Fireworks are devices designed for the purpose of producing a visible or audible effect by combustion, deflagration, or detonation.1 Every year, US residents celebrate the Fourth of July and other festive occasions with fireworks. As a result, in 1999, an estimated 8500 individuals, approximately 45% of them children younger than 15 years, sustained fireworks-related injuries requiring emergency medical treatment.2,,3 Since 1994, the annual number of people receiving emergency medical treatment for fireworks-related injuries has decreased by about one third.3,,4 The hands (40%), eyes (20%), and head and face (20%) are the body areas most often involved.2 About one third of eye injuries from fireworks result in permanent blindness.5 Burns account for more than half of fireworks-related injuries,2 and lacerations, contusions, and abrasions are also common.1,,26-8 During 1999, 16 people died as a result of injuries associated with fireworks.2. Under regulations promulgated by the US Consumer ...
... Lung is the most common organ damaged in an air blast injury.Reference:1. Disasters and Public Health By Clements, 2009, Pages 66-672. The Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology By Dr K S Nara
Blast injury: Blast injury,, any injury caused by a pressure wave such as that following an explosion. Blast injuries may be inflicted by such waves traveling in gases, liquids, or solids.
Among the U.S. military personnel, blast injury is among the leading causes of brain injury. During the past decade, it has become apparent that even blast injury as a form of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may lead to multiple different adverse outcomes, such as neuropsychiatric symptoms and long-term cognitive disability. Blast injury is characterized by blast overpressure (BOP), blast duration, and blast impulse. While the blast injuries of a victim close to the explosion will be severe, majority of victims are usually at a distance leading to milder form described as mild blast TBI (mbTBI). A major feature of mbTBI is its complex manifestation occurring in concert at different organ levels involving systemic, cerebral, neuronal and neuropsychiatric responses; some of which are shared with other forms of brain trauma such as acute brain injury and other neuropsychiatric disorders such as PTSD. The pathophysiology of blast injury exposure involves complex cascades of chronic psychological stress,
Auf der Heide E. Disaster Response: Principles of Preparation and Coordination Disaster Response: Principles of Preparation and Coordination.. Quenemoen LE, Davis, YM, Malilay J, Sinks T, Noji EK, and Klitzman S. The World Trade Center bombing: injury prevention strategies for high-rise building fires. Disasters 1996;20:125-32.. Wightman JM and Gladish SL. Explosions and blast injuries. Annals of Emergency Medicine; June 2001; 37(6): 664-p678.. Stein M and Hirshberg A. Trauma Care in the New Millinium: Medical Consequences of Terrorism, the Conventional Weapon Threat. Surgical Clinics of North America. Dec 1999; Vol 79 (6).. Phillips YY. Primary Blast Injuries. Annals of Emergency Medicine; 1986, Dec; 106 (15); 1446-50.. Hogan D, et al. Emergency Department Impact of the Oklahoma City Terrorist Bombing. Annals of Emergency Medicine; August 1999; 34 (2), pp. Mallonee S, et al. Physical Injuries and Fatalities Resulting From the Oklahoma City Bombing. Journal of the American Medical Association; ...
ABSTRACT BLAST-INDUCED TINNITUS: A COMBINED BEHAVIORAL, MEMRE, AND ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY STUDY by JESSICA OUYANG May 2014 Advisor: Drs. Steve Cala & Jinsheng Zhang Major: Physiology Degree: Doctor of Philosophy Tinnitus and hearing loss are the frequent auditory-related co-morbidities of blast trauma. The etiology of blast-induced tinnitus is also muddled by brain mechanisms associated with emotional and cognitive problems such as anxiety, memory loss, and depression. We set out to develop a realistic and ecologically valid model to address changes of cognitive status and psychological state that are associated with blast- induced tinnitus. In this study, 19 adult rats were randomly divided into the sham group (n=6) and the blast group (n=13). Blast exposure (14 psi) was conducted via a shock wave tube to expose the left ears of the rats in the blast group, and a sham exposure was conducted to the rats in the sham group. Blast-induced tinnitus was evaluated with gap detection and pre-pulse inhibition (PPI)
In an instant, an explosion or blast can wreck havoc; producing numerous casualties with complex, technically challenging injuries not commonly seen after natural disasters such as floods or hurricanes.. To address this issue, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with partners from the Terrorism Injuries Information, Dissemination and Exchange (TIIDE) Project, as well as other experts in the field, have developed fact sheets for health care providers that provide detailed information on the treatment of blast injuries.. The fact sheet addresses background, clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, management and disposition of blast injury topics.. ...
