Thesis, English, Studies on the Developmental Competence of Dromedary Camels (Camelus dromedarius) oocytes for Mahmoud Mohamed Abd Elaziz
Sinu-atrial Node of Mature Dromedary Camel Heart (Camelus dromedarius)with special Emphasis on the Atrial Purkinje like Cardiomyocytes Abstract.
In the present studies, the samples of mammary glands from 24 apparently healthy female one-humped camels (Camelus dromedaries) under different physiological conditions were investigated for their gross and light microscopic anatomy. The gross studies on the mammary gland of female camels revealed that the udder of the camel cow had four quarters with its own teat. The colour of the mammary gland showed brown to black tingeing colour. The shape of the mammary gland was cone-shaped in both immature and mature animals, however, the conformation of teats changed markedly with change in physiological state: in lactating females, the teat turned noticeably round at the tips. The length of teat varied significantly among the dour different groups studied. The circumference and diameter of teat increased from tip to base. The most striking feature observed was the presence of two-streak canals in all four teats of female camels. The streak canal was found longer in camel cows when they were lactating. ...
ABSTRACT. Monthly total body tick collections from 13-20 camels were conducted for 2 consecutive years (2000-2001) in Northern Sudan. Tick populations were correlated with locality, season, predeliction site, sex and coat colour. Hyalomma dromedarii was found to be the predominant (89 %) tick species infesting the camels. Other tick species found in very low numbers were Hyalomma impeltatum (7.7 %), Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum (3.3 %), Hyalomma truncatum (0.29 %), Hyalomma marginatum rufipes (0.25 %), Rhipicephalus praetextatus (0.30 %) and Rhipicephalus sanguineus group (0.09 %). Nymphs of the genus Hyalomma were collected in significant numbers. Adult ticks significantly preferred to attach to the lower parts of the camels body for feeding while the nymphs preferred the back of the animal. Female camels harboured more ticks than males while higher infestations were recorded on camels with a grey coat colour compared to those with a brown coat colour. Ticks were found on camels throughout ...
Many useful properties are assigned to camel (Camelus dromedarius) milk, which is traditionally used for the treatment of tuberculosis, gastroenteritis, and allergy in many countries. Some amino acid sequences, which are encrypted in the camel proteins, may play a beneficial role in human health once they are released from milk either in vivo during normal digestion or by proteolysis with purified enzymes or during bacterial fermentation. Similar to the bovine milk counterparts, camel milk bioactive peptides may display a variety of potential activities that were almost always unveiled from in vitro analyses: anti-microbial, anti-oxidative, anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory activities. Today, there is a growing interest for bioactive peptides generated from camel milk. This paper reviews available data on the potential biological activities of the camel milk proteins and their peptides liberated either during milk fermentation with proteolytic bacterial strains or by ...
Dromedary Jumping-slug, Hemphillia dromedarius, is an old-growth coniferous forest-dwelling slug endemic to southern British Columbia (B.C.) and western Washington, with unconfirmed records in northern Oregon. The species exists at the northernmost limits of its range in south western B.C. with a known Canadian range extent of approximately 4000 km2 confined to southern Vancouver Island. The species was located and confirmed in Canada in 1999. As of 2008, 15 locations have been defined for Dromedary Jumping-slug, with eight of these locations in protected areas. Additional undocumented localities likely exist, although the range extent is not likely to expand significantly. The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) designated Dromedary Jumping-slug as Threatened in 2003, due to the fragmentation of its coniferous forest habitats and threats to the remaining habitats, mainly from forestry activities.
Berthon, R., Mashkour, M., Burger, P. & Çakirlar, C., 6-Apr-2020, Les vaisseaux du désert et des steppes: Les camélidés dans lAntiquité (Camelus dromedarius et Camelus bactrianus). Agut-Labordère, D. & Redon, B. (eds.). Lyon: MOM Editions, p. 21-26 6 p.. Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter › Academic ...
Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), first identified in the fall of 2012 in a Saudi Arabian patient, has since infected over 180 individuals, causing 77 deaths. Antibodies to the virus and the viral genome have been found in dromedary camels in Jordan and Saudi Arabia, implicating those animals as the source of human infections. A new study reveals that the virus has infected camels throughout Saudi Arabia since at least 1992.. Serum, blood, and rectal and nasal swabs were collected from dromedary camels in November-December 2013 from southwestern, western, northwestern, eastern, and central regions of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Of 203 serum samples, 150 (74%) were found to contain antibodies to MERS-CoV. The number of seropositive animals varied from 5% to 95% depending on location and the age of the animals (in general, seropositivity was higher in adult camels compared with young camels). Antibodies against MERS-CoV were also detected in archived serum samples from ...
The researchers examined nasal samples collected during a countrywide survey of dromedary camels and selected samples from two animals with the highest viral load. They cultured and obtained complete genomic sequence from both animals as well as virus in nasal samples from several other camels.. The mathematical means of all genetic sequences (the consensus genomic sequences) were consistent with viruses found in human cases; however, samples from camels contained more than one virus genotype. Over a period of 48 hours of culture in primate cells, the genomic variation of viruses narrowed, mirroring the lower sequence diversity reported in MERS-CoV found in humans.. "The finding of infectious virus strengthens the argument that dromedary camels are reservoirs for MERS-CoV," says first author Thomas Briese, PhD, associate director of the Center for Infection and Immunity and associate professor of Epidemiology at the Mailman School. "The narrow range of MERS viruses in humans and a very broad ...
Chromosome locations Select an organism by typing or scrolling Adelie penguin African clawed frog African savanna elephant Ailuropoda melanoleuca Alligator mississippiensis Alligator sinensis alpaca American alligator American beaver American crow American pika Anas platyrhynchos Aotus nancymaae Aptenodytes forsteri Arabian camel Australian saltwater crocodile Bactrian camel black flying fox black snub-nosed monkey Bolivian squirrel monkey Bos taurus bottlenose cfh symbol Brandts bat budgerigar Callithrix jacchus Callorhinchus milii Camelus bactrianus Camelus dromedarius Camelus ferus Canis lupus familiaris Capra hircus Castor canadensis cattle Cavia porcellus Cercocebus atys Chaetura pelagica chicken chimney swift chimpanzee Chinchilla lanigera Chinese alligator Chinese hamster Chlorocebus sabaeus Chrysemys picta collared flycatcher Columba livia common starling Condylura cristata Corvus brachyrhynchos Coturnix japonica crab-eating macaque crested ibis Cricetulus griseus Crocodylus porosus ...
Mastitis in the camel (Camelus dromedarius) has been investigated by field survey, clinical examination and laboratory findings. Field investigation has been reflected on problems pertaining to management. Emphasis has been laid on occurrence, predisposing factors and treatment of mastitis in the camel. Clinical findings were mainly based on udder palpation which revealed the presence of acute, sub acute and chronic forms of mastitis in the camel. The laboratory findings were conducted by rapid mastitis test (RMT), leukocyte counts, milk ring test (MRT) and culturing on various culture media. A total of 763 composite milk samples were aseptically collected from milking she-camels in the Eastern Region of the Sudan. The results were analysed to show that the RMT is a suitable tool for detection of mastitis in the she-camels. The leukocyte counts were equally valuable for detection of mastitis in the camel. Streptococcus agalactiae, Staphylococcus aureus, Staph. albus, Streptococcus spp., ...
Serological surveys have confirmed Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma phagocytophilum infections in dromedary camels, but molecular surveys and genetic characterisation of camel-associated Anaplasma species are lacking. In this study, we detected tick-borne Anaplasmataceae in 30 of 100 (30%) healthy dromedary camels screened using a combined 16S rRNA-groEL PCR-sequencing approach. Nucleotide sequencing confirmed Anaplasmataceae genome presence in 28 of the 33 16S rRNA PCR-positive samples, with two additional positive samples, for which 16S rRNA sequence data were ambiguous, being identified by groEL gene characterisation. Phylogenetic analyses of a 1289 nt segment of the 16S rRNA gene confirmed the presence of a unique Ehrlichia lineage and a discrete Anaplasma lineage, comprising three variants, occurring at an overall prevalence of 4% and 26%, respectively. Genetic characterisation of an aligned 559 nt groEL gene region revealed the camel-associated Anaplasma and Ehrlichia lineages to be novel ...
