Farmers in the temperate zone of southern Chile have started to irrigate historically rainfed pastures during recent years to reduce dairy productivity losses against increasingly severe summer droughts. The lack of information on pasture water requirements (i.e., evapotranspiration), however, hampers the implementation of efficient irrigation programs. Here, we use in-situ observations to evaluate the skill of four remote sensing Surface Energy Balance (SEB) models and two satellite-based global evapotranspiration products (PML_V2 and GLEAM) to estimate actual evapotranspiration (ETa) of pastures in southern Chile during 2014–2017. Daily ETa measured at an evaluation site over the period ranges between 1.2 mm and 6.2 mm day−1 during the growing season (October–March), with an annual maximum of about 4.8 mm day−1 in January and a minimum 0.6 mm day−1 in June. Only the Simplified SEB (SEBS) model and its operational variant (SSEBop) and the PML_V2 global evapotranspiration
Pork has been traditionally considered an important source of human Toxoplasma gondii infection. Pigs, as other meat-producing animals, can become infected by the ingestion of oocysts that are shed in the environment by infected cats or by the consumption of cysts present in tissues of infected mammals, commonly small rodents. The objective of this study was to investigate the level of T. gondii infection in swine from southern Chile that can be associated with the ingestion of oocysts and therefore exposure to a contaminated environment. A total of 340 serum samples from swine were obtained from three commercial slaughterhouses located in the Araucania and Los Rios Regions from southern Chile. Study animals originated from local farms, mainly small commercial producers, and the meat is sold locally. Overall, 8.8% (30/340) of the samples showed T. gondii-specific IgG antibodies. Of these sero-positive animals, 80% (24/30) were also positive for antibodies specific against the oocyst stage of the
It has been described that eating behavior, measured through CEBQ in children, is a relatively stable trait over time, showing a good reproducibility and high internal consistency [28]. A clear and graded association between CEBQ scores and BMI has been reported previously [10, 11, 27]. The present study confirms the existence of such association in Chilean children, especially in relation to the positive associations between obesity and food-approach (pro-intake) subscales such as EF, FR and EOE. These results are similar to previous studies showing that children with increased BMI are highly responsive to environmental food cues. The inverse associations between body weight and scores of food-avoidant (anti-intake) subscales such as SE and SR are similar to other studies. The CEBQ subscales DD, EUE and FF showed no association with childhood obesity [11, 27].. The original 8-factor structure was not perfectly replicated in our study since an important degree of overlapping has been ...
The Central Bank of Chile in Santiago serves as the central bank for the country. The Chilean currency is the Chilean peso (CLP). Chile is one of South Americas most stable and prosperous nations,[10] leading Latin American nations in human development, competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption.[12] Since July 2013, Chile is considered by the World Bank as a high-income economy.[132][133][134]. Chile has the highest degree of economic freedom in South America (ranking 7th worldwide), owing to its independent and efficient judicial system and prudent public finance management.[135] In May 2010 Chile became the first South American country to join the OECD.[136] In 2006, Chile became the country with the highest nominal GDP per capita in Latin America.[137]. Copper mining makes up 20% of Chilean GDP and 60% of exports.[138] Escondida is the largest copper mine in the world, producing over 5% of global supplies.[138] Overall, Chile ...
The Boundary Treaty of 1866 between Chile and Bolivia, also called the Mutual Benefits Treaty, was signed in Santiago de Chile on August 10, 1866 by the Chilean Foreign Affairs Minister Alvaro Covarrubias and the Bolivian Plenipotentiary in Santiago Juan R. Muñoz Cabrera. It drew, for the first time, the border between both countries at the 24° South parallel from the Pacific Ocean to the eastern border of Chile and defined a zone of bipartite tax collection, the Mutual Benefits zone, and tax preferences for articles from Bolivia and Chile. Despite increasing border tensions since the 1840s, both countries fought together against Spain in the Chincha Islands War (1864-65) and resolved the question under the Governments of Mariano Melgarejo in Bolivia and José Joaquín Pérez in Chile. But before long, both countries were discontented with it, and Peru and Bolivia signed a secret treaty against Chile in 1873. The Lindsay-Corral protocol, thought to clarify the treaty, was approved by Chile ...
The people of Chile have been honored with the first-ever International Protect Life Award. Chile was commended for being Latin Americas most Pro-Life nation, as well as having the lowest maternal mortality rate in Latin America. The award was based on Chiles extraordinary achievements that help to protect the health and lives of all Chileans, born and unborn. Chileans have made it a priority to invest in the lives of women and their children. Abortion in Chile is illegal without exception and in a 2009 poll, 67 percent of Chileans identified themselves as Pro-Life. Each life is seen as a valuable asset to society and he or she is protected in a variety of ways. One main avenue of achieving these low maternal mortality rates and respect for Life is through education. The Chilean government has launched a campaign called Chile Crece Contigo (Chile Grows with You) which sponsors television ads that are distinctly Pro-Life. The Chile Crece Contigo campaign is centered on the mother and the ...
SANTIAGO - Beautiful plants grew in the Atacama Desert - the driest place on Earth - following unexpectedly heavy rainfall in the north of the country during the winter months.. VIDEO: Chile builds South Americas first solar thermal power plant in Atacama Desert. The desierto florido (flowering desert) phenomenon usually occurs every five to seven years when rains cause buried seeds to germinate and flower. But the latest bloom comes just two years after a particularly colorful flowering in 2015.. Chile begins construction on worlds largest telescope in Atacama desert. ...
Global Economy, recession, depression, or... Chile Investment, how to invest in Chile, what to watch out for when investing, economic issues, currency exchange in Chile, and more. Chile Forum in English for Gringos, Expatriates, and Travelers to Exchange Ideas and Information about Chile, South America. For more than a decade, the Chile Forum has been the center for expats to share their collective knowledge and experience about living in Chile. The Chile Forum is a free community service brought to you by the law office of Spencer Global.
