Quantitative MRI techniques have the potential to characterize spinal cord tissue impairments occurring in various pathologies, from both microstructural and functional perspectives. By enabling very high image resolution and enhanced tissue contrast, ultra-high field imaging may offer further opportunities for such characterization. In this study, a multi-parametric high-resolution quantitative MRI protocol is proposed to characterize in vivo the human cervical spinal cord at 7T. Multi-parametric quantitative MRI acquizitions including T1, T2(*) relaxometry mapping and axial diffusion MRI were performed on ten healthy volunteers with a whole-body 7T system using a commercial prototype coil-array dedicated to cervical spinal cord imaging. Automatic cord segmentation and multi-parametric data registration to spinal cord templates enabled robust regional studies within atlas-based WM tracts and GM horns at the C3 cervical level. T1 value, cross-sectional area and GM/WM ratio evolutions along the cervical
Introduction Patients suffering from remaining disability after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) surgery for cervical disc disease may be prescribed physical activity (PPA) or neck-specific exercises (NSEs). Currently, we lack data for the success of either approach. There is also a knowledge gap concerning the use of internet-based care for cervical disc disease. The scarcity of these data, and the high proportion of patients with various degrees of incapacity following ACDF, warrant increased efforts to investigate and improve cost-effective rehabilitation. The objective is to compare the effectiveness of a structured, internet-based NSE programme, versus PPA following ACDF surgery. Methods and analysis This is a prospective, randomised, multicentre study that includes 140 patients with remaining disability (amp;gt;= 30% on the Neck Disability Index, NDI) following ACDF for radiculopathy due to cervical disc disease. Patient recruitment occurs following attendance at routine ...
The invention discloses a posterior cervical vertebra plate clamp. The overall structure of the posterior cervical vertebra plate clamp is in a bridge shape, the posterior cervical vertebra plate clamp is composed of a connecting plate mainly of a supporting structure, an inner clamping plate and an outer clamping plate, the inner clamping plate and the outer clamping plate are arranged on the two sides, and fixed tooth and fixed holes are arranged on the inner clamping plate and the outer clamping plate respectively. The posterior cervical vertebra plate clamp can be used for auxiliary treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy, congenital cervical spinal stenosis, multi-segmental cervical degeneration with spinal canal stenosis, ossification of posterior longitudinal ligaments, excessive cervical lordosis and other diseases. Compared with a traditional nail rod system and an unilateral door opening fixing system, surgical risks can be effectively reduced, the surgical process can be
Define Cervical vertebrae. Cervical vertebrae synonyms, Cervical vertebrae pronunciation, Cervical vertebrae translation, English dictionary definition of Cervical vertebrae. adj. 1. Of or relating to the uterine cervix. 2. Of or relating to the neck. adj of or relating to the neck or cervix adj. of or pertaining to the cervix or...
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Description of disease C1 (cervical vertebra). Treatment C1 (cervical vertebra). Symptoms and causes C1 (cervical vertebra) Prophylaxis C1 (cervical vertebra)
1. Which statement about the cervical spine and its injuries is true?. a. Less than one half of spinal cord injuries result from cervical spine fractures.. b. The upper cervical spine isdefined as extending from C1 through C3.. c. Seventy-five percent (75%) of cervical spine injuries occur in the upper cervical spine.. d. The most common area of cervical injury is C3 to C7.. 2. Which statement best reflects current thinking about imaging studies for cervical spine evaluation?. a. Radiographic films should always be performed initially.. b. Computed tomography (CT) scans should always be first-line studies.. c. There is controversy whether radiography or CT scan should be performed first.. d. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is not needed to examine cervical spine injuries.. 3. The teardrop fracture. a. is a stable fracture.. b. involves disruption of all 3 spinal columns.. c. results from forceful flexion with compression.. d. is difficult to visualize on plain radiographs.. 4. Management of a ...
Brain and Spine Centre focuses on Cervical Spine Surgeries, Anterior Cervical Fusion, Cervical Disc Replacement, Posterior Cervical Surgery, Anterior Cervical Fusion
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sagittal alignment of the cervical spine after the laminoplasty. AU - Suk, Kyung Soo. AU - Kim, Ki Tack. AU - Lee, Jung Hee. AU - Lee, Sang Hun. AU - Lim, Yang Jin. AU - Kim, Jin Soo. PY - 2007/11/1. Y1 - 2007/11/1. N2 - STUDY DESIGN. Prospective study. OBJECTIVE. To identify the impact of laminoplasty on range of motion (ROM) and sagittal alignment of the cervical spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. Cervical laminoplasty is an effective procedure decompressing multilevel spinal cord compression. Preoperative lordosis of the cervical spine is a prerequisite for laminoplasty, and maintaining postoperative lordosis is also important for decompression of the spinal cord. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Eighty-five patients who planned open door laminoplasty from C3-C7 were studied. Preoperative diagnosis included myelopathy cases associated with cervical spondylosis in 52, ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament in 29, and multilevel disc herniation in 4 cases. Cervical spine lateral ...
