Chondrosarcoma is a type of highly malignant tumor with a potent capacity to invade locally and cause distant metastasis. Chondrosarcoma shows a predilection for metastasis to the lungs. Interleukin-8 (IL-8), a chemokine with a defining CXC amino acid motif, is known to possess tumorigenic and proangiogenic properties. Over-expression of IL-8 has been detected in many human tumors. However, the effects of IL-8 in migration and integrin expression in chondrosarcoma cells are largely unknown. In this study, we found that IL-8 increased the migration and the expression of αvβ3 integrin in human chondrosarcoma cells. Activations of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt, and AP-1 pathways after IL-8 treatment were demonstrated, and IL-8-induced expression of integrin and migration activity was inhibited by the specific inhibitor and mutant of PI3K, Akt, and AP-1 cascades. Taken together, our results indicated that IL-8 enhances the migration of chondrosarcoma cells by increasing αvβ3 integrin ...
article{52f6a2c0-7074-42f4-ae84-0c0dbf6711b3, abstract = {,p,Rat chondrosarcoma chondrocytes were labeled with [,sup,3,/sup,H]serine or [,sup,3,/sup,H]mannose as a precursor. Intracellular proteoglycan core protein precursor was purified from cell lysates by immunoprecipitation with polyclonal antibodies against the hyaluronic acid-binding region, followed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The core precursor was eluted from the gels and treated with alkaline borohydride in order to convert serine residues substituted with xylose or N-acetylgalactosamine to alanine (or with alkaline sulfite to convert them to cysteic acid). After acid hydrolysis, the proportions of labeled serine and alanine (or cysteic acid) were determined by high performance liquid chromatography, and the results were compared with those obtained for the completed proteoglycan molecules isolated from the same cultures. In the completed proteoglycans, about 55% of the serine residues were substituted ...
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether, in human fibroblasts and chondrosarcoma cells, the regulation of interleukins (IL)-6, 8, and 11 and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-1, 3, and 13, and their tissue inhibitor TIMP-1, depends on the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). METHODS: Fibroblasts and chondrosarcoma cells were effectively infected with an adenovirus encoding human IkappaBalpha, and inhibition of NF-kappaB function was observed. The induction of MMP and IL-6, 8, and 11 by various stimuli was assessed by ELISA. RESULTS: The induction of IL-6 and IL-8 clearly depended on NF-kappaB in both fibroblasts and chondrosarcoma cells, irrespective of stimulus, but IkappaBalpha overexpression had little effect on IL-11. MMP-1, -3, and -13 were also inhibited, but TIMP-1 was unaffected. CONCLUSION: NF-kappaB appears to play an important and selective role in MMP induction in human fibroblasts and chondrosarcoma cells. This suggests there are NF-kappaB dependent mechanisms of cartilage ...
55 year old male with dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma and pathological fracture. Final Diagnosis: Left proximal femur and soft tissues, en bloc excision: Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma High grade, grade 3/3 Maximum size 14.6 cm Tumor is ba...
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, the inducible isoform of prostaglandin (PG) synthase, has been implicated in tumor metastasis. Interaction of COX-2 with its specific EP receptors on the surface of cancer cells has been reported to induce cancer invasion. However, the effects of COX-2 on migration activity in human chondrosarcoma cells are mostly unknown. In this study, we examined whether COX-2 and EP interaction are involved in metastasis of human chondrosarcoma. We found that over-expression of COX-2 or exogenous PGE2 increased the migration of human chondrosarcoma cells. We also found that human chondrosarcoma tissues and chondrosarcoma cell lines had significant expression of the COX-2 which was higher than that in normal cartilage. By using pharmacological inhibitors or activators or genetic inhibition by the EP receptors, we discovered that the EP1 receptor but not other PGE receptors is involved in PGE2-mediated cell migration and α2β1 integrin expression. Furthermore, we found that human
Human chondrosarcomas do not respond to current chemotherapies or radiation therapy, and their size and histological appearance do not reliably predict the risk of local recurrence and metastases, making selection of surgical treatment difficult. Identifying mechanisms responsible for the proliferation and invasive behavior of these tumors would be of immense clinical value. We hypothesized that telomerase expression is one of these mechanisms. We detected telomerase expression in 7 of 16 chondrosarcomas, but cells cultured from telomerase-negative chondrosarcomas acquired strong telomerase activity and lost tumor suppressor activity after their establishment in culture. These changes were associated with accelerated indefinite cell proliferation, morphological transition, and increased invasive activity, indicating that telomerase activation and loss of cell cycle control leads to the emergence of aggressive cells from chondrosarcoma cell populations. These observations may lead to better ...
