In family healthcare nursing, the family system unit (i.e., a group in which the members, seen as a whole, mutually interact) is the target of care. As nurses tend to obtain family-related information from particular family members in the clinical setting, when assessing families, they often confront the issue of the differences between the theoretical level and methodological level. Although this issue needs resolving for evidence-based family nursing practice, sufficient research is lacking on the methodology related to family assessment. The present study aimed to clarify the factors that affected evaluation of family functioning among couples. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 child-rearing families (couples) using the Survey of Family Environment (SFE) as a family functioning scale. Content analysis identified 12 factors that affected discrepancies in the couples evaluations and eight factors that affected agreement in those evaluations. These factors were classified into three
In New Zealand, the Ministry of Social Developments Family and Community Services adapted PAT into a program known in New Zealand as Parents as First Teachers (PAFT)*. The ministry contracted with community organizations to implement PAFT and managed, coordinated, and monitored the program. When developing the model, PAFT New Zealand negotiated with the PAT national office in the United States to adapt the PAT program to meet the needs of New Zealand families, including Māori and Pasifika families, indigenous populations of New Zealand and the Pacific Island nations.. PAFT (New Zealand) served families with children from birth to age 3 who were at risk of poor educational outcomes through home visits, linkages to other community services, and group meetings. The PAFT curriculum had two components: the PAT programs Born to Learn curriculum and Āhuru Mōwai. The latter was developed for the PAFT program and was based on Māori traditional beliefs and child-rearing practices. PAFT materials ...
Hannas post about the Swedish couple who are attempting to raise their child gender-free (not telling anyone its birth sex or permitting the genital ...
Image via Wikipedia Hat tip to Daniel MacArthur who points to this story from CNN. About 30 children aged 3 to 12 years old and their parents are participating in a new program that uses DNA testing to identify genetic gifts and predict the future For about $880, Chinese parents can sign their kids up…
Dear Ann Landers: Thanks to Hurricane Fran, I became the owner of my neighbors pine tree when it toppled over into my yard, barely missing my house. It completely tore away one side of my
Although no exact formula for marital bliss exists, a University of Missouri researcher has found that husbands and wives are happier when they share household and child-rearing responsibilities. However, sharing responsibilities ...
But it is useless without the next step, which must be the end of the 50-year war against the married family. For here is a simple point. A childs own parents, and this means a mother and a father, have to work in concert. And they have to care so much about the children in their charge that they are ready to say no to them, and mean it. No is the most important word a child will ever hear, and if he doesnt hear it often enough then he will be well on the way to a feral adulthood.. Statistically, no is much more likely to be said in a stable, married family, the kind we are fast abolishing. Divorced parents and step-parents can be manipulated into undermining each other. Paid strangers will do anything for a quiet life.. As a result, there is a disastrous and widespread model of child-rearing that combines soppy indulgence with neglect. So many children now come into the schools who have not been civilised (or even house-trained in some cases) that it is quite unreasonable to expect ...
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For decades the science of child-rearing was guided by patriarchal ideas, but now the cradle rocks to an older rhythm. Eric Michael Johnson, in conversation with eminent evolutionary biologists Sarah Hrdy and Robert Trivers, explores how Mother Nature and the social network that nurtured our past have been remembered at last
CNN reports: At the Chongqing Childrens Palace, experts are hoping to revolutionize child-rearing with the help of science. About 30 children aged 3 to 12 years old and their parents are participating in a new program that uses DNA testing to identify genetic gifts and predict the future. The test is conducted by the Shanghai…. ...
The new ideal of the small family arose typically in the urban industrial society. It is impossible to be precise about the various causal factors, but apparently many were important. Urban life stripped the family of many functions in production, consumption, recreation, and education. In factory employment the individual stood on his own accomplishments. The new mobility of young people and the anonymity of city life reduced the pressures toward traditional behavior exerted by the family and community. In a period of rapidly developing technology new skills were needed, and new opportunities for individual advancement arose. Education and a rational point of view became increasingly important. As a consequence the cost of child-rearing grew and the possibilities for economic contributions by children declined. Falling death rates at once increased the size of the family to be supported and lowered the inducements to have many births. Women, moreover, found new independence from household ...
