OTHER GLYCAN DEGRADATION GlcNAc GlcNAc Fuc Neu5Ac Gal Asn α2 β1 β1 Man α1 GlcNAc Neu5Ac Gal α2 β1 β1 Man α1 β1 GlcNAc Man β1 β1 GlcNAc β1 α1 Fuc α1 Neu5Ac α2 Neu5Ac α2 Gal β1 Neu5Ac α2 Neu5Ac α2 GalNAc Neu5Ac α2 Neu5Ac α2 Neu5Ac α2 β1 Gal β1 Glc β1 ceramide Ganglioside N-glycan N-Glycan ...
According to National Geographic, the inner core of the Earth ranges between 9,000 and 13,000 degrees Fahrenheit. This is approximately as high as the temperature of the suns...
H. Casajus, S. Tranchimand, D. Wolbert, C. Nugier-Chauvin, S. Cammas-Marion, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2016, DOI: 10.1002/app.44604.. • A. Pennec, R. Daniellou, P. Loyer, C. Nugier-Chauvin, V. Ferrieres Carbohydr. Res. 2015, 402, 50-55.. • A. Pennec, L. Legentil, L. Herrera-Estrella, V. Ferrières, A.-L. Chauvin, C. Nugier-Chauvin, Green Chem., 2014, 16, 3803-3809.. • I. Chlubnová, B. Sylla, C. Nugier-Chauvin, R. Daniellou, L. Legentil, B. Králová, V. Ferrières Nat. Prod. Rep., 2011, 28, 937-952.. • I. Chlubnová, D. Filipp, V. Spiwok, H. Dvořáková, R. Daniellou, C. Nugier-Chauvin, B. Králová, V. Ferrières Org. Biomol. Chem., 2010, 8, 2092-2102.. Invited talks at Conferences: ...
The N-linked carbohydrate chains of recombinant human erythropoietin expressed in CHO cells were quantitatively released with peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl)asparagine amidase F, separated from the remaining O-glycoprotein by gel-permeation chromatography, and subsequently fractionated via FPLC on Mono Q, HPLC on Lichrosorb-NH2 and high-pH anion-exchange chromatography on CarboPac PA1. The purified sialylated oligosaccharides were ... read more analyzed by one-dimensional and two-dimensional 500-MHz 1H-NMR spectroscopy. When necessary, oligosaccharides were treated with endo-beta-galactosidase (and N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase) followed by 1H-NMR analysis of the incubation products, to obtain additional structural information. Di-, tri-, tri- and tetraantennary, N-acetyllactosamine-type oligosaccharides occur which can be completely (major) or partially (minor) sialylated. Three different types of alpha2-3-linked sialic acids are present, namely, N-acetylneuraminic acid (95%), ...
Targeting tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens: a phase I study of a carbohydrate mimetic-peptide vaccine in stage IV breast cancer subjects
This application note describes a rapid and robust high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection method for the accurate determination of common sugars in acid-hydrolyzed biomass samples with high carbohydrate concentrations.
The oligosaccharide chains of microheterogeneous bovine pancreatic DNAases were characterized by the lectin-nitrocellulose sheet method. The active fractions of the DNAases from column chromatography showed four major and several minor spots on a two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel. They were transferred on to nitrocellulose sheets and treated with glycosidases (neuraminidase, endo-beta-N-acetyl glucosaminidase H or F, or peptide N-glycosidase F) and treated with peroxidase-coupled lectins (concanavalin A, Ricinus communis agglutinin or wheat-germ agglutinin). From the results, the most probable oligosaccharide types were proposed to be as follows: the four major spots contained components which had high-mannose type or hybrid-type oligosaccharides, such as those susceptible to endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase H. In addition, spot 1 contained a complex-type biantennary oligosaccharide without sialic acid and spot 3 contained a tri- or tetra-antennary complex-type oligosaccharide with sialic ...
Carbohydrate antigens recognized by "natural" or preformed and elicited antibodies are central to transplantation/transfusion rejection across ABO blood group and species (xenotransplantation) barriers and are also promising candidates for cancer immunotherapy (Ramsland 2005). The key carbohydrate determinants (epitopes) recognized by antibodies are synthesized by a series of intracellular glycosyltransferases and are expressed on the surface of cells as glycolipids and glycoproteins. Often the minimal carbohydrate epitopes are located at the terminal end of more complex oligosaccharide chains, which result in these epitopes being displayed at a wide range of surface densities and contexts (e.g., glycolipids or glycoproteins). For example, many tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens are broadly expressed at very high densities on the cell surface of primary and metastatic tumors, but the same carbohydrates occur at much lower levels and are typically restricted to a few cell types in healthy ...
There are a large number of enzymes that are capable of modifying carbohydrates or carbohydrate derivatives, and that may be used in various analytical methods. The hydrolytic enzymes, which break glycosidic linkages, are useful in the study of disaccharide or polysaccharide structure and in methods for quantitation (Table 9.2). Such enzymes will hydrolyse the glycosidic linkages between the monosaccharide residues and release the individual components for further analysis. The enzyme is chosen bearing in mind the nature of the glycosidic linkage involved, which may not be unique to one particular disaccharide or polysaccharide. Thus a-glucosidase will hydrolyse both the a(l-»4) linkage of maltose and the a( 1-»2) linkage of sucrose, resulting in the release of glucose in both cases.. ...
Read independent reviews on Thermo Scientific™ CarboPac® PA1 Carbohydrate Column from Thermo Fisher Scientific on SelectScience
UPLC, UHPLC, and HPLC-based C18 columns that assist scientists with the analysis and quantitation of important glycan derived components.
