2,3-Butanediol fermentation is anaerobic fermentation of glucose with 2,3-butanediol as one of the end products. The overall stoichiometry of the reaction is 2 pyruvate + NADH 2CO2 + 2,3-butanediol. Butanediol fermentation is typical for the facultative anaerobes Klebsiella and Enterobacter and is tested for using the Voges-Proskauer (VP) test. The metabolic function of 2,3-butanediol is not known, although some have speculated that it was an evolutionary advantage for these microorganisms to produce a neutral product thats less inhibitory than other partial oxidation products and doesnt reduce the pH as much as mixed acids. . 2,3-butanediol fermentation produces smaller amounts of acid than mixed acid fermentation, and butanediol, ethanol, CO2 and H2 are the end products. While equal amounts of CO2 and H2 are created during mixed acid fermentation, butanediol fermentation produces more than twice the amount of CO2 because the gases are not produced only by formate hydrogen lyase like they ...
The GENO BG™ process, a new biobased process technology to make a naturally sourced 1,3-butylene glycol. This is the latest innovation launched by Genomatica, a widely-recognized leader in bioengineering headquartered in San Diego, California. The GENO BG process has already produced biobased butylene glycol for sampling and Genomatica has transferred the process to 85,000 liter production fermentors.. Butylene glycol, a four-carbon alcohol, is used globally in cosmetics to improve moisture retention and as a carrier for plant extracts. Conventional approaches to make butylene glycol start with fossil fuel-derived acetaldehyde, which is a toxin, an irritant, and a carcinogen. By contrast, Genomaticas biobased butylene glycol is made via fermentation, starting from natural, sustainable, plant-based ingredients. This approach has the potential for high appeal in personal care products.. Additionally, Genomatica has leveraged the power and selectivity of biology to create a process that produces ...
Unlock new opportunities in Global Butylene Glycol Industry Market: the latest release from HTF MI highlights the key market trends impacting the growth of theGlobal Butylene Glycol Industry MarketGet reliable information about competitors moves and strategies which are of immense significance for further planning
Background: Dietary plant lignans, such as secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG), are metabolized to the enterolignans, enterodiol (END) and enterolactone (ENL), by gut microbes. Evidence suggests that enterolignans may reduce risk of cardiovascular disease and several forms of cancer. Our aim was to characterize the microbial community involved in enterolignan production by using an in vitro batch culture system to enrich for lignan-metabolizing organisms. Methods: Stool samples from eight participants were incubated separately for ~1 week with a mineral salts media containing formate, acetate, glucose, and 6.55 μM SDG. Daily secoisolariciresinol (SECO), END, and ENL concentrations were measured using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS). Microbial community in initial stool (Day 1) and in vitro-incubated fecal suspensions (final-day) was assessed via Illumina paired-end 16S rRNA gene amplicon and whole-metagenome shotgun sequencing. 16S rRNA gene sequences were taxonomically annotated ...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety for human dietary consumption of three synthetic compounds which are potential sources of dietary energy, namely 1, 3-Butylene Glycol (BG), 1, 3-Butylene Glycol Mono-Oleate (BGMO) and 1, 3-Butylene Glycol Mono-Stearate (BGMS), by feeding these compounds to parents and three generations of rats. Previous animal feeding studies had indicated that BG was low in toxicity, but the effects of BG on reproduction had not been adequately established. No relative studies were known of the physiological and toxicological effects of the BGMO and BGMS compounds. Control and test diets were composed of semi-purified ingredients, with the only difference being that 20% of the test compounds were added to the experimental diets at the expense of carbohydrate sources. Thus, all diets contained the same amount of casein, fat, vitamins and minerals. The most significant findings of this study were that BG and BGMS diets supported reproduction and lactation in three
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Brontide is a natural, pure butylene glycol extracted from a sustainable and renewable sugar fermentation process. According to Genomatica, this product is ideal for personal care manufacturers seeking to develop new, natural, sustainable products, o
In working out the action of B lactis arogenes on glucose quantitatively Harden and Walpole (1) found that in addition to the products already noted in the action of B coli communis on glucose (2) a small quantity of acetyl-methylcarbinol CH 3 CH(OH)COCH 3 and a considerable proportion of 2 3-butylene glycol CH 3 CH(OH)CH(OH)CH 3 were formed the latter corresponding Request A Quotation! ...
