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Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) Market Size By Application (Food, Animal feed [Poultry, Swine, Fish Feed, Cattle], Lubricating & Specialty Oils, Rubber, Personal Care & Cosmetics, Industrial - Market research report and industry analysis - 12393998
Infusion of menadione at two different doses [2.7 mg and 5.5 mg in 100 microliters of dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO)] into perfused rat livers for 30 min caused no or a 6-fold increase respectively in junctional permeability to horseradish peroxidase as compared with controls receiving 100 microliters of DMSO alone. The total glutathione (GSH) contents in these livers measured at the end of the experiments were 115% and 53%, compared with the controls. The free-radical scavenger butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) (final concn. 5 microM) protected against the GSH depletion caused by the higher dose of menadione and partially decreased the menadione-induced increase in junctional permeability. Verapamil, a Ca2(+)-channel blocker which was added into the perfusion medium (final concn. 40 microM) 10 min before the infusion of 5.5 mg of menadione, completely abolished the effect of menadione on junctional permeability. Menadione exposure therefore increases tight-junctional permeability in the liver; this ...
butilidrossitoluene (it); Hydroxytoluène butylé (fr); دی‌بوتیل هیدروکسی تولوئن (azb); Butylhydroxytoluol (de); BHT (pt); بوتیل‌هیدروکسی‌تولوئن (fa); 2,6-二叔丁基對甲酚 (zh); Ionol (sr); ジブチルヒドロキシトルエン (ja); Butil-hidroxitoluè (ca); Butylhydroxitoluen (sv); butylowany hydroksytoluen (pl); butylhydroksytoluen (nn); butylhydroxytolueen (nl); Butil-hidroxi-toluol (hu); Butilhidroxitolueno (es); Ionol (sh); Butyloitu hydroksitolueeni (fi); butylated hydroxytoluene (en); بوتيل هيدروكسي تولوين (ar); Butylhydroxytoluen (cs); ионол (ru) compuesto químico (es); konposatu kimiko (eu); compuestu químicu (ast); compost químic (ca); chemische Verbindung (de-ch); chemische Verbindung (de); komponim kimik (sq); ترکیب شیمیایی (fa); kemisk forbindelse (da); compus chimic (ro); syntetisk antioxidant (sv); תרכובת (he); compositum chemicum (la); kemiallinen yhdiste (fi); kemia kombinaĵo ...
Abstract : The antioxidants play an important role in the preservation of foods and the management of oxidative stress relateddiseases by acting on reactive oxygen species and free radicals. However, their use in high temperature processed food andpharmaceuticals are limited due to its low thermal stability. The objective of the study was to use the biofield energy treatment onbutylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) i.e. antioxidant and analyse its impact on the physical, thermal, and spectral properties of BHT.For the study, the sample was divided into two groups and termed as control and treated. The treated group was subjected tobiofield energy treatment. The characterization of treated sample was done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanningcalorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and UV-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy.The XRD results showed the alteration in lattice parameters, unit cell volume, and molecular weight along with 14.8% reduction ...
NOTE: Because of the lack of human studies, BHT should only be used experimentally and as a last resort in situations where other treatments have failed. BHT should not be used casually until further studies are conducted. An FDA-approved preservativ
A hollow, muscular, J-shaped pouch located in the upper part of the abdomen to the left of the midline. The upper end (fundus) is large and dome-shaped; the area just below the fundus is called the body of the stomach. The fundus and the body are often referred to as the cardiac portion of the stomach. The lower (pyloric) portion curves downward and to the right and includes the antrum and the pylorus. The function of the stomach is to begin digestion by physically breaking down food received from the esophagus. The tissues of the stomach wall are composed of three types of muscle fibers: circular, longitudinal and oblique. These fibers create structural elasticity and contractibility, both of which are needed for digestion. The stomach mucosa contains cells which secrete hydrochloric acid and this in turn activates the other gastric enzymes pepsin and rennin. To protect itself from being destroyed by its own enzymes, the stomachs mucous lining must constantly regenerate itself. ...
