TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of temperature on development, survival, and adult body size of two green lacewings, Mallada desjardinsi and Chrysoperla nipponensis (Neuroptera. T2 - Chrysopidae). AU - Nakahira, Kengo. AU - Nakahara, Ryoichi. AU - Arakawa, Ryo. PY - 2005/12/1. Y1 - 2005/12/1. N2 - To search for a useful biological control agent and to determine the optimal rearing conditions for the green lacewings Mallada desjardinsi and Chrysoperla nipponensis, thermal effects on development, survival, and adult body size were examined at seven constant temperatures (15.0, 17.5, 20.0, 22.5, 25.0, 27.5, and 30.0°C) with a photoperiod regime of 16L : 8D (h). The developmental zero of M. desjardinsi larvae was higher than that of C. nipponensis larvae. The developmental zeros of C. cornea and C. nipponensis in earlier reports were similar to that of C. nipponensis in the present study. On the other hand, that of M. desjardinsi in earlier studies was somewhat higher than that of M. desjardinsi in the ...
Body size is one of the most important characteristics of an organism, impacting a great variety of ecological characteristics. The influence of diet on body size has received considerable attention, with previous studies suggesting a greater tendency towards increased body size in herbivores than macro-carnivores. The earliest known herbivorous and macro-carnivorous synapsids provide an ideal case study for examining body size evolution in different dietary regimes. Sphenacomorpha contains two lineages: Edaphosauridae (some of the most abundant terrestrial herbivores in the late Carboniferous and early Permian), and Sphenacodontia (the largest and most abundant carnivores of that time). Phylogenetic comparative analyses are used to compare trait evolution in sphenacomorphs, including a Bayesian method for identifying branches along which phenotypic selection occurred. Two branches show rapid increases in body size in the late Carboniferous. The first occurred in Edaphosauridae, along the branch ...
Body size is a fundamentally important trait for fitness in many animal species because it correlates positively with survival and reproductive success. In many fish species, large females exhibit higher fecundity and produce higher quality offspring compared to small females. Similarly, male body size can affect offspring quality and early life-history traits but the importance of these effects to the reproductive biology of fish is poorly studied. The extent to which variation in reproductive success is explained by parental body size is an important research topic because size-selective fishing usually reduces the average size of reproducing adults in a population. In my dissertation, I studied the parental size effects on reproductive success in a model species (zebrafish, Danio rerio). I also studied the effects of size-selective harvesting on body size, maturation and reproductive output. Body size and condition factor were important determinants of the initiation of maturation in ...
Obesity and diabetes mellitus are well-defined risk factors for cardiovascular mortality. The impact of antecedent hyperglycemia and body size on mortality in critical ill patients in intensive care units (ICUs) may vary across their range of values. Therefore, we prospectively analyzed the relationship between in-hospital mortality and preexisting hyperglycemia and body size in critically ill ICU patients to understand how mortality varied among normal, overweight, and obese patients and those with low, intermediate, and high glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. Medical history, weight, height, physiologic variables, and HbA1c were obtained during the first 24 h for patients who were consecutively admitted to the high complexity ICU of Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, from April to August 2011. The relationships between mortality and obesity and antecedent hyperglycemia were prospectively analyzed by cubic spline analysis and a Cox proportional hazards model. The study comprised 199
Obesity and diabetes mellitus are well-defined risk factors for cardiovascular mortality. The impact of antecedent hyperglycemia and body size on mortality in critical ill patients in intensive care units (ICUs) may vary across their range of values. Therefore, we prospectively analyzed the relationship between in-hospital mortality and preexisting hyperglycemia and body size in critically ill ICU patients to understand how mortality varied among normal, overweight, and obese patients and those with low, intermediate, and high glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. Medical history, weight, height, physiologic variables, and HbA1c were obtained during the first 24 h for patients who were consecutively admitted to the high complexity ICU of Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, from April to August 2011. The relationships between mortality and obesity and antecedent hyperglycemia were prospectively analyzed by cubic spline analysis and a Cox proportional hazards model. The study comprised 199
View Notes - Exam 3[1] from ESSE 313 at Old Dominion. Name_Chelsea Valentine_ SPED (ESSE) 313 Date_3/18/10_ EXAM 3 1. True or False: Growth norms and trends in body size are consistent across
The origin of birds (Aves) is one of the great evolutionary transitions. Fossils show that many unique morphological features of modern birds, such as feathers, reduction in body size, and the semilunate carpal, long preceded the origin of clade Aves, but some may be unique to Aves, such as relative elongation of the forelimb. We study the evolution of body size and forelimb length across the phylogeny of coelurosaurian theropods and Mesozoic Aves. Using recently developed phylogenetic comparative methods, we find an increase in rates of body size and body size dependent forelimb evolution leading to small body size relative to forelimb length in Paraves, the wider clade comprising Aves and Deinonychosauria. The high evolutionary rates arose primarily from a reduction in body size, as there were no increased rates of forelimb evolution. In line with a recent study, we find evidence that Aves appear to have a unique relationship between body size and forelimb dimensions. Traits associated with ...
