Taurine cattle (Bos taurus taurus), also called European cattle, are a subspecies of domesticated cattle originating in the Near East. Both taurine cattle and indicine cattle (zebus) are descended from the aurochs. Taurine cattle were originally considered a distinct species, but are now typically grouped with zebus and aurochs into one species, Bos taurus. Most modern breeds of cattle are taurine cattle. Genetic research suggests the entire modern stock of taurine cattle may have arisen from as few as 80 aurochs tamed in the upper reaches of Mesopotamia about 10,500 years ago near the villages of Çayönü in southeastern Turkey and Djade el Mughara in northern Iraq. The genome sequence of the Hereford breed of taurine cattle was published by the Bovine Genome Sequencing and Analysis Consortium in 2009. Indicine cattle Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Bos taurus. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN ...
No. of Report Pages: 102. Price (Single User Licence): $4000. Have any Query Regarding this Report? Contact us at: http://www.absolutereports.com/enquiry/pre-order-enquiry/10389624. This Cattle Feed Sales Industry report also takes into account the past price of 2011-2015 and future price of 2016-2021 as per the supply-demand relation along with perspectives and Cattle Feed Sales market forecasts. Additionally, the Cattle Feed Sales Market report also discusses the data on deals (distributors) and buyers, providing a holistic insight into the supply chain and sales details of Cattle Feed Sales Market.. Several important topics included in the Cattle Feed Sales market research report are as follows:. • Overview of Cattle Feed Sales Market. • Market Size (Value and Volume) analysis of Cattle Feed Sales Industry. • Cattle Feed Sales Market Competition by Manufacturers, Type and Application. • Cattle Feed Sales Market Major Regions Volume, Value and Sales Price Analysis. • Cattle Feed ...
Black Pied cattle refer to a range of some cattle breeds, including: Black Pied (Lowland): see Friesian cattle, group of breeds, and especially German Black Pied cattle Black Pied Aosta: see Aosta Black Pied cattle Black Pied Breton: see Breton Black Pied cattle Black Pied Danish: see Danish Black Pied cattle Black Pied Dutch: see Dutch Black Pied cattle Black Pied Dutch Friesian, Dutch Black Pied cattle free of Holstein blood Black Pied East Belgian: see Hervé Black Pied cattle Black Pied Hervé: see Hervé Black Pied cattle Black Pied Jutland: see Jutland Black Pied cattle Black Pied Podolian: see Podolian Black Pied cattle Black Pied Polders: see Polders Black Pied cattle Black Pied Valdostana: see Aosta Black Pied cattle see also Belgian Black Pied Czech Black Pied German Black Pied Dairy cattle Russian Black Pied, incl. Central Russian Black Pied Siberian Black Pied Ural Black Pied Swiss Black Pied (= Black Spotted): see Swiss Holstein Mason, Ian Lauder: A world dictionary of livestock ...
Texas British White Cattle Breeder - British White Cattle ranch in East Texas breeding for excellence in Grassfed British White cattle. All cattle dual registered with the BWCAA and the American British White Park Cattle Association. British White cattle are an ancient polled breed, long revered for their beauty, gentle disposition, and beef quality. This British White Cattle Ranch in SouthEast Texas is raising registered British White replacement heifers, bulls, and seedstock cows. British White cattle are noted for outstanding Fertility, Longevity, Milkiness, Calving Ease, Disposition, and Carcass. This Texas British White site offers indepth research into the history of the polled British White cow and the horned White Park breed, both referred to as Park cattle, White Forest cattle, Wild White Cattle, and White Park Cattle over the lapse of centuries of breeding and adoration by British White cattle breeders.
Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies provides you with an introduction to all aspects of raising beef cattle. Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies provides you with an introduction to all aspects of raising beef cattle. Everyone knows that reading Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies is effective, because we are able to get a lot of information from the resources. Facebook 17 Twitter 4 Linkedin 7 Pinterest 8 Email 23 Print 70. Prepare Fencing Before Cows Arrive . Book Condition: New. Paperback. Download PDF Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies. Ship out in 2 business day, And Fast shipping, Free Tracking number … Book Condition: new. FFHJM1WXB9XP » PDF » Raising Beef Cattle For Dummies Get eBook RAISING BEEF CATTLE FOR DUMMIES John Wiley and Sons Ltd. raising beef cattle for dummies Sep 21, 2020 Posted By Alistair MacLean Public Library TEXT ID 4315746e Online PDF Ebook Epub Library raiser the tools needed to increase the quantity and quality of your farms output and maintain a healthy herd raising beef cattle ...
Two separate domestication events gave rise to humped zebu cattle in India and humpless taurine cattle in the Fertile Crescent of the Near and Middle East. Iran covers the Eastern side of the Fertile Crescent and exhibits a variety of native cattle breeds, however, only little is known about the admixture patterns of Iranian cattle and their contribution to the formation of modern cattle breeds. Genome-wide data (700 k chip) of eight Iranian cattle breeds (Sarabi N = 19, Kurdi N = 7, Taleshi N = 7, Mazandarani N = 10, Najdi N = 7, Pars N = 7, Kermani N = 9, and Sistani N = 9) were collected from across Iran. For a local assessment, taurine (Holstein and Jersey) and indicine (Brahman) outgroup samples were used. For the global perspective, 134 world-wide cattle breeds were included. Between breed variation amongst Iranian cattle explained 60 % (p | 0.001) of the total molecular variation and 82.88 % (p | 0.001) when outgroups were included. Several migration edges were observed within the Iranian cattle
TY - JOUR. T1 - Wooden hutch space allowance influences male Holstein calf health, performance, daily lying time, and respiratory immunity. AU - Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.. AU - Hulbert, L. E.. AU - Fowler, A. L.. AU - Louie, A.. AU - Gershwin, Laurel J. AU - Pinkerton, Kent E. AU - Ballou, M. A.. AU - Klasing, K. C.. AU - Mitloehner, F. M.. PY - 2016/6/1. Y1 - 2016/6/1. N2 - Dairy calves in the western United States are commonly raised individually in wooden hutches with a space allowance of 1.23 m2/calf. Recent legislative initiatives in California and across the United States were passed regarding concern over space allowance for farm animals. The objective of this study was to determine if rearing male Holstein calves in wooden hutches modified to increase space allowance would influence measures of performance, lying time per day, health, and respiratory immunocompetence. At 4 d of age, 60 calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 housing treatments: (1) conventional housing (CONV; 1.23 m2/calf), ...
