The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) is a collaborative network established in cooperation with the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions Emerging Infections Program; the state health departments in California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, and Tennessee; the Food and Drug Administrations Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition; and the United States Department of Agricultures Food Safety Inspection Service. The FoodNet Population Survey was conducted by telephone in the nine population-based FoodNet sites (CA, CO, CT, GA, MD, MN, NY, OR, and TN) from March 2002 through February 2003. The total population of these nine sites, according to the 2002 United States Census Bureau estimates, was 37,961,688 persons. The 2002 Population Survey was the fourth 12-month FoodNet Population Survey. Previous surveys were conducted in 1996, 1998, and 2000. With the exception of the geographic area, the survey methods were similar in ...
The First Nations Health Authority (FNHA) is a health service delivery organization responsible for administering a variety of health programs and service for First Nations people living in BC. The FNHA is part of a First Nations Health Governance Structure in BC that includes the First Nations Health Council and First Nations Health Directors Association. The First Nations Health Authority emerged from a number of Tripartite agreements between BC First Nations, the Province of BC, and the Government of Canada that included the Transformative Change Accord: First Nations Health Plan [2006],[1] Tripartite First Nations Health Plan [2007],[2] and the Tripartite Framework Agreement on First Nations Health Governance.[3] A first for Canada, the FNHA is the first province-wide First Nations Health Authority in Canada. The FNHA plans, designs, manages and funds the delivery of First Nations health programs and services in BC. These community-based services are largely focused on health promotion and ...
Immunisation, communicable disease control top national public health expenditure page on the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare website
Article, see p 1772. Early randomized clinical trials of primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy failed to establish survival benefit from this therapy; however, those trials were too small to provide definitive results.1,2 When the SCD-HeFT (Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial) was published in 2005, it was practice changing. SCD-HeFT showed that primary prevention ICDs significantly improve the survival of patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% attributable to ischemic or nonischemic cardiomyopathy and New York Heart Association class II or III heart failure symptoms despite optimal medical therapy.3 Patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy constituted about half of the 2521 total enrolled patients in SCD-HeFT.3 The results of SCD-HeFT formed the basis of a class I guideline recommendation for primary prevention ICDs in patients with New York Heart Association class II or III heart failure symptoms ...
Its not the years in your life that count. Its the life in your years." Abraham Lincoln. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have one fundamental function the prevention of sudden unexpected arrhythmic cardiac death.. As Americans age and more baby boomers become "eligible" for a primary prevention ICD, it is important to ensure that treatments are appropriately and effectively applied to this growing segment of the population. Yet, enrollment of patients older than age 65 years in major primary prevention ICD trials is limited. A surprising 28% of Americans suitable for an ICD by conventional criteria are over age 79 years.1 Over 40% of primary prevention ICDs in the United States are placed in patients ≥70 years old. A review of over 115,000 Medicare patients in the National Cardiovascular Database ICD Registry revealed a mean age of 75 years at the time of ICD implantation, a trend that did not change between 2006 and 2010.2,9 Implantation rates are similar in other ...
Siegels selection comes as both the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation embark on a collaborative campaign to transform the nursing profession to improve health and health care. Based on the recommendations from the groundbreaking Institute of Medicine nursing report released last year, "The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health," the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation leads the Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action to engage nurses and non-nurses in a nationwide effort to overhaul the nursing profession.. At the same time, faculty and leaders from the UC Davis School of Nursing lead a variety of efforts to implement the initiative in California. The campaign is working to implement solutions to the challenges facing the nursing profession and to build upon nurse-based approaches to improve quality and transform the way Americans receive health care.. Siegels mentors include Associate Vice Chancellor for Nursing and Founding Dean Heather M. ...
Indiana recognizes that every Hoosier deserves to live in a safe and supportive environment where he/she can flourish. To this end, the ISDH Office of Womens Health has made a strong commitment to the primary prevention of sexual violence. Primary prevention focuses on stopping first time sexual violence victimization and perpetration. In 2010, the state developed its first comprehensive plan to address sexual violence, entitled Indianas Commitment to Primary Prevention: A State Free of Sexual Violence 2010-2015. This plan provided guidance for advocacy agencies across the Hoosier state to find a role in stopping sexual violence.. In 2015, the ISDH Office of Womens Health, along with nearly 30 community-based and governmental partner agencies, recommitted to ending sexual violence in Indiana. The Sexual Violence Primary Prevention Council (SVPPC) worked together to develop a comprehensive primary prevention plan under which individual advocates, community agencies, coalitions and governmental ...
