Racial/ethnic differences in health are evident among men. Previous work suggests associations between mental and physical health but few studies have examined how mood/anxiety disorders and chronic physical health conditions covary by age, race, and ethnicity among men. Using data from 1,277 African American, 629 Caribbean Black, and 371 non-Hispanic White men from the National Survey of American Life, we examined associations between race/ethnicity and experiencing one or more chronic physical health conditions in logistic regression models stratified by age and 12-month mood/anxiety disorder status. Among men ,45 years without mood/anxiety disorders, Caribbean Blacks had lower odds of chronic physical health conditions than Whites. Among men aged 45+ years with mood/anxiety disorders, African Americans had greater odds of chronic physical health conditions than Whites. Future studies should explore the underlying causes of such variation and how studying mental and chronic physical health ...
Excellencies, honourable ministers, distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen,. The rise of chronic noncommunicable diseases presents public health with an enormous challenge. For some countries, it is no exaggeration to describe the situation as an impending disaster. I mean a disaster for health, for society, and most of all for national economies.. We must not forget that the same so-called modernization that contributes to the rise of these diseases is being accompanied by a growing need for chronic care of mental illness. The burdens are numerous.. I would further suggest that the challenge of combating chronic diseases has some unprecedented dimensions.. For centuries, the microbial world has been the biggest threat to public health. Then came the vaccines, the miracle cures, and the gradual improvements in standards of living and hygiene that helped eliminate the diseases of filth. These were public health matters. This was our domain. This was our job, and we got quite some ...
Background Considering the high socioeconomic inequalities in Brazil related to occurrence of morbidity and premature mortality, the objective of this study was to analyze inequalities in...
Diets link environmental and human health. Rising incomes and urbanization are driving a global dietary transition in which traditional diets are replaced by diets higher in refined sugars, refined fats, oils and meats. By 2050 these dietary trends, if unchecked, would be a major contributor to an estimated 80 per cent increase in global agricultural greenhouse gas emissions from food production and to global land clearing. Moreover, these dietary shifts are greatly increasing the incidence of type II diabetes, coronary heart disease and other chronic non-communicable diseases that lower global life expectancies. Alternative diets that offer substantial health benefits could, if widely adopted, reduce global agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, reduce land clearing and resultant species extinctions, and help prevent such diet-related chronic non-communicable diseases. The implementation of dietary solutions to the tightly linked diet-environment-health trilemma is a global challenge, and opportunity,
The Global Week for Action on NCDs (non-communicable diseases) 2020 starts today. A week to keep up momentum for action on chronic disease prevention and control at a pivotal time for the European Union: as pandemic recovery plans are defined and ongoing budget negotiations will frame public health efforts for the coming years.. The COVID-19 crisis reflects the impact of major chronic (non-communicable) diseases on our societies and the vulnerability of patients and healthcare systems. It shows that health issues are intertwined, and that we cannot respond to the pandemic - caused by a respiratory pathogen - without integrating prevention and control of chronic diseases in recovery plans (action #1). Innovative measures are needed to address their high and growing prevalence in Europe.. Taking a more strategic approach to disease prevention The various objectives of the EU Green Deal, Europes Beating Cancer Plan, Farm to Fork strategy etc are welcome and will likely bring tangible results in ...
By acting now on chronic noncommunicable diseases, the European Commission is to do something, something else can reach it, ? transcends make that European citizens healthier and Europe more productive, said Susanne L gstrup.. The most chronic diseases are addressed by the Alliance treatable, if not always curable. Four major risk factors - tobacco, poor diet, alcohol and lack of physical activity - account for most chronic illness and death in Europe. Through the provision of evidence-based recommendations for population-based interventions, the Chronic Disease Alliance aims for health gains across the spectrum of diseases covered by the covered by the members. In addition members of the Chronic Disease Alliance have the challenge of chronic noncommunicable diseases firmly adopted the agenda of the European Union and the 27 Member States shall lay We need to communicate effectively to our political leaders in Europe that unless they take seriously the urgent need to prevent this serious ...