Cattle are found all over the world, from as far north as Canada and Russia to the dry inland of Australia. The only continent they are not found on is Antarctica. Different types and breeds of cattle are suited to different environments. Bos indicus cattle such as the Brahman breed are suited to subtropical and tropical areas, whereas Bos taurus cattle such as Angus cattle are more suited to temperate or colder climates. Their large wide hooves are good in both wet areas and dry grassland. Their hairy coat grows much longer in the winter and has an extra fluffy layer to hold in warmth. They shed this extra layer in springtime in preparation for the hot summer ahead. Most cattle, except those of the Bos indicus subspecies do not have sweat glands in their skin, but their wet nose is a useful cooling system. They can also pant like a dog as well. Cattle can make a range of noises, from a gentle moo to a low growl in warning or to attract females, especially among bulls. When they are angry or ...
Cattle are found all over the world, from as far north as Canada and Russia to the dry inland of Australia. The only continent they are not found on is Antarctica. Different types and breeds of cattle are suited to different environments. Bos indicus cattle such as the Brahman breed are suited to subtropical and tropical areas, whereas Bos taurus cattle such as Angus cattle are more suited to temperate or colder climates. Their large wide hooves are good in both wet areas and dry grassland. Their hairy coat grows much longer in the winter and has an extra fluffy layer to hold in warmth. They shed this extra layer in springtime in preparation for the hot summer ahead. Most cattle, except those of the Bos indicus subspecies do not have sweat glands in their skin, but their wet nose is a useful cooling system. They can also pant like a dog as well. Cattle can make a range of noises, from a gentle moo to a low growl in warning or to attract females, especially among bulls. When they are angry or ...
Sale Gross - $444,450. $50,000 - Semen Syndicate - AHCC Earning Power 900E ET, 2/8/2017, 81% Limousin, homozygous black, homozygous polled, sired by MAGS Anchor, out of LVLS 9066U, purchased by Magness Land & Cattle, Platteville, Colo., members of the semen syndicate include: MR Limousin, Diamond Hill Cattle Company, ATAK Limousin, Buff Beef Cattle, 4-H Limousin, TTT Farms, Franseen Limousin, Venner Limousin, Graven Land & Cattle, Lakeside Limousin, Circle R Limousin, Beckman Livestock, Jones Brothers, Lewis Limousin and TMJ Cattle Company.. $15,500 - Bull - Lot 20, AHCC Endless Power 0901E ET, 3/4/2017, Lim-Flex, homozygous black, homozygous polled, sired by SAV Resource 1441, out of LVLS 9066U, syndicate consisting of Graven Land & Cattle, Lebanon, Mo.; Magness Land & Cattle, Platteville, Colo; Tubmill Creek Farms, New Florence, Pa.; Diamond Hill Cattle Company, Newcastle, Okla.; and Wulf Cattle, Morris, Minn. purchased this herd sire prospect.. $10,500 - Cow Family Package - Lot 107, package ...
To more fully characterize the burden of Salmonella enterica in bovine peripheral lymph nodes (PLN), PLN (n=5,450) were collected from healthy cattle at slaughter in 12 commercial abattoirs that slaughtered feedlot-fattened (FF) cattle exclusively (n=7), cattle removed (or culled) from breeding herds (n=3), or both FF and cull cattle (n=2). Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to estimate prevalence and concentration of Salmonella in PLN. Isolates were subjected to a variety of phenotypic, serological, and molecular assays. Overall, Salmonella prevalence in PLN from FF and cull cattle was 7.1% and 1.8%. However, burden varied by season in that observed prevalence in PLN collected in cooler or warmer seasons was 2.4% and 8.2%, respectively. Prevalence in PLN from cull cattle in the southwest region of the US was 2.1% and 1.1% for cool and warm seasons, respectively; however, prevalence in FF PLN was far greater in that it was 6.5% and 31.1%, respectively. Salmonella was recovered from 289 (5.6%
Because of their native environment, the cattle are very hardy and can survive the Scottish winters, which are typically harsh, with snowfall and storms. Cows typically weigh 550 kilograms (1,210 lb) and bulls weigh 850 kilograms (1,870 lb). Calves are usually born smaller than is acceptable for the market, so crossbreeding with dairy cattle is needed for veal production.. The cattle are naturally polled and black in colour. They typically mature earlier than other native British breeds such as the Hereford or North Devon. However, in the middle of the 20th century a new strain of cattle called the Red Angus emerged. The United States does not accept Red Angus cattle into herd books, while the UK and Canada do. Except for their colour genes, there is no genetic difference between black and red Angus, but they are regarded as different breeds in the US. However, there have been claims that black angus are more sustainable to cold weather, though unconfirmed.. The cattle have a large muscle ...
