Fusobacterium nucleatum é um anaeróbio estrito e considerado membro da microbiota indígena da cavidade bucal humana. É comumente observado em diferentes infecções monomicrobianas e mistas em humanos e animais. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o perfil plasmidial de F. nucleatum orais isolados de pacientes com doença periodontal, indivíduos sadios, e de macacos Cebus apella, e verificar a estabilidade plasmidial e a associação com genes de resistência à penicilina. Quarenta e cinco cepas de F. nucleatum orais isoladas de pacientes, 38 de indivíduos sadios e sete de macacos C. apella, foram examinadas. A extração plasmidial realizada detectou plasmídios em 26,7% das cepas humanas e em apenas uma cepa de C. apella. A maioria das cepas apresentou duas bandas plasmidiais variando de 4 a 16 Kb, e as digestões com endonucleases demonstraram serem essas bandas pertencentes a um único plasmídio, sendo classificados em três grupos segundo o tamanho. Cepas de indivíduos sadios não ...
American Journal of Primatology 70:254-260 (2008) RESEARCH ARTICLE Consistency of Hand Preference Across Low-level and High-level Tasks in Capuchin Monkeys (Cebus apella) ALAYNA L. LILAK AND KIMBERLEY A. PHILLIPS Department of Psychology, Hiram College, Hiram, Ohio Numerous studies investigating behavioral lateralization in capuchins have been published. Although some research groups have reported a population-level hand preference, other researchers have argued that capuchins do not show hand preference at the population level. As task complexity influences the expression of handedness in other primate species, the purpose of this study was to collect hand preference data across a variety of high- and low-level tasks to evaluate how task complexity influences the expression of hand preference in capuchins. We tested eleven captive brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) to determine if they show consistent hand preferences across multiple high- and lowlevel tasks. Capuchins were expected to ...
We compared the performance of dichromats and trichromats in a discrimination task. We examined tri- and dichromatic individuals of two species: brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) and long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis). We also examined one protanomalous chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). The results demonstrate that dichromatic nonhuman primates possess a superior visual ability to discriminate color-camouflaged stimuli, and that such an ability may confer selective advantages with respect to the detection of cryptic foods and/or predators. ...
Transcalciferin" (the serum transport protein for cholecalciferol and related substances) of two New World monkeys, Cebus apella and Cebus albifrons, was found to be immunologically identical with the transcalciferin of other monkeys and partially with that of man. In contrast with the α-globulin mobility of the transcalciferin of other primates, the transcalciferin of cebus monkey has the electrophoretic mobility of albumin. Most of the serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol was precipitable with isolated monospecific anti-(human transcalciferin) γ-globulins but not with anti-(human albumin) γ-globulins. These results indicate that the transport of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol in the cebus monkey is not due to albumin itself but to transcalciferin with the electrophoretic mobility of albumin. Similar variants of transcalciferin also exist in man. ...
The asymmetric dominance effect (ADE) occurs when the introduction of a partially dominated decoy option increases the choice share of its dominating alter
Non-human primates have complex relationships with conspecifics and also other animals with whom they share their habitat in the wild. Some primates, such as capuchin monkeys (Sapajus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), naturally associate, with the potential to act as both proximate and ultimate influences on each others behavior. There are a number of benefits to exhibiting such species in mixed communities in captivity, for instance the increased social complexity provides both environmental and social enrichment and appropriate cognitive challenges, ultimately enhancing their welfare in restricted captive enclosures. Monitoring how these species interact and utilize their available space is important for effective care and management. But despite this connection, there remains relatively little conclusive data on whether mixed groups of captive primates are cognitively enriching. This study examined patterns of space use in two mixed-species groups of Sapajus and Saimiri housed ...
Animal signals are argued to function to manipulate the behaviour of signal receivers in a way that preferentially benefits the signaller (Dawkins & Krebs 1978; Krebs & Dawkins 1984). Anti-predator signals have long been challenging to explain because of the danger that the signaller imparts on itself in an apparent attempt to warn others of impending danger. While numerous hypotheses potentially explain how an individual who has detected a predator can benefit directly or indirectly by eliciting anti-predator behaviour in conspecifics (see the reviews by Hauser 1996; Wheeler 2008), individuals could also use alarm calls in the absence of a predator to distract signal receivers and take advantage of the momentary diversion of attention. Cases such as this wherein individuals produce a signal outside its normal context in order to distract listeners is a form of what has been termed tactical or functional deception (Whiten & Byrne 1988; Hauser 1996, 1997).. Functionally deceptive behaviours are ...
