Start Over You searched for: Collections Medicine in the Americas, 1610-1920 ✖Remove constraint Collections: Medicine in the Americas, 1610-1920 Languages English ✖Remove constraint Languages: English Subjects Communicable Disease Control -- legislation & jurisprudence ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Communicable Disease Control -- legislation & jurisprudence Subjects United States ✖Remove constraint Subjects: United States Genre Address ✖Remove constraint Genre: Address Titles Cattle disease: speech ✖Remove constraint Titles: Cattle disease: speech ...
The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) is a collaborative network established in cooperation with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infections Program; the state health departments in California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, and Tennessee; the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition; and the United States Department of Agriculture's Food Safety Inspection Service. The FoodNet Population Survey was conducted by telephone in the nine population-based FoodNet sites (CA, CO, CT, GA, MD, MN, NY, OR, and TN) from March 2002 through February 2003. The total population of these nine sites, according to the 2002 United States Census Bureau estimates, was 37,961,688 persons. The 2002 Population Survey was the fourth 12-month FoodNet Population Survey. Previous surveys were conducted in 1996, 1998, and 2000. With the exception of the geographic area, the survey methods were similar in ...
The First Nations Health Authority (FNHA) is a health service delivery organization responsible for administering a variety of health programs and service for First Nations people living in BC. The FNHA is part of a First Nations Health Governance Structure in BC that includes the First Nations Health Council and First Nations Health Directors Association. The First Nations Health Authority emerged from a number of Tripartite agreements between BC First Nations, the Province of BC, and the Government of Canada that included the Transformative Change Accord: First Nations Health Plan [2006],[1] Tripartite First Nations Health Plan [2007],[2] and the Tripartite Framework Agreement on First Nations Health Governance.[3] A first for Canada, the FNHA is the first province-wide First Nations Health Authority in Canada. The FNHA plans, designs, manages and funds the delivery of First Nations health programs and services in BC. These community-based services are largely focused on health promotion and ...
How is International Prospective Primary Prevention Study in Hypertension (European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology) abbreviated? IPPPSH stands for International Prospective Primary Prevention Study in Hypertension (European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology). IPPPSH is defined as International Prospective Primary Prevention Study in Hypertension (European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology) somewhat frequently.
Article, see p 1772. Early randomized clinical trials of primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy failed to establish survival benefit from this therapy; however, those trials were too small to provide definitive results.1,2 When the SCD-HeFT (Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial) was published in 2005, it was practice changing. SCD-HeFT showed that primary prevention ICDs significantly improve the survival of patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% attributable to ischemic or nonischemic cardiomyopathy and New York Heart Association class II or III heart failure symptoms despite optimal medical therapy.3 Patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy constituted about half of the 2521 total enrolled patients in SCD-HeFT.3 The results of SCD-HeFT formed the basis of a class I guideline recommendation for primary prevention ICDs in patients with New York Heart Association class II or III heart failure symptoms ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - CHD and stroke: Scotland's pandemics also need co-ordinated and vigorous primary prevention programmes. AU - Mordue, Alan. AU - Dunbar, James. AU - Vartiainen, Erkki. PY - 2003. Y1 - 2003. M3 - Article. VL - 48. SP - 64. EP - 68. JO - Scottish Medical Journal. JF - Scottish Medical Journal. SN - 0036-9330. IS - 3. ER - ...
Siegel's selection comes as both the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation embark on a collaborative campaign to transform the nursing profession to improve health and health care. Based on the recommendations from the groundbreaking Institute of Medicine nursing report released last year, "The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health," the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation leads the Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action to engage nurses and non-nurses in a nationwide effort to overhaul the nursing profession.. At the same time, faculty and leaders from the UC Davis School of Nursing lead a variety of efforts to implement the initiative in California. The campaign is working to implement solutions to the challenges facing the nursing profession and to build upon nurse-based approaches to improve quality and transform the way Americans receive health care.. Siegel's mentors include Associate Vice Chancellor for Nursing and Founding Dean Heather M. ...
