Comparison of survival, growth rate and overall breeding of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) juveniles in pond and RAS during winter time ...
Jia, B., Armstrong, B., Stryhn, H., Gardner, I. A., Chang, H., & St-Hilaire, S. (2018). A case study of time-series regression modeling: Risk factors for pond-level mortality of farmed grass carp ( Ctenopharyngodon idella ) on a southern Chinese farm. Aquaculture, 484, 58-64. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.10. ...
Deoxynivalenol (DON) frequently contaminates animal feed, including fish feed used in aquaculture. This study intends to further investigate the effects of DON on carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) at concentrations representative for commercial fish feeds. Experimental feeding with 352, 619 or 953 μg DON kg−1 feed resulted in unaltered growth performance of fish during six weeks of experimentation, but increased lipid peroxidation was observed in liver, head kidney and spleen after feeding of fish with the highest DON concentration. These effects of DON were mostly reversible by two weeks of feeding the uncontaminated control diet. Histopathological scoring revealed increased liver damage in DON-treated fish, which persisted even after the recovery phase. At the highest DON concentration, significantly more fat, and consequently, increased energy content, was found in whole fish body homogenates. This suggests that DON affects nutrient metabolism in carp. Changes of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in
Anoxia-tolerant vertebrates decrease their metabolic rate by 70% or more during anoxia, while the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, GABA, increases in concentration. To test the possibility that GABA could be a mediator of anoxic metabolic depression, crucian carp (Carassius carassius L.) were given an inhibitor of GABA synthesis, isoniazid, and the rate of anoxic ethanol production (ethanol being the main end product of energy metabolism in anoxic crucian carp) as well as the rates of normoxic and hypoxic oxygen consumption were measured. Isoniazid (500mgkg−1), which significantly inhibited the anoxia-induced rise in brain GABA concentration, caused a nearly threefold increase in anaerobic ethanol production without affecting normoxic oxygen consumption. The GABA synthesis inhibitor 3-mercaptopropionic acid (3-MP, 200mgkg−1) and the GABA receptor antagonist securinine (20mgkg−1) caused similar rises in anoxic ethanol production. Nevertheless, crucian carp given ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pro- and anti-inflammatory responses of common carp Cyprinus carpio head kidney leukocytes to E.coli LPS as modified by different dietary plant oils. AU - Nguyen, Thi Mai. AU - Mandiki, Robert. AU - Salomon, Jean M. A. J.. AU - Baruti, Joel Bondekwe. AU - Thi, Nang Thu Tran. AU - Nguyen, Thu Hang. AU - Nhu, Truong Quynh. AU - Kestemont, Patrick. PY - 2021/1/1. Y1 - 2021/1/1. N2 - Dietary lipids could modify fatty acid (FA) composition in fish tissues. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) such as arachidonic acid (ARA), eicosapentaneoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are able to modulate the immune status in fish through an inflammatory process but their availability may be limited when fish are exclusively fed plant oils. This study was conducted to evaluate how to maximise the utilisation of dietary plant oil for an efficient inflammatory response in common carp head kidney leukocytes (HKLs) exposed to a gram-negative bacterial endotoxin, Escherichia coli ...
Li, S. F., Xu, J. W., Yang, Q. L., Wang, C. H., Chen, Q., Chapman, D. C. & Lu, G.; 2009: A comparison of complete mitochondrial genomes of silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and bighead carp Hypophthalmichthys nobilis: implications for their taxonomic relationship and phylogeny. Journal of Fish Biology, 74: 1787-1803. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2009.02258.x ...
Tang, Bin,Luo, Xiao-Jun,Zeng, Yan-Hong,et al. Tracing the Biotransformation of PCBs and PBDEs in Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Using Compound-Specific and Enantiomer-Specific Stable Carbon Isotope Analysis[J]. Environmental Science & Technology,2017,51(5):2705-2713 ...
