States Parties are required not to develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile or retain chemical weapons (CW), or transfer, directly or indirectly, chemical weapons to anyone; not to use chemical weapons; not to engage in military preparations for use of chemical weapons; not to assist, encourage, or induce anyone to engage in any activity prohibited to a State Party under the convention.. Each State Party is required to destroy all chemical weapons and chemical weapons production facilities it owns or possesses or that are located in any place under its jurisdiction or control, as well as any chemical weapons it abandoned on the territory of another State Party no later than 10 years after entry into force of the Convention or as soon as possible in the case of States ratifying or acceding more than 10 years after entry into force. Each State Party also undertakes not to use riot control agents as a method of warfare (Article I). The Convention defines a chemical weapon as the following, ...
VI. How are chemical weapons destroyed?. I. What are chemical weapons?. A chemical weapon is any toxic chemical that can cause death, injury, incapacitation, and sensory irritation, deployed via a delivery system, such as an artillery shell, rocket, or ballistic missile. Chemical weapons are considered weapons of mass destruction and their use in armed conflict is a violation of international law.. Primary forms of chemical weapons include nerve agents, blister agents, choking agents, and blood agents. These agents are categorized based on how they affect the human body.. Nerve agents. Generally considered the most deadly of the different categories of chemical weapons, nerve agents - in liquid or gas form - can be inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Nerve agents inhibit the bodys respiratory and cardiovascular capability by causing severe damage to the central nervous system, and can result in death. The most common nerve agents include Sarin, Soman, and VX.. Blister agents. Blister agents ...
As of mid-2017 there were two sites in America still storing chemical weapons. The Pueblo Chemical Depot was expected to complete the destruction by 2019, while the Blue Grass Army Depot was scheduled to start its stockpile s destruction in 2020. The United States began its own destruction process unilaterally in 1990, seven years before the CWC s entry into force, and announced late in 2011 that it had completed 90% destruction of its original 31,500 US tons (28,577 MTs) of stockpiled chemical weapons at seven of its nine declared stockpile sites. The US missed the Chemical Weapons Convention s 29 April 2012 deadline, and at that time it appeared the US would need another decade or more to complete the task.. Further to a decision by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Conference at its Sixteenth Session (C-16/DEC.11), a national paper by the United States of America on the progress made on the completion of the destruction of its chemical weapons, including ...
Synonyms for Chemical weapons in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Chemical weapons. 1 synonym for chemical warfare: chemical operations. What are synonyms for Chemical weapons?
On April 29, 2007, the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)[1] marks the tenth anniversary of its entry into force. Along with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), the CWC forms an important part of the international law supporting disarmament and non-proliferation concerning weapons of mass destruction. The CWC "is the only international treaty that requires complete and verifiable elimination of an entire category of weapons of mass destruction."[2] This Insight looks at the CWC as its tenth anniversary approaches and identifies challenges the CWC faces in its second decade.. Basic Information on the CWC. Negotiations on the CWC finished in September 1992, and the United Nations (UN) General Assembly opened the treaty for signature in January 1993. The CWC entered into force on April 29, 1997. The CWC States Parties seek, "for the sake of all mankind, to exclude completely the possibility of the use of chemical weapons" ...
The problem is, I dont like it, first of all Im rather dovish, I dont like what Im going to say but its true. If you basically put down a red line and say dont use chemical weapons, and its been enforced in the Western community, around the world - international community for decades - dont use chemical weapons. We didnt use them in World War II, Hitler didnt use them, we dont use chemical weapons, thats no deal. Although we do know that Assads father did. And then he goes ahead and does it. It makes you wonder what the mullahs will do if they have a couple of nuclear weapons, just a couple. Are they capable of not using them? And that, of course, you know, I think that everybody talking this morning is projecting toward that, which is if you cant use deterrents the normal way - mutually assured destruction - you cant say, if you do this, were blowing you up. If that doesnt work, what does work? And thats the problem. ...
Despite article 171 of the Versailles Peace Treaty and a resolution adopted against Japan by the League of nations on May 14, 1938, the Imperial Japanese Army frequently used chemical weapons. By fear of retaliation however, those weapons were never used against Occidentals but against other Orientals judged "inferior" by the imperial propaganda. According to historians Yoshiaki Yoshimi and Seiya Matsuno, the chemical weapons were authorized by specific orders given by Emperor Showa himself, transmitted by the chief of staff of the army. For example, the Emperor authorized the use of toxic gas on 375 separate occasions during the battle of Wuhan from August to October 1938. They were also heavily used during the invasion of Changde.. The Imperial Japanese Army used mustard gas and the blister agent Lewisite against Chinese troops and guerrillas during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945). During these attacks, the Japanese also employed biological warfare by intentionally spreading cholera, ...
