Pork has been traditionally considered an important source of human Toxoplasma gondii infection. Pigs, as other meat-producing animals, can become infected by the ingestion of oocysts that are shed in the environment by infected cats or by the consumption of cysts present in tissues of infected mammals, commonly small rodents. The objective of this study was to investigate the level of T. gondii infection in swine from southern Chile that can be associated with the ingestion of oocysts and therefore exposure to a contaminated environment. A total of 340 serum samples from swine were obtained from three commercial slaughterhouses located in the Araucania and Los Rios Regions from southern Chile. Study animals originated from local farms, mainly small commercial producers, and the meat is sold locally. Overall, 8.8% (30/340) of the samples showed T. gondii-specific IgG antibodies. Of these sero-positive animals, 80% (24/30) were also positive for antibodies specific against the oocyst stage of the
It has been described that eating behavior, measured through CEBQ in children, is a relatively stable trait over time, showing a good reproducibility and high internal consistency [28]. A clear and graded association between CEBQ scores and BMI has been reported previously [10, 11, 27]. The present study confirms the existence of such association in Chilean children, especially in relation to the positive associations between obesity and "food-approach" ("pro-intake") subscales such as EF, FR and EOE. These results are similar to previous studies showing that children with increased BMI are highly responsive to environmental food cues. The inverse associations between body weight and scores of "food-avoidant" ("anti-intake") subscales such as SE and SR are similar to other studies. The CEBQ subscales DD, EUE and FF showed no association with childhood obesity [11, 27].. The original 8-factor structure was not perfectly replicated in our study since an important degree of overlapping has been ...
The Central Bank of Chile in Santiago serves as the central bank for the country. The Chilean currency is the Chilean peso (CLP). Chile is one of South Americas most stable and prosperous nations,[10] leading Latin American nations in human development, competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption.[12] Since July 2013, Chile is considered by the World Bank as a "high-income economy".[132][133][134]. Chile has the highest degree of economic freedom in South America (ranking 7th worldwide), owing to its independent and efficient judicial system and prudent public finance management.[135] In May 2010 Chile became the first South American country to join the OECD.[136] In 2006, Chile became the country with the highest nominal GDP per capita in Latin America.[137]. Copper mining makes up 20% of Chilean GDP and 60% of exports.[138] Escondida is the largest copper mine in the world, producing over 5% of global supplies.[138] Overall, Chile ...
The Boundary Treaty of 1866 between Chile and Bolivia, also called the Mutual Benefits Treaty, was signed in Santiago de Chile on August 10, 1866 by the Chilean Foreign Affairs Minister Alvaro Covarrubias and the Bolivian Plenipotentiary in Santiago Juan R. Muñoz Cabrera. It drew, for the first time, the border between both countries at the 24° South parallel from the Pacific Ocean to the eastern border of Chile and defined a zone of bipartite tax collection, the "Mutual Benefits zone", and tax preferences for articles from Bolivia and Chile. Despite increasing border tensions since the 1840s, both countries fought together against Spain in the Chincha Islands War (1864-65) and resolved the question under the Governments of Mariano Melgarejo in Bolivia and José Joaquín Pérez in Chile. But before long, both countries were discontented with it, and Peru and Bolivia signed a secret treaty against Chile in 1873. The Lindsay-Corral protocol, thought to clarify the treaty, was approved by Chile ...
The people of Chile have been honored with the first-ever International Protect Life Award. Chile was commended for being Latin Americas most Pro-Life nation, as well as having the lowest maternal mortality rate in Latin America. The award was based on Chiles extraordinary achievements that help to protect the health and lives of all Chileans, born and unborn. Chileans have made it a priority to invest in the lives of women and their children. Abortion in Chile is illegal without exception and in a 2009 poll, 67 percent of Chileans identified themselves as Pro-Life. Each life is seen as a valuable asset to society and he or she is protected in a variety of ways. One main avenue of achieving these low maternal mortality rates and respect for Life is through education. The Chilean government has launched a campaign called "Chile Crece Contigo" (Chile Grows with You) which sponsors television ads that are distinctly Pro-Life. The "Chile Crece Contigo" campaign is centered on the mother and the ...
