TY - JOUR. T1 - Balancing generality and specificity in ecological gradient analysis with species abundance distributions and individual size distributions. AU - Yen, Jian. AU - Keith, Jonathan. AU - Paganin, David. AU - Fleishman, Erica. AU - Dobkin, David. AU - Bennett, Joanne. AU - Nally, Mac. AU - MAC NALLY, Ralph. PY - 2017/3/1. Y1 - 2017/3/1. N2 - AimData on ecological communities are often condensed into single-valued diversity indices, which support comparisons among ecosystems but may discard important information. At the other extreme, some studies retain full data on the identities of all species present, which retains maximum information on community structure but occludes comparisons among ecosystems. We sought to determine whether the analysis of species abundance distributions and individual size distributions could support more detailed inferences than diversity indices while remaining sufficiently general to identify fundamental ecological responses in multiple ...
This TC will provide a clear understanding of existing environmental assessments and biodiversity analyses that cover the network of parks and protected areas (biological corridors) in the area of influence of the Mundo Maya Sustainable Tourism Program (MMSTP) in El Salvador, Honduras and Mexico. Regional and site-specific biodiversity studies and initiatives will be instrumental in determining the status and of local socioeconomic threats and opportunities for conservation and gaps of knowledge in areas of critical biodiversity importance. Developing a biodiversity baseline for the critical Mundo Maya Program sites will provide local and regional biological and socioeconomic information including: biodiversity inventories, natural and man-made landscape features, existing community-based projects, stakeholders and other key factors. This information will provide better understanding of the current status of biodiversity and of local socioeconomic threats and opportunities for conservation at key
The United Nations discussions on defining a new set of post-2015 development goals focus on poverty eradication and sustainable development. Biodiversity and ecosystem services are essential for poverty eradication, which is also one of the foundations of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Based on an assessment of current proposals of goals and targets, and a quantitative pathway analysis to meet long term biodiversity and food security goals, this paper discusses how biodiversity and ecosystem services can be integrated into a broad set of goals and targets, and concludes with relevant target areas and means of implementation for which specific targets need to be defined. Furthermore, it responds to the call of the CBD to consider the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and the related Aichi biodiversity targets in the post-2015 development agenda. The papers analysis identifies three overlapping but also supplemental ways to integrate biodiversity and
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The PhD thesis entitled "International cooperation for biodiversity conservation: an economic analysis" examines the functioning and effectiveness of different economic instruments for biodiversity conservation at diverse scales. Different methodological approaches such as market theory, contract theory, and game theory are implemented. The first part of the thesis consists of an assessment of the economic conditions under which markets for biodiversity are expected to function, and their potential to be scaled up to a global level. The remainder of the thesis present game theoretical analyses on the modelling and functioning of International Environmental Agreements (IEAs) for biodiversity conservation. Game theory provides a novel opportunity to study the impact of key features of biodiversity on the effectiveness and stability of conservation agreements. This type of analysis is then applied to a case study of habitat conservation for a migratory bird species in one of the chapters. ...
Biological diversity, or biodiversity, means the variety of all forms of life: genetic variation within species, the abundance of species and the diversity of their habitats. Halting the loss of biodiversity by 2020 is a global goal. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry safeguards biodiversity by ensuring the sustainable use of natural resources in its administrative branch. This includes agricultural areas and landscapes, forests, game and reindeer husbandry as well as fish and water resources.. The Finnish strategy for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity outlines objectives and measures to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2020. The strategy was adopted in December 2012 by the Government Resolution on the Strategy for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Finland for the Years 2012-2020, "Saving Nature for People". The strategy is based the objectives set in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and EUs Biodiversity Strategy.. ...
An important product of marine biodiversity research should be the necessary knowledge and tools for adequately managing and protecting marine biodiversity. This requires knowledge on genetic and ecological mechanisms that control biodiversity (gene flow, dispersal, adaptive value of genetic polymorphisms, determination of dispersal and recruitment, species interactions including invasions, sediment transport, natural and human-induced catastrophes, etc.). It also requires knowledge on the functional role of biodiversity: what is the variability in genes, species and communities that is required for ecosystem functioning; and models on dispersal of genes and organisms, species interactions and food webs, the interaction between food webs and biogeochemical fluxes, and impact assessment of diffuse and point source pollution, coastal constructions, mass tourism and global climate change. ...
which looks like a straight line on semilog axes, where area is logged and the number of species is arithmetic. In either case, the species-area relationship is almost always decelerating (has a negative second derivative) when plotted arithmetically.[9] Species-area relationships are often graphed for islands (or habitats that are otherwise isolated from one another, such as woodlots in an agricultural landscape) of different sizes.[3] Although larger islands tend to have more species, it is possible that a smaller island will have more than a larger one. In contrast, species-area relationships for contiguous habitats will always rise as areas increases, provided that the sample plots are nested within one another. The species-area relationship for mainland areas (contiguous habitats) will differ according to the census design used to construct it.[10] A common method is to use quadrats of successively larger size, so that the area enclosed by each one includes the area enclosed by the smaller ...
which looks like a straight line on semilog axes, where area is logged and the number of species is arithmetic. In either case, the species-area relationship is almost always decelerating (has a negative second derivative) when plotted arithmetically.[9] Species-area relationships are often graphed for islands (or habitats that are otherwise isolated from one another, such as woodlots in an agricultural landscape) of different sizes.[3] Although larger islands tend to have more species, it is possible that a smaller island will have more than a larger one. In contrast, species-area relationships for contiguous habitats will always rise as areas increases, provided that the sample plots are nested within one another. The species-area relationship for mainland areas (contiguous habitats) will differ according to the census design used to construct it.[10] A common method is to use quadrats of successively larger size, so that the area enclosed by each one includes the area enclosed by the smaller ...
The study provides strong evidence in support of biodiversity and its role in preserving balance in nature. Through its commitment to responsible innovation, Evolva supports the three main aims of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD): the conservation of biodiversity; the sustainable use of biological components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.. Read more about the Dutch biodiversity study here: NY Times article and here: Royal Society paper and find out more about Evolvas commitment to biodiversity here.. * To combat the risk of infection from ticks, Evolva is currently developing Nootkatone - a biologically-produced tick repellent which it hopes will be a highly-effective agent against the ticks that transmit Lyme disease.. ...