This report covers the key technological and market trends in the 1,4-Butanediol market and further lays out an analysis of the factors influencing the supply/demand for 1,4-Butanediol, and the opportunities/challenges faced by industry participants. It also acts as an essential tool to companies active across the value chain and to the new entrants by enabling them to capitalize the opportunities and develop business strategies.. Browse Detail Report With TOC @ http://www.hexareports.com/report/global-1-4-butanediol-market-outlook-2016-2021/details. 1,4-Butanediol, colloquially known as BD, is the organic compound with the formula HOCH2CH2CH2CH2OH. This colorlessviscous liquid is derived from butane by placement of alcohol groups at each end of the chain. It is one of four stableisomers of butanediol.. Global 1,4-Butanediol Market Outlook 2016-2021, has been prepared based on the synthesis, analysis, and interpretation of information about the global 1,4-Butanediol market collected from ...
David B. Levine is an orthopaedic surgeon, hospital administrator, professor and historian of medicine who has held positions since 1961 at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York, New York. Levine was born to Sarah and Herbert Levine in 1932 in Binghamton, NY, and attended public schools there. He studied from 1950 to 1953 at Dartmouth College and graduated in 1957 with an M.D. degree from State University of New York Upstate Medical University at Syracuse. From 1957 to 1958, he worked as a Rotating Intern at the Case Western Reserves Metropolitan General Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio. From 1958 to 1959 he was an Assistant Surgical Resident at Beth Israel Hospital (now known as Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) in Boston, Massachusetts, and also during this year was an instructor in surgery at Harvard Medical School. From 1959 to 1961, he served at the rank of Lieutenant in the U.S. Navy as the Medical Officer aboard the USS Forrestal in the Sixth Fleet. During 1961-1964, Levine served ...
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers and the second most responsible for cancer mortality worldwide. In 2014, in Portugal, close to 27 200 people died of cancer, which 1791 were women with breast cancer. Flaxseed has been one of the most studied foods, regarding possible relations to breast cancer, though mainly in experimental studies in animals, yet in few clinical trials. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, alpha-linolenic acid, lignan and fibers. One of the main components of flaxseed are the lignans, of which 95% are made of the predominant secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG). SDG is converted into enterolactone and enterodiol, both with anti-estrogen activity and structurally similar to estrogen; they can bind to cell receptors, decreasing cell growth. Some studies have shown that the intake of omega-3 fatty acids is related to the reduction of breast cancer risk. In animal studies, α-linolenic acid have been shown to be able to suppress growth, size and proliferation of cancer cells
The production of platform chemicals from biomass is the current focus of chemical research. Platform chemicals are the precursors of many household and industrial products. These chemicals can be converted into several high-value products and materials including resins, paints, plastics, adhesives, solvents, and synthetic fibers. Most platform chemicals are currently derived from fossil fuels. One potential source to replace petroleum as a precursor for platform chemicals is plant biomass. Biomass is composed of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The composition of the component of biomass suggests that it could also be utilized in the production of platform chemicals. Most bio-refinery research has focused on converting cellulose and hemicellulose into ethanol. However, lignin, which constitutes 15-25% of plant biomass, is considered a waste product in bio-refineries. In this project, the feasibility of utilizing lignin for the production of formaldehyde and formic acid is considered. The ...
Définitions de 1 4 butanediol, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de 1 4 butanediol, dictionnaire analogique de 1 4 butanediol (anglais)
Livers from fed and starved rats were perfused with buffer containing radiolabelled R- or S-1,3-butylene glycol. The following parameters were determined: a) uptake of the diol, b) contribution of the diol to ketogenesis, c) contribution of the diol to total fatty acid plus sterol synthesis, and d) conversion of S-1,3-butylene glycol into the (non physiological) metabolite S-3-hydroxybutyrate. Both enantiomers were taken up by the livers of fed or starved rats at the same rate. R-1,3-butylene glycol is mainly transformed to the physiological ketone bodies R-3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate. Only 29-38% of the S-enantiomer are converted into physiological ketone bodies. The S-enantiomer is further metabolised to S-3-hydroxybutyrate (not a natural compound), lipids and carbon dioxide. ...