Created during the wave of protests against political corruption and a failing economic system in Chile, Ojo Chile is an audiovisual collective energising citizens and campaigning against human rights violations in the country. With influential film-makers and changemakers onboard, Ojo Chile produce informative, emotive, high-quality video content about whats really happening in Chile. S&C spoke with the mysterious collective about their work and the movement.. What is Ojo Chile and how did it come about?. Ojo Chile is an audiovisual community that came to life during the first days of the recent social unrest in Chile.. It began as a WhatsApp group where we shared images, archives and records of what we were experiencing, motivated by everything happening in real time, and trying to find a way to support the movement in our own field. Were conscious that these images are contemporary history and have symbolic capital that needs to be managed. However, it soon became necessary for us to meet ...
A few viruses have been detected in prostate cancer, however their role in the development of this malignancy has not been determined. The aim of this study was to analyze the presence and functionality of human papillomavirus (HPV) and polyomaviruses (BKPyV and JCPyV) in prostate carcinomas in Chilean patients. Sixty-nine primary prostate carcinomas were analyzed for the presence of HPV, BKPyV and JCPyV using standard polymerase chain reaction protocols. In addition, when samples were positive for HPyV, large T antigen (TAg) transcripts were analyzed using reverse transcriptase PCR. HPV and JCPyV were not detected in any specimens (0/69, 0 %); whereas, BKPyV was detected in 6/69 PCas (8.7 %). We did not find a statistically significant association between the presence of BKPyV and age (p = 0.198) or Gleason score (p = 0.268). In addition, 2/6 (33 %) BKPyV positive specimens showed detectable levels of TAg transcripts. There was no association between HPV or JCPyV presence and prostate cancer
Chile es un país ubicado en el extremo suroeste de América del Sur. Su nombre oficial es República de Chile y su capital es la ciudad de Santiago de Chile. Chile comprende una larga y estrecha franja de tierra conocida como Chile continental, entre el Océano Pacífico y la Cordillera de los Andes, que se extiende entre los 17º2957S y los 56º32S de latitud (Islas Diego Ramírez), limitando al norte con Perú, al este con Bolivia y Argentina, y al sur con el Paso Drake. Además, posee territorios insulares en el Océano Pacífico, como el Archipiélago Juan Fernández, Sala y Gómez, Islas Desventuradas y la Isla de Pascua (ubicada en la Polinesia), totalizando una superficie de 755.838,7 km². Por otra parte, Chile reclama soberanía sobre una zona de la Antártida de 1.250.257,6 km², denominada Territorio Chileno Antártico y comprendida entre los meridianos 90º y 53º Oeste prolongando su límite meridional hasta el Polo Sur. Esta reclamación está congelada de acuerdo a lo ...
Chasing Chiles looks at both the future of place-based foods and the effects of climate change on agriculture through the lens of the chile pepper-from the farmers who cultivate this iconic crop to the cuisines and cultural traditions in which peppers play a huge role. Why chile peppers? Both a spice and a vegetable, chile peppers have captivated imaginations and taste buds for thousands of years. Native to Mesoamerica and the New World, chiles are currently grown on every continent, since their relatively recent introduction to Europe (in the early 1500s via Christopher Columbus). Chiles are delicious, dynamic, and very diverse-they have been rapidly adopted, adapted, and assimilated into numerous world cuisines, and while malleable to a degree, certain heirloom varieties are deeply tied to place and culture-but now accelerating climate change may be scrambling their terroir. Over a year-long journey, three pepper-loving gastronauts-an agroecologist, a chef, and an ethnobotanist-set out to find ...
The economy of Chile has shifted substantially over time from the heterogeneous economies of the diverse indigenous peoples to an early husbandry-oriented economy and finally to one of raw material export and a large service sector. Chiles recent economic history (1973-) has been the focus of an extensive debate from which neoliberalism acquired its modern meaning. A period of relative free trade that began with independence in the 1810s bought a modernizing development of certain sectors of the Chilean economy and to the formation of a local business class, a novelty in Chile. Chile experienced its first modern economic crisis with the Long depression in the 1870s. The exploitation of lucrative nitrate deposits of the north conquered in War of the Pacific (1879-1884) marked a whole epoch in the history of Chile and its legacy for has been widely debated. In the first half of the 20th century Chile suffered severe economic recessions including the Great Depression. This period saw the rapid ...
Garrigues is a fully-integrated international law firm. It has been present in Latin America for more than 40 years, through alliances with various firms in the region. The firm is now growing its Latin American legal practice by rolling out a network of own offices which constitutes one of the major direct presences in Latin America, with offices in Colombia, Peru, Mexico, Chile and Brazil.. The inauguration of our own office in Santiago de Chile is the latest step towards our goal of having a real and effective presence in one of the most important and highly developed markets in Latin America.. Garrigues has a team of 20 lawyers in Chile who specialize in business law and have spent more than a decade working together, reaching the heights of innovation and quality in all legal solutions offered to clients.. Our Chilean lawyers, alongside professionals from the rest of our offices in Latin America and Garrigues international office network, ensure that a uniform service of the very highest ...
GONZALEZ-ACUNA, Daniel et al. Parasites of the Green-backed Firecrown (Sephanoides sephaniodes) in Chile. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [online]. 2011, vol.82, n.4, pp.1333-1336. ISSN 2007-8706.. Gastrointestinal and external parasites from 12 Green-backed Firecrown (Sephanoides sephaniodes) were collected between January 2004 and December 2008 from the Biobío Region south-central Chile and Santiago (central Chile). Helminths collected included 1 trematode species (Mosesia sp.) and 1 cestode species (Hymenolepis trinidadensis). The mite Proctophyllodes huitzilopchtlii was the only ectoparasite species found. All these parasites represent new records for Chile and the first parasites reported for this host species.. Palabras clave : birds; mites; helminths; trematodes; cestodes; Chile. ...