SANTIAGO - Beautiful plants grew in the Atacama Desert - the driest place on Earth - following unexpectedly heavy rainfall in the north of the country during the winter months.. VIDEO: Chile builds South Americas first solar thermal power plant in Atacama Desert. The "desierto florido" (flowering desert) phenomenon usually occurs every five to seven years when rains cause buried seeds to germinate and flower. But the latest bloom comes just two years after a particularly colorful flowering in 2015.. Chile begins construction on worlds largest telescope in Atacama desert. ...
Created during the wave of protests against political corruption and a failing economic system in Chile, Ojo Chile is an audiovisual collective energising citizens and campaigning against human rights violations in the country. With influential film-makers and changemakers onboard, Ojo Chile produce informative, emotive, high-quality video content about whats really happening in Chile. S&C spoke with the mysterious collective about their work and the movement.. What is Ojo Chile and how did it come about?. Ojo Chile is an audiovisual community that came to life during the first days of the recent social unrest in Chile.. It began as a WhatsApp group where we shared images, archives and records of what we were experiencing, motivated by everything happening in real time, and trying to find a way to support the movement in our own field. Were conscious that these images are contemporary history and have symbolic capital that needs to be managed. However, it soon became necessary for us to meet ...
A few viruses have been detected in prostate cancer, however their role in the development of this malignancy has not been determined. The aim of this study was to analyze the presence and functionality of human papillomavirus (HPV) and polyomaviruses (BKPyV and JCPyV) in prostate carcinomas in Chilean patients. Sixty-nine primary prostate carcinomas were analyzed for the presence of HPV, BKPyV and JCPyV using standard polymerase chain reaction protocols. In addition, when samples were positive for HPyV, large T antigen (TAg) transcripts were analyzed using reverse transcriptase PCR. HPV and JCPyV were not detected in any specimens (0/69, 0 %); whereas, BKPyV was detected in 6/69 PCas (8.7 %). We did not find a statistically significant association between the presence of BKPyV and age (p = 0.198) or Gleason score (p = 0.268). In addition, 2/6 (33 %) BKPyV positive specimens showed detectable levels of TAg transcripts. There was no association between HPV or JCPyV presence and prostate cancer
Chile es un país ubicado en el extremo suroeste de América del Sur. Su nombre oficial es República de Chile y su capital es la ciudad de Santiago de Chile. Chile comprende una larga y estrecha franja de tierra conocida como Chile continental, entre el Océano Pacífico y la Cordillera de los Andes, que se extiende entre los 17º2957S y los 56º32S de latitud (Islas Diego Ramírez), limitando al norte con Perú, al este con Bolivia y Argentina, y al sur con el Paso Drake. Además, posee territorios insulares en el Océano Pacífico, como el Archipiélago Juan Fernández, Sala y Gómez, Islas Desventuradas y la Isla de Pascua (ubicada en la Polinesia), totalizando una superficie de 755.838,7 km². Por otra parte, Chile reclama soberanía sobre una zona de la Antártida de 1.250.257,6 km², denominada Territorio Chileno Antártico y comprendida entre los meridianos 90º y 53º Oeste prolongando su límite meridional hasta el Polo Sur. Esta reclamación está congelada de acuerdo a lo ...
The economy of Chile has shifted substantially over time from the heterogeneous economies of the diverse indigenous peoples to an early husbandry-oriented economy and finally to one of raw material export and a large service sector. Chiles recent economic history (1973-) has been the focus of an extensive debate from which "neoliberalism" acquired its modern meaning. A period of relative free trade that began with independence in the 1810s bought a modernizing development of certain sectors of the Chilean economy and to the formation of a local business class, a novelty in Chile. Chile experienced its first modern economic crisis with the Long depression in the 1870s. The exploitation of lucrative nitrate deposits of the north conquered in War of the Pacific (1879-1884) marked a whole epoch in the history of Chile and its legacy for has been widely debated. In the first half of the 20th century Chile suffered severe economic recessions including the Great Depression. This period saw the rapid ...
