In the event of a bioterror attack, rapidly estimating the size and time of attack enables short-run forecasts of the number of persons who will be symptomatic and require medical care. We present a Bayesian approach to this problem for use in real time and illustrate it with data from a simulated anthrax attack. The method is simple enough to be implemented in a spreadsheet.
On June 12,2003, the Alameda County Public Health Department and Sandia National Laboratories/CA jointly conducted an exercise that used a Weapons of Mass Destruction-Decision Analysis Center (WMD-DAC) bioterrorism attack simulation to test the effectiveness of the countys emergency response plan. The exercise was driven by an assumed release (in the vicinity of the Berkeley Marina), and subsequent spread, of a small quantity of aerosolized, weapons-grade anthrax spores. The simulation used several key WMD-DAC capabilities, namely: (1) integration with an atmospheric dispersion model to calculate expected dose levels in the affected areas, (2) a individual-tracking capability for both infected and non-infected persons as they made decisions, sought treatment, and received prophylaxis drugs, and (3) a user interface that allows exercise participants to affect the scenario evolution and outcome. The analysis of the countys response plan included documenting and reviewing the decisions made by
Terrorists are working to obtain chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) weapons and we believe that the threat of an attack is very real. While there is no way to predict precisely what may or may not happen, we do know that there are a number of practical steps you can take to protect your family members and your pets.. At a Health Canada conference in Ottawa, two years before the September 11 attacks, a scathing report detailing Canadas level of preparedness for a bioterrorism attack concluded, Canada is ill-equipped. A year earlier in 1999, the Canadian Security Intelligence Agency said its not a matter of if a bioterrorism attack will occur, but when.. Defence Research and Development allotted more than CAD $60 million in funding for anti-terrorist research projects, such as expanding the use of a Canada-made antidote used to protect against nerve agents, and finding ways to detect and combat nuclear, chemical, biological and radiation terrorist attacks. In February of ...
In February 2007, the Council extended the mandate of this Health Security Committee by three years.. AVAILABILITY AND STOCKPILING OF MEDICINES The bioterrorist attacks in the USA highlighted the fundamental importance of the availability of medicines in the EU and the capability of industry to make good any shortcoming in production and supply. A joint Commission/pharmaceutical industry task force was established in December 2001 to address issues of availability, production capability, storage and distribution capacity for medicines which could be used in the event of a bioterrorist attack.. National stockpiles In order to be able to cope with bioterrorist attacks, most Member States have stockpiled antibiotics at national level, or are in the process of doing so. Two of the larger Member States have offered to share stocks with other Member States. However, the majority of the other Member States did not wish to take up the offers made and the sharing scheme was not discussed further.. As the ...
The U.S. government is moving toward launching a new venture capital fund to help private companies develop vaccines and drugs that combat a future terrorist attack using biological agents.
Brucella, a Gram-negative bacterium, is classified as a potential bioterrorism agent mainly due to the low dose needed to cause infection and the ability to transmit the bacteria via aerosols. Goats/sheep, cattle, pigs, dogs, sheep and rodents are infected by B. melitensis, B. abortus, B. suis, B. canis, B. ovis and B. neotomae, respectively, the six classical Brucella species. Most human cases are caused by B. melitensis and B. abortus. Our aim was to specifically detect Brucellae with smooth lipopolysaccharide (LPS) using a highly sensitive monoclonal antibody (mAb) based immunological assay. To complement molecular detection systems for potential bioterror agents, as required by international biodefense regulations, sets of mAbs were generated by B cell hybridoma technology and used to develop immunological assays. The combination of mAbs most suitable for an antigen capture assay format was identified and an immunoassay using the Luminex xMAP technology was developed.
A biological attack by terrorists that could kill up to 30 million people is increasingly likely due to the ease with which pathogens can be
Source: Wall Street Journal, May 17, 2002. AFTERMATH OF TERROR. Civil-Liberties Issues Check Plans to Fight Bioterrorism. By MARILYN CHASE, Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL. What would happen if another bioterrorist struck the U.S.?. Probably the same confusion, fear and uncoordinated response that happened during last falls anthrax attacks. Federal and state plans to respond to bioterrorism have run up against civil libertarians and a host of others who worry their rights will be trampled. Even some hospital groups have fought against plans for bioterror attacks because they dont want contagious patients in their facilities.. Just seven months ago, when anthrax was killing people and closing parts of the U.S. Postal Service and Washington D.C., nothing seemed more important than preparing for bioterror. A model law, drafted at the request of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, was rushed to state governments last fall to help their governors and public-health departments ...
President Bushs budget for 2006 cuts spending for a wide range of public health programs, including several to protect the nation against bioterrorist attacks and to respond to medical emergencies...His plan would also cut the budget of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention by 9 percent, to $6.9 billion...the public health emergency fund of the centers, which helps state and local agencies prepare for bioterror attacks, would be cut 12.6 percent, to $1 billion ...
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute and the University of Wisconsin have identified two small molecules with promising activity against neurotoxins produced by the Clostridium botulinum, a compound so deadly it has been labeled one of the six highest-risk bioterrorism agents by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.. Because of the high cost and limited applicability of currently available treatments, the newly identified compounds have the potential to fill the existing therapy gap and to provide protection against a bioterrorism attack using the toxin.. The study is being published the week of February 5 in an online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.. Our study is an important milestone in the fight against biological terrorism, s. ...
On a CNN news broadcast in 2011, the CNN chief medical correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, weighed in on the American governments recent approach to bioterrorist threats. He explains how, even though the United States would be better fending off bioterrorist attacks now than they would be a decade ago, the amount of money available to fight bioterrorism over the last three years has begun to decrease. Looking at a detailed report that examined the funding decrease for bioterrorism in fifty-one American cities, Dr. Gupta stated that the cities wouldnt be able to distribute vaccines as well and wouldnt be able to track viruses. He went on to say that movie portrayals of global pandemics, such as Contagion, were actually quite possible and may occur in the United States under the right conditions.[47]. A news broadcast by MSNBC in 2010 also stressed the low levels of bioterrorism preparedness in the United States. The broadcast stated that a bipartisan report gave the Obama administration a ...
