Chest Pain & Foaming at the Mouth Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Inhalation of Cadmium Fumes & Carbon Monoxide Poisoning & Drowning. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Prevention is the key to managing cadmium exposure. No effective treatment for cadmium toxicity exists. For the general public, the primary source of exposure to cadmium is dietary. Smoking tobacco adds an additional burden of cadmium. Nutritional deficiencies can increase the risk of cadmium toxicity. Chronic cadmium exposure primarily affects the kidneys and secondarily the bones. Acute inhalation of fumes containing cadmium affects the lungs.
Cadmium toxicity has been demonstrated in several organs, as discussed later. It targets many systems of the body and can cause a multitude of different symptoms. Under normal conditions, mitochondria, microsomes, and peroxi-somes produce significant amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this article, we have reviewed recent developments and findings on cadmium toxicology. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! The metal transporters involved in Cd transport within plant tissues are also discussed and how their manipulation can control Cd uptake and/or translocation. NLM in various industries. Gender differences in susceptibility, at lower exposure, are uncertain, but some data indicate that Cd has estrogenic effects and affects female offspring [8]. This volume focuses on cadmium (Cd) exposure, its effects on human health, the mechanism of Cd accumulation and the development of mitigation technologies. Heavy metals are ubiquitous and generally persist in the ...
Cadmium poisoning through industrial exposure to inorganic cadmium fumes may produce fatigue, coughing, chest pain, a burning sensation in the throat, and renal damage. The prognosis of persons with cadmium-induced renal dysfunction is unfavorable, with urinary β-microglobulin and urinary protein the most important factors.2 Inhalation of cadmium fumes can lead to pneumonia with acute exposure and emphysema with chronic exposure.3. Cadmium poisoning is predominantly associated with cadmium fumes and/or inorganic cadmium salts that may be present in certain industrial environments. Cadmium and its inorganic compounds are commonly found in industry. Cadmium is utilized in many alloys and metal plating. Inorganic cadmium fumes or dusts are generally associated with heating, welding, and grinding of cadmium-containing metal products. Cadmium exposure in the general populace is derived from dietary intake, averaging 2−200 μg/day, and is only occasionally the precipitant of overexposure. In ...
In a representative US population higher levels of urinary cadmium were found to be significant predictors of lower FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC in current and former smokers but not in never smokers. In addition, variability in urine cadmium levels was found among current smokers. It is not clear whether this finding is related to the dose of cadmium to which smokers are exposed or to variability in the uptake and metabolism of cadmium in smokers. It is possible that the variability in cadmium levels in smokers is related to the intensity of smoking-that is, smokers with higher cadmium levels extract more tar and nicotine out of each cigarette than smokers with lower levels. It is also possible that the variability in lung function in smokers is similarly related to variability in smoking intensity, and that cadmium levels are just a long term marker of tobacco dose.. Cadmium intake in humans is either through ingestion or inhalation, with the major source of exposure in never smokers being ...
Blood and urinary cadmium concentrations together with cadmium in air concentrations from the breathing zone of 18 male workers in an alkaline battery factory were determined at regular intervals for 11 consecutive weeks. Nine of the workers examined were smokers and nine non-smokers. Smokers and non-smokers did not differ in age or years of employment. Cadmium in air concentrations varied, but no definite trend was observed. The concentrations of cadmium in the blood and urine were found to be stable. Exposure to airborne cadmium was identical for smokers and non-smokers but average cadmium concentrations in the blood and urine of smokers were approximately twice as high as those in non-smokers. For the whole group, urinary cadmium was significantly correlated with years of employment, but no correlation was found between blood cadmium concentrations and exposure. For non-smokers, the correlation between cadmium in blood and years of employment was statistically significant (p less than 0.001). ...
The nephrotoxicity of cadmium at low levels of exposure, measured by urinary cadmium, has recently been questioned since co-excretion of cadmium and proteins may have causes other than cadmium toxicity. The aim of this study was to explore the relation between kidney function and low or moderate cadmium levels, measured directly in kidney biopsies ...
Introduction: Cadmium, heavy metal, is causing toxicity. Propolis is a natural product derived from plant resins collected by honeybees. Studies reported this substance is an antioxidant and antitumor. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the effects of the propolis alcohol extract (PAE)...
Concentration of aquatic environment with heavy metals has become a matter of great concern because of their toxicity, persistence and bioaccumulation. Cadmium is widely distributed in aquatic environments
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant of widespread exposure and pervasive toxicity. Absorption, systemic transport and uptake of Cd are mediated by metal transporters that the body uses for acquisition of physiologically-essential elements, notably of iron, zinc and calcium. Currently, human ex …
Adams SV, Passarelli MN, Newcomb PA. 2012. Cadmium exposure and cancer mortality in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cohort. Occup Environ Med 69(2):153-156.. Akerstrom M, Barregard L, Lundh T, Sallsten G. 2013. The relationship between cadmium in kidney and cadmium in urine and blood in an environmentally exposed population. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 268:286-293.. Arnich N, Sirot V, Rivière G, Jean J, Noël L, Guérin T, et al. 2012. Dietary exposure to trace elements and health risk assessment in the 2nd French Total Diet Study. Food Chem Toxicol 50:2432-2449.. Buser MC, Ingber SZ, Raines N, Fowler DA, Scinicariello F. 2016. Urinary and blood cadmium and lead and kidney function: NHANES 2007-2012. Int J Hyg Environ Health 219(3):261-267.. Ciesielski T, Bellinger DC, Schwartz J, Hauser R, Wright RO. 2013. Associations between cadmium exposure and neurocognitive test scores in a cross-sectional study of US adults. Environ Health 12:13, doi: ...
