How is High Molecular Weight Chitosan abbreviated? HMWC stands for High Molecular Weight Chitosan. HMWC is defined as High Molecular Weight Chitosan somewhat frequently.
This research investigated the effect of enzymatically digested low molecular weight (MW) chitosan oligosaccharide on type 2 diabetes prevention. Three different chitosan oligosaccharide samples with varying MW were evaluated in vitro for inhibition of rat small intestinal α-glucosidase and porcine pancreatic α-amylase (GO2KA1; <1000 Da, GO2KA2; 1000-10,000 Da, GO2KA3; MW > 10,000 Da). The in vitro results showed that all tested samples had similar rat α-glucosidase inhibitory and porcine α-amylase inhibitory activity. Based on these observations, we decided to further investigate the effect of all three samples at a dose of 0.1 g/kg, on reducing postprandial blood glucose levels in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat model after sucrose loading test. In the animal trial, all tested samples had postprandial blood glucose reduction effect, when compared to control, however GO2KA1 supplementation had the strongest effect. The glucose peak (Cmax) for GO2KA1 and control was 152 mg/dL and 193 mg/dL,
Various biological effects have been reported for sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides, but the molecular mechanisms of action of their anti-inflammatory effects are still unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides and to elucidate the possible mechanisms of action. The results showed that pretreated low molecular weight sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides inhibited the production of nitric oxide (NO) and inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF-α in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW264.7 cells. The sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides also suppressed inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), phosphorylation of JNK and translocation of p65, a subunit of NF-κB, into the nucleus by inhibiting degradation of IκB-α. Our investigation suggests sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides inhibit IL-6/TNF-α in LPS-induced macrophages, regulated by mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) pathways dependent on NF-κB activation.
Objective(s): This study considered the combination of chitosan nanoparticles with antioxidant-antibacterial fraction extracted from Lactobacillus casei and investigation of possible increasing of antibacterial activity of the fraction in hybrid nanoparticle and the effect of the fraction on the stability of chitosan nanoparticles. Methods: Extraction of Antioxidant antibacterial material from Lactobacillus casei supernatant was done by thin layer chromatography fractionation. For determination of antioxidant and antibacterial activity of fraction, DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) assay and Minimum Inhibition Concentration (MIC) by micro-well dilution method was used, respectively. For chitosan nanoparticles (Cs NPs) formation, the ionic gelation method was used and the ratio of Tripolyphosphate pentasodium (TPP): chitosan was optimized. For Antioxidant fraction loaded chitosan nanoparticles, the fraction is physically incorporated into the chitosan nanoparticles. Particle morphology was monitored
Papermaking. The Carboxymethyl Chitosan report does the thorough study of the key industry players to understand their business strategies, annual revenue, company profile and their contribution to the Carboxymethyl Chitosan market share in the United States. Diverse factors of the Carboxymethyl Chitosan industry like the supply chain scenario, industry standards, import/export details are also mentioned in this report.. Key Highlights of the United States Carboxymethyl Chitosan Market 2017 Report:. A Clear understanding of the Carboxymethyl Chitosan market based on growth, constraints, opportunities, feasibility study.. Concise Carboxymethyl Chitosan Market study based on major United States regions.. Analysis of evolving market segments as well as a complete study of existing Carboxymethyl Chitosan market segments.. Before Purchasing, Request Free Sample Copy of the Report Here: http://qyresearch.us/report/united-states-carboxymethyl-chitosan-market-2017/107070/#requestForSample. Furthermore, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Preparation of cross-linked chitosan microspheres by spray drying. T2 - Effect of cross-linking agent on the properties of spray dried microspheres. AU - Desai, K. G H. AU - Park, Hyun Jin. PY - 2005/6/1. Y1 - 2005/6/1. N2 - Chitosan microspheres cross-linked with three different cross-linking agents viz, tripolyphosphate (TPP), formaldehyde (FA) and gluteraldehyde (GA) have been prepared by spray drying technique. The influence of these cross-linking agents on the properties of spray dried chitosan microspheres was extensively investigated. The particle size and encapsulation efficiencies of thus prepared chitosan microspheres ranged mainly between 4.1-4.7 μm and 95.12-99.17%, respectively. Surface morphology, % erosion, % water uptake and drug release properties of the spray dried chitosan microspheres was remarkably influenced by the type (chemical or ionic) and extent (1 or 2%w/w) of cross-linking agents. Spray dried chitosan microspheres cross-linked with TPP exhibited ...