Background Safe placement of the screws is a critical aspect of trans-pedicle internal fixation, and little information on in vivo morphology of the cervical vertebrae pedicle measured with imaging methods is available. The aim of this study was to measure the dimensions of cervical vertebrae C3 to C7 and provide screw length, screw diameter and tilt angle for clinical cervical vertebra trans-pedicle internal fixation.. Methods Thirty Chinese men and women underwent high-speed spiral computed tomography measurements to obtain data for C3 to C7, and the morphology of the cervical vertebra pedicles was reconstructed.. Results Reconstructed computer tomography image data revealed that: (1) pedicle sponge width increased incrementally from C3 to C7, (2) pedicle depth was similar for C3 to C7, (3) pedicle angle decreased incrementally from 47.20 degrees to 33.76 degrees for C3 to C7, and (4) pedicle point to midline distance was similar for C3 to C7. There were no statistical differences in ...
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Abnormal cervical curvature and cervical disc herniation are closely related to neck pain and should be taken into account before any treatment. However, studies have rarely reported on the correlation between cervical lordosis and cervical disc herniation in patients with neck pain. Therefore, in t …
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Fusion rates in multilevel, instrumented anterior cervical fusion for degenerative disease with and without the use of bone morphogenetic protein. AU - Frenkel, Mark B.. AU - Cahill, Kevin S.. AU - Javahary, Ramin J.. AU - Zacur, George. AU - Green, Barth A.. AU - Levi, Allan D.. PY - 2013/3/1. Y1 - 2013/3/1. N2 - Object. The goal of this study was to compare the rates of solid arthrodesis and complications following multilevel, instrumented anterior cervical fusion in patients treated with and without bone morphogenetic protein (BMP). Methods. The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent multilevel (2+ level) anterior cervical fusions performed for degenerative disc disease with or without the concurrent use of BMP-2 from 1997 to 2012. The dosage throughout the study ranged from 2.1 to 0.26 mg/level (mean 1.0 mg/level). All patients were evaluated postoperatively by means of radiographs and CT scans to determine fusion status. Results. The overall ...
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Cervical spine surgery side effects - What does it mean to have cervical spine surgery? On the neck. The cervical spine is the neck area. Common cervical spine operations address disk problems, nerve pressure or irritation, spinal cord problems. Other problems are tumors, infections, broken bones.
Complex disorders of the cervical spine can be serious conditions that need to be properly managed by specialists. The most common symptoms of cervical
Dr Mohammad Etminan in Katy, Sugar Land and Richmond in Houston, TX offers treatment for cervical fracture, cervical spine injury and spinal cord injury.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty healthy volunteers underwent a T2-weighted, 3T MRI of the cervical spinal cord. Two experts marked the C3-C8 cervical nerve rootlets, C3-C7 vertebral bodies, and pontomedullary junction. A semiautomated algorithm was used to locate the centerline of the spinal cord and measure rostral-caudal distances from a fixed point in the brain stem, the pontomedullary junction, to each of the spinal rootlets and vertebral bodies. Distances to each location were compared across subjects. Six volunteers had 2 additional scans in neck flexion and extension to measure the effects of patient positioning in the scanner. ...
We conducted a prospective randomized study to investigate predictive factors for short- and long-term outcome of anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) as measured by current pain intensity on the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and by disability using the Neck Disability Index (NDI). Current understanding about how preoperative and short-term outcome data predict long-term outcome is sparse, and there are few studies involving analysis of short-term follow-up using multivariate approaches with quantification of the relative importance of each variable studied. A total of 95 patients were randomly allocated for ACDF with the cervical intervertebral fusion cage or the Cloward procedure. The mean follow-up time was 19 months (range 12-24) for short-term follow-up and 76 months (range 56-94 months) for long-term. Background factors, radiologically detected findings, physiological measurements, treatment type, pain, and disability were used as potential predictors. Multivariate statistical ...
Complications in cervical spine surgery can be avoided by proper treatment measures. Dheerajbojwani consultants will make cervical spine surgery treatment...
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This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Cervical Disc Disease, Cervical Disc Herniation, Cervical Radiculopathy, Cervical Disc Herniation Management, Cervical Disc Disorder with Radiculopathy.
Anterior cervical arthrodesis has been widely used to treat the degenerative cervical spine. Although the results of ACDF are generally in the good to excellent range, interbody fusion of the cervical spine after cervical discectomy, aside from causing restriction of neck movements, also accelerates degeneration of adjacent disc levels because of the increased stress from fusion. Long-term radiographic follow-up of patients with anterior cervical fusion has demonstrated degenerative changes in the non-fused segments of the spine including disc space narrowing and osteophyte formation.. To conclude, fusion provokes a functional overload of the discs bordering the fusion that is directly correlated to the number of fused levels. Radiographic observations show a greater mechanical stress on the discs, especially in the arthrodeses involving more than one level.. Artificial discs were designed to replace the entire intervertebral disc and to preserve the physiological motion of the operated level. ...
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This program explains posterior cervical fusion. Posterior cervical fusion is also known as PCF. The program includes the following sections: the anatomy of the spine, the symptoms and causes of cervical fracture, alternative treatments for cervical fracture, treating cervical fracture with posterior cervical fusion, risks and complications of posterior cervical fusion, and what to expect after posterior cervical fusion.
The aim of cervical spine radiographs is to confirm the presence of a neck injury and define its extent, mainly associated with structure instability.