West Nile virus (WNV) is a vector-borne illness that can severely affect human health. After introduction on the East Coast in 1999, the virus quickly spread and became established across the continental United States. However, there have been significant variations in levels of human WNV incidence spatially and temporally. In order to quantify these variations, we used Kulldorffs spatial scan statistic and Anselins Local Morans I statistic to uncover spatial clustering of human WNV incidence at the county level in the continental United States from 2002-2008. These two methods were applied with varying analysis thresholds in order to evaluate sensitivity of clusters identified. The spatial scan and Local Morans I statistics revealed several consistent, important clusters or hot-spots with significant year-to-year variation. In 2002, before the pathogen had spread throughout the country, there were significant regional clusters in the upper Midwest and in Louisiana and Mississippi. The largest and
Answering your questions and providing information on Medicare Part D prescription drug plans and Medicare Advantage plans. Have a question we missed? Contact Q1Medicare.com through our Helpdesk
Beginning in July 2000, the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), expanded the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) to collect data on all types and causes of injuries treated in a representative sample of United States hospitals with emergency departments (ED). This system is called the NEISS-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP). The NEISS-AIP is designed to provide national incidence estimates of all types and external causes of nonfatal injuries and poisonings treated in United States hospital EDs. Data on injury-related visits are being obtained from a national sample of 66 out of 100 NEISS hospitals that were selected as a stratified probability sample of hospitals in the United States and its territories with a minimum of 6 beds and a 24-hour ED. The sample includes separate strata for very large, large, medium, and small ...
Know your health coverage options if your Medicare Advantage Plan is ending at the end of the year.. Extra Help is a federal program that helps pay Medicare prescription drug premiums deductibles, and copays. If you have Extra Help and your Medicare Advantage Plan is ending on December 31, 2018, your plan must send you a letter by October 2, 2018 to tell you it will no longer be available next year.. Below are important steps to take when you have Extra Help and your Medicare Advantage Plan is ending.. 1. Understand whats changing after December 31, 2018. Most Medicare Advantage Plans include both Medicare health and drug coverage. For that reason, the end of Medicare Advantage Plan means that your Medicare drug and health coverage will change next year.. 2. Understand whats not changing next year. There are different ways to qualify for Extra Help. You may have gotten Extra Help automatically because you have full Medicaid coverage or have a Medicare Savings Program, that helps pay your ...
Wonder. What an interesting word. You hear the word wonder or its associative wonderful frequently during the holiday season. So I looked it up to see exactly what it meant, and this is the following definition that I found on http://www.thefreedictionary.com/wonder:. As a Noun - 1.. a. The emotion aroused by something awe-inspiring, astounding, or surprising: gazed with wonder at the northern lights.. b. The quality that arouses such emotion: "Her long fair hair was girlish, and touched with the wonder of mortal beauty, her face" (James Joyce).. 2.. a. One that arouses awe, astonishment, surprise, or admiration; a marvel: Given all his unhealthy habits, its a wonder hes lived this long. She was a wonder in that movie.. b. often Wonder A monumental human creation regarded with awe, especially one of seven monuments of the ancient world that appeared on various lists of late antiquity.. 3.. a. An extraordinary or remarkable act or achievement: That teacher has worked wonders with these ...
How is Chronic Disease and Sociodemographic Risk Factors abbreviated? CDSRF stands for Chronic Disease and Sociodemographic Risk Factors. CDSRF is defined as Chronic Disease and Sociodemographic Risk Factors very rarely.
In April, New Orleans, Louisiana, was designated a bronze-level Walk Friendly Community by the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), a national program that encourages communities to make walking safe. In commending the city, PBIC highlighted the KidsWalk Coalition , a partnership of city and state organizations led by the Tulane University Prevention Research Center (PRC).. The KidsWalk Coalition conducts a variety of activities to improve conditions for pedestrians in New Orleans. It coordinates school crosswalk maintenance and traffic sign replacement with the New Orleans Department of Public Works and advises schools on campus safety improvements. It helps elementary and middle schools apply for and implement Louisianas Safe Routes to School program, which provides grants for infrastructure improvements, education programs, and enforcement measures such as crossing guards. The coalition provides technical assistance for implementing sustainable changes that encourage walking and ...