Oxygen is the most abundant element in the planet, so it is not unreasonable to expect that it might be one of the dominant "light elements" in the core.. The composition of the Earth"s core remains a mystery. Scientists know that the liquid outer core consists mainly of iron, but it is believed that small amounts of some other elements are present as well.. Now, a new research from a team including Yingwei Fei from Carnegies Geophysical Laboratory has revealed that oxygen does not have a major presence in the outer core.. This has major implications for our understanding of the period when the Earth formed through the accretion of dust and clumps of matter.. According to current models, in addition to large amounts of iron, the Earth"s liquid outer core contains small amounts of so-called light elements, possibly sulfur, oxygen, silicon, carbon, or hydrogen.. The team provides new experimental data that narrow down the identity of the light elements present in Earth"s outer core.. High-speed ...
Supplier pricing and chemical structure of high purity Man(a1-2)-Man(a1-2)-Man(a1-3)-[Man(a1-6)-Man(a1-6)]-Man(b1-4)-GlcNAc(b1-4)-GlcNAc from Omicron Biochemicals, Inc.
Supplier pricing and chemical structure of high purity Man(a1-2)-Man(a1-3)-[Man(a1-6)-Man(a1-6)]-Man(b1-4)-GlcNAc(b1-4)-GlcNAc from Omicron Biochemicals, Inc.
... is a tool which allows to calculate the mass of an oligosaccharide structure [Mass values / Disclaimer]. Note: You can use GlycoMod to predict the possible oligosaccharide structures that occur on proteins from their experimentally determined masses ...
Visit the page of myhomeworkhelp.com and check out their Oligosaccharides Assignment Help team which is ready 24/7 to provide assistance to students.
A. During early development, a snake embryo was exposed to a toxin that interferes with normal migration and differentiation of mesoderm. Name the major structures of the integument most affected by this exposure and how each.
Professional quality Outer Core images and pictures at very affordable prices. With over 20 million stunning photos to choose from we ve got what you need!
இயற்கையில் இம்மெத்தாக்சி சேர்மங்கள் அதிகமாக காணப்படாமல் இருப்பதாலேயே முக்கியத்துவம் பெறுகின்றன. அவை அமினோ அமிலங்களில் இருப்பதில்லை. இந்த வேற்றணு வளையச் சேர்மங்கள் மரபுக்குறியீட்டிலும் காணப்படவில்லை கொழுமியத்திலும் காணப்படவில்லை. இருந்தாலும் இவை O-மெத்திலேற்ற பிளவோனாய்டு எனப்படும் தாவர நிறமிகளின் பகுதிப்பொருளாக உள்ளது. இவை பீனால்கள் மீது செயல்படுகின்றன. உதாரணம்: ...
Phospholipid patterns of 15 representative strains of the genus Amycolatopsis were recorded by two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography. The structure analysis of the isolated phospholipids was verified by fast atom bombardment-mass spectroscopy. The positive- and negative-ion spectra of the partially purified phospholipid fractions qualitatively reflect their distinctive composition. All strains contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylinositol. Two different types of phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylmethylethanolamine were detected, viz., compounds with or without hydroxy fatty acids. These phospholipid patterns underline the integrity of the genus. Fast atom bombardment-mass spectrometry analysis of phospholipid patterns may serve as an aid for differentiation of bacterial species.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Chemical reactions in fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry. AU - Vékey, K.. AU - Zerilli, Luigi F.. PY - 1991. Y1 - 1991. N2 - Examples of various chemical reactions occurring in the matrix or in the selvedge region in fast atom bombardment (FAB) mass spectrometry are discussed. These are categorized as oxidations and reductions; substitutions; clusterings and additions; and sample decomposition or transformation. Some reactions observed showed significant time behaviour and in one case it was possible to determine rate constants. These data suggest that chemical reactions can be accelerated significantly by fast atom bombardment.. AB - Examples of various chemical reactions occurring in the matrix or in the selvedge region in fast atom bombardment (FAB) mass spectrometry are discussed. These are categorized as oxidations and reductions; substitutions; clusterings and additions; and sample decomposition or transformation. Some reactions observed showed significant time ...
Brown, Gavin M. and Huckerby, Thomas N. and Morris, Haydn G. and Abram, Beverly L. and Nieduszynski, Ian A. (1994) Oligosaccharides Derived from Bovine Articular Cartilage Keratan Sulfates after Keratanase II Digestion: Implications for Keratan Sulfate Structural Fingerprinting. Biochemistry, 33 (16). pp. 4836-4846. ISSN 1520-4995 Full text not available from this repository ...
Heparin and heparan sulfate bind a host of basic proteins that take advantage of the sugars dense structural information. The significance of these interactions in various aspects of development, physiology, and disease stimulated keen interest in evaluating structure-activity relationships. The well-defined heparin and heparan sulfate oligosaccharides needed for these studies can be mainly accessed by chemical synthesis and, more recently by chemoenzymatic means. The various synthetic strategies available to chemical synthesis have recently enabled the acquisition of several regular and irregular sequences, including a number of dodecasaccharides, through improved coupling methods and judicial protecting group manipulations. Controlled chain elongation and critical application of modification enzymes allowed the generation of well-defined constructs via chemoenzymatie synthesis. Investigations of various protein interactions with the synthetic constructs delivered valuable informatio
Identification of the methyl phosphate substituent at the non-reducing terminal mannose residue of the O-specific polysaccharides of Klebsiella pneumoniae O3, Hafnia alvei PCM 1223 and Escherichia coli O9/O9a LPS
We have analyzed the O-antigen polysaccharide of the previously uncharacterized Escherichia coli strain TD2158 which is a host of bacteriophage HK620. This bacteriophage recognizes and cleaves the polysaccharide with its tailspike protein (TSP). The polysaccharide preparation as well as oligosaccharides obtained from HK620TSP endoglycosidase digests were analyzed with NMR spectroscopy. Additionally, sugar analysis was performed on the O-antigen polysaccharide and MALDI-TOF MS was used in oligosaccharide analysis. The present study revealed a heterogeneous polysaccharide with a hexasaccharide repeating unit of the following structure: alpha-D-Glcp-(1 -, 6) vertical bar vertical bar 2)-alpha-L-Rhap-(1 -, 6)-alpha-D-Glcp-(1 -, 4)-alpha-D-Galp-(1 -, 3)-alpha-D-GlcpNAc- (1 -,vertical bar beta-D-Glcp/beta-D-GlcpNAc-(1 -, 3) A repeating unit with a D-GlcNAc substitution of D-Gal has been described earlier as characteristic for serogroup O18A1. Accordingly, we termed repeating units with D-Glc ...