A bioterrorism attack involves the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria or other germs that are intended to cause illness or death in people, animals or plants.
Source: Los Angeles Times, May 1, 2002. COMMENTARY. Scientific Speed Is the Key in Fighting Bioterror. America should have a special lab and a system of molecular fingerprinting.. By SCOTT P. LAYNE and CLAIRE M. FRASER, Scott P. Layne is an associate professor of epidemiology at the UCLA School of Public Health. Claire M. Fraser is president of the Institute for Genome Research in Rockville, Md.. Its human nature: The United States fear of another biological attack is fading fast. But it shouldnt.. In Kandahar, U.S. forces have discovered an Al Qaeda laboratory that was to produce anthrax. And one of the Sept. 11 hijackers may have been treated in Florida for cutaneous anthrax last June. The threat of biological terrorism is real.. So far, our efforts have focused on improving the care of potential biological victims. And whether last years perpetrator, still at large, is a lone bio Kaczynski or an organized bio Bin Laden is somewhat beside the point. The primary issue is that the United ...
This Tuesday, Oct. 4, marks the 10th anniversary of the announcement of the first deaths in the 2001 anthrax-letter attacks, the first successful, fatal bioterrorist attack in American history on American soil. The anthrax attacks were recognized in the midst of the grief and disquiet that swept the United States after the Sept. 11 World […]
A national survey of 1,001 Australians found that most were concerned about a bioterrorist attack and were ill-informed about smallpox prevention and response. Since general practitioners were commonly identified as the initial point of care, they should become a focus of bioterrorism response planning in Australia.
New York Times President Bushs budget for 2006 cuts spending for a wide range of public health programs, including several to protect the nation against bioterrorist attacks and to respond to medical emergencies, budget documents show... ...Kim A. Elliott, deputy director of the Trust for Americas Health, a nonprofit advocacy group, said, Its robbing Peter to pay Paul when you build up the national stockpile at the expense of bioterrorism preparedness activities at the state and local level. View the full story (some sites require registration). ...
In the wake of the recent anthrax attacks, federal officials Tuesday began an inspection program of university facilities across the United States that conduct research on viruses and bacteria with the potential to be used in bioterror, a university official said.
As mandated in the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, CDCs BioSense program was launched in 2003 with the aim of e…
Target Capabiltities: Prevent: CBRNE Detection, Respond: Citizen Evacuation and Shelter In-place, Protect: Food and Agriculture Safety & Defense, Prevent: Information Sharing and Dissemination, Respond: Isolation and Quarantine, Respond: Mass Prophylaxis, Respond: Medical Surge, Common: Planning, Protect: Epidemiologic Surveillance and Investigation, Respond: Public Safety and Security Response, Common: Risk Management, Prevent: Law Enforcement Investigation and Intervention, Respond: Triage and Pre-hospital Treatment, Respond: WMD/Hazardous Materials Response and Decontamination ...
Many U.S. schools are not prepared for bioterrorism attacks, outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases or pandemics, despite the recent 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic that resulted in more than 18,000 deaths worldwide, Saint Louis University researchers say. The study, led by Terri Rebmann, Ph.D., associate professor at SLUs Institute for Biosecurity, surveyed about 2000 nurses working in elementary, middle and high schools across 26 states. The findings reveal that only 48 percent of schools address pandemic preparedness and only 40 percent of schools have updated their plans . . .
Bioterrorism: Organizations and Methods - Bioterrorism organizations require a lot of money and technology to pull off a massive bioterrorism attack. Learn about bioterrorism organizations and methods.
Planning and preparing to provide care in the event of a bioterrorism attack or other emergency is a critical part of working in any healthcare environment. But planning is more than knowing where emergency supplies and exits are. Planning also involves ensuring that healthcare workers know how to keep safe, both physically and mentally. This includes having the families of healthcare workers be prepared for disasters. Studies have shown that providing care to disaster victims is impaired when healthcare workers are concerned about their own families safety.. This program is designed to help healthcare workers prepare themselves at work, at home and in the community at large, to respond to bioterrorism and other emergencies.. ...
After 2005, the department implemented the model throughout the state, although the number of human cases and reported dead birds, along with the models prediction rates, dropped sharply.. In 2007 Carney enrolled as a masters student at Yale and adapted the DYCAST model to track dengue fever in Brazil, using a version of the software that his CUNY collaborators had converted to an open-source platform. With the specific parameters of that disease, DYCAST was able to predict its spread in the city of Riberão Preto in Brazil, Carney said, citing unpublished data.. Carney has continued his analysis and development of DYCAST and dengue at Brown, where he is a doctoral student of ecology and evolutionary biology. He said the software at its core has potential to be adapted as an early warning system for other infectious diseases or even bioterrorism attacks.. In addition to Carney, other authors on the paper include Sean Ahearn and Alan McConchie of CUNY (McConchie is now at the University of ...
Many U.S. schools are not prepared for bioterrorism attacks, outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases or pandemics, despite the recent 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic that resulted in more than 18,000 deaths worldwide, Saint ...
Although new drug development usually focuses on clinical and preclinical research, moving innovative products from clinical testing to market mainly involves overcoming manufacturing capabilities and production challenges. Ensuring access to consistently high-quality critical vaccines and therapies needed to counter bioterrorism attacks is a topic frequently debated. Product shortages are leading to policies that expand US drug and vaccine manufacturing and ensure that US regulatory and healthcare policies avoid erecting roadblocks to high-quality drug production.