The nation of Chile really sticks in the craw of international abortion advocates. They have tried to argue for years that abortion limits lead to higher maternal mortality rates. But the example of Chile, with legal protections of the unborn since 1989 and continuing declines in maternal mortality rates, conclusively disproves that pro-abortion talking point. (See www.nationalrighttolifenews.org/news/2012/05/chilean-study-shows-better-health-care-other-factors-reduce-maternal-mortality-not-legal-abortion.). So what do they do? At first, they tried to argue that there were really a lot more women dying from abortions in Chile than government statistics were reporting. That claim doesnt hold up to scrutiny (see the link above). But then, they began to push to set up a hotline to tell women how to use a commonly available drug to abort their babies. That this will certainly put more womens lives at risk is ignored or even denied. Bringing abortion to the women of Chile is all that seems to ...
WORKSHOP IN VIROLOGY 5-7 January 2015 EDIFICIO DE CIENCIAS BIOMÉDICAS, FACULTAD DE MEDICINA, UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE. VALDIVIA, CHILE MONDAY 5 17:00-18:00 Herpes simplex virus host shutoff nucleases. Dr. James Smiley, Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta, Canada. 18:00-19:00 Translation initiation of HIV-1 full legnth mRNA Dr. Marcelo Lopez-Lastra, Departamento de Infectología e Inmunología Pediátrica, Laboratorio de Virología Molecular, Centro de Investigaciones Médicas, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. TUESDAY 6 9:00-10:00 Role of Rab proteins in HIV-1 assembly. Dr. Matias Ostrowski, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas en Retrovirus y SIDA. UBA-CONICET. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos aires, Argentina. 10:00-11:00 Neuronal dysfunction during herpes simplex virus infection. Dr. Carola Otth, Instituto de Microbiología Clínica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Austral ...
INTRODUCTION. Chiles position in the international market for cut flowers has had an upward trend over the past 15 yr, but at the end of this period show signs of stagnation (Reyes and Barrera, 2009). However, Chile still has a great level of exportation of cut flowers to Netherland, USA, Japan, Argentina, among others; reaching close to US$4 million annually (Reyes and Barrera, 2009). Nevertheless, still is a weak competitor in relation with the production of traditional flowers. An economic strategy to cope with this problem is to offer species such as Phycella australis (Phil.) Ravenna, a species that is now beginning to be marketed in the Biobío Region, Chile, which due that is an endemic flower would not have any competitors abroad.. The Phycella genus (Amaryllidaceae) is endemic from Chile and Argentina, includes six different species (Arroyo-Leuenberger and Dutilh, 2008) distributed along the central zone of Chile, between Coquimbo and Biobío Regions. Phycella plants are perennial, ...
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FILE - In this Nov. 11, 2015 file photo, Fernando Karadima, Chiles most infamous pedophile priest, leaves a courthouse after testifying in a case that three of his victims brought against the countrys Catholic Church, in Santiago, Chile. Chiles church has yet to recover its credibility following the scandal over Karadima, a charismatic preacher who had a huge following in Santiago and was responsible for training hundreds of priests and five bishops. The Vatican in 2011 sentenced Karadima to a lifetime of penance and prayer after confirming what his victims had been saying for years, but that Chiles Catholic leadership refused to believe: that Karadima sexually abused them. less ...
CONTRERAS, P. A.; CEBALLOS, A.; MATAMOROS, R. e WITTWER, F.. Iodine concentration in forages from dairy farms in the IXth and Xth Regions of Chile. Arch. med. vet. [online]. 2003, vol.35, n.1, pp.75-79. ISSN 0301-732X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0301-732X2003000100007.. Iodine (I) content of rations is a factor associated with the blood concentration of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) in cattle. In herds from southern Chile, low blood concentrations of T4 in grazing dairy cows have been reported. The objective was to obtain information about the I content in forage samples from dairy farms in the IXth and Xth Regions of Chile. During 1999 forage samples were taken from 25 dairy farms located in both Regions. The I concentration was analysed by a kinetic-colorimetric method. Mean, standard deviation and ranges and the frequency of samples with values below 0.4 ppm on a dry matter basis (normal value) were obtained. The average of I concentration in the forage samples was 0.20±0.08 ppm. ...
While the mining industry has used seawater in different parts of the world for many years, in Chile there are only a few isolated cases, usually on the part of small or medium-sized companies that deal with minerals whose extraction is not affected by the salinity of the water, he explained.. The first big mining company to use seawater in Chile was Minera Esperanza, a joint venture between Antofagasta Minerals and the Marubeni Corporation.. The companys copper mine uses untreated seawater, transported through a 145-kilometre-long pipeline, in all of its processes. Seawater currently accounts for 30 percent of all of the water is utilises.. The state-owned National Copper Corporation of Chile (CODELCO) will use seawater for the first time to exploit the sulphide reserves of the Radomiro Tomic mine, in one of the structural projects the company is implementing to extend the useful life of a number of its mines.. In the case of the Radomiro Tomic (RT) Sulphides project, the use of seawater ...
A 2015 autosomal DNA study found Chile to be 55.16% European, 42.38% Native American and 2.44% African, using LAMP-LD modeling; and 54.38% European, 43.22% Native American, and 2.40% African, using RFMix.[235] An autosomal DNA study from 2014 found the results to be 51.85% (± 5.44%) European, 44.34% (± 3.9%) Native American, and 3.81% (± 0.45%) African.[93][236]. Studies estimates the white population at 20%,[237] to 52.7% of the Chilean population.[2] According to genetic research by the University of Brasilia, Chilean genetic admixture consists of 51.6% European, 42.1% Amerindian, and 6.3% African ancestry.[155] According to an autosomal genetic study of 2014 carried out among soldiers in the city of Arica, Northern Chile, the European admixture goes from 56.8% in soldiers born in Magallanes to 41.2% for the ones who were born in Tarapacá.[238] According to a study from 2013, conducted by the Candela Project in Northern Chile as well, the genetic admixture of Chile is 52% European, 44% ...