Eleven tested anions were able to form adducts with neutral oligosaccharides at low cone voltage in negative ion mode electrospray mass spectrometry. Among them, fluoride and acetate have the abilities to significantly enhance the absolute abundance of [M-H]- for neutral oliogosaccharides. The chloride adduct has the best stability among all the adduct species investigated. For the above three anions, CID of adduct species may be used for structural determination of neutral oligosaccharides. In the presence of F- and Ac-, simultaneous detection of acidic oligosaccharides and neutral oligosaccharides was achieved. The ratio of Cl- : non-Cl-containing product ions obtained in CID spectra of chloride adducts of disaccharides was used to differentiate anomeric configurations of disaccharides. Density functional theory (DFT) was employed to evaluate the optimized structures of chloride adducts of disaccharides. The formation and decomposition of chloride adducts with oligosaccharides of different
N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase III/MGAT3 products available through Novus Biologicals. Browse our N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase III/MGAT3 product catalog backed by our Guarantee+.
article{fb86bc26-01e6-493b-b144-14ab87d1a4c7, abstract = {The synthesis of the Linear B type 2 trisaccharide (Galalpha3Galbeta4GlcNAc-betaOTMSEt) and the corresponding 2-carboxyethyl beta-thioglycoside is described, as well as coupling of the latter to Sepharose.}, author = {Dahmen, J and Magnusson, Göran and Hansen, HC}, issn = {0732-8303}, keyword = {xenotransplantation,glycoconjugate,glycoside synthesis,thioglycoside}, language = {eng}, number = {3}, pages = {189--199}, publisher = {Marcel Dekker}, series = {Journal of Carbohydrate Chemistry}, title = {Synthesis of the Linear B type 2 trisaccharide Gal alpha 3Gal beta 4GlcNAc beta OTMSEt, and coupling of the corresponding 2-carboxyethyl beta-thioglycoside to Sepharose}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/CAR-120004332}, volume = {21}, year = {2002 ...
The structures of hepta- to tetradeca-saccharides, generated by digestion of wheat-endosperm arabinoxylan with endo-(1-,4)-beta-D-xylanase, and isolated by gel-permeation chromatography on Bio-Gel P-6 and high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection (h.p.a.e.-p.a.d.), were elucidated using monosaccharide and methylation analysis, f.a.b.-m.s., and 1H-n.m.r. spectroscopy. The structures identified had two branching elements, -,4)[alpha-L-Araf-(1-,3)]-beta-D-Xylp-(1-, ... read more and/or -,4)[alpha-L-Araf-(1-,2)][alpha-L-Araf-(1-,3)]-beta-D-Xylp-(1-,, directly connected to each other in all four possible combinations. The h.p.a.e.-p.a.d. elution pattern showed that these combinations are not present in equal amounts. Also, compounds containing two 2,3-branched beta-D-Xylp residues separated by one or two unbranched beta-D-Xylp residues were found, and the presence of a tetradecasaccharide containing three 2,3-branched beta-D-Xylp residues was established. show ...
The primary structure of the major surface glycoconjugate of Leishmania donovani parasites, a lipophosphoglycan, has been further characterized. The repeating PO4-6Galp beta 1-4Man disaccharide units, which are a salient feature of the molecule, are shown to terminate with one of several neutral structures, the most abundant of which is the branched trisaccharide Galp beta 1-4(Manp alpha 1-2)Man. The phosphosaccharide core of lipophosphoglycan, which links the disaccharide repeats to a lipid anchor, contains 2 phosphate residues. One of the core phosphates has previously been localized on O-6 of the galactosyl residue distal to the lipid anchor; the second phosphate is now shown to be on O-6 of the mannosyl residue distal to the anchor and to bear an alpha-linked glucopyranosyl residue. Also, the anomeric configuration of the unusual 3-substituted Galf residue in the phosphosaccharide core is established as beta. The complete structure of the core is thus PO4-6Galp alpha 1-6Galp alpha 1-3Galf ...
The primary structure of the major surface glycoconjugate of Leishmania donovani parasites, a lipophosphoglycan, has been further characterized. The repeating PO4-6Galp beta 1-4Man disaccharide units, which are a salient feature of the molecule, are shown to terminate with one of several neutral structures, the most abundant of which is the branched trisaccharide Galp beta 1-4(Manp alpha 1-2)Man. The phosphosaccharide core of lipophosphoglycan, which links the disaccharide repeats to a lipid anchor, contains 2 phosphate residues. One of the core phosphates has previously been localized on O-6 of the galactosyl residue distal to the lipid anchor; the second phosphate is now shown to be on O-6 of the mannosyl residue distal to the anchor and to bear an alpha-linked glucopyranosyl residue. Also, the anomeric configuration of the unusual 3-substituted Galf residue in the phosphosaccharide core is established as beta. The complete structure of the core is thus PO4-6Galp alpha 1-6Galp alpha 1-3Galf ...
The oligosaccharides ID in the library are used to refer to specific oligosaccharides for their tandem MS/MS fingerprints and structures and were obtained using their sequential monomeric composition. For example, the oligosaccharide with ID 11100 is made of 1 hexose + 1 HexNAc + 1 fucose + 0 NeuAc + 0 NeuGC.. ...