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i-ii, 1-824 pp doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: page 19. ...
Parasites have been investigated for some New World primates; however, very little is known about ectoparasites and specifically fur mites. In this study, Alouatta palliata, Cebus capucinus, Saimiri oerstedii, and Ateles geoffroyi monkeys from different areas of Costa Rica were searched for fur mites. A total of 276 monkeys were evaluated, and 51 of them were positive for mites of the family Atopomelidae. Listrocarpus alouattae was identified on 22.3% of A. palliata; Listrocarpus capucinus on 12.8% of C. capucinus; and Listrocarpus costaricensis on 36.8% of S. oerstedii; No fur mites were found on A. geoffroyi. Sex was not considered a determinant of mite infestation, but prevalence was significantly higher in the Central Volcanic Mountain Range Conservation Area for L. alouattae (p=0.01) and in the Central Pacific Conservation Area for L. capucinus (p=0.002). These primate fur mites are highly host-specific. Differences in the geographical distribution may be due to monkey behavior and history, ...
The effects of known uricosuric agents have been examined by standard clearance techniques in male Cebus monkeys. Probenecid was effective in promoting uricosuria at p.o. doses greater than 10 mg/kg. Sulfinpyrasone was only mildly active in this species. Zoxazolamine, at p.o. doses sufficient to produce marked uricosuria in man, was inactive. Phenylbutasone was weakly active; carinamide did not elicit a uricosuric response under our experimental conditions. Iodopyracet at high loads was markedly uricosuric. Chlorothiaside at i.v. doses of 25 mg/kg elicited a biphasic response of uricosuria followed by urate retention. The relative inactivity of certain uricosuric agents in the Cebus monkey is thought to be due to either a basic difference from man in the urate transport system or the result of rapid biotransformation to an inactive metabolite(s), poor oral adsorption or a combination of these.. ...
Capuchins are part of the group of monkeys called New world Monkeys. The name comes from their color which is likened to the Franciscans cowls, and they were
In Brazil, two species of Plasmodium have been described infecting non-human primates, Plasmodium brasilianum and Plasmodium simium. These species are morphologically, genetically and immunologically indistinguishable from the human Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium vivax parasites, respectively. Plasmodium simium has been observed naturally infecting monkeys of the genera Alouatta and Brachyteles in a restricted area of the Atlantic Forest in the south and southeast regions of Brazil. However, its reported geographical distribution and the diversity of its vertebrate hosts may be underestimated, since available data were largely based on analyses by microscopic examination of peripheral blood, a method with limited sensitivity, considering the potential sub-patent feature of these infections. The present study describes, for the first time, the natural infection of P. simium in capuchin monkeys from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Blood samples from 30 non-human primates belonging to nine species kept
Summary 1. We received a juvenile squirrel-monkey, Leontocebus geoffroyi (Pucheran) with a naturally acquired spirochetosis on May 20, 1930. This animal had been in captivity for a short time in the region of Arraijan and La Chorrera, Republic of Panama. This region has long been known as an endemic center for relapsing fever. 2. We secured, in August, 1930, two monkeys of this same species that were positive for a scant or latent infection of apparently the same spirochete. These animals were captured in the jungle at a point on the banks of the Tuira river above Boca de Cupe, Dárien Province, Republic of Panama. Twenty other specimens captured on the same expedition failed to show the infection. All were post mortem examinations. 3. We have passed the spirochetal infection from the squirrel-monkeys to white mice, white rats, one guinea pig, white-faced monkeys (Cebus capucinus imitator Thomas), red spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi Kuhl), a night monkey (Aotus zonalis Goldman) and to numerous
(2087) Sterna albifrons albifrons. THE LITTLE TERN or TERNLET. Sterna albifrons Vroeg, Cat. Verzam. Vogel Adum., p. 6 (1767) (Holland). Sterna minuta. Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 321. Vernacular names. None recorded.