9506 Homo sapiens , 505725 Bos taurus , 693847 Macaca mulatta , 739513 Pan troglodytes , 100388545 Callithrix jacchus , 100437510 Pongo abelii , 100580462 Nomascus leucogenys , 100975577 Pan paniscus , 101021264 Papio anubis , 101037015 Saimiri boliviensis , 101103624 Ovis aries , 101134244 Gorilla gorilla , 101692047 Mustela putorius furo , 102127627 Macaca fascicularis , 102187928 Capra hircus , 102339439 Pantholops hodgsonii , 102389998 Bubalus bubalis , 102435248 Myotis lucifugus , 102530263 Vicugna pacos , 102737911 Leptonychotes weddellii , 102984673 Physeter catodon , 102997524 Balaenoptera acutorostrata scammoni , 103090369 Lipotes vexillifer , 103113911 Erinaceus europaeus , 103231977 Chlorocebus sabaeus , 103275169 Carlito syrichta , 103583109 Galeopterus variegatus , 104665954 Rhinopithecus roxellana , 104998587 Bison bison bison , 105103237 Camelus dromedarius , 105493940 Macaca nemestrina , 105514979 Colobus angolensis palliatus , 105547689 Mandrillus leucophaeus , 105579416 ...
To assess the temporal dynamics of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in dromedary camels, specimens were collected at 1-2 month intervals from 2 independent groups of animals during April 2013-May 2014 in Al-Ahsa Province, Saudi Arabia, and tested for MERS-CoV RNA by reverse transcription PCR. Of 96 live camels, 28 (29.2%) nasal swab samples were positive; of 91 camel carcasses, 56 (61.5%) lung tissue samples were positive. Positive samples were more commonly found among young animals ...
Bactrian camels in Nubra Valley. Subspecies. There is some evidence that the Bactrian camel can be divided up into different subspecies. In particular, it has been discovered that a population of wild Bactrian camel lives within a part of the Gashun Gobi region of the Gobi Desert. This population is distinct from domesticated herds both in genetic makeup[8] and in behavior.[citation needed]. There are possibly as many as three regions in the genetic makeup that are distinctly different from domesticated camels and there is up to a 3% difference in the base genetic code. However, with so few wild camels, it is unclear what the natural genetic diversity within a population would have been.[citation needed]. Another difference is the ability of these wild camels to drink saltwater slush, although it is not yet certain the camel can extract useful water from it. Domesticated camels do not attempt to drink salt water, though the reason is unknown.[citation needed]. Conservation. The Bactrian camel ...
According to the abstract, Saudi Arabia and United States researchers write:. Risk factors for primary Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) illness in humans are incompletely understood. We identified all primary MERS-CoV cases reported in Saudi Arabia during March-November 2014 by excluding those with history of exposure to other cases of MERS-CoV or acute respiratory illness of unknown cause or exposure to healthcare settings within 14 days before illness onset.. Using a case-control design, we assessed differences in underlying medical conditions and environmental exposures among primary case-patients and 2-4 controls matched by age, sex, and neighborhood. Using multivariable analysis, we found that direct exposure to dromedary camels during the 2 weeks before illness onset, as well as diabetes mellitus, heart disease, and smoking, were each independently associated with MERS-CoV illness. Further investigation is needed to better understand animal-to-human transmission of ...
NaturalHealth365) Believe it or not, camel milk has been used for over 5,000 years to help fight off germs, fight diabetes, support gut health, and provide the body with important enzymes. This milk was readily available in Middle Eastern countries even when water was lacking, and is still being used for its therapeutic benefits today.. Camel milk has been deemed to hold superfood benefits, and research has shown that this milk contains more nutritional value than other forms of milk On top of the many surprising health benefits, camel milk is also rich in unsaturated fatty acids, and is high in vitamins and minerals. The great news is that those with lactose intolerance will likely be able to enjoy this milk without the symptoms associated with drinking homogenized cows milk. In fact, this milk has actually be shown to reduce lactose intolerance.. Camel milk naturally reduces anxiety and improves digestion. Whether you are looking for a way to boost gut health, reduce anxiety, or support your ...