Rock glaciers are ubiquitous landforms in the dry Andes, and significant, but unheralded stores of frozen water. In this study, statistical modelling techniques and geomorphological mapping are applied to quantify and analyze the distribution of rock glaciers in the Andes of Central Chile (27-35°S) as related to climate and topography. A statistical sample survey and a logistic regression model were designed to quantitatively estimate distribution patterns and characterize the geomorphological niche of rock glaciers in the Andes of Santiago (33-34.5°S) based upon digital elevation models. The amount of water stored within rock glaciers of the Andes of Santiago per unit area is by one order of magnitude higher than in the Swiss Alps, reaching an average 0.7-1.1 km³ of water equivalent per 1000 km² in the Andes. At least one fifth of the high-mountain area of the Andes of Santiago drains through intact rock glaciers. This underlines the importance of rock glaciers within the Andean ...
Giants catcher Benito Santiago, under investigation in Puerto Rico over a small parcel of marijuana seized by drug agents, angrily denied any knowledge about the package and said he is not involved with drugs. Santiago suggested the allegations are an attempt by someone to ruin his image, and he expressed anger at Puerto Rican authorities for leaking their investigation to the press on an island where he was born and raised and is revered for his major-league career. Two Puerto Rico police investigators told The Chronicle on Friday that Santiago was questioned in his hometown of Ponce after agents intercepted a Federal Express package at the airport there. The investigators said no charges had been filed and Santiago was free to return home to Florida while they continued their investigation. Santiago did fly home Saturday, cutting short a Christmas trip he took to shop and spend time with his family. Santiago said he was particularly angry that his four children have to read and hear these
16th CRU World Copper Conference 2017 in Santiago Chile Draws Near Santiago, Chile (ABN Newswire) - The CRU World Copper Conference is the leading conference for the copper supply chain exploring the economic drivers, and commercial and governmental... - Veroeffentlicht am 14.03.2017
The result is a 30 percent decline in the population over the last ten years-an alarming drop-off that could spell disaster for this endemic species in the coming decades. Climate change could further accelerate their demise by raising water temperatures just a few degrees above what these cool-water creatures can tolerate.. Fortunately, the Chilean government has taken notice and is now enlisting conservation experts and biologists to come up with a plan to save Chilean frogs. The frogs were given vulnerable status by the Chilean government in 2008 and are already on the IUCN Red List, but no formal conservation plan has been adopted. Having such a plan in place is a requirement for listing under Appendix III of CITES, a move that would put a legal requirement on foreign trade and help raise awareness.. On Nov. 23, Defenders international conservation expert Alejandra Goyenechea ran a day-long workshop in Santiago, Chiles capital, to identify key threats to the species and brainstorm ways ...
Chile Antofagasta Mission Alumni Web Site is dedicated to the alumni of this mission of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
AbstractObjective: To elucidate whether the genetic platforms of blaCTX-M contribute to the phenotypes of multi-drug-resistance in the first carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae strains isolated in Chile. Method: Twenty-two carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae strains isolated from different Chilean patients and hospitals were studied. Their genetic relatedness was assessed by PFGE and MLST. The levels of antibiotic resistance were evaluated by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration of various antimicrobials. In addition, several antibiotic resistance genes of clinical relevance in Chile were investigated. The prevalence, allelic variants and genetic platforms of blaCTX-M were determined by PCR and sequencing.Results: Out of the twenty two strains studied, twenty carry KPC, one carries NDM-1 and one carries OXA-370. The PFGE analysis showed three clades with a genetic relatedness |85%, two formed by four strains and one by eight strains. The other strains are not genetically related, and a
A new JV fishing company - Corpesca - has Been set up in Chile with publication of the final government charter for the business in the Diario Oficial.Uniting into a single firm are northern fishing companies Icalma (property of Igemar), Pesquera Colchane (which includes Eperva) and Pescanorte (owned by Coloso).Corpesca, first conceived in October 1999 under the name Copenor, now becomes Chiles principal producer of fishmeal. It will operate in Chiles far northern coastal waters in Region I and Region II. This year the new company anticipates sales of US$175 million and profits are expected to total US$40 million.The company will have 87 fishing boats under its command, 47 of which can operate on the high sea.Lower fish catches, which have resulted in tighter government restrictions on fish takes, have created a crisis in Chiles fishing industry, forcing the merger of many industrial fishing companies in order to stay in business.
Journal of Obesity is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that provides a multidisciplinary forum for basic and clinical research as well as applied studies in the areas of adipocyte biology & physiology, lipid metabolism, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, paediatric obesity, genetics, behavioural epidemiology, nutrition & eating disorders, exercise & human physiology, weight control and health risks associated with obesity.
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LOPEZ-FUENZALIDA, Antonio et al. Association between nutritional status and flat foot prevalence in Chilean children from 6 to 10 years old. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.2, pp.249-254. ISSN 1699-5198. http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.98.. Introduction: Given the increment of overweight and obese children, it is relevant to study not only metabolic but also musculoskeletal consequences that may affect motor functionality such as flat foot in this population. Objetive: To identify the association between nutritional status and the prevalence of flat foot in Chilean children from 6 to 10 years old. Methods: Z-score of body mass index and footprint using Hernandez-Corvo methodology were recorded and analyzed from 388 school children (52.3% girls). A two-sample proportion test was used to test differences between groups. Statistical significance was set at p ≤ 0.05. Results: The prevalence of overweight children was over 40%. This prevalence was higher in women (47.8%) than in men (42.7%). ...
Data & statistics on Chile Plant 3 Total Organic Carbon: Chile Plant 3 - Total Organic Carbon, Soil organic carbon (total and C-GRSP) in soil from four plant species from a Mediterranean ecosystem in central Chile. Abbreviations: R = rhizospheric soil; NR = non-rhizospheric soil. Different letters indicate significant difference according to the orthogonal contrasts test (p b 0.05). Bars denote mean ± S.E. (n = 4)., Nitrogen isotope ratios (δ15N) of the different categories of organic and synthetic fertilizer. The dashed line denotes the threshold value, based on the natural isotopic abundance of different materials; an organic fertilizer with a ratio below the line may warrant investigation for adulteration. Based on 99% confidence intervals, seaweed, algae, Chilean nitrate and soybean fertilizers and their blends ......