What is chemical weapon? A device that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on human beings Can be widely dispersed in gas, liquid and solid forms About 70 different chemicals have been used or stockpiled as chemical weapon agents during the 20th century
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Public Release: 7-Jun-2017 American Chemical Society IMAGE: A new fabric coating could neutralize chemical weapons and help save countless lives. Credit: Credit: American Chemical Society Click here to download the image. Chemical weapons are nightmarish. In a millisecond, they can kill hundreds, if not thousands. But, in a study published in the ACS…
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FBI Chemical Weapons Awareness Campaign - Pool, spa and hot tub professionals work with chemicals on a regular basis. Some of these chemicals may be of interest to people intent on creating destructive weapons.
Animals have an easy life. They can run, hide, or bite back when predators are on the prowl. Plants cannot. Instead they have evolved to deploy a range of defence mechanisms including chemical warfare and insect armies.
A U.S. State Department cable indicated the Syrian military likely used chemical weapons last month in a deadly attack in Homs, The Cable magazine reported.
Broadcast: August 15, 2003 This is the VOA Special English Environment Report. In the United States, the Army has started to destroy old chemical weapons at a base in the southern state of Alab...
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Obama administration has concluded that Syrian President Bashar Assads regime has used chemical weapons against the opposition seeking to overthrow him, U.S. officials said Thursday, crossing what President Barack Obama has called a red line that would trigger greater
The Conference on Disarmament (CD) was created in 1979 as the worlds sole multilateral disarmament treaty negotiating body. The permanent agenda addresses ten issues, including nuclear weapons in all aspects, chemical weapons (removed after the CD completed the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1992), other weapons of mass destruction and conventional weapons. The CD has made an important contribution to international peace and security through development of the Biological and Chemical Weapons Conventions, the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).. The CD has failed however, to agree on a program of work for the last 17 years, leaving no negotiations finalised since 1992. Australia has been looking for ways to break the impasse in the CD through our participation in the open-ended working group on taking forward multilateral disarmament negotiations.. ...
Now available online:. Friedrich, Bretislav [Ed.]. Hoffmann, Dieter [Ed.]. Renn, Juergen [Ed.]. Schmaltz, Florian [Ed.]. Wolf, Martin [Ed.]: One hundred years of chemical warfare : research, deployment, consequences. Springer : Cham, 2017. ISBN: 978-3-319-51664-6 [Open Access]. This book has emerged from a conference commemorating the centenary of the events at Ypres (the first use of chemical weapons as weapons of mass destruction), held at the Fritz Haber Institute in 2015.. ...
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Since 1979 Iranians have experienced a variety of events that reasonably will have lasting effects on their mental health. In 1979 the Islamic Revolution took place and in 1980 eight years of Iraq-Iran war started. In recent years there has developed conflicts between Iran and the International society because of the Iranian activities in developing nuclear energy. To these can be added the social and religious limitations on the behavior of people. These limitations are experienced especially strong in the life of adolescents and young people. This thesis covers four different aspects of the mental health of Iranians. General health questionnaire (GHQ-12) was utilized to investigate the mental health of 4599 Iranian 3rd grade high school students (aged 17-18 years). The GHQ cut off was taken 7 or more. A considerable proportion of the students were at risk of suffering from mental health problems (29.5 %), girls more than boys. Periodic mental health surveys in high schools are proposed to ...
Bio-terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, chemical warfare, bacteriological weapons, atomic bombs, are just some of the most common phrases used to describe journalistically and in films the risk of using biological, chemical, radiological and nuclear substances in a conventional context and not . To respond to this possible insult little known by the citizens, Italy boasts a highly respected organization that also plays its part in the international operating scenarios.
With the rapid spread of the Coronavirus, its important for medical facilities to prepare every way they can for future patients. Learn more now.
For a few thousand dollars, Chinese companies offer to export a powerful chemical that has been killing unsuspecting drug users and is so lethal that it presents a potential terrorism threat, an Associated Press investigation has found. The AP identified 12 Chinese businesses that said they would export the chemical - a synthetic opioid known as carfentanil - to the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Belgium and Australia for as little as $2,750 a kilogram (2.2 pounds), no questions asked. Carfentanil burst into view this summer, the latest scourge in an epidemic of opioid abuse that has killed tens of thousands of people in the United States alone. Dealers have been cutting carfentanil and its weaker cousin, fentanyl, into heroin and other illicit drugs to boost profit margins. Despite the dangers, carfentanil is not a controlled substance in China, where it is manufactured legally and sold openly online. The U.S. government is pressing China to blacklist carfentanil, ...