Garrigues is a fully-integrated international law firm. It has been present in Latin America for more than 40 years, through alliances with various firms in the region. The firm is now growing its Latin American legal practice by rolling out a network of own offices which constitutes one of the major direct presences in Latin America, with offices in Colombia, Peru, Mexico, Chile and Brazil.. The inauguration of our own office in Santiago de Chile is the latest step towards our goal of having a real and effective presence in one of the most important and highly developed markets in Latin America.. Garrigues has a team of 20 lawyers in Chile who specialize in business law and have spent more than a decade working together, reaching the heights of innovation and quality in all legal solutions offered to clients.. Our Chilean lawyers, alongside professionals from the rest of our offices in Latin America and Garrigues international office network, ensure that a uniform service of the very highest ...
GONZALEZ-ACUNA, Daniel et al. Parasites of the Green-backed Firecrown (Sephanoides sephaniodes) in Chile. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [online]. 2011, vol.82, n.4, pp.1333-1336. ISSN 2007-8706.. Gastrointestinal and external parasites from 12 Green-backed Firecrown (Sephanoides sephaniodes) were collected between January 2004 and December 2008 from the Biobío Region south-central Chile and Santiago (central Chile). Helminths collected included 1 trematode species (Mosesia sp.) and 1 cestode species (Hymenolepis trinidadensis). The mite Proctophyllodes huitzilopchtlii was the only ectoparasite species found. All these parasites represent new records for Chile and the first parasites reported for this host species.. Palabras clave : birds; mites; helminths; trematodes; cestodes; Chile. ...
The nation of Chile really sticks in the craw of international abortion advocates. They have tried to argue for years that abortion limits lead to higher maternal mortality rates. But the example of Chile, with legal protections of the unborn since 1989 and continuing declines in maternal mortality rates, conclusively disproves that pro-abortion talking point. (See www.nationalrighttolifenews.org/news/2012/05/chilean-study-shows-better-health-care-other-factors-reduce-maternal-mortality-not-legal-abortion.). So what do they do? At first, they tried to argue that there were really a lot more women dying from abortions in Chile than government statistics were reporting. That claim doesnt hold up to scrutiny (see the link above). But then, they began to push to set up a hotline to tell women how to use a commonly available drug to abort their babies. That this will certainly put more womens lives at risk is ignored or even denied. Bringing abortion to the women of Chile is all that seems to ...
WORKSHOP IN VIROLOGY 5-7 January 2015 EDIFICIO DE CIENCIAS BIOMÉDICAS, FACULTAD DE MEDICINA, UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE. VALDIVIA, CHILE MONDAY 5 17:00-18:00 Herpes simplex virus host shutoff nucleases. Dr. James Smiley, Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta, Canada. 18:00-19:00 Translation initiation of HIV-1 full legnth mRNA Dr. Marcelo Lopez-Lastra, Departamento de Infectología e Inmunología Pediátrica, Laboratorio de Virología Molecular, Centro de Investigaciones Médicas, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. TUESDAY 6 9:00-10:00 Role of Rab proteins in HIV-1 assembly. Dr. Matias Ostrowski, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas en Retrovirus y SIDA. UBA-CONICET. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos aires, Argentina. 10:00-11:00 Neuronal dysfunction during herpes simplex virus infection. Dr. Carola Otth, Instituto de Microbiología Clínica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Austral ...
INTRODUCTION. Chiles position in the international market for cut flowers has had an upward trend over the past 15 yr, but at the end of this period show signs of stagnation (Reyes and Barrera, 2009). However, Chile still has a great level of exportation of cut flowers to Netherland, USA, Japan, Argentina, among others; reaching close to US$4 million annually (Reyes and Barrera, 2009). Nevertheless, still is a weak competitor in relation with the production of traditional flowers. An economic strategy to cope with this problem is to offer species such as Phycella australis (Phil.) Ravenna, a species that is now beginning to be marketed in the Biobío Region, Chile, which due that is an endemic flower would not have any competitors abroad.. The Phycella genus (Amaryllidaceae) is endemic from Chile and Argentina, includes six different species (Arroyo-Leuenberger and Dutilh, 2008) distributed along the central zone of Chile, between Coquimbo and Biobío Regions. Phycella plants are perennial, ...