New world monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and old world monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many new world monkeys in its scientific collections.
New world monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and old world monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many new world monkeys in its scientific collections.
Hyperuricemia is a risk factor for gouty arthritis, and renal failure. As many compounds interfere with the renal transport of uric acid, a screening test is necessary to detect if newly developed drugs affect urate transport and, consequently, urate plasma levels. At present such a drug screening is performed with an in vivo method (uric acid renal clearance measurements) in rats and Cebus monkeys. Recently, a cell line originating from human kidney, which has transport characteristics from proximal tubule, has been developped. By growing these cells on a porous support, an epithelium is formed ...
Hyperuricemia is a risk factor for gouty arthritis, and renal failure. As many compounds interfere with the renal transport of uric acid, a screening test is necessary to detect if newly developed drugs affect urate transport and, consequently, urate plasma levels. At present such a drug screening is performed with an in vivo method (uric acid renal clearance measurements) in rats and Cebus monkeys. Recently, a cell line originating from human kidney, which has transport characteristics from proximal tubule, has been developped. By growing these cells on a porous support, an epithelium is formed ...
The study not only reveals that capuchin monkeys are able to individually recognize familiar faces, but it also convincingly demonstrates they understand the two-dimensional representational nature of photographs," says lead researcher Jennifer Pokorny. "The fact these monkeys correctly determined which faces belonged to in-group versus out-group members, corresponding to their personal experiences, validates the conclusion that capuchin monkeys view images of faces as humans do -- as individuals they do or do not know.. For the study, the capuchins viewed photographs of four different faces. One of the four pictures was of a capuchin from their own group, which they needed to tell apart from three strangers. They also needed to do the reverse, differentiating one stranger from three familiar individuals.. "This required monkeys to look at similar-looking faces and use their personal knowledge of group mates to solve the task," says Pokorny. "They readily performed the task and continued to do ...
The study not only reveals that capuchin monkeys are able to individually recognize familiar faces, but it also convincingly demonstrates they understand the two-dimensional representational nature of photographs," says lead researcher Jennifer Pokorny. "The fact these monkeys correctly determined which faces belonged to in-group versus out-group members, corresponding to their personal experiences, validates the conclusion that capuchin monkeys view images of faces as humans do -- as individuals they do or do not know.. For the study, the capuchins viewed photographs of four different faces. One of the four pictures was of a capuchin from their own group, which they needed to tell apart from three strangers. They also needed to do the reverse, differentiating one stranger from three familiar individuals.. "This required monkeys to look at similar-looking faces and use their personal knowledge of group mates to solve the task," says Pokorny. "They readily performed the task and continued to do ...
Quantity discrimination abilities are seen in a diverse range of species with similarities in performance patterns, suggesting common underlying cognitive mechanisms. However, methodological factors that impact performance make it difficult to draw broad phylogenetic comparisons of numerical cognition across studies. For example, some Old World monkeys selected a higher quantity stimulus more frequently when choosing between inedible (pebbles) than edible (food) stimuli. In Experiment 1 we presented brown capuchin (Cebus [Sapajus] paella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) with the same two-choice quantity discrimination task in three different stimulus conditions: edible, inedible, and edible replaced (in which choice stimuli were food items that stood in for the same quantity of food items that were given as a reward ...
I am currently a PhD student in the Cognitive Sciences program at Georgia State University working with Dr. Sarah Brosnan. My interests largely lie within the domains of social behavior and cognition, taking a comparative approach studying species across the Primate order (including humans). For my Masters thesis, I am looking at how changes in affective state (both positive and negative) affect social behavior and cognition in capuchin monkeys. I am also interested in decision-making research aimed at gaining a better understanding of how and why individuals make certain decisions, both within and outside of social situations. Over the past year I have been working on a study with capuchin monkeys, investigating the effects of Oxytocin on decision-making across several different economic games.. Before coming to Georgia State University, I earned my Bachelors degree in animal behavior from Bucknell University. During my time as an undergraduate I was able to work closely with both capuchin ...