The Global Soybean Oligosaccharides report provides an elite resource to evaluate the Soybean Oligosaccharides market and support the strategic and preemptive decision-making. The report divulges the matter-of-fact statistics and in-detail examination of the market. It offers a basic layout of the Soybean Oligosaccharides industry, consisting of classifications, applications, definitions, and industry chain structure. It also encompasses a thorough inference of the market and embodies significant insights, facts, and industry-corroborated statistics of the global Soybean Oligosaccharides market.. Furthermore, the report also elaborates several factors concerning the Soybean Oligosaccharides market, comprising key trends, standardization, deployment models, future roadmap, strategies, technologies, value chain, opportunities, ecosystem player profiles, drivers, operator case studies, regulatory landscape, and challenges. Moreover, it also presents an outline regarding the Soybean Oligosaccharides ...
This gene encodes a member of the beta-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase protein family. The encoded enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of poly-N-acetyllactosamine chains and prefers lacto-N-neotetraose as a substrate. It is a type II transmembrane protein ...
Sialyl Lewis A (sLeA, also known as CA19-9), a tetrasaccharide selectively and highly expressed on advanced adenocarcinomas including colon, stomach, and pancreatic cancers, has long been considered as an attractive target for active and passive vaccination. While progress in antibodies targeting tumor-associated protein antigens resulted in an impressive array of therapeutics for cancer treatment, similar progress in exploiting tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens, such as sLeA, has been hampered by the lack of a detailed understanding of the singular characteristics of these antigens. We have addressed this issue by analyzing antibodies derived from patients immunized with an sLeA/KLH vaccine. These antibodies were engineered to mediate tumor clearance in vivo in preclinical models through Fc-FcγR interactions. However, in contrast to protein antigens in which hFcγRIIIA engagement was both necessary and sufficient to mediate tumor clearance in both preclinical and clinical settings, a ...
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3-phospho-5-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the transfer of sulfate to position 6 of non-reducing N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residues and O-linked sugars of mucin-type acceptors. Acts on the non-reducing terminal GlcNAc of short carbohydrate substrates. However, it does not transfer sulfate to longer carbohydrate substrates that have poly-N-acetyllactosamine structures. Has no activity toward keratan. Not involved in generating HEV-expressed ligands for SELL. Its substrate specificity may be influenced by its subcellular location ...
keratanase II: an endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase; cleaves the beta(1-3)-glycosidic bond of a fucosylated 6-O-sulfated N-acetylglucosamine
In the few years since the beginning of glycomics in 21th century, many achievements have been made in the study of glycomics, especially in the discovery of sugar genes and the elucidation of the new structure of sugar chain. Although glycomics research has made remarkable achievements in these fields, there are many unknown intermediate links between sugar genes and sugar chains, sugar chains and glycan binding proteins, and there is a general lack of detailed research on the relationship between structure and function.. These fields are not only related to the progress of glycomics itself, but also directly related to the progress of proteome planning, so it has become a major bottleneck in the development of life science.. The advancement of analytical techniques has always been a direct driving force in the development of glycomics. It is the rapid development and wide application of modern instrument analysis technology that lead to the overall prosperity of glycomics research, and inject ...
The MUC-1 antigen is a membrane-anchored mucin-type glycoprotein present in malignant and normal epithelial cells of certain organs, e.g. breast, lung, ovary, pancreas and colon (1). The apoprotein of the MUC-1 mucin contains a transmembrane domain, a cytoplasmic domain, and an extracellular carbohydrate rich domain. The extracellular domain is characterized by polymorphism with respect to the number of a 20 amino acid tandem repeat (VNTR polymorphism). The CanAg CA15-3 EIA is based on two mouse monoclonal antibodies, Ma695 as catcher antibody recognizing a sialylated carbohydrate epitope expressed on the MUC-1 antigen and Ma552 as tracer antibody targeting the PDTRPAPG region of the protein core (2-5).The MUC-1 breast cancer mucin (CA15-3 antigen) is secreted from tumor cells and is a well-established serological marker for monitoring the clinical course of breast cancer patients (6). ...
RNase B is a glycoprotein which possesses an amino acid composition indistinguishable from that of RNase A and which contains carbohydrate to the extent of 6 residues of mannose and 2 residues of N-acetylglucosamine per molecule. It is consequently considered to be a carbohydrate derivative of RNase A. ( Tarentino, A., Plummer, J., and Maley, F.: Studies on the Oligosaccharide Sequence of Ribonuclease B, J. Biol. Chem., 245, 4150 (1970 ...
The present study tested and confirmed the hypothesis that autoantibodies to aberrant O-glycopeptide epitopes represent a fruitful source of sensitive biomarkers for early detection of cancer. Cancer-associated IgG autoantibodies to several O-glycopeptide epitopes were identified in MUC1, whereas IgG antibodies to peptide epitopes were not detected. The study therefore clearly supports that autoantibody biomarker discovery strategies should include aberrant posttranslational modifications for greatest success. Chemoenzymatic synthesis of cancer-associated O-glycopeptides in combination with a microarray platform was shown to be a feasible strategy for broader analysis of the entire cancer O-glycopeptidome.. Initially, we found an absence of immature nonsialylated MUC1 and MUC16 glycoforms in serum of cancer patients with elevated mucin levels, suggesting that these glycoforms are removed by immune cells or scavenger receptors recognizing immature uncapped glycans. This is in agreement with Varki ...
An estimate of the relative abundance of the various O-glycans was determined from nanoLC-ESI-IT-MS analysis of trypsin-generated (glyco)peptides. It should be noted that because the signal of the monosialylated O-glycopeptide in triply charged state overlapped with the doubly charged peak of the hinge repeat peptide with a putative acetylation modification in all samples, only the doubly charged signal of the monosialylated O-glycopeptide was quantified, thereby leading to an underestimation of this O-glycoform. Furthermore, it is known that glycopeptides with different glycan structures can have different response factors (35), and thus the relative abundances we measured may not accurately reflect the real ratios. In order to obtain a more reliable estimate of the percentage of the hinge repeat motif bearing an O-glycan, tryptic IgG peptides were incubated with exoglycosidases, trimming all O-glycans down to a single N-acetylhexosamine. A previous study of quantitative measurements of a ...