Mike Christie, Nick Hanley, John Warren, Tony Hyde, Kevin Murphy and Robert Wright INTRODUCTION The aims of this chapter are to identify problems surrounding the economic valuation of biodiversity, and then to present results from a recent stated preference study on changes in biodiversity on UK farmland, which attempts to get around one major problem, namely the information deficit that typifies the knowledge level of most members of the general public regarding biodiversity. We also provide a first choice experiment estimation of the attributes of biodiversity, an approach that may prove useful in developing policy on biodiversity protection and enhancement; obtain contingent valuation estimates for different policies, which would increase biodiversity on farmland; and compare values obtained using standard survey procedures with those obtained using the valuation workshop technique (Macmillan et al., 2003). Finally, we test for benefits transfer in both values and valuation functions ...
Figure 1. Three dimensions of biodiversity. This solicitation targets the area where all three overlap.. The Dimensions of Biodiversity program currently targets three fundamental dimensions of biodiversity -genetic diversity, taxonomic/phylogenetic diversity, and functional diversity. Genetic diversity includes but is not limited to nucleotide sequence diversity at neutral or coding loci or genomic (proteomic, transcriptomic) diversity. Taxonomic/phylogenetic diversity refers to evolutionary lineages at and above the level of the population. Functional diversity includes but is not limited to aspects of ecosystem function such as energy flow, material cycling, ecological resilience, and the role of key innovations in the generation and maintenance of biodiversity. (See examples listed below.) In addition, a primary goal of the program is to address the largest unknowns related to biodiversity; proposals that have the potential to fill large gaps in our understanding of biodiversity are ...
A canopy glider - something akin to a powered hot air balloon - will be used for the first time in Australia as part of a biodiversity study in south-east Queensland to identify signs of climate change.. Queensland Premier Peter Beattie announced $356,000 in state government funding for the Griffith University study in Lamington National Park, in the Gold Coast hinterland, after meeting in Paris with French engineering firm Pro-Natura.. The Biodiversity at the Heights (BATH) project is an international study of fauna and insects. ...
Figure 1. Three dimensions of biodiversity. This Call for proposals targets the area where all these three areas overlap.. The goal of the Dimensions of Biodiversity campaign is to transform, by 2020, how we describe and understand the scope and role of life on Earth. The campaign promotes novel, integrated approaches to identify and understand the evolutionary and ecological significance of biodiversity amidst the changing environment of the present day and in the geologic past.. This campaign seeks to characterize biodiversity on Earth by using integrative, innovative approaches to fill the most substantial gaps in our understanding of the diversity of life on Earth. It takes a broad view of biodiversity, and currently focuses on the integration of genetic, taxonomic/phylogenetic, and functional dimensions of biodiversity. Successful proposals should integrate these three dimensions to understand interactions and feedbacks among them. While this focus complements several core FAPESP and NSF ...
Although hundreds of short-term local experiments indicate that random changes in biodiversity can cause substantial changes in primary productivity, considerable debate remains regarding whether these influences of biodiversity are weaker or stronger at larger spatial and temporal scales in natural ecosystems. Given this knowledge gap, current models often implicitly assume no influence of biodiversity on ecosystem productivity, likely leading to inaccurate predictions in at least some cases. We propose to develop and test a strategy for scaling-up results from biodiversity experiments to natural communities by testing theory and bridging gaps between previous experimental and observational studies. In the four proposed meetings, one of which would be co-funded, we will advance understanding of scaling up in space, scaling up in time, and accounting for non-random shifts in dominant traits. Integrating these three advances will allow us to generalize from a few experiments to data from many ...
Although the context of this paper is a "World Biodiversity Update," any attempt at such would be presumptuous if not impossible. What I will attempt, however, is to highlight some of the major developments in biodiversity action and policy that have emerged during the past year or two. In fact, several of these are directly related to agricultural biodiversity, and indeed to the issue of new crops. Then I shall explore the main trends in the appreciation, conservation and sustainable use of what is termed agricultural biodiversity. The coming into effect of the Convention on Biological Diversity has led to a wide range of activities and initiatives as governments attempt to get to grips with the problems of implementing what is no more than an outline convention. The deliberations of the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the Convention and its Subsidiary Body for Scientific Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) have been criticized by some as spending too much time on issues such as ...
The Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) is the biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council. CAFFs mandate is to address the conservation of Arctic biodiversity, and to communicate its findings to the governments and residents of the Arctic, helping to promote practices which ensure the sustainability of the Arctics living resources. It does so through various monitoring, assessment and expert group activities.
The Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) is the biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council. CAFFs mandate is to address the conservation of Arctic biodiversity, and to communicate its findings to the governments and residents of the Arctic, helping to promote practices which ensure the sustainability of the Arctics living resources. It does so through various monitoring, assessment and expert group activities.
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Habitat loss is a primary cause of loss of biodiversity but conserving habitat for species presents challenges. Land parcels differ in their ability to produce returns for landowners and landowners may have private information about the value of the land to them. Land parcels also differ in the type and quality of habitat and the spatial pattern of land use across multiple landowners is important for determining the conservation value of parcels. This paper analyzes the relative efficiency of simple voluntary incentive-based policies in achieving biodiversity conservation objectives. This topic is important not just for biodiversity conservation but for any effort to provide a public good requiring coordination across multiple decision-makers who have some degree of private information. We develop a method that integrates spatially explicit data, an econometric model of private land-use decisions, landscape simulations, a biological model of biodiversity as a function
Biodiversity and the Law is a timely and provocative volume that combines historical perspective and cutting-edge legal analysis in an authoritative and broad discussion of biodiversity and the law. Leading legal and policy experts consider a variety of options for the worldwide protection of biodiversity and present a succinct but comprehensive overview of the legal mechanisms available. They examine how conservation advocates can better utilize existing law, and consider what new law is needed. Among the topics considered are: scientific and policy foundations of biodiveristy protection, domestic efforts to establish an effective endangered species protection regime, international biodiversity protection, biodiversity as a genuinely public entity, and the future of biodiversity law.. ...