In the past, the white-faced ibis faced many threats from humans. Studies completed in Utah in the 1960s (before this species was added to the Migratory Bird Treaty Act) showed that 82.9% of recorded deaths in banded birds were a result of being shot.[3] However, the main causes of decline of this species previously were pesticides and habitat destruction.[4] The pesticide DDT caused eggshells to be so thin and fragile that parent white-faced ibises crushed the eggs when they were incubating them.[4] Also, since this species is so dependent on wetlands and marshes for both feeding and nesting, changes to water systems such as pollution and man-made draining of water habitats had devastating impacts on members of this species in the past.[6][7] In order to correct these damages, DDT was banned in 1970 and various programs were created to better maintain and protect wetland nesting habitats.[9] Yet, there is still some debate as to whether or not populations of white-faced ibises in all geographic ...
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August 15, 2019 - New York, US - The Non-human primates (NHPs) reveal biomedical significance to the medical researchers in that theyre quite close to human beings, whose biological products can ideally replace those of human bodies. Facing the challenge that NHP products are always expensive, rare and difficult to preserve, not all the research institutes or pharmaceutical companies hold the competence to access as they like.. To conquer this problem, Creative Biolabs, holding the abundant NHP resources and supported by first-level pre-clinical scientists, provides comprehensive primate-related products that are customized to meet specific requirements of clients, which include but remain unlimited to whole blood, serum, plasma, tissues, body fluid, etc. Species of monkeys to choose from comprise Cynomolgus monkey, Rhesus monkey, African Green monkey, Baboon, Chimpanzee, Capuchins, Squirrel monkey, Marmoset, Cebus. The NHP Blood Samples served include serum, plasma, whole blood.. Serum. The ...
See short video below of monkeys vehemently rejecting unequal pay. This video should not be missed.). According to the principle of parsimony, if a trait is seen in both humans and animals that are closely related to humans, say chimps, the most likely-most parsimonious-explanation is that the trait had already existed before humans and chimps parted in their evolutionary lineages. This is the logic behind the recent discoveries of behaviors such as consciousness, tool use, language, and culture in non-human primates, all of which were widely-but wrongly-conceived as uniquely human only a few decades ago.. Brosnan and de Waals finding of fairness in the capuchin monkey has settled the long-standing question of whether animals have a sense of fairness and further blurred the line between humans and other animals in a new territory: the sphere of morality.. ***. The questions now are how fairness works and why it evolved. Part of the answers lies in monkeys like the capuchin. But monkeys are ...
After generous support from the public, a monkey sanctuary in Cornwall managed to raise £6,000 and rescue a capuchin monkey.. The monkey, named Daisy, was originally confiscated from an exotic animal breeder in Wales where she was isolated from any others of her breed. She was found with healed cigarette burns and poorly mended fractured fingers.. Daisy was also found to have a laparotomy scar - often a sign of being in a laboratory breeding facility.. She was then taken on by a caring couple in Gloucester who nursed her back to health and even found her a fellow capuchin to keep her company. Unfortunately, after several years together he died, leaving Daisy alone again and desperate for company.. A team of experienced primate keepers made the journey on January 7 to collect Daisy.. Site manager for Wild Futures Monkey Sanctuary in Looe Tjark Plat, said: "Everything went very smoothly on the day. We custom-build equipment for each rescue to ensure it is as stress free as possible.". The ...
Frans de Waal, PhD, director of the Living Links Center at the Yerkes Research Center, and Kristi Leimgruber, research specialist, led a team of researchers who exchanged tokens for food with eight adult female capuchins. Each capuchin was paired with a relative, an unrelated familiar female from her own social group or a stranger (a female from a different group). The capuchins then were given the choice of two tokens: the selfish option, which rewarded that capuchin alone with an apple slice; or the prosocial option, which rewarded both capuchins with an apple slice. The monkeys predominantly selected the prosocial token when paired with a relative or familiar individual but not when paired with a stranger ...
A pet monkey is a monkey kept as a pet. Monkeys have often been favorite pets of queens such as Catherine de Medici and Henrietta Maria, wife of Charles I. When the British first began to explore Africa, young monkeys were often captured and taken back on board the ship to entertain sailors. For example, a Senegal monkey was kept as a pet by a ships cook in the 19th century and entertained passengers with its antics. Some were later kept in zoos; many modern captive monkeys in the UK are descended from such Victorian-era monkeys. The same practice is thought to have occurred during the Napoleonic wars; it is rumored that such practices led to a monkey being washed ashore and hanged in Hartlepool, causing the people of Hartlepool to be nicknamed the Monkey Hangers. Some organizations train capuchin monkeys as monkey helpers to assist quadriplegics and other people with severe spinal cord injuries or mobility impairments. After being socialized in a human home as infants, the monkeys undergo ...