Distributed 11/07/03. Although theres not an imminent danger, some scientists say a widespread disease or bioterrorism attack could wipe out significant portions of the U.S. farm animal population.. The countrys genetic resources support a host of animal industries, and without some action to preserve them, those resources are at risk, according to Dr. Harvey Blackburn, director of the U.S. Department of Agricultures National Animal Germplasm Program.. Speaking to a group of animal scientists at the LSU AgCenter Tuesday (Nov. 4), Blackburn said his program was created by Congress because of concern that some animal industries dependence on one or two breeds of a species could pose long-term problems if other genetic material isnt available. He cited as examples the leghorn chicken and Holstein dairy breed, which currently dominate the poultry and milk industries.. The National Animal Germplasm Program (NAGP) is patterned after the well-established USDA National Plant Germplasm System, which ...
We have had the better part of a year to get ready for swine flu. And yet, the response to the pandemic H1N1 outbreak has been lousy, bioethicist Art Caplan says. What would happen if there were a bioterrorism attack or a truly deadly pandemic?
Inspired by recent advances in genetics, Bay Area scientists are dialing up our inner strength to survive a bioterrorism attack. Labs at Stanford and UC San Francisco were recently selected by the Department of Defense to use a modified form of CRISPR gene editing to boost our body
Immunostimulatory oligonucleotide (ISS-ODN) used as adjuvants are commonly modified with phosphorothioate (PS). the transient effects from a PO TLR-9 agonist may be beneficial for protection in a bacterial bioterrorism attack by delaying the onset of systemic contamination without the induction of a cytokine CCT239065 syndrome. activity due to a short half-life [11 12 Their shorter half-life may limit their potency but also their potential toxicity. However several studies have shown that specific modifications of PO ISS-ODN improve their efficacy as adjuvants. Examples of bioeffective alterations include conjugation of the PO ISS-ODN to a hexameric deoxyriboguanosine (3′dG6) at the 3′-end [13] and chemically linking two PO ISS-ODN via their 3′ ends. We recently reported the structural requirements for PO ISS-ODN to penetrate cells and to elicit a functional TLR-9 response [14 15 Serial selection from a random library and optimal structural modifications resulted in the generation of a PO ...
It will be too late for Congress to act after bioterrorism attack is launched, op-ed, Lubbock Avalanche Journal (Saturday, Sept. 22, 2001 ...
Despite the terrorist attacks of September 11, the anthrax mailings, media coverage and a proliferation of programs about bioterrorist agents, a survey conducted in 2002 found that although four out of five physicians were willing to care for victims of a bioterrorist attack, only one out of five felt well prepared for such a role.
More than 1,100 laboratory incidents involving bacteria, viruses and toxins that pose significant or bioterror risks to people and agriculture were reported to federal regulators during 2008 through 2012,
Sure, bug swarms can spread nasty things, but using them to unleash bioterror isnt as easy as they say, Robert Roy Britt writes in LiveScience. One expert said in the Telegraph today that dispersing... Science News Summaries. | Newser
General Information: This subspecies is virulent in humans, and the strain is a clinical isolate that is also virulent in an animal model. Originally isolated from a human case of tularemia in 1951. There are a large number of insertion sequences including a mariner element, which is a transposon typically found in eukaryotes and is the first instance of this element to be found in a microbe, which may have acquired it during transit through one of the insect vectors. Causative agent of tularemia. This organism was first identified by Edward Francis as the causative agent of a plague-like illness that affected squirrels in Tulare county in California in the early part of the 20th century. The organism now bears his name. The disease, which has been noted throughout recorded history, can be transmitted to humans by infected ticks or deerflies, infected meat, or by aerosol, and thus is a potential bioterrorism agent. This organism has a high infectivity rate, and can invade phagocytic and ...
General Information: This subspecies is virulent in humans, and the strain is a clinical isolate that is also virulent in an animal model. Originally isolated from a human case of tularemia in 1951. There are a large number of insertion sequences including a mariner element, which is a transposon typically found in eukaryotes and is the first instance of this element to be found in a microbe, which may have acquired it during transit through one of the insect vectors. Causative agent of tularemia. This organism was first identified by Edward Francis as the causative agent of a plague-like illness that affected squirrels in Tulare county in California in the early part of the 20th century. The organism now bears his name. The disease, which has been noted throughout recorded history, can be transmitted to humans by infected ticks or deerflies, infected meat, or by aerosol, and thus is a potential bioterrorism agent. This organism has a high infectivity rate, and can invade phagocytic and ...
Since September 11th, the threat of a bioterrorist attack--massive, lethal, and unpreventable--has hung in the air over America. Bracing for Armageddon? offers a vividly written primer for the general reader, shedding light on the science behind potential bioterrorist attacks and revealing what could happen, what is likely to happen, and what almost certainly will not happen.
Laura H. Kahn is the author of One Health and the Politics of Antimicrobial Resistance, published in 2016 by Johns Hopkins University Press. A general internist who began her career in health care as a registered nurse, Kahn is a research scholar with Princeton Universitys Program on Science and Global Security. Her expertise is in public health, biodefense, and pandemics. In 2009, she published Whos In Charge? Leadership during Epidemics, Bioterror Attacks, and Other Public Health Crises. Princeton University awarded her undergraduate course Hogs, Bats, and Ebola: An Introduction to One Health Policy a 250th Anniversary Fund award for Innovation in Undergraduate Education. In 2016, the American Veterinary Epidemiology Society awarded her their highest honor, the K.F. Meyer-James H. Steele Gold-Headed Cane Award, for her work on One Health. ...
have suggested that both modeling principles and basic beliefs are important in discussing how we should prepare for possible smallpox terrorist attacks.1 Eichner and Schwehm (ES) amplify these aspects.2 ES focus on surveillance as a prevention tool. In the ES world, any contact under surveillance would be prevented from transmitting further infections at the moment the contact becomes infectious, irrespective of the total number of contacts under watch. Thus, surveillance becomes equivalent to quarantine (which was considered in my earlier modeling work3,4).. Presuming that 75% of transmission from infected contacts can be prevented in this manner strikes ES as reasonable, but strikes me as extremely optimistic in the event of a bioterror attack. The potential for societal chaos in the wake of a smallpox attack should not be underestimated. Nonetheless, combined with the additional assumptions in their Figure 2 (that 90% of the population is susceptible and that isolation of symptomatic ...