Smoking is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and causes exposure to cadmium, which is a pro-atherosclerotic metal. Cadmium exposure has also been shown to increase the risk of CVD, even after adjustment for smoking. Our hypothesis was that part of the risk of CVD in smokers may be mediated by cadmium exposure from tobacco smoke. We examined this hypothesis in a mediation analysis, trying to assess how much of the smoking-induced CVD risk could be explained via cadmium. We used prospective data on CVD (incidence and mortality) in a Swedish population-based cohort of 4304 middle-aged men and women (the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study). Blood cadmium was analyzed in base-line samples from 1991, and clinical events were followed up for 16-19 years based on registry data. Mediation analysis was conducted to evaluate the indirect effect (via cadmium) of smoking on CVD. Survival was analyzed by the accelerated failure time (AFT) model and the Aalen additive hazard model. The mean blood cadmium
BACKGROUND: Low-level environmental cadmium exposure in children may be associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate associations between urinary cadmium concentration and reported learning disability (LD), special education utilization, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in U.S. children using National Health and Nutrition Examination Su
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology. (Metallbiologisk forskning) ...
The effects of cadmium on performance, antioxidant defense system, liver and kidney functions, and cadmium accumulation in selected tissues of broiler chickens were studied. Whether the possible adverse effects of cadmium would reverse with the antio
This 24-hour urine test is used to monitor exposure to cadmium. Cadmium is an extremely toxic metal frequently found in industrial places of work. Cigarettes are also a significant source of cadmium exposure. Cadmium may be found in batteries, fertilizers, pesticides, PVC plastics and certain shellfish. Those who work with cadmium pigments are also at risk for cadmium exposure. Cadmium toxicity affects the liver, placenta, lungs, brain, kidneys and bones, which may lead to problems such as fatigue, confusion, depression and cardiac arrhythmias. ...
Whole books and maybe encyclopedias could be written on pigments having the word cadmium in their common name. I dont recommend any cadmium paint because of the potential health hazard. Yes, I know: manufacturers say they are making safe cadmiums…but, in my opinion, who really knows. Therefore I dont press my luck. But, as so many of you use these pigments you should be aware of their virtues and their drawbacks. If you are not using a single pigment PY35 cadmium yellow, be aware of the additional pigment(s). If the additional pigment is an orange pigment the bias of that particular cadmium yellow will be orange. As in the case of a cadmium yellow hue, if the pigments have nothing to do with cadmium pigments, check on the bias of the pigments used to manipulate to achieve a cadmium yellow hue. If cadmium yellow has the word deep in its name, again, be assured that the bias will be orange. All yellow cadmiums made of PY37 are orange biased. Are you confused yet? I know I am. Why should any ...
Citation: Grant, C.A., Clarke, J.M., Duguid, S., Chaney, R.L. 2003. Use of genetic variability in reducing cadmium uptake by plants. Proceedings of the SCOPE Workshop on Risk Assessment and Management of Environmental Cadmium (Ghent, Belgium, September 3-5, 2003) UNEP-SCOPE, Paris. Interpretive Summary: All crops accumulate some cadmium from soils, but some crops accumulate soil cadmium more effectively that others, and some soils are geochemically enriched in cadmium or contaminated with cadmium. Excessive lifetime cadmium consumption can cause renal tubular dysfunction in susceptible individuals, especially subsistence rice consumers. One method to minimize the possibility that consumers will ingest excessive cadmium in foods is to breed crop cultivars which accumulate lower levels of cadmium in the edible plant tissue (e.g., grain). Major or staple foods are of greater importance if breeding for low cadmium is needed, but minor foods which accumulate higher levels of cadmium than most other ...
Cadmium is a soft, malleable metal that, according to OSHA, can cause serious health problems for workers exposed to it. When using this metal, proper personal protective equipment must be worn because cadmium is highly toxic. Exposure to this metal is known to cause cancer and targets the bodys cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, neurological, reproductive, and respiratory systems, the administration states.. Cadmium is used today in batteries, alloys, plastic stabilizers and solar cells. OSHA estimates that 300,000 workers are exposed to the metal in the United States. Cadmium exposure can occur in all industry sectors, but construction and manufacturing have the highest exposure rates. The following workplace activities can lead to exposure:. ...
