Colletoecema magna, a new species from the Ngovayang Massif (southern Cameroon) is described and illustrated. A comparative morphological study illustrates the similar placentation and fruit anatomy of the novelty and Colletoecema dewevrei, the only other species of the genus. Colletoecema magna essentially differs from C. dewevrei by its sessile flowers and fruits, the corolla tube that is densely hairy above the insertion point of the stamens and the anthers that are included. Further characters that separate the novelty are its larger leaves, more condensed inflorescences, and larger fruits. Its position within Colletoecema is corroborated by atpB-rbcL and rbcL chloroplast sequences. The relationships among the basal lineages of the subfamily Rubioideae, to which Colletoecema belongs, are briefly addressed. Based on Our present knowledge, a paleotropical or tropical African origin of the Rubioideae is hypothesized ...
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Weather in Yaounde, Cameroon : 5 day Forecast, Temperature, humidity, rain , sun forecast for Yaounde. Monthly average weather in Yaounde through out the year. Weather widget for Yaounde, and community of people linking to Yaounde.
West-Central Africa is an epicenter of the HIV pandemic; endemic to Cameroon are HIV-1 viruses belonging to all (sub)subtypes and numerous Circulating Recombinant Forms (CRFs). The rural villages of Cameroon harbor many strains of HIV-1, though these areas are not as well monitored as the urban centers. In the present study, 82 specimens obtained in 2000 and 2001 from subjects living in the rural villages of the South and West Regions of Cameroon were subtyped in gag, pol, and env and compared to 90 specimens obtained in 2006-2008 in the same regions, in order to analyze HIV-1 evolution in these rural areas. It was found that in the South Region, the proportion of unique recombinant forms (URFs) remained constant (~40%), while the amount of URFs containing fragments of a CRF increased by 25%. (Sub)subtypes A1, F2, H, and K, and CRF09_cpx, identified in 2000 and 2001, were replaced by CRFs 01_AE, 13_cpx, 14_BG, and 18_cpx in 2006-2008. In the West Region, (sub)subtypes A2, C, G, and H, and CRFs 01_AE and
HIV-1 CRF02_AG accounts for |50% of infected individuals in Cameroon. CRF02_AG prevalence has been increasing both in Africa and Europe, particularly in Italy because of migrations from the sub-Saharan region. This study investigated the molecular epidemiology of CRF02_AG in Cameroon by employing Bayesian phylodynamics and analyzed the relationship between HIV-1 CRF02_AG isolates circulating in Italy and those prevalent in Africa to understand the link between the two epidemics. Among 291 Cameroonian reverse transcriptase sequences analyzed, about 70% clustered within three distinct clades, two of which shared a most recent common ancestor, all related to sequences from Western Africa. The major Cameroonian clades emerged during the mid-1970s and slowly spread during the next 30 years. Little or no geographic structure was detected within these clades. One of the major driving forces of the epidemic was likely the high accessibility between locations in Southern Cameroon contributing to the mobility of
The 27-year old Djoum has already accomplished 18 appearances and is a major player for the Tynecastle men.. It is also possible that he would be out for the Old Firm trials after being recruited to the African Cup of Nations team of Cameroon.. Consequently, Djoum is determined to let go of a large chunk of both the January and February games after being picked as Cameroons first 35-man squad for Cup of Nations in Gabon.. He just made early this year his international first appearance with Cameroon in a qualifying victory over Gambia - he had played previously for Belgium Under 21s.. Djoum having impressed Hugo Broos, the boss of Indomitable Lions resulted to his inclusion in the squad.. Apparently, Hearts is in a worse situation as Faycal Rherras, his team mate, is set to play with Morocco in the Cup.. Cameroon, who won the Cup in 2002, is one of the favourites for the tournament which starts on January 14.. If Cameroon passes the qualifying round, Djoum will miss the Scottish Cup at Raith ...
Cameroon casinos, cruise ships, horsetracks and dogtracks - the complete gambling landscape of Cameroon. Includes Cameroon casino details, gambling news and tweets in Cameroon, area maps, Cameroon entertainment, coupons offers...
It seems as though Cameroon has a growing ecotourism industry. One of the groups helping to build popularity is the Mount Cameroon Inter Communal Eco Tourism Board. The focus of this group is grow sustainable tourism in the Mount Cameroon area. They believe that by promoting this tourism, a more sustainable lifestyle will be available to those living in the Mount Cameroon area. They offer guided hikes to the summit of the mountain as well as community activities guided by locals.. ...
This notwithstanding, the Ministry of Public Health has been committed to completely eradicating the infection thanks to a UN funding that ends in 2020.. Another vaccination campaign has been launched this 24th October 2017, the International Day against Polio.. The day is being celebrated under the theme: End polio now.. The President of the National Committee of Polio experts Professor Tetanye Ekoe saluted Cameroons determination to end polio.. He said the Ministry of Health had maintain fruitful partnership with International Organizations that supply vaccines.. The vaccination campaign not only targets Cameroonian children but extends to children of Nigerian refugees residing in Cameroon.. The community is being invited to reinforce the fight against Polio for efficient result before 2020 target year.. Even though Cameroon is rated a non polio exporting country, health experts have emphasised the need to reinforce the campaign because 8% of children in the country are still ...
The study compares the impact due to rice stem borers in two sites (Yaoundé and Ntui). It also shows the diversity of the African Rice Gall Midge (AfRGM) biotypes in southern Cameroon (Santchou, Ndop, Tonga, Ebolowa, Ba?gom, Yaoundé and Ntui). The New Rice for Africa (NERICA) varieties 3, 8, 9 and 13 sown in Ntui were less attacked than those sown in Yaoundé. At both sites, damages ranged from 0.78% to 2.7%. In terms of diversity, the main stem-borer species were O. oryzivora, Diopsis apicalis, D. longiconis and Chilo zacconius. Molecular analyses of Orseolia oryzivora larvae collected in the localities of Santchou, Ndop, Tonga, Ebolowa, Ba?gom and Yaoundé showed the existence of more than one O. oryzivora biotype in southern Cameroons rice basins.