West Nile virus (WNV) is a vector-borne illness that can severely affect human health. After introduction on the East Coast in 1999, the virus quickly spread and became established across the continental United States. However, there have been significant variations in levels of human WNV incidence spatially and temporally. In order to quantify these variations, we used Kulldorff's spatial scan statistic and Anselin's Local Moran's I statistic to uncover spatial clustering of human WNV incidence at the county level in the continental United States from 2002-2008. These two methods were applied with varying analysis thresholds in order to evaluate sensitivity of clusters identified. The spatial scan and Local Moran's I statistics revealed several consistent, important clusters or hot-spots with significant year-to-year variation. In 2002, before the pathogen had spread throughout the country, there were significant regional clusters in the upper Midwest and in Louisiana and Mississippi. The largest and
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Beginning in July 2000, the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), expanded the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) to collect data on all types and causes of injuries treated in a representative sample of United States hospitals with emergency departments (ED). This system is called the NEISS-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP). The NEISS-AIP is designed to provide national incidence estimates of all types and external causes of nonfatal injuries and poisonings treated in United States hospital EDs. Data on injury-related visits are being obtained from a national sample of 66 out of 100 NEISS hospitals that were selected as a stratified probability sample of hospitals in the United States and its territories with a minimum of 6 beds and a 24-hour ED. The sample includes separate strata for very large, large, medium, and small ...
Know your health coverage options if your Medicare Advantage Plan is ending at the end of the year.. Extra Help is a federal program that helps pay Medicare prescription drug premiums deductibles, and copays. If you have Extra Help and your Medicare Advantage Plan is ending on December 31, 2018, your plan must send you a letter by October 2, 2018 to tell you it will no longer be available next year.. Below are important steps to take when you have Extra Help and your Medicare Advantage Plan is ending.. 1. Understand what's changing after December 31, 2018. Most Medicare Advantage Plans include both Medicare health and drug coverage. For that reason, the end of Medicare Advantage Plan means that your Medicare drug and health coverage will change next year.. 2. Understand what's not changing next year. There are different ways to qualify for Extra Help. You may have gotten Extra Help automatically because you have full Medicaid coverage or have a Medicare Savings Program, that helps pay your ...
Listen to this episode from We Wonder on Spotify. Deuteronomy 5:1-22 Today's symbol is the two tablets of the law. God gave Moses the Ten Commandments on Mt Sinai, and Moses gave them to God's people. The Ten Commandments teach us how to love God and how to love one another. I wonder what it was like, to be with God's people and wandering in the wilderness? I wonder what God's people said to God when they felt lost and afraid? I wonder if I have ever been lost? I wonder if there is a time when I didn't know the way I should go? What do I want to say to God about that time? I wonder how following these ways can help me love God more? I wonder how they can help me love other people? Is there anything I want to ask God about his good ways? I wonder what happens when people break God's ways? I don't always follow the ways into God's presence. I wonder how God comes close to us, when we fail to come close to God? In Advent, we remember that we don't stay in God's presence, so we are waiting for God to
How is Chronic Disease and Sociodemographic Risk Factors abbreviated? CDSRF stands for Chronic Disease and Sociodemographic Risk Factors. CDSRF is defined as Chronic Disease and Sociodemographic Risk Factors very rarely.
In April, New Orleans, Louisiana, was designated a bronze-level Walk Friendly Community by the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), a national program that encourages communities to make walking safe. In commending the city, PBIC highlighted the KidsWalk Coalition , a partnership of city and state organizations led by the Tulane University Prevention Research Center (PRC).. The KidsWalk Coalition conducts a variety of activities to improve conditions for pedestrians in New Orleans. It coordinates school crosswalk maintenance and traffic sign replacement with the New Orleans Department of Public Works and advises schools on campus safety improvements. It helps elementary and middle schools apply for and implement Louisiana's Safe Routes to School program, which provides grants for infrastructure improvements, education programs, and enforcement measures such as crossing guards. The coalition provides technical assistance for implementing sustainable changes that encourage walking and ...