In this study, we investigated the anticancer effects of a new benzimidazole derivative, 1-benzyl-2-phenyl -benzimidazole (BPB), in human chondrosarcoma cells. BPB-mediated apoptosis was assessed by the MTT assay and flow cytometry analysis. The in vivo efficacy was examined in a JJ012 xenograft model. Here we found that BPB induced apoptosis in human chondrosarcoma cell lines (JJ012 and SW1353) but not in primary chondrocytes. BPB induced upregulation of Bax, Bad and Bak, downregulation of Bcl-2, Bid and Bcl-XL and dysfunction of mitochondria in chondrosarcoma. In addition, BPB also promoted cytosolic releases AIF and Endo G. Furthermore, it triggered extrinsic death receptor-dependent pathway, which was characterized by activating Fas, FADD and caspase-8. Most importantly, animal studies revealed a dramatic 40% reduction in tumor volume after 21 days of treatment. Thus, BPB may be a novel anticancer agent for the treatment of chondrosarcoma.
BioAssay record AID 79237 submitted by ChEMBL: In vitro cytotoxicity in chondrosarcoma cell line (H-EMC-SS) by Alamar blue assay.
Chondrosarcomas are malignant cartilage tumors that do not respond to traditional chemotherapy or radiation. The 5-year survival rate of histologic grade III chondrosarcoma is less than 30%. To achieve a greater understanding of chondrosarcoma tumorigenesis, a model for human chondrosarcoma has been established in a rat system. The model, known as the Swarm rat chondrosarcoma (SRC), resembles human chondrosarcoma and provides a system to study tumor growth and progression. Here we examined the influence of the tumor microenvironment and the impact of genome-wide hypomethylation on the behavior of SRC tumors, two factors known to contribute fundamentally to the development and progression of solid tumors. Previous studies with SRC revealed that tumor microenvironment can significantly influence chondrosarcoma malignancy, but the underlying biologic mechanisms have not been defined. To address this issue we carried out epigenetic and gene expression studies on the SRC tumors that were initiated at
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... , Authors: Andreas F Mavrogenis, Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos. Published in: Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol.
Primary chondrosarcoma of the breast, although very rare, has been reported previously.1 An extensive review of 132 636 cases of breast cancer between 1973 and 1998, in the Netherlands,2 identified 34 cases of concurrent breast cancer and cartilaginous tumours. There were 28 osteochondromas in the same group as well but a statistically similar incidence of concurrent osteochondromas was observed in patients with lung cancer. Out of the 34 cases, 18 were enchondromas and 15 chondrosarcomas, and involved mostly the femur or humerus (65%). All 34 had histological and immunohistochemical survey performed and cluster analysis did not reveal any associations with known syndromes or genetic traits. Their findings support the existence of a new hitherto unrecognised syndrome, characterised by an increased risk to develop breast cancer and also centrally originating cartilaginous tumours. There have been sporadic reports of concurrent breast carcinoma as well as bone chondrosarcoma in the literature.3 ...
Imaging studies - including radiographs ("x-rays"), computerized tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - are often used to make a presumptive diagnosis of chondrosarcoma. However, a definitive diagnosis depends on the identification of malignant cancer cells producing cartilage in a biopsy specimen that has been examined by a pathologist. In a few cases, usually of highly anaplastic tumors, immunohistochemistry (IHC)is required.. There are no blood tests currently available to enable an oncologist to render a diagnosis of chondrosarcoma. The most characteristic imaging findings are usually obtained with CT.. Nearly all chondrosarcoma patients appear to be in good health. Often, patients are not aware of the growing tumor until there is a noticeable lump or pain. Earlier diagnosis is generally accidental, when a patient undergoes testing for another problem and physicians discover the cancer. Occasionally the first symptom will be a broken bone at the cancerous site. Any broken ...