Over a third of people with HIV have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the absence of hepatitis B or C, according to the results of a meta-analysis and systematic review published in AIDS. Metabolic disorders including high body mass index (BMI), diabetes and elevated lipids were key risk factors. The study also revealed high prevalences of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and liver fibrosis, possible outcomes of NAFLD, with metabolic disorders once again shown as the most important factors.. "NAFLD is common in HIV-monoinfected patients. Metabolic disorders are key risk factors for NAFLD independent of HIV parameters and predict its complications," comment the authors. "Our systematic review underlines the need for additional data on NAFLD in HIV infection as well as a better standardised assessment and management of the disease.". Liver disease is now a leading cause of serious illness and death in people with HIV. Until now, much of the liver disease occurring in people living ...
This publication was written by Elizabeth B. Robertson, Ph.D., University of Alabama (formerly with the National Institute on Drug Abuse), Belinda E. Sims, Ph.D., National Institute on Drug Abuse, and Eve E. Reider, Ph.D., National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. It was edited by Eric Wargo, Ph.D., National Institute on Drug Abuse. NIDA wishes to thank the following individuals for their guidance and comments during the development and review of this publication: Karl G. Hill, Ph.D. University of Washington
The roles of different dietary proteins in the aetiology of type 2 diabetes (T2D) remain unclear. We investigated the associations of dietary proteins with the risk of incident T2D in Finnish men from the prospective Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. The study included 2332 men aged 42-60 years at the baseline examinations in 1984-1989. Protein intakes were calculated from 4-d dietary records. Incident T2D was determined by self-administered questionnaires, fasting blood glucose measurements, 2-h oral glucose tolerance tests, and with national registers. The multivariable-adjusted risk of T2D on the basis of protein intakes was compared by the Cox proportional hazard ratios (HR). During the mean follow-up of 19·3 years, 432 incident T2D cases were identified. Total, animal, meat or dairy product protein intakes were not associated with risk of T2D when the potential confounders were accounted for. Plant (multivariable-adjusted extreme-quartile HR 0·65; 95 % CI 0·42, 1·00; P ...
Submitted To: Office of National Coordinator for Health Information Technology Department of Health and Human Services Regarding: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act State Health Information Exchange Cooperative Agreement Program Opportunity #EP-HIT-09001 CFDA# 93.719 Every Oklahoman will benefit from the improved quality and decreased cost of health care afforded by the secure and appropriate communication of their health information to all providers involved in their care, raising the health status of individuals and the entire state population. - Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust Vision Statement Submitted by: Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust March 11, 2011 Oklahomas Revised Operational Plan for the State Health Information Exchange Cooperative Agreement Program (SHIECAP) OHIET OKLAHOMA HEALTH INFORMATION EXCHANGE TRUST / OPERATIONAL PLAN - MARCH 2011 PAGE 1 Oklahoma Health Information Exchange Trust Operational Plan Table of Contents 1. Strategic Plan (under separate ...
Program activities, reports and NHSN data management; various topics related to HAIs including prevention and control guidelines and outbreak management; free 2 day course providing basic infection prevention education for infection preventionists and associated staff; the(AFL) is a letter from the Licensing and Certification (L&C) Program to health facilities that are licensed or certified by L&C. The information contained in the AFL may include changes in requirements in healthcare, enforcement, new technologies, and scope of practice, or general information that affects the health facility; CAHAN is the states web-based information and communications system available on a 24/7/365 basis for distribution of health alerts, dissemination of prevention guidelines, coordination of disease investigation efforts, preparedness planning, and other initiatives that strengthen state and local preparedness ...
AITC is a non-profit, fee-for-service travel medicine and immunization clinic. While part of the San Francisco Department of Public Health, we are open to the public. Get vaccines, medication, and health information customized to your trip itinerary, all at competitive prices. A quick visit to our travel clinic can help you avoid getting sick far from home. Come see us before you go!