A retrospective study was carried out at Douala General Hospital, Cameroon, between July 2007 and July 2011, to determine the prevalence of HIV infection among the pulmonary tuberculosis (pTB) patients and to compare epidemiological profiles with respect to TB/HIV co-infection. The cases of all patients aged 15 years and above and diagnosed with pTB during the study period were reviewed. Sociodemographic data, sputum examination for acid-fast bacilli, previous TB-treatment status, and HIV status were recorded. The chi-square or Fishers exact tests were used to compare the proportions. The independent sample t-test was used to compare means for the quantitative data. Of the 383 pTB patients included, 56.1% were males. The mean age was 38.9 ± 13.9 years (range 15-95). The age group 25-44 years was most represented, with 55.6% of the patients, while the least represented age group was that of patients over 65 years. The mean age of the females (36.2 ± 13.6 years) was statistically lower than ...
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive uropathy can lead to irreversible kidney damage. The etiology largely determined by the patient s age can be benign or malignant. This study aimed at determining the profile and outcome of patients with obstructive uropathy in Cameroon. METHODS: A cross sectional study carried out in the urology unit of the Douala General Hospital, including patients with a diagnosis of obstructive uropathy seen from January 2004 to December 2013. Clinical profile, treatment and outcome data were obtained from patients records. RESULTS: Of the 229 patients included 69% were men, mean age 50 18 years. Associated comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes, and HIV. Mean haemoglobin 8,40 2,4g/dl, mean GFR 10,3 10ml/min and 94 (41%) patients needed emergency dialysis. Symptoms at presentation: asthenia (57%), anorexia (55%), loin pain (37%), vomiting (28%), oedema (20%), oliguria (33%), and anuria(15%). Urinary tract infection was present in 33 (15%) patients. Main aetiologies of obstruction:
The people settled around the proposed site for construction of the deep water Kribi port in Cameroon will receive a compensation valued at 24 billion FCFA (50 million U. S. dollars), according to the authorities. Project director Louis Nlend Banack on Wednesday announced that 3 billion FCFA was available to compensate the inhabitants of the first construction site. He said the commencement of the process to pay the concerned citizens will start once President Paul Biya gives it a legal backing after signing a decree. The Kribi deep water port in southern Cameroon will be constructed on a 26,000 acres piece of land. It will have an industrial complex with four terminals as well as a mineral wharf for exporting iron.. According to the construction timetable, the general excavation works are expected to begin in December. ...
Shigellosis is an acute invasive enteric infection caused by bacteria belonging to the genus Shigella; it is clinically manifested by bloody diarrhoea. Shigellosis is endemic in many developing countries including Cameroon and also occurs in epidemics causing considerable morbidity and mortality. This study evaluated the epidemiological and clinical features of Shigella and the resistance pattern of isolates to commonly used antibiotics in the Buea Health District in Cameroon, from April to August, 2010. Of the 223 stool samples cultured, 10 (4.5%) yielded Shigella species. Isolation rate was observed to be more in children below 15 years (7.89%), and also higher in rural areas (6.35%). All 10 isolates showed resistance to at least two antibiotics and 9 (90%) were multi-drug resistant. The highest resistance rates were encountered with cotrimoxazole (90%) and amoxicillin (80%). Least resistance was observed with azithromycin (10%). Shigellosis is more prevalent in children below 15 years in the Buea
Flooding in Cameroons Far North Region has killed nearly 30 people and affected more than 26,000 others, officials said Monday.
[ Map Of Cameroon ] - Political Map Of Equatorial Guinea Nations Online Project,Science Break Africa U0027s Deadly Lakes May 2009 Cseg Recorder Online,Cameroon
We are in need as well of means of transport (like used cars or motocycles) to reach rural areas.. Thanks to the Humane Society International, Worldwide Veterinary Service (WVS) and Animals Welfare Institute (AWI), they all help supporting the project.. If you cant make a donation but you want to give your contribute, you can volunteer with OIPA Cameroon in various ways. http://www.oipa.org/international/volunteering-oipacameroon/. If you want to help the stray dogs in Cameroon and OIPA volunteers donate here:. Causal: OIPA CAMEROON. [cs_services cs_service_type=modern cs_service_icon_type=icon icon=Choose Icon service_bg_imagegmn50yvrbJ=Browse service_icon_size=fa-2x cs_service_bg_color=#c7e2e2″ cs_service_postion_modern=top-left cs_service_postion_classic=left cs_service_title=CONTRIBUTE NOW] ...
The objectives of this study were to detect and determine the different genotypes of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) found in high-grade squamous preinvasive lesions of the uterine cervix of Cameroonian women. HPV genotyping was conducted on 37 endocervical secretions of women with high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions. HPV was found in 31 of the 37 women (83.8%); 9 different HPV genotypes were identified. The genotypes with high oncogenic potential were found in decreasing order of frequency as follows: 16, 18, 45, 33, 35 and 68. The frequency of strains found per patient ranged from 1 to 3. Genotypes 16 and 18 were single in 17 out of 31 patients. They were associated with other HPV genotypes in 4 out of 31 patients. In this study genotypes 16 and 18 are the most frequent genotypes encountered in high grade squamous preinvasive cervical lesions in Yaounde. This finding, if confirmed on a larger sample, portrays the potential effectiveness of HPV vaccines in the Cameroonian population as a preventive
This paper presents a hydrogeochemical modeling code HYDROS, which combines the multi-component transport model with equilibrium speciation module MINTEQA2. The processes of adsorption, aqueous speciation and mineral precipitation/dissolution are represented in the model. The numerical model uses a sequential iterative approach for solving the solute transport and the equilibrium geochemistry modules. Further the transport part is solved using an operator split approach wherein a finite volume method is used for solving the advective equations while a classical finite difference method is employed for solving the dispersive equations. The model performance is evaluated by comparing it with MINTOX for a literature problem. HYDROS is then applied to the case study of the transfer of transition metals with organic colloids in the swamp groundwater system of the experimental Nsimi watershed, representative of the humid tropical ecosystem of the South Cameroon Plateau. Field observations at the site swamp
Chimpanzees are great apes and one of our closest living relatives. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many chimpanzees in its scientific collections. This specimen, USNM 176237 ( http://collections.mnh.si.edu/search/mammals/?irn=7261539 ), is a chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes ) from Southern Cameroon. It was collected by Karl A. Haberer.