Lim, Leslie, Jin, Ai-Zhen, Ng, Tze-Pin (2012-07-01). Anxiety and depression, chronic physical conditions, and quality of life in an urban population sample study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 47 (7) : 1047-1053. [email protected] Repository. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-011-0420- ...
The mandate of Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control (CCDPC) is to provide strategic leadership in the development and implementation of integrated chronic disease prevention and control strategies. The group must also work with relevant stakeholders at national and international levels to ensure an integrated approach to chronic disease prevention and control. The CCDPC is a World Health Organization Collaborating Centre on Non-Communicable Disease Policy. It works with stakeholders at all levels to provide pan-Canadian and international leadership in chronic disease prevention and control through integrated policy and program development, surveillance, and knowledge development and dissemination. The organization focuses on knowledge development and dissemination, building and disseminating the evidence base on best practices and lessons learned to support chronic disease policies and programs. Their policy and program developments support initiatives that inform on comprehensive ...
Chronic diseases are the leading causes of death throughout the world. Globally, of the 58 million deaths in 2005, approximately 35 million was as a result of chronic diseases. Deaths from chronic diseases are expected to increase by 17% over the next 10 years from 35 million to 41 million. Only 20% of chronic disease deaths occur in high income countries- while 80% occur in low and middle income countries, where most of the world population lives (WHO 2005). Chronic diseases are responsible for seven out of every 10 deaths in the United States, killing more than 1.7 million Americans every year. Reports from the United States estimate that the population - attributable risk of physical inactivity is responsible for 12 % of type 2 diabetes and 22% of coronary heart disease as well as significant shares of other poor health conditions. The estimate on Indian population in 2005 reported that chronic diseases accounted for almost 53% of all deaths and 44% of disability - adjusted life years ...
Abbreviation: COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. * Residents could have more than one condition. Those with missing data were excluded.. In 2010, the 10 most common chronic conditions among persons living in residential care facilities were high blood pressure (57% of the residents), Alzheimers disease or other dementias (42%), heart disease (34%), depression (28%), arthritis (27%), osteoporosis (21%), diabetes (17%), COPD and allied conditions (15%), cancer (11%), and stroke (11%). The residents ranged in age from 18 to 106 years.. Source: National Survey of Residential Care Facilities, 2010. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nsrcf/nsrcf_questionnaires.htm. Reported by: Christine Caffrey, PhD, [email protected], 301-458-4137; Manisha Sengupta, PhD; Eunice Park-Lee, PhD; and Lauren Harris-Kojetin, PhD. Alternate Text: The figure above shows the ten most common chronic conditions among persons living in residential care facilities in the United States, during 2010, according to the ...
The burden of chronic diseases is rapidly increasing worldwide. In 2005, at least 35 million people of all ages, nationalities, and socioeconomic levels died from heart disease, stroke, diabetes, respiratory disease, and other chronic diseases. It has been projected that, by 2020, chronic diseases will account for almost three-quarters of all deaths worldwide, and that 70% of deaths due to diabetes will occur in developing countries. A five years medical records on diabetes mellitus and hypertension diseases was reviewed by using longitudinal study design. A total of 3393 cases (1907 hypertension and 1486 diabetes mellitus disease) were observed. A total of four data collectors were assigned in the data collection process. The study was conducted by using the standardized data collection tool (checklist) developed by the investigators. Data was coded and entered into a data base and analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Descriptive and chi-square test a technique with a confidence level of 95% was used to
Chronic conditions have been recognized by the World Health Organization as the primary worldwide disease-related cause of morbidity and premature mortality. The medical and public health systems of most countries have traditionally focused on acute and infectious ailments. However, the dramatic increase in the global prevalence of chronic illness has caused a slow but steady shift by public health and medicine toward prevention and management of chronic disease. As the means for primary prevention of most chronic conditions are unknown (an important exception being smoking and cancer), emphasis is generally given to secondary prevention; that is, the reduction in the extent of complications, deterioration of health status, and burden of disease. Several types of action are required in chronic disease control. One is the identification of, and intervention with, common factors known to exacerbate disease onset or management. Poverty, sedentary living, and poor diets are some examples of the most ...