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Session presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013: Purpose : Chilean young women between 18 and 24 years old are at high risk of contracting STI and HIV. The literature shows a shortage of STI and HIV prevention interventions focused on this population. Internet based interventions are promising for delivering STI and HIV prevention interventions. The purpose of this study was to develop and pilot-test an internet based STI and HIV prevention intervention for Chilean women between 18 and 24 years old. Methods: The design of the I-STIPI was divided into two stages: (a) development, and (b) piloting. The development stage included consultation with 3 panels of experts for the development of content of the I-STIPI based on the HIV prevention intervention called Mano a Mano-Mujer, development of the technical features of the I-STIPI, and the creation of the I-STIPI website with its own web hosting service and domain. The piloting stage was a prospective cohort study (pre-post test). Forty Chilean young ...
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The Chilean horse, also known as the Chilean Corralero, is a breed of horse that originated in South America. This horse is the oldest registered breed in South America and the oldest breed of Iberian origin, as well as the oldest official breed of stock horse in the Western Hemisphere. It is thought that the breed was first developed in 1544 when Father Rodrigo González Marmolejo began breeding with the intent of producing high quality horses. By the early sixteenth century, horses bred in Chile were designed for efficiency in war, while by the seventeenth century horse breeding in Chile had expanded to breeding show horses and stock horses.. The Chilean horse was used mainly for stock purposes during the eighteenth century, although yearly cattle roundups had been mandatory since 1557. The skills the horses used to round up thousands of cattle are now utilized by horses in todays Chilean rodeos. Mares were used for farm work during the eighteenth century, forming threshing teams that ...
Hertel-Fernandez, Alexander Warren, Giusti, Alejandro Esteban & Sotelo, Juan Manuel. (‎2007)‎. The Chilean infant mortality decline: improvement for whom? Socioeconomic and geographic inequalities in infant mortality, 1990-2005. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 85 (‎10)‎, 798 - 804. World Health Organization. http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.06.041848 ...
Lidia Casas and Lieta Vivaldi. Abstract. Chile allows abortion under no circumstances. Whether its fetal anomaly incompatible with life or congenital malformation resulting in little or no life expectancy, all Chilean women are expected to carry their pregnancies to term. In this context, in January 2015 the Chilean Congress began debating a bill to legalize abortion on three grounds, including fatal congenital malformation. The medical community, including midwives, has presented its views for and against, especially on how the law may affect clinical practices; in addition, women, many of whom have experienced a fatal congenital malformation diagnosis, have weighed in. This qualitative study draws on 22 semi-structured interviews with nine certified nurse-midwives, one neonatologist, nine obstetrician-gynecologists, one psychiatrist, one psychologist, and one sociologist who provide care during gestation, pregnancy, delivery, and post-delivery in the public and private sectors, plus three ...
SANTIAGO - Chiles Supreme Court on Friday ordered immediate release of eight Mapuche leaders who were detained and put under preventive imprisonment since Sept. 23.. The activists, to be released are Héctor Llaitul, his son Ernesto Llaitul, Claudio Leiva, David Cid, Fidel Tranamil, Martín Curiche, and the brothers Jaime and Rodrigo Huenchullán Cayul, were accused under a terrorist law inherited from Gen. Augusto Pinochets dictatorship.. The judges unanimously granted a request of legal protection (habeas corpus) presented by the activists lawyers. The decision was grounded on the lack of evidence proving their participation in arson, said Judge Milton Juica, spokesperson for the Supreme Court, to reporters.. U.N. experts urge Chile not to use anti-terrorism law against Mapuche. Two weeks ago, the protection measure was rejected by Temucos Appeal Tribunal.. Chiles Attorney General Jorge Abbott said we will move forward with our investigation and will present again, if necessary, a ...
Chile Verde, (Carne De Puerco En Chile Verde (Pork with Green Chile) recipe: Try this Chile Verde, (Carne De Puerco En Chile Verde (Pork with Green Chile) recipe, or contribute your own.
FARFAN U, Mauricio et al. Molecular characterization of resistance mechanisms to chloramphenicol in Shigella flexneri strains isolated from Chilean children with acute diarrhea. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2002, vol.130, n.3, pp.275-280. ISSN 0034-9887. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872002000300005.. Background: Chloramphenicol is one of the therapeutic options for shigellosis, but resistance to this antimicrobial is increasing. Aim: To characterize molecular mechanisms conferring resistance to chloramphenicol (CmR) in Shigella flexneri strains isolated from Chilean children with acute diarrhea. Material and methods: Thirty one Shigella filexneri strains, including 22 with the CmR phenotype were analyzed. Strains were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility by plate dilution and for the presence of an internal fragment of the cat gene encoding for chloramphenicol o-acetyl-transferase, by polymerase chain reaction and Southern blot analysis. Results: All CmR strains had a minimal inhibitory ...
Looking for online definition of Chilean saltpeter in the Medical Dictionary? Chilean saltpeter explanation free. What is Chilean saltpeter? Meaning of Chilean saltpeter medical term. What does Chilean saltpeter mean?
Biological action on cariogenic bacteria. The analysis of results shows that a different propolis sample does not have the same inhibitory activity on bacterial growth, but all of them inhibited the mutans streptococci growth. Also, we can see that this activity has a direct relation with the concentration of polyphenols, as determined by the Folin-Ciocalteau method (Table 2). The EEP P001 and P008 from central Chile showed the lowest antimicrobial activity (MIC 6.67 and 8.22, respectively). Similarly, highlighting the propolis P019 and P020, from southern Chile showed the highest antimicrobial activity (MIC 1.94 and 0.90, respectively). When comparing the MIC for S. mutans and S. sobrinus according to the sample origin we observed for both of them that MIC was lowest with southern propolis (p = 0.011 and p = 0.007, respectively). In addition, the statistical analyses showed that propolis from southern Chile (P013 to P020) have the highest polyphenols contents when compared with other regions of ...
