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Ground Bixa orellana seeds are often mixed with other seeds or spices to form a paste or powder for culinary uses in Latin American, Jamaican, Chamorro, and Filipino cuisines. The seeds are heated in oil or lard to extract its dye and flavor for use in dishes and processed foods such as cheese, butter, soup, gravy, sauces, cured meats, and other items. The seeds impart a subtle flavor and aroma and a yellow to reddish-orange color to food. In Brazil, a powder known as colorau or colorífico is made from the ground seeds combined with filler seeds like maize. This powder is similar to and sometimes replaces paprika.[12] The Yucatecan condiment called recado rojo or "achiote paste" is made from ground Bixa orellana seeds combined with other spices and is a mainstay in Mexican and Belizean cuisines.[13] A condiment called sazón is commonly used in Spanish, Latin American, and Caribbean cuisine for meats and fish. The Spanish word sazón means "season" or "seasoning". Sazón is made with ground ...
Buy ANNATTO Spice For Sale Order Live Bixa orellana PLANTS SEEDS Low Prices Purchase Exotic Rare Tropical Fruit Trees Seedlings Wild Jungle Ornamentals
Achiote, known by its botanical name, Bixa orellana, is a shrub or small tree originating from the tropical region of the Americas. The Achiote tree is sometimes called the lipstick tree due to the fact that people would use the seeds to make red body paint and lipstick.. The bright red seeds of the Achiote tree is called annatto. Annatto seeds impart a slight peppery taste with a hint of nutmeg. They have been used in cooking methods in Latin America and to color cheeses. Annatto seeds are a rich source of tocotrienols. Tocotrienols are members of the vitamin E family. Vitamin E is actually made up of two families:. ...
The Scientific World Journal is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research, reviews, and clinical studies covering a wide range of subjects in science, technology, and medicine. The journal is divided into 81 subject areas.
Cochlospermum: Genus of tropical trees belonging to the family Cochlospermaceae. About 15 species are known, 3 occurring as far north as northern Mexico and southwestern United States. The buttercup...
(EMAILWIRE.COM, February 04, 2017 ) Annatto Consumption Market analysis is provided for global market including development trends by regions, competitive analysis of the Annatto Consumption market. Annatto Consumption Industry report focuses on the major drivers and restraints for the key players. Introduction: Annatto...
Synonyms . Bix, galuga(Arab.), chiote, rocouyer(FR.), Bixa katangensis Delpierre, L., Orellana americana Kuntze, Orellana, annato or achiote(North.Amer.), changuarica, K u-zub, and pumacua (Mexico), annato or urucu (Brazil), urucum/l (de.), roucou (Dominic.Rep.), achiot (Colombia), arnotto, Bixa acuminate, Bixa Urucurana, Bixa acuminata, Bixa Americana.. The name orellana is derived from the name of the Spanish conqueror of the 16th century Francisco de Orellana. He participated in the conquest of the Inca Empire. In 2000, about 1540 the Spaniards went to the jungles of Brazil and Peru in search of gold and spices. Most of these people died. Orellana with a small detachment went to the East and almost accidentally discovered the Amazon. So the scientific glory of the pioneer fell to him almost unfairly. His tales of female warriors(possibly Orellana made a mistake assuming a distance dlinnopolyh men for great warriors) and gave the name to the river.. Description . Evergreen shrub or small ...
Anti aging join our community. We offer 220 products in our store. Our store specialize in supplying special featured herbal medecines, developed to improve your life and makes better your health. Use cocoa er as first layer den bleach cream as secondStudy of the carotenoid pigments of Bixa orellana L. Seeds ....
Six percent of the worlds population is believed to have diabetes. It causes blood sugar abnormalities and lipid abnormalities characterized by increased triglycerides, high *LDL-cholesterol, low **HDL-cholesterol, and oxidative stress, resulting in inflammation. Lipid abnormalities play a role in arteriosclerosis. ***Annatto (Bixa orellana) is a plant containing carotenoids bixin (BIX) and norbixin (NBIX). Annatto has […]. View Post ...
Annatto is a natural plant extract used as a dye. Though annatto is commonly used in foods, textiles, and cosmetics, it can cause...