Buy Antirobe Online! Antirobe injection is also sometimes used to treat malaria (a serious infection spread by mosquitoes in some parts of the world) and to prevent infection in people who are having certain types of surgery. Antirobe injection is also sometimes used to treat anthrax (a serious infection that may be spread as part of a bioterror attack) and toxoplasmos...
Buy Basocin Online! Basocin injection is also sometimes used to treat malaria (a serious infection spread by mosquitoes in some parts of the world) and to prevent infection in people who are having certain types of surgery. Basocin injection is also sometimes used to treat anthrax (a serious infection that may be spread as part of a bioterror attack) and toxoplasmosis...
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Buy Clinda Online! Clinda injection is also sometimes used to treat malaria (a serious infection spread by mosquitoes in some parts of the world) and to prevent infection in people who are having certain types of surgery. Clinda injection is also sometimes used to treat anthrax (a serious infection that may be spread as part of a bioterror attack) and toxoplasmosis (...
WASHINGTON - More than five years after the Sept. 11 attacks, the government cannot show how the $5 billion given to public health departments has better prepared the country for a bioterrorism
By the editor Natural News. People ask me, Dave, what is the endgame with the globalists? It is unquestionably, bioterrorism. I have a friend, who is retired from FEMA and his specialty was counter-bioterrorism. Some of my present sources say the same. MOST OF MY KEY AND HIGH RANKING SOURCES SAY THAT WE ARE BEING SET UP FOR A MASSIVE BIOTERROR ATTACK AND THE FINAL CHAPTER OF THIS ATTACK WILL BE THE DEADLY EFFECTS OF VACCINES THAT BROUGHT TO BEAR AGAINST THE MANUFACTURED ATTACKS. THE ADJUVANTS AND VACCINES ARE DEADLY OVER TIME AND THEY REFLECT THE QUOTED REALITY OF KEY GLOBALISTS THROUGH THE YEARS. TAKE THE FOLLOWING AS A DECLARATION OF WAR AGAINST TRANSHUMANISM-LOVING GLOBALISTS.. For the past four years, I have researched the following question: Is there a deliberate attempt on the part of the global elite to eliminate a substantial portion of humanity through the use of a bioengineered diseases and viruses and the more deadly accompanying vaccines?. As with any murder plot, whether it be a ...
A long-awaited US government policy on biological research that could be used for terrorism or other nefarious purposes is little changed from a draft released 19 months ago, despite receiving 38 comments from institutions and researchers concerned that it goes either too far or not far enough. The centrepiece of the policy, released on 24 September, is a set of guidelines for researchers working on 15 specific pathogens or toxins. But the rules do not regulate experiments that engineer pathogens not on the list to make them more deadly - so-called gain-of-function research. Officials from the White House and US National Institutes of Health (NIH) say the government will be addressing these concerns in coming weeks.. The White House released its first draft policy on dual-use research of concern, or DURC, in February 2013. The policy requires researchers at institutions that receive funding from the US government and are working with one of 15 specific pathogens or toxins to notify their ...
The U.S. Defense Department is set to alter the priorities of a 5-year-old program that has made little progress toward developing countermeasures for pathogens that might be genetically tweaked for an act of bioterrorism, despite $1 billion in funding, the Boston Globe reported yesterday (see GSN, Nov. 11, 2010).. Independent research entities funded under the Defense Threat Reduction Agencys Transformational Medical Technologies Initiative were unable to overcome key obstacles in genetic research, officials and biological terrorism experts said. Of more than 50 studies funded by the program and carried out by more than 100 university laboratories, pharmaceutical groups and biotechnology firms, only two drugs of potential use have emerged, the Globe reported. Preliminary clinical trials of the treatments remained a distant possibility.. Were years away from any reasonable [Food and Drug Administration] certification, let alone production, said a Defense Department contractor with ties to ...
Examines ten key indicators to evaluate state preparedness to respond to bioterrorist attacks and other public health emergencies. Evaluates the federal governments role and performance, and offers recommendations for improving readiness.
This paper provides an overview of the U.S. regulatory framework governing genetic biocontrol efforts for invasive fish. Genetic biocontrol refers to the intentional release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) into the environment to control a target population of a non-native species. The terms genetically modified and genetically engineered are often used interchangeably, despite the sc ...
This paper provides an overview of the U.S. regulatory framework governing genetic biocontrol efforts for invasive fish. Genetic biocontrol refers to the intentional release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) into the environment to control a target population of a non-native species. The terms genetically modified and genetically engineered are often used interchangeably, despite the sc ...
The Deputy National Security Advisor is a member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States and the United States National Security Council, serving under the Presidents National Security Advisor. Among other responsibilities, the Deputy National Security Advisor often serves as Executive Secretary to the National Security Council Principals Committee, and as chairman of the National Security Council Deputies Committee. The role changes according to the organizational philosophy and staffing of each White House and there are often multiple deputies to the National Security Advisor charged with various areas of focus.[1][2] The position is currently being held by Charles Kupperman since 2019. ...
The Bioterrorism Response Act also directs the HHS Secretary to promulgate regulations to establish and enforce safety and security procedures for the possession and use of select agents and toxins, including measures to ensure proper training and appropriate skills to handle such select agents and toxins. See generally, 42 C.F.R. Part 73. The U.S. Department of Agriculture select agents and toxins regulations are found at 7 C.F.R. Part 331 and 9 C.F.R. Part 121. Pursuant to subtitle B of title II of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (the Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act), the USDA Secretary has established a list of biological agents and toxins which have the potential to pose a severe threat to animal and plant health, or to animal or plant products (See 7 USC § 8041). This list is found in section 3 (PPQ select agents and toxins) of Part 331 and in section 3 (VS select agents and toxins) and section 4 (Overlap select agents and toxins) ...