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FILE - In this Nov. 11, 2015 file photo, Fernando Karadima, Chiles most infamous pedophile priest, leaves a courthouse after testifying in a case that three of his victims brought against the countrys Catholic Church, in Santiago, Chile. Chiles church has yet to recover its credibility following the scandal over Karadima, a charismatic preacher who had a huge following in Santiago and was responsible for training hundreds of priests and five bishops. The Vatican in 2011 sentenced Karadima to a lifetime of "penance and prayer" after confirming what his victims had been saying for years, but that Chiles Catholic leadership refused to believe: that Karadima sexually abused them. less ...
CONTRERAS, P. A.; CEBALLOS, A.; MATAMOROS, R. e WITTWER, F.. Iodine concentration in forages from dairy farms in the IXth and Xth Regions of Chile. Arch. med. vet. [online]. 2003, vol.35, n.1, pp.75-79. ISSN 0301-732X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0301-732X2003000100007.. Iodine (I) content of rations is a factor associated with the blood concentration of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) in cattle. In herds from southern Chile, low blood concentrations of T4 in grazing dairy cows have been reported. The objective was to obtain information about the I content in forage samples from dairy farms in the IXth and Xth Regions of Chile. During 1999 forage samples were taken from 25 dairy farms located in both Regions. The I concentration was analysed by a kinetic-colorimetric method. Mean, standard deviation and ranges and the frequency of samples with values below 0.4 ppm on a dry matter basis (normal value) were obtained. The average of I concentration in the forage samples was 0.20±0.08 ppm. ...
While the mining industry has used seawater in different parts of the world for many years, in Chile there are only a few isolated cases, usually on the part of small or medium-sized companies that deal with minerals whose extraction is not affected by the salinity of the water, he explained.. The first big mining company to use seawater in Chile was Minera Esperanza, a joint venture between Antofagasta Minerals and the Marubeni Corporation.. The companys copper mine uses untreated seawater, transported through a 145-kilometre-long pipeline, in all of its processes. Seawater currently accounts for 30 percent of all of the water is utilises.. The state-owned National Copper Corporation of Chile (CODELCO) will use seawater for the first time to exploit the sulphide reserves of the Radomiro Tomic mine, in one of the structural projects the company is implementing to extend the useful life of a number of its mines.. "In the case of the Radomiro Tomic (RT) Sulphides project, the use of seawater ...
A 2015 autosomal DNA study found Chile to be 55.16% European, 42.38% Native American and 2.44% African, using LAMP-LD modeling; and 54.38% European, 43.22% Native American, and 2.40% African, using RFMix.[235] An autosomal DNA study from 2014 found the results to be 51.85% (± 5.44%) European, 44.34% (± 3.9%) Native American, and 3.81% (± 0.45%) African.[93][236]. Studies estimates the white population at 20%,[237] to 52.7% of the Chilean population.[2] According to genetic research by the University of Brasilia, Chilean genetic admixture consists of 51.6% European, 42.1% Amerindian, and 6.3% African ancestry.[155] According to an autosomal genetic study of 2014 carried out among soldiers in the city of Arica, Northern Chile, the European admixture goes from 56.8% in soldiers born in Magallanes to 41.2% for the ones who were born in Tarapacá.[238] According to a study from 2013, conducted by the Candela Project in Northern Chile as well, the genetic admixture of Chile is 52% European, 44% ...
Rock glaciers are ubiquitous landforms in the dry Andes, and significant, but unheralded stores of frozen water. In this study, statistical modelling techniques and geomorphological mapping are applied to quantify and analyze the distribution of rock glaciers in the Andes of Central Chile (27-35°S) as related to climate and topography. A statistical sample survey and a logistic regression model were designed to quantitatively estimate distribution patterns and characterize the geomorphological niche of rock glaciers in the Andes of Santiago (33-34.5°S) based upon digital elevation models. The amount of water stored within rock glaciers of the Andes of Santiago per unit area is by one order of magnitude higher than in the Swiss Alps, reaching an average 0.7-1.1 km³ of water equivalent per 1000 km² in the Andes. At least one fifth of the high-mountain area of the Andes of Santiago drains through intact rock glaciers. This underlines the importance of rock glaciers within the Andean ...