Fig. (1) Measure of Cervicothoracic Lordosis. A) the line between the centroid of C2 and the centroid of C7; B) the line between the centroid of C7 and the centroid of T6. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pretreatment of Anxiety before Cervical Spine Surgery Improves Clinical Outcomes. T2 - A Prospective, Single-Institution Experience. AU - Adogwa, Owoicho. AU - Elsamadicy, Aladine A.. AU - Cheng, Joseph. AU - Bagley, Carlos. PY - 2016/4/1. Y1 - 2016/4/1. N2 - Background: Affective disorders such as depression and anxiety have been shown to contribute to inferior outcomes after spine surgery. A high baseline level of anxiety is associated with refractory postoperative pain and patient dissatisfaction with surgery. The aim of this prospective study is to assess whether the pretreatment of anxiety before spine surgery improves patient reported outcomes 1-year after an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedure. Methods: A total of 27 adult patients with a known history of anxiety disorder (pretreated cohort: 11 patients, control cohort: 16 patients) undergoing ACDF at Duke University Medical Center were included in this study. All patients were diagnosed with an ...
BACKGROUND: Context: Degenerative changes in the cervical spine occur in an age-dependent manner. As the U.S. population continues to age, the incidence of age-dependent, multi-level, degenerative cervical pathologies is expected to increase. Similarly, the average age of patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) will likely trend upward. Posterior cervical fusion (PCF) is often the treatment modality of choice in the management of multi-level cervical spine disease. Although outcomes following anterior cervical fusion for degenerative disease have been studied among older patients (aged 80 years and older), it is unknown if these results extend to octogenarian patients undergoing PCF for the surgical management of CSM ...
OBJECTIVEUse of surgical site drains following posterior cervical spine surgery is variable, and its impact on outcomes remains controversial. Studies of drain use in the lumbar spine have suggested that drains are not associated with reduction of reoperations for wound infection or hematoma. There is a paucity of studies examining this relationship in the cervical spine, where hematomas and infections can have severe consequences. This study aims to examine the relationship between surgical site drains and reoperation for wound-related complications following posterior cervical spine surgery.METHODSThis study is a multicenter retrospective review of 1799 consecutive patients who underwent posterior cervical decompression with instrumentation at 4 tertiary care centers between 2004 and 2016. Demographic and perioperative data were analyzed for associations with drain placement and return to the operating room.RESULTSOf 1799 patients, 1180 (65.6%) had a drain placed. Multivariate logistic regression
Cervical corpectomy surgery used to relieve pressure on the spinal cord by removing the damaged vertebral bone at the cervical spine. This surgery is done by Dr Quirno in New York.
Indications for use: Fractures, disclocations, incomplete dislocations of cervical vertebrae; early-stage rehabilitation after surgery on the cervical spine and injuries of cervical vertebrae; evacuation by transportation when cervical spine injuries are suspected; cervical radiculopathy; moderate and severe cervical spine instability complicated by neurological manifestations; osteochondropathies, cervical abnormalities, changes in the structure of vertebrae of different nature; status after surgery on cervical structures requiring continuous monitoring of the post-operative field; tracheostomes; rehabilitation treatment after cranial-spinal and cranial-cerebral injuries.. ...
Experimental Mechanics in Nano and Biotechnology: Development of a Virtual Model and Experimental Simulator for the Human Cervical Spine
Dr. Haines recently presented research outcomes at the 44th annual meeting of the Cervical Spine Research Society, held in Toronto, Canada, December 1-3, 2016. The society is the largest international research group dedicated to the cervical spine.. He presented the results of current cervical spine research data including the first study that has compared spinal fusion versus motion-preserving surgery for cervical myelopathy, or compression of the spinal cord in the neck, with respect to cost and clinical outcomes. His research shows that in select patients, motion preserving neck surgery may be a preferred option over spinal fusion.. Dr. Haines, along with this esteemed group of presenters, discussed new developments and techniques related to treatment of the cervical spine, and fostered research concerning the diagnosis and treatment of cervical spine injury and disease.. ...
Cervical Spine MRI - MedHelps Cervical Spine MRI Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Cervical Spine MRI. Find Cervical Spine MRI information, treatments for Cervical Spine MRI and Cervical Spine MRI symptoms.
This life-size skull includes 7 cervical vertebrae, nerve branches and vertebral artery, all mounted on a fixed base. Skull features a removable calvarium, 3 lower teeth and a hinged lower jaw on springs. Cannot be removed from base. Size: 8-1/4w x 11-1/4h x 8-1/4d.
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Significant progress has been made in lumbar and cervical disc replacement therapy. Several cervical disc prostheses have recently gained FDA approval. Although arthroplasty has not been previously described in the thoracic spine, selected patients with long-segment fusion to the level of C-7 have altered cervicothoracic and upper thoracic biomechanics and may benefit from motion-preservation therapy for T1-2 disc herniation. Currently, FDA-approved prostheses are indicated only for patients with single-level degenerative disc disease between C-3 and C-7 and no history of cervical arthrodesis.. The authors describe a 52-year-old woman who had previously undergone C3-7 fusion and returned 4 years later with symptoms of C-8 myeloradiculopathy and radiological evidence of T1-2 degenerative disc disease. She underwent T1-2 arthroplasty in which a Prestige artificial cervical disc was placed via an anterior cervicothoracic approach. Motion at C7-T1 and T1-2 was preserved, and the patient made an ...