Presence of cadmium in drinking water is hazardous to human health. Renal, cardiovascular, respiratory and skeletal effects have been found to be induced by cadmium exposure. Cadmium can induce renal tubular dysfunction leading to renal lesion and irreversible impairment of reabsorption capacity of renal tubules. Combine concentration of metallothionein, a cadmium binding protein, and cadmium…
Combined effects of estrogen deficiency and cadmium exposure on calcified hard tissues: Animal model relating to itai-itai disease in postmenopausal women (2013 ...
Arsenic and cadmium toxicity are serious sources of illness with exposure coming through food, water and industrial sources. Arsenic toxicity causes skin lesions, anemia, increased heart and vascular disease, diabetes and liver damage. Cadmium alters kidney function, causes osteoporosis and osteomalacia and increases cancer risk. S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe), alpha-lipoic acid, glutathione, selenium, zinc, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), methionine, […]. View Post ...
High levels of cadmium, a chemical found in cigarettes and in contaminated vegetables, are associated with higher death rates in patients with influenza or pneumonia, research finds.. High cadmium levels may also increase the severity of COVID-19 and other respiratory viruses, according to the study.. Our study suggests the public in general, both smokers and nonsmokers, could benefit from reduced exposure to cadmium, says lead author Sung Kyun Park, associate professor of epidemiology and environmental health sciences at the University of Michigan School of Public Health.. Long-term exposure to cadmium, even at low levels, may undermine our defense system in the lungs, and people with high levels of the chemical may not be able to cope with influenza virus attacks, Park says.. The associations we found need to be verified in other populations and also studied with respect to cadmiums potential impact on COVID-19 related morbidity and mortality, says senior author Howard Hu, professor and ...
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Alleystamp DANIEL SMITH Extra Fine Watercolors - Cadmium Yellow Med - 15ml [DS284600184] - Cadmium Yellow Medium Hue is a rich, bright and intense alternative to Cadmium Yellow. Using a blend of pigments, our chemist has duplicated the brilliance and opacity of Cadmium Yellow with unsurpassed opacity, color strength, durability and lightfastness. It disperses beautifully in water for smooth, rich washes. ASTM Lightfastness Rating: Excellent Transparency: Semi-transparent Staining: Low Granulating: No
Davison AG, Fayers PM, Newman Taylor AJ, Venables KM, Darbyshire J, Pickering CAC, Chettle DR, Franklin D, Guthrie CJ, Scott MC, OMalley D, Holden H, Mason HJ, Wright AL, Gompertz D, Taylor AJ, et al, Cadmium fume inhalation and emphysema, Lancet, 1988;1:663-667 ...
lead cadmium used_Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Tin and Arsenic in Food2 of 13 Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Tin and Arsenic in Food TOXICOLOGY FACTSHEET SERIES In addition to the overall responsibility placed on FBOs by th
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Cadmium can come in the silver variety, Zinc and Cadmium are related somehow chemically, I believe the the Cad is a by product of zinc or something like that. The Muriatic acid is the hot tip for removing either, after the acid, drop in a solution of 1 lb baking soda per gal of water, that will neutralize and keep the bolt from rusting as it .. ...
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Mar 30, 2006 · um, with a condensation temperature of 430 K at 7.5 × 10 − 7 Pa, is a more volatile element than either S, with a condensation temperature of 684 K, or K with a condensation temperature of 1000 K . Cadmium possesses eight stable isotopes, ranging in mass number from 106 to 116, and has an atomic number Z = 48. Cadmium is therefore the Get price ...
Health effects of cadmium exposure in the general environment in Japan with special reference to the lower limit of the benchmark dose as the threshold level of urinary cadmium ...
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Post ANSI Chemical Warning Signs to mark areas and facilities with hazardous carcinogens like Cadmium. Order your supply of ANSI danger signs from Emedco now!
Not only by eating foods but also breathing air contaminated with cadmium affects human health. How bad it could be depends on the exposure.
These glazes contain fritted lead and may yield in excess of 2 parts per million soluble lead and therefore should not be used on the contact surfaces of food or beverage ceramic ware. Cadmium Gloss Glazes 10000C - 10400C. Use on earthenware clay in an oxidising atmosphere - produce glossy colours. ...
Cadmium plated duplicate of OEM block, screw, cotter pin and brass washers used on all Linkert and Bendix carburetors. Standard Size. H-D#27450-36
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An introduction to cadmium plating, its uses, suitability and versatility for various processes and the environmental information you need to know.
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For around the last 9 months of my life, Ive struggled with depression. It was due to a lot of factors, wasnt fun at all. But luckily Im now out of it ...
The ubiquitous food contaminant cadmium has features of an estrogen mimetic that may promote the development of estrogen-dependent malignancies, such as breast cancer. However, no prospective studies of cadmium exposure and breast cancer risk have been reported. , We examined the association between dietary cadmium exposure (at baseline, 1987) and the risk of overall and estrogen receptor (ER)-defined (ER+ or ER-) breast cancer within a population-based prospective cohort of 55,987 postmenopausal women. During an average of 12.2 years of follow-up, 2,112 incident cases of invasive breast cancer were ascertained (1,626 ER+ and 290 ER-). After adjusting for confounders, including consumption of whole grains and vegetables (which account for 40% of the dietary exposure, but also contain putative anticarcinogenic phytochemicals), dietary cadmium intake was positively associated with overall breast cancer tumors, comparing the highest tertile with the lowest [rate ratio (RR), 1.21; 95% confidence ...