Filipinos who sit more than 6 hours every day at risk of acquiring chronic diseases Studies have shown that up to 70 percent of people spend their working hours sitting more than six hours per day, unknowingly putting themselves at risk for developing chronic non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and hypertension. But lack of physical activity is not only occurring in the working population. According to Dr. Paul Quilino, Medical Affairs manager at Healthway Medical and wellness advocate, healthy sports and recreational activities are becoming less of the norm in our society regardless of gender and age. It is widely accepted that physical activity plays a critical role in keeping ones health and wellness in prime condition. In fact, Quilino stressed that an active lifestyle promotes proper growth and development of the bones and muscles, helps burn stored energy, keeps cardiovascular system in tiptop condition, and helps improve overall physical endurance and ...
Chronic diseases are the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Within the next few decades, the burden of chronic disease will more than triple, with the greatest rises occurring in developing countries. However, the rapid growth of chronic diseases is not being met with a proportionate increase in global attention, with global health traditionally focusing on infectious disease and maternal and child health. This book is the first to synthesize the growing evidence-base surrounding the chronic disease, comprehensively addressing the prevention and control of chronic diseases from epidemiologic, economic, prevention/management, and governance perspectives. The book is written in five main parts; the first part of the book aims to understand the causes and consequences of chronic diseases on a global level. The second part of the book identifies approaches for preventing and managing chronic diseases while the third part of the book considers the power and politics in global health that have
Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes are the leading cause of death worldwide [1], having comprised 60% of all deaths in 2005. Approximately 80% of NCD-attributable deaths are occurring in low and middle-income countries [2]. Furthermore, NCDs were responsible for nearly half of the burden (measured in disability-adjusted life years [DALYs]) of diseases in 2005, both worldwide and in low/middle-income countries [3]. The global prevalence of NCDs is increasing, with the majority of cases occurring in developing countries [4]. In this context, the Middle East is expected to bear one of the worlds greatest increases in the absolute burden of NCDs and their risk factors in the near future. Most of this increase is anticipated to affect the economically productive age of 45 to 64 years, in contrast to most developed countries in which the increase in chronic disease burden concerns mainly the ages above 65 years [5-7]. The increasing burden of NCDs is ...
Learn to be mindful while you eat and stop bad food habits that put on the pounds and create chronic health problems! Contact me here: [email protected] to reserve your spot in Intentional EatingNew classes begin every month ...
<p>Abdallah S. Daar speaks to SciDev.Net about the Grand Challenges in Chronic Non-communicable Diseases initiative.</p>
I am a Professor of Epidemiology and Global Health with the main research interest in the ageing population, disability, chronic non-communicable diseases, and surveillance of risk factors. More specifically, my research deals with health and well being among older people in Sweden (using the Linnaeus database within the Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research) and in low- and middle-income countries (using the WHO SAGE - Study on Adult Health and Ageing). I also focus on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and their risk factors in Sweden (within the interdisciplinary research Västerbotten Intervention Program, a community-based intervention program to reduce cardiovascular disease in Västerbotten County in Sweden since 90s) and in low- and middle-income countries (within the INDEPTH Network). I am currently involved in the following research projects: ...
There is a saying in Portuguese that goes: melhor prevenir que remediar, which means prevention is better than cure. Originating from the Latin praevenire (prae = before, venire = to come), prevention literally means to anticipate, to perceive in advance. In medicine, the great challenge of the public health programmes is precisely to prevent diseases or to diagnose them as early as possible. With the ageing of the world population, it is vital to create programmes for the prevention of Chronic Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs), responsible for 63% of deaths in 2008. The majority of deaths from NCDs are attributed to diseases of the circulatory system, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases. The principal causes of those diseases include modifiable risk factors such as smoking, harmful alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity and inadequate diet. Therefore, programmes for the prevention of these diseases must focus their actions on these aspects. In addition to the ...