The report studies Chitosan Derivatives in Global market Professional Survey 2016 : Size, Share, Trends, Industry Growth, Opportunity, Application, Production, Segmentation, Cost Structure, Company Profile, Product Picture and Specifications during the Forecast period by 2021. Global Chitosan Derivatives Industry 2016is a comprehensive, professional report delivering market research data that is relevant for new market entrants or established players. Key strategies of the companies operaChitosan Derivativesg in the market and their impact analysis have been included in the report. Furthermore, a business overview, revenue share, and SWOT analysis of the leading players in the Chitosan Derivatives market is available in the report.. Combining the data integration and analysis capabilities with the relevant findings, the report has predicted strong future growth of the Chitosan Derivatives market in all its geographical and product segments. In addition to this, several significant variables that ...
The aim of the present paper is to evaluate the effect of the high molecular weight chitosan (HMWC) and of sodium alginate (NaAL) on surface hydrophobicity of Candida albicans and on adhesion of the yeast to epithelial cells and fibroblasts of different proceeding. For this study, a collection strain and seven isolates of C. albicans from saliva (patients with denture stomatitis) were grown in Sabouraud glucose agar supplemented with HMWC or NaAL or in absence of them (control). Hydrophobicity was determined by adhesion to hydrocarbons method using two organic media (xylene and chloroform). For adhesion experiments, aqueous suspensions of yeasts were contacted with solutions of biopolymers and different cells (rat and human fibroblasts and epithelial cells Hep-2). The quantification of adhesion was made by optical microscopy. Results: a decrease in hydrophobicity was observed in the presence of HMWC (44%) and of NaAL (82%) when chloroform was employed as organic medium, meanwhile the decreases ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Improvement of osteoblast functions by sustained release of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) from heparin-coated chitosan scaffold. AU - Yun, Young Pil. AU - Lee, Su Young. AU - Kim, Hak Jun. AU - Song, Jae-Jun. AU - Kim, Sung Eun. PY - 2013/1/1. Y1 - 2013/1/1. N2 - The aim of this study was to investigate the improvement in osteoblast functions by using bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) immobilized heparin-coated chitosan scaffolds and comparing it with that using chitosan scaffold or BMP-2/chitosan scaffold in vitro. BMP-2 was released from the heparin-coated chitosan scaffold in a sustained manner compared to that released from the chitosan scaffold. The osteoblast functions of MG-63 cells grown on the chitosan scaffold, the BMP-2/chitosan scaffold, the BMP-2/Hep/chitosan scaffold were investigated by assessing cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, calcium deposition, and gene expression. The results of the in vitro studies demonstrated that MG-63 ...
Title:Betaxolol Hydrochloride Loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles for Ocular Delivery and their Anti-glaucoma Efficacy. VOLUME: 10 ISSUE: 5. Author(s):Kunal Jain, R. Suresh Kumar, Sumeet Sood and G. Dhyanandhan. Affiliation:Department of Pharmaceutics, J.S.S College of Pharmacy, Udhagamandalam, India.. Keywords:Betaxolol, glaucoma, chitosan, nanoparticles, ocular delivery.. Abstract:Many effective anti-glaucoma drugs available for the treatment of ocular hypertension and open angle glaucoma are associated with rapid and extensive precorneal loss caused by the drainage and high tear fluid turnover. The present study involved design of mucoadhesive nanoparticulate carrier system containing betaxolol hydrochloride for ocular delivery to improve its corneal permeability and precorneal residence time. Nanoparticles were prepared by spontaneous emulsification method and had a particle size of 168-260nm with zeta potential of 25.2-26.4 mV. The in vitro release studies in simulated tear fluid exhibited ...