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis based on numerous polymorphic bands have been used to investigate genetic similarity and diversity among and within two cultured and wild populations represented by the species crucian carp (Carassius carassius). From RAPD analysis using five primers, a total of 442 polymorphic bands were obtained in the two populations and 273 were found to be specific to a wild population. 169 polymorphic bands were also produced in wild and cultured population. According to RAPD-based estimates, the average number of polymorphic bands in the wild population was approximately 1.5 times as diverse as that in cultured. The average number of polymorphic bands in each population was found to be different and was higher in the wild than in the cultured population. Comparison of banding patterns in the cultured and wild populations revealed substantial differences supporting a previous assessment that the populations may have been subjected to a long period of ...
In order to elucidate the importance of food-borne chemical contamination in fish, cytological and ultrastructural alterations in hepatocytes and enterocytes of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. exposed for 5 wk to 0.5 microgram endosulfan (6,7,8,9,10,1
Alderson, G. L. H.: The development of a system of linear measurements to provide an assessment of type and function of beef cattle, Anim. Genet. Resour., 25, 45-55, https://doi.org/10.1017/S1014233900005782, 1999. Bakos, J. and Gorda, S.: Genetic improvement of common carp strains using intraspecific hybridization, Aquaculture, 129, 183-186, https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(94)00245-J, 1995. Bauer, C. and Schlott, G.: Fillet yield and fat content in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) produced in three Austrian carp farms with different culture methodologies, J. Appl. Ichthyol., 25, 591-594, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01282.x, 2009. Bavarian State Research Center for Agriculture - Department for Quality Assurance and Analytics: Determination of intramuscular fat content in fish - modification of the VDLUFA method 5.1.1. Subject area AQU3, central laboratory, Analysis of feed and animal products, Poing, Germany, Internal documentation, received by email on 19 October 2016. Brethour, J. ...
In this study, we developed 134 novel polymorphic polynucleotide-repeat microsatellite markers for silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and characterized 40 loci for polymorphism and genetic diversity in a test population. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 3 to 19 (mean 9.4), and the average observed and expected heterozygosities were 0.74-0.76, respectively. Thirty-five loci were highly informative (PIC > 0.5) in silver carp population. After Bonferroni adjustments, no pairs of loci showed evidence of significant linkage disequilibrium, and none of the loci significantly deviated from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. All 134 silver carp microsatellite loci could be successfully amplified in bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) with 65 loci being polymorphic, indicating a high transferability of these microsatellites across species. This set of novel highly polymorphic polynucleotide-repeat microsatellites would be powerful tools for population and conservation genetics ...
The common carp, Cyprinus carpio, is a tetraploid fish species from the family Cyprinidae that arose about 20-50 Myr ago. The aim of the present work was attempting to understand the functional role of the duplicated common carp GH genes by studying their structure, evolution and expression. The introns of the second GH gene of common carp were sequenced for the first time and sequence comparisons of coding and non-coding regions of alleles of both GH genes were carried out. A phylogenetic analysis was done to examine the relationships of common carp GH genes with GH genes of the tetraploid goldfish and other diploid Cyprinids. In addition, phylogenetic analyses were done with other duplicated genes of common carp, some of which also important for growth. The relative rate test of Tajima (1993) showed a statistically significant increase in the evolution rate of the common carp GH I gene. In addition, some other duplicated gene pairs in common carp and goldfish with relaxation of functional ...
In this study, the chemical characterization of glycoconjugates of myofibrillar proteins from grass carp conjugated with glucose via Maillard reaction for up to 24 h of dry-heating was investigated, and their impacts on the microbial community in vitro human fecal fermentation were firstly evaluated by high-
Adaptation of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) to Regular Swimming Exercise I. Muscle Phospholipid Fatty Acid Composition and Lipid Peroxide Status Abstract.