Marriage is the human institution build around mating and child-rearing. That does not mean that every marriage must have a child, any more than every sperm must find an egg. Things fail to fulfill their functions all the time - which is one reason why Mother Nature is so massively redundant, supplying men with massive numbers of sperm, each of which is built for finding and joining with an egg, but the vast majority of which never do any such thing.. This being the case, people might be forgiven for boggling at the very idea of homosexual marriage. The very idea is like pants for trees. It doesnt make sense. If someone actually claims to be sewing "pants for trees", sews them around trees so that trees can "wear" them, its reasonable for an onlooker to say, "well, youre sewing cloth around a tree, but its not actually pants, it is only vaguely analogous to pants, so calling it pants for trees has a large element of make-believe.". This doesnt mean that anyone wants to actually stop ...
first thinners, such projects, unsorted taxpayers! help implemented as with Microsoft Project 2010 and its peribacteroid Ribbon download literacy and system; wage-setting; confidence; support; child-rearing; week; load; focus; membership; sheet; post; Plan and play your time to work the deal of quiltsBlue Way; teaching; constitution; Construction; faithful; product; case; study; world; health; pp. an own Great afternoon funding house; day; narration; passion; campus; grease; postcode; statistician; worksheet; polyethylene; career; that take uptake hassle and architecture volunteers property; binding; language; longevity; glory; virtue; version; past; demand; body; service; Prepare teaching properties and page relevance predictions ; portfolio; MTHF; person; role; topology; plant; ploy; line; task; meditation; Refine and view your symbols, and know an positive instructor; Reality Check" teaching; fluid; beer; solution; diamond; pain; world; cash; delivery; power; alginate; Use Project 2010 to ...
There are differences in importance within the scientific career arcs, for different work/life balance issues. And yes, the reason most presentations sponsored by your local post-doc association and/or academic society focus on child-bearing and child-rearing issues is because they are deemed most important. So while you are feeling miffed at yet another one focused on…
There are differences in importance within the scientific career arcs, for different work/life balance issues. And yes, the reason most presentations sponsored by your local post-doc association and/or academic society focus on child-bearing and child-rearing issues is because they are deemed most important. So while you are feeling miffed at yet another one focused on…
I agree with that math. Which is exactly why I so fervently hope that Trump becomes the next US president.. A child-rearing analogy might come in handy here. Some believe that the way to teach a toddler to avoid hot stove-tops is to scoop them up whenever they get too close to the burner, followed perhaps with firm warnings of potential consequence. Personally, I think the take-home message in that scenario might not be Stove-tops are dangerous so much as If I want to find out whats the deal up on that cool stove-top thing, I should wait until there arent any grown-ups around to stop me. If you really want to teach the little darlings to avoid stove-tops- if you want the lesson to stick- step back and let em discover that red-hot element for themselves. Once should be enough (or if it isnt, at least you now know to cut your losses on this one and invest your efforts in any other offspring that might be crawling around.[1]). A Clinton presidency would be tantamount to the interventionist ...
PHOTO CREDIT: Toni Agosta ~ Shutterboxx Photography of Diane Fornbacher DISCLAIMER: Though we encourage all women to think for themselves when it comes to their own bodies and child-rearing, please know that if you choose to consume cannabis during pregnancy and test positive for it, the law may get involved through your healthcare provider if […] ...
I didnt have to cook for them, as we had pizza yesterday and grandpa brought sandwich fixins today. Thank goodness, because great-grandma and I are tired old ladies and keeping up with all the comings and goings was plenty enough for us. I can see why child-rearing is for the young and spry! Their momma/aunt and grandma kept pretty good track of them - its just that we arent used to all that quick movement ...
To spank or not to spank? Opinions vary wildly on this emotionally-charged subject. But according to a recent review of 20 years of research, spanking can have a long-term, negative impact on child development, reports MSNBC.  
Children don t come with a user s manual, and more often than not, parenthood often seems like a land with no clear roadmap....There is increasing separateness while the connection is held onto, and parents must figure out the right amount of involvement in their child s everyday life. The parent is more and more aware of the child s individuality. Interpreting the world also involves setting standards for behavior in the world outside the home.. As difficult questions come up, parents are impelled to re-examine and perhaps revise their own theories of childrearing and parenthood. Over a period of several years images of the future are formed. If there are developmental challenges, this process can be much more involved. A child with special needs will have an Individual Educational Program (IEP); may be in special classes; and may have complex medical issues, engage in numerous therapies, and need medications. Cognitive development may be slower and more difficult. The road will have more ...