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Get Sample Copy of This Report: http://www.researchnreports.com/request_sample.php?id=43430. Market research reports for the Global Chitosan Derivatives Market included detailed segmentation of international, analysis of supply and demand trends, 5-year forecast of market growth, volumes of historic brand market, analysis of the production, importation and exportation, and transparent market methodology. In-depth studies regarding Global Chitosan Derivatives Market, with data from 2011 and projects of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) are also used as basis for research. Lastly, there are examinations of the Global demand for the market and profiles of the major players of the industry. With all the data gathered and analyzed using SWOT analysis, there was a clearer picture of the competitive landscape of the Global Chitosan Derivatives Market. Sources for the future market growth were uncovered and outlying competitive threats also surfaced. There was strategic direction eminent in the ...
2.1 Global Chitosan Market Competition by Players/Suppliers. 2.1.1 Global Chitosan Sales and Market Share of Key Players/Suppliers (2012-2017). 2.1.2 Global Chitosan Revenue and Share by Players/Suppliers (2012-2017). 2.2 Global Chitosan (Volume and Value) by Type. 2.2.1 Global Chitosan Sales and Market Share by Type (2012-2017). 2.2.2 Global Chitosan Revenue and Market Share by Type (2012-2017). 2.3 Global Chitosan (Volume and Value) by Region. 2.3.1 Global Chitosan Sales and Market Share by Region (2012-2017). 2.3.2 Global Chitosan Revenue and Market Share by Region (2012-2017). 2.4 Global Chitosan (Volume) by Application. 3 United States Chitosan (Volume, Value and Sales Price). 3.1 United States Chitosan Sales and Value (2012-2017). 3.1.1 United States Chitosan Sales and Growth Rate (2012-2017). 3.1.2 United States Chitosan Revenue and Growth Rate (2012-2017). 3.1.3 United States Chitosan Sales Price Trend (2012-2017). 3.2 United States Chitosan Sales Volume and Market Share by ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Adsorption of indomethacin onto chemically modified chitosan beads. AU - Mi, Fwu Long. AU - Shyu, Shin Shing. AU - Chen, Chin Ta. AU - Lai, Juin Yih. PY - 2001/11/23. Y1 - 2001/11/23. N2 - Macroporous chitosan beads used for the immobilization of an anti-inflammatory drug were prepared by the wet phase-inversion method. There are two stages of phase-inversion observed from the cast of chitosan droplet in tripolyphosphate (TPP) aqueous solution. The first stage of phase-inversion is dominated by liquid-liquid demixing and the morphology of the freeze-dried chitosan bead shows a bundle-like porous structure. The following stage of phase-inversion is attributed to the solid-liquid demixing and the morphology of the freeze-dried chitosan bead changes to an interconnected porous structure comprising particulates around the pores. The pore size and porosity of the bead can be varied by altering synthesis conditions, such as initial polymer concentration, and the pH value and ...
Read "Recovery of Lipids from Aqueous Dispersions with Chitosan Solutions, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
This study was carried out to investigate effects of chitosan oligosaccharides and/or beta-glucan addition into diets containing organic zinc on performance and biochemical profiles in broilers. One-day old broiler chicks (n=540) were assigned to six groups for six replicates (15 chicks for each). Chicks in control group were fed basal diet containing soybean meal and corn, and experimental groups were fed diets containing 1% organic zinc (Or center dot Zn) or 0.025% chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) or 0.050% beta-glucan (BG) or 1% Or center dot Zn plus 0.025% COS or 1% Or center dot Zn plus 0.050% BG during 42 days. There were no significant differences between groups for performance (body weight, daily body weight gain, daily feed intake, and feed conversion ratio) during experimental period. Although, there were no differences between all groups for serum total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, VLDL-cholesterol, urea, insulin and glucose levels, statistical significances were determined between Or ...
