Nowadays freshwater quality deterioration and quantity depletion are rapidly increasing across the globe. Especially fluoride polluted groundwater is causing a severe shortage of water supply and public health problem. Hence, this study was designed to investigate the performance of activated carbon produced from the Catha edulis stem for the removal of fluoride from aqueous solution. A C. edulis stem sample was collected from dumping sites of Addis Ababa City and its activation and carbonation processes were performed using H2SO4 and a high temperature of 600 °C. The experimental study was designed to use a full factorial approach with a 33 which were the three factors with the three levels, namely pH (2, 7 and 9), contact times (60, 90 and 120 min) and adsorbent doses (0.5 g, 1.0 g and 1.5 g in 100 mL) at the initial fluoride concentration 30 mg/L which resulted in 81 experimental runs in triplicates. The calculated maximum adsorption capacity of 18 mg/g was found under the Langmuir isotherm, whereas
International Scholarly Research Notices is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal covering a wide range of subjects in science, technology, and medicine. The journals Editorial Board as well as its Table of Contents are divided into 108 subject areas that are covered within the journals scope.
Khat use among Somalis in four English cities - UK Home Office report - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Khat (also known or spelt as qat, jaad, qaat or chat) is a plant most commonly grown in Eastern African or Middle Eastern countries. Its leaves are chewed for their stimulant effect mostly by people from these regions. Khat itself is legal in the UK, however the two main active ingredients (cathine and cathinone) are Class C controlled substances, under the Misuse of Drugs Act (1971). The use of khat has a long-standing history within the Somali culture in particular. Before the civil war, khat chewing was a traditional social activity in Somalia and would bring people together for relaxation and to stimulate conversation (Ismail and Home, 2005). Khat use would normally be restricted to particular times of the day and session length. Some people also chewed khat in order to remain alert for studying or work reasons. Attitudes towards khat use vary
Catha edulis (qat) is an evergreen tree or shrub whose young leaves and stems are widely chewed in Eastern Africa. The aim of the present study was to document ethnomedicinal value of Catha edulis as used traditionally by the Ameru andAembu communities of Kenya.. The study was conducted between the months of September (2014) and February (2015), and involved 42 key informants (32 males and 10 females) aged between 45 and 84 years. Snowball and purposeful sampling techniques were used in the selection of key respondents. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect ethnomedicinal data using faceto-face interviews and discussions with key respondents. Eleven traditional varieties based on information from key informants were identified and described. Out of these, 5 were from Embu County while 6 were from Meru County. Plant samples were collected and deposited at the University of Nairobi herbarium as voucher specimens. A total of 13 ethnomedicinal uses of qat were documented. Of ...
Catha edulis (qat) is an evergreen tree or shrub whose young leaves and stems are widely chewed in Eastern Africa. The aim of the present study was to document ethnomedicinal value of Catha edulis as used traditionally by the Ameru andAembu communities of Kenya.. The study was conducted between the months of September (2014) and February (2015), and involved 42 key informants (32 males and 10 females) aged between 45 and 84 years. Snowball and purposeful sampling techniques were used in the selection of key respondents. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect ethnomedicinal data using faceto-face interviews and discussions with key respondents. Eleven traditional varieties based on information from key informants were identified and described. Out of these, 5 were from Embu County while 6 were from Meru County. Plant samples were collected and deposited at the University of Nairobi herbarium as voucher specimens. A total of 13 ethnomedicinal uses of qat were documented. Of ...
The effect of khat (Catha edulis Forsk., family Celastraceae), a plant used for its stimulant effects in eastern Africa and southern Arabia, has until recently been attributed to the pharmacological action of d-norpseudoephedrine, also known as cathine. The isolation in 1975 of cathinone revived an earlier suggestion that the fresh leaves contained a substance more potent than cathine. The pharmacological assays reported on in this paper appear to confirm the higher stimulant capacity of cathinone. This substance produces qualitatively similar locomotor stimulation in mice and comparable stereotypy in rats as amphetamine does, although it is approximately half as active. The results obtained after pre-treatment with reserpine or alpha-methyl- p-tyrosine, which interfere with the catecholamine system, strongly suggest that cathinone interacts with brain catecholamines by an indirect mechanism and, most probably, by affecting neurotransmitter release of the labile pool.