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NEW YORK, Feb. 5, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Adam Levine To Debut His Own Signature Fragrance For Men And Women, Adam Levine, Exclusively At Macys.
Michael L. Levine M.D., F.A.C.S. has expertise in laser eye and glaucoma surgery. Dr. Levine completed an additional year of fellowship training in glaucoma at the prestigious Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital. Being a glaucoma specialist, Dr. Levine is highly trained in the latest advancements in treatment for glaucoma.
Release of the funds requires an approval process that is not yet complete but we hope will be complete soon," said John Bland.. Levine said the delay will push back the timeline on completing the planned apartments as well. "Everything will slide until were able to restart," said Levine. "I hope that its soon.". The park, however, is ahead of schedule and could open by November, Levine said.. ...
A major means whereby oxidative stress promotes aging-related disease is by activating inflammatory pathways. Decreasing oxidative stress and inflammation should ameliorate many of the problems associated with aging, including vascular dementia, Alzheimers disease, osteoporosis, muscle wasting, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Animal and human studies have demonstrated that consumption of vitamin D and phase 2 protein inducers decrease oxidative stress and associated inflammation. The flax lignan secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) is metabolized to enterolactone, a potent phase 2 protein inducer. Animal and human studies have shown that consumption of flax seed or its component SDG decreases hypertension, serum cholesterol, atherosclerosis, the growth of experimentally-induced cancers as well as metastases of human breast tumours implanted into nude mice, and delays the development of type 2 diabetes. Vitamin D plays a role in modulating inflammation, enhancing ...
1GEG: Crystal structure of meso-2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase in a complex with NAD+ and inhibitor mercaptoethanol at 1.7 A resolution for understanding of chiral substrate recognition mechanisms.
pyruvate decarboxylase ^ CO2. a-acetolactate/acetaldehyde-TPP. ,CO2. CO2 diacetyl reductase diacetyl -^ ^ ► acetoin reductase / % . NADH+H NAD. acetoin reductase c. NADH+H. NAD 2,3-butanediol catalyzed by a-acetolactate synthase and requiring high concentrations of pyruvate. The a-acetolactate is unstable in the presence of oxygen and is finally decarboxylated, nonenzy-matically, to form diacetyl. It is important to note that diacetyl is not necessarily the terminal end-product of the pathway. Further reduction of diacetyl can also occur, forming acetoin and 2,3-butanediol, compounds that contribute no flavor or aroma to the product.. Following the addition of the culture, the mix is incubated at 21°C to 22°C for twelve to sixteen hours. At the end of the fermentation, when the titratable acidity has reached 0.85% to 0.90% and the pH has decreased to about 4.5, the product is cooled to 2°C and agitated to break up the coagulum. Salt is usually added, and, if desired, butter granules or ...
South America Bio Based Platform Chemicals Market analysis offers latest trends, growth factors, industry competitiveness, forecast to 2022, top players
By Harry Levine. Prior to now decade, the significance of amorphous water-soluble components has been more and more known in the nutrients and pharmaceutical industries. In reaction, Amorphous nutrition and Pharmaceutical structures brings jointly present best specialists to give a contribution to this particular cross-disciplinary account of the topic. insurance contains: water-compatible amorphous solids (physical, chemical behaviour), low water content material structures (water as plasticizer); functions in meals and pharmaceutical sciences and industries (processing and balance) besides cutting-edge know-how in foodstuff and pharmaceutical structures. This well timed booklet can be welcomed by way of educational and business researchers and pros within the prescription drugs, meals, fabrics and polymer sciences. learn more... content material: advent : development in amorphous foodstuff and pharmaceutical structures / H. Levine -- the idea that of "structure" in amorphous solids from the ...
David Levine has served as a Health System Counsel at UC Davis Health System since 2005. Prior to joining the Health System, Mr. Levine was a partner in the law firm Benesch, Friedlander, Coplan & Aronoff LLP in Cleveland, Ohio.. Mr. Levines primary areas of practice involve fraud and abuse compliance counseling, federal health care program reimbursement and general healthcare law. He is a graduate of Boston University School of Law (J.D. 1986) and the University of Michigan (B.A. 1982).. ...