Alcoholism is a frequent comorbidity following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), even in patients without a previous history of alcohol dependence. Despite this correlational relationship, the extent to which the neurological effects of mTBI contribute to the development of alcoholism is unknown. In this study, we used a rodent blast exposure model to investigate the relationship between mTBI and voluntary alcohol drinking in alcohol naïve rats. We have previously demonstrated in Sprague Dawley rats that blast exposure leads to microstructural abnormalities in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and other brain regions that progress from four to thirty days. The mPFC is a brain region implicated in alcoholism and drug addiction, although the impact of mTBI on drug reward and addiction using controlled models remains largely unexplored. Alcohol naïve Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to a blast model of mTBI (or sham conditions) and then tested in several common measures of voluntary alcohol intake.
Because blast waves and direct impact affect the head in fundamentally different ways, armor systems that are designed to protect soldiers from impacts and projectiles may not be optimal for blast wave protection. The team studied how helmets and their suspension systems influence the blast-induced mechanical loads in the brain. They looked at two common systems: a nylon web system formerly used in the Personnel Armor Systems Ground Troops infantry helmet and viscoelastic foam pads like those in advanced combat helmets. Both helmets were modeled as hemi-ellipsoidal Kevlar shells ...
Neurotrauma can occur due to the mechanisms of one or more blast injury categories. Bleeding from injured organs such as lungs or bowel causes a lack of oxygen in all vital organs, including the brain. Damage of the lungs reduces the surface for oxygen uptake from the air, reducing the amount of the oxygen delivered to the brain. Tissue destruction initiates the synthesis and release of hormones or mediators into the blood which, when delivered to the brain, change its function. Irritation of the nerve endings in injured peripheral tissue and/or organs also significantly contributes to blast-induced neurotrauma. Individuals exposed to blasts frequently have loss of memory for events before and after explosion, confusion, headache, impaired sense of reality, and reduced decision-making ability. Patients with brain injuries acquired in explosions often develop sudden, unexpected brain swelling and cerebral vasospasm despite continuous monitoring. However, the first symptoms of blast-induced ...
Twelve patients who were treated for ear injuries at Guys Hospital following the London Bridge bomb blast in February 1992 were reviewed. Among three there were four perforated eardrums, two of which closed spontaneously (50%). All three patients had a persistent mixed hearing loss. The remaining nine patients had acute sensorineural hearing loss and/or tinnitus only. Four of these had resolved completely by 4h, another one by 48h, and two by 4 weeks. Two patients had a residual high frequency hearing loss. In total, five patients (42%) have a persistent hearing loss. None of the patients suffered from balance problems. In summary, the ear is very susceptible to bomb blast injury, but there is a high rate of spontaneous closure of perforations and improvement of sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus.. ...
Blast-induced tinnitus, along with associated auditory impairment and traumatic brain injury, is a primary concern facing military service members. To search for treatment, we investigated the therapeutic effects of sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, given its vasodilatory effects and evidence suggesting its beneficial effects on noise-induced hearing loss. Rats were subjected to three consecutive blast exposures at 22 psi and were monitored for tinnitus using a gap-detection acoustic startle reflex paradigm. Hearing thresholds and detection were tested using auditory brainstem responses and prepulse inhibition, respectively. Blasted rats were either treated with sildenafil or tap water following blast exposure, while age-matched sham control rats were treated with sildenafil and no blast exposure. Our results showed that sildenafil did not effectively prevent acute tinnitus onset and hearing impairment. Instead, sildenafil significantly suppressed high-frequency tinnitus from 3 to 6 weeks
This scientific visualization shows the development of Supernova 1987A, from the initial blast observed three decades ago to the luminous ring of material we see today.. The sequence, using data from a computer simulation, begins with the star before it exploded. A ring of material around the star was expelled about 20,000 years before the supernova outburst. A flash of light signals the stellar explosion. The supernova sends a blast wave outward from the dying star. As the blast wave slams into the ring, high-density knots of material become intensely heated and glow brightly, while lower-density gas is blown outward. The computer simulation provides one data set per year, and thus the visualization steps between them at four years per second. Upon reaching the present day, the time development is halted, and the camera circles around the ring to showcase its structure.. ...