Giants catcher Benito Santiago, under investigation in Puerto Rico over a small parcel of marijuana seized by drug agents, angrily denied any knowledge about the package and said he is not involved with drugs. Santiago suggested the allegations are an attempt by someone to ruin his image, and he expressed anger at Puerto Rican authorities for leaking their investigation to the press on an island where he was born and raised and is revered for his major-league career. Two Puerto Rico police investigators told The Chronicle on Friday that Santiago was questioned in his hometown of Ponce after agents intercepted a Federal Express package at the airport there. The investigators said no charges had been filed and Santiago was free to return home to Florida while they continued their investigation. Santiago did fly home Saturday, cutting short a Christmas trip he took to shop and spend time with his family. Santiago said he was particularly angry that his four children have to read and hear these
The result is a 30 percent decline in the population over the last ten years-an alarming drop-off that could spell disaster for this endemic species in the coming decades. Climate change could further accelerate their demise by raising water temperatures just a few degrees above what these cool-water creatures can tolerate.. Fortunately, the Chilean government has taken notice and is now enlisting conservation experts and biologists to come up with a plan to save Chilean frogs. The frogs were given "vulnerable" status by the Chilean government in 2008 and are already on the IUCN Red List, but no formal conservation plan has been adopted. Having such a plan in place is a requirement for listing under Appendix III of CITES, a move that would put a legal requirement on foreign trade and help raise awareness.. On Nov. 23, Defenders international conservation expert Alejandra Goyenechea ran a day-long workshop in Santiago, Chiles capital, to identify key threats to the species and brainstorm ways ...
Chile Antofagasta Mission Alumni Web Site is dedicated to the alumni of this mission of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
AbstractObjective: To elucidate whether the genetic platforms of blaCTX-M contribute to the phenotypes of multi-drug-resistance in the first carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae strains isolated in Chile. Method: Twenty-two carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae strains isolated from different Chilean patients and hospitals were studied. Their genetic relatedness was assessed by PFGE and MLST. The levels of antibiotic resistance were evaluated by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration of various antimicrobials. In addition, several antibiotic resistance genes of clinical relevance in Chile were investigated. The prevalence, allelic variants and genetic platforms of blaCTX-M were determined by PCR and sequencing.Results: Out of the twenty two strains studied, twenty carry KPC, one carries NDM-1 and one carries OXA-370. The PFGE analysis showed three clades with a genetic relatedness |85%, two formed by four strains and one by eight strains. The other strains are not genetically related, and a
A new JV fishing company - Corpesca - has Been set up in Chile with publication of the final government charter for the business in the Diario Oficial.Uniting into a single firm are northern fishing companies Icalma (property of Igemar), Pesquera Colchane (which includes Eperva) and Pescanorte (owned by Coloso).Corpesca, first conceived in October 1999 under the name Copenor, now becomes Chiles principal producer of fishmeal. It will operate in Chiles far northern coastal waters in Region I and Region II. This year the new company anticipates sales of US$175 million and profits are expected to total US$40 million.The company will have 87 fishing boats under its command, 47 of which can operate on the high sea.Lower fish catches, which have resulted in tighter government restrictions on fish takes, have created a crisis in Chiles fishing industry, forcing the merger of many industrial fishing companies in order to stay in business.
Journal of Obesity is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that provides a multidisciplinary forum for basic and clinical research as well as applied studies in the areas of adipocyte biology & physiology, lipid metabolism, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, paediatric obesity, genetics, behavioural epidemiology, nutrition & eating disorders, exercise & human physiology, weight control and health risks associated with obesity.
Book Hotel Stanford Santiago, Santiago on TripAdvisor: See 12 traveler reviews, 47 candid photos, and great deals for Hotel Stanford Santiago, ranked #66 of 170 B&Bs / inns in Santiago and rated 3.5 of 5 at TripAdvisor.
Data & statistics on Chile Plant 3 Total Organic Carbon: Chile Plant 3 - Total Organic Carbon, Soil organic carbon (total and C-GRSP) in soil from four plant species from a Mediterranean ecosystem in central Chile. Abbreviations: R = rhizospheric soil; NR = non-rhizospheric soil. Different letters indicate significant difference according to the orthogonal contrasts test (p b 0.05). Bars denote mean ± S.E. (n = 4)., Nitrogen isotope ratios (δ15N) of the different categories of organic and synthetic fertilizer. The dashed line denotes the threshold value, based on the natural isotopic abundance of different materials; an organic fertilizer with a ratio below the line may warrant investigation for adulteration. Based on 99% confidence intervals, seaweed, algae, Chilean nitrate and soybean fertilizers and their blends ......