Rocaltrol (calcitriol) is a synthetic vitamin D analog which is active in the regulation of the absorption of calcium from the gastrointestinal tract and its utilization in the body. All dosage forms contain butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) as antioxidants. The capsules contain a fractionated triglyceride of coconut oil, and the oral solution contains a fractionated triglyceride of palm seed oil. Gelatin capsule shells contain glycerin, parabens (methyl and propyl) and sorbitol. The two known sites of action of calcitriol are intestine and bone. A calcitriol receptor-binding protein appears to exist in the mucosa of human intestine. Additional evidence suggests that calcitriol may also act on the kidney and the parathyroid glands. Calcitriol is the most active known form of vitamin D3 in stimulating intestinal calcium transport. In acutely uremic rats calcitriol has been shown to stimulate intestinal calcium absorption. The kidneys of uremic patients cannot ...
Rocaltrol (calcitriol) is a synthetic vitamin D analog which is active in the regulation of the absorption of calcium from the gastrointestinal tract and its utilization in the body. All dosage forms contain butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) as antioxidants. The capsules contain a fractionated triglyceride of coconut oil, and the oral solution contains a fractionated triglyceride of palm seed oil. Gelatin capsule shells contain glycerin, parabens (methyl and propyl) and sorbitol. The two known sites of action of calcitriol are intestine and bone. A calcitriol receptor-binding protein appears to exist in the mucosa of human intestine. Additional evidence suggests that calcitriol may also act on the kidney and the parathyroid glands. Calcitriol is the most active known form of vitamin D3 in stimulating intestinal calcium transport. In acutely uremic rats calcitriol has been shown to stimulate intestinal calcium absorption. The kidneys of uremic patients cannot ...
Personal care compositions comprising at least one chronic skin care active selected from the group consisting of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), hexamidine, hexyl isobutyrate, menthyl anthranilate, methofuran, 3-butylidenepthalide, cetyl pyridinium chloride, green tea extract, catechins, phytosterols, ursolic acid, and plant extract compounds; at least one acute skin care active selected from the group consisting of particulate materials (including particles, pigments, and cross-linked silicone elastomers), panthenol, pantothenic acid derivatives, and tanning actives; and a dermatologically acceptable carrier. The composition can also comprise the cationic thickener, Polyquaternium 37. The present invention also relates to methods of using such compositions to regulate hair growth and the condition of mammalian skin. Said methods generally comprise the step of topically applying the composition to the skin of a mammal needing such treatment, a safe and effective amount
Buy BHT online at Wholesale Nutrition. Sale price $22, Free priority mail shipping! Each capsule contains 250 mg of BHT (Butylated Hydroxytoluene).
p-tert-Butylcatechol is used as an antioxidant, stabilizer, and polymerization inhibitor for styrene, butadiene, neoprene, and other olefins and reactive monomers. p-tert-Butylcatechol was nominated by the National Cancer Institute and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for testing based on reports of its increasing levels of production and use and to compare the toxicity of p-tert-butylcatechol with that of similar antioxidants, butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene, which are added to food. Male and female F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to p-tert-butylcatechol (greater than 99% pure) in feed for 15 days or 14 weeks. Genetic toxicology studies were conducted in Salmonella typhimurium, rat bone marrow cells, and mouse peripheral blood erythrocytes.. In the 15-day studies, groups of five male and five female rats and mice were fed diets containing 0, 3,125, 6,250, 12,500, 25,000, or 50,000 ppm p-tert-butylcatechol (equivalent to average daily doses of approximately ...
Recently, copper has been shown to be capable of mediating the activation of several xenobiotics producing reactive oxygen and other radicals. Since copper exists in the nucleus and is closely associated with chromosomes and DNA bases, in this study we have investigated whether the activation of 1,4-hydroquinone (1,4-HQ) and a variety of other phenolic compounds by copper can induce strand breaks in double-stranded φX-174 RF I DNA (φX-174 relaxed form I DNA). In the presence of micromolar concentrations of Cu(II), DNA strand breaks were induced by 1,4-HQ and other phenolic compounds including 4,4′-biphenol, catechol, 1,2,4-benzenetriol, 2-methoxyestradiol, 2-hydroxyestradiol, diethylstilbestrol, butylated hydroxytoluene, butylated hydroxyanisole, tert-butylhydroquinone, ferulic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, eugenol, 2-acetamidophenol, and acetaminophen. Structure-activity analysis shows that in the presence of Cu(II), the DNA cleaving activity for phenolic compounds with a ...
bht is Butylated hydroxytoluene, more commonly used for food additives, recently used as an antiviral supplement, anyone know if bht reacts negatively...
