The genus Chenopodium contains several plants of minor to moderate importance as food crops as leaf vegetables - used like the closely related spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and similar plants called quelite in Mexico - and pseudocereals. These include white goosefoot (C. album), kañiwa (C. pallidicaule) and quinoa (C. quinoa). On the Greek island of Crete, tender shoots and leaves of a species called krouvida (κρουβίδα) or psarovlito (ψαρόβλητο) are eaten by the locals, boiled or steamed. As studied by Kristen Gremillion and others, goosefoots have a history of culinary use dating back to 4000 BC or earlier, when pitseed goosefoot (C. berlandieri) was a staple crop in the Native American eastern agricultural complex, and white goosefoot was apparently used by the Ertebølle culture of Europe. Members of the eastern Yamnaya culture also harvested white goosefoot as an apparent cereal substitute to round out an otherwise mostly meat and dairy diet c. 3500-2500 BCE. There is ...
Chenopodium murale is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in flower from July to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought.
Chenopodium acuminatum is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in flower from Jul to October, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.
Quinoa Quinoa is an ancient food that is not yet well known in North America. It has been cultivated in South American since at least 3,000 B.C. It is a genus Chenopodium, belongs to familyAmaranthaceae, a grain-like crop grown primarily for its edible seeds. Nutritional supplements 1. Carbohydrates 2. Starch 3. Dietary fiber 4. Fat …. ...
This prospective, multicenter, multivendor study showed that 64-slice CTCA in intermediate- to high-risk symptomatic patients accurately detects significant CAD and is reliable for ruling out significant CAD. The sensitivity to detect CAD was 99%, and the negative predictive value was 97%. Because of overestimation of the severity of a stenosis, the specificity was moderate (64%) with a positive predictive value of 86%. All patients with 3-vessel disease or left main CAD were detected. The study was performed in 3 independent centers, with different types of 64-slice CT scanners and using different dedicated scan protocols.. The high sensitivity of CTCA for CAD shown in our study is in keeping with the sensitivity of 64-slice CTCA studies performed in single-center studies. The specificity of 64% is, however, lower than results published previously, which ranged from 79% to 100% (4,5,7-15). The main reason for the lower specificity was the rather high rate of false-positive outcomes, which was ...
R. Tewari (2003) radiocarbon dated iron artefacts in Uttar Pradesh, including furnaces, tuyeres and slag between c. 1800 and 1000 BCE. Iron using and iron working was prevalent in the Central Ganga Plain and the Eastern Vindhyas from the early second millennium BCE.[3] The beginning of the use of iron has been traditionally associated with the eastward migration of the later Vedic people, who are also considered as an agency which revolutionised material culture particularly in eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Scholar Rakesh Tewari states that new finds and their dates suggest the need for a fresh review. According to him, the evidence corroborates the early use of iron in other areas of the country, and attests that India was indeed an independent centre for the development of the working of iron.[4][5]. ...
IOM is an independent centre of scientific excellence in occupational health safety and asbestos management, surveys, bulk sample analysis and soil analysis.
The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus ...
This tag should be used on existing categories that are likely to be used by others, even though the "real" category is elsewhere. Redirected categories should be empty and not categorised themselves. It should not be used on categories that are misspellings and thus unlikely to be used by other people. Such categories should be tagged as ...
Comments: Native to Mexico and Central America, but widely introduced in North America, where it is often a weed. Known as Epazote in Mexico, it is used as an herb, particularly to flavor bean dishes, and sometimes eaten as a leaf vegetable, though in limited quantities due to its pungent flavor. The same pungent characteristics have also led to its use in traditional medicine. The essential oil of the plant contains a botanically unusual peroxide (ascaridole) and seems to be clinically active as an intestinal antihelminthic. The compound is also somewhat toxic to people, so a degree of caution is warranted ...
This proposed research project will elucidate the specific triggers of ascaridole (Asc) activation in these cells and the preferred targets that cause cytotoxicity in Leishmania and might contribute to selectivity. Specifically, the role of heme iron and the low molecular labile iron pool in Asc activation will be studied with electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. Mechanism studies will be supported by the synthesis of Asc-related endoperoxides and the use of non-endoperoxide Asc analogues to enable structure activity relationship studies. The role of selective toxicity will be addressed by comparison studies with monocyte/macrophage cell lines as well as with mammalian detoxification enzymes. Findings of the mechanism studies relevant for treatment will be verified in a mouse model of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Based on the details of the mechanism of action of Asc, the synergistic/antagonistic role of chemotherapeutic metal-chelating ligands in their action against Leishmania will be ...