A Wayne County man was found guilty recently in magisterial court in Hawley of possessing a Capuchin monkey without a permit. John A. Poliandro of Lakeville purchased the monkey for just under $10,000 from Cheryls Primates, in Chillicothe, Mo., and the monkey was transported illegally into Pennsylvania, according to Wayne County Wildlife Conservation Officer James McCarthy.Separately, Cheryl Ullrich of Chillicothe, Mo., was charged with the illegal importation of game or wildlife and
Tommy is a Capuchin monkey and loves to meet new friends, but when he met Sparkles the little kitten for the first time, his reaction is just priceless!. Tommy the monkey seems to say: "Please, please let me have the little kitten, Its so beautiful… Can I touch it?". The reaction will melt your heart, this monkey just cant get enough of this new kitten, he just adores her! Awwwww! Watch Video:. ...
Humans often respond negatively when receiving a less good outcome than another (inequity), a behavior which is hypothesized to be a mechanism to support successful cooperation. First documented by Brosnan & de Waal (2003, Nature) in capuchin monkeys, we have since found evidence that several primate species respond negatively if they receive a less good reward than a social partner for completing the same task. This requires the individuals to take in to account both their own and their partners rewards or procedures, and make assessments of their outcome based upon these parameters. We have found in particular that this response is contingent upon a task, and does not occur when rewards are provided for free. Moreover, among most primates, while effort seems to enhance the response, individuals are more sensitive to different rewards than to different levels of effort. While this indicates that the behavior is not unique to humans, it does not provide an evolutionary explanation for the ...
Supplier: BioLegend • Clone Number: [M5E2] • Crossreactivity: Chimpanzee, Cynomolgus, Rhesus, Capuchin Monkey, Cotton-topped Tamarin, Pigtailed Macaque, Common Marmoset, Squirrel Monkey, Bo, Sh, Pg, ...
In his famous English translation of Pushkins Eugene Onegin, Nabokov himself made some unique choices in an attempt to accurately portray the intent of the original. Line 8 of Canto XIV in Chapter One reads, in Russian: "bednyazhku tsaptsarap". The latter word, "tsaptsarap", is not a real word in Russian; but rather an onomatopoeic combination of "tsapat " (to snatch) and "tsarapat " (to scratch). Nabokov creates the word "scrab," a combination of grab and scratch, to mimic the portmanteau. Another good example comes in Canto VII of Chapter Four, when "dostoyno starïh obezyan" is transliterated as "worthy of old sapajous" rather than "old monkeys." Although the word "obezyan" directly translates as monkey, Nabokov notes that the line is adapted from a line Pushkin wrote in French two years before (Pushkin was fluent in French), reading "mais cette jouissance est digne dun vieux sapajou du dix-huitieme siecle". Sapajou, which incidentally is the French name for capuchin monkeys, has in ...
The army base, a cut of cleared land amidst a thick, verdant, unnamed jungle, is filled with soldiers and locals, dead or dying of a mystery disease.. A pile of bodies burns outside. At the sound of a U.S. army plane approaching, Americans and Africans both run out of the medical tents, arms raised to the sky in welcome and anticipation.. But one mans smile turns to horror when he realizes the airdropped package isnt relief in the form of a cure or supplies, but instead another kind of solution. The bomb explodes, killing the men and devastating their arboreal surroundings; out of the wreckage run two white-headed capuchin monkeys.. This is the opening scene-ground zero-in the 1995 film Outbreak, in which an Ebola-like virus ultimately lands on U.S. soil and becomes an unstoppable killer. In the film, the virus is connected directly to the deforestation of the land enacted by western military: a local health care worker tells a U.S. army virologist, played by Dustin Hoffman, that the local ...