1. Levine J, Barak Y, Kofman O, et al. Follow-up and relapse analysis of an inositol study of depression. Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 1995;32:14-21. 2. Levine J. Controlled trials of inositol in psychiatry. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 1997;7:147-155. 3. Benjamin J, Agam G, Levine J, et al. Inositol treatment in psychiatry. Psychopharmacol Bull. 1995;31:167-175. 4. Nemets B, Mishory A, Levine J, et al. Inositol addition does not improve depression in SSRI treatment failures. J Neural Transm. 1999;106:795-798. 5. Chengappa KN, Levine J, Gershon S, et al. Inositol as an add-on treatment for bipolar depression. Bipolar Disord. 2000;2:47-55. 6. Benjamin J, Levine J, Fux M, et al. Double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of inositol treatment for panic disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1995;152:1084-1086. 7. Palatnik A, Frolov K, Fux M, et al. Double-blind, controlled, crossover trial of inositol versus fluvoxamine for the treatment of panic disorder. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2001;21:335-339. 8. Gelber ...
You cant get far on the University of Rochester Medical Center campus without seeing the names William and Mildred Levine" emblazoned across an important space. Mr. Levine, co-founder of Alleson Athletic, a Rochester-based company that designs and manufactures uniforms for athletic teams, didnt just believe in high-quality health care; he was an influential supporter of it. Over the years, he and his family gave more than $4 million to the University of Rochester Medical Center, a large chunk of which supports services for children. Mr. Levine, a great friend of Golisano Childrens Hospital, passed away Nov. 4, 2013, at 97 years old.. We are very sad to lose Mr. Levine in our URMC family, but his legacy is one that we should all aspire to?putting our community first," said Bradford C. Berk, CEO of URMC. The Medical Center and, especially, Golisano Childrens Hospital are better places because of the investments Mr. Levine made in them.". Over the years, Mr. Levine has been an incredible ...
Get an in-depth review and ask questions about Mike Levine (UC Berkeley) Part 2: Transcriptional Precision: Shadow Enhancers. See what people are saying about Mike Levine (UC Berkeley) Part 2: Transcriptional Precision: Shadow Enhancers.
Godavari Biorefineries Ltd Earns Usda Certified Biobased Product Label (100% Biobased Content) For Naturobg ® (1,3-butylene Glycol), Acetic Acid Glacial And Crotonaldehyde ...
Alfa Aesar™ 1,4-Butanediol diacrylate, 85+% (Reactive Esters), stab. with 50-105 ppm hydroquinone 5g Alfa Aesar™ 1,4-Butanediol diacrylate, 85+%...
Instructions for use: Press the sponge into the liquid cushion to release foundation Gently pat onto skin for buildable coverage Close inner lid tightly after use to preserve freshness 14g/ 0.5oz. Ingredients: Aqua / Water, Butylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Methyl Trimethicone, Dimethicone, Diphenylsiloxy Phenyl Trimethicone, Glycerin, Lauryl Peg-9 Polydimethylsiloxyethyl Dimethicone, Pentylene Glycol, Butylene Glycol, Trisiloxane, Peg-10 Dimethicone, Magnesium Sulfate, Acrylates/Stearyl Acrylate/Dimethicone Methacrylate Copolymer, Phenoxyethanol, Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Lauroyl Lysine, Ethylhexylglycerin, Disteardimonium Hectorite, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Stearic Acid, Alumina, Triethoxycaprylylsilane, Lecithin, Isopropyl Myristate, Isostearic Acid, Ethylhexyl Palmitate, Adenosine, Polyglyceryl-3 Polyricinoleate, Disodium Edta, Phenylethyl Resorcinol, Benzyl Salicylate, Linalool, Benzyl Alcohol, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone, Parfum / Fragrance, [+/ May Contain Ci 77891 /
1, 4 Butanediol, or BDO, is used to manufacture various acetylenic chemicals used in everything from apparel to electronics to lube oils to hairsprays. Hexion serves a base of BDO producers who synthesize our formaldehyde with acetylene in their production process to form 1,4 Butanediol as a building block for Tetrahydrofuran (THF), gamma-Butyrolactone, Polybutylene Terephthalate resins and in polyurethanes. Our offering includes: ...