MGA® is a hormone material added to the ration of feedlot heifers. It improves rate of gain and feed utilization and suppresses estrus in feedlot heifers. Rate of gain was improved 10.3 percent and feed efficiency 6.5 percent in an average of 47 trials. MGA® may be combined with Rumensin or Bovatec in supplements or rations offered to heifers.. Bovatec® are feed additives that change rumen fermentation and improve the feed conversions of feedlot cattle by approximately 8 to 10 percent. Both are effective for steers and heifers fed growing or finishing rations. They give some protection against acidosis and founder when cattle are fed high-grain rations. Rumensin® has reduced feed intake with little change in rate of gain for cattle fed high-grain rations. Bovatec® has shown some improvement in daily gain for cattle fed high-energy rations.. Rumensin® has increased rate of gain and feed efficiency of cattle fed corn silage and other roughage rations. Cattle on pasture or those fed ...
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Cattle production follows a dynamic cycle that has often been analyzed, and cattle markets receive much scrutiny because of the potential for buyer market power. The relationship between the two has been little studied, however. This paper provides a simple conceptual framework to study how the cattle cycle and market concentration jointly affect the bargaining power of producers and packers yielding the following main results. Not surprisingly, a larger cattle stock reduces producers bargaining position, which results in a lower fed cattle price. More importantly, however, the cattle stocks negative effect on price is magnified by the market concentration in beef packing. Thus, the cycle itself is very importantly related to a posited cycle of bargaining power between cattle producers and beef packers. Secondly, the model also shows how beef packers may use the special feature of cattle as both consumption and capital goods to lower the cattle price by influencing cattle inventories. Crespi, John M.;
Cattle are large domesticated animals reared for beef or leather or kept to produce milk. The word cattle has no singular form, as the male bull and the female cow have markedly different temperaments. However, cattle are often referred to as cows, whether male or female. The offspring of cattle is a calf (plural calves). A castrated bull is called a bullock. During his sojourn in Haran, Jacob prospered while tending cattle for Laban. (Gen. 30:40) The female appears placid and contented and can be easily approached and milked, even by a child. The bull is considered dangerous and is typically penned up far away from any cows. Like many kinds of livestock their waste produces methane, an invisible and odorless gas, which liberals falsely maintain contributes to global warming. Cattle are susceptible to bovine spongiform encephalopathy, which when humans eat infected cows, they get CJD. CJD is a 100% fatal disease. All cows younger than 5 do not show symptoms of BSE. Cattle are slaughtered at 18 ...
Chlamydia spp. are obligate intracellular gram-negative bacteria that cause a wide range of significant diseases in humans and animals worldwide, resulting in significant economic losses. Chlamydial infection in cattle has been reported in many countries including China. However, there has been no survey of chlamydial infection of dairy cattle in Guangzhou, southern China. The objective of the present investigation was to examine the chlamydial seroprevalence in dairy cattle in Guangzhou, subtropical southern China by using an indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA). The overall seroprevalence of chlamydial infection in dairy cattle was 7.25% (29/400). Greater than or equal to eight-yr-old dairy cattle had the highest seroprevalence (10.34%), followed by those that were ≥ 6 years old or | 7 years old dairy cattle (10.20%), although there were no statistically significant differences among different groups (P | 0.05). Dairy cattle with 5 pregnancies had the highest seroprevalence (10.81%). These results
Course topics include Basic Beef Cattle Production, Herd Management, Beef Quality Assurance, Cattle Evaluation, TAMU Horse Judging and more.
Differences in the mitochondrial respiratory activity of cattle muscle tissue during postmortem metabolism may have significant impacts on meat quality. For example, Angus beef is more tender than Brahman beef, but the reason for this difference is not well elucidated. It is therefore plausible to consider differences in the postmortem metabolism of muscle tissue, which in turn influence pH decline, may vary between cattle breeds, affecting meat quality.. The authors of this Journal of Animal Science study compared postmortem mitochondrial respiratory function of Angus and Brahman cattle, looking specifically at the Longissimus lumborum muscle. Muscle tissue was evaluated at two different temperatures (38.5 and 40.0 degrees Celsius), one-hour postmortem. The authors hypothesized that postmortem mitochondrial metabolism would differ by breed, possibly due to differences in the heat tolerance of each breed. Brahman cattle have better resilience to heat stress than Angus cattle.. The parameters ...
The worlds first genome study of indigenous African cattle shed light on new genes, diversity and even adaptation to the eco-system.. The so-called African Cattle Complex is considered an asset of the Africa economy and society. Also considered as walking larder, as a great source of food, milk, hides and manure. Cattle are also considered as status of power and status.. But the rich diversity of around 150 cattle breed facing many challenges like diseases, vector borne ailments, and climatic pressure.. Now, a team of international scientists led by Olivier Hanotte from the University of Nottingham have drafted the genomes of five important breeds of African cattle that revealed some amazing environmental adaptations, and new genetic makeup. The findings could help in better breeding future programs in the region.. The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in Ethiopia and Professor Heebal Kim from Seoul National University also played an important role in the genome ...