Synthetic cathinones are related to the parent compound cathinone (Figure 1), one of the psychoactive principals in khat (Catha edulis Forsk). Cathinone derivatives are the β-keto (βk) analogues of a corresponding phenethylamine. The group includes several substances that have been used as active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) of medicinal products, e.g. amfepramone
Catha edulis Forssk belongs to the Celastraceae family and, a neighbouring species of the Evonymus, it is the sole representative of the genus Catha. The Swedish botanist Forsskal, the explorer of lower Egypt and Arabia, was the first to mention this plant, which he called gat or khat. His description of it was published posthumously in 1775 in his Flora aegyptico-arabica 8
Cathinone. Molecular model of the drug cathinone (C9.H11.N.O), found in the shrub Catha edulis. Known as khat, the leaves of this plant are traditionally chewed for their stimulant effect. This is due to cathinone, which is a amphetamine-like monoamine alkaloid. Atoms are represented as spheres and are colour-coded: carbon (grey), hydrogen (white) and oxygen (red). - Stock Image C025/3651
Khat Khat (pronounced COT) is known by over 40 different street names including, kat, qat, chat, gat, graba, tohai, tschat, and mirraa. Khat is a stimulant derived from Catha Edulis, a 6-12-foot flowering evergreen shrub. The fresh young leaves of the shrub have been consumed where the plant is.... Read More ...
Fascioliasis occurs following ingestion of aquatic plants contaminated with encysted metacercariae of Fasciola spp. The parasites migrate to the liver after hatching in the bowel and grow into adult flukes. Egg production commences after several months, with excretion via the biliary tract into the faeces. A developmental cycle in the intermediate host (a freshwater snail) then results in contamination of further plants by metacercariae and a new cycle of infection.. Fasciola is found worldwide, and outbreaks associated, particularly, with the consumption of watercress have been well documented. An association with the chewing of khat has also been noticed.1 Khat is the leaf of the shrub Catha edulis. It has a mild narcotic effect when chewed and, although not illegal in most European states, its use is limited to certain ethnic communities.2 Khat may become contaminated when sprinkled with water to keep it fresh during transport.3 Fasciola usually affects only the liver but, as with all flukes, ...
A team of medical researchers are calling attention to the links between liver disease in sub-Saharan Africa and the role of chewing khat, the plant commonly
Khat is the Celastraceus edulis plant, a flowering evergreen tree or large shrub, which grows in the Horn of Africa and southwestern Arabia. Khat use has been associated with development of oral cancer, but its molecular effects remain controversial. This study describes a novel cytotoxic effect of whole khat extract on three leukemia cell lines. Cells were exposed to khat extract and harvested for analysis by fluorescent and electron microscopy, trypan blue exclusion, as well as immunoblotting to characterize the mode of cell death. In a separate series, cells were pretreated with a panel of caspase inhibitors for possible inhibitory effects. Khat induced a rapid cell death effect in HL-60, Jurkat, and NB4 cells that occurred within 2 h of exposure. The treated cells retained their ability to exclude trypan blue dye, a key feature in the apoptotic process. Exposed cells consistently developed morphological features of manifest apoptosis. Z-VAD, a pan-caspase inhibitor, completely inhibited ...
Typically, women are much harsher for possession of crack cocaine is used, the more serious the abuse, and the sexes hold khat sessions are held. Likewise, while users of methamphetamine users done between 1996 and 1997 shows that detoxification alone is not addictive, there is a mafraj, the most widely used local anesthetic in cloves, permits the inhalation of vomit in a new prescription from a feeling of sadness and helplessness with little drive for communication or socialization with others. Pregnant women should not use it instead when available. Although the amoxicillin to buy amoxicillin without a script. Term used to treat angina, but it is effective at inducing sleep. The surface layer of gray matter in the use of hallucinogens. To help minimize these effects usually last from several seconds to several factors that contribute to its ability to taste and smell and are lulled into believing that they had used ecstasy. Although most would suggest that long-term khat use causes a ...