The salt basins of the Atacama Desert in the high Andes are formidable places to call home. Located in a desert atop a high-altitude plateau in the middle of a lofty white-capped Andean cordillera of volcanoes and mountains, these austere basins are among the most extreme habitats on Earth. Once covered by water, the salt basins, or salt flats, are now arid landscapes of salt-covered soil. The blindingly white patina of this world may be inviting to the photographers lens, but not to most living organisms. Those who have come to live in such an unwelcoming habitat have been compelled to evolve a set of fascinating, specialized adaptations.. One organism equipped to survive in a place of such extreme temperatures, dry climate and high salinity is a plant called the saltbush. Saltbush belongs to a salt-tolerant family of plants called the halophytic chenopods. The salt concentrations in the stems and leaves of chenopods are many times what they are in seawater. Theses salts keep precious fluids ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Chenopodium desiccatum A. Nelson Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
arachnitis polyglottal chenopod Graptolitoidea gauger lebbek overmasterful phytolithological garefowl aminoacetic vividity Hlidhskjalf smothering overearnestness ordinaryship interpulmonary stauracin unfreeman polyprene [email protected] ...
article{981686, abstract = {Chenopodium album is a predominantly self-fertilising weed species common in temperate regions of the world that has developed resistance to photosystem II inhibitors. The genetic variation and population structure of eight populations from North West Europe were investigated using 416 amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. The populations were checked for their level of herbicide resistance by pot experiments and the investigated plants were genotyped for the Ser(264) to Gly mutation by cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence. Five populations were sampled in sugar beet, one population from a maize monoculture served as a triazine-resistant reference and the two other populations were susceptible reference populations. Neis gene diversity within populations for the whole dataset was low (0.073), whereas, the differentiation among populations was significant ((ST) = 0.26, amova, P {\textlangle} 0.001). There was no correlation between geographical and ...
According to Davis, the plant genus Chenopodium includes the cultivated species, quinoa, and at least one problematic weed, lambsquarters, along with several other wild species in Northern New England and about 150 wild species worldwide. So far, researchers have documented the existence of four wild/weedy Chenopodium species in Northern New England, including the familiar lambsquarters as well as three others.. One of these, Chenopodium berlandieri, currently appears to be the most suitable breeding partner for quinoa. They also have confirmed that several existing, commercial quinoa varieties are challenging to grow successfully as a crop in Durham, and that the fungal disease downy mildew is one of the quinoa production challenges to be overcome by breeding.. "Existing quinoa varieties are adapted to regions with less humid fall seasons, and do not mature well here. However, some of quinoas weedy relatives are very successful and well-adapted as weeds in Northern New England," Davis ...
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is a seed crop of the Andean highlands and Araucanian coastal regions of South America that has recently expanded in use and production beyond its native range. This is largely due its superb nutritional value, consisting of protein that is rich in essential amino acids along with vitamins and minerals. Quinoa also presents a remarkable degree of tolerance to saline conditions, drought, and frost. The present study involved 72 F2:6 recombinant inbred lines (RIL) and parents developed through hybridization between highland (0654) and coastal (NL-6) germplasm groups. The purpose was to characterize the quinoa germplasm developed, to assess the discriminating potential of 21 agro-morpho phenological traits, and to evaluate the extent of genetic variability recovered through selfing. A vast amount of genetic variation was detected among the 72 lines evaluated for quantitative and qualitative traits. Impressive transgressive segregation was measured for seed yield (22.42 g/plant)
Definition of oil of chenopodium. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Fuentes-Bazan, S., Uotila, P. & Borsch, T. 2012. A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). Willdenowia 42(1): 5-24. doi: 10.3372/wi42.42101 Full text PDF reference page p. 16 ...
Considered a leafy vegetable, its actually a weed that grows in waste places and with other cultivated crops. It is found throughout the tropical regions.