Findings revealed that after CVPS dosage, the mice showed enhanced antioxidant enzyme activities.. "Organisms have antioxidant defense mechanisms to eliminate the oxidative stress damage, which is partly supported by antioxidant enzymes. Antioxidants enzymes… control the levels of reactive oxidants and damages," ​wrote the researchers.. In a previous in vivo​ study involving CVPS, researchers investigated the herbs inmmune-enhancing effects.. "The results showed that CVPS administered as an adjuvant could significantly promote the humoral and cellular-immune responses in mice of a foot-and-mouth disease vaccine."​. But in this study, evidence points to CVPS strong antioxidant capabilities, concluded the researchers.. "Synthetic antioxidants, such as butylatedhydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), may be involved in liver damage and carcinogenesis,"​ they wrote.. "Therefore, much interest is given in developing antioxidants, with especially low side-effects, natural ...
The present study investigated the in vitro antioxidant and ACE-inhibitory activities of egg albumen hydrolysate (EAH) prepared with pepsin and pancreatin enzymes. The EAH and peptides were purified by ultrafiltration (UF), gel filtration (GF), and High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and tested for antioxidant and ACE-inhibitory activities. Antioxidant activity was assessed by lipid peroxidation inhibition in a linoleic acid system using the ferric thiocyanate (FTC) and thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS) methods. The EAH, and 2, 5 and 10 kDa UF fractions, as well as the GF26 peptide fractions (1 mg/ml) inhibited linoleic acid autoxidation, by 40, 76, 63, 53 and 79 % respectively, which was inversely related to peptide fraction size. However, 0. 01 % butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and 0. 01 % trolox had higher activity (95 and 82 %, respectively) compared with the peptide fractions (p,0. 05). Similarly, inhibition of TBARS was in the order 29, 39, 27, 17, 70 and 78 % for EAH, ...
BHT. Butylated hydroxytoluene, a synthetic, potent antioxidant that also has carcinogenic properties (Sources: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, May 2002, pages 1203-1210; and Free Radical Biology and Medicine, February 2000, pages 330-336). See BHA. bifida ferment lysate. Type of bacteria found in the digestive system. It has no known effect on skin. bifidus extract. Carbohydrate in human milk that stimulates the growth of Lactobacillus bifidus in the intestine. In turn, the Lactobacillus bifidus lowers the pH of the intestinal contents and suppresses the growth of Escherischia coli and other pathogenic bacteria. Whether or not bifidus extract can have benefit for skin is unknown. bilberry extract. Some research shows bilberry to be effective as an antioxidant, but this effect has not been demonstrated on skin (Source: Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry, September 2001, pages 4183-4187). bioflavonoid. A diverse range of substances that are components of many fruits and vegetables. Many ...
Animals. Female apoE-/- mice, aged 6-8 weeks (The Jackson Laboratories, Bar Harbor, Maine, USA) were maintained in a temperature-controlled room (22°C) with a 12-hour light/dark cycle and given free access to food and water. Food was removed from the mice 4 hours before the collection of blood from the retro-orbital plexus. Serum was stored at -70°C until analysis. Mice were killed by cervical dislocation, and whole animals were perfused with 10 ml of antioxidant buffer (100 μM diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid [DTPA], 100 μM butylated hydroxytoluene [BHT], 0.1% ethanol, in PBS, pH 7.4) via the left ventricle. Tissues were snap-frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored at -70°C. Tissues used for determination of ortho-tyrosine and dityrosine levels were snap-frozen in antioxidant buffer. The Animal Care and Use Committee of the University of Washington approved this study.. Diets. Mice were fed a pelleted rodent chow (Wayne Rodent BLOX 8604; Harlan Teklad Laboratory, Madison, Wisconsin, USA) ...
Size/Dimension: 2.4g/0.08oz. Ingredients: Ricinus communic (castor) seed oil, rhus succedanea fruit wax, ozokerite, theobroma cacao, bees wax (cera alba), ethylhexyl palmitate, squalane, copernicia cerifera(carnauba)wax, isopropyl myristate, candelilla cera, jojoba oil, BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene). [May contain: mica, titanium dioxide, iron oxides (CI77489, CI77491, CI77492, CI77499), carbon black, ferric ammonium ferrocyanide, manganese violet(CI77742), red 7 lake (CI15850), ultramarine(CI77007), red 22 lake (CI45380),red 34 lake(CI15880),red 40 lake (CI16035), green 6(CI61565)] Formulated for professional application.. ...