View Notes - 351 C4 Smith key from CHEM 351 at BYU. Chemistry 351 Fall 2008 Chapter 4 1. Assign the IUPAC name to the following structures. 0k 1,: _Jhfigg~mefi%fimfilm c, 2&4
Mgat4c (untagged) - Mouse mannosyl (alpha-1,3-)-glycoprotein beta-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase, isozyme C (putative) (Mgat4c), transcript variant 1, (10ug), 10 µg.
IN STOCK 13C labeled di-sialylated, galactosylated biantennary N-Glycan labeled with 2 13C atoms per GlcNAc, for use as a quantitative standard in applications
Kilpatrick, D.C. Pusztai, A., Grant, G., Graham, C. and Ewen, S.W (1985) Tomato Lectin Resists Digestion in the Mammalian Alimentary Canal and Binds to Intestinal Villi without Deleterious Effects. FEBS Letters, 185, 299-305.
EMDEX® is a directly compressible, water-soluble tablet binder and filler. Its unique composition of 95% glucose monohydrate and different oligosaccharides derived from starch is monographed under
Shop Oligosaccharide 4-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Oligosaccharide 4-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
Human Anti-Meningococcal Group A Oligosaccharides IgG negative control serum Serum Controls 600-801-ANC Human Anti-Meningococcal Group A Oligosaccharides IgG negative control serum Serum Controls 600-801-ANC
Background Beta-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase that plays a key role in the synthesis of lacto- or neolacto-series carbohydrate chains on glycolipids, notably by participating in biosynthesis of HNK-1 and Lewis X...
Cells All organisms are made of cells. The cell is the smallest unit of living material having major structures within it allowing it to live. Some kinds of organisms are just one cell. This single cell is the organisms entire body. Many organisms are made of more than one cell.
19 janvier 2012. P,The Taleghan fault (TF) is a major active fault of the Central Alborz mountain range in Iran. Located 50 km northwestwards of Tehran, this 80-km-long fault represents one of the major structures threatening 15 million people living in the capital of Iran and the surrounding cities (e.g. (...). Lire la suite. ...
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undecaprenyl phosphate-α-L-Ara4N: 4-amino-4-deoxy-β-L-arabinosyltransferase (EC 2.4.2.43); dodecaprenyl phosphate-β-galacturonic acid: lipopolysaccharide core α-galacturonosyl transferase (EC 2.4.1.- ...
undecaprenyl phosphate-α-L-Ara4N: 4-amino-4-deoxy-β-L-arabinosyltransferase (EC 2.4.2.43); dodecaprenyl phosphate-β-galacturonic acid: lipopolysaccharide core α-galacturonosyl transferase (EC 2.4.1.- ...
For an organism to develop and function, the individual cells must exchange information, or communicate, with each other. Is it possible to learn their language and
Methods to allow the clean preparation of oligosaccharides were investigated using techniques that do not require conventional column chromatography or an aqueous work-up. The route was designed to provide rapid access to oligosaccharides and is suit
In this 3 volume collection focusing on glycomics, readers will appreciate how such discoveries were made and how such methods can be applied for readers...
In previous studies, we have shown that the highly sialylated renal anti-adhesin Podocalyxin (PC) is expressed in the developing brain [13], [14 ...
We explain Disaccharides with video tutorials and quizzes, using our Many Ways(TM) approach from multiple teachers.|p| This lesson will introduce disaccharides, including an overview of their structure, and providing multiple examples.|/p|
List of words make out of Monosaccharides. All anagrams of Monosaccharides. Words made after unscrambling Monosaccharides. Scrabble Points.
A recent study by the Pioneer Institute confirms what most parents and educators already knew: Common Core is the leading killer of education achievement and innovation weve seen in decades.
Does anyone know any good links to a site with a detailed drawing/photograph/diagram of a eukaryotic cells as seen under and electron microscope with the following structures ...
Awesome Online Ambien Deals! ||| ORDER NOW ||| . . . . . . Each ambien tablet includes the following structure: ambien cr? Ambien (…
ST3GAL2兔多克隆抗体(ab96028)可与人样本反应并经WB实验严格验证,被1篇文献引用。中国75%以上现货,所有产品均提供质保服务,可通过电话、电邮或微信获得本地专属技术支持。
Bratislava 15. mája (TASR) - Slovenská koruna sa dnes pohybovala v pásme 33,515/33,685 SKK/EUR. Menší ako očakávaný rast hrubého domáceho produktu (HDP) ...
Bovine prothrombin contains three asparagine-linked sugar chains in 1 molecule. The sugar chains were quantitatively released from the polypeptide backbone by hydrazinolysis. All of the oligosaccharides thus obtained contain N-acetylneuraminic acid.
Oligosaccharides and polysaccharides are an important class of polymeric carbohydrates found in virtually all living entities. Their structural features make their nomenclature challenging and their roles in living systems make their nomenclature important. Oligosaccharides are carbohydrates that are composed of several monosaccharide residues joined through glycosidic linkage, which can be hydrolyzed by enzymes or acid to give the constituent monosaccharide units. While a strict definition of an oligosaccharide is not established, it is generally agreed that a carbohydrate consisting of two to ten monosaccharide residues with a defined structure is an oligosaccharide. Some oligosaccharides, for example maltose, sucrose, and lactose, were trivially named before their chemical constitution was determined, and these names are still used today. Maltose Sucrose Lactose Trivial names, however, are not useful for most other oligosaccharides and, as such, systematic rules for the nomenclature of ...