The predecessor to the National Security Council was the National Intelligence Authority (NIA) which was established by President Harry S. Trumans Executive Letter of 22 January 1946 to oversee the Central Intelligence Group, the CIAs predecessor. The NIA was composed of the Secretary of State, Secretary of War, Secretary of the Navy, and the Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief. The National Security Council was created in 1947 by the National Security Act. It was created because policymakers felt that the diplomacy of the State Department was no longer adequate to contain the USSR in light of the tension between the Soviet Union and the United States.[1] The intent was to ensure coordination and concurrence among the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force and other instruments of national security policy such as the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), also created in the National Security Act. In 2004, the position of Director of National Intelligence (DNI) was created, taking over the ...
Washington Post A decade after envelopes containing anthrax terrorized the nation and alerted officials to the need to protect against bioterrorism, significant gaps remain in the nations capacity to respond to a bioterrorism attack, according to an analysis released Thursday.. Although the anthrax attacks triggered an unprecedented attempt to bolster the nations preparedness, and significant improvements have been made, much more work remains to be done, according to the analysis by the Trust for Americas Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, two private nonprofit, nonpartisan research groups.. View the full story (some sites require registration). ...
When Edward Snowden leaked Americas extensive surveillance practices, it didnt just impact American citizens. It changed the way people all over the world thought about their data privacy and how it impacts national security. The increased focus on data privacy hasnt only affected governments either. It has shed new light onto the data collection practices of businesses. Many have called into question how businesses should handle data, with national security matters (Apples refusal to unlock an iPhone is a great example) and data breaches creating big discussions on the subject. A fine line People feel just as negatively about the collection of their personal data today as they did in 2013. However, despite the negative associations, people are becoming more willing to let their data be collected if it will protect national security. Astonishingly, only 20% of people surveyed in 2016 dont support the use of personal data to protect national security. This is a major decrease from the 42% who were
Statement by NSC Spokesman Mike Hammer on National Security Advisor General Jim Jones Travel to France, Belgium, and India, July 11-16. National Security Advisor General Jim Jones will travel to Paris, Brussels, and New Delhi from July 11 to 16. On July 12 and 13, General Jones will consult with French officials, NATO Secretary General Rasmussen, and other allies in Paris and Brussels regarding Afghanistan, Middle East, Iraq, Iran, and preparations for NATOs fall summit in Lisbon. From July 14 to 16, General Jones will be visiting India at the invitation of his counterpart, Indian National Security Advisor Shivshankar Menon. During his visit to New Delhi, the General will meet with National Security Advisor Menon and other senior Indian officials to discuss a full range of subjects key to the strategic partnership we are developing with India, including counter-terrorism cooperation, regional security, defense cooperation, and export controls. General Jones will also have an opportunity begin ...
National Security Advisor Tom Donilon hosted Iraqi National Security Advisor Falah al-Fayyadh at the White House today. They held discussions to follow up on the productive Secure Video Teleconference last week between President Obama and Prime Minister Maliki. The two national security advisors reaffirmed the common vision of a broad, deep strategic partnership between the United States and Iraq as embodied in the Strategic Framework Agreement. The two held a far-reaching discussion of the elements of a fully normalized relationship between Iraq and the United States, including education, investment, and security. And they committed to develop additional mechanisms to establish a continuous strategic dialogue between the United States and Iraq.. ...
State and Local Governments must be invited by DHS to apply. DHS will invite governmental organizations to apply for continuation funding under this FOA. The BioWatch Program is a cornerstone of the Department of Homeland Securitys (DHS) comprehensive strategy for countering biological terrorism. The BioWatch Program is an early warning system that is designed to detect the intentional release of select aerosolized biological agents. The BioWatch Programs mission is to provide and maintain a continuous bio-terrorism air monitoring system in metropolitan areas and coordinate with state and local public health communities to prepare for and respond to a bioterrorist event. This mission is accomplished by serving as an early warning system which enhances the security of jurisdictions by providing the needed time to execute their comprehensive concept of operations plans to counter biological terrorism. The Biowatch Program is a critical part of an ongoing national effort to build and sustain ...
Overview of the most pressing biosecurity issues facing the world today. Guest lecturers have included former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, former Special Assistant on BioSecurity to Presidents Clinton and Bush Jr. Dr. Ken Bernard, Chief Medical Officer of the Homeland Security Department Dr. Alex Garza, eminent scientists, innovators and physicians in the field, and leaders of relevant technology companies. How well the US and global healthcare systems are prepared to withstand a pandemic or a bioterrorism attack, how the medical/healthcare field, government, and the technology sectors are involved in biosecurity and pandemic or bioterrorism response and how they interface, the rise of synthetic biology with its promises and threats, global bio-surveillance, making the medical diagnosis, isolation, containment, hospital surge capacity, stockpiling and distribution of countermeasures, food and agriculture biosecurity, new promising technologies for detection of bio-threats and ...
Overview of the most pressing biosecurity issues facing the world today. Guest lecturers have included former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, former Special Assistant on BioSecurity to Presidents Clinton and Bush Jr. Dr. Ken Bernard, Chief Medical Officer of the Homeland Security Department Dr. Alex Garza, eminent scientists, innovators and physicians in the field, and leaders of relevant technology companies. How well the US and global healthcare systems are prepared to withstand a pandemic or a bioterrorism attack, how the medical/healthcare field, government, and the technology sectors are involved in biosecurity and pandemic or bioterrorism response and how they interface, the rise of synthetic biology with its promises and threats, global bio-surveillance, making the medical diagnosis, isolation, containment, hospital surge capacity, stockpiling and distribution of countermeasures, food and agriculture biosecurity, new promising technologies for detection of bio-threats and ...
Since October 3, 2001, CDC and state and local public health authorities have been investigating cases of bioterrorism-related anthrax. This report updates findings as of October 31, and includes interim guidelines for the clinical evaluation of pers ...