Article Urine metabolomics of women from small villages exposed to high environmental cadmium levels. This study aimed to identify urine metabolites in women exposed to high cadmium levels. 21 women exposed to environmental Cd and 12 age‐matched cont...
Protective and curative role of Citrus sinensis peel on cadmium-induced testicular and spermatic damage: a morphometric and immunohistochemical evaluation using monoclonal antibodies against Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen
Cadmium (Cd) is frequently used in various industrial applications and is a ubiquitous environmental toxicant, also present in tobacco smoke. An important route of exposure is the circulatory system whereas blood vessels are considered to be main stream organs of Cd toxicity. Our previous results indicate that cadmium chloride (CdCl2) affects mean arterial blood pressure in hypertensive rats. We hypothesized that Cd alters the intracellular calcium transient mechanism, by cadmium-induced stimulation of MAPKs (ERK 1 & 2) which is mediated partially through calcium-dependent PKC mechanism. To investigate this hypothesis, we exposed primary cultures of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from wistar kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) to increased concentrations of CdCl2 on cell viability, expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs/ERK 1 & 2), and protein kinase C (PKC) which are activated by Cd in several cell types. The results from these studies indicate that CdCl2
Biochemical analyses can point to toxicant presence before its effects can be detected at higher organizational levels. We investigated responses of larval mass and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) to different cadmium treatments in 4th instar gypsy moth larvae from 20 full-sib families. Changes in trait values and trait plasticities as well as their variation were monitored after acute and chronic exposure or recovery from two cadmium concentrations (Cd(1) = 10 mu g and Cd(2) = 30 mu g Cd/g dry food). Larval mass only decreased, without returning to the control level at recovery stage following chronic cadmium challenge. Acute stress did not change trait value but increased genetic variance of larval mass. Significant ALP activity changes, sensitivity of isozyme patterns (Mr of 60, 64, and 85 kDa) and increased variation in ALP plasticity during acute exposure to cadmium point to its possible aplication as an exposure biomarker. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved ...
Environmental cadmium exposure is associated with elevated risk of chronic otitis media in adults[4] Chronic otitis media (COM) is caused by an infection of the middle ear, although it may also be associated with environmental pollutants. Recent reports found that cadmium exposure could be toxic to middle ear cell lines, but the role of cadmium in the development of COM in humans has not been examined to date. We hypothesised that environmental cadmium exposure was associated with an increased risk of COM in the general population. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data for 5331 adults of 20 years of age or above, obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012. We examined the association between blood cadmium levels and COM diagnosed by an otolaryngologist. RESULTS: The highest quartile group of cadmium blood concentration was associated with an OR of 3.33 (95% CI 1.78 to 7.53) for COM, after adjusting for potential confounding factors. Doubling blood ...
Cadmium (Cd) is among the most widespread and toxic heavy metal in several part of the world. Its toxicity in soil is becoming a severe threat to living organism worldwide. It is one of the main pollutants in paddy fields near industrial areas and highly toxic to plant growth and development of the plants. Cd can be easily taken up by plants and enter the food chain. Therefore, precautionary measurements should be done to reduce accumulation of Cd in crops to alleviate the risk of health hazards in response to Cd-polluted soils. Several strategies have been proposed for the successful management of the Cd-contaminated in crops. One approach, applicable on slightly contaminated soils, is selection of plant genotypes with high ability to repress root uptake and shoot transport of Cd which could be a reasonable approach to alleviate adverse effects of Cd toxicity in crops. Moreover, the toxic effect of Cd can be decreased by proper application of essential nutrients such as Zn, S and N fertilizers Cd
Previous U.S. population modeling studies have reported that urinary cadmium (Cd) excretion patterns differ with age, sex, and dietary exposure; associations between Cd exposures and health outcomes also have differed by age and sex. Therefore, it is important to test models used to estimate Cd exposures across an expanded Cd-exposure range.,We estimated relative Cd exposures from both diet and smoking in low- and high-exposure scenarios to provide data for improving risk assessment calculations.,We used a Cd toxicokinetic-based model to estimate Cd exposures based on urinary Cd levels measured for 399 persons in a low-exposure area (Bangkok) and 6,747 persons in a high-exposure area (Mae Sot) in Thailand.,In Bangkok, we estimated dietary Cd exposures of 50-56 µg/day for males and 21-27 µg/day for females 20-59 years of age who never smoked. In Mae Sot, we estimated dietary Cd exposures of 188-224 µg/day for males and 99-113 µg/day for females 20-59 years of age who never smoked. In Bangkok, ...