The heparin hexasaccharide MS standard 6 has been purified as one defined sequence and structure. It is not a mix of oligosaccharides. It is a heparin hexasaccharide with six sulfates attached to a repeating structure of α(1-4) linked Uronic Acid (UA) β(1-4) linked to N-Acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) or N-sulfylglucosamine (GlcNS). The exact structure of the heparin hexasaccharide MS standard 6 is ∆UA2S - GlcNS6S -UA- GlcNAc6S-IdoA - GlcNS6S. The uronic acid residue may be either glucuronic or iduronic acid. It has an exact mass of 1533.05 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Structural characterization of multibranched oligosaccharides from seal milk by a combination of off-line high-performance liquid chromatography-matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry and sequential exoglycosidase digestion. AU - Kinoshita, Mitsuhiro. AU - Ohta, Hiroko. AU - Higaki, Kanata. AU - Kojima, Yoko. AU - Urashima, Tadasu. AU - Nakajima, Kazuki. AU - Suzuki, Minoru. AU - Kovacs, Kit M.. AU - Lydersen, Christian. AU - Hayakawa, Takao. AU - Kakehi, Kazuaki. PY - 2009/5/15. Y1 - 2009/5/15. N2 - A complex mixture of diverse oligosaccharides related to the carbohydrates in glycoconjugates involved in various biological events is found in animal milk/colostrum and has been challenging targets for separation and structural studies. In the current study, we isolated oligosaccharides having high molecular masses (MW ∼ 3800) from the milk samples of bearded and hooded seals and analyzed their structures by off-line ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Isolation and identification of a choline-linked mannobiose in the glycoproteins of fusarium sp. M7-1. AU - Iwahara, Shojiro. AU - Suemori, Nahoko. AU - Takegawa, Kaoru. PY - 1996/1/1. Y1 - 1996/1/1. N2 - An unidentified oligosaccharide was isolated from an oligomer mixture derived by alkaline borohydride treatment from glycoproteins of Fusarium sp. M7-1. The isolated compound was identified as O-α-d-Mannopyranosyl (1 → 2)-d-Mannitol-6-phosphocholine by NMR and Ms spectrometry.. AB - An unidentified oligosaccharide was isolated from an oligomer mixture derived by alkaline borohydride treatment from glycoproteins of Fusarium sp. M7-1. The isolated compound was identified as O-α-d-Mannopyranosyl (1 → 2)-d-Mannitol-6-phosphocholine by NMR and Ms spectrometry.. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030073020&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030073020&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1271/bbb.60.349. DO - 10.1271/bbb.60.349. M3 - ...
Oligosaccharides and polysaccharides are composed of longer chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic bonds. The distinction between the two is based upon the number of monosaccharide units present in the chain. Oligosaccharides typically contain between three and ten monosaccharide units, and polysaccharides contain greater than ten monosaccharide units. Definitions of how large a carbohydrate must be to fall into each category vary according to personal opinion. Examples of oligosaccharides include the disaccharides mentioned above, the trisaccharide raffinose and the tetrasaccharide stachyose.. Oligosaccharides are found as a common form of protein posttranslational modification. Such posttranslational modifications include the Lewis and ABO oligosaccharides responsible for blood group classifications and so of tissue incompatibilities, the alpha-Gal epitope responsible for hyperacute rejection in xenotransplantation, and O-GlcNAc modifications.. Polysaccharides represent an ...
Permeabilization of the plasma membrane of HepG2 cells subsequent to pulse-chase incubations has enabled us to evaluate the hypothesis that cytosolic-free oligosaccharides are sequestered into and degraded by lysosomes. Short chase incubations revealed that free oligosaccharides rapidly appear in the cytosol at a time during which there is a loss of these components from the MBCs (Fig. 1, A and B). This observation can be accounted for by the previously observed rapid translocation of large, free polymannose-type oligosaccharides out of the ER into the cytosol (Moore et al., 1995). At present it is unclear whether this ER-to-cytosol transport of free oligosaccharides is the sole mechanism responsible for the appearance of free oligosaccharides in the cytosol. Recently, it has been proposed that newly synthesized glycoproteins may be translocated out of the ER and degraded in this compartment (Wiertz et al., 1996) by the actions of a cytosolic N-glycanase (Kitajima et al., 1995; Suzuki et al., ...
IVKOVC, M. et al. Effects of a novel carbohydrate fraction on broiler performance and intestinal function. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.2, pp.131-138. ISSN 2221-4062.. This study was performed to determine the effects of a natural yeast-based feed ingredient (natural carbohydrate fraction (NCF) isolated from a specific strain of yeast) on broiler chickens, and to examine its mode of action. The trial was set up as a complete randomized design with three treatments and eight replicates (38 Ross 308 chickens per pen). Two levels of NCF, 0.2 g/kg and 0.4 g/kg, were compared to a negative control. The NCF addition increased body weight during the initial period, but this benefit was lost towards the end of the trial. Feed conversion ratio was improved significantly with 0.4 g NCF/kg (1.79 compared with 1.83 in control group). Mortality was numerically lower in the groups receiving NCF. Significant effects on caecal bacterial population were not found. Intestine length and weight ...
Carbohydrates constitute one of the three major classes of biomolecules found in all living cells and, unlike nucleic acids and proteins, their polymeric structures are not based on a template. The structural diversity of these molecules confers them an enormous capacity to encode information in biological systems, acting as efficient mediators in the interaction of the cell with the environment. In order to understand the roles of glycans in biological processes it is of key importance to have a detailed understanding of their structures and conformational preferences, and NMR spectroscopy is one of most powerful techniques for the study of these molecules in solution.. This thesis is focused on the structural and conformational analysis of lipopolysaccharides from Gram-negative bacteria. In the first two projects (Chapter 2 and 3) the structural analyses of the biological repeating units of the O-antigen polysaccharides from E. coli O174ab and O115 are described; in both cases a combination of ...
Asparagine-linked sugar chains of glycoproteins in calf thymocyte plasma membrane. Isolation and fractionation of oligosaccharides liberated by hydrazinolysis.:Isolation and Fractionation of Oligosaccharides Liberated by Hydrazinolysis (1980 ...