This was DUE TO THE LISINOPRIL WHICH WAS SUPPOSED TO PROTECT MY KIDNEYS. "The Beefcaking of America: Everyone Knows Women who have Body Image Issues! If you have a test done for protein in your urine, tell the healthcare provider you are using this medicine? A lot of times its hard to get that "perfect balance" between usability and visual appeal. Youll also be given some printed information to take away? 03:43 crossways strattera price on วันเสาร์ที่ 7 กันยายน พศ? Antibiotica manfully namenda cost zijn niet werkzaam tegen infecties die veroorzaakt worden door een virus, zoals griep (influenza), verkoudheid (meestal een rhinovirus of coronavirus) of waterpokken (varicella-zostervirus)? The solution contains the following inactive ingredients: glycerin, differin gel canada alcohol (12%), menthol, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). I even tried backing down to just once per week and I still got the burning sensation. Tengo zonas como la frente, differin gel ...
In spite of the major role played by cigarette smoking in the epidemiology of lung cancer, it is very difficult to reproduce the carcinogenicity of this complex mixture in animal models. We implemented a series of pilot experiments in three mouse strains, exposed either to environmental cigarette smoke (ECS) or mainstream cigarette smoke (MCS) or its condensate (MCSC). The whole-body exposure of Aroclor-treated A/J mice to ECS resulted in a rapid and potent induction of micronuclei in peripheral blood erythrocytes. After 6 months of exposure, 6 h a day, followed by 4 months of recovery in filtered air, both lung tumor incidence and multiplicity were significantly increased as compared to sham-exposed mice (77.8% vs. 22.2%, and 1.11±0.26 vs. 0.22±0.15, means ± SE). Multiple i.p. injections of butylated hydroxytoluene did not significantly enhance the tumor yield. Another experiment confirmed the responsiveness of A/J mice exposed to ECS for 5 months, followed by 4 months of recovery in air ...
Disclaimer: We have done our level best to create a useful Selector tool to help you navigate Eastmans vast Tenox™ line. This tool is not, however, all-knowing. Only you, the customer, are aware of every variable that could influence your product choice (ingredients, production methods, storage, end uses, etc.). While we hope this tool provides useful information and helps speed your selection process, we strongly encourage you to ask questions, test samples, and generally assure yourself that a product is exactly what you need. We are here to help. All products will be sold under ChemPoints Commercial Terms and Conditions.. ...
The effects of phenobarbital (PB) and other liver monooxygenase modifiers on dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced alkylation of rat liver DNA and protein were investigated at different carcinogen doses. In rats given single injections of radioactively labeled DMN, pretreatment with PB (80 mg/kg body weight, administered for 5 days) resulted in a small but significant decrease in the formation of 7-methylguanine and O6-methylguanine per mole of guanine in liver DNA associated with a decrease in the O6/N7-methylguanine ratio. The specific radioactivity of liver protein was also lowered in PB-pretreated rats. The degree of PB interference was independent of DMN dose within a carcinogen dose range of 0.5 µg to 10 mg/kg body weight. In parallel experiments, the effects of pretreatment with PB, Aroclor 1254, pregnenolone-16α-carbonitrile, butylated hydroxytoluene, β-naphthoflavone, and ethanol on DMN-induced alkylation of liver DNA were studied at a DMN dose of 5 µg/kg body weight. In general, ...
Additive: a substance added to petroleum products to impart some desirable property, e.g. polymer may be added to a petroleum wax to increase tackiness, or food grade butylated hydroxytoluene added to prevent oxidation in storage.. Alkanes: hydrocarbon having the general Formula Cnttzn+z, also called a paraffin.. API: American Petroleum Institute. API Gravity: a special gravity scale adopted by the API for expressing density of petroleum products.. Aromatics: hydrocarbons with an unsaturated ring structure, e.g. benzene.. ASTM: American Society for Testing Materials, an organization which sets standards for the testing of industrial products. Asphaltenes: one of the principal components of asphalt, the black or brown solid material precipitated from asphalt with normal pentane. It is an arbitrary fraction defined by the method of analysis. Base Oil: a finished petroleum lubricant stock that when blended with other materials (additives) produces special purpose products such as engine ...