The camel has been serving millions of people living in the arid, semi arid and desert areas, i.e. provides food, fiber, transportation and social status to the herders. A few attempts have been done in health, nutrition, physiology and reproduction, camel productivity per se is still relatively untouched. A lesser and even neglected amount of milk is published in the gray records of the country. The camel milk has never been appreciated, valued and estimated properly (Raziq et al, 2008). In recent time, though some importance is given to camel and the milk yield is now tabulated as separate entity, not included in others and small ruminant. (Economic Survey 2009-10). Camel milk production is stable in almost all seasons, which is very important for the pastoralist, when the milk of other animals is seized in the dry period. Camel intake per kg of milk produced is very less, making it an efficient biological model. It is very appropriate specie on marginal and poor grazing lands. This review of ...
14) Investigated for its therapeutic potential in Crohns disease and food allergies treatment.. Where can you get camel milk in the US?. You can buy camel milk in the USA from camel dairy farms. Although few, these exist and supply the milk to consumers, either directly or via retailers. It may be a good idea to first take a look at the dairy or health food section in your local supermarket or check out health food stores in your area. You can always talk to a manager or write to your local supermarket and ask if they could bring in food products by customer request. If they do, it may be a good idea to inquire about a time-frame as well, if they can provide you with one. Lastly, contact a few camel dairy farms and see if they supply the milk directly to consumers.. Its important to know that this particular product cannot be outsourced and must be obtained from camel farms within the US. Chances are, there wont be a camel dairy farm near you, but a quick search online will tell you which is ...
Because little is known about the ecology of influenza viruses in camels, 460 nasal swab specimens were collected from healthy (no overt illness) Bactrian camels in Mongolia during 2012. One specimen was positive for influenza A virus (A/camel/Mongolia/335/2012[H3N8]), which is phylogenetically related to equine influenza A(H3N8) viruses and probably represents natural horse-to-camel transmission.
In 2013, a novel betacoronavirus was identified in fecal samples from dromedaries in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Antibodies against the recombinant nucleocapsid protein of the virus, which we named dromedary camel coronavirus (DcCoV) UAE-HKU23, were detected in 52% of 59 dromedary serum samples tested. In an analysis of 3 complete DcCoV UAE-HKU23 genomes, we identified the virus as a betacoronavirus in lineage A1. The DcCoV UAE-HKU23 genome has G+C contents; a general preference for G/C in the third position of codons; a cleavage site for spike protein; and a membrane protein of similar length to that of other betacoronavirus A1 members, to which DcCoV UAE-HKU23 is phylogenetically closely related. Along with this coronavirus, viruses of at least 8 other families have been found to infect camels. Because camels have a close association with humans, continuous surveillance should be conducted to understand the potential for virus emergence in camels and for virus transmission to humans.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Survey of the camel urinary proteome by shotgun proteomics using a multiple database search strategy. AU - Alhaider, Abdulqader A.. AU - Bayoumi, Nervana. AU - Argo, Evelyn. AU - Gader, Abdel G. M. A.. AU - Stead, David A.. PY - 2012/11. Y1 - 2012/11. N2 - We report the first survey of the dromedary camel urinary proteome. Proteins retained from ultrafiltration of urine were analysed by GeLC-MS/MS (SDS-PAGE followed by LC-MS/MS). In the absence of a complete camel genome sequence, the number of protein identifications was maximised by searching three primary sequence databases: Swiss-Prot, alpaca and camel EST. This search strategy enabled the identification of 1274 peptide sequences, of which 735 were found in at least two independent samples. Functional annotations for proteins identified from alpaca and camel EST sequences were mapped from basic local alignment search tool (protein) searches. These 735 peptides, which included many novel sequences found only in the camel EST ...
UAE Interact - News and Information from the UAE - 06 July 2011 - UAE science could save rare Chinese camel from extinction - Beijing - A breeding technique pioneered in the UAE to improve the speed of racing camels could help save the shaggy two-humped wild Bactrian camel, one of the worlds most endangered species. The wild camel was recognised as a separate species from the domesticated Bactrian camel only in 2008, an
Q. Is camel milk expensive?. It isnt when you really think about it.. You see, with cow milk, if it wasnt for heavy lobbying, subsidies and hormones…. A gallon of milk should technically be $9.82 adjusted for inflation.. But cow milk is cheap because its essentially "dead milk". All the fat, nutrients and goodness has been stripped away or boiled out.. PLUS - Heres something else you need to know about camels milk:. You dont chug it like cow milk.. In fact, we recommend you drink only 2 to 4 ounce a day. This is potent stuff!. Remember, camel milk has more protein, more fat, more B1 vitamins and more colostrum-like qualities than any other milk out there.. Q. What is "batch pasteurization"?. Instead of boiling the milk intensely at 280ºF and chilling it rapidly like what Big Dairy does… (which is called "flash pasteurization")….. We heat the milk in small batches at the lowest possible temperature (154.4ºF) instead.. This way, we still kill the bad bacteria… but it retains all ...
