Monitoring age-related changes of collagen content and vascularity in ganglia using unbiased stereological methods Journal Articles ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prognostic significance of image morphometric microvessel enumeration in breast carcinoma. AU - Visscher, D. W.. AU - Smilanetz, S.. AU - Drozdowicz, S.. AU - Wykes, S. M.. PY - 1993/1/1. Y1 - 1993/1/1. N2 - Using image morphometry, microvessel density was analyzed in 58 stage-hererogeneous breast carcinomas by counting vascular cross-sections in type IV collagen (basal lamina)-immunostained cryostat sections (methanol fixed, avidin-biotin method). Vascular density (mean, 19 vessels per square millimeter) did not correlate with metastatic disease at presentation (localized: 17.6 vessels per square millimeter vs. node/distant metastases: 20 vessels per square millimeter, P=NS). Short-term disease-free survival, however, was significantly related to intratumoral vascularity overall (no recurrence: mean=14 vessels per square millimeter vs. recurred: mean =26 vessels per square millimeter, P =.001) and in node-negative patients (no recurrence: mean=12.1 vessels per square millimeter ...
21-23 SEPTEMBER 1998 Practical Workshop Course on Stereological Techniques in Biomedical Research. Harrow, UK This stereology course will be practical/workshop based and will include some theory to elucidate the techniques being carried out. Attendees will work with lung, brain, kidney, phrenic nerve and bone and will learn to measure total volumes, volumes within volumes, number density, total number, surface area density, total surface area, length density and total length of various tissue components and cells within these organs using stereological techniques including Cavalieris principle, physical disector, optical disector, optical brick, surface estimator, length estimator, point-sampled intercept, nucleator, star volume etc. The practical application of design based, unbiased sampling regimens - uniform random sampling, isotropic and vertical uniform random sampling - for both wax and resin processed tissues will also be taught. Attendees will be encouraged to bring any of their own ...
The number and size of glomeruli in normal, mature human kidneys were estimated by a direct and unbiased stereological method, the fractionator. The number was 617,000 on average, and the mean size 6.0 M microns3. Both glomerular number and size showed significant negative correlation to age and sig …
A map is crucial for all travelers, from fun-seeking vacationers to serious scientific researchers. This months article is a map of the Engineered Adaptability series and highlights the places future articles will stop en route to its destination-a design-based framework that explains adaptability. To keep everyone traveling together, the articles will decipher information from peer-reviewed forums and supply an orientation so readers know where theyre headed.. Where Adaptability Goes, Evolutionary Theory Follows. Adaptability is a characteristic of all living things. If organisms couldnt adapt to changing environments, then evolutionary theory would have nothing to work with. Evolutionists struggle to explain how adaptability could emerge since a creature cannot adapt until it is already adaptable. Evolution assumes that adaptability mysteriously arose through random genetic mutations that somehow proved advantageous. Evolutionary theory offers a naturalistic explanation for the origin of ...
I have a background as one of the main founders of the concept of neurostereology in close collaboration with professor emeritus Hans Jørgen Gundersen, Aarhus University. Through the 1990ies and onward I and my collaborators have applied the new scientific field, neurostereology, to human brains to describe structural changes caused by gender, age and disease. The methods include the physical and optical disector, the fractionator, and the nucleator that have been applied to brains from subjects with e.g. schizophrenia, Alzheimer´s dementia, chronic alcoholism, AIDS, ALS, and Parkinson´s disease. The main focus of the projects has been to obtain data for the human brain using methods that are superior to those previously available. Secondly, to be able to explain functional deficits from anatomical changes.. I have taught/organized or coorganized ≥80 national or international stereology courses and act as international expert in neurostereology and continuously supervise students in the ...