Carbonated Water, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Natural and Artificial Flavor, Citric Acid, Sodium Benzoate (as Preservative), Modified Food Starch, Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin, Red No. 40 (Artificial Color), Brominated Vegetable Oil, Butylated Hydroxytoluene.. ...
Le-am promit sanatate și le vinde lavanda amestecat cu ulei de ricin. The other ingredients are alcohol, oleic acid, butylated hydroxytoluene E and polyoxyl 35 castor oil.
Each gram contrains tretinoin 0.05% in a hydrophilic cream vehicle which includes the following inactive ingredients: stearic acid, isopropyl myristate, polyoxyl 40 stearate, stearyl alcohol, xanthan gum, sorbic acid, butylated hydroxytoluene, and purified water.
Stearyl .beta.-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate Stearyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamate Stearyl 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate Sumilizer BP 76 THANOX 1076 U 276 Total tonnage band Total range: 10 000+ tonnes per annum REACH Registered as: FULL Submitted: Joint Submission Publication dates First published ...
BHT acts as a synergist with BHA and mixtures of these antioxidants are commonly used for stabilising fats and oils as given weight of the mixture imparts a greater stability to the fat or oil than would the same weight of BHT or BHA if used individually. BHT is a particularly good antioxidant for stabilizing meat, fish and bone meals ...
2-ethylheptyl 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate bis(2-ethylhexyl 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate) 2-ethylpentyl 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate 3-methylhexyl 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate 4-methyloctyl 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate 6-methylheptyl 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate ...
You are looking for 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-(4,6-bis(octylthio)-1,3,5-triazin-2-ylamino)phenol from Kuo Ching Chemical Co., LTD ? ...
2,4-Di-tert-butyl-6-(tert-butylamino)phenol | C18H31NO | CID 534770 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
I think you have made a compelling argument for dissolving the BHT into an oil. I do remember that BHT takes a long time to dissolve when the oil isn t hot (but it does dissolve eventually). I never tried dissolving BHT into hot oil. But it follows that absorption would be enhanced were the BHT dissolved when ingested. Theoretically, one could heat enough oil add the right amount of BHT so that one wouldn t need to make the cocktail everytime a dose was administered. I do believe that the BHT would dissolve even without heat, but I don t know how long it would take. Also, I would nee ...
Chemicals were purchased from Sigma Aldrich and used as received unless otherwise noted. Metal compounds were synthesized in an inert atmosphere glove box (N2), using anhydrous solvents. Solvents were dried by passage over activated alumina columns from MBraun and stored over 3 Å or 4 Å molecular sieves. [Fe(CH3CN)6](PF6)2,37 4,5-dibromo-2,7-di-tert-butyl-9,9-dimethylxanthene,38 2,7-di-tert-butyl-9,9-dimethyl-4,5-xanthene dicarboxylic acid38 and 2,7-di-tert-butyl-9,9-dimethyl-4,5-xanthene diamine39 were prepared as described in the literature. Solution state NMR spectra were recorded on Bruker Avance-400 or Bruker Avance Ultrashield (400 MHz 1H, 100 MHz 13C, 162 MHz 31P), Bruker Avance Ultrashield (500 MHz 1H, 126 MHz 13C), Varian VNMRS-600 (600 MHz 1H, 151 MHz 13C) or Varian VNMRS-500 (500 MHz 1H, 126 MHz 13C) spectrometers. Solid state NMR spectra for 31P were recorded using a Bruker Avance 300 (121 MHz 31P) spectrometer equipped with a 2.5 mm BBMAS probe head at a rotation frequency of 20 ...
Synthesis and Physical Properties of Sterically Congested Cycloalkenes, 1,2-Di-tert-butyl-3,3,5,5-tetramethylcyclopentene and 1,2-Di-tert-butyl-3,3,6,6-tetramethylcyclohexene
The required volume (2-L) of test media was placed into a beaker (3-L nominal volume) and the test substance was weighed in. The beakers were covered with Parafilm and shaken gently (approx. 50 RPM, to avoid emulsion formation) for about three (3) days to ensure that the saturation concentration is reached. Undissolved test substance was removed by filtration with a membrane filter (Whatman OE66, cellulose acetate, pore width 0.2μm). To minimize test substance loss from adsorption, the filer was first saturated using approx. 300 mL of test solution. Centrifugation at 17700xg for 20 minutes did not adequately separate the undissolved test substance, therefore filtration was the method of choice ...
