plants, exotic invasive plants, invasive exotic plants, nonnative plants, non-native plants
Plant Disease 85:232.2-232.2...Plant Disease 85:232.2-232.2...First U.S. Report of Pseudocercospora paederiae Leaf Spot on the Invasive Exotic Paederia foetida...S. E. Walker and N. E. El-Gholl , Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, P. O. Box 147100, Gainesville 32614-7100 ; P. D. Pratt , USDA/ARS, Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, 3205 College Ave., Ft. Lauderdale, FL ; and T. S....
Plant and animal differences game. These Invasive & Exotic Species out-compete native plants and animals, resulting in a loss of Marylands biological biodiversity. Plants and animals operate the same way. Aquatic animals such as fish and crab use the dissolved air in the water breath. Click on the different biomes or areas below to learn about them and some of the adaptations plants have to live there: Species: Artificial Life, Real Evolution is a scientifically-accurate natural-selection video game. Plants. Some plants are protected by thorns and others, like milkweed, produce poison in order to protect themselves from animals. Animals of Asia. Sometimes the wildlife becomes a problem, either by hammering on the side of the house, digging a den under the front porch, or eating all of your brand new landscaping plants. DA. Desert environments are dry, so plants and animals that live here need special adaptations to get and save water. Rare plants Learn about plants on the Natural Heritage ...
We just provided you with a quick response, but we also had two additional requests for the identification of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Halyomorpha halys, an introduced invasive exotic species that often enters homes when cold weather sets in. Since it appears they may be multiplying in numbers, we suspect that come October, identification requests may increase, so we decided to feature the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug as the Bug of the Month for October 2010 and to use your letter and photos as the posting. ...
Koch, M.A. et al. 2019. Cardamine heptaphylla in BrassiBase Tools and biological resources to study characters and traits in the Brassicaceae. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 28 ...
There are a number of more recent conservation biology theories that probably arent included in the act. One is a focus on identifying and combatting threatening processes, and or course the introduction of invasive exotic organisms is a major one in many systems. However, Id stop short at reducing other native but non-endangered species without detailed understanding of the ecology, unless the common species are truly at unnatural, plague population levels (were quite happy to shoot kangaroos in Australia ...
The Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM) is an invasive exotic leafroller that feeds on a wide range of host crops in California. This year, it seems that heavy spring rains kept growers on the Central Coast from taking usual steps to control LBAM and, as a result, many LBAM larvae have hatched and higher than normal numbers of LBAM have been found, particularly in strawberries. LBAM Quarantines
herbicide is not agricultural, but instead for control of invasive exotic aquatic plants and the roots of other invasive plants near various pipes that contain water. A dilute solution of copper sulfate is used to treat aquarium fish of various parasitic infections, and is also used to remove snails from aquariums. However, as the copper ions are also highly toxic to the fish, care must be taken with the dosage. Most species of algae can be controlled with very low concentrations of copper sulfate. Copper sulfate inhibits growth of bacteria such as ...
Once a science fiction fantasy, the power to engineer DNA is now within reach. With that power comes complex and sometimes contentious questions about what can, and what should, be done to change ourselves and the world around us. Using a new genome editing technique, known as CRISPR/Cas9, scientists are exploring deletion, alteration, and addition of genes to a huge variety of organisms, from yeast to kumara, and from mosquitoes to dairy cattle. Perhaps most promising, but also most controversial, are the possible uses of the technology in humans.. Host Kim Hill is joined by bioethicist Josephine Johnston and a panel of experts to explore the implications of gene editing technologies for New Zealand.. Editing them out: The end for pests?. What will the risks and benefits be if gene editing technologies are engaged as a dominant means for pest control. For example, are there greater ramifications in developing gene drives to control and eradicate pests such as introduced wasps or invasive exotic ...
basionym of:Caricaceae Jacaratia heptaphylla (Vell.) A.DC. Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 15(1): 420. 1864 [early May 1864] Id: 674286-1 Version: 1.4 View Record history. View this record in TCS-RDF format. ...
Sometimes when you go to a Chiang Mai market you see longan-like fruits with a thin rind and a flesh composed of whitish segments like an orange. This species, Lansium domesticum (Meliaceae), can be divided into three main varieties.
W. Gaya Shivega and L. Aldrich-Wolfe. 2017. Native plants fare better against an introduced competitor with native soil microbes and lower nitrogen availability. AoB PLANTS 9(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plx004. Vink, S. N., N. R. Jordan, L. Aldrich-Wolfe, S. C. Huerd, C. C. Sheaffer and L. L. Kinkel. 2016. Soil conditioning affects interactions between native and invasive exotic perennials of semi-natural grassland agroecosystems. Journal of Applied Ecology. (DOI): 10.1111/1365-2664.12823 Aldrich-Wolfe, L., S. E. Travers, and B. D. Nelson, Jr. 2015. Genetic variation of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum from multiple crops in the north central United States. PLoS ONE 10(9): e0139188. (DOI)10.1371/journal.pone.0139188. Vink, S. N., N. R. Jordan, S. C. Huerd, C. C. Sheaffer, L. L. Kinkel, and L. Aldrich-Wolfe. 2015. Soil conditioning effects of native and exotic grassland perennials on the establishment of native and exotic plants. Plant and Soil 393(1-2): 335-349. ...