If a nerve agent like Novichok was used here, there are antitodes on hand to save a few of victims. A larger attack would test Canadas readiness.
i) The main production train, including any reactor or equipment for product synthesis, separation or purification, any equipment used directly for heat transfer in the final technological stage, such as in reactors or in product separation, as well as any other equipment which has been in contact with any chemical specified in Article II, paragraph 8 (a) (i), or would be in contact with such a chemical if the facility were operated; (ii) Any chemical weapon filling machines; (iii) Any other equipment specially designed, built or installed for the operation of the facility as a chemical weapons production facility, as distinct from a facility constructed according to prevailing commercial industry standards for facilities not producing any chemical specified in Article II, paragraph 8 (a) (i), or corrosive chemicals, such as: equipment made of high nickel alloys or other special corrosion resistant material; special equipment for waste control, waste treatment, air filtering, or solvent ...
The OPCW Laboratory (LAB) is the OPCWs centre of chemical analysis. Its work is key to ensuring correct implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). It works to ensure excellent technical and scientific support to the inspectorate, calibrating and testing analytical equipment and ensuring that inspections are carried out in accordance with the convention. It maintains the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Central Analytical Database (OCAD). Core functions of LAB:. ...
NOTE: The current information system only became operational in September 2008; all archive material from January 1995 to August 2008 can only be accessed through the Search function ...
There are a few drawbacks to online home evaluations like Zillow's Zestimate. Like, for instance, they can't tell you whether a bomb is buried in a backyard. Sure, it's unlikely an
Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/breaking-news/obama-welcomes-russias-proposal-on-syria/2013/09/10/. Scan this QR code to visit this page online ...
What D Bunker is NOT: D Bunker is Not African American. D Bunker is Not Hispanic American. D Bunker is Not a Jewish American. D Bunker is Not a Gay American. D Bunker is an American, Period. And this POd American has had 10 times more than twice too much of enough of Anyone claiming special rights for themselves over Anyone else. Far too many good men and women of all races, creeds and colors have given Everything and more to establish that None of Us are better than the Next of Us, AS LAW, to allow Any Ideology, especially one which is Wholly Smoke and Mirrors, to rule and ruin the lives of Any of us ...
Preventing Chemical Weapons: Arms Control and Disarmament as the Sciences Conver... Preventing Chemical Weapons: Arms Control and Disarmament as the Sciences Conver... ...
Engineering a protein, research shows, may prevent brain damage in civilians and soldiers exposed to poisonous chemicals - particularly those in pesticides and chemical weapons.
A: Well, it points out the nature of the threat. It turned out to be a false threat under the circumstances. But as weve learned in the intelligence community, we had something called -- and we have James Woolsey here to perhaps even address this question about phantom moles. The mere fear that there is a mole within an agency can set off a chain reaction and a hunt for that particular mole which can paralyze the agency for weeks and months and years even, in a search. The same thing is true about just the false scare of a threat of using some kind of a chemical weapon or a biological one. There are some reports, for example, that some countries have been trying to construct something like an Ebola Virus, and that would be a very dangerous phenomenon, to say the least. Alvin Toeffler has written about this in terms of some scientists in their laboratories trying to devise certain types of pathogens that would be ethnic specific so that they could just eliminate certain ethnic groups and races; ...
Drug cartels, as a result of the increase in the narcotics trade, have been increasingly able to acquire biological and chemical weapons and radioactive material for the purpose of WMD creation, the U.S. State Department has warned.
The Kitchener stitch used in seamless knitting was designed by Lord Kitchener, a British military hero of the Boer War and WWI, to keep the toes of socks from irritating his soldiers feet. I found this information on page 91 in the book The Knitters Companion by Vicki Square.
A probe of a British military contractor is but one in a bounty of investigations recently started under a once-obscure anticorruption law.
To determine cancer morbidity in members of the armed forces who took part in tests of chemical warfare agents from 1941 to 1989. Historical cohort study, with cohort members followed up to December 2004. Archive of UK government research facility at Porton Down, UK military personnel records, and national death and cancer records. All veterans included in the cohort study of mortality, excluding those known to have died or been lost to follow-up before 1 January 1971 when the UK cancer registration system commenced: 17,013 male members of the UK armed forces who took part in tests (Porton Down veterans) and a similar group of 16,520 men who did not (non-Porton Down veterans). Cancer morbidity in each group of veterans; rate ratios, with 95% confidence intervals, adjusted for age group and calendar period. 3457 cancers were reported in the Porton Down veterans compared with 3380 cancers in the non-Porton Down veterans. While overall cancer morbidity was the same in both groups (rate ratio 1.00, 95%
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Syrias chemical weapons program began in the 1970s with weapons and training from Egypt and the Soviet Union, with production of chemical weapons in Syria beginning in the mid-1980s. Prior to September 2013 Syria had not publicly admitted to possessing chemical weapons, although Western intelligence services believed it to hold one of the worlds largest stockpiles. In September 2013, French intelligence put the Syrian stockpile at 1,000 tonnes, including Yperite, VX and "several hundred tonnes of sarin". At the time, Syria was one of a handful of states which had not ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention. In September 2013, Syria joined the CWC (formally acceding on 14 October), and agreed to the destruction of its weapons, to be supervised by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), as required by the Convention. A joint OPCW-United Nations mission was established to oversee the destruction process. Syria joined OPCW after international condemnation of the August ...