Cadmium (Cd2+) is a known nephrotoxin causing tubular necrosis during acute exposure and potentially contributing to renal failure in chronic long-term exposure. To investigate changes in global gene expression elicited by cadmium, an in-vitro exposure system was developed from cultures of human renal epithelial cells derived from cortical tissue obtained from nephrectomies. These cultures exhibit many of the qualities of proximal tubule cells. Using these cells, a study was performed to determine the cadmium-induced global gene expression changes after short-term (1 day, 9, 27, and 45 μM) and long-term cadmium exposure (13 days, 4.5, 9, and 27 μM). These studies revealed fundamental differences in the types of genes expressed during each of these time points. The obtained data was further analyzed using regression to identify cadmium toxicity responsive genes. Regression analysis showed 403 genes were induced and 522 genes were repressed by Cd2+ within 1 day, and 366 and 517 genes were induced and
The effect of Cd (10, 100, and 200 μM) on tissue contents of macronutrients (N, P, K, Ca, Mg) and micronutrients (Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn) was investigated in hydroponically grown soybean (Glycine max) seedlin
prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under contract no. 200-2004-09793; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. : Chemical manager(s)/author(s): Obaid F ...
Only limited data were available on the skin or respiratory sensitization potential of cadmium metal and cadmium compounds. Cadmium chloride did not show any skin sensitization effects at 0.5% in a GMPT test. Cadmium chloride and sulphate were patch-tested in human volunteers but, across several studies, the evidence remained inconclusive. If at all, significant exposure is expected to occur principally in occupational settings.Given the carcinogen properties of cadmium metal and some of the cadmium compounds, risk reduction measures are in place to prevent contact.Therefore, neither skin nor respiratory tract sensitization are expected to be an issue for human health and further testing is not considered necessary, in accordance withAnnex XI (3) of the REACH directive.This is in line with the conclusions of the EU RAR (ECB, 2007). At present, none of the cadmium substances covered in the present assessment is classified for sensitization in Annex I of Directive 67/548/EEC. ...
Introduction Agricultural soils in Iran, as in many other countries, are slightly to moderately contaminated by cadmium. According to some published reports, the average content of cadmium in some agricultural products and soils of Iran was found to be above the FAO/WHO guidelines. Abiotic stresses including cadmium stress can lead to overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) causing progressive oxidative damage and ultimately cell death. In order to reduce cadmium-induced toxicity and alleviate some adverse effects of this metal on plants, a number of strategies including phytoremediation have been developed. Meanwhile, it was found that application of some elements such as calcium could diminish adverse effects of heavy metals in plants. In addition to calcium, selenium due to its potential in mitigation of cadmium toxicity has gained increased attention in recent decades. Selenium, as an antioxidant, plays an important role in the maintenance of human health, and on the other hand, many ...
A Comparative Study of Metallothionein Gene Expression in Peripheral Lymphocytes and Blood Cadmium Level among Die Casting Male Workers
TY - JOUR. T1 - Adverse effects of cadmium exposure on mouse sperm. AU - Oliveira, Helena. AU - Spanò, Marcello. AU - Santos, Conceição. AU - Pereira, Maria de Lourdes. PY - 2009/12. Y1 - 2009/12. N2 - The effects of cadmium chloride exposure on sperm functional parameters were evaluated on eight-week-old ICR-CD1 male mice administered with a single s.c. injection of 1, 2 and 3 mg CdCl2/kg bw. Groups of animals treated with each dose, as well as their respective controls, were sacrificed after 24 h to detect short-term (acute) effects and after 35 days. Sperm cells were collected from the epididymis and several parameters of sperm quality and function were evaluated, namely density, morphology, motility, viability, mitochondrial function, acrosome integrity, together with DNA fragmentation assessed by the TUNEL assay. The short-term effects of cadmium chloride resulted in an increased fraction of sperm with abnormal morphology, premature acrosome reaction and reduced motility. Late term ...
A significant reduction of kallikrein activity in urine (assayed by its amidolytic activity) was found in 64 normotensive workers who had been exposed to cadmium for 11 years on average and whose cadmium concentrations in urine ranged from 2.2 to 33.1 micrograms/g creatinine. The mean (geometric) urinary kallikrein activity (in U/g creatinine) amounted to 0.52 (range 0.11-1.90) in the control group (n = 193) against 0.39 (range 0.10-1.03) in the cadmium group, and the prevalence of abnormally low activity levels (less than or equal to 0.20 U/g creatinine) amounted to 17.2% in the cadmium group against 5.2% in the control group. A reduction of aldosterone release (aldosterone in urine) associated with an increased natriuresis was also observed. This might constitute a compensatory mechanism maintaining blood pressure in the normal range. These biological effects of cadmium were not reversible after removal from exposure. This study indicates that cadmium can induce an irreversible toxic effect in ...