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Abstract. Development of biopolymer-based imaging agents which can access rapidly and provide detailed information about the diseases has received much attention as an alternative to conventional imaging agents. However, development of biopolymer-based nanomaterials for tumor imaging still remains challenging due to their low sensitivity and image resolution. To surmount of these limitations, multimodal imaging agents have been developed, and they were widely utilized for theranostic applications. Herein, iodine containing echogenic glycol chitosan nanoparticles are developed for x-ray computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) imaging of tumor diagnosis. X-ray CT/US dual-modal imaging probe was prepared by following below two steps. First, iodine-contained diatrizoic acid (DTA) was chemically conjugated to the glycol chitosan (GC) for the CT imaging. DTA conjugated GC (GC-DTA NPs) formed stable nanoparticles with an average diameter of 315 nm. Second, perfluoropentane (PFP), a US imaging ...
The predominant therapy for peripheral nerve transection is anastomosis by suture. However, sutures have been known to lead to tissue inflammation, granulomas, and poor functional outcomes. While adhesives offer a promising alternative, fibrin-the predominant bio-glue-can transmit disease. Here we examine a photocrosslinkable chitosan hydrogel for use in surgical therapies for peripheral nerve injury. Prepared by conjugating 4-azidobenzoic acid to amino groups of chitosan using carbodiimide chemistry, this formulation demonstrates a high potential of in-situ photocrosslinking. A 40 mg/mL solution gels under 40 s of UV illumination. This gel is demonstrated to be cytocompatible with neural cell populations and is not acutely toxic to nerve conduction ex vivo. Mechanical testing of nerves anastomosed by this hydrogel had tensile strengths comparable to conventional fibrin glues. These results show chitosan hydrogel to be biocompatible and mechanically suitable for use in nerve repair. Keywords-chitosan;
The effects of pH of medium and molecular weight of chitosan on polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) formation between pectin and chitosan was investigated using capillary viscometry. The intrinsic viscosity of the polymers was determined using Huggins plot. PECs were formed between pectin and chitosan in the pH range 2.9-5.6, but no PEC was formed at pH 1.5. The proportion of pectin in pectin-chitosan PEC varied with pH of the medium due to different levels of ionisation of the polymers and also probably due to the flexibility of pectin molecule. The amount of pectin in the PEC increased with a decrease in pH while that of chitosan increased with an increase in pH of medium. Linear relationships were established between the pH of media used and the weight fraction of pectin required for optimal PEC formation with molecular weight grades of chitosan. Molecular weight of chitosan appeared to have no effect (p,0.05) on the optimal ratio of pectin:chitosan required for PEC formation but intrinsic ...
A process for producing granular porous chitosan of extremely uniform particle size and having uniform fine pores on the spherical surface and cut cross sectional face. The process comprises dissolving a low molecular weight chitosan into an aqueous acidic solution, pouring the solution into a basic solution and thereby coagulating the product to precipitate porous chitosan.
Chitosan has been reported to be a non-toxic, biocompatible antibacterial, antifungal and insecticidal agent. In this work the fungistatic efficacy of a set of low polydispersity chitosans varying in molecular weight from 1.2 to 90.0 kDa towards the filamentous palm parasitic fungus Penicillium vermoesenii has been studied in vitro. It has been shown for the first time that the activity of chitosan against the fungus has unusual bell-like dependence on chitosan molecular weight so that chitosans having the molecular weight between 5÷10 kDa possess the highest fungistatic activity while chitosans with both lower and higher molecular weights are significantly less active. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical). ...
Chitosan, a polyaminosaccharide obtained by alkaline deacetylation of chitin, possesses useful properties including biodegradability, biocompatibility, low toxicity, and good miscibility with other polymers. It is extensively used in many applications in biology, medicine, agriculture, environmental protection, and the food and pharmaceutical industries. The amino and hydroxyl groups present in the chitosan backbone provide positions for modifications that are influenced by factors such as the molecular weight, viscosity, and type of chitosan, as well as the reaction conditions. The modification of chitosan by chemical methods is of interest because the basic chitosan skeleton is not modified and the process results in new or improved properties of the material. Among the chitosan derivatives, cyclodextrin-grafted chitosan and poly(ethylene glycol)-grafted chitosan are excellent candidates for a range of biomedical, environmental decontamination, and industrial purposes. This work discusses
Chitosan has many benefits mainly in health and weight reduction. Chitosan is able to reduce triglycerides in the blood because of its ability to bind dietary lipids, thus reducing intestinal lipid absorption. Chitin also has the ability of soaking up fat found in the intestines and flushes this fat out of the body before the body absorbs it. In this way, Chitosan helps to lower levels of "bad" LDL cholesterol and at the same time increase the levels of "good" HDL cholesterol. Chitosan has also exhibited anti-tumor action with its inhibitory action on tumor cells.. Chitosan is sold in a tablet form at many health stores and online and is advertised as a fat attractor or fat blocker. Chitosan can be purchased either as Chitosan supplements or as an ingredient in herbal diet pills. Chitosan is commonly used in diet pills because it has the ability to absorb six to eight times of its total weight in liquids. For this reason, Chitosan expands in the stomach and helps to suppress appetite as well ...