Given the continued destruction, disturbance and fragmentation of tropical forests, and the associated extinction of species (Sayer & Whitmore 1991; May, Lawton & Stork 1995; Turner 1996), there is an urgent need to develop and test standardized methods for sampling biodiversity (Sutton & Collins 1991; Stork & Samways 1995). This has prompted a growing literature on the search for bioindicators, particularly for insects, because they form the bulk of species and animal biomass in terrestrial habitats and have a strong influence over many ecosystem processes. McGeoch (1998) reviewed the selection and utility of insects as indicators, and emphasized the need for explicit aims and hypothesis testing when nominating a species or group of taxa as a bioindicator. The basic purpose of bioindicators, whatever the ultimate aim, is to indicate a relationship with another biotic or abiotic variable. These relationships with other variables are, however, only as good as the sampling method employed to ...
http://www.marinebiodiversity.ca/en/home.html. Nations around the world have recognized biodiversity as one of the most pressing ecological issues of our time. Declining biodiversity over recent decades has prompted the formation of international coalitions and national biodiversity programs. This Topic in Depth explores the work of both international and national efforts to increase global biodiversity. The first site presents an archived report from the Convention on Biological Diversity, an international organization formed by many world nations after the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. This first edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook report, published in 2001, was created to provide a status summary, and an analysis of Convention objectives. It is expected that a second edition will be published this year presenting more recent data and analysis (1). Explore Biodiversity is an innovative project involving a team of scientists and filmmakers working to document the diminishing ...
Understanding patterns of biodiversity in deep sea systems is increasingly important because human activities are extending further into these areas. However, obtaining data is difficult, limiting the ability of science to inform management decisions. We have used three different methods of quantifying biodiversity to describe patterns of biodiversity in an area that includes two marine reserves in deep water off southern Australia. We used biological data collected during a recent survey, combined with extensive physical data to model, predict and map three different attributes of biodiversity: distributions of common species, beta diversity and rank abundance distributions (RAD). The distribution of each of eight common species was unique, although all the species respond to a depth-correlated physical gradient. Changes in composition (beta diversity) were large, even between sites with very similar environmental conditions. Composition at any one site was highly uncertain, and the suite of species
Plants chapter of the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA), a report containing the best available science informed by traditional ecological knowledge on the status and trends of Arctic biodiversity and accompanying policy recommendations for biodiversity conservation.
Fungi chapter of the the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA), a report containing the best available science informed by traditional ecological knowledge on the status and trends of Arctic biodiversity and accompanying policy recommendations for biodiversity conservation.
The difference between continental and oceanic islands: The continental islands are bodies of land that lie on the continental shelf, and most of them are result of rift of the continent or entrance of seawater in it. Oceanic islands sit on the oceanic shelf and they are result of volcanic activity or bending of the plates during the tectonic movements. One of the key to understand the special biodiversity on islands is the origin of them. Having already or not fauna and flora at the formation of island is a deciding factor of the future biodiversity. For example, think about bird species in UK (continental islands) versus Hawaii (oceanic islands).We discuss about this in a next post, but keep these ideas on your head ...
Surprisingly, many large-scale patterns of biodiversity (such as the latitudinal diversity gradient) are still poorly understood. We use large, global-scale databases of the distributions and phylogenies of mammals and birds to test hypotheses about the underlying causes of global biodiversity patterns. This is not a specific, funded project, but an ongoing research interest in the Macroevolution & Macroecology Group.
In this course, we will give you an overview in how to use molecular tools for ecological biodiversity assessments. We will cover basics in traditional ecology as well, so no previous knowledge is required in this field. We will teach theory and practical work hands-in-hands, so that the course will be varied in theoretical basics, lab work and computer based analysis. You will have seen the complete workflow (although not possible to go very deep) of ecological diversity analyses based on sequence data from the beginning to the end (Sanger and NGS). Basics in bioinformatics will be an additional (short) topic in this practical, since a lot of software used for this purpose are based on the Linux command line. The second week will be mostly dedicated to getting a dataset and analyze it yourself (with our support of course) using the tools acquired in the first week. After the practical you should have a basic understanding of Phylogeny, DNA-Barcoding, Metabarcoding, Genomics and Metagenomics ...
The Convention on Biological Diversity, 20 years on, is still struggling to stem the precipitous decline in biodiversity. After missing the 2010 target of reducing biodiversity loss, it is now pulling out all stops to meet the Aichi Targets, named after the Japanese prefecture where new goals for protection were set two years ago. As time runs out to protect the world’s ‘natural capital’, the forthcoming CBD conference in Hyderabad will discuss innovative ways of financing b
from: IPCC WGII Fourth Assessment report, Summary to Policy Makers, April 2007). In the face of the projected threats, which are clearly and unequivocally recognized by scientists, policy makers have the responsibility to anticipate and organize scientifically sound mitigation and adaptation measures, adopting an ecologically and economically effective precautionary approach (e.g., see the Stern report). Possible mitigation and adaptation measures are proposed in the IPCC WG2 and 3 SPMs. Recommendations for research and knowledge transfer. To support and evaluate actions, the participants of the "Biodiversity and Climate Change" meeting recommend that funding bodies, institutions and researchers address the gaps in knowledge as identified in the recommendations of the European Platform on Biodiversity Research Strategy, as adopted at its 2005 meeting under the UK Presidency of the EU, and the recommendations in the upcoming IPCC WG2 and WG3 Technical Summaries.. Considering the interests as ...
Biodiversity Research Institute assesses emerging threats to wildlife and ecosystems through collaborative research, and uses scientific findings to advance environmental awareness and inform decision makers.
Biodiversity Research Institute assesses emerging threats to wildlife and ecosystems through collaborative research, and uses scientific findings to advance environmental awareness and inform decision makers.
The exploration of the abysses of our planet is one of the last frontiers of ecological research. The dark portion of the biosphere likely hosts millions of undiscovered-yet new species. A global scale study conducted on biodiversity collected down to 8000 m depth reveals for the first time that small invertebrates (including worms and crustacea) play a key role in sustaining the overall functioning of these ecosystems. This study concludes that even a minor loss of biodiversity can cause a major impact on the functioning of the global biosphere. In the future, we should start protecting not only large ?flag species?, but also the almost invisible and sometime monstrous creatures that inhabit the abyss and the ocean interior.