INTRODUCTION. The implementation of the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in Brazil is an attempt to reorganize primary care,22 improve access to health care and restore home as a setting for providing care.12,15 Home health care can reduce hospital costs and humanize health practices.1,5 Chronic non-communicable diseases associated with population aging can cause limitations with temporary or permanent functional disabilities.4 It is thus a challenge for managers and society to find alternative care strategies to meet specific demands of the elderly and their families.3,9. Despite discussions and the formulation of specific policies for the elderly, changes are still incipient.21 The release of guidelines for elderly primary care is an attempt to translate these theoretical discussions into health practices.4 Although some qualitative studies have explored home health care and hospital care at home,6,19 in the scope of population there remain gaps on factors associated with care of the elderly at ...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) that is the leading cause of death across the world. In developing nations, like Kenya, the prevalence of NCDs like CVD are on the rise. Hypertension is the major risk factor for CVD and can be influenced by various environmental risk factors, like physical inactivity, unhealthy diets, tobacco use, and alcohol use. Though these are known factors that can affect blood pressure in developed nations, research over the prevalence of essential hypertension (EH) in developing countries is low. In an area in southeast Kenya known as Kasigau, there is a high prevalence of EH in the population, with fifty-five percent having stage 1 or stage 2 hypertension. Six environmental risk factors have been shown to increase blood pressure in the population. By electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis, there is a prevalence of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH), a predictor of CVD, in the population as well.
Frequencies analysis and bivariable and multivariable analyses were performed to assess the association between the presence of multiple chronic conditions and CAM use. Each CAM therapy was analyzed in separate unadjusted and adjusted Poisson regression models with a robust error variance that estimated the relative risk of CAM use, comparing participants with 1 and 2 or more chronic conditions with participants with no chronic conditions (the reference group). Bonferroni procedures (24) were used to account for multiple comparisons; the standard α level of 5% was divided by 17 (the total number of specific CAM therapies plus the CAM index) to create a corrected α level of .003. Data on chelation therapy was not shown because of the small sample size (n = 17). The relationship between the CAM index and multiple chronic conditions was determined by using a linear regression model adjusted for confounders. Confounders to be included in the final models were identified by using the minimally ...
DISCUSSION. Aging of the world population and the associated burden of disease create an opportunity to generate new knowledge designed to comprehend and attempt to reduce the burden of the disease, in this case of chronic non-communicable diseases.. The assessment and understanding of the comorbidities of the aging population affected by cardiovascular events are the basis for planning primary and secondary prevention strategies, improving patient care and rehabilitation, and ensuring that medical, interventional and/or surgical treatments yield the maximum expected benefits[11].. This study evaluated the impact of preoperative hypothyroidism on the outcomes of CABG in terms of mortality and morbidity. The objective was to determine whether the presence of this metabolic comorbidity increased the occurrence of death and complications, as has been observed in patients with metabolic syndrome and diabetes[12-14].. The patients in the study were similar to those reported in the American registries ...
References. 1. Schmidt MI, Duncan BB, Azevedo e Silva G, Menezes AM, Monteiro CA, Barreto SM, et al. Chronic non-communicable diseases in Brazil: burden and current challenges. Lancet. 2011;377:1949-61. [ Links ] 2. Murray CJ, Lopez AD. Alternative projections of mortality and disability by cause 1990-2020: Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet. 1997;349:1498-504. [ Links ] 3. Whiteford HA, Degenhardt L, Rehm J, Baxter AJ, Ferrari AJ, Erskine HE, et al. Global burden of disease attributable to mental and substance use disorders: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2013;382:1575-86. [ Links ] 4. Goldberg D, Goodyer I. The origins and course of common mental disorders. New York: Routledge; 2005. [ Links ] 5. Araya R, Rojas G, Fritsch R, Acuãa J, Lewis G. Common mental disorders in Santiago, Chile: prevalence and socio-demographic correlates. Br J Psychiatry. 2001;178:228-33. [ Links ] 6. Shamasundar C, Murthy SK, Prakash OM, Prabhakar N, Krishna DK. Psychiatric ...
Chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) incidence is rapidly escalating around the world and is the largest contributor to global mortality and morbidity. It is now well recognised that diet forms a cornerstone in the prevention and management of NCDs, and is perhaps the most effective, economical and sustainable approach for improving the health status of a population. Having trained in both nutrition and food science my research interests lie in the food science-nutrition interface and focuses on the impact of food, its composition, preparation and processing on human nutrition and health. I am particularly interested in looking at how modern foods and diets could be modified to optimise their health and nutritional effects in humans. The structural and compositional configuration of a food significantly determines its effects on health and nutrition. My work largely investigates how these two aspects could be managed to optimise the metabolic response to food. As a human Nutritionist ...
Olusoji Adeyi is Coordinator of Public Health Programs in the Human Development Network of the World Bank, where he leads a number of initiatives on global public health policies, strategies and global public goods. Dr. Adeyi is team leader for the integration of health systems and priority health, nutrition and population interventions. He manages an initiative to design the Affordable Medicines Facility-malaria (AMFm), based on a high-level global subsidy. He led the Task Force that developed the World Banks Global Strategy and Booster Program for malaria control. Dr. Adeyi is the lead author of Public policy and the challenge of chronic non-communicable diseases, and convener of the analytical work on the economic benefit of tuberculosis control. Dr. Adeyi has extensive experience in policies, strategies and programs for health systems, service delivery and disease control at the global, regional and country levels. He has led major initiatives and programs, including: the Health Reform ...
The global safety needles market is estimated to account for US$ 7,765.7 Mn in terms of value by the end of 2027.. Global Safety Needles Market: Drivers. Increasing prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases in geriatric population is expected to boost growth of the global safety needles market over the forecast period. For instance, according to the study, Cancer statistics for adults aged 85 years and older, 2019, published in ACS CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, in August 2019, in 2019, the projected number of cancer cases and deaths was 140,690 and 103,250 respectively, among adults aged 85 years and older in the U.S.. Global Safety Needles Market: Opportunities Concerns regarding disposal of contaminated needles and other medical waste is continuously increasing owing to possible hazards from needlestick and other injuries such as infections during encounters with such materials. The Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act and implementation of OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard in ...
In most countries, non-communicable diseases have taken over infectious diseases as the most important causes of death. Many non-communicable diseases that were previously lethal diseases have become chronic, and this has changed the healthcare landscape in terms of treatment and prevention options. Currently, a large part of healthcare spending is targeted at curing and caring for the elderly, who have multiple chronic diseases. In this context prevention plays an important role as there are many risk factors amenable to prevention policies that are related to multiple chronic diseases.This article discusses the use of simulation modeling to better understand the relations between chronic diseases and their risk factors with the aim to inform health policy. Simulation modeling sheds light on important policy questions related to population aging and priority setting. The focus is on the modeling of multiple chronic diseases in the general population and how to consistently model the relations between
OBJECTIVES: Chronic non-communicable diseases related to excessive or unbalanced dietary intakes are on the rise among some Indigenous populations in Canada. Nutritional problems of Indigenous peoples arise in the transition from a traditional diet t
Among U.S. adults aged 18-64 years (unweighted n=25,458), having multiple chronic conditions reduced employment probability by 11%-29%. Some individual chronic conditions decreased employment probability. Among employed adults (unweighted n=16,096), having multiple chronic conditions increased the average number of work days missed due to injury/illness in the past year by 3-9 days ...
Two bottlenecks occur in the current debate on education for chronic diseases. On the one hand, education is often limited to informing rather than on self-management of the patients. Innovative systems of supportive, evidence-based educational interventions are created to provide better and more efficient self-management education services. Lack of social capacity, knowledge and awareness about the potential of these tools may explain why innovations - such as multimedia application - are not yet widely spread among health educators. On the other hand, there is a lack of evidence based research on the patients preference about the different formats of education (such as face-to-face meetings, follow-up by peers, use of m-tools, …). Research in this domain would be an added value for the development, implementation and further generation of new educational materials ...