The cervical spine is composed of many different anatomic structures, including muscles, bones, ligaments, and joints. Each of these structures has nerve endings that can detect painful problems when they occur. The different parts of the cervical spine are normally well balanced and able to handle all of the movements, stresses, and strains of the body gracefully. However, when the different parts of the cervical spine are injured or start to wear out, your neck can be a significant source of pain and discomfort.. Studies show that approximately fifty percent of the population has evidence of degenerative changes in their cervical spine by the age of fifty. These changes happen because the discs that act as shock absorbers between the vertebral bodies of the cervical spine wear out, as we grow older. As the intervertebral disks wear out, they begin to collapse, or herniate, and become less flexible. The common causes of neck pain and cervical disorders include arthritis, injuries, and trauma. ...
Trusted Cervical Spine Surgery Specialist serving Orange, CA. Contact us at 714-332-5484 or visit us at 1120 West La Veta Avenue, Suite 300, Orange, CA 92868
TY - JOUR. T1 - A rare case of dumbbell meningioma of the upper cervical spinal cord. AU - Ozaki, Masahiro. AU - Nakamura, Masaya. AU - Tsuji, Osahiko. AU - Iwanami, Akio. AU - Toyama, Yoshiaki. AU - Chiba, Kazuhiro. AU - Matsumoto, Morio. PY - 2013/11. Y1 - 2013/11. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890442717&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890442717&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1007/s00776-012-0252-6. DO - 10.1007/s00776-012-0252-6. M3 - Article. C2 - 22760699. AN - SCOPUS:84890442717. VL - 18. SP - 1042. EP - 1045. JO - Journal of Orthopaedic Science. JF - Journal of Orthopaedic Science. SN - 0949-2658. IS - 6. ER - ...
Smoking has been linked to a worsening degenerative disc disease in the cervical spine, researchers at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, have announce
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of the evaluation technique on the outcome of the Cloward procedure in cervical radiculopathy. The retrospective study included 94 consecutive patients operated on with anterior decompression and fusion with heterologous bone (Surgibone, Unilab). There were 56 men and 38 women, with a mean age of 48 years (range 27-78 years). Sixty-six patients had a single-level fusion, 26 a two-level fusion and one patient had a three-level fusion. The follow-up rate was 91/94 (97%) and evaluation was performed by an independent observer. Pain was quantified by visual analogue scale (VAS, range 0-100), functional disability by the new functional index Cervical Spine Functional Score (CSFS, range 0-100) and by the Neck Pain Disability Index (NPDI, range 0-100). The overall clinical outcome was assessed as excellent, good, fair or poor by both the patient and by the independent observer using Odoms criteria. At a mean follow-up of 26 months ...
Cervical arthroplasty devices are designed to provide relief of clinical problems attributed to symptomatic CDD, similar to traditional fusion procedures. However, unlike fusion, which restricts motion, arthroplasty preserves motion and may act as a preventive modality to mitigate or delay the onset of degeneration of adjacent segments, thereby decreasing the probability of subsequent interventions. Although cervical arthroplasty devices have been available for more than 3 decades, the adoption of the technology has been limited partly due to uncertainty about long-term clinical outcomes associated with these devices as well as the perceived clinical success of traditional cervical fusion surgeries. The clinical IDE results presented here are consistent with other recent reports demonstrating the long-term safety and efficacy of cervical arthroplasty and its potential benefits in comparison to traditional cervical fusion.8-19. Overall success in the IDE protocol was defined as a composite score ...
593 Hansraj FINAL Neuro and Spine Surgery SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL XXV Assessment of Stresses in the Cervical Spine Caused by Posture and Position of the Head KENNETH K. HANSRAJ, MD CHIEF OF SPINE SURGERY NEW YORK SPINE SURGERY & REHABILITATION MEDICINE NEW YORK, NEW YORK ABSTRACT P reamble. Billions of people are using cell phone devices on the planet, essentially in poor posture. The purpose of this study is to assess the forces incrementally seen by the cervical spine as the head is tilt- ed forward, into worsening posture. This data is also necessary for cervical spine surgeons to under- stand in the reconstruction of the neck. -1- #593 Hansraj FINAL Assessment of Stresses in the Cervical Spine Caused by Posture and Position of the Head HANSRAJ DiscussionDISCUSSION MATERIALS AND METHODS A model of the cervical spine was created with realistic values in Cosmosworks, a finite element assessment package. Calculations were made and then forces were extracted in newtons and then ...
Emerging Scientific Studies. Several scientific reports regarding Artificial Cervical Joint Devices have become available. One such initial long term follow-up for Artificial Disc Implantation was reported at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting held in San Francisco on 26 April 2006. The report was based upon a European Multi-center Study that was tabulated in Leuven, Belgium and consisted of 67 patients, some of whom have been monitored for up to 9 years. The authors identified several unanticipated consequences of the artificial disc that was used in this study (the Bryan-type device shown in Figures 15 & 16 above.) Whereas it was hoped that progression of Spondylosis (Bone Spur formation) at the adjacent Cervical Levels would be markedly reduced, if not aborted entirely, in actual fact there was progression of the Spondylosis at the adjacent level(s) in 20 of 38 patients (52.6%).. It appears that the device designers and manufacturers, have ...