Chimpanzees are great apes and one of our closest living relatives. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many chimpanzees in its scientific collections. This specimen, USNM 176244 ( http://collections.mnh.si.edu/search/mammals/?irn=7261546 ), is a chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes ) from Southern Cameroon. It was collected by Karl A. Haberer.
I have never worked in Cameroon, but I spent a couple of months there in 2006. Douala and Yaounde are both typical African cities: There is poverty and wealth, there is street crime, there is prostitution, there are good people and there are bad; exercise caution at night on the streets. Africa is not a cheap place to travel, and is not necessarily a cheap place to live either, though it depends on how you live. Food can be bought cheaply in markets; restaurants are not cheap. Internet connections tend to be the shits, though this might improve shortly as a cable is in the process of being laid around Africa that should improve things immensely. Telephone calls are expensive, and air travel between African countries is expensive. There are some fine beaches in Cameroon. They cut their forest down at an alarming rate, though there is still fine forest to be found. French is commonly spoken among those who are educated, and English is spoken best by the educated in the French parts of the country; ...
Government figures show a cholera outbreak has killed at least 200 people in Cameroon and 40 people in neighboring Nigeria.A Nigerian official said Thursday that at least 100 people have been infected in the northern Borno state where the outbreak surfaced last week.Just across the border in northern Cameroon, officials say nearly 2,300 people have now been infected with the deadly water-borne disease since it was first detected in early May.Health officials have been deployed to the area and investigations into the outbreaks are underway.Cholera is common during the rainy season and is
Via Reuters: Ebola distracts from worsening Cameroon cholera outbreak | World. Excerpt: A cholera epidemic in northern Cameroon has killed at least 65 people and probably infected about 1,300 people in two months, as international attention has been diverted to...
While influenza surveillance has increased in most developing countries in the last few years, little influenza surveillance has been carried out in sub-Saharan Africa and no information is available in Central Africa. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of influenza viruses circulating in Yaounde, Cameroon and determine their antigenic and genetic characteristics. Throat and/or nasal swabs were collected from November 2007 to October 2008 from outpatients with influenza-like illness (ILI) in Yaounde, Cameroon and analyzed by two different techniques: a one-step real time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and virus isolation in MDCK cells. Typing and subtyping of virus isolates was performed by hemagglutination inhibition (HI), and viruses were sent to the WHO Collaborating Centre in London, UK for further characterization and analyses of antiviral resistance by enzyme inhibition assay and nucleotide sequencing. A total of 238 patients with ILI were sampled.
WFP is supporting the Government of Cameroon with relief assistance. In June, we launched the first part of the general food distribution, targeting more than 200,000 people directly affected by crop failure and livestock losses and who are in need immediate food assistance, said Jacques Roy, WFP Country Director of Cameroon. Maize, peas, fortified oil and salt are being provided.. The Far North region is repeatedly exposed to weather-related shocks, most recently floods in 2010 and droughts in 2009 and 2011. At the end of last year, the Government of Cameroon declared an emergency situation in the region due to a significant drop in cereal production following poor rainfall.. The ongoing lean season is aggravating malnutrition rates in a region already suffering from the cumulative effects of food insecurity, poverty and critical levels of global chronic and acute malnutrition.. In the coming months, WFP will provide targeted supplementary feeding (TSF) to treat more than 46,000 moderately ...
Socio-environmental signatures of cholera epidemics in Douala - Cameroon and community vulnerability - Medicine - Scientific Study 2012 - ebook 8.99 € - GRIN
Melanie Abongwa, a graduate assistant in biomedical sciences, collected plants in Cameroon that could lead to new treatments for river blindness. Photo courtesy of Melanie Abongwa. Larger image.. Melanie Abongwa, a graduate assistant in biomedical sciences in the ISU College of Veterinary Medicine who grew up in Cameroon, hopes that her research could help to alleviate the suffering caused by onchocerciasis, a disease sometimes called river blindness caused by parasitic worms. Theres no vaccine, nor is there an effective treatment to kill the adult worms that cause the disease. But Abongwa is studying a pair of plants native to Cameroon that rural residents have used to alleviate symptoms of the disease for years. Rural residents commonly turn to herbal remedies because of their limited access to modern medicine, but Abongwa said they have no scientific basis to claim how - or even if - the herbal treatments work.. They dont know what kind of dose theyre taking, what in the plants is making ...
AP. The nations favoured dishes are gorilla, chimpanzee or monkey because of their succulent and tender flesh.. Deep in the rainforest of south-east Cameroon, the voices of the men rang through the trees. Where are the white people? they shouted. The men, who begin to surround us, are poachers, who make their money from the illegal slaughter of gorillas and chimpanzees. They disperse but make it known that they are not keen for their activities to be reported; the trade they ply could not only wipe out critically endangered species but, scientists are now warning, could also create the next pandemic of a deadly virus in humans.. Eighty percent of the meat eaten in Cameroon is killed in the wild and is known as bushmeat. The nations favoured dishes are gorilla, chimpanzee or monkey because of their succulent and tender flesh. According to one estimate, up to 3,000 gorillas are slaughtered in southern Cameroon every year to supply an illicit but pervasive commercial demand for ape meat ...
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the most serious occupational hazards faced by healthcare workers. Surgical personnel are particularly at risk. HBV infection is preventable by vaccination, but no previous study has assessed HBV vaccination coverage among healthcare workers in Cameroon. We assessed knowledge of risk factors of HBV infection, awareness of HBV vaccine, and vaccination status of surgical residents in Cameroon. Methods A structured pretested questionnaire was administered to 49 of the 70 surgical residents in Cameroon during the 2011-2012 academic year. Results Since the beginning of their residency program, 28 (57.1%) had had at least one accidental exposure to blood, with a median of 2 (range 1 to 25) exposures. Most of them had a good knowledge of risk factors for HBV infection. Although 98.0% (n = 48) were aware of the HBV vaccine, and 89.8% (n = 44) knew that they were at high risk of infection, only 24.5% (n = 12) had received a full course of at least ...