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Marshall and Ernst Windsor have run their herd of Hereford cows for almost 40 years now. Their operation is built around breeding and advancing genetics. Ernsts predilection is towards Herefords due to their sturdy build, adaptable nature, and their dependability during times of drought.. In 2001, the Ernsts moved their cattle ranch to Windsor. From then until 2012, the area of Windsor suffered from severe drought, and along with the rest of the industry, Ernsts herd suffered, with his cattle herd numbers dwindling significantly.. However, because of his Herefords, Ernst made it through a difficult time. And as the cattle industry undergoes even more changes, he expects to rely on the Herefords to help see him through once more.. Because of the drought, cattle numbers were dangerously low. And paired with a high beef demand, cattle prices hit an all-time high in 2015. As this perfect storm continues, the beef industry has slowly but surely begun to rebuild.. And the timing couldnt be better. ...
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The U.S. Department of Agriculture on Tuesday quoted choice boxed beef cutout at $241.70/cwt, up $2.57 from Tuesday and the highest in more than two years (all figures US$). Select cutout fell 25 cents, to $214.27, but was up from $200.58/cwt a week ago.. As a result, strong beef packer margins give them (processors) incentive to kill more cattle, which solves some of the problem of Tyson being shut down, Brugler said.. CME live cattle futures tumbled last week as news of the Tyson fire threatened to curb demand for fat cattle. But the market rallied on Monday after government data showed that last weeks U.S. cattle slaughter came in above expectations, despite the loss of the Kansas plant.. On Tuesday, CME October live cattle futures ended up 1.775 cents at 100 cents/lb., and October feeder cattle settled up 0.475 cent at 133.65 cents/lb.. Live cattle futures drew additional support from expectations of higher cash cattle trade this week, given rising beef cut-out values, Brugler said. Cash ...
Aside from Chicago MercantileExchange spot February live cattle futures, remaining contractsdrew support on Monday from last weeks bullish biannual cattleinventory report, analysts and traders said. Fridays data showed tighter cattle numbers ahead with theU.S. cattle herd at the smallest in 61 years after drought drovefeed costs to record highs last summer. CME live cattle spot February settled down slightlyon cash cattle price caution. Also, some traders exited the contract to avoid likelydeliveries. Monday was the first notice day for cattledeliveries against the spot month that will expire on Feb. 28. CME spot February live cattle closed at 127.075cents per lb, down 0.025 cent. April ended up 0.100 centto 132.275 cents and June finished at 128.000 cents,0.250 cent higher. Investors wait for cattle in the cash market to changehands. Cash cattle last week moved at mostly $122 to $124 percwt, feedlot sources said. Wintry weather in the western Plains reduced the movement
One of the main attractions for guests, often bringing them back year after year, is the opportunity to work with Rocco and Annies cattle from the cattle ranch. Since the cattle typically graze on Sweet Grass Ranch lands for a portion of the summer, Sweet Grass Ranch guests have the opportunity to learn first hand about the challenges and joys of caring for a herd of grass-fed, range cattle, monitoring their health and moving them to new grazing grounds as water and grass vitality dictates.. We may do some cattle work on any given week, and are sometimes checking fences, grass conditions, and putting out salt and minerals. On these working rides, guests are always invited to join in whenever they desire a taste of the cowboy life. Please be aware that we do not work cattle every week, so if this is an important part of your vacation, you must verify cattle work with us in advance when booking.. For those looking for that working ranch experience of a cattle drive, there are certain weeks we are ...
Healthy teeth are important in the first stages of digestion for dairy cattle, yet little is known about bovine dental disease. This study aimed to investigate dental pathology of dairy cattle in two parts. First dairy cattle cadaver heads (n=11) were examined at the time of culling. Second, the authors performed oral exams in cattle fed a total mixed ration (TMR) (n=200) and pasture-based (n=71) grazing cattle. Cadaver heads were imaged using radiography and computed tomography before gross dissection to study dental anatomy and pathology. The most prevalent dental abnormalities were excessive transverse ridging of the occlusal surface, the presence of diastemas and third molar dental overgrowths (M3DO) in cadaver heads. Average thickness of subocclusal dentine ranged from 3.5 mm to 5.8 mm in cheek teeth but was ,10 mm in maxillary teeth with M3DO. Radiographic findings were compared with oral examinations in live cattle. Prevalence of M3DO upon oral examination was 19 per cent and 28 per cent ...
This week, feedlots in the U.S. Plains have priced their market-ready, or cash, cattle over $165 per hundredweight (cwt), with no bids from packers, feedlot sources said. Last week, cash cattle in the Midwest traded at mostly $162.. Wednesday afternoons choice wholesale beef price, or cutout, rose $2.67/cwt from Tuesday to $246.55. Select climbed $2.22 to $234.48, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said.. Beef packer margins for Wednesday were a negative $55.70 per head, compared with a negative $74 on Tuesday and a negative $74.25 a week ago, according to Colorado-based analytics firm HedgersEdge.com.. Expectations for tighter cattle numbers in the coming months boosted deferred CME live cattle contracts.. CME feeder cattle futures drew support from live cattle market buying. Traders cited the exchanges feeder cattle index for Oct. 7 at 238.01 cents, up from 237.57 for Oct. 6.. October closed 0.85 cent/lb. higher at 242.325 cents, and November up 0.5 cent at 242.925 cents.. Hogs turn ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Restriction of vitamin A and D in beef cattle finishing diets on feedlot performance and adipose accretion. AU - Pickworth, C. L.. AU - Loerch, Steven. AU - Fluharty, F. L.. PY - 2012/6/1. Y1 - 2012/6/1. N2 - Feedlot producers often exceed NRC recommendations for vitamin A and D supplementation; however, increased concentrations of these vitamins have been shown to limit adipocyte differentiation in vitro. A feedlot trial was conducted using 168 Angus crossbred steers (BW = 284 ± 0.4 kg) allotted to 24 pens. The experiment had a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments: no supplemental vitamin A or D (NAND), 3,750 IU vitamin A/kg dietary DM with no supplemental vitamin D (SAND), no supplemental vitamin A and 1,860 IU vitamin D/kg dietary DM (NASD), and 3,750 IU and 1,860 IU vitamin A and D/ kg dietary DM (SASD), respectively. Serum, liver, and intramuscular and subcutaneous adipose tissue retinol concentrations were decreased in (P , 0.001) in cattle fed the no supplemental ...
