TY - JOUR. T1 - Efficacy of eculizumab in a patient with immunoadsorption- dependent catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome. T2 - A case report. AU - Kronbichler, Andreas. AU - Frank, Renate. AU - Kirschfink, Michael. AU - Szilágyi, Ágnes. AU - Csuka, Dorottya. AU - Prohászka, Z.. AU - Schratzberger, Peter. AU - Lhotta, Karl. AU - Mayer, Gert. PY - 2014/11/14. Y1 - 2014/11/14. N2 - Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a rare but devastating complication in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) with a high morbidity and mortality. We describe a case of a 30-year old female patient with immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency who underwent splenectomy because of idiopathic thrombocytopenic thrombocytopenia. Subsequently, an APS and finally systemic lupus erythematosus was diagnosed. After an uncomplicated pregnancy that was terminated by cesarean section, the patient developed severe CAPS with cerebral, myocardial, renal, and pulmonary involvement. Because of IgA deficiency, ...
Introduction: Catastrophic Antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) are immune- mediated thrombotic conditions caused by an...
Sixty six per cent of patients who survive an initial catastrophic APS event remained symptom free with anticoagulation during an average follow up of 67.2 months. Twenty six per cent of the survivors developed further APS related events and the mortality rate of these patients was about 25%.. Doctors have been increasingly recognising catastrophic APS but still many unresolved questions exist. The optimal treatment combination at the time of a catastrophic APS event is controversial,6 but anticoagulation is the preferred treatment in the long term. Although short term outcomes of catastrophic APS are documented in two different series,3,4 the long term outcomes are unknown. This is the first study demonstrating that catastrophic APS recurrence is unusual and patients treated with anticoagulation generally have a stable course.. Long term anticoagulation with warfarin is the standard of care to prevent a recurrent vascular event in patients with APS. The recurrence rate in untreated patients is ...
A catastrophic illness is a severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization or recovery. Examples would include coma, cancer, leukemia, heart attack or stroke. These illnesses usually involve high costs for hospitals, doctors and medicines and may incapacitate the person from working, creating a financial hardship. They are the type intended to be covered by high-deductible health plans. Research indicates that the unusual economic environment of the delivery of catastrophic illness care encourages the use of innovative therapies. Medicare contains a benefit for catastrophic illness. MR Gillick; NA Serrell; LS Gillick (1982), Adverse consequences of hospitalization in the elderly, Social Science & Medicine Warner, Kenneth E. (January 1977), Treatment Decision Making in Catastrophic Illness, XV (1), Medical Care, JSTOR 3763281 John K. Iglehart (March 2001), Medicares New Benefits: "Catastrophic" Health Insurance, 10 (4), Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Economics, pp. 213-228 ...
Much of research on household catastrophic medical expenses in China has focused on less developed areas and little is known about this problem in more developed areas. This study aimed to analyse the incidence and determinants of catastrophic medical expenses in eastern China. Data were obtained from a health care utilization and expense survey of 11,577 households conducted in eastern China in 2008. The incidence of household catastrophic medical expenses was calculated using the method introduced by the World Health Organization. A multi-level logistic regression model was used to identify the determinants. The incidence of household catastrophic medical expenses in eastern China ranged from 9.24% to 24.79%. Incidence of household catastrophic medical expenses was lower if the head of household had a higher level of education, labor insurance coverage, while the incidence was higher if they lived in rural areas, had a family member with chronic diseases, had a child younger than 5 years old, had a
Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome (CAPS) is a rare condition in which life-threatening blood clots form in multiple organs simultaneously and can lead to multi-organ system failure and death. The causes of CAPS are not entirely understood, but CAPS episodes are often triggered by stressful events such as infections, surgery, or trauma. For patients who survive an episode of CAPS, permanent kidney failure is not uncommon because the kidneys are the organ system most frequently affected in CAPS. Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for end-stage kidney disease, but patients with a history of CAPS are exceptionally high-risk kidney transplant recipients because the chance that surgery itself could trigger a life-threatening or transplant-threatening episode of CAPS is significant. As a result, patients with CAPS are not generally considered candidates for transplantation. Despite this, these patients have a severely decreased life-expectancy on dialysis and their ...
Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome (CAPS) is a rare condition in which life-threatening blood clots form in multiple organs simultaneously and can lead to multi-organ system failure and death. The causes of CAPS are not entirely understood, but CAPS episodes are often triggered by stressful events such as infections, surgery, or trauma. For patients who survive an episode of CAPS, permanent kidney failure is not uncommon because the kidneys are the organ system most frequently affected in CAPS. Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for end-stage kidney disease, but patients with a history of CAPS are exceptionally high-risk kidney transplant recipients because the chance that surgery itself could trigger a life-threatening or transplant-threatening episode of CAPS is significant. As a result, patients with CAPS are not generally considered candidates for transplantation. Despite this, these patients have a severely decreased life-expectancy on dialysis and their ...
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Help Tom & Ty Mandirolas friends and family raise money for medical expenses associated with Muscular Dystrophy Catastrophic Illness. Donate today.
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KANSAS CITY, Mo., Dec. 29, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Thirty years ago, the family of a victim of a heart attack or stroke was more likely to have to contend with the loss of a loved one.1 Now, advances in medicine, prevention, improvement in early detection and other health care innovations have led to higher survival rates of these and other critical illnesses. To view the multimedia assets associated with this release, please click: http://www.multivu.com/mnr/53684-assurant-surviving-the-high-cost-of-recovering-from-catastrophic-illness With the improved survival rate from catastrophic illnesses often comes the necessity of continuing medical care and related expenses. Today, the average cost of survival for a heart attack or stroke patient is $100,500.2 Unfortunately, many of these costs are not covered by standard medical insurance.. "Despite having good insurance, I am many, many thousands of dollars in debt. It is not going to be easy to get out of," said Steve, a heart attack survivor. "Until ...
A 27-year-old Hispanic female was admitted to hospital with fever, a sudden marked decrease in vision, and multi-organ failure shortly after preterm delivery by cesarean section for eclampsia. Her past history was significant for a spontaneous first
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Individual consumption of households is calculated in accordance with the so-called national plan, i.e. includes consumption of residents abroad and excludes the use of non-residents. Since 1997, household consumption expenditures are estimated classification SOISOR - An international classification of consumer spending used in the SNA 2008 and ESA 2010. Household consumption expenditures are presented in 12 major sections.. Final consumption expenditure of government for Individual household for services provided include free services in health, social security, education, sport, culture and art. They are measured by the gross output of these activities, less the fees paid (if any) included in intermediate consumption of other sectors or in final consumption expenditure of households.. Final consumption expenditure of NPISHs is measured by the production of this institutional sector. This is the cost of union, religious, charitable and other non-profit organizations to provide goods and ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Using consumption expenditure data of the National Sample Survey 2004-2005, this paper estimates the size of elderly poor and tests the hypotheses that elderly households are not economically better-off compared to non-elderly households in India. Poverty estimates are derived under three scenarios-by applying the official cut-off point of the poverty line to household consumption expenditure (unadjusted), consumption expenditure adjusted to household size and consumption expenditure adjusted to household composition. Results show that an estimated 18 million elderly in India are living below the poverty line. On adjusting the consumption expenditure to household size and composition, there are no significant differences in the incidence of poverty among elderly and non-elderly households in India. This is in contrast to the notion that elderly households are better off than non-elderly households in India. Based on the findings, we suggest that the age dimension should
Many low and middle income countries are seeking ways to pursue the goal of universal coverage. To secure access to adequate health care for all at an affordable price, it will be necessary to increase the extent of prepayment and reduce the reliance on out-of-pocket payment [1, 2]. Tax-based health financing and social health insurance, or a mix of them, are the most frequently used mechanisms for achieving this goal.. The Chinese government has been developing rural health insurance (Cooperative Medical Scheme, CMS) since the 1950s. By the late 1970s, approximately 90% of the rural population were covered by the CMS. The shift to a market economy and the demise of the rural communes in the 1980s was matched by the related decline in the CMS [3]. This left large sectors of the rural population uncovered by health insurance despite attempts by central and local governments to revive similar schemes in the 1990s [4]. In 2002 the State Council and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of ...