Over a third of people with HIV have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the absence of hepatitis B or C, according to the results of a meta-analysis and systematic review published in AIDS. Metabolic disorders including high body mass index (BMI), diabetes and elevated lipids were key risk factors. The study also revealed high prevalences of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and liver fibrosis, possible outcomes of NAFLD, with metabolic disorders once again shown as the most important factors.. "NAFLD is common in HIV-monoinfected patients. Metabolic disorders are key risk factors for NAFLD independent of HIV parameters and predict its complications," comment the authors. "Our systematic review underlines the need for additional data on NAFLD in HIV infection as well as a better standardised assessment and management of the disease.". Liver disease is now a leading cause of serious illness and death in people with HIV. Until now, much of the liver disease occurring in people living ...
This publication was written by Elizabeth B. Robertson, Ph.D., University of Alabama (formerly with the National Institute on Drug Abuse), Belinda E. Sims, Ph.D., National Institute on Drug Abuse, and Eve E. Reider, Ph.D., National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. It was edited by Eric Wargo, Ph.D., National Institute on Drug Abuse. NIDA wishes to thank the following individuals for their guidance and comments during the development and review of this publication: Karl G. Hill, Ph.D. University of Washington
The roles of different dietary proteins in the aetiology of type 2 diabetes (T2D) remain unclear. We investigated the associations of dietary proteins with the risk of incident T2D in Finnish men from the prospective Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. The study included 2332 men aged 42-60 years at the baseline examinations in 1984-1989. Protein intakes were calculated from 4-d dietary records. Incident T2D was determined by self-administered questionnaires, fasting blood glucose measurements, 2-h oral glucose tolerance tests, and with national registers. The multivariable-adjusted risk of T2D on the basis of protein intakes was compared by the Cox proportional hazard ratios (HR). During the mean follow-up of 19·3 years, 432 incident T2D cases were identified. Total, animal, meat or dairy product protein intakes were not associated with risk of T2D when the potential confounders were accounted for. Plant (multivariable-adjusted extreme-quartile HR 0·65; 95 % CI 0·42, 1·00; P ...
Submitted To: Office of National Coordinator for Health Information Technology Department of Health and Human Services Regarding: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act State Health Information Exchange Cooperative Agreement Program Opportunity #EP-HIT-09001 CFDA# 93.719 Every Oklahoman will benefit from the improved quality and decreased cost of health care afforded by the secure and appropriate communication of their health information to all providers involved in their care, raising the health status of individuals and the entire state population. - Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust Vision Statement Submitted by: Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust March 11, 2011 Oklahoma's Revised Operational Plan for the State Health Information Exchange Cooperative Agreement Program (SHIECAP) OHIET OKLAHOMA HEALTH INFORMATION EXCHANGE TRUST / OPERATIONAL PLAN - MARCH 2011 PAGE 1 Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust Operational Plan Table of Contents 1. Strategic Plan (under separate ...
Program activities, reports and NHSN data management; various topics related to HAIs including prevention and control guidelines and outbreak management; free 2 day course providing basic infection prevention education for infection preventionists and associated staff; the(AFL) is a letter from the Licensing and Certification (L&C) Program to health facilities that are licensed or certified by L&C. The information contained in the AFL may include changes in requirements in healthcare, enforcement, new technologies, and scope of practice, or general information that affects the health facility; CAHAN is the state's web-based information and communications system available on a 24/7/365 basis for distribution of health alerts, dissemination of prevention guidelines, coordination of disease investigation efforts, preparedness planning, and other initiatives that strengthen state and local preparedness ...
AITC is a non-profit, fee-for-service travel medicine and immunization clinic. While part of the San Francisco Department of Public Health, we are open to the public. Get vaccines, medication, and health information customized to your trip itinerary, all at competitive prices. A quick visit to our travel clinic can help you avoid getting sick far from home. Come see us before you go!
This course is an educational program held by the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (LACDPH). The program is for Infection Preventionists (IPs) and associated staff who work in long-term care settings, including skilled nursing facilities and rehabilitation facilities. The course is adapted from California Department of Public Health s 'Basics of Infection Prevention' course and intended for beginning and intermediate IPs. It is free to attend and those who attend both days are eligible for nursing CEUs (approximately 10). ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Childhood neglect and suicidal behavior. T2 - Findings from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. AU - Stickley, Andrew. AU - Waldman, Kyle. AU - Ueda, Michiko. AU - Koyanagi, Ai. AU - Sumiyoshi, Tomiki. AU - Narita, Zui. AU - Inoue, Yosuke. AU - DeVylder, Jordan E.. AU - Oh, Hans. PY - 2020/5. Y1 - 2020/5. N2 - Background: Although child neglect is common, there has been comparatively little research on it or its specific forms and their effects on mental health in adulthood. Objective: This study aimed to examine the association between exposure to different forms of childhood neglect and lifetime suicidal behavior among a nationally representative sample of adults in the U.S. general population. Methods: Data were analyzed from 5665 adults that were drawn from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Information was obtained on 'care', 'supervisory' and 'medical' neglect in childhood and lifetime suicidal behavior (ideation, plan, attempt). Lifetime ...