Chlorine chemical liquid form will burn the skin, Chlorine has been used as a chemical warfare agent. Fatal if breathed at a concentration of 1000 ppm..
This 1451 word essay is about Organochlorides, Blister agents, Chemical weapons, Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, Nerve agents, Chemical warfare. Read the full essay now!
Researchers have developed a prototype of electronic nose for the detection of chemical warfare gases, fundamentally nerve gases (Sarin, Soman and Tabun).
The 35-minute film, "Haber: The Father of Chemical Warfare," is a docudrama written and directed by Daniel Ragussis. It captures a snapshot of the chemists life when he was pressed into service by the German government to help win WWI. Although Haber voiced his reservations about using chemicals on the battlefield, his sense of duty to his country led him to see the project through and supervise the first use of chlorine in the trenches near Ypres, Belgium, in April 1915. Youll have to watch the film to see what happened. ...
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In 1990 and during the 1991 Gulf War, WMD was resurrected and used prolifically by politicians and the media, despite having a fairly antique aura. This time, it was a reference to the stockpiles of an adversarial country, specifically, the chemical weapons that were in Iraq under Husseins regime (ironically, sold to him by many of the same countries now arrayed against him[citation needed]). At the dawn of the War against Terrorism, the dysphemistic quality of the term served the function for which it was intended, namely, motivating the US populace to war. Weapons of mass destruction replaced strategic weapons in the common American lexicon. After 9/11, it would be the anthrax attacks, and the multitude of hypothetical smallpox terrorist attack scenarios in the media that would shape the prevalent image of a weapon of mass destruction into a device of bioterrorism. This usage reached a crescendo with the 2002 Iraq disarmament crisis and the alleged existence of weapons of mass destruction in ...
States, territories, and large metropolitan areas will receive grants totaling $390.5 million to help hospitals and other health care organizations strengthen the medical surge capability across the nation. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response will provide the funds through the Hospital Preparedness Program. The grants enhance community resilience by increasing the ability of hospitals and healthcare facilities to respond to the public health and medical impacts of any emergency, such as natural disasters, disease outbreaks, or acts of terrorism. All states, territories and the metro areas of New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles County and Washington, D.C., will receive the 2010 Hospital Preparedness grants. The funds will be used by state and local governments to boost the readiness of hospitals and other healthcare facilities in their jurisdictions by finalizing development or improving ...
Washington, DC- Rep. Eliot Engel (D-NY), Ranking Member of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, today condemned Syrias use of chemical weapons against his own people. "The Administrations assessment that Syrian President Assad has used chemical weapons is, if confirmed, no surprise to those of us who know what President Assad and his terrorist government are capable of doing," Engel declared. "Assad has repeatedly demonstrated that he will do whatever is necessary to stay in power, including using both conventional, and weapons of mass destruction, to murder his own people. The use of these weapons of terror is an obscenity to civilization and a crime against humanity.". "Assad must go and it is time for the U.S. and our allies to immediately arm vetted elements of the Syrian opposition to bring an end to his government. When I spoke with the White House today, I told them that we must act now to stop Assad before he uses these weapons again." "My bipartisan bill, the Free Syria Act of 2013 ...
Because of the ongoing risk of chemical attack, emergency physicians must be able to care for victims of chemical weapon agents (CWAs). This article reviews the physical properties and general clinical effects of CWAs.
Commonly referred to as tabun, sarin, soman, and VX, nerve agents have famously been implicated in attacks by the Syrian government against rebel forces and civilians, and by North Korea in the assassination of Kim Jong Nam.1,2 They were also, on a less serious note, popularized in the movie The Rock. Considered the most toxic of chemical weapons, these agents are extremely potent organophosphates, achieving toxicity through the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase at muscarinic and nicotinic receptors. Patients thus present with the familiar constellation of "SLUDGE" symptoms: salivation, lacrimation, urination, diarrhea, gastrointestinal distress, and emesis. Severe toxicity may progress to seizures, copious pulmonary secretions, bronchospasm, and ultimately respiratory arrest. Miosis is a notably useful exam finding as it should be present in nearly all patients with significant toxicity.3. Treatment consists first and foremost of decontamination. The removal of all clothing and irrigation with ...
CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WARFARECHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WARFARE. While limited use of chemicals and disease in warfare dates from ancient times, the origins of modern chemical and biological weapons systems date from the era of the two world wars.
TONY JONES, PRESENTER: Britain and France have called for the international community to consider reacting with force if yesterdays claims of a chemical weapons attack by the Assad regime in Syria are proven.. More than 35 countries have called for UN inspectors in Syria to be given immediate access to the site of the incident in Damascus.. Syrias rebels say more than 1,300 people have been killed, many of them women and children, although theres been no independent verification of the death toll.. The Syrian Government has strongly denied it was to blame.. Shaun Hassett reports, and a warning: this story does contain disturbing images.. SHAUN HASSETT, REPORTER: While the world focuses on the possible use of chemical weapons in Damascus, the Syrian capital is still dealing with the daily struggles of conventional warfare.. Rebel activists say yesterdays alleged chemical attack was followed up by an aerial bombardment.. The Assad regime has confirmed its carrying out an offensive in ...
... (BW), also known as germ warfare, is the deliberate use of disease-causing biological agents such as protozoa, fungi, bacteria, protists, or viruses, to kill or incapacitate humans, other animals or plants. Biological weapons (often referred to as bioweapons) are living organisms or replicating entities (virus) that reproduce or replicate within their host victims.. Biological weapons may be employed in various ways to gain a strategic or tactical advantage over an adversary, either by threat or by actual deployment. Like some of the chemical weapons, biological weapons may also be useful as area denial weapons. These agents may be lethal or non-lethal, and may be targeted against a single individual, a group of people, or even an entire population. They may be developed, acquired, stockpiled or deployed by nation states or by non-national groups. In the latter case, or if a nation-state uses it clandestinely, it may also be considered bioterrorism.[1]. There is an overlap ...
References / Notes : (ACLOS = A Closer Look on Syria, the site at which the author shares most of his research). [1] ACLOS, Chemical Weapons http://acloserlookonsyria.shoutwiki.com/wiki/Category:Chemical_Weapons [2] ACLOS, Alleged chemical attack, March 19 - Organized but incomplete main page: http://acloserlookonsyria.shoutwiki.com/wiki/Alleged_chemical_attack,_March_19,_2013 Detailed but sloppy talk page : http://acloserlookonsyria.shoutwiki.com/wiki/Talk:Alleged_chemical_attack,_March_19,_2013 [3] Swedish scientist to head U.N. Syria chemical weapons probe Michelle Nichols and Louis Charbonneau, Reuters, Tue Mar 26, 2013 8:00pm EDT. [4] Local Coordination Committees of Syria, Daily summary for March 19 : http://www.lccsyria.org/11106 This has two possible chemical attacks noted, Otaybah (Ateibah) and Homs, and a scud impact in Anadan just 13 km north of Khan Al-Assal, but nothin in Khan Al-Assal, and no chemical anything for the Aleppo area. On Homs : "Several cases of asphyxia were reported ...
Chemical weapons investigators have gone to Turkey to collect samples as part of an inquiry into an alleged chemical weapons attack in Syria last week.
Nerve agents are substances that disrupt the chemical communications through the nervous system. One mechanism of disruption, utilized by the G, GV, and V series of chemicals is caused by blocking the acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme that normally destroys and stops the activity of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter. Poisoning by these nerve agents leads to an accumulation of acetylcholine at the nerve axon, producing a perpetual excited state in the nerve (e.g. constant muscle contraction). The eventual exhaustion of muscles leads to respiratory failure and death. A separate class of nerve agents are related to Tetrodotoxin, frequently abbreviated as TTX, is a potent neurotoxin with no known antidote. Tetrodotoxin blocks action potentials in nerves by binding to the voltage-gated, fast sodium channels in nerve cell membranes, essentially preventing any affected nerve cells from firing by blocking the channels used in the process. ...
FSA chemical weapons threats made good in Khan al Asal. Syrias request for UN investigation was sabotaged by Member States France & UK The long history of FSA chemical weapons threats against the Syrian Arab Republic began in December 2012. This first was not covered by fake, war pimping msm that consistently engages in crimes…
Page 17 of 20 - Chemical weapon attack in Syria - posted in General Chat: QUOTE (GTAvanja @ Wednesday, Sep 4 2013, 14:45) This whole situation is ridiculous. So the international community doesnt care that Assad was killing thousands of his own people. No one did. But then Obama goes to say well, if he uses chemical weapons, thats a red flag. And lo and behold thats exactly what happened a week later. No one said a damn thing when Israel did it. Its like a scr...