25OH VitD2 |5 25OH Vit D3 13 Prescribed 20,000 IU one a day for two weeks then one monthly for six months then re-test. Prescription of Fultium have gelatin in them, refined maize oil, butylated...
Butylated hydroxyanisole was tested for carcinogenicity in two experiments in rats and in two experiments in hamsters by administration in the diet, inducing benign and malignant tumours of the forestomach.. Butylated hydroxyanisole was studied in mice and rats for its ability to modify the carcinogenicity of selected chemical agents. When administered with known carcinogens, butylated hydroxyanisole either enhanced, inhibited or had no effect on carcinogenicity.. Butylated hydroxyanisole administered to rats at maternally toxic and occasionally lethal doses during, or before, during and after, gestation induced slight embryotoxicity but no definite indication of teratogenicity. No effect was seen in rabbits, pigs or rhesus monkeys.. In rats, feeding of butylated hydroxyanisole in the diet caused superficial necrosis, ulceration and hyperplasia of the squamous epithelium of the forestomach. Induction of forestomach hyperplasia also occurs in hamsters. Administration of butylated hydroxyanisole ...
The effects of four calcium channel blockers (nicardipine, nifedipine, verapamil, and diltiazem) on free radical injury in cultured endothelial cells were studied and compared with those of butylated hydroxytoluene. When the cultured cells were exposed to a superoxide and hydroxyl radical generating system for up to 60 minutes, lipid peroxidation occurred, and cellular viability decreased by 60% at 30 minutes. Concomitantly, total cellular glutathione decreased by 40%, whereas total protein thiols changed minimally. Preincubation of the cells with each of the calcium blockers (5 and 20 microM) before free radical addition resulted in various degrees of significant protection against cell death, and losses of glutathione correlated significantly (r = 0.89, p less than 0.001). The order of efficacy was nicardipine greater than nifedipine greater than verapamil greater than diltiazem; butylated hydroxytoluene was about fourfold more potent than nicardipine. Because none of the agents affected the ...
Butylated Hydroxyanisole/Butylated Hydroxytoluene is a chemical preservative that is added to oils that are used in dog foods and treats. BHA is a combination of isomers 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and BHT is a mixture of 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxytoluene; methyl-di-tert-butylphenol; and 2,6-di-tert-butyl-para-cresol.. The ingredient is derived from natural preservatives that are found in all dry dog food. Its added to commercial products to extend the shelf life of the product by up to a year, and is one of the more inexpensive preservatives available. The FDA states that it can be used safely to preserve the fats and oils that are added to the pet food and to prevent them from spoiling or becoming oxidized. Its also easy for dogs to digest, but is known as a possible carcinogen by the State of California. BHA/BHT is commonly used in cosmetics, petroleum, embalming fluids and pesticides. Although its deemed to be safe to use, studies have shown that the ...
1. Progestins: synthetic hormones found in some birth controls (1) 2. Styrene: an ingredient in many plastic and foam products (1) 3. BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene): are closely related synthetic antioxidants used as preservatives in lipsticks and moisturizers, among other cosmetics. They are also widely used as food preservatives. 4. Parabens: are the most Read more…. ...
Polylactic acid (PLA) is a bio-based and biodegradable polymer that has gained a lot more interest in the packaging industry because of environmental concerns and decreasing prices. However, PLA as a food packaging material has some problems like the high oxygen permeability as oxygen causes lipid oxidation of the food product. Preventing this process is usually done by adding synthetic antioxidants (AOs) to the food but these AOs are toxic and could even be carcinogenic. Natural AOs present in plants are therefore a good alternative. By mixing plants with the PLA, an active packaging material could be obtained and less amounts of AOs need to be added to the food. Active packaging films were prepared by adding 3 wt% of dry or lyophilized (lyo) plants of white tea, borage, thyme and rosemary to PLA. Also, model antioxidant films (butylated hydroxytoluene, caffeic acid, epigallocatechin gallate and rosmarinic acid) with 1.5 wt% were solution casted.. The films were migration tested at 37°C for 10 ...