Ancient lakes, which are defined as those in continuous existence for millions of years, have been recognized as "long-term isolated islands" in terrestrial ecosystems, and exhibit high degrees of biodiversity and endemism (Martens 1997). Numerous evolutionary studies on island systems have been performed due to the abundant intra- and/or interspecific diversity in these small land masses and have provided novel examples of evolutionary patterns (Losos and Ricklefs 2009). As these long-lived lakes are home to landlocked species, the origins and phylogenetic relationships of these endemic species in ancient lakes constitute a biogeographical enigma (e.g., Baikal and Caspian seals, McLaren 1960). On close scrutiny, however, most ancient lakes reveal both steady limnological aging processes and complex histories owing to drastic geological and climatic changes. During the isolation of the predecessors of the present-day lakes, environmental fluctuations (including abiotic and biotic factors) ...
This product was designed to expose your students to real world text. Many comprehension skills are embedded into these different texts and provide your students the opportunity to read, refer, and respond to a variety of questions. This download includes: 3 Internet Search Screens Questions and Answer Key Provided Sales Flyer Questions and Answer Key Provided 2 Recipes Questions and Answer Key Provided This product would be great to use in a variety of ways: *Independent Center *Daily ...
Mural in Caracol IV (Morelia), Whirlwind of Our Words @ SIPAZ The Good-Government Council (JBG) from Caracol IV (Morelia), Whirlwind of Our Words, has denounced that on 30 January, some 300 members of the Democratic Independent Center of Agricultural and Campesino Workers (CIOAC) traveled on 18 trucks and severely assaulted Zapatista support bases in the 10…
After 15 years weve reached a pivot point. Our mandate holds true and we want to continue to serve communities and cities with the latest in community change thinking in order to build Vibrant Communities. To achieve this, we want to be more focused in how we foster this change and have restructured the organization into two connected yet independent centres lead by Co-CEOs:. ...
Journal of Chemistry is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles on all aspects of fundamental and applied chemistry.
Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa or kee-noo-ah) is not a true cereal grain, but rather the botanical fruit of an herb plant. It is however treated as a grain in cooking. The grains are small yellow flattened spheres, approximately 1.5 to 2 mm in diameter. When cooked, the germ coils into a small tail that lends a pleasant crunch. The leaves of the plant can also be eaten raw in salads or cooked like spinach.. One of the worlds most perfect foods, it has been consumed for thousands of years in South America. Its small nutritious seeds resemble millet and is very versatile to a variety of cooking styles, inviting seasonings from mild to wild. Quinoa seeds are naturally coated with a bitter-tasting saponin that protects it from birds and insects, this is removed during processing.. Quinoa flour, ground from whole seeds, has a delicate nutty flavour. A gluten-free product, it is suitable for anyone afflicted by wheat allergies. Quinoa can be eaten as hot breakfast cereal; an infant cereal; a rice ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superasterids • Ordo: Caryophyllales • Familia: Amaranthaceae • Subfamilia: Chenopodioideae • Genus: Chenopodiastrum • Species: Chenopodiastrum murale (L.) S. Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch, 2012 ...
I was unable to find a count for Chenopodium quinoa (a much counted species) MBG VAST file, which suggests that IPCN incorporation is incomplete. Since the user interface forces a species-by-species check (no tabular output) its difficult to determine how many counts are available in this dataset (maybe someone from MBG can comment). A check of the Kew DNA database at: http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/cval/database1.html produces two counts for Chenopodium (the literature carries counts for at least 30 species of the genus) Anybody know of any other sources of plant chromosome count info on line? This demonstrates the tendency to put data of local disciplinary interest (type specimens) on line while ignoring systematic data that might have a broader application. , Date: Mon, 22 Feb 1999 16:40:58 +1200 , Reply-to: Murray Dawson ,DawsonM at LANDCARE.CRI.NZ, , From: Murray Dawson ,DawsonM at LANDCARE.CRI.NZ, , Subject: Chromosome numbers in plants -Reply , To: Multiple recipients of list TAXACOM , ...
... , showing dark spores and close attachment, following 10 days at 27 C.. Photo courtesy of T.A. Zitter, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY << Previous Photo , Next Photo>> ...