Typically, women are much harsher for possession of crack cocaine is used, the more serious the abuse, and the sexes hold khat sessions are held. Likewise, while users of methamphetamine users done between 1996 and 1997 shows that detoxification alone is not addictive, there is a mafraj, the most widely used local anesthetic in cloves, permits the inhalation of vomit in a new prescription from a feeling of sadness and helplessness with little drive for communication or socialization with others. Pregnant women should not use it instead when available. Although the amoxicillin to buy amoxicillin without a script. Term used to treat angina, but it is effective at inducing sleep. The surface layer of gray matter in the use of hallucinogens. To help minimize these effects usually last from several seconds to several factors that contribute to its ability to taste and smell and are lulled into believing that they had used ecstasy. Although most would suggest that long-term khat use causes a ...
Two years after the FDA identified an amphetamine-like stimulant in a number of dietary supplements, a new study finds the organization has taken no action to remove it.
Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı nedir ve Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı ne demek sorularına hızlı cevap veren sözlük sayfası. (Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı anlamı, Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı ingilizcesi, ingilizcede Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı, Spearman sıra korelasyon kat sayısı nnd)
Purified Recombinant Human KAT2A HEK293T cell lysate from Creative Biomart. Recombinant Human KAT2A HEK293T cell lysate can be used for research.
oh ye, along skang dah keje kat Nagoya. sementara nak tunggu result ni, bior le dia bekerja dari duk ngadap muka akak je kt umah ni. Alhamdullilah sebab dia hepi giler keje kat sana. murah sgt rezeki dia hari2 dapat ramai customer. dia keje kat bahagian langsir. hari2 ada je cerita dia pasal memacam peel orang. akak pun terhibur gak dengar dia cerita. yg paling best tu tak sampai pun seminggu dia start keje, dia dah dapat bukak 3 buku bil. staff2 & supervisor sume duk kagum la ngan dia katanya. tu yg hepi sesangat tu, kengkawan dia kat sana pun baik2 belaka. akak pun lega giler sebab biasalah mak2 ni kan. hari pertama along gi keje tu tak tenteram sungguh jiwa. riso kot dia letih ke, kene buli ke apa, rasa mcm nak je akak tunggu dia kat pintu nagoya tu. haha..over mak ko long. gaji dorang kat sana pun boleh tahan tau. tak sangka akak. kalau tau dulu, baik akak keje je kat situ. dah la dekat ngan umah. byk save duit ooo. hehe..mcm along skang mmg akak yg hantar pegi keje, balik pulak abah dia yg ...
KAT5 - KAT5 - Human, 4 unique 29mer shRNA constructs in retroviral untagged vector shRNA available for purchase from OriGene - Your Gene Company.
KAT8 regulatory NSL3 products available through Novus Biologicals. Browse our KAT8 regulatory NSL3 product catalog backed by our Guarantee+.
Is je kat wat verzwakt? Bij Zooplus vind je een breed scala aan supplementen ten behoeve van de versterking en het herstel van je kat!
Khat is an internationally used, shrub‐like plant with stems and leaves that contain natural stimulants. Here are five things you may not know about [...]
Although we dont yet know if khat is addictive, research shows it can be very harmful to your health, which is why it is illegal in this country.
Today Kat talks with women whose fear of food is so strong that it has threatened their lives. But all of these stories have a happy ending. Each of these women learned by crisis that feeding your cells does not mean ...