Both Nigeria and Cameroon are battling with separatist groups, the respective governments have stressed that unity was non-negotiable. Whereas the Anglophone minority in Cameroon are protesting marginalization by the French majority which events have led to the creation of a so called Ambazonia state. Security forces continue to clampdown on their activities.. Over in Nigeria, the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) group until recently were repeatedly clashing with the military. Its leader Nnamdi Kanu is still missing for over two months now. IPOB is also an independence battle of states in Nigerias southeast ...
In 2013, the total adult literacy rate of Cameroon was estimated to be 71.3%. Among youths age 15-24 the literacy rate was 85.4% for males and 76.4% for females.[64] Most children have access to state-run schools that are cheaper than private and religious facilities.[65] The educational system is a mixture of British and French precedents[66] with most instruction in English or French.[67]. Cameroon has one of the highest school attendance rates in Africa.[65] Girls attend school less regularly than boys do because of cultural attitudes, domestic duties, early marriage, pregnancy, and sexual harassment. Although attendance rates are higher in the south,[65] a disproportionate number of teachers are stationed there, leaving northern schools chronically understaffed.[49] In 2013, the primary school enrollment rate was 93.5%.[64]. School attendance in Cameroon is also affected by child labour. Indeed, the U.S. Department of Labor Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor reported that 56% of ...
Imagine being a farmer having your livelyhood endangered by heavy. rainfalls and thunderstorms due to global warming (Habiba Gitay. 2002), when what you really need is sun to dry your maize, coffee or. cocoa harvest. Such is the case for the farmers in Cameroon. The high. moisture content in the air and the recurring rain present a real threat. to farming on the countryside. Engineers Without Borders hope to. act on that; bringing about this report - in which a possible solution. is presented; Solar Drying Systems (SDS). This report aims to give a. deeper insight in the current agricultural situation in Cameroon, the. definition of an SDS as well as the drying process of foodstuffs. For. the quantitave analysis to give an extensive response of the feasibility. of SDS in Cameroon, it has been divided into two parts:. • A realization of an analogue (not electricity powered) SDS with. cost, little previous knowledge of relevant construction, and comercial. viability as key factors. This is done ...
Exports to Cameroon in the United States decreased to 7.85 USD Million in January from 8.96 USD Million in December of 2016. Exports to Cameroon in the United States averaged 10.23 USD Million from 1988 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 110.10 USD Million in January of 2001 and a record low of 0.80 USD Million in January of 1990. This page includes a chart with historical data for the United States Exports to Cameroon.
The nature of Cameroons current Presidency is feudal. Cameroons semblance of democracy, is more accurately a liberal autocracy....Cameroons Next President: Tasks Ahead Washington D.C. March 21, 2006© Kenneth Ndeh, Correspondance Any keen observer of the politcal system in Cameroon would be concerned about what is happening in that triangle. Those involved in the occult and…
Rudolf Duala Manga Bell (Douala, 1873 - 8 agosto 1914) è stato un politico camerunese, è membro della dinastia Bell e un leader dei Duala. Succede a suo padre Auguste Manga Ndoumbe Bell nel 1908 durante il periodo coloniale tedesco in Kamerun. Muore impiccato nel 1914 con laccusa di alto tradimento. ...
The Ministries of forestry and Wild Life and the Ministry of The Environment in collaboration with other partners and NGOs are working to see into it that Cameroonians take cog naissance on how they could live in harmony with nature without destroying it. The two ministries jointly power two important schools: The National School of Waters and Forests of Cameroon and the Institute of Faune in Garoua. These schools train forest controllers, forest experts, guards, and administrators. Flavien Ngibaot is one of the Graduates from The National School of Waters and Forests of Cameroon; he is now the National Brigade Commander for forestry control operations in the Ministry of Forestry and Wild Life. He is the main man behind the fight against illegal exploitation of the Bibinga tree and the campaign against wild Life poaching in the Littoral region. Under his command, the ministry has ceased thousands of wild animals, guns and finned irrational logging companies. The Ministries also supports ...
YAOUNDE, Cameroon (AP) - Cameroon's state media says the military has killed 100 Islamic militants who traveled from Nigeria to attack a town just across the...
The generosity of St Andrews citizens has helped dramatically reduced deadly water borne diseases in an area of northern Cameroon.
The deterioration of water quality in lakes constitutes an environmental problem faced by humanity. The Nkolbisson artificial lake which is located downstream of the Abiergue and Mintotomo streams in Yaounde is under the influence of various forms of pollution, mostly resulting from human activities. There is proliferation of algae on the lake surface that consumes the available oxygen in the lake. The main objective of the current study is to evaluate the different forms of pollutants in the lake, in order to propose efficient solutions for a suitable management strategy, basing on the physico-chemical and biological analysis. The lake retains an average of 2535.49 tons/year of suspended solids in the rainy season and 1438.05 tons/year in the dry season. The range of dissolved oxygen (5.2 - 3.8 mg/l); pH (7.8 - 6.8); temperature (23.9°C - 23.1°C); electrical conductivity (266.1 - 87.3 μS/cm); turbidity (22.3 - 10 UNT); suspended solid (240 - 40 mg/l); BOD (55 - 8 mg/l); COD (76 - 87.3 mg/l).
About 8 000 Cameroonians have fled to Nigeria over the past fortnight, bringing the total Cameroonian refugee population in the neighbouring country to nearly 60 000 people.