Mary Schmeida, PhD, RN Citation: Schmeida, M., (October 10, 2005). "Legislative: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996: Just an Incremental Step in Reshaping Government." OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Vol. 11, No 1.. DOI: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol11No01LegCol01. Introduction to HIPAA. In 1996, the federal Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was adopted as a step toward reshaping government health care. Referred to as the HIPAA, it enables portability of health care insurance coverage for workers and their families when they change or lose their jobs (Title I), sets a standard or benchmark for safeguarding electronic and paper exchange of health information, and requires national identifiers for providers, health plans, and employers (Title II). The final policy implementation rule outlines the entities affected by the legislation as health care providers, health plans, health care clearinghouses, and vendors offering computer software ...
How is FORSCOM Animal Disease Eradication Plan abbreviated? FADEP stands for FORSCOM Animal Disease Eradication Plan. FADEP is defined as FORSCOM Animal Disease Eradication Plan very frequently.
TY - JOUR. T1 - A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of supervised exercise therapy on modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in intermittent claudication. AU - Jansen, Sandra C. P.. AU - Hoorweg, Beatrijs B. N.. AU - Hoeks, Sanne E.. AU - van den Houten, Marijn M. L.. AU - Scheltinga, Marc R. M.. AU - Teijink, Joep A. W.. AU - Rouwet, Ellen V.. PY - 2019/4. Y1 - 2019/4. KW - Intermittent claudication. KW - Peripheral artery disease. KW - Supervised exercise therapy. KW - Cardiovascular risk. KW - PERIPHERAL ARTERY-DISEASE. KW - TREADMILL EXERCISE. KW - SECONDARY PREVENTION. KW - ENDOTHELIAL FUNCTION. KW - WALKING ABILITY. KW - OLDER PATIENTS. KW - WEIGHT-LOSS. KW - HEART-RATE. KW - REHABILITATION. KW - STRENGTH. U2 - 10.1016/j.jvs.2018.10.069. DO - 10.1016/j.jvs.2018.10.069. M3 - Review article. VL - 69. SP - 1293-1308.e2. JO - Journal of Vascular Surgery. JF - Journal of Vascular Surgery. SN - 0741-5214. IS - 4. ER - ...
Background: Sugar-sweetened carbonated beverages (called soft drinks) and juices, which have a high glycemic load relative to other foods and beverages, have been hypothesized as pancreatic cancer risk factors. However, data thus far are scarce, especially from non-European descent populations. We investigated whether higher consumption of soft drinks and juice increases the risk of pancreatic cancer in Chinese men and women.. Methods: A prospective cohort analysis was done to examine the association between soft drink and juice consumption and the risk of pancreatic cancer in 60,524 participants of the Singapore Chinese Health Study with up to 14 years of follow-up. Information on consumption of soft drinks, juice, and other dietary items, as well as lifestyle and environmental exposures, was collected through in-person interviews at recruitment. Pancreatic cancer cases and deaths were ascertained by record linkage of the cohort database with records of population-based Singapore Cancer ...
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is fully engaged in technology transfer. NIDA views technology transfer as offering unique opportunities to establish collaborative relationships with the private sector in order to facilitate the transfer of research results into public health advances. Opportunities based upon basic research findings, applied research findings, and in potential product development are considered and appropriate agreements facilitating further research and development may be negotiated within the context of National Institutes of Health (NIH) policies. Technology transfer activities involving both extramural and intramural research are handled directly through an NIH interagency agreement with the National Cancer Institutes Technology Transfer Center, which provides services to support NIDAs technology development activities. Among these activities are: The exchange of confidential information under a Confidential Disclosure Agreement (CDA). The exchange of
TY - JOUR. T1 - Metabolic syndrome and angiographic coronary artery disease prevalence in association with the framingham risk score. AU - Konstantinou, Dimitris M.. AU - Chatzizisis, Yiannis S.. AU - Louridas, George E.. AU - Giannoglou, George D.. PY - 2010/6/1. Y1 - 2010/6/1. N2 - Background: The association of metabolic syndrome with coronary artery disease (CAD) has been studied extensively. However, little is known about the effect of Framingham risk score (FRS) and metabolic syndrome components on the association of metabolic syndrome with angiographically significant CAD. Our aim was to investigate whether that relationship is influenced by individuals 10-year CAD risk profile as assessed by FRS. Furthermore, we sought to elucidate whether metabolic syndrome is associated with angiographically significant CAD independently of its individual components. Methods: We studied a consecutive sample of 150 patients undergoing coronary angiography for the evaluation of chest pain. Metabolic ...