Disclaimer: I am not a vampire kind of girl. Vampire epics, horror movies, suspense DVDs or books...no. I would rather read historical fiction or melt into a romantic chick-flick. Vampires? Youve got to be kidding. Which is why its truly one of the puzzles of my life that a white-faced blood-sucking vampire keeps re-introducing himself,…
Mitchell, P.I., Newton S.F., Ratcliffe, N. & Dunn T.E. (2004) "Seabird Populations of Britain and Ireland" T. & A.D. Poyser, ...
Sentence Examples with the word Cereus: The western dry areas have the old-world leguminous Astragalus and Prosopis (Mesquit), but are especially characterized by the northward extension of the new-world…
Website © 2005-2018 Xeno-canto Foundation Recordings © the recordist. See recording details for license information. Sonogram images © Xeno-canto Foundation. Sonogram images share the same license terms as the recording they depict. Terms of use. Credits. ...
Institution: I.M.Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry; I.P.Pavlov Institute of Physiology Mission: Comparative study of monkey and childrens cognitive behavior. Principal Research Programs: Primates cognition, learning and memory; Study of monkey and Apes social organization in the wild and realization of instrumental reflexes in competitive situations.. Training Opportunities: Educational opportunities available for: Undergraduate, Graduate and Doctoral degrees (Ph.D., D.Sci.) for behavior physiology of mammals.. Number of Staff: 14. Supported Species: Cebus apella (tufted capuchin), Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque), Macaca mulatta (rhesus macaque), Pan troglodytes (common chimpanzee), Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon) Last Updated: 2004-03-28. ...
Dental microwear analysis is conducted on a community of platyrrhine primates from South America. This analysis focuses on the primate community of Cachoeira Porteira (Para, Brazil), in which seven sympatric species occur: Alouatta seniculus, Ateles paniscus, Cebus apella, Chiropotes satanas, Pithecia Pithecia, Saguinus midas, and Saimiri sciureus. Shearing quotients are also calculated for each taxon of this primate community. Dental microwear results indicate significant differences between taxa, but are somewhat insufficient when it comes to discriminating between ecologically similar taxa. The primates of Cachoeira Porteira all incorporate a certain amount of fruit in their diet, entailing a definite amount of inter-specific competition as they must share food resources. Alouatta is the most folivorous taxon of this community, which is corroborated by dental microwear analysis. Ateles, although of a similar size to Alouatta, limits inter-specific competition by incorporating more fruit in its diet.
When we are sick, or suffering discomfort from diarrhea or indigestion, we take medicines to make us feel better. We know what ails us, and we know what can help us. Monkeys, too, seem to have knowledge of the therapeutic. New cases are reported every year, and zoopharmacognosy, the study of self-medication in animals, is a growing field. The fur-rubbing white-faced capuchins and the charcoal-eating red colobus monkeys seen in Clever Monkeys are just two examples of medical ingenuity in primates. Across the globe, monkeys have figured out remedies for common ailments, just as we have.. One of the greatest dangers to monkeys, and one of the greatest annoyances, are insects and parasites. Ectoparasites like lice, ticks, and mosquitoes carry many diseases to which monkeys are susceptible. Evolutionary biologists believe that parasites coevolved with their hosts over eons, and both humans and monkeys have continually sought relief from these pests. Itching, scratching, and swatting are the only ...
Pet ownership by animals in the wild, as an analogue to the human phenomenon, has not been observed and is likely non-existent in nature.[78][79] One group of capuchin monkeys was observed appearing to care for a marmoset, a fellow New World monkey species, however observations of chimpanzees apparently "playing" with small animals like hyraxes have ended with the chimpanzees killing the animals and tossing the corpses around.[80]. A 2010 study states that human relationships with animals have an exclusive human cognitive component and that pet-keeping is a fundamental and ancient attribute of the human species. Anthropomorphism, or the projection of human feelings, thoughts and attributes on to animals, is a defining feature of human pet-keeping. The study identifies it as the same trait in evolution responsible for domestication and concern for animal welfare. It is estimated to have arose at least 100,000 years before present (ybp) in Homo sapiens sapiens.[79]. It is debated whether this ...