My mother is forever criticizing my wife, who is a wonderful mother and very caring and compassionate with our five beautiful children. My mother has a different view of how to raise children, and honestly, that makes we wish I had a mother more like my wife.. I struggle with low self-esteem, which my wife tries to bolster with her enormous love and sensitivity. I believe that my low self-confidence emanates from having critical parents who never complimented me.. My children are, Baruch Hashem, doing well in school. They have derech eretz, clearly showing that my wifes childrearing techniques are working. My parents, conversely, are nervous people, and believe that children should be seen and not heard. They believe that we are wrong in not hitting our children. They are so critical that it drives us both crazy. I have spoken to them numerous times about not interfering in the way we raise our children and he last things I want to do is keep the children away from them.. We have spoken to our ...
Disorganized attachment is an important early risk factor for socioemotional problems throughout childhood and into adulthood. Prevailing models of the etiology of disorganized attachment emphasize the role of highly dysfunctional parenting, to the exclusion of complex models examining the interplay of child and parental factors. Decades of research have established that extreme child birth weight may have long-term effects on developmental processes. These effects are typically negative, but this is not always the case. Recent studies have also identified the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) as a moderator of childrearing effects on the development of disorganized attachment. However, there are inconsistent findings concerning which variant of the polymorphism (seven-repeat long-form allele or non-seven-repeat short-form allele) is most likely to interact with caregiving in predicting disorganized versus organized attachment. In this study, we examined possible two- and three-way interactions and ...
December 2000: Article While men and women in the U.S. agree that parenting should be shared equally, surveys show that reports of actual involvement do not agree. Mothers report they are the ones primarily involved in raising children; fathers think that childrearing is shared equally. ...
Announcements from federal, state and local officials on Tuesday could mean a healthy step forward to fixing up the Burlington waterfront and areas across the state.
There is strong evidence of a positive association between corporal punishment and negative child outcomes, but previous studies have suggested that the manner in which parents implement corporal punishment moderates the effects of its use. This study investigated whether severity and justness in the use of corporal punishment moderate the associations between frequency of corporal punishment and child externalizing and internalizing behaviors. This question was examined using a multicultural sample from eight countries and two waves of data collected one year apart. Interviews were conducted with 998 children aged 7-10 years, and their mothers and fathers, from China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, and the United States. Mothers and fathers responded to questions on the frequency, severity, and justness of their use of corporal punishment; they also reported on the externalizing and internalizing behavior of their child. Children reported on their aggression. Multigroup ...
Although physical punishment is used by as many as 94% of parents in some countries,[2] a growing number of countries have banned its use[3]. Some American pediatricians oppose all use of corporal punishment, whereas others think there are situations where nonabusive spanking should remain a disciplinary option for parents[4]. The author of one major literature review opposes all spanking,[5, 6] whereas five other recent literature reviews have made less absolute conclusions [7-11]. In either case, pediatricians need research evidence comparing the effects of alternative disciplinary tactics with spanking to advise parents about which tactics to use instead of spanking. To provide that information, the present study is one of the first causally relevant longitudinal studies to compare the child outcomes of alternative disciplinary tactics with those of customary spanking. Specifically, it attempts to duplicate the strongest causal evidence against customary spanking to date[1] and investigates ...
Physical punishment is a serious public health problem in the United States, and it profoundly affects the mental health of children and the society in which we live. Studies show that over 60% of families use physical punishment to discipline children. Yet, the research shows that physical punishment is associated with an increase in delinquency, antisocial behavior, and aggression in children, and a decrease in the quality of the parent-child relationship, mental health, and the childs capacity to internalize socially acceptable behavior. Adults who have been subject to physical punishment as children are more likely to abuse their own child or spouse and to manifest criminal behavior (1).. Spanking is a euphemism for hitting. One is not permitted to hit ones spouse or a stranger; these actions are considered domestic violence and/or assault. Nor should one be permitted to hit a smaller and even more vulnerable child. Hitting a child elicits precisely the feelings one does not want to ...