FoodNet is an active laboratory and population-based surveillance system to monitor the incidence of foodborne diseases of local and national public health importance.
Cryptosporidium parvum leaped to the attention of the United States following the 1993 outbreak in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, which sickened 400,000 people. Other outbreaks in the United States have been associated with drinking and recreational water, consumption of contaminated foods, contact with animals, and childcare attendance. Despite its public health importance, the number of people who become infected each year is not known. In 1997, active surveillance for C. parvum was added to the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet), a collaborative effort among the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, selected state health departments, the U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Food and Drug Administration. During the first 2 years of surveillance, 1,023 laboratory-confirmed cases of cryptosporidiosis were detected in FoodNet (Connecticut, Minnesota, Oregon, and selected counties in California, Georgia, Maryland, and New York). The annual rate per 100,000 persons was 2.3. Sixteen
International Health Regulations (2005). Germs, Governance, and Global Public Health in the Wake of SARS by David Fidler. The New International Health Regulations and the Federalism Dilemma by Kumanan Wilson, et al.. From International Sanitary Conventions to Global Health Security: The New International Health Regulations by David Fidler. Global Public Health Surveillance under New International Health Regulations by Michael Baker and David Fidler. The New International Health Regulations: An Historic Development for International Law and Public Health by David Fidler and Lawrence Gostin. Globalization of Health Insecurity: The World Health Organization and the New International Health Regulations by Obijiofor Aginam. Globalization of Infectious Diseases, International Law and the World Health Organization: Opportunities for Synergy in Global Governance of Epidemics by Obijiofor Aginam. ...
Salmonella vaccines are a proven, pre-harvest intervention to reduce the overall prevalence of Salmonella contamination of birds entering the processing facility, especially the higher-risk Salmonella B and D serotypes. Now, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is encouraging the poultry industry to expand the use of Salmonella vaccines to help control Salmonella in poultry flocks.. According to the CDCs latest Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, researchers from the CDCs Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) found that human food-borne illness incidents caused by S. Enteritidis held steady last year, while S. Typhimurium incidents declined by 13% compared to data collected from 2016-2018.. The CDC report goes on to say reductions in Salmonella serotype Typhimurium suggest that targeted interventions (e.g., vaccinating chickens with Salmonella vaccines) might help decrease human infections. Typhimurium moved from the most common serotype during 1996-1998 ...
Inspired by the successful eradication of smallpox in 1977, the International Task Force for Disease Eradication formed at The Carter Center in 1988 to evaluate disease control and prevention and the potential for eradicating other infectious diseases.. Scientists and notable international health organizations serving on the task force have identified eight diseases that potentially could be eradicated, thereby dramatically and permanently improving the quality of life for many millions of the worlds poorest people.. Those diseases are: Guinea worm (dracunculiasis), poliomyelitis, mumps, rubella, lymphatic filariasis, cysticercosis, measles, and yaws.. Currently supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the task force reviews progress in the field of disease eradication and the status of diseases selected for control or eradication, and recommends action steps.. ...
Objective Recommendations regarding physical activity typically include both leisure time and occupational physical activity. However, the results from previous studies on occupational physical activity and the association with myocardial infarction have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to investigate if occupational physical activity is associated with the risk of myocardial infarction.. Design Prospective cohort study.. Participants Data from the Swedish Work, Lipids and Fibrinogen (WOLF) study was used, comprising 9961 employees (6849 men, 3112 women, mean age 42.7 years) having no history of myocardial infarction. The participants were categorised into 3 groups according to their level of occupational physical activity.. Outcome Data regarding incident myocardial infarction were obtained from the Swedish National Patient Register and the Cause of Death Register. Cox proportional hazard regression was used for estimation of HRs for different levels of occupational physical ...