Esteban Orellana Vinueza received a doctorate in biological sciences from Purdue University in 2018. He is continuing his postdoctoral work with 2008 Pew scholar Dr. Richard Gregory of Boston Childrens Hospital and Harvard Medical School.
Instructions for use: Apply directly from the bullet Frame and highlight the lips and cupids bow using [The Retoucher id418022] to create more intense fullness 3.5g/ 0.12oz. Ingredients: Neopentyl Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Trimethylolpropane Triisostearate, Dimenthicone, Microcrystalline Wax (Cera Microcristallina), Polyethylene, Polybutene, Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Silica, Dicalcium Phosphate, Mica, Ethyl Vanillin, Caprylic/Capric Trigglyceride, Tocopherol, Zea Mays (Corn) Oil (Zea Mays Oil), Pentaerythrityl Tetera-Di-T-Butyl Hydroxhydrocinnamate, Orchis Mascula Flower Extract, Bixa Orellana Seed Extract, Tocopheryl Acetate, [May Contain: Iron Oxides (Ci 77491, Ci 77492, Ci 77499), Blue 1 Lake (Ci 42090), Titanium Dioxide (Ci 77891), Red 7 Lake (Ci 15850), Red 6 (Ci 15850), Yellow 6 Lake (Ci 15985), Yellow 5 Lake (Ci 19140), Carmine (Ci 75470)]
Instructions for use: Apply directly from the bullet Frame and highlight the lips and cupids bow using [The Retoucher id418022] to create more intense fullness 3.5g/ 0.12oz. Ingredients: Neopentyl Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Trimethylolpropane Triisostearate, Dimenthicone, Microcrystalline Wax (Cera Microcristallina), Polyethylene, Polybutene, Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Silica, Dicalcium Phosphate, Mica, Ethyl Vanillin, Caprylic/Capric Trigglyceride, Tocopherol, Zea Mays (Corn) Oil (Zea Mays Oil), Pentaerythrityl Tetera-Di-T-Butyl Hydroxhydrocinnamate, Orchis Mascula Flower Extract, Bixa Orellana Seed Extract, Tocopheryl Acetate, [May Contain: Iron Oxides (Ci 77491, Ci 77492, Ci 77499), Blue 1 Lake (Ci 42090), Titanium Dioxide (Ci 77891), Red 7 Lake (Ci 15850), Red 6 (Ci 15850), Yellow 6 Lake (Ci 15985), Yellow 5 Lake (Ci 19140), Carmine (Ci 75470)]
en] Cytochrome P-450-dependent monooxygenases are able to oxidize a large variety of endogenous and exogenous substrates. This paper describes the in vitro interaction between benzopyrene and steroids at the level of two rat liver monooxygenases: steroid-16 alpha-hydroxylase and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH). The results obtained suggest the following conclusions: (1) Steroid-16 alpha-hydroxylase is partially supported by a specific cytochrome P-450 form which is not inhibited in vitro by exogenous substrates. Steroid-16 alpha-hydroxylase is completely independent from cytochrome P1-450 (or P-448), as it is insensitive, in vitro, to alpha-naphthoflavone; (2) AHH is supported by two cytochrome P-450 forms: a specific form which is inducible by methylcholanthrene and inhibited in vitro by alpha-naphthoflavone, but is insensitive to metyrapone and steroids; and another less specific form which is inhibited by metyrapone and steroids in vitro ...
Seven years ago at the age of 55 I had a very nasty gastro-intestinal virus which led to CFS and IBS. Because of the severity of the IBS, I had many tests - some nasty, with scary implications. Finally, a very helpful dietitian (who works closely
Baking industry news and commentary offering insight on business, new products, regulatory, market and product trends, supplier innovations and more.
International Journal of Endocrinology is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that provides a forum for scientists and clinicians working in basic and translational research. The journal publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies that provide insights into the endocrine system and its associated diseases at a genomic, molecular, biochemical and cellular level.