This scientific visualization shows the development of Supernova 1987A, from the initial blast observed three decades ago to the luminous ring of material we see today.. The sequence, using data from a computer simulation, begins with the star before it exploded. A ring of material around the star was expelled about 20,000 years before the supernova outburst. A flash of light signals the stellar explosion. The supernova sends a blast wave outward from the dying star. As the blast wave slams into the ring, high-density knots of material become intensely heated and glow brightly, while lower-density gas is blown outward. The computer simulation provides one data set per year, and thus the visualization steps between them at four years per second. Upon reaching the present day, the time development is halted, and the camera circles around the ring to showcase its structure.. ...
Our research should stimulate renewed clinical interest in developing glucocorticoid therapies to treat blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) and other disorders of the central nervous system," Morrison says. His findings also hold important implications for military personnel exposed to blast injury. "We may be able to improve outcomes in brain-injured soldiers and civilians," he continues, "and reduce the length of their mandatory rest periods before returning to duty, making the difference between requiring only days rather than weeks or longer to recover.". This improvement could be a significant result, as there are currently no approved pharmaceutical therapies for traumatic brain injury (TBI), and recently completed clinical trials have not demonstrated any benefit of other tested neuro-protective interventions. For patients with head injuries (non-blast related) and brain edema, doctors have been prescribing glucocorticoids, a class of steroid hormones, as standard treatment for ...
Thesis, English, Evaluation of the outcome of blast injuries presented to emergency department in suez canal university hospitals for El Sayed Emad Eldin Abd Elgawad
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is the signature wound of conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Conservative estimates put the number of U.S. warfighters who have experienced TBI at more than 200,000. Battlefield medical personnel today rely on visual signs and the personal accounts of patients to alert them to the possibility of TBI. The DARPA Blast Gauge provides a quantitative means for measuring blast related exposure, thus providing a mechanism for medical personnel to better identify those at risk for TBI. The gauge collects quantitative data to provide medics with a screening tool and data for uncovering the mechanisms of TBI.. During a recent engagement, a Soldier suffered a shrapnel injury and did not report a blast exposure to the medic treating his visible wounds. The medic opted to check the Blast Gauges on the Soldier; which told the real story. The Soldiers gauges displayed yellow lights, indicating a moderate exposure occurred during the engagement. In response, the medics downloaded ...
The most frequent injury sustained by U.S. service members deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan is mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), or concussion, by far most often caused by blast waves from improvised explosive devices or other explosive ordnance. TBI from all causes gives rise to chronic neuroendocrine disorders with an estimated prevalence of 25-50%. The current study expands upon our earlier finding that chronic pituitary gland dysfunction occurs with a similarly high frequency after blast-related concussions. We measured circulating hormone levels and accessed demographic and testing data from two groups of male veterans with hazardous duty experience in Iraq or Afghanistan. Veterans in the mTBI group had experienced one or more blast-related concussions. Members of the deployment control (DC) group encountered similar deployment conditions but had no history of blast-related mTBI. Twelve of 39 (31%) of the mTBI participants and three of 20 (15%) veterans in the DC group screened positive for one or
Purpose: To determine if treatment with non-medicated eye drops immediately after blast exposure reduces both corneal and retinal pathology.. Methods: We exposed the left eyes of 3 month-old DBA/2J mice to a single, 26psi blast of compressed air and provided a subset of mice with non-medicated eye drops (treated). Mice were collected at 3 and 28 days post-injury. All eyes were cryo-embedded, sectioned and labeled with antibodies against GFAP, Iba1, nitrotyrosine and TUNEL. Additional sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin to examine structure. Optic nerves were embedded in resin, sectioned and stained with p-phenylenediamine.. Results: The majority (90%) of untreated (blast exposed, no eye drops) corneas contained numerous pathologies (edema, hyphema, neovascularization), while only about 10% of corneas from treated eyes were edematous. Immune infiltrate were present in both the anterior and posterior chamber of untreated eyes but was limited to the subretinal space in treated eyes. ...