Understanding how quickly pathogens replicate and how quickly the immune system responds is important for predicting the epidemic spread of emerging pathogens. Host body size, through its correlation with metabolic rates, is theoretically predicted to impact pathogen replication rates and immune system response rates. Here, we use mathematical models of viral time courses from multiple species of birds infected by a generalist pathogen (West Nile Virus; WNV) to test more thoroughly how disease progression and immune response depend on mass and host phylogeny. We use hierarchical Bayesian models coupled with nonlinear dynamical models of disease dynamics to incorporate the hierarchical nature of host phylogeny. Our analysis suggests an important role for both host phylogeny and species mass in determining factors important for viral spread such as the basic reproductive number, WNV production rate, peak viraemia in blood and competency of a host to infect mosquitoes. Our model is based on a ...
The metabolic theory of ecology (MTE) is an extension of Kleibers law and posits that the metabolic rate of organisms is the fundamental biological rate that governs most observed patterns in ecology. MTE is part of a larger set of theory known as metabolic scaling theory that attempts to provide a unified theory for the importance of metabolism in driving pattern and process in biology from the level of cells all the way to the biosphere. MTE is based on an interpretation of the relationships between body size, body temperature, and metabolic rate across all organisms. Small-bodied organisms tend to have higher mass-specific metabolic rates than larger-bodied organisms. Furthermore, organisms that operate at warm temperatures through endothermy or by living in warm environments tend towards higher metabolic rates than organisms that operate at colder temperatures. This pattern is consistent from the unicellular level up to the level of the largest animals and plants on the planet. In MTE, this ...
View Notes - Cell Quiz 2 from BIOLOGY 1305 at Baylor. David Hopkins Section 2 Quiz 2 1. The maximum size of a cell is limited by a. its need for enough surface area for exchange with its
It can be given a piece of text that is used as the initial value.. A TextField has a maximum size, which is the maximum number of characters that can be stored in the object at any time (its capacity). This limit is enforced when the TextField instance is constructed, when the user is editing text within the TextField, as well as when the application program calls methods on the TextField that modify its contents. The maximum size is the maximum stored capacity and is unrelated to the number of characters that may be displayed at any given time. The number of characters displayed and their arrangement into rows and columns are determined by the device. The implementation may place a boundary on the maximum size, and the maximum size actually assigned may be smaller than the application had requested. The value actually assigned will be reflected in the value returned by ...
This paper is devoted to the study of a spatially and size-structured population dynamics model with delayed birth process. Our focus is on the asymptotic behavior of the system, in particular on the effect of the spatial location and the time lag on the long-term dynamics. To this end, within a semigroup framework, we derive the locally asymptotic stability and asynchrony results respectively for the considered population system under some conditions. For our discussion, we use the approaches concerning operator matrices, Hille-Yosida operators, spectral analysis as well as Perron-Frobenius theory. We also do two numerical simulations to illustrate the obtained stability and asynchrony results.
Health, ...FRIDAY May 27 (HealthDay News) -- Your size may influence how you per...People were tricked into believing they were either the size of Barbie...The study published online May 25 in PLoS ONE found that when...This skewed perception of space was evaluated by having participants e...,,Body,Size,May,Influence,How,People,View,,the,World,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
A major constraint on the evolution of large body sizes in animals is an increased risk of developing cancer. There is no correlation, however, between body size and cancer risk. This lack of correlation is often referred to as Petos Paradox. Here, we show that the elephant genome encodes 20 copi …
Amongst complex life forms, there are two basic reproductive strategies: r-strategy, characterized by rapid development, early reproduction, small body size, and shorter lifespans, and K-strategy, characterized by slow development, delayed reproduction, large body size, and longer lifespans. Humans are obviously a K-strategy species, which means that reproductive success involves a much higher investment of the parents lifespan and resources than the r-strategy alternative. Consequently, in times of extreme scarcity, it is advantageous to forego pregnancy lest the baby dies of starvation after nine months in utero, thus wasting a significant portion of a womans fertile lifespan and perhaps leading to her demise. If humans were entirely rational the ovulation cycle wouldnt need to interrupted by an autonomic mechanism regulating estrogen levels to body fat, a proxy for prosperity. Bad news, honey, the mammoth population has crashed. Well be sleeping in separate caves for the foreseeable. ...