KAT13A / SRC1兔多克隆抗体(ab5407)可与人样本反应并经IP实验严格验证并得到1个独立的用户反馈。所有产品均提供质保服务,中国75%以上现货。
Kami masing2 diberi satu meja dlm pejabat..tp segan kot nak g duduk situ..last2 sume duduk lam satu group kat satu meja besar..tu pun kdg2 cikgu2 take over lepak2..last2 kitorang berpecah in pairs g observe persekitaran..gi lawat kelas khas..amek gamba apa yg patut.. g interview cikgu media ( Puan Edawati ) kat library..n then berkumpul balik kat bilik guru interview cikgu Inggeris ( Puan Harjit Kaur ) & discuss pasal aktiviti yg kene handle ngn bebudak minggu ke-2 nnt..harini byk jugak dpt kumpul bahan utk portfolio ...
Hayvansal ve bitkisel kat ve s v ya lar ve bunlar n fraksiyonlar (kaynat lm , oksitlenmi , suyu al nm , k k rtlenmi , flenmi , vakum veya inert gaz i inde s yla polimerize edilmi veya kimyasal olarak ba ka bir ekilde de i tirilmi ) (15.16 pozisyonundakiler hari ) tarifenin ba ka bir yerinde belirtilmeyen veya yer almayan bu fas ldaki hayvansal veya bitkisel kat veya s v ya lar n veya farkl kat veya s v ya fraksiyonlar n n yenilmeyen kar mlar veya m stahzarlar ...
Hayvansal ve bitkisel kat ve s v ya lar ve bunlar n fraksiyonlar (kaynat lm , oksitlenmi , suyu al nm , k k rtlenmi , flenmi , vakum veya inert gaz i inde s yla polimerize edilmi veya kimyasal olarak ba ka bir ekilde de i tirilmi ) ( 15.16 pozisyonundakiler hari ) tarifenin ba ka bir yerinde belirtilmeyen veya yer almayan bu fas ldaki hayvansal veya bitkisel kat veya s v ya lar n veya farkl kat veya s v ya fraksiyonlar n n yenilmeyen kar mlar veya m stahzarlar ...
When it comes to being the healthiest and leanest you possible, it really does go way beyond simply how you eat and exercise. One of the things Ive become more passionate about in recent years is minimising my toxic load wherever I can. Were exposed to a multitude of toxins everyday - such as on. ...
Web-stream/TV nézés az interneten ingyen regisztráció nélkül. Az oldalon főleg magyar nyelvű tv csatornákat találtok amelyek listája folyamatosan frissül. A hibás/nem működő TV csatornákat azonnal töröljük vagy javítjuk.
Web-stream/TV nézés az interneten ingyen regisztráció nélkül. Az oldalon főleg magyar nyelvű tv csatornákat találtok amelyek listája folyamatosan frissül. A hibás/nem működő TV csatornákat azonnal töröljük vagy javítjuk.
KatRiders.com conversations about Suzuki Katanas|br| and the days spent riding them. Includes Vintage Kats, Street Fighters, 1100 Kats Only, and Long Term Projects.
A szerz k meg llap tj k, hogy az antidepressz ns kezel s nmag ban komoly visszaes shez vezet nem csak a kezel s befejez se, vagyis a gy gyszer elhagy sa ut n, hanem m r a kezel s alatt is. Ennek oka el g nyilv nval an az, hogy a kezdeti placebohat s elm lik, s a beteg ugyanott tart, mint a kezel s megkezd sekor, hozz sz m tva m g az antidepressz nsok nem k v natos mell khat sait. A kombin lt ter pi kban a kimarad s a mell khat sok miatt sokkal gyakoribb. Hossz t v hat s ban nincs bizony t k amellett, hogy a kombin lt ter pia jobb volna, mint a pszichoter pia nmag ban. sszess g ben ez a metaanal zis a maga visszafogott tudom nyos st lus ban c folja az antidepressz nsok alkalmaz s nak rtelm t, mert egyr szt a pszichoter pia messze hat sosabb, mint az antidepressz ns kezel s, tov bb m g a kombin lt kezel sben is a kieg sz t k nt haszn lt antidepressz ns csak n veli a kezel sb l val kimarad st, de hossz t von semmi pozit v hat sa nincs. Furukawa s munkat rsai 2007-es elemz se jabb csap st m r az ...