Tan HW, Xu YM, Wu DD, Lau AT. Recent insights into human bronchial proteomics - how are we progressing and what is next? Expert review of proteomics . 2017. doi: 10.1080/14789450.2017.1417847. PubMed PMID: 29260600.. • Huang SJ, Xu YM, Lau AT. Electronic cigarette: A recent update of its toxic effects on humans. J Cell Physiol. 2017. doi: 10.1002/jcp.26352. PubMed PMID: 29215738.. • Zheng W, Xu YM, Wu DD, Yao Y, Liang ZL, Tan HW, Lau AT. Acute and chronic cadmium telluride quantum dots-exposed human bronchial epithelial cells: The effects of particle sizes on their cytotoxicity and carcinogenicity. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017; 495(1):899-903. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.11.074. PubMed PMID: 29137979.. • Xu YM, Yu FY, Lau AT. Discovering Epimodifications of the Genome, Transcriptome, Proteome, and Metabolome: the Quest for Conquering the Uncharted Epi(c) Territories. Current Pharmacology Reports. 2017;3(5):286-93. doi: 10.1007/s40495-017-0103-4.. • Cai NL, Lau AT, Yu FY, Wu DD, Dai LJ, ...
The cadmium (Cd) contaminated rice fields in Mae Sot District, Tak Province, Thailand has been one of the major environmental problems in Thailand for the last 10 years. We used disability adjusted life years (DALYs) to estimate the burden of disease attributable to Cd in terms of additional DALYs of Mae Sot residents. Cd exposure data included Cd and β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) in urine (as an internal exposure dose) and estimated cadmium daily intake (as an external exposure dose). Compared to the general Thai population, Mae Sot residents gained 10%-86% DALYs from nephrosis/nephritis, heart diseases, osteoporosis and cancer depending on their Cd exposure type and exposure level. The results for urinary Cd and dietary Cd intake varied according to the studies used for risk estimation. The ceiling effect was observed in results using dietary Cd intake because of the high Cd content in rice grown in the Mae Sot area. The results from β2-MG were more robust with additional DALYs ranging from 36%-86%
This blood test measures selenium levels. Selenium is an essential trace element. It is widely recognized as a key nutrient in cancer prevention and is a crucial cofactor for the conversion of T4 to T3 in healthy thyroid function. Selenium protects genes from inflammatory disease processes such as dementia, stroke, heart disease, diabetes and asthma. Selenium plays a crucial role by helping the body detoxify naturally from heavy metals such as cadmium. Cigarettes are a significant source of cadmium exposure worldwide. Cadmium has been found in toxic levels in fertilizers, pesticides and PVC plastics. Cadmium toxicity affects the lungs, brain, kidneys and bones and may lead to problems such as fatigue, confusion, depression and cardiac arrhythmias.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of maternal dietary exposure to cadmium during pregnancy on mammary cancer risk among female offspring. AU - Davis, Jennifer. AU - Khan, Galam. AU - Martin, Mary. AU - Hilakivi-Clarke, Leena. PY - 2013/1/1. Y1 - 2013/1/1. N2 - Background: Since heavy metal cadmium is an endocrine disrupting chemical, we investigated whether maternal exposure to cadmium during the pregnancy alters mammary tumorigenesis among female offspring. Methods: From gestation day 10 to day 19, pregnant rat dams were fed modified American Institute of Nutrition (AIN93G) diet containing 39% energy from fat (baseline diet), or the baseline diet containing moderate (75 μg/kg of feed) or high (150 μg/kg) cadmium levels. Some dams were injected with 10 μg 17β-estradiol (E2) daily between gestation days 10 and 19. Results: Rats exposed to a moderate cadmium dose in utero were heavier and exhibited accelerated puberty onset. Both moderate and high cadmium dose led to increased circulating testosterone ...
In studies with mouse and rat, effects on development were observed after oral and inhalatory exposure to cadmium compounds. Neurobehavioural changes were reported in the absence of maternal toxicity but the robustness of these observations was not sufficient to derive an appropriate NOAEL. It is suggested that further studies are needed to better document the possible effects of cadmium on the developing brain (ECB, 2007). No clear evidence indicates that cadmium has adverse effects on the development of offprings from women exposed indirectly via the environment or occupationally. Effects on birth weight, motor and perceptual abilities of offsprings have been reported by some authors. However, these studies suffer from drawbacks either in the definition of the study postulation, the definition of the effects, or in the assessment of exposure. Moreover, it is not clear whether the effects on psychomotor development were related to cadmium or to a simultaneous exposure to other substances such ...
This report contains market size and forecasts of Cadmium Chloride in global, including the following market information: Global Cadmium Chloride Market Revenue, 2016-2021, 2022-2027, ($ millions) Glo...
The accumulation of cadmium in plants cause a variety of physiological, biochemical and structural changes, while selenium that is often used in the process of biofortification of plants can significantly change the plants response to cadmium treatment. The main aim of this study was to determine the effect of cadmium on antioxidant enzyme gene expression in the roots and shoots of two varieties of wheat (Divana and Srpanjka) seedlings enriched with selenium. Enzymes that were observed in this study were glutathione S-transferase, Cu, Zn-Superoxid-Dismutase and catalase The effect of cadmium on antioxidant enzyme gene expression depended on the type of cultivar and the type of plant organ (root or shoot). Cadmium treatment affected the expression of glutathione S-transferase the most.The effect of cadmium on decrease in antioxidant enzyme gene expression was much more visible in the roots than in the shoots. Variety Divana was shown to be more sensitive to cadmium treatment than variety Srpanjka ...