Camel milk (CM) is gaining increasing recognition due to its beneficial effects in the control and prevention of multiple health problems. The current study aimed to investigate the effects of CM on the hepatic biochemical and cellular alterations induced by a high-fat, cholesterol-rich diet (HCD), specifically, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Seventy male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: the Control (C) Group fed a standard diet; the Control + camel milk (CCM) Group fed a standard diet and CM, the Cholesterol (Ch) Group fed a HCD with no CM, and the Cholesterol + camel milk (ChM) Group fed a HCD and CM. The following parameters were investigated in the studied groups; basal, weekly random and final fasting blood glucose levels, intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (GTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT), serum insulin, serum lipids, liver functions, lipid peroxidation products, the antioxidant activity of catalase (CAT) and the levels of reduced glutathione (GSH). In addition,
Decoding the genome of the camel ScienceDaily (May 28, 2013) By sequencing the genome of a Bactrian camel, researchers have made a significant contribution to population genetic research on camels. The study has laid the foundation for future scientific work on these enigmatic desert animals. A blood sample from a single Bactrian camel with the evocative name of "Mozart" provided the genetic raw material for the work.. Story Source. The above story is based on materials provided by Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien.. Pour en savoir plus (ScienceDaily) ...
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a zoonotic viral disease that can be transmitted from dromedaries to human beings. Up to December 2016, a total of 1841 cases of laboratory-confirmed MERS-CoV infection were reported to the World Health Organization, with an overall case fatality rate of 35% [1]. The current status of knowledge around MERS-CoV in dromedaries in Morocco still unknow. This article is a prospective study in dromedary herd during one year 2016 in the south of morocco. Faecal samples and nasal swabs of camels were analyzed for identification of viral sequences using specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods.. ...
The global camel milk products market size was valued at USD 10.2 billion in 2019. Increasing popularity of camel milk due to its easy-to-digest property among lactose intolerant consumers is expected to have a positive impact on the industry
The card agglutination test for Trypanosoma evansi (CATT/T. evansi) for the detection of antibodies, and Suratex for the detection of circulating antigens were compared in a cross-sectional study involving camels in eastern and central parts of Kenya. Of the 2227 camels screened, 2038 were owned by nomadic pastoralists in T. evansi endemic areas in eastern Kenya. A herd of 86 camels were from a ranch in Mugwoni. In Athi River area, 35 camels belonged to Kenya Trypanosomiasis Research Institute, and 68 were slaughter animals. Diagnostic sensitivity estimates were obtained by testing sera from 51 camels that had been found to be parasitologically positive by the haematocrit centrifugation technique, buffy-coat technique and mouse inoculation. Diagnostic specificity was estimated by testing sera from 35 camels known to be trypanosome-free. Positive and negative predictive values (NPVs) were calculated using a range of prevalence values. The sensitivity of CATT/T. evansi (68.6%) was higher than that ...
SYDNEY, Australia (AP) -- Parts of Australias Outback could soon be overrun by wild camels if drastic measures are not taken to cull them, a wildlife scientist said Wednesday. Australia is now home to around 500,000 camels roaming the countrys vast tracts of desert, said Glenn Edwards, a senior scientist for the Northern Territory provincial government. Camels were first introduced to Australia in the mid-1800s to transport goods across the desert. When trucks and trains made the beasts of burden unneeded, their owners simply turned them loose. With no natural predators and ample grazing land, the camel population has exploded in parts of central, northern and western Australia, and could exceed 1 million in the next decade, Edwards said. "The feral camel population is growing by about 10 percent each year and doubling in size every eight years," Edwards said in a statement. "These camels feed on more than 80 percent of the available plant species in the area they inhabit and have serious ...