How to cite: Lin, K. Y., Sastri, A. R., Gong, G. C., and Hsieh, C. H.: Corrigendum to "Copepod community growth rates in relation to body size, temperature, and food availability in the East China Sea: a test of metabolic theory of ecology" published in Biogeoscience, 10, 1877-1892, 2013, Biogeosciences, 10, 2657-2657, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-2657-2013, 2013 ...
This isnt exactly my area, but if I got it right, high termal inertia is often inversely proportional to the metabolic rate (of a warm blooded animal). Graphs that display that metabolic rates rise when temperature rises is a bit another thing. Thermal inertia, afaik, is a simple physical trait that tells how much thermal energy and in what time a mass of some material can store/release (or so). This means a big mass of stuff (like an ostrich) has high termal inertia. However, high body size causes the metabolic heat to accumulate more efficiently (since a large body has a low surface area to volume ratio), and thus large animals would overheat if they had high metabolic rates. I think there is even a theoretical maximum size that an organism can become before overheating becomes a problem. Some paleontologists claim largest dinosaurs were close to this kind of maximum size for terrestial animals ...
Brain size relative to body size has been used by generations of scientists to predict an animals intelligence. For example, although the human brain is not the largest in the animal kingdom in terms of volume or mass, it is exceptionally large considering our moderate body mass.. Now, a study by a team of scientists at UCL, the University of Konstanz, and the Max Planck Institute of Ornithology has found that the relationship between the two traits is driven by different evolutionary mechanisms in different animals.. Crucially, researchers have found that the most significant factor in determining relative brain size is often evolutionary pressure on body size, and not brain size. For example, the evolutionary history of bats reveals they decreased body size much faster than brain size, leading to an increase in relative brain size. As a result, small bats were able to evolve improved flying manoeuvrability while maintaining the brainpower to handle foraging in cluttered environments.. This ...
Formal Affair. KSKshape Waist Trainer Corset For Weight loss [11inch/28cm height] Tummy Control Body Shaper Breathable Waist Cincher Shapewear. Please refer to our size chart located on one of the product images but not use amazons28cm HEIGHT, 3cm higher than other similar cinchers! BREATHABLE, SO
Hypothermia and anemia: The small size of the infant and the large area of skin exposure required for the surgery places these children at risk for hypothermia during surgery. The room temperature and the infants body temperature must be maintained accordingly. Similarly, the small body size and blood volume put the child at risk for anemia unless meticulous hemostasis is accomplished. ...
The effect of the organisms body size and energy reserves in models for population dynamicss profile, publications, research topics, and co-authors
Yes, size does matter, at least when it comes to Canadas collective cup collecting contest, and we have a lot of cups to prove it. Many have asked whether theres a conspiracy with the prize distribu...
Generation III External Engine - Throttle body size - so, the 2002s T/A s had the LS6 intakes. ive read somewhere (tho i cant find it anymore)
This theory - the Metabolic Theory of Ecology - therefore relates to many areas of great public concern including food production, conservation of populations, and global warming. However, substantial deviations from the predictions of this theory have prompted me to explore ways of improving the theory. Using data on diverse organisms ranging from microbes to mammals and also from our heated experimental ponds, I aim to test assumptions and predictions of alternative metabolic theories of ecology, including investigating: ...
The point of these drills is to develop the overall body feel that characterizes looseness. If you focus on pummeling your target or your partner, youll miss the whole point.
The point of these drills is to develop the overall body feel that characterizes looseness. If you focus on pummeling your target or your partner, youll miss the whole point.
In recent years, the centres of many towns and cities have been reshaped by urban design projects, but little attention has been paid to how these transformations are experienced everyday by users of the city. In other words: how do the users of urban centers, such as shoppers, cleaners, or workers, perceive these changes, as embodied subjects in specific material environments? This paper analyses how bodies in two intensely designed urban spaces - the shopping centre of Milton Keynes, a 1960s new town, and Bedfords recently redeveloped historic town centre - are affected by elements of the built environment. Affected is a term borrowed from Latour (2004), and the paper works with, and elaborates, some of his and others work on how bodies are effectuated by other entities. Such Latourian work pays a great deal of attention to how bodies are affected by both human and non-human entities of many kinds, and we examine how certain aspects of the built environment in these two towns affects ...