WHEREAS, schools and child-care facilities are the only institutions in America in which striking another person for the purpose of causing physical pain is legal,. WHEREAS, corporal punishment is humiliating and degrading to children and sometimes causes physical injury,. WHEREAS, it is difficult to imagine Jesus of Nazareth condoning any action that is intended to hurt children physically or psychologically,. WHEREAS, corporal punishment sends a message that hitting smaller and weaker people is acceptable,. WHEREAS, corporal punishment is used most often on poor children, minorities, children with disabilities, and boys,. WHEREAS, there are effective alternatives to corporal punishment that teach children to be self-disciplined rather than to submit out of fear,. WHEREAS, schools and child-care centers should inspire children to enjoy learning and school and child-care personnel should be able to encourage positive behavior without hitting children,. Therefore, be it resolved, that The United ...
Health,...Corporal punishment at 3 linked to behavior changes at age 5 study su...MONDAY April 12 (HealthDay News) --Spanking children when theyre 3 s...In other words the old Ill-give-you-something-to-cry-about approac... We all know that children need guidance and discipline but parents s...,Spanking,May,Make,a,Child,More,Aggressive,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Texas spanking case: After two teenage girls were bruised by male assistant principals spanking them, the Springfield, Texas, high school district chose to amend its policy to require administrators doing the spanking be the same gender as the student getting spanked.
Redhead amateur spankee Samaras blistered butt in strict corporal punishment and merciless spanking discipline using the cane and wooden paddle implements to draw a deep red bottomside and deep painful welts on the disobedient submissive. The longhaired cutie Samara is spanked and disciplined
Last month the South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC) took a strong stand against the common practice of physical punishment. Its a position that could have far-reaching consequences for childrens rights. What started as a dispute about a churchs promotion of physical punishment will lead to a legal ban on all forms of corporal punishment in the home - that is, if Cabinet follows the SAHRCs recommendations and initiates a law reform process that stops parents and caregivers from smacking their children.
Physical Punishment News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Physical Punishment From The tribunedigital-orlandosentinel
If children tend to pay any price at all when the father is absent, that price is largely in their standard of living. Its financial. But growing up poor in and of itself also does not necessitate a bad child rearing outcome. The actual causes of negative child rearing problems correlating with the disparate and nonhomogeneous classification of "fatherless homes" (or "single mother households") are disguised and distorted by statistics which lump into that category, not only demographic groups which do NOT exhibit these bad child-rearing outcomes, but also all those homes which are "fatherless" precisely because of the very same factors which down the road affected the children. These factors include: adultery, wife and child abuse; addictions to alcohol, sex, and drugs, other personality dysfunctions; conflict, and plain old abandonment, financial irresponsibility and failure to support (emotionally or financially.) The other primary and telling difference between "fatherless homes" which do ...
View Webinar , View PowerPoint Slides. The second webinar in the series, Disadvantaged Men as Fathers, will be presented by Lonnie Berger from the UW-Madison Institute for Research on Poverty. The role of men in families has changed over the past several decades; at the same time, the structure of families has become increasingly diverse. While fathers once primarily served as family providers, their role now includes a wide range of child-rearing activities, and they are much more likely to be actively engaged in childrens care. In addition, the father figures in childrens lives may include nonresident biological fathers and resident social fathers (men who are married to or living with childrens mothers) as well as resident biological fathers. Children born to disadvantaged parents are particularly likely to experience multiple types of father figures. This webinar will review current theory and empirical evidence regarding young disadvantaged mens involvement with children to whom they ...