This report is the result of Timetrics extensive market research covering the residential construction industry in Chile. It contains detailed historic and forecast market value data for the residential construction industry, including a breakdown of the data by construction activity (new construction, repair and maintenance, refurbishment and demolition). Residential Construction in Chile to 2017: Market Forecast provides a top-level overview and detailed insight into the operating environment of the residential construction industry in Chile. It is an essential tool for companies active across the Chile construction value chain and for new players considering to enter the market.
By Anthony Esposito and Rosalba OBrien. SANTIAGO (Reuters) - A powerful 7.6-magnitude earthquake struck off northern Chile late on Wednesday but there were no reports of damage and a precautionary tsunami alert along the coast and in neighboring Peru was called off.. It was the strongest of several aftershocks that followed a huge 8.2-magnitude quake blamed for six deaths in the same region on Tuesday.. Chiles emergency office Onemi said there were no initial reports of casualties or serious damage from the latest quake.. President Michelle Bachelet, who had gone to the area to inspect the damage from the earlier quake, was evacuated from her hotel in the city of Arica.. I was evacuated like all the citizens and we have come here (to Aricas emergency office) to see if there is any way we can help, she said late on Wednesday night.. The area is home to many of the biggest mines in Chile, the worlds top copper producer.. A spokeswoman for Glencore Xstratas and Anglo Americans Collahausi ...
Objective: To describe the perception of the quality of life in oral health based on the Health-Related Quality of Life instrument in its Spanish version (HRQOL-sp) in Chilean patients with third molar extraction surgery. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study. The HRQOL-sp was administered to dental patients at the Public Hospital in Rio Bueno in southern Chile treated for unilateral third molar extraction between March and June 2014. The instrument was applied by phone survey on the first, third, fifth, and seventh days after surgery. For the ordinal scale, the response was considered interference in the quality of life when patients selected the options quite a bit of trouble or lots of trouble for oral function and general activity; and selected complications-related signs and symptoms, a pain level score with a Verbal Rating Scale (range 0 to 7), and worst pain perceived. The patients sociodemographic data, type of surgery, and the quality of life level were analyzed according ...
One Classic Mexican Recipe and Two Not So Classic Recipes, But Very, Very Good Salsa Verde -- Green Chile Sauce -- is just as common in Mexican cuisine as Salsa Roja, made with tomatoes and chiles. The classic recipe for Salsa Verde is made with green chiles and tomatillos (known as tomate verde in Mexico). This Mexican…
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Hotel Don Santiago Providencia Santiago - 3 star hotel. The 3-star Don Santiago Providencia Hotel lies within 2.0 km from Barrio Lastarria, Isidora Goyenechea and Centro Cultural Metropolitano Gabriela Mistral. It …
article{58abc87d-16f3-45aa-82de-b3ab1d2a2b48, abstract = {Cell abundances and distributions of Alexandrium catenella resting cysts in recent sediments were studied along time at two locations in the Chilean Inland Sea exposed to different oceanographic conditions: Low Bay, which is much more open to the ocean than the more interior and protected Ovalada Island. The bloom began in interior areas but maximum cyst concentrations were recorded in locations more open to the ocean, at the end of the Moraleda channel. Our results showed a time lapse of around 3 months from the bloom peak (planktonic population) until the number of resting cysts in the sediments reached a maximum. Three months later, less than 10% of the A. catenella cysts remained in the sediments. Maximum cyst numbers in the water column occurred one month after the planktonic peak, when no cells were present. The dinoflagellate assemblage at both study sites was dominated by heterotrophic cysts, except during the A. catenella bloom. ...
High prevalence of clarithromycin resistance and effect on Helicobacter pylori eradication in a population from Santiago, Chile: cohort study and meta- ...
Title:Endothelial Progenitor Cells as a Therapeutic Approach for Intracerebral Hemorrhage. VOLUME: 23 ISSUE: 15. Author(s):Juan Pías-Peleteiro, Francisco Campos, María Perez-Mato, Esteban Lopez-Arias, Manuel Rodriguez-Yanez, Jose Castillo* and Tomas Sobrino*. Affiliation:Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of ...
The Curso Educacional Internacional de Hemostasia y Trombosis, sponsored by the ISTH, took place in Valdivia-Chile from November 22 - 23, 2013. Held at Universidad Austral de Chile and at the laboratories of Hospital Base Valdivia, the course was divided in a common theoretical part and two modules: one for medical items and the other for laboratory aspects (dry and wet lab). The Dry Lab part of the course included theoretical aspects related to the utility and interpretation of different tests, and the Wet Lab part included analysis of blind samples, followed by interpretation and discussions of the results. A breakfast with the expert session was included in the module for physicians. The course, Curso Educacional Internacional de Hemostasia y Trombosis, had 90 attendees and was successful based on the feedback received. It allowed for a motivating interaction and discussion between the attendees and the faculty about theoretical and practical aspects on thrombosis and bleeding disorders. ...
Description and images of Myrceugenia planipes (Pitrilla , Pitra , Patagua de Valdivia), a native Chilean plant, provided by the supplier of native exotic Chilean seeds and organizer of plant watching tours, Chileflora.com
Antioxidant capacities and polyphenolic contents of two mango cultivars from northern Chile, one of them endemic of an oasis in the Atacama Desert, were compared for the first time. Twenty one phenolic compounds were detected in peel and pulp of mango fruits varieties Pica and Tommy Atkins by HPLC-PDA-MS and tentatively characterized. Eighteen compounds were present in Pica pulp (ppu), 13 in Pica peel (ppe) 11 in Tommy Atkins pulp (tpu) and 12 in Tommy Atkins peel (tpe). Three procyanidin dimers (peaks 6, 9 and 10), seven acid derivatives (peaks 1-4, 11, 20 and 21) and four xanthones were identified, mainly mangiferin (peak 12) and mangiferin gallate, (peak 7), which were present in both peel and pulp of the two studied species from northern Chile. Homomangiferin (peak 13) was also present in both fruit pulps and dimethylmangiferin (peak 14) was present only in Tommy pulp. Pica fruits showed better antioxidant capacities and higher polyphenolic content (73.76/32.23 µg/mL in the DPPH assay and 32.49/72
In the remaining months of 1971, copper will definitely come under Chilean ownership. On the efforts of the workers, white-collar personnel and technicians of the Chuquicamata, El Teniente, Exotica, El Salvador and Andina mines depends to a great extent the volume of production which we shall achieve this year, and therefore our ability to obtain foreign exchange and so maintain normal supplies and realise our investment programmes. Copper represents the livelihood of Chile. Those who administer this wealth and those who extract it from the earth hold in their hands not only their own destiny and their own well-being but also the destiny and well-being of all Chileans.. We must extend land reform and if necessary modify the law, for if copper is Chiles livelihood, the land is its bread.. The land must be made to produce more. This is the responsibility of the peasants and of the small and medium-sized landowners, but the Government recognises its mistakes and it is fair that others should also ...