Selection alters the frequency of genes in a population (breed) affecting a particular characteristic. Population genetic change is difficult for breeders to understand because they deal with individuals when making selection decisions and in their merchandising programs. Nevertheless, breeds (populations) which practice intense selection for characteristics of economic importance to the cattle industry will change genetically and eventually be the successful populations because they will leave the most progeny in the next generation. The genetic improvement of a population (breed) cannot overlook the individual because the individual, if selected, is the vehicle containing the genes which are to be passed on to the next generation. Bull selection is central to directed changes in gene frequency of any defined beef cattle population because of the low reproductive rate in beef females. Sophisticated genetic prediction techniques have been developed to help U.S. beef cattle producers make sound selection
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A total of six hundred ninety nine (699) blood samples were collected randomly from cattle population of different cattle farms belonging to rural unorganised sectors and organised cattle farms of seven different districts of West Bengal to study the seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhiniotracheitis (IBR) by Virus Neutralization Test (VNT). The seroprevalence of IBR among the cattle population of West Bengal was estimated to be 48.15% on district-wise study (highest seroprevalence rate of 85.29% in the cattle population of Nadia district and lowest rate of seroprevalence of 20.72% in the cattle population of Jalpaiguri district) and 42.32% on sampling area-wise study. Eighteen (18) serologically positive serum samples were selected as representative samples which were subjected to two fold end point titration. The end point titration of the seropositive samples collected from organised cattle farm of organised sector showed the IBR antibody titre to range from 1: 1 to 1: 8, while that of the samples
TY - JOUR. T1 - The mechanisms of uremic serum-induced expression of bone matrix proteins in bovine vascular smooth muscle cells. AU - Chen, N. X.. AU - Duan, D.. AU - ONeill, K. D.. AU - Wolisi, G. O.. AU - Koczman, J. J.. AU - LaClair, R.. AU - Moe, S. M.. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - We have previously found that uremic human serum upregulates RUNX2 in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and that RUNX2 is upregulated in areas of vascular calcification in vivo. To confirm the role of RUNX2, we transiently transfected a dominant-negative RUNX2 (ΔRUNX2) construct in bovine vascular smooth muscle cells (BVSMCs). Blocking RUNX2 transcriptional activity significantly decreased uremic serum induced alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity (268 ± 34 vs 188 ± 9.5 U/g protein, P , 0.05) and osteocalcin expression (172 ± 17 vs 125 ± 9 ODU, P , 0.05). To determine the mechanism by which uremic serum upregulates RUNX2, we examined cell signaling pathways. BVSMCs were incubated in the presence or ...
Atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease (CHD) are significant contributors to morbidity and mortality in developed countries. A noted exception is the low mortality of CHD in France, particularly the southwest region. This phenomenon, commonly referred to as the French paradox, may be associated with high consumption of red wine. We investigate whether the cardioprotective activity of red wine may involve the grape skin-derived polyphenol, resveratrol. We further test the possibility that resveratrol acts by modulating structural and functional changes in endothelial cells lining the blood vessel wall. Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) were incubated with resveratrol, with and without concurrent exposure to simulated arterial shear stress. Resveratrol significantly affected proliferation and shape of BPAEC; growth was suppressed and cells became elongated, based on morphologic analysis of rhodamine-conjugated phalloidin stained F-actin by confocal microscopy. Using selective signaling
The Indonesia Cattle Breeding Program (ICB), which commenced in February 2016, is a program established under the auspices of the Indonesia-Australia Partnership on Food Security in the Red Meat and Cattle Sector (the Partnership), with the purpose of promoting sustainable commercial scale beef cattle breeding in Indonesia. The project aims to pilot a range of different breeding models with private sector partners to assess commercially sustainable approaches that can be up-scaled to facilitate investment, innovation and expansion of the beef cattle breeding industry in Indonesia.
The Indonesia Cattle Breeding Program (ICB), which commenced in February 2016, is a program established under the auspices of the Indonesia-Australia Partnership on Food Security in the Red Meat and Cattle Sector (the Partnership), with the purpose of promoting sustainable commercial scale beef cattle breeding in Indonesia. The project aims to pilot a range of different breeding models with private sector partners to assess commercially sustainable approaches that can be up-scaled to facilitate investment, innovation and expansion of the beef cattle breeding industry in Indonesia.
Intracellular pH (pH i) in confluent monolayers of cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells was determined using the pH-dependent absorbance of intracellularly trapped 5(and...
The purpose of this research was to determine whether genetic variation existed within Bos taurus Pro-melanin-concentrating hormone (PMCH), and whether this variation would affect carcass traits. PMCH had previously been shown to affect appetite and metabolism in rodent species, thus it was desirable to determine whether the gene had a similar effect in cattle, which could be interpreted based on carcass measurements of weight gain and fat production. Cattle PMCH was sequenced and an adenosine-to-thymine (A,T) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was detected 134 bp upstream of the translational start site. The SNP alleles were determined to significantly affect carcass traits including average fat and grade fat in two populations of cattle, and shear force measurements in one population. The adenosine homozygotes were found to have the highest fat levels and the thymine homozygotes the least, while the heterozygous animals had intermediate fat levels. Shear force values in the one available ...