In 2005, the International Health Regulations were adopted at the 58th World Health Assembly; in June 2007, they were entered into force for most countries. In 2012, the world is approaching a major 5-year milestone in the global commitment to ensure national capacities to identify, investigate, assess, and respond to public health events. In the past 5 years, existing programs have been boosted and some new activities relating to International Health Regulations provisions have been successfully established. The lessons and experience of the past 5 years need to be drawn upon to provide improved direction for the future ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Association of pathobiologic determinants of atherosclerosis in youth risk score and carotid artery intima-media thickness in asymptomatic young heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia patients. AU - Cheng, Hao Ming. AU - Ye, Zhong Xuan. AU - Charng, Min Ji. PY - 2011/9. Y1 - 2011/9. N2 - Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an inherited disorder characterized by extremely high cholesterol level, accelerated atherosclerosis and premature cardiovascular disease.We need an early risk stratification method for this population. Arisk score formula to estimate the probability of advanced atherosclerosis using coronary heart disease risk factors was developed for persons 15-34 years of age by the Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth (PDAY) study. This studys aim was to investigate the relation between PDAY risk score and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and inflammation markers in asymptomatic young FH subjects. Methods: We included 23 ...
Conferences - International Conference on Infectious Disease Dynamics - Epidemics7 - International Conference on Infectious Disease Dynamics
Child abuse prevention efforts are of 3 general types, ie, primary, secondary, and tertiary.21 Primary prevention efforts, of which this program is an example, address a broad segment of the population (such as all new parents). Secondary prevention efforts, such as the home visitation (or nurse-family partnership) program developed by Olds et al,22,23 target a specific subset of the population considered to be at higher risk for child maltreatment. Tertiary prevention efforts target perpetrators of child maltreatment and seek primarily to prevent recidivism.. Secondary prevention programs such as home visitation programs have had the greatest demonstrated success in reducing child maltreatment22,23 but require considerable resources and are impractical for an entire population. Moreover, their effectiveness in specifically preventing abusive infant head injuries has not been assessed. Primary prevention programs designed to educate the public about the dangers of violent infant shaking have ...
Stroke is a major risk factor for osteoporosis and fractures. No study has evaluated the association between diuretic use and risk of vertebral fracture in stroke patients, although a considerable proportion of stroke patients are prescribed diuretics for hypertension. Our study aimed to investigate whether treatment with thiazides or loop diuretics affects the risk of vertebral fracture after stroke. A population-based propensity score-matched retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients with a new diagnosis of stroke between 2000 and 2011 were included. After propensity score matching, 9468 patients were included in the analysis of the effect of thiazides, of who 4734 received thiazides within 2 years after stroke. To analyze the loop diuretic effect, 4728 patients were included, of who 2364 received loop diuretics. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) of vertebral fractures among
Objective: Previous studies have demonstrated benefits of high-dose long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC ω-3 PUFA) supplements on metabolic risk. Effects of increased dietary ω-3 PUFA, via oily fish and/or plant-derived ω-3 PUFAs, are less clear and may be modulated by the ω-6:ω-3 PUFA of the habitual diet. This study examined the effect on cardiovascular disease risk markers of reducing dietary ω-6:ω-3 PUFA by changes in linoleic acid:α-linolenic acid (LA:LNA) and/or increasing LC ω-3 PUFA. It tested whether decreases in LA:LNA modulate effects of LC ω-3 PUFA. Methods: One hundred forty-two subjects, recruited to a 24-wk randomized study, were assigned to a control group or one of four interventions. Intervention groups received two portions of oily fish (4.5 g eicosapentaenoic acid + docosahexanoic acid) or white fish (0.7 g eicosapentaenoic acid + docosahexanoic acid) per week, and replaced habitual household fats with ones high in sunflower (high LA:LNA) or rapeseed (low LA:LNA)
NOTOC__ {{Acinic cell carcinoma}} {{CMG}}; {{AE}} {{RG}} == Overview == There are no established measures for the [[primary prevention]] of [[acinic cell carcinoma]]. == Primary Prevention == There are no established measures for the [[primary prevention]] of [[acinic cell carcinoma]]. ==References== {{Reflist,2}} {{WH}} {{WS ...