Classification, Measurement & Importance of Biodiversity PPT). What is biodiversity? What are the different levels of biodiversity? What are the different types of biodiversity? How biodiversity is measured? Alpha diversity, Beta diversity, Gamma diversity, What are the uses of biodiversity? Why biodiversity is rich in Tropics? What are the Importance/significance of biodiversity?. Learn more: Lecture Note in Introduction to Biodiversity. You can DOWNLOAD the PPT by clicking on the download link below the preview…. ...
My research includes developing methods for quantifying and monitoring biodiversity and ecosystem services, the impact of land use change, climate change and other drivers of biodiversity loss, identifying and managing conflicts between human activities and the conservation of biodiversity, and the biodiversity science-policy interface.. I coordinated the EKLIPSE project with Juliette Young, an EU H2020 project whose aim was to set up a European support mechanism for evidence-informed decision-making. I also coordinate the ALTER-Net summer schools on biodiversity and ecosystem services held in Peyresq each year: http://www.alter-net.info/summer-school/ and https://www.flickr.com/photos/adwatt/albums/72157667641098099. I have been involved in over 15 European (EU-funded) projects on biodiversity (see below) and have previously worked on biodiversity in tropical forests. I have also worked on forest pests (including the pine beauty moth and the mahogany shoot borer), agricultural pests and coypu ...
Area-based targets are extremely effective in focusing the attention of policy- and decision-makers on discrete, time-bound objectives that are well understood, actionable and easily incorporated into planning processes at various levels. In most cases, human needs and aspirations must be fully considered for area-based biodiversity targets to be formulated and successfully implemented at the scale required.. There is great potential for cost-effective synergies between the Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) targets and post-2020 biodiversity targets in terms of design, implementation, financing and monitoring. The UN General Assembly has recognized that LDN can act as an accelerator to achieve multiple SDGs, including poverty reduction, food and water security, climate adaptation and mitigation, biodiversity conservation, and the enhanced resilience of communities and ecosystems. Guided by an integrated landscape approach, LDN measures address many objectives contained in Aichi Biodiversity ...
The Biodiversity Heritage Library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
The Biodiversity Heritage Library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
The group Evolution and Biodiversity of Plants (chair Kai Müller) was established in 2009, as one of the five major groups in the Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity at WWU. It deals with the evolution of plant biodiversity. Using phylogenetic reconstructions based on molecular data, we contribute to new plant classifications as a means of communication in the whole field of biology. In addition, we test hypotheses on spatial and temporal diversification and key innovations of several angiosperm groups. One current focus are carnivorous plants in the order Lamiales: here, chloroplast genome evolution and the observed nuclear genome miniaturization are among the main research topics. In the context of these subjects, we also contribute to bioinformatic method and software development. ...
MANILA, Philippines--A high-level United Nations official on biodiversity called on the Filipino youth Friday to ride "the green wave" and take part in global efforts to protect all life on earth as the world counts down to 2010, the International Year of Biodiversity.. Dr. Ahmed Djoghlaf, executive secretary of the UNs Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), also called on more Asian leaders to agree to a plan to end deforestation by 2020 to slow down the destruction of plants and animals.. Djoghlaf called on Filipino school children to plant a tree every year on May 22, the International Day for Biodiversity, and join the billion-signature campaign to protect the global ecosystem.. "All schools of the world will be planting trees at 10 a.m. every 22nd of May of every year. A tree is the most beautiful symbol of nature. It provides enough oxygen for a family of five," he said.. About 80 percent of the worlds known biodiversity could be found in forests, where about 1.6 billion people also ...
The tenth Conference of the Parties (COP10) to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, which took place in Nagoya, Japan, has been heralded a success, with the close of the conference seeing key agreements on biodiversity protection being reached.
Multivariate analyses are used widely for determining patterns of assemblage structure, inferring species-environment relationships and assessing human impacts on ecosystems. The estimation of ecological patterns often depends on sampling effort, so the degree to which sampling effort affects the outcome of multivariate analyses is a concern. We examined the effect of sampling effort on site and group separation, which was measured using a mean similarity method. Two similarity measures, the Jaccard Coefficient and Bray-Curtis Index were investigated with 1 benthic macroinvertebrate and 2 fish data sets. Site separation was significantly improved with increased sampling effort because the similarity between replicate samples of a site increased more rapidly than between sites. Similarly, the faster increase in similarity between sites of the same group than between sites of different groups caused clearer separation between groups. The strength of site and group separation completely stabilized only
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For a decade, researchers explore how tree species diversity affects the coexistence of trees and their growth performance in the largest biodiversity experiment with trees worldwide, the so-called BEF-China experiment. One of the main interests of the BEF-China team is to explore the relationship between tree diversity and multiple ecosystem functions, specifically those benefitting society, such as wood production or the mitigation of soil erosion.
For non-science or science majors; not for Biology major credit. This course will explore the evolution, extinction, and conservation of biodiversity on earth. We will survey the diversity of both ecosystems and organisms found throughout the globe. The generation of biodiversity will be explained by both ecological and genetic approaches to evolution. The loss of biodiversity due to historic extinctions and current human activity will be examined. We will use examples from all over the world, but will focus on many examples from New England and Massachusetts. One section will survey the history of wildlife in Massachusetts since European colonization. (Gen.Ed. BS). ...
Synthesis and analysis of scientific data has proven an invaluable tool for the emergence of new theory, paradigms, knowledge and research needs within the broad scientific field of biodiversity. However, much remains to be done to make data from biodiversity research fully available and usable for synthesis and analysis. A significant part of this challenge relates to the management of these potentially available data.. The main objectives of this workshop are:. ...
Eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 11). At this side event will be presented some activities developed in the region in supporting the Aichi Biodiversity Targets implementation. A reference about the Amazon Observatory defined by the ACTO Member Countries will be also presented. ...
Despite its importance, marine biodiversity - the theme of this years International Day for Biological Diversity - has not fared well at human hands. Commercial over-exploitation of the worlds fish stocks is severe. Many species have been hunted to fractions of their original populations" -UN Sec. Ban Ki-moon. This years theme for International Day of Biological Diversity is marine biodiversity. This day provides us the opportunity to get everyone interested in marine life, and the opportunity to raise awareness of the issue and increase practical action. The oceans need all the resilience it can muster in the face of pollution and climate change and the potentially damaging impacts these problems are already producing in the marine world.. It is gravely worrying that we are damaging the oceans on a scale that is unimaginable to most people.. Now, if you are not aware of whats happening to the oceans beyond the beach, here are some random facts you may or may not know. Feel free to also ...