Malaria prevalence in Cameroon is a major public health problem both at the regional and urban-rural geographic scale. In 2016, an estimated 1.6 million confirmed cases, and 18,738 cases were reported in health facilities and communities respectively, with about 8000 estimated deaths. Several studies have estimated malaria prevalence in Cameroon using the analytical techniques at the regional scale. We aimed at identifying malaria clusters and hotspots at the urban-rural geographic scale from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data for households between 2000 and 2015 using ArcGIS for intervention programs. To identify malaria hotspots and analyze the pattern of distribution, we used the optimized hotspots toolset and spatial autocorrelation respectively in ArcGIS 10.3 for desktop. We also used Pearsons Correlation analysis to identify associative environmental factors using the R-software 3.4.1. The spatial distribution of malaria showed statistically significant clustered pattern for the year
Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) cause a wide range of diseases worldwide, including respiratory infections. Studies on HAdV molecular epidemiology are limited in Cameroon. The purpose of this study is to document the different types HAdV circulating in Cameroon in children with acute respiratory infections. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 811 children under 15 years from 2011 to 2014. The HAdV detection was assessed by semi-quantitative generic PCR r-gene®. The HAdV-positive samples were typed by amplification and sequencing of partial hexon gene and a real-time PCR. Demographic data were collected and analyzed. The infection and hospitalization risk factors were assessed thought the Chi-square test. A total of 137/220 HAdV-positive samples were amplified successfully. Six species of HAdV (Mastadenovirus A to F) were detected with B (108/220) and C (47/220) being the predominant strains. Hospitalization and age were significantly associated to HAdV-B and HAdV-C respectively. Phylogenetic analysis
Cameroon Concord is a leading international online publication that covers Cameroon news, Africa with particularly interest in the Sub Saharan region....
The Cameroon Cataract Development Impact Loan, a new way of funding health care in low and middle income countries, will be used to prevent blindness through the provision of as many as 18,000 cataract surgeries in Cameroon over the next five years, by bringing together public and private investors, health donors, and eye care delivery experts. This is a type of Development Impact Bond, a results-based contract in which investors provide financing for social programs upfront, and donor organizations repay investors their principal plus a return based on realized performance in delivering social outcomes. In an environment where the need for international development funding often outstrips the resources available, these instruments offer a promising new solution for more effective, efficient financing. The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) has committed a USD $2 million loan in support of this project. OPIC, the U.S. Governments development finance institution, is one of the first ...
Campaign successes are primarily due to sustained political commitment from the government, which allowed the establishment of an innovative partnership between the Ministry of Public Health; the Ministry of Basic Education; the Ministry of Secondary Education; and the Union of Councils and Cities of Cameroon. This collaboration, together with domestic and international partners (such as Helen Keller International, Sightsavers, Perspective, International Eye Foundation, WHO and other UN agencies) has been the driving force to ensure regular deworming in Cameroon. Apart from political commitment, the conduct of a comprehensive mapping of schistosomiasis has been instrumental in the successful scale-up of treatment prevalence in 2010-2012 (the first update for 25 years!), as has the praziquantel donated by Merck through WHO for the treatment of school age children.. ...
Some days ago, when they received their July 2020 salary, some physicians and health personnel operating for Cameroon noticed that their usual
Income receipts (BoP; US dollar) in Cameroon was last measured at 167711103.80 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Income receipts refer to employee compensation paid to resident workers working abroad and investment income (receipts on direct investment, portfolio investment, other investments, and receipts on reserve assets). Income derived from the use of intangible assets is excluded from income and recorded under business services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Income receipts (BoP - US dollar) in Cameroon.
Via IRIN Africa: CAMEROON: Cholera fight goes local. Excerpt: Devolving power to local authorities is helping Cameroon step up its fight against a two-year cholera outbreak, say government and aid agency staff. In 2010 decision-making and financing on health, water...
Human Bocavirus (HBoV) was first identified in 2005 and has been shown to be a common cause of respiratory infections and gastroenteritis in children. In a recent study, we found that 10.7% of children with acute respiratory infections (ARI) were infected by HBoV. Genetic characterization of this virus remains unknown in Central Africa, particularly in Cameroon Leeding us to evaluate the molecular characteristics of HBoV strains in Cameroonian children with ARI. Phylogenetic analysis of partial HBoV VP1/2 sequences showed a low level of nucleotide variation and the circulation of HBoV genotype 1 (HBoV-1) only. Three clades were obtained, two clustering with each of the reference strains ST1 and ST2, and a third group consisting of only Cameroon strains. By comparing with the Swedish reference sequences, ST1 and ST2, Cameroon sequences showed nucleotide and amino acid similarities of respectively 97.36-100% and 98.35-100%. These results could help improve strategies for monitoring and control of
Onchocerciasis is a severe parasitic infestation which causes disabling skin and subcutaneous tissue changes. Current global estimates suggest that it accounts for 1135.7 disability adjusted life years (DALYs) per 100,000 population. The disease is endemic in many African countries including Cameroon, probably suggesting that the current health policies are inadequate to achieve eradication of the disease. We aimed to appraise the current Onchocerciasis control program in Cameroon in the context of existing literature. We carried out a MEDLINE search via PubMed to source for articles on Onchocerciasis in Cameroon. Our appraisal of the literature suggests that Onchocerciasis poses a significant health and economic burden in Cameroon. A composite of factors contribute to the challenge of containing and eradicating Onchocerciasis in Cameroon and include: continuous transmission of the disease; non-compliance to mass drug administration; inability of health care providers (HCPs) to adequately diagnose the
Cattle meat production reached 95.4 kt in 2014 in Cameroon, according to Faostat. This is 3.5 % more than in the previous year. Historically, cattle meat production in Cameroon reached an all time high of 110 kt in 2008 and an all time low of 19.9 kt in 1964. When compared to Cameroons main peers, cattle meat production in Central African Republic amounted to 96.1 kt, 98.9 kt in Chad, 1.17 kt in Gabon and 381 kt in Nigeria in 2014. Cameroon has been ranked 77th within the group of 177 countries we follow in terms of cattle meat production, 7 places behind the position seen 10 years ago. ...