The common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) is one of the major aquaculture species, contributing nearly 35% to the inland fish production in Karnataka, India. Stocks collected from Hungary (2), Indonesia and Vietnam were assessed alongside two local stocks in a series of culture performance trials with the objective of setting up a base population for developing a breeding programme. The present study deals with the genetic divergence and polymorphism in these six stocks using random-amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. A total of 180 decamer random primers were screened for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification (OPA 1-20, OPB1-20, OPC1-20, OPD1-20, OPE1-20, OPF1-20, OPG1-20, OPP1-20 and OPM1-20). Eight primers were selected for analysis of common carp genotypes (OPA-7, OPA-20, OPB-17, OPF-10, OP F-9, OPG-4, OPG-9 and OPP-16). Out of 492 bands recorded, 57.1% were polymorphic. Stepwise regression analysis was carried out to find best combination markers affecting body weight (P , 0.001). ...
Conference Paper: Biphasic growth hormone release induced by protein kinase C activation in grass carp pituitary cells involves [Ca2+ ]e entry through voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels and mobilization of [Ca2+ ]i ...
Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are pattern recognition molecules of innate immunity. In this study, a long-form PGRP, designated as gcPGRP6, was identified from grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella. The deduced amino acid sequence of gcPGRP6 is composed of 464 residues with a conserved PGRP domain at the C-terminus. The gcPGRP6 gene consists of four exons and three introns, spacing approximately 2.7 kb of genomic sequence. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that gcPGRP6 is clustered closely with zebrafish PGLYRP6, and formed a long-type PGRP subfamily together with PGLYRP2 members identified in teleosts and mammals. Real-time PCR and Western blotting analyses revealed that gcPGRP6 is constitutively expressed in organs/tissues examined, and its expression was significantly induced in liver and intestine of grass carp in response to PGN stimulation and in CIK cells treated with lipoteichoic acid (LTA), polyinosinic polycytidylic acid (Poly I:C) and peptidoglycan (PGN). Immunofluorescence ...
The Science Issue and Relevance: Triploidy is the condition in which three chromosome sets occur in somatic cells. Triploidization is the most practical, economical, and effective method for mass production of sterile fishes. Some examples include triploid oysters Crassostrea spp., Grass Carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, and Black Carp Mylopharyngodon piceus that are commercially cultured for consumption, weed and snail control, respectively. Additionally, triploid walleye Sander vitreus, crappie Pomoxis spp., striped bass Morone saxatilis, and salmonids are stocked for recreational fishing. Triploidization limits the potential for establishment of wild populations. However, treatments used to induce triploidy often do not achieve 100% triploids in a spawn.. Differentiating diploids from triploids at the earliest life stage possible allows for a more efficient use of resources including production time and rearing space. Thus, a reliable flow cytometric (FCM) method has been developed to ...
Bergmann SM, Schutze H, Fischer U, Fichtner D, Riechardt M, Meyer K, Schrudde D, Kempter J. (2009b). "Detection of koi herpes virus (KHV) genome in apparently healthy fish." Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists. 29:145-152.. Costes B, Stalin Raj V, Michel B, Fournier G, Thirion M, Gillet L, Mast J, Lieffrig F, Bremont M, Vanderplasschen A. (2009). "The major portal of entry of koi herpesvirus in Cyprinus carpio is the skin." J Virol 83:2819-2830.. Eide K, T Miller-Morgan, J Heidel, R Bildfell, L Jin. (2011). "Results of total DNA measurement in koi by tissue koi herpesvirus real-time PCR." Journal of Virological Methods 172:81-84. El-Matbouli M, Saleh M, Soliman H. (2007). "Detection of cyprinid herpesvirus type 3 in goldfish cohabiting with CyHV3-infected koi carp (Cyprinus carpio koi)." Veterinary Record 161:792-793.. Gilad O, Yun S, Adkison MA, Way K, Willits NH, Bercovier H, Hedrick RP. (2003). "Molecular comparison of isolates of an emerging fish pathogen, koi ...