Chondrosarcomas are a primitive malignant tumor that derives from cartilage cells. It usually appears at the center of a bone segment, with no pre-existing lesions (central chondrosarcoma). It may also be secondary to a pre-existent condition suc...
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We report an unusual case of a young woman with chondrosarcoma affecting the greater cornu of the hyoid bone. Only a handful of reports of primary chondrosarcoma involving the hyoid exist in the world literature. The case described presented as a swe
As for the genetics and causes of the cancer, it has been rather hard to find sources which can determine the cause of it, from the website…. The genetic changes specific to chondrosarcoma continue to be investigated extensively. Although studies have not yet established a specific or recurrent karyotypic feature for any of these tumors, different chondrosarcomas have demonstrated anomalies in several tumor suppressor genes, oncogenes, and transcription factors, including TP53, RAS, EXT1, EXT2, and Sox9. Available cytogenetic and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) studies reveal changes in some chondrosarcomas, but fail to do so in others. These studies are thus far difficult to interpret.. Based on the available studies, it is likely that chondrosarcomas are generated by a coordinated, multi-step process involving primarily tumor suppressor genes. In fact, the complexity and variety of genetic changes seen in chondrosarcomas may indicate several distinct genetic pathways. Some of the ...
Sarcoma is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal dedicated to publishing papers covering all aspects of connective tissue oncology research. It brings together work from scientists and clinicians carrying out a broad range of research in this field, including the basic sciences, molecular biology and pathology and the clinical sciences of epidemiology, surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. High-quality papers concerning the entire range of bone and soft tissue sarcomas in both adults and children, including Kaposis sarcoma, are published as well as preclinical and animal studies.
Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer that develops in cartilage cells. Cartilage is the specialized, gristly connective tissue that is present in adults and the tissue from which most bones develop. Cartilage plays an important role in the growth process. There are many different types of cartilage that are present throughout the body. Chondrosarcoma is a malignant type of bone cancer that primarily affects the cartilage cells of the femur (thighbone), arm, pelvis, and knee. Although less frequent, other areas (such as the ribs) may be affected.. Chondrosarcoma is the second most common type of primary bone cancer. A primary bone cancer is one that originates from bone, as opposed to starting in another organ and then spreading to the bone. This type of cancer rarely affects individuals under age 20 and continues to rise until age 75. The incidence between males and females is equal.. ...
Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer that develops in cartilage cells. Cartilage is the specialized, gristly connective tissue that is present in adults and the tissue from which most bones develop. Cartilage plays an important role in the growth process. There are many different types of cartilage that are present throughout the body. Chondrosarcoma is a malignant type of bone cancer that primarily affects the cartilage cells of the femur (thighbone), arm, pelvis, and knee. Although less frequent, other areas (such as the ribs) may be affected.. Chondrosarcoma is the second most common type of primary bone cancer. A primary bone cancer is one that originates from bone, as opposed to starting in another organ and then spreading to the bone. This type of cancer rarely affects individuals under age 20 and continues to rise until age 75. The incidence between males and females is equal.. ...
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Supplementary Material for: MiR-129-5p Inhibits Proliferation and Invasion of Chondrosarcoma Cells by Regulating SOX4/Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathway
A case of an entirely intramuscular mixed tumour occurred in an 82-year-old man, who presented with a large mass in the region of the right triceps muscle. A lobulated tumour was seen, with plump, round epithelioid cells embedded in a chondromyxoid stroma. Immunohistochemical examination showed strong S100 protein and pancytokeratin positivity in most of the tumour cells. Cytogenetic analysis revealed complex clonal chromosomal changes: 47, XY, +i(2) (q10), -15, der(17) t(15; 17) (q11; p12), +r. Differential diagnosis against extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (EMC) may be problematic, particularly in an incisional biopsy. Chromosomal analysis can be very helpful in solving this problem, since EMC shows a specific reciprocal chromosome translocation characterised as t (9;22) (q22-31) (q11-12 ...