Cadmium is a carcinogenic heavy metal. Urinary levels of cadmium are considered to be an indicator of long-term body burden, as cadmium accumulates in the kidneys and has a half-life of at least 10 years. However, the temporal stability of the biomarker in urine samples from a non-occupationally exposed population has not been rigorously established. We used repeated measurements of urinary cadmium (U-Cd) in spot urine samples and first morning voids from two separate cohorts, to assess the temporal stability of the samples.
Journal of Toxicology is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies in all areas of toxicological sciences. The journal will consider articles looking at the structure, function, and mechanism of agents that are toxic to humans and/or animals, as well as toxicological medicine, risk assessment, safety evaluation, and environmental health.
On the potential exposure to toxic levels of cadmium: I was surprised to learn that one serving (46g) of sunflower seeds contains 23.9 ug (212 nanomoles) of cadmium (ref). The concentrated metal stocks we use for Maxpar labeling are 50 mM. If I did the math correctly, one serving of sunflower seeds contains the same amount of cadmium as 4.3 uL of a 50 mM cadmium stock. Admittedly, the cadmium in sunflower seeds could be much less bioavailable than a cadmium salt solution, but I just want to make the point that were not handling very high levels of metal in a typical CyTOF workflow ...
The aim of this report was to estimate impacts of cadmium in phosphorus fertilizers on a cadmium content and cadmium balance of the cultivated soil, and to assess related human health and environmental risks under Finnish conditions. The assessment was performed by applying, as appropriate, the EU principles on risk assessment of New and Existing Substances, and the guidance document prepared by Environmental Resources Management Limited for the risk assessment of cadmium in fertilizers. The work was carried out on the basis of the available literature and other information relating to the occurrence of cadmium in the environment in Finland, harmful environmental influences of cadmium, as well as its adverse health effects ...
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In this large population-based prospective cohort of postmenopausal women, estimated dietary cadmium was associated with an increased breast cancer incidence. Results by ER subtype were fairly similar, although not statistically significant for ER−. The associations were more pronounced when taking the consumption of whole grain and vegetables into account, foods that account for about 40% of the dietary cadmium exposure, but that are also important sources of phytochemicals with proposed anticarcinogenic properties.. We undertook several steps in the analysis to reveal the possible estrogenic effects of cadmium. First, we restricted the analysis to include only postmenopausal women to avoid the effect of ovary-produced estrogens. Second, because estrogen is mainly produced in adipose tissue after menopause and estrogen-related exposures such as BMI are associated specifically with ER+ tumors (42-44), the analysis was stratified by BMI. This stratification revealed a slight increase in point ...
Cadmium is a kind of metal, which is naturally found as a compound with other elements. There are many uses of cadmium, such as batteries, cigarette smoke, pigments, metal coatings, plastics, and appears a lot in industrial waste. The consequences of u...
Exposure levels and exposure sources. Among subjects in this study, age, sex, smoking, and locality were sources of U-Cd variability. A comparison of observed U-Cd data from males and females who never smoked in the 20- to 39-year-old and 40- to 59-year-old groups in Mae Sot with respective counterparts in Bangkok indicated overall Cd exposure levels in Mae Sot to be 3- to 3.8-times greater than in Bangkok. Evidence supporting diet as a major source of high Cd exposures in Mae Sot comes from a previous report indicating that Cd levels in most staple food (rice) samples from Mae Sot were above the permissible limit of 0.2 mg/kg (Swaddiwudhipong et al. 2007). In another report, Cd content in 524 rice samples was 0.05-7.7 mg/kg, with over 90% of samples , 0.2 mg/kg (Simmons et al. 2005). Further, U-Cd levels were higher among persons who consumed locally grown rice compared with those who consumed rice purchased from other areas (Swaddiwudhipong et al. 2007). U-Cd levels were also higher in Mae Sot ...
Since cadmium compounds are often found in association with zinc ores, cadmium oxide is a common by-product of zinc refining.[15] It is produced by burning elemental cadmium in air. Pyrolysis of other cadmium compounds, such as the nitrate or the carbonate, also affords this oxide. When pure, it is red, but CdO is unusual in being available in many differing colours due to its tendency to form defect structures resulting from anion vacancies.[16] Cadmium oxide is prepared commercially by oxidizing cadmium vapor in air.[17] ...
The refreshed Cadmium Management Strategy explains how and why cadmium will be managed in the future. It describes governance, research, monitoring, management, and education activities. Together, these can lower cadmium in food, soils, and fertiliser. The strategy has been developed to minimise risks of cadmium to the environment and human health.. Tiered Fertiliser Management System for Soil Cadmium (2019) [PDF, 2.5 MB ...