Life Cycle: Chromidina spp. have a polymorphic dixenous life cycle, with two different budding processes which are monotomy and palintomy. The adult stage, the vermiform tropho-tomont, has a maximum body length varying from 400 µm to 2,000 µm. Some rare adult stages can have an accelerated growth process. Their size increases so quickly that their length can measure up to 5,000 µm. Given their unusual extended size, these adult stages are called hypertrophonts. The tropho-tomont is uniformly ciliated and has no cytostome. It is attached through its anterior end to the host kidney tissues with its body bathing in the renal fluids, and feeds by nutriment absorption from host cells and fluids. Division by monotomy produces a single long bud from the posterior end, the apotomite, which is morphologically similar to its parent and develops into a second generation of trophotomonts after detachment and colonisation of the host kidney. Division by palintomy produces smaller buds that form a typical ...
The term of muscle car can be described as a car with large body size and oversized engine.One good example is the Chevrolet Chevelle SS,the body size is huge compared to average sportscars.Most known muscle cars are American cars.All muscle cars are rear wheel drive and most of them are coupes and convertibles,rather than four door. ...
The term of muscle car can be described as a car with large body size and oversized engine.One good example is the Chevrolet Chevelle SS,the body size is huge compared to average sportscars.Most known muscle cars are American cars.All muscle cars are rear wheel drive and most of them are coupes and convertibles,rather than four door. ...
The values between asterisks are what to target when using a Nanite Carnal Equalizer to adjust a specific body part. Examples: shift breasts=margay or shift cock length=lion beast. The Missing column lists any mutation locations that dont exist for that creature, reducing the number of mutations required to acquire the Total badge, and carrying forward any previous mutations when Shifted to by a Nanite Adept. For instance, If a NA shifts to Cat Girl, then to Zombie, she will still have the cat tail in her description. ,,, and Rubber Balls each only have a single mutation location, thus they are listed as missing "all but..." NEUT means that the mutation does not carry any inherent sexual characteristics. This means that you will maintain the organs and sizes you had previously, allowing for Cat Bois, Otter girls, and so on. Currently, this also means that any child with this mutation on their groin will be born Neuter. A note on body size/mass: the numbers are, like the rest of the organ ...
Dorsal spines (total): 3 - 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 6. Body deep., maximum body depth 30.2-38.1% in SL. Dorsal profile only slightly more arched than the ventral one. Blunt snout, its length slightly greater than the eye diameter. Only the posterior barbels are present. The last unbranched ray of the dorsal fin is spinified on its inferior fourth or fifth of its length and very finely serrated on its posterior margin (Ref. 57642). ...
Objects can have rough or smooth textures and matte or shiny surfaces. The element of art that describes the darkness or lightness of an object. Value depends on how much light a surface reflects. Value is also one of the three properties of color. The element of art that refers to the emptiness or area between, around, above, or within objects. Shapes and forms are defined by space around and within them. Principle of Art that makes on part of a work dominant over the other parts. The element that is noticed first is called dominant; the elements noticed later are called subordinate. The principle of art used to create the look and feeling of action and to guide the viewers eyes throughout the work of art. The principle of art that creates unity by stressing the similarities of separate but related parts Principle of art concerned with difference or contrast Principle of art concerned with with the size relationships of one part to another. Principle of art concerned with equalizing visual ...
12 P P PP P Glu PresynapticTermi nal Glu Ca ++ GLUR (Group- I ) iGLUR GLUR (Group- II,III ) GPCR ATP cAMP CamK- II CamK- IV CamK- II Calm PKC DAG IP3RIP3R PKC c-Raf MEKs Akt ERK1/2 p90RSK S133 CBP p300 Co-factor RNA Pol- II Gene Expression Gene Expression PKA GsGs GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG Growth Factors Growth Factors Growth Factor Receptor Growth Factor Receptor TF II B CREB Pathway Neuron PLC TATA CRE SRE P Elk1 CREBCREB CREBCREB TBP Hormones/ Neurotransmitters IP3 PI3K GRB2 SOS Ac PI CaCn Ras 2009 ProteinLounge.com 2009 ProteinLounge.com C The molecular brain! ...
One of my favorite papers from last year was the analysis by Adamowicz et al (PNAS) of an apparent trend towards increasing complexity within the Crustacea. Evolutionary biologists have long been fascinated by trends, and many have at least some familiarity with Copes Rule, the proposed trend towards increasing body size within lineages. Adamowicz and colleagues looked at complexity within multiple lineages of crustaceans, from the Cambrian to the present. They found that many indices of complexity, including number and disparity of limb types as well as disparity of limb form, generally showed parallel increases in complexity through time.. The very issue of whether complexity is a trend has been controversial (e.g., McShea 1996). Moreover, some might complain that this smacks too much of orthogenesis or progressionism for their tastes. And what do we mean by complexity, anyway? These issues have been and will continue to be debated in the literature. But one of the neatest things about the ...