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Quantitative data regarding leukocyte infiltration after cerebral ischemia were obtained by histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, or biochemistry.1,2,3,5,28⇓⇓⇓⇓ However, these approaches have some limitations. Cell quantification in histological sections is subject to a number of artifacts that can lead to biased conclusions.29,30⇓ This problem can be overcome with the use of unbiased stereological methods, which are, however, rather tedious and time consuming.29,30⇓ Conversely, the use of biochemical parameters such as protein expression and activity evaluation (eg, myeloperoxidase) or molecular biology methods (RNA and gene expression measurements) allows only an indirect quantification of the cell number. In fact, the activation state of the cell may indeed induce changes in mRNA and protein levels that will affect the results.. Although information about cell localization is lost after dissociation, the use of flow cytometry has several advantages. It allows a rapid ...
Demonstrates a novel seed-train cell culture process involving high-density cell banking, single-use technology, and perfusion at the n - 1 bioreactor stage.
Using positional cloning and candidate gene testing, we have identified the molecular basis for the cranial vessel dilation observed in vbg mutants. We meiotically mapped the vbg locus to an interval of 0.035 cM on LG23 and established a physical contig across this region containing the acvrl1 gene. The vbgy6 allele of acvrl1 contains a missense mutation in the C-terminal serine/threonine kinase domain, whereas the vbgft09e allele contains a nonsense mutation in the N-terminal ligand binding domain. The former polymorphism exhibited no recombination in 4256 vbgy6 mutants (8512 informative meioses). Furthermore, injection of antisense, morpholino-modified oligonucleotides specific to acvrl1 phenocopies the vascular defect seen in vbg mutants. Finally, at 40 hpf, when the vbg mutant phenotype is first detectable, acvrl1 mRNA is expressed predominantly in vessels that are consistently dilated in vbg mutants: the first aortic arch, internal carotid artery/caudal division, and basal communicating ...
Alteration in cell numbers at day 0, 36 hr, day 3, and day 7 p.i. in BALF of mice exposed to control water or water containing 100 ppb As (Flu + As) followed by
A 37-year-old man is referred after a routine employment physical reveals anabnormal blood cell count. He has felt well and noticed no obvious symptomsexcept for mild fatigue, which he attributes to excessive work. He denies fever,unusual or frequent infections, and abnormal bleeding.
In this application Volvox which has localized cellular density due to its internal daughter colonies, was measured to obtain absorption spectra and fixed-wavelength mapping. ...
Join Curt Frye for an in-depth discussion in this video Using relative and absolute cell references, part of Excel for Mac 2016 Essential Training
One might wonder how many cells make up the human body. While the question appears simple, the answer most certainly is not. Cells are not uniform in size or in density. Red blood cells, for example, are tightly packed, while skin cells are much less dense. Dependent upon whether cell numbers are estimated by weight or by volume, the answers are entirely different. Scientists have determined, however, that the body comprises approximately 37.2 trillion cells, each with a particular function, including 2 billion heart muscle cells, 50 billion fat cells and the 240 billion cells that comprise a healthy liver. While cells are individual in structure, they work synergistically to support and maintain all vital bodily processes. Whether one has good health or poor health is determined at the cellular level.. Put this into perspective and one may realize the importance of good nutrition, as without adequate nutrients normal cellular functions become impaired and eventually health suffers. Vitamins, ...
A school district official shares his experiences and Lessons Learned from working within a design-based implementation research partnership.
The KENKEN craze is spreading quickly across the world! Created in 2004 by Japanese Math Teacher, Tetsuya Miyamoto, these puzzles are fun, educational, and addictive. At first, these puzzles appear very similar to Sudoku puzzles. They have a few added components (more math and logic required). There are various levels of difficulties (3x3 puzzles through 9x9 puzzles). For 3x3 puzzles, you use only numbers 1-3, for 4x4 puzzles you use only numbers 1-4, and so on. At the time of our review of this brand-new puzzle, the 3x3 puzzles had not been created. But they add new puzzles daily, so check back! The rules are simple: each number can only be used once in any row or column. There are also cages which are represented by heavily outlined sets of squares. The goal is to produce the target number (in the corner of the cage). Numbers can be repeated within one cage, just so the number is not already in the row or column. Want to learn more? View the How to Play link that includes written ...
After years of escalating growth, a new study looking at data from the CDC suggests that autism rates could drop off thanks to new diagnostic criteria for the
PATENT PENDING! AtomChip? Quantum? II processor 6.8GHz with 256MB on-board memory This allows for high-density storage of information [128MB/square millimeter, which has the thickness of 20 microns of the recording media (array)] as well as no sensetivity to defects in material. As recording medi...