Major holders of Banco de Chile SA (BCH) stock. See the latest insider trading data and institutional ownership changes for Banco de Chile SA (BCH)
Buy or license direct from the photographer this stunning image of : Castro , Chiloe Island , Chile . South America , Stilt Houses , Housing , Dwelli ...
Session presented on: Tuesday, July 23, 2013: Purpose : Chilean young women between 18 and 24 years old are at high risk of contracting STI and HIV. The literature shows a shortage of STI and HIV prevention interventions focused on this population. Internet based interventions are promising for delivering STI and HIV prevention interventions. The purpose of this study was to develop and pilot-test an internet based STI and HIV prevention intervention for Chilean women between 18 and 24 years old. Methods: The design of the I-STIPI was divided into two stages: (a) development, and (b) piloting. The development stage included consultation with 3 panels of experts for the development of content of the I-STIPI based on the HIV prevention intervention called Mano a Mano-Mujer, development of the technical features of the I-STIPI, and the creation of the I-STIPI website with its own web hosting service and domain. The piloting stage was a prospective cohort study (pre-post test). Forty Chilean young ...
Hi all! I am new at Internations and in Santiago de Chile. In June I will have my appartment here and I want to transport some furniture and personal …
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Définitions de Santiago Ramón y Cajal, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Santiago Ramón y Cajal, dictionnaire analogique de Santiago Ramón y Cajal (anglais)
The Chilean horse, also known as the Chilean Corralero, is a breed of horse that originated in South America. This horse is the oldest registered breed in South America and the oldest breed of Iberian origin, as well as the oldest official breed of stock horse in the Western Hemisphere. It is thought that the breed was first developed in 1544 when Father Rodrigo González Marmolejo began breeding with the intent of producing high quality horses. By the early sixteenth century, horses bred in Chile were designed for efficiency in war, while by the seventeenth century horse breeding in Chile had expanded to breeding show horses and stock horses.. The Chilean horse was used mainly for stock purposes during the eighteenth century, although yearly cattle roundups had been mandatory since 1557. The skills the horses used to round up thousands of cattle are now utilized by horses in todays Chilean rodeos. Mares were used for farm work during the eighteenth century, forming threshing teams that ...
Hertel-Fernandez, Alexander Warren, Giusti, Alejandro Esteban & Sotelo, Juan Manuel. (‎2007)‎. The Chilean infant mortality decline: improvement for whom? Socioeconomic and geographic inequalities in infant mortality, 1990-2005. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 85 (‎10)‎, 798 - 804. World Health Organization. http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.06.041848 ...
SANTIAGO - Chiles Supreme Court on Friday ordered immediate release of eight Mapuche leaders who were detained and put under preventive imprisonment since Sept. 23.. The activists, to be released are Héctor Llaitul, his son Ernesto Llaitul, Claudio Leiva, David Cid, Fidel Tranamil, Martín Curiche, and the brothers Jaime and Rodrigo Huenchullán Cayul, were accused under a terrorist law inherited from Gen. Augusto Pinochets dictatorship.. The judges unanimously granted a request of legal protection (habeas corpus) presented by the activists lawyers. The decision was grounded on the lack of evidence proving their participation in arson, said Judge Milton Juica, spokesperson for the Supreme Court, to reporters.. U.N. experts urge Chile not to use anti-terrorism law against Mapuche. Two weeks ago, the protection measure was rejected by Temucos Appeal Tribunal.. Chiles Attorney General Jorge Abbott said "we will move forward with our investigation and will present again, if necessary, a ...