3 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA. Whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, hematocrit, and fibrinogen are considered independent risk factors for coronary heart disease and can be elevated by dehydration. The associations between fatal coronary heart disease and intake of water and fluids other than water were examined among the 8,280 male and 12,017 female participants aged 38-100 years who were without heart disease, stroke, or diabetes at baseline in 1976 in the Adventist Health Study, a prospective cohort study. A total of 246 fatal coronary heart disease events occurred during the 6-year follow-up. High daily intakes of water (five or more glasses) compared with low (two or fewer glasses) were associated with a relative risk in men of 0.46 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.28, 0.75; p trend = 0.001) and, in women, of 0.59 (95% CI: 0.36, 0.97). A high versus low intake of fluids other than water was associated with a relative risk of ...
Background: Sugar-sweetened carbonated beverages (called soft drinks) and juices, which have a high glycemic load relative to other foods and beverages, have been hypothesized as pancreatic cancer risk factors. However, data thus far are scarce, especially from non-European descent populations. We investigated whether higher consumption of soft drinks and juice increases the risk of pancreatic cancer in Chinese men and women.. Methods: A prospective cohort analysis was done to examine the association between soft drink and juice consumption and the risk of pancreatic cancer in 60,524 participants of the Singapore Chinese Health Study with up to 14 years of follow-up. Information on consumption of soft drinks, juice, and other dietary items, as well as lifestyle and environmental exposures, was collected through in-person interviews at recruitment. Pancreatic cancer cases and deaths were ascertained by record linkage of the cohort database with records of population-based Singapore Cancer ...
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is fully engaged in technology transfer. NIDA views technology transfer as offering unique opportunities to establish collaborative relationships with the private sector in order to facilitate the transfer of research results into public health advances. Opportunities based upon basic research findings, applied research findings, and in potential product development are considered and appropriate agreements facilitating further research and development may be negotiated within the context of National Institutes of Health (NIH) policies. Technology transfer activities involving both extramural and intramural research are handled directly through an NIH interagency agreement with the National Cancer Institute's Technology Transfer Center, which provides services to support NIDA's technology development activities. Among these activities are: The exchange of confidential information under a Confidential Disclosure Agreement (CDA). The exchange of
TY - JOUR. T1 - Metabolic syndrome and angiographic coronary artery disease prevalence in association with the framingham risk score. AU - Konstantinou, Dimitris M.. AU - Chatzizisis, Yiannis S.. AU - Louridas, George E.. AU - Giannoglou, George D.. PY - 2010/6/1. Y1 - 2010/6/1. N2 - Background: The association of metabolic syndrome with coronary artery disease (CAD) has been studied extensively. However, little is known about the effect of Framingham risk score (FRS) and metabolic syndrome components on the association of metabolic syndrome with angiographically significant CAD. Our aim was to investigate whether that relationship is influenced by individual's 10-year CAD risk profile as assessed by FRS. Furthermore, we sought to elucidate whether metabolic syndrome is associated with angiographically significant CAD independently of its individual components. Methods: We studied a consecutive sample of 150 patients undergoing coronary angiography for the evaluation of chest pain. Metabolic ...
FoodNet is an active laboratory and population-based surveillance system to monitor the incidence of foodborne diseases of local and national public health importance.