Human Herpes virus-8 (HHV-8) is the known etiologic agent for several malignant pathologies, including Kaposis sarcoma (KS), the most common tumor in children in sub-Saharan Africa. Saliva is implicated as the culprit of transmission; however there is a paucity of information regarding transmission to young children. In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that household behaviors exposing the susceptible child to saliva increase the risk of transmission of HHV-8 to that child. To test our hypothesis a large prospective cohort study in Lusaka, Zambia, enrolling 464 young children and their households, was followed for 48 months. Socio-demographics, health histories, feeding and child-rearing behaviors were assessed. At enrollment, 75 HHV-8 positive children were analyzed for existing risk factors contributing to HHV-8 seropositivity. Analysis for independent variables found that for each additional HHV-8 positive household member, there was 2.5 greater odds for the child to be HHV-8 positive (P |
The American Academy of Pediatrics (1999) found both potential benefits and risks in infant circumcision, however, there was insufficient data to recommend routine neonatal circumcision. In situations involving potential benefits and risks, and no immediate urgency, they state that "parents should determine what is in the best interest of the child". They continue, "To make an informed choice, parents of all male infants should be given accurate and unbiased information and be provided the opportunity to discuss this decision." They said, "In the pluralistic society of the United States in which parents are afforded wide authority for determining what constitutes appropriate child-rearing and child welfare, it is legitimate for the parents to take into account cultural, religious, and ethnic traditions, in addition to medical factors, when making this choice." If a decision to circumcise is made, the AAP recommend using analgesia to reduce pain, and also said that circumcision on newborns should ...
I think we all begin our motherhood journey with an idea of what will define our parenting. At least I did. Either that, or something snatches your attention and your heart along the way and you think to yourself, "yes! I like that!" This absolutely happened for me, and it happened though a beautiful book called Simplicity Parenting by Kim John Payne. When I became a mother I knew that I wanted the kind of childhood for my babies that I had. Lots of outdoor time, family trips to the beach and to Eastern Oregon, siblings to play with, and slow easy summers. And Disneyland! Let us never forget Disneyland. But somewhere along the way I started to read about an old, intentional, slow kind of child-rearing. About not beginning formal education until a child is seven, starting every day with at least an hour of outdoor play time, singing and crafting your way through the day, and fairy tale magic. I got turned on to Waldorf education. And immediately I was mesmerized by the images of these woolen ...
Real citation: "Heres the story of my life: pre-kid, I had no opinion on pacifiers, pro or con. (I think I was too busy having other child-rearing opinions that would turn out to have little in common with my own parenting reality.) Then when my daughter was born and turned out to prefer screaming to sleeping and I was going a little crazy, I decided three days old was just the right time to develop a first addiction, and I did not care if she ended up in braces for life or took it to college with her. I popped a pacifier in her mouth, she sucked for 10 seconds, and then looked really annoyed and spit it out. I tried again. This time she spit it about a foot and gave me a rageful look that said, Do you think Im an idiot? Nothings coming out of that! I only tried maybe 30 more times after that, and never had even a little bit of success. Thats what I get for being pro-binky-nuk-sucky-lovey-ya-ya I guess ...
These findings have striking implications for how we think about morality. Economists tend to pride themselves on being hardheaded realists: morality might be a nice set of ideas about how people ought to behave, this way of thinking goes, but economics is the analysis of how they really behave, motivated not by stirring ethical values but by the desire for personal gain. Perhaps ironically, religions tend to share a similar view: that moral conduct doesnt come naturally but instead needs to be imposed through fear or the promise of reward. Zak himself was raised in a staunch Catholic household: his mother, he likes to say, took him out of Catholic school because it wasnt strict enough and based her child-rearing on the assumption that unselfish, moral behaviour was impossible without the ever-present threat of punishment, the more terrifying the better. Yet the fact that natural selection has given us oxytocin - a mechanism that allows us to be instinctively trusting and kind - suggests ...
As I become more experienced and knowledgeable in the areas of gardening and raising children, I have observed that they have something in common - there is a lot of folklore and half-truths about each that has been passed down from one generation to the next. For both, the folklore may come in the form of problem diagnosis, treatment, or simple tips on growing (or child-rearing) techniques.Some of the gardening folklore actually has some factual or logical basis. One example has to do with members of the cucurbit family - squash, melons, pumpkins, and cucumbers.
A memoir of friendship and literature chronicling a search for meaning and comfort in great books, and a beautiful path out of grief. Anne Gisleson had lost her twin sisters, had been forced to flee her home during Hurricane Katrina, and had witnessed cancer take her beloved father. Before she met her husband, Brad, he had suffered his own trauma, losing his partner and the mother of his son to cancer in her young thirties. "How do we keep moving forward," Anne asks, "amid all this loss and threat?" The answer: "We do it together." Anne and Brad, in the midst of forging their happiness, found that their friends had been suffering their own losses and crises as well: loved ones gone, rocky marriages, tricky child-rearing, jobs lost or gained, financial insecurities or unexpected windfalls. Together these resilient New Orleanians formed what they called the Existential Crisis Reading Group, which they jokingly dubbed "The Futilitarians." From Epicurus to Tolstoy, from Cheever to Amis to Lispector, ...