Typhoid fever is a communicable disease transmitted by the bacteria Salmonella typhi, related to serotype paratyphi A, B and C. The disease is of a significant health concern in most developing countries especially Cameroon. Objectives: The study aimed at determining the prevalence and associated risk factors of typhoid fever in children ( 0-18 years) attending the “Deo Gratias” hospital in Douala. Method: A hospital base cross sectional study from August to September 2018 was carried out in patients’ age 0-18 years suffering from typhoid fever at the Deo gratias Catholic hospital. Widal slide agglutination test was the diagnostic test used. Positive tested patients were administered questionnaires to evaluate the level of knowledge, attitude and practice toward the disease, as well as their self-management abilities. Data obtained from respondents was analysed by descriptive statistics. One-way ANOVA and means comparison using Tukey’s test (α = 0.05) was performed to check
Hidden in the valleys of seemingly endless hills and volcanic peaks of Cameroon West Africa, lies a group of villages that comprise the Boyo region where BOYO Coffee was born. This is the same cultivar as Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee, just grown in Cameroon. The nutrient-rich, dark, volcanic top-soil and the ideal climatic conditions of the region create the striking characteristics of BOYO. Each year, the coffee plant blossoming coincides with the first rains, which bring additional nutrients from the upper slopes of the mountains, further nourishing the plants in this critical berry development period.. As the berries start to ripen, the dry season begins, and in the brilliant sunshine the berries quickly attain an optimal sugar content-- the secret of BOYO coffees distinct flavor. BOYO coffees undergo a unique, intense, all-natural cultivating, harvesting and selection process. The organically- grown crops are grown alongside complimentary plants like avocados, plantains, cassava, beans, ...
The mobile country code resource guide gives you the Cameroon mobile code and shows you how to call a Cameroon cell phone from Mali Republic.
The mobile country code resource guide gives you the Cameroon mobile code and shows you how to call a Cameroon cell phone from Ghana.
Douala) - Cameroonians are attacked by police, politicians, the media, and even their own communities if they are suspected of having sexual relations with a person of the same sex, four human rights organizations said in a joint report released today.. The government should take urgent action to decriminalize such consensual conduct and to ensure the full human rights of all Cameroonians, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity, said Alternatives-Cameroun, lAssociation pour la défense des droits des homosexuels, Human Rights Watch, and the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission.. The 62-page report, Criminalizing Identities: Rights Abuses in Cameroon Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity, details how the government uses article 347 bis of the Penal Code to deny basic rights to people perceived to be gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT). The report describes arrests, beatings by the police, abuses in prison, and a homophobic atmosphere that ...
Hundreds of trucks carrying goods and humanitarian aid from Cameroons Douala sea port to Central African Republic are stranded at the border because testing kits are in short supply; under an agreement, Cameroon drivers who test negative are supposed to be granted access. Results of tests completed at local hospitals inside Cameroon are being rejected even though the CAR transport ministers assured drivers they would be honoured. CAR depends on the Douala seaport for about 95% of its goods and… ...
Your Excellency,. I am deeply concerned about the wellbeing of political activist Serge Branco Nana. Serge Branco Nana is a member of opposition party MRC. He was arrested in January 2019 in Bagangté, western Cameroon, during peaceful demonstrations. He was then held in pre-trial detention in Kondengui Prison in Yaoundé. In July, he was accused of inciting a riot that happened in the prison and was subsequently sentenced to two years in prison for mutiny.. Following the riot, Serge Branco Nana was taken to the State Secretariat for Defense (SED) where he was allegedly tortured for hours, severely beaten and his genitals electrocuted. He was then transferred to Mfou Prison, 30km from Yaoundé and more than 300km from Bagangté, with wounds and in a very deteriorated physical condition. He has since been complaining about pain in his abdomen, back and feet. Despite his complaints, he has received no medical care.. Cameroon is a party to three international treaties that prohibit torture, as ...
Hypertension is a challenging public health problem with a huge burden in the developing countries. Non-adherence to antihypertensive treatment is a big obstacle in blood pressure (BP) control and favours disease progression to complications. Our objectives were to determine the rate of non-adherence to antihypertensive pharmacotherapy, investigate factors associated with non-adherence, and to assess the association between non-adherence and BP control in the Buea Health District (BHD), Cameroon. A community-based cross-sectional study using stratified cluster sampling was conducted in the BHD from November 2013 - March 2014. Eligible consenting adult participants had their BP measured and classified using the Joint National Committee VII criteria. The Morisky medication adherence scale was used to assess adherence to BP lowering medication. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to predict non-adherence. One hundred and eighty-three participants were recruited with mean age of 55.9 years.
AbstractThis study was carried out to determine effects of salinity on germination and seedling development of commercially important common bean genotypes in Cameroon. The seeds of eight genotypes were used for both trials. The germination experiments were carried out on petri dishes in the laboratory while early growth trials continued in plastic pots in the screenhouse. Both stages were setup using a randomized complete block design with three replications. Germination and early growth trials of the different genotypes were studied using distilled water as control or osmotic potentials of 50, 100, 150 and 200mM NaCl to study the effects of salinity on germination and seedling growth characteristics. Leaf concentrations of Na+ and K+ were determined. At the germination level, germination percentage, germination index and the coefficient of velocity of germination decreased with increasing salinity while the mean germination time and time to 50% germination increased with increasing level of salt. All
By Brenda Y. Nchewnang-Ngassa. A two-day meeting on how to use some 22,000 Euros from the Fund to fight HIV, TB and Malaria is underway in Yaounde.. Partners in the implementation of HIV and tuberculosis control activities in Cameroon are currently having a national consultative meeting to seek ways of how to better use some 22,000 Euros (approximately FCFA 144 billion) which is part of Global Fund to fight against HIV, tuberculosis and malaria in Cameroon.. While opening discussions yesterday March 16, 2016 in Yaounde, the Secretary General of the Ministry of Public Health, Professor Sinata Koulla-Shiro urged partners to come-up with projects that will have a major impact on the health system. Bruno Clary from the Global Fund said his institution is investing some 288 US Dollas (approximately FCFA 170 billion) in the fight against HIV, Malaria and TB during the period 2015-2017 in Cameroon.. The meeting aims at ensuring that the funds are used in the best possible way to ensure positive health ...