Background: The rate of caesarean delivery (CD) in rural China has been rapidly increasing in recent decades. Due to the exorbitant costs associated with CD, paying for this expensive procedure is often a great challenge for the majority of rural families. Since 2003, the Chinese government has re-established the NewCooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS), aimed to improve the access of essential healthcare to rural residents and reduce financial burden owing to high out of pocket payments. This paper seeks to test the hypothesis that NCMS may provide service users and providers with financial incentives to select CD. It also assesses the effect of different health insurance reimbursement strategies of NCMS on CD rates in rural China. Methods: Mixed quantitative and qualitative methods were adopted for data collection. Two cross-sectional household surveys were conducted with women having babies delivered in 2006 and 2009; 2326 and 1515 women, respectively, from the study sites were interviewed using ...
This statistic illustrates the household average monthly consumption expenditure on alcoholic beverages in Italy in 2018, broken down by macro region.
Graph and download economic data from 1960 to 2016 about state & local, contributions, health, expenditures, percent, investment, gross, Net, consumption expenditures, consumption, government, real, GDP, and USA.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Wealth-varying intertemporal elasticities of substitution. T2 - Evidence from panel and aggregate data. AU - Atkeson, Andrew. AU - Ogaki, Masao. PY - 1996/12. Y1 - 1996/12. N2 - This paper constructs and estimates a model of consumer preferences in which the intertemporal elasticity of substitution (IES) of consumption expenditure rises with the level of wealth. The purpose of this paper is to measure the effect that systematic variation in the IES of poor and rich consumers has on the IES of aggregate consumption expenditure. We find economically significant differences in the IES of poor and rich consumers in Indian panel data on the consumption of individual households. We also find economically significant differences in the IES measured in aggregate time series data for the U.S. and India.. AB - This paper constructs and estimates a model of consumer preferences in which the intertemporal elasticity of substitution (IES) of consumption expenditure rises with the level of ...
The term "health disparities" refers to those differences in health status experienced by different demographic groups that occur in the context of social or economic inequality. Health disparities affect access to services and quality of care, which is reflected by the increase in the morbidity and mortality of chronic diseases.1. In countries where medical care for chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not universal, treatment for this disease represents a devastating medical, social and economic problem for patients and their families; thus, the costs of treating this disease are considered as "catastrophic health expenditures." A catastrophic health expenditure can be defined as one where the whole family spends more than 30% of their income to pay for the familys healthcare.2. In industrialised countries, CKD disproportionately affects socially disadvantaged groups, such as ethnic minorities and people with a low socioeconomic income.3 Multiple studies conducted in the United States and Canada ...
KIRKLAND, Wash., May 29, 2013 (SEND2PRESS NEWSWIRE) -- A new 16-page guide describes a form of insurance designed to protect against financial catastrophe on the heels of catastrophic illness. Titled Surviving Critical Illness Financially, the guide is being offered free of charge by LTC Financial Partners, LLC (LTCFP), under a non-exclusive distribution agreement with business partners American Independent Marketing (AIM) and GoldenCare USA, the publishers. - News from ACSIA Partners LLC, issued by Send2Press Newswire
The paper aims at discussing techniques for administering one implementation issue that often arises in the application of particle filters: sample impoverishment. Dealing with such problem can significantly improve the performance of particle filters and can make the difference between success and failure. Sample impoverishment occurs because of the reduction in the number of truly distinct sample values. A simple solution can be to increase the number of particles, which can quickly lead to unreasonable computational demands, which only delays the inevitable sample impoverishment. There are more intelligent ways of dealing with this problem, such as roughening and prior editing, procedures to be discussed herein. The nonlinear particle filter is based on the bootstrap filter for implementing recursive Bayesian filters. The application consists of determining the orbit of an artificial satellite using real data from the GPS receivers. The standard differential equations describing the orbital motion
In China, the rural and urban health care systems differ [19]. Urban residents are covered by a compulsory employment-based basic medical insurance scheme and an urban resident scheme. For rural areas, the central government of China launched the NCMS in 2003. The NCMS is a voluntary health insurance scheme designed to relieve the excessive financial burden of health services in rural areas [20]. The NCSM is considered a primary medical security system in rural China, primarily providing financial protection against catastrophic illness [21]. The risk pooling unit under NCMS is the county, and every county has its own reimbursement scheme. The NCMS coverage rate in Donghai County is over 98% in all villages. The reimbursement rates within the county border and outside the county border differ. For inpatient services received outside the administrative boundary, the reimbursement rate is 50%, lower than that for those received within the county. For outpatient services received outside the ...