PubMed journal article Growth, ruminal measurements, and health characteristics of Holstein bull calves fed an Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extrac were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
Get information, facts, and pictures about Brahman cattle at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Brahman cattle easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Through the examination of 78 fecal sample of sheep and 52 fecal sample of cattle collected from different region in Ninevah governorate, the percentage of infection with schistosoma eggs in sheep and cattle were 7.69%, 19.23 respectively with significant differences between sheep and cattle, two types of eggs of schistosoma had been identified in sheep they were : S. bovis and S. indicum (first record) while in cattle S. bovis, S. indicum and S.intercalatum (first record) were diagnosed. Infection with S. bovis formed highest percentage in sheep and cattle 83.3%, 70% respectively. The results revealed significant differences between type of infection in sheep with significant difference between the type of infection in cattle, and the single infection formed highest percentage in sheep and cattle 83.33%, 70% respectively. The percentage of infection appeared with high rate in sheep and cattle with aged more than 3 years 9.8%, 40% respectively with significant difference between groups of age in cattle
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The majority of beef breed associations have made (or are currently making) substantial changes to their National Cattle Evaluation. These changes ultimately benefit commercial bull buyers by providing improved
Crossover generated by meiotic recombination is a fundamental event that facilitates meiosis and sexual reproduction. Comparative studies have shown wide variation in recombination rate among species, but the characterization of recombination features between cattle breeds has not yet been performed. Cattle populations in North America count millions, and the dairy industry has genotyped millions of individuals with pedigree information that provide a unique opportunity to study breed-level variations in recombination. Based on large pedigrees of Jersey, Ayrshire and Brown Swiss cattle with genotype data, we identified over 3.4 million maternal and paternal crossover events from 161,309 three-generation families. We constructed six breed- and sex-specific genome-wide recombination maps using 58,982 autosomal SNPs for two sexes in the three dairy cattle breeds. A comparative analysis of the six recombination maps revealed similar global recombination patterns between cattle breeds but with significant
Beef cattle production in Mississippi is primarily forage based. Cow-calf, stocker cattle, and even forage-based finishing can be accomplished using Mississippi forage systems. See why Mississippi is an excellent environment for forage and beef cattle production.
Due to the absence of accurate pedigree information, it has not been possible to implement genetic evaluations for crossbred cattle in African small-holder systems. Genomic selection techniques that do not rely on pedigree information could, therefore, be a useful alternative. The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of using genomic selection techniques in a crossbred cattle population using data from Kenya provided by the Dairy Genetics East Africa Project. Genomic estimated breeding values for milk yield were estimated using 2 prediction methods, GBLUP and BayesC, and accuracies were calculated as the correlation between yield deviations and genomic breeding values included in the estimation process, mimicking the situation for young bulls. The accuracy of evaluation ranged from 0.28 to 0.41, depending on the validation population and prediction method used. No significant differences were found in accuracy between the 2 prediction methods. The results suggest that there is ...
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Field data from the North American Limousin Federation was used to determine the heritability and genetic correlations of body condition score (BCS) with carcass traits. Carcass traits included carcass weight, ribeye area, fat thickness, intramuscular fat, and % kidney, pelvic, and heart fat, and all were estimated to be lowly to moderately heritable (0.14 to 0.34). Heritability of BCS was 0.19. Favorable correlations existed between ribeye area and carcass weight (0.50), ribeye area and BCS (0.60), and carcass weight and BCS (0.28). Unfavorable correlations existed among ribeye area and intramuscular fat (-0.40), carcass weight and intramuscular fat (-0.23), and intramuscular fat and BCS (-0.64). These results suggest that selection for BCS should be effective and would result in some favorable changes in ribeye area and carcass weight but with unfavorable change in marbling ...
RICHARD CARLETON: Australia exports well over half a million live cattle every year to almost a dozen countries. The unlucky ones end up in Egypt. From when the cattle leave Australia, often Fremantle, to here, the southern entrance or mouth of the Suez Canal, it is about 2.5 weeks. Now if its cold like today, the cattle wouldnt be complaining, even about the dust storm, because here in the summer it gets as hot as 37 degrees. The cattle themselves dont actually enter the canal. Theyre offloaded just over there at Port Suez, and then it is 21 days in quarantine before the tender mercies of the Egyptian slaughtermen. Most Australian cattle are sent here to Cairos Bassatin abattoir. Bassatin is the preferred abattoir for Australian cattle because of the slaughtering facilities here. What goes on here at Bassatin is near medieval. Footage like this, that includes Australian cattle, is not easily gathered. The woman passing the camera here now is Lyn White. Ms White, a former Adelaide ...
A single insecticide-treated ox kills about as many tsetse as a single odour-baited target. So if there are already many cattle in an area, then treating cattle appears to offer several advantages over using targets.. First, treating an animal is cheaper than constructing and deploying an insecticide-treated target (Shaw et al., 2017).. Second, cattle owners are strongly inclined to treat their cattle with insecticide, maintain them and protect them from theft. So several problems associated with using targets - such as the loss of targets due to general wear and tear, theft, and animal damage - are less with insecticide-treated cattle.. Third, in some settings (e.g. south-west Uganda) cattle can be reservoir hosts for the pathogen (T. b. gambiense) causing Rhodesian sleeping sickness. In this situation, treating cattle with insecticide will not only control animal trypanosomiasis but also sleeping sickness (Hargrove et al., 2012). So is there any point in using targets?. The problem with using ...