Empathic fallibility and conversational consent[edit]Certain transhumanist philosophers hold that since all assumptions about what others experience are fallible, and that therefore all attempts to help or protect beings that are not capable of correcting what others assume about them no matter how well-intentioned are in danger of actually hurting them, all sentient beings deserve to be sapient. These thinkers argue that the ability to discuss in a falsification-based way constitutes a threshold that is not arbitrary at which it becomes possible for an individual to speak for himself/herself/itself in a way that is not dependent on exterior assumptions. They also argue that all beings capable of experiencing something deserve to be elevated to this threshold if they are not at it, typically stating that the underlying change that leads to the threshold is an increase in the preciseness of the brains ability to discriminate. This includes increasing the neuron count and connectivity in animals ...
Basic Parity is a numbers puzzle game. The aim of the game is to get each number on a 3x3 board of numbers to be exactly the same. One of the numbers is always selected. This number can be moved by using the arrow keys or mouse. Each time you move the selector, the number you select will increase in number by one.
Defines relationship between a Probe and a Reference. A Probe may have one or more References associated with it. Accession numbers can be associated with Probes using the Reference object in conjunction with the ACC_AccessionReference table ...
Do you know your optimal BMI? What your blood-sugar level should be? Simply understanding a few key numbers can lead you to better health.
In the current version of the Excel Add-in, it is not possible to create a connection to a saved view or module with a total cell count of the
If no digit can be used more than once, find how many numbers can be formed from the digits 3,4,5,6,7,8 which are six-digit numbers and even ...
The science of the gut keeps getting more and more impressive (and a bit more complicated!). In the past, Ive concentrated on the enormous number of species of bacteria we have found in the gut. The number may be over 2000 species. What we have learned in a short time is that the balance of good vs bad bacteria species makes a world of difference in how the colon healthy organ functions.… Read more ...
macro defines the size of the compile-time sequence used to encode a type. The default value is 50. Increase it if you want the Typeof Library to handle very complex types, although this possibility is limited by the maximum number of template parameters supported by your compiler. On the other hand, if you work only with very simple types, decreasing this number may help to boost compile-time performance. ...
BioTek Instruments today introduced a new kit that can help researchers quickly obtain high-quality cell count results by automating the often tedious and error-prone process of mammalian cell counting.
Two new cell density IR probes, models FS4 and FS5, can be used with Sentex/Moniteks CT6, CT8 or CC2A monitors to provide direct, on-line real-time...
I have three questions related to Mixing Tee Geometry:1) What is Cell Count? Is no of elements or no of elements + no of nodes? And also where do I get the …
Morphology and cellular composition of tumors harvested at day 7 and day 14. (A) Fluorescent sections of tumors harvested at 7 days post-inoculation (red fluore
Looking for online definition of stereologic in the Medical Dictionary? stereologic explanation free. What is stereologic? Meaning of stereologic medical term. What does stereologic mean?
Our study identifies an in vivo mechanism that regulates Yap activity within the zebrafish caudal fin blastema based on cell density differences along the regenerating tissue. The mesenchymal cells seem to respond to a mechanotransduction process that involves changes in cell morphology, junction assembly and cytoskeleton remodeling, which together lead to a graded control of tissue growth via Yap, the Hippo pathway effector.. Once formed, the blastema exhibits spatial compartmentalization (Nechiporuk and Keating, 2002). We show that Yap intracellular localization associates with these areas and could account for the different levels of proliferation described. Remarkably, the same Yap dynamics also correlates with the degree of cell density along the blastema PD axis. In distal high cell density domains, Yap is mainly cytoplasmic (inactive), whereas in proximal lower cell density domains, Yap is largely nuclear (active). The functional relevance of Yap intracellular localization was confirmed ...
A new study published in Indoor Air provides design-based solutions on how to best use ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) to disinfect occupied rooms without harming individuals.