The US Department of Energy is supporting projects to investigate and recommend promising pathways for advanced biological upgrading of biomass sugars and lignin to hydrocarbons (HC) and co-products to support the DOE BETO 2022 goal of enabling advanced HC fuels at $3/GGE.. In this project, a NREL-led research team is investigating the engineering of Zymomonasfor 2,3 butanediol production; lignin upgrading to muconicacid by Pseudomonas; and improving production of fatty alcohols in oleaginous yeast. Project leader Michael E. Himmel at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory prepared these illuminating slides on the projects promise and progress for the DOE Project Peer Review meetings. ...
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE DESIGN It is impossible to begin a discussion of psychological principles of programming language design without recalling the story of ``Levine the Genius Tailor. It seems that a man had gone to Levine to have a suit made cheaply, but when the suit was finished and he went to try it on, it didnt fit him at all. ``Look, he said, ``the jacket is much too big in back. ``No problem, replied Levine, showing him how to hunch over his back to take up the slack in the jacket. ``But then what about the right arm? Its three inches too long. ``No problem, Levine repeated, demonstrating how, by leaning to one side and stretching out his right arm, the sleeve could be made to fit. ``And what about these pants? The left leg is too short. ``No problem, said Levine for the third time, and proceeded to teach him how to pull up his leg at the hip so that, though he limped badly, the suit appeared to fit. Having no more complaints, the man set off hobbling down the street, ...
Learn more about Butanediol (Bd) uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Butanediol (Bd)
A biological method for the conversion of L-glutamate to 1,4-butanediol that involves a decarboxylation step and avoids production of 4-hydroxybutyrate as an intermediate is described. The method includes: (a) conversion of L-glutamate to L-glutamate 5- phosphate; (b) conversion of L-glutamate 5 -phosphate to L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde; (c) conversion of L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde to 5-hydroxy-L-norvaline;(d) conversion of 5-hydroxy-L-norvaline to 5-hydroxy-2-oxopentanoate; (e) conversion of 5-hydroxy-2- oxopentanoate to 4-hydroxybutanal; and (f) the conversion of 4-hydroxybutanal to 1,4- butanediol.
A 72-hour toxicity test was carried out to determine growth inhibition effects of 2-Oxepanone, polymer with 1,4-butanediol on the green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. The study was carried aout according to OECD guideline no. 201. Test solutions were created by diluting a stock solution of the test substance in growth media. The duration of exposure was 72 hours and test solutions were kept on a shaking table at 21-24 ± 2°C throughout. Illumination was approximately 100 µE m-2 s-1.m. Six replicates were used for the control and three for the test solutions. The pH was measured at test initiation and also at test termination. Samples for analytical determination of test concentration were also taken from the highest and lowest concentrations at this time. These samples were analysed separately at a non-GLP laboratory. The 72-hour ErC50 of 165 mg/L was found for the response variable average specific growth rate when exposed to 2-oxepanone, polymer with 1,4-butanediol. The 72-hour NOEC ...
1, 4-Butanediol Market - Growing number of global sporting events is expected to augment sport apparel demand, which is likely to reflect in 1,4-BDO market. However, volatile raw material prices coupled with stringent environment regulations, mainly in North America and Europe is expected to be a key challenge for market participants over the next six years. In order to overcome these challenges, the industry has shifted its focus towards developing bio-based 1,4-BDO which along with providing an eco friendly solution also provides cost competitiveness against its synthetic counterpart. Some major companies developing bio-based routes to 1,4-BDO include BASF, Purac, DSM, Mitsubishi Chemicals, Myriant and Genomatica.. Browse Detail Report with TOC @ http://www.hexareports.com/report/1-4-butanediol-market-analysis-and-segment-forecasts-to-2020/details. THF emerged as the leading application for 1,4-BDO and accounted for 29.9% of the total market volume in 2013. Polyurethane, on account of growing ...