The present study investigated the effects of dietary vitamin A on immune function in the proximal intestine (PI), mid intestine (MI) and distal intestine (DI) of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Fish were fed graded levels of dietary vitamin A for 10 weeks, and then a challenge test using an injection of Aeromonas hydrophila was conducted for 14 d. The results showed that, compared with the optimum vitamin A level, vitamin A deficiency significantly decreased fish growth performance, increased enteritis morbidity, decreased intestinal innate humoral immune response and aggravated intestinal inflammation. However, liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide 2A/B mRNA in the DI and IL-6, IL-17D, IL-10, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 and TGF-β2 mRNA in the PI were not affected by vitamin A levels. Meanwhile, vitamin A deficiency disturbed inflammatory cytokines in the PI, MI and DI, which might be partly linked to p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) signalling and NF-κB ...
RIG-I (retinoic acid inducible gene-I) is a key mediator of antiviral immunity, able to couple detection of infection by RNA and DNA viruses to the induction of interferons. In the present study, a RIG-I gene from grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella (CiRIG-I) was isolated and characterized. The full-length cDNA of CiRIG-I was of 3198 bp and encoded a polypeptide of 947 amino acids with an estimated ...
Discussion. Metallic mixtures remaining in wastes may collect in various organs of animals or reason huge alteration in plant and fish biomass manufacture (Barman and Lal 1994). The toxicity data in this perusal showed that mercury chloride is toxic to silver carp (H. molitrix). In this report a series of hematological, biochemical and Immunological parameters were examined in silver carp after exposure to 10% and 50% LC50 doses of mercury chloride.. Hematotoxins alter qualitative and quantitative attributes of blood cells to produce toxic signs. when some of these other blood constituents are present or structural anomalies occurring in blood components meddle with normal functioning occur Hematotoxicity. Qualitative commutations in blood cell components can consequence in contamination (Landis and M 2004).. Although adequate in quantity, the quality of these "small, less colored" red blood cells impedes them from conveying the normal extent of oxygen (Landis and M 2004). Five examinations are ...
Shared alpha chain of heterodimeric glycoprotein hormones. These hormones bind specific receptors on target cells that in turn activate downstream signaling pathways. Involved in gametogenesis and steroidogenesis.
magnetic field was generated with a cylindrical coil of 80 cm length, an inner diameter of 18.5 cm and an outer diameter of 20 cm; coil constisted of 490 turn of enameled copper wire (2.5 mm diameter); fish were placed in the middle of the coil to ensure that all fish received th same magnetic field intensity; coil was positioned in an east-west direction and magnetic field was parallel to long axis of fish body; digital temperature controller has been installed inside the coil; an air conditioning system ventilated the coil interior chamber to maintain temperature at 22°C; plastic pipes containing cold tap water which circulated around the coil were used for cooling ...
Cholinesterase (ChE) activity was used as a biomarker for assessing exposure of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides from irrigated agricultural waters. Carp were collected from a lake (Royal Lake) that receives most of its water from irrigation return flows and from a reference lake (Billy Clapp Lake) outside of the irrigation system. Results indicated that the mean whole-brain ChE activity of carp from Royal Lake (3.47 μmol/min/g tissue) was 34.2% less than that of carp from Billy Clapp Lake (5.27 μmol/min/g tissue) (p = 0.003). The depressed ChE activity in brain tissue of Royal Lake carp was in response to ChE-inhibiting insecticides detected in water samples in the weeks prior to tissue sampling; the most frequently detected insecticides included chlorpyrifos, azinphos-methyl, carbaryl, and ethoprop. Neither sex nor size appears to be a covariable in the analysis; ChE activity was not correlated with fish length or weight...