Changing teaching strategies in engineering education to become more interactive is important, though difficult. Intentional design of faculty development to engage faculty to make small, incremental changes within the context of a supportive, like-minded community, is important. In this paper, we merged two different methods to examine the PIs design decisions, and evaluate the programs implementation and outcomes. For the first method, the grant evaluator applied conjecture mapping (Sandoval, 2004), a design-based research method, to examine the design and theoretical conjectures, the mediating processes, and outcomes of implementation of a faculty development project. The high level conjecture was that faculty who participate in a supportive teaching network will make initial small changes in their teaching, which will lead to increasingly larger changes over time. For the second method, the principal investigators applied self-study (Samaras, 2011), a qualitative research method, to examine ...
Dr. Mark West, co-developer of the Optical Fractionator stereology probe and Professor of Medical Neurobiology at Aarhus University in Denmark, says Stereo Investigator is the most reliable tool for collecting unbiased stereology data. Its backed by excellent technical and research support teams at MBF - you can call to ask about stereology probes, tissue preparation, microscope hardware, basically anything regarding your stereology study.. In 2014, more labs than ever before also used Stereo Investigator to obtain stereology data from image stacks. Researchers captured images with Stereo Investigator using widefield fluorescence, confocal, single-photon, and/or two-photon microscope to acquire image stacks at random sites throughout their tissue specimens. These image stacks, acquired at the microscope in a systematic and random manner, are suitable for stereological analysis.. Stereo Investigator is increasingly used with a Zeiss ApoTome structured-illumination device on a widefield ...
Effects of physical activity on bone mineral density increases in adolescent girls: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2020 November;179(11):625-37 - Minerva Medica - Journals
Specular microscopy is a non-invasive photographic technique that allows you to visualize and analyse the corneal endothelium. This test is used to monitor the number, density, and quality of endothelial cells that line the back of the cornea. A microscope magnifies the cells thousands of times and the image is captured with a camera or video camera. The number of cells within one square millimeter are counted and recorded. The endothelium of a young, ten-year-old, healthy cornea has approximately 3,500 cells in each square millimeter. Normal aging causes the cells to gradually decrease over time. By age 60, most people have approximately 2,500 cells per square millimeter.. ...
Marinković, R.; Polzović, A.; Gudović, R.; Mijatov-Ukropina, L.; Marjanović, M., 1987: Stereologic analysis of the development of the corpus striatum between the 14th and 19th week of gestational age
Stereologic analysis of histologic parameters of a twice-recurrent ameloblastic fibroma.: The behavior of the odontogenic tumors with time remains a subject of
TY - JOUR. T1 - Renal and myocardial histopathology and morphometry in rats with adenine - Induced chronic renal failure. T2 - Influence of gum acacia. AU - Ali, Badreldin H.. AU - Inuwa, Ibrahim. AU - Al ZaAbi, Mohamed. AU - Al Bahlani, Shadia. AU - Al Issaei, Halima. AU - Ramkumar, Aishwarya. AU - Madanagopal, Thulasi. AU - Nemmar, Abedrrahim. AU - Malheiros, Denise M.. AU - Zatz, Roberto. PY - 2014/4/12. Y1 - 2014/4/12. N2 - Background/Aim: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased occurrence of cardiovascular system dysfunction. Previous studies have revealed a number of alterations in the kidneys and heart during CKD. However, unbiased quantitative studies on these structures in this disease have so far not been addressed. Materials and Methods: We induced CKD in rats by feeding adenine (0.75% w/w, four weeks) and using unbiased stereological methods, investigated the effect of the ensuing CKD on the kidneys and left ventricular structure. Since gum acacia (GA) has ...