Physicochemical features and transfection properties of chitosan/poloxamer 188/poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) nanoplexes Donato Cosco,1,5,* Cinzia Federico,1,2,* Jessica Maiuolo,1 Stefania Bulotta,1 Roberto Molinaro,1,3 Donatella Paolino,1,5 Pierfrancesco Tassone,2,4 Massimo Fresta1Department of Health Sciences, 2Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University Magna Græcia of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; 3Department of NanoMedicine, The Methodist Research Institute, Houston, TX, USA; 4Medical Oncology, Tommaso Campanella Cancer Center, Viale S Venuta, Germaneto, 5Interregional Research Center for Food Safety and Health, University of Catanzaro “Magna Græcia”, Catanzaro, Italy*These authors contributed equally to this paperAbstract: The aim of this study was the evaluation of the effects of two emulsifiers on the physicochemical and technological properties of low molecular weight chitosan/poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoplexes and their transfection
In cancer theranostics, the main strategy of nanoparticle-based targeted delivery system has been understood by enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect of macromolecules. Studies on diverse nanoparticles provide a better understanding of different EPR effects depending on their structure, physicochemical properties, and chemical modifications. Recently the tumor microenvironment has been considered as another important factor for determining tumor-targeted delivery of nanoparticles, but the correlation between EPR effects and tumor microenvironment has not yet been fully elucidated. Herein, ectopic subcutaneous tumor models presenting different tumor microenvironments were established by inoculation of SCC7, U87, HT29, PC3, and A549 cancer cell lines into athymic nude mice, respectively. In the five different types of tumor-bearing mice, tumor-targeted delivery of self-assembled glycol chitosan nanoparticles (CNPs) were comparatively evaluated to identify the correlation between the ...
Effects of chitosan and water-soluble chitosan micro- and nanoparticles in obese rats fed a high-fat diet Hong-liang Zhang,1,2 Xiao-bin Zhong,1 Yi Tao,3 Si-hui Wu,4 Zheng-quan Su21Department of Pharmacy, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 2Key Research Center of Liver Regulation for Hyperlipemia SATCM/Level 3 Laboratory of Lipid Metabolism, Guangdong TCM Key Laboratory for Metabolic Diseases, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, 3HEC Pharm Group, Dongguan, 4Department of Pharmacy, Guangdong Food and Drug Vocational Technical School, Guangzhou, ChinaPurpose: This study determined the effects of chitosan (CTS) and water-soluble chitosan (WSC) microparticles (MPs) and nanoparticles (NPs) in rats with high-fat diet-induced obesity.Methods: The rats were randomly separated into eight groups: a normal diet group (the blank control), a high-fat emulsion group (the negative control), CTS and WSC control groups, CTS-MP and WSC-MP groups, and CTS-NP and WSC-NP groups. All groups
NutraGenesis, LLC, Brattleboro, VT, has launched Orisett, a naturally derived, patent-pending nutraceutical designed to define the benchmark for the glucose management category. Orisett contains low molecular weight chitosan oligosaccharide bioactive
Enhanced oral bioavailability of poorly aqueous soluble drugs encapsulated in a number of lipid-based formulations, including emulsions, micellar systems, self-emulsifying drug delivery systems, liposomes and solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) via lymphatic delivery has been documented (1). In the present work, SLN were designed for the oral delivery of heparin in order to take advantage from the lymphatic intestinal transport pathway. In order to improve the incorporation of a high hydrophilic compound in a lipid matrix, heparin was "insolubilized" by the coupling with chitosan. In this aim we have developed chitosan/heparin Polyelectrolyte complexes (PEC). Such as systems are able to complex stably heparin (up to pH , 6.8) (2) and after pelletization by centrifugation were embedded in SLN obtaining a hybrid system lipid/chitosan nanoparticles (PEC-SLN). Since no in-vitro lymphoid tissue is currently available, CaCo-2 cell monolayer could be considered an alternative in vitro model to be used as a ...