A prognostic model developed using a machine learning approach may be able to identify African American patients with breast cancer who have an increased risk of death, according to results of a study presented by Bhattarai et al at the 11th AACR Conference on The Science of Cancer Health.... ...
At the heart of our analysis is a theorem that shows that matrices that preserve the Euclidean norm of sparse vectors (a.k.a. RIP matrices), when multiplied by a random sign pattern preserve the Euclidean norm of any set. Roughly stated, linear transforms that provide low distortion embedding of sparse vectors also allow low distortion embedding of any set! We believe that our result provides a rigorous justification for replacing "slow" Gaussian matrices with "fast" and computationally friendly matrices in many scientific and engineering disciplines. Indeed, in a companion paper [18] we utilize our results in this paper to develop sharp rates of convergence for various optimization problems involving such matrices. ...
In addition to their low cost, strong seals, and tamper-evidence, a tamper-evident shrink band can provide a quality packaging seal without interfering with a professional product appearance. To ensure proper fit, measure the widest diameter, including any flanges or curves, of the cap and container. The minimum and maximum sizes listed are the approximate bottle/cap diameter dimensions that the shrink bands lay flat dimensions will fit. Choose between 1 (25mm) or 2 (52mm) band heights, taking into consideration some of the height will lip over the top of the cap.
The result is displayed by a network graph and a table. Nodes in the network show categories of KEGG or GO, and node color of enriched category varies yellow to red (p-value , 0.05, yellow shows high and red shows low). The blue node shows root category of network. Each node size reflects the number of selected proteins in the differential expression analysis. However, the size of white node and root node is limited up to the maximum size of enriched nodes colored from yellow to red to make network layout clearer ...
The result is displayed by a network graph and a table. Nodes in the network show categories of KEGG or GO, and node color of enriched category varies yellow to red (p-value , 0.05, yellow shows high and red shows low). The blue node shows root category of network. Each node size reflects the number of selected proteins in the differential expression analysis. However, the size of white node and root node is limited up to the maximum size of enriched nodes colored from yellow to red to make network layout clearer ...
An independent set in a graph G is a set of pairwise nonadjacent vertices, and the maximum size, alpha(G), of an independent set in G is called the independence number. Given a graph G and weight matrix A of G with entries ...
Gastrofibroscopy showed a type 0-IIa+IIc lesion with a maximum size of 20 mm in the posterior side of the lower third of the stomach.
Fig. 1. Map of the study region, showing location of the stream and road transects. Stream transects are marked by thickened grey stream and numbered in grey as: (1) upstream Streets Creek, (2) downstream Streets Creek, (3) upper Avondale Creek, (4) lower Avondale Creek upstream, (5) lower Avondale Creek downstream. Road transects are marked as open sections of road and numbered in black as: (1) upstream Streets Creek, (2) downstream Streets Creek, (3) upper Avondale Creek, (4) lower Avondale Creek. ...
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energys Argonne National Laboratory have cast new light on why the giant insects that lived millions of years ago disappeared.
Animal, Animals, Body Size, Body Sizes, Environment, Islands, Resource, Temperature, Cardiomyocytes, Cardiomyopathy, Dilated Cardiomyopathy, Disease, Growth, Heart, Hearts, Human, Id, Left Ventricle, Membrane, Mouse
A recent survey of IT students in the UK and Ireland has shown that, to them, the most attractive employer is Microsoft, with Sun Microsystems and IBM following closely.
PolycreteUSA President Bruce Anderson introduced the largest pre-assembled insulated concrete form (ICF) available in the US or International markets. Extended width ICFs are particularly useful for insulated...
Back when Rem Koolhaas was still mainly a theorist here-instead of the global built starchitect hes become-he published a second influential book (the first was the must-read manifesto Delirious New York). It was a silver monolith, entitled S, M, L, XL, produced in collaboration with the designer Bruce Mau, and it contained a gorgeous jumble of photographs, rants, lists, and sketches for (mostly) unbuilt or unbuildable projects-organized, eponymously, into four scale-based categories. It sat in my bathroom for years, and as many times as I consulted it, it never failed to surprise me with something new.
Issue 6.1 is now online! Our first issue of 2015 is now online! This month we include one freely available Applications article: - A biochemical approach for identifying plastics exposure in live wildlife We also have two wonderful Open Access papers, Evaluation and management implications of uncertainty in a multispecies size-structured model of population and…
Hello, I have been experiencing itch throughout my body past 2 nights. The funny thing is it starts from the back shoulders, at night and is intense. I get all worked up itching and then after having ...