Chondrosarcoma is categorized as a malignant cartilaginous tumor, which occurs rarely in the craniofacial region. We report the case of a 68-year-old man with chondrosarcoma in the subglottic area. His chief symptoms were hoarseness and mild dysphagi
Purpose: Chondrosarcomas are notoriously resistant to cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents. We sought to identify critical signaling pathways that contribute to their survival and proliferation, and which may provide potential targets for rational therapeutic interventions. Experimental Design: Activation of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) was surveyed using phospho-RTK arrays. S6 phosphorylation and NRAS mutational status were examined in chondrosarcoma primary tumor tissues. Small interfering RNA or small molecule inhibitors against RTKs or downstream signaling proteins were applied to chondrosarcoma cells and changes in biochemical signaling, cell cycle, and cell viability were determined. In vivo anti-tumor activity of BEZ235, a phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, was evaluated in a chondrosarcoma xenograft model. Results: Several RTKs were identified as critical mediators of cell growth, but the RTK dependencies varied among cell lines. In ...
Although a rare entity, chondrosarcoma is the most common malignant tumor of the chest wall. Most patients present with an enlarging, painful anterior chest wall mass arising from the costochondrosternal junction. CT scan with intravenous contrast is the gold standard radiographic study for diagnosis and operative planning. Contrary to previous dictum, resection may be performed in an appropriate surgical candidate based on imaging characteristics or image-guided percutaneous biopsy results; incisional biopsy is rarely required. The keys to successful treatment are early recognition and radical excision with adequate margins, as chondrosarcoma is relatively resistant to radiotherapy and conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy. Overall survival is excellent in most surgical series from experienced centers. Complete excision with widely negative microscopic margins at the initial operation is of the utmost importance, as local recurrence portends systemic metastasis and eventual tumor-related mortality. This
Clear-cell chondrosarcoma is a variant of chondrosarcoma which is characterized by a typical histomorphology and a very slow rate of growth. A case is presented in which the tumor was located in the maxilla. show less ...
Answer: Chondrosarcoma. Histology: none provided. Discussion: Chondrosarcomas are malignant proliferations of cartilage which tend to occur in the axial skeleton of older people. The radiograph in this case is helpful to diagnose a malignant tumor because of its destructive and aggressive permeative pattern. Histologically the cartilage shows atypical nuclei and a permeative growth pattern around native trabeculae. This permeative growth pattern is diagnostic of malignancy in most primary bone tumors. The radiograph, however, is a most important tool leading to the diagnosis of chondrosarcoma.. Although metastatic carcinoma is the most common bone tumor in this age group, there is no evidence of epithelial cells in this case.. Enchondromas occasionally occur in the pelvis. Occasionally, the cartilage of enchondroma can show atypia. However, the destructive and aggressive radiographic pattern precludes the diagnosis of an enchondroma. Therefore, the radiograph should always be consulted when ...
Chondrosarcomas are characteristic for their slow but progressive invasion of the surrounding tissues. These malignant, cancerous tumors originate in the cartilage, the connective tissue between bones.
Depending on the type of chondrosarcoma, it may spread slowly or very rapidly. Its presently unknown what causes this type of cancer. This is partially because it is so unusual that there are not a lot of cases to study. A higher incidence of nasal CSAs among cats living in urban areas may indicate a link to air pollution. The type affecting bones has been found to contain viruses in the cells of the tumor, suggesting a viral connection. Some bone tumors develop on the site of a previous fracture, which may mean theres a link with the bodys cells that heal a broken bone. But its believed that several factors combine with each unique cats physiology to cause the cells to become cancerous ...
Rare Cancer News & Clinical Trials » Trial - Sarcoma » Anti-Osteoclast Therapy as Neoadjuvant in Treatment of Chondrosarcoma - Phase 1b ...