A hundred years ago, on 22 April, poison gas was first used in warfare. Though about 95% of casualties in WW1 were caused by explosives, sickness and malnutrition, there is a peculiar horror associated with the use of chemical weapons. It is also true that, apart from isolated examples, WW1 was the only instance of…
A plasma decon chamber has been developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Albuquerque, NM, to study the decontamination of chemical and biologi
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The AquaFlex® Open-Cell foam technology has been adapted for use as a high surface area, disinfectant-infused foam Sponge and mitt to help mitigate the risk of human infection from COVID-19 and other pathogens from surfaces.. For more information go to https://aquaflexbiosolutions.com. The concept of infusing the AquaFlex Sponge to mitigate or neutralize exposure to dangerous chemicals and pathogens is not new.. In 2002, the FDA initially cleared a device consisting of a lotion-impregnated AquaFlex® Sponge. The AquaFlex® Sponge serves as the backbone for this Class II medical device that removes or neutralizes chemical warfare agents and T-2 toxin from the skin. Decontamination occurs by physical removal of the chemical warfare agent from the skin or by chemical neutralization. The lotion-impregnated Sponge removes toxins from the skin to allow for neutralization to occur within the Sponge.. In 2003, the FDA stated in a press release:. ...
Exposure to NM also caused long-term changes in iris appearance and structure. In the early postinjury period, dilation of iris vessels, iris stromal hemorrhages, and an inflammatory anterior chamber reaction were present. It was difficult, however, to quantify these findings accurately behind the edematous and opaque cornea. As corneal condition stabilized (usually within 7 to 14 days), it was possible to observe areas of iris pigmentation as well as atrophy in NM-exposed eyes (Fig. 3A) that were not present in noninjured fellow eyes (Fig. 3B) . These changes were much less severe in NM-exposed eyes treated with Zn/DFO (Fig. 3C) . The iris pigmentation score at 4 weeks after injury was significantly reduced (by ,60%) in Zn/DFO-treated eyes compared with saline-treated eyes (Fig. 3D) . Again, treatment with each component of the complex separately (i.e., ZnCl2 and DFO) showed a trend for reduction in severity that did not reach statistical significance (Fig. 3D ; exemplified also in Fig. 4 ). To ...
These molecules could be used in the detection of chemical warfare agents.. A family of fluorescent dye molecules has been developed for use in "on-off" fluorescence detection of specific chemicals. By themselves, these molecules do not fluoresce. However, when exposed to certain chemical analytes in liquid or vapor forms, they do fluoresce (see figure). These compounds are amenable to fixation on or in a variety of substrates for use in fluorescence-based detection devices: they can be chemically modified to anchor them to porous or non-porous solid supports or can be incorporated into polymer films. Potential applications for these compounds include detection of chemical warfare agents, sensing of acidity or alkalinity, and fluorescent tagging of proteins in pharmaceutical research and development. These molecules could also be exploited for use as two-photon materials for photodynamic therapy in the treatment of certain cancers and other diseases. Read more: ...
Briefly describing the main issues in chemical agent storage and disposal, and summarising the role that Markes thermal desorption technologies can play.
Quinn also considered the existence of a fourth domain in AChE, which binds to cationic substrates. This domain is located near the ridge of the gorge, more than 20 Å away from the active site, and is denominated peripheral anionic site. The binding of ligands to this peripheral site frequently causes conformational changes in the active site. These four domains act in a concerted way, resulting in the complex reaction dynamics that characterize AChE.28,53. As mentioned before, the enzymatic hydrolysis of ACh involves nucleophilic additions and acid-base reactions, and is based mainly on the action of the triad catalytic residues. The proposed mechanism most consistent with available experimental data consists of two nucleophilic attacks and two proton-transfers, with a covalent acyl-enzyme intermediate. In TcAChE, His-440 abstracts a proton from Ser-200, forming a nucleophile Ser-O- that attacks the ACh molecule, generating a tetrahedral adduct as intermediate. The protonated His-440 is ...
In an advance that could be used in masks to protect against nerve gas, scientists are reporting development of proteins that are up to 15,000 times more effective than their natural
The White House Office of the Press Secretary ________________________________________________________________ For Immediate Release November 14, 1994 Executive Order #12938 - - - - - - - Proliferation Of Weapons Of Mass Destruction By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), the Arms Export Control Act, as amended (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.), Executive Orders Nos. 12851 and 12924, and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, I, William J. Clinton, President of the United States of America, find that the proliferation of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons ("weapons of mass destruction") and of the means of delivering such weapons, constitutes an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States, and hereby declare a national ...