2020. Grunwald L, Schneider A-K, Schröder B, Weber S (2020): Predicting urban cold-air paths using boosted regression trees. Landscape and Urban Planning 201: 103843, doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2020.103843. Leitão PJ, Andrew CJ, Engelhardt EK, Graham CH, Martinez C, Mimet A, Pinkert S, Schröder B, Voskamp A, Zimmermann NE, Hof C, Fritz SA (2020): Macroecology as a hub between research disciplines: Opportunities, challenges and possible ways forward. Journal of Biogeography 47:13-15, doi: 10.1111/jbi.13751. Möck M, Vogeler CV, Bandelow NC, Schröder B (in press): Does governance fail due to spatial misfits and the water-food-energy nexus? The case of groundwater nitrate concentrations in an agricultural hub in Germany. Policy Studies Journal, doi: 10.1111/psj.12377. Pérez-Sánchez AJ, Schibalski A, Schröder B, Klimek S, Dauber J (2020) Disentangling the effects of host resources, local, and landscape variables on the occurrence pattern of the endangered dusky large blue butterfly (Phengaris ...
Sieber, J. and Weins, A. and Kampe, K. and Gruber, S. and Lindenmeyer, M. T. and Cohen, C. D. and Orellana, J. M. and Mundel, P. and Jehle, A. W. ...
ORELLANA, Jesem D. Y.; COIMBRA JR, Carlos E. A.; LOURENCO, Ana Eliza Port and SANTOS, Ricardo Ventura. Nutritional status and anemia in Suruí Indian children, Brazilian Amazon. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2006, vol.82, n.5, pp.383-388. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572006000600013.. OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of Suruí Indian children aged less than 10 years by means of anthropometric measurements and determination of hemoglobin concentration levels. METHODS: The study was carried out from February to March 2005 in the Sete de Setembro Indian Reservation, located on the boundary between the states of Rondônia and Mato Grosso, Amazonia, Brazil. Height and weight were measured according to standard procedures and then compared with the National Center for Health Statistics reference values (n = 284). Hemoglobin concentration was determined by a portable b-hemoglobinometer (Hemocue) (n = 268). RESULTS: The percentages of children , -2 z scores for height ...
Ding, Z., Wang B., Moreno I., Dupláková N., Simon S., Carraro N., Reemmer J., Pěnčík A., Chen X., Tejos R., Skůpa P., Pollmann S., Mravec J., Petrášek J., Zažímalová E., Honys D., Rolčík J., Murphy A., Orellana A., Geisler M., Friml J. ...
Intermediate elevations (250-600 m) of the Río Napo drainage in the provinces of Napo, Francisco de Orellana, and Sucumbíos, Ecuador, and in nearby northeastern Peru between the rivers of the Napo and Putumayo and at Agua Negra.. ...
The Conquistadors is a four-part series airing on PBS in Spring 2001. The Conquistadors website explores the adventures of Hernan Cortes, Francisco Pizarro, Fracisco de Orellana and Cabeza de Vaca in the New World as Michael Wood retraces their journeys in modern-day South America and the southern United States.
Menéndez, Clara; Castillo, Paola; artínez Yoldi, Miguel Julián; Jordão, Dercio; Lovane, Lucilia; Ismail, Mamudo R.; Carrilho, Carla; Lorenzoni, Cesaltina; Fernandes, Fabiola; Nhampossa, Tacilta; Hurtado, Juan Carlos; Navarro, Mireia; Casas, Isaac; Santos Ritchie, Paula; Bandeira, Sonia; Mocumbi, Sibone; Jaze, Zara; Mabota, Flora; Munguambe, Khátia; Maixenchs, Maria; Sanz, Ariadna; Mandomando, Inácio; Nadal, Alfons; Goncé, Anna; Muñoz-Almagro, Carmen; Quintó, Llorenç; Vila Estapé, Jordi; Macete, Eusébio; Alonso, Pedro; Ordi i Majà, Jaume; Bassat Orellana, Quique ...
Gonzalez-Perez,L. Perrotta,L. Acosta,A. Orellana,E. Spadafora,N. Bruno,L. Bitonti,B.M. Albani,D. Cabrera,J.C. Francis,D. Rogers,H.J. 2014. In tobacco BY-2 cells xyloglucan oligosaccharides alter the expression of genes involved in cell wall metabolism, signalling, stress responses, cell division and transcriptional control Molecular Biology Reports, 41, 6803-6816 ...
Large LST of the ascending colon. Previous biopsies show adenoma with low grade displasia. Author: Dr. Franco Orellana, Chile. ...