In blast-induced traumatic brain injury, shock waves (SW) play an important role along with cavitation phenomena. Due to the lack of reliable and reproducible experimental investigations, we have a limited understanding of the role of cavitation in brain damage. The present study aims to develop an atomistic simulation model to determine the role of shock-induced impulse and different constituents of the brains extra-cellular matrix (ECM) on the formation mechanism, stability and collapsing mechanism of nanobubbles in the ECM. The ECM in the brain can be divided into three major types depending on their location behind the blood-brain barrier, namely (a) the basement membrane (basal lamina), (b) the perineuronal nets and (3) the neural interstitial matrix. In this paper, we have studied the interaction of nanobubbles with bio-molecules of the perineuronal nets. We have chosen this zone of the ECM because we are interested to obtain the role of cavitation bubble collapse in neuron damage. Most ...
Diagnosis Code S27.312A information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Diagnosis Code S27.312 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Ten years. Ten years since I have started meeting with victims of anti-personnel mines and cluster munitions in Laos, Cambodia, Lebanon, and Colombia.Ten years I have witnessed the ravaged bodies and...
Mild traumatic brain injury after blast exposure produces inflammation, oxidative stress and gene activation patterns that are similar to disorders of memory processing.
Figure 17: Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Blast-Induced Vibration for Short-Delay Cut Blasting in Underground Mining
Fortunately, there are solutions. UNICEF works to teach children and their families how to live safely in contaminated areas until the lethal threat can be cleared permanently. Partnership is key to long-term solutions, and so UNICEF works with states, non-state actors, other UN agencies, civil-society and other international organisations. Generally called "Mine Risk Education," or "MRE," UNICEF also supports the survivors of ERW incidents, and others who are injured and disabled. Most important to a long term solution, many of these weapons now are banned. UNICEF has been, and remains, a strong advocate of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention and the Convention on Cluster Munitions - the two most successful examples of humanitarian disarmament in recent times. We advocate for the Optional Protocol to the CRC on Children and Armed Conflict, and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. These are critical tools for protecting children ...
The mean age of the 25 children admitted was 9.4 years (SD 2.9 years, range 3 - 12 years). Reasons for admission were injuries to the hands, face and eye. Placement included admission to the trauma ward, burns unit and ophthalmology ward, and one child was admitted to the ICU. Surgical intervention for the injuries was required in 21 cases. Information about duration of hospital stay was available in 80% of cases. The mean length of hospitalisation was 3.5±3.2 days. None of the patients seen died from their injuries. Discussion. Despite the annual outcry over the indiscriminate use of fireworks during festive periods and the concomitant cruelty to animals, very little is known or has been published about injuries sustained by humans in South Africa.5,6 Children, because of their inquisitive nature and the excitement surrounding fireworks, are particularly vulnerable. They also cannot readily appreciate the dangers involved or act decisively in an emergency, hence their susceptibility to ...
As Halloween approaches and the tradition of setting off fireworks is inevitable the chance of serious injury to revelers is always a concern. A revealing article in the American Academy of Ophthalmology gives a clear picture of the perils of using fireworks especially if the participants do not take appropriate precautions. Serious injury to the limbs and the eyes (including corneal abrasions, the development of traumatic cataracts and retinal detachments) can occur and are unfortunately all to commonplace. There are however safety precautions, which can be followed to greatly reduce the risk of injury. For some great advice on making Halloween "pop" and keeping it safe click on the following link http://www.aao.org/newsroom/release/20130619.cfm. Sign up for the Anderson Eye Surgery RSS Feed to be notified when new content is available. ...
Blast lung injuries (BLI) caused by blast waves are extremely critical in the prehospital setting, and hypotension is thought to be the main cause of death in such cases. The present study aimed to elucidate the pathophysiology of severe BLI using laser-induced shock wave (LISW) and identify the initial treatment. The current investigation comprised two parts. For the validation study, mice were randomly allocated to groups that received a single shot of 1.2, 1.3, or 1.4 J/cm2 LISW to both lungs. The survival rates, systolic blood pressure (sBP), heart rate (HR), peripheral oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2), and shock index were monitored for 60 min, and lung tissues were analyzed histopathologically. The study evaluated the effects of catecholamines as follows. Randomly assigned mice received 1.4 J/cm2 LISW followed by the immediate intraperitoneal administration of dobutamine, noradrenalin, or normal saline. The primary outcome was the survival rate. Additionally, sBP, HR, SpO2, and the shock index were
Catalyst Online is published weekly, updated as needed and improved from time to time by the MUSC Office of Public Relations for the faculty, employees and students of the Medical University of South Carolina. Catalyst Online editor, Kim Draughn, can be reached at 792-4107 or by email, [email protected] Editorial copy can be submitted to Catalyst Online and to The Catalyst in print by fax, 792-6723, or by email to [email protected] To place an ad in The Catalyst hardcopy, call Island Publications at 849-1778, ext. 201. ...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the cognitive and neurophysiological effects of chronic exposure to repeated low-level blast overpressure. Previous studies show converging evidence for a neurophysiological effect from cumulative exposure to blast, which is consistent with subjective reports of cognitive impairment by individuals trained to use explosives to gain entry to structures (breachers). This study will expand on these findings by examining a larger cohort of experienced breachers who may be incurring a cumulative effect of low-level blast exposure over the course of several years. We will evaluate up to 20 participants from each of three groups: breachers, artillery control personnel, and unexposed individuals. Additionally, we will ask each of the above to bring a close companion for a set of questionnaires and an interview to capture changes in functioning that participants may not be able to self-assess. Participants will travel to the NIH for evaluation of cognitive and ...