A chondrosarcoma is one of several types of laryngeal tumors that can effect the larynx and trachea of a dog. This is a relatively rare and fast spreading tumor that originates in the cartilage, a connective collagenous tissue that is found throughout the body.
... is a malignant type of bone cancer that primarily affects the cartilage cells of the femur, arm, pelvis, knee, and spine.
Chondrosarcoma treatments include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapies, and surgery, to remove the mass and reduce the likelihood of return.
Learn about the rare cancer Chondrosarcoma, its symptoms, causes, diagnosis methods, and treatment options available to overcome the problem.
Learn more about Chondrosarcoma at Coliseum Health System DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision .....
Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element and metalloid involved in several key metabolic activities: protection against oxidative damage, regulation of immune and thyroid function, and fertility. Several recent lines of evidence from epidemiology, genetic, and transgenic animal studies suggest that Se may play a protective role in Osteoarthritis (OA). However, the exact protective mechanism of Se is still unclear. In this study, we hypothesized that Se exerts its chondroprotective benefit via an anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effect mediated by specific selenoproteins that neutralize cytokine-induced inflammatory responses in chondrocytes. We established an in vitro system for studying the effect of Se in the chondrosarcoma cell line SW-1353 and in human primary chondrocytes. Selenomethionine (SeMet) induced gene expression and enzyme activity of both antioxidative enzymes glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and thioredoxin reductase (TR) in SW-1353 cells. Our data suggest that Se may be ...
The Anti-Cancer Effect of a Novel Nutrient Mixture by Inhibiting MMPs Expression, Invasion and Inducing Apoptosis in Chondrosarcoma Cell Line SW-1353
The study, "Lost miRNA surveillance of Notch, IGFR pathway - road to sarcomagenesis," was published in the January issue of Tumor Biology, the official journal of the International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers. Sarcomas are a group that makes up more than 60 different tumors that affect bone and connective tissues. Chondrosarcomas are the second most common bone malignancy and do not respond to conventional therapy. Together with H. Thomas Temple, M.D., professor and Vice Chair of Orthopedics and Director of the Tissue Bank, who in 2010 established the Musculoskeletal Oncology Signal Transduction Laboratory to investigate the molecular pathways leading to metastatic sarcomas, Galoian and her team compared and analyzed differentially expressed miRNA and their targets in chondrosarcoma versus control chondrocytes. "Under normal conditions, mesenchymal cells support and produce a matrix for connective tissues; however, the signaling events resulting in mesenchymal cell transformation to ...
It was a Saturday, about tea-time in the quaint village of Athelstaneford, East Lothian. Mrs Alexandria Agutter sat in her cottage, enjoying the delights of the late-summer evening with a glass of gin and tonic. She listlessly sipped from the rather generous pick-me up, no doubt chewing over the happenings of the day. Blast! The taste was much too bitter to her liking. She stood up. And promptly crumpled to the floor in a dizzied heap. It had not been five minutes when a fiery pain gripped her parched throat and in her frenzied turn she watched the bleary room become draped in a gossamery silk. How Dame Agatha would approve. But this is no crime novel, on that fateful day, 24th August 1994, poor Mrs Agutter immortalised herself in the history books of forensic medicine; she was the victim of a revered toxin and a vintage one it was too. She had unwittingly imbibed a G&T laced with a classic poison of antiquity. A clue from the 21st century: do you recall the first Hunger Games film adaption? ...
Axial T2 weighted MR image again demonstrates the mass with typical high signal lobular growth pattern of cartilage representing cap.
Marco wants to wait at least 8 weeks to let everything heal up and also allow us time to decide where to go from here. My initial feelings lean toward the complete knee replacement. The other concern is of the cancer spreading to the lungs. I had a c.t. scan before surgery that revealed no tumors in the lungs. However, the cancer is slow-growing so it could already be there and just not visible. I will continually have c.t. scans to check That is our update. Please continue to pray for Jenny as she is due with our second baby in less than 1 month. Also pray for Zeke as he is in the difficult transition from only child to soon to be little brother (which is only complicated with all the added stress of my medical conditions ...