Understanding Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) transmission in dromedary camels is important, as they consitute a source of zoonotic infection to humans. To identify risk factors for MERS-CoV infection in camels bred in diverse conditions in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia and Morocco, blood samples and nasal swabs were sampled in February-March 2015. A relatively high MERS-CoV RNA rate was detected in Ethiopia (up to 15.7%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 8.2-28.0), followed by Burkina Faso (up to 12.2%; 95% CI: 7-20.4) and Morocco (up to 7.6%; 95% CI: 1.9-26.1). The RNA detection rate was higher in camels bred for milk or meat than in camels for transport (p = 0.01) as well as in younger camels (p = 0.06). High seropositivity rates (up to 100%; 95% CI: 100-100 and 99.4%; 95% CI: 95.4-99.9) were found in Morocco and Ethiopia, followed by Burkina Faso (up to 84.6%; 95% CI: 77.2-89.9). Seropositivity rates were higher in large/medium herds (≥51 camels) than small herds (p = 0.061), in
Archaeologists have discovered the 100,000-year-old fossilized remains of a previously unknown giant camel species in Syria.The bones of the dromedary were unearthed by a Swiss-Syrian team of researchers near the village of El Kowm in the central part of the country. The animal is thought to have been double the size of a modern-day camel.It may even have been killed by humans, who were living at the once water-rich site during the same period. Jean-Marie Le Tensorer of the University of Basel commented: "It was not known that the dromedary was present in the Middle East more than 10,000 years ago."The camels shoulders stood three metres high and it was around four metres tall; as big as a giraffe or an elephant. Nobody knew that such a species had existed," he said. Professor Le Tensorer, who has been excavating at the desert site in Kowm since 1999, said the first large bones were found some years ago but were only confirmed as belonging to a camel after more bones from several parts of the ...
01-04-2015: Archaeologists working on a rescue excavation uncovered a complete camel skeleton in Tulln, Lower Austria. The camel, which was dated to the time of the Second Ottoman War in the 17th century, most likely died in the city of Tulln. Genetic analyses showed that the animal was a male hybrid of a dromedary in the maternal line and a Bactrian camel in the paternal line. The find is unique for Central Europe. Archaeozoologists and geneticists from the Vetmeduni Vienna now published their findings in the journal PLOS ONE. In 2006 construction began on a new shopping centre in Tulln. The works unearthed various archaeologically valuable objects that were salvaged during rescue excavations.Among these objects was also the complete skeleton of a large mammal. ...
To Injaz, a female dromedary camel, one female calf (as yet unnamed), weight 38 kilograms, born on November 2nd, 2015. After recent reports about the drawbacks and disadvantages of cloning, especially the unnecessary health risks; comes a happier story of the first cloned camel to produce a normally conceived calf. Injaz, the mother, was cloned in 2009 by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). She was created from an animal slaughtered for meat. The most difficult part of the SCNT was to electrically fuse the parts of the newly created egg cell, and provide a mixture of chemicals to act as a catalyst to initiate the normal cellular reproduction processes. This was duly achieved and the viable egg cell was then introduced into Injaz. The skilled procedures were performed at the Reproductive Biotechnology Centre in Nad Al Sheba, Dubai by a team led by Dr Nisar Wani, scientific director of the centre. The work was performed under the patronage of Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed Al Maktoum, Crown Prince ...
Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - A man opens the mouth of his camel for sale for potential buyers to see during the early morning hours at a camel fair grounds on the outskirts of Pushkar, India, on Wednesday, November 21. The annual five-day camel and livestock fair, held in the town of Pushkar in the state of Rajasthan, is one of the worlds largest camel fairs. In addition to buying and selling of livestock, it has become an important tourist attraction. ...
By Farah Mustafa Wadi. Dr. Faten Abdel-Rahman Khorshid is responsible for one of the Kingdoms greatest national achievements in the field of science for her work which began with the urine of camels and concluded in a potential cure for cancer. After spending more than five years in lab research, this Saudi scientist and faculty member from King Abdul Aziz University (KAAU) and President of the Tissues Culture Unit at King Fahd Center for Medical Research, has discovered that nano-particles in the urine of camels can attack cancer cells with success. Her work began with experiments involving camel urine, cancer cells found in patients lungs and culminated in injecting mice with leukemic cancel cells and camel urine to test the results.. Speaking to the Saudi Gazette, Dr. Khorshid claimed that she was inspired by Prophet Muhammads (pbuh) medical advice and that camel urine consists of natural substances that work to eradicate malignant cells and maintain the number of healthy cells in a cancer ...