Glycan microarrays, carrying hundreds of different sugars on chip surfaces, have become a standard tool for the study of interactions of biomolecules with carbohydrates. The chip-based format offers important advantages, including the ability to screen in parallel several thousand binding events on a single slide, the minimal amount of sample required for one experiment, and the multivalent display of sugars on the chip that mimics the presentation of carbohydrates in nature. This chapter presents recent advances and future challenges in glycan microarray technology. We describe different immobilization and detection methods as well as applications in glycomics, drug discovery, and biomedicine ...
Various biological effects have been reported for sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides, but the molecular mechanisms of action of their anti-inflammatory effects are still unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides and to elucidate the possible mechanisms of action. The results showed that pretreated low molecular weight sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides inhibited the production of nitric oxide (NO) and inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF-α in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW264.7 cells. The sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides also suppressed inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), phosphorylation of JNK and translocation of p65, a subunit of NF-κB, into the nucleus by inhibiting degradation of IκB-α. Our investigation suggests sulfated chitosan oligosaccharides inhibit IL-6/TNF-α in LPS-induced macrophages, regulated by mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) pathways dependent on NF-κB activation.
In the few years since the beginning of glycomics in 21th century, many achievements have been made in the study of glycomics, especially in the discovery of sugar genes and the elucidation of the new structure of sugar chain. Although glycomics research has made remarkable achievements in these fields, there are many unknown intermediate links between sugar genes and sugar chains, sugar chains and glycan binding proteins, and there is a general lack of detailed research on the relationship between structure and function.. These fields are not only related to the progress of glycomics itself, but also directly related to the progress of proteome planning, so it has become a major bottleneck in the development of life science.. The advancement of analytical techniques has always been a direct driving force in the development of glycomics. It is the rapid development and wide application of modern instrument analysis technology that lead to the overall prosperity of glycomics research, and inject ...
Our group is interested in chemical glycobiology.. Total synthesis is combined with an enzymatic approach to prepare complex carbohydrates, glycopeptides and semi-synthetic glycoproteins. By using synthetic molecules structural details in protein-carbohydrate interactions are explored, which are relevant in infections, inflammation, cancer and aging. In addition to understand disease mechanisms, an ultimate aim in our projects is to develop glycomimetic inhibitors to block specific protein-carbohydrate interactions for instance to address the current problems with antimicrobial resistance in airway disease infections. We further apply synthetic glycopeptides and semi-synthetic glycoproteins to develop glycoproteomic tools for improved enrichment and characterization of glycan structural isomers of glycoproteins and for studies of new PTMs. Small differences in carbohydrate structure has an enormous impact on biological function, for instance in turning on or off an inflammatory pathway and makes ...
Anthraquinone-lectin hybrids were effectively synthesized using water-soluble anthraquinone derivative with concanavalin A (ConA) and hygrophorus russula lectin (HRL) to give anthraquinone-ConA () and anthraquinone-HRL (17) hybrids, respectively. These anthraquinone-lectin hybrids effectively and selectively degraded oligosaccharides containing a mannose residue as a non-reducing terminal sugar, which has affinity for ConA and HRL, under photo-irradiation with long-wavelength UV light without additives and under neutral conditions. In addition, anthraquinone-HRL (17) selectively photo-degraded only Man(α1,6)Man, which has a high affinity for HRL, among several mannosides by recognition of both the type and glycosidic linkage profile of the sugar in an oligosaccharide. ...
The tumor marker CA242 is defined by the monoclonal antibody C242. The chemical structure of the antigenic determinant is not exactly known, but the determinant have been shown to be a sialylated carbohydrate structure. In serum, CA242 is found on the same mucin-complex as CA50 and sialylated Lewisa (CA19-9). Thus, CA242 is related, but not identical to the epitope of CA19-9 (1, 2). Serum levels of CA242 are low in healthy subjects and subjects with benign diseases, while elevated levels are commonly found in serum from patients with gastro-intestinal cancer (3). The CA242 marker may be used as an aid in the diagnosis and management of patients with known or suspected gastro-intestinal carcinomas (4-9). The CanAg CA242 EIA should not be used as a substitute for any established clinical examination of malignancy, but may be used as a complement to existing clinical and laboratory methods. ...
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POLYSACCHARIDE STRUCTURE. References. Tombs, M .P. & Harding, S.E., An Introduction to Pol ysaccharide Biotechnology, Taylor & Francis, London, 1997 D.A. Rees, Polysaccharide Shapes, Chapman & Hall, 1977 Slideshow 198522 by johana
With the implementation of GlyTouCan the mission of GlycomeDB comes to an end. GlyTouCan is the international glycan structure repository. This repository is a freely available, uncurated registry for glycan structures that assigns globally unique accession numbers to any glycan. All glycan structures and associates information (cross references and taxon annotation) have been migrated to GlyTouCan and are available in this database in addition many more structures. GlyTouCan allows individual researchers to register their own structures and associate these structures with papers. GlyTouCan is supported by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science & Technology and has been developed by researchers at the Soka University and the Complex Carbohydrate Research Center. Please use GlyTouCan and the unique glycan accession numbers for your work and help us to make GlyTouCan a comprehensive namespace for glycan structures. In case of questions or comments please contact Rene ...
With the implementation of GlyTouCan the mission of GlycomeDB comes to an end. GlyTouCan is the international glycan structure repository. This repository is a freely available, uncurated registry for glycan structures that assigns globally unique accession numbers to any glycan. All glycan structures and associates information (cross references and taxon annotation) have been migrated to GlyTouCan and are available in this database in addition many more structures. GlyTouCan allows individual researchers to register their own structures and associate these structures with papers. GlyTouCan is supported by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science & Technology and has been developed by researchers at the Soka University and the Complex Carbohydrate Research Center. Please use GlyTouCan and the unique glycan accession numbers for your work and help us to make GlyTouCan a comprehensive namespace for glycan structures. In case of questions or comments please contact Rene ...