The disease burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is highest in sub-Saharan Africa but there are few studies on the associated neurocognitive disorders in this region. The objectives of this study were to determine whether Western neuropsychological (NP) methods are appropriate for use in Cameroon, and to evaluate cognitive function in a sample of HIV-infected adults. We used a battery of 19 NP measures in a cross-sectional study with 44 HIV+ adults and 44 demographically matched HIV- controls, to explore the validity of these NP measures in Cameroon, and evaluate the effect of viral infection on seven cognitive ability domains. In this pilot study, the global mean z-score on the NP battery showed worse overall cognition in the HIV+ individuals. Significantly lower performance was seen in the HIV+ sample on tests of executive function, speed of information processing, working memory, and psychomotor speed. HIV+ participants with AIDS performed worse
Malaria still has a devastating impact on public health and welfare in Cameroon. Despite the increasing number of studies conducted on disease prevalence, transmission patterns or treatment, there are to date, not enough studies summarising findings from previous works in order to identify gaps in knowledge and areas of interest where further evidence is needed to drive malaria elimination efforts. The present study seeks to address these gaps by providing a review of studies conducted so far on malaria in Cameroon since the 1940s to date. Over 250 scientific publications were consulted for this purpose. Although there has been increased scale-up of vector control interventions which significantly reduced the morbidity and mortality to malaria across the country from a prevalence of 41% of the population reporting at least one malaria case episode in 2000 to a prevalence of 24% in 2017, the situation is not yet under control. There is a high variability in disease endemicity between epidemiological
The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (,5 years) in Cameroon, based on weight-for-height index, has doubled between 1991 and 2006. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of overweight and obesity among children aged 6 months to 5 years in Cameroon in 2011. Four thousand five hundred and eighteen children (2205 boys and 2313 girls) aged between 6 to 59 months were sampled in the 2011 Demographic Health Survey (DHS) database. Body Mass Index (BMI) z-scores based on WHO 2006 reference population was chosen to estimate overweight (BMI z-score , 2) and obesity (BMI for age , 3). Regressionanalyses were performed to investigate risk factors of overweight/obesity.. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 8% (1.7% for obesity alone). Boys were more affected by overweight than girls with a prevalence of 9.7% and 6.4% respectively. The highest prevalence of overweight was observed in the Grassfield area (including people iving in West and North-West regions) ...
There is now accumulating evidence for the involvement of genetic factors in the control of immune response against malaria. These arguments come from numerous animal models, from population studies showing associations of red blood cell genetic defects as well as HLA antigens with severe malaria, and from familial studies including a recent segregation analysis, which led to detection of a major gene effect predisposing to high infection levels. The heterogeneity and complexity of this genetic control is one of the main findings of these previous studies, and probably a major cause of the difficulty in developing an effective malaria vaccine. A segregation analysis of blood infection levels is performed here in 44 pedigrees living in the tropical rain forest of southern Cameroon and exposed to high vectorial transmission intensity. The results confirm the existence of complex genetic factors controlling blood infection levels in human malaria but are not consistent with the parent-offspring
Latest Price of Archos 64 Xenon in Cameroon 2017 and detail specs, Check the current Market Rate of 64 Xenon online before buying 64 Xenon in cm
Maplandia.com in partnership with Booking.com offers highly competitive rates for all types of hotels near Nkongssamba Airport, Cameroon, from affordable family hotels to the most luxurious ones. Booking.com, being established in 1996, is longtime Europes leader in online hotel reservations.. At Maplandia.com you wont be charged any booking fees, cancellation fees, or administration fees - the reservation service is free of charge. The reservation system is secure and your personal information and credit card is encrypted.. We have put together also a carefully selected list of recommended hotels near Nkongssamba Airport, only hotels with the highest level of guest satisfaction are included. Many photos and unbiased hotel reviews written by real guests are provided to help you make your booking decision. Luxury hotels (including 5 star hotels and 4 star hotels) and cheap Nkongssamba Airport, Cameroon hotels (with best discount rates and up-to-date airport hotel deals) are both available in ...
Current local time in Cameroon - check Cameroon local time, summer/winter time 2017, standard offset to GMT and time conversion dates.
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We carried out a cross-sectional analytical survey using data from patients who had done Fluorescein Angiography at the Yaounde Central Hospital Diabetic Retinopathy Prevention and Management Project between October 2007 and January 2010 to identify the risk factors, incidence and severity of different types of diabetic retinopathy. Data from 239 males (57.0%) and 180 females (43.0%) with diabetic retinopathy were included. Their mean age was 58.2 years. A majority of them were living with type II diabetes (96.2%). The mean duration of diabetes was 8.2 years. About sixty percent had both diabetes and hypertension. The average level of glycated haemoglobin was 9.72% (range 6-17.7%). Amongst the 419 patients with diabetic retinopathy, 292(69.7%) had non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy. One hundred and twelve (26.7%) of those with proliferative diabetic retinopathy had a formal indication for laser photocoagulation. Fifteen patients (3.6%) presented with complicated forms of proliferative diabetic
Cameroonians are now roaming the streets in search of burial, weddings and of course CPDM official ceremonies hoping to get at least one decent meal a day. Thousands of people-a majority of them CPDM militants will stop at nothing to hope for a decent meal just to fill their stomachs.. To overcome widespread hunger and starvation and hope to have at least one decent meal a day, Cameroonians scour the scene of burial ceremonies of even people they do not even know. Many now participate in political rallies of the running CPDM crime syndicate in order to get food and drinks. All what President Biya and his regime are claiming to have done with tax payers money ranges from plain fiction to the most absurd. Consequently, poverty has rocked the entire nation.. Under heavy rain or unbearable sun shine, whatever the severity of the security service, or the jeers directed at Cameroonians, many people are now travelling many kilometres in order to attend funerals or other ceremonies, where they know that ...
Cameroon. Ellen Einterz is director of a district hospital and rural health service in northern Cameroon and is interested in all aspects of health and healthcare in poor, rural areas of developing countries. Previous research has focused on trachoma, snakebites, malaria, use and abuse of international aid, infant feeding practices and other topics. ...
The gorillas are being sent to the Limbe Wildlife Centre sanctuary, and the NZG of South Africa has arranged to send two of its primate keepers to assist in the settling in process in the Cameroon. In turn Limbe staff has worked at the NZG of SA for the past weeks to prepare the gorillas for departure ...