Adams, R.H. (2002). Nonfarm Income, Inequality, and Land in Rural Egypt, Economic Development and Cultural Change 50:339-63. Araar, A. and A.T. Timothy (2006). Poverty and Inequality Nexus: Illustration with Nigerian Data, Working Paper, 06-38, Centre interuniversitaire sur le risque, les politiques économiques et lemploi (CIRPEE), Université du Québec à Montréal, Available at http://www.cirpee.org/fi leadmin/ documents/Cahiers_2006/CIRPEE06-38.pdf, Accessed on 10 October 2011. Azam, M., and Bhatt, V. (2016). Spatial Income Inequality in India, 1993-2011: A District Level Decomposition, IZA DP No. 9892. Available at: http://ftp.iza.org/dp9892.pdf. Bhanumurthy, N.R. and A. Mitra (2004). Declining Poverty in India: A Decomposition Analysis, Indian Journal of Labour Economics 47(2): 311-21. Bigotta, M., J. Krishnakumar , and U. Rani (2015). Further results on the regression -based approach to inequality decomposition with evidence from India, Empirical Economics 48: 1233-1266. ...
Studies predicting a substantial impact of the 2020 Tokyo Olympic games on the Japanese economy have tended to overlook substitution effects in spending as well as the characteristics of those who are expected to increase their spending. This column uses a survey of 10,000 consumers across Japan to examine the net impact on consumer spending. While the majority expect no significant change in their consumption expenditures, a greater share of respondents expect a net increase than a net decrease. In general, people in their 20s and 30s, high-income earners, those with higher educational attainment, and households with at least one pre-school child expect a net increase in consumption expenditures.. ...
to regulate the formation, duties, and authorities of the Turkish Statistical Institute which is to compile and assess data and information, produce, publish and disseminate statistics on the areas that country needs, and to ensure coordination among institutions and organizations that are involved in the statistics process prescribed in the Official Statistics Programme.
In its examination of the top 10 catastrophic illnesses that can prompt claims on stop-loss insurance policies, Sun Life Financial U.S. found self-insured employers paid more than half ($5.3 billion) of $9 billion in billed charges from 2012-15-receiving $2.3 billion in reimbursements through stop-loss protection.. Stop-loss insurance policies protect self-funded employers by limiting the risk associated with catastrophic claims.. "More employers are self-funding their medical plans than ever before, and managing the rising cost of health care continues to be one of their central concerns," says Brad Nieland, vice president of Stop-Loss at Sun Life Financial U.S. "By highlighting the conditions that create catastrophic claims and providing insights into trends influencing high costs, we can help employers anticipate what theyll see when self-funding and raise awareness about the importance of cost-containment resources and stop-loss insurance.". The fourth annual Top Ten Catastrophic Claims ...
Help employees protect their financial health. Critical Illness insurance from Standard Insurance Company protects employees and their families from the financial implications of a catastrophic illness.
Vice President Pence is on Capitol Hill talking to members of Congress, White House press secretary Sean Spicer said Wednesday afternoon. Spicer also said its up the House leadership to schedule a vote, but we continue to move closer and closer to that time.. In a series of radio interviews Wednesday, House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., said Republicans were getting "extremely close" to having the votes they need in the House. But asked by WCLO radio in his hometown of Janesville whether there would be a vote this week, Ryan said, "We havent made that decision yet.". He touted the latest changes to the bill, asserting that with added funding for high-risk pools, "were making sure that we have three or four layers of protections for people with pre-existing conditions." Ryan also said that by promoting high-risk pools and directly subsidizing people with catastrophic illnesses, "you dramatically lower the price of premiums for everyone else buying health insurance.". But critics said the Upton ...
She is 51, a single mother of two grown children, each with children of their own and limited incomes. A great employee and a person willing to help anybody, she has the misfortune of earning an income that places her in the Medicaid gap. She cannot afford the premium required for regular participation in the Affordable Care Act and thus is uninsured. She suffered a catastrophic illness which qualified her for the indigent care that all hospitals must provide in life and death situations; her life was saved via emergency surgery. Indigent care hospital expenses must be absorbed by the hospitals budget, and increase everyones total cost. There is no funding available for required follow-up care, because it is not considered immediately life endangering. Her church and friends have pieced together the bare minimum interim care she needs while trying to figure out a way to get the other assistance she must have to return to a healthy life ...