A model Indigenous Thai beef cattle breeding structure consisting of nucleus, multiplier and commercial units was used to evaluate the effect of changes in heritabilities of and genetic correlations between adaptation traits on genetic gain and profitability. A breeding objective that incorporated adaptation was considered. Two scenarios for improving both the production and the adaptation of animals where also compared in terms of their genetic and economic efficiency. A base scenario was modelled where selection is for production traits and adaptation is assumed to be under the forces of natural selection. The second scenario (+Adaptation) included all the information available for base scenario with the addition of indirect measures of adaptation. These measures included tick count (TICK), faecal egg count (FEC) and rectal temperature (RECT). Therefore, the main difference between these scenarios was seen in the records available for use as selection criteria and hence the level of ...
Siderophore-receptor and porin-based (SRP) Escherichia coli vaccine technology functions by starving the E. coli organism via competitive exclusion for proteins that scavenge iron, an essential nutrient for E. coli viability. Vaccination with SRP E. coli technology decreased the prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in artificially inoculated cattle and in cattle naturally shedding the organism. Examination of the effects that SRP E. coli vaccines exert on performance parameters has yet to be attempted in a commercial setting. The use of SRP E. coli vaccine technology effectively decreases the prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in feeder cattle and may improve beef safety; however, the vaccines effects on the economics of cattle feeding are unknown. Therefore, the objective of our study was to assess the effects of vaccinating cattle three times with an SRP E. coli vaccine verses a placebo on performance, health, and carcass characteristics of cattle fed in commercial feedlots.
As of July 1, 2011 Canadian cattle herd was estimated at just below 13.9 million head, down 0.8% from the same date in 2010. Cattle inventories have been declining since their peak of 16.9 million in July of 2005. However, the rate of decline has slowed down since July 2010.. During the current period, the Canadian dairy herd grew 0.3%, while the total beef herd dropped 1.1%. Farmers reported a 2.1% decline in the total number of beef cows while replacement heifers were seen to increase by 6.7%. The total number of dairy cows was virtually unchanged from the same period a year ago, while replacement dairy heifers increased 0.8%.. With the exception of a 0.2 % growth in both Alberta and Saskatchewan, declines in cattle and calf inventories were pervasive. Cattle and calf farms in British Columbia reported a 0.9% decline in overall cattle holdings, while Manitoba and Ontario indicated that inventories declined by 3.3% and 1.9% respectively. Inventories declined by 2.2% in Quebec and were off 1.6% ...
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) continues to be a problem in cattle herds in Ireland and Britain. It has been suggested that failure to eradicate this disease is related to the presence of a wildlife reservoir (the badger). A large-scale project was undertaken in the Republic of Ireland during 1997-2002 to assess whether badger removal could contribute to reducing risk of cattle herd breakdowns in four areas. During the period of that four area study, there was a significant decrease in risk in intensively culled (removal) areas relative to reference areas. In the present study, we revisit these areas to assess if there were any residual area effects of this former intervention a decade on (2007-2012). Over the study period there was an overall declining trend in bTB breakdown risk to cattle herds. Cattle herds within former removal areas experienced significantly reduced risk of breakdown relative to herds within former reference areas or herds within non-treatment areas (OR: 0.53; P , 0.001). ...
If you own a cattle ranch or raise them in any way, you will recognize the importance of ensuring that the cattle eat nutritiously. Whether you are raising them for beef, dairy or other purposes, you know that sickly cows or steers will not generate much cash flow on the market. Thus, it is crucial to feed the cattle the right mixture of products for healthy growing. A pet store in California that also provides Animal Cattle Service in El Dorado Hills CA understands the significance of these needs and provide products for ranchers and others to purchase.. When it comes to raising beef cattle, there is a difference in the grazing they do on the land, and the finishing in the feed, which is integral in raising quality livestock. The livestock market is calling for a grade of beef that is lighter. Ranchers have to take steps to ensure the cattle they are raising for beef is eating the proper, nutritious feed. In order to prepare the livestock to get a better price on the market, it becomes ...
Progesterone profiles and superovulatory responses of Simmental heifers in relation to pre-ovulatory energy intake and progesterone priming ...
COLLEGE STATION - The 59th Texas A&M Beef Cattle Short Course scheduled Aug. 5-7 at Texas A&M University in College Station will provide participants an inside look to the future of the industry as well as a snapshot of potential cattle market trends, course coordinators said.. Our U.S. cattle inventory is at levels not seen since the 1950s and we have several topics during the Aug. 5 general session that addresses trends and issues such as market outlook and infrastructure changes, said Dr. Jason Cleere, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service beef cattle specialist in College Station and conference coordinator.. Brian Bledsoe, who provides weather forecasts and commentary for the Southern Livestock Standard, will provide a weather outlook during the Aug. 5 general session. Bruce Vincent, a logger and motivational speaker from Libby, Mont., will presents With Vision, There Is Hope for Ranchers.. The short course has become one of the largest and most comprehensive beef cattle educational ...