The New York Times publishes an article by Sheryl Gay Stolberg entitled, Some Experts Say US Is Vulnerable to a Germ Attack. The article claims that the US is inadequately prepared to confront bioterrorist attacks, according to a broad range of health experts and officials. The nation must develop new vaccines and treatments, they say, but it must also fortify its fragile public health infrastructure, the first line of defense in detecting and containing biological threats. It further notes that since 9/11, much of the discussion about bioterrorism has centered on a shortage of antibiotics and vaccines. But the bigger problem, officials agree, is a lack of basic public health infrastructure and preparedness that could thwart a terror attack or limit its effects. Doctors are poorly trained to recognize symptoms of infection with possible biological weapons, like plague and anthrax, which can resemble the flu. Asha George, an expert on biological warfare, says, We are not going to have a ...
The New York Times publishes an article by Sheryl Gay Stolberg entitled, Some Experts Say US Is Vulnerable to a Germ Attack. The article claims that the US is inadequately prepared to confront bioterrorist attacks, according to a broad range of health experts and officials. The nation must develop new vaccines and treatments, they say, but it must also fortify its fragile public health infrastructure, the first line of defense in detecting and containing biological threats. It further notes that since 9/11, much of the discussion about bioterrorism has centered on a shortage of antibiotics and vaccines. But the bigger problem, officials agree, is a lack of basic public health infrastructure and preparedness that could thwart a terror attack or limit its effects. Doctors are poorly trained to recognize symptoms of infection with possible biological weapons, like plague and anthrax, which can resemble the flu. Asha George, an expert on biological warfare, says, We are not going to have a ...
The overriding question is whether the U.S. is ready for a bioterror attack. The answer could well rely on the other question of what bio-agent and whats the source? In 1991, 40,000 Russian scientists dispersed throughout the world, with knowledge of what the U.S.S.R. was doing in chemical and biological weapons. The question is to whom did they sell their knowledge? Some believe former Soviet scientists sold technology to countries like Iran, Syria, and North Korea. Lurking is the spectre of al-Qaeda, a group that the Pentagon says continues to pursue biological weapons.. Another scenario is an outbreak of a pandemic. How would the U.S. deal with an infectious disease outbreak? The picture, despite reassurances, is not pretty. Until now, the U.S. has experienced two major biological attacks.. In 1984, the Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh and his followers attempted to take over the town of Dalles, Oregon by contaminating salad bars in the town. In 2001, there was the as yet unsolved mystery of the ...
From December 02-05, 2014, PILDAT, in partnership with the CPA UK, organised a Study Visit of a multi-party delegation of five senior Members from the Parliament of Pakistan. The Study Visit focussed on the internal structures and ethos of UK political parties and how they develop their positions on national security issues in the UK.The programme was designed to give the delegation a deeper understanding of the UK national security framework, including the role of political parties in formulating the UK national security strategy along with the parliamentary oversight of defence related spending and intelligence activities. The programme also addressed the issue of the changing face of national and international security. ...
Quick update from the The Washington Post newsroom: starting July 1, I will join the foreign desk as the world and national security producer. Anup Kaphle (who has been the world/national security web editor on the Universal News Desk) and I will be moving from the UND to work directly with the world and national security teams.. Ive had a great experience working with the health, science, environment and wellness reporters and editors since I joined the Post in December and am very excited at this new opportunity be a full member of the foreign editing team - truly integrated with the section.. Stay tuned!. ...
The mission of the Lint Center for National Security Studies is to foster and further the educational development and opportunities for the next generation of Americas Counterintelligence and National Security Workers. The Center focuses on empowering individuals, enhancing the study of national security issues, and enabling emerging leaders to be mentored by established current-and-former industry experts.
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) gives the highest priority to developing countermeasures against bioterrorism agents that are highly infective when dispersed in aerosol form. Developing drugs to prevent or treat illnesses caused by bioterrorism agents requires testing their effectiveness in animals since human clinical trials would be unethical. At the request of NIAID, the National Academies conducted a study to examine how such testing could be improved. The report provides recommendations to researchers on selecting the kinds of animal models, aerosol generators, and bioterrorism agent doses that would produce conditions that most closely mimic the disease process in humans. It also urges researchers to fully document experimental parameters in the literature so that studies can be reproduced and compared. The report recommends that all unclassified data on bioterrorism agent studies -- including unclassified, unpublished data from U.S. Army Medical Research ...
An anthrax bioterrorism attack in a transportation hub will require the use of various decontamination approaches, including fogging of sporicidal liquids.
Since the last report (1), six new anthrax cases have been reported. Three of these cases have occupational exposures similar to previously reported cases (1). A fourth case occurred in a mail handler at a facility not previously linked to cases but that receives mail from a facility at which cases have occurred previously. Two new cases have no discernable epidemiologic link with anthrax cases previously reported or sites that are associated with known cases. These new cases suggest that anthrax exposure has occurred or is continuing to occur through means that cannot be ascribed to known contaminated letters or the paths these letters took through the mail service. The public health response to these new anthrax cases will evolve based on ongoing epidemiologic and criminal investigations. Because exposures are being intentionally perpetrated, public health authorities must be vigilant for the appearance of new cases in previously unaffected populations. Prompt data sharing between law ...
Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: dsmith3 Last modified by: Vivien Maier Created Date: 5/8/2003 5:54:42 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 7bd45e-Y2U1Y
The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-188; June 12, 2002) requires that the United States improve its ability to prevent, prepare for, and respond to acts of bioterrorism and other public health emergencies that could threaten either public health and safety or American Agriculture. It necessitates that individuals possessing, using, or transferring agents or toxins deemed a severe threat to public, animal or plant health, or to animal or plant products notify either the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) or the Secretary of the Department of Agriculture (USDA). In accordance with the Act, implementing regulations detailing the requirements for possession, use, and transfer for select agents and toxins were published by HHS (42 CFR Part 73). Registration of an entity requires that an Application for Laboratory Registration for Possession, Use, and Transfer of Select Agents and Toxins (APHIS/CDC Form 1) ...