... DUBLIN September 27 2013 /- ( a href http://www.researchandmarkets.com... (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/2013...,Butanediol,(BDO),Market,Report,2013-2017,medicine,advanced medical technology,medical laboratory technology,medical device technology,latest medical technology,Health
View Notes - Conclusion Lab Unit 08 - Ubiquity of Microorganisms from BIOLOGY 2300 at Georgia State. Conclusion Lab Unit 08 - Ubiquity of Microorganisms Levine 1 AlexisLevine Dr.MaxwellM/W
Buy Biology: Discovering Life, Modular Version. Volume 3 (9780669288421): Plant Systems: NHBS - JS Levine and KR MIller, DC Heath & Co
At Levine Cancer Institute-Blue Ridge, you dont have to choose between receiving life-saving cancer care and staying close to your family and friends. Here, you can access some of the nations leading cancer specialists and keep connected to the community you know best. We offer: ...
An anonymous tipster called LAPD claiming Adam Levine was abusing his infant daughter and wife, but cops found the allegations totally bogus.
Douglas A. Levine, MD, professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, director, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, NYU Langone's Perlmutter Cancer Center, discusses immunotherapy for patients with endometrial cancer.
Mel Levine brought incredible wisdom and experience to understanding the challenges of struggling learners. His approach was a humane approach that viewed learning disabilities, not as disabilities, but as learning style differences. He identified neurodevelopmental constructs that led to better understanding of diverse learning styles and highlighted strategies that promoted successes. He always asked, "where is the breakdown?" when students struggled with the components of learning. He detailed the numerous skills necessary to write a paragraph, to comprehend a chapter, to attend, to remember, and to organize, among other skills. His task analysis for each skill provided valuable information to determine where the breakdown in compentency occurred to then remediate or compensate for the skill deficit ...
The ryanodine receptor (RyR) from cardiac cells and skeletal muscle undergoes a Ca2+-dependent process called adaptation. Adaptation occurs during the slow, spontaneous decrease in the open probability of a channel after it has been rapidly activated by a pulse of cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]i). RyR activation occurs within milliseconds, whereas inactivation occurs on a timescale of a few seconds. The RyR is said to have "adapted" during inactivation because a subsequent increase in [Ca2+]i produces a nearly identical rise in the open probability. In their 1996 paper, Joel Keizer and Leslie Levine develop a simplified model that mimics the "adaptation" of the RyR, and they investigate its significance for Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release and Ca2+ oscillations in cardiac cells. The mechanism used to mimic adaptation of the RyR is shown schematically in the figure below. States C1 and C2 are closed states and O1 and O2 are open states. Transitions from C1 to O1 and from O1 to O2 are assumed to be ...
Pris: 569 kr. Inbunden, 2009. Skickas inom 5-8 vardagar. Köp Shock Therapy for the American Health Care System av Robert Arthur Levine på Bokus.com.
Atrium Health Levine Childrens connects you to an expert network of pediatric care. This includes one of the nations best childrens hospitals. Learn more.
What a sweet gesture. Christina Grimmies Voice coach, Adam Levine, offered to pay for her funeral in the wake of her devastating death after her June 10 death in Orlando. Get the bittersweet details here.
Jeff Ball, PH.D. founder and executive director of PCH Treatment Centers in West Los Angeles tells RumorFix exclusively,"Pharmaceutical companies are well aware that if they can get someone of the stature of Adam Levine promoting their medication, the general public is more likely to ask for that prescription from their doctor and all too often they comply.". In 2012, ADHD medications were responsible for $9 billion dollars in sales.. "Its a disturbing trend that has been developing in the mental health community for quite some time, where its all too easy to over diagnose ADHD and dispense medication as treatment when in fact a much more comprehensive approach is better for patients," Ball says.. "Our experience at PCH Treatment Center is that most people who are diagnosed with ADHD in fact do not have ADHD," Ball explains. "The only way to properly diagnose someone is through neuropsychological testing. The best approach to treat people who may actually have ADHD may involve individual, ...
Carrie Levine articles and opinion pieces published by Common Dreams, a non-profit independent media outlet publishing since 1997 in Portland, Maine.