Whats the difference between the cigs camel menthol and camel menthol silver? The KGB Agent answer: Camel Menthol Silver is simply the new name for Camel Menthol Lights, which claim to have less tar and ill effects.
As an alternative to Government controlled camel culling programs, CACIA has developed markets for trade in live camels and camel meat.
DROMEDARY HUMP, The Atheist Camel,is the alter-ego of BART CENTRE, a lifelong freethinker, atheist activist and the author of "The Atheist Camel Chronicles: Debate Themes and Arguments for the Non-Believer," and "The Atheist Camel Rants Again!" A Vietnam veteran and "atheist in a foxhole," he was awarded the Bronze Star, Combat Infantrymans Badge, and Army Commendation medal. He is a retired senior vice president of a national retail corporation and holds a BA in psychology with a minor in religion. Mr. Centre is the creator of the Eternal Earth-Bound Pets post-Rapture pet rescue spoof website which has received worldwide attention and acclaim. A lifelong New Yorker, Mr. Centre now resides on his "camel ranch" in New Hampshire with his much-put-upon and saintly "quasi-Episcopal" wife of forty-three years and his two atheist dogs. He has two grown, freethinking sons ...
DROMEDARY HUMP, The Atheist Camel,is the alter-ego of BART CENTRE, a lifelong freethinker, atheist activist and the author of "The Atheist Camel Chronicles: Debate Themes and Arguments for the Non-Believer," and "The Atheist Camel Rants Again!" A Vietnam veteran and "atheist in a foxhole," he was awarded the Bronze Star, Combat Infantrymans Badge, and Army Commendation medal. He is a retired senior vice president of a national retail corporation and holds a BA in psychology with a minor in religion. Mr. Centre is the creator of the Eternal Earth-Bound Pets post-Rapture pet rescue spoof website which has received worldwide attention and acclaim. A lifelong New Yorker, Mr. Centre now resides on his "camel ranch" in New Hampshire with his much-put-upon and saintly "quasi-Episcopal" wife of forty-three years and his two atheist dogs. He has two grown, freethinking sons ...
To analyze the distribution of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)-seropositive dromedary camels in eastern Africa, we tested 189 archived serum samples accumulated during the past 30 years. We identified MERS-CoV neutralizing antibodies in 81.0% of samples from the main camel-exporting countries, Sudan and Somalia, suggesting long-term virus circulation in these animals ...
Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are basic cells with an indefinite self-renewal capacity and the potential to generate all the cell types of the three germinal layers. The types of PSCs known to date include embryonic stem (ES) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. ES cells are derived from the inner cell mass (ICM) of blastocyst-stage embryos. iPS cells are generated by reprogramming somatic cells back to pluripotent state with defined reprogramming factors, Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc (also known as Yamanaka factors). PSCs including ES cells and iPS cells are categorized into two groups by their morphology, gene expression profile and external signal dependence. Conventional mouse-type ES/iPS cells are called naive state cells. They are mainly maintained under the control of LIF and BMP signaling. On the other hand, human-type ES/iPS cells, which are in need of Activin and FGF signaling, are termed primed state. However, these signaling pathways converge towards the activation of a core ...
K04357 EGF; epidermal growth factor K04357 EGF; epidermal growth factor K08774 TGFA; transforming growth factor, alpha K18496 FGF1; fibroblast growth factor 1 K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K04358 FGF; fibroblast growth factor K02582 NGFB; nerve growth factor, beta K04355 BDNF; brain-derived neurotrophic factor K04356 NTF3; neurotrophin 3 K12457 NTF4; neurotrophin 4 K05459 IGF1; insulin-like growth factor 1 K13769 IGF2; insulin-like growth ...
Animal-related injuries can range from insignificant to life threatening, and can involve domestic or wild animals. In the United States, the largest represented animal-related injury is dog bites. The CDC reports 4.5 million people are bitten by dogs each year and 1 in 5 injuries require medical attention. In comparison, in developing countries injuries from other species including cows, horses, pigs, donkeys, tigers, monkeys, and camels are more frequently reported. Animal-related injuries vary by region and the animals behavior and relationship with humans. Camel bites/attacks are rare outside the Middle East, Africa, and India. To our knowledge, there has been only one report of a camel attack in the United States. This report presents the unusual case of a camel attack on a farm in rural Tennessee.. ...