Easy, I make over $100k a year. I want to pay as little as I can get away with to the US government, and I work for them! I find it hard to believe that people want the government to make decisions for them. Youre actually happy you cant shop around for an insurance plan that suits you best? For example when I was younger and without children I had a minimal plan. It basically covered me in the case of a catastrophic illness and left me to pay for anything else. It was cheap and I got to keep more of the money I worked for. Now that Im in my forties and have a couple of small children and a wife to look after I have the most extensive plan my company offers. Its more expensive but the health of my children is worth it and Im less risk adverse with their well being at stake. Now I dont think its perfect, I wish I knew the root cause of health-care costs rising so dramatically, but its certainly better than some giant government bureaucracy mandating "Thou shalt use this health ...
What is Long-Term Caute Care?. Long-Term Acute Care Hospitals became a part of the American healthcare system as a means of providing the extended hospital stay for patients with the gravest of illnesses, and those who require an extended period of recovery following catastrophic illness or trauma. They are licensed in the same way as other hospitals, however, their role is to provide acute care to patients with specific problems that cannot always be resolved in a typical short-term hospital stay. Some of the diagnoses we specialize in are;. ...
Shockingly, were different. Its hard to imagine humans changing as rapidly as were seeing, but its real. Yes, smartphones have liberated and empowered us. Yes, social networking has liberated and empowered us. But, thats the enabler. The root is a shift in us, in our reordering of values, motivators and even needs.. Having spent 20+ years listening, analyzing, considering the needs, values, desires, motivators of humans through my time in branding, insight work and communications, Ive seen a palpable shift that has also been informed and shaped by the brilliant Social Scientists that surround me in our units like in-sync, Verilogue, Saatchi Wellness, Razorfish Health, Discovery and Maxcess.. Let me share a theme that tipped me off.. Starting about a decade ago, we started to hear a turn of phrase often: "Is it worth it to me?" We heard it from people who were suffering catastrophic illnesses and deciding whether or not to take their medications that could improve their condition, perhaps ...
Our mission in the Division of Quality of Life and Palliative Care at St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital is to provide each child living with or dying from a catastrophic illness with state of the art patient and family-centered physical, emotional and spiritual care with the goal of attending to suffering, promoting healing and improving quality of life.
The mission of St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital is to find cures for children with catastrophic illnesses through research and treatment. The resources of...
Equity of access to healthcare remains a major challenge. Families continue to face financial and non financial barriers to services. Lack of education has been shown to be a key risk factor for catastrophic health expenditure in many countries, including India. This study, published in PLOS ONE, assessed whether the Rajiv Aarogyasri health insurance program in Andhra Pradesh reduced inequality… ...
Tim Maughan reports from New York on the first of a series of debates on climate change, starting with the impact of catastrophic events and global injustice
Aortic stenosis is a catastrophic event that strikes aging individuals, but may be thwarted by a supplement that was introduced in 1999.
The deputy chairman of the Planning Commission, Montek Singh Ahluwalia told reporters Tuesday that the poverty line was meant to reflect conditions of "absolute poverty" in the country.. "This poverty line is not the line that we think a person can comfortably survive… the poverty line has been identified as a rock-bottom, bare subsistence kind of line," he said.. Indias poverty line measurements are significantly lower than those used by international organisations like the World Bank, which assesses poverty according to the percentage of people who live on less than $1.25 a day.. The figures from the Planning Commission, an influential government body that formulates national five-year economic plans, suggested overall poverty levels fell from 37.2 percent in 2004-05 to 29.8 percent in 2009-10.. The statistics mean about 360 million Indians now live in poverty, according to the Planning Commission.. The data is used to determine access to welfare benefits for Indias 1.2 billion population. ...