Abstract Chitosan-based porous scaffolds are of great interest in biomedical applications especially in tissue engineering because of their excellent biocompatibility in vivo, good texture, surface contact, controllable degradation rate and tailorable mechanical properties. These days biomaterials scaffolds have contributed as an alternative choice of therapy mainly due to the increase failure rates in autografts and allografts techniques. Terbinafine HCl is allylamines group of drugs which is used topically to treat dermatophyte group of fungi like ringworm. Chitosan possesses both anti-bacterial and antifungal property which synergises with Terbinafine HCl (TBH) for both prophylactic and therapeutic actions in treating fungal wound infection (FWI). The haemostatic property of chitosan allows sorption of plasma, erythrocyte coagulation and platelets activation. These properties contribute additional role in repairing debilitated tissue. The prolong drug release property of fabricated scaffold ...
As 95% of all prescriptions are for orally administered drugs, the issue of oral absorption is central to the development of pharmaceuticals. Oral absorption is limited by a high molecular weight (,500 Da), a high log P value (,2.0) and low gastrointestinal permeability. We have designed a triple action nanomedicine from a chitosan amphiphile: quaternary ammonium palmitoyl glycol chitosan (GCPQ), which significantly enhances the oral absorption of hydrophobic drugs (e.g., griseofulvin and cyclosporin A) and, to a lesser extent, the absorption of hydrophilic drugs (e.g., ranitidine). The griseofulvin and cyclosporin A C(max) was increased 6- and 5-fold respectively with this new nanomedicine. Hydrophobic drug absorption is facilitated by the nanomedicine: (a) increasing the dissolution rate of hydrophobic molecules, (b) adhering to and penetrating the mucus layer and thus enabling intimate contact between the drug and the gastrointestinal epithelium absorptive cells, and (c) enhancing the ...
Chitosan Oligosaccharide Appearance: Yellow and light brown Odor: Sightly smell as acetic acid Molecular weight: less than 1500,less than 3000,less than5000 Degree of polymerization (DP): 2-10 Particle size: ≥100 mesh Moisture: ≤10% Residue on ignition :
This study aimed to investigate the inhibitive effects of chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) on tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced over-expression of vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We found that COS effectively inhibited TNF-alpha-induced expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 at the level of transcription and translation. Signal transduction studies suggested that COS blocked TNF-alpha-induced activation of NF-kappa B, degradation of I kappa B alpha, and phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and ERK1/2. A further investigation showed that the NF-kappa B activation can be partly suppressed by p38 MAPK inhibitor (58203580) and ERK1/2 inhibitor (PD98059), which also ameliorated the mRNA expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 in TNF-alpha-induced HUVECs. Additionally, COS decreased U937 monocyte adhesion to HUVECs induced by TNF-alpha. Our findings suggest that COS inhibit VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 production in activated ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Koen van der Maaden, Emine Sekerdag, Pim Schipper, Gideon Kersten, Wim Jiskoot, Joke Bouwstra].
Z. Hehn, A. Gawdzik, J. Sajewicz: Effects of butanetetracarboxylic acid and chitosan on the properties of formaldehyde free finish for cotton fabrics, Polimery, No 6/2005, 463. The effects of butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTK acid) in amount up to 40 kg/m3 and chitosan in amount up to 5 kg/m3 on application properties of finish baths were determined...