Tropical rainforests (TRFs) harbour almost half of the worlds vascular plant species diversity while covering only about 6-7% of land. However, why species richness varies amongst the Earths major TRF regions remains poorly understood. Here we investigate the evolutionary processes shaping continental species richness disparities of the pantropical, epiphytic and mostly TRF-dwelling orchid mega-genus Bulbophyllum (c. 1948 spp. in total) using diversification analyses based on a time-calibrated molecular phylogeny (including c. 45-50% spp. each from Madagascar, Africa, Neotropics, and 8.4% from the Asia-Pacific region), coupled with ecological niche modelling (ENM) of geographic distributions under present and past (Last Glacial Maximum; LGM) conditions. Our results suggest an early-to-late Miocene scenario of out-of-Asia-Pacific origin and progressive, dispersal-mediated diversification in Madagascar, Africa and the Neotropics, respectively. Species richness disparities amongst these four TRF
Anthropogenic activities have accelerated the rate of global loss of biodiversity, making it more important than ever to understand the structure of biodiversity hotspots. One current focus is the relationship between species richness and aboveground biomass (AGB) in a variety of ecosystems. Nonetheless, species diversity, evenness, rarity, or dominance represent other critical attributes of biodiversity and may have associations with AGB that are markedly different than that of species richness. Using data from large trees in four environmentally similar sites in the Luquillo Experimental Forest of Puerto Rico, we determined the shape and strength of relationships between each of five measures of biodiversity (i.e., species richness, Simpsons diversity, Simpsons evenness, rarity, and dominance) and AGB. We quantified these measures of biodiversity using either proportional biomass or proportional abundance as weighting factors. Three of the four sites had a unimodal relationship between ...
Jose De Santiago Torices Montero , Dreamstime.com - Biodiversity ial escene. by Anup Shah. The variety of life on Earth, its biological diversity is commonly referred to as biodiversity. The number of species of plants, animals, and microorganisms, the enormous diversity of genes in these species, the different ecosystems on the planet, such as deserts, rainforests and coral reefs are all part of a biologically diverse Earth. Appropriate conservation and sustainable development strategies attempt to recognize this as being integral to any approach. Almost all cultures have in some way or form recognized the importance that nature, and its biological diversity has had upon them and the need to maintain it. Yet, power, greed and politics have affected the precarious balance.. Source: http://www.globalissues.org/issue/169/biodiversity. ...
Every organisation, regardless of size, sector or location depends in some way on the natural environment. Those with responsibility for land management have a direct impact on biodiversity. The Biodiversity Benchmark provides a framework within which an organisation can ensure that its impact is as positive as possible.
After four years, the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Funds investment in the Indo- Burma biodiversity hotspot has resulted in more than US$ 9.8 million in grants to 54 civil society organisations to conserve biodiversity in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) presents alarming findings from the most comprehensive freshwater biodiversity assessment in th...
EPA grant helps create Internet-based applications for Utah field biologists (Denver, Colorado - September 17, 2012) The Utah Division of Wildlife Resources in cooperation with NatureServe has become the first agency in the nation to exchange biodiversity data using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys Central Data Exchange. The state agency was awarded an EPA Exchange Network grant to create Internet-based applications for field biologists that allow them to enter species data along with mapping capabilities from any field computer. "These innovative Exchange Network grant projects continue to generate invaluable data to EPA, states, and local communities, while providing the latest technology to our field scientists," said Josie Lopez, EPAs Exchange Network Coordinator in Denver. The Utah Division of Wildlife Resources is the states primary agency for collecting, maintaining, and evaluating sensitive species occurrences, and natural resources information. NatureServe is a leading ...
These conclusions are the fruit of two and a half years of international and regional deliberations, organized on all five continents by the Steering Committee for an IMoSEB (International Mechanism of Scientific Expertise on Biodiversity)*. The specialists are planning to organize an intergovernmental conference in 2008, in conjunction with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), which should serve to determine how the structure could be set up.. So that nobody can say in future "we didnt know". In particular, the conference should take account of the results and consequences of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA) conducted between 2001 and 2005 to estimate the impact of human activity on the environment and, conversely, the way in which such changes affect future prospects for terms of human health and wellbeing. The biodiversity experts and those involved in the MEA have a similar view of the current issues surrounding biodiversity. It is not enough to draw up a list of ...
a) Parties should consider promoting actions to reinforce linkages between the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) and CITES and to strengthen the science-policy interface at the national and international levels, including through the governing body of IPBES, as appropriate; and ...
The World Database of Key Biodiversity Areas™ hosts data on Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs). This database can support strategic decisions on protected areas by governments or civil society towards achieving Aichi Biodiversity Targets. It also guides the identification of sites under international conventions and in the setting of private sector policies and standards. The database is managed by the KBA Partnership, which comprises 11 founding partners and is served by the KBA secretariat hosted jointly by BirdLife International and IUCN. ...
The meeting aimed at pooling information from project partners on the current state of their biodiversity strategies and action plans with regards to the implementation of the Convention of Biological Diversity and, especially, the achievement of the Aichi targets. To that end, innovative facilitation techniques were used, such as graphic recording to promote dialogue and genuine interest focused oriented. Those techniques helped to draw a broad picture for each project partner on the state-of-the-art in their territories with regards to their biodiversity strategies and action plans, and highlighted both capacities and outstanding needs of all project partners. True discussions and showcase of expertise happened in the meeting, where project partners delegates made several presentations and exchanged their expectations with regards to their current state of the art.. The second in person meeting will be held in Sao Paolo by the end of September alongside the VIII Sao Paolo Biodiversity ...