Authors: Dal Cengio Leonardi A, Keane NJ, Hay K, Ryan AG, Bir CA, Vandevord PJ.. Studies on blast neurotrauma have focused on investigating the effects of exposure to free-field blast representing the simplest form of blast threat scenario without considering any reflecting surfaces. However, in reality personnel are often located within enclosures or nearby reflecting walls causing a complex blast environment, that is, involving shock reflections and/or compound waves from different directions. The purpose of this study was to design a complex wave testing system and perform a preliminary investigation of the intracranial pressure (ICP) response of rats exposed to a complex blast wave environment (CBWE). The effects of head orientation in the same environment were also explored. Furthermore, since it is hypothesized that exposure to a CBWE would be more injurious as compared to a free-field blast wave environment (FFBWE), a histological comparison of hippocampal injury (cleaved caspase-3 and ...
Facility boilers, cogens, steam and hot water systems must be designed and managed to ensure safe and reliable operation, while protecting plant personnel and critical equipment from the adverse effects of an overpressure incident.. If an unforeseen process upset occurs with a boiler or other pressurized vessel that triggers an overpressurization condition, it is imperative that the pressure relief and safety valves operate properly when all else fails.. ...
Commander Moser has been instrumental in developing the Naval Special Warfare Medical Transition Program which manages the injured, disabled, wounded, and retiring Naval personnel to the Veterans Administration Centers. He intuitively discovered a very unique combat related head injury pattern that significantly affects SEALs night time combat balance, vital visual reactionary times due to post traumatic concussive ocular, vestibular, and cerebellar axis injuries. This study called the "Neurocognitive Assessment of Blast Exposure Sequelae in Combat Training Study" is now being used to further limit Special Operations training blast exposures and used in coordination with the Veterans Affairs Head Injury Program to improve the quality of life for our warriors. His 30+ years has taken him all over the globe as a special operational team surgical/orthopedic SEAL physician assistant around the Asian Islands, Desert Shield/Storm, and later deployed to Fallujah, Iraq with the Shock Trauma Platoon ...
The interaction of an airblast wave with a structure, and the blast wave propagation around and over the structure is of significant importance. In order to protect a structure from the airblast produced by such explosive threats as terrorist bombs, a facility designer must possess an adequate knowledge of the expected blast wave loading. Of greatest importance are pressures and impulses on the directly loaded face of the structure, since it is typically subjected to the highest (reflected) pressures. It has long been recognized that reflected pressure time histories can be strongly influenced by pressure relief from the free edges of the loaded wall. The relief wave can significantly reduce the magnitude of the late-time portion of the positive reflected pressure phase, resulting in a substantial decrease in the peak impulse load. Most current predictive methodologies attempt to account for the relief wave and its effect on impulse. Unfortunately, these methods tend to be rather inaccurate ...
In order to evaluate the sequence of structural breakup of the airplane, the NTSB formed the Sequencing Group,[1]:100 which examined individual pieces of the recovered structure, two-dimensional reconstructions or layouts of sections of the airplane, and various-sized three-dimensional reconstructions of portions of the airplane.[1]:100 In addition, the locations of pieces of wreckage at the time of recovery and differences in fire effects on pieces that are normally adjacent to each other were evaluated.[1]:100 The Sequencing Group concluded that the first event in the breakup sequence was a fracture in the wing center section of the aircraft, caused by an "overpressure event" in the center wing fuel tank (CWT).[44]:29 An overpressure event was defined as a rapid increase in pressure resulting in failure of the structure of the CWT.[1]:85. Because there was no evidence that an explosive device detonated in this (or any other) area of the airplane, this overpressure event could only have been ...