Chi Wang Ip is the author of this article in the Journal of Visualized Experiments: Stereological Estimation of Dopaminergic Neuron Number in the Mouse Substantia Nigra Using the Optical Fractionator and Standard Microscopy Equipment
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the redox state of a cell have been implicated in several signal transduction cascades including those that regulate cell proliferation. Specifically, signaling by several growth factors, including epidermal growth factor (EGF), produces a transient increase in ROS. One effect of increases in ROS is the inactivation of tyrosine phosphatases. Pani et al. found that the redox status of cells in culture was different in sparse and dense cultures (sparse cultures have more ROS than dense cultures) and that this difference correlated with whether the cells exhibited contact inhibition. Dense cultures had lower levels of the active [guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-bound] form of the small GTPase Rac-1. Treatment of sparse cultures with drugs to inhibit leukotriene biosynthesis decreased the levels of ROS to those measured in dense cultures, suggesting that Rac-1 may stimulate leukotriene biosynthesis as a mechanism to increase ROS in sparsely cultured cells. The authors ...
1680 Cell density is a potent regulator of the cell cycle during exponential growth and thus affects gene expression. Many recent studies have characterized cell-density as a controlling factor for cell-cell interactions and the binding of surface-associated adhesion molecules to the cytoskeleton. We examined the impact of cell density on two distinct signal transduction pathways, Protein kinase B (Akt) and Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). These pathways regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, and exhibit cross-talk. Downstream, the MAPK and Akt pathways regulate p70S6kinase (p70S6K) and its substrate S6 ribosomal protein (S6RP). Whereas levels of phospho-S6RP are known to be regulated by phosphorylated-Akt, our findings suggest that in Jurkat cells this is dependent upon the cell density. We show that maximum phosphorylation of S6RP(S235/S236 and S240/244) is observed at lower cell densities (0.5x106 cells/mL). In contrast, levels of phosphorylated Akt increase ...
The biomedical research conducted today might not be possible without the invention of the Coulter Counter. The Coulter Counter transformed diagnostics in hospitals by allowing rapid counting of blood cells. As cells of different sizes go through the counter, the cells change the current that flows through the device. That change in current is used to very rapidly count blood cells, providing information that helps spot illnesses in patients.. The invention of the Coulter Counter was the foundation for the successful, multi-national Coulter Corporation. Wallace Counter also held 85 patents and positioned the Coulter Corporation as a leader in the diagnostics technology industry. In October 1997, the Coulter Corporation was acquired by Beckman Instruments, Inc. and the company is now known as Beckman Coulter, Inc.. I will always remember the Coulter Counter as the best way to count cells without having to do it by eye and on a microscope that can be prone with many different errors, said Manu ...
For tanks up to 300 gal., 14.25 L X 9.75 W X 26 H. A high-performance foam fractionator filter designed with a patented needle-wheel pump. Cone-shaped design concentrates foam at the top to reduce water between micro-bubbles.
Quorum sensing is a mechanism whereby bacteria respond to specific signals and exhibit group behavior, which at high cell density may include virulence factors associated with disease. At low cell density, bacteria act as individuals and may not be as virulent. Most quorum inhibitors identified to date compete with the native signal and once the inhibitor is removed, signaling can resume. Here, we show that a dissolved metal, cadmium, disrupts the quorum sensing proteins, which requires the bacteria to replace the damaged proteins in order to resume quorum sensing. This represents a new strategy for disrupting bacterial signaling ...
The inventors analyzed a dataset of 32 patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas that had complete pretreatment MRI studies where each small region of the tumor was characterized by its local contrast enhancement and edema/cellularity (habitat). The patients were divided into two groups that had survival ,400 days (n=16) or ,400 days (n=16). These groups had distinctly different patterns of vascularity and cellular density with patients with shorter survival harboring more heterogeneous tumors. A leave-one-out validation scheme demonstrated that individual patients could be correctly assigned to the short or long survival group with 81% accuracy, 78% specificity, 86% sensitivity, and an area under the curve of 0.86.. ...
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Methods and kits for the quantitation of cellular DNA and cell numbers are provided. Passive element uptake, element-labeled DNA intercalators, and element labeled affinity reagents are used to quantify DNA and cells. The DNA and the cells are analyzed by elemental analysis, including ICP-MS. The methods and kits provide a fast and accurate analysis of cellular DNA and cell numbers.
CSF cell count - MedHelps CSF cell count Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for CSF cell count. Find CSF cell count information, treatments for CSF cell count and CSF cell count symptoms.