Koi herpesvirus (KHV) caused significant morbidity and mortality in koi and common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Glycoprotein has been used for vaccine development as sub unit vaccine against many viruses. KHV ORF25 is one of koi herpesvirus genes which encode a glycoprotein. The objectives of this research are to clone gene KHV ORF25and express its protein. The common carp showing necrosis and white patches of gill which was collected from Magelang was used in this research. Primers were designed to amplify partial ORF25 based on KHV J strain. KHV ORF25 was successfully amplified and cloned in pET32a. Sequence analysis showed that this KHV ORF25 has 99% homology with the sequences of KHV genotype KHV-J, KHV-I, and KHV-U. This ORF was predicted has 3, 23, and 8 B-cell epitopes based on Emini scale, Karplus and Schulz scale, and ElliPro respectively. The KHV ORF25 recombinant protein has been successfully produced in Escherichia coli as an insoluble protein with approximately 45 kDa in size. The high ...
This project will enhance knowledge in the area of electromagnetic fields and health by clarifying some of the actual effects of low frequency electromagnetic fields (LF-EMF) on the innate immune system. The main goal of this project is to gain a basic understanding of possible LF-EMF effects at all levels of the organism (molecular, cellular and whole organism). Our model builds on existing in vitro models studying the formation of oxygen radicals in human monocytes, thus taking into account past research and established effects.The research questions in theis proposal address how LF-EMF modulate a) the in vitro response of macrophages, b) in vivo fish health and c) transcription of (immune-relevant) genes. The animal species of choice is fish, common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), using an in vitro culture system of the fish equivalent of human bone marrow-derived macrophages. Carp macrophages will be exposed to LF-EMF treatments to measure macrophage activation. Microarray analysis will be used ...
Background Aquaporins (Aqps) are integral membrane proteins that facilitate the transport of water and small solutes across cell membranes. Among vertebrate species, Aqps are highly conserved in both gene structure and amino acid sequence. These proteins are vital for maintaining water homeostasis in living organisms, especially for aquatic animals such as teleost fish. Studies on teleost Aqps are mainly limited to several model species with diploid genomes. Common carp, which has a tetraploidized genome, is one of the most common aquaculture species being adapted to a wide range of aquatic environments. The complete common carp genome has recently been released, providing us the possibility for gene evolution of aqp gene family after whole genome duplication. Results In this study, we identified a total of 37 aqp genes from common carp genome. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that most of aqps are highly conserved. Comparative analysis was performed across five typical vertebrate genomes. We found that
The effect of Bacillus additive on immunity and antioxidant activities of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) was studied in this experiment. Animals of the control group were fed the basal diet and those of treatment group were fed the basal diet augmented with Bacillus additive at a dose of 105 Colony Forming Units per gram (CFU g-1) feed. Data showed that serum immunity parameters including IgM, complement C3 and Alkaline Phosphatase (AKP) significantly increased (p,0.05) by 30.77, 34.62 and 107.79% in the treatment group. However, there was no significant difference in serum total protein, globulin, albumin, A/G ratio, Lysozyme (LZM), Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (GOT) and Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase (GPT) activities. Serum antioxidant parameters such as serum Glutathione (GSH), Total Antioxidant Capacity (T-AOC), Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Glutathione Peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities significantly (p,0.05) enhanced by 32.76, 41.75, 20.06 and 11.30%, respectively and ...
The effect of Bacillus additive on immunity and antioxidant activities of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) was studied in this experiment. Animals of the control group were fed the basal diet and those of treatment group were fed the basal diet augmented with Bacillus additive at a dose of 105 Colony Forming Units per gram (CFU g-1) feed. Data showed that serum immunity parameters including IgM, complement C3 and Alkaline Phosphatase (AKP) significantly increased (p,0.05) by 30.77, 34.62 and 107.79% in the treatment group. However, there was no significant difference in serum total protein, globulin, albumin, A/G ratio, Lysozyme (LZM), Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (GOT) and Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase (GPT) activities. Serum antioxidant parameters such as serum Glutathione (GSH), Total Antioxidant Capacity (T-AOC), Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Glutathione Peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities significantly (p,0.05) enhanced by 32.76, 41.75, 20.06 and 11.30%, respectively and ...