If ever I got to Florida, the Limpkin was the bird I most wanted to see. Highly specialized in its diet, the Limpkin subsists almost entirely upon Florida Apple Snails, which it can pluck from their shells in in 20 seconds. Its bill is specialized for the task, as it is compressed laterally like scissors, and its tongue is long, thin and barbed, the perfect tool for extracting the body of the snail. Nearly extirpated from Florida 100 years ago by hunting and drainage of its habitat, the Limpkins population has recovered. Of greatest concern is the threat to the native apple snail by competition from introduced Channeled and Island Apple Snails, and by invasive exotic vegetation that replaces the snails food sources.. Mary Lou and I finally got to see our first Limpkin in August, 2002. Our daughter and her husband had just moved to Florida, and we were visiting them from New Mexico. Responsive to our desire to see a Limpkin, they drove us to Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge in west Palm ...
ATCC holdings include genera such as Crithidia, Leishmania, Trypanosoma, Leptomonas, Euglena, Naegleria, Trichomonas, and Giardia.
ATCC holdings include genera such as Crithidia, Leishmania, Trypanosoma, Leptomonas, Euglena, Naegleria, Trichomonas, and Giardia.
Say Oh, my God, you look like shit! and this spider is likely to answer, Why, thank you!Add it to your list of species that evade potential predators by disguising themselves as bird poop.It comes from Australia-based photographer John Tiddy, via American conservation biologist John Karges. Tiddy found this bird-dropping spider, Celaenia excavata, on a…
Over the past 100 years, riparian vegetation communities throughout the Southwest United States have been extensively invaded by Tamara spp. (saltcedar). Saltcedar derives its common name from its physiological adaptation to excrete salts. Theproduction of Tamarix detritus with associated secondary chemicals may affect the qualityof aquatic invertebrate food and habitat resources. An alteration in food and habitat quality may affect the composition and structure of aquatic invertebrate assemblages.A series of experiments was conducted contrasting aquatic invertebrate assemblage densities, colonization rates, and growth rates associated with Tamarix versus native vegetation, Populus fremontii (cottonwood) and Salix exigua (willow), to determine ifaquatic invertebrate assemblages have been altered by the invasion of Tamarix. Results of invertebrate growth rates over 13 weeks indicate that Tamarix is minimally different in food quality to cottonwood and willow. I failed to find differences in ...
Lindera benzoin; Lauraceae (laurel family) Spicebush is underused as a landscape plant. Want a burst of yellow in early springtime, without contributing to the invasive exotic problem? Forget forsythia. Spicebush is a great shrub, pest-free, easy to establish, easy to grow. The leaves have a lovely scent (rather like allspice). Just look at how pretty…
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Hello all! Several microbiologists and other talented scientists have started the Research Institute for Exotic Species Microbiology. We need the help of...
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Magalhães, I.L.F.; Santos, A.J. 2011: Two new species and taxonomic notes on the Neotropical spiny orb-weaving spiders Micrathena and Chaetacis (Araneae: Araneidae), with remarks on the development of Micrathena excavata. Zootaxa, 2983: 39-56. Preview ...
A full service veterinary facility promoting the health and wellness of all exotic species of birds, small exotic mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.
Abstract: Herbs/Botanical plants are considered as God s gift to human beings in the form of natural medicines, like the one well known Sanjeevani booti described in Hindu Mythology. The traditional and ethno-veterinary practices have been in use for centuries, transferring the knowledge from generation to generation and they are accessible, easy to prepare and administer, with little or no cost at all. Even though the modern developments in therapeutic field brought about a rapid decline in traditional medicine, the plant-based remedies are still having a crucial role as potential source of therapeutic aids in health systems all over the world for both humans and animals. Among the 21,000 medicinal plants listed by the World Health Organization (WHO), 2500 species are native to India, which stands first in the production of medicinal herbs. This innumerable treasure of medicinal herbs brings India the distinction of the botanical garden of the world . Nowadays immune-based therapies are gaining ...
Woodworking wtih many different domestic and exotic species can have irritative effects on your eyes, skin, and lungs. Some species may have allergic effects as well. This section will teach you basic first aid if you encounter these adverse effect.
Globalisation has led to a dramatic increase in trade and travel and exotic species are now being exchanged, either accidentally or deliberately, at unprecedented rates between geographically isolated
Sea Grant Michigan has a website full of useful information on the Great Lakes. Some examples include: Exotic Species; Coast Watch; Fisheries News; Research and
Results: Most respondents opined that urine therapy is effective in treating convulsion (50 %), viral infections (29.2 %), and rheumatic arthritis (14.6 %) in Nigeria. In South Africa respondents are of the view that urine is highly effective (28.6 %) in treating diarrhoea while 14.3 % stated that urine can treat fever, sore throat, skin infections. Bile is commonly used in treating general body pain and high blood pressure in Nigeria and used for skin burns in South Africa. Cow dung is specifically used in both countries as pesticides, fertilizers, anti-toxins and treating skin infections. This study documents the ethnoveterinary uses of B. taurus by-products by traditional practitioners in Nigeria and South Africa ...
Comparative genome analysis between two distantly related species allows the organization of genes to be traced from a common ancestor. When several genes are mapped in one species and these genes...
How do I prepare for a successful Peacock Bass fishing trip - Experience the best Peacock Bass & exotic species fishing in the Amazon.
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