Cryptosporidium parvum leaped to the attention of the United States following the 1993 outbreak in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, which sickened 400,000 people. Other outbreaks in the United States have been associated with drinking and recreational water, consumption of contaminated foods, contact with animals, and childcare attendance. Despite its public health importance, the number of people who become infected each year is not known. In 1997, active surveillance for C. parvum was added to the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet), a collaborative effort among the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, selected state health departments, the U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Food and Drug Administration. During the first 2 years of surveillance, 1,023 laboratory-confirmed cases of cryptosporidiosis were detected in FoodNet (Connecticut, Minnesota, Oregon, and selected counties in California, Georgia, Maryland, and New York). The annual rate per 100,000 persons was 2.3. Sixteen
TY - JOUR. T1 - Low CD4+ T-cell count as a major atherosclerosis risk factor in HIV-infected women and men. AU - Kaplan, Robert C.. AU - Kingsley, Lawrence A.. AU - Gange, Stephen J.. AU - Benning, Lorie. AU - Jacobson, Lisa P.. AU - Lazar, Jason. AU - Anastos, Kathryn. AU - Tien, Phyllis C.. AU - Sharrett, A. Richey. AU - Hodis, Howard N.. PY - 2008/8/20. Y1 - 2008/8/20. N2 - Objective:: To assess the association of HIV infection, HIV disease parameters (including CD4+ T-cell counts, HIV viral load, and AIDS) and antiretroviral medication use with subclinical carotid artery atherosclerosis. Design:: Cross-sectional study nested within a prospective cohort study. Methods:: Among participants in the Womens Interagency HIV Study (1331 HIV-infected women, 534 HIV-uninfected women) and Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (600 HIV-infected men, 325 HIV-uninfected men), we measured subclinical carotid artery lesions and common carotid artery intima-media thickness using B-mode ultrasound. We estimated ...
International Health Regulations (2005). 'Germs, Governance, and Global Public Health in the Wake of SARS' by David Fidler. 'The New International Health Regulations and the Federalism Dilemma' by Kumanan Wilson, et al.. 'From International Sanitary Conventions to Global Health Security: The New International Health Regulations' by David Fidler. 'Global Public Health Surveillance under New International Health Regulations' by Michael Baker and David Fidler. 'The New International Health Regulations: An Historic Development for International Law and Public Health' by David Fidler and Lawrence Gostin. 'Globalization of Health Insecurity: The World Health Organization and the New International Health Regulations' by Obijiofor Aginam. 'Globalization of Infectious Diseases, International Law and the World Health Organization: Opportunities for Synergy in Global Governance of Epidemics' by Obijiofor Aginam. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy and effects of antihypertensive drug therapy in hypertensive participants in the multiple risk factor intervention trial. AU - MacMahon, Stephen. AU - Collins, Gary. AU - Rautaharju, Pentti. AU - Cutler, Jeffrey. AU - Neaton, James. AU - Prineas, Ronald. AU - Crow, Richard. AU - Stamler, Jeremiah. PY - 1989/1/15. Y1 - 1989/1/15. N2 - Data are reported on electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG LVH) among 8,012 men classified as hypertensive at baseline in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. Compared with those allocated to the usual care (UC) control group, men allocated to the special intervention (SI) group experienced a mean reduction of 4 mm Hg in diastolic blood pressure and 7 mm Hg in systolic blood pressure, over 6 years of follow-up. There were 378 new cases of ECG LVH during follow-up; the incidence in the SI group was about 23% less than that in the UC group (4.2 vs 5.4% 2P , 0.01). Among the 189 ...
Salmonella vaccines are a proven, pre-harvest intervention to reduce the overall prevalence of Salmonella contamination of birds entering the processing facility, especially the higher-risk Salmonella B and D serotypes. Now, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is encouraging the poultry industry to expand the use of Salmonella vaccines to help control Salmonella in poultry flocks.. According to the CDC's latest Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, researchers from the CDC's Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) found that human food-borne illness incidents caused by S. Enteritidis held steady last year, while S. Typhimurium incidents declined by 13% compared to data collected from 2016-2018.. The CDC report goes on to say reductions in Salmonella serotype Typhimurium suggest that targeted interventions (e.g., vaccinating chickens with Salmonella vaccines) might help decrease human infections. Typhimurium moved from the most common serotype during 1996-1998 ...