Yekhlef L, Breschi GL, and Taverna S (2017). Optogenetic activation of VGLUT2-expressing excitatory neurons blocks epileptic seizure-like activity in the mouse entorhinal cortex. Scientific Reports 7: 43230. doi: 10.1038/srep43230.. Morè L, Künnecke B, Yekhlef L, Bruns A, Marte A, Fedele E, Bianchi V, Taverna S, Gatti S, DAdamo P. (2017). Altered fronto-striatal functions in the Gdi1-null mouse model of X-linked Intellectual Disability. Neuroscience 344: 346-359. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.12.043.. Rubio A, Luoni M, Giannelli SG, Radice I, Iannielli A, Cancellieri C, Di Berardino C, Regalia G, Lazzari G, Menegon A, Taverna S, Broccoli V (2016). Rapid and efficient CRISPR/Cas9 gene inactivation in human neurons during human pluripotent stem cell differentiation and direct reprogramming. Scientific Reports 6: 37540. doi: 10.1038/srep37540.. Orellana DI, Santambrogio P, Rubio A, Yekhlef L, Cancellieri C, Dusi S, Giannelli SG, Venco P, Mazzara PG, Cozzi A, Ferrari M, Garavaglia B, Taverna ...
Thomas Fragat, Farid Ould-Saada, Oxana Smirnova, Daniel Bayer, Jozef ?ern k, Mattias Ellert, Aleksandr Konstantinov, Bal zs K nya, Steffen M ller, Zsombor Nagy, Markus Nord n, Frederik Orellana, Weizhong Qiang, Alex Read, Ferenc Szalai, Adrian Taga, Henrik T. Jensen and Anders W n nen: From classic NorduGrid ARC to the next generation ARC middleware ...
Annatto has been identified as carotenoids that have antioxidative effects. It is well known that one of the key elements in the development of diabetic ...
Ingredients Filling: Tofu (Soya), Water, Leek, Non-Hydrogenated Vegetable Fat (Sustainable Palm), Wheat Gluten, Wheat Starch, Potato Starch, Dried Yeast, Soya Protein, Salt, Yeast Extract, Textured Wheat Protein, Rapeseed Oil, Thickeners: Carrageenan, Methyl Cellulose, Locust Bean Gum; Natural Flavouring, Sugar, Spices, Calcium Phosphate, Onion Powder, Garlic Powder, Colours: Lutein, Carotene, Iron Oxide; Preservative: Potassium Sorbate. Pastry: Wheat Flour (Flour, Calcium, Iron, Niacin, Thiamine), Vegetable Oil (Rapeseed/Palm), Water, Salt, Emulsifier: Mono and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids, Natural Colours: Annatto, Curcumin.. Nutritional Values:. ...
Highly refined fish oil triglyceride, New Zealand refined avocado oil, Natural lutein esters in soya oil, d-alpha tocopherol (Vitamin E), cholecalciferol in medium chain triglyceride (Vitamin D3), Retinyl palmitate (Vitamin A). Also contains encapsulation aids (bovine gelatin, glycerol, water), titanium dioxide, annatto natural colourant.. Allergen present: Fish oil triglyceride, Natural lutein esters in soya oil. Puria® Brain and Vision capsules do not contain sweeteners, flavours or preservatives, and have no added gluten, dairy or yeast.. ...
Bluebonnet CellularActive CoQ10 Softgels provide 25mg of the active form of CoQ10 (ubiquinol) rather than the common, non-active form of CoQ10 (ubiquinone) currently sold on the market, which must be converted to the active form (ubiquinol) in the body. Aging and chronic conditions compromise the natural production of CoQ10 in the body as well as the conversion of ubiquinone to ubiquinol. This product provides seniors and the chronically ill with the active form of CoQ10 their bodies can immediately utilize. Available in easy-to-swallow softgels for maximum assimilation and absortion.Supplement FactsServing Size 1 SoftgelAmount Per Serving - % Daily valueUbiquinol (Kaneka QH) 25mgOther Ingredients: Gelatin, glycerin, water, natural annatto extract, soy lecithin, medium chain triglycerides, ascorbyl palmitate and beeswax.Contains: SoybeansDirections: As a dietary supplement, take one softgel daily with a meal or as directed by a healthcare practitioner.