DESIGN: The aim of these experiments was to prove increased resistance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) juveniles fed on experimental diets with microalgae biomass supplement (Algadiets) to oxidative stress caused by a disinfectant chloramine-T. In indoor experiments fish were fed on laboratory-prepared extruded diets containing supplement of Chlorella spp. (cf. C. vulgaris Beijerinck) biomass which contains antioxidants (carotenoids) like lutein. The young-of-the-year-old fish were acclimatized and fed on basal diet (control group) and the on diets containing 1, 2, 5 and 10% (w/w) of spray-dried Chlorella biomass (Algadiet 1, 2, 5 and 10) for 14 days followed by 6 weeks. Consequently, fish were treated daily with chloramine-T (Chl-T) at concentration of 10 mg x l(-1) for 1 h in three consecutive days. After this treatment, the indices of oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme activity were assayed in fish gill, muscle and hepatopancreas ...
Localization, expression and control of adrenocorticotropic hormone in the nucleus preopticus and pituitary gland of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L ...
Charvatova N, Zelinska G, Dobsikova R, Stancova V, Zivna D, Plhalova L, Blahova J, Sehonova P, Marsalek P, Bartoskova M, Prokes M, Piskorova I, Svobodova Z. The effect of the fluoroquinolone norfloxacin on somatic indices and oxidative stress parameters in early stages of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2015 Jan; 36(Suppl 1): 79-87 ...
New myxosporean species are described from Indian fishes cultured in pond farms of Meerut, Uttar Pradesh (UP) state. Based upon plasmodia found in the Indian major carps ( Catla catla, Cirrhinus cirrh
Recent research suggests the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is often invasive in the North American Midwest due to its propensity to exploit shallow basins prone to winter hypoxia for reproduction. It has been shown that seasonally hypoxic basins often support extremely high abundances of young-of-the-year carp, but the fate of these carp is unknown. To determine whether these proposed nurseries serve as a source of recruits at a watershed scale, we used a population genetics approach to investigate carp recruitment in a system of interconnected lakes, ponds, and wetlands in central Minnesota. We collected carp tissue samples (n=939) from all basins throughout the watershed and from individuals moving between lakes and proposed nurseries. Microsatellite analysis revealed 2 genetically distinct strains of carp within the watershed. The spatial distribution and movement patterns observed among the genetically distinct strains of carp revealed patterns in dispersal, colonization, and natal homing ...
هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی اثر سمیتفلز سنگین سرب بر برخی فاکتورهای سرولوژیکی خون ماهی فیتوفاگ طی مجاورت کوتاه مدت با فلز سرب می باشد. به منظور انجام این مطالعه 135 عدد بچه ماهی فیتوفاگ باوزن متوسط 10 ± 50 گرم و طول متوسط 1±13سانتی متر، در مجاورت غلظت های 0، 5 و10میلی گرم در لیتر سرب نیترات Pb(NO3)2در 9 دستگاه آکواریوم هر یک به ظرفیت 90 لیتر قرار داده شدند. نمونه برداری خون از سیاهرگ دمی به صورت کاملا تصادفی، به تعداد 3 عدد ماهی از هر آکواریوم، هر 12 ساعت یکبار تا 96 ساعت صورت گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که میزان هموگلوبین در ساعت 24 بین گروه شاهد و سایر تیمارها اختلاف معنی داری نشان
Abstract : Several interspecific and interganeric hybrids of Indian major carps : Catla catla, Labeo rohita, Cirrhinus mrigala and Labeo calbasu (Chaudhuri 1959, 1971 & 1973; Naseem Hamza 1971; Naseem Hamza & Alikunhi, 1971; Varghese & Sukumaran, 1971; Chondar 1977) and those of Indian major carps with exotic carps viz. common carp (Alikunhi & Chaudhuri 1959; Kowtal & Gupta 1984, Khan et al; 1986 and Gupta et al; 1986) and silver carp (Ibrahim et al; 1980) have been artificially produced through hypophysation. From natural ecosystems such as reservoir and dry bundhs, several hybrids have been recorded (Desai & Rao, 1970; Tripathi et al; 1974, Tripathi and Sharaf 1974; Natarajan et al; 1976 & Prasad 1976). Many of these hybrids were found to be intermediate in characters of the parent species. Only a few hybrids, both artificially produced and naturally occurring, have been studied in detail for their cultural qualities and adaptability to various environments. In the present communication an ...