The hazard and the carcinogenic risks due to the exposure to some potentially toxic elements by the Santiago Island (Cape Verde) population where calculated, considering soil ingestion, inhalation and dermal contact as exposure pathways. The topsoil of Santiago Island is enriched in Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, V, Zn, Mn and Cd to upper crust values. Hazard indices (HI) were calculated for these metals and As exposures, of Santiago Island population and the calculations were performed for children and adults. For children HI are higher than 1 for Co, Cr and Mn. So there is indication of potential non-carcinogenic risk for children, due to the high Co (HI=2.995), Cr (HI=1.329) and Mn (HI=1.126), values in soils. For the other elements and for adults there is no potential non-carcinogenic risk. Cancer risk was calculated for As, Cd, Cr and Ni exposures, for adults and children and the results are always lower than the carcinogenic target risk of 1x10-6, for As, Cd, and Ni. However, cancer risk are higher than the
Last April, I visited my Cuban-Chinese family in Santiago de Cuba with my youngest brother Roberto Santiago Hung Fong who wanted to see our family relatives living in this historic city founded in 1614, five hundred years ago by Don Diego Velázquez de Cuellar. On the 500th Anniversary of the founding of Santiago de Cuba,…
Maplandia.com in partnership with Booking.com offers highly competitive rates for all types of hotels near Santiago Airport (SCQ), Spain, from affordable family hotels to the most luxurious ones. Booking.com, being established in 1996, is longtime Europes leader in online hotel reservations.. At Maplandia.com you wont be charged any booking fees, cancellation fees, or administration fees - the reservation service is free of charge. The reservation system is secure and your personal information and credit card is encrypted.. We have put together also a carefully selected list of recommended hotels near Santiago Airport (SCQ), Spain, only hotels with the highest level of guest satisfaction are included. Many photos and unbiased hotel reviews written by real guests are provided to help you make your booking decision. Luxury hotels (including 5 star hotels and 4 star hotels) and cheap Santiago Airport, Spain hotels (with best discount rates and up-to-date airport hotel deals) are both available in ...
A Broader View Volunteers offers the opportunity to serve your community through Volunteer Abroad in La Serena Chile Orphanage Children DayCare Schools Medical Nurse EMT. This is an ongoing opportunity located in La Serena, Chile.
All orders, unless otherwise specified, are subject to the terms and conditions of the current published price list.. Price is Subject to change without Notice: Prices may change before new price list is printed.. Terms of Payment: All Invoices must be paid in full at time of sale, unless terms are specified before sale.. Product Returns: All sales are final. No returns accepted after 7 days. No cash refunds. A 20% restocking fee will be charged on all returned items.. Special Orders: Sales of special order items are final. No refunds, no returns.. Freight Charges: Are FOB Bernalillo, NM warehouse. The Chile Guy reserves the right to add insurance on all orders over $100. Frozen Green Chile is shipped via Frozen container and quotes are generated on a per order basis and can vary based on destination.. Repackaging: All prices are based on bulk amounts 5 lb minimum. A $3 per box packing charge will be applied on orders which have a total product weight of less than 5 lbs.. Office Hours: ...
George Carroll: Chile. Theres a restaurant in Berkeley, CA called Cafe Gratitude. The entrees are named I Am Terrific (Pad Thai), I Am Magical (Black Bean Burger), I Am Great (Granola), and so on. The last time I was there, the server approached me and, as a greeting, informed me what she was grateful for, then asked me that same. Maybe I had low blood sugar, maybe I thought it was silly, maybe I didnt want to discuss my wife and dog. But I didnt answer, didnt participate in the ordering ritual. Today, I might have said that Im grateful for book recommendations from my trusted friends. Paul Yamazaki from City Lights Books suggested that I read The Savage Detectives. Which I did, then more, and more. Im not one of those I-read-Bolano-back-when fans; I hate those assholes. I get to recommend him to others now, without the cloying pretension. Ive got nothing against Ferrante. Reading Story of a New Name for #BTBA2014 was a pleasant experience. By Night in Chile is the clear winner. If ...
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Chile and France on Saturday signed a deal promoting the exploration and development of uranium. The deal between the state-owned Codelco (copper mining company) formalizes Frances ability to source minerals, including uranium, from Chiles mining sector.
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Description and images of Senecio sp. (), a native Chilean plant, provided by the supplier of native exotic Chilean seeds and organizer of plant watching tours, Chileflora.com
A 5.8 magnitude earthquake shook central Chile on Sunday and was felt in the capital of Santiago, but there were no reports of any damage, the state emergency office said.
SANTIAGO, Chile - President Sebastian Pinera marked the 40th anniversary of the military coup that overthrew Salvador Allende saying Wednesday that Chileans must heal from - but never forget - the events of Sept. 11, 1973, that launched a 17-year dictatorship. That day, fighter jets surrounded the La Moneda presidential palace, and tanks and soldiers surrounded the building as it burst into flames. Allende, then the democratically elected president, committed suicide rather than surrender to the coup plotters led by Gen Augusto Pinochet. After 40 years, the time has come not to forget but rather to overcome the traumas of the past, Pinera said. A minute of silence in Allendes memory was held later Wednesday at a statue of the late leader outside the presidential palace.