Solgar´s Coenzyme Q-10 is obtained from the finest Japanese source raw material. Each Softgel of Solgar CoQ-10 30mg provides: Coenzyme Q-10 (ubiquinone)30mg. In a natural base of of Solgar CoQ-10 30mg: soybean oil, annatto oil, zinc oxide, beeswax, lecithin.
Vegetable oil (canola, soybean, palm and palm kernel), sorbitol, enriched wheat flour (wheat flour, malted barley flour, niacin, reduced iron, thiamine mononitrate, riboflavin, folic acid), maltodextrin, corn starch, natural flavors, dried oranges, salt, soy lecithin, aspartame (phenylketonurics: contains phenylalanine), baking soda, color (annatto extract), ammonium bicarbonate. ...
Ingredients: Vitamin A (as Retinyl Palmitate), Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid), Zinc (as Zinc Gluconate), Slippery Elm, Bee Propolis, Other Ingredients: Fructose (Sweetener), Sorbitol (Sweetener), Cellulose, Magnesium Stearate (Vegetable Source), Silica, Anatto (Colour), Natural Orange Flavour, Formulated Without: Yeast, Wheat, Milk, Egg, Soya, Glutens, Artificial Colours, Artificial Flavours, Added Starch or Preservatives. Directions: Dissolve 1 lozenge in mouth as needed.
Chicken inasal, commonly known simply as inasal, is a variant of lechon manok. It is chicken marinated in a mixture of calamansi, pepper, coconut vinegar and annatto, then grilled over hot coals while basted with the marinade. It is served with rice, calamansi, soy sauce, chicken oil and vinegar (often sinamak vinegar, a palm vinegar infused with garlic, chili peppers and langkawas). A common dish in the Visayas, it is a popular specialty in the city of Bacolod, where an entire street market is dedicated to local dishes, particularly inasal. A sign in the heart of the market reads "Manokan Country" (literally "Chicken Country" in Hiligaynon).[1] Many restaurant chains are famous for serving inasal, like Bacolod Chicken Inasal and Mang Inasal, which originated in Iloilo City. ...
Schrödinger is the scientific leader in developing state-of-the-art chemical simulation software for use in pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and materials research.
Schröder, Hartwig; Damm, Ellen (2000): Methane measurements in the Laptev Sea, Arctic Ocean. Institut für Geologie und Mineralogie, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität, Erlangen-Nürnberg, PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.701302, Supplement to: Schröder, Hartwig (2000): Methan in der marinen Wassersäule der Laptev See, Prozesse und Verteilung. Diploma Thesis, Institut für Geologie und Mineralogie der Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, 89 pp, hdl:10013/epic.30826.d001
* found in: illustra triplePrep Kit, The illustra triplePrep Kit is designed for rapid, simultaneous extraction and isolation of high quality genomic DNA ..
GENEzol™ Reagent is a phenol, chloroform and guanidine isothiocyanate based scalable solution for extracting high-quality total RNA as well as simultaneous extraction of RNA, DNA and protein from a wide variety of samples such as blood, buffy coat, plasma, serum, cultured cells and tissue.
Applications in the field of agriculture as well as studies carried out on soil erosion and runoff have shown the potential of SAR type radar sensors for measuring the two principal parameters characterizing soil status: roughness and surface wetness. Many studies have tried to develop models for analyzing the direct link between these two parameters and the backscattering coefficient. Present scientific work is focused on the development of empirical models combining the physical approach and ground data. The objective for using such models is to produce precise cartographic documents permitting the detailed analysis of the complex processes of soil runoff and erosion mechanisms. The semi-empirical model of Dubois et al (1995) permits the simultaneous extraction of the information concerning roughness and wetness from airborne multipolarisation data. Since RADARSAT works only in HH polarisation while still providing the capability of acquiring images under different incidence angles, the ...