Chenopodium, from the Greek chen goose and pous foot referring to the shape of the leaf, which is said to resemble a goosefoot. Herbs or shrubs usually xerophytic with alternate, simple leaves that maybe much reduced. Flowers small, often with reduced perianth which maybe variously united. Ovary unilocular with 2-3 stigmas; fruit a nut, capsule or berry often with the persistent floral parts forming spines or wings.. ...
A third group of kittypets trailed after Scorch, and much to their chagrin and confusion he led them back to the burnt out shell of the old Twoleg place. Scorch declared it the perfect place to begin again, and so they settled there without too many complaints. Life was tough, but the cats soon discovered that they could find food in the most unlikely of places, and there was a well in the center of the burnt buildings that still held water. Scorch soon found that it was difficult making all of the decisions himself and so he appointed one of the cats he trusted the most to be his deputy, and declared that this cat would take over after his death. And so ScorchClan was formed, following the ideals of many Clans before them ...
Long-term trends in weather severity indices for dabbling ducks in eastern North America, Schummer, Michael L., Coluccy John, Mitchell Michael, and Van Den Elsen Lena , Wildlife Society Bulletin, Jan-12-2017, Volume 41, Issue 4, p.615 - 623, (2017) ...
People in eastern North America shivered through February 2015, while those in the western part of the continent experienced unusually warm weather.
Rich SM, Caporale DA, Telford SR, Kocher TD, Hartl DL, Spielman A. 1995. Distribution of the Ixodes ricinus-like ticks of eastern North America.. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 92(14):6284-8. ...
Small whorled pogonia (Isotria medeoloides) is a small orchid which inhabits portions of eastern North America, and has been found in only one location in Canada. It was designated as endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife In Canada (COSEWIC) in 2000. Little is understood about the specific biological requirements of this species which grows in the damp mixed woods of Calton Swamp.
Small whorled pogonia (Isotria medeoloides) is a small orchid which inhabits portions of eastern North America, and has been found in only one location in Canada. It was designated as endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife In Canada (COSEWIC) in 2000. Little is understood about the specific biological requirements of this species which grows in the damp mixed woods of Calton Swamp.
A blistering, potentially historic and record-breaking heat wave is beginning today in the West, and is forecast to last at least through the weekend.
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Pre-wet form which is non-dusty, free flowing and protected from the deleterious affects of humidity; use for rapid dispersion in halogenated polymers as an acid acceptor, scorch protector and curative. ...
Article in Planta Daninha 34:e017164713 · June 2017 DOI: 10.1590/s0100-83582017350100046 · License: CC BY 4.0 1st Amna Ali 2nd Dr. Arshad Javaid 34.65 · University of the Punjab 3rd Amna Shoaib 25.65 · University of the Punjab Abstract Sclerotium rolfsii is a soil-borne fungal plant pathogen that causes diseases in more than 500 plant species. Chemical fungicides used to control this disease cause environmental pollution, therefore, plant derived compounds can be used as alternative to synthetic fungicides to reduce environmental pollution. Chenopodium album L. is a weed of family Chenopodiaceae that is used as food and also has medicinal importance. In the present study, antifungal activity of methanolic root extract of C. album was evaluated against S. rolfsii using six concentrations viz. 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0 g 100 mL-1 amended in malt extract as growth medium. All the root extract concentrations significantly reduced fungal biomass by 15- 58% over control. Gas ...
Chenopodium albumL. is a major weed in spring-planted crops in the temperate regions of the world. Since 2000, farmers have reported an unsatisfactory control of this weed in sugar beet fields in Belgium, France and The Netherlands. Frequently, the survivingC. albumplants are resistant to metamitron, a key herbicide in this crop. Metamitron resistance inC. albumis caused by a Ser264 to Gly mutation in the psbA gene on the chloroplast genome, which prevents binding of metamitron to its target site. This mutation causes also resistance to other herbicides with a similar mode of action, like metribuzin -applied in potato- and atrazine in particular. Atrazine has been applied very frequently in maize in the 1970s and the 1980s, but is now banned in Europe due to environmental reasons. The persistent use of atrazine in maize confronted Belgian and other European farmers in the early 1980s with atrazine resistantC. albumwith the same Ser264 to Gly mutation. The problems with atrazine resistantC. ...