Curcumin is a promising anti-cancer drug but its applications in cancer therapy are limited due to its poor solubility, short half-life and low bioavailability. In this study, curcumin loaded magnetic alginate / chitosan nanoparticles were fabricated to improve the bioavailability, uptake efficiency and cytotoxicity of curcumin to MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Alginate and chitosan were deposited on Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles based on their electrostatic properties. The sizes of the nanoparticles (120-200 nm) were within the optimum range for drug delivery. Sustained curcumin release was obtained use the nanoparticles with the ability to control the curcumin release rate by altering the number of chitosan and alginate layers. Confocal fluorescence microscopy results showed that targeted delivery of curcumin with the aid of magnetic field were achieved. The FACS assay indicated that MDA-MB-231 cells treated with curcumin loaded nanoparticles had a 3-6 folds uptake efficiency to those treated with
The vaginal route of administration is an alternative for several treatments for either local or systemic pharmacological effects. However, the permanence of a drug in this route represents a challenge for formulation development that can be overcome by using nanoencapsulation and chitosan gel. Thus, this work aimed to evaluate the performance of chitosan hydrogels containing cationic and anionic acrylic-based nanocapsules (Eudragit® RS 100 and Eudragit® S 100, respectively) with Nile red as a model of lipophilic substance in the vaginal route of administration, as measured by increases in the residence time and the penetration of these formulations. Several formulations were prepared with increasing chitosan concentrations, and were analyzed in terms of pH and rheological behavior so that the most suitable formulation could be selected. The enhancement of the adhesion (tensile stress test and washability profile) and penetration (confocal laser scanning microscopy and extraction followed by ...
Abstract The present article describes the recent role of polymers as carriers for delivery of drug at target site to extending its release. These polymers are widely used in delivery due to their inherent characteristics such as biocompatibility, biodegradability. Chitosan and Eudragit are choice of drug in extended release matrix tablets. Chitosan is an amino polysaccharide polymer which is biodegradable, biocompatibility and nontoxic nature. Due to its cationic nature, Chitosan form complex with anions like Eudragit giving rise to polyelectrolyte complexes. Chitosan enhances the dissolution of poor soluble drugs. Similarly Eudragit polymers are also copolymers derived from esters of acrylic and methacrylic acid and have large number of applications in extending drug delivery. This article reviewed the role of Chitosan and Eudragit in controlled release drug formulations. Also, the article included role, property and uses of Chitosan and Eudragit and their use in different drug delivery system ...
Abstract: Nanocomposite chitosan-based films incorporated with drug-loaded methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) diblock copolymers (MPEG-b-PDLLG) nanoparticles were prepared by forming drug-loaded nanoparticles in chitosan solution before suspension-solution film casting. Salicylic acid was used as a poorly-water soluble model drug. The nanocomposite films with DLL/G ratios of 100/0 and 85/15 mol% and chitosan/diblock copolymer/drug ratios of 80/1/1, 80/2/2 and 80/4/4 (w/w) were prepared and investigated. The sizes of drug-loaded nanoparticles into the chitosan films were approximate or less than 100 nm. Nanopores were observed in the resulted chitosan films incorporated with drug-loaded nanoparticles when the diblock copolymer ratio was increased up to 2. Number and size of the nanopores increased as increasing the diblock copolymer ratio. Only the nanocomposite films with chitosan/diblock copolymer/drug ratio of 80/1/1 (w/w) showed slower drug release than the ...
An in situ gelled scaffold for bone tissue engineering to restore the function of bone tissues is developed. The gel is comprised of Pluronic F127 and chitosan. The gelation temperature (Tgel), and viscoelastic properties and mucoadhesive force of the systems were investigated by means of rheological analyses. At specific concentrations, the hydrogel exhibited a Tgel close to the body temperature due to the addition of chitosan. Mucoadhesion experiments showed a rheological synergism between F127/chitosan gels and mucin dispersion, and a change in the flow behavior. In vitro release results indicated that the optimized gel was able to prolong and control acyclovir release for more than 20 min. Based on cell proliferation assay, the gel exhibited biocompatibility for osteoblasts.