This is one of many cross sections from a CT (computed tomography) scan in a person who sustained a severe fracture of C2 (second cervical vertebrae). Bone in this CT image is the white density in the middle of the image. The fracture of C2 is seen as a disruption of this white density. - Stock Image M330/1254
Since spinal arthritis and disc disease (SADD) is commonly found at areas of altered stress (force per unit area) and strain (deformation), an engineering analysis is necessary to determine the exacting loads acting on the cervical spine vertebra in different spine configurations. The model developed looked at the loads on the cortical (outside covering of the vertebra) and the medullary (spongy vertebra core) bone of the cervical vertebra C2-T1.. The model developed by Harrison and colleagues identified that the stresses (forces per unit area) acting on the cervical vertebra and discs in translation postures are very large in the lower spine segments (C2-T1) and opposite in direction compared to a normal lordosis. It was found that the anterior or forward head translation posture was associated with the largest combined stresses; their model predicted that the stresses were up to 4.25 times greater compared to the normal, healthy lordosis of the cervical spine.. This analysis provides the basis ...
Objective. The optimal surgical treatment for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) remains controversial. This study compared the outcomes of three surgical approaches for MSCM treatment, focusing on the efficacy and safety of a combined approach.. Methods. This retrospective study included 153 consecutive MCSM patients (100 men, 53 women; mean age +/- standard deviation, 55.7 +/- 9.4 years) undergoing operations involving >= 3 intervertebral segments. The patients were divided into three groups according to surgical approach: anterior (n = 19), posterior (n = 76), and combined (n = 58). We assessed demographic variables, perioperative parameters, and clinical outcomes >= 12 months after surgery (20.5 +/- 7.6 months), including Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, improvement, recovery rate, and complications.. Results. The anterior group had the most favorable preoperative conditions, including the highest preoperative JOA score (12.95 +/- 1.86, rho = 0.046). In contrast, ...
Cervical Spine Disorders is a chapter in the book, Orthopedics, containing the following 18 pages: Atlantoaxial Rotary Fixation, Transient Quadriplegia, Cervical Spine Fracture, Cervical Neck Strain, Cervical Disc Disease, Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy, Cervical Disc Herniation Rehabilitation, Brachial Plexus Burner, Atlantoaxial Instability, Cervical Ligamentous Instability, Cervical Spinal Stenosis, Cervical Spine Injury, Complete Cord Syndrome, Central Cord Syndrome, Spinal Cord Hemisection, Anterior Cord Syndrome, Posterior Cord Syndrome, Spinal Cord Syndrome.
Aim. The aim of the study was to review the literature on the prevalence of cervical spine injuries divided between the level of the injury and the causes of fractures. Material and methods. A review of Polish and foreign literature was performed. The following databases were searched: PubMed, Medline, Science Direct, Termedia, and Polish Medical Bibliography. Literature analysis. In Poland the incidence of spinal injuries, including damage to the cord, is estimated at the level of 25-35 persons per one million of the population, half of these being cervical spine injuries. More than one in three of all spinal injuries affect the atlantoaxial and occipital area. It is estimated that axis fractures occur in up to 40% of the cases involving cervical spine injury. Odontoid fractures constitute 10-15% of all cervical spine fractures. Hangman fractures account for 20% of vertebral fractures. Cervical spine injuries more frequently occur in males than in females, and the relevant rates for males are ...
Cervical spine disorders are illnesses that affect the cervical spine, which is made up of the upper first seven vertebrae, encasing and shielding the spinal cord. This fragment of the spine starts from the region above the shoulder blades and ends by supporting and connecting the Skull. The cervical spine contains many different anatomic compositions, including muscles, bones, ligaments, and joints. All of these structures have nerve endings that can detect painful problems when they occur. Such nerves supply muscular control and sensations to the skull and arms while correspondingly providing our bodies with flexibility and motion.[1] However, if the cervical spine is injured it can cause many minor or traumatic problems, and although these injuries vary specifically they are more commonly known as cervical spine disorders as a whole.[1] It is through upper frontal chest discomfort (also known as cervical angina) and scapular pains which signs of cervical spine disorders are shown. In 1937 a ...