If every human being treated the planet as we would treat our grandmothers - with a sense of respect and nurturing for her well-being, we would easily solve the problem.. A key point here is that widespread pollution and environmental degradation are not just a social well-being or biodiversity issue - they are also affecting the ability of the planet to self-regulate its own climate.. In fact, the whole biodiversity that has always sustained our hunger for growth, at the expense of the environment, is now hugely compromised.. If the soils, vegetation and ecosystems lose their capacity to naturally absorb and store carbon, the climate may continue to change even with emissions reduction.. To increase complexity, some of the proposed mitigation and adaptation strategies may be harmful for the environment and biodiversity.. If we plant the wrong type of trees in the wrong places, and build retaining walls where we shouldnt, we might make the problem worse in the long-term.. Even though the ...
Hillebrand, H., Gruner, D.S., Borer, E.T., Bracken, M.E.S., Cleland, E.E., Elser, J.J. et al. (2007). Consumer versus resource control of producer diversity depends on ecosystem type and producer community structure. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104, 10904-10909 ...
Microorganisms play an important role in weathering sulfide minerals worldwide and thrive in metal-rich and extremely acidic environments in acid mine drainage (AMD). Advanced molecular methods provide in-depth information on the microbial diversity and community dynamics in the AMD-generating environment. Although the diversity is relatively low and in general inversely correlated with the acidity, a considerable number of microbial species have been detected and described in AMD ecosystems. The acidophilic microbial communities dominated by iron/sulfur-oxidizing microbes vary widely in their composition and structure across diverse environmental gradients. Environmental conditions affect the microbial community assembly via direct and indirect interactions with microbes, resulting in an environmentally dependent biogeographic pattern. This article summarizes the latest studies to provide a better understanding of the microbial biodiversity and community assembly in AMD environments.
The mechanisms responsible for latitudinal gradients in biodiversity are still poorly understood. Mechanistic understanding will require new theory that links short-term species coexistence to long-term speciation-extinction dynamics. My research at NCEAS will involve developing and testing a theoretical framework based on temperature dependence of biological rates and times and the dynamics of speciation and extinction. This framework will involve a synthesis of theory and data that encompasses population genetics, community ecology, and macroevolution. The primary motivations for this work are to better understand and predict changes in biodiversity along temperature gradients, and more generally, to better understand the forces that control the origin and maintenance of species. collapse ...
Assessing Urban Residents Willingness to Pay for Preserving the Biodiversity of Swamp Forest: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8814-8.ch014: Measuring the biodiversity value in monetary could be useful information for policy-makers to estimate welfare losses caused by biodiversity reductions and
The Convention on Biological Diversity has been updated with a new agreement called the Nagoya protocol. This provision, which goes into effect in 2012, determines exactly how biological specimens can be collected from Third World countries.. The flora and fauna in remote forests and jungles has been a rich source of medicines and other products. However, the ecosystems and political systems of those regions can be adversely affected by collection attempts. To prevent biopiracy (stealing valuable biological resources without compensating the local people) or habitat destruction, the Convention on Biodiversity went into affect in 1993. That United Nations treaty declared that nations hold rights to their own biological materials.. Last fall, the Nagoya protocol was drafted. For one thing, it clarifies procedures for getting collection permits. In the past, it wasnt clear whether researchers on a collecting mission should approach the local university or the town hall. Nagoya requires that ...
The National Biodiversity Data Centre is an Initiative of the Heritage Council and is operated under a service level agreement by Compass Informatics ...
Biodiversity refers to the totality of genes, species, and ecosystems of plant, animals or micro-organisms in a region. Study of biodiversity has become very important recently after realising the value of biodiversity for our survival. It has many medicinal, commercial, economic and scientific uses. Wild relatives of cultivated crop plants are the source of genes…
Dear Sir or Lady: This is a NEWS-Letter to inform you of the existance of a brand new INSTITUTE OF ECOLOGICAL-GENETICS TO STUDY THE AMAZONIAN=20 BIODIVERSITY . For further information write=20 to: Dr. Hugo Hoenigsberg =09 Instituto de Genetica-Ecologica y Biodiversidad Amazonica Cra.4 No.71-69 Bogota D.C.COLOMBIA. FAX: 612 7369 You can sent your C.V.to our personal address above. We are considering=20 applications to fill posts as research scientific staff members.=20 Evolutionary-Biologists, geneticists,ecologists, systematist,=20 botanists,zoologists, mathematicians and other Ph.D. individuals=20 interested in neo-tropical biological research with at least 10 years of=20 research experience preferably, but not exclusively, in the trop=A1cs, and= =20 about 10 published scientific papers will be considered. This new=20 Institute will study Amazonian biodiversity. Although its main purpose is= =20 research it will by inclination help, not only to preserve the Amazonian=20 biodiversity , but also ...
About usThe National Biodiversity Network has been championing the sharing of biological data since 2000. We are the UKs largest partnership for nature, with over 200 members and more than 235 million wildlife records available through the NBN Atlas. ...
Carrasco, L. R., J. Chan, F. L. McGrath, and L. T. P. Nghiem. 2017. Biodiversity conservation in a telecoupled world. Ecology and Society 22(3):24. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-09448-220324
The Centre for Biodiversity Analysis (CBA) is a collaboration between ANU and CSIRO to exploit new and emerging capabilities in the discovery, understanding and conservation of Australias unique biodiversity. Read more on the website of the Centre for Biodiversity Analysis.
However, pathogens and parasites actually comprise much of worlds biodiversity since every species, be they of interest to people, or barely noticed, hosts its own unique co-evolved community of disease causing organisms and other parasites. This unregarded realm of biodiversity is fundamentally important to maintaining ecosystem diversity and function through regulatory effects on hosts, and by driving the evolution of host species. In the current biodiversity crisis, the extinction of a host species is likely to also cause the extinction of its associated parasites, magnifying the biodiversity loss.. A dilemma for conservation scientists and managers therefore is what interventions should be made for wildlife disease in threatened species. On the one hand some parasites may put species at risk, but pathogens are also important biodiversity worthy of conservation in their own right. A new paper by a team from the Royal Veterinary College, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Zoological ...
I guess that most scientists and many learned people would agree with me that answer number 3 seems about right (but if you think otherwise, please leave a comment). Actually, it seems that we know very little on the matter. Scientists are starting to agree -- I think -- on a broad definition of biodiversity. But the field faces (at least) two huge challenges. First, there are many organisms living on (and inside) this planet that we havent met yet, and our estimates of how many species are awaiting discovery are little more than educated guesses. Second, although biodiversity can be measured at various levels, its often understood as referring to the number and relative abundance of different species. And deciding if two organisms belong to a single species, or to two different ones, can be really hard. Moreover, the difficulty in agreeing on species definition depends greatly on the type of organism it applies to: whereas this issue causes some serious troubles when studying cuties, it ...