Select 6 credit points from Option A, B, C, D or E. OPTION A - ADULT INTERNAL MEDICINE. TM5501:03 Tropical Medicine. TM5502:03 Tropical Public Health. TM5508:03 Diving and Marine Medicine. TM5512:03 Travel Medicine. TM5514:03 Environmental Health. TM5528:03 Health Promotion. TM5536:03 Public Health in Humanitarian Emergencies. TM5557:03 Disaster Health Management. TM5562:03 Reproductive Health in Developing Countries. OPTION B - EMERGENCY MEDICINE. TM5501:03 Tropical Medicine. TM5508:03 Diving and Marine Medicine. TM5512:03 Travel Medicine. TM5525:03 Communicable Disease Control. TM5557:03 Disaster Health Management. TM5560:03 Foundations of Aeromedical Retrieval. TM5563:03 Public Health Leadership and Crisis Management. TM5577:03 Paediatric and Neonatal Retrievals. TM5581:03 Expedition and Wilderness Medicine. OPTION C - PAEDIATRICS. PY6015:03 Child and Family Therapy. TM5501:03 Tropical Medicine. TM5514:03 Environmental Health. TM5528:03 Health Promotion. TM5534:03 Tropical ...
The Assistant Deputy Director (ADD) serves as the medical/public health administrator overseeing Center programs in environmental and occupational health: Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention, Environmental Health Investigations, Environmental Health Laboratory, and Occupational Health - and a cross-branch Emergency Preparedness Team.. These Richmond-based programs include ~200 employees and a total budget of ~$60 million derived from federal and state funds, grants, and contracts. The ADD ensures scientific excellence and manages communications for controversial and sensitive public health topics in environmental and occupational health; s/he advises the Centers Deputy Director and provides leadership and vision for CDPH primary prevention programs, policies and initiatives.. This position represents the Center internally and externally, seeking and supporting partnerships with key constituencies including community-based and professional organizations, academia, and government agencies.. ...
In order to study the germination and growth of pepper seeds, a factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design with three replications was conducted. The first factor was consisting of five cultivars of pepper (Marquiza, Cadia, California Wonder, California Wonder 310 and California Wonder 300) and the second factor was gibberellic acid with three levels (0 as control, 250 and 500 ppm), and the third factor was naphthalene acetic acid with three levels (0 as control, 50 and 100 ppm). The results showed that the highest germination percentage (89.9%- California-Wonder 310 cultivar), rate of germination (0.85- California-Wonder 310 cultivar), shoot height (95.99 mm- California Wonder 300 cultivar), shoot fresh weight (6.62 g- California Wonder 300 cultivar) root fresh weight (3.46g- California Wonder 300 cultivar), root length (15.85 cm- Marquiza cultivar), leaf length (5.36 cm-Cadia cultivar) and stem diameter (26.91mm- California Wonder 300 cultivar) were obtained from the concentration of
TY - JOUR. T1 - Meta-analysis of Risk of Ventricular Arrhythmias After Improvement in Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction During Follow-Up in Patients With Primary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators. AU - Smer, Aiman. AU - Saurav, Alok. AU - Azzouz, Muhammad Soubhi. AU - Salih, Mohsin. AU - Ayan, Mohamed. AU - Abuzaid, Ahmed. AU - Akinapelli, Abhilash. AU - Kanmanthareddy, Arun. AU - Rosenfeld, Lynda E.. AU - Merchant, Faisal M.. AU - Abuissa, Hussam. PY - 2017/7/15. Y1 - 2017/7/15. N2 - Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death in patients with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). However, there are limited data on the long-term benefit of ICD therapy in patients whose LVEF subsequently improves. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of LVEF improvement on ICD therapy during follow-up. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effects modeling. Sixteen ...
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the lifetime risk of undergoing primary total hip (THR) or knee (TKR) replacement in the UK. METHOD: A Population-based cohort study of 25,845 patients who had undergone a THR and 23,260 patients who had undergone a TKR between 1991 and 2006, using data from the UK General Practice Research Database. RESULTS: The estimated mortality-adjusted lifetime risk of THR at age 50 for the year 2005 was 11.6% (95% CI: 11.1, 12.1) for women and 7.1% (95% CI: 6.7, 7.5) for men. For TKR the risks were 10.8% (95% CI: 10.3, 11.3) for women and 8.1% (95% CI: 7.6, 8.5) for men. Between 1991 and 2006, the lifetime risk of THR at age 50 rose from 4.0% (95% CI: 3.5, 4.4) to 11.1% (95% CI: 10.6, 11.6) for women and for men from 2.2% (95% CI: 1.8, 2.5) to 6.6% (95% CI: 6.2, 7.0). Over the same period, for TKR the risk for women increased from 2.9% (95% CI: 2.6, 3.3) to 10.6% (95% CI: 10.1, 11.1) and for men from 1.8% (95% CI: 1.5, 2.2) to 7.7% (95% CI: 7.3, 8.2). CONCLUSION: The lifetime risk of
Repeated at 12:15 pm, Cherkasky Auditorium, Montefiore Medical Center. Dr. Amanda Castel is an Associate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and in Pediatrics at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health and School of Medicine. She also co-directs the Masters of Science in Public Health Microbiology and Emerging Infectious Diseases program. Dr. Castel completed medical school at the University of Pennsylvania, her residency in general pediatrics at Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia, and a masters of public health at Johns Hopkins University. Following her residency, she was a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) Officer where she was assigned to the Communicable Disease Control Program at the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. After EIS, she went on to complete her residency in General Preventive Medicine at the CDC National Center for Health Statistics. Dr. Castels research ...
The VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL (VITAL) is an ongoing randomized clinical trial of vitamin D (in the form of vitamin D3 [cholecalciferol]) and marine omega-3 fatty acid (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] + docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) supplements in the primary prevention of cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Existing data from laboratory studies, epidemiologic research, small primary prevention trials, and/or large secondary prevention trials strongly suggest that these nutritional agents may reduce risk for cancer or CVD, but large primary prevention trials with adequate dosing in general populations are lacking.. VITAL will test the independent effects of vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on risk for developing cancer and CVD (primary, secondary, and other outcomes are specified in the Outcome Measures section). VITAL will also explore (a) whether vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acid supplements exhibit synergistic or additive effects on cancer and CVD risk and (b) whether the ...
National Health InsuranceIndividual Plans at Group Rates! Great Coverage/Options!. LIFE presents The Seven Wonders of Life Insurance. As part of this years Life Insurance Awareness Month, LIFE (The Life and Health Insurance Foundation for Education, a non-profit organization dedicated to educating the public about life, health, disability and long term care insurance) has produced a great piece about the importance of life insurance and the way it provides security for families. Visit www.lifehappens.org if you would like to see the original article, The Seven Wonders of Life Insurance, and some great supporting videos. In the meantime, here are the key points made in the article:. Many people purchase life insurance to pay for funeral and other final expenses. With proper planning, life insurance can provide much more for your family. Here is what life insurance can do for you:. Life insurance can buy time.It affords your family and loved ones the time they need to grieve. Without life ...
Problem/Condition: Foodborne diseases cause an estimated 48 million illnesses each year in the United States, including 9.4 million caused by known pathogens. Foodborne disease outbreak surveillance provides valuable insights into the agents and foods that cause illness and the settings in which transmission occurs. CDC maintains a surveillance program for collection and periodic reporting of data on the occurrence and causes of foodborne disease outbreaks in the United States. This surveillance system is the primary source of national data describing the numbers of illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths; etiologic agents; implicated foods; contributing factors; and settings of food preparation and consumption associated with recognized foodborne disease outbreaks in the United States. Reporting Period: 1998-2008. Description of the System: The Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System collects data on foodborne disease outbreaks, defined as the occurrence of two or more cases of a similar ...
Primary care physicians in Germany are essential participants in infectious disease surveillance through mandatory reporting. Feedback on such surveillance should reflect the needs and attitudes of these physicians. These issues were investigated in a questionnaire survey among 8,550 randomly sampled physicians in Germany in 2001. Of the 1,320 respondents, 59.3% claimed not to have received any feedback on infectious disease surveillance, and 3.7% perceived feedback as not important. Logistic regression analysis showed that physicians in the former East Germany were 2.2 times more likely to have received feedback than those in the former West Germany. Physicians preferred to receive occasional reports (e.g., in case of outbreaks, 31.6%) as opposed to actively having to search for constantly updated information on the Internet (7.8%). The preferred formats were fax (31.7%), mail (30.9%), and the official organ of the German Medical Association (Deutsches Arzteblatt) (30.5%). Feedback of surveillance data
Download the complete document. Czeizel A. Periconception care and primary prevention of neural-tube defects and other congenital abnormalities by periconceptional folic acid/ multivitamin supplementation. Paper presented at: Training Course in Sexual and Reproductive Health Research; 2013 Nov 20; Geneva. Available from: https://www.gfmer.ch/SRH-Course-2013/community-genetics/Periconceptional-folic-acid-Czeizel-2013.htm Relevant online documents. ...