[108 Pages Report] Check for Discount on United States Cervical Interbody Fusion Cages Market Report 2017 report by QYResearch Group. In this report, the United States Cervical Interbody Fusion Cages...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Delay in clearing cervical spine injuries in obtunded trauma patients and its implications. AU - Parmar, Kamaljit K.. AU - Ho, Kwok M.. AU - Bowles, Timothy. PY - 2018/10/1. Y1 - 2018/10/1. N2 - Introduction: Prompt recognition of cervical spine injuries may limit spinal cord damage. This prospective audit assessed the time needed to formally confirm the status of cervical spine using a computed tomography scan, the reasons for any delays, and the subsequent outcomes. Methodology: Prospective audit analysed the data of 100 consecutive unconscious trauma patients, admitted over a seven-month period, to ascertain whether there was a weekend effect in validating the cervical spine status radiologically, and whether the delays were associated with an increased risk of pneumonia and other complications. The sensitivity and specificity of using bony fractures and mal-alignment on the computed tomography scans to diagnose cervical spine injuries were calculated. Results: Significant ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Recovery of motor function in patients with subaxial cervical spine injury relevant to the fracture pattern. AU - Shiozakr, Yasuyuki. AU - Ito, Yasuo. AU - Sugimoto, Yoshihisa. AU - Tomioka, Masao. AU - Shimokawa, Tetsuya. AU - Mazaki, Tetsuro. AU - Koshimune, Koichiro. AU - Tanaka, Masato. AU - Ozaki, Toshifumi. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - In this study, we studied the relationship between fracture patterns and motor function recovery in 70 consecutive patients with cervical spinal cord injury. Fractures were categorized into 6 fracture types and subdivided into stages according to the Allen-Ferguson classification system: compressive flexion (CF), distractive flexion (DF), compressive extension (CE), distractive extension (DE), vertical com-pression (VC) and lateral flexion (LF). Paralysis was evaluated using theAmerican Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale at the time of injury and 3 months afterwards. The residual rate of complete motor palsy (ASIA grade A or B) ...
Cervical spinal stenosis is a bone disease involving the narrowing of the spinal canal at the level of the neck. It is frequently due to chronic degeneration, but may also be congenital. Treatment is frequently surgical. Cervical spinal stenosis is one of the most common forms of spinal stenosis, along with lumbar spinal stenosis (which occurs at the level of the lower back instead of in the neck). Thoracic spinal stenosis, at the level of the mid-back, is much less common. Cervical spinal stenosis can be far more dangerous by compressing the spinal cord. Cervical canal stenosis may lead to serious symptoms such as major body weakness and paralysis. Such severe spinal stenosis symptoms are virtually absent in lumbar stenosis, however, as the spinal cord terminates at the top end of the adult lumbar spine, with only nerve roots (cauda equina) continuing further down. Cervical spinal stenosis is a condition involving narrowing of the spinal canal at the level of the neck. It is frequently due to ...
This page provides useful content and local businesses that can help with your search for Cervical Spinal Stenosis Injury Specialists. You will find helpful, informative articles about Cervical Spinal Stenosis Injury Specialists, including Cervical Spinal Stenosis. You will also find local businesses that provide the products or services that you are looking for. Please scroll down to find the local resources in Vernal, UT that will answer all of your questions about Cervical Spinal Stenosis Injury Specialists.
This page provides useful content and local businesses that can help with your search for Cervical Spinal Stenosis Injury Specialists. You will find helpful, informative articles about Cervical Spinal Stenosis Injury Specialists, including Cervical Spinal Stenosis. You will also find local businesses that provide the products or services that you are looking for. Please scroll down to find the local resources in Fargo, ND that will answer all of your questions about Cervical Spinal Stenosis Injury Specialists.
Objectives. The introduction of minimally invasive techniques and total intravenous anaesthesia has led to reports of the performance of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion as an outpatient. The safety of this approach, requires information about the complications presenting within this period. The aim of this study was to assess the rates and types of immediate (0-6 h), early (6-72 h) and late (|72 h) complications after anterior cervical discectomy with fusion. Methods. We prospectively studied complications after anterior cervical discectomy with fusion in patients with degenerative cervical disc disease. There were 390 consecutive operations: 278 fused with autologous iliac crest bone graft and 112 with a PEEK (Polyetheretherketone) graft. Results. No patient died. Thirty seven patients (9%) experienced one or more complications that could be related to the operation. These presented in the immediate, early and late periods in 17, 1 and 19 patients, respectively. Thus, 18/37 complications were
[95 Pages Report] Check for Discount on (COVID-19 Version) Global Cervical Interbody Fusion Cages Market Status (2015-2019) and Forecast (2020-2025) by Region, Product Type & End-Use report by 99Strategy. Summary Anterior interbody cages are titanium cylinders that are placed...
Cervical Spine Injury - C4-5, C5-6 Herniated Discs with Anterior Discectomy and Spinal Fusion Surgery. This medical illustration series shows surgical steps from an anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion. Surgical steps show the following: 1. Incision with placement of the head and neck in traction with Gardner Wells tongs, 2. Discectomies at C4-5 and C5-6,3. Corpectomy (vertebral body removal) of C5, and 4. Fibular strut graft placement for fusion of C4-C6.
Cervical Spine Injury - C4-5, C5-6 Herniated Discs with Anterior Discectomy and Spinal Fusion Surgery. This medical illustration series shows surgical steps from an anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion. Surgical steps show the following: 1. Incision with placement of the head and neck in traction with Gardner Wells tongs, 2. Discectomies at C4-5 and C5-6,3. Corpectomy (vertebral body removal) of C5, and 4. Fibular strut graft placement for fusion of C4-C6.