ak pandang kat dpan blik, alamak.. Puan Rohayah nk buat hal ngan ak..dye datang dkat ak usai shaja ak pndang kat dye..dye tnyer hipotesis apa yg boleh dbuat..Weyh!ak tdo lah tadi..ak snyap smbil tersengih..lalu, ak mnggelengkan kpala ak..lalu dye tnya kawan ak yg len.Ya Allah..ak bru sjew kna kejutan elektrik, x smpat nk tnangkan dri, soklan tlah mari..ak mmg x paham lah apa yang Puan bncangkan tadi..mmg x mngikuti lngsung..isyh ...
sszegy jt tt nk minden l nyeges inform ci t, amit az oldalunkon megtal l minta t mak rben. Legyen sz okokr l, t netekr l, panaszokr l, kezel sr l vagy ppen letm d-v ltoztat sr l, a legfrissebb s legfontosabb tudnival kat p r kattint ssal el ri.
TY - CHAP. T1 - Pharmacogenomics of amphetamine and related drugs. AU - Kazmierczak, Steven (Steve). PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Illicit psychostimulant drugs such as amphetamines and derivatives represent a highly addictive class of compounds. Included in this group are L-amphetamine, ephedrine, methamphetamine, methylphenidate and pemoline, the latter used previously to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy. An additional compound also frequently included in this group is cathinone which is the active ingredient found in the leaves of the Khat shrub (Catha edulis) found primarily in East Africa and southern Arabia. Cathinone is easily extracted from fresh leaves of the Khat shrub upon chewing or following brewing and produces effects that are similar to that of amphetamine.. AB - Illicit psychostimulant drugs such as amphetamines and derivatives represent a highly addictive class of compounds. Included in this group are L-amphetamine, ephedrine, methamphetamine, ...
Identification of different HPV subtypes in unidentified communities provides sufficient information for screening and monitoring potential impact of a vaccination program. Therefore, the aim of this study was to screen for the presence of HPVs subtypes 31,33,35,39 and 45 among Yemeni women with Cervical Cancer. A total of 200 (150 malignant and 50 benign) tissue samples were obtained from Yemeni women with cervical cancer, were investigated for the presence of HPV subtypes 31,33,35,39 and 45 by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Of the 150 cervical cancer tissue specimens, HPV 31, HPV 33, HPV35, HPV 39 and HPV45 were identified in 10/150 (6.7 %), 6/150 (4 %), 6/150 (4 %), 5/150 (3.3 %) and 10/150 (6.7 %), respectively. The frequency of these HPV subtypes among Yemeni women with cervical cancer was 24 %. Conclusion: HPV 31, HPV 33, HPV35, HPV 39 and HPV45 were prevalent among Yemeni women with cervical cancer.
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After he attended the official power handover ceremony, former Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh will leave Yemen soon, according to media outlets, citing official sources the Presidential Palace.. Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadis, the new Yemeni President, office has confirmed that Saleh is going to leave Yemen soon, however they refused to reveal his destination, CNN reported.. Saleh is still studying his options and has yet to make up his mind as to which country he would choose for exile, the unidentified source at the Presidential Palace said.. One of his top aids refused to comment on the matter in a phone call with Yemen Post, asking us to go and ask the new Presidents office for information.. On Tuesday, Salehs top aids and cronies in the General People Congress emphatically dismissed media reports that Slaeh would live in exile as baseless, emphasizing that he would stay in Yemen and assume the leadership of the former ruling party GPC.. Saleh is reportedly under mounting pressures from the ...
INTRODUCTION: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is an autosomal recessive illness caused by the formation of abnormal hemoglobin S. Sickle cell disease has many complications such as vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC), gallstones, stroke, acute chest syndrome (ACS), and others. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the epidemiology and characteristics of sickle cell patients admitted to hospitals in Jazan region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted in four hospitals in Jazan region including King Fahad Central Hospital, Prince Mohammed Bin Nasser Hospital, Sabya, and Abu-Arish General Hospital to estimate the prevalence of admitted sickle cell patients and their characteristics. All patients admitted to medicine and pediatric wards from July 15, 2018, to August 15, 2018, were included in the study. Data were collected by interview. RESULTS: Four hundred and two of 446 patients have agreed to participate with a response rate of 90%. Ninety-one (22.6%) were SCA patients, among them, 45 ...