Inspired by the successful eradication of smallpox in 1977, the International Task Force for Disease Eradication formed at The Carter Center in 1988 to evaluate disease control and prevention and the potential for eradicating other infectious diseases.. Scientists and notable international health organizations serving on the task force have identified eight diseases that potentially could be eradicated, thereby dramatically and permanently improving the quality of life for many millions of the world's poorest people.. Those diseases are: Guinea worm (dracunculiasis), poliomyelitis, mumps, rubella, lymphatic filariasis, cysticercosis, measles, and yaws.. Currently supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the task force reviews progress in the field of disease eradication and the status of diseases selected for control or eradication, and recommends action steps.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A Youth Violence Prevention Program. T2 - Description and Preliminary Evaluation. AU - Gainer, Patricia S.. AU - Webster, Daniel W.. AU - Champion, Howard R.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 1993/3. Y1 - 1993/3. N2 - Problem Statement. -In response to growing violence, primary prevention programs have been launched, but scientific rationale and credible evaluations have been lacking. Methods. -Fifth and seventh-grade students in three inner-city schools (n=135) participated in a violence prevention program. Controls consisted of students from the same schools and grades during the following school year (n=115). Students were taught social problem-solving skills and risk factors for violence. Multivariate analyses were performed on posttest measures while controlling for baseline differences. Results. -Program participants were much less likely to define social problems in adversarial ways, were less likely to provide violent solutions in ...
In 2005, the International Health Regulations were adopted at the 58th World Health Assembly; in June 2007, they were entered into force for most countries. In 2012, the world is approaching a major 5-year milestone in the global commitment to ensure national capacities to identify, investigate, assess, and respond to public health events. In the past 5 years, existing programs have been boosted and some new activities relating to International Health Regulations provisions have been successfully established. The lessons and experience of the past 5 years need to be drawn upon to provide improved direction for the future ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Association of pathobiologic determinants of atherosclerosis in youth risk score and carotid artery intima-media thickness in asymptomatic young heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia patients. AU - Cheng, Hao Ming. AU - Ye, Zhong Xuan. AU - Charng, Min Ji. PY - 2011/9. Y1 - 2011/9. N2 - Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an inherited disorder characterized by extremely high cholesterol level, accelerated atherosclerosis and premature cardiovascular disease.We need an early risk stratification method for this population. Arisk score formula to estimate the probability of advanced atherosclerosis using coronary heart disease risk factors was developed for persons 15-34 years of age by the Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth (PDAY) study. This study's aim was to investigate the relation between PDAY risk score and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and inflammation markers in asymptomatic young FH subjects. Methods: We included 23 ...
Conferences - International Conference on Infectious Disease Dynamics - Epidemics7 - International Conference on Infectious Disease Dynamics
Child abuse prevention efforts are of 3 general types, ie, primary, secondary, and tertiary.21 Primary prevention efforts, of which this program is an example, address a broad segment of the population (such as all new parents). Secondary prevention efforts, such as the home visitation (or nurse-family partnership) program developed by Olds et al,22,23 target a specific subset of the population considered to be at higher risk for child maltreatment. Tertiary prevention efforts target perpetrators of child maltreatment and seek primarily to prevent recidivism.. Secondary prevention programs such as home visitation programs have had the greatest demonstrated success in reducing child maltreatment22,23 but require considerable resources and are impractical for an entire population. Moreover, their effectiveness in specifically preventing abusive infant head injuries has not been assessed. Primary prevention programs designed to educate the public about the dangers of violent infant shaking have ...