TY - JOUR. T1 - A comparison of retraction pressure during anterior cervical plate surgery and cervical disc replacement. T2 - A cadaveric study. AU - Justin Tortolani, P.. AU - Cunningham, Bryan W.. AU - Vigna, Franco. AU - Hu, Nianbin. AU - Zorn, Candace M.. AU - McAfee, Paul C.. PY - 2006/7/1. Y1 - 2006/7/1. N2 - BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Dysphagia is a well-recognized complication after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, observed in as high as 50% of cases by videofluoroscopic evaluation postoperatively. Esophageal injury due to surgical retraction is a complication due to which swallowing difficulties may ensue. There are limited published data evaluating the effect of soft tissue retraction on intraesophageal pressures during anterior cervical instrumentation procedures. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to (a) measure the intraesophageal pressure secondary to retraction during anterior instrumentation, (b) determine whether any pressure differences exist between plating and cervical ...
What you need to know about cervical disc replacement surgery. Learn what our medical experts at Circle Health say about cervical disc replacement surgery, including what the surgery involves, the recovery time you can expect and the risks you should be aware of. Learn more now
Description of disease Postmenopausal cervical kyphosis. Treatment Postmenopausal cervical kyphosis. Symptoms and causes Postmenopausal cervical kyphosis Prophylaxis Postmenopausal cervical kyphosis
If youre a weekend warrior, then aches and pains are a normal part of your life. But as our cervical spine specialist in NJ can tell you, theres a big difference between the pain that comes from a bit more exertion than what youre used to, and the type that comes from a serious injury. Even as more and more people get involved in sports ranging from extreme to backyard games of tackle football, the number of spine injuries being incurred is going down - this is largely a result of improved safety measures. Still, roughly one out of every ten spine injuries are a direct result of some type of athletic endeavor, and many of them involve the neck.. Spinal cord injuries that involve the neck are referred to as cervical spine injuries. During cold weather they happen most frequently to high school and college football players, and during the summer they happen when people dive into shallow water. In both cases the bones in the neck can fracture or shift after trauma. This shift then puts ...
Based on studies with modest methodologic quality and 1 direct comparison, the Canadian C-spine rule appears to have better diagnostic accuracy than the National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS) criteria when used to assess the need for cervical spine imaging, say authors of a systematic review published in CMAJ. Future studies need to follow rigorous methodologic procedures to ensure that the findings are as free of bias as possible, they add. For this review, the authors identified studies by an electronic search of CINAHL, Embase, and MEDLINE. They included articles that reported on a cohort of patients who experienced blunt trauma and for whom clinically important cervical spine injury detectable by diagnostic imaging was the differential diagnosis, evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the Canadian C-spine rule or NEXUS or both, and used an adequate reference standard. They assessed the methodologic quality using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies ...
Based on studies with modest methodologic quality and 1 direct comparison, the Canadian C-spine rule appears to have better diagnostic accuracy than the National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS) criteria when used to assess the need for cervical spine imaging, say authors of a systematic review published in CMAJ. Future studies need to follow rigorous methodologic procedures to ensure that the findings are as free of bias as possible, they add. For this review, the authors identified studies by an electronic search of CINAHL, Embase, and MEDLINE. They included articles that reported on a cohort of patients who experienced blunt trauma and for whom clinically important cervical spine injury detectable by diagnostic imaging was the differential diagnosis, evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the Canadian C-spine rule or NEXUS or both, and used an adequate reference standard. They assessed the methodologic quality using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies ...
Both anterior cervical discectomy (ACD) and anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (ACDF) are equivalent treatment strategies for 1-level disease with regard to functional outcome (Class II). Anterior cervical discectomy with fusion may achieve a more rapid reduction of neck and arm pain compared to ACD with a reduced risk of kyphosis, although functional outcomes may be similar. Anterior cervical discectomy with fusion is not a lasting means of increasing foraminal or disc height compared to ACD. Anterior cervical plating (ACDF with instrumentation) improves arm pain (but not other clinical parameters) better than ACDF in the treatment of 2-level disease (Class II). With respect to 1-level disease, plating may reduce the risk of pseudarthrosis and graft problems (Class III) but does not necessarily improve clinical outcome alone (Class II). Cervical arthroplasty is recommended as an alternative to ACDF in selected patients for control of neck and arm pain (Class II). ...
6. Pumberger M, Caridi JM, Hughes AP. Cervical radiculopathy: a review. HSS Journal, 2011; 7: 265-272. 7. Todd AG. Cervical spine degenerative conditions. Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, 2011; 4: 168-174. 8. Akhavan-Sigari R, Rohde V, Alaid A. Cervical spinal canal stenosis and central disc herniation C3 C4 in a man with primary complaint of thigh pain. Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports, 2013; 74: 101-104. 9. Clavenna A, Dossett AB. Anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion. Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine, 2005; 13: 90-95. 10. Lees F, Turner JW. Natural history and prognosis of cervical spondylosis. British Medical Journal, 1963; 2:1607-9. 11. Saal JS, Saal JA, Yurth EF. Nonoperative management of herniated cervical intervertebral disc with radiculopathy. Spine, 1996; 21: 1877-83 ...
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Purpose. There is no knowledge if short-term outcome in patients after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) can be used to identify which patients have remaining deficit in long term. This study investigates if 6-month outcome with a broad assessment after ACDF with a cervical intervertebral fusion cage can be a guide for the 3-years outcome.. Method. A prospective study. Questions about background data, pain, numbness, neck specific disability, distress, sick leave, health, symptom satisfaction and effect of and satisfaction with surgery were asked 28 patients 3 years after ACDF. Measurements have earlier been obtained before and 6 and 12 months after ACDF.. Results. Compared with the results before surgery patients had improved in pain intensity (p = 0.001), neck pain (0.001), numbness (p = 0.02) and were more satisfied with having their neck problems (p = 0.01). Except for a worsening in expectations of surgery fulfilled (p = 0.04) there were no significant differences between ...