This project will identify the characteristic immune cell profiles for two patient groups with allergic reactions with or without specific IgE in serum, also compared with healthy controls.
Gerosuppression in confluent cells.: The most physiological type of cell cycle arrest - namely, contact inhibition in dense culture - is the least densely studi
There is an ongoing process of increasing urbanization of the world population with socio-spatial polarization in large cities. Such population density increases the competition for urban land, arousing crescent ground ...
There are many important parameters when setting up and evaluating hematopoietic cultures. First is the cell source: hematopoietic cells from bone marrow, cord blood and mobilized peripheral blood may behave differently and result in different cell yields in culture. Most likely you would want to use CD34+ cells or even subsets of this population that are more highly enriched for stem cells and primitive progenitors (e.g., CD34+CD38- cells), but there may be applications in which non-purified cells or mononuclear fractions are sufficient. The cell concentration at the start of the culture is also important. At low cell concentrations (e.g. 10ˆ4 CD34+ cells per mL of culture medium) overall cell expansion (i.e., the number of cells generated per input CD34+ cell) is generally better than at high cell concentrations and there is less chance that the medium will be depleted due to overgrowth of cells in culture. However, this is very dependent on the quality and type of cells used, and on the ...
Allimax products helps in case of high cell counts in milk. Go to allimax.nl/en to find out more about Allimaxproducts or high cell counts in milk!
Telecommunication Minister Boutros Harb said Tuesday he would add another 1 million cellular lines in the market in the near future to meet growing demand.
Doing a lot of thought and some experimenting regarding the best way to implement the pitch side sense reversal, as well as the user gain and offset controls. Rather like the audio chain on a mixer board, there are multiple points at which the numbers can clip, go modulo, etc. But the user only experiences the final result of the mathematical manipulations, so any evidence of trouble somewhere in the gauntlet could easily be hidden or confounded. And the process is already probably complex enough seeming for the average person, with linearity control K1 (linearization power) and far field null control K0 each influencing overall gain (though Im becoming fairly accustomed to it).. It helps to have previously developed float and int assembly math packages, as Im aware of numeric and bit twiddling tricks that can come in handy here. One in particular is the logical NOT of an unsigned int, which reverses the direction of change. Im using this to make the pitch number increase rather than decrease ...
Citafine 200 MG Injection is an anticancer agent which is used in the treatment of cancer of pancreas, breast, lungs and ovaries. It should be used under the supervision of a qualified physician. Close monitoring of lung function and blood cell count are necessary while receiving this medication. Buy Citafine 200 MG Injection Online. Know uses, side effects, dosage, contraindications, substitutes, benefit, interactions, purpose, drug interactions, precautions, warnings etc. Download Practo app & get your medicines home delivered.
symbol, or type it out by hand. Error forms and complex numbers can be mixed; the formulas shown above are used for complex numbers, too; note that if the error part evaluates to a complex number its absolute value (or the square root of the sum of the squares of the absolute values of the two error contributions) is used. Mathematically, this corresponds to a radially symmetric Gaussian distribution of numbers on the complex plane. However, note that Calc considers an error form with real components to represent a real number, not a complex distribution around a real mean. Error forms may also be composed of HMS forms. For best results, both the mean and the error should be HMS forms if either one is. The algebraic function ...
What are cells in the milk? What is a cell count? How do cells influence the milk and how do you reduce a high cell count? Get you answers here.
differential cell counting in mixed cultures - posted in Tissue and Cell Culture: hello, i will be culturing neurons and macrophages together in a mixed culture. does anyone know of any methods for counting one cell type alone?
Just a year before his death in 1920 at the age of 32, mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan came upon a remarkable pattern in a special list of whole numbers.. The list represented counts of how many ways a given whole number can be expressed as a sum of positive integers. For example, 4 can be written as 3 + 1, 2 + 2, 2 + 1 + 1, and 1 + 1 + 1 + 1. Including 4 itself but.... ...
Just a year before his death in 1920 at the age of 32, mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan came upon a remarkable pattern in a special list of whole numbers.. The list represented counts of how many ways a given whole number can be expressed as a sum of positive integers. For example, 4 can be written as 3 + 1, 2 + 2, 2 + 1 + 1, and 1 + 1 + 1 + 1. Including 4 itself.... ...