Stroke is a major risk factor for osteoporosis and fractures. No study has evaluated the association between diuretic use and risk of vertebral fracture in stroke patients, although a considerable proportion of stroke patients are prescribed diuretics for hypertension. Our study aimed to investigate whether treatment with thiazides or loop diuretics affects the risk of vertebral fracture after stroke. A population-based propensity score-matched retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients with a new diagnosis of stroke between 2000 and 2011 were included. After propensity score matching, 9468 patients were included in the analysis of the effect of thiazides, of who 4734 received thiazides within 2 years after stroke. To analyze the loop diuretic effect, 4728 patients were included, of who 2364 received loop diuretics. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) of vertebral fractures among
Objective: Previous studies have demonstrated benefits of high-dose long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC ω-3 PUFA) supplements on metabolic risk. Effects of increased dietary ω-3 PUFA, via oily fish and/or plant-derived ω-3 PUFAs, are less clear and may be modulated by the ω-6:ω-3 PUFA of the habitual diet. This study examined the effect on cardiovascular disease risk markers of reducing dietary ω-6:ω-3 PUFA by changes in linoleic acid:α-linolenic acid (LA:LNA) and/or increasing LC ω-3 PUFA. It tested whether decreases in LA:LNA modulate effects of LC ω-3 PUFA. Methods: One hundred forty-two subjects, recruited to a 24-wk randomized study, were assigned to a control group or one of four interventions. Intervention groups received two portions of oily fish (4.5 g eicosapentaenoic acid + docosahexanoic acid) or white fish (0.7 g eicosapentaenoic acid + docosahexanoic acid) per week, and replaced habitual household fats with ones high in sunflower (high LA:LNA) or rapeseed (low LA:LNA)
NOTOC__ {{Acinic cell carcinoma}} {{CMG}}; {{AE}} {{RG}} == Overview == There are no established measures for the [[primary prevention]] of [[acinic cell carcinoma]]. == Primary Prevention == There are no established measures for the [[primary prevention]] of [[acinic cell carcinoma]]. ==References== {{Reflist,2}} {{WH}} {{WS ...
Select 6 credit points from Option A, B, C, D or E. OPTION A - ADULT INTERNAL MEDICINE. TM5501:03 Tropical Medicine. TM5502:03 Tropical Public Health. TM5508:03 Diving and Marine Medicine. TM5512:03 Travel Medicine. TM5514:03 Environmental Health. TM5528:03 Health Promotion. TM5536:03 Public Health in Humanitarian Emergencies. TM5557:03 Disaster Health Management. TM5562:03 Reproductive Health in Developing Countries. OPTION B - EMERGENCY MEDICINE. TM5501:03 Tropical Medicine. TM5508:03 Diving and Marine Medicine. TM5512:03 Travel Medicine. TM5525:03 Communicable Disease Control. TM5557:03 Disaster Health Management. TM5560:03 Foundations of Aeromedical Retrieval. TM5563:03 Public Health Leadership and Crisis Management. TM5577:03 Paediatric and Neonatal Retrievals. TM5581:03 Expedition and Wilderness Medicine. OPTION C - PAEDIATRICS. PY6015:03 Child and Family Therapy. TM5501:03 Tropical Medicine. TM5514:03 Environmental Health. TM5528:03 Health Promotion. TM5534:03 Tropical ...
In order to study the germination and growth of pepper seeds, a factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design with three replications was conducted. The first factor was consisting of five cultivars of pepper (Marquiza, Cadia, California Wonder, California Wonder 310 and California Wonder 300) and the second factor was gibberellic acid with three levels (0 as control, 250 and 500 ppm), and the third factor was naphthalene acetic acid with three levels (0 as control, 50 and 100 ppm). The results showed that the highest germination percentage (89.9%- California-Wonder 310 cultivar), rate of germination (0.85- California-Wonder 310 cultivar), shoot height (95.99 mm- California Wonder 300 cultivar), shoot fresh weight (6.62 g- California Wonder 300 cultivar) root fresh weight (3.46g- California Wonder 300 cultivar), root length (15.85 cm- Marquiza cultivar), leaf length (5.36 cm-Cadia cultivar) and stem diameter (26.91mm- California Wonder 300 cultivar) were obtained from the concentration of
TY - JOUR. T1 - Meta-analysis of Risk of Ventricular Arrhythmias After Improvement in Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction During Follow-Up in Patients With Primary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators. AU - Smer, Aiman. AU - Saurav, Alok. AU - Azzouz, Muhammad Soubhi. AU - Salih, Mohsin. AU - Ayan, Mohamed. AU - Abuzaid, Ahmed. AU - Akinapelli, Abhilash. AU - Kanmanthareddy, Arun. AU - Rosenfeld, Lynda E.. AU - Merchant, Faisal M.. AU - Abuissa, Hussam. PY - 2017/7/15. Y1 - 2017/7/15. N2 - Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death in patients with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). However, there are limited data on the long-term benefit of ICD therapy in patients whose LVEF subsequently improves. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of LVEF improvement on ICD therapy during follow-up. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effects modeling. Sixteen ...