4. Nutritional and Herbal Supplements for a More Healthful Allergy Season. Some of the herbal and nutrient supports that you may consider using to help raise your allergy threshold include buffered vitamin C, MSM (Methyl Sulfonyl Methane), grape seed extract, an immune boosting herbal blend, and a high potency multivitamin/mineral.. Buffered Vitamin C, such as Dr. Rons Ultra-Pure Buffered Vitamin C sold in the Whole Approach store, contains ascorbic acid and buffering, alkalizing minerals. The minerals help the body assimilate the ascorbic acid (vitamin C) while neutralizing its acidity. A good quality buffered vitamin C will contain ascorbate mineral(s) in addition to the ascorbic acid. Lower quality supplements will have a cheap alkalizer such as calcium carbonate, which can have negative consequences.. Vitamin C is well suited to an anti-allergy program. It has antihistamine activity and has been shown to reduce allergy symptoms. Two grams a day has been shown to improve bronchial tolerance ...
Qoobta Pipella Law, waxaan fahansanahay in uu adkaan karo dhexgalka nidaamka sharcigu- hadii aanay Ingiriisigu luuqadada koowaad ahayn. Marka lagu daro Ingiriisiga, garyaqaanadu waxay diyaar ula yihiin macaamishooda adeeg turjubaan ee luqadaha af Somali, German iyo Punjabi.. Hadii shaqaalahayaga diyaarka ihi aanay dhammeystiri karin baahidada marka koowaad, Pipella Law waxay ku diyaarinaysa turjumaan adiga oo aan lacag dheeri ah bixin. Waxaan khibrad badan u leenahay la shaqanta qoysaska iyo shakhsiyaad ka u bahan adeega turjubaanka, hadii loo baahdo turjubaanka waa joogi karaa kulan kasta oo aad nala yeelato laga bilaabo la tashiga hore ilaa dhammaadka. Pipella Law wuxu kugu la shaqaynayaa luuqadaada.. Qoobta Pipella Law, waxaan aaminsanahay luqadu in aysan xujo ku noqon ilaalinta xuquuqdaada iyo helitaankaga cadaalad.. Hadii uu ku soo gaadhay dhaawac shaqsi ah la xidhiidh garyaqaanada dhaawacyada shaqsiga ah ee Pipella Law maanta si aad wax uga ogaato sida aad uga soo kaban lahad arrintan ...
We show that an electric potential and magnetic field can be uniquely determined by partial boundary measurements of the Neumann-to-Dirichlet map of the associated magnetic Schrödinger operator. This improves upon the results in [4] by including the determination of a magnetic field. The main technical advance is an improvement on the Carleman estimate in [4]. This allows the construction of complex geometrical optics solutions with greater regularity, which are needed to deal with the first order term in the operator. This improved regularity of CGO solutions may have applications in the study of inverse problems in systems of equations with partial boundary data.
No cats were harmed in the filming of this short video that explains the famous thought experiment, Schrödingers Cat. Can it applied to running a business?
A method and an apparatus for measuring a tapered cylindrical object, such as a mandrel. The apparatus employs a linear positioning table assembly with a slide mounting for a laser micrometer, an axial position stepper motor for moving the laser micrometer stepwise along the axial length of the mandrel, and an angular position stepper motor for stepwise rotation of the object. The laser micrometer measures a cross-sectional diameter of the mandrel at a plurality of angular positions of the mandrel for each one of a plurality of axial positions along the length of the mandrel. The measurements taken at a plurality of angular positions constitute a circumference profile at that axial position. The circumference profiles at a plurality of axial positions constitute the contour profile of the mandrel. The acquired data are compared to desired mandrel contour profile data.
Thomas is a proven expert in communication strategy and user experience design. He leads Amazee Labs growing team of creative talents and has spent his last 17 years developing digital solutions for multinational enterprises and small companies. Thomas and his squad will be at your side for the design of outstanding and user-centered platform experiences. ...
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Although probably closer to the way proteins actually look2, this is a massive jumble of a lot of information. You cant easily see the structure, understand it and figure out how the protein does what it does. What Jane did was to represent the different structures within the blob by different ribbons - by abstracting this information, she freed up herself and other scientists to study how these parts fitted together and why.. Proteins are made of 12 different kinds of amino acids, strung together like beads on a necklace. Its relatively easy to find out this primary structure of the protein. But then things get more complicated, as some parts of amino acids stick to others along the chain, attracted by the electric charge created when a hydrogen atom is squished off centre. This twists the protein into a 3D shape which allows it to do its job. As Bauhaus knew, form follows function, and so finding out what shape the protein bends into - known as the folding - is crucial to understanding ...