Because an average of 200 people sustains fireworks-related injuries around the Fourth of July holiday every year, I want to remind everyone to take extra safety precautions if your July Fourth celebration includes fireworks.
Police are searching for a man who set off an explosive device in a Cheesecake Factory restaurant packed with customers, according to KTLA.
Page 0 The International Campaign to Ban Landmines is committed to an international ban on the use, production, stockpiling, and sale, transfer, or export of antipersonnel landmines.
Concerts for a Landmine Free World by Various Artists starting at $0.99. Concerts for a Landmine Free World available on CD to buy at Alibris
A chemical sensing system developed by engineers at the University of Connecticut is believed to be the first of its kind capable of detecting vapors from buried landmines and other explosive devices with the naked eye rather than advanced scientific instrumentation.
A chemical sensing system developed by engineers at the University of Connecticut is believed to be the first of its kind capable of detecting vapors from buried landmines and other explosive devices with the naked eye rather ...
R&D Team: Dr. Kevin Wang1, Dr. Weihong Tan2, Dr. Firas Kobeissy1, Dr. Stephen Larner3.. 1Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Chemistry, 3Banyan Biomarkers, Inc.. Opportunity and Impact: The development of a novel nano-biosensor-based handheld point-of-care (POC) analyzer for the ultra-sensitive detection of brain injury biomarkers in human biofluids as a result of physical trauma, blast injury or act of biological or chemical terrorism. Currently, no rapid POC device exists that is capable of detecting acute brain injury biomarkers in human biofluid such as blood. About 1.5 million patients each year (USA) suffer from a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and another 500,000 suffer a stroke, consequently there is a tremendous need and opportunity for a device that will give doctors and emergency personnel a tool that can quickly assess the extent of injury. In addition, there is appreciable amount of interest from the Department of Defense (DoD) since TBIs now make up about 2/3 of the war ...
WASHINGTON - U.S. acceptance of a treaty banning landmines is "long, long overdue" and President Barack Obama should use a 10-year review this weekend to announce plans to join the accord, anti-landmines campaigners said on Monday.. The treaty, which went into force on March 1, 1999, bans the use, stockpiling, production or transfer of antipersonnel mines. It has been endorsed by 156 countries, but several powers -- including the United States, Russia, China and India -- have not adopted it.. The United States is sending a State Department observer delegation to the treatys second five-year review conference on Sunday in Cartagena, Colombia, the first time it has attended a gathering of states that have accepted the treaty.. "The very fact that they are showing up we take as a positive sign of movement on this issue within the Obama administration," said Steve Goose, director of the Arms Division of Human Rights Watch.. "We hope theyre not coming empty-handed," he added. "We very much want ...
Since 2015 a team at the Centre for Blast Injury Studies has been investigating hearing loss amongst veterans, and possible remedies.
cdneng2 writes Yahoo has the story that a Danish company has developed a plant that can detect landmines. The genetically modified weed that has been coded to change color when its roots come in contact with nitrogen-dioxide (NO2) evaporating from explosives buried in soil. The company website ha...
Landmines is an interesting title indeed. I am an Army doctor. My kids go to a daycare on base. Every single day they go through the fully armed gates and most days we see at least one amputee. Some days we see kids pushing their parents in wheelchairs. I say this not to be overly dramatic. We are all shaped by how we grow up. Perhaps, your daughter will grow up thinking that she has the power to cure cancer, much as I did myself after seeing my grandfather die from the disease when I was a very young child. Perhaps my children will grow up to want to become pm&r docs. maybe they will want to be military police. We cant know what effects the exposures we have as young kids will have. I think you have to tell as much as you think answers their questions without being overly graphic. Ive found that the answer that some people dont have legs is enough for my kids when asking why someone has a metal leg. I neednt go in to the details of the war with them. I think answering with the simplest ...
Landmine Marathon Morbidity lyrics & video : Hunted in starvation with extinction slicing at the heel One long raven braid takes several days to burn Scalps are covered in boil...
Analyzes the benefits and drawbacks of new technologies in landmine detection and offers solutions for improving and speeding up the process.
Environmental Health Perspectives today published online a paper reporting that weapons-grade tungsten alloys, newly incorporated into battlefield munitions, rapidly cause tumors, then lung cancer, when embedded in rats to emulate shrapnel wounds.