Abstract Chemical warfare agents such as organophosphorus nerve agents, mustard agents, and psychotomimetic agent like 3quinuclidinylbenzilate degrade in the environment and form acidic degradation products, the analysis of which is difficult under normal analytical conditions. In the present work, a simultaneous extraction and derivatization...
The United States has found 500 chemical weapons in Iraq since 2003, and more weapons of mass destruction are likely to be uncovered, two Republican
Allowability of Costs Claimed for Reimbursement Under Floridas Bioterrorism Hospital Preparedness Program for the Period September 1, 2004, Through August 31, 2006
A generation ago, biological weapons were called germ-warfare weapons. Biological weapons are very different from chemical weapons. A chemical weapon is a poison that kills upon contact with the skin. Bioweapons are microorganisms, bacteria or viruses, that invade the body, multiply inside it, and destroy it. Bioweapons can be used as strategic weapons. That is, they are incredibly powerful and dangerous. They can kill huge numbers of people if they are used properly, and their effects are not limited to one place or a small target. Chemical weapons, on the other hand, can be used only tactically. It is virtually impossible to put enough of a chemical in the air in a high enough concentration to wipe out a large number of people over a large territory. And chemicals are not alive and can not spread through an infectious process. There are two basic types of biological weapons, those that are contagious and those that are not. Anthrax is not contagious: people dont spread it among themselves; ...
JERUSALEM - Human Rights Watch said Sunday that Israels military has fired artillery shells with the Chemical Weapon White Phosphorus into Gaza and Medics in Gaza say the latest casualties include at least 60 people affected by suspected phosphorus shells fired ILLEGALLY near civilian areas with burn victims having skin peeling off their faces and bodies ...
Chemical weapons are still a threat, although banned All lethal chemical weapons were banned by the Chemical Weapons Convention of 1997, which has been signed by nearly every country in the world. However, the recent use of chemical weapons in Syria shows that they remain a threat. The use of such weapons by terrorist groups is also possible and...
Natural News) When we think of weapons of war, most of us typically think about machine guns, frag grenades or bulletproof tanks. But in 2017, manmade machines arent the only type of weapon that is being used by various nations to harm their enemies.. Just days ago, President Donald Trump left the United States for a 12-day tour of various nations in Asia. During his visit to Beijing, Trump plans on addressing Chinas production and distribution of the synthetic opioid known as Fentanyl, which is considered by the DEA to be one of the most dangerous types of narcotics due to its cheap price, widespread use, addictive quality and its devastating effects. Considering the fact that the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission has called the problem "Chinas deadly export to the United States," President Trump should be praised for speaking out about it on his tour of Asia. Indeed, forcing Chinas hand on the production and distribution of Fentanyl is the right thing to do.. Known as ...
but jon, you forget that war is good for the economy, dont you want to be a rich american slob? i sure do. and i did try to read everthing but you used up my atention span. one point i would like to argue, you said it yourself, we know iraq has weapons of mass destruction because we sold them during that iraq-iran war mostly because we didnt like rusia or something. and, we know that sadam doesnt like us. so i got a nice little analogy-lets say some guy has a gun and doesnt like you. what are you going to do? option A- do nothing and have a small risk of being shot, or option B-BLOW UP HIS HOUSE. personally id go with option b. then you can go over to his house and steel his oil. well not reall but you get the idea ...
Chemical warfare is ongoing every day in the U.S. and many other countries. Waging this chemical warfare keeps our foods, medicines and homes safe.
By Samuel Burke, CNN Evidence of chemical weapons use gets harder to find with each passing day in Syria. The Assad regime is blocking U.N. special investigators from entering the country as the Obama administration continues to seek concrete proof.
To fight our insane wars, were wrecking our soldiers ability to live with themselves and function in society, then regulating whats left of them with chemicals, which often make things immeasurably worse.
It may not be something we want to think about, but with recent chemical attacks around the globe, it may help set the mind at ease by becoming informed.
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One night of passion and youre filled with a lifetime full of sperm with no need to ever mate again. As sex lives go, it doesnt sound very appealing, but its what many ants, bees, wasps and termites experience. The queens of these social insects mate in a single "nuptial flight" that lasts for a few hours or days. They store the sperm from their suitors and use it to slowly fertilise their eggs over the rest of their lives. Males have this one and only shot at joining the Mile High Club and they compete fiercely for their chance to inseminate the queen. But even for the victors, the war isnt over. Inside the queens body, their sperm continue the battle. ...
via Tampa Bay Online In March of this year, a large Southern California water system tested the effectiveness of its cyber defenses by hiring a cybersecurity team to try to hack its network, something called penetration testing. To official dismay, the team was able to seize control of the computers.... ...