As more and more oral formulations of nanoparticles are used in clinical contexts, a comprehensive study on the mechanisms of interaction between polymer nanoparticles and live cells seems merited. Such a study was conducted and the results were compared to the polymer itself in order to demonstrate different kinds of effects that are brought into the cell by polymer and its nanoparticles, especially the effects on the biomembrane. Several techniques, including surface plasmon resonance (SPR), Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, fluorescence polarization spectroscopy (FP), flow cytometry (FCM) with quantitative analysis, and confocal images with antibody staining were employed toward this end. The cytotoxicity in vitro was also evaluated. Chitosan (CS), a polycationic polymer, was used to prepare the nanoparticles. We demonstrate that chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NP) induce strong alterations in the distribution of membrane proteins, fluidity of membrane lipids, ...
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The amine-containing polysaccharide chitosan was selectively deposited onto patterned gold surfaces in response to an applied voltage. Standard microfabrication techniques were used to pattern gold onto silicon wafers, and these gold patterns served as templates for the electric field directed deposition of chitosan. Experiments conducted with a fluorescently labeled chitosan derivative demonstrated the spatially selective deposition of chitosan onto gold surfaces that were polarized to serve as negative electrodes. Studies with unlabeled chitosan demonstrated that a "templated" chitosan, deposited by voltage programming of electrodes, can subsequently react with standard amine-selective functional groups. This indicates that common coupling chemistries can be exploited to assemble a variety of compounds onto the deposited chitosan pattern. Thus, chitosan appears to be a unique interface material that can be "templated" onto patterned inorganic surfaces and is reactive for the subsequent ...
Introduction. Chitin is a polysaccharide of animal origin found abundantly in nature and characterized by a fibrous structure. It forms the basis of the main constituent of the outer skeleton of insects and crustaceans like shrimp, crabs and lobster (Kumar et al., 2005). According to Chen (1998) the chitin structure can be modified by removing the acetyl groups, which are bond to amine radicals in the C2 position on the glucan ring, by means of a chemical hydrolysis in concentrated alkaline solution at elevated temperature to produce a deacetylated form known as chitosan.. No, H.K. et al., (2002) stated that antibacterial activity of chitosan is effective in inhibiting growth of bacteria. The antimicrobial properties of chitosan depend on its molecular weight and the type of bacterium. For gram-positive bacteria, chitosan with 470 KDa was the most effective, except for Lactbacillus sp., whereas for gram-negative bacteria, chitosan with 1,106 KDa was effective. Chitosan generally showed stronger ...
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p,Biocompatibility, biodegradability, and low cost of chitin and chitosan have drawn immense attention in many fields including medicine, bioinspired material science, pharmaceuticals, and agriculture. Their handling and processing are difficult owing to its insolubility in neutral aqueous solution or organic solvents. One of the methods used to improve the solubility characteristics of chitin and chitosan is chemical modification. Introducing a carboxymethyl group is the most advantageous method of increasing the solubility of chitosan at neutral and alkaline pH. Carboxymethyl chitin (CMC) and carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) are water soluble derivatives formed by introducing CH2COOH function into the polymer which endows it with better biological properties. The functional group makes CMC/CMCS nanoparticles (NPs) efficient vehicles for the delivery of DNA, proteins, and drugs. This review provides an overview of the characteristics of CMC/CMCS NPs as well as fulfills the task of describing and ...
Page contains details about copper nanoparticles supported on chitosan . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
The present study was aimed to formulate the solid dispersion incorporated microcapsule to improve the dissolution rate and half life of pioglitazone hydrochloride. The solvent evaporation method was used to formulate the solid dispersion resulted increased dissolution rate, bioavailability and stability. Finally increase the half life of the drug by employ the orifice ionic gelation method to formulate solid dispersion incorporated muco-adhesive microcapsule. The solubility of pioglitazone hydrochloride was increase by the preparation of its solid dispersion with polyvinyl pyrrolidone K30 using solvent evaporation methods. The microcapsules of pioglitazone hydrochloride were prepared by (orifice ionic gelation method) employing sodium alginate as a cell forming polymer and using a different bio-adhesive polymers as carbopol, HPMC and sodium CMC in a various ratios of 1:1, 3:1, 6:1 & 9:1, by orifice ion gelation method. FT-IR spectra revealed no chemical incompatibility between drug and polymers. Drug