Repeated at 12:15 pm, Cherkasky Auditorium, Montefiore Medical Center. Dr. Amanda Castel is an Associate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and in Pediatrics at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health and School of Medicine. She also co-directs the Masters of Science in Public Health Microbiology and Emerging Infectious Diseases program. Dr. Castel completed medical school at the University of Pennsylvania, her residency in general pediatrics at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and a masters of public health at Johns Hopkins University. Following her residency, she was a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) Officer where she was assigned to the Communicable Disease Control Program at the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. After EIS, she went on to complete her residency in General Preventive Medicine at the CDC National Center for Health Statistics. Dr. Castel's research ...
The VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL (VITAL) is an ongoing randomized clinical trial of vitamin D (in the form of vitamin D3 [cholecalciferol]) and marine omega-3 fatty acid (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] + docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) supplements in the primary prevention of cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Existing data from laboratory studies, epidemiologic research, small primary prevention trials, and/or large secondary prevention trials strongly suggest that these nutritional agents may reduce risk for cancer or CVD, but large primary prevention trials with adequate dosing in general populations are lacking.. VITAL will test the independent effects of vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on risk for developing cancer and CVD (primary, secondary, and other outcomes are specified in the Outcome Measures section). VITAL will also explore (a) whether vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acid supplements exhibit synergistic or additive effects on cancer and CVD risk and (b) whether the ...
National Health InsuranceIndividual Plans at Group Rates! Great Coverage/Options!. LIFE presents The Seven Wonders of Life Insurance. As part of this years Life Insurance Awareness Month, LIFE (The Life and Health Insurance Foundation for Education, a non-profit organization dedicated to educating the public about life, health, disability and long term care insurance) has produced a great piece about the importance of life insurance and the way it provides security for families. Visit www.lifehappens.org if you would like to see the original article, The Seven Wonders of Life Insurance, and some great supporting videos. In the meantime, here are the key points made in the article:. Many people purchase life insurance to pay for funeral and other final expenses. With proper planning, life insurance can provide much more for your family. Here is what life insurance can do for you:. Life insurance can buy time.It affords your family and loved ones the time they need to grieve. Without life ...
As of 2010 sub-Saharan Africa had approximately 865 million inhabitants living with numerous public health challenges. Several public health initiatives [e.g., the United States (US) President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the US President's Malaria Initiative] have been very successful at reducing mortality from priority diseases. A competently trained public health workforce that can operate multi-disease surveillance and response systems is necessary to build upon and sustain these successes and to address other public health problems. Sub-Saharan Africa appears to have weathered the recent global economic downturn remarkably well and its increasing middle class may soon demand stronger public health systems to protect communities. The Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) program of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has been the backbone of public health surveillance and response in the US during its 60 years of existence. EIS has been adapted internationally to ...
Primary care physicians in Germany are essential participants in infectious disease surveillance through mandatory reporting. Feedback on such surveillance should reflect the needs and attitudes of these physicians. These issues were investigated in a questionnaire survey among 8,550 randomly sampled physicians in Germany in 2001. Of the 1,320 respondents, 59.3% claimed not to have received any feedback on infectious disease surveillance, and 3.7% perceived feedback as not important. Logistic regression analysis showed that physicians in the former East Germany were 2.2 times more likely to have received feedback than those in the former West Germany. Physicians preferred to receive occasional reports (e.g., in case of outbreaks, 31.6%) as opposed to actively having to search for constantly updated information on the Internet (7.8%). The preferred formats were fax (31.7%), mail (30.9%), and the official organ of the German Medical Association (Deutsches Arzteblatt) (30.5%). Feedback of surveillance data
Download the complete document. Czeizel A. Periconception care and primary prevention of neural-tube defects and other congenital abnormalities by periconceptional folic acid/ multivitamin supplementation. Paper presented at: Training Course in Sexual and Reproductive Health Research; 2013 Nov 20; Geneva. Available from: https://www.gfmer.ch/SRH-Course-2013/community-genetics/Periconceptional-folic-acid-Czeizel-2013.htm Relevant online documents. ...