More than 50% of women within their reproductive age have risks that make them more likely to develop a chronic disease. Common chronic diseases may include arthritis, diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, respiratory illnesses or thyroid conditions. The leading risk factor for development of chronic diseases is obesity. Obesity can be targeted by disease management, eating nutritious foods and consistent physical activity. Remaining in a healthy weight range will decrease the risk of chronic disease.. Chronic disease reduction is significant for prenatal care. Controlling your chronic disease helps reduce the risk of extra stress on a developing child if you decide you would like to be pregnant in the future. Reducing this stress decreases birth defects and complications. Discuss with your doctor how safe each chronic disease management medication is for pregnancy. This toolkit is limited to a few common chronic diseases that have a large impact on personal health in ...
Background: Both coronary heart disease (CHD) and breast cancer (BC) are multifactorial diseases with complex aetiologies. Various research publications suggest that inflammation is the link between several chronic illnesses such as BC and CHD. Inflammation is influenced by several different lifestyle factors, such as excessive food intake, alcohol consumption, stress, smoking, exercise and fibre intake. The systemic effects of each of these lifestyles on CHD and BC have yet to be integrated. It also is unclear which of these factors has the largest impact on the different chronic diseases, as they are quantified in different units. However, it is known that blood glucose (BG) levels are directly linked to inflammation and, therefore, to CHD and BC. Aim: To develop a comprehensive model to account for the variety of systemic influences on CHD and BC, with an emphasis on lifestyles and the inflammatory state. The interconnected nature of the lifestyle effects and of inflammatory pathways ...
Internet Citation: Table 3a. Examples of Evaluation Measures for Self-management Support Programs for Common Chronic Conditions. Content last reviewed October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/ptmgmt/evaluation-table3a. ...
A stroke is high on the list of chronic disease related deaths in America. Although men are more likely to have a stroke at some point in their lives as...
Posted on Feb 19, 2016 in Events, Health and Wellness , 0 comments. Put your health first this year and join me for the important online conference, The Ultimate Health Summit for Women, February 22-26. As you may know, obesity, diabetes, heart disease and other chronic diseases are on the rise. Make a decision to put your health first this year and turn the tide on chronic disease. In The Ultimate Health Summit for Women, experts share exactly what you need to renew your mind, re-energize your body and rejoice in your health in 2016. Susan Holsapple has gathered together 20 Health Care Experts to share with you their insights, tips and advice on ways to.... Read More ...
Heart disease, stroke, thyroid, diabetes, arthritis, and Alzheimers - these chronic diseases are the most common and costly health problems in the United States. Whats worse, is these chronic issues are largely lifestyle diseases, meaning they are often influenced by our style of living, such as diet and exercise. More importantly, these chronic issues can be prevented by changing our daily habits.. Today, many Americans consume a diet high in refined sugar, carbohydrates and fat. This combination negatively affects our bodys blood sugar balance and ultimately causes inflammation. Along with lack of exercise, these diets underpin the development of many chronic diseases today. At Camarillo Functional Health, Dr. Michael Veselak focuses much of his work with chronic cases on decreasing inflammation in the body. In the majority of chronic cases, this inflammation is usually systemic, meaning the whole body is involved. Thus, Dr. Veselak uses a functional medicine approach when confronting ...
Five of the top ten causes of death in the US are chronic diseases. Chronic diseases are expensive to treat and can severely impact the quality of life of individuals. However, many of the behaviors directly responsible for chronic diseases can be changed.
Five of the top ten causes of death in the US are chronic diseases. Chronic diseases are expensive to treat and can severely impact the quality of life of individuals. However, many of the behaviors directly responsible for chronic diseases can be changed.
Introduction: Chronic diseases tend to increase with old age. Older people with chronic disease are commonly suffering from conditions which produce a multiplicity of symptoms and a decreased health-related quality of life. Nurses have a responsibility to prevent, ease or delay a negative outcome through symptom management, or assist in achieving an acceptable level of symptom relief.. Aim: The overall aim of the thesis was to describe different aspects of symptom burden from the perspective of community-dwelling people with chronic disease.. Methods: This thesis is based upon four papers that used both quantitative and qualitative data to describe different aspects of symptom burden, experienced by people with chronic diseases. Paper (I) is a cross-sectional study with 91 participants diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Papers (II and IV) are based upon secondary outcome data from a randomized controlled trial with 382 community-dwelling older people with multimorbidity. Paper ...