The study conducts the first phylogenetic analysis of PCV2 in Chile. PCV2 isolated from Chilean intensive swine farms, covering over the 90% of the pork production, resulting a complete national perspective of PCV2. The results confirm the high presence of PCV2b (52%) and less represented PCV2a (14%). Surprisingly, 34% of sequences were PCV2a/PCV2d recombinant viruses. The no amplification of these 10 sequences by the selective PCR was further explained due to these primers were not able to amplified PCV2d, the major parenteral of these viruses. Furthermore, we were not able to detect PCV2d variant in the Chilean PCV2 diversity even if was the major parent of the recombinant viruses, probably this event occurred years before and the recombinant remained. PCV2a and PCV2b, and the recombinant viruses were found since 2005. Nevertheless, were not observed geographical, temporal and other patterns, most likely due to there is not enough sequences per farm.. Recently, a large-scale study determinates ...
People Alarm may approach panic. Steering of motorcars greatly affected. Structures : Low standard buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. ordinary workmanship buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged in some cases. A few instances of damage to buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes. Monuments and pre-1976 elevated tanks and factory stacks twisted or brought down. Some pre-1965 infill masonry panels damaged. A few post-1980 brick veneers damaged. Decayed timber piles of houses damaged. Houses not secured to foundations may move. Most unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, some below roof-line, many brought down. Environment : Cracks appear on steep slopes and in wet ground. Small to moderate slides in roadside cuttings and unsupported excavations. Small water and sand ejections and localized lateral spreading adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - The Nazca‐South America convergence rate and the recurrence of the Great 1960 Chilean Earthquake. AU - Stein, Seth. AU - Engeln, Joseph F.. AU - DeMets, Charles. AU - Gordon, Richard G.. AU - Woods, Dale. AU - Lundgren, Paul. AU - Argus, Don. AU - Stein, Carol. AU - Wiens, Douglas A.. PY - 1986/8. Y1 - 1986/8. N2 - The seismic slip rate along the Chile Trench estimated from the slip in the great 1960 earthquake and the recurrence history of major earthquakes has been interpreted as consistent with the subduction rate of the Nazca plate beneath South America. The convergence rate, estimated from global relative plate motion models, depends significantly on closure of the Nazca ‐ Antarctica ‐ South America circuit. NUVEL‐1, a new plate motion model which incorporates recently determined spreading rates on the Chile Rise, shows that the average convergence rate over the last three million years is slower than previously estimated. If this time‐averaged convergence rate ...
By the time of his death on January 23, 2015, Chilean writer, performance artist, radio personality and activist Pedro Lemebel (1952-2015) had become an icon of Chilean counter-culture. His art chronicled the history of the city of Santiago as experienced by members of the Chilean Left during the dictatorship and afterward, poor city residents, gay men, HIV positive people, and transvestites, among others. In 2013, he was awarded the José Donoso Ibero-american Literature Prize. These urban neo-chronicles about the human costs of the Pinochet Dictatorship are from his 1998 collection, Of Pearls and Scars [De perlas y cicatrices].. […]. ...
Chiles National Copper Corporation, Codelco, is coming to Colombia willing to invest, announced the Energy and Mining Minister Tuesday.. Mauricio Cardenas Santamaria, whos attending the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, said on his Twitter page, First date in Davos: Diego Hernandez, president of Codelco (Chile). He is interested in exploring copper.. Soon after he tweeted again, stating, Codelco is the leading producer of copper in the world. It is interested in exploring in Colombia.. Codelco is owned by the Chilean states and has 20% of the worlds copper reserves. The company has active assets of $20.3 billion.. During the forum, taking place from January 25 through 29, Cardenas will take part in a panel discussion entitled Latin America: The transformation in a new global context, alongside the Mexican President Felipe Calderon, Peruvian President Ollanta Humala and Panamanian President Ricardo Martinelli.. The minister will participate in the Responsible Mineral Development ...
25.) Increased infant mortality and birth defects (two to three times increase) was established by Dr. Albert Schatz to be present in Chilean children administered fluoridated water in an experimental study in Curico, Chili, with San Fernando and La Serena as a control towns. (Exhibit). Dr. Schatz found fluoridation did no good for teeth, and caused enormous increase in miscarriages. The malformations and infant mortality dropped dramatically upon cessation of the fluoridation. Similar malformations and infant mortalities are now occurring in U.S. ...
The long-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera), also called the Chilean, coastal, common chinchilla, or lesser chinchilla, is one of two species of rodents from the genus Chinchilla, the other species being Chinchilla chinchilla. Wild populations of C. lanigera occur in Aucó, near Illapel, IV Región, Chile (31°38S, 71°06W), in Reserva Nacional Las Chinchillas and in La Higuera, about 100 km (62 mi) north of Coquimbo (29°33S, 71°04W) Chilean chinchillas were reported from Talca (35°30S), Chile, reaching north to Peru and eastward from Chilean coastal hills throughout low mountains. By the mid-19th century, Chilean chinchillas were not found south of the Choapa River.. The gene annotation process was carried out using a combination of protein-to-genome alignments, annotation mapping from a suitable reference species and RNA-seq alignments (where RNA-seq data with appropriate meta data were publicly available). For each candidate gene region, a selection process was applied to choose ...
Probiotics are microorganisms that when administered in adequate amounts can confer health benefits. In vitro and clinical studies support the idea that lactobacilli have protective effects on oral health. A recent study in which preschoolers consumed milk drinks enriched with Lactobacillus rhamnosus, reported a reduction in caries, as well as additional benefits to children.. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of daily consumption of milk beverages enriched with Lactobacillus rhamnosus on the incidence of caries in preschool Chilean children.. ...
LIVE-24h spot palladium price chart in CLF (Chilean Unit of Account (UF)). International financial markets data, with updates every minute. Palladium charts in ounces, grams, kilograms.