The HSUS and a coalition of animal welfare groups have submitted a petition to the USDA to prohibit public contact with big cats, bears, and primates at roadside zoos across the country. The Natural Bridge Zoo is one of about 75 facilities around the United States that still allow children to pet wild big cats. At the Natural Bridge Zoo, our investigation documented so-called caretakers slapping two tiger cubs, Daxx and Deja. In our video you can see Dejas head hit a concrete floor as she is disciplined by a man. Both of these cubs were sick with coccidia and giardia but never saw a veterinarian. They were also starved until photo sessions started up for the day, so that their bottle could be used to mollify them during handling. Our investigator and the USDA documented other severe problems at the Natural Bridge Zoo: a dead giraffe, a dead Mandrill (an endangered primate), a baby camel who accidentally hanged herself, a dead capuchin monkey, and terrible injuries to other animals, including a ...
If the Homo-Pan LCA lived in African littoral forests along the Indian Ocean or the Red Sea, this could explain the archaic Homo finds ~1.8 Ma as far as Java (Mojokerto, amid barnacles and shells), Georgia (Dmanisi, amid rich lacustrine resources near the Black-Capsian Sea connection then), Algeria (Aïn-Hanech floodplain) and the African Rift (erectus appeared at Lake Turkana together with stingrays, suggesting a marine connection then).. Sea-levels repeatedly dropped more than 100 m during Glacials, and on the continental shelves, vast territories - presumably tree-poor and shellfish-rich - became available for intelligent, dextrous, tool-using, coastal forest-dwelling hominoids, who could open mangrove oysters (like capuchin monkeys do) and coconuts (containing fresh water) and beach-comb for turtles and their eggs, mussels and crabs. An extensive overview of the literature by Stephen Munro showed that virtually all known archaic Homo sites (including those in savanna) were associated ...
Helpful acts, such as grooming or foster parenting, are common throughout the animal kingdom, but accounts of animals rescuing one another from danger are exceedingly rare, having been reported in the scientific literature only for dolphins, capuchin monkeys, and ants. New research shows that in the ant Cataglyphis cursor, the behavior is surprisingly sophisticated. Elise Nowbahari of the University of Paris North, Karen L. Hollis of Mount Holyoke College in South Hadley, Massachusetts, and two colleagues mimicked a natural situation-an ant restrained by collapsing sand and debris. But hidden beneath the sand was a nylon snare holding the ant firmly in place. The ants nestmates consistently responded by digging around the victim and tugging at its limbs until they found the trap, then biting at the nylon strand. Potential rescuers did not, however, do the same for unrelated ants or insects of other species. The ants ability to discern and then tackle the unfamiliar nylon snare demonstrates ...
Say what you will about the fellas from MTVs "Jersey Shore": They are shallow, behave ridiculously and exhibit the combined brainpower of a single capuchin monkey. However, they do have unique looks, especially when it comes to their hair. (We wont touch their flash-meets-crash wardrobes.). In fact, their hair is their signature. When Pauly D let his blowout go flat for GQ magazine, all hell broke loose. Nobody recognized him. The backlash was horrible.. So while you might not want to emulate these guys physically, emotionally or intellectually, you might want to try out one of their unique hairstyles. How can you get one? Thats easy -- Vinny, Mike, Ronnie and Pauly go to a barbershop, not a high-end salon.. The key is instructing the barber correctly, according to Garret Pike, who is a barber in Queens and a high-end stylist in New York City who has seen it all when it comes to hair: "Any man who knows what to ask -- and has the right product to maintain it -- can get a Jersey Shore ...
Definition of dentate nucleus in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is dentate nucleus? Meaning of dentate nucleus as a legal term. What does dentate nucleus mean in law?
Be sure you, and everyone else in the family, have the patience, desire, and training skills to turn your young "diamond-in-the-rough" DVGRR dog into a well-mannered member of the family! It can certainly be done, but you will need to commit significant amounts of time and energy every day.. If you are inclined to relaxing after a rough day at work, eating dinner, watching some prime-time TV and curling up for an early evening, a dog aged five and above may be a better choice for you. These more mature dogs still have plenty of energy and love going for walks or chasing tennis balls in the back yard, but then easily settle down and nap happily at your feet (or on the sofa!) for the rest of the evening.. To that end, did you ever consider a senior dog? Our staff and volunteers often think of seniors as the "best kept secret" in rescue. Those of us who have adopted a beautiful, wonderful white-faced DVGRR dog know the joy that comes from sharing life with a treasured older dog. Sure, the time ...
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