When I was diagnosed with ovarian cancer, the first reaction was of course panic, and then I Packed up and started to look for information on the Internet and on the forums. Im still grateful to all those people who write reviews about their appeal to different professionals - I this information helped to survive. That is why I write about how I got to Israel, and how I was able to overcome the disease.The purpose of my search information on the Internet to understand where and how to treat ovarian cancer, what are my prospects in General? The important thing is that I knew we must act quickly. Of course, I wanted to go to a top specialist because of the ability to experiment just wasnt there.I immediately realized that I wanted to be treated in Israel, as there is a percentage of cure from cancer is very high, including ovarian cancer. This treatment is cheaper than, say, the USA or Germany, for me it was also an important argument. I only had to choose the doctor. About Professor Moshe Inbar ...
Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Veterinary Manual was first published in 1955 as a service to the community. The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Veterinary Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America.. ...
Chondrosarcoma of the pelvis and upper end of the femur. An analysis of factors influencing survival time in one hundred and thirteen cases. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - American Volume. 1972 ...
Farese, JP, Kirpensteijn, J, Kik, M, Bacon, NJ, Waltman, SS, Seguin, B, Kent, M, Liptak, J, Straw, R, Chang, MN, Jiang, Y and Withrow, SJ (2009) Biologic Behavior and Clinical Outcome of 25 Dogs with Canine Appendicular Chondrosarcoma Treated by Amputation: A Veterinary Society of Surgical Oncology Retrospective Study ...
We were delayed in finding these spots because some misogynistic prick of a hip doctor tried to convince her that the pain was just mental and contrived. No, I didnt punch him. I was kind of in shock when he said it and missed my opportunity. I figured if I went back to physically harm this jerk, it would no longer be a defensible crime. So we might try for this guys medical license and hit him where it really hurts. Hell in this Trump era of politics, we might be able to send that guy back to Iran. I kid, I kid. Anyways, if you can relay a request or two for us and ask God to covet the minds and souls of the new team of doctors, that would be appreciated. We just met them at your old stomping grounds at Hopkins. Boy, did that bring back memories. After our first consult/meeting, we have decided they will assume all her care with regards to this hip/spine/leg/chondrosarcoma stuff. Still, no definitive answers without more tests. So we wait for pre-authorization from insurance. If the insurance ...
The actuarial 5- and 10-year survival rates after GKS were 80 and 53%, respectively. The actuarial 5- and 10-year local tumor control (LTC) rates after single or multiple GKS sessions were 76 and 67%, respectively. All patients with low-grade chondrosarcomas achieved good LTC. A tumor volume of less than 20 ml significantly affected the high rate of LTC (p = 0.0182). No patient had adverse radiation effects, other than one in whom facial numbness worsened despite successful tumor control. ...
(2009) Kim et al. Molecular Cancer. Background: High expression of P-glycoprotein is one of the well-known mechanisms of chemoresistance in chondrosarcomas. However, the role of antiapoptotic proteins, a common mechanism responsible for chemoresistance in other tumors, has not been well studied i...
MSH: A slowly growing malignant neoplasm derived from cartilage cells, occurring most frequently in pelvic bones or near the ends of long bones, in middle-aged and old people. Most chondrosarcomas arise de novo, but some may develop in a preexisting benign cartilaginous lesion or in patients with ENCHONDROMATOSIS. (Stedman, 25th ed),NCI: A type of cancer that forms in bone cartilage. It usually starts in the pelvis (between the hip bones), the shoulder, the ribs, or at the ends of the long bones of the arms and legs. A rare type of chondrosarcoma called extraskeletal chondrosarcoma does not form in bone cartilage. Instead, it forms in the soft tissues of the upper part of the arms and legs. Chondrosarcoma can occur at any age but is more common in people older than 40 years. It is a type of bone cancer.,NCI: A malignant mesenchymal neoplasm arising from cartilage-forming tissues.,NCI: A malignant tumor with pure hyaline cartilage differentiation. Myxoid changes, calcification and ossification ...