Looking for Medical Expense Insurance? Find out information about Medical Expense Insurance. prepayment plan providing services or cash indemnities for medical care needed in times of illness or disability. It is effected by voluntary plans, either... Explanation of Medical Expense Insurance
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Many authors have insisted on the necessity of defining poverty as a multi-dimensional concept rather than relying on income or consumption expenditures per capita. Yet, not much has actually been done to include the various dimensions of deprivation into the practical definition and measurement of poverty. Existing attempts along that direction consist of aggregating various attributes into a single index through some arbitrary function and defining a poverty line and associated poverty measures on the basis of that index. All this is merely redefining the more general concept of poverty, which then essentially remains a uni-dimensional concept. On the contrary, the present paper suggests that the only way to truly take into account the multi-dimensionality of poverty is to specify a poverty line for each dimension of poverty and to consider that a person is poor if he/she falls below at least one of these various lines. The paper then explores ways to combine these
Expanding the focus of the Society to the different challenges in critically ill patients with abdominal catastrophes will allow us to continue our mission in the next decade and improve outcome in these patients.
04/12/2017 In 2016, households in the European Union (EU) spent 1.6% of their total consumption expenditure on alcoholic beverages. This...
This paper assesses long-term impacts of vegetable and polyculture fish production technologies on a variety of measures of household and individual well-being in Bangladesh. In 1996-1997, households were surveyed in three sites where nongovernmental organizations and extension programs were disseminating agricultural technologies-about two to six years after the technologies were first introduced. The same households were reinterviewed in 2006�2007. Using nearest-neighbor matching to construct a statistical comparison group, we find that long-term impacts differ across agricultural technology interventions and across outcomes. Long-term impacts on household-level consumption expenditures and asset accumulation are, in general, insignificant in the improved vegetables sites, but are positive and significant in the individually operated fishponds sites. Interestingly, impacts on individual nutrient intake, nutrient adequacy, and nutritional status do not necessarily follow the pattern of ...
Dr Ejarque and his co-author then set out to understand and explain their observations by specifying and estimating a model of rational consumer behaviour. This built on a standard life-cycle model which has people beginning to save for precautionary reasons early in their life but then, after the age of 40, accumulating wealth for retirement. However, introducing a house purchase to this setting changed behaviour dramatically!. The research compared the outcomes of this standard estimated model with an identical set-up that excluded a house purchase. In this scenario, households were exposed to the same income levels but were renting. Dr Ejarque and Dr Leth-Petersen assessed behaviour at the point that would have been just after a house purchase, looking at consumption expenditure reactions to income changes. Their research showed that, without the house purchase, consumption levels fell significantly less in response to income shocks. Dr Ejarque explains: One change was that, because the ...
Based on the U.S data for 1965-IQ to 1983-IQ (n=76), James and Adibi obtained the folowwing regression to explain personal consumption expenditure in the U.S. ^ Y = -10.96 + .93X(sub 2t) - 2.09X(sub 3t) t= (-3.33) (249.06).
So, which side should one look at: the absolute number or the rate of decline in poverty? "Both absolute numbers and the rate of reduction in poverty are important," said former Planning Commission member and poverty estimation expert Abhijeet Sen. Notably, the Rangarajan panel made a sharper revision in the poverty line in urban areas than in rural areas. So, while the line was raised from Rs 27 (Tendulkar committee method) in 2009-10 to Rs 32 in 2011-12 in rural areas, a rise of 18.5 per cent, the line for urban areas was raised from Rs 33 to Rs 47, representing an increase of 42 per cent. According to the Tendulkar committee method, the poverty line in urban areas was 22 per cent higher than in rural areas in 2011-12, but the same was 47 per cent according to the Rangarajan panel ...
E&OE. Whilst every reasonable care has been taken in the compilation of this calculator tool, in the event of any dispute, the Registered Rules of the relevant medical aid scheme shall prevail.. This calculator has been compiled to give you an idea of the amount that you will pay each month for a medical aid scheme. The use of this tool does not constitute advice, as defined in the FAIS Act.. A late joiner penalty (LJP) will be imposed in respect of persons who join a medical aid scheme "late in life". This LJP is calculated in accordance with a formula that is prescribed in the Medical Schemes Act and could have the effect of increasing the normal monthly.. Medical schemes may impose ts & cs when you join. This could include ...
A look at the additional programmes and rewards Bankmed medical scheme offers their members. Bankmed is a closed medical scheme for employees in the banking industry only.