Tripartite motif-containing protein 32 (TRIM32) belongs to the tripartite motif (TRIM) family, which consists of a large number of proteins containing a RING (Really Interesting New Gene) domain, one or two B-box domains, and coiled coil motif followed by different C-terminal domains. The TRIM family is known to be implicated in multiple cellular functions, including antiviral activity. However, it is presently unknown whether TRIM32 of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) has the antiviral effect. In this study, the sequence, expression, and antiviral function of TRIM32 homolog from common carp were analyzed. The full-length coding sequence region of trim32 was cloned from common carp. The results showed that the expression of TRIM32 (mRNA) was highest in the brain, remained stably expressed during embryonic development, and significantly increased following spring viraemia of carp virus (SVCV) infection. Transient overexpression of TRIM32 in affected Epithelioma papulosum cyprinid cells led to significant
This study set out to improve our understanding of the molecular genetic characteristics of imported strains of common carp reared in the Czech Republic. To do this we characterized the genetic diversity and population structure of 11 carp strains including two farmed strains from Germany (Scheuerman and Glinzig mirror carp) and France (Forez and Dombez scaly carp), one farmed population from Amur river basins, and one feral population from the Ebro River (Spain), by microsatellite analysis of 10 loci. Mean heterozygosity within populations ranged from 0.584 to 0.700, and the mean number of alleles per population ranged from 5.0 to 9.8. Of the analysed loci, 92 out of 130 possible tests were found to deviate significantly (P | 0.05) from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium revealing significant heterozygote deficit after Bonferroni correction. Global analysis of hierarchical gene diversity (AMOVA) further revealed that the total genetic variation among populations was 21%, whilst variation within
Examination of common carp Cyprinus carpio, carrying implanted telemetry transmitters, showed that wound healing was incomplete after 4 months and completed after 1 year. Granulation tissue, which encapsulated the transmitter, adhered to the intestine and liver. The liver was infiltrated by the granulation tissue after 1 year. Epidermal tissue grew down the channel for the antenna, establishing a potential pathway for pathogens. No signs of infections, however, were found ...
What a beautiful scenario of both of you with Carp Fishes.Actully this is the beauty and pleasure of Carp fishing. Those who does not do this Carp fishing will never feel the joy of catching carp in Carp fishing.I am fond Carp fishing and Carp farming too.I spend my leisure with this.However thanks a lot for your pictorial post for Carp fishing Text. ...
What a beautiful scenario of both of you with Carp Fishes.Actully this is the beauty and pleasure of Carp fishing. Those who does not do this Carp fishing will never feel the joy of catching carp in Carp fishing.I am fond Carp fishing and Carp farming too.I spend my leisure with this.However thanks a lot for your pictorial post for Carp fishing Text. ...
Nitrogen (ammonia and/or urea) excretion in carp and rainbow trout kept under different feeding regimes was continuously monitored over 24-hr cycles. The daily nitrogen excretion patterns resulting from these feeding regimes were studied over several
TY - JOUR. T1 - The effect of pH on the reactions of oxygen and carbon monoxide with the hemoglobin of the carp, Cyprinus carpio.. AU - Noble, R. W.. AU - Parkhurst, L. J.. AU - Gibson, Q. H.. PY - 1970/12/25. Y1 - 1970/12/25. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0014963103&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0014963103&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. C2 - 5482773. AN - SCOPUS:0014963103. VL - 245. SP - 6628. EP - 6633. JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry. JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry. SN - 0021-9258. IS - 24. ER - ...