The successful birth of a female Vaynol calf through embryo transfer has brought new hope of saving one of the rarest breeds of UK native livestock.. Conservationists said the calf, called Snow because of her white colouring and the conditions at the time of her birth near Edinburgh on 6 January, was born after the first successful embryo transfer for a semi wild cattle breed. Vaynol cattle are descended from ancient herds of white cattle, which were brought over to Britain when it was still connected to Europe by land and were in the country before Stonehenge was built.. The Vaynol breed was established at Vaynol Park near Bangor in 1872, and is one of just two native semi-feral or feral breeds in the UK, living in fenced areas but able to exhibit natural herd behaviour.. They are one of the five cattle breeds listed as critical on the Rare Breeds Survival Trust (RBST) watchlist with just 23 breeding females in 2019 across five herds. The herds are kept apart to protect against a disease ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Global gene expression and systems biology analysis of bovine monocyte-derived macrophages in response to in vitro challenge with mycobacterium bovis. AU - Magee, David A.. AU - Taraktsoglou, Maria. AU - Killick, Kate E.. AU - Nalpas, Nicolas C.. AU - Browne, John A.. AU - Park, Stephen D.E.. AU - Conlon, Kevin M.. AU - Lynn, David. AU - Hokamp, Karsten. AU - Gordon, Stephen V.. AU - Gormley, Eamonn. AU - MacHugh, David E.. PY - 2012/2/22. Y1 - 2012/2/22. N2 - Background: Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis, is a major cause of mortality in global cattle populations. Macrophages are among the first cell types to encounter M. bovis following exposure and the response elicited by these cells is pivotal in determining the outcome of infection. Here, a functional genomics approach was undertaken to investigate global gene expression profiles in bovine monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) purified from seven age-matched non-related females, in response to in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Raman spectroscopy of primary bovine aortic endothelial cells: a comparison of single cell and cell cluster analysis. AU - McManus, L. AU - Boyd, A. AU - Burke, GA. AU - Meenan, BJ. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - There are many techniques that allow in vitro interactions among cells and their environment to be monitored, including molecular, biochemical and immunochemicaltechniques. Traditional techniques for the analysis of cells often require fixation or lysis from substrates; however, use of such destructive methods is not feasible where the expanded cell cultures are required to be used for clinical implantation. Several studies have previously highlighted the potential of Raman spectroscopy to provide useful information on key biochemical markers within cells. As such, we highlight thecapability of Raman spectroscopy with different laser spot sizes for use as a non-invasive, rapid, and specific method to perform in situ analysis of primary bovine aortic endothelial cells ...
Cattle Importation. Guidelines for the Importation of Cattle (ruminants) into the United States (except from Canada and Mexico). Cattle from countries affected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) OR foot-and-mouth disease (FMD, OR rinderpest are not permitted to be imported into the United States (see Country Disease List).. ** These are general requirements for importing cattle into the United States. You are advised to contact the National Import and Export Services at 301-851-3300 for the protocol to import cattle from a specific country.. Requirements:. ...
By Communications and Marketing. A commercial vaccine for cattle can effectively reduce levels of E. coli by more than 50 percent, a Kansas State University study has found. The vaccine is also effective using two doses instead of the recommended three doses, which can help cut costs for the beef industry.. David Renter, associate professor of epidemiology, is the principal investigator on a project that researched the effectiveness of products used to prevent the shedding of E. coli O157:H7 in cattle. The research appears in a recent online version of the journal Vaccine and helps improve current preventative methods for addressing food safety concerns.. While E. coli O157:H7 does not affect cattle, it causes foodborne disease in humans. Vaccines and other products may be given to cattle to help prevent the spread of the bacteria.. We wanted to test how well these products work to control E. coli O157:H7 in a commercial feedlot with a large population of cattle that were fed in the summer and ...
Safe-guard Medicated Dewormer For Beef Cattle (20% Protein Block. For the removal and control of lungworms, stomach worms and intestinal worms. Safe-Guard (fenbendazole) 20% Protein Deworming Block (Medicated) is designed for deworming pastured cattle by feeding these medicated blocks for three (3) days only as the sole source of salt. It is essential to establish full cattle adaptation to supplemental block feeding prior to treating cattle with Safe-Guard 20% Protein Deworming Block (Medicated). Treats 11 - 1,000 lb animals. Do not use in dairy cattle of breeding age. Cattle must not be slaughtered within 16 days following last treatment. Under conditions of continuous exposure to parasites, retreatment may be needed after 6 to 8 weeks. Contains 750 mg fenbendazole per lb.
People in tropical countries fear diseases called sleeping sickness, and other names, caused by tiny parasites called trypanosomes (Trypanosoma spp.) also known as tryps. Now theres new science suggesting a way to reduce Animal African Trypanosomiasis in cattle (Bos primigenius) by selective breeding.. In sub-Saharan Africa, tryps which kill cattle are hugely important to peoples livelihoods and, therefore, to development away from poverty. African tryps are carried by tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) You can scroll down for maps. The flies dont get ill from the tryps, but they carry them between people and between cattle. That is, these insects are disease vectors.. One of the most promising ways to reduce tryp disease is to breed cattle which resist it. Where tryps are endemic (always present) its no surprise that some of the local cattle have that disease resistance. For example West African dwarf cattle, the ...
A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Mycobacterium bovis-infection and atypical mycobacterioses in different cattle herd management systems in and around Morogoro, Tanzania. Between April and June 2005, a total of 728 bovines from 49 herds were tested for M. bovisinfection and atypical mycobacterioses. Milk samples were taken from tuberculin positive animals and analysed for the presence of mycobacteria. Total prevalences of 2.5% and 10.1% were found for M. bovisinfection and atypical mycobacterioses respectively, with more M. bovis-infection in cattle in the extensive management system and more atypical mycobacterioses in cattle in the intensive management system. From 8 out of 42 milk samples (19%) atypical mycobacteria were cultured. A higher prevalence of M. bovisinfection in the extensive sector could be due to several factors. In addition, such high prevalence puts herd owners and their families at risk for BTB. Therefore control of BTB, as well as education of cattle ...