In 1913, R.J. Reynolds innovated the packaged cigarette.[2] Prior cigarette smokers rolled their own, which tended to obscure the potential for a national market for a pre-packaged product.[2] Reynolds worked to develop a more appealing flavor, creating the Camel cigarette, so named because it used Turkish tobacco[2] in imitation of then-fashionable Egyptian cigarettes. Reynolds priced them below competitors,[which?] and within a year, he had sold 425 million packs.[2]. Camel cigarettes were originally blended to have a milder taste than established brands. They were advance-promoted by a careful advertising campaign that included "teasers" simply stating "the Camels are coming"[2] (a play on the old Scottish folk song, "The Campbells Are Coming"). This marketing style was a prototype for subsequent attempts to sway public opinion into backing the United States entry into World War I, and later World War II. Another promotion was Old Joe, a circus camel driven through towns used to attract ...
In June 2019, a ranch hand at the McMurry family ranch in Jasper noticed that Sybil, a 7-year-old dromedary camel, was limping on her hind leg. Sybil was taken to
Action of clotting enzymes on camel milk.Most attempts to make cheese from camel milk have revealed major difficulties in getting the milk to coagulate. Initial field attempts increased the rennet concentration compared with that usually used for clotting cows milk by 50 to 100 times (Gast, Maubois and Adda, 1969; Wilson, 1984). More recent attempts confirm that the rennet coagulation of camel milk is two to four times slower than for cows milk treated under the same conditions (Ramet, 1985a; Farah and Bachmann, 1987; Ramet, 1987; Mohamed and Larsson-Raznikiewicz, 1990).. This specific behaviour has been observed with most of the clotting enzymes used for coagulation. Significant differences in the inhibition of clotting activity related to the origin of the enzyme have been noted, however. Several observations (Ramet, 1985a; Ramet, 1990) have shown that bovine pepsin coagulates camel milk well. Calf rennet and the clotting enzyme extracted from Mucor mieheihave an effect similar to but lower ...
Modified: websites/production/camel/content/book-pattern-appendix.html ============================================================================== --- websites/production/camel/content/book-pattern-appendix.html (original) +++ websites/production/camel/content/book-pattern-appendix.html Sun Jan 18 16:18:44 2015 @@ -448,58 +448,19 @@ RouteBuilder builder = new RouteBuilder( ,h4 id="BookPatternAppendix-UsingThisPattern.7",Using This Pattern,/h4, ,p,If you would like to use this EIP Pattern then please read the ,a shape="rect" href="getting-started.html",Getting Started,/a,, you may also find the ,a shape="rect" href="architecture.html",Architecture,/a, useful particularly the description of ,a shape="rect" href="endpoint.html",Endpoint,/a, and ,a shape="rect" href="uris.html",URIs,/a,. Then you could try out some of the ,a shape="rect" href="examples.html",Examples,/a, first before trying this pattern out.,/p, -,h2 id="BookPatternAppendix-DeadLetterChannel",Dead Letter Channel,/h2, - -,p,Camel ...
Dr. Reed,. Had male to female vaginoplasty elsewhere, should I have a camel toe appearance Grace. Dear Grace, The word camel toe could refer to a normal cleavage of the labia as seen in a tight inwardly cutting bikini, although most typically the bikini or panties envelop the labia as a "fused" mass. If by "camel toe" you mean your cleavage starts too high, then this relates to how the surgery was done. In a natal woman the cleavage under the pubis is called the anterior commissure and this normally starts below the pubic bone, certainly not well above it.. The remedy is to first undo the clitoris which also needs to be an infra-pubic structure, then undermine the skin on either side of the camel toe and bring them together both deeply and superficially with a vertical incision.. Not uncommonly you may also have elevation of the urethral opening and this similarly needs to be brought down for a normal voiding trajectory. The entrance way to the vagina if too high should be closer to the anal ...
Most of the studies in the current systematic review demonstrated the favorable effects of camel milk on diabetes mellitus by reducing blood sugar, decreasing insulin resistance and improving lipid profiles.