FY10-27. OAK RIDGE, Tenn.-John L. Crapo, CHP, has been named the new associate director for readiness in ORAUs National Security and Emergency Management Programs.. In his new role, Crapo will be responsible for planning, organizing, directing and scheduling all management activities associated with ORAUs support to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Emergency Responses counterterrorism, counter-proliferation and emergency management fields. He will also provide strategic insight into DOEs program goals and plans as they pertain to the emergency response mission.. John has a strong background in radiological consequence management and regulatory compliance, said Dave Hackemeyer, vice president and director for ORAUs National Security and Emergency Management Programs. He will do a great job, and he will ensure our support to DOE meets and exceeds expectations.. Before joining ORAU in 2007, Crapo served nearly 20 years in the U.S. Navy as a health physicist. He received a ...
We live in an era of mass surveillance. Private companies monitor our comings and goings, and ad-supported cloud services record and mine our online activities. At the same time, governments have been conducting extensive surveillance in the name of national security. To a large extent, citizens and lawmakers have accepted loss of privacy in exchange for increased security. Can computing technology promote both personal privacy and national security? Panelists will explore how state-of-the-art cryptography, security, networked systems, and data-management technology might enable government agencies to acquire actionable, useful information about legitimate targets of investigation without intruding upon the electronic activity of innocent parties. They will also address the need to use laws and policies in conjunction with technology to hold government agencies accountable for proper use of private information.. ...
The minor in National Security Studies is designed for students who are interested in the historical, political, cultural, ethical, and legal dimensions of national security policy.. ...
If ever there were a news item worthy of the Cool stuff! tag, its the list of Foreign Policy Next Generation Leaders from the Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) community recently published by The Diversity in National Security Network and New America. The list is an impressive collection of talent as a whole, but what were obviously most interested in here is the fact that its positively larded with Fletcher alumni! Theres Jimmy Antia, a national security specialist with the Institute of Security Governance, Grace Choi, the director of policy in the NYC Mayors office, director for Afghanistan strategy and policy Hila Hanif, of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and Michelle Kwan, a former Olympian currently working on the Biden 2020 presidential campaign. The list isnt limited to alumni, either. Current Fletcher student Tashi Chogyal, who came to Fletcher after stints at USAID, the US Department of Justice, the Center for American Progress, and the 2012 Obama re-election ...
The Citizens Report on the Performance of the Parliamentary Committee on National Security covers the period of March 16, 2012 to March 15, 2013. Prepared by PILDAT, the report closely examines the publicly-available data on the work of the Parliamentary Committee which was formed as a result of a joint Parliamentary resolution in November 2008. This report has been prepared under the overall objective of strengthening Parliamentary oversight on defence and national security in Pakistan. This report is a continuation of the analysis prepared by PILDAT for the past 4 years. PILDAT is mindful of the fact that the democratic institutions like the Parliament and Parliamentary committees have not developed over the years due to repeated military interventions and long spells of autocratic or semi-autocratic regimes led by military. This citizens review, therefore, is meant to assist the Parliament in its oversight functions. The objective of the report is not to offer a critique of the work of the ...
The International Financial Aid Center offers financial aid, college scholarships, grants and awards search for international students studying abroad. The International Financial Aid Center scholarship search tool provides you with access to awards from all across the globe. Boren Scholarships, an initiative of the National Security Education Program, provide unique funding opportunities for U.S. undergraduate students to study less commonly taught languages in world regions critical to U.S. interests, and underrepresented in study abroad, including Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern Europe, Eurasia, Latin America, and the Middle East. The countries of Western Europe, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand are excluded. Boren Scholars represent a vital pool of highly motivated individuals who wish to work in the federal national security arena. In exchange for funding, Boren Scholars commit to working in the federal government for at least one year after graduation.
While American national security policy has grown more interventionist since the Cold War, Washington has also hoped to shape the world on the cheap. Misled by the stunning success against Iraq in 1991, administrations of both parties have pursued ambitious aims with limited force, committing the countrys military frequently yet often hesitantly, with inconsistent justification. These ventures have produced strategic confusion, unplanned entanglements, and indecisive results. This collection of essays by Richard K. Betts, a leading international politics scholar, investigates the use of American force since the end of the Cold War, suggesting guidelines for making it more selective and successful. Betts brings his extensive knowledge of twentieth century American diplomatic and military history to bear on the full range of theory and practice in national security, surveying the Cold War roots of recent initiatives and arguing that U.S. policy has always been more unilateral than liberal ...
When exploring medical privacy issues, its very useful to have an overview of the laws that affect control and privacy of medical information. We encourage you to read our legal overview. The government has many options for obtaining your medical records on the grounds of national security. And if your medical records are swept up in a national security investigation, you
News breaks this morning that the NSA has the ability to monitor 75% of the nations internet traffic at once. They can watch what 75% of Americans are doing at any one time online. Think on that for a moment.. We have already learned that they can monitor your cell phone. They can get access to your individual online browsing history via your internet service provider, and read your emails. Now we learn that they can watch over three-quarters of the nations internet traffic at the drop of a hat.. This has gone far beyond national security.. On Coffee & Markets yesterday Congressman Bob Goodlatte, Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, said it is time for more transparency of the NSAs monitoring efforts and called for better oversight of these programs. Both of those suggestions are great first steps to reining in the NSA, but there is more that needs to be done.. In the name of national security, has become the most overused and hollow phrase in Washington. It seems any activity can be ...
Wednesday, April 11th, 2018 Nadia Schadlow is third national security official to leave post since John Bolton became national security adviser. ...