This is a very hard question to answer because it involves a number of variables. The simplest answer is, samples preparation typically takes ~1 weeks for standard samples with all reagents on hand (QC, prep, QC). For newer or rarely used methods, the number can extend to a month if we need to gather reagents. Once the sample is ready, it goes in to the sequencing queue. This queue is often the longest part of the process. Once the full flowcell is ready and put on a sequencer, it takes ~1.3h per base to sequence (this used to be 1h but upgrades to the machines have slowed them down some). A 40nt read takes just over 2 days. Turn around (for PE samples) functionally takes about a 1/2 day. So a 100+100PE sample will take about 11 days once it is on the sequencer - if nothing goes wrong. Overall, when the queue is flowing at full speed, a 40nt SE submission with sample preparation can be returned with data in right around 3 weeks. 40+40PE samples more typically take ~4-6 weeks and 80+80PE runs ...
Notes:. 1. Except the above formula, here is another formula also can help you: =AVERAGE(IF(ISNUMBER(A1:C6),A1:C6)), please remember to press Ctrl + Shift + Enter keys.. 2. In the above formulas, A1:C6 is the data range that you want to calculate, you can change it as your needing. ...
Todays subject is about antibiotics - their use and abuse. Its an article you should read because it involves you or a family member. Have you ever given any thought to how many antibiotics are prescribed each year in the United States? Read on and the high numbers may astound you. The over-prescribing of antibiotics is a major medical problem, besides the fact that people are getting medications they dont really need. These medicines have the potential to cause a
Hey guys! Currently Im progressing on Elegon 25m and some Moonkins say that they got insane DPS numbers with HotW in P1 and the execute phase (some speak of 250k DPS!). Well, of course those numbers may be over the top, but since the theorycrafting is discussing whether HotW is better then NG if used correctly Im getting kind of curious and want to try it out... Im one of the top tier DPS in my raid right now and Im doing good DPS already, but since every raid dps increase is beneficial
Overall jobless numbers may be showing some improvement, but among youths worldwide, things are nearly as bad as they were at their 2009 peak. Some 12.7% of people ages 15 to 24 -almost 75 million... Money News Summaries. | Newser
The word number may be abbreviated No. in the body of tables and line art or in the text when used as a specific designator. Do not use the number sign (#) in place of the abbreviation. The word number should always be spelled out when it is used as a proper noun (eg,
The word number may be abbreviated No. in the body of tables and line art or in the text when used as a specific designator. Do not use the number sign (#) in place of the abbreviation. The word number should always be spelled out when it is used as a proper noun (eg,
Some of our favorite activities, like eating and speaking, are made possible by our teeth. Despite their importance and the daily habits, we go through to ensure they remain healthy and strong, we dont always think about why we really have them. Each person can have up to 12 molars in total. This number may…
Page 2 - The UK forum has finally caught up with us on numbers of posts and they are now beating us!!! We have to do something - quick write more posts - ask more questions - get busy!!!:chuckle On the
Think your method of testing bodyfat is accurate? Youll be surprised to learn the fat-finding facts. Youre dieting & exercising but the numbers on the sca
EXCLUSIVE: Ocado is to replace its benefits booklet witth an online reward portal to increase staff perception of the benefits package.. Under the overarching umbrella of OcadoRewards, the portal will have three separate streams: OcadoBenefits, which lists the core benefits, such as its pension, share scheme, healthcare, life insurance and critical illness cover; OcadoChoices, which offers access to local discounts; and OcadoPay, which includes information on pay rates, bonuses and who to speak to about payroll queries.. Joanna Gordon-Utting, reward and benefits manager at Ocado, said: We were looking at ways to increase staff perception of the value, and understanding, of benefits.. Ocado tracks employee engagement through an annual survey. Its 2012 survey found that 71% of staff understood their benefits, compared to 68% in 2011. Feedback indicated that the benefits booklet was outdated, and that there was not enough benefits information on the company intranet site. Gordon-Utting added: ...