The essential oils, isolated by hydrodistillation from the leaves, seeds and rhizomes of Heracleum sprengelianum (Wight and Arnott), collected from the Western Ghats of Peninsula India, were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The antioxidant property of these oils was tested, with and without peroxidation inducer, through the egg yolk-based Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances assay (TBARS assay) and in the concentrations of 50, 100, 250 and 500 mg/L. β-Pinene, 1,8-Cineole, β-Phellandrene and ρ-Cymen-8-ol were the main components of H. sprengelianum leaves, seeds and rhizomes essential oils. The oils demonstrated the antioxidant capacity in the absence of radical inducer 2, 20-azobis-(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (ABAP), mainly that of H. sprengelianum at 250 and 500 mg/L, comparable in some cases to that of α-tocopherol and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). The presence of ABAP diminished the antioxidant ability of all tested
en] The effect of cryoprotectants (maltodextrin+glycerol) and cryoprotectants+antioxidant [ascorbic acid and/or butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)] mixtures on the survival, electrolyte leakage, and lipid degradation of freeze-dried Weissella paramesenteroides LC11 during storage was investigated and compared with that of the control (cells without additives) over a 90-day storage period at 4 or 20 degrees in glass tubes with water activity (a(w)) of 0.23. The survival, electrolyte leakage, and lipid degradation were evaluated through colony counts, electrical conductivity, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) content, respectively. The fatty acids composition was determined by gas chromatography, in both the total lipid extract and the polar lipid fraction, and compared with that of the control after the 90-day storage period. As the storage proceeded, increases in leakage value and TBARS content, as well as a decrease in viability, were observed. After 90 days of storage, the major ...
0343] A 2 L reactor was filled with argon and charged with dichloromethane (500 mL), DiVA-PEG-DiVA-IN (52.3 g, 52.3 mmol), retinoic acid (70.6 g, 235 mmol) and 4-N,N-dimethylaminopyridine (2.6 g, 21.3 mmol). The mixture was stirred under argon until dissolved (˜20 minutes). Keeping the temperature of the reaction at 10-20° C., 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide) (EDCI) (70.6 g, 369 mmol) was added portion wise over a period of 10-15 minutes (the reaction was slightly exothermic for the first 30-60 minutes). The reactor was covered with aluminium foil and the mixture was stirred at 18-21° C. for 15-20 hours. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) (25 mg) was added and the reaction mixture was then poured onto aqueous 6% sodium hydrogen carbonate (500 mL) while keeping an argon atmosphere over the mixture. The organic phase was separated. The aqueous phase was washed with dichloromethane (50 mL). The combined organic phase was dried with of magnesium sulphate (150 g) under inert atmosphere ...
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141545-89-3 - SIWZKGFBUXQFDK-UHFFFAOYSA-N - 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-(ethylaminomethyl)phenol hydrochloride - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of a phenolic extract from olive mill waste water on the stabilization of refined olive oil and on French fry quality during the frying process. Frozen, pre-fried potatoes were fried at 180 °C for 8 min in refined olive oil enriched by different concentrations of a phenolic extract, while oil enriched by a common synthetic antioxidant (butylated hyd ...
Mutational activation of the K-ras oncogene often occurs in human and mouse lung adenocarcinomas. Since K-ras p21 functions in trans-membrane signaling, we have investigated whether the amount of this protein in lung cell membranes is a variable that could influence lung tumorigenesis, either due to genetic differences or in response to tumor promoters. The six mouse strains assessed showed little difference in the total lung K-ras p21 after immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting. However, amount of ras p21 in the membrane fraction showed significant differences, with C57BL/6 and BALB/c having 3-5-fold more than NIH Swiss, AKR and DBA mice. Interestingly, a congenic AKR strain having the Ahr(b-1) Ah receptor allele from C57BL/6 mice (designated AKR.B6Ah) had high lung membrane K-ras p21 similar to that of C57BL/6. To test for possible changes related to lung tumor promotion, mice were treated with a promotional dose of TCDD (5 nmol/kg). After 48 h C57BL/6 lungs showed an increase in p21 in both ...
Rich in vitamins A and D, and also linoleic acid which is renowned for its benefits to suppleness and coat condition. Feeding Instructions:. Horses & Ponies 15-45ml per day. Ingredients:. Rapeseed oil, Cod Liver oil, Fish oil. Analysis:. Moisture 1.4% Additives: Vitamins Vitamin A 1 187 000 I.U. Vitamin D3 118 700 I.U. Antioxidants BHT 200mg. ...