Chemical Characterization and Application of the Essential Oils from Chenopodium ambrosioides and Philodendron bipinnatifidum in the Control of Diabrotica speciosa Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Regional phylogeographical studies involving co-distributed animal and plant species have been conducted for several areas, most notably for Europe and the Pacific Northwest of North America. Until recently, phylogeographical studies in unglaciated eastern North America have been largely limited to animals. As more studies emerge for diverse lineages (including plants), it seems timely to assess the phylogeography across this region: (i) comparing and contrasting the patterns seen in plants and animals; (ii) assessing the extent of pseudocongruence; and (iii) discussing the potential applications of regional phylogeography to issues in ecology, such as response to climatic change. Unglaciated eastern North America is a large, geologically and topographically complex area with the species examined having diverse distributions. Nonetheless, some recurrent patterns emerge: (i) maritime - Atlantic vs. Gulf Coast; (ii) Apalachicola River discontinuity; (iii) Tombigbee River discontinuity; (iv) the ...
Methanol, Administration, Alanine, Aspartate, Chenopodium, Chenopodium Ambrosioides, Conyza, Enzymes, Granulomas, Infection, Liver, Mice, Mouse, Ova, Phosphatases, Plant, Plants, Schistosoma, Schistosoma Mansoni, Serum
Symptoms on plants infected with cucumoviruses can vary. Generally, plants appear lighter in color and are bushy and stunted. Close up symptoms include a mosaic (alternating light and dark green areas) on at least some leaves, especially on the younger leaves. Leaves may exhibit a shoestringlike appearance. Fruit production is greatly reduced. These symptoms can be confused with those caused by tobacco mosaic virus. ...
A. Iodine is so important that worldwide national governments mandates have created laws to make sure it is in the food supply of humans. No nutrient is more important to a species with a Ferrari engine in its cranium like we do. The fastest way to suboptimal performance for a human infant is to deplete its iodine source. That disease is cretinism. Iodine is abundant in shellfish, fish, and coastal plants, algae, and seaweed. A good Iodine source is also found in eggs, while meat and nuts are a moderately good source.. Iodine best food source by seafood by a longshot. Iodine is the power of thyroid hormones, T4 and T3. T3 is critical for brain development but it is critical also for alterations made in embryogenesis to the limb buds as well. This is another area where humans are distinct from primates. Hind limbs were already present and just had to lengthen under the influence of massive dietary sources of T3 from shellfish, while the differences in the brain required massive amounts of iodine ...
Wetlands constitute one of the most important ecosystems on Earth yet two thirds of Europes wetlands have been lost in the past 100 years. Europes wetlands are still under threat from land use change and pollution and are among the most endangered ecosystems. Urbanisation in Mediterranean coastal wetlands has resulted in the destruction or fragmentation of valuable habitats and in particular coastal lagoons are among the most threatened. Careful planning and management of tourism and regional development can contribute to the safeguard of wetlands and also benefit the local community and economy. Oropos lagoon located in NE Attica, Greece, constitutes one of the few remaining wetlands within Attica. Within the last 30 years the original size of the lagoon decreased to nearly half due to urbanization and vehicular trafficking. Currently the lagoon occupies an almost flat coastal area of approximately 65 ha that hosts important bird species and coastal plant communities and continues to be under ...
摘要 2003年於彰化蘭花栽培園區中於蝴蝶蘭上從葉部出現黃化斑點(chlorotic spot) 之病徵的植株發以及在葉片上產生黃化輪紋 (chlorotic ring) 病徵的植株分別發現新的病毒,分別屬於 Potyvirus 屬的蝴蝶蘭黃化斑點病毒 (Phalaenopsis chlorotic spot virus, PhCSV) 以及屬於 Carmovirus 屬的康乃馨斑駁病蝴蝶蘭分離株 (Carnation mottle virus, CarMV)。雖然近幾年對於蘭花病毒的相關研究不少,但真正進行田間檢測的病毒卻相當的少,主要是因為缺乏具專一性及靈敏度檢測的工具來進行病毒的檢測。因此,為了落實無病毒苗的觀念,因此製備對此兩種病毒具專一性的血清,希望本實驗所生產的血清能夠在業者及檢測單位進行病毒的檢測時貢獻一份力量。利用PhCSV ...