Figure. . Phylogenetic tree of near full-length (4.7 kbp) and partial sequences (open reading frame 2, 0.4-1.9 kbp) of porcine hokovirus (HoV)/partetraviruses (PtV) created by using MEGA5.1 (www.megasoftware.net) with the maximum-likelihood method (GTR+G+I) and bootstrap analysis of 500 resamplings. New sequences from Cameroon are shown in boldface. EU, Europe; CH, China; US, United States; Gt, genotype; PARV4, parvovirus 4. Scale bar indicates nucleotide substitutions per site. ...
Mangroves are critically threatened by human activities, despite the important ecosystem functions and services they provide. Mangroves in Cameroon represent no exception to the worldwide trend of mangrove destruction especially around Douala, on the Wouri river estuary. In two sites around Douala, we assessed the presence of sterols, PAHs, PCBs, DEHP, DDT and its metabolite p,p-DDE and potentially toxic metals in sediment samples. As a proxy of ecological quality, we measured the diversity and abundance of macrobenthos assemblages. We detected p,p-DDE contamination, with concentrations higher than 3 μg kg−1 in 16 out of 26 samples which were attributed to recent widespread use of DDT. The detection of sterols revealed faecal contamination. Significant sensitivity of the macrobenthos to contaminants was revealed, with possible implications on the overall mangrove vulnerability to climate change and on the provision of ecosystem services to local populations.. ...
Wash and drain 20 lbs of cassava root into the biggest pot you have.. Pour the now mashed potato-looking substance in huge bags to sit overnight.. The next morning, squish the fufu around in water to smooth it out (It should feel like you are a little kid playing in the mud again).. Stir the fufu with a large wooden pounding stick in a large cauldron over an open fire.. Continue stirring, even when the fufu gets so thick it feels like you are rowing a boat through a river of firm butter.. Embarrass yourself by passing the pounding stick off to the 60-something-year-old Cameroonian sitting next to you in the cookhouse, who can pound at that fufu with more force than you can possibly muster-up.. Take the stick and your pride back and stir until you get blisters.. Keep asking the pro Cameroonian, Now is it done? How about now? Is it done now? Continue the process of stirring till your blisters pop and the Cameroonian woman takes pity on you (or is disgusted with you) and takes the stick ...
Q: What did you see during your visit to refuges sites in Eastern Cameroon?. A: We saw a lot of very thin, malnourished children; while visiting several households, we met children so sick they were unable to go with their mothers to register at the health center. At the site where mothers and children were being checked in to register for the blanket supplementary feeding programme, one in four children was identified as either moderately malnourished or severely malnourished. The situation was pretty alarming.. Q: How do you explain the high numbers of malnourished children? A: Considering how they have arrived here and the stories we have been hearing, their critical nutrition state isnt surprising. They spent a lot of time in the bush-sometimes two or three months-and during that time they didnt have nearly enough food to eat or clean water to drink. Many are sick with diseases such as malaria. Unaccompanied children often had it worst, unable to buy food or eat adequately. A woman told us ...
Regional Hospital Bamenda Hemodialysis Centre receives fresh supply of vital kits, supply to last two months, more consignment expected,
Infection to Helicobacter pylori has been associated to many gastrointestinal diseases including gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, atrophic gastritis and gastric cancer. Chronic infections are frequent and severe in patients with diabetes mellitus (DMT2), probably due to the impairment of their immune status.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACT) are widely used in African countries, including Cameroon. Between 2005 and 2007, five randomized studies comparing different treatment arms among artesunate-amodiaquine and other ACT were conducted in Cameroonian children aged two to 60 months who had uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. In these studies, the categorical criterion proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assess the relative effectiveness of anti- malarial drugs, was repeatedly evaluated on Days 14, 21 and 28 after treatment initiation. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of different treatments on this repeated ordinal outcome, hence using the fully available information. METHODS: The quantitative synthesis was based on individual patient data. Due to the incomplete block design concerning treatment arms between different trials, a mixed treatment comparison (MTC) meta-analysis approach was adopted. The repeated ordinal outcome was
A suspected group of armed rebels from the Central African Republic have killed three people in a village in Cameroon and have kidnapped seven others, the latest in a spate of cross-border attacks.
Pasadena, Calif. (Nov. 15, 2016) After living with disfiguring burns since he was 10 months of age, Jespa Awomah has experienced many firsts in the last year: the first time bending his right arm, the first time wiggling his right fingers and the first time closing his left eye. Awomah arrived in the United States, making the 19-hour journey in early October from a small rural village in Cameroon, located in Central Africa. Over the past year, Jespa has undergone an aggressive schedule of reconstructive surgical treatments courtesy of the Burn and Reconstruction team at Torrance Memorial Medical Centers Burn Center. The Childrens Burn Foundation stepped in to help sponsor his surgeries, accommodations and recovery. Showing tremendous strides, treatments will continue in the coming months to positively change Jespas quality of life.. When the initial injury occurred, Jespa was treated by receiving a few bandages at a local clinic. Awomah, one of 13 children has never allowed his injury to ...
Compare the health profile and population dynamics of Ukraine and Cameroon side by side and choose from 190 countries to compare to.
Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) is a plantation commodity that has an important role in various aspects of life in Indonesia, especially the domestic economy. This is supported by the increasing demand for world palm oil for food needs (edible oil), industrial (oleochemical), and alternative energy sources based on biodiesel. The development of the palm oil industry requires several efforts to achieve increased national productivity, one of which is the utilization of quality seeds supported by the availability of genetic resources (germplasm) that have a high level of genetic diversity. Efforts that can be made for the development of oil palm in Indonesia is through the characterization of oil palm intoduction from abroad. Considering this, further research on genetic distance analysis of palm oil accession introduced from Cameroon is based on morphological characters to produce parent elders that can produce heterosis properties. ...
The book The Plants of Mount Oku and the Ijim Ridge, Cameroon: a conservation checklist, M. Cheek and Jean-Michel Onana is published by Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Since 2011, violent attacks by armed opposition groups and the counterinsurgency operations of the Nigerian army have forced hundreds of thousands of people from northeast Nigeria to seek refuge in Cameroon, Chad and Niger.