A report from the Arizona Sky Watch shows dramatic increases in heavy metals in Arizona´s air in 2010. These figures show how many times they are over the permissible toxic limit: Aluminum: 15.8 Antimony: 63.3 Arsenic: 418 Barium: 5.3 Cadmium: 6.0 chrome: 6.4 Copper: 9.0 Irons : 43.5 Lead: 15.7 Manganese: 513.8 Nickel: 10.7 Zinc: 7.5. Their values should be = zero Chemtrail effects: We have 20% less sunshine, and mostly a blanket of artificial "clouds" filled with toxins.. But now a new aspect is added. The earliest "Chemtrail" experiments took place in Dorset, England, between 1963 and 1975: With political permission, naval ships sprayed bacterial suspensions including an Escherichia Coli species into the air - and the wind brought the bacteria ashore over an unsuspecting population. A public hearing was not allowed by the government - but it ordered an "independent" investigation by a professor from - of all places - the Royal Society. He believed that only the weakest with immune diseases ...
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While cotton may be the fabric of our lives, Texas Tech University researchers may have discovered a polyurethane nanofiber technique that can save lives.
Dr. Direct is a pro when it comes to wedding cakes, but the project to bake my Dads wasnt running smoothly even before the Devil Dog ate it. Two layers collapsed the day before, in my dads hands. A retired organic chemist and a superb baker, this came as a surprise. This morning Barnacle Boy and I tried to exorcise the kitchen. He whipped up a batch of Barnacle Boyss Blessed Biscuits (his own wonderful recipe for chocolate chip cookies), I said the morning office standing at the counter while they baked. So far things seem on a better track ...
will have been completely disrupted,with small- and medium-sized 導歫丶題纄纏白啉 - 台丫市潪孑匿慥連壘球姗哚有潪仜墠聭贃壘球聭盡 . 末聭盡掜公吇綐燣3利甯偋旨扙球3揓借歫畽伔閛派勐 仧球有叏3屑顮偬庴3派劘 ...
Prague, 29 April 1997 (RFE/RL) -- A new international treaty banning chemical weapons went into force today but without the participation Russia, one of its major signatories. The Chemical Weap...
He also blamed Western members of the UNSC for unwillingness to investigate previous cases of alleged use of chemical weapons in Syria, where rebel groups were accused of using toxin agents. Nikki Haley, the US ambassador to the UN, delivered an emotional speech that included images of children to argue in favor of swift action. The pictures were used in reporting of the alleged chemical weapons attack. She claimed the incident carried "all hallmarks" of an attack by Damascus, adding that the toxin used in the alleged assault was "more deadly" than in previous cases attributed to the Syrian military by Washington. US envoy to UN also accused Russia of failing to ensure that there were no chemical weapons in the possession of the Syrian government. "The truth is that Russia, Iran and [Syrian President] Assad have no interest in peace," Haley claimed. The US has hinted at taking its own action in Syria unless the UN Security Council moves to prevent the use of chemical weapons in the war-torn ...
The specter of chemical weapons attacks in the Syrian civil war emerged on Tuesday, with the government and rebels each blaming the other side for using them.
The plan to dispose of Syrias chemical weapons is swiftly moving ahead. But the plan to get the materials out to sea to dispose of them is easier said than done, when it means transporting them through a war zone. Arun Rath talks to Amy Smithson of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies about what lies ahead.
U.S. intelligence has concluded with some degree of varying confidence that the Syrian government has twice used chemical weapons in its fierce civil war.
President Obama discusses with reporters the recent evidence of Syrias use of chemical weapons in that countrys ongoing civil war.
WASHINGTON - The White House said for the first time that there was evidence Syria had used chemical weapons in its civil war, but administration officials called for a broader United Nations
David Cameron and other Western leaders are on the brink of ordering military action against Col Muammar Gaddafi amid fears that the Libyan dictator could use chemical weapons against his own people.
By Elise Labott The Syrian government did not use chemical weapons against residents of Homs in a December attack, a U.S. State Department investigation shows, but did apparently misuse a riot-control gas in the incident, according to senior U.S. officials.
On Thursday, United States officials said the Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad has likely used chemical weapons to attack Syrian citizens. In a letter sent to Congressional leaders, the White House said intelligence agencies believe, with
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In a rapid and remarkable chain of events, Syria welcomed a Russian proposal to turn over all of its chemical weapons to international inspectors for destruction on Monday.
Sudans government has carried out at least 30 likely chemical weapons attacks in the Jebel Marra area of Darfur since January using what two experts concluded was a probable blister agent, Amnesty International said on Thursday.