A highly collaborative approach to gathering data spearheaded by Iowa State University faculty and students has revealed new insight into plant biodiversity and netted publication in a top scientific journal.
Participants from other countries to encourage their Ministers to endorse the GTI funding of global facilities.. A one page document called the Darwin Declaration was prepared following the meeting, included below for your information.. The Darwin Declaration. The worlds governments who recognise the Convention on Biological Diversity have affirmed the existence of a taxonomic impediment to sound management and conservation of biodiversity. Removal of this impediment is a crucial, rate-determining step in the proper implementation of the Conventions objectives. Removal of this impediment implies an urgent need to train and support Taxonomic experts, and to strengthen the infrastructure required to discover and understand the relationships among the worlds biological diversity.. Information derived from biological collections held in the worlds taxonomic institutions underpins the global efforts to conserve biological diversity. The collections, staff and associated information, serve as a ...
Introduction. Despite criticism over their selection and delimitation, biodiversity hotspots1,2 have undeniably become a popular approach for prioritising conservation efforts globally,3 as well as in South Africa.4 Of the 34 global biodiversity hotspots, 3 are either within South Africa or extend marginally into neighbouring countries: the Cape Floristic Region, the Succulent Karoo and the Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany (MPA). In a broader context, southern Africa, defined as the area south of the Cunene, Okavango and Zambezi Rivers,5 fully encompasses these three hotspots together with the southern parts of the Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa hotspot.1 The major biological criterion for the designation of biodiversity hotspots is floristic endemism, that is, the area must contain at least 0.5% of the worlds vascular plant species (1500 species) as endemics.1,2 This means that animal endemism per se is not critical for hotspot selection, although vertebrates are most likely to become hotspot ...
Continental margins cover approximately 11% of the oceans seafloor, but are disproportionately important in providing goods and ecosystem services [1], including the biggest percentage-wise increase in fisheries catch in the last three decades [2]. Margins are also important to long-term carbon cycling as the largest sink for carbon produced on land and the shelf [3]. Their biodiversity is the source of these services, yet much of it remains unexplored [1]. Global analysis of deep-sea benthic communities have demonstrated that as biodiversity decreases, there can be concomitant declines in ecosystem functions including secondary production, transfer efficiency of detritus to higher food webs and organic matter recycling [4]-each with implications for fisheries and carbon-cycle processes. Benthic organisms on continental margins are currently facing ocean acidification, global warming and oxygen loss [5-7], ultimately resulting from increases in atmospheric CO2. Rates of change are ...
By Sue Biniaz on January 3, 2020 The Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) are currently negotiating the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, scheduled to be completed this …. Read ...
In Linus Blomqvists recent essay on wildlife and farmland, he uses the classic land-sparing versus land-sharing framework to discuss how to best protect biodiversity at the local and the global level. Blomqvist concludes that there are opportunities for "win-wins" between farmland productivity and biodiversity, but that ultimately, high-yield agriculture, whether conventional or organic, will mostly mean less on-farm wildlife. Thus, conserving biodiversity primarily requires a "tweaked" land-sparing strategy-i.e., protecting biodiversity in large reserves and mildly modifying intensive agriculture through crop rotations.. I agree with Blomqvist on protecting large reserves whenever possible, but disagree that the land-sparing/land-sharing perspective will help us to identify pathways for biodiversity conservation. To me, the land-sparing/land-sharing debate is dangerous because it oversimplifies key aspects influencing land use, and focuses attention away from more important issues that will ...
Relating microbial community composition to ecosystem function is a fundamental goal in ecological analyses, with physico-chemical parameters largely controlling this relationship. This investigation aimed to elucidate the impact of physicochemical factors on biodiversity in glacial habitats, with an emphasis on dissolved organic matter (DOM). DOM is a complex mixture of organic compounds and the primary substrate for microbial activity. Considering the variety of DOM sources in aquatic systems, little is still known about the biological release and bio-transformation of microbially-derived, autochthonous DOM. Continental Antarctica, typically lacking terrestrial carbon inputs, is largely governed by autochthonous DOM, making it an ideal site to investigate microbial biodiversity and the microbial formation of DOM. Different glacial ecosystems were selected, with a strong focus on the supraglacial Cotton Glacier stream, to investigate: i) the microbial diversity and underlying environmental ...
Protecting biodiversity is more than an act of environmental preservation; it can be a matter of self-preservation, according to a study that shows healthy biodiversity in intact ecosystems helps ward off infectious disease.
Article Climate Change and Biodiversity. On two counts this is a book which I would not normally have rushed out to buy. I generally dislike books that are compilations of a range of short specialist articles. Few editors are capable of co-ordinating...
The Science for Nature and People Partnership (SNAPP) working group on Ecosystem Services and Key Biodiversity Areas, co-led by Penny Langhammer and Leah Gerber of the ASU Center for Biodiversity Outcomes, hosted an international science workshop with the Canadian Council on Ecological Areas on November 7-10, 2017 in Quebec City, Canada. The workshop brought together international...
The maps section of the India Biodiversity Portal has a collection of more than one hundred interactive map layers that can be viewed on a Google Map. The layers are organised by theme (Biogeography, Abiotic, Demography, Species, Administrative Units, Land Use Land Cover, Conservation) and by geography ...
...MADISON When it comes to economic growth and environmental impacts i...A team of UW-Madison researchers is hoping to help change that narrati... The idea is to see what future land use changes may look like under d...Martinuzzi who works in Professor Volker Radeloffs lab in the Depart...,Study,puts,freshwater,biodiversity,on,the,map,for,planners,and,policymakers,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
In 1992 the Convention on Biological Diversity introduced an international basis for conserving and regulating R&D on genetic and biological diversity and associated traditional knowledge. The Nagoya Protocol which was adopted in 2010, and in force in 2014, pro- vided a more detailed legal framework for the Conventions objective of fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources. The Nagoya Protocol called on countries to improve protections of Indigenous knowledge - by encouraging states to recognise relevant customary laws through developing community (or biocultural) protocols. The use of protocols may help document and identify knowledge-holders or communities customary laws, beliefs and interests, which may otherwise remain unknown to researchers (see Bavikatte and Jonas 2009; Raven 2010). Contrary to such attempts, Australia does not have a nationally consistent approach to biodiversity regulation. Gaps exist in Australias ABS framework ...
Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998-01-01. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, Maryland, USA. 526. 1-888569-01-8 ...
In addition, the Atlantic Forest biodiversity hotspot in which the bird occurs is one of the most threatened in the world. Considered one of the "hottest of the hotspots," this region has some of the most unique biodiversity in the world and is also at high risk of losing it unless immediate conservation action is taken. Less than 10 percent of the Atlantic Forests original vegetation remains. In an area 50 times smaller than the Brazilian Amazon, it holds an incredible 20,000 plant species, 40 percent of which are found no where else. Combined, the 25 global biodiversity hotspots contain 60 percent of terrestrial plant and animal species in only 1.4 percent of the planet s land area ...
Ecology: rare introduction to sub-arctic; gardens, orchards, fields(grain, mustard, sunflowers), pastures, woods, thickets, shores, flats; ballast, elevators, roadsides, railways, and waste places; ...
Did you know? New Zealands native biodiversity is unique. We have a high percentage of endemic species (those found nowhere else in the world). With an estimated 80,000 species of native animals, plants, and fungi, New Zealand makes an important contribution to global biodiversity. About 44 per cent of New Zealands land area is covered by native vegetation, most of which is
Ecosystems, and the biological diversity they incorporate, provide valuable services to humanity, yet expanding urban areas, agricultural activities and industry can have an impact on them. The IAEA conducts research and provides expertise on processes and stressors, such as pollution or climate change, which could result in biodiversity loss.
A main aim of the Jena-Experiment is to study ecosystem processes on experimental plots, and over a large time-scale. Since 2002 the experiment yielded time-series data on a wide range of ecosystem processes, ranging from productivity, C-storage, and N-cycling to herbivory, pollination and decomposition. For all plant species investigated, a large number of demographic, morphological and physiological variables are compiled. Each participant of the projects has therefore a specific role in the research group, e.g. for investigating Interspecific Interactions in communities, or explore Water and Element Cycling like aboveground and belowground processes, or Applied Aspects (e.g. effects of biodiversity on energy production). A particular strength of the research group is the complementary of the approaches in different subprojects and the syntheses and Integration of the data. Since 2002, therefore an international and interdisciplinary network of scientist was created for research on the complex ...
Recently, a phylogenetic diversity and community structure analysis as complementary to species-centric approaches in biodiversity studies provides new insights into the processes of community...
Biodiversity affects ecosystem functioning.Biodiversity may decrease or increase parasitism.Parasites impair individual hosts and affect their role in the ecosystem.Parasitism, in common with competition, facilitation, and predation, could regulate BD-EF relationships.Parasitism affects host phenotypes, including changes to host morphology, behavior, and physiology, which might increase intra- and interspecific functional diversity.The effects of parasitism on host abundance and phenotypes, and on interactions between hosts and the remaining community, all have potential to alter community structure and BD-EF relationships.Global change could facilitate the spread of invasive parasites, and alter the existing dynamics between parasites, communities, and ecosystems.Species interactions can influence ecosystem functioning by enhancing or suppressing the activities of species that drive ecosystem processes, or by causing changes in biodiversity. However, one important class of species interactions -
Declining biodiversity may be contributing to the rise of asthma, allergies, and other chronic inflammatory diseases among people living in cities worldwide, a Finnish study suggests.
Biodiversity offset policies may inadvertently incentivise behaviours which actually accelerate biodiversity loss, new research has found. The study’s ...
The SWATT, which is located in southwest Western Australia, incorporates an internationally recognised biodiversity hotspot, the Southwest Botanical Province; a national biodiversity hotspot, the Central and Eastern Avon Wheatbelt; and the evolutionary significant species-rich southwest Interzone, which includes the globally significant Great Western Woodlands. The SWATT also intercepts two nationally significant phytogeographic transitional zones; the Triodia-Acacia line and the Menzies line.. The SWATT captures several biophysical gradients that drive species selection, influence community composition and determine assemblage distributional patterns across the landscape. Some of the ecosystem science questions the SWATT aims to inform include how biodiversity is partitioned across the landscape a) at a gene, species and community level in response to biophysical processes, b) how species, population and regional scale genetic variability responds to biophysical gradients and c) to what extent ...
Biodiversity "Biodiversity" is short for biological diversity; the differences between organisms and species on our planet. It includes genetic variations among these groups, which is just wh
Abstract: Anthropogenic disturbance of natural environments has led to the widespread loss of native biodiversity and degradation of ecosystems. It is increasingly recognized that addressing this "biodiversity crisis" entails understanding the societal drivers of unsustainable patterns of use. Conservation psychology is a new discipline that specifically focuses on understanding the linkages between human behavior and action and promoting a healthy and sustainable relationship between humans and nature. In this project, we employed principles of conservation psychology with the goal of improving the efficacy and efficiency of conservation of biodiversity in the Adirondack Park (AP). To meet this goal we employed three specific strategies. The first of these strategies was the use of surveys to assess the values, attitudes, and actions different stakeholders have in regards to conservation of biodiversity in the AP. These surveys were disseminated via both direct mailings and online, and included ...
Abstract: Anthropogenic disturbance of natural environments has led to the widespread loss of native biodiversity and degradation of ecosystems. It is increasingly recognized that addressing this "biodiversity crisis" entails understanding the societal drivers of unsustainable patterns of use. Conservation psychology is a new discipline that specifically focuses on understanding the linkages between human behavior and action and promoting a healthy and sustainable relationship between humans and nature. In this project, we employed principles of conservation psychology with the goal of improving the efficacy and efficiency of conservation of biodiversity in the Adirondack Park (AP). To meet this goal we employed three specific strategies. The first of these strategies was the use of surveys to assess the values, attitudes, and actions different stakeholders have in regards to conservation of biodiversity in the AP. These surveys were disseminated via both direct mailings and online, and included ...