He is also remembered for his friendship with Tampa socialite Jill Kelley, helping get her named an honorary ambassador to the coalition of some 50 nations at CentCom. Emails to Kelley led to the downfall of then-CIA director David Petraeus - another former CentCom leader also mentioned as a replacement for short-timer Flynn.. • • •. The national security adviser is the presidents top confidante on national security and foreign policy. Considering the pledge by President Donald Trump to destroy the so-called Islamic State jihadi group, some who know Harward call him an ideal choice for the job.. Given the challenges, his background as special operator, his familiarity with the region and his experience at CentCom, my gut feeling is he would be pretty good, said Mike Jones, a retired Army major general living in Tampa who was CentCom chief of staff in Harwards first year there.. Harward, Jones said, was the guy who could work the things the commander wanted him to, really understanding ...
WASHINGTON - President Donald Trump has announced Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster as the new national security adviser, and Gen. Keith Kellogg remains the National Security Council chief of staff. The President made the announcement at his Mar-a-Lago resort. President Trump called McMaster a man of tremendous talent and tremendous experience. McMaster replaces retired Gen. Michael […]
The National Security angle could have the most powerful impact on public sentiment and senate votes, diminishing the political framing and enhancing the Rule of law/Oath of Office issue, seen through the lens of National Security ...
The battle between anti-Trump careerists within the U.S. intelligence community and the commander-in-chief is getting more serious by the day. On Wednesday, in the aftermath of the resignation of Trumps national security advisor, Michael Flynn - thought to be the first of many Trump national security team casualties to come - former NSA analyst and ...
national security Admissions, Courses and Scholarships 2021 HelpToStudy.com 2022 - Expert college reviews and admission help with application and essays. Apply national security soon.
Description: The September 11th attack and subsequent intentional release of anthrax spores via the U.S. postal system have focused policymakers attention on the preparedness and response capability of the nations public health system. The anthrax attacks put a tremendous strain on the U. S. public health infrastructure, an infrastructure that many experts argue has been weakened by years of neglect and under-funding. To better understand the preparedness gaps that exist, as well as the disparate functions and agencies that define public health in this country, the Congressional Research Service (CRS), in conjunction with George Washington Universitys National Health Policy Forum (NHPF), convened a seminar on October 26, 2001, entitled, The U.S. Health Care System: Are State and Local Officials Prepared for Bioterrorism? How Should the Federal Government Assist? ...
In the aftermath of the World Trade Center attack on September 11, 2001, there have been several bioterrorism attacks in the continental United States, ...
The first evening of the #MoBE17 meeting was a reception, with a fabulous keynote talk by Ed Yong mainly focused on Science Communication. Ed had a number of tips for interacting with journalists and thinking about how we present stories instead of facts. The quote of the evening was surely you cannot replace a feeling with a fact. Jonathan Eisen created a Storify of Day 1 which can be found here.. Started the next day with an introduction by Paula Olsiewski, giving her perspective on the field as a funder. The program grew out of work on an earlier program looking at preventing bioterrorism attacks, they soon discovered that little was known about the normal indoor microbiome. She gave us the history of the program; recruiting senior researchers early, getting buy-in from early career researchers, building collaborations across fields, engaging the public, and obtaining other support for the field.. Sue Lynch gave the Keynote talk today, talking about her groundbreaking work on childhood ...
MADISON - In this time of the chronic threat of terrorism and the possibility of war with an adversary who may be armed with biological weapons high on the wish list of security agencies and battlefield commanders is a quick and easy way to detect the presence of dangerous biological agents. Now with the help of a novel diamond film developed by chemists at the University of Wisconsin-M,Diamond,Film,May,Enable,Critical,New,Sensors,For,Bioterror,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology
Following the high-profile laboratory incidents involving select agents and toxins that occurred at federally regulated laboratories, the National Science and Technology Council established a Fast Track Action Committee on the Select Agent Regulations(FTAC-SAR) under the Subcommittee on Biological Defense Research and Development of its Committee on Homeland and National Security. The FTAC and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy convened two listening sessions and published a Request for Public Comment in the Federal Register to engage input into how the Select Agent Regulations (SAR) have impacted science, technology, and national security in the United States. Based on this input, the FTAC published the Fast Track Action Committee Report that offered recommendations for FSAP program improvement.. Recommendation #6 (Inventory Control Requirements) The FTAC recommends retaining requirements to maintain inventories of samples containing biological select agents and toxins, ...
UCLA scientists have discovered how the deadly Nipah virus infiltrates human cells to cause encephalitis. Designated as a potential bioterrorism agent by the National Biodefense Research Agenda, the virus exploits a protein essential to embryonic development to enter cells and launch its attack.
Traditional laboratory biosafety guidelines have emphasized use of optimal work practices, appropriate containment equipment, well-designed facilities, and administrative controls to minimize risks of unintentional infection or injury for laboratory workers and to prevent contamination of the outside environment (1). Although clinical and research microbiology laboratories might contain dangerous biologic, chemical, and radioactive materials, to date, only a limited number of reports have been published of materials being used intentionally to injure laboratory workers or others (2--7). However, recently, concern has increased regarding possible use of biologic, chemical, and radioactive materials as terrorism agents (8,9). In the United States, recent terrorism incidents (10) have resulted in the substantial enhancement of existing regulations and creation of new regulations governing laboratory security to prevent such incidents. The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and ...
In order to discuss Biosafety, it is important to understand the concept. Biosafety refers to the prevention of unintentional outbrakes of pathogens, toxins due to accidents or lack of knowledge. It is important to distinguish the concept of Biosafety from Biosecurity. Biosecurity deals with issues of theft, misuse, diversion or any intentional release of dangerous biological material or pathogens (Schmidt, Chapter 6: Do I undestand what I can create? Biosafety issues in synthetic biology, 2009). Although Biosecurity is an important concept, especially when dealing with issues such as bioterrorism and national security, its mostly managed by the government and international regulatory agencies. The scientific community can do little or nothing with respect to Biosecurity in the same manner it can only make small contributions to solve problems such as terrorism or organized crime. Most of the times, researchers can limit themselves to denounce irregularities they detect so that a law ...