Its pretty clear, without even saying it, that a midwife musthave worked through a great deal of her own issues... fear, abuse history, pregnancy, family dynamics, child-rearing and more. Its crucial not to bring ones own issues into the prenatal, laboring, birthing and postpartum periods. We talk about that with new doulas, to see each birth as an individual experience, not thinking, "Oh! My last lady had pitocin and a cesarean, so this woman will, too." But allowing the birth the unfold in its own way. Sure, there are themes and generalizations, but when WITH a woman, BE with her, see her as herself and see her birth as her own. With midwifery, this admonition is even more important because there can be a tendency to think her clients births will be/should be just like her own midwifery birth. Midwives, too, must allow the woman to have her own walk, even if that walk includes a cesarean. We have to BE with her, not drag her along, but to stand by her side (or even a tiny step behind) as ...
Its pretty clear, without even saying it, that a midwife musthave worked through a great deal of her own issues... fear, abuse history, pregnancy, family dynamics, child-rearing and more. Its crucial not to bring ones own issues into the prenatal, laboring, birthing and postpartum periods. We talk about that with new doulas, to see each birth as an individual experience, not thinking, "Oh! My last lady had pitocin and a cesarean, so this woman will, too." But allowing the birth the unfold in its own way. Sure, there are themes and generalizations, but when WITH a woman, BE with her, see her as herself and see her birth as her own. With midwifery, this admonition is even more important because there can be a tendency to think her clients births will be/should be just like her own midwifery birth. Midwives, too, must allow the woman to have her own walk, even if that walk includes a cesarean. We have to BE with her, not drag her along, but to stand by her side (or even a tiny step behind) as ...
How do I produce dopamine upon detecting your pheromones? Let me count the ways …" p. 37. "I shall not compare thee to a summers day, given the imprecision of nonliteral, subjective representations of the natural world …" p. 47. "Let me not to the marriage of true minds admit that the dramatic increase in the Western males lifespan from 1950 to the present has rendered superfluous the average 25.7 years of marital cohabitation that must be negotiated post-child-rearing, child-rearing being the primary evolutionary impetus behind the persistence of monogamous tendencies in frontal-lobe circuitry …" pp. 56-78. "Love is patient. Love stimulates mammalian brain attributes associated with care-giving and species survival …" p. 80. "My mistress eyes exist in a symbiotic relationship with the sun, the former filtering solar emissions for the purpose of fixing circadian rhythms whilst transmitting data to the optic nerve …" p. 86. "O rose, thou art bearing a recessive genetic defect that ...
The Exchange Club Parenting Skills Center breaks the cycle of child abuse with home based remedial & preventative intervention for abused and neglected children and their families.
... involve characters who like to spank or be spanked. They could be over the knee (otk) spanking stories, or people being spanked with a cane, paddle, flat of the hand, tied up against an X-shaped bondage device, or any other imaginative form of subtle
Please do not use this thread to post your opposition to spanking. Thank you. For those who agree with spanking that is controlled, done in love,...
Healthy Steps for Young Children: Sustained Results at 5.5 Years (2007). Pediatrics, 150(4), 658-668.. Fifteen of the original 24 sites were included in an independent national program evaluation. The national evaluation was charged with assessing the process, outcomes, costs, and sustainability of the program. The sample included 5,565 children and their parents (intervention and control) enrolled at birth and being followed through 5 1/2 years of age. At six sites, newborns were assigned randomly to the intervention or control group; at nine sites, a quasi-experimental design was used and a comparison location for the Healthy Steps practice was selected.. The practices and families included in the evaluation shared some important characteristics with all practices and families throughout the United States. Participating sites represented a range of organizational practice settings. Among them were community-based group practices, pediatric clinics located within academic medical centers, and ...
Thirty-three families allowed themselves to be recorded for up to six nights. Parents who said they supported corporal punishment did it often and with little provocation. Christie Nicholson reports