Pinochet was widely reviled worldwide for his methods and legacy, however, a Center-Left Chilean administration came into power after he stepped down when he lost a national referendum. The new government of Patricio Aylwin thought it sensible to maintain free market policies that present-day Chile still harbors. Despite enjoying a comparatively higher GDP and more robust economy compared to most other countries of Latin America, Chile currently has one of the most uneven distributions of wealth in the world, ahead only of Brazil in the Latin American region and even lagging behind most developing sub-Saharan African nations. Chiles top 10 richest percentile possesses almost 42 percent of the countrys total wealth. In relation to income distribution, some 6.2% of the country populates the upper economic income bracket, 19% the middle bracket, 24% the lower middle, 38% the lower bracket, and 13% the extreme poor.
El Colegio de ingenieros de Chile A.G. autoriza el ejercicio profesional a los ingenieros y técnicos graduados en el extranjero y especialmente contratados para ejercer una función determinada en Chile.   ...
Chile's Atacama Desert, known as the driest place in the world, is also the ideal spot for some of the world's best telescopes, and can be seen here in these images.
Location maps of Santiago and Wonders of San Pedro de Atacama - 7 Days / 6 Nights in Chile and its surroundings tourist attractions. Geographic satellite location of Santiago and Wonders of San Pedro de Atacama - 7 Days / 6 Nights
CHILE – A revered veterinary surgeon from New Zealand is set to discuss bovine tuberculosis (bTB) control to farmers in Southern Chile.
CHILE – A revered veterinary surgeon from New Zealand is set to discuss bovine tuberculosis (bTB) control to farmers in Southern Chile.
From the Salar de Atacama salt flat in the east to the Cordillera Domeyko mountains in the west, Sentinel-2 takes us over part of the Atacama Desert in northern Chile.The desert runs along part of South Americas central west coast. It is considered one of the driest places on Earth…
Argentina. is catching up by following a different path than Chile. Many Argentinean vineyards hired top winemaker consultants such as French Michel Roland or English wine guru Robert Parker. This mainly explains Argentinas rapid success for pursuing high scores in premium or value added wines. This strategy should harvest higher returns in the short term. On the other hand Chile has followed a more quantity than quality approach achieving a reputation for affordable wines but on average dull compared to Australian or New Zealand wines. Chile will face a bigger challenge in the forthcoming years in order to shift its current wine offering to a more value added one - particularly fighting its ever more appreciating currency. ...
Hydrothermal vent communities have not been observed on the Chile margin (yet!), but they are hypothesized to exist since they usually occur on spreading centers, such as the Chile Ridge, which is being subducted under the Chile continent. The water ejected from hydrothermal vents can vary from 20º to 400ºC (68º to 752ºF) and is rich in reduced compounds like sulfide and methane. Hard substrate is formed by cooled basalt (volcanic rock), precipitated metal sulfides, and organisms, such as tube worms and bivalves.. The fastest growing tube worms in the world, Riftia pachyptila, settle where they have access to the flow of warm, sulfide-rich water, which they take up in their bright red plumes. They have been observed to grow almost 2 m (6.6 ft) in one year, which starkly contrasts with Lamellibrachia tube worms at seeps that might grow several centimeters per year. Mussels (e.g., Bathymodiolus thermophilius) are also common at East Pacific vent communities, and they contain both sulfide- and ...
CSENDES J, ATTILA y GONZALEZ D, GLORIA. Rates of digestive surgery in Chile during 2004 and 2005. Analysis of hospital discharge data, excluding colorectal interventions. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2008, vol.60, n.5, pp.379-386. ISSN 0718-4026. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-40262008000500003.. Background: Twenty five years ago, biliary surgery accounted for 30 to 50% of all operations performed ¡n a general surgical service. We have no information ofthechangesin thefrequency in surgical interventions ¡n the last years. Aim: To determine, using hospital discharge data, which are the most common surgical interventions in Chile. Material and Methods: Databases with hospital discharge data from all the hospitals in Chile during 2004 and 2005, available at the Ministry of Health website, were consulted. Colorectal operations were exduded from the analysis. Results: In public hospitals during 2005, 710 gastrectomies for gastric cáncer, 63 esophagectomies for esophageal cáncer, 90 ...
Are fish able to feel the heat from chiles? No, fish do not have the pain receptors (like birds), that mammals have allowing them to feel the heat. Many species of fish, like koi and other colorful fish, are feed food with chile in it to keep their colors bright. What is a New Mexico Green Chile?