Native species, along with two non-native species (grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella and butterfly peacock bass, Cichla ocellaris), were returned to the wild alive per the requirements of our scientific collectors permit. All field observations of non-native species were entered into the USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species database. Participants of the November 2019 Fish Slam. The participants of the November 2019 Fish Chat and Slam were: Lad Akins (Frost Museum), Mark Barton (FIU), Josh Bauer (USACE), Kate Bemis (VIMS), Ken Blick (USFWS), Chelsea Bohaty (USACE), Tony Brady (USFWS), Mary Brown (USGS), Jorge Buening (USFWS), Shawn Clem (Audubon), Andy Dehart (Frost Museum), Cedric Doolittle (USFWS), Allison Durland Donahue (UF), Deb Epperson (USGS), Jessica Fair (USACE), Peter Flood (FIU), Jonathan Freedman (CNT), John Galvez (USFWS), Kelly Gestring (FWC), Sam Goss (Audubon), Lee Grove (FWC), Scott Heidler (Frost Museum), Jeff Hill (UF), Eric Hilton (VIMS), Howard Jelks (USGS), Brenna Kays ...
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Full Forearm Koi Carp Tattoo Koi Carp Tattoo ideas. A cool looking koi carp tattoo design on a mans whole forearm! But […]. ...
This book is being published in order to highlight a little-known aspect of animal husbandry in former times, namely the keeping, storing and cultivation of crucian carp (Carassius carassius ), carp (Cyprinus carpio), tench (Tinca tinca) and other cyprinids in man-made ponds... The construction of fishponds began across Europe, and increased rapidly during the twelfth and thirteenth century. At that time, fishponds were constructed on estates belonging to bishops, monasteries and royalty across England... The balance of evidence now indicates that fishponds were introduced into Britain after the Norman Conquest (1066) as a secular aristocratic initiative rather than a monastic innovation... The abundance of literary references to fishponds shows that their possession, along with mills, dovecotes and deer parks, was one of the privyleges of manorial landholders, a badge of rank as much as a practical utility... Many royal castles, palaces, manor-houses and hunting-lodges were equipped with ...
Teleost IL-4/13B is a cytokine related to mammalian IL-4 and IL-13, of which hitherto the function had not been studied at the protein level. We identified an IL-4/13B gene in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and expressed the recombinant protein (rcIL-4/13B). RcIL-4/13B was shown to stimulate proliferation of IgM+ B cells, because after four days of stimulation the IgM+ fraction of carp kidney and s ...
Multifilament Gillnet and Trammel Net Selectivity for the Silver Crucian Carp (Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782) in Eğirdir Lake, Isparta, Turkey Mehmet Cilbiz , Zübeyde Hanol , Nihal Cilbiz , Şakir Çinar , Soner Savaşer Abstract Full Text:PDF Recommended articles Mail to Author How to Cite The Effect of Adding Protein-Xanthophylls Concentrate (PX) from Lucerne (Medicago sativa) on Growth Parameters and Redox Profile in Muscles of carp, Cyprinus carpio (L.) Jacek Rechulicz , Katarzyna Ognik , Eugeniusz R. Grela Abstract Full Text:PDF Recommended articles Mail to Author How to Cite Comparative Elevation in Water Temperature Induces Somatic Growth and Rapid Proliferation of Gonadal Germ Cells in Three Species of Carp Sullip Kumar Majhi , Avinash Rambhau Rasal Abstract Full Text:PDF Recommended articles Mail to Author How to Cite Evaluation of Soy Protein Concentrate as Replacement of Fish Meal in Practical Diets for Juvenile Tench (Tinca tinca L.) Álvaro González-Rodríguez , Jesús Domingo ...