Metallic Salts | Metallic Oxides - Offering metallic salts and metallic oxides like cadmium nitrate, cadmium carbonate, cadmium citrate, cobalt sulphate monohydrate, cobalt sulphate heptahydrate, nickel acetate tetrahydrate, nickel ammonium sulphate, nickel nitrate hexahydrate, nickel oxide, stannous oxalate and cobalt carbonate hydrate.
Results of an epidemiologic study show significantly increased mortality due to total malignancies, lung cancer, and prostatic cancer among cadmium (7440439) smelter workers. The findings of previous occupational studies are confirmed, and cadmium exposure is strongly implicated as a cause of certain types of malignant disease. In light of the ubiquitous nature of cadmium in the environment, furth
Sigma-Aldrich offers Aldrich-202908, Cadmium chloride for your research needs. Find product specific information including CAS, MSDS, protocols and references.
Page contains details about cadmium chloride nanocrystals . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Cadmium (Cd), is a silvery white coloured heavy metal. Resistant to corrosion and abrasion, it is a common carcinogenic chemical with a soft texture that is extremely elastic. It is non-degradable and therefore poses an environmental hazard when discarded as industrial waste. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifies cadmium and its compounds as Group 1 of carcinogen for humans.[1] When inhaled, cadmium is eliminated from the human body via urine. However, the amount of cadmium excreted daily in this manner is very small.
According to theWorld Health Organization, in 2015, the Serbian population ranked among the highest ones in Europe in terms of smoking habit: 44.3%males and 36.2%females aged 18-64 smoked tobacco. In the last 7 years, 25%of total mortality inmen and 9%in women from Serbia were associated with smoking. Tobacco smoking is one of the most important sources of exposure to many toxic substances in general population. Our study confirmed higher blood levels of two toxic metals, cadmium and lead, in the blood of smokers (3.5 and 1.5 times higher than in non-smokers, respectively). Furthermore, smoking habits, such as number of smoked cigarettes per day, smoking period and cigarette type, along with age, were shown to influence these metals blood concentration. Higher blood levels of Cd and Pb were found in smokers consuming more than 10 cigarettes per day for more than 10 years. The present study also highlighted the importance of the controlled tobacco production, since it was shown that ...
Abstract: Cadmium is very toxic metal for living organisms. It has adverse effects on living organisms mostly is disturb the activities for cells, tissues,...
Cadmium (Cd) Physical character: Atomic Weight: 112.41 Electronegative: 1.4-1.69 Density: ρ=2.0 g/cm3 Melting Point: mp: 320.9 ℃ Boiling Point: bp: 765 ℃ Specification: High Purity Cadmium: Cd-05 Grade 99.999. The content of Cadmium is above...
CADMIUM METALLICUM(Cadmium)MENTAL SYMPTOMS OR CADMIUM pathogenesis METALLICUM1 - () Hypersensitive, irritable. 0 indifferent, and does not want to see anyone.2 Memory weakened.
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant of continuing public health concern worldwide, because total diet studies have shown that Cd is present in virtually all foodstuffs. Consequently, foods that are frequently consumed in large quantities, such as rice, potatoes, wheat, leafy salad vegetables, and other cereal crops, are the most significant dietary Cd sources. Moreover, Cd has chemical propensities that confer the potential to interfere with the physiological functions of calcium and zinc. Evidence of a wide range of diverse, toxic effects of Cd is increasingly apparent. In this collection, environmental Cd exposure is linked to an increased risk of chronic kidney disease that is known to be a cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cd is also implicated in an early onset of menarche and deaths from cancer, especially in the uterus, kidney, and urinary tract. Moreover, Cd-induced kidney injury is replicated in Sprague Dawley rats, as is Cd-induced periodontal disease. Experimental ...
Although welding is an industrial process with well-known health effects, the effects of heavy metal exposure on the respiratory system during welding are largely unknown. In this study, we...
37ml Tube of Winsor and newton Griffin Alkyd Cadmium Orange Hue Cadmium Orange Hue is composed of several pigments closely resembling genuine Cadmium
Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate 13464-92-1 NMR spectrum, Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate H-NMR spectral analysis, Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate C-NMR spectral analysis ect.
Exposure to the harmful metal, which can cause illness and cancer in cases of chronic contact, can be more easily monitored by workers and supervisors with a new OSHA online endeavor.
M. Cd concentration was expressed as mg?g21 wet weight tissue.Determination of H2O2 contentFrozen gill segments (0.1 g) were homogenized in a 1:9 (w/v) 50 mM pH
Cadmium poisoning is a very serious health issue that often goes undiagnosed; its somewhat generic symptoms include things like chronic anxiety, stomach pains, kidney damage and even death. But a cohort of scientific literature reveals that regular supplementation with high-dose vitamin C combined with a healthy diet may help block the absorption of cadmium, and potentially even accelerate its natural detoxification from the body. ...
Cadmium Yellow Deep is a warm yellow opaque pigment. It is a genuine single pigment colour with excellent tinting qualities. A by-product of the zinc industry, Cadmium was discovered in 1817.. ...