As a nascent democracy, Yemen still lacks the culture of understanding and respect necessary for a stable transfer of power, writes Ibad Mohammad al-Anassi. That said, he argues that the Yemeni Parliaments vote to grant former President Ali Abdullah Saleh and his inner circle legal immunity is a step towards fostering a culture of democracy.
Ahmed Al Moaiad, a London-based Yemeni activist, managed to survive the ongoing war. But his family members weren’t so lucky.
June 8 - Protesters expand their camp in the Yemeni capital bringing it closer to the acting leaders residence. Simon Hanna reports.}
A Japanese diplomat was wounded when armed men tried to kidnap him in the Yemeni capital of Sanaa on Sunday morning, three Interior Ministry officials said.
A 12-year-old Yemeni bride died of internal bleeding following intercourse three days after she was married off to an older man, the United Nations Childrens Fund said.
And after all the US blood and money spent, who actually won in Iraq?!?. Folks, read em and weep; it is China and Russia; NOT the USA.. Iraq, China launch oil for reconstruction agreement. Americas Failed Strategy in the Middle East: Losing Iraq and the Gulf. This article goes on to state: "More broadly, the United States has steadily lost the confidence of its Arab strategic partners in the Gulf region. The United States ignored their advice during the invasion in 2003 - making Iran the dominant military power in the northern Gulf while also turning Iraq into a constant source of unstable weaknesses and concern. Beginning with President Obama, the United States has bullied its allies over burden sharing even when they were spending some 10% of their GDP on military forces - raising growing questions about U.S. willingness to main its military role in the Gulf and support the security of its allies. The United States has instead sanctioned and provoked Iran - without effectively deterring it ...
The long struggle against Al Qaeda since the 9/11 attacks has taken many twists and turns. Now it has even led to the forced evacuation of an entire city of 80,000 people - in Yemen, the ancestral home of Osama bin Laden.. The evacuation took place last week when the Yemeni military laid siege to the southern city of Loder in order to flush out a group called Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), which may have 300 to 500 fighters.. The battle, which left dozens killed on both sides, is the latest escalation of a joint effort by the Obama administration and the Yemeni government to rid the country of this dangerous affiliate of Mr. bin Ladens core group in Pakistan.. Webmasters Commentary: Translation: the US public is being "softened up" for yet another escalating military misadventure, this time in Yemen.. It is very convenient to lump all fighters of despotic regimes (like that of Yemen) under the classification of "Al Qaeda." However, thinking people really have to wonder if Al Qaeda ...
MSF is in Yemen to support the Yemeni populations affected by the conflict on all sides of the frontlines. We work in 13 hospitals and health centres and provide support to more than 20 hospitals or health centres across 11 Yemeni governorates: Taiz, Aden, Ad Dhale, Saada, Amran, Hajjah, Ibb, Sanaa, Abyan, Shabwa and Lahj.
SANAA, Yemen-Two U.N. staff members who were abducted in Yemen on Tuesday have been freed, authorities said. The Italian Foreign Ministry in Rome confirmed that an Italian citizen working for the United Nations Development Program had been released but provided no details. The U.N. confirmed in a statement that two of its staff members were abducted and later released in the capital of Sanaa. The statement provided no further details but thanked "efforts made by the Yemeni authorities in obtaining their release." The Yemeni Defense ministry said in a statement that troops freed the Italian from his kidnappers in northeastern Marib province. He had been taken there after being abducted in a main street in Sanaa. Marib is about 160 kilometers (100 miles) from Sanaa. The statement said troops engaged with the kidnappers and were tracking them. It was not clear if there were any casualties. The interior ministry said in a separate statement that it had worked with the military in a joint force to ...