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In the United States, 87 percent of all deaths are due to noncommunicable diseases. Sixteen percent of the population smokes and 43 percent are physically inactive.
GENEVA (Reuters) - The worlds health ministers have agreed to try to cut premature deaths from chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease and cancer by...
A recent Yale study reveals physicians are failing to treat tobacco use, despite the fact that it is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States and that smokers are important candidates for treatment interventions, including behavioral counseling and medication.. Analysis of the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data from 2005 to 2007 showed that only 4.4% of tobacco users were prescribed medication during their visit, compared to 57.4% of hypertensive patients, 46.2% of diabetics, and 42.6% of patients with asthma. Results of the study, conducted with researchers at Harvard University, will be published in the August Issue of the American Journal of Public Health.. A compelling argument has been made that tobacco use should be reframed as a chronic disease and treated as other chronic conditions such as diabetes, said Dr. Steven L. Bernstein, associate professor of emergency medicine at Yale and lead author of the paper. Our study suggests that this has not ...
Chronic diseases -- such as cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, liver disease, cancer, and diabetes -- are all leading causes of disability and/or death in the United States. However, chronic diseases are both treatable and preventable. The Chronic Disease Research Groups (CDRG) mission is to improve the experiences and outcomes of patients and populations affected by chronic diseases, through high-quality research and analytics. CDRG has conducted studies in various therapeutic areas, including nephrology, transplantation, and oncology. In addition to the expertise of the clinicians on staff, as part of the Hennepin Healthcare System (HHS) we can call on clinical expertise from a wide range of therapeutic areas. Whether you bring a key opinion leader or require our expertise, we will evaluate our ability to work in any therapeutic area before contracting. ...
Presents environmental and policy approaches to supporting healthy food and active living environments, with a presentation by Prevention Institutes Larry Cohen that also focuses on preventing violence while reducing chronic disease risk factors. Hosted by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with the assistance of the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO), this webinar aired in October 2009 to provide information to potential ARRA applicants.. ...
Biomedical agriculture (BMA) is a transdisciplinary approach and emerging field that engages agronomists and biomedical scientists in a program of discovery, dissemination, and training. The ultimate goal of BMA is to identify specific genotypes of a food crop which, alone and when combined with other food crops, form a dietary pattern that reduces chronic disease risk, that is, risk for cancer, cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes, and obesity. To achieve this goal, a systematic approach is required that investigates staple and specialty crop genotypes for bioactivity that translates into improved chronic disease biomarkers, alterations of which are associated with reduced disease risk. The primary mechanisms targeted for food-mediated disease risk reduction are altered glucose metabolism, chronic inflammation, excessive cellular oxidation, and/or chronic endotoxemia. The crop improvement process via BMA is tiered, establishing efficacy for chronic disease prevention in molecular, cellular, ...
In a follow-up of extremely low-birth-weight children, the rates of chronic health conditions overall, and asthma specifically, did not change between the ages of 8 and 14 years, although
This studys findings showed that diabetes care remained suboptimal among many patients with multiple chronic conditions and that patient outcomes varied by multimorbidity profile.
Family stress theory provides a way of viewing the familys efforts over time to adapt to multiple stressors through using family resources and perceptual factors as a coping process aimed at achieving family balance [35]. A family situation addresses multiple changes and demands simultaneously, not single stressors. Secondary stressors, such as role change, responsibility, and caregiving demands, emerge from the primary stressors and these strains often may be difficult to resolve. They become instead a source of chronic strain. Chronic strain causes a build-up of unresolved stressors and contributes to undesirable characteristics in the family environment [36]. Although most of the reviewed papers addressed stressors as factors influencing caregiver QOL, the focus was on primary rather than secondary stressors. As a result, researchers may be overlooking stressors without considering chronic illness as a source of chronic strain changing the family system. Therefore, it is imperative to ...