Background: Several studies have investigated cervical kinematic performance in patients with chronic neck pain, especially with fast movements. A recent systematic review recommended further study of cervical spine kinematics of naturally paced cervical motions in individuals with neck pain. Objectives: This study aimed to examine cervical spine kinematics of naturally paced cervical motions in patients with chronic neck pain compared with a group of asymptomatic participants. Also, the relationships between cervical kinematic measures with neck pain intensity and disability were determined. Method: Kinematic performance was measured in 20 individuals with chronic nonspecific neck pain and 20 healthy controls. Data were captured using a 7-camera motion analysis system. Parameters were range of cervical motion, peak velocity, duration of movement, and jerk index (smoothness of movement). Pain intensity and Neck Disability Index were also measured. Results: Duration of movements, peak velocities, ...
S12.150K Other traumatic displaced spondylolisthesis of second cervical vertebra, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion ...
Some symptoms of cervical spinal stenosis may be relieved by applying heat or ice to your neck. The types of spinal stenosis are classified according to where on the spine the condition occurs. Low impact exercise such as marching on a mini-trampoline, gentle bouncing on an exercise ball, or gentle swimming (taking care not to strain the neck) can offer therapeutic value alongside walking. Spinal stenosis is a condition in which your spinal canal narrows. The two main types of spinal stenosis are: Cervical stenosis. Spinal stenosis is a progressive condition, but symptoms can be improved with the right exercises. Dr. Will Moorehead answered. The open area in the bones that makes up the spinal column is the spinal canal. See how to properly perform the 3 neck strengthening exercises listed below. If cervical stenosis damages the spinal cord there is a small possibility it could lead to paralysis. Causes of Cervical Spinal Stenosis . Most often it occurs when you walk. Talk to your doctor or ...
How to Fight Cervical Spinal Stenosis. The cervical spine is the uppermost part of the vertebral column that consists of seven vertebral bodies. It corresponds to what we know as the neck. In cervical spinal stenosis, the spinal canal, or...
It is important in primary care to be able to differentiate between cervical spine disease that can be managed conservatively and that associated with neurological symptoms suggestive of more serious disease, which may require urgent surgery. This article will cover key points in the history, examination, and management of patients with neck and neurological symptoms, with particular reference to cervical myelopathy and radiculopathy.. The prevalence of neck pain in the general population is high: it has been estimated that 30-50% of adults will experience neck pain in any given year,1 with the average GP estimated to consult with seven people per week for neck or upper extremity symptoms.2 Neck pain with abnormal neurology (usually cervical radiculopathy) is much less common: it has been estimated to affect around 100 per 100 000 males and 60 per 100 000 females.3 Cervical myelopathy is even rarer but is worthy of discussion given that it requires urgent management and needs to be identified ...
Study Design and Objective: The author reports experience with treatment of degenerative lumbar canal stenosis that involved fixation-arthrodesis of the affected spinal segment using double insurance transarticular screws for each joint. No direct bone, ligament or disc resection is done for decompression of the spinal dural tube or root canal. Methods and Summary of Background Data: During the period March 2011-September 2011, seven patients having lumbar canal stenosis were treated with a modification of transarticular method of screw fixation that involved insertion of two or double insurance screws at each articular joint. The operation involved section of the spinous process at its base, opening up of the facet joint, denuding of articular cartilage, insertion of intra-articular bone graft and insertion of two transarticular screws at each facet joint. The fixation was done in four levels in two patients, at three levels in four patients and at two levels in one patient. Oswestry ...
This 3D medical animation shows the normal anatomy of the cervical spine, along with age-related wear and tear that narrow the spinal canal. A cervical disc replacement procedure to relieve compression of the spinal cord and nerves is also show.. ...
Are you having issues with your neck and spinal column? Stress not,for cervical traction has actually been shown to be efficient in treating neck and spinal problems. Cervical traction stretches your head away from your neck for the growth and removal of compressed muscles. Although surgical treatments are likewise an alternative,cervical traction acts as an exceptional,non-invasive alternative.. To complete this procedure,medical experts utilize a cervical traction unit to extend the neck gently. It minimizes the pressure felt on the spine of the patient by pulling the vertebrae. Numerous clients have reported feeling a good deal of convenience following the use of a cervical traction unit.. To learn more,click here,best cervical traction device. ...
Are you having issues with your neck and spinal column? Stress not,for cervical traction has actually been shown to be efficient in treating neck and spinal problems. Cervical traction stretches your head away from your neck for the growth and removal of compressed muscles. Although surgical treatments are likewise an alternative,cervical traction acts as an exceptional,non-invasive alternative.. To complete this procedure,medical experts utilize a cervical traction unit to extend the neck gently. It minimizes the pressure felt on the spine of the patient by pulling the vertebrae. Numerous clients have reported feeling a good deal of convenience following the use of a cervical traction unit.. To learn more,click here,best cervical traction device. ...
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