The objective of this investigation was primarily to establish that the apparent increase in serum fucose levels in patients with malignant tumors is real and to obtain data as to its source. Carbohydrate residues (L-fucose, D-mannose, D-galactose) were estimated by borate ion-exchange chromatography after mild acid hydrolysis of serum proteins. Data are presented which confirm reported increases in levels of serum fucose in certain malignancies and indicate that these increases may be attributed to quantitative alterations in specific serum glycoproteins observed in the glycoprotein profile associated with cancer. Values for serum fucose levels in pathological and nonpathological sera obtained by various analytical methods are presented and discussed. (Author)
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the glucuronyltransferase gene family, enzymes that exhibit strict acceptor specificity, recognizing nonreducing terminal sugars and their anomeric linkages. This gene product catalyzes the formation of the glycosaminoglycan-protein linkage by way of a glucuronyl transfer reaction in the final step of the biosynthesis of the linkage region of proteoglycans. A pseudogene of this gene has been identified on chromosome 3. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013 ...
An ideal way for the analysis of amylase by PGC chromatography. differ, for instance, with the existence/lack of fucose, galactose, or even a bisecting GlcNAc, as well as the deviations could be bigger, but modification with elements for the particular nearest neighbor will produce reasonably great approximations of accurate values (Desk ?(Desk2).2). Huge differences in retention period and solvent structure might decrease the gain in correction hence. For example, the acetonitrile articles changes by one factor of just one 1.25 through the Rabbit Polyclonal to OR10A5 elution from the trisialoglycans (Fig.?2) and therefore can lead to deviations that, however, appear little weighed against the huge first mistake. Fig. 2 PGC-LC splitting up of triantennary, trisialylated symbolize 13C atoms within the chemical substance formulas. galactose, galactose 1-phosphate, blood sugar GnGn (i.electronic., a desialylated and degalactosylated diantennary N-glycan) was incubated with UDP-13 C 6-galactose and ...
Sugar moieties on the cell surface play one of the most important roles in cellular recognition. In order to elucidate the molecular mechanism of these cellular phenomena, assessment of the structure...
Description: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycoproteins, any protein that contains covalently bound glycose (i.e. monosaccharide) residues; the glycose occurs most commonly as oligosaccharide or fairly small polysaccharide but occasionally as monosaccharide.. ...
Highly glycosylated, polymeric, secreted mucins such asMUC2 serve to coat and protect the gastrointestinal, reproductive, and respiratory tracts. Given their role in protection, large size, and the complex processes required for their biosynthesis, it is not surprising that alterations in mucins, and their levels of expression, are associated with several diseases. In certain cancers, mucin oligosaccharides are altered in several ways, including a reduction in number, shortening, the exposure of normally cryptic inner chain residues, and the expression of novel carbohydrate structures (21, 23). The levels and types of mucins expressed are altered in cancers as well. For example, human cancers, especially colon cancers, differ widely in the levels ofMUC2 they express (18). Most colon cancers express only low levels ofMUC2 compared with normal colon, but a class known as mucinous colon cancers expresses high levels ofMUC2, suggesting that they follow a different mutational pathway to malignancy ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Christina P Wang, Vincent C Hascall, Fuming Zhang, Robert J Linhardt, Amina Abbadi, Aimin Wang].
Oligosaccharides and polysaccharides are both complex carbohydrates. Their building blocks are the dietary monosaccharides glucose, fructose and galactose,...
I have done LPS extraction using the hot phenol-water method which was originally decribed by Westphal, O. & Jann, K. (1965) Bacterial lipopolysaccharides: extraction with phenol-water and further applications of the procedure. Methods Carbohydr Chem 5: 83-91. I used a modification of it to extract Neisseria gonorrhoeae LPS (Mol Microbiol 2001 42: 167) which worked pretty well. If you need a more detailed protocol I could send you that ...
Aoki-Kinoshita K, Agravat S, Aoki NP, Arpinar S, Cummings RD, Fujita A, Fujita N, Hart GM, Haslam SM, Kawasaki T, et al. GlyTouCan 1.0--The international glycan structure repository. Nucleic Acids Res. 2016;44 (D1) :D1237-42.
A tetrasaccharide is a carbohydrate which gives upon hydrolysis four molecules of the same or different monosaccharides. For example, stachyose upon hydrolysis gives one molecule each of glucose and fructose and two molecules of galactose. The general formula of a tetrasaccharide is typically C24H42O21 ...
USP,Chitosan oligosaccharide,148411-57-8,US $ 1 - 99 / Kilogram, 148411-57-8, Chitosan oligosaccharide, (C12H24N2O9)n.Source from Baoji Guokang Bio-Technology Co., Ltd. on Alibaba.com.
A rare CaCO3 modification that is metastable below approx. 400°C. May be stabilised by sulphate (Fernández-Díaz et al., 2010). Vaterite is actually composed of at least two different crystallographic structures that coexist within a pseudo-single crystal. The major structure exhibits hexagonal symmetry; the minor structure, existing as nanodomains within the major matrix, is still unknown (Kabalah-Amitai et al., 2013). The structure is disordered in terms of (1) different orientations of the carbonate groups, (2) different stacking sequences of the carbonate-comprising layers, and (3) possible chiral forms (Demichelis et al., 2013). The OD character leads to polytypism; the OD layer comprises Ca coordination polyhedra and halves of the carbonate groups, and the group symmetry of the layer is C2/m; the known stacking sequences include: P6122, P6522, C2/c, C2/c2/m21/m
Enzymatic Protein Deglycosylation Kit: The E-DEGLY Kit contains all the enzymes and reagents needed to completely remove all N-linked and simple O-linked carbohydrates from glycoproteins, as well as cleave complex core O-linked carbohydrates including those containing polylactosamine.